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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SUNDAY, JUNE 22, 1890.
4 THE SUNDAY JOURNAL SUNDAY, JUXE 22. 1600. WASHINGTON OFFICE 513 Fourteenth st. P. s. Heath. Correspondent. Telephone Calls. - . ' Esiiaess 013c L.TSSI Editorial Tlooras 2i2 TEKilS OF SUBSCRIPTION DAILY BT MAIL OriSyesr. -wl'tcrnt FnndaT..! fllOO Cc e j rr, wlih suarta r. . . 14.00 Hi Months. ULout Sunday 6.00 H x month, with flanrtAr.i.- 7.00 Tlireemoiithii. without Saniiay 3.00 TLree months, with Sunday J.W r.mth. without Sunday 1.00 Co month, -with Sunday 20 L'tnvextd by earner to city, 25 cent per week. , ' r WEEKLY. Per year..:..... 1-00 .f IXeduced Rate to Clubs. ncTft with any ofTOr numerous agent, cr tend utecrlctloiLB to the J0TJKNAL NEWSPiYPER COMPANY, . Person srBfiinjr; the Journal tLroufh the mails In. the United States should put on an ewcht-rafce paper a 05X-ccrr rtfcre stamp; en a twelve or irtxteen pege psper a two-ctnt postage stamp. Jorelxn XsLie la usually double these rates. 'All communications intended or publication in th is paper mvst, in order to retex re attention, o ac companied by the name end address of the writer inE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL - Can he- found at Ihe following places: , LONDOi-i-Americaa Exchange m Europe, 4t Btrand.. - - ' v PARIS American Exchange In Paris, 25 Boulorard des Cspuclnes. ' NEW YORK GUsey Houss and Windsor HoteL PHILADELPHIA JC I Kernel's 7 Lancaster avenue. , CHICAGO Palmer Ilousa CINCINNATI. P. Hawley A Co, 14 Vine stJ set. LOUISVILLE C. T. Deering. northwest corner Third and Jefferson streets. . II BT. LOTJIR-TJnlon News Company, TJnloa Depot and Southern HoteL . T7A8ni2JGTON. .I. C. BJk House and Zhhltt lioaie. . .' .' -. TWELVE; PAGES. The Sunday Journal has double the circu lation of : any Sunday. paper In Indiana. Price five crati. '.'- A large number of people here and there would have saved themselves fcnmn trnnhln nml ATTkAnso if.thoV'had J a X U W W -mmjf asm answered the questions of the census takers, but they. would not have got their names. into the newspapers and into the court records. 1 Sucn a stir has been made about cen sus deficiencies in cities that there is now 'no danger that all will not be counted, but it will bo impossible to reach the estimates of enthusiastic resi dents of several booming cities without counting a large part of tho population a second time. It is not the producer who is , bene fited by an inflation of tho currency. The purchasing power of labor, like that of gold, fluctuates but little. The debtor is the one who is benefited; and unquestionably the largest debtor class in the-country is not the farmers, but the railway corporations., It is very evident that if the Louisi ana lottery scheme is defeated in that State, it will be by the veto of the Gov ernor and the votes of slightly more than one-third of the members of both branches to support him, as the friends of tho measure in both branches lack but two or three votes of having two- thirds. ' Tue recent gold shipments from New York are explained on the ground that the German government is hoarding gold, evenata loss, to make the bullion balance of toe Bank of Germany equal that of the Bank of France. How tho Greenbackers must . chuckle at the dun-dcr-headed German government for go ing to all this trouble in hoarding gold! If it wants money for an expected emer gency why doesn't it print it! Tue fact that cholera has broken out in Spain should not cause apprehension in this country, as it has been epidemic several times in late years in Europe and Asia, and has not reached our shores. Last year the cholera made fearful rav ages in Asiatic Turkey and Persia, but . it did not appear in Europe in epidemic form. In 188o it was prevalent and fatal over southern; Europe, but the prompt quarantine measures adopted by our government prevented its spread in this country, burgeon-general Hamilton an nounces that necessary precautions have already been taken to keep out the plague, and all immigrants coming to our shores from Spanish and Mediter ranean ports will be rigorously in spected. Thero are nearer and graver dangers than Asiatic cholera the filth that breeda fevers and poisons; the air. TnE Massachusetts LeffislnrnrA ?- - O -m w AAA vestigating the methods of the rich -West-end Railway Comnanv in ffio. . o a charter for an elevated road, and Pres ident v nitney nas made the startling announcement mat any rich corporation which goes to the Legislature for n. char ter must first secure the lobby, even if it has no uso for its membersin order that they shall not organize to defeat tho company. The testimony shows that tho company has employed or re tained a score of men who do not come ivithin the classification of counsel in "present its cause to committees. ThnRA men have had no money to expend, and most of tliem nave not yet been paid. Some of them have button-holed, mem bers and others have done nothing. The lobbyists testify very franklr n tn w w their vocation, and assume that if. i mm V. recognized profession. Would not a corporation achieve success by openly tienouncmg tno ioddv ami refusing to employ its members! . The movement for free gas has made a good start and is in good hands. Everv. body recognizes the great importance of tho undertaking and the immense bene fits, that would follow its accomDlish. ment, and almost everybody'admits its feasibility. On the latter point there caii bo no doubt, provided the city takes bold of tho matter in its municipal capacity, as it did of tho Belt-railroad enterprise. The present project is as legitimate and feasiblo as the other, and involves greater benefits to the city. The important point is for the people to recognize these facts and come to an understanding that will insure harmo nious action. There is ono feature of particular interest to residents in those parts of the city not yet supplied with caa. Tho construction of a new line. exclusively for factories, would relieve the present companies to, such an ex tent that they could bo justified in ex tending their distribution, and would hare gas enough for private consump tion in nil parts of the city. So far as can lie seen, this is the only chance of getting gas in those portions of the city not now supplied. " ' . THE "W01LAN AKD THE EAGLE, .The Journal presents an artistic sym posium on a question of local interest. Our readers are aware that the soldiers' monument cornmissionershavc approved the design at Mr. George P. Brewster for a figure to surmount the .monument now in process of erection. As to Mr. Brewster's competence for the work there is no doubt whatever, and the. commissioners are to be congratulated on having to deal with so capable an artist. Nor can there be any reason able doubt that his design was, on the whole, decidedly the best of those submitted, and the award of the commissioners therefore correct. The principal feature of the design, tho female figure, is beautiful, artistic and inspiring Whether she represents Vic tory, Liberty, Indiana, or woman in.the war, is, perhaps, not material, though, to avoid future confusion, it might as, well be settled in advance. The figure itself is a noble one, tho treatment is strong and original, and the accessories entire ly appropriate, with one exceptiou. Tho Journal has already, expressed the opin ion that tho eagle on top of the woman's head is out of place, and it is on this point that we present tho opinions of several well-known artists. Allowing for the natural disinclination trf'an artist to speak decidedly .concerning' a work or model he has not seen, tho letters pub lished are very frank, and some of them very interesting. They will, of course, be read by every person interested in the subject or in art. The preponderance of opiuion is strongly to the effect that if the representation of an eagle on top of a woman's head is not entirely inadmis sible, it can only be saved from condem nation by careful treatment and by mak ing it part of some admissible head gear. As the design and model now stand, the eagle is the solo occupant of the woman's head, and there is no attempt 'to make it a part of any headgear. " The weight' of .'. opinion among the artists whose letters wo publish is that this ist incongruous and inadmissible. They practically admit, however, that it can by proper treatment be made an appro priate part of a decorative headgear. The only female sculptor among the number, Miss Anne Whitney,, suggests, that the bird in its present position "is a proceeding akin to that of gilding gold." That is about the truth, for Mr. Brewster's figure would be more hand some and impressive without the eagle than with it. UNNECESSARY ALARM. The'great concern of a class of con servative and rather timid people is that the foundations of society and the exist ing order of .things which, in theirway of thinking, is the best, will be under mined, and that the structure of human society will tumble into mine. It is their theme of conversation, and thej are always on the watch for the foes of the established order of things. When a body of citizens meet, each having his grievance or his wrong for which he de mands his remedy, thqso excellent peo ple are filled with alarm. In every com plaint they see an indication of unrest and revolution, and in every demand and remedy a conspiracy. All ,this is absurd. In this country the great mass of the people, and of those who are a di recting power, are in favor of law and order. They have property, employ ments, ties of kindred and intelligence. which make them the friends of social order. No ono need be alarmed becauso oue'or two hundred men of one occu pation or of a particular following get together, each bringing his own view, which ho embodies in the shape of a resolution, and each one takes as much of the time of the assemblage in pleas ing himself with tho advocacy of his pet theory as he can get. Indeed, the more different views tho less the danger, if there could be any. On the contrary, such meetings are beneficial. Every man enters and rides his own hobby. As a matter of course, the entries are numerous, and when they are presented to the public in.the newspaper reports the public and the: authors' associ ates see them in their true light. Dis cussion follows and often takes the form of wrangling, but good is sure to result. The man who has a cranky hobby usually, betrays it and his own weakness, even if his associates do not assail him. That excitable man in the New York Temperance Congress who "expressed a burning desire to trample; on the Constitution of tho United States . because of the late original-package decision, and his associates who declared them selves to be in readiness for the call to L shoulder rifles and shed blood in order to destroy the saloon, harmed rather than promoted the theory of prohibition, because they exhibited the reckless character of some of its champions. Again, if the aims of the leaders in such assemblages are selfish and unwise, and their propositions are absurd and im practicable, there can be 110 better method to bring their devices to naught and their theories into disfavor than to present them to the public in cold type. which is the pillory for the punishment of the noisy and vicious who appear as reformers, and the' exposure of tho falla cies of theories and isms to tho noonday sun of public inspection. The Ameri can people are keen and practical, and, withal, have had a good deal of experi ence. They may be deceived for an hour, but usually they cease to follow a humbug before sunset. Ouehasnottogo back more than a decade to discover the sudden rise, and the more sudden fall, of a number of movements which swept along hundreds of thou sands for a brief period, but who fell out of the ranks by thousands until, when their judgments returned, within a year "or' two after their incep tion, only the name of an organization was left. It is consoling to remember that the more einphatio and inilamma- tnnr Ihnralioftn thft IpndfcrS of claSS Or other movements in their purpose to de stroy the existing order of things, tho more sudden and complete have been their collapse. Instead tnereiore, 01 being troubled about the meetings and thn ' ArnrPBti'nna nf npnnlfi who have. Or think they have, grievances, let us rather regard them, as they are, as healthy indications, since they show that the public mind is active, ino Trmaf IntnnntnVtlA tfnnf1itfrm that COUld m-m w km v m aas vt a w w v w overtake the American people would be a stolid indiflerence indicating that they had ceased to be interested in the public welfare and to have no concern about their own well-being. THE HEBREW RACE. The list of grammar school boys in New York city who passed tho annual examination for admission into the in troductory department of the free col lege contained seven hundred names, of which a considerable proportion were" Jewish. This leads the New York Sun to remark that for many years past tho majority of the best scholars in the pub lic schools of that city have been of He brew birth, and that the proportion of such is steadily increasing. Says the Sun: This superiority is due to inherited ca pacity, coming to them with tho blood of their ancient race, and to the greater in terest which Jewish parents take in the education of their children. School trustees and school commiasioners hear witness that there are no other parents who watch the schools so carefully, And the Jewish rabbis are equally painstaking in that respect. No part of the population shows so much concern about the school system and takes so great pride in it. .. The Jews look upon the : free education as a stepping-stone necessary to the", advancement of their" children, and inculcate in them the duty of profiting to the utmost by the advant ages it otters. The boys and girls are not' sent to school and there left to pursue their education with no other help than they cet from hooks and teachers. They are stimulated to acquirement by the home ; influences; and Jewish fathers and mothers glory in their proficiency and applaud their ambition for superiority. Under such domestic training it is rea sonable to suppose that these children would take a high stand in the schools. . But there is another and an even greater advantage which they possess. Intellectu ally; the Jews are a wonderfully acute race. They get by heredity the fruits of thou sands of years of mental training in sharp conflict with other races, and the transmit ted traits are the more pronounced because of the purity of their Semitic blood. Of all the families of men, they are the one in which the laws of heredity have operated with least disturbance to preserve the ac cumulations of a long history of moral and intellectual development. This.is a just tribute to a great raco of people.' There are Jews and Jews, as there are also gentiles and gentiles, but it is no more fair to judge one raco by its most unworthy specimens than it is so to judge the other. The great and noblo men and women' of the Hebrew race in all ages and countries, will com pare favorably with the great and noble of any other race. And the race has produced its full share of these, as it has also of men and women of talent and genius... In spite of the disabilities and persecutions to which they have been subjected in many countries dur ing most of the Christian era, they have more than held their own in commerce, trade, finance, art, music, science and the learned professions. No race has shown greater vitality or more deter mined and successful devotion to a high standard 0 self-culture and progress. The race prejudice against them, bar barous and brutal as it is, has not suf ficed, in any ago or country, to prevent Hebrew men and women from sharing in the honors that go to merit and genius alone. YOUNG PESSIMI8TABD OLD OPTIMIBT. Those who read the abstracts of the orations of young men who are gradu ating from our colleges these June days cannpt fail to be struck with the pessi mistic tone of those in which social, po litical and moral questions are discussed. They see a great deal of evil in the world, and, what is more deplorable, they seem to think that tho tendency is from bad to worse. Everything is in a bad condition. Men in business are grasping and unscrupulous; social life iB a sham, and, as for politics and the pub lic service, it is a mass of corruption. Where do these young men obtain their information? Not from experience and observation, since their years are few, and most of them have been spent in the school-room and within the limits of college grounds and duties. It may be that teachers and professors have saturated the minds of these young men with these pessimistic croakings, as much of the trash that is called political economy is of this dyspeptic and forlorn character. They may have been wasting their time in reading the essays of men who devote their lives to scolding at the mass of humanity bo- cause they do not see fit to crown them with halos and worship them as the leaders of the army of human progress. They may have been captured with tho 'know-it-all" declaration of the brilliant paragraphers, who, having no positive convictions, fill out a column in an inde pendent society paper with a paragraph directing political parties to abdicate, to the end that men of his sort may usher in the day of better things. The gradu- atingyoung men may imagine that these brilliant writers arc in earnest, but, in the years to come, they will learn that they are in the intellectual sky-rocket business. But thero was ono man who spoke on a graduation day last week who did not take these sombre views. Ho was not a mem ber of a graduating class for 1890, but was a member of a class which gradu ated in 1&40. During the intervening fifty years this man has had a varied ex perience, rSeeting with as much ill fort une as falls to most men, and more suc cess in tho end than most men will achieve. Few men have been more sharply criticised, and no living man in America has more admirers to-day. But he knows the world, and ho has mingled with human-kind these fifty years, and he knows as much of both as any living man. What did he General Sherman say to the graduating class at West Point? This: "Tho world improves every day; tho country is better than it was fifty years ago; so is the army and the academy." This is tho optimism of a man ofseventy, who has had a wider experience than any man who will grad uate this year, or than any man who is his teacher. He has no doubt in "his mind on this subject, and there is no taint of intellectual or moral dyspepsia in his remarks. He has faith in human ity, and is sure that thov human race is achieving a higher and more humane civilization, and that "the thoughts of men are widened with the process of the suns." t In view of the experience of this grand old American citizen and Boldier, should not the young graduate, and, in deed, the older reformer, revise his views of tho condition and tendency of the human race, and may not the re vision begin with a modification of the standards by which we judge the rest of the world? If such revision is not made, and the self-constituted reformer goes forth to redeem, or help redeem, the world by preaching the heresy of pes simism, he will make a miserable fail ure, as he deserves, since that dogma is at war with the life, teachings and pur pose of Him who preached the Sermon ,on tho Mount. - INCREASE Or IK SANITY. The increase in the number of insane asyluinsin recent years and the inabil ity of even these many-institutions to accommodate all who should have ad mission leads the New York Mail and Express to 6eek information on the sub ject of insanity. It addresses a series of questions to the superintendents of some of the largest asylums in the country, the questions relating to the increase of the disease, , its cause, its prevailing form, etc.. . The replies show some differences of opinion, but agree in the statement that there is a great in crease annually, in the number of insane persons. The proportion of insane a few years . ago,' according .to the best availablo statistics, was ono in each 1,000 of the' population. whilo now it is- one to every S00. This increase is probably more.ap-' ! i. xi 1 1 . 1 T 1 parent man real, masmucn as tne esti mates must be based largely on the number of patients, in asylums now and in past years. Thai such estimate must bo inaccurate is evident from the fact that the custom of sending mentally af flicted persons to public institutions has but recently becomo general, the former practice being to retain them in privat6 keeping and to conceal their condition when possible. The gradual dissemina tion of the knowledge that insanity is a disease that may be cured, and not an affliction to cause disgrace or shame, has undoubtedly had the eilect . of bringing forward for treatment many of whom the statisticians would otherwise have known nothing. Insanity is a disease of civilization, and its prevalence is ascribed very cor rectly, no doubt,vby one superintendent to the character of our immigration, the unchecked admissionof imbeciles, luna tics and paupers. As to the causes, they aro thus stated by Dr. W. B. Fletcher, formerly of the Indiana Insane Hos pital: . Too great departure from natural living, rapidity of living, too much force evolved by mechanism, too many things done with out human muscle and human sweat, too much artificial light, too long continued; artificial light pouring in through tho win dow of the brain (the eyes) awukens the millions of sleeping cells in the habitation, when darkness is requisite for rest and re- pair; 100 mucn euiouou, piimuiaieu in every class. The human' heart, anatomically, is changing, its diameters becoming greater, its walls thinner, its strength less, its beats more frcqaent, hence irregularity of quan- titv of blood throncrh the trn.kned chan nels that irrigate the garden of the brain some parts too little and some too much I 'hence irregular growths, mental obliquity. cranks, etc. loo much alcohol used and too many chemicals taken as medicines. The more that is known about this dreaded affliction of humanity tho plainer it is shown that it is an alfliction to be escaped by all who take proper caro of themselves. .Even when it is impending as an hereditary ailment it is unlikely to develop, except as a result of excesses or of undue mental or physical strain. It is true, of course, that tho conditions that bring about mental de rangement aro not always within the control of the individual; but in a more enlightened future, when thought for the health of body and mind is a part of the daily religion, it will be found that insanity may be avoided quite as easily as consumption or small-pox. TnE "oldest inhabitant" who figures in the papers this season has the pe culiarity of being several years older than tho similar celebrity of last year. This year the average -age is not less that 110 years, while in 1889 it was prob ably not higher than 103.. This phenom enon may cause some inquisitive persons to ask how old this year's centenarians ! were last season, but all such questions must be referred to the enterprising re porters of the country who have brought forward the present brigade of old folks. Only those ingenious and imaginative persons are inform ed.m.t.hV subject. . 3 itS Relllou:itrthrhood. The feeling of bWhTOo,6u";that is com ing to prevail between widely differing re ligious sects has .been pleasingly illus trated at Newark, N. J., during the past two years. A Baptist congregation of that city being without a place of worship, was tendered and accepted the' use of a Hebrew temple. During the yearvand a half in which the Christian body occupied it the Hebrew congregation steadily refused to accept compensation of any sort for their hospitality, but upon removing to a church of their own the Baptists testified their appreciation of the kindness of their Jewish friends by presenting tho rabbi with a set of the Encyclopedia Britannica. The presentation formed the occasion for an interchange of friendly sentiment that did infinite credit to both organizations. Speaking in behalf of his people, the Bap tist pastor spoke of the good results that had come to them from having been under the same roof with their Jewish brethren. In that time no member of either congre gation had attempted to convert a member of the other. They had respected each other's opinions and had learned to con sider matters of practical religion on the common ground occupiedby both, of love for their fellow-men. J'Everybody," he said, "has a right to interpret God's word according to his own mind. While I inter pret it in one way, and my brother in an other. I am sure, after all, that in our heart of hearts we aro loving; and worshiping the same Father, for God is no respecter of persons. If such a gathering as this shall teach all the summer hotels, from Maine to California, that a good Hebrew is as good as a good gentile, that God is the Father of both, that there onght to be no distinction in this great country because of race or re ligion, then this meeting will have accom plished a great end." Tho rabbi, replying in similar spirit, rejoiced at the growth of a more tolerant feeling between Jews and Christians, and declared that all Judaism asks is to be regarded the same as all other religions, to be measured by the same stand ard. "It is only necessary," he said, "that we should become better acquainted, and soon both Hebrew and Christian will be working together for the good of a common humanity. At the door of each church should be written, 'Are we not all of one father? Has not one God created usT Why should we not love one another?' " These expressions indicated not only tol eration but an appreciation of each other's rights and merits not always found among sects nearer in theological kinship. Such' episodes mark an advance in liberality of thought and towards that true brotherhood which is the manifestation of the divine spirit that must encourage all who labor for the spiritual prosperity of mankind, i A Piiilapelpuia minister complains bit terly of the custom which compels mem bers of his profession to officiate at funerals outside of their respective congregations, without compensation. He maintains that fees should be require for these extra services, quite as much as in the case of marriages, and says: .... ' I mean by this term outsiders those who have either no church nt all or no particular ono a religious cosmopolitan, as it were. This is a vexy large class who give nothing to the support or the gospel, and yet who would not think of bury ing their dead without the services of a Christian minister. In view of this fact I hold that . such services are professional. Would these people expect a pbyKician. a lawyer or funeral director to render his services, gratuitously! Why, then, should the minister do sof But a man holds up his hands in horror and. says the case of the min ister is so different from the other, the minister, must improve every opportunity for doing good, and the outside funeral is one of them. This minister seems to labor under the impression that tho outsiders are them;, 1 selves to blame for the existence ofthia custom, but in this he is probably wrong. If inquiry were made ho would find that many persons, both in and out of regular church organizations, would willingly show their appreciation of services ren- dcred at funerals by liberal fees, but that when such offerings are tendered they are invariably declined. It is the minister who "holds up his hands in horror" at the sug gestion of compensation. If the horror is simulated, how is the person proffering the fee to know it? It is a delicate matter to ap proach such a subject while the custom in question exists, but if ministers, as a body. will let it be understood that compensation is acceptable in tho class of cases men tioned, they are unlikely to hear many pro tests. Tiikre is something almost sacrilegious in the statement, telegraphed from London, that it is feared the foundations of St. Paul's cathedral will be endangered by a line of un derground railway about to be constructed in the vicinity. The ground, having been onco occupied by a water course, is not the most solid, and Sir Christopher Wren, tho architoct, is said to have had some misgiv ings as to the character of the foundation. However that may be, it would not be strange if the constant jarring of railroad trains in the vicinity should unsettle the foundations of the great building, however solid. If the sacred dust of 'the host of Britain's great men there buried, soldiers, statesmen, heroes, martyrs, historians, novelists, poets, etc, could be heard in re gard to disturbing their traditional resting place, what a unanimous protest thero would be against the sacrilege! And if the historic pile itself, with its majestic dome, should tumble down from the effects of an underground railway, the ghost of Sir Christopher Wren would be justified in re visiting the earth to rebuke the iconoclastic spirit of this mercenary nge. What would become then of his celebrated Inscription "Si queris monumentum, circumspice." The Hon. Leander M. Campbell,who died at Danville, Monday, was one of the best- Known men in Indiana. Hon. P. S. Ken nedy 8 ays of him in the Hendricks County Republican: O lie possessed many strong characteristics not vouchsafed to the ordinary individual. Ills Judg ment was clear and correct; he saw things in their proper relations to eatih other, and could master a complicated state of facts almost in an instant. As an attorney his servlceswere al ways highly valued, because those who employed him Knew tney would receive tne run measure of his mental ability, coupled with an enthusiasm that refused to recognize any difficulty as insur mountable. An a business man he was honest, prompt and methodical. He had ways of his own and would not deviate from them to accommo date friend or foe. He hated everything like tyranny and onprcsslon.and it was natural, when the great political upheaval of 1854 came on, that he should be found with the Republican party battling to make Kansas a free State. He lived and died a sincere believer in all the great leading principles of his party, and on all prope r occasions worked ably for their establishment in the administration of the government. When the elements arise in their might they are liable to destroy almost any thing. The people who know all about the weath er had a very comforting theory that a tor nado can never occur twice in the same place, but along came an impudent "twist er" the other day and blew this theory into the middle of next week by going over al most exactly the same track in Vermillion county, Illinois, that had been traversed by a tornado several years ago. In reply to a recent inquiry in the Jour nal, a correspondent furnishes the follow ing Information: Dr. Wolf was killed in the battle of Richmond, Ky., in August, 1SG2. FUN AND PHILOSOPHY. Bits of Verse and Witty Sayings Prepared for the Journal by Well-Known Writers. A Sea Change. A light is drifting down the bay. His jacket is passing fast away Into the twilight shadows gray. bffo walks the lone and silent beach And sees, where far beyond her reach, Beyond the eoho of love's speech, Beyond the touch of friendly hand. Out from I Iia anfptv of the land. His boat goes, ably trimmed and manned. Out, out she sails to meet her fate Not so the yachtman, glad, elate He has escaped, at any rale! For on the sands his fate is left The web she spun with Angers deft Like spider's thread, is rent and cleft. Far, far recedes the shadowy shore. Tho lonely light is seen no more You've read such things as this bfore. Madeline 8. Bridges. fnninlitnir & T.AOTVf- Cadley I say. Coke, candidly now, what is your opinion of me! Coke I assure you, Cad, it is not worth buying. , -vuw onrnn. A Modern Prodigal. nis wild oats sown, his money spent, Conn Vivial ceased to laugh Back to his father's home he humbly went To eat the fatted calf. His daddy saw him. as he climbed the hill, But bolted every door. Then cried: "You'll yet of calf your fill When you've been cowed some more. Errstlo Enrique. Sweets. A MITIGATING CIRCUMSTANCE. Judge Were yon ever arrested before? Sam Jobnsin'g No, Boss. I nebber wuz. Ebery time I has been errested de police- man graboea me Dy ae nee irom Deuind. NOAH NOWHERE. Gilhooly Have you read about Succi, tho Italian faster, who. uvea xorty days on nothing but water! Gus do Smith Yea, but there is nothing remarkable in that. I know a man who alone. ias trot hi money invested in a waterworks company Alex. E. Sweet. Ho Didn't Amount to Shucks. There was Btjah, Ben and Bart no war smart; Sons of old Abijah Blander t -(ee his house 'way over yander, Whar j er see that long-necked gander. On the cartf) . But lilll the YOunL'p' vrntrhd th rtnrfcft Because he didn't amount to shucks. I tell ye Bijah, Ben an Bart Did their nart: W'v. ve never p unoh hntlT ' Never see sich tarnal hustlers, v They wuz reg'lar roarin rustlers 1 nry war Bmarx; But Bill he nseter ioaf nn' at Au' loll, an lolly gog an' gawp. Them fellers, Bijah, Ben and Bart! ' Maue imngfe start Not a chap could beat their showin -ianun-, narvestm or mowlnV ur a taienn or noeln' . Thev war mnrt ... But Bill loafed ronii' n,V v'tVio nv Because he didn't amount to shucks. An' Bdl wuz lazy, so they said, -u UiXii ucau; Never useter laugh an holler. Never tried to make a dollar But ho wuz a fust-rate scholar s Agreatnead: He'd take some tarnal books an shirk au let nia nrotners do the work. An they sent Bill to General Court vurus sporu , -An he with them air leirUla Men, Is'pose, uv simlarnatur's. no inort ue wuz some pertatcrs, neia me iort. HiS SDOecheS WUZ SO full ortnnn ' They struck 'em like a thunder-clap. He talked so well an' knew so much, 1500K8 an' sucn, Thet now he lives away up yander In the StatH-hOUHH nilltA a rn rid on An' folks call him Governor Bland er- It a too much! The chap who useter to watch the ducks uecause no uiun t amount to sliucis. But what of Bijah, Ben an Bart V wno warsuiarti Never fear thet they'll forsake us Bige an lien are cood shoemakers. Bart he drives Joslah Baker's Butcher's cart. An' all three brag about the duoks An Bill who didn't amount to shucks. - S. W. Foss. Not Much Improvement Sn Fire-Escapes. They were looking at a slender. ladder- shaped fire-escape Tunning up the side of a ' tall building. "We don't make any improvements in these things," remarked the wicked part ner. . "About the only difference between lire-escapes now and in the olden times is that now they are intended for a fellow to climb down on. while the first tire-escape of which I remember any account was lor a fellow to climb up on." "What nre-escape are you reicrricg tor7 asked the deacon. "Jacob's ladder." ; -PolkEwipa. My lady's eyes are flowing With tears like opals showing Against her levered cheek. In midnight glooms that pal her, Disheveled love-locks veil her Like storm clouds wild and bleak. Would it were gold's lost shining. Or love's, that get . her pining Like Carthage's old queen! ' Oh, would she longed for honor J To shed Its Joys upon her The very stars I'd glean. But judge me without blaming Inert I am yet flaming Like yon great fireplace log. What hope have I of finding In all this city's winding A three days lost pug dogt " Eva Wilder McGlasson. Pellets from Various Pestles.- Editor of the Bazoos-Do you keep the Bazoo here? . . News-dealep That's exactly what we do with it, sir. We can't sell it. It is all nonsense to say that the rain falls alike upon the just and the unjust, as every man. who has observed how the unjust steals the just's umbrella can testify. Irate Youth See here, Dusenberry, did you tell Sparrowgrass that I couldn't be counted on to pay my debts? ' Dusenberry I did not. On the contrary, I told him yon could be counted on not to. BREAKFAST-TABLE CHIT. The Rev. Dr. Abel Stevens, now seventy six years old, is writing another volume of his great "History ef Methodism." . The Earl of Warwick has caused the arrest of. a young tourist who was scrib bling his name, and that of a young wom an with him, on the walls of Warwick Castle. "Sagittarius,' an English- astrologer,' advises Stanley and Miss Tennant not to get married on July 12, as it is a most un lucky day and some misfortune is suro to follow. Herman Oelrichs, who has just wedded Miss Fair, is so good an athlete and boxer that, it is said, he would like to tackle . Sullivan himself, if the feat could bo per formed incog. s Garabaldi's tomb, in Caprera, is to be made anational monument, and the island is to be devoted to the purposes of a home for old sailors. A light-house also will be erected there. One Harvard young man makes a con cise explanation of the academic successes of young women: "Of course girls can get on. They have nothing else to do but study. We have." Julia Ward Howe's writing is very difficult to read. Here literature goes to the printer in writing wholly unshaded, and with separate letters often twirled and crushed out of shape. On an average there are thirty-five more boys than girls born in New York city every week. On the average fifty-live more males than females die. So the female population grows more rapidly than tho male. The original manuscript of Thomas Car- lyle's "Reminiscences of my Irish journey" sold at a recent auction in New York for 8132. The original manuscript of Oliver "Wendell Holmes's "Autocrat of the breakfast-table," though incomplete, sold for $31. Miss Dora. Wheeler, the well-known artist, who has painted the portraits of a number of . prominent authors, and has decorated the walls of some of the finest houses in New York And Washington, was married the other day to Boudinot Keith, of New York. The chief chemist of the London Gas Company has succeeded in making from the refuse of a gas retort a perfect em erald. The -cost of making the gem, how ever, was many times greater thi n that for which a natural stone could be purchased at a jeweler's. . Maryland is about toerect a shaft to the memory of Leonard Calvert, the first Gov ernor of that State. The exact location of the burial-place being in doubt a granite column will be raised on a blull' overlook ing St. Mar3''s city, in the county of that name, were Calvert landed in Hi34. The following remarkable statement has lately appeared in a hovel: "At that mo ment tho worthy pastor appeared on the threshold of the manse. His hands were thrust into the pockets of his large, loose coat, while he turned over tho leaves of the prayer-book and wiped his spec tacles.' Prince Bismarck says of General Von Capnvi: "He has a clear head, a: good heart, a generous nature and great woik ing powers: altogether., a first-class man." And then General Von Capri vi says tq the world: "Don't mind what I'rinco Bi&marck says. He is out of oftico now and ,his words have no weight." Mr. Smallev cables: There is no longer any pretense that Emin Pasha caind away from the interior of Africa on his own ac count. Mr. Stanley's languago is explicit: "If a man cannot make up his mind for himself, and yon are expected to mako it up for him, the natural sequence is that you must make it up in some way." , When Leo XIII was to officiate during the winter at the Sistine chapol the doctor had huge braziers of charcoal set burning there all night beforehand and when tho had been living for years 011 water Gilhoolv That's imoossible. Gum da Smith fin tint. "He morning arrived the atmosphere was so oppressive that half the ladies had to leave the chapel fainting while mass was being read, and the Pope himself got such a vio lent headache that he could scarcely get through the service, and was quite ill all the rest of the day from it. The larynx of the great tenor Gayarre, who died not long ago in Madrid, was re moved after his death, and was found to be of such peculiar formation that it will probably he preserved in some Spanish museum. Gayarro received 51,400 a night in opera, the largest salary ever paid a tenor, and his fortune is estimated at SOO,- 000. lie was the son of a blacksmith, and a common workman when his voice first at tracted attention, and he was only forty years old when he died. TnE number of suicides by pupils of German gymnasia, especially in Berlin, on account of a failure to pass the examina tions for au advanced class, has 'increased to such an alarming extent that the Prus sian Cultus Minister, Von Gossler, has ad dressed a public letter to teachers and par ents on this subject. He urges them to a better education, morally and physically, of the pupils, and to a greater regard for the individual weaknesses and character of the different pupils. He appeals to both: home and school to work together for this end. - The Miss Col mans (of English mustard fame) wear rather aesthetic gowns. Miss Colman, who is to be married to Trofessor Stuart, is having a traveling gown of terra cotta crepe made very simply. The bodice is cut cross-over fashion, and has a Velvet yoke and belt. She has a pretty cloak and hat. all to match. The latter is trimmed with feathers. An evening gown for tho same lady is in a lovely nameless shade of pink silk, with a cascade of gauzedown tho side. The bodice is quite a unique aftair. To look at it one would think the wearer had been twisted into it. There are folds everywhere, back and front. - Remorseless time has done its work, says the London Echo, upon Cardinal New mac. It is natural and inevitable; but it no less naturally inspires regret- ; It is 6trange, however, that while his "robe of flesh," to borrow St. Augustine's expres sion, is so worn, the spirit within it is still so bright and clear. Cardinal Newman is physically so feeble that he cannot walk a yard without slow, painful effort and tho support of an attendant. In fact, not until Monday last, when he attended mass at the oratory the day being the feast-day of the founder of the Oratorians-did the Birmingham people become folly aware of the ravages which time had affected in tho Cardinal s bodily powers. Until quite re cently Cardinal Newman rose early and at tended most of the ministrations of tho convent. Hut this is now beyond his strength. Axn yet, as an eels In soma brighter dreams Call to the soul when man doth sleep So eome fetrange thoughts tranawnd our wonted themes And into glory peep.f Henry Vtnghaa. Tve heard that talk is cheap," he said. "But since I chanced to go To an attorney, I'll be hanged if I believe It's so." ' Wsshington Tost. AN UlSTCrUC MICBOSCOPE. Through It Lenses the Eye Had Its First Sight of Trichinae In Pork. ' FhlladelphlA Press. In a box of highly polished wood, clasped and bound with shining brass, there re poses at present at tho Pennsylvania Hos pital a little instrrment that has had an effect upon Americas export trade in pork in an opposite ratio to its size, and that ef fect still lingers. It has brought American pork into bad repute with the German government. It is nothing but a micro scope, but it is the microscope by tho aid of which trichinae in ham was discovered. It was away back in 18 that trichina was discovered by Pa pot in the muscles of the human body, and the parasites were afterwards described by Owen. How they came into the human system no one knrw. That they got there, and that their pres ence worked great harm was proven con clusively, but the source, the first starting point of the parasite this is what scien tific men, puzzle and hunt as they would, were unable to discover. It remained for an American and a Thiladelphian to mako this discovery, of which the general publio has probably never realized the full value, but to which the world of science has al ways given due credit In lb44 Joseph Leidy was graduated as a doctor of medicine. If there has been one thing above another for which this cele brated scientist has always been noted, it is his acute powersof observation. Nothing escapes his eye, nothing is too small to rivet his attention. In 1846, just two years after he graduated, and w.ien only twenty-three years old, he made this great discovery, which had escaped so many celebrated physicians for so many years. It was one day 'when he was at luncheon that he fairly stumbled ou the discovery, which would have yet escaped him had it not been for his powers of observation. He leaned over a large, luscious-looking ham tocut off a slice as the meat portion of a ham sandwich. Something on the surface of the meat attracted his attention. He looked closer, and saw a number of tiny white specks no larger than pin points. What they were he did not know, but he conclud ed he did not want any ham, or in fact any thing to eat just at that moment. He put the ham away where no cne else could get at it, and carried the slice he had cut off np to bis rooms. He placed these white dots under a microscope, and when they were properly focused they stood out plain ly as the trichina that had been found in the human body just eleven years before. It was a sco very that might well cause any man u feel elated. This microscope, a handsome instrument abont eighteen inches high, after doing the work of its celebrated owner for many years, is cow the property of his nephew and namesake. Dr. Joseph Leidy, jr. Less Work and More Pay. Critic Lounger. I was struck by the heading over a news item in one of the papers the other day: "They want lew work and more pay." "They" were the millers and millwrights, and the layers of encaustic tiles. What was there so strange about their wanting more money for less work, after all, that their demand should be printed in a daily paper with n special heading! If they had struck for more work and less pay, that would have been worth talking aboqt. Hut who is there who doesu't want iess work and more pay!" I think if every human heart were to be cut open, some such 'motto as that of the millers and tile-layers would be found graven in it, WThat was the word "Italy." which Browning said would be found carved in the core of his heart, bnt a more graphic and poetic expression of this deep seated longing for less work and more pay! The land of sunshine and cloudless skies, of poetry, and beauty, and tradition, and romance, of lotos eating and dolce far niente. was what, he loved and lorged for: and when we sav we want less wo;k and more pay, we mean only that we want the things that "Italy" means to thepoet.who makes Italy his home. For m own part, I should never utter a protest against hav ing a great deal less work to do and being paid a great deal more for doing it: but I shouldn't be willing, as so many foolish workmen are, to remain idle and get no pav at all, because I couldn't get just what I wanted in the way of wages and work. The Dlbl In the Schools. The Independent. The doctrine of the Constitution of Wis consin, as thus settled by the Supreme Court of that State, is. in our judgment, the true doctrine for every State in the Union. It remits the question of religious instruction, as to what it shall be. as to the agency giv ing it, and as to the cost thereof, to volun tary, private and individual effort, and de votes the public school, created and regu lated by law, and supported by a general taxation of tho people, exclusively to secu lar education. 1 his principle is in harmony with the nature and structure of our polit ical institutions, and is, moreover, just and equitable as between religions sects. It favors no one of them, and proscribes no one of them: and, while it leaves them all free to propagate their religious beliefs in their own way, and at their own expense, it gives to tho whole people, at tho cost of tho whole, a system of popular education that is certainly good as far as it goes, and is all that the State can give, without itself becoming a religious propagandist. Cath olics and Protestants alike ought to be sat isfied with it, There is no other basis ou which the school question can be. just ly settled as between dillextut reli&ice MCU