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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, July 11, 1894, Image 2

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turned In favor of the railroad company.
At Oakland no trains were moved. The
trikers and railroad officials there are anx
iously awaiting the appearance of the
United States marines that have been or
dered to that point. In this city and at
San Jose passenger traffic was resumed
to-day over the coast division. Kailro?.d
officials say freight trains will be moved
to-morrow. At no point on t..e coast di
vision was violence offered by the strike! s.
In southern California the blockades are
broken. Ical trains are running on both
the Fanta Fe and Southern Pacific. The
Santa Fe dispatched one eastern overland
this morning, and the Southern Pacific its
New Orleans special from Los Angeles.
Governor AltKelU Tnlkn Aliout State
Force nt Clilentto.
SPRINGFIELD. III., July lO.-In taking
In the strike situation last night the Gov
ernor said: "The State has six regiments
of Infantry, two troops of cavalry and two
battalions of artillery with Gatllng guns
in Chicago. In addition to that there are
a great many hundred deputies summoned
by Sheriff Gilbert, whom the State assisted
In arming early In the strike. Besides these
forces, and besides the regular policemen
of Chicago, there are several thousand ex
tra police who were put on duty early In
the strike. The forces, State and local,
have the situation thoroughly In hand, and
If there is no extension of the strike into
other trades the trouble will be all over In
a few days. Should the strike extend among
the other trades, it will take a week or so
longer. We have been furnishing the rail
roads prompt assistance in the way of pro
tection all over the State whenever and
wherever called on. and during the past
week have had troops at six different
points outside of Chicago, and during the
last four or five days mere ha been very
little difficulty over the State. Nearly all
the railroads that can get men to operate
their trains have been running nearly ail
their regular trains, passenger and freight."
Switching: CreTV Forced to Quit "Work
Tel ck rniu from Orl:n.
CLEVELAND, O., July 10. The first vio
lence in Cleveland occurred early this morn
ing, when a crowd of strikers forced a
switching crew in the Erie yards to quit
work. Some of the men were hustled about
in a lively way, but no one wa3 hurt.
The railroad officials feel encouraged over
the fact that the firemen on the Cleve
land division of the Big Four have an
nounced their readiness to return to work.
The company is getting more men and ex
pect to break the tie-up to-morrow, with
the help of the authorities if necessary.
The following telegram wai received
from Debs to-day at the headquarters of
the American Hallway Union, and created.
much enthusiasm:
"Meeting of all labor organizations of
Chicago last night voted to strike Wednes
day. McConnell, machinists; McMahon.
street-car employes; Mclirlde, coal miners;
Sovereign, Knights of Iabor. were present.
All with us. Many parts Texas and Ohio
struck to-day. Old points report loyal.
Stand pat."
Aenr York WorkliiKmen Xot Disposed
to AwNlftt Deb.
NEW YORK. July 10. Mortimer O'Con
nell, president of the Brotherhood of Sur
face Railroads, scouts the Idea of a gen
eral strike of street railway employes in
iympathy with the Pullman boycott. As to
Mahone, who, at a conference of railroad
men in Chicago a few days ago. claimed
to represent the Amalgamated Association
of Street-railway Employes, O'Connell says
he cannot control live hundred men. Oom
pers, according to O'Connell, has a very
small following here and still less in Chi
cago. Most of the labor leaders here say
the unions will strike if it seems likely to
do any good, but they are practically unan
imous in agreeing that it would not do any
good. Among the various brotherhoods in
tnis city where the real strength of the
railroad labor lies, there is a strong feeling
against any sympathetic strikes. The men
will not strike unless practicany forced to
do so by higher officials of the brotherhoods
elsewhere, and any railroad strike here
would be a farce without the support of
the brotherhoods.
Tlie Tic-rp nt Toledo.
TOLEDO, O., July 10. The second day
of the strike has resulted in a complete
tie-up of every road in the city so far as
freight traffic is concerned. The last to
come out were the men In the Pennsyl
vania yards, and they stated to their su
perintendent that they feared bodily harm
if they continued. Protection was offered,
but the men said that .the company could
not protect them when going to and from
work. The men In the Ohio Central yards
were driven out by a committee and a
small mob this morning. Aside from these
disturbances nothing of moment has hap
pened. Passenger trains are moving as us
ual on all roads save the Toledo & Ohio
Central, where there is some delay. General
Manager Hlair, of the Wheeling & Lake
Erie, will offer a last opportunity for the
men to go back on his road, and if they
refuse he will erase their names from the
company's books and shut down the entire
road until a new force can be hired to fill
their places.
Situation nt St. Lou It.
ST. LOP IS, July 10. The condition of
traffic at this iint is reaching a normal
condition, on the west side of the river
and on the transfer systems the y.ird en
gines are fully manned. On the east side
the fnight warehouses this morning opened
for business and the volume of traffic
handled Is showing a gratifying increase,
the nurr.her of men at work being large
enough to more than handle the freight.
The large jercentage of new men arc
h-indlinc the switch targets, though there
is not more than a sprinkling of old men
on that side of th river. The consolidated
reports of the railroads centering here, in
cluding the terminal systems, show that
business is picking up. Not less than 12x
workmen have ben forced out of employ
ment in this city by the railroad strike.
niorknde nt MlnuenpolU Untied.
MINNEAPOLIS, July 10. The blockade
of traffic on roads centering in Minneap
olis is a blockade on paper only. For a
number of days the passenger service on
all roads has been moving practically on
time. To-day freight service was rmim:d
on the Milwaukee & St. Paul, the Omaha
and other roads. The A. It. I", leaders here
declare that they are still out, and will
ftav out. and that freight cannot be
1romptly moved without them, but it is
;nown that the men are tirrU of the strike
and anxlou to go to work. The Milwau
kee & St. Paul's notice to all who did not
Teturn to the company's employ by 7
o'clock this morning would be considered
out of it had considerable effect, and the
company claim to be well supplied v.itn
men. .
licnrrnl Mcfimk IMeuaed.
DF.NVKR, Col., July 10. "That's all I
want," sid General McCook, after reading
president Cleveland's proclamation ord:ring
all unlawful assemblages in Colorado and
other Western Slates and Territories o
disperse before 4 p. m. to-day.
"What will you do under the proclama
tion General?" was asked.
"If the dispatch is as given, it saves me
the trouble of ordering anything." was the
response. "The President's proclamation
settle the strike."
"Will you permit meetings in tie inter
est of the strikers:
"If the meetings are of a serious char
acter, I will certainly not permit them,"
6 lid the General.
Striken) lnlI Off.
CINCINNATI. July lO.-When court ad
journed to-night It was announced the
arguments In the case of Frank W. Phelan
would continue to-morrow. Judge Taft
mi id his decision would be rendered Thurs
day mornlntr. The Cincinnati, Hamilton &
Dayton pay car was In the yards to-day.
All strikers get their discharge with their
pjy. Mtny who have been with the road
all their livs were discharged. Some
strikers returned to work to-iiy at tfco
Pullman shops in Ludlow. Ky. The n:q
Four reports full forces of firemen on -ill
divi.vons centering here, and that the
places will all b filled between Iniianip
clls and St. Louis to-morrow.
The Situation nl Mnttoou.
Fp?c!al to the Indianapolis Journal.
MATTOON. 111.. July 10. The situation
cn thfr Ecr Four road is as follows: Every
thing: Is quiet at Mat toon to-night. Seventy
Ave new firemen and brakemen are now en
route for this point and all freight trains
are expected to move to-morrow. Trains
"ill more fully protected by United States
&Uty marshal an the new men will go
to work promptly on arrival. The Indica
tions on the streets to-night ar? that there
will be a break among the old employes
to retain their places in the morning. All
passenger trains have l3en running regu
larly since the 5th.
An VIev.
LONDON. July 10. The Duke of Cam
bridge, speaking at the opening of the
church schools at Kingston, pointed out
a moral from the republican countries In
various parts of th? world. These lands,
according to the Duke, have no princip'?,
and io we heard of large numbers belrg
snot down because the authorities of these
lanls could not ke?p order in any other
way. The Duke also spoke of the tendency
of the present age to aim at overeducation.
Will lie Taken Hack.
OMAHA, Neb.. July 10,-The federated
board of I'nion Pacific employes held a
conference with General Manager Dickin
son to-day In regard to reinstatement of the
discharged A. It. I. men. General .Manager
Dickinson expressed a willingness to take
back all the men who had been traceable
and had not attempted to obstruct the
traffic of th road. The notifications were
sent to agents by General Traflic Manager
Monroe to accept freight for all points.
Deli Unjoined A Kit In.
S PI 1 1 NO FIELD. III.. July 10.-Judge Al
len In the United States Circuit Court to
day issued an omnibus injunction airainst
Eugene V. Debs and other officers f t the
American Hallway Union and others to
restraln the men from Interfering with
the movement of trains on th? Terre
lutH & lndiana:oli4 railroad or destroy
ing the property of the road. Trouble has
been reported at Mount Vernon and other
points on this road.
o Strike at HiifTulo.
IU'FFALO. N. Y., July lO.-Huffalo rail
road men have not drucK yet; they will
not strike to-night, and It is doubtful if
they strike at all. The Knights of Labor
have not yet received General WorKman
Sovereign's manifesto. They do not care
particularly whether they get It or not. ana
say it Is not likely they will strike. The
railway yards are quiet and the trains are
running on time, approximately.
Will ot Obey Del.
KANSAS CITY. July 10. A high officer
of the Industrial council said to-night that
the order from Debs to the men on the Mis
souri Pacitlc to go out would not be regard
el, because the men felt that the strike at
Chicago had no particular bearing on
them. The Memphis system, which is af
fected more than any other railroad here,
Is beginning to move its traflic.
.enrl riM Walked Out.
MERIDIAN. Miss.. July .R-Nearly five
hundred men on the Queen & Crescent
system walked out here. The Queen &
Crescent shops also shut down. The
Brotherhood of locomotive Firemen met
and passed resolutions to walk out and
stick to the American Hallway Union. No
freight trains are moving as yet here o::
the Queen 4& Crescent system.
IHMeiiKer Train ItunnliiK.
NAsuviLLt;. Tenn., July lO.-The'day'
passed ou!etly, all passenger trains run
ning. Several freights went out and came
in and more will be moved to-morrow.
While more men went out to-dav. their
places were easily supplied. A meeting ot
I & N. engineers and conductors was
held to-night and It was agreed to stand
by the road and not strike.
Knlltire nt LoulKvllle.
LOUISVILLE, July 10,-The strike so far
as this city Is concerned seems to be a
failure. All passenger trains on the Louis
ville & Nashville got away to-day and to
night with but little delav. Freight trains
were ft'so sent out on the L. & N. The
situation as to the movement of freight on
all roads is reported as much improved.
All but One Switchman Out.
NEW ORLEANS, July 10. All but one
switchman on the Queen & Crescent have
gone out. A labor committee has been
granted an Interview with the mercantile
bodies to-morrow. The labor bodies pro
pose to hold out the threat of a general
strike in order to secure the release of the
Imprisoned agitators.
AVI 1 1 Stnml Uy the A. R. V.
RATON. N. M.. July lO.-Divlslon No.
262. Order of Railway Telegraphers, which
embraces all the operators and dispatchers
in New Mexico, has unanimously voted to
send In their charter disbanding the dodge
and to stand by th? A. It. I. The Santa
re old employes, except several engineers,
are still out.
Will Not Sell lo Soldier.
GRAND JUNCTION. Col.. July 10. At a
mass meeting of citizens, last night, resolu
tions were adopted pledging support to the
strikers and deprecating the presence of
an armed iorce in town. The merchants
have refused to sell supplies for the sol
diers or deputies.
Federal Troops tin Instill.
ROCK SPRINGS. Wyo.. July R Resolu
tions were adopted at a mass meeting de
nouncing the presence of the federal troops
here as an Insult to the citizens.
I lilted SlnU-H SfitttiteM Authorizing
and Requiring; III Present Action.
Section ZZ:$, enacted July 'J), m: "When
ever, by reason of unlawful obstructions,
combinations or assemblages of persons.
or rebellion against the authority of the
government of the I'nited States, it shall
bv.irne Impracticable, in the Judgment of
tiie President, to enforce by the ordinary
course of Judicial proceedings the laws Of
the United States within any State or
Ttrntory, it shah be lawful for the Presi
dent to call forth the militia of any or all
the States and to employ such parts of the
land and naval forces of the United
State3 as be may deem necessary to en
force the faithful execution of the liws
of the i'nited States, or to suppress such
rebellion. In whatever State or Territory
thereof the laws of the United States may
b? forcibly opposed, or the execution there
of forcibly obstructed.
Section 52l9, enacted April 10. 1S71 : "When
ever insurrection, domestic violence, un
lawful combinations or conspiracies In any
State so obstruct or hinder the execution
of the laws thereof and of the United
States as to deprive any portion or class
of the people of such State of any of the
rights, privileges, or Immunities, or pro
tection, named in the Constitution and se
cure! by the laws for the protection of
s i:h rights, privileges or Immunities, and
the constituted authorities of such State
are unable t Meet or from any cause
fall In or rc protection of the people
In suci rights. Mich facts shall be deemed
a denial bv such State of the equal pro
tection or trie laws to which they are en
titled under the Constitution of the
Unite.! States; and In all such cases, or
whenever any such insurrection, violence,
unlawful combination or conspiracy op
poses or obstructs the laws of the I'nited
Slate, or the due execution thereof, or
imneles or obstructs the due course of
J :st.ce under the same, it shall be lawful
far the President, and it shall be his dutv.
to tike such measures, by tne employment
of th? mi, it la or the land and nival forces
o the united States, or of either or by
other means, a? he may deem necessary,
f r the suppression of such insurrection.
domestic violence or combinations.
The (ne Well Put.
The Outlook.
I'ntll the right of the American people
to use the hignwajs or the Nation Is set
tled, all other questions should stand to
one side. Tariff. Income tix, silver ques
tion, woman suffrage, are InsLTnlncint com
pared with the question, are we a free
people? The railway corporations will hive
tb. sympathy ami support of substantially
the entire Nation in this issue until it is
settled, and settled aright. It would be
better to ride in common cars, freight cars.
cattle cars, platform cars, or not ride at
all, than to live under a social system
which leaves the question whether we may
ride, and when and how we may ride, to
be determined by an Irresponsible organ
ization, formulating Its decrees by secret
committee and enforcing them by mob vio
lence. We can live without railroads, as
our fathers d'.d before us; but we will not
live without liberty.
It is the paramount duty of every rall-
roid oIMei ii to stand for the risrht of an
uulmped-d tnf!le on his railroad line. He
Is standing for the rights of the American
peopl:. it is tr.e duty of every stockholder
end bondholder to submit to any possible
diminution of profits. Uankruptcy Is bet
ter than destKHlsm; and the word despot
ism is that which masquerade under the
guise of Democracy. It Is the duty of
ev:ry mayor, police oliicer. sncriff. Gov
ernor, and. if necessary, of the President
of the fluted States, to protect with all
the powers at their command the right of
th: American ivople to freedom of travel
on their own highways. And It is the duty
of the public to submit to any and every
lnconvcnknce rather than yield for an in
stant to the doctrine that our freedom of
tratnc is dep;ndent upon the pleasure of
tne American Railway L'uloa.
Concluded from Flmt PntreA
the organization, and did so. Mr. Debs
will discover in due season that the act
was perfectly legal. I will say, howsver.
that If the officers of the court took any
of Mr. Debs's personal mail It will be re
turned to him unopened. The stuff Is now
locked up in the safe. Whatever there is
of u personal nature will be returned, but
I will say emphatically that no letter will
be returned to Mr. Debs which Is addressed
to him as president of the A. R. U. None
of the letters, or documents, or papers will
be opened until an order Is given by the
court, and in the meantime they will be
kept In th? safe until such order Is made.
They are part of the evidence of the court.
to be used In the trial if anything should
be found In them of a criminating charac
ter in line with the charge upon which
they were indicted.
"I cannot give you a copy of the indict
ment returned by the grand jury. It has
not been written up yet on the records of
the. court, and cannot be given out until
it is written up and becomes part of the
court record. It Is a very simple indict
ment, drawn up In the usual form, and
charges the officers of the A. It. U. with
conspiring to obstruct and interrupt the
operation of the United States mail. In
the cas? cf Merwin, he is indicted for
throwing a switch."
The grand jury, in addition to the In
dictments against Debs and his associates,
returned indictments against a number of
men who had ben arrested during the
past two weeks and bound over to the
court by Commissioner Hoyne on charges
of violations of ftderal laws in connection
with the strike.
Judge (iroMscup's Instruction to the
CI r u iil Jury.
CHICAGO, July 10. The special federal
grand jury to investigate the strike was
sworn In to-day by Judge Grosscup. The
grand jury, which is composed of men
drawn from the counties of the northern
district of Illinois, was instructed to make
a sweeping inquiry into the conditions
which prevail in the city and the causes
which brought thorn about. The lengthy
charge delivered by Judge Grosscup was
a strong one, and directed the grand jurors
to investigate whether an Insurrection
against the government exists, and If so,
who brought it about. The charge was
listened to v.dth profound attention on the
part of the jurors and a court room full of
spectators. When all the jurors had been
sworn in they were instructed as to their
duties by Judge Grosscup as follows:
"Gentlemen of the grand jury: You have
,been" summoned here to inquire
whether any of the laws or tne
United States within this judicial
district have been violated. You have
come into an atmosphere of lawless
ness and amid occurrences that may wrll
cause reasonable men to question whether
the government and laws or the
United States are yet supreme.
Thanks to resolute manhood and
to that enlightened Intelligence which
perceives the necessity of a vindica
tion of law before any otner adjustments
are possible, the government of the United
States is still supreme.
"You doubtless feel, as I do, that oppor
tunities of life, under present conditions,
are not entirely eqal. and that changes
are needed to forestall some or tne danger
ous tendencies of current industrial life.
Rut neither the torch of the incendiary nor
the weapon of the Insurrectionist, nor the
inflamed tongue of him who Incites to fire
and sword is the instrument to bring about
"To the mind of the American p?op!e, to
the calm dispassionate, sympathetic judg
ment of the race that Is not afraid to face
deep changes and responsibilities, there has,
as yet, been no appeal. Men who appear as
the champions of great changes must first
submit them to discussion discussion tht
reaches, not simply the parties In Interest,
but the wider circles of society, and must
be patient as well as persevering until the
public intelligence has been reachel and a
public Judgment made up. An appeal to
force before that hour is a crime not only
against the government of existing laws.
but against the cause Itself, for what man
of any intelligence supposes that any set
tlement will abide which is induced under
the light of the torch or the shadow of an
overpowering threat.
W Ith the questions behind present oc
currences, therefore, we have, as ministers
of the law and citizens of the Republic.
nothing to do. The law as it Is. must llrst
be vindicated before we turn aside to in
quire how law or practice as it ought to le
can be effectually brought about. Govern
ment by law is Imperiled, and that Issue is
paramount. The government of the United
states has enacted laws, lirst, to protect
itself and its authority as a government
and, secondly, to protect its authority over
those agencies to which, under the Consti
tution and laws, it extends governmental
regulations. For the former purpose,
namely, to protect itself and its authority
as a government, it has enacted that 'every
person who entices, sets on foot, assists in,
engages in, any rebellion or insurrection
against the authority of the States or the
laws thereor, or gives aid or comfort there
to.' and 'any two or more persons in any
State or Territory who conspire to over
throw, put down or destroy by force the
government of the.Unitcd States; or to levy
war against them, oi to oppose by force
the authority thereof, or by force to pre
vent, hinder or delay the execution of any
law of the United States, or by force to
seize, take or possess any property of. the
United States contrary to the authority
trereof, shall be visited with certain penal
ties therein named. Insurrection is a ris
ing against civil or political authority, the
open and active position of a number of
persons to the execution of law in a city
or State.
"Now, the laws of the United States for-
bH. under penalty, any perron from ob
structing or retarding tho passage of the
mail, and make It the duty of the officer to
arrest such offenders and bring them be
fore the court. If, therefore, It shall appear
to you that any person or persons hava
willfully obstructed or retarded the mails,
and their attempted arrest for such offense
has been opposed by such a number of
persons as would constitute a general up
rising in that particular locality, and as
threatens for the time being the civil and
political authority, then the fact of an in
surrection within the meaning of the law
has been established. And he who, by speech,
writing, promises or other inducements.' as
sists in netting it on foot or carrying it
along, or gives it aid or comfort, is guilty
of a violation of law. It is not necessary
that there should be bloodshed; It Is not
necessary that its dimension should be so
portentous as to Insure probable success
to constitute an Insurrection. It is neces
sary, however, that the rising should be
In opposition to the execution of the laws
of tne United States, and it should be so
formidable for the time being as to defy
the authority of the United States.
"When men gather to resist tne civil or
political power of the United States or to
oppose the execution of its laws, and are
In such force that the civil authorities are
inadequate to put them down, ami a con
siderable military force Is needed to accom
plish that result, they become insurgents,
and every person who knowingly incites,
aids or abets them, no matter what his
motives may be, is likewise an Insurgent.
This penalty is severe, and, as I have said,
is designed to protect the government and
its autnority against direct attack.
"There are other provisions of law de
signed to protect thoe particular agencies
which come within governmental control.
To these I will now call your attention.
The mails are 'n the special keeping of the
government and laws of the United Stat ?s.
To Insure unhindered transmission it is
mde an offense to 'knowingly and willfully
obstruct or retard the passage of the mail
or any carriage, horse, driver or carrier
carrying the same. It is also provided that
If two or more persons con:ire to com
mit any offense against the United States
and one or more of such parties
do any act to effect the object of the con
spiracy all the parties th?reto shall be
subject to n penalty. Any person knowing
ly and willfully doing an act which con
tributes or is calculated to contribute to
obstructing or hindering the malls, or who
knowingly and willfully takes ;i part la
such acts, no matter how trivial, if inten
tional, is guilty of violation of the first tf
these provisions, and any person who con
spires with one or more persons, one of
whom subsequently commits the oTense.
is likewise guilty of an offense agaiit the
United States.
"What constitutes conspiracy to hln ler
or obstruct the malls will be touched upon
in connection with the subject to whirh I
now call your attention. The Constitution
places the regulation of commerce between
the several States, and between the States
and forlgn nations, within the keeping of
the United States government. Anything
which is designed to be transported for
commercial purposes from one State to an
other, and is actually in transit, and any
passenger who U actually engaged in any
and any car or carriage actually transport
ing eiifh raaspnepr nr thincr. or the airpn-
cles and subject matter of interstate com-
. . . .
merce. ana any conspiracy in restrain oi
such trade or commerce is an offense
against the United States.
"To restrain is to prohibit, limit, con
fine or abridge a thing. The restraint may
be permanent or temporary; it may be in
tended to prohibit, limit or abridge for all
time, or for a day only. The law draws
no distinction in this respect. Commerce
of this character is intended to be free, ex
cept subject, to regulations by law at ell
times and for all periods. Temporary re
straint Is. therefore, as intolerable as per
manent, and practical restraint by actual
physical interference as criminal as that
which flows from the arrangements of busi
ness and organization. Any physical inter
ference, therefore, which has tne effect of
restraining any passenger, car or thing con
stituting an element of Interstate commerce
forms the foundation for this offense.
"Rut to complete this offense, as also that
of conspiracy to obstruct the mails, there
must exist, in addition to the resolve or
purpose, the element of criminal conspiracy.
What is criminal conspiracy? if it shall
appear to you that any two or more per
sons corruptly or' wrongfully agreed with
each other that the trains carrying the
malls and interstate commerce should be
forcibly arrested, obstructed or restrained.
su-h would clearly constitute a conspiracy.
If it shall appear to you that two or more
persons corruptly or wrongfully agreed with
each other that the employes of th sev
eral railroads carrying the mails and Inter
state commerce should quit, and that suc
cessors should, bv threats. Intimidation or
violence be prevented from taking their
places, such would constitute a conspiracy.
"I recognize, however, the risht of labor
to organize. Each man in America is a
free man. and so long as he does not inter
fere with the rights of others, he has the
right to do with that which is his what
he pleases. In the highest sense a man s
arm is his own. and, aside from contract
relations, no one but himself can direct it
when it shall be raised to work or shall
be dropped to rest. The individual option
to work or to quit is the imperishable right
of a free man. But the raising or dropping
of the arm is the result of a will that re
sides in the brain, and, much as we may
desire that such wills should remain en
tirely Independent, there is no mandate of
law which prevents their association with
others and response to a higher will. The
individual may feel himself alone unequal
to cope with the conditions that confront
him, or unable to comprehend the myriads
of considerations that ought to control his
conduct. He is entitled to tne nlghest wage
that the strategy of work or cessation from
work may bring, and the limitations upon
his intelligence and opportunities may be
such that he does not choose to stand upon
his own perception of strategic or other
conditions. His right to choose a leader,
one who observes, thinks ana wills for him
a brain skilled to observe his interest is
no greater pretention than that which is
recognized in every other department of in
dustry. So far. anl within reasonable lim
its, associations of this character are not
only not unlawful, but are, in my judgment,
beneficial when they do not restrain in
dividual liberty and are under enlightened
and conscientious leadership. Rut they are
subject to the same laws as other associa
tions. The deaders to whom are given the
vast power of judging and acting for the
member; are simply, in iuat respect, their
trustees. Their conduct must be judged
like that of other trustees, by the extent
of their lawful authority and the good faith
with which they have executed it. No man
In his individual right can lawfully demand
and insist upon conduct by others which
will lead to an injury to a third persons
lawful rights.
"The railroads carrying the mails and
interstate commerce have a right to the
service of each of its employes until each
lawfully chooses to quit, and any con
certed action upon the part of others to
demand or insist, under any effective pen
alty, or threat upon their quitting, to the
Injury of the mail service or their prompt
transportation of interstate commerce is a
conspiracy, unless such demand or insis
tence is In pursuance of a lawful authority
conferred vpon them by the men them
selves and is made in good faith in the
execution of such authority. The demand
and,insiftence, under effective penalty or
threat and injury to tne uuiiwuuiiuii ui
the mails or interstate commerce being
proven, the burden falls upon those mak
ing the demand or insistence to show lawful
authority and good faith in its execution. -"Let
me illustrate: Twelve carpenters are
engaged In building a house. Aside from
contract regulations they each can quit at
pleasure. A thirteenth and fourteenth man,
strangers to them, by concerted threats of
holding them up to public odium or pr:vate
malice, induce them to quit and leave the
house unfinished. The latter in no sense
their wishes, but
are simply interlopers for mischief and
are guiltv or conspiracy cimsi em
ployer of the carpenters. Rut if upon a
trial for such results they prove that, in
stead of being strangers, they are trus
tees, agents or leaders or tne iweive, wim
full power to determine for them whether
their wage Is such that they ought to con
tinue or quit, ana tnat tney nave m kjju
fit iatcrminod that lIUeStlOTl. theV are
lailll W. I v. ...... .
not then, so far as the law goes, conspira
tors. Rut if it should further appear that
the supposed autnority w? uew, ni m
el VP- but to further
a personal ambition or malice of the Iao It
would no longer jusmy ineir -wu.iu. i. Ber
ing a thing under cloak of authority is not
doing it with authority. The injury of the
two to the employer in such an instance
would only be aggravated by their treach
ery to the associates iweive, auu em
ployer and employes should with equal in
sistence ask for. the isitation of the law.
if it unnMrs to vou. therefore, apply
ing the illustration to the occurrences that
will be brought to your attention, that any
bv concert. Insisted
or demanded under effective penalities and
threats upon mm quitting ineir employ
ment to the obstruction of the mails or
interstate commerce, you may inquire
whether they did these acts as strangers
to these men. or whether they did them
iin-lpr the cruise of trustees or leaders of
an association to which these men be
longed. And if the latter appears you
tnonlre whether their acts and con
duct In that respect were in faithful and
conscientious execution or meir supposes
authority or were simply a use of that au
thoritv as a guise to. advance personal
ambition or satirfy private malice.
"There is honest leadership among these,
our laboring fellow-citizens, and there Is
doubtless dishonest leadership. You should
not brand any act of leadership as done
dishonestly or In bad faith unless it clear
ly so appears. Rut if it does so appear.
If any rerson is shown to have betrayed
the trust of these tolling men. and their
acts fall within the definition of crime, as
I have given it to you. it is alike the
interest, the pleasure and "the duty of
every citizen to bring them to swift and
heavy punishment.
"I wish again, in conclusion, to impress
upon you the fact that the present emer
gency Is to vindicate law. If no one has
violated the law under the rules I have
laid down. It needs no vindication: but ir
there has been such violation there should
be quick, prompt and adequate indictment.
I confess that the problems which are
made the occasion or pretext for the pres
ent disturbances have not received the con
sideration they deserve. It i" our duty as
citizens to take them up and. by candid
and courageous discussion, ascertain what
wrongs exist and what remedies can be
applied. Rut neither the existence of such
problems nor the neglect of the public
hitherto to adequately consider them justi
fies the violation of law, or the bringing
on of general lawlessness. Let us first re
store peace and punish the offenders or
the law. and then the atmosphere will be
clear to think over the claims of those
who have reil grievances. First vindicate
the law. I'ntll that is done no other ques
tions are in order."
At the conclusion of the lengthy chargf
Judge Grosscup sail: "Since I have pre
pared those instructions I have been in
formed that a deputy United States mar
shal was shot while in the discharge of his
duty. I will read the rection of the I'nited
States statutes that covers offenses of this
niture. Any person offending under the
law in a similar manner can be Indicted.
Remember, gentlemen. you hive been
ca'.lM here under exciting circumstances
to discharge a grave public duty."
1 1 A S X A 1 1 A X A R R ESTER.
Snrgrenf Chief Aid Charged with Ob
Htrm'tli'C TrniriH.
CHICAGO July, 10 John J. Hannahan,
vice grand master of th? Protherhcol of
Locomotive Firemen, was a prisoner In
Commissioner Hoyne's office this morning.
"I was taken out nf my house at mid
night." szid he, after he had been released,
"and was compelled to leave the bedside of
a sick wife. I have done none of the
thinps charged against me. On the con
trary, I have done all I could to preserve
the peace and end the strike. I boarded no
engine to induce the engineer and fireman
to quit, but I suppose there is no use. in
complaining." Mr. Hannahan Is a candi
date for Congress in the Second or stock
yards district and In the firemen's organi
zation is next to Chief Sargent.
District Attorney Milchrist said the gov
ernment has a good case against Hanna
han. Mr. Hannahan was arrested at mid
night, last night, at his home. No. 5 it
Princeton avenue, in Englewood. He was
arrested on a warrant sworn out tefora
Commissioner Hoyne by E. S. Gregory, of
the Chicago & Western Indiana road, who
has an onVe in the Dearborn Station. The
warrant charges the grand vice master
with interfering with interstate commerce
and the passage of the malls. Th? arrest
was made by Deputy Marshal Frank Jcy.
the ex-Pinke:t,n detective who took part
Jn the stock yards district trouble of iss7.
and has been charged with dring the shct
which killed Terrence Re?;ley. After he
had been taken into custody, Hannahan
was taken to the Hotel Normandy and was
kept until morning by two deputies. Tnis
morning it. commissioner lixed his bail at
$3,000. Thf bond was signed by John Rerg,
a manufae'w.-er of firemen's apparatus, and
Fred Osterle. The complaint on which the
warrant was issued charged th-it. on July
7, Hannahau loardd an engine on th-
Western Indiana ht.d Induced the engineer,
George Rrady, and the fireman, J. C. Trail,
to leave th engine, thereby stopping the
train. Hdnaahan wye Indignant when he
was before the commissioner and protested
against being r o;r,p lied .o give $.o b ill.
"1 don't care for myself," aid he. "for I
can give lh amount; don't establish a
precedent." Hannahan was rdeas?d when
the bail bond was signed.
caiiim:t iL.i? a M-:n.
Indictment of Delis Anticipated Gen
eral SfliofioliPM Iteport.
WASHINGTON. July 10,-Although the
general opinion here among government
officials is that the worst of the labor
troubles is over and that the rioters are
now held well in hand, the President and
ids advisers assembled at the White House
this evening, where direct communication
is maintained by means of telegraph and
telephone with General Miles and other
United States officials at Chicago. Secre
tary Lamont, Attorney-general Olney,
Postmaster-general Dissell. Secretary Her
bert and General Schofield were present.
The news of the indictment of Debs and
his associates was communicated to them
by an Associated Press bulletin, and, al
though anticipated, was received with un
disguised satisfaction. Ever since the ad
ministration first made plain the firm stand
that it was taking In regard to the viola
tions of United States statutes In the
Wet the President has been in daily re
ceipt of many telegrams from all parts of
the country commending his course. The
telegrams have come from public men,
prominent business men, merchants and
others and indicate the cordial support
from persons of almost all parties and
shades of opinions which the administra
tion has been able to depend upon from the
General Schofield was seen by a reporter
as he was going to the White House this
evening. He said that there has been no
new call for troops to-day, and that he
considered the situation better than it had
been at any time since the beginning. He
had received no reports of disorder either
from Chicago or further West to-day. Gen.
lirooke and General Merrltt, who are in
command of the troops along the line of
the Union Pacific and Northern Pacific rail
roads, have reported that they are now
able thoroughly to protect the property of
these roads and prevent lawlessness along
their lines.
Senator Hansbrough has received the fol
lowing telegram from the Governor of North
Dakota. In response to that sent this morn
ing: "Had wired the President that North
Dakota National Guards were In readlaess
to co-operate with federal authorities m the
enforcement of the laws. Have not called
for aid from federal troops. Not required
at present."
The conference broke up about 11:30
o'clock. No official action of any kind was
Federal Authorities at Denver Am
ionn in Indict Delm.
DENVER, Col.. July lO.-If the grand
jury at Chicago had not Indicted Eugene V.
Debs, president of the A. Jl. U. a warrant
would have been issued from the federal
court in this district for his arrest on a
charge of violating Section 10, Article 1, of
the Constitution of the United States,
which provides that no State or Territory
shall make any law which will impair the
obligation of contracts. Attorneys here de
duce that Deos, in ordering the strike, at
tempted to force the Impairment of certain
contracts made between the Pullman com
pany and railiOads and that he, therefore,
violated the Constitution of the United
States. A bill was prepared by a firm of
corporations' lawyers which would have
been, placed in the hands of United States
Attorney Johnson In case Debs had not
ben arrested at Chi;:igo. The fact that
Debs has called out the Union Pacific and
Denver & llio Grande railroads here brings
him witnin the pale of this district, al
thoiiRh he, at the time, may be in another
Ilnthrr Ihnn Produce American Hall
way I'nion TrlegriiniN.
KKOKUK, July 10. The Western Union
Telegraph Company's manager, II. 15.
Davis, at Fort Madison was brought here
to-day by the sheriff on a subpoena issued
by the United States District Court of
Iowa, Judge Wool son presiding. He was
ordered to produce certain telegrams sent
and received by officials of the. American
Hallway Union. This, under advice of
counsel, he declined to do and was prompt
ly sent to jail by the judge for contempt
of court, the court claiming that the fed
eral court overruled the Iowa State law.
Davis will probably be obliged to obey the
subooena. as the telegraph company's
lawyers have exhausted tneir remedies and
cannot longer resist the federal court.
Intiiailntor Arretted.
IM7LUTH. Minn.. July 10. Two deputy
United States marshals arrested L Leeson,
an A. It. V. telegraph operator of the
Northern Pacific road here, this morning,
for contempt of the United States Court.
When the freight passed his station he
called the engineer and fireman uncompli
mentary names, and attempted to intim
idate them. At South Superior the freight
was stopped by a mob. The United States
marshals went cut from Duluth this after
noon to make more arrests. There are 173
deputies on duty here, and the number Is
being increased.
Arrtlt at Milwaukee.
MILWAUKEE:, July 10,-Four more men
have been added to the company of railroad
men held by the United States authorities
for Interfering with the mails or violating
the interstate-commerce act. making eight
in all. President Frank A. Archibald, of
the local branch. No. 1:51, of the . It. U.,
for whom the marshal has been looking for
some time, was arrested last night on his
return from Kaukauna. William Dunn,
William Crimmlns and William Horn were
arrested this morning.
What Is Property?
Donahoe's Magazine.
In these days when politics has become
a trade and the institution is liable to over
shadow the spiritual life, that is ever its
creator and insnirer, let us not hitch the
cart before the horse, nor concede to insti
tutions priority over the eternal mind that
evolves them.
Meeting a lawyer the other day, a friend
of ours propounded a statement of what he
conceived to be natural justice, touching
the social and industrial equities.
"Ah, but you never could get the Supreme
Court to , make such a ruling," was the
prompt reply
"But what has the Supreme Court to do
with integral, natural justice?" our friend
The man learned in the law was aston
ished. The Institution that had once ruled
in this country that the chattel slave's body
was the property of another, had evidently
long sat upon his intellect.
"Property Is a creation of law," said the
politician. Henry Clay; "that is property
which the law makes property." And yet
it is proved by history, beyond all cavil,
that property was distinctly defined, recog
nized and respected by many communities
ior before they had established any set
tled political institutions. Here was poli
tics utterly ignoring integral principles.
All honor to the institution, as the serv
ant of economic and political growth: b'.t
let r't the creation usurp the place of Its
creator. Forget not that the Legislature
does not lead, but Is led. Put not Congress
before conscience and the Individual moral
Helper In the great cause of justice to
labor and humanity. It is not Congress and
Legislature that makes you; It Is you that
make them.
Gnrral I'rye Djinj;'.
NEW FORT. R. I.. July lO.-Oon. .Tams
Tt. Frye. IT. S. A., retired is critloal'y ill.
He is not expected to outlive the night.
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
Most Perfect Made
(Concluded from FIrat Pace.)
Chicago A .Northwestern road. They went
Into camp at Western avenue. Urihton
Park. The detachment is composed of four
troops of the Sixth Cavalry, in command
of Colonel Gordon, with 1ST men and twelve
Eleven of the twenty-three companies
comprising the Fourth and Fifth Itegi
rnents of the Second Hrigjde. Illinois Na
tio tal Guard, ordered by the Governor to
come to Chicago, reported during the night.
Mayor Hopkins had a special train provided
for them, and to It they marched as fast
as they arrived in the city. Late at nicht
the special train pulled out for the baseball
park at Thirty-fifth street and Wentworth
avenue, where the brigade will have head
quarters. Brigadier General Barclay wired,
saying he was on the way and would re
port to Mayor Hopkins upon his arrival.
The other companies of the command ar
rived during the day.
Sovereign' View of the Pnnitlou of
the Pullman Company.
CHICAGO, July 10. Mr. Sovereign, of
the Knights of I.alor, said this evening:
"I think that the refusal of the Pullman
company to consider the proposition made
by a committee of laboring men and alier-
men was a disrlav of arrogance. An ap
peal was made to the company to have
the trouble Investigated to see if there was
anything to arbitrate. Kven this liberal
proposition was not considered. I think
the position of the laboring man is strong
er than ever."
When asked if he knew anvthlng about
the report that President McBride. of the
United Mine Workers, had called his men
out Mr. Sovereign seemed to be surprised.
He s?.id th?.t McBride had not informed
him thnt he intended to take any such
action. It was claimed bv some of the la
bor leaders this morning that McBride was
not ir. the city at all and was not here
last night.
Telegrams from many of the larger
cities were received at headquarters to
day. All tlie messages were of the most
encouraging nature for the union. One
dispatch from Des Moines was signed by
J. Ii. Weaver and read as follows: "The
railroad kings, conscious of the Impending
defeat, have unloaded their controversy
upon the government. They seek to place
laboring men in insurrection while they
hide their disreputable carcasses behind
the flag. While standing firm, I again
warn all you men to vigorously avoid
Detective Swarm Ahonl the Plaee
Wloke Cloaely Watched.
CHICAGO. July 10. The Pullman Build
ing, at Michigan avenue and Adams street,
the home of the palace car companj. as
well as the headquarters of General Miles
and the Department of the Missouri, U.
S. A., Is under a strong guard of armed
men. said to be Plnkerton detectives. The
big building, which is one of the most pal
atial and elegantly furnished in the city,
has been under guard ever since the begin
ning of the Pullman strike, but within the
past twenty-four hours the force of de
tectives has been increased three-fold. At
the present time there are five or six of
them 3t every entrance to the building,
guarding the stairways and elevators at'
every landing. In addition to this they are
distributed on all floors and in every office
of the Pullman company. A stranger, es
pecially should he be not particularly well
dressed, is accosted upon entering the
building, and if he succeeds in passing the
outer guard he is stopped every few feet
by a guard. They are everywhere, and
seem to walk out of every closet and room
in the place. About the offices of Vice
President Wlckes there are at least half a
dozen of the detectives, and that official
never leaves the office unless he is accom
panied or closely followed by one or two
of them. When questioned the men deny
that they are Plnkertons, but admit that
they are guards employed by the Pullman
company to protect the building.
Attempt to Kill AVlckes.
CHICAGO, July 10. An, attempt was
made on Monday afternoon by a man
whose name the police refuse to divulge to
kill Vice President Wlckes. of tha Pull
man company, with an Infernal machine.
The man entered the building carrying a
small bundle under his arm. He asked to
see Mr. Wlckes, and was conducted to his
office, where the special officers who guard
the building quietly took his bundle
away. It was found to be a glass bottle
with a fuse attached and filled with
cartridges, iron scraps and a substance un
known to the officers. The bottle was con
fiscated and the man taken out of the
building. To-day an analysis of the sub
stance in the bottle was made and it was
found to be a dangerous explosive which
would explode with great violence uipon
the application of a gentle heat.
Chicago Linen Moving Their Usual
Number of TrnliiM.
CHICAGO, July 10. The following state
ment was issued to-night by Chairman
Fgan, of the General Managers' Associa
tion: "To-day the railways of the city of Chi
cago handled their usual number of
through passenger and mall trains. Many
of them have resumed suburban service.
The number of freight trains both in and
out of the city on all lines has largely
increased since yesterday. The backbone
of the strike was broken yesterday. Near
ly all of the requisitions for men wanted
bv the different railways have been tilled.
The railway companies have nothing to
say as to the prosecution of Individuals
who have violated the laws. That matter
is left in the hands of the government.
The Association of Railway General Man
agers, this evening. Issues a bulletin to the
effect that passenger trains have been
moved regularly and without Interference
on all their lines to-day and that all freight
offered is being handled promptly with lit
tle Interruption. A large number cf trains
were handled Into and out of the cltv and
the ceneral situation shows decided im
provement. The blockade at the stockyards was
raised to-day. -alien Armour, Swift and
Morris sent out u train of fifty-five cars
of meats. The trains went through the
yards without obstruction, being the first
to leave the city since Juiy 4. 'ine stock-
yards company's tracks were clear, and
another train was prepared for uhlpment
Fast late this afternoon. The receipts at
the stockyards to-day consisted of fifty
cattle and 3,x sneep.
Crib nnd Puninliirc Stntlon Cnnrdeil
Fuel Supply Short.
CHICAGO. July 10. A piteous wall came
from the direction of the lake cribs to the
city authorities this morning. The naval
reserve was without breakfast and its
prospects for dinner were not of the best.
Colonel Schaffner sent an urgent communi
cation to City Engineer Artingstall ask
ing that supplies and rations be sent to
the battle ship Illinois for distribution
among the seventy cadets who are on duty
guarding the lake cribs and the Hyde
Park pumping station. The city engineer
ordered the supplies at once. Mr. Arting
stall said his deputies have had consider
able trouble with the water supply, par
ticularly that for the stockyards districts.
and that it was a common occurrence
for his men to find valves and gates
closed, shutting off the water supply of a
part of that section. Who Is doing the
work he does not know, tne greatest
danger he believes Is to the Twenty-second
street pumning station, trom wnich most
of the stockyards supply of water Is
Dumped. Here city police and FPecial
watchmen are on constant duty. Another
thing which threatens the water supply Is
the Droposed strike or coal miners. AI
readv the city has been obliced to send
anthracite coal to all its pumping sta
tions except to Hyde Park, where oil is
burned. Not as good results are obtained
as from bituminous coal, as the boilers
are arranged for the softer fuel. Commis
sioner Jones, of the public 'works depart
ment, said to-day that the new coal strike
would add greatly to the seriousness of
the situation as far as the city 13 con
cerned. He believes there is a large supply
of anthra-lte in the city, but admits that
if that surely fails the city will be in a
bad way.
31 r. Piillmmi Reiterate the Statement
of HI Representative.
NEW YOUIv. July 10. The Herald's
Alexandria. Hay dispatch tells of a visit to
the summer home of George M. Pullman
at Castl Itest yesterday. Mr. Pullman's
son-in-law, George West, reported that the
former could not be seen. The reporter
"What are Mr. Pullman's views on the
subject of arbitration?"
"Precisely what they were a month hko."
said Mr. West. "He doesn't see anything
to arbitrate. What is mere to arbitrate?
National M) fforfa
Gas, Steam and Watef
B lr Tube. Cat u(
MaJiie Iron Kitticri
MUc& nn.l falTautzrdi,
It r A ." fc""l Trir.imB. Mm Uiurn.
t. i Y : '"' 1 W Vtv Krrvw 1'lk.-a n.t I mm
Wtvaohe. Traps.
PinnM. Hitchca hisk. !!,
Hltingr. RjfcMt MrU. SeL
ier. WiJt and Coiore-t Wlp.
Inf Watr, minx all otbr Mij.
, J ;. u- I in cnnBwto witk
lis. Hieui ant Wtr. Nw
u'i (iu applin p,,ta'tr.
Mesm-hftftHnr ArpTit 1,
Public l;u!UUuesre rnomn,
Xliii. N:. h ctortt. 1a w.
etc Cut ani Tnrcftl t. .r Vr
any ftii WiajjiM-iron Pip,
frura lnoti to li leer
Knight & Jillson.
75 and 77
Commencing July 17,
Cortnan'a Graat Tlay,
With a strong cast of
Under the Direction ot
Mr. Frederick Lorraine.
ADMISSION, t : 23 cents
Now Open for the Season
The park has been considerably Improved
and meals are now served to order at the
pavilion. Carriase parties may enter tho
park at the eaat pate from Jllinols street,
hitching posts having been provided Just
inside the grate.
Admission 25c: (trend stand. 50c. Ladiea
day to-day. Gaines called at 4 r. i.
CTrJu:y 1. 16. 17 SIOUX CITY.
Voyagers on the
Summer Seas
Seeklnc the most IDEAL RESORT in the Xorth
west fehould visit
Many improvement have been malH the pat min
ter to accommodate t lie. Iatka yearly lncre.te.l i.
trim aire. Mumc ami all auixtiiitiiieDt HtriMly tlrst-
claea. Capacity, l.UOOKiu-sta. J. R. HAVKH. lTu.
Are pood at home.
Afford all facilities of your own bank account any
where in the world. Taitl at face value every w here.
Nothing at alL We had but few orders,
and these we had to scurry about the
country to set. From lack of work we
were compelled to lower the men a pa.
"What has Mr. Pullman to say in repard
to the news that all the trades unions in
Chicago will strike unless he will submit
to arbitration?"
After seeine Mr. Pullman. Mr. Wrst Rave
the following reply: "Mr. Pullman cannot
help the situation, as he has many, many
times stated. He can do no arbitrating, for
he sees nothing: to arbitrate. So, nothing'
at all." -
DtiBCaee Ajrentn Meeting Ponlponed.
CHICAGO. July 10. J. H. (juick. secre
tary of the American Association of Gen
eral Dagage Agents, announces that ow
ing to the difficulty which would le ex
perienced by members in leaving their posts
during the present railroad trouble, it has
been decided to postpone until Aug. It trie
annual convention of the general baggage
agents called for Montreal, July 18.
Council of I'd tical ion.
ASBUKY PARK. X. J.. July 10 The Na
tional Council of IMucation to-day elected
the following oflioer: for the ensuing year:
President, Dr. C. C. Hounds, of New Hamp
shire: vice president. Dr. K. O. Lyte, of
Pennsylvania; secretary and treasurer, N.
C. Dougherty, of Illinois. Miss I.ucla Sth k
ney. of Ohio; W. J. Green, of New Jersey :
Henry M. I-ieepzlger, Charles A. McMur
ray, of New York;' Invin Shppard, of
Mlrnesota: J. It. Preston, of Mississippi;
H. N. Wolfe, of Nebraska: Karl Huni'i.
of California, and U G. Williams, of Cor
nell University, were elected members of
the national council.
A eedetl Lesson.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
What this country nee'Js juct at rrcEe-.t
more than anything dJ2 ' to te.irh tin
Anarchists who fester as pores on the lt'y
politic in every large eenter of industry
that the law is supreme ana onier ,mn
be maintained, that riM:ng mid looting in
the name of labor ire h enm: -a hid. w.l
not be tolerated any n.ori now than blemi
shed in the name of i-?eession r enerni ;
ago. There are other vrjnr? to be rlshuJ
and other point3 of criMe sm, but until it"
hideous hydra or anrc.v is i i,ila e.i
there is only one thing to Jo anfi-tlmt I to
uphold the iaws and protect tni iersoiia!
and property rights of all the icci1.
The Clllr.cn LUion.
Iuisville Commercial.
Iabor unions may go Into strik: if they
please, and may strlKe univtrsaliy if they
please, mat is tneir bus'ne-;. an i incir
right, but when their striker. or am !x)1v
shielding themselves under the lleeiise nf
their strikers commit en n" and loKnt;y
usurp and disregard th? rihis o. utl.tr
people. Just as good as en beis :( rJi r
unions, then the generil j .n,t r.at,on of
citizens comes into play and enbu tne
principles ot onlc-r and etjuul rights, ior
which it as estaolished.
What I the Dlffrreiiee f
New York Tribune.
If a maraiidor afleinti tn iltinlv Ihp tfirrh
to a farmer's barn ajid does not desist
when he ia warned, he is shot down like
a thief. What is the moral difference be
tween burning farmers' barns and a rail
road's cars?
A Negro Woman's Attempt nt Suicide
Case of Jealousy.
Mrs. Ella Hybee. colored, wife of Frank
Hybee. residing at No. 22 East Wabai-h
street, took l'J cents' worth of morphine
yesterday afternoon In a moment of de
spondency. Dr. Hosklns, of the City Dis
pensary, was called and he placed her out
of danger. Hybee and his wife were fined
in Police Court yesterdav on charges of
disturbing the peace. They have four
chMd ren.
Ella Williams, the keeper of the resort
at No. 1S2 West Market street, saw hr
lover in a win? room last tdht with an
other woman. She drew a revolver and
attempted to shoot him. but the lover and
the other woman escaped unharmed. The
Williams woman then soueht condolence
in 5 cents worth of morphine, but Dr.
Hoskins. of the City D'spensary, waa
summoned and he thwarted her intentions.
Inspecting; Infirmaries nnd Jnlls.
Secretary Blcknell is inspecting county In
firmaries and Jails la tiie southeastern per
tloa ot the county.
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