Newspaper Page Text
THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, MONDAY, AUGUST 24, 1896.
4 THE DAILY JOURNAL MONDAY. AUGUST 24, ISOa TVinIojtoa Office 1419 Pennsylvania Avcaac Telephone Calls. Business odce 228 Editorial rooms.. ..A 86 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. DAILY MY MAIL. Pally onlr. one month '-I?, Daily only, three months Iaily only, one year -w Illy, Including Sunday, one year 1J.W Sunday only, one year -w WHEN FURNISHED BY AGENTS. Daily, per week, by carrier 1 cf- Sunday. lnf le copy n CJ9 Ially and Sunday, per week, by carrier. ... w cts WEEKLY. Ter year Ilednced Kates to Club. Subscribe with any of our numerous agents Or ten J subscriptions to the JOURNAL. NEWSPAPER C03IPANY, Indianapolis, Ind. Persons sending the Journal through the malls In the United States should put on an eight-page pajper a ONE-CENT postage stamp: on a twelve or sbxteen-pa;e paper a. TWO-CENT postage stamp. Foreign postage is usually double these rates. All communications intended for publication In this paper must, in order to receive attention, be accompanied by tb name and address of the writer. THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL. Can be found at the following places: NEW YORK Windsor Hotel and Astor House. CHICAGO Palmer House and P. O. News Co., 1 Adams street. CINCINNATI J, R. Hawley & Co., 1-4 Mne street. LOL'ISVILLE-C. T. Deering. northwest comer of Third and Jefferson streets, and Louisville Book Co., 3i Fourth avenue. ST. LOUIS Union News Company, Union Depot. iWASHINGTON. D. C Rlggs House. Ebbitt House, Wlllard's Hotel and the Washington News Exchange. Fourteenth street, between Penn. avenue and F" street. Candid Club lleporta. To meet a constant demand for the re ports of the Candid Club they have been j printed on a two-page sheet and will be furnished In any quantities at 50 cents a hundred, postage paid. Address orders to THE JOURNAL. BSSBBBBSSSSSBSBSSBSSBBBSBSSBBBBSBSSBBSSBBBSSBBSSSBB Hoke Smith has resigned. The country is resigned likewise. McKlnley and Bryan are both growing In popular esteem, but they are growing la opposite directions. The "protection" -which candidate Bryan offers for American interests by debasing the currency, is a kind that does not pro tect. Th American people know what Mc Klnley protection Is and they wilfne't be apt to discard it for Bryan free-silver pro tection. SBSBSBBBSSSBBBBSBBBBSSBSSSSBSVSSSBSSBBBHSSSBBSSSSaBBBSSSS Canadian banks will take United States money gladly enough after McKlnley is elected. Now they fear that the dollars are Eryanized In advance. 4 Some of the men known heretofore as silver-tongued orators are now doing noble work in behalf of the gold standard. What 1j to be done about their silver tongues? "What the Sentinel Is most afraid of is that some one will think it is stupid. After that story About the tongue-tied negro de livering a ringing political speech it has some cause for fear.u t . No. certainly not. The Sentinel's repu tation in the community is not unsettled In the least by the latest lies It has been telling, but, on the contrary. Is more firmly established than before. "When Hoke Smith came up from Georgia to enter President Cleveland's Cabinet It was predicted by his admiring friends that he would make a great name for himself. He Is still Just a common Smith. For the first time since the resumption of e pecie payments In 1873 United States money Is discredited in Canada, For this the American people can thank the Pop ulists, the free-silver yawpers and the Boy Orator. No wonder Mr. Bryan does not answer Bourke Cockran. The flippant talks he Is giving the New York villagers give such a measure of the man as to prove that he Is not Intellectually capable of such an un dertaking. Horace Greeley's overwhelming defeat broke his heart and he died shortly after the election. Defeat will not affect Mr. Bryan that way. He is too well protected "by his three-ply, double-lined armor of self-concelL The great popular interest in the Issues of the campaign is due to the fact that these issues are not only political but per- sonal. The question of wages and prices and the value of the dollar comes home to every man. A letter from Mr. William Gavitt, of Evansville, printed In this Issue of the Journal by permission of the writer, shows bow indignant an honest, sound-money Democrat can get over the action of the Popocrat convention. Of course there will be no united action by Irishmen at the national convention in Dublin. If Irishmen who support the same principle had been able to work harmoni ously together they would have had home rule before this time. The Republican party will be the stronger for the defection of some chronic kickers and soreheads who have teen hunting a Hide shoot into the Democratic party for years. Free silver is the way they long have sought and mourned because they found It not. Mr. Bryan's speeches are simply asser tions without argument. They may im press the unthinking hearers for the mo ment, but tho voters or tne country are thinking seriously about the political Is sues and will not be satisfied with unsup ported statements. If any more "Republican burglars" about the State are conspiring to injure the Sentinel by breaking Into telegraph offices and sending forged dispatches about free-silver meetings they had better stop it. That paper is on the lookout for them and is real mad. Young men are coming .to' the front In this campaign. A big McKrnley meeting at the Kansas City Opera Hodse the other night was addres.-ed by youngmen, it be Ing In each case the orator' maiden effort at political speaking. If BojOr$tfcr Bryan has Inspired other boys to gt and do like wise, at leazt-they have not all followed In bis free-silver tracka. Mr. Bryan said at Tlvoll: "They can raise objections to the plan which we pro- pote, but If coinage, makes a silver dollar equal to a gold dollar, why, then, it will be just a hard to get a oilver dollar a It is to gt a gold dollar." This destroys the postofflce-corner silverite argument that free coinage will make money so plenty that we can all quit work, and dollars as gcod as gold will hide In our pockets while we sleep. RAPID ORGANIZATION. The history of American politics fur nishes no parallel to the rapidity with which the pound-money Democrats have effected a national organization. Foreign ers have often remarked upon the aptitude of Americans for organization, and no doubt experience in that as In other fea tures of self-government has made them very skillful In this regard, but the present case Is an exceptional one. When the Chi cago convention adjourned on the 11th cf July, after having adopted a free-silver platform and nominated a Populist for President, the sound-money Democrats who had been overriden and howled down were completely at sea. There was reason to believe there was a widespread sound money sentiment in the Democratic party throughout the country, but there was no way of reaching and organizing it. The way had to be found, the machinery im provised and the difficult work of organ izing a new party done from the be ginning. None but self-governing Ameri cans would have attempted so great a task. Tho movement originated in a meet ing of a few sound-money Democrats in this city, who decided to open correspond ence with those in other States relative to holding a conference In Chicago. This correspondence led to a conference of rep resentative Democrats In Chicago, at which It was decided to hold a delegate conference in this city on the 7th of Au gust. At this conference thirty-three States were represented. A call was is sued for a national convention to be held in this city on the 2d of September, a pro visional executive committee was ap pointed and the foundation was laid for a national organization. As the question has been asked whether the convention .will do anything more than make a declar ation of principles it may bo well to quote the language of the call. It says: Therefore, the National Democratic par ty of the United States, through its regularly-constituted committee, hereby calls a national convention of that party, for the announcement of Its platform and tho nomination of candidates for the offices of President and Vice President of the United States and the transaction of such business as is incidental thereto, to be held at Indianapolis on Wednesday, the second day of September, l&G. at 12 o'clock noon, and hereby requests that the mem bers of the party in tho several States who believe in sound money and the preservation of law and order, and who are unalterably opposed to the platform adopted and the candidates nominated at Chicago will select in such manner as to them shall seem best a number of dele gates to the same, equal to twice tho num ber of electoral votes to which such States are respectively entitled. Under this call there can be no doubt of the purpose of the convention. The promptness with which it was responded to showed that the leaders in the move ment did not exaggerate the strength cf the sound-money sentiment in the Demo cratic party. The issuance of the call, was like the raising of a well-known standard among a mass of disorganized soldiers. Sound-money Democrats began to rally at once. State after State responded and fell Into line. Many of them have already elected .delegates to the convention, and others are doing so every day. It is now certain that all the States will be repre sented in the convention except two or three silver-mining States. The coming convention will appoint a permanent na tional committee, and when State,, district and local committees shall have been ap pointed the machinery of organization will be complete. The difficult part of the work has been done and the movement has passed the experimental stage. x The whole work has been done in about a month. But for the telegraph and rapid means of communication it would have taken several months, and in any other country than this it would have taken years, if indeed so great a task would have been undertaken at all. But the American people are great organizers, and in polit ical matters especially they know how to build from the ground up. THE EFFECT ON BUSINESS. ... Whatever the outcome pf the present campaign may be, It will be memorable as the most ruinous in its effects on business of any on record thus far, and business men will unite In hoping that Its like may never occur again. Six months ago there were Indications of some Improvement In business conditions, not very marked, but enough to justify a hope of better times. The opening of the silver agitation, the action of the Chicago convention and the threatened change of the money standard have destroyed these hopes, and now times are worse than ever. The effect is Been In the collapse of trade, the paralysis of business, the destruction of confidence and me increased numoer or ianures or as signments. This would not have been a prosperous year at best, with the Wilson Gorman tariff throttling so many Ameri can Industries, but it has been made vast ly worse than it would have been by the agitation of the silver question and tho threat of a debased currency. In addition to tho numerous failures or assignments of firms and Individuals, building opera tions have been suspended, railroad im provements postponed, public works aban doned, and money which, under other con ditlons, would have been seeking profit able Investment is now hiding till the storm shall blow over. One of the worst results of the agitation is the injury inflicted on municipal credit and the difficulty of borrowing money for public works. The Journal has mentioned several cases of this kind which have oc curred in Indiana, and tome others hare just fallen under its notice. A few months ago the commissioners of Lawrence county issued $13,200 in gravel road bonds. The bonds were sold to a reputable firm in Cleveland. O., which had handled $100,000 of Lawrence county bonds satisfactorily. The contract for the work was let and the road Is now nearly completed. . The Cleve land firm had received $3,2u0 of tho bond. and last week the county treasurer for warded the balance. "To-day," says the Bedford Mall of Friday, "he received from them word that they could not pay for the bonds; that they could neither sell the bonds nor borrow money on them, on ac count of the Bryan talk of free silver and repudiation, which has alarmed capitalists until it is not possible to sell bonds at any price." A case of a different kind, but pointing the same moral, has Just occurred at Rush- vllle. At the last meeting of the Common Council of that city the following peti tion was read: We. the undersigned, who have hitherto petitioned your honorable body for the construction of sidewalks on Sexton street, in the city of Rushvllle. Ind.. hereby peti tion your honorable body to Indefinitely postpone the execution of the proposed improvement for the following reasons: 1. As many of said subscribers are now wholly without employment and others will probably be oj because of the strin- gency of the times, a condition they -did not foresee at the time' of the petitioning. 2. For the work, contractors would have to bid on a basis much higher than the work ought to cost, to balance the inev itable loss they would have to sustain in the sale of bonds. thu3 causing them to pay more for the work than they ought to pay. For these and the further fact that they would be unable to meet the payments and would probably have, thir homes sold therefor, they respectfully submit this their prayer for such postponement. The petition was signed by thirty-two property owners. It shows that they for merly petitioned for the improvement and are not "kickers." They simply ask that the work be postponed till It can be done without inflicting hardship on them and loss on the public. Of course, the changed conditions which they refer to are due to the silver agitation. Another case: The city of South Bend recently Issued $50,000 of special assess ment bonds to cover the cost of certain street-paving improvements, and the city treasurer wrote to a number of bankers and brokers offering the bonds for sale and asking for bids. The South Bend Tribune of Saturday publishes replies from twelve of these. Following are examples: tt Mason, Lewis & Co., of Chicago, say: 'We are not In the market for the pur chase of bonds, as the conditions, owing to the silver agitation, are such there is absolutely nD demand. It would be greatly to your advantage to withhold the issu ance and sale of these bonds until after the election or a changed market." Spltzer & Co.. Toledo: "We doubt very much about your being able to dispose of the S-TO.OuO special assessment bonds at present, as investors appear to have shut up like clams and are not buying anything and say they will not until matters are in a more settled shape than they are at the present time." Daniel A. Moran & Co., New York: "This Is a very bad time to issue bonds. If you make them 6 per cent, gold we will see what we can do." Blodgett, Merritt & Co., Boston, Mass.: 'We are positive that it would be next to impossible to sell in th3 Eastern market at this time any South Bend bond issues at a satisfactory price. In fact, we do not think any market whatever could be found for them. This condition of affairs has, of course, been brought about largely through the agitation of the free-silver question and the stand which the Democratic party has taken. In regard to the same, but the action of tho Democratic convention on other questions vitally affecting the wel fare of the country has much to do with the general distrust which is now preva lent. We find no demand whatever for Western securities even of the largest and oldest cities, our Inquiries being almost entirely for municipal obligations of the East, and not much of thaL We do not look for any change for thebetter in the situation until the November election." Rudolph Kleybolte & Co., Cincinnati: "In the present condition of the money market we would not care to bid on your contem plated isue of bonds. We would advise that you postpone the offering of these bonds until after the presidential election. e mum us wouiu ue a wise movement 1 on the part of any municipality under ex isting circumstances. Seasongood & Mayer. Cincinnati: "We do rot consider the present time a favora ble one for the disposition of bonds. While the silver agitation or craze lasts there will be no improvement. We would strong ly recommend postponing the sale. In or dinary times we should be glad to have an opportunity to make a proposition for them. At the present time we would not consider their purchase." Cushman. Iisher & FhelDs. Boston. Mass.: "We think it an extremely unfa vorable time for you to sell bonds. It is a foregone conclusion that business will be almost nothing until election. This being the cae in view of the mere silver agitation, and when It is not expected to win. It is difficult to conceive of the widespread disaster that would follow Bryan a success. An important weakness in the arguments of the free silverites i3 forcibly illustrated by the existing condi tion of affairs. They confuse money and capital. There Is plenty of idle money about, far more than is usual, enough to absorb all securities in the market or seek ing a market. It is of no avail, however. unless people will use it. What we are suffering from is not a contraction of the currency, but of confidence." All the other answers were much on the same line. They show how the free-silver agitation is destroying confidence and par alyzing business of every kind, The history of the world does not record another In stance of so senseless and oestructlve an agitation. Senator Palmer, of Illinois, presided over the sound-money Democratic convention of Sangamon county on Saturday after noon. His speech on the occasion was tem perate in Its language, but firm and un yielding In support of sound money. The following extract is characteristic of the man: Fellow-citizens, somebody has said the war is over. You recollect that during the war we were driven together by a force that was irresistible. At that time war was the great business of the country. We re garded the preservation of the Union as the one question paramount to all others. To-day there are questions that are not of like importance, but they are scarcely of less importance. That is to say, it is pro posed by the convention which assembled at Chicago that the historical name of the Democratic party and all its energies and efforts shall be employed and directed to a single purpose, and that single purpose Is the establishment of the free coinage of silver in the United States at the ratio of 16 to 1, to be mado a legal tender, by force of congressional authority, for all debts, public and private. We do not believe that the Democratic party, that the great Democratic name, should be devoted to a purpose like that. We have supposed that the Democratic party was committed to the maintenance of public and private credit. We have supposed that the Democratic party, above all others, was an honest par ty, that recognized the obligation of con tracts, and that they fearlessly met the obligation of contracts, not always easy, but always a duty. Public and private contracts impose double obligations. They impose, among other things, the obligation of paying a debt in the spirit in which it was contracted: and the policy proposed by the convention at Chicago, and sanc tioned by the convention at St. Louis, over looks that consideration altogether. Those conventions have treated the public faith and the national obligations and the pri vate obligations of individuals as if they were of far less Importance than this great scheme by which it is sought to give an ounce of silver, worth OS cents, a value of $1.20. I say these conventions have over looked these moral obligations of the Amer ican people obligations nowhere recog nized more earnestly or more fervently than in the Democratic party. He said the object of the county con vention was to elect delegates to the State convention, and "We expect that conven tion will appoint delegates to the Demo cratic national convention to be held at Indianapolis, by which convention we ex pect that Democratic candidates will be nominated for the presidency and vice presidency of the United States." The Louisville Courier-Journal publishes an authorized Interview with Judge W. S. McCain, of Arkansas, whom It describes as "leader of the free-silver movement in Ar kansas, one of the leading jurists of the State and the original silver man In his part of the country." Judge McCain says: The sole object of remonetizlng silver, as ,Iunderstand it. is to secure a silver dollar with which to measure and regulate prices. If we would only adopt the silver dollar as the unit and measure of value we would .thereby have a money that would be little more than half as valuable as gold, and It would be exactly what we want. Here is a silver man who has the cour age of his convictions and honesty enough to disclose the true inwardness of the movement. One forgery doeth tread upon another's heels. The Sentinel yesterday printed the following in black type in the middle of Its first page: Lincoln's Prophecy "As a result of the war, corporations have been enthroned and an eTa of corruption will follow; the money power of the country will endeavor to prolong its reign by playing on the prejudices of the people until all wealth is concentrated in a few hands and the Republic Is destroyed. Before God I fear more for my country now than when in the midst of the w ir." Abraham Lincoln. The entire extract is a forgery. Mr. Lincoln never said It nor anything like it. The forgery has. been exposed time and again, and no paper with a particle of self respect would print it. The Sentinel Is also sending out a supplement containing an alleged article from the London Finan cial News which that paper has pro nounced a, forgery from beginning to end. A dishonest cause seems to demand dis honest methods. The appeal-of Mr. Bryan to the masses to array themselves agaUst the classes U proving a most disastrous boomerang, for the classes are combining against these masses as never before. - Chief among these Is the laboring class, organized and unor ganized. Every man who earns wages' or receives a salary Is Interested In sound money, and refuses to gVwith the masses whose chief occupation Is to talk politics and vote. Other nations may . protect their people as they should, but our Nation i3 the only nation that can protect the American peo ple. Bryan's speech at T1cH. The statement is true, out Mr. Bryan's application of it shows how the truth can be perverted. Ever since he could vote he has opposed the protection of American in dustries against foreign competition, but now he proposes to protect them by an un limited issue of debased currency. A 'queer sort of protection, that. 2 BBSBBBBBWSSSBlSBBSBBSBMSSSSBSSBMSSBSSSlSBBSBSJSasBBBSBBSSSBB The Journal's daily reports of the Mc Klnley meetings throughout the State show that the Republican campaign is wide open from the start. The number of these meetings and the large attendance are proof of the great Interest In the ques tions at Issue. Such eagerness for informa tion has perhaps never been known before in a political campaign. ' Spain is in the midst of a sea of troubles, and it is dqubtful if she will be able to overcome them. With the formidable insur rection in Cuba, a threatened uprising in the Philippine islands, an impending crisis at home, an empty treasury and exhausted credit she has her hands more than full. The women who are forming McKlnley clubs are awake to the situation. They know very well that they cannot get half as many S9-cent bargains with the Bryan ized dollar as they do now. D. D., Thorntown. Ind.: It would take more space than the Journal can spare to print the coinage bill prepared by Hon. John Jay Knox, in 1570, and as passed In 1S72. Mr. Knox. In a worK enuueu umiea States Notes," published by him in 1SS4, said, page 150: During the debate on this bill (that of 1S78) the charge was repeatedly made, in and out of Congress, that'the previous act of 1573, discontinuing the free coinage of the silver dollar was passed surreptitiously. The statement has no foundation, in fact. The report of tho writer, who was then Deputy Controller of the Currency, trans mitted to Congress in 1870 by the Secretary of the Treasury, three times distinctly stated that the bill accompanying it pro posed to discontinue the issue of the silver dollar piece. Various experts to whom it had been submitted, approved this feature of the bill, and these opinions were printed by order of Congress. The House was in formed by its members of this provision, and the Bill was printed thirteen times by order of Congress and once by the commis sioners revising the statutes, and was con sidered during five successive sessions. If the question of the double standard did not become prominent in the discussion upon the bill, it was for the reason that usage had established the gold dollar as the unit, the silver dollar, on account of its greater relative value, having, with the Mexican dollar and the plstareen, disappeared from the circulation of the country. The coin ape act of 1,73 and the Revised Statutes of 1S74 simply registered, in the form of a statute, what had been really the unwrit ten law of the land for nearly forty years. It is not probable that any act passed by any Congress ever received more care in Its preparation, or was ever submitted to the criticism of a greater number of prac tical and scientific experts, than was this coinage act of 1S73. The act to provide for the resump tion of specie payments passed Jan. H, 1s73, provided for the issue of silver coins to the denomination cf 10. 25 and 50 cents in place of the paper shlnplasters then in circulation, and that on and after Jan. I. 1S7D, "the Secretary of the Treasury should redeem, in coin, the United States legal-tender notes then outstanding on their presentation." To do this and to maintain specie payments the Secretary was authorized to sell coin bonds to any extent necessary for the purpose. W. S. T.. Mooresville, Ind.: The follow ing countries have the gold standard, with silver as subsidiary currency: The United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Switzerland. Greece. Spain, Portugal, Roumania, Servia, Austria-Hungary, Netherlands, Canada, Norway, Swed en, Denmark, Turkey, Australia, Egypt, Cuba, Hayti. Bulgaria.- The following have the silver standard: Mexico, Russia, Cen tral American states. South American states, Japan, India, China, Straits settle ments. Sam Jones says that'the people should give the cold shoulder to the political or ator who indulges in abuse and the throw ing of metaphorical mud. Sam does not believe in injecting religion into politics. The Diamond Match Company has lost a lot of money, but let us hope that Its light will not go out. ' III BULLS IX THE A1K. I'npreredetiteil Snccfin. "Was It a success?" asked the playwright next morning, as he had been too nervous to attend the performance. "Great," answered the manager. "Even the deadheads applauded." Information Wanted. "Gracious!" said the summer boarder. "What is that tower with the great wheel on top of it?" "That there Is a windmill," the farmer explained. "Really? About how much wind will it turn out in a day?" tnfittetl. "A great, big, overgrown fellow like you ought to be at work instead of begging," said the censorious citizen. "I'm willln to work," replied Dismal Dawson, "but I'm too blame clumsy. I've tried the shells an' I've tried three-card monte, but the Rubes got onto me the very first time." SiiKnnnab. I dreamt a dream the other night. When everything was still; I thought I saw Susannah, dear, A-scorchin down the hill. An awful glare was in her eye. Her gum was in her mouth: Says I: "Susannah, don't you cry, I'm leavin for the South." Oh, Susannah! Don't you cry for me! But since I saw dem bloomehs, Suse," I've got to quit ye. See? INDIANA NEWSPAPER OPINION. Decrease the purchasing power of money and you rob the wage earner. Plaintteld Republican. More money never made more work, but more work will make more money. West Lebanon Gazette. Major McKlnley stands to-day just where he stood in 1S61 for the Nation's credit and honor. Muncie News. There is more in Major McKinley's five minute talks than in twq hours of Bryan's twaddle. Groencastle Banner-Times. It is the dread of a change In financial policy that keeps money out of circulation. and not a scarcity. When tho Republican party Is restored to power the country will know that the same policy under which It has prospered will be continued and busi ness will revive. Pendleton Republican. He is a foolish man who would destroy half the value of a dollar In hope that he might thereby get more dollars. Greens burg Review. The Bryan boom which went up like a rocket at the Chicago convention will como down like a stick In November. Misha-v.-aka Enterprise. The desire of the people of the United States Is not to restore the condition of 1S73. The condition of 1S02 will be entirely satisfactory. Frankfort News. - The Democratic party has furnished us this mighty "wave of prosperity." How do you like it? They want to continue It with free coinage of silver. English News, If Mr Bryan thinks that crowds means votes, he should remember he tour and the fate of poor old Horace Greeley, who thought the same thing. Richmond Item. All experience and history show that all cheap money trials have ended in disaster, and that It is impossible for governments to create value by law. Bloomneld News. Nothing on earth stands between the pres ent depressed condition of trade and the return of commercial prosperity but the In tangible sentiment of "confidence." Lafay ette Call. Unlimited silver coinage might benefit the owners of silver mines the comparatively few; but protection to every American in terest would benefit the many. Vernon Re publican. If the fiat of the government can make sixteen ounces of silver equal to one of gold, why not say one ounce of silver shall be equal in value to one ounce of gold? Cory don Republican. silver and the largest possible use that can be made of It without bringing silver money into discredit. Silver under Republican rule has been and will be as good as gold. Hammond Courier. The free and unlimited coinage of money cannot produce wealth people cannot be made rich by legislation. The doctrine of liatlsm holds out that Idea, but it is a de lusion and a snare. Lafayette Courier. About 97 per cent, of the woolen mills of this country are idle. They were all closed by William J. Bryan and his fellow free traders In Congress, who took the tariff from American wool. Richmond Palla dium. The people are getting their sober, second thought on the free-silver question, and many honest Democrats will assist in pre serving the credit of the Nation from re pudiation and dishonor. Kendallville Standard. Four years of Grover and clover have set the wo'rkingman to thinking. He does not want to trust the same party, though they be under new leaders, in the places of power and trust, again. Winamac Re publican. Men who have money to invest In com mercial enterprises want the encourage ment of a sound-money system. Some men who have no capital think that they need the encouragement of free coinage. mch mond Telegram. ! Under free coinage the poor man would have to work just as hard for a silver dol lar as he now does for a gold dollar, and the silver dollar would be worth only half as much as the one that he now receives. Orleans Examiner. There never was any "crime of 1S73.M The people are finding this out. Not the slight est semblance cf deceit or cunning: has been fastened on the law passed in 1873, after having been under deliberation for - three years. Thorntown Argus. ' There is an abundance of money In the 'country. The trouble lies In the fact that there Is no demand for labor In exchange for the many millions which have been driven Into retirement by Democratic free trade. Shclbyvllle Republican. Every free-silver speech and every threat to debase or change our currency Is a blow at the man in debt. People who have money can stand a change in our currency system. It Is the people who have to borrow who will be the first pushed to the wall. Delphi Journal. This Is the first time in history when a laboring man who is getting 100-cent dol lars has been asked to vote himself T3-cent dollars in order that the rich silver mine monopolists can be. provided with an un limited market for their surplus products. Crawfordsville Journal. In 1892 Mr. Bryan's eloquence was turned loose to demonstrate that "the protective tariff was a system of legal spoliation." He was a free-trader then and is a free-trader now. and Western Republicans are not to be fooled by his lion's skin marked "free silver." Shelbyville Republican. The Mexican dollar is a legal tender in Mexico and the United States dollar is not. but one American dollar will purchase two Mexican dollars in that country just the same as in the United States. The trouble with the fiat of Mexico is that It is the fiat of a silver-standard country. Muncie Times. As a business paralyzer the free-silver craze Is several lengths ahead of the free trade agitation of four years ago. It has driven more money out of sight and de stroyed more confidence than anything that has happened to this country since the day our independence was declared. South Bend Tribune. The country has passed through four years of panic and business failures and looked on an army of Idle workmen, or listened to the dissatisfied expressions made by poorly paid labor and yet Bryan says free trade is all right: now, to complete our ruin, give the country free silver. Fowler Republican-Era. Tho intimation that the workingmen de sire a depreciated dollar, and will work for the enactment of a free-sliver coinage law, is an insult to the intelligence and honesty of a class of citizens among the best and most loyal In the country. The workingman is no more in favor of repudiation and dis honesty than is any other loyal and patri otic citizen. Fort Wayne Gazette. Wage earners need and must have more and better employment, but It can never bo found by following a false financial theory. A system of inflation is always det rimental to those who labor for hire. In vestment, trade and business thrift are the only true stimulants to prosperity, and a fluctuating, unstable monetary sj-stem can never create these requirements. Huntjng ton Herald. The bent of the wnole Popocratlc move ment, which is but an enlargement of the Populist tumor that has been afflicting the bodv of the American Republic for sev eral years, is to array the masses against the classes, to bring labor In conflict with canital. to teach anarchy in place of Chris tianity and to disturb the foundation prin ciples of good society in general. South Bend Tribune. There is money enough already in the country to start every idle wheel and give employment to every Idle mechanic and laborer, but before this money Is brought forth and again employed in the channels of trade those controlling must have the apsurance that the same protection which they enjoyed before Democracy came Into national power will be restored to them. Wabash Tribune. When a man says the Republican party wants gold money only, and no silver, he says what is absolutely and wholly untrue. Through Republican laws there is about as much silver as gold coin in use. and of equal value, and the Republican party will not only continue the use of each, but so pro mote the industries of the country that there will be increased use for both. Ken dallville Standard. The question of free coinage of silver at 16 to 1 goes bej-ond the confines of mater ial prosperity into the realms of conscience and becomes a matter of personal as well as "public integrity and honesty. As such it touches the prosperity of the American people for generations to come, for no dis honest people can long maintain any sort of supremacy, either of trade or civiliza tion. Elkhart Review. One pf those wise men who Is Instructing the people of the Nation, and laying down laws of finance for th great financiers, was haranguing a crowd on Main street yesterday. Some one ventured the remark while he was howling about "the crime of '7:;," that the country could not get silver in circulation up to 134. when the coinage law was changed. "Now hear that." said the silver oracle. "Gold was not discovered until 1S48." Elkhart Review. Free-silver advocates are taking the work ingman and farmers up on top of a high mountain and offering all the glorious and beauties of the land of Mexico if they will only bow down and worship at the free silver shrine. People who have rend of or seen the results of Mexican wages, Mexican money, ideals, politics, civilization and slavery, are not bowing down rapidly. Greenfield Republican. Mr. Bryan's statement that "we are simply asking that the same mint privileges be accorded to silver that are now accorded to gold." is not true. The privilege that is accorded to gold is that It shall have free coinage at its market value. To put silver on the same condition for coinage as gold would be to give it free coinage at its bullion value, which would not be 15 to 1, but S2 to 1. Crawfordsville Journal. Mr. Bryan boldly says he wants a cheaper dollar. Will a cheaper dollar give the la boring man any more work to do? Can he buy any more of the necessaries . of life with a cheaper dollar? Will a cheaper dol lar bring his house rent down any? Will a cheaper dollar buy more books for his children who attend school? Will he be more prosperous to pay him for his day's work in cheaper dollars? Seymour Repub lican. Pass a tariff law that will rrotect the labor and the products of labor In this country from ruinous competition abroad. a law that will provide sufficient revenues to meet all the requirements of the gov ernment economically administered, and then let it be understood that there shall be absolutely no change In the monetary system of the count ry and we sh ill enjoy an era of prosperltv unsunxissed in the history of the Republic Mlddletown News. A Calfornian writing to one of our citi zens in reference to the sale of some prop erty he has to dispose of says: "I wish to add this stipulation about the notes, if any are passed: I want them to road payable in gold coin. I paid gold for the property and cannot afford to take low-priced Democratic silver dollars for any part of it that runs a year or so, and no telling what the next infliction of Democracy may bring." Fort Wayne Gazette. A man can be judged by the company ho keeps better than by what he says. The same rule will hold good In the case of a nation. The most highly enlightened na tions on the globe use the gold standard. The most barbarous and least civilized arc' the silver-standard nations. This fact alone ought to have more weight with the United States than all the speeches of Bryan and his followers. Richmond Palladium. The Republican party is the friend of The people of the north end of Indiana wish to assure the faint-hearted citizens of the middle and south end of the State that there is no disposition in this section to fall down and worship a silver calf or any other calf, whether it has two tails to add to its value as a curiosity or only one. conventional tail. If there is no great er defection from Republican ranks in other sections of the State than there is in this McKinley's plurality in Indiana will be rep resented by five figures. Hammond Trib une. Several well-known citizens of Converse have become speculators in silver bullion, and have bought $2,000 worth of silver bars, says the Converge Journal. The bars were purchased through the Exchange Bank, which obtained them of the Chase National Bank, of New York, a depository of the mining companies, at a cost of something like sixty-eight cents per ounce. The pres ent owners of this silver expect, in case Mr. Bryan Is elected, and n fro anH nn I limited lG-to-1 coinage law Is passed, to be ttuie ioenu ineirsuver bullion, which cost mem j.wv, to me mints for free coinage and It will yield Jut a little short of four uiousanu saver dollars, which they, of course, expect to nav nut tn th whom they have business transactions at aiue.-aoasn naindealer. CAMPAIGN LIES. It is a little early In the campaign for even the Sentinel to drop argument and take up lying as its only cudgel, but it eiiwuraging sign nevertheless. Ham mond Courier. There Is one Industry that has alreadv Deen greatly stimulated In Indiana by the campaign--that is the manufacture of cam- paign lies about Renuhlii-,m ponvnrcinnn l re .uer. Anu in order to put in full time it is worthy of remark that this work began at Risfns Sun. Itichmond Item. ..!.. . . . " v v-.VllO IU Thus far In the campaign tho town of Rising Sun has produced the most colossal ?ainuIm.,iana-. WhiIe tne Sentinel is at It It .ShOUld call down the indivMn.nl w rote ir that tw enty-nine Republicans hav.j jiiieu me uryan t ree-suver Club at Green- luwn, mis county. KoKomo Tribune. The whole thing turns out to be a glar ing fraud, and the Sentinel Is to be regard ed with a feeling of pity for having per- uuiieu us zeai in Denair or an unworthv y us juugment completely u suujeci u to embarrassment which Iff 1 I H S Jl J. Jl . an euu 10 us runner use fulness in the present campaign. Lafayette vuui lei . The Indianapolis Sentinel reports twenty, five Republican converts to Bryan at the small town of Carbon, Ind: They are prob ably like the Rising Sun 173 converts. The Sentinel also has news' "that hundreds of Republicans" of eastern Kentucky have gone over to the Democrats. It wiil turn put Just like the Rising Sun roorback.-Ris-ing Sun Recorder. Considerable of our space to-day is given up to a complete refutation of that Ohio county free-silver club lie, which of late has been given so much space in the Sen tinel and all of which has been rehashed in the Examiner. This Is only a fair sam ple of the hundreds of lies being published in the free-silver papers and uttered by free-silver orators every day. In future when they tell you anything about Re publicans flocking Into the free-sliver ranks and organizing free-silver clubs, ask them about Ohio county. Connersvllle News. The Indianapois Journal furnishes a sam ple of the free coinage of lying indulged in by the Popocrats of this State. The Sentinel contained a communication from Ohio county in which it was stated that a silver club had been formed there contain ing 1,112 members. The vote of the coun ty two years ago was: Republicans. 711; Democrats. 5G0; Prohibitionist, 13: Populist, 9; total, 7.2&G so that silver club would contain nine-tenths of the whele voting population. Advices from Ohio county are to the effect that not one party club has yet been organized. Muncie News. The fact is, the Sentinel has contained an enormous number of unreliable reports and all cannot be attributed to evil-minded Republican:: who have Imposed on the Sen tinel. It looks a little weak for a paper like the Sentinel to plead the baby act. It published the false reports from Rising Sun Aug. a. and after seeing contradictions of the same it published, on Aug. 17, affidavits from four different places to prove their statements of the 9th. Their fake claim is all bosh. The Sentinel's reports from this city have been remarkably untruthful and unreliable. Greenfield Republican. The Indianapolis Sentinel has been pub lishing a number of telegrams alleging or ganization of Republican Bryan clubs, printing names of alleged Republicans who have "flopped" to free silver, etc. An ex pose of its falsehoods has been made by the Journal of the same city, and now the Sentinel Is on its back, yelling "conspiracy" and declaring that it was impj-od upoi by bogus telegrams .ent out by Republicans, the object being to bring its columns into disrepute. The Sentinel is in the hands of fools fools to publish statements so readi ly disproved, and fools to imagine they can unload the odium of their lying by such flimsy charges and excuses. Hunting ton Herald. From n .Manufacturer's) Standpoint. To the IMltor of the Indianapolis Journal: Will our silver friends consider for a mo ment that, from whatever standpoint they may view the situation, the success of the silver movement Is a movement in the di rection of repudiation? All else Is pre tense. It Is a means for the purpose of establishing a system of finance, new and untried with us, which has for Its object the defrauding of the creditor class. It is a mistaken Idea to consider the silver craze a philanthropic movement for the benefit of the poor man; It Isnot the fact. The poor man, as a class, is not in debt: he has never accumulated sufficient to Jus tify him to get into elebt. The corpora tions and speculators constitute the debtor class. No one would be benefited more than the debtor class. If It were bflleved that this country would pass a free-coinage bill, and It should become a law, the crisis that would come could not be com pared with any panic we have ever expe rienced. Everybody would not only refuse silver, but would seek to be paid In good money, thus causing one of the greatest of panic. Business would le paralyzed, labor unemployed. Idleness rdgn supreme. Credit and confidence would be strangers, and when you destroy these elements, you have the condition of a people seeking re pudiation rather than dealing honestly. Our obligations have been contracted on the present basis, anu any act of the Na tion to repudiate these contracts of the past is fraud. Ma by of our contracts made are In the hands of innocent holders who have no more to do with the price of gold and silver than they have to do with the course of the sun. Sift It Uovyn. and you must conclude that it is the old spirit : of trying to ret something for nothing. If- your silver mend is honest, propose to him free and unlimited coinage without the legal-tender act. If that is all that hurts silver, except that it is debarred from the -mints, then free and unlimited rolnace cf silver without the legal-tender net would set all right and bring it to par. This would not nurt our values any more than It would to permit the same act to apply to copper or iron. It is not the coin age he Is after, but repudiation. Why not with equal propriety ask the government to change all our tables of value and declare that values are not what they have len, but start new; declare one quart a gallon, one pound ten pounds can you not predict me resuitT v ny not apply the same rea soning to silver? All enlightened nations are on the gold basis after having tested me experiment of other standards. Why not profit by their experience, if for noth ing else than from the fact that In our own auairs we profit by the experience of our seniors? The gold nations are the nallnna wlirt have reclaimed the weaker nations from pauperism. The silver nations are not sil ver nations from choice, our last census gives our per capita isessment at $341; i,n, caPlta debt of France Is $11C: Great Britain and Ireland. $7: Italy, $76: Snaln ST2? Itussl Tha faii is from a financial standpoint, with confidence restored, we are in good condition compared with our sister nations, exceDt lor lha furr th:it we nr- cursed with the calamity howler and hun- .v.. UH vi unice. n would seem mat the free coinage of silver for the United Estates would be so rcnnirnant tn irorsl AAn tin' a - .a ... Judgment that' to a business man it w ould ie unnecessary to discuss it. but for the fact that a portion of our people arc bo Ing mislead. In all .ages of the w orld finance ha been the delusion of the mass es. For all who are i.ot firmly convinced, consider well your notion, for on your vota may depend the shifting of the l.aHnee. , A A MANUFACTURER. Indianapolis, Aug. 22. A DISGUSTED DEMOCRAT. William GavltCa Scorching Arraign ment of tlie Bryan Democracy. Mr. William Gavitt, a prominent Demo crat of Evansville, has written the append ed letter: . "Lew Wallace, Esq., Crawfordsville. Ind.: . - "My Dear General You ask me if tho platform adopted In Chicago pleases me. It does not. It was controlled by master mechanics of mischief. 1 never knew that the devil had so many advance agents. It has convinced many that such Democ racy means destruction. They have built and will build mountains of misery, not withstanding the heavy-weight liars to be sent out to deceive the people. The silly season opened when that convention was called to order and will end with the dog days. Apparently they are determined to sandbag the fair name of this country. It is a monstrosity and the most un-American thing in America. We -itn learn from it that all the enemies of this country ;rre not across the water. 1. have often heard it said that In tlmes of war the enemies of this country were in the Democratic party. I am sure that in times of peace they are 1n the Democratic party, and 1 hope that the party that upheld this countrv in war times will do so now. Senator Hill, who has repeatedly said, I am a Democrat, was permitted to speak, but was not al- lowed to preside over the convention. Such men as Whitney and Assistant Secretarv Hamlin were ignored. Did you notice that' Hon. Charles S. Falrchild, ex-Scretary of the Treasury (the purest rtitn I ever met in politics), obscured himself? "I never thought that Democracy would be controlled by anarchy. What a can tankerous convention! 'What a blue-oint-' ment crowd! Hip pockets quart size, hats 5Vi, boots No. 9! If Mr. Bryan Is all right he got mixed with bad company. Jesre James's spirit must have controlled them. Their policy is a dagger to assassinate the prosperity of this country. I believe in honest money because they don't. I never knew the Democratic Varty to be opposed to honest money, and as they have no can didate before the people I will vote for McKlnley. No mm has more brains or rr.ore heart than McKlnley. "There is no longer room In the Demo- ' cratlc party for a soldier or a soldier's son, and if I am to believe Hopkins, Democrat ic ex-Mayor of Chicago, there is no loom for a Mason. I have lived to see the day that the flag was trampled In the mud in Boston, on the 4th cf July, by Democrats the flag hauled down in Honolulu by D?m ciats; to see a man who nelped take the remains of your friend. Smith Gavitt. my father, from the battle field robbed of his decoration of honor (his pension), without' a trial and without a warning. I havn lived to eee the day that a man recognized as the enemy of honest labor and described in labor s own writing as having all the bad and none of the good qualities of tht devil a slave-driver at heart, an enemy of the poor appointed to one of the best of fices in the land. They have turned mer chant princes Into paupers, skilled mechan ics into tramps, nailed up the factory doors and now want to force people to sleep In the parks and make soup out of their un derwear. They have hoisted the pirates' flag. The American people should haul it down. I want to help by voting for an American who Is not only willing but de termined to uphold and protect American industries and American Institutions one who prefers free schools and fr e speech to free trade and free silver; one who will open the factory doors, call the men to work, rekindle the furnace fires and mak the country what it should be. the grandest -on earth: This I believe McKlnley can and will do. WILLIAM GAVITT." WHAT THEY THOUGHT THEN. Jobn I. Jones and William M. 9tew art on June 11 and 12, 1874. "Docs this Congress mean now to leave entirely out of view and discard forever a standard of value? And what but goM could be that standard? What other thing on earth possesseji the requisite qualities? Gold is the articulation of commerce. It is' the most potent agent of civilization. It is gold that has lifted the nations from barbarism. "It Is the common denominator of val ues. It makes possible the classification of labor and the interchange of commodi ties. Gold has intervened In bargains made between men since the dawn, of civil ization and It has never failed to faith fully fulfill its part as the universal agent and servant of mankind." . (Senator John P. Jones, on April 1, 174.) "I am opposed to any proposition, come In whatever form it may. that attempts to override what God himself has made for money. I believe the sooner we como down to a purely golu tandardthe better it will be for the country." (Senator John P. Jones. June 11. "Sir. the laboring man and the producer Is entitled to have his product and his labor measured by the same standard of to world that measures your national debt. Give, him such a standard, give him monv as you require from him. You require It from the producer. You require from the laboring man gold to pay the interest on your national debt, -vhich Is right, which cannot be avoided if you mean to save national honor, but then give him the same money with which to pay that debt. "The question will never le settled until you determine the simple question whether the laboring man is entitled to have a gold dollar if he earns It or whether you are going to cheat him with something else. That is the upshot of the whol thing. Everybody has to' say that th laboring man was entitled to a. good dollar. That was fought over. They will light it over again and the same party will win. There have been a great many battle fought npainst eold. but gold has won every time. Gold has never comnromisea. toii w mnde the world retpect it all the time. The English people once thought they could get along without gold for a while, but they had to come back to iL" (Senator Stewart. June 12. 1S74.) Harrison) Speech. Philadelphia Press. The country will await with7 eager Inter est the address which cx-i'resiaent Harri son will make In New York next Thurs day evening. It is quite likely to bo the great fpeech of the campaign. It Is sure to be il comprehensive and masterly dis cussion of the issues. A Question of Numbers. New York Evening Sun. People Ftill thoughtlessly persist in re ferring to the sound-money Democrats as the third party in this campaign, in spite of the fact that up to date they compose the seventh or eighth. - "VIIHcM Won't Go. Philadelphia Record. In spite of everything, the fact has leaked out that Mrs. Bryi-n rails hrr hus band "Willie." ThHt yetlleK it: no Willie" has ever moved Into the White House nor will he. ' Never. Philadelphia Times. - Hoke Smith may think he's making a great name for himself in coming out for free coinage, but it will never size up with John's. The Head of the Family. Kansas City Journal. If Mrs. B yan only bad Mr. Bryan's voice he wouldn't be needed in the campaign at alL