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The Indianapolis journal. (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, December 17, 1893, The Sunday Journal, PART TWO, Image 12

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SfJSPAY. DECK.MKEU 17. 1803.
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General Master Workman Sovereign wants
less hours of labor; several thousand men
In this city would be glad to have more.
Two Chicago judges have refused to
naturalize foreigners who applied because,
after living in this country five years, they
could not speak the official language of the
United States. Refusal on that ground 13
Now that a man has confessed that ho
voted a Democratic ticket in Albany, X.
Y., upon another man's name, for a dollar.
It may be assumed that repeaters take lit
tle risk, and, consequently, that frauds are
"Hands off of public school money" 13
to general a cry that It is not worth while
to waste time and talent which can be used
for anything else in organization to pro
tect them. The cry of possible danger
rouses the mass of people.
Th more one thinks of it the lcs3 reason
there appears to be for shutting the peo
ple out of the part of the national Capitol
occupied by the Senate through fear of mur
derous cranks. Such precaution publicly an
nounced will draw them thither.
When a considerable premium is offered
for a four-per-cent. Indianapolis bond it is
useless to assert that the volume of money
In the country is inadequate. The trouble is
with the circulation. There is nothing to
call it into the channels of business.
European statesmen are doubtful if inter
national action to punish Anarchists can be
made practical, because, with present ex
tradition treaties, those guilty of technical
political crimes cannot be extradited.
Bomb-throwing Is not a political offense,
but a crime which should make the offender,
an outlaw.
The Journal is in receipt of some original
verses entitled "An Empty Sock." The
Thymes are not up to the standard which
this paper endeavors to maintain In its
poetical department, but the sentiment of
the refrain, which declares that on Christ
mas morning "You'll not find a present in
your sock," Is too grimly true to be funny
these hungry Democratic days.
It Is said to the credit of the delegates
to the convention of the Federation of Labor
that many of them are opposed to the resolu
tions approving the rardon of the Anarch
ists by Governor Altgeld. As the matter
was entirely foreign to the purpose of the
organization, the resolution will be regarded
as a declaration in favor of sustaining vio
lent opposition to the enforcement of law.
Mr. Youmans, of Michigan, is contesting
a. seat in the House upon the ground that
he was defeated by the lies of his op
ponents. He was charged with' being a
Catholic, which led many to vote against
him. If Mr. Youmans Induces the Ilouse
to take his view of the matter, and a man
can bo unseated because he has been lied
about in the canvass, few Democrats will
Bit in Congress hereafter.
Tho Journal has received a pamphlet
which contains the partial text of the de
cision of the New York Court of Appeals In
setting aside, the decision of Mr. Horn
blower, the President's nominee or the
Supreme Court, which that tribunal stig
matized as "illegal and unjust." Such
characterization of the opinion of a. lawyer
by the highest legal tribunal in a State
will not be without Influence with the Sen-
A year In the penitentiary 13 very Inade
quate punishment for a man who, when in
trusted by tho people with tens of thou
sands of dollars, steals them or permits
others to do so. Such, an offense is the
gravest in the line of thefts, and should re
ceive greater Instead of less punishment
than the offender who steals a few dollars
worth of goods, or even a horse. Breach
f trust of itself should be heavily pun
ished. When President Gompers declared that
the men who are responsible for the present
condition of the people must accept the so
lution which organized labor presents or
be confronted by Anarchists, he made a
most ill-advised speech. Moreover, the An
archist who threw the bomb In Paris, of
whom he was talking, was neither starving
nor houseless. Mr. Gompers's threat was
that of tho man who places a pistol at the
bead of his victim and says: "Your money
or your life."
In an article entitled "Tobacco and Cloth
ing Workars." In the Social Economist, by
George Gunton, It la shown that while ma
chinery does not play so important a part
In these as In most other industries, the
standard of living of both the cigar maker
and tho tailor ha had a downward ten
dency for years, and the prospect of bet
terment Is not one of 'the Immediate future.
Mr. Gunton Is a man who has spent years
In factories and mills, but now Is one of
the most practical writers on economic
topics In the country. He has always said
that labor-saving machinery has not tend
ed to- reduce wages. What he says about
the cigar maker and tailor, while he does
not cite it to prove his conclusions rela
tive to labor-saving machinery, supports his
statement' that such machinery tends to
sustain rather than reduce wages.
During the present week the descendants
of New England lrf'the larger cities of the
country will celebrate "Forefathers day"
with banquet and speech. The country pro
duces no more eloquent orators than those
who annually turn aside to extol early New
England, and properly, because the coun
try owes much to the character and Insti
tutions of early New England. The day
they celebrate is the anniversary of the
landing of the pilgrim fathers at Plymouth;
but the dominant spirit of early New Eng
land was that of the Puritans. Doubtless
the former were really the wiser and bet
ter men, but the wiser and better are never
so numerous as those who are not so good,
consequently, the Puritans dominated the
Massachusetts colonies, which, more than
the oth-r colonies, gave them their peculiar
character. In many respects they were the
best men of their times. Their religion was
a reality, and it made them strong and
even severe characters. As much as men
ever did, they lived for their religion. True,
they came to Massachusetts to enjoy re
ligious freedom as they saw it; and, as
they saw it, any religion but theirs was
soul-destroying and must be suppressed.
Frequently the orator, on these commem
orative occasions, in eloquent flights of the
Imagination, claims that the Puritans came
here to establish civil and religious free
dom. It 13 a beautiful claim, but it lacks
the element of evidence to support it. Pur
itanism for nearly a century was a theoc-
racy, and for many years its xlergy was
as intolerant a hierarchy as ever perse
cuted heretic. It resorted to imprisonment,
banishment and death to repress and pun
ish heresy to quite as late a period as other
ecclesiastics. In 1660, when Charles II was
restored to the British throne, on complaint
of the Quakers he directed Governor Endl
cott to cease persecuting that sect, which
was done. Thereafter no man was banished,
Imprisoned or whipped for any sort of
At the present time people In the newer
country speak of New England blue laws
as if any such existed now. The Puritan
element still exists in New England, but
years ago the descendants of the early Pur
itans were the leaders in promulgating re
ligious opinions as radically liberal as those
of their fathers were positive and severe.
Probably because the forces of action and
reaction are equal in the world of mind
as well as in the realm of matter, the New
England which Was the home of the strict
Calvlnlstic Edwards theology has become
the center of the liberal religious thought
of to-day. The strictest sect of New Eng
land Congregationalism at the present time
Is more liberal than Presbyterlanism in the
West. Andover, which Is, perhaps, the most
influential theological seminary In New
England, has a president and a faculty
teaching dogmas for which they would have
been expelled fifty years ago, and banished,
if not hanged, in the days of Mather. There
fore, It is in no sense true that New Eng
land stands as the representative of the
strictest Calvinism at the present time, but
Is the center of what Is called the most lib
eral and progressive religious thought of
the age. The causes which have led to this
radical change would be a more Interesting
theme for discussion than the wearisome
reiteration of the fiction that the sole pur
pose of either pilgrim or Puritan In coming
to New England was to establish popular
government and civil liberty.
The press dispatches gave some account
of the visit of a party of distinguished
Democratic statesmen to Augusta, Ga.,
a few days ago. The party consisted of
Vice President Stevenson, Secretary Her
bert, Secretary Hoke Smith, and two or
three Democratic Congressmen. There was
a rubllc reception and speech-making galore,
but one Incident was omitted in the dis
patches. This was the visit of the party
to "champion" Corbett's exhibition. The
exhibition was given In the Exposition
grounds and consisted of a bout between
the "champion" and his trainer "Professor"
Donaldson, In a sixteen-foot ring and In ring
rostume. Th3 Augusta Chronicle says the
visiting statesmen "were given the seats
of honor on the platform and they ap
peared to b3 by no means the least inter
ested of the spectators." The contest con
sisted of three rounds and was not "to a
finish." Tho Chronicle reporter says:
Corbett. who looked positively slender
alongside his burly foe, got away from him
like a cat, dodged every blow aimed at him,
and struck Donaldson wherever and as
often as he pleased." At the conclusion of
the exhibition the champion was brought
up and introduced to the statesmen. "All
shook ' hands cordially," says the report,
'and each said he was glad to see him."
Secretary Hoke Smith asked Corbett when
he would fight Mitchell, how much he
weighed, and how much he had trained
down for the fight. The champion kindly
informed the Secretary that his fighting
weight was 190 pounds, and that he was In
good condition. The Secretary said, "I hope
you'll win," and the champion replied that
he would do his best. "Then," says the re
port, "Corbett shook hands again with
Vice President Stevenson, who again as
sured him he was glad to see him." The
Vice President does not se?m to have been
quite as well Informed in regard to sporting
matters as Fecrttary Hoke Smith, for he
made no inquiries concerning the cham
pion's fighting weight or the effect of his
training. But he held up his end at the
The Chronicle comments on the incident
at some length editorially. "It was a unique
sight," it says, "possible only, perhaps. In
Democratic America, and yet every man In
the va3t audience that filled the grand stand
and the grounds In front, felt prouder of
hit country and of the common sense of IU
rulers when he saw these men, high in au
thority, grasp Corbett's gloved hand and
smile approvingly on this perfect product
of the 'manly art of self-defense. " It con
gratulates the country on. having a Vice.
President who is a big enough man to be
above conventionalities and who "knows
that a man cannot more surely endear him
self to his people than by being one of them,
and In all proper ways joining In their pleas
ures, sharing their hospitality and giving
evidence of solicitude for their welfare and
happiness." It congratulates the visiting
statesmen on having seen a "fistic encoun
ter" under such favorable conditions, and
when. In fact, they were "so clcse as to
see the play of every muscle, the delivery of
every blow, and the taunting smile of
Champion Corbett as his antagonist's blows
passed harmlessly by his head, and his own
fell thick and fast wherever he pleased to
locate them." Some administration artist
ought to make the incident the subject of
an historic painting.
Readers of rovels go to fiction for enter
tainment, and when they fail to be enter
tained they grumble at the quality of the
literary wares served up to them. Many
complaints of thi3 sort are heard in regard
to the novel of the period. For some reason
most of the stories produced by contem
porary writers fail to. satisfy the Action
reading public, which has become exacting
through familiarity with works of ac
knowledged masters of the romance-weaving
art, and will not be content with com
monplaca efforts. They are not always able
to formulate their objections, and would
probably hesitate to declare a preference
for one variety of tale over another for a
story of adventure as opposed to a sub
jective or psychological study, forinstance.
But, whether they recognize the drift of
their taste or not, it Is comment enough on
current discussions over the respective
merits of different classes of novels to
note that they invariably turn with relief
to the works of a past generation of writ
ers Scott, Dickens, Thackeray. George
Eliot, Wllkle Collins and a host of minor
lights. They are novels of Incident, all of
them, of adventure, of tragedy, of passion.
Over them Is thrown the glamour of, Im
agination and Interwoven In the narratives
are threads of humor and philosophy and
pathos all the elements that enter into the
modern realistic novel, yet with results
far different from the bold commonplace
of the latter. But when the criticism 13
made that the novelist of to-day is too
introspective or treats of dally life without
the imaginative power to redeem its dull
ness, the answer ccmes from the authors
themselves that modern life, accurately
pictured, cannot show adventure and inci
dent, but must be a representation of the
commonplace so far as outward events are
concerned. Existence to-day is tame, they
say; there are no wars wherein
men can distinguish themselves; there
are no lances to break for ' king,
or for ladies fair; all Is sordid or of petty
significance. They must give what they
see. And yet in the face of this argu
ment people who do not write novels be
lleve they discern In the dally events of
this commercial age all the elements of
thrilling romance. Take, for example, the
occurrences of a week as chronicled in
the Journal. There is the case of Dr.
Meyer, in which the unfolding of villainy
and crime shows a daring beyond any
thing ventured by the fancy of Gaboriau,
and which would offer a wonderful field
for the skill of a "Sherlock Holmes."
There is the'amazing career of Rev. George
Frederick Burgoyne Howard, who for
years lived a double life that of a pious
shepherd and a beguiling confidence man
with great financial profit The materials
of a society romance of high degree may
easily be evolved from the marriage of
the American beauty, Adele Grant, to the
Earl of Essex after an earlier engagement
to Earl Cairns, whom she subsequently
threw over because, even though a lord,
he was too Intellectually feeble to be en
dured. Nearer home is the Wagner case,
whore a web of circumstantial evidence
has been woven that may convict a girl
of one of the most tembfe crimes on
local records. There Is the story reported
from Crawfordsvllle of a woman who per
secuted her divorced husband for years by
burning his houses and barns, poisoning
his stock, killing his poultry and wreaking
her malignant hatred in other secret but
Ingenious ways. These are not all the
suggestive happenings, but they are enough
to show that it is not necessary to go to
tne last century for Incident nor to resort
to character study exclusively. Real life
of whatever period has in it action and
adventure beyond the power of the most
skillful fiction writer to evolve from hl3
Inner consciousness.
A prominent criminal lawyer once said
that his experience had almost led him to
believe that the safest way to commit a
murder was to take a pistol and go into
the most crowded street of the city and
shoot down one's victims in the presence
of as many witnesses as possible, for the
result was sure to be as many different
tales of how it happened as there were per
sons who saw or heard it. And a lawyer
who is defending a person charged with
murder desires nothing better than a multi
plicity of tales out of which Jie may weave
Inconsistencies and contradictions and
raise doubts to befog the jury. Poison,
which used to be considered the safest
mode of committing murder, because the
most difficult to discover and expose, is
now one of the least safe. The resources
of modern science are such that it is next
to Impossible to administer enough of any
poison to cause death that Its presence in
the stomach or other organs cannot be
demonstrated beyond any doubt. The mi
'croscoplst and the chemist, with their in
struments, their retorts, their little glass
bottles, their circular tubes, their acids and
their tests are the sleuth hounds of sci
ence that make murder by poison about as
unsafe for the murderer as for the victim.
Sometimes It is difficult to find the missing
link that connects the poison with the poi
soner, but generally circumstances supply
this. Especially Is this true In the case of
ignorant persons, who, not knowing the
ea3e and certainty with which the presence
of poison is demonstrated by modern scien
tific method- are not very careful to con
ceal their tracks while administering it.
If, however, the poisoner Is cunnlrlg enough
to do this, he or she may still escape, for,
so far as the ends of Justice are concerned,
It is of no avail to prove the presence of
poison in a victim's body unless it can be
traced to the hand of the person who ad
ministered it. Nevertheless, it is probably
true that nowadays poisoning 13 the least
safe way of committing murder.
The New York Sun thinks patriotic Amer
icans should regard the preparations which
the provisional .government of Hawaii Is
making to defend itself against the United
States with pride and shame "pride be
cause these m?n, many of them, are of
our own stock, and have been doing In
Hawaii what their ancestors did in the
American colonies in 1776. Shame, because
the force against which the Hawaiian re
publicans have been taking precautions Is
that of the United States, the mother coun
try of many of their number, the natural
friend, ally and supporter of freedom, the
natural enemy of monarchy.
In Massachusetts, where every city votes
upon the question of license or no license,
the Springfield Republican, In noting the
changes in the cities from year to year,
last year for license and this year for no
license, comes to the conclusion that the
opinions of a controlling element of the
voters are not fixed, but vary from year
to year because they have not much choice
between the very strict license law of
Massachusetts and prohibition as agents
for the restriction of the liquor traffic.
A few months ago, when Mrs. Cyrus W.
Field, Jr., announced to her friends that
she was going to restore her husband's
fallen fortunes by engaging in the millinery
business, she received much praise from
the New York press. The Jenkinses fol-.
lowed her about, interviewed her in re
gard to her plans, wrote admiringly pf her
pluck and enterprise, and called her a "no
ble woman." The extent of the free adver
tising she received led to the belief among
outside observers that a woman who could
so skillfully "work" the New York papers
must have a business ability that would in
sure success In her new enterprise. This
turns out to have been an erroneous im
pression, for now, just in the midst of the
fashionable season and being a society
woman, Mrs. Field catered only to the
fashionable circles comes the announce
ment that she has applied for a receiver
for her establishment. According to her
statement, she started out with the assur
ance from her partner that the profits on
her investment would exceed SO per cent.
This wicked partner was a man, and, wom
anlike, she trusted him only to discover
that, although her trade has been good, the
profits have somehow not materialized, and
that the accounts were In a badly mixed
condition. Consequently, she wants a re
ceiver in order that she may know where
she is "at." There is but one moral to this
tale. Wicked partner or not, no woman or
man can safely operate a business in which
they have served no . apprenticeship. Each
calling has its own intricacies that are only
to be understood by experience, and a
woman who goes into business with no
more knowledge of its complications than
society women usually have Is almost fore
ordained to failure, since her Ignorance of
commercial methods... is likely to be more
dense" than that car.mant who Is almost
sure to have had some business training.
Tho Journal notes with pleasure that its
recent appeals to local musicians to form a
permanent organization for higher musical
culture are likely to lead to practical re
sults. The movement for the organization
of an oratorio society has already evoked a
degree of Interest among local musicians
and patrons of music which leaves no doubt
that, under proper management, It can be
made successful and profitable. We con
gratulate the friends of musical culture on
the prospect of this difficulty being re
moved, as, from the character of those en
gaged in it, no doubt can be entertained
that the movement in that direction will
succeed. For lack of local organization
among musicians the extent and quality of
vocal talent is not fairly realized by the
community, and the singers themselves lose
a benefit that comes from personal asso
ciation and a united practice of their art.
Such an organization, being continuous and
under constant and regular training, has
many advantages over such a body as the
May festival chorus, which has an uncer
tain existence and but a brief period of
drill each year. An oratorio society. If
properly conducted, is likely to become a
nucleus for great musical events, and.
at least, serves to encourage the growth of
musical taste and talent. This has been the
history of all such organizations, as, for
Instance, the Apollo Club, of Chicago, and
one needs only to be fairly established here
to prove its value.
Emil Frey, President-elect of Switzer
land, was on a visit to this country for the
purpose of familiarizing himself with agri
culture when the war broke out. He en
listed in the Twenty-fourth Illinois, was
made sergeant, subsequently lieutenant,
and later captain in the Eighty-second Il
linois. He was taken prisoner at Gettys
burg and was one cf the officers held as.
hostages in retaliation for the treatment of
a confederate officer.
Two nights of last week the thermometer
registered from 15 to 40 degrees below zero
in different parts of New Kngland. The
oldest inhabitant was satisfied that the
climate is not changing much.
California is rejoicing extravagantly be
cause it is now sending brain food to Bos
ton. By brain food it means codfish, which
are now being shipped from the Pacific
coast to the Hub.
More Information.
Tommy Paw; why does parrots live so
Mr. Figg To give them time to repent, I
Too Mack for lllm.
"I thought Belle was to marry the Ken
tucky colonel?"
"No; the engagement is off. She asked
him to drink her health in a glass of ice
Still Within Hie Limit.
Mrs. Jason You air about as low down
as a man can get, I reckon.
Hungry Hlggins Lord, no! One of us fel
lers got to be the Populist Governor of
Kansas. m
Another Holdup.
Watts My wife tells me that you were
telling your wife that you were hold up for
510 night before last.
Potts Yep.
Watts Did the fellow have a gun?
Potts Worse than that. He had a straight
flush. LITE II A It Y XOTES.
Mrs. Parnell Is busily engaged In writing
the life of Charles Stewart Parnell, her de
ceased husband.
The romance which Joaquin Miller Is pre
paring to publish is to be called "The
Building -f the City Beautiful."
Ex-Prei'.dent Harrison Is much Interested
In tho subject of military instruction in
schools and colleges; and has written for
the Century a short article advocating a
plan recently suggested by Lafayette Post,
G. A. R., of New Y'ork. It will appear In
the January number.
The Forum has taken a new departure,
and a radical one, In reducing Its price
from 50 to 25 cents a copy, and from $3 to
$3 a year annual subscription.
Mrs. Edwina Booth Grossmann Is writ
ing some reminiscences of her father, Mr.
Edwin Booth, and begs her father's friends
who possess letters from him to send her
transcripts of such as they may wish to
add to her publication.
Mr. Howells's new play Is not new so far
as date of composition goes, for it was
written several years ago. It is said to
be in the style of Ibsen, and is the story of
a man who can't agree with his wife or
whose wife can't agree with him.
An English, critic writes of Hawthorne's
"American Note Books" as "that inex
haustible storehouse of psychological prob
lems." This Is apropos of the fact that
the germ of the Jekyll and Hyde idea was
found in the "Inexhaustible storehouse."
Christian Reld, the well-known story
writer, is the daughter of Col. Charles
Fisher, who held the largest contract on
the Western North Carolina, section of the
Richmond & Danville system. When the
State became bankrupt he lost all he had
fmt into his work, and his daughter brave
y set out to repair the family fortunes by
VTitlng stories under the abovo nom de
Mr. John Elliott, the painter,, and his
wife, Mrs. Maud Howe Elliott, will sail for
Italy on the 30th of December to spend
the winter and spring in Rome. Mrs. Ter
ry. Mrs. Elliott's aunt and the mother of
Marion Crawford, is said to be the oldest
American inhabitant of Rome. She was
living there when Hawthorne wrote "The
Marble Faun," and her first husband,
Thomas Crawford, the sculptor, figures con
spicuously In the story.
Nikola Tesla's work in this country in
advanced electrical developments and inves
tigations is so extensive and has already
attracted so much attention In Europe as
well as here, that its publication in book
form has become necessary in order bp
meet the demand for information on the
subject. The book has been prepared by
Mr. T. C. Martin, editor of the Electrical
Engineer, of New Y'ork. and past president
of the American Institute of Electrical
Engineers, and It will be issued by that
journal on Jan. 1.
Of the 130 papers published in the interests
of anarchy, the great majority are issued
in Spain.
A Maryland farmer, living near Chester
town, went to the world's fair. When he
got back he tried to construct a Ferris
wheel of his own. Now he is insane.
Horace Greeley Perry is the remarkable
name of a young woman who boasts of be
ing the only woman editor in the State of
Minnesota. She is also the youngest editor,
being only twenty-one years of age.
A collection of 3,300 etchings belonging
to King Ferdinand of Portugal was sold
two weeks ago at Cologne. King Ferdinand
was himself an etcher of talent, and many
royal galleries contain specimens of his
work signed F. C. (Ferdinand Coburg.)
Christine Nllsson's bedroom In her Mad
rid home is rather eccentrically decorated.
Its walls are papered with sheets of music
from the various operas In which she has
performed. Her dining room walls are cov
ered with hotel bills she has paid in various
parts of the world.
Reginald De Koven, according to his wife,
has a decided aversion to red-headed wom
en. If he meets or sees one, even on the
street, he will not write a scrap of music
for at least twenty-four hours, for fear it
will be "hoodooed." His faith In the bad
luck that red-headed people bring him is
Dr. Von Gnelst, the famous professor of
law at the University of Berlin, and one
of the greatest living authorities on the
English Constitution, has become president
of the German society to prevent the spread
of anti-Semitism. He delivered an eloquent
speech a few days ago, lamenting the influ
ence of the anti-Semites in Germany.
A novel but idiotic proposal has been
made, to Mme. Severlne. That lady having
started the idea of a charity fete for, the
Paris poor, Mme. Bob Walter, the lady who
performs the serpentine dance in a cage
of Hons, offers to go up in a balloon with
the lion tamer, M. Georges Marck, and his
Hon Caesar. It seems impossible that foily
can go further.
According to an advertisement contained
in the Danish Government Gazette, pub
lished in Copenhagen, two big volcanoes are
for sale. They are situated in Iceland and
are the principal attractions of the island.
The owner asks for them the sum of $400
apiece, not an excessive charge for anyone
who is in real need of a healthy, well-behaved
and active phenomenon of nature.
Lord Coleridge tells the following anec
dote: "Browning once sent me a volume
of his verse and asked me how I liked it.
I replied that what I could understand I
heartily admired, and that parts of It, I
thought, ought to be immortal; but that a3
to much of it I really could not tell whether
I admired it or not, as I could not under
stand IL 'Ah, well,' he said, 'if a reader
of your caliber understands 10 per cent, of
what I write I think he ought to be con
tent. "
A high caste Hindoo artist who is visiting
San Francisco admits that he does not like
or understand the music of Europe and
America. He says the piano, the harp, the
violin, the clarionet, and many kinds of
bugles, all mercilessly played together, cre
ate the most bothersome noise. "American
readers, especially ladies, will rM'cule and
laugh at me, and take me for a man void of
music." Still he thinks he knows what good
music is when he hears it. The music of
the Hindoos is all simple melody. They have
no liking for alto, bass or tenor parts.
Who is it will not dare himself to trust?
Who is It hath not strength to stand
Who is it thwarts and bilks the inward
He and his works, like sand, from earth
are blown.
James Russell Lowell.
The fakir from the gay Plalsance now seeks
the Golden Gate,
But first he purchases a stocktig just as
well to state .
Of Oriental rugs, and dirks, and scarfs, and
All made In old Connecticut by union la
torors Detroit Tribune.
Cheerfulness 13 health; its opposite, mel
ancholy. Is disease. Haliburton.
Jagson says the only way to elevate the
stage Is to lower the curtain. Elmira Ga
zette. Our idea of something tiresome is a book
written by a college professor. Atchison
Queen Lll has evidently changed her
mind about carving that melon. Pitts
burg Dispatch.
"Did you dread proposing to me, John?"
"Oh, no. I had been told beforehand that
you wouldn't accept me." Life.
What this administration appears to
want more than anything else is a rudder.
New Y'ork Commercial Adertiscr.
Mr. Cleveland has restored neither Queen
Lily nor confidence. As a restorer Grover
is not earning his salt. Kansas City Jour
nal. The Democratic platform seems to be
under the weather now, but it will loom
up again after awhile. Atlanta Constitu
tion. When people are slow and behind the
times there is nothing like counting them
to bring them to their census. Rochester
There are excellent reasons for believing
that the administration is about to make
a flop on the Hawaifan question. Wash
ington Post.
It doesn't matter much if everybody
thinks you are an ass so long as you get
the lion's share of the .good things of life.
Boston Philosopher.
Cranks are not allowed In the galleries
of Congress, though they have frequently
displayed themselves on the floor. Louis
ville Courier-Journal.
Now that Mr. Richard Watson Gilder
approves of Lincoln's literary style we all
may admire unreservedly the Gettysburg
oration. Boston Journal.
It was three hard-boiled eggs that
knocked out the g. o. m. At his age their
yolk is not easy to bear, and in this re
spect his hone rule may be changed.
Philadelphia Ledger.
It now looks as If LUIuokalanl's new
purple and gold recoronation gown will be
out of fashion before she gets word from
the White Ilouse that the time ha come
to put It on N't w York Sun.
Mrs. Wetk oske Tells of Interviews
Koesters Tried to Have with Her. .
Dr. Hnrty Testifies on tbe Subject of
Poisons A Number of Witnesses in
the Warner Murder Trial.
At the convening of the Criminal Court,
yesterday morning, Mrs. Anna Wetkoske
was recalled and her cross-examination con
tinued by Prosecutor Holtzman. The wit
ness said she went to Rorst's drug store
the second time before she became ac
quainted with Mrs. Bergman, and It was
about two weeks after the arrest of the de
fendant; the witness said "Mr. Borst ought
to know, he is smarter than I am." At
this point the cross-examination was inter
rupted by Mr. Spaan, who objected to the
prosecutor whlpsawlng the witness back
and forth over ground that had been cov
ered several times In the cross-examination.
Continuing, the witness said she first heard
of the poisoning and arrest of the defend
ant , from a lady in front of
the New Y'ork store, and it was
about two weeks after this that she
went to the drug store the second time. She
said she did not know the date of the paper
In which she read the account, after reading
which she went to the drug store. She
never talked with Mrs. Bergman about the
poisoning case. When the latter came to wit
ness's house she was always crying about
her injured husband. The witness did not re
member exactly but thought It was early
in the week and at an early hour In the day
that she went to the drug store the second
The first time she went to the drug store,
when she purchased the poison, she looked
at the clock because she must return home
by 11:45 to prepare dinner for her husband.
She said It was 11 a. m. when she returned
home from the drug store upon the occa
sion of her second visit. She changed her
dress the morning of the second visit to
the drug store because she was going up
town. She said the elder Mr. Borst was In
the drag store at that time, and she did
not see the young man. Counsel for the de
fense thought tho witness was mistaking
the visit alluded to, and when the witness
was Interrogated It developed that she
thought the question referred to the occa
sion of the visit when she purchased the
poison. Being set right as to which visit
was meant, she said she believed the
young man was in the store when she went
there the second time. She said when she
entered the store the elder Mr. Borst was
standing in the rear of the store, near
where "he takes in the money.". She said
he spoke to her first, and asked what she
wished, and she purchased 10 cents worth
of borax. After purchasing the borax, the
witness asked Mr. Borst if he did not re
member of her having purchased the poi
son, and he said he did not; that he knew
Annie Wagner too well, and added, "She's
a nice one." The witness said Mr. Borst
toUl her she ought not to think anything
about Annie Wagner, and the witness re
plied, "I know when I got the poison;" to
which Mr. Borst replied, "And I know J
when she got it." The witness said she told
Mr. Borst she bought the poison on May 22,
and he said he did not remember her, as he
did not know her, but he knew Annie Wag
ner so well because so many had died at
the Koesters. She said she read In the paper
that no one purchased poison in his store
on that day but the defendant, and she
knew that she had purchased poison there
on that day.
The witness said she testified before the
grand Jury that she asked Mr. Borst if he
remembered the day she bought the poison
and he said ha could not remember. She
denied that she testified before the grand
Jury that she told Mr. Borst it might have
been the week before Annie Wagner pur
chased poison that the witness purchased
it. She said she did not tell Mr. Borst
that she did not remember whether she
bought the poison from him or his brother.
The witness said she asked to be ad
mitted to the Police Court once during the
preliminary hearing and was refused ad
mission; when she did ' finally succeed in
getting Into the room the preliminary hear
ing had been concluded. She did not re
member how long it was from the time
she read of the poisoning in the German
paper till the preliminary hearing was
had in the Police Court. The witness
said Mrs. Tanner told her she ought not
to mix up in the case- and be dragged Into
the court. She also said that Mr. Brown,
of counsel lor the defense, had told her
at his olfice to tell the truth, whatever It
ndght be. This was before the trial in the
Police Court
On redirect examination, the witness said
she was acquainted with Mrs. Tanner, and
that she met the latter upon the street
one day and she (Mrs. Tanner) suggested
that witness should not help Annie Wag
ner. Mrs. Tanner said she understood the
witness had been to see Mr. Borst, and
advised the witness to say nothing about
when she purchased the poison. The wit
ness said that Mr. Kosstei sent a woman
to her house on Wednesday and wanted
her (witness) to come to his house. She
said it was a woman who brought the mes
sage. The witness refused to go to Koes
ters's store, and when she saw him yester
day (Thursday) he asked her why sne had
not reported the purchase of the poison
sooner. She saw Koesters at the house of
the woman who came to her as a messen
ger from him. She said she did not know
at that time that shs was to see Koesters
at the woman's housa. The woman sent her
little boy and little girl to the witness's
house, and they told her their "mamma"
wanted to see her at her (the woman's)
house. When she went to the house she
saw Mr. Koesters there and told him If he
wanted to talk to her about the case he
would have to come to the court and do
his talking there. The name of this woman
who took so active a part in getting tne
witness and Koesters together aid not ap
pear, from the testimony, and she was al
ways alluded to as "the woman." Mrs.
Wetkoske was excuesd till Monday morn-
The next witness called was Dr. J. N.
Hurty. He was called to testiy as an ex
pert. He said he was an analytical chem
ist. It .was twenty years since he began
the study and had practiced analytical
chemistry for twelve years. He had made
tests for poisons. He had served a time
as city chemist. He aid he knew toxin
poison was that poison which came from
toxines and said it could form in bodies
ater death or could form in food, notably,
milk, cheese and Ice cream. The witness
said It would not necessarily follow that
all of a family should die of toxin poison
ing because they had eaten of food that con
tained it.
A hypothetical question was then put to
the witness. He was asked, "Suppose a
child should come home from school com
plaining of beinK sick, that she had eaten
cheese and vomited all night, that a phy
sician was called in about thrty hours aft
erward and found a pecular nervousness
and a desire to escape light, suppose the
child died and the. undertaker washed the
body with a fiuid known to contain arsenic
and placed upon the face clothes saturated
with the fluid which cloths came in con
tact with the eyes, nose and mouth and
suppose upon a qualitative analysis it
should be shown that there wasl arsenic in
the stomach, where would you say the
arsenic came from?" The witness answered
that he would say that arsenic
came from the fluids, used and the
cloths. He also went further
and said that if arsenic had been In the
room and had not been used In the embalm
ing fluid or upon the cloths he would 6ay
that it was absorbed by the body after
death. The witness said that It was on ac
count of this high penetrating power of
arsenic that a chemist did not permit any
arsenic to be present in the laboratory
while making his tests. He said if com
pound tests were used a chemist would ko
from one laboratory to another so as to
prevent the absorption of ars-enlc from the
air. He said arsenic was very volatile, and
if cloths containing arsenic had been
placed upon the face it would Invalidate
any analysis that might be made, as the
anienic in the stomach would probbly have
come from the cloths.
In answer to questions by Mr. Holtz
man the witness said that he could not
say how many times-he had testified as an
expert. He said expert witnesses were
usually paid for their tervlces and added
that not only had he not received a cent
in this case, but had positively refused to
receive any money. The State did not a?k
the witness any more questions, and he waa
The next witness called was Dr. Barne.
He said he was a physician and micros
coplst and understood a microscope; ho
was the teacher of the science in the Col
lege of Physicians and Surgeon. He eitdl
the objective In a microscope was th
glass next to the object to be viewed. 11
said the first glass was called the eye -piece,
and that It took experience to know
how to handle a microscope. He raid his
microscope was a good one. and that hm
had loaned it to Dr. Eisenbelss. He aid
it had two objectives, a one-fifth and a
three-fourths. He said the magnifying
power of an objective was determined by
several means. A micrometer is general r
used to determine the power, lie , sail
there was a great deal of difference be
tween a one-sixth and a three-fourth ob
jective. He said a one-alxth objective
with his one-inch eye piece would magni
fy about five hundred diameters and a one
fifth would make it four hundred and seventy-five
diameters. He said the share of
an arsenic crystal could not be deter
mined with the naked eye. He said that
Dr. Elsenbelss had called him up by tele
phone a few days ago tnd s.sced the size
of the objectives in witness s microscope
and he told him their size. He said h
was at Dr. EIenbe!ss"s ottlce when he
loaned him the instrument and had a con
versation with him. In which Dr. Elsen
belss had said that he believed the de
fendant was guilty of poisoning the Koes
ters. The witness said there were other
poisons besides arsenic that present per
fect octahedral crystals. He said that
Iodide of mercury under some conditions
presented perfect octaheJral crystals. The
witness was then questioned very closely
and explained in detail the difference be
tween a compound and e. simple micro
scope. Cross-examination: The witness said he
had talked with the attorney about the
case and suggested some questions to the
defense. He said Dr. Eisenbeiss and him
self were on good terms.
The witness was then re-examined by the
defense and said he had had tests made
of Mill & Laoey's embalming fluid; he saw
the tests made, and they revealed arsenic.
The witness said he had established a school
of enbalmlng, and had conducted It for
about one year. He had made a special
study of enbalmlng. Dr. Hurty was then
recalled, and testified that he had made
an analysis of Mills & Lacey's embalming
fluid, and gave the Ingredients contained,
among which was arsenic in large quanti
ties. Mrs. FInnaman was then called by the de
fense, and testified as to the character of
the defendant She said sho had known
Annie Wagner for about two years; that
the defendant was employed by her (wit
ness.) The witness said a death had oc
curred in her family- whi. the defendant
was employed there, and that the defendant
was afraid of the corpse. She fainted while
looking at the corpse.
E. C. Busklrk was then called, and tes
tified that he was the police Judge before
whom the preliminary hearing of the d
fendant was held. He was asked if the de
fendant was admitted to bail, but the ques
tion was objected to by the State, and the
objection was sustained. . .
Charles Cylnerzoll was theft "called by
the defense as a character witness, and tes
tified that he had knwn the defendant
about three years; that h knew her in Ger
many, where she lived upon a farm. He
said her reputation in the old country was
good, but he had not known her in this
country. , -V
Mr. FInnaman was thern'called, and tes
tifld that the character of the defendant
was good; that a death had occurred in
the family while the defendant was era
ploj'ed in the family, anil that she was
afraid of the corpse.
Mrs. Sophie Mlngus was next called, andl
said she had known the defendant, but not
well enough acquainted with her to speak
to her. She said her reputation was good.
In answer to the questions by Mr. Holtz
man, she said she had heard the character
of the defendant discussed among women
as they gossiped.
The record of the will of Frank L. Koes
ters was then offered and admitted Into the
evidence without objection. Mr. Spaan then
said that all of their witnesses were not
present, and asked that court be adjourned
till Monday morning, and it was adjourned
till that time.
It Is most Interesting at this time of year
to go Into the book stores. It Is a delight
to ramble about among the books, looking
lovingly at tbe old ones and questlonlngly
at the new. It is almost as absorbing to
stand In an obscure corner and" watch the
people coming and going. Here Is the hard
working father who reads only the news
papers, but who has been told by Johnnie
and Mollle to please get them books for
their Christmas gifts. He asks the clerk
wha to get and gazes admiringly at the
row placed before him thinking proudly hor
pleased his children will be.
There Is the cultivated o!d gentleman In
sisting that books are not so well bound as
they were forty years ago. He examines the
title page notice how few people do that
slowly turns the leaves, gently rubs his
hand over the cover, taps upon it with two
fingers while asking the price and goes
away carrying It in his pocket.
Here Is the school girl w ho reads the fir? 1 4
paragraph to see If the story starts off well,
who says pettishly, that she hates a preface
and never reads It, who adores Mary J.
Holmes and cannot endure George Eliot.
Now comes a small boy wanting a Christ
mas books for his mother. He knows that
she belongs to a Chaucer class and goe3
away happy when tho clerk persuades libn
that a volume of the Canterbury Tales Is
Just what he is seeking. And here comes a
woman In a sealskin cape of the latest cut
iho stops before a counter full of treasures
and whose expression never changes wheth
er she be looking at a copy of Miltoi or
of Whltcomb, Riley. One cannot help won
dering what will become of her purchase,
if she does purchase, whether It will Ile
vnread on an onyx table or be sent to the
minister for a Christmas present.
Near the fur cape is a cloth jacket, anl
above the Jacket a serious face. Now
there, we say, Is a real book-lover. She re
moves her gloves before handling one, she
looks It over from front to back, smil;s Just
a little, moves on appreciatingly 110m one
table to another, and buys Just what you
had expected her to.
Now comes the mother, who has been told
by her daughter to buy a book on natural
history. "1 don't know what It is; xny
daughter said she wanted a Viook en natu
ral history, that's all I know. Now, I should
think she'd rather have 'eweiry or some
fancy thing, but no, sir, nothing, but a book
will do. Do you sell many these hard times?
Y'ou do? Well, well."
See the rosy little girl counting out pen
nies and nickels for a volume of Carlyle
for her father.
Further over is a well-dresied man look
ing at leather-bound copies of Shakspeare.
We feel certain he has never read a. piay.
or he could not look at it like that. How
awkwardly he handles it!
Near him is the minister. v.-ho wishes he
could buy out the store, but goes away with,
only one small volume. The clerk pays It
is no wonder he liyn so sparingly, as he
gives more than half his salary bay.
Oh, the happiness of the genuine book
lover. Never did an angler lar.d a thln-
intc trout with naif the thrill that comes
when one has thought of ways and means,
counted one's incomings and outgoings
until ha finds that there is enough left for
a new volume. There is a i-efudar ?prin
in the step, an unusual ereetness in the
walk as he enters the book store door.
There is a. sparkle in the eye end a flush
on the cheek when the treasure is rlac4
on the ihelf at home. Between the man
who is able to buy as many and hm often
as he chooses and the one who forms his
library a single book at a time there is
all the difference that lies between ung
a seine and using u rod for rthlng. Who
can examine each particular fih when he
has a net full? Hut the man with the rod
watches and waits, an i dreams and longs
until he has linded his prize. Then h
gloats over it. weighs it. notices each
rainbow tint, aoh gleaming !.. So the
l.ook buyer. He draws his :hnlr to the
fire, xuijusts his spectacles, holds his treas
ure close and says, "Give me a nook and
a book, then Jet th proud world pin
round." MAY W. DONNAN.
The Peppermint Industry.
South Bend Tribune.
The pierTn!nt industry of northern In
diana VhI southern Mr'gin. which hae
grown cccsldwble proportions wI'Mn a
tew y?3LT8 unuer a rocctlve tariff, re
ceives i black eye ;ro::i the Wilso.i MIL
This revision of :he tariX which stabs so
many American lr.usries clear to the
heart, reduces the duty cn ;-v;rcrmlnt oil
from tl per pounl to Z pi r cit ad valo
rem, which at the indent prices would be
50 cents per pound. Much of the waste
swamp lands In this region h,ve been re
claimed and made to bring valuable re
turns through peppermint growing. If this
feature of the Wilson bill becomes a law.
It will force those who have invested large
ly in peppermint f.eM tnd JUtiiUnr PP?
ratus to abandon the industry entirely and
give the firtlgncr. full control of it sxl

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