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The Indianapolis journal. (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, November 25, 1890, Image 4

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P. B. Heath. Correspondent.
Telephone Call.
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All communications intended for publication in
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lompanied by the name and address of the wriUr.
Can he found at the following places:
PABI8 American Exchange In Paris, 38 Boulevard
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NEW YORK-Gllsey 21 ones and Windsor Hotel.
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CHICAGO Palmer House.
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LOUISVILLE C. T. Deerlng, northwest corner
Third and J efferson streets.
ST. LOUIS Union Kews Company. Union Depot
and Bouthern lloteL
WASHINGTON. D. C.-Blggs House and Ebbltt
There are indications that the people
are setting "onto" the tricks of the tin
peddlers' campaign.
The Democratic leaders always count
on the i?norance and gullibility of the
masse?, but they cannot take more than
one trick with the same trump.
Should the rumored combinations to
control the Pacific roads attempt extor
tion, the powers of Congress over inter
state commerce are illimitable.
If the red men keep up their antics it
is more than probable that a number of
Indians will run the risk of being made
"good" after the recipe of William Te-
cumseh Sherman.
Now that people are coming to the '
conclusion that tho recent election does
not mean perpetual Democratic rule in
this country, the prices of wheat and
other staples appear to be improving.
The Supremo Court of the United
States has for tho second time affirmed
the validity of the New York law pro
viding for executing tho death sentence
by electricity. Now let justice have her
Major Bakttelot Becms to be one of
those characters who the better they
are known the worse they appear. His
brother did a bad day's work when ho
insisted on forcing the Stanley contro
versy. How is it that Indians, who are prac
tically fed and clothed by the govern
ment, and are always on tho verge of
starvation when their rations are a week
late, have the means with which to pur
chase the best and costliest fire-arms?
TiiEMemphis Avalanche-Appeal warns
those Indiana farmers who are engaging
in schemes to purchase goods at whole
sale and sell them to members at 10 per
cent advance, that a similar scheme in
Texas resulted in the loss of a mint of
money by the organization.
WnEN Secretary Windom declares
that "either there is ample money in tho
treasury to carrj on the business of the
country, or the Secretary of tho Treas
ury is an idiot," no sensible man will
spend sleepless nights for fear the gov
ernment is on the ragged edge of bank
ruptcy. '
There never was a time in the history
of this country when tho laboring man
received a larger sura of money for a
day's labor than ho does at present, or
when ho could buy with the money
earned as much of the necessaries and
comforts of life. This is a great big
fact, and means something.
It is tho opinion of Representative
Cuniiuings, of New York, that Mr. Cleve
land has no chance of getting the New
York delegation in 1892, and that Sen
ator Carlisle is tho most available man
for the Democracy. It is now stated
that Mr. Carlisle was opposed to Mr.
Cleveland's free-trade message.
It is ver' kind of Mr. Mills, of Texas,
to relieve the public suspense by telling
us just what that heterogeneous House of
Representatives in the Fifty-second
Congress is going to do. The most in
teresting item is that the Democratic
majority which the Farmers' Alliance
so ably assisted in producing will have
nothing to do with the sub-treasury bill.
It is announced by a Washington
paper that Mr. Cleveland has discov
ered ho was mistaken about the danger
likely to result from the coinage of sil
ver under the Bland law, and is ready
to proclaim himself a convert to the
double standard. In 1SS Mr. Cleveland
declared that a great financial disaster
was imminent, and could only be
averted by suspension of the purchaso
and cbinogo of silver. The Stuffed
Prophet evidently strives to please.
A Columbia, S. C, dispatch says the
Board of State Canvassers have been
taking evidence and hearing argument
In the contest from the Seventh congres
sional district Thomas E. Miller, Rep.,
against William Elliott, Dem. On the
face of tho returns Miller has received
two-thirds of tho vote, but nearly all of
his tickets are held to be illegal under
a strict construction of the law. They
have "for" Congress, are not of the
specified length, and are slightly off
color. In the eyes of a Democratic can
vassing board, no doubt, all these would
bo fatal defects if they appeared in Re
publican ballots.
A business men's Republican club has
been organized in Now York city for tho
purpose of doing political work "be
tween times." Tho leader of the organi
zation says that to convert Democrats
and make New York a Republican city
it is necessary to work all the time, and
that a little campaign work before elec
tion every year will not do it. Wo are
of the opinion that it will take a consid
erable length of time and a good deal of
hard work to make New York a Repub
lican city, but that is no reason why the
righteous should not labor. The idea of
working between campaigns is the cor
rect one. There is a great ileal of labor
wasted and money thrown away in cam
paign work. Tne time to reach and im
press people, and make votes is between
Senator Brown, of Georgia, recently de
livered an address at Macon, in that
State, which reveals a good deal of the
T 1 a " t- . i rri .f! a.
Douruon spine oi me ooum. ino nrsu
part of the address was devoted to an
analysis of the Constitution and review
of tho events that 'led to the civil war.
Tho conclusion reached was that tho se
cession of the Southern States was justi
fiable, because the North had violated
the Constitution and refused to -obey
the fugitive slave law. It is an inter
esting revival of old times to find a
Democratic Senator setting up such a
claim at this late day. Perhaps, it
should be 6aid, in justice to Senator
Brown, that he said he referred to tho
subject "not for the purpose of awaken
ing any unpleasant reminiscences, but
as a justification of tho conduct of our
people in the secession movement."
When a Northern speaker so far for
gets himself as to defend the course of
the government in. putting down the re
bellion, ho is charged with appealing to
sectional prejudices and "waving the
bloody shirt," but it is an every-day oc
currence with Southern statesmen to re
call the past and defend the course of
the South, "not for the purpose of
awakening any unpleasant reminiscen
ces, but as a justification of the conduct
of our people in the secession movement."
Senator Brown devoted considerable
space to a discussion of the race question
and negro suffrage. After charging that
the sole object of conferring the suffrage
on the negroes was to establish Repub
lican supremacy, he said:
They forgot, however, that, there were
more white than colored men in the South,
and they forgot also that the Anglo-Saxon
race had always shown itself superior to
the African race, and that the white peo
ple of the South would, in a few years,
manage to control the elections, even where
the colored people had majorities against
them. This has been the case, as was to be
expected. The enfranchisement of the ne
groes increased the representative pooala
tion of the Southern States enough to en
title them to the representative number of
population necessary to elect from thirty
eight to forty Congressmen. If the South
ern States bad refused to enfranchise the
negro they could not have counted them as
part of their representative population.
The result would have been that only the
white people would have been counted in
making up the representative population,
and that would have deprived tne South of
6ome forty members of Congress and some
forty members of the Electoral Colleges in
the election of President and Vice-president,
of which they had the benefit.
We were opposed to giving the ballot to
the negro; but as it has added largely to
our representative population, and given
ns about forty members of Congress, in ad
dition to those we would otherwise have
had, we cannot afford to give it up, and as
it takes three-fourths of the States to alter
the Constitution, and as the Sonth will
probably always have more than one
fourth, it will be many axlong day before
the Constitntion will be changed so as to
take the ballot out of the hands of the
negro. The Democrats will see that it is
not done. The South will still set the ben
elit of it for what it is worth.
If the Lodge bill should pass and become
a law there would be as great a disappoint
ment on the part of the Kepublicans over
the result of it as thero was over the
change of the Constitntion giving the
negroes the right to vo',e. The Southern
white people, without the use of force or
any improper agencies, will always be able
to control a majority of the voters of the
Southern States, no matter who may be the
managers of the elections.
A1J1S 19 lilO Ai (111 Ik. cat BiaiCUlVUb Ul
Southern policy we have seen from any
Southern source, and, coming from a
United States Senator, it .may be taken
as authoritative. It should command
national attention. It admits that the
Southern whites do manage to control
the elections, even when the colored
people have majorities against them,
and thr.t they propose to continne doing
so. It expresses entire satisfaction with
the existing state of things, by which
the representation of the South in
Congress and the Electoral College is in
creased by about forty members, owin g to
the counting of the negroes in the repre
sentative population, while at the same
time tlicy are not permitted to vote, or
their rotes are not counted. It declares
that the Democratic party in the South
is so well satisfied with the working of
this system that it is opposed to taking
the ballot out of the hands of the negro,
aud that "the South will still get the
benefit of it for what it is worth."
Finally, it declares that if the national
election bill, which has passed the
House, should pass the Senate and be
come a la iv, "tho Southern white people"
will still manage to control the elections
and return majorities. Senator Brown
is accounted rather a conservative man
among Southern Democrats, but this
6pecch goes tho full length of Southern
hostility to fair elections aud defiance
of government control. Addressing a
Georgia audience he tells them plainly
that, as the suffrage amendment to the
Constitution has added largely to their
representative population and given
them about forty additional members of
Congress and votes for President and
Vice-president, which they would other
wise not have had, "we cannot afibrd
to givo it up."
Tho brutal frankness of the address
cannot be mistaken. It is a defiance to
the North, a message of contempt to the
Republican party, and says to Congress,
"What are you going to do about it?" It
declares that. tho Constitution will be
tolerated or trampled upon by Southern
Democrats as suits their purpose, and
that there is no power in the govern
ment either to enforce honest elections
or to change tlie basis of representation.
It seems to bo high time for.the Repub
lican party to ask itself "What are we
going to do about it!" Shall we enforce
the Constitution and laws, or back do wn?
A preliminary report of the Superin
tendent of Census contains a table show
ing the receipts and expenditures of ten
States from 18S0 to 1890, inclusive. Tho
States named are Alabama, Connecticut,
Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Nevada, New
Hampshire, Oregon, South Carolina and
Michigan. During the ten years from
I860 to 1890 the total ordinary receipts of
these States were $15o,0o2.2Ti, and tho
total ordinary expenditures $152,320,005.
Indiana is the only State in -the list
whose expenditures exceeded her rer
ceipts, the total receipts of, this State
being $33,178,086 and total expenditures
$30,000,130. The difference represents
loans, which were the ruling feature of
Democratic management. ''
Since the election several papers, par
ticularly in New York city, which were
conspicuous in their efforts to deceive
the country relative to the provisions
and effect of the new tariff law, have
turned their batteries upon the pension
system. Having, as, they assume, found
that a majority of tho voters in tho
North aro hostile to the American the
ory of the protection and fostering of
American industries, and in favor of
sacrificing them to the foreign com
petitor and importer, they naturally
conclude that a majority of the same
people aro now so wanting in gratitude
to the veterans who saved the
Republic that they may be arrayed
against the pension policy of the
country, for which the Republican
party is chiefly responsible. To that
end they have resorted to their old
weapons of general misrepresentation.
In open phrase they have not assailed
the veterans who are seeking pensions
or who now have them, but, through
pension claim agents, they assail the
present pension laws and try to make it
appear that Congressmen have' been
bribed to support measures for more
liberal pensions and that a very large
percentage of the money paid as pen
sions goes into the pockets of claim
agents. They have had their Washing
ton correspondents prepare tho most ex
aggerated stories regarding pension ex
penditures and the 'methods, by which
claims are allowed. It is needless to say
that most of these statements are utterly
false. The rules for the allowance
of pensions are the same to-day as
they were six or eight years ago.
More pensions are . granted because
the evidence necessary to make claims
under the rules has been completed dur
ing the years that have passed since, thoy
were filed. During the Cleveland ad
ministration this increase of pension cer
tificates began, and the fact was paraded
during the last campaign as evidence of
the devotion of tho Democratic Presi
dent and candidate for re-election to
the veterans. There has probably been
greater energy infused into the bureau
since General Harrison became Presi
dent, and more cases have been decided
favorably under the same , rules; but
what was a crowning virtue in the Cleve
land administration is a grave and venal
offense under tho present regime. Some
of the criticisms of tho same papers are
rather amusing. One day a certain paper
denounced the Pension Bureau for ex
tending the pension list so rapidly, and
the next day it berated the bureau
for allowing thousands of applica
tions to accumulate. Exaggerated
statements have been made as to the
cost of the pensions, and the people of a
country which has in twenty-five years
reduced a bonded debt of more than
$2,(500,000,000 to about $000,000,000, and
an annual interest charge of over
$150,000,000 to about $25,000,000, ar$
asked to view impending bankruptcy
because it is proposed to pension those'
who suffered disability by reason of the
war, the widows of those who died of
disability, and the broken-down veterans'
who are unable to earn their bread or
perform manual labor. If all the stir-:
vivors of the late war should be pen
sioned at the .present annual average
of a pension, $143,000,000 would bo re
quired. Large sums are required to pay
pensions now granted, because;' pay
ment begins with the . date b
the. filing of the claims, but when
these cases are. adjudicated, :. the,
annual cost will not increase very rap-',
idly under the legislation of the present
Congress. In spite of atl.reports to the
contrary, the amount of mone. vrhich'
win. do.. cauea ior aurmg tne next
fiscal year for pensions will be under
$135,000,000. ' The unpatriotic papers,
which are chiefly responsible for this
untruthful assault upon the pension sys
tem are WT all-street organs and those
un-American papers which tako sides
with the foreign importers against home
producers. Their purpose is to discredit
the Republican administration in the
estimation of the country because of its
pension policy. The Republican Con
gress and administration .havo simply
kept tho pledge of the Republican
national convention to the veterans, and
they will not be stampeded by papers
which were as hostile to tho Union cause
during the war as they dared to be and
escape suppression.
Replying to some observations of this
paper on the tariff question the Chicago
Tribune says:
The McKinley plank in the last Repub
lican platform was not drafted nor fully
understood by all the members of the com
mittee that nominally subscribed to it. It
was the work of McKinley and the mem
bers of the comntittee from the mill-boss
.States of New England, New York,. New
Jersey and Pennsylvania. They alone
should be held responsible for it. It was
because the platform was prohibitory that
it was not mado an issue in 18S8. Even
those who drafted it dreaded its effect on
the voters. So they said nothing about it
during the campaign, but when it was over
and Congress had met the' resurrected it
to the grievous damage of the Republican
With all our admiration for the ability
of the Tribune wo confess to a feeling of
impatience at such reckless statements.
Surely it is a weak cause that requires
assertions 60 out of joint with well
known facts. No doubt it is true, as
the Tribnno says, that the tariff plank
in the last Republican platform was
drafted by the committee on pfatfoim,
including those members from the so
called "mill-boss States," but what does
it mean by saying that the tariff plank
in tho platform "was not made an issuo
in 18S81" The campaign of 1888 was
made on the tariff issue more than on
any other. If the Tribune did notmake
that issue prominent it was to that ex
tent not in the fight or tho victory.
There waB more tariff literature circula
ted by both parties than of all oth
er kinds combined. Tho Republican
press made more of that issuo than of
any other always excepting so-called
Republican papers which did not agree
with their party on tho tariff question.
Every Republican speaker handled it, and
General Harrison, in his incomparable
campaign speeches, presented the vary
ing phases of protection with tremen
dous effect. He was elected, largely, on
that issue.
The Tribune says "it was because the
platform was prohibitory that it was not
made an issue In 1888." The assignment
of reason is as absurd as the statement
of fact is erroneous. The platform was
not prohibitory, and neither is the Mc
Kinley bill. No tariff law ever was pro
hibitory, and the present one will fall as
far short of being so as any of its prede
cessors. The era of modern protection
dates from 1SC1, and between 18G1 and
1889 our foreign imports increased from
$289,310,542 to $745,131,652. If protection
prohibits importations, how does the
Tribune account for this steady increase?
Neither the Tribune nor any body else
can tell what the effect of tho McKinley
bill will be until it has had a fair trial,
and that is precisely what the Repub
lican parry proposes to give it. One
thing, however, is certain: it will not
prove prohibitory of foreign importa
tions. Foreign manufacturers are be'
ginning to find that out, and their allies
in this country need not bo alarmed.
TnE American Register quotes the
Parisian organ of M. Clemenceau, the
leader of the extreme wing of the Re
publican party in France, which protests
against the needless indignation in that
country against tho McKinley tariff law,
as follows:
There are little differences between the
McKinley bill and the new tariff as drawn
up by the French government, but for all
that there is a striking similarity between
the American and French tarifts. So strik
ing is this resemblance that we have even
a clause authorizing the President to raise
the duties, and prohibit, if need be. the
entry of foreign merchandise shipped from
countries whose governments have raised
the duties, on French goods.
TnE following resolution adopted by
the Tammany Society , of . New York,
shows the right spirit:
Resolved, That we will discountenance
the. importation and use in our families of
every speoies of foreign manufacture or
production which can or may be reasonably
substituted by the fabrics or productions
of the United States.
' :If that practice should prevail gener
ally the country would be enormously
the gainer, and the sentiment of Ameri
can patriotism would be greatly strength
ened. '
It is said that the decision of the pro
prietors of the Chicago stockyards to
move their business just over the In
diana line, now that they have sold the
present yards to English capitalists, may
result in a division of the business, the
British owners and their representatives
having determined to keep up the busi
ness which they supposed they had pur
chased. A division of the business
which would afford the stock-raiser a
larger share of the profits than he gets is
very desirable.
The London Economist makes the ag
gregate of wild-cat loans which British
capitalists hold, mainly made in South
America, $1,'457,000,000, which has shrnnk
'to $1,168,000,000 at the close of October.
It is estimated that there will be a
further shrinkage, so that the value will
be but half of the original investment.
General Booth's scheme for colonizing
j"Parkest. JEn gland" could not prove a
much more disastrous investment than
the above figures indicate.
TnE other night Carl Schurz repeated
as a brand-new fact, "We cannot sell to
others if we do not buy of them." It is
the old and worn-out "swap" theory
which is disproved by experience. Dur
ing the last fiscal year the United States
sold Great Britain $379,990,131 worth of
good 8, and purchased of that nation
$178,269,067 worth. And this same thing
has been going on for years between the
United States and England.
,,v ,. Th Society Star.
Went 'round to the theater last night to see
the new scanaahenne." .
Yes; outrageously
B re ad-Fruit.
Professor X. Plorer Here we have a specimen
of the cassava, or "bread-fruit'' of the tropics.
Minnie (to Mataie) I wonder if it is anything
like the pie-fruit we see advertised in the gro
cery windows! 'vr
Watts Of course, when I met Braggs this
morning, he s.pied the last cigar I had and took
it. I spoiled the flavor of it for him, though.
Potts Howl
Watts Told him it only cost 3 cents.
In Training.
Wickwire Come around and take Thanksgiv
ing dinner with us.
Yabsley Awfully sorry I can't, but wouldn't
miss it at our boarding-house for anything. I
just must get even for tho short rations we have
been put on for the last week.
Patriotism. '
"You've heard the story of the chief of the
African village who wanted to know of the trav
elers what the Queen of England thought of
Oh! Was it an African chief! I remember
the story, but was under the impression that it
was a Chicago ma:i."
Unconsidered Trifles.,
People who live in glass houses are safe from
Uve wires.
It is said that many of the choristers in the
Hebrew synagogues are Christians. It would
not be a bad idea to get a few of them into the
church choirs. .
"God made the country and man made the
town" was not written In muddy weather.
Itudyard Kipling's story of MThe Light That
Failed" begins in Egypt. Perhaps he will tell
us where was Moses. ,
Charity Worthy of Imitation.
Charitable people who "remember the
poor" on holidays and other occasions are
naturally and properly inclined to make
gifts of a useful and serviceable sort. They
furnish food and clothing and other creat
ure comforts without reflecting that the
recipients may have other wants hardly
less essential to their happiness. This is
especially true of children. It is well to
provide the useful articles, but the long
ings of the little ones for a share of the
pleasures enjoyed by the more highly fa
vored should not be ignored. Some benev
olent people in New York city have
recognized this want, and aro pre
paring a great number of dolls
for distribution among the little girls
whose parents can afford them no toys or
Jnxuries. The dolls, furnished by gentle
men who originated the enterprise, are sent
out to ladies all through the city who havo
signified a willingness to provide ward
robes for them. Shortly before Christmas
a fair will bo held where the dressed dolls
will be placed on exhibition. Some will be
for sale, the proceeds to go to the hospitals, ,
but the great number, after appearing in
public for a brief time, will go? to make
happy the hearts of tiny- maidens who
have possessed no such treasures in their
little lives before. It is a pretty charity,
and ono worthy of imitation. :
Extensive preparations have been made
at New York for the reception of the Bra
zilian squadron, which will probably ar
rive there to-day. The visiting squadron
will consist of two cruisers, and thev come
with the double object of returning the call
of our squadron of evolution made at Rio
de Janeiro last July and of carrying to
President Harrison a gold medal and the
thanks of the new Brazilian republio for
the promptness with which this country
acknowledged the new Brazilian, govern
ment after the quiet rebellion of last win
ter. The arrival of the squadron will be'
celebrated with considerable ceremony
both in New York and Washington.
Tue Dairy Commissioner of New Jersey
reports that, while he has found all the
American canned goods which he has in
spected free from metals and other poison
ous ingredients, he has found eighty-eight
samples out of 107 of foreign canned goods
were adulterated, the chief adulteration
being copper, which has been used to give
them a green color. Yet many people will
insist that the foreign is far superior. .
To the Editor of the Indianapolis Journal:
What is the law in this State relative to selling
ammunition and cartridges to minorhl
It is a misdemeanor, punishable by fine
of not less than $o nor more than $50, to sell
any deadly weapon or cartridges to any.
person under the age of twenty-one years.
' The late Justice Miller is said to have
had a taste almost amounting to a passion
for mathematics. He deprecated the
amount of time college students gave to
the study of dead languages, and held that
mathematics and scientilic studies were of.
chief importance.
Moncure D. Conway, the indefatigable
literary explorer, has traced George Wash
ington's famous 'Rnles of Civility" to a
French source. One version of this code of
manners Mr. Conway find sin a manual sent
by the Jesuit monks Of the College la
Fleche to their fellow monks at Pont-a-Mousson
in 1595.
TnE original "She" of Rider Haggard,
a chief tainess named Majajai, whose kraal
lies near the Dutch . possessions in Sonth
Africa, was fined 200 pounds by the Trans
vaal native commissioner for committing
a breach of the peace in that her Indunas
had fallen upon a neighboring tribe with
more or less amount of destruction. Upon
her refnsal to pay, the fine against her has
been raised to 1,000 and 200 head of cattle.
A party of men with two guns is now being
sent against her.
The late Miss Marianne North was one of
the most notable of English women. About
twenty years ago, being rich and independ
ent, she wentfalone to India, China, Japan,
Australia, California, the South Sea islands
and the West Indies to study the native
flora. She penetrated where few men had
set foot, and in twelve years of exploration
made a priceless collection of plants and
drawings, which she deposited at Kew Gar
dens, in a museum built at her own expense,
and presented as a free gift to the nation.
Miss Virginia Penny, of New York city,
published a book in 1863 called "The Em
ployments of Women," which was the first
in the interests of tho industries of Ameri
can woman ever written. It was a pioneer
work requiring much time and labor, and
was produced at an expense that beggared
the author. In despair she sold the copy
right for a trifle, and it was twice success
fully published under the name of "Five
Hundred Occupations for Women" and
"How Women Can Make Money." Miss
Penny is now old, alone, homeless and too
ill to continne the struggle necessary to
keep soul and body together. . . ; .
Count von Moltke is an enthusiastic
musician, and in former years played the
violoncello remarkably well. He delights
in quiet musical evenings at home, where
Dr. Joachim is a frequent guest, among
other famons artists. The Field Marshal
lies on the sofa while his visitors play, and
alternately smokes and takes enuii froma
favorite old box, which he -holds in his
hand with a large red silk pocket handker
chief. The players grow tired before the
listener, so the Count's nephew and con
stant companion. Major von ,Moltke, gives
a hint, and somebody plays Schumann's
"Evening Song." The Marshal at once
rises, says good night, and breaks up tho
Czar Alexander III is a great hunter, a
real Nimrod, who does not like the official
huntings, in the course of which animals,
are driven by ' foresters just under the
hunters1 guns. At the recent hunting at
Spala, in Russia, a deer came out from' un
der the brush, near the Czar, who was
about to shoot it, when suddenly General
Tcheverine, commandant of the Imperial
Guard, and an outspoken soldier, ex
claimed: "You know. Majesty, they have
just led the deer here with a string!"
"Well," cried the Czar, half laughing and
half angry, "do they take me for Lonis
XlVf" And, lowering his gun, he let the
deer quietly pass away. Rut he left on
the next morning with only two or three
persons of his suite, in order to enjoy the
chase on hunting-grounds not managed in
such an easy and official manner.
Bloomlngton, 111., Put in a Claim for the
Distinction, and Cites Facts In Proof.
Bloomlngton Correspondence of the Chicago News.
The Republican party was baptized in
this city. In 185G there was a convention
here in the Major Block of the remnants of
the old Whig party and a certain school of
Democrats who diflered with their leaders
on what was then known as the Nebraska
bill. These men met to formulate the
creed of what became the Republican'
party. These men afterward became a
part of the history of the country. Here
in this quiet, shaded town, far removed
from the bustle and the contamination
of ward politics, the great national
party was brought into existence. The
most remarkable speech of the convention
was made by Abraham Lincoln. Tho sec
retary of that convention was Jesse W.
Fell. When the work of the convention
was over it had delegated to Jesse W. Ifell
a commission to go all over the country and
organize committees in each county. . He
undertook the work and did it Wherever
he went he taught the people about
Abraham Lincoln. In the school-houses
in the woods, on the dry-goods bores on
the corners, in the court-houses where,
thero were any, and about tbe humblest
hearthstones of the Northwest Jesse W.
Fell told the people about Abraham Lin
coln. He had an autobiography of Lin
coln which Lincoln had given him a
quaint and curious book; by the way and
this autobiography was read by Jesse W.
Fell to the people in their homes. When
the time came to nominate a leader for the
party the history of Lincoln was familiar
to the delegates who had come up in their
plain clothes. Jesse W. Iell had made it
familiar to them. And but for tho -missionary
work of Jesse W. Fell who knows!
The newspapers of Bloomington of' that
day did not think much of the convention
that brought forth the great party. The
writer, in search of' material - concerning
the deliberations of that convention, found
in the files of the "leading newspaper"
about a "stickful of matter" about It, and
in making up the report the editor forgot
to mention the name'of the president of the
body. But the name of Jese W. Fell, as
secretary, was there in cold type.
When Mr. Lincoln went to Washington
to be inaugurated President, Jesse W. Fell
went with him. The only office Jesse W.
Fell ever held was that of paymaster of
some division for a short time. But ho
never wanted office. What he did for his
party was for love. He was that kind of a
man; and after the stormitht days were
over he was content to be here in the midst
of the people whom ho loved so well, aud
he continued to live here, sometimes edit
ing or continuing to edit, in his way, the
country paper, but most generally engaged
in planting these trees which have made
this place so full of rest and quietude.
Another Stockholder in the Elwood Hill
. Expresses Confidence in the Future.
ITonros Seilerling Predicts the Building Up
of Ilany Factories Allied Indaatrici
, That Will Be Stimulated.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
Kokomo, Ind., Nov. 24. The company
that will operate the new tin-plate mill at
Elwood is to be known as "The American
Tin-plate Company." The plant has been,
located there largely through the instru
mentality of Monroe Seiberling. vice-president
and general manager of the Diamond
Plate-glass Company, of this city, who also
is a heavy stockholder in the tin-plate con
cern and a firm believer in the success. of
the enterprise.
T think said Mr. Soiberling to-day, ia
conversation with a Journal representative,
"that not only this plant will bo a pro
digious success, but I am confident that
scores of factories will spring up all over the
country for tbe manufacture of tin
plate, and will be in successful operation
in the next two or three years. I certuinly
do not regard this move as an experiment
attended with danger of failure if it has
proper management. It is true there is not
now a tin-plate factory in the United
States, and none has ever been operated
successfully in the country, bnt that ar
gues nothing under the present condition,
of all airs. The new tariti law says to the
British monopoly, 'Hands oil! Your career
of tyranny and domination in the United
States is over!' The McKinley bill drivel
them from our shores, and gives home man
ufacturers a chance. Heretofore, with
every American mill that started, their
tirst consignment of goods was met on tho
market by a cut of 50 percent, from the
wealthy monopolists of England, who
maintained this reduction until their weak
American rival was forced to the walL
Thin done the price went up again.
"I am of the opinion that the price of tin
and all articles manufactured from it will
be perceptibly lower in consequence of this
law. England, having a practical monop
oly of the tin trade, makes her own prices,
and you may depend she makes them high
enough. We have every facility England
enjoys except cheap labor, and, with tho
present wise tarili, wo can pay American
wages and meet the foreign tin in any
"Do you propose to employ Welsh work
men in your Elwood factory f"
No, we do not. We will have American
workmen. We will have six men from
south Wales as foremen for thepresent; with
this exception all will be Americans. In
the Welsh and English factories tho men
get from CO cents to $J per day, reckoned in
our money. We will pay in our Elwood
factory from $2.50 to $ per day. This is a
big difference, but I tirinly believe we can
do this, and at the same time undersell the
English product. Tin-plating naturally he
longs to the iron and steel business, and
the United States leads tbe world in that
industry. To show you whv I believe the
increased tariff will lower the price, I will
mention steel rails. In 1870 rails were sell
ing in this couutry at $110, and averaged
during the year SlOG.75. In the same year
the Republican party raised the tar ill" to
$23 a ton. The eUect was magical. Facto
ries sprang up all over the United States,
and in a bhort time the price went down
from 110 to per ton less than tho
tarill'on the rails. The tariti' gave ns a foot
hold, and homo competition brought dow n
the price. It will bo so with tin-plate. I
have good reasons to think plates can,
be made as cheaply here as. in Walts.
England imports nine-tenths of her tirst
quality block-tin and much of her iron and
steel. If England can import her tin wa
can also. This couutry pays no duty on
block tin and the other material is right at
our doors. More than that, tin-mines are
being developed in Dakota aud other
places in the West and it is not improb
able that it will be rained in paying quan
tities before mauy month's. For the pres
ent, of course, we will import our block
tin. The iron and steel it is needier to say
will be purchased at home. We will have
a largo rolling-mill and make all our ow n
sheets from steel bars and pig-iron for tin
ning. ,
T believe tin-plating is a coming great
industry for this couutry. It will be a big
thing. Where we now import every dollars'
worth of tin-plate from Great Britain, in
five or ten years we will be making it all
ourselves. Every year we import 800,000
tons of this commodity with a foreign value
of $20,000,000. When this quantity of
plates are made at home it will give to the
employes of the factories over $2(3,000.000
annually in wages. But this would not bo
the. only advantage. It will stimulate
many other indnstries. It calls annually
for the mining of another million tons of
iron ore. Limestone quarry men must pro
duce 800,000 tons more limestone. Coal
and coke prodncers (where natural-gas is
not used as fuel must have 2,000,000 tons
more of coal and coke, 400.000 tons more of
pig-iron must be smelted. Lead miners
must get out 5.000,000 pounds more lead.
The farmers will have a market for 13,000.
000 pounds more of tallow. Chemical-work 8
must supply 40,000,000 pounds more of euU
. ? i . . . . ill . 11 r aa -ki
pnurio acia. lumDcrmen win sen iz,uuu,waj
additional feet of lumber, and it would
create a demand for scores of other articles,
all of which would give employment to
hundreds of thousands of workmen. The
farmer, of course, is called on to supply
them with breadstutfs and provisions."
Another Glass Factory at Dunkirk.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal,
Dunkirk, Nov. 24. Dunkirk, Ind., hag
secured a twenty-pot window-glass factory,
owned and backed up by Boston capital.
This mafces tbe third glass factory located
in Dunkirk, with other and similar institu
tions In view. Dunkirk, being situa ted in
the heart of the gas nelt, will probably bo
heard from frequently.
Hoosier Tourists Take a Peep Into the Seething
Crater and See Weird Things.
Fpeclal to the Indiana poUs J onrnaL
Crawfordsville, Ind., Nov. 22-Dr. C
L. Thomas received a letter to-day from
his son Sam, who is traveling in Europe ia
company with Maurice Butler, a son of
Hon. J. M. Butler, of Indianapolis.' The
letter was written in Naples on Nor. 5, and
said that they would arrive in Paris on Not
8, and expected to reach home by Christ
mas. A description of their trip to Vesu
vius is given, and it Is very interesting. On
the top of this volcano they stood almost
ankie-deop in sulphur and held handker
chiefs oyer their noses to keep out tho
fumes and smoke that come out of the cra
ter. They peeped down into the crater,
and, between pulls of smoke, could be seen
what looked like a basin of boiling, bub
bling, hissingmetal. At short intervals thero
would be a burst of smoke, followed by a
loud report, sounding like the shooting of
an iumense . sky-rocket. Above the. cloud
of hmoke could be seen a shower of stones.
Below thesummltof Wsuviustbey stood in
the level place of the old crater, "where on
all sides," the writer says, "steam and
sulphurous fumes issue from the fissure
and cracks. Standing there." somewhat be
low the crater, you hear strangely distinct
voices, and see tbe 6badowy forms of ttioao
standing about the ruins of the belching
basin. You can see only tho outlines of the
figures, the pointing arms and the bending
bodies, and, as the choking fumes of sul
phur blind and dim your vision, it iseems
almost like a scene from the infernal
regious." Every person who ascends this
old volcano carries home a five-ceutimi
piece, that the guide has embedded in lava
before the tourist's eyes. The descent was
rapidly made around sharp-turned corners,
through great fields of lava that lay liki
the folds of skin on a hippopotamus, or ia
great masses of rough aud smooth contor
tions. Two Men Killed by Dynamite.
Nkw York, Nov. 24. Carlo Durot, aged
twenty-four, and Joseph Dego, aged forty,
were killed, and Rafello Uoaio and Carmen
Purod were seriously injured by the ex
plosion of a dvnamite cartridge, this after
noon, at Sixty-third strvet and Tenth
avenue, where they were engaged in blast
ing. One of the men had placed tho cart-
ridge too near the lire to heat it, and thia
, caused the explosion.

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