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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, September 21, 1890, PART TWO, Image 9

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PRICE FIVE CENTS.
INDIANAPOLIS, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 21, 1890 TWELVE PAGES.
WHEN YOU COME to the State Fair, do
great Annual Display of
FALL SUITS 1 OVERCOAT
HEAVY "WHSTTEE OYEECOATS
Our buyer did Lis level best while in the Eastern markets during his
five weeks' absence to get the best, the most fashionable, artistic and desir
able garments extant. COME AND SEE HOW ADMIRABLY HE
HAS SUCCEEDED. NO SUCH BARGAINS EVER BEFORE EX-
TENDED in this market as vre are now prepared to offer our customers in
FALL SUITS AND OVERCOATS
And, indeed, in all Departments: For in
BOYS' and CHILDEEN8' WE AE
We propose to do equally well.
OUR HAT and CAP DEPARTMENT
Just opened at No. 16 Soutli Meridian
street, will enable you and your boys to get
the best headwear at the lowest prices.
Persons coming to visit the State Fair are invited to maize our Store their
headquarters during the iveeJc. Bundles and packages cared for without charge.
O R IGIN.AL EAG L E
5 and 7 West Washington Street.
LEAKNEiG TO RIDE HORSEBACK.
Practical Advice Glren to Stay on the Hone
and Ride.
Kmms Moffett Trag. In Harper's Butr.
William II ant, the eccentric artist, had a
habit of saying wise things unconsciously,
in his vigorous off-band way, to the pupils
who camfi to bis studio in Boston. "You
want to learn to drawl Well, then draw.
Anywhere, every where, with anything that
comes to hand brown paper, scrap of en
velope. pen And ink, stick on the ground.
Don t stand higgling over proper materials,
the old masters made their own materials.
11 o ahead; do the best yon can; draw some
thing, paint something; then there's some
thing to work on, something to show yoa
your faults."
One is reminded of this sound, sensible
advice many times in the undertakings of
life, bat its application comes with force
frequently m the matter of horsemanship
for men, and surely when the subject pre
sents itself for women. The question of
the proper mount, the tailor-made Melton
habit, the stylish hat, the natty crop seems
to stand in its magnitude and perplexity
an insuperable barrier between the would
be rider and the actual fact. The exhilara
tion and virtue of the exercise itself are too
often forgotten with the elevating of
minor details, and the indulgence of per
sonal vanity and pride is more thought of
with pity be it said than the develop
ment of health and physique. "My dear,
it seems to me you have everything except
the 'habit' of good riding," said a quaint
old dame to her granddaughter, who was
displaying with great pride her London
onttit as a horsewoman, and yet had but
small courage with her horse.
The Southern or Western girl, sweeping
across the plains of her father's ranch, or
through the broad fields of a Southern
plantation, would smile at the idea of be
ing "tan ght" to ride. She learrtd doing.
With some sort of a stuff skirt, long enough
to hide the feet and ankles, a soft woolen
hat like her brother's, she is put iu the sad
dle, with the double charge to "stay on"
and "not be afraid." And she docs stay on,
her father's companion, following as he
rides "over the crop.' though the way lies
over deep gullies and ditches where the
cows aud cattlo clamber np the steep
banks, or through the almost impenetrable
canebrake, where one hand must press
back the long, sharp, blade-like leaves
from her face, or push aside the
low-hanging vines of the mnscadine.
with its dark, purple clusters overhead.
Hut she rides, she "stays on." fearlessness
is her first lesson. She is one with her
horse. She learns to know his force and
his power, but she is able to control it, and
in time holds both him and herself well in
hand. The limitation of the horsewoman
in the city would be a revelation the
circle of the academy, ridinc to music und r
the gas-light: the class in prim and Proper
form under the eye of the master in ltotten
How or Central 1'ark yet all the same, in
spito of these necessities of circumstances,
she would whisper to her fashion-loving;
sister, "The methods are the same every
where; think more of your horse and less of
yourself, if you would be a true horse
woman; pleasure, abandon and grace come
only so."
THE FARM-HOUSE HATH.
How the Farmer Shaves and Dom Hit Duty
bj Society Sunday Morning.
IaVinrO'i Kam's Horn.
The average farmer takes a bath in a
degree approaching thoroughness about as
often as he gives his wife money to spend
as she pleases. In fact, the facilities for
bathing at a farm-houso are generally from
a quarter of a mile to a day's journey away,
depending somewhat on the lay of tho
country and the distance to the nearest
stream, and this may explain why a farmer
sometimes makes a request in his will that
ho be washed from head to foot when he is
laid out. A farmer ia always too bnsy to
waste time in nonseuse, and if he had an
ocean of water within easy reach it is not
likely that be would quit work to put him
self in soak any more frequently than the
law required.
Tho farm-house bath-room is nearly
always iu the Lack-yard, handy to the
pump, un lens there is a- spring somewhere
in the neighborhood.
On Sunday morning, immediately after
breakfast, the old gentleman ou whoso
shoulders rests the prosperity of the Nation
sets about discharging the duty he owes to
society by washing tho dust out of his ears
and bringing his complexion into daylight
by the aid of soft soap and a razor.
To watch a fanner shave himself is one of
the most painful operations ever witnessed
outside of a dental otl5ee. For some reason
away beyond the depth of present knowl
edge, the man who breads the country
alwavs has a beard like a new hair-bruah.
and he nerer knows how to sharpen a razor.
lie gets out on the back stoop with his
shaving utensils, and after rubbing the
razor over the strop in an awkward fash
ion, until what ever trace of edge it may
have had has beeu destroyed, ho hangs up
his glass and take up a position alongside
t tLe kitchen door, where the eld lady
AND
MEN'S FURNISHINGS.
It has never been our custom to ask fancy
prices for goods in this department. UN
DERWEAR, NECKWEAR, GLOVES,
etc., all sold at fair prices.
will bo sure to jostle his arm when she goes
out to empty her dish-water.
With a brush that has but little handle
remaining, he manages somehow to stir up
a lot of lather from soap that would raise a
blister on the bottom of a boy's foot, aud
with this he coats his face till nothing but
his eyes and the black of his head are
visible. With a cob dipped in warm watr
he then goes over the stubble with a vigor
that makes the flesh creep, until he feels
that all reasonable precautious for comfort
in the subsequent operation have been
taken.
Taking up the razor and looking at it
suspiciously over the top of his glasses he
runs his thumb along the edge, fails to
draw blood as he had hoped and then, with
a eigh like leaving town in a hurry, ho
grabs himself by the nose, shuts his eyes
and gives a scrape that makes his hair
stand on end as a bunch of beard seems to
come out by the roots.
But once at it & terrible desperation seems
to nerve him, and with teeth set he goes
right on with a determination to get the
ngonyoveras soon as possible. Howls of
woe break from., him now and then as an
expression that poisons life steals over his
face and stays there till the last nerve has
been pulled out of the socket by that terri
ble razor and the last bit of stubble has
been lsid low, when, with a sigh of relief,
he strikes up a hymn of thanksgiving and
joyfully throws his shaving paper into the
swill barrel near by.
I don't remember that I ever saw any one
suffering with lockjaw, but I have seen a
farmer ehave. and one sight of that kind is
enough for a lifetime to any one who has
no morbid desire to look upon suffering at
every opportunity.
And now next in order cornea his regular
bath. Going to the pump, which wheezes
and sr roans as he plies the handle for quite
a while before it seems to understand what
is expected of it, he finally get a wash
dish full of water, and. placing it or a
board-topped stake set in the ground for
that purpose, he rolls up bis sleeves, opens
his shirt in the neck, lays back his collar,
and, with a handful of soft soap strong
enough to skiu a rabbit, he goes over all
the exposed parts, from his hairy breast to
the top of his bald bead, and rubs it about
with as much vigor as he would curry a
horse that had run out all winter.
Of course he gets soap in his eyes, and
hops around on one leg for a bit until his
wife can run out with a towel and restore
his vision, but that he expected anyway;
and is not more than ordinarily disturbed
about it. He then splashes himself with
water until he begins to feel something like
a Christian ought to, and lets it go at that.
After trying to dry himself with a
starched muslin towel that does nothing
but make his faee and neck feel slippery,
he stands aronnd in the sun growling about
the weather until the soap still on his hide
has got dry enough to begin to draw like a
blister, when he goes into the house and
mts on a lot of Sunday clothes that make
dm feel like a highwayman in trouble and
look like a martyr pressed with business.
Emerson and Newspapers.
Boston Transcript.
Emerson's praise of newspaper English is
not at all surprising to those who realize
how much the newspapers have done to cut
dowu to the body of the vine the tendrils
and shoots of ordinary literary effort. In
the groat vineyards the working vines are
now trimmed close. The grapes are kept
as near as possible to tho tap-root. So in
the best newspaper English. The young
collegians who begin newspaper work by
writing exordiums and perorations galore
learn first of all the necessity for connect
ing their written sentences with facts; and
facts are vital, the tap-ioot of good style in
newspaper writing, as iu any other. "News-
fapers have done much to abbreviate and
mprove style." said Emerson to this youth
who hung upon his words. "They are to
occupy during your generation a laige
share of attention." The calm prophecy
from Concord is realized- more completely
now thau the prophet could havo foreseen,
and in the best newspapers is found a con
stant regard for tho best things to be said
of them. "
Boot-Blacking by Electricity.
Philadelphia Inquirer.
The very latest application of the ubiqui
tous electric fluid to the necessities of ev
ery -day life is in the line of blacking boots.
"Tony." the Fourth and Market-stn et hab
itue, who for years has polished the pedal
extremities of bank presidents, stock brok
ers and policemen, has fallen into liue with
the march of modern improvement, has
thrown away his well-worn hand-brushes
and now shines 'cm np by electricity.
Crowd gather around his stand rvery day
to watch the process. The aooaratus is
verv simple. The polishing brush is at
tached to the end of a hollow, flexible han
dle, through which a shaft runs which is
propelled by a diminutive electric motor.
A customer jumps into the chair; it is the
work of out a few seconds to apply the
blacking to his shoes; the brush on the end
of the flexible shaft is set whirring, and,
being passed over the surface of the shoes,
pats a mirror-like shineou in less timothan
it has taken to read this paragraph.
not fail to take in our
.
1 6 South Meridian Street.
VISITING MANNERS.
The Proper Way to Ilehave as a Guest or
Hostess.
Youth's Companion.
Many of us who pride ourselves on our
good breeding are singularly blind as to
what is duo to friends who are visiting
people unknown to us, or who are enter
taining guests whom we have never met.
Nor are we more assured as to some of the
points of etiquette toward oar own guests
and to our own hosts when we make an oc
casional llitting from home.
It is useless to decry etiquette by saying
that tho best manners in all cases are those
wnirn curt no one. mis is true as a gen
eral law, but tnore always are eomo points
which leave no room for experiments as to
what will hurt another, ana which yet may
be settled once for all by a few rules.
If you havo an acquaintance who is en
tertaining friends whom she wishes yon to
meet, it is jenr duty to call promptly, and,
if possible, oiler some hospitality to both
guests and hosts.
If the position is reversed, and vour friend
is visiting people unknown to you, never go
to see your friend without leaving a card
for the hostess. If you give any entertain
ment for the friend, be very sure to invite
her hosts also. It does not follow that
your invitation will be accepted, but If it is
the hostess must be treated as the guest of
honor and shown every deference. If, for
instance, the entertainment is a luncheon
for young ladies, she may be asked to take
the seat at the end of the table opposite to
your own.
If the mutual friend is vour guest yon
may be sure that, if sue is a woman of
gooa oreeatng, sne in turn win accept no
invitation which does not include you, al
though you may think best to decline it
and insist upon her going alone. Nor will
she receive visitors without asking you to
juiu mem iu iuo pariur suouiu nor irienus
be ruue enougn to nave sent you no. cards.
Here, too, you may excuse yourself, or at
most join them with such delay as to give
tnem a snort interview alone, inese same
rules hold good for you when you are the
guest. Before you go to make the visit
send word to your friends where and with
whom you ars to stay, so that there may be
no idea tnat you are in o - boarding-house.
and therefore mistress of your time and
surroundings. This constant deference to
vour hostess should lead von to order all
letters and packages to be addressed to her
care.
As to the disposal of your time, when you
are visiting, no etiauette requires you to
accept all the plans of your hostess, ifvou
feel unable to do so; but care is needed to
show that refusal means lack of strength.
not lack of interest and inclination. With
a little tact on both sides, you will have
many hours for your own.
Indeed, a skillful hostess will manage to
secure yon this privilege, and not make the
mistake ox working too hard to amuse you.
aud so absorb every moment of your visit
into her idea 01 what is pleasure lor you.
No greater compliment is possible than
tne quiet acceptance or your presence in
the intimacy of family life.
CATHARINE'S CRUELTY.
A Smile That Cost a Russian Prince Ills
Lands, Family and Liberty.
Chatter.
The Veritzins were nobles of enormous
wealth and power. Paul held a hich oflice
in court. One night, glittering with jewels
and orders, tho young Prince, who was one
of the. handsomest men iu Kussia, danced
in a onadnlle opposite the -Lmpress.
As she passed bim in the dance she fancied
that his eyes scanned uer gross tigure with
covert amusement. After the Quadrille she
beckoned to him. and with a smile handed
him her tiny ivory tablets, containing seven
pages, one lor eacn cay in tne week. On
the hrst was written:
"The imperial ball-room, St Petersburg."
On the last:
The mines. Siberia."
lie read it; his face grew gray as that of
a corpse; he bowed low, kissed her hand
and withdrew, "taking." says the old
chronicle, "bis wife, the beautiful Princess
of Novgorod, with him." He was heard to
sav as he left the ball-room:
"My minutes arc numbered; let us not
lose one. '
Flight or resistance was impossible. The
hold of Catharine on her victim was mex
orable as death. Prince Veritzin was
forced to remain passive in his palace.
while each day the power, the wealth and
the happiness that life had given him were
stripped from him.
First he was degraded from all his offices
at court; next his estates were confiscated
by the crown: his friends were forbidden
to hold any communication with him; his
very name, one of the noblest in Russia,
was taken from him and he was given that
of a serf. Then his wife and children were
driven out of the palace to herd with beg
gars. "The last day," says the record, "Paul
Veritzin, in rags and barefoot, chained to a
convict, bade an eternal farewell to his
home, and departed to the dark and icy
north, lie was teen of meu no more."
ENGLAND'S EMPEESS-QUEEN
Interesting Facts as to Her Majesty and
Minor Members of the Kojal Family.
Social Changes Brought by the Increase of
wealth Court Receptions Influence of
Royalty The Queen's Unique Position,
Special Correspondence of the Indianapolis Journal.
London, Aug. SO. Just as the growing
strength of the people in past generations
deprived the British sovereign of political
power, so now the reign of gold has taken
from the Queen her social domination. An
hundred years ago, when corporations, and
trusts and limited companies were not, so
ciety was a compact body, resting firmly
on birth, jealous of its privileges, guarding
close its entrance gates, and profoundly
contemptuous of new-got wealth. The
King, whether he was plain George the
Third, simple of life and austere of habit,
or his son, the fat first gentleman of Eu
rope, could almost make or unmake in the
small social world, a world so narrow that
each inhabitant knew all about every
other inhabitant, and where all made com
mon cause against the impertinent in
truder.
But now dukes with incumbered acres
and earls with expensive inherited estates
look with envy upon the unfettered stock
broker, and syndicate man and brewer.
These latter have no Deed to fritter away
their incomes in maintaining a useless col
lection of entailed properties and are thus
enabled to move about in a cloud of luxu
rious splendor that rains a fresh shower
of good things upon all who come near.
Under the influence of the enormous ma
terial development of the century, tastes
have become more luxurious, and people
more voluptuous. Money has become the
god. It is the new social religion. It is
the chief divinity in a trinity that includes
Bir and Intellect. Birth is a good thing
to frdve: but it will pay no bills: nor will it
purchase luxuries, hence it is secondary to
wealth, which is a rival even to royalty.
and royalty must sometimes bow before it.
The Queen can do no more cow in con
nection with official court functions than
to set a hall mark on ware already proven
solid silver. At tho drawing-rooms held
by her Majesty in the spring, most of those
presented are entitled to come to court by
right of birth and position. They come
and bow low. touching the knee if a plump
hand is extended to be kissed in the same
manner as they attend other social func
tions it is part of life's regular routine.
It is true that to most it is a pleasure also.
The scene is brilliant even yet, though
shorn of some of its old-time sumptuous
ness. If the Green Park is no longer crowd
ed with sedate family carriages, decorated
with three or four powdered and be-calved
footmen; if there be less of unspoken hom
age in the gathered crowd of sigbt-secrs;
if the iuterior of the palace be less
ornate than of yore, yet the uniform of
x a a a ir a. a
tne nousenoia guaras is tne same sinning
brass, the lacker's inside are as gorgeous as
ever, the great officers of state are as bril
liantly arrayed, tho diplomatio corps, ex
cepting the American minister, are as
elaborately clothed, and the women beauti
ful as ever, and as splendidly dressed. It
is a scene of splendid animation but oh!
its awful animation. These March winds
are chilling, and the waiting-rooms at Buck
ingham Palace are badly warmed. This
discomfort has become traditional in con
nection with the function. Why these
drawing rooms could not be held at night
as they are by the V iceroy in Dublin, no
body seems to know. The account of the
warm Viceregal Palace and brilliant throng
of gas-lighted Irish women make their En
glish cousins blue with cold and envy.
A few more or less happy women are pre
sented each year who are not entitled to
the honor either by right of birth or mar
riage. They have climbed the toilsome
stairs of London society. Iheir husbands
have gained wealth in neither too mys
terious or too flagrant a fashion. They
have dropped down in May fair or Belgravia,
have been judicious in their social move
ments under the paid direction of some
needy titled lady whose wants were longer
than her purse, have resolutely cut every
body who befriended them in their days of
stmgtrle, and now they swim at the top.
But their reception at court does not help
them materially, it is a public recognition
that they have carved their way through
the freezing phalanxes of well-born woman
but then everybody knew that before.
They are invited to no more houses in con
sequence of their presentation. It has
been an incident nothing more.
But the presentation of foreigners is not
even an incident. Everybody, with proper
letters to her embassador or' minister, is
bound to be presented; and I have known
one or two cases where pressure from home
was brought to bear on our American rep
resentative until he was almost compelled
through his wife to present tbose whom be
knew had a history that would cot bear
investigation hid away off somewhere in
the West. But none of these presentees
gained social position from their admission
to court. If they were not in the swim be
fore, they didn't enter it simply in conse
quence of presentation. They had to light
their way just the same, and to endure a
coldness from the women which was hardly
compensated by tho outspoken admiration
of their sons, and brothers, and husbands.
For my sex don't need to be
told that American women who are
as distinctly the fashion for Englishmen
as white neckcloths are not loved by En
glish women. If. however, a ladv should be
presented at court, and a painful past be
subsequently raked up and the presentation
be cancelled, then, indeed, is she in an tin
happy position, fehe has been found out
in print, and there is nothing for her to do
but to hurry to some secluded spot and
rest. She will rest a long time before she
lives down the most awful social calamity
that can befall her. If she had only been
content to bo solid silver and not havo
sousht the ball mark all would probably
have been well. For London society is not
over-particular and swallows many whis
pers, but it makes a month when it comes
to matters in print, and rejects outright
what is officially rejected at court.
The Queen has lived so retired a life for
many years that it maybe said that she
herself is more completely out of the swim
than any aspiring society lady would like
to be. the frequently delegates to her
charming and tactful daughter-in-law all
her official social duties, and what they
lose in dignity if there be any loss they
gain in brighiness and vivacity. The Prin
cess of Wales usually represents the Queen
at the two state concerts and the two state
balls that are given each year, and these,
with the Queen's drawing-rooms ana the
Prince of Wales's levees for the gentlemen
make np the ordinary and conventional
court functions in connection with society
generally. It is more of an honor to be in
vited to a state ball or concert than to at
tend a drawing-room. The drawing-room
is in theory the approach to the more
familiar functions, but the rule may be
expressed thos: that one who is presented,
may be invited to a ball or concert. There
are a great many things in this world that
may happen, but that do not somehow
come otE. As there are ten times as many
eligibles, as there are invitations it be
comes a survival, and they are many who
hug to themselves the delusion that they
are of the fittest, only to tind that they are
cot tit at all; and there is much wailing
and gnashing of teeth.
M
In the social life of London the Queen
does not mix. She has practically abdi
cated her throne and installed the Princess.
That she wields an indirect inflence over
social life and character is not, however, to
be questioned; but I am inclined to think
that her power for good is greatly exag
gerated. Certainly the iniluence of her
austere character and hijrhly moral
court over society is small, .for Lon
don society is notably the antithesis
of her court. Kowbere is language more
audacious, or conversation more risoue.
No where is wider toleration for those social
wrong-doings that the middle classes label
with very utriy names indeed. Is o where is
greater tendency to lind euphemisms, soft.
firetty euphemisms, for things that are not
n themselves soft and pretty. Wherever
there is the tendency to polish immorality.
mere morality is in danger, or has aireaay
gone by the board.
The Queen is an abstraction. She is not
present at this and that gathering, to smile
t n one lady who is an unimpeachable British
matron and to frown on another about whom
she has heard funny stories. So her influ
ence is unfelt And her eldest son who rep
resents her, well, it is not exactly the came
thing, and the Prince's views are understood
to be a little more lax than those of her
Majesty. The Princess, always dignified.
always posing, in fact, cannot conjure with
quite the same potency as can her royal
mother-in-law. and besides her husband's
views would have to bo quite at one with
hers before they could eflect much as re
Generators of society, and there are some
Joints upon which they are understood to
ifler radically. Taking all these facts in-
iu consideration, it is tkimcuit 10 see uuw
the Queen or the semi-official court of the
Prince, either of them, exercise a marked
influence over the lives of society people.
No doubt the Princess can dictate the stylo
of a hat but then a hat but then a hat
can be changed so much more easily than a
heart. No doubt the Prince can hint to a
subservient world whether to wear gloves
or cot but it is bo much simpler to set the
fashions in manners than in morals.
a
Perhaps, however, if the somewhat blase
"swagger" people are indifferent to more
than the external influence of royalty, we
shall find that that eminently respectable
and much appealed to middle class is occu
pied in admiring the example and follow
ing the footsteps of the Queen. The fact
is, however, that the middle classes, the
backbone of the nation, are by nature,
habit and force of surroundings moral.
They.are no more editied by the spectacle
of a rigid court than should the rigid court
be. at the vision of a highly moral middle
class. And indeed our genuine respect for
the genuine morality of the middle classes
is aliocted by the strange hereditary atti
tude of the members of that class towards
the frailties of the aristocracy. What in a
neighbor is sin, to be punished with
social excommunication, in a lord becomes
regretable waywardness, in a duke is
simply exuberance of disposition, and in a
Prince of Walesa commendable display of
princely gallantry. It is this tendency to
set up ditlerent standards for different
classes that so surprises an American, and
a funny feeling comes over one as one hears
some respected provincial merchant tell
with pride that the Prince, despite his
years, is still a gay old boy. The same
merchant would disinhert his own son if
he found the latter indulging in the vices
that he palliates in his social superiors. I
think this inherited tendency to estimate
morality according to class makes more
for evil than the blameless life of the Queen
makes for good, bo when we hear that the
aristocracy has the advantage, that its
highest members become beacon lights to
guide others, we may justly answer that as
a rule the light they dispense is cot very
clear, and that if it be, it is admired aa
something apart rather than a praotical
guide to conduct.
As for the lower classes, their life is so
separated, and they dwell outside a wall
so inaccessible, that they do not quite un
derstand that "the quality" has even a
singlecommandment in common with them.
They tacitly admit the aristocracy has an
edition de luxe of the Decalogue, bound in
crimson and gold, and reading differently
than their own hard one, engravingon stone;
and if the head of that aristocracy, the
Queen, be chaste as snow, that is to be ex
pected in a female ruler, but not especially
an example to be followod. An elephant
munching lotos leaves by the side of a Cey
lon lake would not regard a humming-bird
flitting by as a guide to be followed. They
belong to ditlerent orders in nature, and
have nothing in common.
It follows from all this that while the
Queen has a certain moral influence over
her subjects, and an influence that within
its limits is all for purity and morality, yet
that the conditions do not admit of that
wide-reaching and all-powerful effect that
after-dinner orators are prone to ascribe to
the "hrst lady of the land."
M M.
Let us turn, however, to matters in which
the influence of royal people is more easily
traceable. England with its great wealth
supports private institutions that would be
a part of government in the United States.
Hospitals, gigantic in extent, are main
tained by private subscriptions; asylums,
sheltering thousands of orphans, depend ou
contributions; colleges, for extending high
er education at minimum fees, are main
tained by voluntary aid; institutions for
extending a knowledge ot art in all its
various forms are liberally endowed by in
dividualsin short, private munificence is
always doing great things in a broad spirit
of public obligation, from the building of
colonial institutes to the endowment of a
chair for the study of leprosy. The asso
ciation of members of the royal family
with these great works of beneficence
insures success to them. It is only
after carof ul inquiry that the Queen's dep
uty, the Prince of Wales, will, as patron
or in some other public way. indorse a con
templated work: but that indorsement
once obtained subscriptions are the more
freely extended, and the result is success.
There is co question' but that some of the
institutions that contribute largely to the
happiness of the London of to-day would
cot exist but for initiative or active co-operation
of the Queen, her late husband or
her son.
The Oueen furthermore on occasion seta
the seal of public approval cm some great
irivate work of beniticence, as she did by
let presence at the Holloway College open
ing function, for instance; the Prince of
Wales, in her behalf, is constantly doing
thin sort of thing, and constantly, by his
attendance at public functions in different
parts of the kingdom, encouraging to a
quickened activity that publicspmt which
is a trait so strongly marked aud so ad
mirable in British character.
That there is a petty and sometimes a
humorous side to this sort of display there
is no doubt: still the motives of the best of
men are mixed, and no one will deny that
when some fat provincial citizen builds a
public school with his own money he may
have thoughts of a gilded function at its
opening, in which he shall have the melta
ble delight of hobnobbing with a royal per
sonage, and perhaps ah! sweet anticipa
tion of receiving a knighthood. That the
influence of the royal family in this direc
tion is great and practical there is no gain
saving, and that the Prince of Wales fre
quently leads an arduous and laborious life
in connection with such functions there is
no doubt.
As he cannot be in two places at once,
even'though he is a prince, his son is first
favorite as his deputy. When that ex
tremely self-conscious and gauche young
gentleman happens to be unavailable, the
Duke of Edinburgh is asked to come and
represent royalty. He returned only a few
days ago from the Scottish city that gave
him his title, whither he bad journeyed to
oDcn an exhibition. When he is previously
engaged the unhappy provincials tarn to
the rincess lieatrice, or the i'nncess
Louise of Lome, or the Duchess of Albany.
Between the lot it goes hard, but that
somebody of royal blood will be caught to
perform the necessary fuuetion, wherever
it may chance to be or whatever it is all
abont, provided always it has sufficient
dignity and importance.
Naturally there is sometimes a difference
of opinion between the committee, who
want the statue unveiled or the building
dedicated, or what not. and the Prince's
advices as to whether the f nnction is one.
considering all the circumstances, proper
to be graced by a G u el ph. When this dif
ference ocenrs the committee must bite
their nails and put up with some local mag
nate, for there is no law that rules these
matters, except the judgment of the Prince
and his courtiers. But the chief character
istics of his Koy al Highness is an admirable
tact an excellent thing in princes and he
seldom makes the mistake of going where
he should cot. or of being away from what
he should attend.
Let us turn cow from the indirect Influ
ence exercised by the Queen over society
as a whole, to the immense power she and
the royal family may exercise over the
fortunes of individuals. The doctor who
prescribes for her is a made man: the
I dentist who manipulates the royal teeth
has to bar his doors against the rush of
patients. The clergyman whose sermon
pleases her. finds highly-paid places of
ease in the state church. The retail store
keepers who have the honor to supply her
find not only fat profit in her custom, but
laree increase of trade. These latter may
receive evidence of their dealings in the
shape of a warrant sin tied by one or tne
four great officers of the palace, authoriz
ing them to put a roval coat of arms over
the door, and rail themselves "Purveyors
to the Queen." Thi important matter is
regulated by the trades-mark act of ISSo.
and it is a punishable otlense to use the
arms without a warrant, co tnat we see ner
Maiestv mav exercise an appreciable influ
ence on the fortunes of even her humblest
subject.
That her position is nnioue there is no
doubt. She is peculiarly loved by all her
subjects, except, perhaps, by some of the
Irish. Her rei gn has beeu an unprecedented
era of material prosperity and advance
ment, and though shehas had coming to uo
with this, she is naturally loved as only
people free from care, with full pockets and
full stomachs love. As an ingenuous girl
queen she awakened enthusiasm; as a
wire, iaitniui in irmuuiaess 10 vuo irui
tions of her people, she aroused love; as a
devoted widow she excited deepest sympa
thy. That her influence is limited is true;
that it Is nevertheless powerful for all that
is pure, and sweet, and admirable, is also
true; and no one now living, in all proba
bility, will ever see another ruler upon the
English tbroue who has a tithe of tho indi
rect influence of Queen Victoria.
Copyright, 1890.
A SAVAGE CHIEF'S REVENGE.
Long Tears After King Ja-Ja's Outrage,
, Ills Son raid the Tenalty.
Kansas City Star.
In the village of Brass, in the Ni cer delta.
there lited. some ten years ago, an old
chief named Caraeroous. He was well
known on the west coast, from bis having
frequently acted as pilot to vessels euter-
me the lirasaand other neighboring mourns
of the Niger. Old Cameroous was occa
sionally very discnssive aud entertaining,
being full of interesting tales of the days
when the slave trade was in full swing
along the west coast of Africa. , At the
time referred to cannibalism was in vogue
in many of the coast tribes, and even at tho
present day, despite the civilizing agencies
of the white residents, such practices are
occasionally indulged in.
I remember once speaking to Cameroons
about a chief at Opobo called J a-J a, who
achieved much notoriety, having built up
the Opobo nation to such importauce that
at the time of the Ashantee war J a-J a was
in a position to otter 2,000 fighting men to
the English. I shall never forget the de
moniacal look of intense hate that flashed
into Cameroon's scarred and tattooed face
at tho mention of Ja-Ja's came.
'Know himl" saui the old chief. "Me
know him plenty, lie eat my brother."
Continuing, he narrated that, many years
before, bis brother had been trading ud the
branches of tb Bonny river, and ou one of
his excursions fell into the hands of Ja-Ja's
warriors, who. in a war canoe, were on a
predatory cruise. Ignoring the fact that
the captive belonged to a neutral cation, it
aDneared that J a-J a had him cruelly tor
tured and tin ally, to make a long story
short, cooked and eaten, Kiug Ja-Ja himself
presiding at the feast.
nme passeu. ana tne anair xaaca zrom
4Via minmnr nf all larA fmtrnnnl tcKn
bided his chance and waited cunningly for
an opportunity for revence. At length the
chance came. The steamer Biatra. Captain
Kathay, homeward bound, was sighted ou
the mouth of the lira as river, and in re
sponse to the signal for a pilot Came
roons went out to the vessel. hile navi-
satine the Biafra inside the river he be
came aware that among the passengers on
board was a young son of bis old enemv.
now called King Ja-Ja of Opobo. The lad
was on his way to Englanu to receive an
education.
Mischief was rampant in the old man's
brain, and numerous schemes for get
ting hold of the youth suggested
themselves, lie talked aUably to him.
and when the auchor was let go,
opposite the factories at Brass, he
invited the boy to accompany him on
shore. Unhesitatingly Ja-Ja s son agreea,
and, entering a canoo wita Cameroons
speedily reached the shore. The sequel
became afterwards known, but at the time
the disappearance of the lad caused qHite
a stir at upoho and lirass.
Immediately on their arrival at Cam
eroons's house, a conclave of head men
was held, aud after listenins to the old
man's story they decided that the life of
Ja-Ja's oQspring was forfeited, lie was ac
cordingly sac nti cod with the most revolt
ing rites. Portions of the body were
roasted, and Cameroons revenged himself
for the murder of his brother many years
before by eating the flesh of King Ja-Ja's
son.
As the old chief related the story he fre
quently chuckled with glee at the means
he took to go oviu. .
BIRDS THAT KILL. RATTLESNAKES.
The Gay and Gossipy Ko ad-Runners and
Their Vendetta.
Kansas Citv Star.
In eastern Arizona, along the hot, burning
trails one often sees a long-billed, lone-
legged specimen of bird racing on in front.
Generally there are two of them. They are
Earrnlous and communicative, and as they
hurry on they gossip with each other in
lerky. strident tones which cive the im
pression of inferior brain-power. These
are "road-runners, ' and at tutted specimen.
with wings upraised and mouth half open,
can be seen in the window vi a local gun
tore. 1 hey earn their came by thus run
ning for hours along the trail in front of
your pony. They have co air of fear, but
keep your company in a jaunty, contident
way as if they knew it delighted you. The
road-runners areiin feud with rattlesnakes.
a feud which, handed down long lines of
truculent road-runners, has its first roots
in the robbery of the family nest by the
rattlesnakes in tne uaraen or iaen. i neee
go-as-you-please birds go about conspiring
tneovertnrow ox tne rattlesnakes, icey
have formulated a simple, easy plan, which
all worthy road-runners possess full knowl
edge of, and it never fails. I hey hnd a rat
tlesnake enjoying his siesta: no hard mat
ter as he sleeps most of bis time. On dis
covering him the feathered assassins be
come very silent. They go about with
hushed and cautious steps, with bitter
zeal they begin the collection of pieces of
cactus, lheso are furnished abundantly
with thorns keener than seel needles. They
make a small but complete corral around
the dreamier, reptile, lie is absolutely
fenced in with cacti to a height of two or
three inches. I his feat a fact, the road
runners throw ofl' diecnise and secrecy.
They charge about outside the fence clam
orous and rlappint? their wings. The rattle
snake awakes. They revile and scoff at
him. and no doubt tell him of outrage done
on the eggs of ancestral road-runners. Irri
tated, and possibly somewhat dismayed,
the serpent attempts to make oil". He gets
to the cactus barrier and essays to cross it.
The conspirators outside redouble their
yells and wing-flapping. They get
around in his front and storm
him with insult and epithet As
he attempts to cross, the spines, sharper
than he thought, wound his throat, which
on the under side is quite tender. He draws
back, his temper beginning to rouse under
the wounds of the cacti and the racket of
the birds. He tries to get out one. two.
three, four times. Each painful failure
sees bis rage increase. Ills eyes becoma
flame, his head flattens and dirty spots of
dingy white occur on his body. At last,
foiled and wild with rage be strikes bis
poison-flowing fanes into himself. Jroon
afterbodies, while the fiendish road-runners
shout thfrir satisfaction. They remain
until the rattlesnake is quite dead and
then depart, arm in arm as it were, talking
it over in a light, exultant way.
Ingalls as a Presiding Officer,
fit. Paul Pioneer Press.
Ingalls is the best presiding officer in the
Senate. Others are called to the chair, but
cone are his equal. His pronunciation of
the names of the States is scrupulously
correct. He never saya MinneotyM or
"North Caroliny." "Minnesota" and Caro
lina" are brought cut with distinctness.
Iu this he differs from Vice-president Mor
ton, who always says: "North Dakoty"
and "Minnesota." Ingalls gives the Indian
cames the full benefit of their virgin pro
nunciation. After a man has heard Ingalls
sav: "The Senator from Ark-ansaw he
I will never speak ot Ar-kactas again.
WHAT TO GET FOR OCTOBER
ThinssThaUYorncnWanttoKnovr About
Fashionable Garments for October.
Sample from Worth Which Indicitci til
Line toEe Adortcd-Sctionsfcr Trop
erlj Clothing the Trccioni Eatj. -
Written for t&a Sanay Journal.
Between daisies and chryeanthcrauci
there is cot much of novelty that can bt
depended on for lasting good style. Women
venture on their own fancies in dress at
this time of the season, and some happy
designs result. A navy blue dresj with
brick-red trimmings does not sound en
chanting, yet it was the prettiest" thing
seen in weeks. It was evidently worn by
an artist, at least in feeling, who thought
out her own gowns. The bine was the very
darkest clear color of cloth, the narrow
blouse-vest, the deep cuffs of the
simple sleeve, and the pleating
which showed in the slashed skirt
wero dull red, which hamonizod.
hue. The combination of color is one which.
appears in the rich, confused plaids of shag
gy tweed and flannel, whose nap blends tho
colors eoftly. These plaids are the gjwns
going up to the mountain houses where the
elite lingfcr, knowing the best cf the year
is with them. The shape preferred by pri
vate modistes who supply the most fastid
ious women is the long plain French pelisso
or close dress, with & deep capo coming bo-
low the waist, with the high shoulders, a
costume graceful and appropriate to tho
season, l'lruds are made for drapery or
long folds, cotfor slender, tight-litting din
ner gowns or evening wear. Toques worn
with plaid dresses are ox gimp, witn ioiaa
of plaid for the brim and bows, or clusters
of plain ribbon in the several colors of tho
plaid, which has a good, effect. Tho
most brilliant African bird-wings aro
seen ou hats, a fashion cet by
London society in compliment to Mrfetan
lev.it is said, and the women w ho pro
tested against the cruelty of wearing the
plumage which costs the life of a happy
creature are silent If the birds were only
snared painlessly and killed instantly, tho
cruelty would be less, only tnat it is saa to
put so much innocent happiness out or iae
world for vanity's sake. But the wreath of
thirteen delicate little wings round a hat,
seen often, or tho long, slender wing of
some graceful, darting tropic brd, always
seems to have blood on it, and bear tho
rent, mangled, quivenug fleah which was
attached to it. The wing of a bird killed,
for food or as a pest is a lair spoil compara
tively, but birds killed for ornament are
swift witness against tho refinement of thn
woman who can wear them.
A very distingue dress made lately . by
Worth for one of his best patrons anions
the ladies of the French nobility 6uggesU
the lines which fashion is to adopt A
walking dress of Suede gray cloth is made
with high, plain bodice and fourreau, or
plain sheath skirt with lengthwise bands
of otter-colored velvet, tapering to tho
waist and trimming tho bodice. The nar
row sash of black moire ribbon, cot more
than three inches wide, with pearled edge,
was tied in a loop that hung to the keen,
while the ends fell to the hem. The eash.
was tied on the right hip. The black robo
adds distinction to all these licht cloth
colors. The same design would be more
graceful in wide, flat pleats, allowing plain -velvet
to appear between the pleats.
VALUABLE HINTS FOR ALL.
A California lady writes for hints about ,
dress, which will 'be of interest to many
others. She is "A young wife and tnotLcr,
twenty years of age, five and a lvlf feet
tall, rather slender, fair faced, light bnSwn
hair and blue eyes. Has one drcs made
redingote at resent; would like to alter it
Xo sample enclosed. Wishes to purchase :
another dress rather nice. Is entire black
suitable for a young motherf" The days,
for wearing black will come soon enough,
though a black silk gown of good quality
sees more use than almost anything to be.
named, for American society. If a young
woman wears black it must be very
gay black, much ruffled and trimmed,
glittering with flee jet and lightened
with good white lace for ceck and
wrists, changing with blouse fronts of
white silk muslin, having collar and
cud's of the same. No limit is made as
to expense, so we will take it for grouted, as
it is safe to do. that the writer wishusto
expend no more than is necessary to make
a good appearance on her visit home with
baby. In the first placo, she should not
make the cloth dress over in combination
with black, as she suggests, for ccmbina'
tion suits are only seen in expensive cos
tumes. Let her make the gown into a
French waist with trim skirt gathered in
the back, or if it is a carrow gored skirt
she may leave the seams open five inches
on the hem to show a bias velvet flounce or
silk knife-pleating under it Or the skirt
mav be laid in flat-box pleats, with silk
showing between each two, at front and
sides, the bodice taking shape as a blouso
pleated into a belt without frill, and
a long, narrow sash ribbon be worn
with it The email pointed velvet belt
however, is advisable with a baby to dis
arrange ribbons. The silk and velvet used
should be a darker shade of the dress, or
something harmonizing very nicely with
it. as chestnut with fawn, or red-brown
with terra cotta. Aa the "wearer is short
and slender, she should cot try to wear
piain-titting bodices or b&jques. or draped
skirts, co matter if it is tho fashion to wear
baskets in the panniers and swallow-tailed
coats. In California in October nothing
would be better for her than a trim blazT
suit, which is cot at all loud, as its came
would imply, but a plain, box-plaltd
Ekirt and short jacket easy fitting in the
back, fastening by one button arrets the
silk or laine blouse which forms the waist
to the suit indoors, with a big soft
sash or silk belt The blazer dres is utter
ly out of style on Sixth avenue, which runs
its fashions to death in six weeks, but
Enzlish women were wearing them at the
fall races, of the brightest fashion, and at
Cowes in a very pretty fctyle For instance,
a white serge yacht area, with pink silk
shirt, for a charminz young ladya white
serge jacket and skirt with bright blue
"hard-fronted" shirt, as Britons call tho
starched cambric shirt with black tatln
tie, for a rather fast society woman, cot so
3'oung. One youg girl of the best possible
family woro an entirely simple fresh cos
tume of brown Holland linen, with a pink
shirt and why in goodness wasn't eomo
artist wise enough to paint her iu that de
licious stylish simplicity.
Tbechoico may be betweiia good Amer
ican black laille, which will bee teu years'
service with care, if strict and gentille
thrift is desired, or a dark brocade in dark
heliotrope, or dahlia, for thescSpurples and
purplish tiro reds have the advantage over
almost every other color, that combining
tinges of different hues, they seem less
positive than anything else. One will re
member the blue dress, the terra cctta, the
green or golden brown, year after year and
ten of their appearing, but the dull purples,
leather or dahlia shades are so agreeable
and so evasive that they never weary, and
one recognizes their unobtrusive aoltne s
with welcome. Get a good silk, but dec't
trim it to death, that is. not expensively at
first Its gloss and freshness carry them
selves wt-11 enough, but vben it begins to
show wear, the velvet and pasemeut'rie
will be kind to its failings and giro anew
respectability. But if there is certainty
of a 6ilk gown later, our little matron
will do just as well, so long as
there is a baby in the caso, to have some
thing more youthful, a dark, clear-blue,
or dahlia-faced cloth, with the braided or
embroidered sleeves, belt and border to the
ekirt Velvet sleeves and girdle would
probably be more convenient under the cir
cumstances. Or a cay little gown ot check
wool, in dark red. blue and black with
bourette threads or rertical lines of golden
russet, made with plain skirt tiightlv
draped in front, aud coarse silk open-stitrU
above the hem, and a dashing little Norfolk
jacket and bolt with Hue vt ivet collar and
facings to the cuH's wuuld be styliab and
becoming, while it would bear the rouf't
handling certain to cono later with the l

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