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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOUHNALv MONDAY; MAY 11, 189a THE DAILY JOURNAL MONDAY, MAY U,1S9G. Washioxtoa OHIcc 1413 Peansylraaii Avenue Trlephone Calls. Business Offlce, Editorial Koomt A W TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. 1'AILT BY MAIL. Party only, en month ........$ .T) Iatijrcnly, three tnonttis 2.00 J:atly onljr, one year &0O luily, including Sunday, one year 10.00 fcuEday only, out year 2.00 WHKA rUilXISHZD BT AUZXT3. Esflr, per week, by carrier- ; 15 rts turxlay, tingle copy 6 ctM Imily and auoday, yer week, by earner.... ...... 20 cu WXEKLT. Xtrjear. fl-00 Reduced Rules to Clabs. Subscribe with any of our cumerou agents or send uUwTlpuons to the JOURNAL NEWSPAPER COMPANY v Indianapolis, Ind. Fmori sending tX Journal through the mafia m tbe United states sbouid put on an eict-page paper a C9C-CK3iTpotac stamp; on a twelve or Mxteen-page Ipr a Two-cis t poug stamp, i oi tigu postage u Usually double tLese rate. IV AH conummlcaaom Intends! for publication la ILu j.rr renst, in order to ru-elTe attention, be ac companied by the name and address of the writer. TUC INDIANAPOLIS JO URN Alt Can be found at the following places EEW TORKTflaUsor Hotel and Astor House. CHICAGO Palmer House"aad P. O. Kewa Co, tt Adam street. C1C1.NXATI J. R. Uawley & Co 154 Vine street. . lOUISYILLX C. T. Deerlce, northwest corner of TUrd and Jefferson ta., and Louisville lioolt Co, 3tf Fourth ave. ET.LOULs Union Ke Company, Union Depot. Washington; n. c Riggs House, ttbitt iionw, Willard's lietel and tbe Wa.btngton News Exchange, 14th street, bet. Fenn. ave. aud V street. General Clarkson will make no more predictions, but he will try to get those "which he has'made out of sight. The Immense straw hats worn by farm ers are likely to be adopted by Repub lican marching clubs in . Indiana this year.. .. , ;, , , ' The Journal is unable to And an out-and-out Democrat who ratified the nom ination of Mount with any degree of en thusiasm " ; If the Democrats only had a few of the many great men for candidates for President, which the Republicans have they would be happier. Of the 60,000 farmers who have attend ed the farmers' Institutes the past year half of the number have heard Mr. Hount speak and know him. The man who wants more money in circulation .cannot get it by free silver, elnce all the gold In the country would at once cease to be money, reducing the .volume by $000,000,000. Come days ago the Journal remarked that no man has legs sufficiently long to straddle the silver issue. After being thus warned Governor Matthews should not have attempted It. If by any chance the sound-money Democrats should have things their, own way In this State the 8ilverites would set up thee?- of Vest that the gold bugs bought up silver delegates. It is announced that already twenty delegates have broken, away from Boss Piatt in the New York delegation. So much for the overthrow of the unit rule by Republican national conventions. ..The greeting which the people of Mont gomery county gave to Mr. Mount, Sat- urday, in. Crawfordsville, was the. result of spontaneous enthusiasm called forth by the success of a man whom all es teem. " ' "Distrust, Deficit and Disaster," ; the triple alliteration of the Republican plat form In this State, has attracted the at tention . of the Eastern press, and one paper suggests that it will make a good campaign slogan. In the trial of Jackson, Mr. Nelson is the man known in the case, though Mr. Lockhard, the county prosecutor, has been present. Now that the latter should ln&ist upon making the closing argument leads to a fear that the Jealousy of a eir all man may possibly harm the strong case of the prosecution. Before the interesting test of ordnance which took place near Washington on Saturday the battle-ship constructors predicted It would .demonstrate that a twelve-inch gun was no match' for fif teen-inch armor.. The demonstration was the other way. The result showed that the heaviest turret-plate armor of any American battle ship can be pierced by American guns and projectiles, and row the question is, can they be by those of other countries? The next national convention to meet will be that of the Prohibitionists, at Pittsburg, May 27. There promises to be quite a struggle between the narrow cauge and the broad-gauge elements, as they are called, the former holding that the only issue should be the suppression of the liquor traffic and that no other planks should be Inserted In the plat form, while the latter want to declare in favor of free silver, free trade and some other things. The defeated faction will probably take to the woods and the suc cessful one to the water. The fact that the administration Sen ators opposed the resolution for the in vestigation of the bond sales has caused the country to suspect that the Presi dent is very much opposed to the ln qulry. While there Is no general suspi cion of corrupt motive, there is a feeling that an investigation will develop a fa voritism which has caused the interests of the country to be foigotten. At any rate, the transaction with the Morgan Belmont syndicate seems to have cost the country about twenty millions of dol lars; consequently the people desire to know how it happened. The Hartford Courant says: "The Indi ana Republicans had a big advantage over their neighbors of Ohio. They came la later, and they talk much braver and better." If the Ohio convention had not lx.en held so early in the season probably it would have spoken better and braver on the money question, which Is what th? Courant alludes to. The Indiana Re publicans had the advantage of several additional weeks of an educational cam paign in which the inherent viciousness of the free-silver movement had, been demonstrated, as also that the people did not want any straddling on it. Mr. Charle3 W. Flshback, secretary of the United States legation 'at Buenos Ayres, Argentine Republic, Is now injhls country working up proposed trip for twenty-five representative ' American rr"'-TT to South: American coun- tries. The object of the trip Is to pro mote Interest In International trade and ultimately establish a line of steamer between this country and South Amer ican states. The idea is well enough, and no doubt such a trip would have many pleasant features, but as none of those participating In It could speak Spanish it would not be likely to accom plish much in the way of increasing trade. This cannot be done by spasmod ic effects or international Junkets. It j can only come as the result of a wise national policy, aided by persistent ef forts of American manufacturers and merchants to place themselves in direct communication with .South American buyers and conform to their tastes and modes of doing business. AGITATION OF THE MOSEY QL'ES- " TION SHOULD END. It would be of immense benefit to the business interests of the country If the national conventions of both political parties, soon to meet, should take strong and decided ground in favor of sound money and against free silver coinage. " 9 Such a position, deliberately and firmly assumed by the Republican and Demo cratic parties, would practically settle the question and go far toward restoring confidence in quarters where It has been Impaired and where It Is of the greatest importance that It should be restored. The money question should not be in pol itics at all. It is not to any extent in any civilized country except the United States, and experience has demonstrated that it ought not to be here. The mone tary system of a commercial country should be as firm as .a rock, as solid as the everlasting hills, and as far removed as possible from all disturbing Influences, and especially from the influence of pop ular clamor. The credit and the business of this country have suffered beyond all calculation from various agitations of the money question. They are suffering now from the free silver agitation and will continue to suffer until the question Is definitely, permanently and rightly set tled. The action of the Republican conven tion on this question is plainly foreshad owed and practically determined. The substantial unanimity of the various State conventions and of the party press and leaders leaves no doubt on the sub ject. The - St. Louis convention will adopt a cold standard anti-free silver coinage platform, and will expect its nom inee, whoever he may be, to stand sqnfcre ly upon it with both feet. In other woMs, the Republican party will do its best to effect a light settlement of the question, to put an end to agitation and bring about a restoration oi confidence and prosperity. The attitude of the Democratic party is very different, and the action of its con vention exceedingly doubtful. The party is spilt wide open on the silver question, both factions are struggling for the con trol of the Chicago convention, both claiming that they will have It, and both threatening to bolt if the opposing fac tion succeeds. Thus, whatever the out come may be the Democratic party promises to maintain its record not only as the enemy of sound money, but as the promoter of dangerous 'agitation and a chronic hindrance to business prosperity. OUR CUIIAN POLICY. ) The reports from t "Washington con cerning the policy of President Cleveland and Secretary Olney in the Competitor case are conflicting. The telegrams coming through the press associations In dicate a continuance of the nerveless, do- nothing policy, that has characterized the course of the administration since the beginning of the war, while the tele grams sent by Washington correspond ents of prominent Western papers say the President and Secretary have taken a decided stand and warned Spain that the summary execution of the sentence imposed by the court-martial on the men captured on the Competitor will be followed by serious consequences. It is to be hoped the latter reports are correct. It is now an ascertained fact that at least one of the men captured on the Competi tor, John Milton, is a native-born Amer ican citizen. The others are of Spanish or Cuban birth, though come of them claim to be naturalized American citizens. As to Milton there is no doubt. He has lived in Kansas, and is known in Chicago. Congressman Woodman,' of Illinois, called to see the Secretary of State in re gard to him on Saturday, but got no sat isfaction as to what the administration intended to do. The Secretary assured him he would exert h!s best efforts to se cure a respite of Milton's sentence and get him a civil trial. When the Illinois member reminded the Secretary that he had been told the day before that the men had already been granted a- respite for a week and promised a civil trial, the Secretary replied evasively that the Spanish authorities In Cuba were not disposed to respect American authority, because they were impatient at what the American newspapers had been saying, and because the leader of the Competitor expedition was a notorious character and suspicion attached to thpse who accom panied him. This looks like a lame ex cuse for not protecting an American cit izen. Milton says he was going to Cuba in search of news, but, whether -this is true or not, he had not borne arms nor committed any overt act against the Spanish government. At the worst he was only a possible or prospective insur gent. Moreover, what difference does it make as to the duty of the government to protect its citizens whether the Span ish authorities in Cuba dislike what the American newspapers are saying or not? No doubt the authorities feel very bitter against the United States, but that is no reason why an American .citizen and civ ilian not guilty of any military offense should be tried by a court-martial and sentenced to death for being found in bad company. A Washington dispatch indicates ''that the government Is giving i..o much weg:t and importance to tech nical points raised by the Spanish au thorities, such as that the treaty between the United States and Spain guarantee ing protection to American citizens ap plies only to those residing in Cuba. This government snouia not accept such a construction tf the treaty; but, treaty or no treaty, it should protect its citizens Again, it is explained that the Latin code, which constitutes the law of Spain, recognizes what is called "municipal piracy," and .that the Competitor's men were convicted under this charge. But the Latin code cannot stand agalnpt'th? law of nations, and that recognizes no such crime. The case Is one that calls for prompt and vigorous action. The people are very' tired of the administration's kld rjlove manner of dealing 7lth Spain and Cuban affairs, and especially of Its fail ure to protect American citizens. A. government which by Its manner of pros ecuting war, killing prisoners and mur dering noncombatants, women as well as men, places Itself on a level with savage tribes is not entitled to so much consid eration. THE SOUND-MONEY PARTY. Whoever the Republican national con vention may nominate for President will be placed upon a sound-money platform, which Just now means a declaration against the free and unlimited coinage of silver and such legislation as will pre serve the full purchase power of the sil ver now in use. That is practically bi metallism, since any policy of coinage or legislation which will cause one metal to be placed where it cannot be used as money Is monometallism. The Republic an party is the only sound-money party in the country. Ithas given the country a national bank . system and a limited national paper money and specie pay ments under conditions which doubled the volume of money in the country. It is the only party which In its rational convention will declare for sound money by a practically unanimous vote, since the few votes for free silver will be those of the silver-producing States. As for the Democratic party, all the States which can give electoral votes to a Democratic candidate for the presi dency have declared for the free coinage of silver. They are the States of the South. In Its national convention the Democracy will not be able to declare for either sound money or free silver with any emphasis, so nearly divided is that organization. The chances r:ow are in favor of the sllverltes, but if the sound-money element should prevail it can be by only a small majority. . It is quite probable that whichever element controls the convention the other will bolt. The admirers of Mr. Cleveland are making special claims that he represents sound money of the soundest variety. He has declared against the free coinage of silver, but he has. more emphatically declared against greenbacks, which he would retire with an Issue of bonds, thus contracting the volume of the currency hundreds of millions of dollars. Nor Is this all; the President would pract'caUy wreck the national banking system Ly permitting banks under national chat ters to issue circulating no:-?s upon their assets and by repealing the tax on the circulation of State bankv so that in a brief space of time the count:; would be cursed by paper monv issued by State banks under the regulation of the States. Such a policy the President ad vocated in his latest official statement, and such a policy the Democratic State convention in Massachusetts has in dorsed. Instead of the national currency of greenbacks and national bank notes which the Republican partr has provided the Cleveland end of zhe Democrat ic party would give the country a State bank currency over which the United States government would have no con trol. Such a change would be nearly as disastrous as the frt . 'coinage of sli ver. The Cleveland Democratic "curren cy reform" would be as destructive of the besi-interests of the country as its 'tariff 'reform" has proved. In fact, the synonym for the word reform, when used 'by the Democracy, is das '.ruction.' - iiestrYctio'x of immigration. . Congressman Stone, of Pennsylvania, author or tne immigration oui Deanng his nanrer''has written a letter in reply to criticisms of the bill by a German newspaper in his district. The object of his bill Is to restrict pauper immigration to the United States, most of which .comes from countries of southern Europe or from Poland and Hungary, and little or none from Germany. The German newspaper referred to had stated that German-Americans generally were op posed to the bill. Mr. Stone expresses doubt of this, and says one of the pro prietors of the newspaper is agent for several steamship companies engaged In bringing German immigrants into this country, and Is therefore not an impar tial critic. He adds: I do ' not believe that the ma jority of the intelligent German Americans of this country desire to see the shipping of such large numbers of un desirable immigrants into this country con tinue. The Germans are a frugal, saving, hard-working class, and make good Amer ican citizens. The immigrant pauper labor er frcm southern 'Europe enters. into direct competition with the German laborer, as well as others here, and gluts the labor mar ket. This is what keeps the price of com mon labor down, and puts it at the mercy of capital. I, with many others who have been workings restrict immigration, am of German descent, and have a common right to speak for the German-Americana. Those engaged in the business of bringing cheap pauper labor into this country shrewdly think that if they array the German-Americans against the movement to restrict im migration they will so frighten the two great parties in this country that they will not dare to pass a restrictive law. One is at a loss to see why any class of American citizens, native or foreign born, should object to the exclusion of pauper laborers, and Mr. Stone Is prob-' ably right in supposing that a majority of German-Americans do not. A Berlin cablegram in the Sunday Journal stated that a leading paper of that city had a long editorial warning Germans against immigrating to this country and giving extracts from the annual report of the German Society of New York, referring to the increase of the number of igno rant immigrants from Italy, Russia, Po land, Ireland and Austria, with whom, the report adds, the educated German mechanics cannot compete because they are used to a high standard of living. This shows that the German Society of New York is opposed to pauper Immigra tion, as doubtless a majority of Intelli gent German-Americans are. SIMMBSaSMieSSSSSHMMnsSMMSMSV A few days ago Senator Vest, of Mis souri, in a speech In the Senate, charged that the free-silver majority In the Mich igan Democratic convention had been changed to a minority through the Influ ence of federal office holders and the use 'of money. Don Dickinson replies that the larger part of the federal officers are silverites and that the charge that mon ey was used is ridiculous. Here we have a plalu charge and a contradiction. The charge, however, implies that the advo cates of free silver are men who can be bought, as their champion, the Senator, ought to know better than anyone who Is not in on the combination. The farmers institutes the past year were attended by 60,000 farmers, and they have become one of the educational institutions of the State. Now President Smart, of Purdue, proposes to proceed with the factories and workshops upon the same idea. The university will sug gest to manufacturers that they make a place In their factories for popular lec tures on scientific topics so far as they relate to the industries "of the country, so that lectures of half an hour can be given such of the men as care to listen at the noon hour. The idea seems to be a practical one, and, if carried out, will give to the skilled labor of the State a university extension In fact.' A year ago Democratic papers made a great parade of the advance of wages hero and there, but they have failed to comment on the announcement that the wages in the cotton mills in Lowell, Mass., affecting 10,000 people, will be re duced 10. per cent.. at an early day. A year ago, in the hope of better times, wages were advanced L to 10 per cent. In cotton factories, .but, these hopes not being realized, wages will be cut. RUDDLES IN THE AIR. An Artful Explanation. She You said I. had a face that would stop. a trolley car in the middle of the block. HeI did. It takes -a mighty-good-looking woman to get a conductor to do that. . Achery. . "Well," said the den'tisV." who had Just moved In, "the next thing, to do will be to have this bakery sign ; that Doughboy left painted out." ,' "Just paint out the first letter," suggested his student. . .v-. A Fiendish Plot. "I thought her father was so enraged over the elopement that he would never forgive them, and now he has given them a brand new bicycle apiece."- :.',' -. - "Of different makes,' -mini you. They will be fighting like cats ..and- dogs before a. week." ..:,'. AVhjr lie Wept. "I hear that the only emotion Fizzle's client showed before he went to the gallows wa3 on parting' with Fizzle. I am told that he actually wept." "Yep. He said that -if he only had a chance to kill Fizzle Nfor. the way he man aged his defense he wouldn't mind the mere incident of being hanged." ; aiOL'NT FOR GOVERNOR. The nomination of Hon. James A. Mount for Governor gives perfect satisfaction Vin cennes Commercial; .. - James A. Mount Is an able and safe man, and will lead the party to a grand victory. Crawfordsville News. , Mount Is a man of the people and for the people, consequently the people are going to support him. Frankfort News. The ticket is a splendid one from Governor Mount at the head to the very last name to be selected. Warsaw Times. James A. Mount, the Republican candi date for Governor, has' an enviable record as a farmer, soldier and legislator. Muncio Times. . , Farmer Mount will be one of . the most popular candidates for Governor that ha3 ever been nominated in this State, and don't you forget it. M uncle News. The convention could not possibly have made a wiser choice for . the party than it did when selecting -Jawes" A. Mount as the candidate for Governor. Plymouth News. The Republican State convention was for tunate in conferring the gubernatorial nomi nation upon a man against whom even Dem ocrats are powerless .to speak ill. Wabash Tribune. : x f) . ; There were several aspirants for the gover norship who would htve, made strong candi dates, but none of ;mrwould have been better than James A. Mount. Seymour Re publican. ji-t1 No candidate ever. caone;before the people with better recommendations than James A. Mount. He is clean, capable and 'con scientious, a man of. the people, and the people know It. Frankfort News. The Republicans, by nominating ex-Senator James A. Mount, "of Montgomery county, a practical and successful farmer, certainly struck the popular chord,; and he will make a magnificent candidate.-tGre.enfleld Repub lican. . ' The Republicans ofrjndlana did a good day's work yesterday! wtiin they nominated James A. Mount "fdf;rGovernor. Barring Shockney, there was no candidate that the Easrle would rather have -seen nominated.' Union City Eagle. a 1 . . No one acquainted ta any degree with the claims of the various candidates. for the gubernatorial nomination ' will sy that the convention could have done bet ter than It did in the nomination of James A. Mount-Iarlon Chronicle. The ticket Is one the wliole party can sup-, port and that ought! to draw support from other parties. James A.'Mount is well known in Rush county as a successful. farmer, a good soldier and a broad-minded man, with a clean record. Ruhyl!le Republican. We predict that Mr. 'Mount will be elected by the largest maJority;tMat any Governor has ever received In -this State. The Re publican party is to be 'congratulated upon nominating such agoodnd competent man for the high office of ' Governor Columbus Republican. Hon. James A. Mount, the nominee of the Republicans for Governor, Is a , farmer, an exceedingly intelligent,' 'pne. He . possesses great force of character' and his life is above reproach. ll :is a Ahe speaker and will be a strong and-popu'ar candidate. New Albany Tribune.,; The nominee for 'Governor, James A. Mount, of Monotgomery.jcounty.' Is a success ful farmer and soldier with, a proud record. That he should be chosen from stj many dis tinguished men. at a ' time when there is a surety of his election, epeaks volumes for the esteem in whichnhe Is held. Bedford Mail. The nomination of James. A. Mount for Governor 13 a popular oris with the people of Hancock county. He has lectured here a number of times at farmers' institutes. He Is an able, honorable.- unrUrht. progressive, en terprising citizen, who will make a fine Gov- ernor ana is oeyona couot a gpienaia candi date. Greenfield Republican. James A. Mount will - grow In public esti mation as his real worth. and ability become better understood. His nomination for Gov ernor was the Eolution .of a knotty problem the convention was forced to deal with, and no mistake was made when the delegates decided to place his.. name at the head of the ticket. Lafayette Courier. The nomination, of ; James A. Mount, of Montgomery county, for Governor meets with the approval of the majority of the Repub licans all over the State. The ticket is a satisfactory one from beginning to end and will serve to increase the , Republican en thusiasm that has been manifested in the late past. Richmond Telegram. Governor Cumback comes out of the con test heartily grateful to his friends, as good a Republican as ever,' and well pleased with the work of the convention. James A. Mount, the nominee for Governor, and tha whole Republican ticket Will have no more ardent supporter in the fierce contest that is to come than Will Cumback, of Decatur county. Greensourg Review. Mr. Mount is well known In this part of the State. Scarcely a progressive farmer in St. Joseph county does' not know him, either personally or by sight, and they like him. His practical and very sensible talks before the farmers' Institutes have been listened to with keenest gratification and with much prorit. He is in every way qualified to fill the high position. South Bend Tribune. In nominating Mr. Mount the PJaln Dealer believes that the Republicans have nomin ated one of the strongest candidates before the convention. He is a gentleman for whom no Republican will have to apologize. With him as a leader the party will not be placed on the defensive, but. unhampered, will be placed in a position to deliver telling blows at the opposition. The rest of the ticket is without a flaw. Wabash Plain Dealer. The head of the ticket is Jamea A. Mount, whoso history and life work is -typical of industry, honesty and ability from "boyhood to the present hour, a self-made man of the genuine Hoosier stamp. This nomination was followed throughout the entire list with the same degree of good judgment and wisdom, so that the Republican party will not only be united In the support of the nominees; but thousands of conservative and well meaning members of the other parties will cheerfully vote to elect them. Portland Commercial. . The Republican State convention was a superbly grand occasion and the work done was never excelled since the birth of the party. The platform outlining the position of the Republican party in this State on the issues of t-ie day was never more clear and explicit, and never more fully -met the ap probation of . the rank and file of the party. The ticket.ls one of the best ever presented by the Republican party of this State for the suffrage of the people. Headed by a prac tical farmer statesman, a clean, pure, up right, able man for Governor, the same high standard of personal excellence was strictly obser-ed to the last name on the ticket. No blesville Ledger. The Republicans of Howard county art highly pleased with tbe nomination of James A. Mount for Governor. Many of them have met him and know him personally, and all of them know him favorably by reputation as a leading and intelligent farmer, a true Republican and worthy citizen. He Is a plain man of the people, one they respect and trust. Kokomo Tribune. The nominee for Governor, James A. Mount, is an excellent choice. ' It is true that the northwestern part of the State did not fare so well at the hands of the convention as many thought It de served, and yet It accepts the result with good grace. Three candidates were present ed from this section persons who were well qualified for the positions they desired, and who, we believe, would have been no impedi ment to the ticket, but the delegates favored others over them and there is no disposition to complain. The ticket, as a whole, is emi nently satisfactory, it is one that will daily grow more popular, and, more, it will be tri umphantly elected. Fort Wayne Gazette. The Republican State ticket nominated yesterday Is composed of men of the high est character, ability and integrity. It is a popular and winning ticket, and what Is better, a thoroughly meritorious one. Jeffer son county Republicans regret, profoundly the absence of the name of William T. Friedley from It, and, of course, they had preferences in some other directions, but taking it through and through it. is. an, en-. tirely unobjectionable array or nominees. For Governor, Hon. James A. Mount is a splendid choice. He is a thoroughly repre sentative man, self-made, in sympathy with the people, a genuine farmer, an able mem ber of the General Assembly, a gallant sol dier and an honest man. Madison Courier. However hard it has been for Lake coun ty Republicans to accept the defeat of our home candidate for the Republican guber natorial nomination, the nomination of J. A. Mount 1j accepted not only as an emi nently satisfactory one, but ono which ap peals for the support of the people: pf . the State irrespective of political Inclinations, in a way which possibly ' no other nomination could have done. J. A. Mount's record for courage and loyalty as a soldier appeals to every patriotic citizen and veteran of the war; as a farmer and an active, advanced worker In various organizations among In diana farmer?, his name will kindle the flame of enthusiasm throughout the rural sections, which, combined with that aroused by the name of McKinley in every city and hamlet in the State, will assure an over whelming Republican majority this fa.l. Hammond Tribune. - v. ss sa ssssiBssa sbsbi sa swas sssssmw AUOUT PEOPLE AND THINGS. Count Tolstoi, who went among the bi cyclists last year, aged sixty-seven, recent ly applied in Moscow for the permit which wheelmen need who wish to reside within the city lines. Zola refreshes himself by Inspecting and superintending his property and workmen. He is thoroughly happy In the midst of brick and mortar, and enjoys nothing more than the sound of hammers. A siesta every day has been a lifelong habit. An asylum for the poor In Constantinople, which contains a mosque, a synagogue, a Greek Orthodox and an Armenian Church, la. hv order of the sovereign, to be pro vided with a chapel for the Roman Catho-. lies who may be admitted to it. Mme. Zola, though a very devoted wife, has never read or tried to read one of her husband's works. She declares that she is ready to believe what their warmest ad mirers say of them. Zola is not a bit dis turbed by her indifference to his writings Mme. Faure has been much alarmed lately by a considerable increase In the number of threatening letters received at the Ely see, and It Is said in Paris that her influ ence is not among the least brought to bear on her husband to induce him to Tesign the presidency. The artist Whistler is a conspicuous ob ject as he threads this way along the crowd ed Strand in London in flat-brimmed French hat and overcoat, with frequently a brown paper parcel under his arm. People' 'turn to look twice at his remarkable nat,,' but they usually fall to recognize the wearer'; for he Is photographed less often tnan al most any other celebrity, and the public Is not familiar with his features. . . . Prof. -Zahn. of Notre Dame College, In diana (Roman Catholic), thas come promi nently to the front by reason of a book he wrote in defense of evolution. Monslgnor De Concilio attacked him for his workr and everybody expected to hear of the bold pro fessor's excommunication; but instead of excommunicating him the Pope has called him to Rome to be procurator-general of the Society of the Holy Cross. M. Abel Hermant, the author of "La Meute," the successful new piece in Paris, has had a lively, literary career. First he wrote a story of college life, which was Sublicly burnt by the students of the Ecole ormale. Then he wrote a story of military life, which was burnt m the presence of the regiment by its indignant colonel, while in due course all the ofheers challenged the novelist. And already the new play has pro voked a duel with the Prince De Sagan. Mr. Bram Stoker, who stands in Henry Irving's place to the outside world, has ac companied him on all his trips to this coun try. He is an athletic man, with pointed blond beard and the shoulders of a college oarsman. He is an Oxford graduate, the author of at least one novel, and a man particularly adapted to the various duties which he is called upon to perform as Ir ving's personal representative. He is said, moreover, to have accomplished his work so much to the satisfaction of the actor that he. draws a salary of exceptionally liberal proportions. t There died Tecently at ' Southbank. near Edinburgh, Scotland, a lady whose husband was oi:3 of the chief companions of the "Duke of Wellington in the Peninsula. She was Lady Oswald, of Dunniker, Flfeshlre, and she had reached the great age of ninety-seven. Daughter of the late Lord Henry Murray, and granddaughter of John, third Duke of Athoil. she became in 1829 the sec ond wife of Gen. Sir John Oswald, who, after hia military career, was for some time. Governor of the Ionian islands. She was left a widow over half a century ago. His story lacked color, the critics said. And so he sat him down And made his hero break away And go and paint the town. Detroit Tribune. She is extremely clever. In science and in art; I think I scarcely ever Met any girl so smart. A modest wife she would be, , Can cook just like my mother; I feel she's Just the girl for me To marry to. my brother. ... , New York Commercial Advertiser. Two scraps of foundation, some fragments of lace, A shower of French rosebuds to droop o'er the face; Fine ribbons and feathers, with crape and illusion. Then mix and derange them in graceful confusion ; Inveigle some fairy out roaming for pleas ure And .beg the slight favor of taking !her measure; The length and breadth of her dear little pate And hasten a miniature frame to create: Then pour as above the bright mixture upon it And lor you possess "such a love cf a bon net!" . -New York Morning Journal. A McKinley Suggestion. Cleveland Leader (McKinley organ.) ' Thomas Brackett Reed would make a splendid presiding officer for the United Slates Senate. He might be able to quicken the paces of that slow and sedate body and inject a little modern life into its loose and tedious methods of dealings with the men who tak against time and all the other ob structionists. Harrison's Head Level. Kansas City World. Ex-President Harrison has had a good many things said about him, but he has never been charged with a lack of sense of the proprieties. He again demonstrated last Thursday that he knows there is a time for appearing and a time for disappearing. Seems So. Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph. A Chicago man says that the Garden of Eden was located at the north pole. Well, the north pole is about as difficult to reach as Paradise. One Comfort. Kansas City Journal. Mr. Aldrlch can point triumphantly to the fact .that the Methodist conference has sot instructed for McKinley. RULER OF THE BOERS PRESIDENT KRUGER AS PICTURED DY FRIENDS AND ENEMIES. Honest, nnd Yet Worth ' Between One 'and Two Millions A Mighty Han ter nnd of Indisputable Courage. London-Saturday Review. ! There have been so many word portraits of Pan! Kruger, so many contradictory ac counts of . his motives and objects, that a man with a new Impression of him may well feel some' diffidence in putting H forward. Rut, after all, tne character of a ruler is discovered by invasions and rebellions, and it is easier now to see Kruger as he is than it was a year ago. Speaking roughly, one is able t divide the existing descriptions of the . president Into two classes those ".made by his friends, and those made by his foes. His admirers have presented him to us as a sort of Boer Cromwell unlettered, R is true, and unacquainted with the conditions of modern life, but gifted with the faculties of a- leader and ruler of his people courageous, honett, pious. The picture of him given by his 'detractors,' on the other handi is not so consistent nor so clear in outline; the fea tures are blurred by contradictions or de humanized by exaggeration; but, if "hate can hot give us a recognizable or even a possible portrait of the man, it can -put forward facts and arguments which make one be lieve that this village Cromwell is a more complex, and therefore a more human and interesting, if a less ethically perfect, being than his worshipers imagine. "You call Kruger honest and disinterested, ' say his adversaries, with a fine scorn; "how, then, do you account for the fact that he's worth CSCO.OOO or 400.000 all made in the last eight or ten years?" And if one In defense ad duces the fact that President Kruger has al ways saved seven-eighths of his salary, and invested his savings in farms near Johannes burg and Pretoria, which' have increased thirty-fold in value in the' last decade If, in fact, one shows that Krugers wealth has been accumulated honestly, and that, had he been dishonest, he could easily have been worth as many millions as he is now worth hundreds of thousands, his adversa ries, instead of admitting the argument, go on to point out that Kruger 'has winked at bribes taken by .-his 'relatives and distributed monopolies among his friends, and that the administration of the Transvaal government is dishonorably dis tinguished by . incompetency and corruption. "This government differs from all other gov ernments," said a financier to me the other day in Johannesburg, "in that here you have to buy not only the masters but the men. If you want a document from a government de partment you hive to distribute fivers to the clerks in order to get It in any reasona ble time." TEN YEARS' WORK. ; All this Is probably true. It must be re membered, however, in extenuation that the Boers, a few thousand ignorant farmers, scattered over a vast territory, have had in the last ten yers to constitute a government which should be able to handle' all the de tails ' of a complex modern civilization, a civilization, too, that has grown, and is growing, with unexampled rapidity. Eight years ago there was open veldt dotted with half a dozen makeshift tents and twenty or thirty' bullock wagons where to-day stands the town of Johannesburg, with Its hundred thousand Inhabitants, its streets of brick and stone, its clubs,-its newspaper offices and its mining exchanges. The forty miles of veldt along the Rani, which could tiave been bought In 1S85 for a few thousand pounds, is now worth over three hundred millions, aien who ten years ago were strugjlln clerks or needy adventurers are to-day mil lionaire mine owners whose names are men tioned with respect in every European capi tal. Temptations beget faults, and a society that has suddenly snot up from poverty to riches can scarcely hone to be distinguished or honesty. It Is sufficient, surely, to say here that. If Kruger has allowed bribes to be 'taken, by his relatives and dependents. If he has given concessions to his friends that trammel industry, and has thus enriched partisans at the public expense, hia person.il honesty has not. been seriously- impugned. Under great temptations he- has been what Hamlet calls "indifferent honest honest, ;that is, after the fashion of poor human na jturftj 'For there are those of us who would jhave-our children and relations immacu lately virtuous, as if to atone for our short comings, while Kruger seems content to let those near and dear to him fill their pockets as they can, provided his own hands are clean. And if his personal honesty is indisput able, even more can be said for his courage; for courage, indeed, is of the essence of the man; he has shown all sides of it save perhaps one. His mere physical courase and insensibility of nerves are extraordinary, perfect in old age as In youth. More than forty years ago he himself amputated the thumb, of his' left hand. Injured In argun explosion; and a few years ago. when suf fering from toothache, he gave proof of similar hardihood. Some of the enlightened members of his family begged him to go to the dentist. But, after hearing what the charges of the tooth doctor would be, Kruger angrily rejected the suggestion. A night or two later the pain increased so that he could rot sleep, whereupon he got up and prid the tooth out with his own claspknlfe, and went to sleep afterwards without more a do. A mighty hunter from his youth up he has killed lions and buffalo with his old sinl" barreled muzzle-loader the temper of "his seventieth year is that of his early man hood. While driving the other day with Chief Justice Kotze to see the President, the chief 1ust!ce told me that when the news reached Pretoria, late on Tuesday, Dec. 31, that 'Jameson with his force was nearlns Krugersdorp. he found that-Krueer had or dered his. horse to be saddled and was get ting out his rifle. In order to go and person ally lead his burghers to battle. "Now that this Jameson's on the veldt," cried the old man exultantly, "we'll soon see' what he's worth;" "and it took a great deal of argu ment to persuade the President," said the chief justice, "that his brams here In Pre toria were of more value to the state than his hand and eye out yonder on the veldt." STRONG IN MORAL COURAGE. ' Kruger's moral courage is so marked that It. might be 'mistaken for obstinacy. Year by year as the Uitlanders have increased in number, and as Johannesburg has grown in wealth and influence, Kruger has dimin ished the privileges of the foreign emigrants.. Before 18S3 it was possible for any one to become a fully naturalized burgher of the Transvaal after a residence of two years and a declaration of allegiance. .To-day one may pass one's life In tbe Transvaal with the satisfaction of knowing that one's children born and bred in the State will be regarded as foreigners. And Kruger is quite willing to take the responsibility for thl3 retrograde action. As a rule, it is true, he tells you that the Volksraad is responsible for these meas ures, but pushed into a vomer he will not de ny his initiative. At the back of his mind there Is the Justification aptiy phrased by his chief Hollander adviper: "As the flood rles we tuild the dykes higher. On the other hand, this moral courage makes noble deeds possible to him. When Jameson and hia force were prisoners in Pretoria certain Beers demanded the immediate trial and punishment at least cf the leader and the officers. But Kruger stood out against ar gument and anger with resolute imperturba bility. One would have said. Indeed, that he took a certain pleasure In the assertion or his personal will. But tfairness of mind or worldly wldom and a deep Knowledge of the character of his people was hown in the way he went about among the malcon tents, setting forth his reasons for exercis ing mercy, and gradually perruaiing every one that Oom Paul felt as he. felt, though as head of the State he was compelled to adopt . a higher coursef conduct a' course Justi fiable by ho'y writ and not Inconstste nt with policy. Again and again in the last three or four momh3 Kruger has stood against Dubiic opinion, and at length swayed it to his serv ice. Yet even this high moral courage suf fers human lapses; his enemies say that his word is quite untrustworthy. It would be nearer the truth to state that he is impressionable, easily moved by those whem he trusts, and that when moved he makes promises which his practical sense prevents him from ful filling. His adversaries give curious In stances cf the peculiar way in- which he twists scriptural texts for se!f-ju3tlfication. But ail this testifies to the necessity Kruger feels of explaining and Justifying his back slidings: in fact, it almost amounts to a proof that the man is in the main truth loving. I can say nothing as to Kruger's piety. He belongs to the strictest ect of Calvln ists. Is proud even of being a "Dopper." It Is worth while to explain thi word, be cause it shows the extremely close relation ship that exists between the Boers and the Ergllsh. "Dopper" comes from "dop," which Is the German, "topf," a bowl, and Is sup- Ecsed to apply to this sect of religionists, ecause they wore ;beir hair as if the barber had put a bowl upon their heads tri cut around It Accordln: to this derivation. - which seems the most rrcbsblc-. "Round head" would be an almost perfect transla tion cf "Dopper." Paul Kruger is sot on!y a sectary, but also a preacher of considerable eminence. Al most opposite h!s house there stand a "Dopper" church, and there President Kruger often holds foriu to the Intense edifi cation of the faithful. In truth, there is a good deal of the orator in Oom Paul, and not a little of the actor as well. As Crom well is said to have been an epileptic, so this Boer Cromwell is something of a neuropath. Had he been educated he- would have shown . a subtle and wide intelligence. Even now. according to Chief Justice Kotze, he will discuss such questions as immortality and the beneficence of the Deity with a singu larly fair appreciation of the arguments that make against his own belief, which he nevertheless recurs to, as if yielding to an overpowering Instinct devepoled through generations of riioua forebears. ; A SOIWD JIOSETAIIY SYSTEM. Retirement of Greenbacks and Treai ury Notes an Essential Preliminary. To the EJitor of the Indianapolis Journal: i There has not been a genuine sound-money, platform adopted this year by tither the Democratic or Republican party. The beat of these so-called sound-money platforms simply provide against the spread of the dis ease with which our financial system is afflicted; they offer no remedy whatever for the cure of the disease itself. It is a grossly mistaken idea to suppose that quarantine, regulations will or can end our financial troubles. Something must be done to wipe out the cause of our disturbed finances. In short, the government must be gotten out of tho banking business; the greenbacks, treasury notes and silver certificates must be gradually retired, and av solemn declara tion by Congress 'that all these forms of credit money are to be paid In gold, or its equivalent, within a reasonable time, would do more than all else towards restoring con fidence In our monetary system. When a . Congress sufficiently free from demagogy shall have been elected to pass a law that all indebtedness of the government, past, present and future, shall be payable In gold, the standard money of the world, then, and . not until then, will absolute confidence b restored. The SU Louis platform should cot only declare against the free coinage of silver. but should just as certainly declare In favor of the gradual retirement of all forms of paper money issued by the national govern ment. Honesty is always the best policy, and the Republican party should not hesi tate for a moment to pronounce in favor of what it knows to be right on this important question. The national government should not be charged with the responsibility cf , keeping at a parity with gold JS00.0C0.0u0 of paper money, as it Is now having to do. One bond Issue after another will be th inevitable result unless something it speed ily done to take this burden oft of Uncle Sam's back. While Republican financiering has in tha main been right, it cannot be claimed that its course has always been wise on this subject. The Sherman silver law passed during Har- ' rison's administration was wrong, as wai Harrison's course in paying off J200.00,000 or more of the bonded debt of the government, which was not then due. It would have been a much wiser course for him to hava retired $200,000,000 of greenbacks with the surplus money he found in the treasury' than to pay a premium for government bonds, as was done. The debt that was due was the one to pay not the bonded debt with years to run. The country is ripe for sound finance, and the Republican party should not fail, when it comes Into power again, to add the glory of this achievement to its many illustrious deed. J. H. CLAYPOOL. Indianapolis, May 10. , , TUB UN n UFFLED REED. How the Speaker Carries Himself is the Face of Defeat. I Washington Special to Chicago Record. Zeno, the stoic, never preserved a more unruffled front in hours of adversity than . the present Speaker of the . House of Rep resentatives. Very few people have the courage to address Mr. Reed on the subject of presidential nomination these days. There ' is an old proverb which pays that you must, not mention roses when you are talking with a man about to be hanged. I presume that Mr. Reed talks with Intimate friends like Mr. HItt and Mr. Lodge and Mr. Man- ley, and he undoubtedly reads the news papers, but his external serenity has not thus far been disturbed, no matter what has . been going on inside, and he has kept his thoughts to himself. The Thomas Reed of the Fifty-fourth Congress, as I have fald before in these dispatches. Is a very differ ent man from the Thomas Reed that was known in Washington up to a year ago. When he became Speaker he shaved nil adolescent mustache and changed his de meanor. He no longer threw about his Jokes and Jibes. He suppressed his natural in clination to say sarcastic things and make sharp comments upon what waa occurring about him. He assumed c solemn and somewhat forbidding dignity, and his old friends did not dare call him 'Tom" apy more. Since his presidentiabcom began -fo " go backward he has beer. t.re severe at.4 silent than ever, and has o!v tjlowed him self to reveal his true nvitur. a rare occa sions. That he has ,no- entholy lost his sense cf humor is shown bv htt'e Incidents that occur from day to day, and they make it very plain that he is continually trying his best to repress it. His friends all know ;that Mr. Reed was confident of receiving tne presidential nomination, lie tnought he was going to have a walk-over, and he must be suffering a corresponding degree cf disappointment. Therefore it ts believed that he dare not trust himself to discuss the sub ject. ' f The Speaker can express his displeasure, us lurtiui; as tiiiy nun in lue wurij, al though he does not do so unlesi provoked. Congre-Hman Hooker, of the Chautauqau district of Xew York, who was appointed chairman of the committee on rivers and harbors over twenty or more aspirants at the beginning of the session, and h- was counted as an ardent supporter of the Speak er fcr the presidency tp to a recent dite, returned from a visit to his home to-day. The delegates from his district to the St. Louis convention have been instructed for McKinley, and Mr. Hooker has been accused of approving their action. When he arrlvel at the Capitol this morning he went straleVit to the Speaker's room, where the following conversation took place. Said Mr. Hooker: "Mr. Speaker, I hepe yoj da not believe th newspaper reports that I have declared for McKinley. They are absolutely untrue." The Speaker looked up at the New Yorker acd quietly retortei: "I have not seen your denial in the public prints." A little spark of the Speaker's wit, which used to be so familiar, was teen In the House to-day, when Mr. Plckler collided wirti him. The Representative from riouth Dakota was indignant because he had not succeeded ia getting action upon some pen sion billr, and in revenge endeavored to pre vent other legislation. Mr. Stone, of Pennsylvania, secured unan imous consent for a bill to amend the act creating the Circuit Court of Appeals while Mr. Plckler's attention was temporarily di verted. He rushed down the aisle and at tempted to interpose objection. Too late." drawled the Speaker, good na turedly. 'The Chair twice put the request while the attention of the gentleman waj providentially diverted." MATTHEW.VS CANDIDACY. Hie Attitude cu Money Not Satisfac tory to Eastern Democrats. Brooklyn Eagle (Drm.) Delegates to the Democratic national con vention now In Washington have been for mally notified of the candidacy of Governor Claude Matthews, of Indiana, for the presi dency. The circular conveying the notifica tion Is accompanied by a sketch of Olovernor Matthews's life and the relations he has sus tained to his party. However creditable may be the Governor's nolitiral career. It cannot be raid that the views he entertains on at least one of the important question cf the day align him with the advanced and progressive element of Democracy. - Fcr example, he is quoted as saying that be Is opposed to gold as a single unjt 'of value. He wants to retain both goM and silver, and as soon as it can he acpcmpllshed would like to go back to the conditions that pre vailed prior to lsT3. The Governor might as well say that he If oppose! to pounds or inches or pints ajfsingle standards tf value, and that he wdnts half pounds, half inches or half pints in lieu thereof. Again, he de clares -that he is opposed . to the national Democratic platform cf 192 because it is too cnbiguous. The criticism is well foundt-d. but if the ambiguity is to b corrected it must be in favor of goid and not of silver. The Democrats of th East wlU secure the maintenance of their principles in finance, and thty will do so either through their own party or through the opposition. They would prefer to accompiif their ends through the agency cf Democracy, but if that fail they will keep up the tight, not by Joining the Republicans, hut by running a ticket of their own. As a modern politiciU philosopher has remarked, they will not be driven out of Democracy, nor wilt Democ racy be driven out of them. Oovernor Mat thews's financial views crnnot fcs" regarded with anything like satisfaction by the sound money element of his party, and this bein:r the case, he will eltner have to revise thcra or abandon th$ entitle:: ta r:i:i tv.: Wti; Hour.