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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, September 21, 1890, PART TWO, Image 12

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12
THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, . SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 21. 1890.
FB01I TIIE HELD OF LABOR
Conductor Callahan Reinstated and Mad
eod, the Foreman, to Be Removed.
Ctringent Eulei of Corporations Jjainst Tse
cf Livlors, ad ths Eesalt Organizations of
Women Plain Dress Behind tha Counter.
The difference! arising from the discharge
of conductor Callahan, an employe of the
Citizens' Street-railroad Company, were
ciiicu at ICO cuuictcuko tuiu i iceiucut
ShalTer yesterday afternoon. The special
committee appointed by the employes'
association met that officer, and,
after hearing ft statement of the
situation. Mr. Shaffer said that Callnhan
would be reinstated. Callahan, he
told the committee, had not been -without
fault, but at the former investigation, con
ducted by Secretary Anderson, the full
particulars were not developed, and the
punishment of expulsion was too severe.
It was therefore ordered that Callahan be
laid off for two weeks without pay, the
time already lost to count as part of the
forfeited time. This decision will continue
the conductor's idleness till Tuesday next,
when the two weeks will be up. The de
cision was satisfactory to the committee.
Callahan's reinstatement was, in fait, all
the grievance committee asked, but Presi
dent Shailer, owing to the feeling existing
between foreman Madison, of the Thirteenth-street
stables, and the men under
him, decided to relieve him of this position,
tsd pave him gome other employment
Madison had worked up to a foreman ship
from a driver, and is accounted a valu
able employe. The change will be
made this week. In Mr. Shatter's remarks
to the committee he took occasion to say
that he held the welfare of the employes in
high regard, and desired nothing but suc
cess for their organization. He felt sure
of the friendly relation existing between
the company and its men. and expressed
the hope it would always continue.
The tone of the remarks was much
, apcreciated bythe men, who assured
him that the kindly feelings were
fully reciprocated. The committee an
xtoanced to the members of the association
directly after the conference the successful
issue of the mission, which was enthusiast
ically received. The men, however, were
cautioned by the committee to treat the re
sult in a conservative way.
Itoles Against the Use of Liquor.
It is not an uncommon thing to hear
thoughtless persons place a sweeping
charge of dissipation against certain classes
of workmen on account of the misdeeds of
a few. .Such unjust imputations cause
much annoyance to thebetter element, who
are in a large majority. A member of a
leading organization recently called atten
tion to a marked change in drinking habits
of workingmen, and gave instances where
intoxication is scarcely ever seen now in
places that knew no limit a few years ago.
Aa the work of organization progresses and
discipline is established, disorderly conduct
of all kinds decreases. In well-regulated
trades-unions drunkenness is strictly for
bidden at their places of meeting, and vio
lators of the rule are promptly dealt with
by the proper officials. This stamp of dis
approval at special times can but exert a
good inlluence under all circumstances.
Considerable publicity was recently
given to the fact that two large rail
read corporations had issued rigid orders
concerning the drinking habits Of their em
ployes. An investigation shows that such
regulations are general. The. New York In
dependent addressed a circular letter to
the superintendents of the various rail
roads of the country, and in a recent issue
published the replies from seventy com
panies. A large portion of them wero ac
companied by copies of standing rules, a
samplo of which is here given. One of
them is:
Thenseof intoxicating liquors has proven a
-wV-fniitIal source cf tro a bio to railroads, as
well as to individual. The company will exer
cise the most rigid scrutiny In reference to the
habits of employes In hl& rexpect. Drinking
when on duty or frequenting saloons will not le
tolerated, and preference will be given to those
who do not drink at alE
Another company goes further, and for- j
bids evil association, as follows:
No person will be retained in the service of
this company who is known to frequent saloons
or places of low reaort; or, who Is known to
make habitual use of Intoxicating liquors. Ev
ery person in charsre of employes is hereby di
rected to dismiss from the service any who are
guilty of tce.e practice; and they will themselves
be Held personally responsible for having such
men in their employ, for such are certain, soon
er or later, to cause injury to lives and property.
In a number of instances emrlayea are
warned that dismissal for intoxication will
forever prevent re-exnplo; ment. One of
the rules is:
On and after this date, May 21, 1890. this
company will not, under any circumstances,
employ persons who are la the habit of becom
ing intoxicated. AH employes wbo are known
to frequent drinking places must be warned to
discontinue such practice If they desire to re
main in this company's service, and they will be
promptly discharged for Intoxication, either
while on or off duty. No person discharged for
lntoxlcatloa will be re-em ployed.
The long list of replies gives evidence of
an encouraging improvement under these
requirement. One superintendent states
that his company has secured a "temper
ate, industrious set of men that want to
lay up what they can of their earnings,"
and adds: "Such men are always cheapest.
They are more saving and take better care
of the company's property."
Employment of Women
At a recent public meeting a speaker said:
'Let us make it disreputable for any man
employing women to fail in properly caring
for their comfort and convenience. Let
them understand that they are dealing with
heart's blood, with nervous energy and
life." With such encouragement a much
better state of affairs will be brought
about. There isquite an awakening among
the working-women to the advantages of
organization. The waiters' union ad
mits women and the latter, and the
, laundry girls already have a uniou. One
specially interested in dress-makers cays:
. "Pirst-class hands are always in demand,
but the remuneration, in many instances,
is shamefully out of proportion to the skill
and amount of work required. In some
cases even the best hands are compelled to
practice rigid economy to meet necessary
expenses. This is particularly true of those
who have no borne or baveothersdependent
on them for support. As a rule, the prices
obtained by the bosses are at the top. and
the better olaog of belp deserve more pay."
Labor Xotes.
The continued absence of strikes in this
city is a source of gratitication to all inter
ested. The sixth annual meeting of the State
Federation of Trade and Labor Unions
will be held at Mansur Hall next Tuesday.
A large attendance and intersting pro
gramme is promised.
The Typographical Jonrnal, organ of the
International Union, published in this city
under the editorial management of Treas
Brer S. McCievey, is growing in interest.
It will soon be changed from a monthlv to
a semi-monthly publication.
The carriage-painters have recently met
. uhtantial encouragement. Sev
eral business men who have a great
deal of work done here havequietly notified
contractors that they will hereafter give
preierence to those employing union help.
In one of the largest dry-goods stores of
the city a rule will soon go into effect, it is
Mid. requiring the clerks to dress plainlv
It is intended to prevent extravagance on
the part of those who can ill aflord it. and
keep out envy and humiliation on the part
of those who are compelled to practice sim
plicity in dress.
The Shooting Tournament.
The Capital City Gun Club tournament
next month is attracting attention of trap
shots at distant points and Secretary Allen
has received many letters announcing the
intention of the writers to enter for the
various events. The programme is re
garded as one of the best ever offered in
this fctate and the club is determined to see
that the conditions aru1 lived up to.
ilctiUurs can therefore rest assured that
they will not have to shoot against pro
fessionals, for the latter will be barred.
1 he secretary has sent to New York for a
list of professionals and Class A men, and it
will therefore be useless for them to come
here, as they will not be permitted to enter
in any of the events. The club is going to
raako it a tournament in which amateurs
can participate with a good show of win
ning. BETTEE TIIAN LOG-CABIX DAIS.
Great Improvement ia Home Environment
That Has Come to Those of Small Means.
The increase in comforts and luxuries
that have come in the past thirty yeas. to
persons of moderate means would hardly
have been thonght within the range of pos
sibility in the days before the war. These
things are now taken as a matter of course,
and everybody is so snugly adapted to
these comparatively pew environments as
to appear as though bred to them through
several generations. Thirty years ago
there were many log houses in Marion
county occupied by well-to-do people.
There were no carpets upon the floors, no
pictures upon the walls, unless, may be, a
colored print representing the infant Sam
uel, in a blue tunic, engaged in prayer,
while the mantel ornaments consisted of a
plaster of paris parrot and a plate of fruit
of the same material, radiant iu color. An
old-fashioned well-sweep cast its length
ened silhouette across the back yard, while
the moss-covered backet rested upon the
curb at ita base. The girls, as well as the
boys, went shoeless most of the year, and
at corn-planting time, even though grown
to be young ladies, followed in the furrow,
dropping and covering com. In the evening
the most talented of the young ladies
would perhaps lavor her young man, if he
calle h with a piece on the dulcimer, a mu
sical instrument which is now, happily, as
extinct as the dodo.
. These log houses have disappeared, and
fine, large farm-houses of brick or of frame
have taken their places. The floors are
covered with stylish carpets, elegant rugs
are disposed about the rooms, there is a
piano in the parlor, an organ in the sitting
room, and some place about the house there
is a cornet or a violin upon which one of
the boys is learning to play. There are
good steel engravings upon the walls, and
perhaps an oil painting or two of more or
ess excellence. The parlor furniture is up
holstered, and there are so many easy rock
ers about the house that three or four are
left most of they ear out on the porch.
It is the same in the city. Thirty years
ago a Brussels carpet, except in the bouse
of a person who was "well off,"
was not to be thought of. Now
nearly everybody has them. The owner
ship of a piano once carried with it the
idea of considerable wealth: now, any man
who can afford the luxury of an unmarried
daughter ownsapiauo. The consequence
is that where there was once. a few score of
theso instruments there are now as many
thousands. Everybody has upholstered
furniture, fine table-ware, pictures upon
their walls; everybody dresses better and
more of it.
In the matter of amusements, it is only a
few years since one or two circuses a year
supplied nearly all the demand. Tbre
was but one theater, and a comparatively
small part of the population patronized it.
Indianapolis has three theaters now, and
they are all doing a big business. There
has, perhaps, been a greater change from
the days that were in taking summer ex
cursions than in anything else. It has been
but a few years since it was a matter of
moment for anyone to go away to a
summer resort to spend three, four or six
weeks. To do -so argued the possession of a
good-sized bank account and a high posi
tion in society. A few dozen people left
this city each summer so few that they
were not missed. Now they go out during
tbo heated term by thousands and scatter
all over the land. Business men encourage
their employes to take a couple of weeks or
so of recreation each year. It is not now.
as it once was. considered disreputable for
a young man nor an old one, either to be
seen with a gun or a fishing-rod. Most per
sons are expected to have an amiable fad
of some kind ip the way of recreation or
amusement. Even amateur photography
is not frowned upon, and young men are
frequently given an afternoon off to play
tennis with the yonng ladies.
All these things go to show that the world
is improving, especially in and about In
dianapolis, where people of moderate means
are getting each' year an increase of com
forts and luxuries.
CUILLNGS FROM THE COURTS.
Stehlln SUU Holds HIS License Under Judge
v Uowland's Derision.
The Stehlin liquor case was decided in
his favor in the Circuit Court yesterday?
The remonstrants, it was claimed, did not
establish for Stehlin the reputation of be
ing a disorderly saloon-keeper, and on this
point the merits of "the case wero settled.
The petition which was presented to court
to have his license revoked contains 930
signatures, and each of these must be copied
separately in the judgment docket. Costs
are assessed against each of the remon
strants, the judgments remaining as liens
against their property until all are paid.
The case will probably not be appealed.
Question as to Portland's Bonds.
Some weeks ago W. E. Coffin, of New
York, sued the town of Portland, Ind., in
the federal court for alleged breach of con
tract. He claimed he purchased 814.000
worth of its bonds at par. and that at a
subsequent meeting of the Council that
body rescinded the action by which be was
to secure the bonds, and sold them at a
premium of 5 per cent. The attorneys for
the town filed a demurrer, alleging that the
transaction wan conditional.npona written
opinion from the city attorney of Portland
in reference to certain points in question,
and that such opinion not having been ren
dered, there was no sale. Judge Woods
yesterday sustained the demurrer.
The State Mast Answer.
Judge Taylor made his first ruling yester
day in the suit of Jean Baptiste Maurice du
Coetlisquet against the State to recover
principal and interest on some old Wabash
& Erie bonds, which he claims have never
been paid. The face of the bonds is $10,000,
and the interest to date amounts to $12,000,
making the plaintiffs total claim $22,000.
The State demurred recently to the com
plaint, and it was on this demurrer that the
court ruled yesterday. Judge Taylor held
that if the State is liable for the principal
it will also be compelled to pay the inter
est, and the case proper will not be tried
until the State can tile its answer to this
decision.
Notes from the Dockets.
The case against Jacob Streicher was
stricken from the dockets yesterday.
Robert Brenner was fined $10 and costs
by Judge lrvin yesterday for assault and
battery.
The Consumers' Gas Trust Company is
dismissing its suits on subscriptionsof stock
which were brought last spring.
Homer Baker, charged with forging a
$2 order on lluber k Co.. was released by
Judge lrvin, yesterday, on personal recog
nizance. The will of Johanna Schultz was probated
yesterday. It leaves all of her property to
Ler children, and her daughter, Augusta
Jackman, is named as executrix.
Two cases of Ahns& Doppke. the Cincin
nati dry-goods bouse, against Frank Roth,"
of ShelDyville, for attachment and the ap
pointment of a receiver, were dismissed m
the federal ceurt yesterday, having been
compromised.
Nancy Jane Hill filed suit in the Supreme
Court yesterday against Henry Rose for
$1,000 damages. She alleges that at May
wood, last month, the defendant drove care
lessly into her buggy, and, she being
thrown out, was injured severely about the
hips and shoulders.
Corporal Tanner In the City.
Corporal Tanner, ex-Commissioner of
Pensions, is stopping at the Denison, en
route to Goshen, where he will go Monday
to attend a fair and to speak on next Tues
day, soldiers' day at the fair. The Corporal
-was called upon at the hotel yesterday by
Gen. Lew Wallace, ex-Lieutcnant-governor
II anna and others.
SPIRITS AT THE KEY-EOARD.
A Telegraph Operator Bothered by Persistent
Communications from the Other World.
r
Eight or nine years ago a well-known
telegrapher, considered one of the best in
the profession, left this city for a better po
sition at Omaha. He was a round-faced,
good-natured young fellow, and a great
favorite with all wbo knew him; very neat
in. his personal appearance, being always
dressed in the latest and best that fashion
dictated. He was without bad habits, and
correct and business-like in all his deal
ings. The other day as a Journal reporter
was going his daily round he was stopped
by the extended hand of a dilapidated
specimen of humanity, who, with a strange
quaver in his voice, asked if the reporter
did not recognize him. Without waiting
for the reply in the negative which he saw
in the unresponsive glance of the reporter,
he introduced himself as the dapper little
telegrapher of other days. Suspecting this
as a preface to a demand for a cash contri
bution, the newspaper man was putting his
hand into his pocket, when the seedy man
interposed a gesture of. dissent. "I'm not
asking for a cent: the boys have staked
me, and I have a raiiroad ticket that takes
me to the old borne in western New York.
I just stopped over a few hours to see two
or three of the people who knew me in 1SS1
and 1SS2. I leave to-night."
The rcpoiter could not restrain an im
pulse to ask what had brought about so
great a change in the appearance of his
whilom acquaintance. " ell." he replied,
with some hesitation, "it wasn't spirits, at
least not ardent spirits, for 1 never in
dulged to any extent in liquor. It was
spirits of a very different kind. I don't
know that they ever meant me any harm,
but they have about ruined me as a
telegrapher. There's one now. Don't vou
hear the sounder! 'P. G.'-'P. G.' 'PG..'
that's my call. I'll just answer them 25
'that means 'busy.' Perhaps they'll let
me alone until 1 tell my story. 1 never
knew -anything about spiritualism, never
cared anything about it, and all at once,
six years ago, without any asking or de
sire on my part 1 found myself to be pos
sessed of the strangest and most distress
ing medinmistic powers. I bad
a friend of about my own age;
we had learned telegraphy together
in Cleveland and had always been very in
timate. About the time I went to Omaha
he went to Cheyenne. We kept up a corre
spondence by letter and wire, but after a
time he got in the habit of taking an oc
casional spree. He was a delicate, sensitive
fellow, and on sobering up would be the
most melancholy chap imaginable. His
sprees became more and more frequent,
his tits of depression deeper. One day, fol
io win ga prolonged debauch, hedisappeared
from Cheyenne. One of the boys, knowing
our intimacy, telegraphed me to know if he
had come to Omaha. It was exactly 12:20
at night as I was taking the message off the
wires when I heard the sounder on an old
and disconnected instrument, one that the
boys about tho ofhee had played with,
thumping away. 'P. G. P. G. P. G.' I
answered '18' mechanically on my own in
strument 'Whats the matter!' and the
sounder thumped out the information
that he my friend! had passed over only
a minute or two before and that I would
find out all about it, three or four days
later, in the San Francisco papers. It was
all strange to me. incomprehensible. At.
first I thought Billy was playing some sort
of a trick on me, but there was the old dis
connected instrument, and no chance for
any hocus-pocus of that kind. On tho fifth
day thereafter I got hold of a 'Frisco paper,
in which was a notice of the death of an
unknown man. supposed to be about twenty-four
years old. at a third-rate hotel, and
the coroner's verdict, 'death from excessive
use of alcoholic drinks and exposure.' As
I was reading this, the sounder started up
again. 'Vou got the papers it rattled
away. 'The coroner was right. Great
ronnd-np for a young man, wasn't it?'
"I didn't like the carelessness of
this remark," continued the operator,
"and said as much, when tho old sound
er took it up and continued with even
greater recklessness. Billy bad always
een, even when at bis worst, considerate
of the f jelings of others; he had the in
stincts of a gentleman, but apparently aft
er he passed over he became lost to all de
cency and all regard for the feelings and
welfare of him who had been bis best
friend while hero in the flesh. He kept up
such a racket in the Omaha office that be
interfered with my business, and there
was no shutting him off. After a
time he began to bring, in other
operators who had passed over and
then you better believe I had a time of it.
Some of these were disreputable fellows
and most of them were of a class that no
self-respecting operator on earth would
care to associate with. ' I tried to keep
straight, quit drink entirely, but they
brought a bad atmosphere about me and
my acquaintances began to cnt me. My
work at the office became mixed in spite of
all I could do, for the spirits soon got tired
of the old sounder and c&nie over to tho
live line. - The consequence was that I was
discharged. I didn't feel very sorry about
it at first. I had saved up a hundred
dollars or so and made up my mind to keep
away from the click of the instrument en
tirely for a month or so and give the spirits
a chance to fasten on some other poor op
erator. I dodged them for about a week,
and was beginning to feel like my old self
again, when one night I was wakened from
a sweet sleep by signals on my head-board,
T. O.,' 'P. G.' I answered "25" ( that is
'busy'), and turning over tried to go to sleep
again. No use; Billy and the other spirits
found me, and they kept up their
deviltry until near daylight. From that
time until this I've never been able to' get
away from them a half hour. They have
put a spirit watch on me and they seem to
take turns following me about so that I
cannot give them the slip. They interfere,
with my work so that 1 no longer feel safe
in any kind of telegraphy, and I'm going
home to the old folks to work on the farm
and to get rid of the spirits if it is possible
to do so."
The reporter suggested that he could turn
his mcdiumship to account, that it had a
money value and would be considered a
noveltv. He shook his head despondently.
You don't understand me. I don't want
to make money tvith them. I want to make
my living without them. 0 1 am ready and
willing at any moment to turn over these
spirits to anybody who wants them and can
take them off my hands.''
CONDITION IN ARKANSAS.
If the Negroes Did Not Want Office There Would
Be No Trouble Northern Men Welcome.
Mr. A. L. Krewson, formerly of this city,
now of Jonesboro, Ark., who has been here
for several days, returned home yesterday.
"I have," said he, in conversation with a re
porter, "lived in Arkansas three years; I.
have been going there for nine years. 1 do
not live in the Breckinridge-Clayton dis
trict, .that is the Second Arkansas dis
trict. There are many negroes in that
district, and negroes, as a rule, aro 60lidly
Republican. I was in Craighead county at
tho time the assassination of Clayton took
place. The act was condemned by every
one there, regardless of politics. In the
First district, represented by W. H. Cate,
there are thiee counties that give consid
erable trouble. They are the counties of
Crittenden, St Francis and Phillips. They
have a great preponderance of colored
voters, and the white Democrats will go to
most any length for the purpose of prevent
ing negroes from occupy inn any local offices.
In Clay, Green and Craighead counties al
most all the citizens are favorable to fair
elections. There are few colored people in
theso three counties. I do not think there
would bo trouble if the negroes
did not want office. The source
of all the trouble in Cnttenden county
is a white military company. The force of
that company in politics was plainly shown
in the Cate-Featherstou contest. A mili
tary company i& a standing menace to the
black men. Mississippi, where I have been
frequently, is altogether different from Ar
kansas. More crimes are committed in Mis
sissippi on account of politics, five to one,
than in the latter State, which has had a
much worse name thau she has deserved.
Arkansas i friendly to Northern men. And
they are going there in great numbers. The
cause of education Is being attended to by
legislators, as great interest is taken iu
fuhlic schools, and in the, county in which
live the schools, taking 'numbers of pop
ulation into account are as good as you
will find in Indiana. Yes. and life and
property are as secure as here. The place
whero the assassination of Clayton took
place is exceptional. That is a lawless
place. There are a lot of toughs there who
will do any deed of violence for political
gain. But take Arkansas over there is not
one house in six where it is thought neces
sary to even lock the doors, robber? being
of the rarest occurrence "
HOW POPULATION GROWS. "
Changes of Cities in the Columns of Censna Re
ports Indianapolis Among the Big Ones.
Some curious facts are disclosed by a
study of the census in the decennials that
precede 1SW). The first census, taken in
1790, one hundred years ago, gives the fol
lowing as the population of the then five
largest cities of the Nation: New York,
33.131; Philadelphia, 28.522; Boston, 18,320;
Charleston, S. C, 1G.339; Baltimore, 13,503,
making a total of 109.&5, so that Indian
apolis with her 100,000 population underthe
present censns, is nearly as large as the
rive chief cities of this country of a hun
dred years ago.
It would puzzle a great many people to
name the next largest city in point of pop
ulation iu that census of a century ago.
It bore the name of Northern Liberties,
and was in the great State of Pennsyl
vania. In that census it had 8,3S3 inhab
itants; in 1800, 1(5,970, showing a wonderful
Increase; in 1840 it had 34,474; in 1850, 47,223,
and then disappeared from census reports
forever. It was absorbed by Philadelphia,
which was the first city to reach out and
attach, as Chicago is now doing, all contig
uous territory. The windy city of the lake
has so profited by the example set so long
ago by the Quaker city as to push her from
second to third place in the census of 18110.
It was in 1W0 that Philadelphia took second
place (as Chicago has now done) after an
nexing, in addition to Northern Lib
erties, with 47,223, Sorin? Garden, 68,81,
and the thriving cities of Kensing
ton and Southwark, giving her a
total of 5G2.521. Ihe live largest cities, be
ginning with the year 1800. were ns follows:
New York. (X),4S9; Philadelphia, 41,220; Bal
timore, 20.M4; Boston. 24.17; Charleston,
S. C, 18.824; 1810, New York. 90.373; Phila
delphia, 53,722; Baltimore, 35,583; Boston,
S3.787; Charleston, 24,711. In 1820 the fifth
largest city was not Charleston, but New
Orleans, with 27,176. In 1&30 New Orleans
was again fifth, while Baltimore had passed
Philadelphia and taken second place. In
1840 the navigation of the great river
brought the population of New Orleans up
to 102,193, makiug it the third city in the na
tion. New York having 312,710: Baltimore,
102,313, while Philadelphiadropped to fourth
place with 93,0G.j; Boston fifth with 03.S83.
The great West was now beginning to be
beard from, for Cincinnati took sixth place
with 46.338. In 1SW St. Louis, which in 1840
had been twenty-fourth in point of popula
tion, with only 16,4;o, became eighth with
77.8C0, as against Cincinnati with 115,435.
New Orleans had not done so well, having
dropped to fifth with 110,375.
Chicago appears as one of the big six in
the census of 1870. having jumped from
twenty-fifth place in 1850, with 29.663, to
ninth in I860, with 109,200. Iu 187a the rela
tive rank of the leading cities was in the
order named: New York, Philadelphia,
Brooklyn, St. Louis, Chicago, Baltimore;
in 1880, New Y'ork. Brooklyn, Chicago, Bos
ton, St. Louis, Baltimore, Cincinnati. New
Orleans, which in 1840 was third, dropped
in this censor to tenth, with only 216,090, and
the census of 1890 will place it much lower
in the column.
The first appearance of Indianapalis
among the chief cities was in the census of
1370, a young thing only forty-eight years
old. standing twenty-soventh in the line,
with 48,244 residents; that is 1,000 for each
year of her existence, counting back to the
beginning, when George Pogue went out to
find his horses stolen by the Indians, and
never returned. In 1S80 the census gave
this city a population of 75.050, and now,
without the addition of a suburb, we count
100,000. A fair count of all its belongings
would have given Indianapolis nearly, or
quite 125,000, and upon that basis, with
proportionate increase during the next de
cennial as during the last, we will count
nearly two hundred thousand in the year
1900. .
PBOPERU GOOD TO HOLD.
Real-Estate Prices Firm andUribccupied Houses
Worth Having Are Hard to Obtain.
The local realty market remains ,firm.
During tho past week 103 doeds were filed
with the county recorder, showing a total
consideration of $221,910. This is consid
ered by real-estate agents and the leading
property-owners as an exceptionally good
eihibit for a week so near the winter sea-'
son. "The people of this city havo every
reason to congratulate themselves." said an
agent yesterday, "on the condition of
realty prices and rents here. I was in Kan
sas City a few weeks ago, and I noticed
the difference between that city
and this. There the people appear,
on first sight, to be very indus
trious and energetic, and the city im
presses one with being quite metropolitan,
while, some are inclined to say that Indi
anapolis is behind the times in the question
of high buildings and rapid transit. . But
if we are, we are far ahead of Kansas City
in one respect."
"And what is that!'' he was asked.
tJWe are ahead of them in having but
very few vacaut houses. In Kansas City
Sreat blocks are standing idle and hun
reds of desirable residences are without'
tenants. But here not a house that is kept
in good repair and is anywhere near the
center of tne city is empty. Of course a
few dwellings can be found for rent, but
their owners have not sufficiently
improved them. And. what is more, there
is a great deal of building going on. and in
almost every instance houses aro engaged
before they are built. It is not an uncom
mon thing to see a half-finished foundation
bearing the placard, 'This house is rented.'"
Since Monday thirty-eight permits were
issued, representing a total outlay of $34,
850. Those who procured permits yester
day were James Parker, frame cottage,
Tennessee street, near Twentieth, $1,000;
Helen F. Dietz, frame dwelling. Pennsyl
vania street, near Twelfth. 3,000; John
Schrader, frame cottage, Kansas street,
near Tennessee, $1,000.
Discrimination In Water Rates.
When Mr. Olsen submitted the new water
contract to Council. Mr. Woollen raised
the question as to whether or not it suf
ficiently protected the private consumer.
He and Mr. Y'ontz held a conference with
City Attorney Taylor on the subject, and
the result did not, it seems, meet with the
approval of Mr. Yontz. "The city attorney
informs me," said he to a reporter yester
day, "that the company cannot be asked to
provide a schedule of rates in the con
tract for private consumers, but 1 do not see
why. The gas company provides a certain
maximum rati, and tho street-cur company
contracts to charge no more than 5 cents for
a passenger."
'Do vou think this would be practic
able!" the reporter asked.
"Of course 1 do. The company already
has a certain schedule of prices for private
consumers, but I am informed it makes dis
criminations in favor of some of its custo
mers. I want the contract changed to pre
vent such discrimination."
One of the Trials of Women.
Kate Fields Washington.
The humane and sensible woman does
not want her clothing made for a smaller
sum than affords good living wages to the
maker. She does not want her gowns
made more cheaply, but she does want
them made better. She wants the exact
cutting and finish which marks the workof
the experienced tailor; and. above all, she
wants a fit. To a tailor, a fit means that
the garment shall bear intrinsic evidence
that it was made for the person wearing it;
to a dress-maker, a fit means that the per
son fitted shall, on no account, have room
to breathe.
m t
A Proti table Prophet.
The CongregatloDtllst.
When a man who is incessantly warning
his friends that the world is coming to an
end in less than six years carries on all the
while a thriving condensed-milk factory
and a newspaper enterprise netting him
some 35,000 annually, the conclusion is
that he means to make the most of this poor
world while it lasts. The Rev. Mr. Baxter,
of England, who gives vent to his views
through the Christian Herald, is such an
individual.
BIG EXCURSION BUSINESS.
The Season Ends with the Ticket Acent Highly
Pleased with the Work They Have Done.
The approach of frost checks the excur
sion reason, and except on one or two of
the harvest trips and journeying to the
State fair this week, the travelers may pay
regular rates on regular trains till the holi
days. A Journal reporter was informed by
George E. Rockwell, chief clerk to Assistant
General Passenger Agent Dering, of
the Pennsylvania lines, that the excursion
travel has been much heavier this year
than last. "In fact," said he, "the passen
ger traffic of every kind has shown a
marked increase. Our annual harvest ex
cursions are also showing an increase. The
Southern travel, usual in the early part of
the season, was, however, light,
owing to the remarkably warm
winter and spring. This is the only
exceptiou to the rule of general increase.
Harvest excursions were originated several
years ago, when the people caught tho
Kansas and Western, fever, and were flock
ing to points in that part of the country.
The excursion gave them an opportunity
to go and inspect the country and
thousands left their Ohio and In
diana farms and sought the cheap
land to be had almost for the asking.
This established a strong relationship
between the Middle States and the West
which has tended to sustain the demand for
these excursions. If friends left behind are
not going West to visit their relatives in
the new country, those in the West are com
ing east to visit their old homes."
Is there much travel now of those seek
ing new homes!" asked the reporter.
"Very little. The only place to which we
now carry settlers in any considerable
number is the northern Pacific slope.
Tbe new States of Washington and Idaho
are attracting some of this olass, but it is
not a rush as it formerly was. People have
come to the conclusion that home ia good
enough for them and take to traveling for
pleasure instead of changing localities.
The Northwestern travel this side of the
new States is almost wholly for short
tours for recreation. Minneapolis and St.
Paul catch a great deal of this class of
business in their direction. But the routes
of most of the pleasure travelers have
changed to an opposite direction. New
England has had the run this year, with
northern Michigan a close second. Our
Boston business during the G. A. R. en
campment was enormous. We could not
get Pulltian cars enough by hundreds. It
is true the New York Central strike threw
ti e travel largely to our lines, but our facil
ities would have been more than exhausted
had the strike not occurred. Pittsburg was
the gathering point of trains from four
great feeding lines.. Some of the trains
were compelled to make the run east iu as
many as four sections, but the double track
enabled the company to handle the im
ineuse business without serious incident.
Tho company is well pleased with the
year's excursion business, and I think the
people, too, havo had all they could desire
in that line."
"Everything in the line of passengeT
traffic," said an official of the Big Pour, "has
been heavier this year than last. We make
a distinction between pleasure and cheap
excursion travel, but both show an in
crease, though the per cent, to be credited
to each is bard to estimate. The di
rection of the pleasure travel,
however, has changed. Last year
we were carrying thousands to the
Northwest, but this season New England,
tbo Adirondacks and tbe St. Lawrence
river attracted the multitudes. We used
forms of tickets for which there had been
no call for six or seven years, and the
tickets bad been banging in the case all
that time. The idea seemed to . be to get
out of tho beaten routes and find new ones.
The Chesapeake & Ohioroute has also been
in demand. There is much demand
now for the tickets home on tho part of
people who went to Europe in the early
part of the spring and summer. Every
steamer is loaded with these excursionists,
which just now makes Western travel out
of New York very heavy."
"And is the Western travel changing?"
"Decidedly. The experience with Kan
sas has cured the people of flocking in
multitudes to new countries. But still we
occasionally take a car-load of settlers to
some Western point."
TIIE VIADUCT A CERTAINTY.
That, at Least, Is Mayor Sullivan's Opinion
An Ordinance Therefor to Be Drafted at Once.
Mr. Kamsey will be in the city again this
week to consult further with Mayor Sulli
van in regard to the proposed viaduct on
Virginia avenue. "There are no new de
velopments in the matter," said the Mayor
yesterday, "aside from what the Journal
has already published. In my interview
yesterday with Mr. Kamsey we aimed sim
ply to talk the matter over without formu
lating any plans. Wre decided on nothing,
and probably will not for some time."
"lias the ordinance been prepared yet!"
asked the reporter.
"Not yet. It is to be drawn up when Mr.
Ramsey comes here this week. Then we
hope to havo something definite to give to
the public."
"Do you think it is certain the viaduct
will be placed on Virginia avenue!"
"I do, for there is no doubt but that the
city and the Union Railway Company will
agree as to the terms of the contract. When
1 say tbe viaduct is now a certainty, I
mean it is as much of a certainty as any
thing can be that is talked of for the fu
ture. Of course, circumstances may so
shape themselves as to prevent ns carrying
out the present plans, but laying all such
probabilities aside 1 think the Virginia
avenue contract will be signed."
"Did Mr. Ramsey assure you that the
company would indemnify the city against
all damages!''
"Yes. The city will be relieved from all
possibility of paying damages, either at
Meridian street or Virginia avenue. There
is no doubt about that, and it will be made
a special provision in the contract."
Work could not be begun on a viadnct
this fall, no matter where it is to be located,
but it is noped to have matters in such
a shapo that it can be commenced early
next springy
1 COBURYS ELECTION BILL..
His Suggestion as to How to Sustain a Quorum
the One Practically Followed by Mr. Reed.
Gen. John Coburn. who represented the
Indianapolis district in Congress in 1875, is
credited with having reported the first so
called "force bill" to Congress. "It was
not a force bill at all," replied the General
yesterday, when asked about it, "It was
introduced at a time when men were being
sent from one State to another in the South,
military companies, to intimidate colored
voters. I reported the bill as chairman1 of
the select committee on Alabama affairs,
and it was entitled A bill to provide against
the invasion of States, to prevent tbe sub
version of their authority, and to maintain
the security of elections.' It was a very
innocent atiair. but tbe Democratic mem
bers gave it tho name of a force bill. There
was a great deal of filibustering over it,
and its passage in the House was so long
delayed that, finally, when it did pass, it
did not have time to get through the Senate
under the three-days rule that prevailed.
Mr. Randall led the opposition."
Roger Q. Mills, of Texas, in an article on
Republican tactics in the House, pub
lished in the North American Review of
December. 1889, refers to the bill and
brings up tbe quorum question, which has
since been settled by Mr. Thomas B. Reed,
of Maine. "On the 24th of February, 175,"
writes Mr. Mills, "a motion was made in
the House to reconsider a vote refusing to
go into committee ot the whole. The yeas
and nays were taken, and the record
showed that no quorum had voted. Among
those present and not voting was the dis
tinguished leader of the opposition, tbe
Hon. Samuel J. Randall. Mr. Butler, of
Massachusetts, said there was evidently a
quorum in the House, and inquired of the
Speaker if there was no way in which the
House could compel a member to vote.
The Speaker, Mr. Blaine, replied: 'The
Chair knows of no way of making a horse
drink, although you may lead him to the
water.' Another member said to the Chair
that Mr. Randall was in his seat and did
not vote, and moved that he be compelled
to vote. To this the Speaker replied: 'If
the gentleman will indicate anv mode by
which a member can be compelled to vote
the Chair will be glad to enforce it.' Mr.
Butler attempted to show the chair the de
sired way. and o tie red a resolution that
Mr. Randall be brougbt to the bar of the
house to answer forronsempt of its au
thority. M. Coburn. of Indiana,
proposed tbat when the roll was being
called and members were refusing to vote
the difficulty could be overcome by a mem
ber rising iu his place and naming another
as present and refusing to vote, and asking
that a record should be made to show that
fact" Fifteen years later practically the
method suggested by General Coburn was
adopted. ,
BAD SICKNESS OP CEILON.
The Name of a Disease That Has Several Deri
vations, Sajested by Its Effects Upon JIan.
The other day a telegraphic dispatch in
the Journal noted the arrival at New Bed
ford, Mass., of the whaling bark Petrel,
after five years' service in the antarctic
seas. The cat tain says that while off the
coast of Patagonia a gale came up
from off shore and blew a great quantity
of dust upon the 6hip. choking the
crew. Next day one of the crew
was taken sick, and his feet began to
swell, his whole body being soon likewise
attacked. One after another of the crew
were similarly taken, until thirty-four bad
the disease. With nine men mortification
eet in, and they died. Physicians at New
Bedford pronounce the epidemic to have
been beri-berf, and it is said to be the first
time on record of its having come on board
ship in a gale.
A Jonrnal reporter undertook to find out
what the disease beri-beri is, and to dis
cover its habitat and general character
istics when it is in the discharge of its
duty. At first he was disposed to think the
disorder one that is not entirely unknown
in Indianapolis, simply beery-beery which,
in far-away seas, had taken on a bad spell.
He was soon convinced of his mistake.
Ben-beri is said to come from the Cingalese
word beri. which signifies weakness,
and the repetition of the word is
to indicate "great weakness." Tbe
word beri is aiso said to be Hindu
stance, and to mean "a sheep." Tho
disease is peculiar to the East Indies
and but little known to Europeans, who
call it sometimes "the bad sickness of Cey
lon." Of late years the disease is said to
have occurred in South America. It con
sists of debility and tremors of the limbs,
sometimes of the whole body, the patient
walking doubled up. and thus imitating
the movements of a sheep. Some medical
authorities have esteemed it to be rheum
atic, others paralytic, others a kind of
chorea, so that the doctors, as usual, fail to
agree. It is by others considered a form of
cachexy in which there is great muscular
debility and feebleness of the reparatory
powers. It is almost always incurable.
The disease is treated by exercise, stimu
lant, friction and sudorifics.
Another definition of the word is to the
effect that the Hindostanee word beri sig
nifies irons or fetters fastened to the leg
of criminals, a person afflicted with tbeois
easo being literally fettered." It is also
given other-derivations, one being that it
is from bharbari. signifying a paralysis, ac
companied by dropsy of the cellular tissue
occasioning a soft pole inelastic swelling of
tbe skin, and still, others that it is from the
Arabio words babr. asthma, and bahri, ma
rine, that is marineasthma, which does not
at all apply to the disease. The "sleeping
sickness" of the west coast of Africa is said
to be much like bei i-beri.
FRATERNITIES AND ORGANIZATIONS.
Knights and Ladies of Honor.
Grand Protector George A. Byrd was in
the city last Tuesday.
Marion Lodge will have work in the de
gree next Wednesday evening.
The printed record of proceedings of the
recent session of the Grand Lodge has been
distributed among the subordinate lodges.
Mystic Tie Lodge at Jefferson ville has con
ferred the degree upon nine applicants in
the past mouth and has more applications
under consideration.
b
Elizabeth, Mr. Charles G. Coulon.
The entertainment given by Marion
Lodge last Wednesday evening was very
successful. Among those who gave recita
tion were Misses Anna and Lena Failei.
Misses May and Nellie King, and Miss
Mamie Roberts. Instrumental and vocal
music was furnished by Misses Tomlinson
and Johnson, Miss Carrie Baunwortb, and
Misses Pearl and Julie Hudson, and Mrs.
Carrie Medsker.
Tbe committee appointed by tho several
lodges, for the purpose of arranging for a
'union meeting, met at the hall of Hope
Lodge last Tuesday evening, and selected
J. IL Haught chairman and W. P. Ad kin
son secretary. The union meeting will be
held Thursday evening. Oct. 2, at tbe ball
of Indiana Lodge. A resolution was passed
inviting the attendance of all resident
members of the Supreme Lodge, Supreme
Protector J. T. Mil burn and all officers of
the Grand Lodge of the State. There will
be another meeting of the committee at the
hall of Compton Lodge next Wedsesday
evening.
Order of Equity.
South-side Council will hold its next
regular meeting at Lillian Hall, Virginia
avenue, on Wednesday evening, Sept. 24.
Equitas Council is preparing for an
entertainment to be given at Van Sickle's
Hall. Clifford avenue, the latter part of
October.
Hoosier Council. Edward Dunn, coun
cilor, will change its place of meeting
next month to Knights of Honor Hall,
corner of Market and Delaware streets. It
will meet every Wednesday evening.
Taylor Council, at its meeting Friday
evening, initiated one new member and has
ten more applications. This is tbe "ban
ner council" of the city. Past Councilor
Harry Pryor has removed with his family
to Chicago.
The Executive Council of the Order,
Gen. J as. R. Carnahan. supreme councilor,
will meet at tbe office of the supreme
secretary and supreme treasurer, Room 4,
No. 2912 North Pennsylvania street, on
Wednesday morning.
Indianapolis Council admitted four new
members at its meeting Thursday evening.
Beginning with October tbe council will
meet every Thursday evening at 70
o'clock. An excellent programme has been
prepared by the committee for the enter
tainment to be given at Equity Hall,
When Block. North Pennsylvania street,
on the evening of Qct, 2.
Sons of America.
Camp C, atCrawfordsville, initiated three
candidates into the Red degree at its last
meeting.' '
Camp 8 now meets in Templeton Hall, on
West Washington etreet, nearlllinois. This
camp has received two more applications
for membership.
Rev. G. W. Switzer recently delivered a
sermon to the members of camp No. C It
bad a direct bearing on the principles of
tho organization. About forty members
were present in regalia.
Knights of Honor.
Tbe entertainment given by Washington
Lodge was such a success tbat it has been
determined to repeat it sometinfe in Oc
tober. Washington Lodge degree team will have
initiatory work Tuesday evening. The ex
cellent floor work of this team is attracting
quite a number of visitors to its lodge-
room.
iv to j y
me Jol&L
How
Care of The Rraln.
Ladies' Home
The brain stands most abuse of any or
gan in the body. Its best tonic and tim
ulant is success. The worst and most do
pressing thing to it is failure. The most
injurious effects come by using stimulants
in early life. Young people should never
use liquors, tea or collee. The latter two
may not exactly do barm, but thty are con
ducive of no good. They act mostly on the
brain, and injure its growth very ma
terially. Abundance of sleep is necessary.
Eight hours is not more than enough.
Sleep is tbe time of relatively lowered ex
penditure and increased repair.
The Price of Success.
Detroit Tribnne.
Sam Jones says: "I am so glad that
whenever anyon else tries to preach as I
do he makes an ass of himself." He does,
he does if ho succeeds in his attempt.
Deputy grand protectors so far appointed
v theii respective Iodizes are: Washington.
frs. iS. 11. Hobsts: Hone. Mr. Fred Klii nr
BR0THER GARDNER AS JUDGE.
Consider Smith Is Tried for nis Life, lot Fi
nally Escapes with a $2S,O00 Fine.
Detroit Free Fret.
No sooner had the members begun to put
in at appearance at Paradise Hall than an
outsider would have caught on to the fact
that something of grave importance was
on the carpet. Elder Toots walked about
with his hands crossed under his coat-tails
and his face a blank. Judge Discovery
Smith busied himself looking over a lot of
legal documents, and Shindig Watking,
Eight-Hour Johnson, Remember Taylor
and Samuel Shin conversed together in low
tones aud shook their heads in a grave and
sorrowful manner. Giveadam Jones gener
ally upsets the stove, knocks down the pipe,
breaks a pane of glas or smashes a lamp iu
his exuberance of spirits, but on this occa
sion ho entered the hall verj softly and put
in his time reading a novel entitled "The
Bloody Big Toe of the Dark Heel Ravine."
It was only when the meeting had been
formally opened that an explanation of
the mystery was bad. Brother Gardner
looked sad. but full of business, as be
mounted to bis station, and when the
wheels had been properly greased he said:
"Gem'len, we hasn't met heah dis eavec
in to listen to an essay or lectur by some
famous man. We hatn t met to do bizness
cousarnin de welfar of de world in gineral
an' de Uuited tate in pertickler. le oc
cashun is one full of sadness. Not dat wo
hev lost a tirndder by de hand of de grim
destroyer, but dat we mus' rut a liviu
brudder on trial fur his life, l)e facts ara
probably known to all of you. De commit
tee on internal harmony has earl in ohargea
to prefer again brudder Consider Smith,
an' be will be 'lowed a chance to prove bis-
eelf innocent."
The above named committee, through it
chairmau. Col. Uluecose Green, then read
the following charges:
L. Having spoken of Brother Gardner as a
charlatan.
2. Renting a box at the postoflice.
S. Going in and out of various banks
without any other errand than to make
people believe he is a depositor.
4. Claiming to strangers who visit Para
'dise Hall that he runs things there.
5. Borrowing money of members of tho
club and neglecting to repay the same.
C. Alleging that Brother Gardner wascut
ting his cloth to secure the next presidency.
?. Advising various members to split otl
from the old club and form a new one. the
constitution of which should provide for a
bauqnet at every meeting.
8. Declaring bis belief that all fowls were
common property.
"Isde accused ready furtnalT" asked the
president as the reading of the charges was
finished.
"He ar" replied brother Smith, as he
stepped forward.
"Werry well. Wo will now take up charge
No. 1. How do vou plead!"
"Guilty, sah, but guilty bekase I didn't
know what 'charlatau' meant when I used
de word. I beard one white lawyer call
anodder by dat name an' 1 s'posed it meant
dat be knowed about all dere was to know.
1 dun used it to compliment you. sah."
"Urn! It may be possible, I'll decide It
dat way, but let dis be a warn in' to you
'bout usin' bullets too big to fit de bore of
de gun. Charge No. 2."
"Not guilty, sab- I nebber bad no box at
de poa' office. I was jes' makin' belie vo I
had."
"Oh! Wall, de charge can't stand, but it
will bode gineral opinvanof disclnb dat
vou has made a fool of yourself. Charge
No. 3." ,
"1'ze done guilty, sah, but Pre sorry
fur it"
"Sorry fur it yea! Brudder Smith, when
a pusson who hain't got a loose quarter in
bis pockets is seen gwine inter a bank wid
his hat cooked on his ear. what is de in
ference! What you gwine to expect! How
you gwine to figger it out? Vou's gwine to
figger dat he's makin' a false show to de
ceive de public, on' you can put him down
fur a bad, bad man. You stand convicted
of de charge. Charge No. 4."
"I'ze nebber dun claimed to run Paradise
Hall, sah. Pze showed visitors around an'
1'ze explained things, but Pze alius been,
kverf ul to say dat I was way down to do
tail-end of de procession."
"Well, we'll declar you innocent of dat
charge, but let dis be a solemn warnin' fur
you not to blow your nose too loud an' step
too high. Charge No. 5."
"1 has borrowed money of some of tbe
members, sah, but Pze gwine to repay it
jess as soon as possible,"
"I'd advise you to do so. I'll pass de
charge, bnt it'js annoder warnin' to you.
De constitushunal money borrower is a
man to be despised an' shunned. Charge
No. C."
"What I dun said was dis: I said dat you
would make a better President dan any
odder man in de kentry."
"Ar you shore you said dat?" asked
Brother Gardner.
"Of co'se 1 said it."
"Well, I'll pass dat charge ober. Charge
No. 7."
"I je6S said one day dat tbe club waa
f
ittin' too big, an' dat we all went home
untrry."
"Too big. eni An' you was nungry: l ou
didn't say dis till arter you was fined 500
for spittin on de stove!"
"No sah."
"I tee. De charge stands. How about
No. 8!"
"I dun said dat de Lawd made every
thing for the use of man. fowls included."
"You meant wild fowlsf"
"Y-yes. sah."
"You didn't refer to fat pullets in some
bod v's hen-coop!"
"N-no, sah."
"Brndder Smith, do you pertend to say
your conscience wouldn't trouble you if
you broke into a hen-house an' ccr'd away
a bag of chickens?"
"J-I-I'd rather not say, sah."
"Oh! You is convicted of charge No. 8.
and I now fine you $2$.00, an' declar you
to be suspended until the same is paid in
full."
"Lawd save me, sah, but I can't nebber
pay it!"
"Dat's your look out, m$d you has bad a
werry narrow escape as it is. Had you
been convicted on all de charges you
would have bin given a bounce from dis
club to make you tired all the rest of yoar
bo'ndays. You now has a show to get
back." '
"Irl !'
Brother Smith waved his arms and trid
to speak, but emotion overcsme him and
he sank down in a heap. When be had
been carried out into the ante-room.
Brother Gardner said:
"If deir am any odder brudder in dis club
who am inclined to gab, let dis be a warn
in' to him. Between do man wbo steals
my chickens an de man who talks too
much wid his ruonf. I favor de former. He
isn't half aa dangerous to de peace and har
mony of society. We will now go home,"
TO PREVENT SUNBURN.
Blacken Tour Face and It Will Not Frea
Smart Under the Sun's Rajs.
Tbe Table.
The fair sex often sock eagerly for a pre
ventive against sunburn, tome researches
made bv Dr. Robert Bowles have resulted
in the discovery of aa infallible one, bat
one which. 1 am afraid, the woman with
even the most beautiful complexion will
find too exacting in its conditions.
It is an acknowledged fact that the eun
on snow burns more quickly than on rocks
or in heated valleys at a low elevation, and
Dr. Bowles remarks that sunlight reflected
from freshly fallen 6iiow acts much more
energetically on the skin than that reflect
ed from older snow. One brilliant day he
painted his lace brown and ascended tho
Gorner Grat. where there was ranch scow.
There were about eighty others makiegthe
ascent. In the evening all but Dr. Bowles
were smarting from the efiects of sunburn.
He point out that in Morocco and all
along the north of Africa the inhabitants
blacken tbenf5elves around the eyes to
avert ophthalmia from the glare of the hot
saud. In Fiji tho natives abandon their
red and white stripes when they go fishing
on the reef in tbe full glare ot the sun. and
blacken their faces. Iu the Sikkim hills,
also, the natives blacken themselves round
the eves as a protection from the glare of
the sun on newly fallen snow. Dr. Bowles
concludes that beat is not the direct cause
of sunburn, but that it is probably caused
by the violet or ultra-violet rays of light
which are reflected from the snow. .
A Woman. Let Us Hope.
Bin Frsnci&cn Qhronlcle.
The women w ho will play such an im
portant part in hLaning the destinies of tho
twentieth ceutnry have been born, are now
in the long dirges of iufaucy, or the short
frocks t childhood: and now the cues
tiou is. what is the coming woaiau to b4

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