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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, June 04, 1894, Image 4

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Til E DAILY JOURNAL
"MONDAY. JUNK 4. 1S04.
WASHINGTON OFFICE 1420 PENNS LVANIA AVENUE
rclut Office 238 tutorial Room 243
IKIOI F liL'IJSCKIPTIOX.
pit 7 BY MAIL
r11r only, onemontl ................. . .70
Jljr only, three niontnt .......... - 2.0O
J nil oDly.wie year.. ..... iM'O
1 siij, liicluiiLj Sunday, on year...... lO.oo
t.hi.uj ono year...
WHE.X FCBM'tlXD CT AG&NTS.
rally, itrirffk, by carrier.. 15 cts
t-nu-iay, ftlnfrle coyy l5ct
l;Uy Mint bunuay, jr were, by carrier 20 cU
WELXLT.
I trY ear $1.00
ll1acl llt to Clnba.
f-uWin tv itli any clour numerous amenta or send
st I script tons U the
JOUKNAL NEWSPAPER COMPANY.
mvixsxrous, ixd,
rtrmn rn1injr tha Jonroal throasrh the mall I
II r V sited btaten should put on an eUhtrpase paper
s CPE-cekt postage tamp; on a twelre or sixteen.
jajtiai-r aTwo ETioUMretamp. a'orela post
j.e is ukuuUy double theo rate.
4 Uermxmunications intended for publication in
Uiryartr inv$t,in vrdcr io receive attention, bene
tow j antra by the name and address of theteriter.
I11E INDIAN ATOLlai JOURNAL.
Can te found at the followlu:j place:
1AR1S American Exchange la Paris, SO Boulevard
ceCapuctnea.
UtW lOIUi Giiaey House and Windsor UotL
llllLADLLrniA-A.lTKemble, 3733 Lancaster
aTfcor.
CHICAGO Tmlm i r House. Auditorium Hotel.
CI.VCIMNATI-J. R. Hawlcy A Co, 134 Vina street.
LOUISVILLE C.T. Deertug; cortawest corner t
Thud an d J eCerson street a.
fcl. LOUIS "Union Kews Company, Union Depot.
WASHINGTON. D. Cliigcs IIoqm and Ebbitt
lioase. '
There is reason to believe that very few
sheriffs realize what a tremendous power
the posse comitatus is.
Senator Voorhees seems to have lost his
grip. He has been conspicuous In the tar
Iff discussion only by his blunders.
The J17.000.000 saved by cutting off pen
sioners will come 'handy as an installment
of the pending Southern war claims.
It does not seem possible that every Dem
ocrat In the Senate can vote for the trust's
6ugar schedule, now that its iniquity has
been shown up. ,
The total reduction of duty on Northern
agricultural products by the Wilson bill
is U,4o5.66-2.56, and $42,000,000 Is added to
sugar to gratify a trust.
"Will Secretary Carlisle assert that he
was la conference with the bosses of the
Sugar Trust and the finance committee
without the authority or knowledge of the
President?
If the dramatic association which is ap-
pealing: for greater protection by copyright
law can prove to Congress that Its members
either live in Canada or the South, it might
succeed.
If Grover Cleveland Is dissatisfied with
the compromise tariff, there Is a question
of veracity between him and Senators
Faulkner and Brice. They have asserted
that it met the President's approval.
Already the Democratic members of the
Senate finance committee and the Secretary
of the Treasury, and three or four Demo
cratic Senators outside that committee, re
mind one of flies stuck fast in molasses.
Great credit is due to the officers and
men of the militia companies that were
called out for the promptness with which
they responded and reported, for duty.
They have shown that they recognize their
duty to the State.
In every Instance where, property of any
kind has been seized or destroyed by strlk
Ins miners the ringleaders should be ar
rested and prosecuted. Tfc opportunity Is
a favorable one to let everybody know that
the law is supreme in Indiana
Property will be more secure in Indiana
and respect for law will be Increased by
the knowledge that the State has a well
organized and drilled militia which can be
depended ,tipon In any emergency to aid
the civil authorities In the enforcement of
law. The moral effect of the present
mobilization of troops will be beneficially
felt for a long time.
Attorney-general Olney having com
promised the administration by his secret
alliance with trusts and Secretary Carlisle
having assisted in formulating the Have-myer-Gorman
sugar schedule, the New York
World thinks "It is pertinent to ask what
i3 left of Democratic policy and who is
standing up for It" We answer, pie is
left, and Senator Voorhees Is standing up
for IL
And now it is reported that the Presi
dent is extremely Indignant at the way
the tariff bill has been bungled In the Sen
ate. Like the most of the Cleveland Indig
nation, it comes too late. He could not
have been ignorant of what has been going
on the past two months, nevertheless he
made no protest until the unpopularity of
the measure reached his dull ears. The
President should stand with his friends.
Senator Manderson in his speech , on the
sugar schedule presents abundant testimony
from sugar beet growers in Nebraska and
elsewhere to show that the Industry is not
only feasible but profitable. He cites a
number of cases where farmers realized a
net rroflt of from $03 to $C1 an acre. If
the home sugar Industry could be pro
tected as it Is by the McKinley law thou
sands of farmers who make nothing by
wheat growing could make money raising
sugar beets.
Although it is customary for the Governor
to await a call from local authorities for
assistance in enforcing the law before tak
ing steps In that direction, he is not obliged
to await such call. Neither is It necessary
for him to have satisfactory evidence that
the local authorities have exhausted their
poorer. It Is enough If they fail through
weakness. Incompetence or carelessness to
enforce the law. It Is the constitutional
duty of the Governor to see that the laws
are enforced, and In times of popular tu
mult or disorder It Is as much- his duty
to supplement the negligence, cowardice or
Incompetence of local authority as It Is
to supplement their inability to cope with
, superior power.
The constitution of the leading commit
tees of the House of Representatives
ahowshow completely the South dominated
that body In the shaping of legislation.
Thus, la the committee on ways and means
there are seventeen members, of whom
eleven are Democrats, and six of these, a
majority of a majority, are from the South.
Of the committee on appropriations, con
sisting of sixteen members, ten are Dem
ocrats, and six of these are from the
South, again a majority of a majority, in
the committee on the judiciary, of seven
teen members eleven are Democrats, and
eight of these from the South. The com
mittee on banking and currency consists
of seventeen members, of whom eleven are
Democrats, and six of these are from the
South. The same is true of the committee
on coinage, weights and measures, on In
terstate and foreign commerce, on rivers
and harbors, on agriculture, on foreign af
fairs, on postoffices and post roads, on Pa
cific railroads, on levees and improvements
of the Mississippi river, on education, on
pensions, on claims, on the District of Co
lumbia, on the revision of the laws, a ma
jority of the majority In every case being
from the South. As these committees shape
the legislation of the House and can re
port or kill, advance or retard any meas
ure, it Is plain that the popular branch of
Congress is completely under the- control
cf the Southern Democracy.
NEIIVKLKSS SHERIFFS.
The occasion seems opportune to say
something about the duties and powers of
sheriffs. There have been many instances
in this State, though not more, perhaps,
than in other States, of sheriffs weakly
yielding to the demand of mobs, though It
should be added there have also been In
stances of brave resistance to such de
mands. Events during the last few days
have shown that there are some sheriffs
who seem to have a very Inadequate idea
of their duties and powers In times of pop
ular turmoil.
The office of sheriff, an abbreviation of
shire-reeve, officer of the shire, Is derived
from the British Constitution. ,In England
a sheriff Is appointed in each county by
the crown, and as keeper of the Queen's
peace he is the first man in the county,
superior In rank to any nobleman therein
during his office. He is specially Intrusted
with the execution of the laws and the
preservation of the peace, and for this pur
pose he hai at his disposal the whole civil
force of the county, called In legal phrase
ology the posse comitatus. This term posse
comitatus, borrowed from. old. English law,
means the power of the county, which the
sheriff is empowered to call . Into service
to aid and support him in the execution of
the law, in case of riot or other emergency.
It includes the entire male population of
the county of arms-bearing age, except
such as are disqualified from performing
military service.
Urder our Constitution sheriffs are elected
by the people, instead of being appointed
by the chief executive, but they are none
the less representative of sovereign author
ity. The sheriff is the highest executive
officer and chief conservator of the peace
in his county. There Is practically no limit
to his power and authority In the enforce
ment of law. The posse comitatus principle
prevails here as In England. The, law gives
a sheriff express authority "to call to his
aid the power of the county." Under this
authority the sheriff may order any per
son or any number of persons living in the
county to assist him in executing a writ,
making an arrest or preserving the peace,
i
and there is a penalty for refusal to so
assist. '
From what has been said it will be seen
that as the representative of the sovereign
ty of the people it is the duty of sheriffs
to enforce the law at all hazards, and that
they have very large powers in this regard.
The law makes a sheriff, by virtue of his
office, the natural enemy of all violators
of the law, and' of all who stand In a
threatening attitude towards it. He has no
right to compromise or to parley with such
persons, and for him to fraternize or "stand
in" with them is Infamous.
Julged by these tests, there are some
sheriffs in this State who either do not
underttand the scope of their duty and the
extent of their authority, or elso are not
disposed to perform the one and exercise
the other. In a feeble and perfunctory at-
tempt to release and move the captured
cars of coal at Shelburn the sheriff of Sul
livan county called out a posse of forty
business men from the town of Sullivan,
who seem to have been equally anxious
with the sheriff to avoid a collision with
the strikers. A Journal dispatch says:
A feeble effort was made to move the
cars of coal. The sheriff would not insist
upon exercising his authority, because he
thought to do so would mean bloodshed.
When the sheriff and his posse left on. the
special train the strikers and their sym
pathizers cheered their departure. The
strikers realize that the effort of the sher
iff has been a farce. They expected it to
be so. Some of the men at Shelburn say
they had no respect for Sheriff Mills, who
Is a candidate ror re-eieciion.
If the facts are as stated, the sheriff of
Sullivan county is either a moral or a phy
sical coward, and unfit for his position.
Ills telegram to the Governor asking for
military aid did not show that he had ex
hausted the power of the county or made
an earnest attempt to overcome the strik
ers. If a posse of forty men was not suffi
cient ho should have called out a hundred,
five hundred or a thousand men. And he
should not have ceased his effort to move
the captured cars of coal until some heads
had been broken and some blood shed. The
sheriff of Sullivan county has lost a great
opportunity to prove that he is fit for the
office. The secret of his nervelessness prob
ably lie in the fact, stated above, that he
is a candidate for re-election. Thus poli
tics dees make cowards of us all.
There is no evidence that the sheriff of
Daviess county, in which Cannelburg Is
situated, made any earnest effort to pre
serve the peace or disperse the riotous
strikers before applying for military' aid.
He Joined Judge Heffren in a dispatch to
the Governor, representing that troops were
"needed badly and promptly," and the facts
indicated that they were, but there was
nothing to show that the sheriff had tried
to do his duty. Perhaps not much can be
expected In the way of assisting to en
force the law from citizens of a county
where Whitecaplsm flourished and was
winked at for years before any attempt
was made by the local authorities to put
it down or to punish those engaged in It,
but that does not excuse the sheriff from
putting forth his utmost efforts and ex
hausting the power of the county to en-
force the law. Is he, too, a candidate for
re-election, or is he "laying" for some
other office?
The lesson of these Incidents is that the
people need to be educated to a higher
standard of the observance and enforcement
of law, and to exact a stricter perform
ance of duty, from their public servants.
SKXATOR SIIERMAVS EXPOSK.
No man who Is not a sugar manufac
turer knows more about sugar and sugar
duties than Senator Sherman, who, as Sec
retary of the Treasury, became familiar
with every phase of the question. After
reading the sugar schedule before the Sen
ate, Senator Sherman, in his speech on Fri
day, said;
One Peculiarity of this amendment is that
It was not drawn in the ordinary manner.
It was drawn by a careful manufacturer
who is perfectly familiar with sugar. The
Dutch standard of color herein produced
supplants all these standards of color which
had been fixed by this and other nations,
tested by the Dolariscone. and it sut1ects
all the vast amount of sugar, valued at
over sioo.ooo.OOO, to an ad valorem valua
tion, varying widely. The purest of this
sugar has less than half the purity of the
ordinary grade of sugar. They have intro
duced into, this an element of fraud which
wouia defeat not only the revenue of the
government, but all the protection which
is given in the bill to sugar planters. It
gives in addition one-eighth of 1 per cent,
to the sugars which come into competition
with refined sugars of our country, and
here is the cunning of the whole proceed
ing. Here is a duty levied now for a pri
vate interest upon all sugars which come
into competition with the sugars of the
bugar Trust that is above No. 16 Dutch
standard. The rate is at once chaneed. The
duties become specific, and there is then
given to a refiner a protective duty of one-
eigntn or 1 cent a pound on all sugars
which are brought into this country, suffi
cient to exclude all the high grades of
sugar ana to compel an the sugar which is
Drought in ror ordinary consumption to, go
through the refining process.
Senator Sherman then proceeds to show
that this one-eighth of 1 cent a pound
Is not all the protection the trust will re
ceive. The sugars the trust will import are
worth 2i cents a pound, while those it
sells the people are worth 32 cejits. Conse
quently, on the difference of 1 cent a pound
the trust will get a duty of 40 per cent..
or four-tenths of 1 cent on a pound. Add
to four-tenths of 1 cent one-eighth of a
cent and the protective duty is 21-40 of a
cent a pound. But this is not all. The agents
of the Sugar Trust know that Germany and
other beet sugar countries in Europe are
the only competitors the trust can have
In sugars above 15 , Dutch standard, and
under the pretext that these countries pay
an export duty on such sugars a discrimi
nating duty of one-tenth of a cent a pound
lsplaced upon the sugars of such countries.
thus practically shutting them out-of the
American market and making the tnonopoly
of the trust complete. Add to the duty of
21-40 of 1 cent the one-tenth of 1 cent to
protect against German and French sugars,
and the protective duty of the trust Is 25-40,
or five-eighths of 1 cent a pound, or one-
eighth of a cent a pound more than the
McKinley duty on refined sugars. Under
the McKinley law, however, German re-
fined sugars have come Into this country
freely, because the German bounty paid
upon exported sugars, equivalent to one-
tenth of 1 cent a pound, brought the Mc-
Klnley duty of five-tenths of .a,, cent, a
pound doWn to four-tenths of 'a'cehCThe
Senator made It clear that the Dutch stand
ard of color for sugars was set aside in
1S78 because it was shown that it could be
fraudulently manipulated, and the polari
scope substituted. He also made it clear
that as the sugars below No. 16 D. S. can
not be consumed without reflninjr, and that
there can be no competition with the trust
In selling refined sugars by outsiders, the
Senate schedule creates a sharp competi
tion in the markets in which the trust pur
chases raw sugar, but. prevents any, com
petition in the sale of refined sugars ' to
American consumers. . n
the ixcitEAsixr; nniiT of coxt-i
XEXTAL EUROPE.
Mr. M. G. Mulhall, the statistician for all
the world, has a short article In the June
North American Review upon the finances
of the continent of Europe for the purpose
of showing that the Increasing expenditure
and taxation of . Its governments is cause
for anxiety. There has been, since 1SS5,, an
Increase of 21 per cent. In the taxation Im
posed by these governments, and 17 per
cent. In the public debt. Taxation has ap
parently reached Its limit, and yet the ex
penditure goes on. France, Germany, Rus
sia, Austria, Italy, Spain, Portugal and
the minor states have an aggregate revenue
of f:9C,000,000 and an expenditure of 660,
000,000, while their debt has increased 5S0,
000,000 between 1S85 and 1893. It is ex
plained that 60 per cent, of this Increasing
debt Is for the building" and purchasing of
state railways, which are regarded as re
productive works, but if they are not bet
ter paying property than most American
railways government ownership and control
means a perpetual source cf taxation.
Since 18S5 the continental governments" have
purchased or built more than 16,000 miles
of railway, the mileage of 'government rail
ways In 1SU3 being 53,830 miles, valued at
1.000.000,000, or $3,450,000,000 In round num
bers. During the eight years European
governments expended $1,680,000,000 for rail
roads. As a matter of fact the net earn
lnrs of these railroads, except in Ger
many, have rarely exceeded 2 per cent,
on the money they cost. Which Is much
short of the interest paid on the money.
The constantly increasing armies and na
vies are responsible for nearly all the bal
ance of the Increase of debt. The budgets
of the continental states for war expendi
tures rose from $040,000,000 in 1S84 to $730,
000,000 in 1S03. It is the taxation necessary
to keep up this increasing- but unnecessary
war burden which is oppressing the masses
In Europe. The leading continental gov
ernments have not only increased their
customs duties materially during the past
nine years, but the excise tax, which falls
largely upon the masses. In France, which
raises sugar to export, the excise tax on
that article is $1 a head, and in Germany
nearly half as much. The tax on salt in
Italy Is 40 cents a head. The gross, debt
of the governments of the continent 13
$20,250,000,000. or SliJSi.OOO.OOO after deduct
ing the cost of railroad property.
Mr. Mulhall asks how long this Increas
ing of debt and taxation can go on without
the bankruptcy of. the nations doing It,
and does not answer except to Imply that
such bankruptcy would have a serious ef
fect upon the.trade of the world. The rem
edy, ami the only one, is the disarmament
of continental Europe and the maintcoance
of peace by the honorable observance of
treaties rather than by the mutual threats
of the largest armies, the most powerful
navies, and the alliance of three to hold
the others In check.
Captain Hart has retired from the list of
aspirants for the Republican nomination
for Congress in the Ninth district. His
canvass was not so successful in his own
county as he was led to expect, yet for all
that he would have gone into the conven
tion with a good following. The reason he
will not be a candidate before the conven
tion is that he believes that It will be con
ducive to the success of the Republican
party In Clinton and other counties for
him to retire. Such action will not be for
gotten by the party when Captain Hart
Is again an aspirant for public position. It
Is also reported that Hon. James A. Hem
enway, of Warrick county, who was one of
the candidates In the deadlocked convention
in the First district, which will reassemble
in Mount Vernon the 12th Inst., has ex
pressed a purpose not to remain In the con
test if he finds that there has been no
change of sentiment on the part of the
delegates, as he. will not Jeopardize the in
terests of the party and the cause for
which It stands to promote his personal
ambition. This is the right kind of talk,.
and First district Republicans should make
a note of it
One of the speakers at the meeting in
New York to protest against the Income tax
pointed out how It would affect depositors
In savings banks. He said:
Take for example one Institution, the
largest In deposits and assets of any In
America or Europe, the Bowery Savings
Bank, of which I have been a trustee for
thirty years, which may be considered a
fair sample for the comparison. We have
102.763 open accounts. Of these, 31.304 are
under $100 and more than 25,000 are under
$300; or, say, 56,300 open accounts in the
Bowery Savings Bank which have less than
$300 each to their credit. These deposits
represent the total amount of the capital
and are the entire savings of the 56.304 de
positors. Please bear in mind that I speak
of capital total possessions, not Income
ana It is proposed that 2 per cent, per an
num shall be deducted from the small in
come of these little capitalists, who have
tolled and denied themselves for years that
they might have a nest egg to keep the
wolf from the door in times like the pres
ent, when work Is scarce and they or their
children are hungry.
The income tax was primarily intended
to catch large capitalists, but Its framers
had not sense enough to know that In tax
ing savings banks they were taxing the
poor. This operation of the law is an un-.
witting departure from the original inten
tion, by which It was to be strictly class
legislation.
John R. McPherson has been a Senator
from New Jersey since March 4. 1877. He
is now sixty-two years of age. He is a
member of the Senate finance committee,
which has been manipulated by the Sugar
Trust. While the manipulation was going
on, as the Senator testifies, he and his son.
conferred about the purchase of trust
stooks, which they knew would rise when
the trust's sugar schedule should be made
public As the result of the conference It
was decided that it would not be proper
to invest, but they left the telegram to
the broker on the table where they were
consulting, and a faithful attendant took
It to the telegraph office. The five hun
dred shares were purchased and the Sena
tor notified. When not'fied he ordered their
sale, but in the meantime the stocks had
risen so that the profit was $1,500. But the
Senator retains that.
In view of the promptness with which
the militia responded to the call of the
Governor, the Legislature ought not to
hesitate about making reasonable pro
vision hereafter for the support of the
militia and for annual encampments. It
is desirable that the State should have a
good militia force in case of need, and that
every proper means should be used to
maintain Its efficiency and keep it imbued
with the idea of fidelity in the observance
and enforcement of law.
It is a singular coincidence that just
when, the Senate sugar investigating com
mittee should have reached a point where
Mr. Havemyer's evidence becomes . im
portant It should be announced that he Is
In Europe. It Is also singular that right
upon tha heels of Senator Mcpherson's
statement that when he stopped speculating
in suar he transferred his sugar stock
account to his son it should be discovered
that Mr. McPherson, Jr., has Just sailed
for Europe.
Agitators may introduce resolutions cen-
suring Governor Matthews for enforcing
the laws and doing his sworn duty, and
"Progress" clubs may adopt them, but the
only effect will be to increase the number
of la wabldlng, order-loving people who will
approve the Governor's action and extend
him their unqualified support.
The Cincinnati newspapers have united
in the adoption of a rule requiring all
church and charitable notices to be paid
for at regular advertising rates. The pa
pers there, as in other cities, have found
that their share of the tax for religion
and charity has become disproportionately
heavy, and that the public is disposed to
demand the free Insertion of such adver
tisements as a right, whereas it is a con
tribution equivalent to cash. It is to re
store a proper balance that a return to
business ' principles is agreed upon.
Dr. Guthrie, of Edinburgh, after carry
Ing on ragged schools In that city for a
number of yeare, sent Invitations to a din
ner to boys who had found a blessing in
the schools. Two hundred and fifty re
sponded, one gentleman traveling five hun
dred miles to be present.
IIL'nULES IV Till! AIR.
Differing Views.
"Man's got to hustle in my business,"
said the rental agent.
"That so?" said the other man. "I thought
all he had to do was to lie about th? house
day after day."
A Mnhntiuu of Duiledom.
Miss Flyppe Chollle Utewayte Is a mem
ber of your set, is he not?
ChappIe-Ya-as. The deah boy is the envy
of all the west of us. He has cultivated
the finer gwaces till he is actually able to
gst weally fwightened at the sight of a
mouse.
The Ilond to Wealth.
"Papa," said the young woman, "aurely
you ought to know better than to us the
small 'i In your letters when speaking In
the first person singular. You should use
the capital."
"Not much I won't." said the plutocratic
parent. "The small letter uses up less ink."
Man Unhappy Lot.
"There are S'ery few positive pleasures
In this world." said the pessimistic philos
opher. "The best of them are but allavia-
tlons of miseries. We like the fire In win
ter because it enables us to escape the cold;
we uss fans and Ices In the summer to
overcome the heat, and we eat and drink
to quench the pangs of hunger and thirst.
and I don't more than half believe that life
is worth the living anyway."
AUO IT PEOPLE A.ND THINGS.
A London second-hand bookseller recent
ly advertised a little book of religious con
solation. It was published in 630, and bears
the consolatory title. "A mndKercnier ror
Parents' Wet Eyes Upon the Death of Chil
dren." King Oscar, of Sweden, was. In his young
days, one of the most accomplished tenors
in Europe. It is said if he were obliged
to earn a livelihood he could have sup
plied the void caused by the retirement
of Mario from the operatic stage.
A nephew of Edwin Booth, Harold Van
Buren Magonigle, has won the traveling
scholarship in architecture offered annual
ly by Mr. Rotch, of Boston. This prize
entitles him to $1,000 a year for two years,
during which time he must . travel abroad
and study architecture.
Robert Louis Stevenson, at a gathering of
Presbyterians lately In Sydney, Australia,
claimed to be as good a Presbyterian as
any of them. It turned out that his claim
was based upon the fact that he had once
sat out an hour and a half sermon in tne
old parish kirk In Leith.
King Wing, a distinguished Chinaman,
has reached Mobile, Ala., en route from his
home in. Merida, Mexico, to Hong Kong,
China, where he goes to get 200,000 of his
countrymen to settle in Mexico. The colon
ists will be employed on coffee ana nemp
plantations to be operated . by Wing.
The Crown Prince of Denmark visited a
female seminary in Copenhagen the other
day to hear the girls recite. One little girl
near him became confused and forgot her
lesson, whereupon he took her on his lap
and she thenceforth answered every ques
tion correctly, subsequently, when praised
for her knowledge, she replied: "Why, the
Crown Prince whispered all the answers
to me."
There are only four survivors of Na
poleon's Grand Army, the oldest of . them
being Jean Jacques Sabatier, who was born
April 15, 1792. The others are one hundred
and one and one hundred years old. They
are all said to be as hearty and vigorous
as could be expected of men who have
lived eighty-two years since they suffered
the hardships of one of the most terrible
retreats In the history of warfare.
Sir George Wiliams. whom the Queen
has just knighted, seems to. have been hon
ored by royalty because he is so good. He
Is president of. fully .thirty religious and
philanthropic societies and a director In
as many more. He Is seventy years -old
and not wealthy, and the distinction im
plied in the honor is shown In the fact that
he Is a retail storekeeper one of a class
who most rarely receive royal reward.
Professor Zakbarin, of Moscow, the
Czar's physician, Is very eccentric. When
he Is called to attend to a patient all dogs
must be kept out of the way, all clocks
stopped, and all the doors must be thrown
wide open. He Insists on perfect silence in
the sick room, excepting answering his
questions, - when only "yea" or "nay" is"
allowed. His eccentricities, however, cease
at the bedside of his patient, where he is
courteous and considerate.
The air grew green in hue.
The rank smell spread afar
Throughout the smoking car;
There- was a cry of "Phew!"
And everybody knew
It was a gift cigar.
. .. New York Journal.
SHREDS AXD PATCHES.
The affliction of some of our actresses
might be diagnosed as ma trimono mania.
-Washington Star. ,
Death from old age stares murderer
Prendergast In the face. Rochester Demo
crat and Chronicle.
"No, Maud, dear, those heavy wagons
which you see on the streets ?re not raised
on truck farms." Philadelphia Record.
Married . men are always preferred as
workmen. Tney are more docile: they
know what it is to be bossed. Atchison
Globe.
Odorless whisky having -been Invented,
nothing now remains but to find some way
to render: cloves scentless. Chicago Dis
patch. 1
New York delivered the country to the
Democracy and gets the income tax forced
down her unwilling throat for her paJns.
Detroit Tribune.
Doubtless . the Senators desired to ad
journ, in order to strew flowers over the
last resting place of the Chicago platform.
Washington Star.
Diner (to waiter who brings the soup)
Why didn't you take your finger out of
that soud?" Waiter Oh. it isn't hot.
Fllegende Blatter.
The "pull" of President Cleveland with
Congress is as nothing when compared
with the pull of President Havemyer.
Philadelphia Press.
A Cincinnati preacher says he is tired of
a republic and "wants a king." A great
deal of money is lost here every night Just
in that way.--Chicago Dispatch.
The invention of odorless whisky would
seem to be a dangerous invasion of a wife's
right to know her husband s goings-In and
comlngs-out. Providence Journal.
Mrs. Cat t, the Kansas stump speaker, is
for woman suffrage first, "last and all the
time. In other respects, politically. Mrs.
Catt Is on the fence. Chicago Dispatch.
It is true that times have been very hard
indeed. 'But it Is difficult to perceive Just
how the summer girl is going to econo
mize in her bathing suit. Washington Star.
THAT INVESTIGATION.
Same Old Story If the Rat Shows
Illmnelf He Will Be Caught.
Correspondence Philadelphia Telegraph.
Lives there a man so simple who thinks
that the Senators who voted for an in
vestigation into the influences that are al
leged to control in the Senate want the
truth disclosed?
Ordinarily it Is not proper to prejudge,
but in a case of this sort it is little other
'than hypocrisy to look upon the matter
seriously, investigations of this sort are
like party platforms intended to satisfy
the simple and clamorous. The committee
conducting the Investigation is composed of
some of the best and most honored men
In the Senate In their function as judges
they will be as fair and impartial as the
most upright Judge in creation. Woe to
the man who confesses that he has been
guilty of a wrong, and woe to him whom
some accidental testimony convicts.
The committee will not screen any one
whom the testimony damages. These com
mitteemen are upright Judges, and honor
demands of them no more. They are
neither detectives nor prosecuting attor
neys. They are like the rat-exterminating
tramp; they are ready for business if you
will only trot out your rats. They are
there to kill rats, not to hunt them. From
long habit the Senate has come to think
that the public love to be fooled. These lit
tle theatrical episodes are put upon the
boards to distract attention when the pub
lic shows signs of impatience. This is a
little comedy of "The Public vs. The Sen
ate." It Is not necessary to wait until It
is all over to discover Uh plot. It starts
with the same old stereotyped scenes. The
newspaper man is held up before the pub
lic to see If anything can be shaken out
of his clothes, and the curtain will go down
on the "scandalmonger" being denounced
for trj'lng to bring discredit upon the
whitewashed hero. As deplorable as It
would be if Senators engaged in legislating
for the "whole people took the oppor
tunity, while knowing a thing or two that
was to happen, to speculate on their In
formation, the really important question
is, not that, but whether a whole party has
been bribed, and whether, in consideration
of a stated sum paid in advance, certain
legislation is to be brought about.
That is the core of the scandal. The rest
Is merely the inflammation. The Integrity
of the whole party in pow-er is involved;
the practices of both parties might be made
subject to review. Is the public (the over
grown bumpkin that he is simple enough
to suppose that any investigating commit
tee of Congress is going to discover it if
this charge is true? If this committee had
start ed out on new and original lines
judgment might be suspended in the idea
that something extraordinary might hap
pen and truth might blossom like a rose,
even in foul air.
A member of the committee was com
plaining to me to-day that the newspapers
ought not to criticise the committee if they
did not find anything. If they (the news-
fapers) would not furnish the testimony,
le said It would prob&bly be only by acci
dent if they discovered anything otherwise.
The newspapers suggest witnesses, too. but
It is insisted that it must be proven first
that the witness suggested really does
know what it is believed he does. The
number of men who handle large sums of
money for any r-strty is not large. The In
vestigation would not have to take such a
very wide range to Include in the examina
tion the members of the Democratic com
mittee who had charge of the campaign
treasure. The Senators who could collect
from the Sugar Trust a larsre sum of money
are not many, and the range of possibility
is still more narrowed when those are
looked for who could so approach the Sugar
Trust and ooull alw be powerful enough
in tne party to pleape th- faltri or tne rn-ate-
The names of Senators have been
mentioned In connection with the allega
tions. The habits and aoclatlons of these
Senators are for the most part known to
the members of the committee. It may be
that even their bankers and brokers ore
known. The fact that certain men havo
been here trying to Influence legislation is
as well known to the Senutors as to news
paper men.
They do not have to cry out: "Where la
he? Show him to me." and meanwhile look
in dark corners and out-of-the-way places.
The testimony of three or four Senators,
telling Just what they know, would bo
worth all the second-hand information from
the whole corps of Washlgton correspon
dents. If the committee were detectives
Instead of Judges they might follow out
tne clews that are given them. If none of
the few Senators who must know whether
or not there was any contribution by th
&ugar iTust win tell, or if none can bo
trusted to tell the truth under oath, it
might be possible to rind out somethinx?
from their confidential agents or associates.
A village constable would know how to go
at it.
If they want to fled out anvthirur thev
are making a bad start. But it may not
do tne oest thing for public morals that
the secrets concerning campaign funds
should be known.
PETITION WITH HOOTS ON.
One Preaented to Congress by Soldier
In 1781.
Springfield Republican.
The so-called "Coxey armies" are not the
first that have marched toward Congress
to attempt to enforce redress for what
they considered grievances. But that which
preceded these had claims upon the country
of a kind so superior to those of the Cox
eyites that the latter diminish quite to an
invisibility. All who have read the history
of the war of the revolution cannot fail to
remember the sufferings of the American
soldiers at Valley Forge In 177$. when for
days at a time they were without provi
sions, clothes, medicines or other lodgings
than the rude and uncomfortable huts
which barely sheltered them. Many of tha
soldiers were so deficient in clothes that
they could not iie down lest they should
freeze to death, but were forced to sit
round the- campflres. These soldlerH were
mainly the intelligent yeomanry of the
land, plain farmers and mechanics, of
whom Lafayette wrote to his wife. "No Eu
ropean army would suffer the tenth part
of what the American troops suffer. It
takes dtizens to support hunger, nakedness,
toil and the total want of iay which, con
stitute the condition of our soldiers, the
hardiest and most patient that are to bo
found In tlie world."
But human patience has its limits, and
three years later, in January, 17SL when
the patriot army was encamped at MorrU
town. N. J. when Glover wrote to Massa
chusetts: "It is now four days since 'your
line of the army has eaten one mouthful
of bread' "a. part of the Pennsylvania
line, composed In a large degree of Irish
immigrants, revolted, and, under the lead
of their noncommissioned officers, marched
to Princeton, en route to Philadelphia,
where Congress was assembled. What they
deemed indifference to their wants on the
part of Congress mused their Indignation,
and led them in an orderly manner to de
mand redress in person. They were under
the Impression that Congress wasted much
precious time' In wrangling over questions
of minor Importance, and that some of the
States had grown indifferent and failed to
furnish supplies in food and clothing, of
both of which their commander. General
Wayne, said they were sadly deficient, there
being but one blanket between three men
in that rigorous winter. The State of Penn
sylvania, from which these revolters had
been recruited, had been especially back
ward in providing for the necessities of the
army, though it was probably the richest
of all the States, and through its President,
Reed. It had but to come forward and ar
range matters in the best way it could, by
payment of arrears and promises for the
future, to allay the dissatisfaction. Troops
of New Jersey, whose ranks, next to the
Pennsylvania line, included the largest pro
portion of foreigners, showed signs of be
ing influenced by the bad example, but
Washington Interposed and suppressed tha
revolt with a strong hand.
The troops of New England, which had
twenty regiments in the continental service,
had equal reason, says the historian, for
discontent; but they were almost every
one of them native Americans, freeholders
or sons of freeholders. The passions of
the army were quieted by their patriotism,
and order and discipline returned.-Jt should
also be said on behalf of the mutineers that
many of them were compelled to remain in
the service after their time of enlistment
had etpired. and were true to their coun
try and gave up two of Sir Henry Clinton's
emissaries, whom he ent to them with
tempting offers, and who, after trial, were
hanged as spies. There were no Arnolds
among these soldiers.
It may also be' said, In excuse of Con
gress, that it could do nothing but resolve
and that the States alone could execute
and furnish men. money, food and cloth
ing. If it had not been at this period for
the aid of Robert Morris and France the
worst, as Washington said In his circular
letter to the New England States, that
could befall the nascent States might have
happened.
The Indian Service Scandal.
New York Evening Post.
Among the many disappointments inflicted
by the present administration at Washing
ton upon Its well-wishers, its failure tode
fend the Indian service from the noiis
seekers Is among the saddest. More money
may be Involved in the selection of consular
officials and more white men may be Incon
venienced by the appointment of postmas
ters as the bosses dictate, according to
the system now pursued at Washington,
but the injury to, those afferted In this way
is hot so deep as is that which the Indians
suffer when their agents and teachers are
chosen, not because of their qualifications
for the places, but because at the last
election they voted this or that ticket
under the direction of some Eastern poli
tician. Two cases pointed out by a corre
spondent of the Evening Post yesterday
call attention pointedly to the way In v.hlch
President Cleveland allows the Indian
sendee to be looted. The two persons men
tioned as having been removed solely for
political reasons were not th holders of
Important positions, but the clerk and the
farmer of an Indian school In Oklahoma,
which, under the superintendence of effi
cient employes, has been doing u ost excel
lent work among the Indian children. The
giving over of the Indian service to the
politicians under Secretary' Iamar con
stituted one of the political scandals of the
first Cleveland administration.- We Khali be
glad to be assured that this scandal is not
to be repeated during Mr. Cleveland's jsec
ond term.
Mayor Plnffree'a Fears.
New York- Press.
Mayor Plngree, of Detroit, was in town
afew rays ago. He Is a Republican, but
he holds radical Ideas on many social prob
lems. He and ex-Senator Palmer got Into
an animated argument. Mr. Plngree held
that We were approaching an e-a similar
to the French revolution that the people
would soon rise in their mt't n "v -turn
the present order of things. "I am
in favor of taking heroic measuies to pit
vent the uprising," said Pingroe. "such
as abolishing interest and wiping out all
trusts and corporations."
Ex-Senator Palmer ridiculed the sugges
tion. He said Mr. Plngree had mistaken a
heat rash for a violent disorder. "Should
such an uprising as you Indicate occur,
the man on horseback will appear. This
country is not ready for the man on horse
back yet. A good, big Republican victory
will clear the air Immensely."
Foulke Mill Cheerful.
New York Commercial Advertiser.
Whenever ex-Congressman William Dud
ley Foulke, of Indiana, visits the city he
Inspires the civil-service reformers to re
newed efforts and renewed hope. He is
now resting quietly at the Waldorf Hotel,
where he will te vLited by Dorman B.
Eaton and other orthodox clvll-service re
formers, who still believe that thtre Is
balm in Gilead. They thought 'Jrover
Cleveland had the ,2alm" to heal a.1 civil
service wounds, but now they have cranged
their views about hi;n. But they are all
optomists, and they sp-ak of civil service
as something that is permanent and sa
cred. Mr. Foulke supported Mr. Cleveland
twice and General Harrison once. There is
one thin j about him he does, not mind
speaking out when any outrageous assaults
have been made on civil-service reform.
The Democratic (ihoat Dnnce. '
New York Press.
The Baltimore Sun. Democratic, amiably
notifies Senator Gorman that he "has no
more chance of occupying the executive
chair at Washington than the host of
Benedict Arnold." Quite True. But why
single out the Maryland leader for sacri
fice? No Democrat who sup;orts the mon
grel tariff bill stands a "ghost" of a
chance of filling the presidency. The spec
ter of ruined industries, desolate home and
beggared wage earners will haunt the Dem
ocratic party two years hence as the shade
that seared the eyeballs of Macbeth.
Death Dora Not End All.
Kansas City Star.
A cemeterv In the neighborhood of Wich
ita was visited the other night by a cyclone,
which overturned toml'Stones. tore ut
graves and otherwise disported Itself lr
an irreverent and unseemly muin'r. Dealt
does not end all at least not in Kansas.

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