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Til E DAILY JOURNAL
"MONDAY. JUNK 4. 1S04. WASHINGTON OFFICE 1420 PENNS LVANIA AVENUE rclut Office 238 tutorial Room 243 IKIOI F liL'IJSCKIPTIOX. pit 7 BY MAIL r11r only, onemontl ................. . .70 Jljr only, three niontnt .......... - 2.0O J nil oDly.wie year.. ..... iM'O 1 siij, liicluiiLj Sunday, on year...... lO.oo t.hi.uj ono year... WHE.X FCBM'tlXD CT AG&NTS. rally, itrirffk, by carrier.. 15 cts t-nu-iay, ftlnfrle coyy l5ct l;Uy Mint bunuay, jr were, by carrier 20 cU WELXLT. I trY ear $1.00 ll1acl llt to Clnba. f-uWin tv itli any clour numerous amenta or send st I script tons U the JOUKNAL NEWSPAPER COMPANY. mvixsxrous, ixd, rtrmn rn1injr tha Jonroal throasrh the mall I II r V sited btaten should put on an eUhtrpase paper s CPE-cekt postage tamp; on a twelre or sixteen. jajtiai-r aTwo ETioUMretamp. a'orela post j.e is ukuuUy double theo rate. 4 Uermxmunications intended for publication in Uiryartr inv$t,in vrdcr io receive attention, bene tow j antra by the name and address of theteriter. I11E INDIAN ATOLlai JOURNAL. Can te found at the followlu:j place: 1AR1S American Exchange la Paris, SO Boulevard ceCapuctnea. UtW lOIUi Giiaey House and Windsor UotL llllLADLLrniA-A.lTKemble, 3733 Lancaster aTfcor. CHICAGO Tmlm i r House. Auditorium Hotel. CI.VCIMNATI-J. R. Hawlcy A Co, 134 Vina street. LOUISVILLE C.T. Deertug; cortawest corner t Thud an d J eCerson street a. fcl. LOUIS "Union Kews Company, Union Depot. WASHINGTON. D. Cliigcs IIoqm and Ebbitt lioase. ' There is reason to believe that very few sheriffs realize what a tremendous power the posse comitatus is. Senator Voorhees seems to have lost his grip. He has been conspicuous In the tar Iff discussion only by his blunders. The J17.000.000 saved by cutting off pen sioners will come 'handy as an installment of the pending Southern war claims. It does not seem possible that every Dem ocrat In the Senate can vote for the trust's 6ugar schedule, now that its iniquity has been shown up. , The total reduction of duty on Northern agricultural products by the Wilson bill is U,4o5.66-2.56, and $42,000,000 Is added to sugar to gratify a trust. "Will Secretary Carlisle assert that he was la conference with the bosses of the Sugar Trust and the finance committee without the authority or knowledge of the President? If the dramatic association which is ap- pealing: for greater protection by copyright law can prove to Congress that Its members either live in Canada or the South, it might succeed. If Grover Cleveland Is dissatisfied with the compromise tariff, there Is a question of veracity between him and Senators Faulkner and Brice. They have asserted that it met the President's approval. Already the Democratic members of the Senate finance committee and the Secretary of the Treasury, and three or four Demo cratic Senators outside that committee, re mind one of flies stuck fast in molasses. Great credit is due to the officers and men of the militia companies that were called out for the promptness with which they responded and reported, for duty. They have shown that they recognize their duty to the State. In every Instance where, property of any kind has been seized or destroyed by strlk Ins miners the ringleaders should be ar rested and prosecuted. Tfc opportunity Is a favorable one to let everybody know that the law is supreme in Indiana Property will be more secure in Indiana and respect for law will be Increased by the knowledge that the State has a well organized and drilled militia which can be depended ,tipon In any emergency to aid the civil authorities In the enforcement of law. The moral effect of the present mobilization of troops will be beneficially felt for a long time. Attorney-general Olney having com promised the administration by his secret alliance with trusts and Secretary Carlisle having assisted in formulating the Have-myer-Gorman sugar schedule, the New York World thinks "It is pertinent to ask what i3 left of Democratic policy and who is standing up for It" We answer, pie is left, and Senator Voorhees Is standing up for IL And now it is reported that the Presi dent is extremely Indignant at the way the tariff bill has been bungled In the Sen ate. Like the most of the Cleveland Indig nation, it comes too late. He could not have been ignorant of what has been going on the past two months, nevertheless he made no protest until the unpopularity of the measure reached his dull ears. The President should stand with his friends. Senator Manderson in his speech , on the sugar schedule presents abundant testimony from sugar beet growers in Nebraska and elsewhere to show that the Industry is not only feasible but profitable. He cites a number of cases where farmers realized a net rroflt of from $03 to $C1 an acre. If the home sugar Industry could be pro tected as it Is by the McKinley law thou sands of farmers who make nothing by wheat growing could make money raising sugar beets. Although it is customary for the Governor to await a call from local authorities for assistance in enforcing the law before tak ing steps In that direction, he is not obliged to await such call. Neither is It necessary for him to have satisfactory evidence that the local authorities have exhausted their poorer. It Is enough If they fail through weakness. Incompetence or carelessness to enforce the law. It Is the constitutional duty of the Governor to see that the laws are enforced, and In times of popular tu mult or disorder It Is as much- his duty to supplement the negligence, cowardice or Incompetence of local authority as It Is to supplement their inability to cope with , superior power. The constitution of the leading commit tees of the House of Representatives ahowshow completely the South dominated that body In the shaping of legislation. Thus, la the committee on ways and means there are seventeen members, of whom eleven are Democrats, and six of these, a majority of a majority, are from the South. Of the committee on appropriations, con sisting of sixteen members, ten are Dem ocrats, and six of these are from the South, again a majority of a majority, in the committee on the judiciary, of seven teen members eleven are Democrats, and eight of these from the South. The com mittee on banking and currency consists of seventeen members, of whom eleven are Democrats, and six of these are from the South. The same is true of the committee on coinage, weights and measures, on In terstate and foreign commerce, on rivers and harbors, on agriculture, on foreign af fairs, on postoffices and post roads, on Pa cific railroads, on levees and improvements of the Mississippi river, on education, on pensions, on claims, on the District of Co lumbia, on the revision of the laws, a ma jority of the majority In every case being from the South. As these committees shape the legislation of the House and can re port or kill, advance or retard any meas ure, it Is plain that the popular branch of Congress is completely under the- control cf the Southern Democracy. NEIIVKLKSS SHERIFFS. The occasion seems opportune to say something about the duties and powers of sheriffs. There have been many instances in this State, though not more, perhaps, than in other States, of sheriffs weakly yielding to the demand of mobs, though It should be added there have also been In stances of brave resistance to such de mands. Events during the last few days have shown that there are some sheriffs who seem to have a very Inadequate idea of their duties and powers In times of pop ular turmoil. The office of sheriff, an abbreviation of shire-reeve, officer of the shire, Is derived from the British Constitution. ,In England a sheriff Is appointed in each county by the crown, and as keeper of the Queen's peace he is the first man in the county, superior In rank to any nobleman therein during his office. He is specially Intrusted with the execution of the laws and the preservation of the peace, and for this pur pose he hai at his disposal the whole civil force of the county, called In legal phrase ology the posse comitatus. This term posse comitatus, borrowed from. old. English law, means the power of the county, which the sheriff is empowered to call . Into service to aid and support him in the execution of the law, in case of riot or other emergency. It includes the entire male population of the county of arms-bearing age, except such as are disqualified from performing military service. Urder our Constitution sheriffs are elected by the people, instead of being appointed by the chief executive, but they are none the less representative of sovereign author ity. The sheriff is the highest executive officer and chief conservator of the peace in his county. There Is practically no limit to his power and authority In the enforce ment of law. The posse comitatus principle prevails here as In England. The, law gives a sheriff express authority "to call to his aid the power of the county." Under this authority the sheriff may order any per son or any number of persons living in the county to assist him in executing a writ, making an arrest or preserving the peace, i and there is a penalty for refusal to so assist. ' From what has been said it will be seen that as the representative of the sovereign ty of the people it is the duty of sheriffs to enforce the law at all hazards, and that they have very large powers in this regard. The law makes a sheriff, by virtue of his office, the natural enemy of all violators of the law, and' of all who stand In a threatening attitude towards it. He has no right to compromise or to parley with such persons, and for him to fraternize or "stand in" with them is Infamous. Julged by these tests, there are some sheriffs in this State who either do not underttand the scope of their duty and the extent of their authority, or elso are not disposed to perform the one and exercise the other. In a feeble and perfunctory at- tempt to release and move the captured cars of coal at Shelburn the sheriff of Sul livan county called out a posse of forty business men from the town of Sullivan, who seem to have been equally anxious with the sheriff to avoid a collision with the strikers. A Journal dispatch says: A feeble effort was made to move the cars of coal. The sheriff would not insist upon exercising his authority, because he thought to do so would mean bloodshed. When the sheriff and his posse left on. the special train the strikers and their sym pathizers cheered their departure. The strikers realize that the effort of the sher iff has been a farce. They expected it to be so. Some of the men at Shelburn say they had no respect for Sheriff Mills, who Is a candidate ror re-eieciion. If the facts are as stated, the sheriff of Sullivan county is either a moral or a phy sical coward, and unfit for his position. Ills telegram to the Governor asking for military aid did not show that he had ex hausted the power of the county or made an earnest attempt to overcome the strik ers. If a posse of forty men was not suffi cient ho should have called out a hundred, five hundred or a thousand men. And he should not have ceased his effort to move the captured cars of coal until some heads had been broken and some blood shed. The sheriff of Sullivan county has lost a great opportunity to prove that he is fit for the office. The secret of his nervelessness prob ably lie in the fact, stated above, that he is a candidate for re-election. Thus poli tics dees make cowards of us all. There is no evidence that the sheriff of Daviess county, in which Cannelburg Is situated, made any earnest effort to pre serve the peace or disperse the riotous strikers before applying for military' aid. He Joined Judge Heffren in a dispatch to the Governor, representing that troops were "needed badly and promptly," and the facts indicated that they were, but there was nothing to show that the sheriff had tried to do his duty. Perhaps not much can be expected In the way of assisting to en force the law from citizens of a county where Whitecaplsm flourished and was winked at for years before any attempt was made by the local authorities to put it down or to punish those engaged in It, but that does not excuse the sheriff from putting forth his utmost efforts and ex hausting the power of the county to en- force the law. Is he, too, a candidate for re-election, or is he "laying" for some other office? The lesson of these Incidents is that the people need to be educated to a higher standard of the observance and enforcement of law, and to exact a stricter perform ance of duty, from their public servants. SKXATOR SIIERMAVS EXPOSK. No man who Is not a sugar manufac turer knows more about sugar and sugar duties than Senator Sherman, who, as Sec retary of the Treasury, became familiar with every phase of the question. After reading the sugar schedule before the Sen ate, Senator Sherman, in his speech on Fri day, said; One Peculiarity of this amendment is that It was not drawn in the ordinary manner. It was drawn by a careful manufacturer who is perfectly familiar with sugar. The Dutch standard of color herein produced supplants all these standards of color which had been fixed by this and other nations, tested by the Dolariscone. and it sut1ects all the vast amount of sugar, valued at over sioo.ooo.OOO, to an ad valorem valua tion, varying widely. The purest of this sugar has less than half the purity of the ordinary grade of sugar. They have intro duced into, this an element of fraud which wouia defeat not only the revenue of the government, but all the protection which is given in the bill to sugar planters. It gives in addition one-eighth of 1 per cent, to the sugars which come into competition with refined sugars of our country, and here is the cunning of the whole proceed ing. Here is a duty levied now for a pri vate interest upon all sugars which come into competition with the sugars of the bugar Trust that is above No. 16 Dutch standard. The rate is at once chaneed. The duties become specific, and there is then given to a refiner a protective duty of one- eigntn or 1 cent a pound on all sugars which are brought into this country, suffi cient to exclude all the high grades of sugar ana to compel an the sugar which is Drought in ror ordinary consumption to, go through the refining process. Senator Sherman then proceeds to show that this one-eighth of 1 cent a pound Is not all the protection the trust will re ceive. The sugars the trust will import are worth 2i cents a pound, while those it sells the people are worth 32 cejits. Conse quently, on the difference of 1 cent a pound the trust will get a duty of 40 per cent.. or four-tenths of 1 cent on a pound. Add to four-tenths of 1 cent one-eighth of a cent and the protective duty is 21-40 of a cent a pound. But this is not all. The agents of the Sugar Trust know that Germany and other beet sugar countries in Europe are the only competitors the trust can have In sugars above 15 , Dutch standard, and under the pretext that these countries pay an export duty on such sugars a discrimi nating duty of one-tenth of a cent a pound lsplaced upon the sugars of such countries. thus practically shutting them out-of the American market and making the tnonopoly of the trust complete. Add to the duty of 21-40 of 1 cent the one-tenth of 1 cent to protect against German and French sugars, and the protective duty of the trust Is 25-40, or five-eighths of 1 cent a pound, or one- eighth of a cent a pound more than the McKinley duty on refined sugars. Under the McKinley law, however, German re- fined sugars have come Into this country freely, because the German bounty paid upon exported sugars, equivalent to one- tenth of 1 cent a pound, brought the Mc- Klnley duty of five-tenths of .a,, cent, a pound doWn to four-tenths of 'a'cehCThe Senator made It clear that the Dutch stand ard of color for sugars was set aside in 1S78 because it was shown that it could be fraudulently manipulated, and the polari scope substituted. He also made it clear that as the sugars below No. 16 D. S. can not be consumed without reflninjr, and that there can be no competition with the trust In selling refined sugars by outsiders, the Senate schedule creates a sharp competi tion in the markets in which the trust pur chases raw sugar, but. prevents any, com petition in the sale of refined sugars ' to American consumers. . n the ixcitEAsixr; nniiT of coxt-i XEXTAL EUROPE. Mr. M. G. Mulhall, the statistician for all the world, has a short article In the June North American Review upon the finances of the continent of Europe for the purpose of showing that the Increasing expenditure and taxation of . Its governments is cause for anxiety. There has been, since 1SS5,, an Increase of 21 per cent. In the taxation Im posed by these governments, and 17 per cent. In the public debt. Taxation has ap parently reached Its limit, and yet the ex penditure goes on. France, Germany, Rus sia, Austria, Italy, Spain, Portugal and the minor states have an aggregate revenue of f:9C,000,000 and an expenditure of 660, 000,000, while their debt has increased 5S0, 000,000 between 1S85 and 1893. It is ex plained that 60 per cent, of this Increasing debt Is for the building" and purchasing of state railways, which are regarded as re productive works, but if they are not bet ter paying property than most American railways government ownership and control means a perpetual source cf taxation. Since 18S5 the continental governments" have purchased or built more than 16,000 miles of railway, the mileage of 'government rail ways In 1SU3 being 53,830 miles, valued at 1.000.000,000, or $3,450,000,000 In round num bers. During the eight years European governments expended $1,680,000,000 for rail roads. As a matter of fact the net earn lnrs of these railroads, except in Ger many, have rarely exceeded 2 per cent, on the money they cost. Which Is much short of the interest paid on the money. The constantly increasing armies and na vies are responsible for nearly all the bal ance of the Increase of debt. The budgets of the continental states for war expendi tures rose from $040,000,000 in 1S84 to $730, 000,000 in 1S03. It is the taxation necessary to keep up this increasing- but unnecessary war burden which is oppressing the masses In Europe. The leading continental gov ernments have not only increased their customs duties materially during the past nine years, but the excise tax, which falls largely upon the masses. In France, which raises sugar to export, the excise tax on that article is $1 a head, and in Germany nearly half as much. The tax on salt in Italy Is 40 cents a head. The gross, debt of the governments of the continent 13 $20,250,000,000. or SliJSi.OOO.OOO after deduct ing the cost of railroad property. Mr. Mulhall asks how long this Increas ing of debt and taxation can go on without the bankruptcy of. the nations doing It, and does not answer except to Imply that such bankruptcy would have a serious ef fect upon the.trade of the world. The rem edy, ami the only one, is the disarmament of continental Europe and the maintcoance of peace by the honorable observance of treaties rather than by the mutual threats of the largest armies, the most powerful navies, and the alliance of three to hold the others In check. Captain Hart has retired from the list of aspirants for the Republican nomination for Congress in the Ninth district. His canvass was not so successful in his own county as he was led to expect, yet for all that he would have gone into the conven tion with a good following. The reason he will not be a candidate before the conven tion is that he believes that It will be con ducive to the success of the Republican party In Clinton and other counties for him to retire. Such action will not be for gotten by the party when Captain Hart Is again an aspirant for public position. It Is also reported that Hon. James A. Hem enway, of Warrick county, who was one of the candidates In the deadlocked convention in the First district, which will reassemble in Mount Vernon the 12th Inst., has ex pressed a purpose not to remain In the con test if he finds that there has been no change of sentiment on the part of the delegates, as he. will not Jeopardize the in terests of the party and the cause for which It stands to promote his personal ambition. This is the right kind of talk,. and First district Republicans should make a note of it One of the speakers at the meeting in New York to protest against the Income tax pointed out how It would affect depositors In savings banks. He said: Take for example one Institution, the largest In deposits and assets of any In America or Europe, the Bowery Savings Bank, of which I have been a trustee for thirty years, which may be considered a fair sample for the comparison. We have 102.763 open accounts. Of these, 31.304 are under $100 and more than 25,000 are under $300; or, say, 56,300 open accounts in the Bowery Savings Bank which have less than $300 each to their credit. These deposits represent the total amount of the capital and are the entire savings of the 56.304 de positors. Please bear in mind that I speak of capital total possessions, not Income ana It is proposed that 2 per cent, per an num shall be deducted from the small in come of these little capitalists, who have tolled and denied themselves for years that they might have a nest egg to keep the wolf from the door in times like the pres ent, when work Is scarce and they or their children are hungry. The income tax was primarily intended to catch large capitalists, but Its framers had not sense enough to know that In tax ing savings banks they were taxing the poor. This operation of the law is an un-. witting departure from the original inten tion, by which It was to be strictly class legislation. John R. McPherson has been a Senator from New Jersey since March 4. 1877. He is now sixty-two years of age. He is a member of the Senate finance committee, which has been manipulated by the Sugar Trust. While the manipulation was going on, as the Senator testifies, he and his son. conferred about the purchase of trust stooks, which they knew would rise when the trust's sugar schedule should be made public As the result of the conference It was decided that it would not be proper to invest, but they left the telegram to the broker on the table where they were consulting, and a faithful attendant took It to the telegraph office. The five hun dred shares were purchased and the Sena tor notified. When not'fied he ordered their sale, but in the meantime the stocks had risen so that the profit was $1,500. But the Senator retains that. In view of the promptness with which the militia responded to the call of the Governor, the Legislature ought not to hesitate about making reasonable pro vision hereafter for the support of the militia and for annual encampments. It is desirable that the State should have a good militia force in case of need, and that every proper means should be used to maintain Its efficiency and keep it imbued with the idea of fidelity in the observance and enforcement of law. It is a singular coincidence that just when, the Senate sugar investigating com mittee should have reached a point where Mr. Havemyer's evidence becomes . im portant It should be announced that he Is In Europe. It Is also singular that right upon tha heels of Senator Mcpherson's statement that when he stopped speculating in suar he transferred his sugar stock account to his son it should be discovered that Mr. McPherson, Jr., has Just sailed for Europe. Agitators may introduce resolutions cen- suring Governor Matthews for enforcing the laws and doing his sworn duty, and "Progress" clubs may adopt them, but the only effect will be to increase the number of la wabldlng, order-loving people who will approve the Governor's action and extend him their unqualified support. The Cincinnati newspapers have united in the adoption of a rule requiring all church and charitable notices to be paid for at regular advertising rates. The pa pers there, as in other cities, have found that their share of the tax for religion and charity has become disproportionately heavy, and that the public is disposed to demand the free Insertion of such adver tisements as a right, whereas it is a con tribution equivalent to cash. It is to re store a proper balance that a return to business ' principles is agreed upon. Dr. Guthrie, of Edinburgh, after carry Ing on ragged schools In that city for a number of yeare, sent Invitations to a din ner to boys who had found a blessing in the schools. Two hundred and fifty re sponded, one gentleman traveling five hun dred miles to be present. IIL'nULES IV Till! AIR. Differing Views. "Man's got to hustle in my business," said the rental agent. "That so?" said the other man. "I thought all he had to do was to lie about th? house day after day." A Mnhntiuu of Duiledom. Miss Flyppe Chollle Utewayte Is a mem ber of your set, is he not? ChappIe-Ya-as. The deah boy is the envy of all the west of us. He has cultivated the finer gwaces till he is actually able to gst weally fwightened at the sight of a mouse. The Ilond to Wealth. "Papa," said the young woman, "aurely you ought to know better than to us the small 'i In your letters when speaking In the first person singular. You should use the capital." "Not much I won't." said the plutocratic parent. "The small letter uses up less ink." Man Unhappy Lot. "There are S'ery few positive pleasures In this world." said the pessimistic philos opher. "The best of them are but allavia- tlons of miseries. We like the fire In win ter because it enables us to escape the cold; we uss fans and Ices In the summer to overcome the heat, and we eat and drink to quench the pangs of hunger and thirst. and I don't more than half believe that life is worth the living anyway." AUO IT PEOPLE A.ND THINGS. A London second-hand bookseller recent ly advertised a little book of religious con solation. It was published in 630, and bears the consolatory title. "A mndKercnier ror Parents' Wet Eyes Upon the Death of Chil dren." King Oscar, of Sweden, was. In his young days, one of the most accomplished tenors in Europe. It is said if he were obliged to earn a livelihood he could have sup plied the void caused by the retirement of Mario from the operatic stage. A nephew of Edwin Booth, Harold Van Buren Magonigle, has won the traveling scholarship in architecture offered annual ly by Mr. Rotch, of Boston. This prize entitles him to $1,000 a year for two years, during which time he must . travel abroad and study architecture. Robert Louis Stevenson, at a gathering of Presbyterians lately In Sydney, Australia, claimed to be as good a Presbyterian as any of them. It turned out that his claim was based upon the fact that he had once sat out an hour and a half sermon in tne old parish kirk In Leith. King Wing, a distinguished Chinaman, has reached Mobile, Ala., en route from his home in. Merida, Mexico, to Hong Kong, China, where he goes to get 200,000 of his countrymen to settle in Mexico. The colon ists will be employed on coffee ana nemp plantations to be operated . by Wing. The Crown Prince of Denmark visited a female seminary in Copenhagen the other day to hear the girls recite. One little girl near him became confused and forgot her lesson, whereupon he took her on his lap and she thenceforth answered every ques tion correctly, subsequently, when praised for her knowledge, she replied: "Why, the Crown Prince whispered all the answers to me." There are only four survivors of Na poleon's Grand Army, the oldest of . them being Jean Jacques Sabatier, who was born April 15, 1792. The others are one hundred and one and one hundred years old. They are all said to be as hearty and vigorous as could be expected of men who have lived eighty-two years since they suffered the hardships of one of the most terrible retreats In the history of warfare. Sir George Wiliams. whom the Queen has just knighted, seems to. have been hon ored by royalty because he is so good. He Is president of. fully .thirty religious and philanthropic societies and a director In as many more. He Is seventy years -old and not wealthy, and the distinction im plied in the honor is shown In the fact that he Is a retail storekeeper one of a class who most rarely receive royal reward. Professor Zakbarin, of Moscow, the Czar's physician, Is very eccentric. When he Is called to attend to a patient all dogs must be kept out of the way, all clocks stopped, and all the doors must be thrown wide open. He Insists on perfect silence in the sick room, excepting answering his questions, - when only "yea" or "nay" is" allowed. His eccentricities, however, cease at the bedside of his patient, where he is courteous and considerate. The air grew green in hue. The rank smell spread afar Throughout the smoking car; There- was a cry of "Phew!" And everybody knew It was a gift cigar. . .. New York Journal. SHREDS AXD PATCHES. The affliction of some of our actresses might be diagnosed as ma trimono mania. -Washington Star. , Death from old age stares murderer Prendergast In the face. Rochester Demo crat and Chronicle. "No, Maud, dear, those heavy wagons which you see on the streets ?re not raised on truck farms." Philadelphia Record. Married . men are always preferred as workmen. Tney are more docile: they know what it is to be bossed. Atchison Globe. Odorless whisky having -been Invented, nothing now remains but to find some way to render: cloves scentless. Chicago Dis patch. 1 New York delivered the country to the Democracy and gets the income tax forced down her unwilling throat for her paJns. Detroit Tribune. Doubtless . the Senators desired to ad journ, in order to strew flowers over the last resting place of the Chicago platform. Washington Star. Diner (to waiter who brings the soup) Why didn't you take your finger out of that soud?" Waiter Oh. it isn't hot. Fllegende Blatter. The "pull" of President Cleveland with Congress is as nothing when compared with the pull of President Havemyer. Philadelphia Press. A Cincinnati preacher says he is tired of a republic and "wants a king." A great deal of money is lost here every night Just in that way.--Chicago Dispatch. The invention of odorless whisky would seem to be a dangerous invasion of a wife's right to know her husband s goings-In and comlngs-out. Providence Journal. Mrs. Cat t, the Kansas stump speaker, is for woman suffrage first, "last and all the time. In other respects, politically. Mrs. Catt Is on the fence. Chicago Dispatch. It is true that times have been very hard indeed. 'But it Is difficult to perceive Just how the summer girl is going to econo mize in her bathing suit. Washington Star. THAT INVESTIGATION. Same Old Story If the Rat Shows Illmnelf He Will Be Caught. Correspondence Philadelphia Telegraph. Lives there a man so simple who thinks that the Senators who voted for an in vestigation into the influences that are al leged to control in the Senate want the truth disclosed? Ordinarily it Is not proper to prejudge, but in a case of this sort it is little other 'than hypocrisy to look upon the matter seriously, investigations of this sort are like party platforms intended to satisfy the simple and clamorous. The committee conducting the Investigation is composed of some of the best and most honored men In the Senate In their function as judges they will be as fair and impartial as the most upright Judge in creation. Woe to the man who confesses that he has been guilty of a wrong, and woe to him whom some accidental testimony convicts. The committee will not screen any one whom the testimony damages. These com mitteemen are upright Judges, and honor demands of them no more. They are neither detectives nor prosecuting attor neys. They are like the rat-exterminating tramp; they are ready for business if you will only trot out your rats. They are there to kill rats, not to hunt them. From long habit the Senate has come to think that the public love to be fooled. These lit tle theatrical episodes are put upon the boards to distract attention when the pub lic shows signs of impatience. This is a little comedy of "The Public vs. The Sen ate." It Is not necessary to wait until It is all over to discover Uh plot. It starts with the same old stereotyped scenes. The newspaper man is held up before the pub lic to see If anything can be shaken out of his clothes, and the curtain will go down on the "scandalmonger" being denounced for trj'lng to bring discredit upon the whitewashed hero. As deplorable as It would be if Senators engaged in legislating for the "whole people took the oppor tunity, while knowing a thing or two that was to happen, to speculate on their In formation, the really important question is, not that, but whether a whole party has been bribed, and whether, in consideration of a stated sum paid in advance, certain legislation is to be brought about. That is the core of the scandal. The rest Is merely the inflammation. The Integrity of the whole party in pow-er is involved; the practices of both parties might be made subject to review. Is the public (the over grown bumpkin that he is simple enough to suppose that any investigating commit tee of Congress is going to discover it if this charge is true? If this committee had start ed out on new and original lines judgment might be suspended in the idea that something extraordinary might hap pen and truth might blossom like a rose, even in foul air. A member of the committee was com plaining to me to-day that the newspapers ought not to criticise the committee if they did not find anything. If they (the news- fapers) would not furnish the testimony, le said It would prob&bly be only by acci dent if they discovered anything otherwise. The newspapers suggest witnesses, too. but It is insisted that it must be proven first that the witness suggested really does know what it is believed he does. The number of men who handle large sums of money for any r-strty is not large. The In vestigation would not have to take such a very wide range to Include in the examina tion the members of the Democratic com mittee who had charge of the campaign treasure. The Senators who could collect from the Sugar Trust a larsre sum of money are not many, and the range of possibility is still more narrowed when those are looked for who could so approach the Sugar Trust and ooull alw be powerful enough in tne party to pleape th- faltri or tne rn-ate- The names of Senators have been mentioned In connection with the allega tions. The habits and aoclatlons of these Senators are for the most part known to the members of the committee. It may be that even their bankers and brokers ore known. The fact that certain men havo been here trying to Influence legislation is as well known to the Senutors as to news paper men. They do not have to cry out: "Where la he? Show him to me." and meanwhile look in dark corners and out-of-the-way places. The testimony of three or four Senators, telling Just what they know, would bo worth all the second-hand information from the whole corps of Washlgton correspon dents. If the committee were detectives Instead of Judges they might follow out tne clews that are given them. If none of the few Senators who must know whether or not there was any contribution by th &ugar iTust win tell, or if none can bo trusted to tell the truth under oath, it might be possible to rind out somethinx? from their confidential agents or associates. A village constable would know how to go at it. If they want to fled out anvthirur thev are making a bad start. But it may not do tne oest thing for public morals that the secrets concerning campaign funds should be known. PETITION WITH HOOTS ON. One Preaented to Congress by Soldier In 1781. Springfield Republican. The so-called "Coxey armies" are not the first that have marched toward Congress to attempt to enforce redress for what they considered grievances. But that which preceded these had claims upon the country of a kind so superior to those of the Cox eyites that the latter diminish quite to an invisibility. All who have read the history of the war of the revolution cannot fail to remember the sufferings of the American soldiers at Valley Forge In 177$. when for days at a time they were without provi sions, clothes, medicines or other lodgings than the rude and uncomfortable huts which barely sheltered them. Many of tha soldiers were so deficient in clothes that they could not iie down lest they should freeze to death, but were forced to sit round the- campflres. These soldlerH were mainly the intelligent yeomanry of the land, plain farmers and mechanics, of whom Lafayette wrote to his wife. "No Eu ropean army would suffer the tenth part of what the American troops suffer. It takes dtizens to support hunger, nakedness, toil and the total want of iay which, con stitute the condition of our soldiers, the hardiest and most patient that are to bo found In tlie world." But human patience has its limits, and three years later, in January, 17SL when the patriot army was encamped at MorrU town. N. J. when Glover wrote to Massa chusetts: "It is now four days since 'your line of the army has eaten one mouthful of bread' "a. part of the Pennsylvania line, composed In a large degree of Irish immigrants, revolted, and, under the lead of their noncommissioned officers, marched to Princeton, en route to Philadelphia, where Congress was assembled. What they deemed indifference to their wants on the part of Congress mused their Indignation, and led them in an orderly manner to de mand redress in person. They were under the Impression that Congress wasted much precious time' In wrangling over questions of minor Importance, and that some of the States had grown indifferent and failed to furnish supplies in food and clothing, of both of which their commander. General Wayne, said they were sadly deficient, there being but one blanket between three men in that rigorous winter. The State of Penn sylvania, from which these revolters had been recruited, had been especially back ward in providing for the necessities of the army, though it was probably the richest of all the States, and through its President, Reed. It had but to come forward and ar range matters in the best way it could, by payment of arrears and promises for the future, to allay the dissatisfaction. Troops of New Jersey, whose ranks, next to the Pennsylvania line, included the largest pro portion of foreigners, showed signs of be ing influenced by the bad example, but Washington Interposed and suppressed tha revolt with a strong hand. The troops of New England, which had twenty regiments in the continental service, had equal reason, says the historian, for discontent; but they were almost every one of them native Americans, freeholders or sons of freeholders. The passions of the army were quieted by their patriotism, and order and discipline returned.-Jt should also be said on behalf of the mutineers that many of them were compelled to remain in the service after their time of enlistment had etpired. and were true to their coun try and gave up two of Sir Henry Clinton's emissaries, whom he ent to them with tempting offers, and who, after trial, were hanged as spies. There were no Arnolds among these soldiers. It may also be' said, In excuse of Con gress, that it could do nothing but resolve and that the States alone could execute and furnish men. money, food and cloth ing. If it had not been at this period for the aid of Robert Morris and France the worst, as Washington said In his circular letter to the New England States, that could befall the nascent States might have happened. The Indian Service Scandal. New York Evening Post. Among the many disappointments inflicted by the present administration at Washing ton upon Its well-wishers, its failure tode fend the Indian service from the noiis seekers Is among the saddest. More money may be Involved in the selection of consular officials and more white men may be Incon venienced by the appointment of postmas ters as the bosses dictate, according to the system now pursued at Washington, but the injury to, those afferted In this way is hot so deep as is that which the Indians suffer when their agents and teachers are chosen, not because of their qualifications for the places, but because at the last election they voted this or that ticket under the direction of some Eastern poli tician. Two cases pointed out by a corre spondent of the Evening Post yesterday call attention pointedly to the way In v.hlch President Cleveland allows the Indian sendee to be looted. The two persons men tioned as having been removed solely for political reasons were not th holders of Important positions, but the clerk and the farmer of an Indian school In Oklahoma, which, under the superintendence of effi cient employes, has been doing u ost excel lent work among the Indian children. The giving over of the Indian service to the politicians under Secretary' Iamar con stituted one of the political scandals of the first Cleveland administration.- We Khali be glad to be assured that this scandal is not to be repeated during Mr. Cleveland's jsec ond term. Mayor Plnffree'a Fears. New York- Press. Mayor Plngree, of Detroit, was in town afew rays ago. He Is a Republican, but he holds radical Ideas on many social prob lems. He and ex-Senator Palmer got Into an animated argument. Mr. Plngree held that We were approaching an e-a similar to the French revolution that the people would soon rise in their mt't n "v -turn the present order of things. "I am in favor of taking heroic measuies to pit vent the uprising," said Pingroe. "such as abolishing interest and wiping out all trusts and corporations." Ex-Senator Palmer ridiculed the sugges tion. He said Mr. Plngree had mistaken a heat rash for a violent disorder. "Should such an uprising as you Indicate occur, the man on horseback will appear. This country is not ready for the man on horse back yet. A good, big Republican victory will clear the air Immensely." Foulke Mill Cheerful. New York Commercial Advertiser. Whenever ex-Congressman William Dud ley Foulke, of Indiana, visits the city he Inspires the civil-service reformers to re newed efforts and renewed hope. He is now resting quietly at the Waldorf Hotel, where he will te vLited by Dorman B. Eaton and other orthodox clvll-service re formers, who still believe that thtre Is balm in Gilead. They thought 'Jrover Cleveland had the ,2alm" to heal a.1 civil service wounds, but now they have cranged their views about hi;n. But they are all optomists, and they sp-ak of civil service as something that is permanent and sa cred. Mr. Foulke supported Mr. Cleveland twice and General Harrison once. There is one thin j about him he does, not mind speaking out when any outrageous assaults have been made on civil-service reform. The Democratic (ihoat Dnnce. ' New York Press. The Baltimore Sun. Democratic, amiably notifies Senator Gorman that he "has no more chance of occupying the executive chair at Washington than the host of Benedict Arnold." Quite True. But why single out the Maryland leader for sacri fice? No Democrat who sup;orts the mon grel tariff bill stands a "ghost" of a chance of filling the presidency. The spec ter of ruined industries, desolate home and beggared wage earners will haunt the Dem ocratic party two years hence as the shade that seared the eyeballs of Macbeth. Death Dora Not End All. Kansas City Star. A cemeterv In the neighborhood of Wich ita was visited the other night by a cyclone, which overturned toml'Stones. tore ut graves and otherwise disported Itself lr an irreverent and unseemly muin'r. Dealt does not end all at least not in Kansas.