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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, JULY 10, 1895.
0 A THE . DAILY JOURNAL T7EDXE3PAY, JULY 10, 1805. CAsnincrci omct-iiio pehnstiyaru ayijue Telephone Calls. CortnesiOtace..........Z3 Editorial Uooxns..... JL 88 TERSIS OF SUBSCRIPTION. DAILT ST HAIL. ' Parly only, ne month. ............. ..............S .'.o Pally only, three month 2.0o pally only, ons year. 8.00 Dailr, tnciua:n Saoday, one year .... 10.00 Lund only, one rear. Xw . 'WHES rCRXISHXD BT AttEXTS. Panr, per wt, by carrier- 15 et Fonoay. single copy ft rts Lily and buuday, per week, by earner 2u cti mar. rcrye&r. $1.00 . Reduced Rates to Clubs. FnoiKTtb with any of our nomeroua agents or send gcbsrripUoBS to the JOURNAL NEWSPAPER COMPANY, Indianapolis, Ind. Person sending the Journal throa?h the malls In the t"nlted StaXes mould put oo aa el?ht-ae paper a porta (re stamp; on a twelte or liten-page paper a Two-csxTpostaac stamp. Foreign postage la usually double these rates. tAll communications intended for pnbltcatlon rn this paper must. In order to reeelTe attention, be ac companied by the name and addres of the writer. THE INDIANAPOMS JOURNAL Can be found at the following places-. ' PA K IS American a change in xl 36 Boulevard de Capurlnee. RKW YOfiK Gilsey House, Windsor Hotel and Astor House. PHILADELPHIA A P. Kemble, cor. Lancaster are. and liarlnv t. CMH'A(; l"aimer House, AndltoMum Hotel and P. O.Kewt Co., 91 Adams street. CI'CI'NATI-J. K, IZawley A Co-154 Tine street: LOUISVILLE C T. Decrinc, northwest comer of Third and Jefferson sts- and LouUrUle Book Co 354 otirtb are. ET. LOUIS Union hews Company, Union Depot WASHINGTON, D. C Rlj Iloaae. Ebbltt House. V tliaru'e Hotel and the AYajhlnrton News z change, lilh street, bee Penn. are. and 1' streeL Mobility of mouth seems to be mis taken for argument by such men as ex Representative Bryan, of Nebraska, when they talk about silver. The velnless viscera of vacuity, vast volumes of value," Is a phrase of the Secretary of Agriculture, whom the President should muzzle In Justice to the sensible men In his Cabinet. Neither Bland nor Stewart wrote the Constitution of the United States, as those persons seem to assume who go about shouting that "the Constitution commands Congress to coin gold and Ellver." Several papers in this State have Inti mated that Senator Voorhees is pushing GovernorMatthews forward as a presi dential candidate that he may not be a competitor for the Senate. Neither need trouble himself about the Senate. If belief In Republican control of na tional affairs two years hence has re stored so much confidence to business, what measure of prosperity may the country not expect when Republican policy is again embodied in legislation? Thus early in the week the Spanish authorities In Cuba seem to have control of the telegraph, and therewith report Important victories, but the Insurgents have several days before the week ends In which to win victories by dispatches. The talk to the effect that Secretary . Lamont is traveling about the country fixing things for Mr. Cleveland's nomi nation seems most ridiculous, yet there are Intelligent observers who believe that Is the scheme. He would be the weakest of candidates. A number of Cleveland organs are as sailing Corporal Tanner because he told come facts about the present manage ment of the Tension Bureau and refuted the ( President's official slanders upon pensioners. When a man's statements cannot be refuted, the next best thing la to assail him. The following are the present wages In Yokohama, Japan, reduced to United Ctates currency for -days of ten hours: Carpenters. 26 cents; plasterers, 26 cents; stonecutters, 31 cents; japer hangers, 24 cents; tailors for foreign clothing, 48 cents; blacksmiths, 36 cents; ordinary laborers, 13 cents. Japan has no other money than silver. It should be understood that Mr. By num has really been sent forth as an apostle to those Democrats who are in the darkness which comes of following such demagogues as Voorhees, and who may have listened. to the silver speeches of Governor Matthews a year ago, be fore he saw the evil of unlimited 16 to 1. Already the flat money organs of the Democratic variety have begun to abuse him The Democratic candidates in Ken tucky have requested the State commit tee to have the discussion of the cur rency eliminated from the campaign, and the candidates have agreed to ig nore it in their canvass. At the same time the sound money men and Blackburn are each striving to secure as many men of their respective opinions as possible for candidates for the Legislature. Un der such conditions it will be very diffi cult to keep the money question in the background. The list of pensions granted last pub lished in the Journal contained twenty six names, or which fifteen were those to whom pensions 'have been "reissued," which means that the pensions of fifteen were reduced. Of the other eleven, five were increases, two were renewals, one was supplemental, leaving three as orig inal issues. As the aggregate of money paid the names on this list is less than was paid to thoso to whom pensions are reissued and renewed before they were changed, it may be said that the Pen sion Bureau Is now a machine to reduce pensions. The Cornell boat crew was placed In a somewhat embarrassing situation by the failure of the Leander crew to take part In the race when the signal, was Civen. but. according to all accounts. It was in nowise to blame for the proceed ing and did the only proper thing by obeying the signal and rowing to the end of the course. As the umpire who decided in Us favor presumably is an Sngllshman there is the. less room for Srltlsh criticism. Cornell would doubt less have beaten. in any event, but the spectators and the American crew lost the excitement of a contest. ' There was no greater blunder In the Democratic tariff legislation than the abolition of the reciprocal treaties. To Germany alone our exports of wheat rose from In 1831 to J2.CC3.26l In 1Z2Z. and flour Jumped from 541,000 in LCI to one million dollars in ISO."!. Canned besf was doubled and the sale cl h-ccu end ban was. increased 60 cent. "When the official figures of the export of the fiscal year 1833 are made public, it will be seen that nearly all of the rapidly developed trade with Ger many, Cuba and the South American States has been lost by the imbecility of the Democratic leaders who struck down Republican reciprocity. BLACK3IAILI.VG CANDIDATES. "The people ma'ce us pay for an elec tion and we must get our money back some way," is the remark attributed to a member of a Legislature who told a committee that mony would be :v Quiied to get a prcper measure enacted. "We must have liberal fes to enable us to pay our campaign expenses' is a remark heard many, times first and last. It Is, indeed, so expensive to er an elec tion that those who are successful may be said to have purchased the office, while those who are not successful sometimes bankrupt themselves in the effort. And all this expenditure does not Involve the violation of the strict anti bribery laws. It simply means that a candidate for an office is the victim of all kinds and degrees of indirect black mail. No matter to what party he be longs, he Is followed by persons who want subscriptions to this and that, and who have tickets to sell for all sorts of schemes. The evil has assumed such proportions in New York that the Legis lature has made it a misdemeanor for a candidate to yield to such solicitations. The people, however conscientious they may be in regard to other matters, know that such solicitation is in the nature of blackmail because they would not . ask the man if he were not a candidate, knowing that he would'refuse. Being a candidate, he cannot or dare not refuse lest the person so refused take ven geance on him by opposing his candi dacy. This matter is not now referred to because the evil is not generally 'known to exist, but because it is a good time to consider one of the most vicious prac tices connected with our elections. Nor is it the cause of an Insignificant ex penditure. The man who is a candidate In Marion county, for instance, during a long campaign, would surrender several hundred dollars did he respond to all requests and demands made upon him for money for objects which are not remotely political. To more or less of these demands or requests the candi date feels that he must respond because he fears that his opponent will, and thus make friends to his disadvantage. Indeed, the reason why county officers are so eager for larger salaries than the people think they should have is because of the exactions made upon them which are foreign to legitimate campaign expenses. In the event of election the candidate Is deprived of several hundred dollars which he feels that as an officer,, to use the phrase quoted, "he must get back some Way." If defeated, he has practically been robbed of so much money, which, In many cases, he cannot afford to lose. An off year Is a fit time to discuss this evil and to devise remedies for one of the worst features of local campaigns. If the party committees would get to gether, make an agreement and publish it, to the effect that candidates would not be blackmailed by outside organiza tions, or If candidates running for the same office would announce an agree ment not to be bled in this manner, a practical reform of great value would be begun. ' ,K . WORTHLESS ESTIMATES. There seems to be no good reason why the government should not be able to obtain fairly accurate crop reports. Years ago more "accurate estlmat.es were obtained than of late. During the past two or three years the crop reports of the Department of Agriculture have proved so Inaccurate that no cre dence, whatever is given to them by those who trade In the leading cereals. Enterprising firms in the trade are now able to obtain more accurate reports In advance of those made by the govern ment. The tendency of late has been to make the estimates too low, particular ly of, wheat and of corn last year. The design of reporting smaller crops than have been harvested. If design there is in it, is to create an impression of scarci ty In the Interest of the farmer, 6lnce It materially affects the prices at the out set, whether the crop of wheat is likely to be four or five hundred million bushels. If the buyers know that it is the latter, while those who accept the estimate of the Department of Agriculture believe the crop is a hundred million bushels less, the producers will hold back their stocks to their detriment. The present Secretary of Agriculture has undertaken to reform the methods of collecting crop statistics. If he suc ceeds it will be the first Instance In which he has accomplished any good in the office he occupies. He has already had the chief statisticians named for va rious sections of the country. Most of them may be excellent men for the work, but if they' have no better quali fications than one of them, who is a venerable college professor and the au thor of most radical free trade essays and text-books, much better things can not be expected In the way of crop re ports than those now collected by men v1k seem to think it is for the Interest of the producers to underestimate crops or who do so from the general lncll- natioa of farmers to take a bearish view of the situation. If Mr. Morton succeeds he will be sure to receive the credit of his achievement, but if the estimate which his reports make of the wheat crop shall be as wild as those of the past few years, some other Secretary will devise a scheme by which reason able accuracy regarding so important a matter can be. attained. If it is true that China has accepted the proposals for the war indemnity loan made her by Rujsla, the latter has achieved a great diplomatic victory. On April 22 Great Britain began to bring all its Influence to bear upon the Chinese government to Induce It to make Eng land, not Russia, the chief creditor of China. At one time It was claimed that England had succeeded. If it is true that Russia has finally triumphed, that government has opened the way to insure a predominating influence in Eastern Asia, wIMch is the real end of this rivalry. The nation which stands as China's principal creditor is in posi tion to ask commercial favors. ' Russia wants a terminus for its trans-Siberian allway which Us own territory docs not afford, but which China does. This fa vor regarding the loan will put Russia in position to ask an outlet in China. Besides, Russia Is not more indifferent to commercial power than other. Euro pean nations. At present 354 of the 580 commercial firms doing business In China are English, while Russia has but twelve. "With the close .relations which the position of Russia as China's chief creditor will give that country, Its mer chants will be in position to strive to wrest from Great Britain a commercial ascendency which is the basis of its power in the Orient. China has no rea son to love Great Britain, because it has compelled at the cannon's mouth the making f distasteful treaties. With powerful Russia as a backer, China may deliver itself from the commercial bond age of Great Britain. Several newspapers in the larger cities have taken to encouraging their readers to cultivate potatoes. A Chicago paper attempted to stimulate the cultivation of that vegetable by showing that during last year we Imported 2.26S.03S bushels of potatoes, coupled with the declara tion that this fact is humiliating to those possessing the most ordinary In stincts of patriotism. No doubt it would be better if these millions of bushels of potatoes could be raised at home, because they represent so many dollars better If the 170,000,000 bushels raised could be increased 23 or SO per cent. It is possible that a large part of the pota toes eaten in Indiana come from other States, yet it seems that at the same price, per bushel potatoes would be, near the large towns, a more profitable crop than wheat. But it is" too late to talk potatoes this year a fact concerning which the metropolitan editors seem Ig norant. The missionaries of the Congregation al Church In Japan are now having trou ble with the natives, but the natives who are making the trouble are the na tive preachers and teachers, who are de termined to get rid of the Imported mis sionaries and run the business them selves. In one city which is not an open port, and where the privileges of for eigners are restricted, the native preach ers and teachers have turned the mis sionaries out of the houses built for them by the board of missions, and have as sumed all the Independence relative to church management which the preroga tives of Congregational church govern ment permits. The Japs are a pushing people. BUBBLES IX THE A I It. I'nohanRlns. 'Blerschwlgge Is a bit of an Anarchist, ain't he?" "I guess; although he Is a strict Conserva tive as to his shlrt Apparent. The merry throng disported itself In Jo cund manner, but she alone stood apart. . At least she was the only one of whom such could be said with certainty. None of the others wore bloomers. InillRnant Denial. "It Is Just a malicious fib," said the re turned summer girl. "Of course, I didn't get engaged to three men at once while I was at the seashore. There was more than thirty minutes' lapse of time between them." The Cheerful Idiot. This thing of changing swords into plow shares." said the Cheerful Idiot. "Is no great shakes of a metamorphosis." "No?" paid the shoe clerk boarder. . , "No. It Is merely changing guardin tools into farm implements." Enforcement of Dor Low, By the way, what causes this unwonted prosecution of the owners of unlicensed dogs? The ordinance under which they are arrested and fined, or, in default of pay ment, sent to the workhouse, has been In existence since 1ST3, . but until this season the efforts of the police have been directed toward getting rid of the dogs rather than the owners a plan which seemed to an swer every needful purpose. An ordinance passed a year later provides for the open ing and operating of a dog pound from the 1st day of July to the 1st day of October each year. It further provides that the police of the city shall take up and Im pound therein all unlicensed dogs found running at large. If not redeemed within three days the animals are to be killed. o far as the Journal is aware no steps have been taken by the police authorities, for establishing this useful Institution. Pos sibly the neglect to do so has been due 'to the fact that the time of the officers is en tirely absorbed In running down poverty stricken owners of unlicensed curs. How ever it comes about It must be Insisted that the division of duty is unfair. If the dog ordinance of 187813 to be rigidly enforced, with no exercise of discretion on the part of the patrolmen, that of 1S79 must b also. If the officers are to arrest dog owners who have not paid license. It is their business also to arrest and dispose of all the untagged dogs. If they will attend to both these branches of duty faithfully and with the use of a little wholesome dis cretion they will, perhaps, "run in" fewer unfortunates unable to pay fines, but they will greatly decrease the number of worth less dogs which, after all, is quite a3 much the object of the ordinance as that of ad ding to the city revenues. This view of the matter is respectfully submitted to the at tention of the proper authorities. Some of the newspapers of the country are gushing a little over Mrs. Leland Stan ford because of her intention to dispose of her Jewels in order to tide Stanford University over a financial crisis. She de serves the sympathy and admiration of her countrymen, says on, while another, a California sheet, speaks of her "mag nificent self-sacrifice." Mrs. Stanford's de votion to the university Is worthy of ad miration, certainly, but In all probability she feels no need of sympathy and Is ex ercising no great self-denial In parting with her diamonds, numerous and beautiful though they are, for the purpose named. Mrs. Stanford is advanced In years and not likely to have further personal use for her costly ornaments; she has no daughter to bequeath the treasures to, and her heart Is bound up in the institution which is at once a memorial of her' husband and her only son, and with which her own per sonality will also be associated. She would rather see this great monument bearing her family name put on a safe foundation than to possess an Inexhaustible diamond mine which she could not utilize for this purpose. She deserves praise, certainly, but is in no need of sympathy. It 13 not necessarily an unlicensed dog that bites inoffensive passers-by, but it is tho owners of such beasts who should go to the workhouse to keep company with the poor wretch who could not make up his mind to kill his four-legged and perhaps hl3 only friond, although be had not the dollar to pay for a license. sasMSMHSHsasflsasassnsBBsasHS9i The use of the bicycle in San Francisco and Oakland is said to be so extensive that it has cut down the street-railroad re ceipts one-third. As a consequence fares have been reduced in order to increase patronage so ; that the popularity of tha wheel becomes of direct benefit to people who do not ride on it. If the estimate of a trade Journal, to the effect that a million more people are riding the bicycle this year than last, is correct, the reduction of street-car patronage must be consider able in every clty. A Georgia woman has given as an excuse for writing poetry that she "is impelled by the spirits." It would be immensely to the credit of a large number of persons , who think that they write poetry If they could shift the responsibility of authorship upon the spirits. STATE PRESS OPINION. Perhaps the reason Secretary Morton de fends the crow Is that It has become a fix ture on the Democratic bill of fare. Goshen Times. The greatest source of comfort to the Populists is the fact that they can put what they please In their platforms with out making their chances of success any smaller. Columbus Republican. The Attorney-general has authorized coun ty assessors to assess all building and loan associations to the full amount of their capital stock unless they Rive a full report of their paid-up stock. Nothing hr.s been done by the Madison county assessor in placing this property on the duplicate. Anderson Bulletin. One thing the farmers have to be thank ful for Is the excellent prospect for the corn crop this season,' and last night's rainfall gave the corngrower's stock another rise. Josiah C. Palmer, one of the largest corn farmers in the county, says that he does not remember when the -rospect for corn was finer than it is now. Washington Ga zette. Will some Populist or sllverlst kindly answer this question which is asked by the Huntington Argus: "Why Isn't there Just as much reason for the government to buy the farmer's corn at $1 for sixty pounds as to give the silver miners $1 for as much of the white metal as will bring him but 50 cents in any other market?" New Albany Tribune. The old soldiers are getting it In the neck again in this neighborhood, from the Pen sion Department, and the soldiers who ren dered the most servce and have the best records are the ones whom this soldier hating administration has it in for. Two as good soldiers as can be found in Gib son county were victims las week. Prince ton Leader. , From every direction comes the . report that the new Nicholson law not only works, but works well. There Is no trouble about enforcing any law if the proper officers do their duty. In Muncie we have that liind of guardians of the public weal, and, con sequently, all laws are being enforced with satisfaction to the public and an increase of the public ; comfort and safety. Muncie News. Governor Matthews Is, said to have the presidential bee 'In his bonnet. It is sup posed to ba constantly dinning into his 'ear the possibility of his nomination by the De mocracy. He would be, perhaps, one of the least objectionable Democrats to be found among the prominent members of that party, but what does he want of a mere nomination when election is an impossi bility? Marion Chronicle. The meeting of the free silverites at the courthouse Saturday evening was slimly at tended, the audience numbering not to ex ceed fifty persons. It was mainly composed of Democrats, although but few of the rec ognized leaders of the party were present. An occasional Republican was noticed in the audienco, though none participated in the proceedings except Hon. William H. Trammel. Huntington Herald. If the flat of the government will make 5) cents' worth of silver a full dollar will that dollar be any easier to secure than a gold dollar? And. If the flat will not sustain the silver dollar Is It honest for the gov ernment to decree that a dollar of debt shall be paid in 50 cents of money? And should the workingman be compelled to take 50 cents for his dollar's worth of work or the farmer CO cents for his dollar's worth of wheat? Lafayette Journal. The Indianapolis Journal Is substantially correct in sas'ing that two-thirds of the names in all the lists of pensions granted in this State are .'reissues." The public ma v. not know it, but every pension aent, and particularly every pensioner whose name is on the list, 'knows that it mean3 a reduction from $12 to t8 or rer month. Those who make up these lists should clas sify them as pensions reduced instead of pensions granted. South Bend Times (Dem.) All kinds of schemes will be resorted to by the Democrats to-ralso money to make up a deficiency in the revenue. Some of the Democratic papers are advocating a tax on bank checks. The v seem to forjret that there is a Republican House that will have some say In the matter. Tho experience the Dem ocrats had in the Income tax business viffht to teach them to fight shy of the English methods of raising revenue. The proper way to get money i3 by a tariff. Crawfordsvllle Journal. Alien W. Thurman, who saw the Ohio De mocracy go down in overwhelming defeat on a free silver platform, refuses to gather wisdom from experience. Having had his wings clipped so that he will have no part in the deliberations of the State conven tion, he has called a free-silver mass meet ing for Springfield to declare for a 16 to .1 ratio. This is in the nature of a rump con vention, and the fight that may ensue as a result of this short-sighted policy my dis sipate whatever hopes the Democrats have of carrying the State next November. La fayette Journal (Dem.) ABOUT PEOPLE AND THINGS. Pupils in the Chicago Art Institute design lace handkerchiefs. buckl?s, combs and cal endars, as well as wall papers, rugs, iron lamps, fireplaces,, and grates. Women prompters have been tried at the Covent Garden Theater in London with success, as it has been found that their voices carry better across the stage and are less audible in the auditorium. Japanese Women never discuss their ser vants To do so would be contrary to Japan ese etiquette. They may talk of dress, the theater, music, and the re3t, but domestic tribulations muzt not be referred to. The American copy of Poe's "Tamer lane" now sells for $2,500, and it has been bound in a $500 cover. It was recently owned by a firm of publishers who would probably have charged Poe at least J0O for printing it. Not long since a friend of Kipling started a magazine 'and not' unnaturally found it hard sledding at the beginning. Mr.' Kip ling happened to hear of his difficulty, and made him a present of a new story which he could easily have sold for $2,500. i Miss Powderly, the American secretary to Lady Henry Somerset, is not related to the labor agitator. She is a New Eng land woman, wlthva college education whose talents and abilities are many. She is a linguist, musician, stenographer and type writer, besides being a very beautiful pen man. A Damariscotta, Me., woman was work ing among her .flower beds a few days ago when she was surprised by a sudden thump on the top of her head. When she re covered herself she found that a chicken had been dropped by a hawk squarely onto her head. The fowl was alive, and is now running with the rest of her poultry. Dr. Le Plongeon's claim ' to have de Ciphered the Maya inscriptions In the ruined cities ' of Central America is dis credited by the method of Its presenta tion. There is no doubt at all, however, that these Inscriptions will be deciphered, and it is probably true, as Dr. Le Plongeon asserts, that the language of the adjacent tribes is the key to them. . Richelieu's skull has been put back in its tomb in the church of Sorbonne, and the cavity near by where It was burled when stolen during the revolution was sealed up with great ceremony tho other day In the presence of M. Hanotaux. Minister of For eign Affairs, of the director of the Beaux Arts, the vice rector of .the academic, and the Princess of, Monaco, representing the family. . A California naturalist says that a bee, "a worker," usually makes six to ten trips dally from the hive, visiting forty to eighty flowers, and collecting about one grain of nectar. A hive contains twenty thousand to sixty thousand bees, of which only one-half arc occupied in preparing honey, the rest .raring for their young and their quarters. In a good day sixteen to twenty thous-and bees can. In six to ten trips, visit SOO.000 to l.COO.OCO flowers. Tho Countess Glennoti. second lady of honor in waiting on the Queen of Italy for some years, worked In Newark, N. J., as a cigarette maker. , She was born in Genoa twenty-two years ago and came to this country with her father. Carmine Glennoti. when she was a little girl. She returned to Italy at the age or fifteen, where she attracted the fancy of the Queen and jyas made a personal servant. She speedily became a favorite and eventually was made a countess. She's in for bloomers, bikes and all The things that men hold dear. Excepting one. She finds baseball Is not a woman's sphere. Washingon Star. CIiniSTIAN ENDEAVOR SOCIETY. 1 Character of the Organisation and Its "Wonderful Growth. Boston Transcript. The Christian Endeavor Society was born in the parsonage of the Wililston Church, Portland, Me., on the evening of Feb. 2. 1881. The movement was conceived, as It has since been largely directed, by Rev, Franci3 E. Clark. Its growth at first was slow. The end of the first year of its his tory found but a. handful of socfeties. Nev ertheless, a convention was held in Port land with two hundred delegates, most of them, of course, members of the few . so cieties in the city of the society's birth. The growth of the society is In a measure Indicated by the growth cf the conventions. Next year there were four hundred dele gates at the same city of Portland. In Lowell, s!x hundred attended the conven tion of 1SS4, and one year later, when the convention met at Ocean Park there were eight hundred. Saratoga, in 1&6, saw twelve hundred, and at the same place, one year later, two thousand Endeavorers gathered. In 1SS8 the convention went west to Chica go, and five thousand delegates gathered. The number increased to seven thousand at Philadelphia in 1SSD, and in St. Louis the next year it had Jumped to eleven thousand. Minneapolis made a remarkable showing with fourteen thousand in 1891, but New York created history with thirty thousand delegates. Montreal called together twenty thousand delegates, and in spite of strikes and financial depressions, forty thousand gathered in Cleveland last year. Within this time the movement has absolutely cov ered the earth more rapidly and more gen erally than anything else, not even except ing the Christian religion. It is true that Christian Endeavor is pre-eminently and unceasingly a child of the church, and the integral part of the church organization it self, and, therefore, the comparison is scarcely fair, for the Christian Endeavor movement had all the agencies of the church to assist in its propagation. Never theless, the statement is worthy of thought. While it has traveled so far the society has disseminated itself into many walks of life. In addition to the Young People's societies, which were the first form of the movement and are to-day the largest, comprising as they do young people over fourteen years of age, other branches of work have rapidly been taken up. The essential features of the organization are a strict pledge, taken by every mem ber, binding him to attendance, upon the weekly prayer meeting, to dally prayer and study of the Bible, to faithful attendance upon the services and work of the local church, and to a life-long endeavor to do whatever Christ would like to have. him do, unless, as the pledge further adds, "pre vented by some reason which I can con scientiously jdve to my Savior." By its many forms cf committee enTort the organi zation is able to engage in practically every good work. The names of a few of the committees will Indicate this lookout, social, Sunday school, good citizenship, missionary, good literature, visiting, relief, etc. The Junior society made its appearance a few years after the birth ofy the general organization, and as this contains the chil dren under fourteen years of age, it soon numbered a mighty host. Each Junior so ciety Is under the care and direction of a superintendent, and the children are trained in practical forms of Christian work and life. The smallest Junior society known ex ists In Brousa, Turkey, and is composed of two boys, the son of a missionary and a little native. Persons who, for various reasons, had been unable to continue their service in the Young People's Society naturally sug gested the formation of a senior organiza tion, and these are to be found in many ? laces, being practically the same as the oung People's Society, although composed of older Christians. The society among traveling men was not long in coming,, and the soldiers soon discovered that Chris tian endeavor was thoroughly suited to military life. There are manj societies among the soldiers in the forts throughout the country. Rescue missions, reforma tories, blind asylums and mission stations found that Christian endeavor was just the thing needed to develop Christian life, and societies abound in all these places. Several State prisons have Christian En deavor societies among the converted con victs. By stress of circumstances these will not he represented at Boston. The Mothers' Society is a feature of the past year. It aims to work in eo-operation with the Junior societies, and the movement has proved exceedingly popular, societies hav ing been formed in many parts of the coun try. At the organization of a society in Kansas one mother walked six miles in the teeth of a Kansas galo to attend the serv ice. This is the stuff that Christian En deavorers arc made of. At a convent! 9n In Texas a few months ago one delegate traveled through rain, sleet and snow for eighty miles in a nrivate vehicle to attend a convention, during the coldest weather the State has known for a score of years. Four other delegates to this same convention traveled forty miles under similar circumstances. Many equally great obstacles have been overcome by the delegates who. are now Journeying toward Boston. The features of the Christian Endeavor Society that have come lately into special prominence are its remarkable missionary activities, hundreds of thousands of dollars having been given by the endeavorers to the denominational honrds and to the civic affairs.' Christian Endeavor good-citizenship victories have been notable events of the past year in religious circles. A newu impetus will be given to this work by the demonstration on Boston Common. A Midsummer Song:. Oh. father's gone to market town, he was up before the day. And Jamie's after robins, and the man is making hay, And whistling down the hollow'goes the bay that minds the mill. While mother from the kitchen door Is calling with a will. "Polly! Tolly! The cows are In the corn! Oh, Where's Polly?" ' . From all the misty mdrnlng air there comes a summer sound -A murmur as of waters from skies and- trees and ground. The birds they sing upon the wing,' the pigeons bill and coo,. And over hill' and hollow ring3 again the loud halloo; "Polly! Polly! The cows are In the corn! Oh, Where's Polly?" Above the trees the honey bees swarm by with buzz and boom. And in the field and garden a thousand blos soms bloom. .Within the farmer's meadow a brown-eyed . daisy blows, ' And down at the edge of the hollow a red and thorny rose. But Polly! Polly! The cows are In the . corn! Oh, where's Polly? How strange at such a time of day the mill should stop Us clatter! The farmer's wife is hastening now and wonders what's the matter. Oh, wild the birds are singing In the wood and on the h!ll,, While whistling up tho hollow goes the boy that minds the mill. But Polly! Polly! The cows are in the corn! Oh, where's Polly? Richard Watson Gilder. Letter Carriers Not Pleased. Philadelphia Record. As a sample of the espionage to which the letter carriers have recently been sub jected by secret agents sent from Wash ington one postman tells this amusing story: He was delivering letters along his route. which lies in th6 residence portion of the city, when he noticed a rather savage-looking dog standing in front of a house for which he had a letter. As a measure of conciliation and of precaution for his per sonal safety the carrier stopied to pat the dog on the head and speak a lew friendly words to him. It so happened that an agent was watching the carrier at the time, and down in his notebook went a Jotting of this dreadful waste of Uncle Sam's time by loitering on the streets to play with dogs. This, was sent to Wash ington as an example of the general laxity ot discipline prevalent among the letter carriers. Other almost equally absurd stories are told of the charges made against the carriers by these secret agents. Nice Idea. Springfield Republican. Ysaye thinks that the chief fault In mu sical Instruction In thts country Is that the teachers have too many pupils. In the conservatory at Brussels ho has but eight pupils, and teaches orily six hours a week. That is a very nice ideal, and American teachers would be only to glad to follow the example if they could arfcrd it. Not Really Responsible. Kansas City Journal. One qf the new revenue cutler is to be called the Walter Q. Gre?ha. . This Is in honor of the late Secretary's services as a member of the Cleveland Cabinet. He had nothing to do with cutting the revenue until he was required to kill reciprocity. COUNT ITO HIROBUMI PREMIER OF JAPA.V INTERVIEWED BY COLONEL COCKERILL. Some New Light Thrown on tin 4 Treaty of Shlmonosekt The Rus sian Ruler's 3Iysterlona Policy. Toklo Letter In New York Herald. With Viscount Mutsu ill and absent from his office. Count Ito, Minister President of State, is now unquestionably the most heavily burdened man in Japan. He 13 es sentially the government, so far as the direction of affairs is concerned, but as it is a government enacted and shape 1 by himself, Mutsu. Inouye, Saigo and one or two others, he may be said to be familiar with it. I met Count Ito a few evenings since and dined with him infcrmally at his official residence. The Count is small i.i stature, but he is strong in frame. His face Indi cates vigor and his eyes are earnest. Like nearly all Japanesa of quality, he is In repose stern in appearance, but when .he smiles his expression-Is unusually affable. His official residence is a spacious European structure in the governmental heart of the city, well walled In and well guarded in its . approaches. He has a most excellent French cook and hs lives here in plain, comfortable Eurcpean style. Count Ito said that it delighted him to know of the kindly spirit toward Japan which existed in the United States. The whole world, he thought,.had a better opin ion of Japan now, and appreciated her achievements and her prowess. He had not been in the United States, he said, for twenty-four years. In the conversation that followed the fact was brought out that the people of the United States during the past ten years had bought more of Japan's products than- all the other countries of the earth combined. .'We were now almost her sole customer for tea. In ten years the United States purchased 261,000,000 yen of Japanese products, while Japan spent 58, 000,000 yen with us. During the 'same period England, Germany and . France bought of Japan but 1G7,000.000 yen. and sold her goods to the value of 317,000,000. That Japan had gained much by the cordial sentiments and business Interests of our people was most apparent. Count Ito said that matters were rapidly settling in Formosa, and there was no ap parent trouble in Corea. The policy there would foe determined by events. He had heard of the proposed- loan of money to China by France upon the guarantee of Russia, but up to this time had N not been able to understand the nature of it nor tho amount of it. He had received a London dispatch that day, which still left the mat ter in doubt. He had heard the theory ad vanced that Russia was seeking to place China under obligations and eventually se cure a railway terminus and naval station at Port Arthur, Instead of Vladivastock. It would be muc,h nearer for her and much more advantageous than anything that Co rea could furnish. It would give her a bet ter use of the line of the Amoor river. But Russia moved curiously, and nobody could well understand what her policy would be. Referring to China, he said that he was not at all surprised that the world at large thought It would be Impossible for Japan to. conquer her. He felt certain that China could not be quickened Into activity be cause of the lack of nationalism, and that her future now was dark. He thought that England had acted wisely throughout her late troubles In the Orient. When I sug gested that the time had come for Japan to form an alliance with England the Count smiled, tout declined to commit himself. WORK OFjTHE JAPANESE FORCES. In ppeaklng later on of the work of the Japanese army and navy la the war the Count spoke in the highest terms of the splendid transportation service. He thought the transfer of an army of over 200,000 men and fifty thousand horses across the Yellow sea and the feeding and caring for them from the home base was something to be proud of. ' . On the subject ot "war chips and the. strengthening of, the Japanere navy the Count remarked that there were many war ships for sale now In the world, and that perhaps it would be 'better for Japan to buy what ships she might need than to either build them or have them built abroad. He inquired about our new battle ships and said that he would give directions at once to have their dimensions, armament, etc., supplied to him. He asked about our new Secretary of State with some particularity, and also about Mr. Breckinridge, our repre sentative at St. Petersburg. He could not quite understand the friendship said to ex ist between the people of the United States and Russia. I explained tho sentimental part of It to him to the ibest of my ability, but it was quite plain that Japan's Prime Minister could not quite understand how there could be any substantial tie between a liberty loving, enlightened republic, such as curs, and an autocracy, such as Russia. Referring to the alliance between the powers which had interfered with Japan, tho Count said that he feared very much that the Europeans had not quite understood the commercial features of the treaty of ShirrMnosekl. They had. perhaps, regarded the opening up of certain ports in China, as purely in the interest of Japan. Such was not the case. Japan has no moreto gain than other nations commercially. The opening of the port of Chung-King, onhe Yare-tse-Klang, was something which Eng land had long been trying for and had been unable to accomplish. The right to import machinery into China was certainly not in Japan's interest. He thought that when the treaty was better understood there would be le?s prejudice toward Japan. The Count remarked that he had just re ceived from Spain her official congratula tions on the acquisition of Formosa by Japan and coupled with them the hope was expressed that Japan would not feel In clined to extend her Island possessions fur ther to the south, the Philippines being manifestly referred to. The Count ob served that it was the general opinion that the government of Luzon island and Manila was very corrupt and weak. Tho Count agreed that in giving back the Llao-Tung peninsula to China much .had been done to unite the Japanese people and allay political dissension at home. He ad mitted, with a smile, that there was much politics In Japan. Sometimes, he said, there were eight or nine political parties, and "ometimes as many as eleven. I asked him if there was likely to be a special session of the Diet soon. He replied that he could not possibly get ready for a special session, as he was overwhelmed with work at pres ent. He did not think that there would be a session beforo the regular meeting In Novcir.ber. PROGRESS IN, EDUCATION. Upon the subject of Japan's educational system and her common, schools the Count spoke warmly. He regarded education as the empire's fortress. He said that from every prefecture of Japan to-day requests were officially coming up for increased school appropriations. He regarded this as favor able. There had been steady progress for years, but the schools were never in bet ter condition Lhaa now. He attributed the increased desire for schools to the fact that the soldiers of Japan had been writing home of their experiences In the war and had thereby stimulated in the youth of the land a yearning for knowledge. Japan fury appreciated the fact lhat knowledge wis newer and wealth m well. When I EDoke of preparing an article on Japan's srhMl system and her educational institu tions the Premier seemed much pleased and Bald ne would see that all faciUUes were BlThe rconversation turning upon the opium trade and the malign influence which the drug had, and was still having, in China, Count Ito said that Japan had never been eiven full credit for her war upon that evil. She had early inhibited the importation of opium, and slie not only punished to-day the smugglers of the drug, but those who trafficked in and used it as well. In the face of every inducement Japan had nero.c ally refused to permit the opium trade. No amount of money couid Induce her to yield on that point. I informed the Count that I had seen. In Yokohama, an American who had come here for the purpose of securing a lottery fran chise, proposing to let the government share In the profits thereof. He eald that in the old days, before the Me'.Jl, lotteries had been permitted In Japan, but now the law, sustained bv public sentiment, forbade them absolutely. He did not think that at this time the government would enter into any scheme to make its people gamblers. Speaking of the financial Issues now ris ing In the United States, the Count laughed hc?rtlly when told that it had teen seri oi:?ly proposed, to taiicfy both gold and tilver adherents, to coin a nrw dollar, to be properly proportioned between the two metals," and which would act as a sort of steam engine governor when either of the metals Fhowed a disposition to fluctuate In value. He said that precisely such a com bination coin had been used In Japan in the days of the Tycoons. It was not In now. and that Indicated that It vas not a success as a true measure of values. Tb Count gave no hint as to what the future policy of Japan would be financially. The threatened outbreak of cholera in Japan was referred to. Count Ito epoke with prid of the splendid quarantine serv ice and the success with which the disease was being stamped out in the country. He informed me that hf had just received a dispatch from Port Arthur, where the dis ease first made its appearance among the troops in the early spring, saying that the epidemic there was practically at an end. He had reason to believe that it would be kept undrr in Japan. Count Ito inquired cf me about Mr. Henry C-ews. of New York, with whom he hvl transacted considerable business in bh ilf of . 2n 1Ie nai1 ra( Mr. Clews's boo, and had recently recvcd a letter from him containing a nreut deal of advice, ile spoke of a number cf other American gen. tlemen. and asked to be remembered t3 them. On my taking mv leave he again expressed his warm reeara for the people of the United States. He would always la bor for better and clear relations between the two countries. There could be no fric tion or conflict of interests, and he thou.iit we shonld always be the best of fricnis. JAPAN'S FOREMOST STATESMAN. I was most favorably impressed with Count Ito. He seems to be In most excel lent h?altn for a man barely on the sunny s'de of sixty, and Intellectually vigorous. It is ad mitted, even by those who ojipope him po litically, that there is no more capable or forceful statesman In Japan. That he ur dcrstands Japan and her people is shown by the way in which he safely carried her through more than one crisis during the past twelvemonth. All the criticisms cf his administration up to this time have not shaken the popular faith in h!m. and backed as he is of the confidence and good will of the EmDcror, there is reason to believe that he will con tinue long to shape and direct the politics of Japan. An absurd report has been quietlv circu lated In Toklo this week that Viscount Mutsu. now In temporary retirement, had declared that he would not again return to Cabinet service, because he could no longer support the Prime Minister, through whose lack of nerve the Llao-Tung penin sula was lost after belnrr fairly won. I can say upon the best authority that there wis no dissension in the Cabinet touching the retrocession of Liao-Tung. On this point both Ito and Mutsu were together, as they have been on all public questions. There was nothing to do but surrender the peninsula. A few politicians of the opr position are declaring that if Japan had taken a strong stand for her treaty Ger many and France would have fallen away from Russia. But Russia was ready to go to war, and Japan was in no condition to fight her. Japan's people were ready to go to war with Rupsia. and they are willing to-day, but the U-cdcrs have pursued the path of wisdom. At the time that the ratifications of China and Japan were exchanged at Che-Foo it was stated that the Russian war vessels in the harbor made a warlike demonstration. This was so absurd that the report was not credited. Mr. Ml Yojl Ito, the Secretary of the Imperial Cabinet, who carried Japan's treaty to Che-Foo, tells me that upon his arrival there every Russian vessel pre pared for action. The ships In the harbor were painted gray, which is the war color of the Japanese. Why this silly demon stration was made no one can Imagine, as the Secretary went to Che-Foo in a plain merchant vessel. Had he taken with him the Western squadron, as was first in tended, there might frave been some exevae for the foolish show of bluster. Was the Russian Admiral crazy or did he really expect to open war then and there? Per haps he had a hint that the Chinese au thorities m!-ht call upon him to prevent the exchanj. of treaties. For several weeks there has been talk la Toklo of a grand demonstration In celebra tion of peace and the return of the armies. Tho matter has been discussed in the news papers and some committees appointed. The political malcontents who are dissatisfied because Teklng was not sacked and burned and China annexed succeeded In Inducing various organizations to declare against the celebration, and so it has fallen through. This nvatter will afford some Idea of the political condition of tho capital to-day. Count Matsukata. Minister of Finance, who has been in office only a short time, has either resigned or is about to resign. He has not been happy in his portfolio, but nobody seems to know exactly what the cause of his dissatisfaction has been. "COURTEOUS TO FOREIGNERS. Sir. Olner .Not ns Courteous ns Ex pected In Ills New OKlce. Washington Letter. It is sail that Secretary OInev is gettimj along much better in the State Department, as far as his relations with the public are concerned, than he did in the Department of Justice. He has less studying to do In his new ofllce, and consequently less need for politude and seclusion. As far as can be learned he has not j'ct snubbed a diplo mat From the experience they had with him as Attorney-general some cf the peo ple's chosen la Congress predicted that be fore Olney had ' been two weeks in the State Department half the diplomatic corps would have applied for their passports in resentment for personal affronts. While Attorney-general Olney gave offense ruth lessly to Senators and Representatives un til most cf them struck that department from their list. He could not tolerate In terruptions, and promptly resented with a peculiar abruptness of speech any Intrusion upon his solitude of thought. It was nat urally assumed by those who had suffered from his frankness that he would carry his peculiarities of manner with him to his new office. Dire catastrophe was expected, and mental pictures were drawn of the whole diplomatic corps trooping over with their passports in their coat-tail pockets after an interview with the new Secretary of State during one of his dyspeptic half hours. Nothing of the sort has happened, and it is reported to those who have ac cess to the Secretary's presence that every thing is goirg on delightfully. He has guarded against being taken by surprise by the simple means of closing all means of direct entrance to his rooms in the depart ment, and if he has on an unamiable. mood he can change It before entrance of the visitor is permitted. Consequent!'. In his new office he Is becoming quite well thought of. If not actually popular. On hearing this the other day a statesman who had been a victim of one of his dyspeptlo moods last winter remarked ill-naturedly: "I did not think. Why, of course he would not be rude to a foreigner." The truth of It Is. probably, that, being relieved from the study of perplexing law questions, he has less occasion to resent Interruption by visitors. Besides, he Is being occasionally spoken of as a possible presidential candi date, and now there has been started the discussion as to the possibility of every effort to get a President falling In 1SD6, through factional fights both In the Elec toral College and In Congress, and of the Secretary of State becoming President by succession, without the inconvenience and uncertainty of an election. Bicycle Breakfasts. London Table. Bicycle breakfast are a new fashion In England. The serving of excellent morning meals at Battersea Park, not usually a resort of the elect, is drawing thl'her dur ing the early hours of the day the smart set of London who have taken to cycling. Many come from great distances, and It is considfred the correct thing to take early morning rides, with an appetizing breakfast as the objective. So far only the one meal is served at Battersea Park. Before long, however, it Is promised that lunches and dinners will be provided. The lack cf roadside inns in England where well-cooked meals may be procured is as marked as in this country. London cyclists are agitating for the improvement of these resorts. As a rule, there, as with us. the cooking in vogue at the public houses on the highways is abominable, and their en vironments demoralizing. All effort is ex pended on the bar and no attention Is given to providing well-cooked and well served meals. The fret that the smart pet of London demand Fpecial provision tor their entertainment will probably lead to similar efforts in this country, with results possibly more effective and satisfactory than are obtainable abroad. Didn't Appreciate It. Philadelphia Press. Down at George Vanderttlfs expensive houae. Blltmore. near Asheville. there is a great room in which the furniture which Is to adorn the mammoth abiulng place is stored. It is a room in the stable, by th way. but the Btable Is tiled with the sort or tiles most of us consider a distinct luxury In a bath room. There are great mahogany four-poster beds, carved oak cabinets. bUcK with age, ancient settees worth the.r weight in gold, and goodness only knows what ei5e. And they tell a story of a South Uro'ma woman who penetrated to the , ar of that great room ar,d looked In. he ha been told how many miles of macadamized drives there were in the estate, how long the house Is. how mmy feet wile the ter race is. and how much the foundation cost. She was imprered t:li. a I raid, she came to peep in at tho furniture, bhe looked at it In amazement. . ... "Well " rh? ild. "the idea of putting all that old stuff into a brand new houfe. X hould thl.-ik Vanderllt could afford bc.er than that." Progress. Kansas City Journal. The government I:i expcrlmcnUrff in the U5e of the Mcyclo for tho army. The whe of tho Secretary of War already ridts cr- ncleniu-. n i '