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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, September 19, 1890, Image 4

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THE INDLVNAPOLIS JOURNAL, FKIDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1890.
THE DAILY JOURNAL
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1890.
WASHINGTON OFFICK 513 Fourteenth at.
P. S. IIEA.TII. Correspondent.
Telephone Calls.
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Democratic Plan of Taxation.
Sentinel Editorial.
The tax on personal
property ouplit to be
wholly repealed.
Tbe prospect Is that the
system ol private prop
erty in land will remain
at it Is, forworae genera
tions at leasr.but that all
tax en. at least for State
and local purposes (ex
cept such us may be de
rived from the sale of
franchises) will, in the
nearuture, be laid up
on land.
Democratic Tlatform,
We demand the adop
tion of a system of
equalizing the appraise
ment of real and per
sonal property In this
State, to the end that an
equal and proper unl
fonnit5'ln such assess
ments shall be secured,
for the reason that un
der existing rejrulations
inany counties are com
pelled to pay an unjust
proportion of the State's
expenses, which others
as unjustly escape.
Those Republican members of the
House who are neglecting their duties
by being absent at the present time de
serve censure.
The Iowa Prohibition party has de
clared for free trade, thus getting as
nearly in line with the Democratic party,
to which it is a tender, as is possible.
The new ballot law has been tried in
two or three local electionsin New York,
and the result in every case has been
favorable to the Republicans, the Demo
cratic vote falling off.
Tnt Republicans of Indiana have out
lined a new tax policy if the next Legis
lature is under their control, but the
Democrats will continue the old system,
or, perhaps, adopt the free-trade, single
tax theory which the Sentinel now sup
ports. -
Senator Vooriiees should be given
credit for unerring judgment when he
made war in the very beginning against
the movement to organize Indiana farm
ers. He know it meant an end to the
Democratic solidity of the southern tier
of counties.
The Constitution declares that the
House shall have power to compel the
attendance of members. Therefore,
thoso Democrats who broke down the
door to escape attendance violated the
letter of the Constitution. That is all
there is of that.
"Evert . speaker excoriated Czar
Reed," is the stereotyped expression
regarding. Democratic conventions. The
answer of Mr. Reed's constituents reads
thusly: 1888, Reed's plurality, 2,423;
1690, Reed's plurality, 4,751. Let the
excoriating go on. i
Minnesota has the distinction of hav
ing the only loan and building associa
tion ticket in any State. The loan and
building association is an excellent in
stitution, but not quite so extensive as
to make an attractive political organiza
tion for those who want office.
The Republicans in three New Eng
land States held their State conventions
on Wednesday, and all of them, in the
most emphatic language, indorsed the
Harrison administration as clean, con
sistent and capable, and all of them,
moreover, demanded the passage of the
federal election bill by the Senate.
. It would not be a bit surprising to
see the political complexion of the Indi
ana delegation in Congress entirely
reversed by this years elections. The
Republicans and farmers' organizations
seem to be making somo remarkably
strong combinations against the com
mon eremy to good government and
general prosperity.
Several years ago, to insure the de
cision of a contested election case,
Samuel J. Randall made a motion to
the effect that dilatory motions should
not bo put. Then the settlement of
cases affecting the membership of the
House was held to be of the lirst im
portance, and the Republicans did not
break quorums when they were under
consideration.
The Democrats of the House resorted
to their old tactics of secession yester
day when they were required to perform
their constitutional duties. Quite a
number of them seceded during the
winter and spring of 1SC1, so that they
may be said to be used to it. Of course,
their Northern followers went with them
this time, but in 1801 they helped them
by organizing to prevent enlistments in
the Union army. Neither have changed
since that date. The turbulent and re
bellious old Democracy never changes.
TnE report that General Fremont's
family is almost destitute in California
should hasten the action of Congress in
providing a pension for the widow.
When the General was restored to the
army and placed on the retired list,
shortly before his death, the action was
generally approved, not only as being a
just acknowledgment of his services,
but because of the fact that his wife,
who stood equally high in public regard
would sharo in the benefits. It is well
known that the Fromonts never profited
financially from their connection with
the Western country, and it is but fair
that a return should bo made for the
services thus rendered the Nationserv
ices in which Mrs. Fremont had a part
as active as her husband's, though his
was more prominent. A bill providing
a proper pension should bo no longer
delayed. mmm
EESPGESIBIHTY POE THE STATE DEBT.
' The Republican platform condemns
the reckless and unbusinesslike policy of
the Democratic party, under which, at a
time when neighboring States have been
reducing their indebtedness, Indiana
presents the spectacle of a rapidly in
creasing public debt, amounting now to
more than eight millions of dollars. Tho
Sentinel denies that the Democrats havo
been reckless and unbusinesslike in their
management of State finances, and says:
The total debt of the Stato as shown by
the last reportof tho Auditor 18 3,050,015.1.
Of this debt $4,85,780.12 was made by tbe
Republicans and ,202,832 by tbe Demo
crats. So the account stands:
Republican debt 9 1,853,783.12
Democratic debt 3,202,832.00
Total , $3,050,015.12
It will thns be seen that over 60 per cent,
of tho existing debt was contracted by the
Republicans, and less than 40 per cent, of
it by tho Democrats.
In this statement we note one impor
tant advance. A little while ngo the Sen
tinel was arguing that the net debt of
tho Stato was only $3,061,722. It now
admits that tho debt amounts to $8,0oG,
G15.12, as shown by the last report of tho
State Auditor. Let the people stick a
pin there and recur to it if the Sentinel
reverts to its former line of defense.
This new line of defense, which is the
fifth or sixth adopted by the Democratic
organ, each equally untenable, asserts
that of the present debt of $8,0oG,GT5.13
the Republicans created $4,803,783.12 and
the Democrats only $3,202,832. We pro
nounce this statement utterly untrue.
Tho Stato debt in 18GI was $8,755,453.
Of course no part of this debt was made
fby the Republican party, which just
came into power in 1SG0. It was a legacy
from the Democratic party. Nor can it
be claimed to have been mainly created
by the old Whig party, for tho foreign
debt of the State Increased from $G,498,
227.50, in 1850, to $7,377,273.50 in 18G0,and
during the same period the domestic debt
increased from $170,295 to $1,220,773.95.
Tho .Democratic party was in power
nearly all the time from 1850 to 1SG0. At
the sam e time tho interest account of
the State increased from $188,595 a year,
in 1850, to $309,548.09 in 18G0.
Between 18G0 and 1870 the Republicans
made a large reduction in tho debt. On
the 5th of January, 1871, the ,1'oreigu
debt was only $178,000, and the domestic
debt was $3,792,(501.15, making a total
debt of $3,970,001.15. Between 1871 and
1880 the debt was not largely, increased.
To be exact, the foreign debt increased
from $197,390.12 to $1,093,395.12, and tho
domestic debt from $3,740,430.88 to $3,
904,783.22, a total increase of $1,0G0,357.&,
and making tho total debt in 18S0 $4,
998,178.34. Must of this increase was
under Democratic rule, and part of it
was caused by the foolish reduction of
the tax levy in 1873 and 1874 to 5 cents
on the hundred, dollars. In 1875 the
levy was raised to 15 cents, and in 1877
reduced again to 12, where it has 6tood
ever since.
Up' to 1880, therefore, the Republicans
were not responsible for any part of tho
State debt. On tho contrary, they
had largely reduced it since 1800.
In 1881 the foreign debt was
$971,825.12, and the domestic debt
$3,004,783.22; in 1882 both remained un
changed; in 1883 tho foreign debt was
reduced to $007,825.12, and tho domestio
debt increased to $4,244,783.22; in 1884
both remained unchanged. . In 1885 tho
Democratic debt-making policy began,
and the foreign debt increased to $1,703,
825.12. Hero was an increase of $1,09G,
000 in one year. The total debt at this
time was $G,008,Gu8.34. In 16S7 it had
increased to $G,420,GO8.&1; in 1888, to
$G,770,C08.ai, and in 1889 to $8,540,G15.12.
Every dollar of the increase since 1884
is due to tho Democratic party, and the
Democratic policy of making excessive
appropriations and borrowing money to
meet them and to pay tho current ex
penses of tho State. Every dollar of tho
present debt is duo to Democratic mis
management. TAXATIONWHERE PAETIES DIFFER.
No one thing better illustrates the un
changeable difference between tho two
parties than their position on the ques
tion of taxation in this State. For sev
eral years a Democratic majority in the
Legislature, having the benefit of the
advice and experience of Democratic
leaders who assume that they are qual
ified to fill tho highest place in the Na
tion, have confessed their inability to
devise measures either to raise revenues
to pay current expenses or reduce expend
itures to the basis of receipts. When
the Democratic convention met it was
naturally expected that some policy
would bo presented which would put an
end to the annual increase of tho State
debt. But it did nothing of the kind.
It had not even tho courage to advise a
higher rate of taxation, but, in a half-and-half
manner, suggested an increase
of tho valuation of property for taxa
. tiou. The only method was the old ono
it inherited that of a tax on as much of
the property of tho people as is in sight.
To the end of time imbeciles like those
who constitute the majority in our leg
islatures would go on taxing farms,
homes, factories and rentable property
in cities, never imagining that there
could be any other general sources of
revenue than a tax which takes money
from the pockets of the people. In other
States where Republican legislatures
have shaped tho policy of taxation tho
subject has received tho careful atten
tion of progressive men, who are not
content with methods which were
adopted fifty or a hundred years ago,
when all the conditions were different.
Every possible source of revenue has
been considered; and, to tho end that
new objects of taxation may bo found,
commissions havo been created to ex
amine the systems of other States and to
recommeud'-changes which will reduce
the burden originally placed upon the
lands and tho homes of tho people, be
cause there was then little else to tax,
and placo it upon franchises and cor
porate privileges, . To-day, under a Re
publican system, not one-fourth of tho
Stato tax of Massachusetts is assessed
upon the real estate and homes of tho
people. In Pennsylvania tio Republic
ans havo devised a system of taxation
for State purposes which does not lay a
cent of tax upon real estate. And so
in nearly all of the progressive Repub
lican States of the North, States which
have paid the debts incurred during
the war havo so changed their systems
of taxation as to draw, a large part of
their revenues from taxes upon fran
chises, privileges, etc. As the progres
sive party of tho country, tho Republic
ans aro seeking new, better and purer
methods of taxatiou. As the retroactive
party of the country, tho Democrats,
with their faces turned to the past, cling
to antiquated systems because they see
nothing but the past.' In "Pilgrim's
Progress," a man with bis back toward
the Celestial City, employed with a muck
rake in stirring tho filth upon which his
whole attention was fixed, was the char
acter which represented all that was will
fully stupid and reactionary. He could
not bo persuaded to drop his rake and
turn his face toward the light of the
Celestial City. If John Bunyan had been
writing "of political parties in this coun
try, the stolid man with the rako would
havo been used to'iepresent the Democ
racy. How long will tho progressive and in
telligent people of Indiana bear with the
party ot stupidity, of reaction and of tho
past with its face always to the rear?
The Ohio law! taxing corporations on
their franchises requires tho payment of
a license fee into the State treasury for
filing articles of incorporation, articles
of consolidation, or certificates of in
crease of capital stock, when tho amount
of capital stock of the corporation cre
ated by such articles, or the amount -of
the increase, is $10,000 or under, $10;
over $10,000, one-tenth of 1 per cent., or
$1 per $1,000. This law went into effect
May 1, 1889. The Pennsylvania Rail
road Company recently . filed certain ar
ticles of consolidation in Ohio, and in
reply to a question as to what tax they
paid Hon. D. J. Ryan, Secretary of
State, writes: "The Pennsylvania Rail
road Company paid into this department
as fees for filing articles of consolida
tion tho sum of $75,000, being one-tenth
of 1 per cent, on the amount of its cap
ital stock, and is the same fee required
to bo paid by all incorporated companies
at tho date of incorporation." , This is
the law advocated by tho Republican
platform in the declaration which fa
vors an increase of revenues "by requir
ing corporations obtaining valuable
franchises belonging to the people and
granted by tho State, to pay to the Stato
a substantial license fee therefor, to be
fixed according , to the character and
value of the franchise granted': In
marked contrast with this, the Demo
cratic platform makes no recommenda
tion whatever looking to an increase of
revenues, except by increasing. the ap
praisement of real estate.
The solution of tho negro disfran
chisement problem decided upon by tho
Mississippi convention is this paragraph'
in tho new Constitution: '. v '
Every qualified elector shall bo able to
read any section of tbe Constitution of this
State, or be ahull be able to understand the
same when read to him, or give a reason
able interpretation thereof. ; ; . ;
There are several volumes of meaning
crowded into that one sentence which
is ostensibly, an educational qualifica
tion. It means, of course, that the same
old frauds will bo continued under tho
guiso of legality. A very small percent-'
ago of the voters, either colored or
white, will bo able to read the Constitu
tion. The decision as to what consti
tutes "understanding" and "reasonable
interpretation" will lie with tho Demo
cratic election officers, and their duties
will be easy. When a white Democrat
comes up his understanding and inter
pretation will be fotind correct and
"reasonable." When a negro or other
Republican appears his understanding
and interpretation will be. all wrong.
Very simple, isn't it?
The Republicans of this district yes
terday nominated Mr. J. X. W. Billings
ley, of this city, for Congress. It is a
good nomination. Mr. Billingsley is a
riativo of Kentucky, . but has lived in
Indiana nearly all his lifo and in this
county since 18G4, most of the time on a
farm in Decatur township. Ho was for
two years part owner and editor of tho
Indiana Farmer, and is now editor of
tho Drainage and Tile Journal, which
he established more than ten years ago.
He is a man of strong sense and sterling
worth, and a life-long Republican, hav
ing served as such in the Indiana Legis
lature some eighteen years ago. He did
not seek the nomination, but will accept
it and put forth his best efforts in be
half of tho success of tho Republican
ticket. Those who know Mr. Billings
ley will vote for him cheerfully on ac
count of his personal worth and char
acter, and thoso who do not know him
can rest assured that he is worthy of tho
solid Republican vote of the district.
TnE New York Herald's report of tho
Connecticut Democratic convention
brings to light the fact that the propo
sition to introduce tho nauio of Sir.
Cleveland into the platform was de
feated after a hot fight. It was, says
tho report, a contest between the spoils
men and civil-service reformers, both
claiming tho victory. Tho Herald,
however, is mistaken when it asserts
that the Connecticut convention was
the first to omit an indorsement of Mr.
Cleveland. The Indiana Democracy
did the same thing. Another signifi
cant feature in the Connecticut conven
tion was the reappearance of iex-Senator
Eaton, tho most bitter old Bourbon in
New England, as presiding officer, and
he was greeted with tho applause of the
day. But the failure to pay homage to
Mr. Cleveland is a very significant fact,
considering the proximity to and influ
ence of New York in Connecticut affairs.
Mu. Patrick Walsh, editor of the
Augusta, Ga Chronicle, is in Wash
ington, telling reporters who have time
to listen to him that he favors Hill and
Gray as a Democratic presidential
ticket for 1892. It makes no difference
in final results what a Georgia editor
thinks, but his ideas aro worth-men
tioning, in this instance, by way of
showing that ono man outsido of Indi
ana remembers that Gray still lives and
aspires. Your Uncle . Isaac, however,
will not thank editor Walsh for his
kindly-meant words. Walsh ought to
know that the Indiana man has his
eagle eye fixed on tho first place, and is
determined to play second fiddle to no
one. It must be very trying for an am
bitious man to be appreciated by a
lonesome few and to havo that appreci
ation reach but half way.
Mr. Pixley, Republican candidate for
Treasurer of State, seems to be highly
esteemed where he is best known. The
papers of Utica, N. Y., where he former
ly lived, speak in high terms of him,
and tho Foit Wayne Journal (Demo
cratic) says: "In Mr. Pixley the Repub
licans have a clean, honorable gentle
man." Tho Journal adds that "he is a
thoroughgoing and consistent Repub
lican, and as such is not likely to dis
turb the Democratic vote." There is
reason to believe he will disturb the
Democratic vote in Allen county consid
erably. TnE arrest of Messrs. Dillon and
O'Brien, and tho threatened arrest of
several other Irish leaders, indicates
that the British government is about to
resort to more vigorous repressive meas
ures than have been used for some time
past. The charge against tho arrested
persons is that of inciting tenants not to
pay their rent. From an ' American
stand-point the offense, even if commit
ted, seems trivial, and tho dispatches in
dicate that even in England the arrests
are regarded as probably unwise.
There is $45,000,000 more currency in
circulation now than a year ago. In
twenty-three days, up to last Saturday,
the treasury, disbursed $53,000,000 for
bond purchases, pensions, etc. During
the year which ended Sept. 1 the treas
ury paid out $41,000,000 more than its
receipts. And yet the mugwump press
in New York insists that the treasury is
responsible for tho stringency in tho
money market. The impudence of that
clas3 of liars is phenomenal.
There is a very general impression in
political circles that Hon. II. D. Wilson,
the nominee of the Republicans in tho
Thirteenth congressional district, will
fill tho seat in the next House in which
Benjamin Franklin Shively has been
rattling round during this and the List
congresses. Mr. Shively's plurality in
1888 was only 355, and, counting the Pro
hibition vote, tho majority against him
was 523. Mr. Wilson is a fighter.
It is now. explained by citizens of St.
Paul that the erroneous census reports from
that city were due to the mistakes of the
enumerators, who, without an idea that
they were doing wrong, took the names of
everybody they found in business blocks,
not considering that snch persons would
also be counted at their residences. In the
case of Minneapolis these same veracious
St. Paul people declare there was system
atic and pre-arranged padding, for which
"somebody will ye,t "have to suffer." The
Minneapolis pot will next proceed to again
call the St. Paul kettle black.
-That was rather a remarkable spectacle
when scores of leading citizens of Spokane
Falls turned out to fill the places and do
the work of two hundred . carpenters who
had struck for some trivial cause and re
fused to work on the exposition building.
The result was that . lawyers, doctors,
bankers and business men suddenly de
veloped an unsuspected talent for driving
nails, and the work of roofing the building
went on at a rapid rate. Tho average
American citizen seems to be equal to al
most auy emergency.
IXASMUCn as Prince George, in that ficti
tious fight in Canada, conducted himself
with great valor and came out on top of
the heap, ho has. at least, less ground for
complaints against the Canadian style of
journalism than if the reporter had per
mitted him to be incontinently kicked
around a block or two. Still, the Prince
will not be blamed if he does not take this
view of it.
Ex-Governor Foster, of Ohio, has
been honored, time and again, by the Re
publican party. Now the party needs him,
and needs him badly, to overcome a Demo
cratic majority of 1,300 in his congressional,
district, under the new gerrymander. Ho
can hardly refuse to embrace such, an op
portunity to repay the obligation.
One of the best defenses of Speaker Reed's
"tyranny" that has yet appeared was that
made by tbe Republicans of the First Indi
ana district when they commended tho
majority of the House upon its forosight in
selecting for Speaker "a man who knew a
quorum when he saw it."
The picturesque Richard Vanx, who was
elected to succeed Mr. Randall, will not
appear in the next House with his ruined
shirt and his rotund oratory. He did not
suit the mugwump element of the Democ
racy, and another man was nominated.
Si ml lift Simllibus.
RWibble I hear that De Fllrc.the aeronaut, was
sent up for ten days, over in Illinois, for giving a
Sunday ascension.
WabbleThat's what you'd call homeopathic
treatment, eh!
Consistent.
Watts What! You been hunting! I rever ex
pected to see a member of the 8. P. C. A. en
gaged in such a purs uit, I must say,
Potts Well, you see, it's just this way: Of
course, I know it is tough on the birds, and all
that, but the dog enjoys it so much that I havo
not tho heart to deprive him of the pleasure.
Where Modern Authors Err.
Wickwire Have you. read Tiniralns's latest
story?
Yabsley Yes; ho has misnamed it, though.
Wickwire How sol
Yabsley Ho calls it "A Psychological Study."
To my mind "physiological" would be much the
bettor word. '
A Feeler.
The first thing he did, when he drifted into
Dinkhausen's, was to snap his fingers at the dog.
The dog responded praciously; in fact, ho seemed
to take up with the stranger at once.
"Now, that's peculiar, though not surprising
at least, not surprising to me," said the stranger.
"Vat's plgcooliar!"
"The way that dog makes np to me. It may
seem queer, but It's a fact that I never saw a dog
I couldn't make up with." '
"Zol"
"Yes. One of our poets says I forget just
which one that a man who can gain tho
affections of dogs or little chff
dren can be safely trusted. Of course,
while youmayhaveno personal knowledge as
to my influence, as it were, with little children.
yet you have seen how thoroughly the dog
vouches for me. Do you catch on!'
"I dinks I do. You vants a peer, ehr
"M'm, well, yes."
"Veil, yon ton'dt git him mitout you drop a
nickle in de slot. Dot dog say a you can be
trusted, but dot dog is von of der vorst liars in
dcr plock. Only last week he vake me vop la der
middle of der nacht to hoont for purglars, and"
But the stranger had faded out of hearing.
ABOUT FEOPLE AND THINGS.
Governor Hill always dines at the old-
fashioned hoar of 3 o'clock.
The Mayor of Boston receives from the
West-end Street-railway Company 5,000 free
tickets weekly for charitable uses.
Nearly everyone harbors a superstition.
Andrew Carnegie keeps a brass telegraph
key in a glass case and regards it as his
mascot.
Mrs. James K. Polk, the widow of Pres
ident Polk, has just completed her eighty-
seventh year. She lives on the Polk place,
near Nashville, Tenn.
Mr. Bangs, one of ex-President Clove-
land's law partners, says there is no truth .
in the report of the latter intended re
moval to Massachusetts.
Miss Alice Ward, of Coney island, is
the champion woman swimmer of the
world, and at present holds the medal.
which she has won for tho fifth time.
Lady Gukndolen Cecil is private sec
retary to her father, the Marquis. of Salis
bury. She is now with him at LaBour
boule, where he is taking the arsenic
waters.
Lord Cowpek; ex-Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland, is ill and is not likely to recover,
lie was the anthor of the famous expres
sion about "drivine discontent beneath the
surface."
The bock descriptive of their three years
residence in India, which the Duke and
Duchess of Connaught are at present en
gaged upon, is to be published in German
as well as English. .
Lieutenant Brownet.l, who shot Jack
son, proprietor of the Marshal House, in
Alexandria, Va., after the latter had killed
Colonel hllsworth for hauling down his se
cession llag, is now in the Pension Depart
ment, in Washington.
Lord Hartington said recently that
politics is regarded as a source of enter-,
tainmont and amusement by a considerable
number of those who are more or less act
ively engaged in its pursnit. His lordship
gets very little fun out of his share in pol
itics. His biographers now ascribe the remark
able vitality of Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes
to his regular habits. The rooms he oc
cupies are equipped with barometers, ther
mometers, and various other ometers, to
prevent his incurring, the slightest risk of
taking coid.
Tom Cruse, of Montana, has been a mill
ionaire three times, and three times reduced
to poverty. Cruse did not despair, howev
er, and is now worth $5,000,000, with good
Erospccts of retaining his wealth as long as
e will require it,.as he- is now an old man.
He made his money in gold and silver
mines.
Prince Ferdinand, of Hohenzollern-
Sigmaringen, the nephew and heir of the
King of Roumania, is to marry the Arch
duchess Margaret, eldest daughter of the
Archduke Charles Louis. The match will
excite the wrath of the Russian govern
ment, as it is a genuine triumph for Aus
trian diplomacy. 1
The Duke of Westminster has one of the
largest and finest cellars of wine in Eng
land, and he is a particularly good judge
of sherry and claret. He is, perhaps, the
greatest living instance of -men who have
grown enormously rich by the "unearned
increment." London having spread all
over one of his big estates.' .
Padre Vines, a Jesuit priest in Havana,
has been making weather predictions so
accurately for twenty-five years that our
government recently offered him a salary.
But as a Jesuit priest he could not accept
such recognition of bis valuable services.
For many years the various steamship
companies touching at the West Indies
have paid tbe cost of the telegraph service
necessary for the sending from point to
point of his predictions. The padre has
come to be regarded as ono of the most
trustworthy weather scientists of the age.
A Russian officer, in command of a com
pany of athletes numbering sixty-soven
men, ordered them to swim across the
Volga in a place where the 'river is over
one and a half verst wide, with two offi
cers at the head, and one in the rear. The
whole company acquitted themselves credi
tably. The feat was performed toward
the evening. When the swimmers had
made about a third of the distance a steam
er was noticed coming on them at full
speed. The officer at the head of the com
pany ordered "halt, with faces upward!"
and was obeyed as promptly as if on the
parade grounds. The company waited un
til tbe steamer passed, and then proceeded
until they reached the opposite shore.
Their swim backward was performed with
out interruption. .
FRANK CONFESSION".
The Truth Coming; Out In a Forcible Way in
the Slississippi Convention.
Cleveland Leader.
Never was the necessity for the passage
of the federal elections bill more forcibly
demonstrated than in the speech made a
few days ago in the Mississippi constitu
tional convention by Judge Chrisman in
support of his property and educational
qualification. It appeared in our Jackson,
Miss., correspondence in Monday's Leader,
but some extracts from it will bear repro
duction and careful reading:
Sir, it is no secret that there has not been a
full vote and a fair vote in Mississippi since
1875 that we have been preserving the ascenJ
dency of the white people by revolutionary
methods. In plain words, we have been stuffing
ballot-boxes, committing perjury, and here and
there in the State carrying elections by fraud
and violence nntil the whole machinery for elec
tions was about to rot down. The public con
science revolted.
This is a full and effective indorsement of
all that the Leader and other Republican
papers have said on this subject during tbe
last fifteen years, and it is as true of a num
ber of other Southern States as it is of Mis
sissippi. Southern elections have been sys
tematically carried by fraud. "In plain
words," as Judge Chrisman says, they have
been carried by "stuffing ballot-boxes,"
"committing perjury," and "by fraud and
violence" "nntil the whole machinery for
elections was about to rot down." The
Democrats have secured a majority in tho
lower house of Congress by these confessed
crimes. Democrats have secured votes in
the Electoral College by these criminal
methods, and once they seated the bene
ficiary of their crimes in the White House.
During the last fifteen years that these
elections crimes have been committed, the
Democratic press of the North have de
fended them just as they defended and sup
ported every measure of tbe Democratic
party which laid the. foundations for a
movement to disrupt the Union. The very
conscientious independent papers which
were too patriotic and too pure to support
James G. Maine worked in perfect har
mony with thepolitical desperadoes of the
South and rejoiced that fraud and violence
in the fcontli had defeated honesty in the
North and made Grover Cleveland Presi
dent. They knew then as well as they
know to-day of the perpetration of theso
frauds. They now wish their continuance
that they may again overcome the honest
Republican vote of the North. This ts tho
sole reason for their opposition to the fed
eral elections hill. They object to peaceful
federal supervision of national elections,
but they do not object to violence, perjury
and ballot-box stuffing by Southern Demo
crats. They will tolerate any crime that
will givo Democratic victory and opposo
any law to seoure honest elections.
m -
One Thing ure.
Philadelphia) Frew.
The next federal apportionment is worry
ing Democratic editors and correspondents
into various arrangements and rearrange
ments of the figures, but nothing changes
the essential fact that in tho next presi
dential election the Republican party
needs to carry only one of the douuttul
States to win, and the Democratic party
must win all of them.
It Needs leaders.
Boston TranscrlDL
The Democratic party in former times
was a well-disciplined party. Now it sadly
needs leaders to b.ingtbe rebellious into
somo semblance of party unity. It onco
kept step to caucus decrees, its motto being
to bhoot all deserters. Now, its men fre
quently go from one camp to the other with
perfect impunity.
METHODS OF TIIE TREASURY
Secretary Windom's Policy Attacked in
the Senate by Erratic 3Jr. Plumb.
His Manner of Tajing for Silver Defended by
Senator Sherman Jay (ioaM Sajs There
Is No Actual Financial Stringency.
SECRETARY WIN DOM? 3 TOLICY.
Method of Faying for Silver Attacked by Mr
Plumb, but Defended by Mir. Sherman.
Washington, Sept. 13. In the Senate to
day Mr. Plumb offered a resolution direct
ing the Secretary of the Treasury to inform
the Senate whether the rulo or policy of
that department, which requires the pay
ment of checks for silver bullion
over the counter of tho sub-treasury, in
stead of through tho proper clearing-house,
does not result in paying uut notes of tho
larger denominations instead of thoso
suited for circulation and use in ordinary
business transactions, and whether such
method of payment does not result in tho
payment of gold instead of treasur3' notes.
As a reason lor offering the resolution. Mr.
Plumb sent to the Clerk's dosk and had
read a letter from a member of a Ntw Vorlc
banking house, stating facts as to the pay
ment of such checks, and venturing tho
prediction that tho silver question is not
finally settled, and that New York specu
lation and accumulations of silver threaten
to arouso it. "13ank withdrawals of treas
ury gold," tbe writer says-, "will be seized
upon by certain influential journals hero
unscrupulously. A break in the market
price lor silver and that threatens at
such a timo will equal proof of holy writ jn
support of fears."
In the course of a discussion on the reso
lution, Mr. Plumb spoke of the conspicuous
illustration that had taken place within
the last few weeks of tho impolicy of al
lowing the Treasury Department to ob
struct or accelerate tho business of tho
country. For years the Treasury Depart
ment, ho said, had hoarded money, and
during all that time the volume of cur
rency had been constantly decreasing on
account of the withdrawal of national
bank notes. Tbe Secretary s.1 the Treasnry
iiad seen tho business of the country ham-
Eered on. account of that lack of money,
ut he had waited nntil a panic was im
pending not a stock-broker's panic, but a
stringency of money that affected tho
banks of all the cities and seriously inter
fered with the operations of ordinary busi
ness. And then what had the Secretary
done? He had given out tbe money to
holders of government bonds under such
circumstances as to enable them, and
not him, to control the money
supply of the country during . their
pleasure. The money, which . a few
days ago had been in the treasury and
which could have been put out at the will
of the Secretary, was to-day in the hands
of the men who owned bonds to tho
amount of $20,000,000. And it was perfectly
safe to say that these men having that
money would use it to benefit themselves
and not in the interest of tho people. Noth
ing but an overwhelming calamity would
ever divorce the treasury from such ma
licious interference with tho business of
the country.
senator Sherman's views.
Mr. Sherman said that while ho had no
objection to tho resolution, that whicn had
been done had been done in strict execu
tion of the law. The Secretary of tho
Treasury had no right to pay for silver
bullion in anything but treasury notes.
These treasury notes had been " issued in
large denominations. There had been only
a very short time to prepare for the exe
cution of the law. and a sufficient amount
of treasury notes of small denomi
nations could not bo prepared.
Those largo notes necessarily did not
enter into the cencral circulation
of the country. He IMr. Sherman dou bted
tbe 'policy of paying a year's interest on
bonds in advance. The financial scare was
a manufactured scare. It had been gotten
up by brokers, by "bulls" and "bears," and.
various kinds ' of animals who practiced
their trade on the exchanges of hew York.
There was. he admitted, a great demand
for money now for moving cotton and grain
crops, and perhaps to pay for an increased
quantity ot foreign goods importedin order
to evade higher duties under the new tariff
law. Merchants had, to use a vulgar ex
pression, "bitten off more than they could
chew," and were now shinning around to
borrow money. All these things, Mr. Sher
man said, would settle themselves in a little
while. There was no real serious financial
disturbance in tbe country. It was con
fined to the city of New York. He thought
that things should be let go as thev were,
and that the Secretary of the Treasury
should be permitted to use his discretion.
After further discussion Mr. Plumb's res
olution was agreed to.
NO ACTUAL) STRINGENCY.
Jay Gould Snys Only Speculators Find It
Hard to Get Loans at IteasonabT Kates.
New York, Sept. 18. Mr. Jay Gould, in
an interview with a reporter yesterday,
said that he did not consider that there has
been any actual financial stringency. "At
no time has it been difficult to obtain money
at 8 per cent, on good collateral. Tho
trouble has been borrowers have tried to
effect loans on non-dividend paying securi
ties. For that reason, whatever stringency
has existed was really confined to specu
lative auarters. There has been enough
money at all times. The difficulty has been
to provido the means for borrowing it."
"is there anything in the stock market to
excite aoprebensionf" ho was asked.'
"Nothing that I am able to see. There is
no general inflation, and I shonld say that
values tended upward rather than down
ward. There is notliiueh railroad building
going on now. People who havo railroad
enterprises find it hard to raise money for
them, and, therefore, excessive construc
tion need not be feared. There will not be
much railroad building as long as inimical
legislation continues. I was asked to build
some branch lines in Texas. When I talked
with people who previously had promptly
invested in such enterprises they declined
to advance money on account of the fear of
adverse legislation. The situation is tho
same in Iowa."
Money Now Very Faay at New York.
New York. Sept. 18. The payments at
the sub-tieasury in this city wero larger to
day than for many years; in fact, the amount
is so large that the officials there were un
able to mako up the totals. The amount
paid out on account of the bond purchases
alone was $11,06,000. and in addition to
this there are large prepayments of interest
on the foure and sixes, aud heavy payments
for silver and on pension account. Fully
S-vWOOO was paid out in cash over the
counter. As a result of this Mood of money
the rate for call loans ruled at 2 to 4 per
cent., ninety day money was offered at 0
per cent, and one institution made a timo
loan of $1,000,000 for one year at 5 per cent
Time for Delivering Itonds Extended.
Washington, Sept. 18. Applications
having recently been received at the Treas
ury Department for an extension on time
beyond the 20th inst. for the deliveries of
the four-per-cent. bonds under the circular
of Aug. CO, tho department has decided to
allow a reasouablo delay in making deliv
eries, provided the bonds are offered to tho
Secretary, or at tbe offices of tLe assistant
treasurers on or before the 20th inst. Au
thority to this effect has been given ths
sub-treasurv offices.
General Nettleton, the Assistant Secretary
of the Treasury, says that tbe purchase of
S1K.000.000 or more bonds yetterday ha
greatly relieved the money market, and bo
believes tho panicky feeling has difsp
peared in financial centers.
Why They Ver Excluded.
Uuffalo Commercial.
Colored men are to be excluded from the
Marylaud Law School. The lino is drawn
against them on account of their color
solely. They havo tho consolation in this
indignity thus forced upon them of know
ing that two colored law students in that
same school took tho highest honors, over
the white "Southrons," who now insist that
huncof orth "no nigger need apj'ly."

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