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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 26. 1S90
PLACES FOR CASTING VOTES
Precincts ai They Are, with Boundaries
and the Numbers Clearly Defined.
A Haj on Which Every Voter Can Find Ilis
. Eight Place at a GlanceWhat the
, Politicians Ire Doing.
Several thousand Indianapolis voters are
in a state of ambiguity as to the precinct
in which tney live and as to "where they
will cast their Australian ballot on Tues
day, Nov. 4. William U. Burford has just
published a beautiful photo-lithographio
map of Center township, Marion county,
showing these Toting precincts. This map
is a reproduction, oa a diminished scale, of
the map of precincts, as arranged by the
County Commissioners, and tho Journal
takes pleasure m presenting it this morn
ing to its city subscribers, believing it will
enable no small number of persons to ex
actly and definitely determine the precinct
in which they live, as the ward boundaries,
together with those of precincts and street
boundaries, are very clearly given on it
The map will be found well worth atten
tive study. With the Circle Park as a white
pot and the precinct boundaries in black,
running off in to.strange and fantastic forms,
tne child's puzzle called the labvrinth or
Rosamond's bower is strongly suggested.
It will be seen that the down-town wards,
that i, those nearest the Circle, hate the
smallest number of voting precincts, while
those reaching oat toward the suburbshave
the greatest number, the First, Twenty
first and Twenty-fifth wards each having
nine voting precincts. There are 148 pre
cincts in the city. In curiouslv shaped pre
cincts. No. Ill, which is in the Twentieth
ward, ranks first, though No. 4, in the First
ward, makes a most startling suggestion in
the direction of a Test-pattern. The pre
cincts covering the most territory are No.
1. in the First ward, and No. 7. in the Third
ward, tho latter extending from Eleventh
street on the south to Twenty-sixth street
on the north. The Fifteenth ward is the
only one with city territory west of White
river, the three precincts north of Mary
land street and west of the rirer covering
twice as much real estate as the three pre
cincts of that ward that lie east of the river.
The most compact, because the most
densely populated, precincts are No. 50. in
the Ninth, and No. 144, in the twentr-fifth
ward. The Fifth ward precincts, five in
number, present fewer irregularities in
outline, at least are more like each other
than, perhaps, those of any other ward in
the city. Indianapolis, as this map shows,
is much longer lrom north to south than
.from cast to west. From south to north
the city territory extends from the south
lino of Garfield Park to the north line of
the Third ward at Twentysixth street.
that is the approach to the east entrance of
Crown Hill Cemetery more than six miles
in a direct line. With a constantly in
creasing population the precinct bounda
ries will have to be changed at least every
two years, except in the down-town wards,
such as theNinth.Tenth. Eleventh. Twelfth,
Seventeenth and, perhaps, the Eighteenth.
All the outlying wards will be receiving
new additions to population, and new pre
cincts will be required to meet the legal
limitation of two hundred voters to a pre
cinct. Below is given the voting-places in the
several precincts of Center township,
as fixed by the County Commissioners,
the numbers given being those of the
precincts. The corresponding numbers of
Center township will bo found in small
black figures on the map described:
1 At the residence of Philander E. Phillips,
on Beech street, near Lawrence street.
'2 No. 307 Alrord street.
3 No. 622 Eut Ninth street.
4 No. 109 Hill avenue, corner Hill avenue
and Newman street.
5 No. 318 Lincoln avenue, corner Lincoln
avenue and L. E. ic W. railway tracks.
f No. 63 Yandcs street.
7 No. SO Malott avenue.
8 No. 1 Clifford avenue.
H No. 20 Jetierson avenue.
10 Street-car stables on College avenue.
11 Exposition Building.
12 Southwest corner Ninth street and College
avenue. - . .
i:j Southwest corner seventh and Pennsyl
14 Rear No. 801 North Alabama street.
13 Engine-house, corner Ash and Seventh
16 Lecture-room on Ilome avenue, between
College avenue and Ash street.
17 Rear No. 1095 North Tennessee street.
18 Rear No. 899 North Mississippi street.
19 Northwest corner of Mill ana tixth streets.
20 Hear No. 621 North Mississippi street.
21 Rear No. 726 North Tennessee street.
22 Barber shop, southwest corner Fourth and
- 23 No. 64rt North West street.
24 No. 53 Indiana avenue.
25 No. 40 North West street
26 No. 236 Indiana avenue.
27 No. 418 West North street.
2S-No. 74 West First street,
29 No. 39 West First street.
30 Canning factory, northwest corner St.
Clair street and Big Four railway tracks.
31 bouthwest corner St. Clair street and Big
Four railway tracks.
32 No. 300 North Illinois street.
33 Rear No. 402 North Pennsylvania street.
31 No. H Fort Wayne avenue.
35- No. 175 East Walnut street.
' 36 Bacon's Block, on Fort Wa ne avenue.
37 No, 137 Fort Wayne avenue.
38 Rear No. 22 Arch street.
39 No. 306 Massachusetts avenue.
40 No. Massachusetts a venae.
41 No. 2612 Massachusetts avenue.
42 No. 377 Massachusetts avenue.
43 No. 1M John street.
44 No. 473 East 8L Clair street.
45 southwest corner Walcott and Carter
4tt No. 72 Ca3t Washington street.
47 No. 575 East Michigan street.
49 No. 250 Davidson street, corner Michigan
49 No. 393 F.ast New York street.
50 No. 478 East Washington strest
51 No. 5 North East street,
52 No. 350 East Ohio street.
53 No. 116 East Ohio street
54 No. 213 Eat Market street
55 No. 193 East Market street,
56 Feather factory, corner Wabash and New
57 No. 324 East Michigan street
5 No. 179 Clinton street.
59 No. 150 Massachusetts avenue.
f0- No. 773 Mawachnsett avenue,
61 No. 33 Eaat Market street.
02 No. 36 East Ohio street.
64 No. 46 West Michigan street.
65 No. 103 Indiana avenue.
66 No. 15 Indiana avenue.
67 No. Si Indiana avenue.
6-i-No. 109 West New York atreet.
t9 No. 69 West Market street
70 No. 207 West Ohio atreet.
71 No. 175 North California street
72 No. 129 Bright street
73 No. 225 BriKht street.
74 No. 269 North California street.
75 No. 124 Columbia alley.
76 No. 4S Athon street.
77 No. 10 Elizabeth street
7 No. 556 West North street
79 Rarber-ehop, No. 310 Blake atreet
80 No. 184 Blake street
81 No. 53 Blake street.
82 No. 29S West Maryland street
83 No. 289 West Maryland street
84 No. 95 South West street
85 No. 22S South West street
firt-Xo. 5 Beluiont avenue.
97 No. !H3 West Washington street
M No. 67 West Washington street
h9 No. 170 West Maryland street.
90 No. 147 West Washington street
91 No. 63 West Georgia street
92 No. so West Houth street.
93 No. 278 South Tennessee street
94 No. 7 engine-house, on Maryland street
95 No. 206 bouth Meridian street.
06 No. 15 Madlsoo avenue.
97 No. 3 uth Alabama atreeL
1H No. 173 Virginia avenue.
yj-No. 2 liook-and-ladder-house, on South
100 Thirteenth Want Pchool-house.
101 No. 317 East Washington street
102 No. 3C9 East Oeorjria street.
103 No. 439 Kat Washington street.
101-No. 177 Meek street.
105 So. 1 Leot street.
107-No. 3 entriue-house. on Virginia avenue.
10H Rear No. 103 English avenue,
lou Southeast corner Fine and Huron streeta.
110 No. 25 Grove street in rear of No. oG
111 Rear No. 444 Virginia avenue.
112-No. 119 Fnciish avenue.
113- No. 242 Eli-1 cher avenue.
114 Rear No. 10 Ixlngum avenue.
115 Rear No. 117 Jloytaveuue.
116 On Reid street, near northwest corner
Prospect and Reid streets.
117 No. 91 bhlbr street
118 No. 241 houth Olive street
119 No. 201 lTosject street.
10 No. 31 bouth Olive street
121 Rear No. 405 Houth East street
122 Rear No. 355 Virginia avenue.
1 123 No. 415 Honth East street. .
12 4-llearof No. 531 Virginia avenue.
. 225 No. 57r South East street.
126- No. 64 Fuelby street. "
"l27-Barberhoi, No. 813 6outh East street.
ltt Rear No. 402 BouUi Uelawaxe street.
129 No. 202 East McCarty street Mrs. Ruth
130 Northwest corner of Licking and High
131 No. 470 Pouth East street.'
132 No. 487 Madison avenue,
233 No. 630 Madison avenue.
134 No. 792 South East street, southwest cor
ner East and Iowa streets.
135 No. 96 Russell avenue.
136 No. 187 Madi.-on avenue.
137 No. 471 South Meridian street
133 No. 554 fcouth Meridian street.
139 No. 727 South Meridian street
140 No. 78 West Mccarty street.
141 No. 359 South West street.
142 No. 304 Pouth West street, Timothy
J 43 No. 12-4 West Ray street.
344 No. 411 South Tennessee street
145-No. 532 South Illinois street
14C No. 3 Thouiae street.
147 No. 72 Church street.
l is Barber shop, No. COG South Meridian
149 William Ilannoning'fl residence.
150 School-houe on east side Pleasant ave
nue, in northwest quarter section 20, township
15 north, range 4 east.
151 The old Oar homestead, west of Missis
152 School-honse No. 10.
153 Bchool-house No. 14.
15 4 Northeast corner Station and Sutherland
155 John Candell's residence (on east aide of
Rural street, between Park and Bloyd streets.)
156 Corner of Brookside and Lebanon av
enues. " 157 Corner of Michigan street and Hamilton
158 School-houso No. 13. Clifford avenue.
159 Woodslde school-house.
160 Hoef gen's school-house.
161 No. 915 West Morris street
162 McCoraoack's grocery store.
163 No. 582 West Morris street
164 No. 199 River avenue,
165 No. 280 River avenue.
166 No. 106 Oliver avenue.
All the counties have now been supplied
with ballots, William S. Ross, the clerk of
Crawford county, having put in an appear
ance yesterday morning. His bundle, made
up of 6,310 tickets. Was the last to leave the
State-house. The delay in his arrival was
due to the general excitement at Leaven
worth, the county-seat, over & fire that
destroyed about half the business portion
of that town. Deputy Clerk W. A. Craven,
of Greene county, returned to Indianapolis
yesterday, to tell the Election Board that
his county was short of ballots. Fairplay
township having been left out of the count.
The books were examined, and it was found
that the auditor of Greene county had neg
lected to certify Fairplay, and the'
board, therefore, knew of no such
township. Mr. Craven was given 450 bal
lots and sent on his way rejoicing. The
Allen County Commissioners took a map
of that county and divided it into geo
graphical precincts of equal proportious,
without regard to the population. By this
short-sighted manner of carrying out the
provisions of the new law some
precincts which should receive 409
or 500 ballots were supplied with double
that number and vice versa. K. V. Stealey,
clerk of Clark county, wrote the board
yesterday that he had not enough ballots
to go around, and would start forthwith
for Indianapolis to secure a fresh supply.
He arrived last night and secured a stock
sufficient to supply all the voters of his
county. The shortage was due to a wrong
certification by the County Commissioners.
The McKinley bin"' said Major Taylor,
dealer in gentlemen's furnishings, "touches
a great many of my goods. The prices ou
many articles will advance, but that ad
vance is not on articles purchased by the
laboring classes. The people who buy
these fine goods can afford to pay the slight
advance. It will make little or no differ
ence m knit goods. We are now making
as good underwear of all qualities as is
made anywhere in the world. I notice that
one of the papers speaks of an advance in
Perrin's gloves. These are imported and
have always sold at $25 a pair until about
three years ago, when tho dealers cut the
price down to 82. The tarill" will restore
the old price, which will not be any great
hardship to any one. Perrin's gloves are
not in great demand by persons who work
in shops and factories. As I said, the buyer
of American-made goods will not be affect
ed by the tariff, aud those who buy the im
ported goods will be able to pay the ad
vance when it comes." -
Jesse W. Weik, of Greencastle, has been
with Commissioner of Pensions Kaum in.
his speech-making tour throngh the State.
Mr. Weik was in the city last night, on his
way home, Mr. Rauni's appointments hav
ing been filled at the meeting at Colnmbus
last night ''These meetings," said Mr.
Weik. "have all been largely attended,
with the utmost enthusiasm expressed by
the hearers of the General. But excellent
as were the previous meetings, that at Co
lumbus, last nlabt was the best, it being
the largest and most enthusiastic of tho
Aeries. Thisis significant from the fact that
it was at the home of Congressman Cooper,
and the only place where Mr. Kaum referred
"1 suppose the editors of the Democratio
and assistant Democratio papers of this
city never read the advertisements in their
own papers," remarked a Vest Washington-street
retailer. "If they, did they'
would find hard work to reconcile their
attacks upon the McKinley law and all
their dark and foreboding prophecies with
the cheerfulness that pervades the big
spread advertisements of clothiers, dry
goods houses, boot and shoe-dealers, carpet
houses and others. It's a pleasant thing
to go around reveling in gloom while tho
optimistic merchants are pouring money
into their coffins no their cotters. This is
making misery assume a most bright and
Mr. Billingsley, who is making a very
thorough canvass against Mr. Bynumhis
competitor for Congress, returned last
night from Madison county. Ho has been
in every part of the district and is much
encouraged at the prospect of his election.
Ilis meetings have been of the best charac
ter, the people turning ont in largo num
bers to hear him and give him assurauce of
their support Mr. Billingsley says the He
publicans will carry Madison county, and
confirms what has been heretofore said
relative to the activity ana confidence of,
the Republicans there, lie will spend this ;
week in Marion county.
"The Madicon county Republicans,"
aid a gentleman from Anderson at the
Bates House yesterday, "are going to
startle tho Democrats over there worse
than the latter have ever been startled be
fore at an election. They have already
managed to scare them badly, but the way
things look now tho scare will merge
into a panic by election day. It is a fact
that never before have the Madison county
Republicans seemed to work as hard as
they have during the past five weeks, and
tho result will manifest itself in an in
creased vote that will surprise even the
"I would like to contract now," remarked
a merchant tailor yesterday, "for all the
suits I could possibly make in the next two
years at present prices. I am confident
there is nothing to make any increase in
price that wilVbe felt by the consumer. As
to imported goods there is not one man iu
fifty who wears them or wants them. The
man who wants goods made abroad and by
foreign workmen is or ought to be able to
pay a tarill on his goods."
The county ballots will be printed to
morrow. "The election inspectors must
meet in the county clerk's office cither Sat
urday or Sunday of next week," said Gns
O'Brien yesterday. "The ollice will bo
open all day Sunday. If the inspectors do
not call, then we will have to scud their
ballots to them by special messenger,
which will make an unnecessary expense
on the county."
The Sentiuel stated yesterday that the
Rev. James A. Davis was at the meeting of
colored Republicans in Odd-fellows' Hall,
On Indiana avenue. Friday nizht, and de
clared in favor of ThomasTaggart "1 was
not at the meeting." said Mr. Davis, last
evening, "aud have never made a speech
urging the colored men to vote forTaggart.
The whole statement concerning mo is
Sheriff Kingappointed the following elec
tion sheriffs yesterday: Henry Touilinson,
to serve in the third precinct of Pike town
ship; B. J. White, third precinct of Wash
ington township; Robert P. Brown, one-hnndred-aud-iifty-iixth;
one-huudred-and-tifty-second; Edward E.
Schroer. seventeenth, and K. F. Norwood,
tenth precinct of Center.
UNENVIABLE PARTY RECORD
Democracy Arranged for Shortcomings
and Tendencies by Mr. Scanlan.
It Opposes the Workinman by Seeking to Re
dace His Waj.'es. Destroy Protection and
Check the Prosperity f the Country.
The lower floor and galleries of Ttalin-
son Hall were well filled, last night to hear
the distinguished Irish Republican speaker,
John F. Scaulan. of Chicago, discuss the
issues of tho day. In the audience were
several ladies, and all paid undivided at-'
tention throughout the evening to what
was said. It was a typical Republican
meeting, in which enthusiasm ran high and
falrdealing was given in argument. After
several patriotic selections by a local band,
William. W. Herod opened the meeting by
speaking briefly in regard to the American
system of government and the right of the
majority to rule. Before Mr. Scanlan was
introduced a glee club sang three sour.
which elicited repeated outbursts of ap
plause. As Mr. Scanlan came forward on the plat
form he was vigorously cheered. He is not
only a fluent speaker, but one who has the
happy faculty of driving his arguments
home with force. He spoke of the natural
advantages of Indiana, with its high ran IT
as a State and its brilliant prospects. "But
we meet here in a great work," he said.
"Ve meet here to discuss the interests of
God's people. The main problem of the day
seems to be. 'How can men secure bread
and boots!' This is the circumference of the
circle of man's wants food and clothing.
And this is also the secret of political
economy. Gentlemen, you were given a
vote to do vo-tail your opinion with the pur
pose of the government; to secure that pur
pose we must have political . parties. In a
recent speech at Canton, O., Governor Hill
said tho approaching campaign is an im
portant one, but that tho content is not to
be between men or parties, but between
rinciples. The question to be decided,'
te said, is whether or not the nature
of ourifederal government is to be changed.
CONTEST BETWEEN PARTIES.
"In some respects I agree .with Mr. Hill,
but in others 1 do not. The campaign is an
unusually important one, but I do not be
lieve tho contest is not to be between par
ties. It is to be a light between the Demo
cratic and Republican parties. Mr. Hill
seems to want to be relieved of the re
sponsibilities of relying upon the history of
his party but that must not be allowed.
The history of tho Democratic party must
not be forgotten. The destruction of our
industries in 1807 and 18-31 cost the nation
more than it required to put down the
rebellion, and yet the Democrats aro
asking for supremacy in the gov
ernment again. It is well ,to
investigate the condition of affairs during
those two periods. When you look down
the history of the Republican party and
measure the practical results of its work
you can get a fair idea of its merits. Under
thirty years of Repnblican management we
lind the war was a success, and we tind
greenbacks created, industries diversified,
wealth created, national obligations
wiped out, national credit established, the
soldier cared for, prosperity secured for the
people and the ballot purified. And now,
nnder a Republican administration, we aro
on the eve of a new era of reciprocity. Ap
'Andyet," the speaker continued, "tie
Democratic party has been trying to put
these good things down., And where does
it stand to-day f Its followers -protest
against honest elections, and against a bill
that was passed by the House of Repre
sentatives to secure them. They call it the
Force bill. ' My friends, it is a force bill,
but itr means that kind of force that makes
evil men do right. Applause. It was
such force that God used when he cast- the
evil from heaven. It was such force that
prompted our boys to defend their flag and
to tight for home and freedom. I do
not know of a Republican community
in the land where a Democrat has been
cheated out of his vote. If there is. a Re
publican Congress wants to protect that
Democrat. lApplause. The Democratio
party objects to the election bill because it
Is a law that will allow the majority to
rulo and will give overy man his vote. And
this is not all. They protest against the sil
ver bill aud the pension law. They object to
giving the soldier a littlo to smooth the
pathway of life. When the boys went to
the front, we of tho North promised that
their families should not sutler. They won
the fight, and even more, for they put down
the conspiracy that existed between the
Confederacy and the European powers, and
sent it skulking home across the sea. And
for all this the American people will not
see them go to the poor-houses. Prolonged
THE TARIFF AND ITS EFFECTS.
"And I am told that the Democrats object
to the McKinley law. Laughter. ' As
usual they are on the wrong side of the
fence. Mr. Bynum, a resident of your city,
says that labor is a commodity, to be
bought and sold in the market, as salt. He
recently said in a speech in Con
gress that it requires no argument
to convince the workingmen that in
communities where the labor market is over
stocked, wages will be low, and work hard!
to get. In my opinion Mr. Bynum is fast
losing his senses prolonged applause
especially when he appeals to the working
men in his district to re-elect him upon that
platform. We have never had a Domocratio
administration but what business and
wages havo oeen reduced one-half,
and thf J end every timo has been a bank
rupt treasury. The tarill question is simple
enough when yon seek to understand it
through its practical results. If yon keep
land and labor closely allied, prosperity:
reigns; separate them, and poverty is the
result. Labor regulates the value of goods.
A ton of iron that is worth 50 cents in the
mine is worth ;J35 when converted into
steel rails. Wool is worth but a few cents
a pouud while on the sheep's back, but
wheu made into broadcloth it is wonder
fully increased. And yet in neither case is
the identity of the material destroyed. The
value, I say. is determined wholly by the
amount of labor that is required. Free
trade says: 'Put the farm in one
country and the factory in another, and
then waste the price of the goods in
transportations to the consumer.' The
tarill question must be looked at from a
labor stand-point. Free trade is certainly
the sister of poverty and slavery. In the
free-trade period of 1837 the mechanic was
lucky if he could get S5 cents a day."
"Twenty-live cents, you mean," inter
rupted an old man in the front seat. T
know for 1 was there." .
"Well, I am always inclined to be easy
on an enemy," continued Mr. Scanlon, "but
I am informed by a man who worked then
that 25 cents a day was considered good
paw Thirty-rive would -be bad enough.
Why, even the President then drew
his salary in script, and yet there
was no surplus in the Treasury for
the Democrats to howl about. The
government sent commissioners to England
to borrow $10,000,000, and they couldnrt put
out the notes. The credit of the Nation
bad been straiued. I want to ask Mr. fiy
num if he wants those conditions to exist
again. Applause. Is that the platform
on which he staudsf lApplause. If he
does, then I repeat that Mr. Bynum has cer-
tainlv lost his senses."
Mr. Scanlan traced the history of the Re
publican party since 1800. and showed that
its protoctive policy has elevated labor and
increased wages. In conclusion, he de
scribed, in an able manner, the evil effects
of free trade on England and Ireland. The
meeting then closed with an enthusiastic
acknowledgement of the speech and speaker.
Boot and Shoe Men in Town.
Commercial travelers are always glad to
spend Sunday in Indianapolis. A reporte
last night found on the registers at the
leading hotels tho names of an unusually
large number of boot and shoe men.
Among others were the following: At the
New Denison: J. J. Reppart, A.'1L Tucker,
A. Brownell and W. H. Lew, Rochester, N.
V.; Mark Heed, Cincinnati; II. Joy, John
Spencer. L. C. F. Ball. W. A. Crawford. W.
E. Van Gorder and V. F. Langsley. Boston;
E. M. Colins. Buffalo. At the Bates: B. F.
Hill, Paterson; W. T. Grow and A. Smith.
Boston. At the Grand: Frank Land and
Frank Thomas, Boston.
To inspect tlie variety of Art and Fancy Goods. In the display you will find all the new ideas and
shapes in Pottery, China and Glass Ware; novelties in Bric-a-Brac, Japanese and Bamboo Ware;
novelties in Lamps, such as Piano, Stand, Vase and Hanging Lamps; Silverware of every descrip
tion; choice styles in Clocks, Mirrors, Pictures and Easels, Plush Goods, Toys, Dolls, etc., and a
thousand and one useful articles pertaining to House-furnishings.
JEWELRY DEPARTMENT Center counter, crowded daily. The prices named on this line
of goods has caused quite a sensation.
The sale of PERFUMERIES, SOAPS and TOILET ARTICLES will be an attractive
feature of to-morrow's sale. J .
See the announcement of CLOAK SALE on Society page.
GOOD SERVICES RECOGNIZED.
Second-Ward Citizens Present Patrolman Wei
rick with aGoldBadpeforlHs Efficiency.
The routine of roll-call at the police sta
tion last night was followed by an unusual
incident. When Captain Campbell had
called the last name. Superintendent
Travis asked patrolman Woirick to step to
the degk, with the remark that some Sec
ond'Ward citizen had something to say to
him. W. 0. Patterson came forward as the
patrolman reached tho desk, and in a short
speech presented him with a solid gold
pendant badge on behalf of tho citizens
of the ward. The badge, he said, was
given as a testimonial of their apprecia
tion of services rendered in the shutting up
of a saloon of particularly objectionable
character. Patrolman -Woirick had made
it poRsiblo to sncceed in that undertaking
of tho citizens, showing a persistency,
courage and skill, ns well as conscientious
regard for duty, which tho citizens desired
to recognize. They had appointed him, tho
speaker said, and Mr. Charles Shideler,
who was present, to present "the
badge and to testify thus publicly
their regard. Mr. Weirick was deeply
moved by the gift, but made a neat speech
of thanks, the incident being heartily ap
plauded by those present. The badgo bears
the nam) h. L. V irick across the pendant
bar, aud on the mispended plate, elaborate
ly worked, are the simple words, "Ethcient
Officer." The recipient is very proud ot
the beautiful momeuto. '
CANDY AND THE TEET7I.
If the Article Is Pure and the Mouth Clean
There's No Danger.
New York Herald.
That candies have an evil influence can
not be denied, yet if a syrnp be made from
pure sugar and an extracted tooth be placed
in it no destructive progress will be inau
gurated. Candies, however, are not com
posed pf sugar alone. If pure sugar were
eaten in a limited quantity by oue whose
mouth waskeotm a hygienic condition I
doubt if any injury would result. But if
the debris of other foodstufl's have found
lodgment on and between the teeth tho
sugar is just the ingredient needed to ad
vance fermentation, which is one of the
steps toward decay. If tho candy is a com
pound, instead of being all sugar, then we
must expect fermentation.
A good plan is to eat candy from one shop
only. 1 ake a piece and put it in a glass of
water. Ihe sugar will dissolve and tho
nresencoof othur matter will be disclosed.
In this way one may determine where to
buy candy. I have found, for example, that
what are known as "French or Jordan
almonds" vary very much. In a few in
stances the sugar-coating will dissolvenn
til the almond is left bare, but in the ma
i0ltyL ,.?ts coating of a substance,
which 1 think is flour paste, is found cover
ing the almond. Ihis would readily pro
duce fermentation and cause decay
It must be remembered that in mastica
tion the candy is ground into the grooves in
the crowns of the teeth, and this is exactly
where decay commences. These are the
vulnerable points. I have heard persons
say: If I eat candy my teeth ache." Such
persons should not eat candy. Their teeth
are either decayed or else there are cracks
in the enamel which allow the syrnp to en
ter and reach the sensitive dentine, causing
an irritation which is injurious. Enamel
fooSJ. 6 Cracked by eI9sWely not or cold
Jew in th ltutln Service.
t i?'r,ur correspondent of the
London Daily Graphic notices a curious
fact in regard to tho Jews iu Knssia t
present there are no less than 125 000 Jewi
fn the military force of the empire. 46 So
of whom were recruited last eprimr wbile
next year's draft will, it is ffihted
amount to not fewer than fSO.000. llussia
though she refuses almost all the privileges
of citizenship.to the unfortunate Jews er!
tary service. We presume she relies unon
thefact that they are too widely scat teVed
throughout the army to mak?hd?dlM.
there is something strange in anninlr a
J2 had uni0St ft , the athern flant
T.Ldi?0.?ro. "Stents, or the
aervice! B 8 Bulgarians in the -military
Oct. 28, we open our ART AND FANCY
DEPARTMENT on the lower floor.
HE MADE THE FIRST BANJO.
Old Joe Sweeney Invented the Instrument
and Originated Negro Minstrelsy.
Kansas Cltv Times.
Although the banjo to-day is not con
sidered a purely musical instrument by
musicians iu general, yet there is no doubt
that it has reached a higher plane in tho
last few years than was ever expected
of it. One of the best performers on
the banjo, and who could "twang" "Annie
Laurie" with a gracefulness that was
almost fascinating was Mr. J. E. Hen
ning, recently of this city, and who has
moved to Chicago. lie made a study of
his favorite instrument and for that reason
few excelled him. Another performer on
the banjo worthy of no little notice is Mr.
Dan Polk, of this city. In the ordinary jig
there is no music, but those who believe
that the banjo is entirely devoid of any
melody should hear Mr. Polk or Mr. llen
nini?, and then, perhaps, they would come
to the belief of those gentlemen that the
banjo will finally command a place in the
orchestras of the country;
Mr. George W. Inge, of Kansas City, who
recently made a tour South, sends a letter
to Mr. Henning which is interesting to all
lovers of . stringed instruments, and espe
cially so to those who lind enjoyment in the
minstrel show. The letter is as follows:
"I have just returned from my old home,
in Apomattox county, Virginia, the birth
place of 'Old Joe Sweeney,' the inventor of
tbe banjo. While there I visited a largo
number of his relatives, some of them now
living at his old home, and also visited his
grave. I gathered a few facts from old
friends of his, as well as from his sisters.
This information is reliable, coming, as it
does, from responsible parties and from his
"Ilis full name was Joel Walker Swee
ney, born about 1818, at his father's old
home, one mile norrneast of Apomattox
Court House, Va. His father was named
Johu Sweeney, and his grandfather was
named Moses Sweeney. Both his father
and grandfather died at a ripe old age, and
were buried at the old family burial-ground,
one mile northeast of the court-house.
"Old Joe was also a fine performer on the
violin. The three brothers traveled to
gether, giving concerts all over the South
ern and Eastern States. He conceived the
idea while attached to a circus (the pro
prietor was called Athons, and I believe tne
show was called Athons's show) of blacking
his face and hands and imitating the negro,
singing and dancing, and playing on his
banjo. Ho used to travel around Virginia
and adjoining States in a wagon with his
brothers, giving concerts, and had a young
man named Tom Webb, known as 'Little
Tom Webb to dance. Webb was a great
jig dancer. After becoming Kuch an ex
pert on both tbe violin and banjo, and his
two younger brothers being tine performers,
they decided to go to Philadelphia and
5sew York and give a few select concerts,
and from there to Europe, saving it was
his determination to play his banjo before
the lueen of England. It wa while onlthis
trip in New. York that he blackened his face
and hands, as also did his two brothers, and
gave a number of his 'negro concerts as
he called them. Athons may claim
the distinction of being tbe originator of
negro minstrelsy, but it is verr evident
that Joe Sweeney; with his old banjo,
first conceived the , idea, and lirst pat the
idea into use. As he invented the banjo
from the rude gourd instrument of tho
negro it was perfectly natural for him to
blacken his face and imitate them iu talk
and actions. His brothers turned back
from New York, but old Joe sailed for
England with his banjo. He related ou
his return how he arrived in London and
found a Yankee from New York, with a
few musicians, had burned on ahead of
him, and were trying to give negro con
certs in imitation of what ho had sweeney
give in New York, hoping, no doubt, to
meet with tho great financial success
which attended Sweeney's concerts. It
seems Sweeney had met this gentleman in
New York. Old Joo arrived in London and
had a few band-bills struck oil', announc
ing his concert to take place at a certain
hall at a certain time. . This New York
lriend was on hand with some hired men
to break up the meeting by hooting and
yelling.- But when old Joe came on the
stago blacked up and ran his lingers
over his banjo and said, 'How de do,
white folks he looked so much like
a negro that he brought the house down.
His Now York friend gave on in disgust,
and wanted to join Sweeney. On this trip,
juit before he left New York, all three of
the brothers had their pictures (daguerreo
types) taken ouly one each and sent back
to the family by-the two boys who re
turned from New York. I secured these
old pictures for yon The family assures
me it is the ouly picture of old Joe in ex
istence, as far as they know, and more
than likely tbe only one he ever had taken.
Old Joo was very successful on his trip to
Europe. He played on several occasions
for Queen Victoria and other members of
the royal family. On his return to his old
home he stopped at Lynchburg, Va., then a
small town, and hired a carriage with four
horses attached, and a driver, and drove to
Appomatox Court-house, twenty-live miles
distant, in great style. After 'taking In'
the neighborhood he returned to Lynch
burg to deposit his remaining surplus
$7,5X) in gold in a bank. This was related
tomoby.Capt. II. 13. Pore, a prominent
lawyer of Appomatox Court-house, who
was a close friend of , old Joe's. . He said ho
counted the money ' for him just before
Sweeney , started for Lynchburg to de
"It is very evident that Joe Sweeney is
the father of negro minstrelsy, as well as
the inventor and perfector of the banjo.
Several old and , reliable farmers in Appo
mattox related bow the negro Slaves used
to take large gourds and put on four strings
made of horse hair, using a 'crooked handle
gourd and putting in a stick for a stall, and
ow Soe, then a lad, would hang around
with the negroes at all times, learning
some of their rude songs and playing an
accompaniment on a gourd banjo, and how
housed to make rude instruments out of
old sheep-skin and leather, one of his lirst
being made ont of a common meal-sifter.
He finally made one, and getting hold of
some strings he put on a 'thumb' suing, as
he called it, and very soon learned to play
most any tune on it This banjo was de
stroyed.' ne then made anol her real banjo,
making a number of improvements on it
and placed the lift h. string. This banjo
was really his first perfect banjo, which he
used a number of years. He then made up
his mind to go to England, and went to
work to make him a line instrument.
Overcoming the Greeks. .
When Mr. Anagnos, director of tho Per
kinslnstitution, was in Athens last year he
was invited by tbe president of an Athenian
college to lecture. He tried to decline,
but the official was urgent. A Greek who
had lived twenty years: in Boston could
surely teil them a great deal about Ameri
can civilization aud education, and they
were very desirous to hear. So Mr. Anag
nos said that be would speak to them on
one condition that he might invito his
friends. "Certainly' was the reply;
"that is quite understood." So
the lecturer wrote Tlea30 ad
mit bearer" on great numbers of bis
visiting cards and ?ave them to bis friends
many of them . omen and girls. Now,
Athenian women are not permitted to enter
Athenian coileges, but herethey thronged
to hear of the civilization xf the country
which European women look upon as the
paradise for their sex. ' They were friends
of the lecturer ami had his cards of admis
sion; so they were given chairs, aud the
president of the college naturally felt
called upon to recognize their presence
them, ilis tact was enual to the extraor
dinary occasion which nad forced its ex
pression. He. must explain, and he did.
"This is the first time." he said, "that these
halls have ever been graced in this manner.
We owe the presence of ladies here to-day
to our friend from IJoston." That was
certainly a wav out of tho difficulty de
lightful in its dignity and courtesy of in
troduction. Chicago Aesthetes.
"I just love to go to papa's abbatoir and
see the men at work!" exclaimed Miss East
lake, of Chicago.
"So do I," replied Miss Steam-Kendered;
"ltTa so pig-tiiresque."
A Dad Lot. .
The court of public opinions long ago
pronounced its verdict on the Sprague fam
ily, aud it will not be led to revise its con
clusions by the heartless refusal to let
Willie Sprague's mother see the face of her
A Cruel 8por
Btroet & Fmlth'a Good Kevra.
Young Lady Don't you think fox-hunt-ing
a cruel sport! , -
Escort Yu as, it Is. It's regular torture,
bajove. I haven't been able to sit down
foil a week. - ' -
A Variety of ncaalng Entertainment lCecom-
mended to an Inquiring Header.
There aro very many , games eppropriate
for such an evening. For instance, put
some apples in atubful of water aud ak
the guests to capture them by using only
the mouth. You will find this will at!brd h
great deal of amusement, especially for the
men, who will enjoy seeing. tho tills dUIi
nro themselves by getting their bancs wet
and out of gear. The girls probably will
not enjoy this. The same tcb mav also be
used for another cheerful scheme. Let each
girl put the name of her preferred suitor on
a piece of paper, wrap the paper no in a ball
of mud and drop a number of such balls
into the tub. The piece of paper which
comes lirst to the surface is supposed to
contain the name of the person who will
first be married to the girl who has chogen
him. The courts have not decided, how
ever, whether a suit for breach of promise
will hold in case the man refuses to accept
the ultimatum of the tub. Again, you may
tie an apple to a string attached to a gas
jet in the center of the room, and nee how
many of your guests will make clowns of
themselves in attempting to bite a piecto
out of the fruit without the use of their
hands or a net An apple can also be used
for its seeds. The holder counts them and
repeats the rhymer
One I love, two I love.
Three l lov I sat.
Four I love with all my heart,
And five I cast away.
The unfortunate swain who stlectv the
unlucky five is presumably left, acd tome
body else will be privileged to take the
fair lady home, unless she, with woman's
obstinacy, violates the law of Hallowe'en.
If there is any one in tbe party you don't
like lead him or her. as the case may be, be
fore a covered mirror on the promise of
showing a monkey in the mirror. When
tho drapery is withdrawn it is sometimes
embarrassing for the alleged monkey, tut
still everybody laughs. Thepleasantcustom
of sitting around a big log lire and popping
corn also attaches to Hallowe'en, as well
as cooking tally and pulling it, with the
privilege conceded to the girls of putting
as much molasses on the buys' hair
as they can possibly get there. Another
ancient custom is to send one of
the maiden guests up to a bed-room alone
at precisely midnight when, if she gazes in
tently into the mirror and keeps her nervo
she will surely Bee her future husband. Of
course in the way of light and trilling
amusement. in case the evening should be
"lagging superfluous," it is permissible to
pull away your neighbor's movable door
step, so that hemav hive overy opportunity
to break his neck when he comes mt to
greet the milkman in the morning. Ihcn.
too, it is allowable to fasten a rote V, t'
bell-knob of tbe honso across the wav and
havo all your guests yank at it until the
court-house bell strikes an alarm of fire. If
some late pedestrian should fall over tin
rope, the disaster will only add zentand
amusement to the occasion. Hallowen js
a night of ghosts, and therefore it wouM
not be out of place to have a"gbost dance,"
when everybody appears wrapped in a
sheet. The dance should begin at midnight.
There are many other oduand ridiculous
customs which perta'n to the occasion, but
those mentioned have longest stood tho
test of time.
lie Kept No Hooks.
New York Letter.
I was talking with Mrs. Henry Ward
Reechcr a few days agoregarding the wide,
ly-copied report that some account-books
kept by Mr. Ueecher of his fanning and do
mestic expenses had been rescued from a
pile, of house rubbish and were about
to be published. "There is no truth
in the renort whatever." said Mrs. lleecher.
"Why, Mr. Beecher was the last man in the
world to keep such things as account
book. He never kept any iu hla life, for
he had not the patience for it. I kept all
tho accounts he had occasion for.' Such a
thing as an account-book was never among
his ellects, aud none, therefore, could havo
been unearthed. 1 have no idea how tb
report started, but yon can deny it in toto."
1 am sorry to spoil a very good literary par
agraph, but these are the facts.
It Cant He Dote.
It takes th dignity out of a man quicker
thau rain would ruin a bonnet, when com
pelled to converse with a woman by tele
phone. No man can stand on his tiptcta
and yell till his eva turn red and at tto
same timoprv?oervo animpoaicg presncx