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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOUL'NAL, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1890. THE DAILY JOURNAL TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 2o, 1S90. WASHINGTON OFFICK-513 Fourteenth U P. B. Heath. Correspondent. Telephone Call. Bnlsness ORce 2S3 Editorial Rooms 212 TERMS Or SUIISCKIPTION. DAILY BT MAIL. One jear. clihcnt Sunday fllOO One year, -with Sunday 14.00 Fix Months, without Sunday 6. CO Bix month. lth Sunday 7.00 Three month, without bnnday. X.00 Three month, with Sunday Z.M One month, without Sunday l.oo One mouth, with sumiay ISO DeJrrered Ly carrier in city, 26 cent per week. WEEKLY. Per year ...fL0O I ted need Kates to Clubs. Enlscrihe clth any of our numerous scents, cr end subscriptions to the JOURNAL NEWSPAPER COJIPANY, INDIANAPOLIS, IND. ' Persons sending the Journal through the mailt In the L'nltnl states should put on an eight-page paper aOKK-OisT postage stamp; on a twelve or sixteen page paper a two-c&nt potaK stamp. Yoreign irfMUge Is usually double these rates. All communications intended for publication in (hi$jajer mutt, m order to receive attention, beac lompanied by the name and address of the wriUr. THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL Can he found at the following places: PABI8 American Exchange In Paris, 38 Boulevard Ces Capucine. NEW YORK-Gllsey 21 ones and Windsor Hotel. PHILADELPHIA-A. pT Kemfcle, 373 Lancaster avenue. CHICAGO Palmer House. CINCIN.ATI-J. P. TJawIey A Co., 154 Vine street. LOUISVILLE C. T. Deerlng, northwest corner Third and J efferson streets. ST. LOUIS Union Kews Company. Union Depot and Bouthern lloteL WASHINGTON. D. C.-Blggs House and Ebbltt House. There are indications that the people are setting "onto" the tricks of the tin peddlers' campaign. The Democratic leaders always count on the i?norance and gullibility of the masse?, but they cannot take more than one trick with the same trump. Should the rumored combinations to control the Pacific roads attempt extor tion, the powers of Congress over inter state commerce are illimitable. If the red men keep up their antics it is more than probable that a number of Indians will run the risk of being made "good" after the recipe of William Te- cumseh Sherman. Now that people are coming to the ' conclusion that tho recent election does not mean perpetual Democratic rule in this country, the prices of wheat and other staples appear to be improving. The Supremo Court of the United States has for tho second time affirmed the validity of the New York law pro viding for executing tho death sentence by electricity. Now let justice have her day. Major Bakttelot Becms to be one of those characters who the better they are known the worse they appear. His brother did a bad day's work when ho insisted on forcing the Stanley contro versy. How is it that Indians, who are prac tically fed and clothed by the govern ment, and are always on tho verge of starvation when their rations are a week late, have the means with which to pur chase the best and costliest fire-arms? TiiEMemphis Avalanche-Appeal warns those Indiana farmers who are engaging in schemes to purchase goods at whole sale and sell them to members at 10 per cent advance, that a similar scheme in Texas resulted in the loss of a mint of money by the organization. WnEN Secretary Windom declares that "either there is ample money in tho treasury to carrj on the business of the country, or the Secretary of tho Treas ury is an idiot," no sensible man will spend sleepless nights for fear the gov ernment is on the ragged edge of bank ruptcy. ' There never was a time in the history of this country when tho laboring man received a larger sura of money for a day's labor than ho does at present, or when ho could buy with the money earned as much of the necessaries and comforts of life. This is a great big fact, and means something. It is tho opinion of Representative Cuniiuings, of New York, that Mr. Cleve land has no chance of getting the New York delegation in 1892, and that Sen ator Carlisle is tho most available man for the Democracy. It is now stated that Mr. Carlisle was opposed to Mr. Cleveland's free-trade message. It is ver' kind of Mr. Mills, of Texas, to relieve the public suspense by telling us just what that heterogeneous House of Representatives in the Fifty-second Congress is going to do. The most in teresting item is that the Democratic majority which the Farmers' Alliance so ably assisted in producing will have nothing to do with the sub-treasury bill. It is announced by a Washington paper that Mr. Cleveland has discov ered ho was mistaken about the danger likely to result from the coinage of sil ver under the Bland law, and is ready to proclaim himself a convert to the double standard. In 1SS Mr. Cleveland declared that a great financial disaster was imminent, and could only be averted by suspension of the purchaso and cbinogo of silver. The Stuffed Prophet evidently strives to please. A Columbia, S. C, dispatch says the Board of State Canvassers have been taking evidence and hearing argument In the contest from the Seventh congres sional district Thomas E. Miller, Rep., against William Elliott, Dem. On the face of tho returns Miller has received two-thirds of tho vote, but nearly all of his tickets are held to be illegal under a strict construction of the law. They have "for" Congress, are not of the specified length, and are slightly off color. In the eyes of a Democratic can vassing board, no doubt, all these would bo fatal defects if they appeared in Re publican ballots. A business men's Republican club has been organized in Now York city for tho purpose of doing political work "be tween times." Tho leader of the organi zation says that to convert Democrats and make New York a Republican city it is necessary to work all the time, and that a little campaign work before elec tion every year will not do it. Wo are of the opinion that it will take a consid erable length of time and a good deal of hard work to make New York a Repub lican city, but that is no reason why the righteous should not labor. The idea of working between campaigns is the cor rect one. There is a great ileal of labor wasted and money thrown away in cam paign work. Tne time to reach and im press people, and make votes is between campaigns. A MESSAGE OF DEFIANCE FE03I THE SOUTH. Senator Brown, of Georgia, recently de livered an address at Macon, in that State, which reveals a good deal of the T 1 a " t- . i rri .f! a. Douruon spine oi me ooum. ino nrsu part of the address was devoted to an analysis of the Constitution and review of tho events that 'led to the civil war. Tho conclusion reached was that tho se cession of the Southern States was justi fiable, because the North had violated the Constitution and refused to -obey the fugitive slave law. It is an inter esting revival of old times to find a Democratic Senator setting up such a claim at this late day. Perhaps, it should be 6aid, in justice to Senator Brown, that he said he referred to tho subject "not for the purpose of awaken ing any unpleasant reminiscences, but as a justification of tho conduct of our people in the secession movement." When a Northern speaker so far for gets himself as to defend the course of the government in. putting down the re bellion, ho is charged with appealing to sectional prejudices and "waving the bloody shirt," but it is an every-day oc currence with Southern statesmen to re call the past and defend the course of the South, "not for the purpose of awakening any unpleasant reminiscen ces, but as a justification of the conduct of our people in the secession movement." Senator Brown devoted considerable space to a discussion of the race question and negro suffrage. After charging that the sole object of conferring the suffrage on the negroes was to establish Repub lican supremacy, he said: They forgot, however, that, there were more white than colored men in the South, and they forgot also that the Anglo-Saxon race had always shown itself superior to the African race, and that the white peo ple of the South would, in a few years, manage to control the elections, even where the colored people had majorities against them. This has been the case, as was to be expected. The enfranchisement of the ne groes increased the representative pooala tion of the Southern States enough to en title them to the representative number of population necessary to elect from thirty eight to forty Congressmen. If the South ern States bad refused to enfranchise the negro they could not have counted them as part of their representative population. The result would have been that only the white people would have been counted in making up the representative population, and that would have deprived tne South of 6ome forty members of Congress and some forty members of the Electoral Colleges in the election of President and Vice-president, of which they had the benefit. We were opposed to giving the ballot to the negro; but as it has added largely to our representative population, and given ns about forty members of Congress, in ad dition to those we would otherwise have had, we cannot afford to give it up, and as it takes three-fourths of the States to alter the Constitution, and as the Sonth will probably always have more than one fourth, it will be many axlong day before the Constitntion will be changed so as to take the ballot out of the hands of the negro. The Democrats will see that it is not done. The South will still set the ben elit of it for what it is worth. If the Lodge bill should pass and become a law there would be as great a disappoint ment on the part of the Kepublicans over the result of it as thero was over the change of the Constitntion giving the negroes the right to vo',e. The Southern white people, without the use of force or any improper agencies, will always be able to control a majority of the voters of the Southern States, no matter who may be the managers of the elections. A1J1S 19 lilO Ai (111 Ik. cat BiaiCUlVUb Ul Southern policy we have seen from any Southern source, and, coming from a United States Senator, it .may be taken as authoritative. It should command national attention. It admits that the Southern whites do manage to control the elections, even when the colored people have majorities against them, and thr.t they propose to continne doing so. It expresses entire satisfaction with the existing state of things, by which the representation of the South in Congress and the Electoral College is in creased by about forty members, owin g to the counting of the negroes in the repre sentative population, while at the same time tlicy are not permitted to vote, or their rotes are not counted. It declares that the Democratic party in the South is so well satisfied with the working of this system that it is opposed to taking the ballot out of the hands of the negro, aud that "the South will still get the benefit of it for what it is worth." Finally, it declares that if the national election bill, which has passed the House, should pass the Senate and be come a la iv, "tho Southern white people" will still manage to control the elections and return majorities. Senator Brown is accounted rather a conservative man among Southern Democrats, but this 6pecch goes tho full length of Southern hostility to fair elections aud defiance of government control. Addressing a Georgia audience he tells them plainly that, as the suffrage amendment to the Constitution has added largely to their representative population and given them about forty additional members of Congress and votes for President and Vice-president, which they would other wise not have had, "we cannot afibrd to givo it up." Tho brutal frankness of the address cannot be mistaken. It is a defiance to the North, a message of contempt to the Republican party, and says to Congress, "What are you going to do about it?" It declares that. tho Constitution will be tolerated or trampled upon by Southern Democrats as suits their purpose, and that there is no power in the govern ment either to enforce honest elections or to change tlie basis of representation. It seems to bo high time for.the Repub lican party to ask itself "What are we going to do about it!" Shall we enforce the Constitution and laws, or back do wn? A preliminary report of the Superin tendent of Census contains a table show ing the receipts and expenditures of ten States from 18S0 to 1890, inclusive. Tho States named are Alabama, Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Nevada, New Hampshire, Oregon, South Carolina and Michigan. During the ten years from I860 to 1890 the total ordinary receipts of these States were $15o,0o2.2Ti, and tho total ordinary expenditures $152,320,005. Indiana is the only State in -the list whose expenditures exceeded her rer ceipts, the total receipts of, this State being $33,178,086 and total expenditures $30,000,130. The difference represents loans, which were the ruling feature of Democratic management. '' THE CRT AGAIHST PENSIONS. Since the election several papers, par ticularly in New York city, which were conspicuous in their efforts to deceive the country relative to the provisions and effect of the new tariff law, have turned their batteries upon the pension system. Having, as, they assume, found that a majority of tho voters in tho North aro hostile to the American the ory of the protection and fostering of American industries, and in favor of sacrificing them to the foreign com petitor and importer, they naturally conclude that a majority of the same people aro now so wanting in gratitude to the veterans who saved the Republic that they may be arrayed against the pension policy of the country, for which the Republican party is chiefly responsible. To that end they have resorted to their old weapons of general misrepresentation. In open phrase they have not assailed the veterans who are seeking pensions or who now have them, but, through pension claim agents, they assail the present pension laws and try to make it appear that Congressmen have' been bribed to support measures for more liberal pensions and that a very large percentage of the money paid as pen sions goes into the pockets of claim agents. They have had their Washing ton correspondents prepare tho most ex aggerated stories regarding pension ex penditures and the 'methods, by which claims are allowed. It is needless to say that most of these statements are utterly false. The rules for the allowance of pensions are the same to-day as they were six or eight years ago. More pensions are . granted because the evidence necessary to make claims under the rules has been completed dur ing the years that have passed since, thoy were filed. During the Cleveland ad ministration this increase of pension cer tificates began, and the fact was paraded during the last campaign as evidence of the devotion of tho Democratic Presi dent and candidate for re-election to the veterans. There has probably been greater energy infused into the bureau since General Harrison became Presi dent, and more cases have been decided favorably under the same , rules; but what was a crowning virtue in the Cleve land administration is a grave and venal offense under tho present regime. Some of the criticisms of tho same papers are rather amusing. One day a certain paper denounced the Pension Bureau for ex tending the pension list so rapidly, and the next day it berated the bureau for allowing thousands of applica tions to accumulate. Exaggerated statements have been made as to the cost of the pensions, and the people of a country which has in twenty-five years reduced a bonded debt of more than $2,(500,000,000 to about $000,000,000, and an annual interest charge of over $150,000,000 to about $25,000,000, ar$ asked to view impending bankruptcy because it is proposed to pension those' who suffered disability by reason of the war, the widows of those who died of disability, and the broken-down veterans' who are unable to earn their bread or perform manual labor. If all the stir-: vivors of the late war should be pen sioned at the .present annual average of a pension, $143,000,000 would bo re quired. Large sums are required to pay pensions now granted, because;' pay ment begins with the . date b the. filing of the claims, but when these cases are. adjudicated, :. the, annual cost will not increase very rap-', idly under the legislation of the present Congress. In spite of atl.reports to the contrary, the amount of mone. vrhich' win. do.. cauea ior aurmg tne next fiscal year for pensions will be under $135,000,000. ' The unpatriotic papers, which are chiefly responsible for this untruthful assault upon the pension sys tem are WT all-street organs and those un-American papers which tako sides with the foreign importers against home producers. Their purpose is to discredit the Republican administration in the estimation of the country because of its pension policy. The Republican Con gress and administration .havo simply kept tho pledge of the Republican national convention to the veterans, and they will not be stampeded by papers which were as hostile to tho Union cause during the war as they dared to be and escape suppression. PROTECTION NOT PROHIBITION. . ... Replying to some observations of this paper on the tariff question the Chicago Tribune says: The McKinley plank in the last Repub lican platform was not drafted nor fully understood by all the members of the com mittee that nominally subscribed to it. It was the work of McKinley and the mem bers of the comntittee from the mill-boss .States of New England, New York,. New Jersey and Pennsylvania. They alone should be held responsible for it. It was because the platform was prohibitory that it was not mado an issue in 18S8. Even those who drafted it dreaded its effect on the voters. So they said nothing about it during the campaign, but when it was over and Congress had met the' resurrected it to the grievous damage of the Republican party. With all our admiration for the ability of the Tribune wo confess to a feeling of impatience at such reckless statements. Surely it is a weak cause that requires assertions 60 out of joint with well known facts. No doubt it is true, as the Tribnno says, that the tariff plank in the last Republican platform was drafted by the committee on pfatfoim, including those members from the so called "mill-boss States," but what does it mean by saying that the tariff plank in tho platform "was not made an issuo in 18S81" The campaign of 1888 was made on the tariff issue more than on any other. If the Tribune did notmake that issue prominent it was to that ex tent not in the fight or tho victory. There waB more tariff literature circula ted by both parties than of all oth er kinds combined. Tho Republican press made more of that issuo than of any other always excepting so-called Republican papers which did not agree with their party on tho tariff question. Every Republican speaker handled it, and General Harrison, in his incomparable campaign speeches, presented the vary ing phases of protection with tremen dous effect. He was elected, largely, on that issue. The Tribune says "it was because the platform was prohibitory that it was not made an issue In 1888." The assignment of reason is as absurd as the statement of fact is erroneous. The platform was not prohibitory, and neither is the Mc Kinley bill. No tariff law ever was pro hibitory, and the present one will fall as far short of being so as any of its prede cessors. The era of modern protection dates from 1SC1, and between 18G1 and 1889 our foreign imports increased from $289,310,542 to $745,131,652. If protection prohibits importations, how does the Tribune account for this steady increase? Neither the Tribune nor any body else can tell what the effect of tho McKinley bill will be until it has had a fair trial, and that is precisely what the Repub lican parry proposes to give it. One thing, however, is certain: it will not prove prohibitory of foreign importa tions. Foreign manufacturers are be' ginning to find that out, and their allies in this country need not bo alarmed. TnE American Register quotes the Parisian organ of M. Clemenceau, the leader of the extreme wing of the Re publican party in France, which protests against the needless indignation in that country against tho McKinley tariff law, as follows: There are little differences between the McKinley bill and the new tariff as drawn up by the French government, but for all that there is a striking similarity between the American and French tarifts. So strik ing is this resemblance that we have even a clause authorizing the President to raise the duties, and prohibit, if need be. the entry of foreign merchandise shipped from countries whose governments have raised the duties, on French goods. TnE following resolution adopted by the Tammany Society , of . New York, shows the right spirit: Resolved, That we will discountenance the. importation and use in our families of every speoies of foreign manufacture or production which can or may be reasonably substituted by the fabrics or productions of the United States. ' :If that practice should prevail gener ally the country would be enormously the gainer, and the sentiment of Ameri can patriotism would be greatly strength ened. ' It is said that the decision of the pro prietors of the Chicago stockyards to move their business just over the In diana line, now that they have sold the present yards to English capitalists, may result in a division of the business, the British owners and their representatives having determined to keep up the busi ness which they supposed they had pur chased. A division of the business which would afford the stock-raiser a larger share of the profits than he gets is very desirable. The London Economist makes the ag gregate of wild-cat loans which British capitalists hold, mainly made in South America, $1,'457,000,000, which has shrnnk 'to $1,168,000,000 at the close of October. It is estimated that there will be a further shrinkage, so that the value will be but half of the original investment. General Booth's scheme for colonizing j"Parkest. JEn gland" could not prove a much more disastrous investment than the above figures indicate. TnE other night Carl Schurz repeated as a brand-new fact, "We cannot sell to others if we do not buy of them." It is the old and worn-out "swap" theory which is disproved by experience. Dur ing the last fiscal year the United States sold Great Britain $379,990,131 worth of good 8, and purchased of that nation $178,269,067 worth. And this same thing has been going on for years between the United States and England. ; BUBBLES IX TIM! AIR. . ,,v ,. Th Society Star. Went 'round to the theater last night to see the new scanaahenne." . "CansbeactP Yes; outrageously B re ad-Fruit. Professor X. Plorer Here we have a specimen of the cassava, or "bread-fruit'' of the tropics. Minnie (to Mataie) I wonder if it is anything like the pie-fruit we see advertised in the gro cery windows! 'vr Malice. Watts Of course, when I met Braggs this morning, he s.pied the last cigar I had and took it. I spoiled the flavor of it for him, though. Potts Howl Watts Told him it only cost 3 cents. In Training. Wickwire Come around and take Thanksgiv ing dinner with us. Yabsley Awfully sorry I can't, but wouldn't miss it at our boarding-house for anything. I just must get even for tho short rations we have been put on for the last week. Patriotism. ' "You've heard the story of the chief of the African village who wanted to know of the trav elers what the Queen of England thought of hlmr Oh! Was it an African chief! I remember the story, but was under the impression that it was a Chicago ma:i." Unconsidered Trifles., People who live in glass houses are safe from Uve wires. It is said that many of the choristers in the Hebrew synagogues are Christians. It would not be a bad idea to get a few of them into the church choirs. . "God made the country and man made the town" was not written In muddy weather. Itudyard Kipling's story of MThe Light That Failed" begins in Egypt. Perhaps he will tell us where was Moses. , Charity Worthy of Imitation. Charitable people who "remember the poor" on holidays and other occasions are naturally and properly inclined to make gifts of a useful and serviceable sort. They furnish food and clothing and other creat ure comforts without reflecting that the recipients may have other wants hardly less essential to their happiness. This is especially true of children. It is well to provide the useful articles, but the long ings of the little ones for a share of the pleasures enjoyed by the more highly fa vored should not be ignored. Some benev olent people in New York city have recognized this want, and aro pre paring a great number of dolls for distribution among the little girls whose parents can afford them no toys or Jnxuries. The dolls, furnished by gentle men who originated the enterprise, are sent out to ladies all through the city who havo signified a willingness to provide ward robes for them. Shortly before Christmas a fair will bo held where the dressed dolls will be placed on exhibition. Some will be for sale, the proceeds to go to the hospitals, , but the great number, after appearing in public for a brief time, will go? to make happy the hearts of tiny- maidens who have possessed no such treasures in their little lives before. It is a pretty charity, and ono worthy of imitation. : Extensive preparations have been made at New York for the reception of the Bra zilian squadron, which will probably ar rive there to-day. The visiting squadron will consist of two cruisers, and thev come with the double object of returning the call of our squadron of evolution made at Rio de Janeiro last July and of carrying to President Harrison a gold medal and the thanks of the new Brazilian republio for the promptness with which this country acknowledged the new Brazilian, govern ment after the quiet rebellion of last win ter. The arrival of the squadron will be' celebrated with considerable ceremony both in New York and Washington. C Tue Dairy Commissioner of New Jersey reports that, while he has found all the American canned goods which he has in spected free from metals and other poison ous ingredients, he has found eighty-eight samples out of 107 of foreign canned goods were adulterated, the chief adulteration being copper, which has been used to give them a green color. Yet many people will insist that the foreign is far superior. . To the Editor of the Indianapolis Journal: What is the law in this State relative to selling ammunition and cartridges to minorhl JfORTUFIELD, Ind. REAPER. T It is a misdemeanor, punishable by fine of not less than $o nor more than $50, to sell any deadly weapon or cartridges to any. person under the age of twenty-one years. ' AB0DT PEOPLE AND THINGS. ' The late Justice Miller is said to have had a taste almost amounting to a passion for mathematics. He deprecated the amount of time college students gave to the study of dead languages, and held that mathematics and scientilic studies were of. chief importance. Moncure D. Conway, the indefatigable literary explorer, has traced George Wash ington's famous 'Rnles of Civility" to a French source. One version of this code of manners Mr. Conway find sin a manual sent by the Jesuit monks Of the College la Fleche to their fellow monks at Pont-a-Mousson in 1595. TnE original "She" of Rider Haggard, a chief tainess named Majajai, whose kraal lies near the Dutch . possessions in Sonth Africa, was fined 200 pounds by the Trans vaal native commissioner for committing a breach of the peace in that her Indunas had fallen upon a neighboring tribe with more or less amount of destruction. Upon her refnsal to pay, the fine against her has been raised to 1,000 and 200 head of cattle. A party of men with two guns is now being sent against her. The late Miss Marianne North was one of the most notable of English women. About twenty years ago, being rich and independ ent, she wentfalone to India, China, Japan, Australia, California, the South Sea islands and the West Indies to study the native flora. She penetrated where few men had set foot, and in twelve years of exploration made a priceless collection of plants and drawings, which she deposited at Kew Gar dens, in a museum built at her own expense, and presented as a free gift to the nation. Miss Virginia Penny, of New York city, published a book in 1863 called "The Em ployments of Women," which was the first in the interests of tho industries of Ameri can woman ever written. It was a pioneer work requiring much time and labor, and was produced at an expense that beggared the author. In despair she sold the copy right for a trifle, and it was twice success fully published under the name of "Five Hundred Occupations for Women" and "How Women Can Make Money." Miss Penny is now old, alone, homeless and too ill to continne the struggle necessary to keep soul and body together. . . ; . Count von Moltke is an enthusiastic musician, and in former years played the violoncello remarkably well. He delights in quiet musical evenings at home, where Dr. Joachim is a frequent guest, among other famons artists. The Field Marshal lies on the sofa while his visitors play, and alternately smokes and takes enuii froma favorite old box, which he -holds in his hand with a large red silk pocket handker chief. The players grow tired before the listener, so the Count's nephew and con stant companion. Major von ,Moltke, gives a hint, and somebody plays Schumann's "Evening Song." The Marshal at once rises, says good night, and breaks up tho party. Czar Alexander III is a great hunter, a real Nimrod, who does not like the official huntings, in the course of which animals, are driven by ' foresters just under the hunters1 guns. At the recent hunting at Spala, in Russia, a deer came out from' un der the brush, near the Czar, who was about to shoot it, when suddenly General Tcheverine, commandant of the Imperial Guard, and an outspoken soldier, ex claimed: "You know. Majesty, they have just led the deer here with a string!" "Well," cried the Czar, half laughing and half angry, "do they take me for Lonis XlVf" And, lowering his gun, he let the deer quietly pass away. Rut he left on the next morning with only two or three persons of his suite, in order to enjoy the chase on hunting-grounds not managed in such an easy and official manner. BIRTHPLACE OF REPUBLICANISM. Bloomlngton, 111., Put in a Claim for the Distinction, and Cites Facts In Proof. Bloomlngton Correspondence of the Chicago News. The Republican party was baptized in this city. In 185G there was a convention here in the Major Block of the remnants of the old Whig party and a certain school of Democrats who diflered with their leaders on what was then known as the Nebraska bill. These men met to formulate the creed of what became the Republican' party. These men afterward became a part of the history of the country. Here in this quiet, shaded town, far removed from the bustle and the contamination of ward politics, the great national party was brought into existence. The most remarkable speech of the convention was made by Abraham Lincoln. Tho sec retary of that convention was Jesse W. Fell. When the work of the convention was over it had delegated to Jesse W. Ifell a commission to go all over the country and organize committees in each county. . He undertook the work and did it Wherever he went he taught the people about Abraham Lincoln. In the school-houses in the woods, on the dry-goods bores on the corners, in the court-houses where, thero were any, and about tbe humblest hearthstones of the Northwest Jesse W. Fell told the people about Abraham Lin coln. He had an autobiography of Lin coln which Lincoln had given him a quaint and curious book; by the way and this autobiography was read by Jesse W. Fell to the people in their homes. When the time came to nominate a leader for the party the history of Lincoln was familiar to the delegates who had come up in their plain clothes. Jesse W. Iell had made it familiar to them. And but for tho -missionary work of Jesse W. Fell who knows! The newspapers of Bloomington of' that day did not think much of the convention that brought forth the great party. The writer, in search of' material - concerning the deliberations of that convention, found in the files of the "leading newspaper" about a "stickful of matter" about It, and in making up the report the editor forgot to mention the name'of the president of the body. But the name of Jese W. Fell, as secretary, was there in cold type. When Mr. Lincoln went to Washington to be inaugurated President, Jesse W. Fell went with him. The only office Jesse W. Fell ever held was that of paymaster of some division for a short time. But ho never wanted office. What he did for his party was for love. He was that kind of a man; and after the stormitht days were over he was content to be here in the midst of the people whom ho loved so well, aud he continued to live here, sometimes edit ing or continuing to edit, in his way, the country paper, but most generally engaged in planting these trees which have made this place so full of rest and quietude. TIN-PLATE AND THE TARIFF Another Stockholder in the Elwood Hill . Expresses Confidence in the Future. ITonros Seilerling Predicts the Building Up of Ilany Factories Allied Indaatrici , That Will Be Stimulated. Special to the Indianapolis Journal. Kokomo, Ind., Nov. 24. The company that will operate the new tin-plate mill at Elwood is to be known as "The American Tin-plate Company." The plant has been, located there largely through the instru mentality of Monroe Seiberling. vice-president and general manager of the Diamond Plate-glass Company, of this city, who also is a heavy stockholder in the tin-plate con cern and a firm believer in the success. of the enterprise. T think said Mr. Soiberling to-day, ia conversation with a Journal representative, "that not only this plant will bo a pro digious success, but I am confident that scores of factories will spring up all over the country for tbe manufacture of tin plate, and will be in successful operation in the next two or three years. I certuinly do not regard this move as an experiment attended with danger of failure if it has proper management. It is true there is not now a tin-plate factory in the United States, and none has ever been operated successfully in the country, bnt that ar gues nothing under the present condition, of all airs. The new tariti law says to the British monopoly, 'Hands oil! Your career of tyranny and domination in the United States is over!' The McKinley bill drivel them from our shores, and gives home man ufacturers a chance. Heretofore, with every American mill that started, their tirst consignment of goods was met on tho market by a cut of 50 percent, from the wealthy monopolists of England, who maintained this reduction until their weak American rival was forced to the walL Thin done the price went up again. "I am of the opinion that the price of tin and all articles manufactured from it will be perceptibly lower in consequence of this law. England, having a practical monop oly of the tin trade, makes her own prices, and you may depend she makes them high enough. We have every facility England enjoys except cheap labor, and, with tho present wise tarili, wo can pay American wages and meet the foreign tin in any market." "Do you propose to employ Welsh work men in your Elwood factory f" No, we do not. We will have American workmen. We will have six men from south Wales as foremen for thepresent; with this exception all will be Americans. In the Welsh and English factories tho men get from CO cents to $J per day, reckoned in our money. We will pay in our Elwood factory from $2.50 to $ per day. This is a big difference, but I tirinly believe we can do this, and at the same time undersell the English product. Tin-plating naturally he longs to the iron and steel business, and the United States leads tbe world in that industry. To show you whv I believe the increased tariff will lower the price, I will mention steel rails. In 1870 rails were sell ing in this couutry at $110, and averaged during the year SlOG.75. In the same year the Republican party raised the tar ill" to $23 a ton. The eUect was magical. Facto ries sprang up all over the United States, and in a bhort time the price went down from 110 to per ton less than tho tarill'on the rails. The tariti' gave ns a foot hold, and homo competition brought dow n the price. It will bo so with tin-plate. I have good reasons to think plates can, be made as cheaply here as. in Walts. England imports nine-tenths of her tirst quality block-tin and much of her iron and steel. If England can import her tin wa can also. This couutry pays no duty on block tin and the other material is right at our doors. More than that, tin-mines are being developed in Dakota aud other places in the West and it is not improb able that it will be rained in paying quan tities before mauy month's. For the pres ent, of course, we will import our block tin. The iron and steel it is needier to say will be purchased at home. We will have a largo rolling-mill and make all our ow n sheets from steel bars and pig-iron for tin ning. , T believe tin-plating is a coming great industry for this couutry. It will be a big thing. Where we now import every dollars' worth of tin-plate from Great Britain, in five or ten years we will be making it all ourselves. Every year we import 800,000 tons of this commodity with a foreign value of $20,000,000. When this quantity of plates are made at home it will give to the employes of the factories over $2(3,000.000 annually in wages. But this would not bo the. only advantage. It will stimulate many other indnstries. It calls annually for the mining of another million tons of iron ore. Limestone quarry men must pro duce 800,000 tons more limestone. Coal and coke prodncers (where natural-gas is not used as fuel must have 2,000,000 tons more of coal and coke, 400.000 tons more of pig-iron must be smelted. Lead miners must get out 5.000,000 pounds more lead. The farmers will have a market for 13,000. 000 pounds more of tallow. Chemical-work 8 must supply 40,000,000 pounds more of euU . ? i . . . . ill . 11 r aa -ki pnurio acia. lumDcrmen win sen iz,uuu,waj additional feet of lumber, and it would create a demand for scores of other articles, all of which would give employment to hundreds of thousands of workmen. The farmer, of course, is called on to supply them with breadstutfs and provisions." Another Glass Factory at Dunkirk. Special to the Indianapolis Journal, Dunkirk, Nov. 24. Dunkirk, Ind., hag secured a twenty-pot window-glass factory, owned and backed up by Boston capital. This mafces tbe third glass factory located in Dunkirk, with other and similar institu tions In view. Dunkirk, being situa ted in the heart of the gas nelt, will probably bo heard from frequently. ON MOUNT VESUVIUS. Hoosier Tourists Take a Peep Into the Seething Crater and See Weird Things. Fpeclal to the Indiana poUs J onrnaL Crawfordsville, Ind., Nov. 22-Dr. C L. Thomas received a letter to-day from his son Sam, who is traveling in Europe ia company with Maurice Butler, a son of Hon. J. M. Butler, of Indianapolis.' The letter was written in Naples on Nor. 5, and said that they would arrive in Paris on Not 8, and expected to reach home by Christ mas. A description of their trip to Vesu vius is given, and it Is very interesting. On the top of this volcano they stood almost ankie-deop in sulphur and held handker chiefs oyer their noses to keep out tho fumes and smoke that come out of the cra ter. They peeped down into the crater, and, between pulls of smoke, could be seen what looked like a basin of boiling, bub bling, hissingmetal. At short intervals thero would be a burst of smoke, followed by a loud report, sounding like the shooting of an iumense . sky-rocket. Above the. cloud of hmoke could be seen a shower of stones. Below thesummltof Wsuviustbey stood in the level place of the old crater, "where on all sides," the writer says, "steam and sulphurous fumes issue from the fissure and cracks. Standing there." somewhat be low the crater, you hear strangely distinct voices, and see tbe 6badowy forms of ttioao standing about the ruins of the belching basin. You can see only tho outlines of the figures, the pointing arms and the bending bodies, and, as the choking fumes of sul phur blind and dim your vision, it iseems almost like a scene from the infernal regious." Every person who ascends this old volcano carries home a five-ceutimi piece, that the guide has embedded in lava before the tourist's eyes. The descent was rapidly made around sharp-turned corners, through great fields of lava that lay liki the folds of skin on a hippopotamus, or ia great masses of rough aud smooth contor tions. Two Men Killed by Dynamite. Nkw York, Nov. 24. Carlo Durot, aged twenty-four, and Joseph Dego, aged forty, were killed, and Rafello Uoaio and Carmen Purod were seriously injured by the ex plosion of a dvnamite cartridge, this after noon, at Sixty-third strvet and Tenth avenue, where they were engaged in blast ing. One of the men had placed tho cart- ridge too near the lire to heat it, and thia , caused the explosion.