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The Indianapolis journal. (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, August 30, 1896, The Sunday Journal, Part Two, Image 12

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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SUNDAY, AUGUST 30, 189a.1
THE SUNDAY JOURNAL
SUNDAY. AUGUST SO, 1S0G.
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All communications intended for publication In
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accompanied by the nam and address of the
writer.
THE IMHAJtAPOLIS . JOl'tlXA!
Caa be found at the following places:"
KEW YOItK Windsor Hotel aiid ABtof House.
CHICAGO Palmer XIou and P.'O. Newi Co..
1 Adams street.
C1NCI.N N ATI J. IL Hawley & Co.. i:4 Vine
street.
lAt:inviTAAZC. T. Peering, northwest cormr
of Third and Jefferson streets, and Louisville
Jiuolc Co., 136 Fourth avenue.
BT. LOUIS Union Newa Company, Union Depot.
.WASHINGTON. D. C Klggs House. Ebbltt
House, Wlllard's Hotel and the Washington
News Exchange. Fourteenth street, between
J'enn. avenue and F street.
Sixteen Pages
If Mexico should adopt the gold stand
ard the value of wages in that country
vould be doubled. If this country should
fall to the silver standard the value of
"wages would be decreased largely If not
one-half.
The American people welcome China's
distinguished representative, but they have
no room for the tens of thousands of the
natives of hit rmintrv nhn wntiM lllro it,
come here. They have too long been bred
to the low wages of all cheat-money na
tions. Hon. Henry Watterson writes a long let
ter from Geneva, Switzerland, on "The Is
' ue and the Duty." in which ho takes
strong ground in favor of the sound-money
movement as a means of preserving the
Democratic organization and the national
honor.
"It la pleasing," says an exchange, "to
note how many of the clergy are recog
nizing that it Is far more sensible to meet
bicyclists half way than to denounce Sun-
uy riding." This does not necessarily mean
that the clergy are undertaking half-cen-tury
runs before Sunday-morning service.
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The Washington correspondent of the
Louisville Courier-Journal says he has it
from an intimate friend of the President
that shortly after the nominations are
made in this city Mr. Cleveland will write
a letter giving his unqualified approval and
support to the National Democratic ticket.
Those in charge of the distribution of
tickets for the convention this week should
endeavor to see that all visitors. esneciallv
v those from other States, are provided for
b?fore any are issued to Indianapolis peo
ple. Indeed, no citizen of Indianapolis
should wish to occupy a seat in the hall
as long as a single visiting stranger is
unprovided for.
BMSBSSSSSBSSSBBSBBBBBSSBSBBBBBBBMBSBBSBBBBBBBBBBBSBBSBBSBBBBBiSBBS
The New York Times, commenting on
the fall of tho house of Stewart, once the
most famous In the dry goods business In
the country, says that it was due largely
to the fact that the managers "were not
men of business, but men of pleasure."
That Is sufficient to account for the failure.
Those who are successful in business in
these days of sharp competition must de
Vote all their energies to their business if
they would succeed.
Mr. Bryan having declared on several
occasions that "railroad rates have not
been reduced to keep pace with falling
prices," that eminent authority, Mr. Henry
W. Poor, has given the statistics showing
tho number of tons moved and the earnings
for freight carriage by every railroad in
the United States from 1S71 to 1S93, inclu
sive. These figures show that the average
rate per ton per mile for carrying freight
has fallen from 2.210 cents. In 1S73, to 0.SC3
cent, in isr5. This is a decline of more
than 62 per cent. '
Tho attention of Governor Matthews Is
respectfully called to the fact that during.
the week very large numbers of Democrats
of national reputation will be in this city
for several days. It would bo a gracious
act on his part, both as Governor of In
diana and a more or less prominent Demo
crat, to devote an evening to their formal
reception at the Statehouse. By so doing
he will atone for tht rashness which led
him to apply offensive epithets to them.
No doubt he could arrange with Mr. John
R. Wilson a very agreeable occasion for
these distinguished Democrats.
A generation ago a presidential candidate
made a speaking tour through tho North,
He had larger crowds than has Mr. Bryan
and he had a cause which appealed to
more people. Such crowds as greeted him
from the Mississippi to Portland. Me., were
never known before. Never was enthusiasm
seemingly greater and more genuine. Yet
ho carried only the half of thi elec
toral vote of New Jersey of all the States
In which he spoke. His name was Stephen
A. Douglas, a great leader and a candidate
because ho was a great leader. In point of
ability there can be no comparison between
the "Little Giant," the statesman, and the
"Boy Orator." the declalmer.
Tho National Democratic convention
which is to meet hero this week will not
attract as largo a crowd as one of the reg
ular party national conventions, but It will
draw several thousand persons, including
many prominent men from different parts
Of the country. A largo number of del
egates will bo present who have cither
6 rved In that capacity before or who have
attended national conventions In other
cities. They know how a convention
ought to be handled and what visitors
have a right tb expect. There Is every
reason, therefore, why the city should put
Its best foot forward and do its utmost to
cr-ate a good Impression on the visiting
strangers. Hitherto it has been , equal to
every demand made upon It in the way
of taking proper care of crowds, and the
record should b kept up on this occasion.
It is to be hoped the hotels, restaurants
and other public places will try to main
tola the reputation of the city In this re
gard, and, above all things, that there will
be no putting up of prices or of extortion
In anything. Let everybody go away with
a good impression of Indianapolis as a
convention city.
f It HAT BRITAIN' AND THE SULTANS.
The British government has taken occa
sion to display Its power to the world, and
particularly to the half-clvlllzed peoples
over which it acts as guardian, by turning
tho guns of three war ships upon the pal
ace of the usurping Sultan of Zanzibar. As
a demonstration of power it was a grout
success. In a few minutes the usurper's
house was In ruins and he was escaping to
save his life. Most Sultans of Zanzibar arc
usurpers or successors because of their ex
periments with poison upon the per
sons holding the ofllce. In this case the
successor was a usurper, because he had
conceived a hostility to Great Britain and
an idea that he, with his 2.500 soldiers,
could safely defy the British government.
Ho knows better now, and probably vlshe.t
that he had been content to be recognized
as the successor of the Sultan whom. It
is alleged, he caused to be poisoned, by
expressing a purpose to subserve British
Interests.
There is another Sultan for whose official
existence Great Britain is chiefly respon
sible, who, if not a usurper, defies all Ku-
ropo. whom the British government seems
not to have the nerve to shell out of his
palace the Sultan of Turkey. For two
years his domain has been the arena of
violence and murder, yet for some causes
which are not clearly understood, the great
powers stand as spectators while "pillage
and massacre go on from month to month
and year to year. During the past week
tho capital of the Sultan of Turkey has
been the scene of a novel outbreak. Tho
Armenians In Constantinople, who at times
rcem little less bloodthirsty than their op
pressors, the Turks, conceived the novel
idea of seizing the most Important bank
of thattclty under the conviction that the
powers, which have been deaf to their en
treaties for interference, would hasten to
their aid simply to recover their money.
How the scheme would have worked cannot
bo told, slnco the Turks began a slaughter
which caused the bank capturers to sue
fcr safety. Tho fighting has been going on
for several days, and four thousand dead
are reported to cumber tho streets of the
nastiest city of the world. Probably the
number is not so largo as reported, for If
tho numbers of Armenians reported as
slain the past two years were correct there
could not bo a remnant alivo at the pres
ent time.
Here was ,a case where Great ''Britain
could have Interfered In the interest of
humanity not only the past week, but
several times during the past few years.
Once the present Ministry threatened to
send a war vessel up through tho Dardan
elles, but when the time camo It did not
do It. The latest from Constantinople Is
to tho effect that' In all probability the
present rule in Turkey will be overthrown.
Most people elsewhere will hope that the
present regime may bo overthrown, for the
reason that its successor could not be
worse than the present, end that the great
powers might find in the change of rulers
an appropriate occasion to remodel the
Turkish empire and discipline the unspeak
able Turk.
MONEY I1Y 1VEIGIIT.
Of the millions of persons who every day.
In the r year handle gold or silver
coins probably none ever stops to think
of their Intimate, connection with weights
and of the extreme care used to
make each coin conform to the
standard of weight as well as of fineness.
The samo clause of the Constitution which
gives Congress power "to coin money and
regulate tho value thereof," also gives It
power "to fix the standard of weights and
measures." These were among the first
subjects of congressional legislation. The
act of 1702 "Establishing a mint and reg
ulating the coins of tho United States."
fixed the weight of every coin with the
greatest nicety. The gold coins, eagles,
half eagles and quarter eagles; the silver
coins, dollars, half dollars, quarter dollars,
dimes (or dlsmes, as it is spelled in the
law) and half dimes each had to contain
a certain weight of pure gold or silver and
to weigh, with tho alloy. Just so much.
Ihe copper cent has to contain "eleven
pennyweights of copper," and the half cent
5!a pennyweights. The coinage of half
cents was, continued at intervals until 1837,
and the total amount of them coined was
$33,92G.ll. They are never seen now except
In coin collections, and not often there.
Tho necessity of strict compliance with
the law In regard to the weight of tho
various coins, as well as tho Importance
of maintaining an honest standard of value,
made It necessary to use the most accurate
scales and weights possible to be procured.
In the early days of our mint bullion bars
and coins In bulk were weighed in pounds,
ounces, pennyweights and grains. The
weights first used were brought from Eng
land, and somo of them are still preserved
as curiosities. They are bell-shaped and
bear various stamps and devices, such as
"Royal Mint," the figure of a crown, etc.
In the latter part of the eighteenth cen
tury a committee of the British House of
Commons was appointed to correct discrep
ancies among existing weights and prepare
a pound that should thereafter be the stand
ard. Tho "Parliamentary pound" is care
fully kept In custody of the Speaker, of the
Commons. In 1S27 Albert Gallatin, our then
minister to England, procured an exact
brass duplicate of this pound weight for
the use of tho mint of the United States.
When received Its accuracy was formally
certified by the President of the United
States, and an act of Congress passed in
1S21 established it as "the standard troy
pound of the mint." From that time to tho
present this Imported English brass troy
Iound weight, with Its subdivisions, has
been the standard In every mint and as
say ofllce of the United States, and Is, in
fact, the standard troy pound of the entire
country. All the weighing of gold and sil
ver bullion and colas In all tho mints of
tho United States Is done by this standard
pound. If Mr. Bryan Is elected President
he will probably see that this imported
English pound weight is abolished and a
patriotic American pound of different
weight substituted.
In the weighing of bullion for coinage
purposes, before lt goes into the melting
pot, fractions less than 1-10) of an ounce
fcr gold and 5-100 of an ounce for silver
aro. disregarded. Gold coins are adjusted by
the single piece, and a deviation from the
legal weight is not allowed of more than
a half grain for the double eagle and eagle
and of a quarter grain for the half eagle
and quarter eagle. The silver coins must
not deviate more than 1 grains per piece.
All this adjustment of weights is dono
while the coins are still flat and before
they are stamped. The stamping does not
chango their weight. The coinage law re
quires that in every delivery of gold coin
made by the coiner to the superintendent of
the mint there shall not be a deviation of
more than 1-10) of an ounce for every Jo, 000
In double eagles, eagles, half eagles or
quarter eagles, and in silver coins no
greater deviation than 2-100 of an ounce in
1.000 half dollars or quarter dollars. The
samo extreme care is used in assaying tho
gold and sliver bullion to establish its fine
ness and in regulating the alloy. Finally,
all these processes and the scales and
weights In the parent mint at Philadelphia
are examined and teeted once a year by a
committee of experts to Insure continued
accuracy. All this goes to show that the
value of gold and silver coins Is a matter
of weight and not of government fiat.
LEGAL AM) COMMERCIAL 11ATIO.
In his speech Thursday night General
Harrison parsed briefly over tho much-dls-cussed
ratio question, but he emphasized
one point which serves to illustrate the ab
surdity of the Popocrat position. After
showing how much pains Hamilton and
Jefferson took to ascertain the commercial
value of gold and sliver, and to make the
legal ratio conform to it, he said:
So nice were our people in trying
to adjust this that they went into deci
mal fractions. We say 16 to 1. in fact,
that Is not the- ratio. It if lS.yjiS plus. Now,
that is the actual ratio. It is t-c near six
teen that we call it sixteen, but the men
who made our silver dollar and our gold
dollar were so nice In their calculations
that they went into decimal fractions in
thousandths to adjust it accurately. Now,
what do these people propose to do? To
take any account of thousandths? No.
When tne markets of the world fix the
relative value of silver or gold at thirty
one ounces of silver to one ounce of goid,
they propose to say sixteen.
Exactness In discussion is always im
portant, but in this case it gives new point
to the argument. The Chicago platform
says: "We demand the free and unlimited
coinage of both gold and silver at the pres
ent legal ratio of 15 to 1." All discussion
of tho question has proceeded on that line,
and great stress has been laid on the duty
-of resuming free silver coinage at "the
present legal ratio of 16 to 1." General
Harrison calls attention to, the fact that
this is not the legal ratio, and never has
been. Tho difference between 16 to 1 and
the actual legal ratio Is almost Inilnltes
imal, less than the two-thousandth part
of a grain, yet it is enough to show tho
importance of accuracy and to illustrate
the extreme Importance of the fractional
part of a grain in fixing a legal ratio be
tween gold and silver with a view to their
circulation together as money.
The history of all efforts to establish and
maintain bimetallism shows that it has
been a struggle with fractions. There is
only one country In the world to-day in
which the legal ratio between gold and
silver is not fractional. In all countries
gold Is 1. The 1 never changes. There
is no trouble about that end of the double
standard. The trouble Is, and always has
been, to adjust the other end and keep it
adjusted. That is where the fractions come
in, and the history of the struggle in all
countries shows that a variation of the
smallest fraction of a grain between tho
commercial ratio and tho legal ratio is
enough to. drive gold or sliver out of circu
lation, as tho latter Is over or under
valued. Tho free-sllverltes err not only In calling
IS to 1 "the present legal ratio." but in
calling it tho ratio fixed by Hamilton and
Jefferson. The ratio fixed by the first coin
ago law of 1702 was 13 to 1. The Director
of the Mint, in his last annual report,
says:
It (the bimetallic system established by
Hamilton) soon began to totter under the
defect inherent in every bimetallic system,
viz., the impossibility of keeping the mint
ratio of tne two metals In permanent
agreement with their market ratio, a de
fect which, in a bimetallic system, calls for
repeated remedies, consisting in the
changes of the legal ratio to correspond
with the ever-shifting market ratio, under
penalty of the disappearance from the
country of the coins manufactured from the
metal undervalued in the mint ratio.
The United States monetary system
established in 1702 Is, indeed, as striking
a demonstration as can be found In the
entire history of monetary arrangements of
the impossibility of maintaining a fixed
legal ratio between silver coin and gold
coin.
As tho ratio established In 1702 failed to
secure bimetallism it was changed by act
of Congress in 1831 from 1:15 to RlS.SSS.
This lacks the two-thousandth part of a
grain of being 1:16, showing that the ex
perts and legislators of that day were so
licitous even to the thousandth part of a
grain to make, tho legal ratio conform to
the commercial ratio of the two metals.
They wanted real bimetallism. They were
honest in their desire to have gold and sil
ver circulate together at parity, and they
still thought It could be done by adjusting
the legal ratio with mathematical exact
ness. It is unnecessary to follow further the
history of ratio changes in this and other
countries. As before stated, it has been a
fractional struggle, and it has been demon
strated time and again in many countries
that the overvalue of silver by so much as
the smallest fractional part of a grain will
drive gold coin out of circulation. Yet the
silverites propose to establish free coinage
of silver at the legal ratio of 16 to 1, when
the commercial ratio is nearly 32 to 1, thus
overvaluing silver nearly 100 per cent. They
are not crazy. They are simply dishonest.
TEACHING PATRIOTISM.
During the past few years efforts have
been made by patriotic associations to
teach patriotism. With commendable zeal,
committees of the national organization of
the Woman's Relief Corps, the auxiliary of
the Grand Army of the Republic, have un
dertaken the teaching of patriotism In the
public schools by special exercises, in
which tho United States flag is made to
play a prominent part, with very general
success. In this and other States, indeed,
in most the Northern States, a large part
of tho schoolhouses have flags and flag
staffs. In a few States, Legislatures un
wisely, as the Journal thinks, have appro
priated money for the purpose of furnish
ing each schoolhouse with a flag. In this
State the scheme failed in 18T3, but it has
already been Intimated that another at
tempt will be made to induce the Legis
lature to make such an expenditure. Illi
nois went so far ns to make it a misde
meanor for an educational institution not
to float the flag of the Union over its
buildings. ' '
These efforts to teach the children of the
country tho sentiment of nationality as
represented by the Nation's emblem are
most commendable, and should receive the
hearty co-operation of ah patriotic people.
But, after giving all tho credit which i
possible to such teaching, it is simply pri
mary and may be comparatively barton of
results, as is the teaching of children tc
read who will never have opportunity or
the desire to mako use of that acquire
ment. "One country and one flag" is an
Inspiring sentiment, but if tho teaching
goes no further than the words In which
it is expressed, it is too vague to bo of the
highest practical value. The "flag of the
free" has often been carried by those in
tent on lawlessness. It often floats above
those demagogues whose threats f looting
banks are vehemently applauded by the
howls of ignorant and vicious mobs. The
teaching of patriotism should proceed be
yond these elementarj phrases about the
flag. It is more Important, Just now, to
teach that tho stars and stripes Is the em
blem of law and order that wherever It
floats constitutional government exists, law
is supreme, and life and individual rights,
including property, are secure. Many have
imagined until recently that the supremacy
of the national government which the flag
represents had been decreed for all time
by the result of the war for the Union.
Such people have reason of lato to fear
that such was not the case. The Altgeld
ism and the Tlllmanlsm, speaking through
the Chicago platform, deny tho authority
of the President of the United States to
enforce federal laws within the States,
thus, to use the words of General Harrison
In his late speech, tevlrtng in a civil cam
paign, "that doctrine, which was shot to
death in a great war."
Tho higher teaching of patriotism will
brand thosa men as traitors to the host in
terests of all the people, whether they are
demagogues professing Christianity or
Anarchists glerying in atheism, v?ho de
VCte themselves to efforts to array one sec
tion or one calling against another. But
for the good sense of, the American people-,
such fomenttrs of strife, distrust and envy
woifld long ago have destroyed popular
government in this country.
MAGAZINE. STYLE.
In a recent magazine article criticising,
and, for the most part, condemning "news
paper style," this sentence occurs: "In
France is a group of writers who of late
years has been identified," etc. Doubtless
the author of this article knew that if the
word "group" is used in tho plural sense
the word following the pronoun should be
plural: that the same is true if who refers
to "writers," and that if group is referred
to as a noun in the singular, "which" and
not "who" is the proper pronoun. Probably,
since he is on the lookout for just such
errors in newspapers, he recognized his mis
take when he saw his production In type,
but that he should draw a lesson from the
incident is hardly to be expected. Tho peo
ple who contribute solely ;to magazines, cr
whose work first, appears In book form,
aro convinced that newspaper English is
hopelessly and inexcusably bad, andj are
not likely to make the same apologies for
Journalistic errors as( tbey make for their
own, whereas the excuses are' far more
weighty and more numerous. The newspa
per writer produces his "copy" almost in
variably under pressure of a haste that
i
permits of no revision, often not of a read
ing of tho pages after they arc filled. It
passes through the hands of the not al
ways skillful or intelligent typesetter and
to the proof-reader, who also works under
pressure of haste and cannot pause to con
sider mere ineleganclcs of construction,
even if it were his business to do so,
and may even overlook, glaring grammati
cal blunders. As a rule the writer of the
article Is the first to detect these errors
when they glare at him in "cold type." too
late for correction, and his only comfort is
the knowledge, born of observation and ex
perience, that the average reader Is not
hypercritical, and win either not notice
them or will ascribe them to the right
cause. But if there is a want of literary ele
gance and grammatical accuracy In, news
papers, magazine literature is by no means
free from fault, although it Is the boast of
the publishers that every manuscript
parses the scrutiny of at least half a dozen
pairs of critical eyes after it leaves the
author's possession. "Readers," editors
and proof readers take a turn at It. and
proofs aro revised and re-revised, until all
certainly should be letter perfect. Never
theless, errors creep In. A few yeors ago
no less a personage that T. B. Aldrich
printed a poem of a dozen lines In Harper's
Magazine in which seven grammatical mis
takes appeared. Tho Journal called atten
tion to them at the time, and the expla
nation wa.s made that an unrevised copy
had been sent to the publishers by mistake,
but this did not account for the lack of
diligence on the part of the supposed-to-be
argus-cyed editors and proof readers.
Some errors and Inelegant expressions here
given were casually, noted, not searched
for, In'reccnt Issues of leading magazines:
"It would be unjust to Abelard to suppose
that a prettj' face and slender form was
sufficient to attract him," saj-s Anatole
Franco in the Cosmopolitan. "Their sallow
and brutal expression" h a phras-j used
by Frank Vincent tc describe the Turko
mans. "Her ambition Is not yet reached"
Is the curious statement made by a writer
in one of the Harper publications. "Most
generally," says Marlon Crawford in the
Century, and Mr. Howells coins the ob
jectionable word "forgottenly." Hamlin
Garland tells how a train "grew out of
the great Van Buren-street depot," and
also describes some one's "laughing, thrll
lingly, hearty voice." It Is but Just to say
that he is probably not responsible for the
comma after "thrillingly," but if the
severe rule were applied to him as to
newspaper writers by their critics he
should be held so. "Her stories," says a
biographer whose name was not noted,
"have a morbid escaping: flavor like that
of long-buried vire.i' Even the young
men with independent incomes generally
have an office down town," writes ono
chronicler. The overworked word one thus
appears: "The stranger within one's gates
comes under one's eye. One feels
with all one's heart." "A race that toil
not nor spin not," says a writer in Har
per's Weekly, rather exceeding his poetic
license. "The genius dude," meaning pre
sumably genus dude, appears in .a story by
Frances Courtnay Baylor In the Cosmo
politan. Some one also "clasps his gib
bous" In tho same tale. "Pushing the door
to." says Thomas Hardy. "A reticent se
serve" is a. phrase coined by Howard Pyle.
Miss Wllklns. in Harper, tells of "an old
woman aunt." According to the Bookman
a certain author passed into "the list of
undeserved neglected books." A sentence
without a predicate breaks into the Cos
mopolitan: ' "The dusty stone cutters of
Rome, though called mere mechanics, be
ing often more skillful with the malfet and
chisel than the master who shapes the clay
model, guided by that mystic force, never
defined nor comprehended, which the
world calls genius." Elizabeth Stuart
Phelps tells how on one occasion she ear
ned with her to Phillips Brooks's house "a
pile of fresh galleys' and there corrected
them meaning proof slips, undoubtedly.
"The occasion to which I refer," says Miss
Phelps, when she would Better say "al
lude." Speaking of Phillips Brooks, she
asks: "Was ho heartsick with his own
great ideal of what a Christian teacher
might achieve and must forever fall to?"
Tho list would be endless if errors and
instances of slip-shod style were system
atically south t for In book and magazine
a search that' would not be profitable in
any sense unless to thore writers who ro
persistently look for the mote in their
neighbor eyes and ignore the beam in
their own.
viccnoY Lrs'Fix.
Even Englishmen discovered that Viceroy
Li Hung Chang had a fine sense of humor
when he laughed at Joseph Chamberlain's
monocle, also that ho was extremely In
quisitive, but It does not appear that they
suspected him of deliberately amusing him
self at their expense. There is some rea
son, however, to think that he did this
very thing In England and that he is con
tinuing this variety of entertainment on
this side the water. He asks a great many
apparently guileless questions, but it is dif
ficult to believe that this wise and bland
old diplomat is so childlike that he Is sim
ply and solely In search of facts and is
not "guying" his visitors. It was certainly
a straight thrust, whether Intentional or
not. when he asked "General" McCook,
who is really a colonel and not a general,
"how you all became generals?" His fancy
for asking English and American women
their ages is also open to suspicion, for on
his staff are men who have been educated
in England and America and aro well
aware of the disposition of the women of
these countries to keep their ages a secret
between themselves and the family Bible.
Ills open curiosity as to the amount of
property owned by the Americans he meets
and the amount that would satisfy their
ambition betrays also a sense of humor.
He ha3 not lived his long life without
knowing the commercial propensities of the
people of this country and their desire to
live each in as good style as his neighbor
to appear rich if they are net and he can
hardly fail to know that the pinning them
down to figures is embarrassing. It Is
highly probablo that there is a wicked
twinkle in the old Chinaman's eye when
he asks these extremely leading questions,
and. sad though it be to think it, that this
highly distinguished heathen is having fun
with us as he passes across our land.
The national encampment of the Grand
Army of the Republic will be held at St.
Paul during the coming week. In the na
ture of things the attendance will not be
so large as in previous years. The hard
times and the increasing Inability of a
large number of those who have attended
such meetings to e-arn money will account
for tho falling off in attendance. Certain
ly it cannot bo attributed to loss of inter
est. There isyno special question to give
unusual interest to the coming encamp
ment. There are several candidates for
tho honorable position of commander-in-chief,
and one man Is spoken of who is
not a candidate. Two of the Eastern as
pirants wero not war veterans, since one
of them served but three months as a mu
sician and another less than a year.
Colonel Clarkson, of Omaha, is an aspirant
with considerable backing.- The one name,
however, which has been presented which
will attract attention and call forth en
thusiasm is that of Rear Admiral Meade,
who resigned from the navy a year ago
because he was too much an American to
observe silence regarding the policy of the
administration. His elevation to the hon
orable position would prove an inspiration
and would give aspirants who were scarce
ly soldiers a needed rebuke.
The estimates presented by Mayor Tag
gart's subordinates for the next fiscal year
are over $113,000 In excess of the appro
priations made for tho previous year. This
is over 13 per cent., which is a very large
lncrvaso. It must not be forgotten that
Indianapolis Is a growing city, and con
sequently has growing demands; yet It is
probable that if practical men were in
charge of the affairs of the city as a pri
vate enterprise they would get along very
well without increasing the levy. More
men are probably employed In some de
partments than are necessary. This is par
ticularly truo of the street department.
A largo number of taxpayers believe that
the expenditures for parks could have
been easily deferred until better times. It
may be added that if tho people were con
sulted the money-raising power of tho
School Board would be transferred to the
City Council. Before the election, it may
be observed. Mayor Taggart's friends were
confident that he could cut down the ex
penditures from the totals of tho Denny
administration. So far from dcing that,
there has been an increased expenditure all
alog tho line in excess of tho natural
growth of the city.
The Boy Orator's Confession.
I come from haunts of rabbit's foot,
1 make a sudden sally,
I rush across the startled land
And call the boys to rally.
In fifty towns I raise my voice.
Or break Into the cities,
A village here, a hamlet there
I'll show them what my grit is.
Still whirling on from State to State,
I cross each brimming river.
For men may come and men may go,
But I talk on forever.
I chatter over railroad tracks
And talk from off the trolley,
I never pass a little crowd
But that I fire a volley.
I gabble, gabble as I go.
My words flow like a river.
For men may come and men may go.
But I talk on forever.
BVDBL.ES IN THE Alll.
She May Be Iilht.
"I really believe that Stephen Crane is
color blind," said the girl who Is given to
cogitation.
"Why?" asked the chorus.
"I just believe all that red he sees is only
greenness."
Even In Those Days.
"Did you know this was my birthday?"
asked Eve.
"Is that so?" replied Adam. "Lemme see;
how old are you twelver
"You hateful thing. I'm only nine, and
you know it."
I'tterly Useless.
"You look as If you had been badly used,
poor man." said the kind lady.
"Permit me to state, mum," answered
Dtemal Dawson, with pride, "that my
greatest speciality Is not allowln myself to
be used at all."
The Cheerful Idiot.
"Since the crime of 1S73," said the argu
mentative boarder, "there has been no
money in wheat."
"Really?" said the Cheerful Idiot. "I
thought lots of fellows were making dough
out of it right along."
According to a Philadelphia paper, the
religious meetings at Ocean Grove this sea
fcon "lack fire." Can it be possible that
this stronshold of orthodoxy is eliminating
the fiery plank from its platform?
A St. Petersburg paper, having no polit
ical campaign to absorb Its energies, has
opened its columns to a discussion of the
question. "Are women greater liars than
men?" Tho difference Is merely a question
of degree, of course, if women are liars
at allfcT though Job said in his haste that
all men wero liars, he never withdrew the
charge.
SCIENTIFIC.
Of fifty-six cases of typhoid fever re
ported by the medical officer of health of
Brighton, England, about a third were
traceable to 'the eating of raw shell fish.
A novel Fafety lamp row used in German
mines can be lighted without being opened.
It is not closed in any special way, Ukt
other lamps, but its wick is provided with
a cap that is ferced down by a spring
instantly extinguishing the light If It
opaned.
Experiments by M. Archbutt lndlcato
that innammable packing for bottles of
strong acid may have led to mysterious
fires. On pouring nitric acid into sawdust
of various kinds, the material became red
hot in two to eight minutes, bursting into
Mumu when disturbed.
Unscrupulous dealers sonetimes soak old
seeds In oil to render them brilliant. Pro
fcisor Czerer finds by experiment that this
not only hides the bad quality but Increases
It. the effect being to kill weak seeds, and
to retard by about seventy-seven hours the
germination of the good ones.
By fractional diffusion through porous
tubes. Prof. W. Ramsay and J. Norman
Collie have separated argon into two por
tlons, one with a density of 19.P3 and the
other of 20.01. Similar experiments with
helium gave densities of 1.S74 end 2.133.
Both epecimens pave identical Fpectra. sug-
gesting that here is a separation cf llcht
Irom heavy molecules of the same sub
stance. Late experience. is said to have shown
that concrete can be entirely dissolved by
water. Near a small town in the Rhine
province, a basin of concrete was built
nine years ago, and since then has grud
ut lly tnrn?d into a brownish mud with twi
alkaline reaction. Near the bottom the
concrete has quite dissolved, leaving the
gravel stone bt-ar. The watfr is pure, but
is highly charged with carbonic axid.
Inflammable gas was discovered about
forty years ago in weils around Haarlem
lakes but It had too little Illuminating
power to be of use. Systematic borings ore
now being made for this gas. It comes up
in effervescent sweet water, which is con
ducted under a gas holder, where the gns
is liberated. Each boring yields about six
cubic feet per hour. The slngumr result is
that many North Holland larms, on the
polders below sea level, are, through the
aid of modern incandescent burners, bril
liantly lighted at night by gas.
In a study of the visibility of lights at
sea made by a commission of the German
government, it has been found that a white
light of one-candle power is visible at a
distunce of 2.S00 yards on a clear night, and
at one mile only on a rainy night. When a
white light of one-c.indle pewer was visible
at one mile, one of three-candle pewer was
visible at two miles, of ten-candlo power
at four mile's, and of nine teen-candle power
at five miles. A green light of one-candle
power was seen at eight-tenths of a mile,
and to b. visible at one, two, three and
four miles the candie power must be two,
htucn, lilty-one and 106 respectively.
A case of unusual corrosion of marine
machinery was brought to the notice of the
British Institution of Mechanical Engineers
at its recent meeting at 'Belfast. Ireland.
A steamer, loaded with "burnt ore," was
sunk off the coast of Scotland, and was
under watfctvfor a week. When the vessel
was again Heated, the machinery was
found to present an extraordinary appear
ance, all wrought-lron work being deeply
corroded, and planed cast iron being so suit
as to be easily cut with a knife. As en
gines are generally little injured by sub
mergence, even for a considerable time, it
was evident that there had been some un
usual chemical action. The source of this
was found in the caro, burnt ore being the
residue from the manufacture of vitriol
from sulphur pyrites, and usually contain
ing sulphates of copper and iron. These
salts would react on the chloride of sudium
of sea water to form sulphate of sodium
and chloride of copper, either of which In
solution dissolves wrought Iron or cast
iron.
It. was long ago pointed out by Hellrlegel
that the nodules on the roots of legumin
ous plants contain minute e.rganlsms which
are the active agents in bringing the free
nitrogen of the atmosphere Into action for
the nourishment of the plants. Early this
year Dr. Nobbe. of Tharraud. Saxony, suc
ceeded in producing fairly pure cultures of
this species of organism on a commercial
tcale. The new preparation called "Nltra
gln," is now supplied In bottles, of which
one is said to be sufllclent to inoculate
about half an acre of land. Two methods
of use are suggested. It may bo sprinkled
over the seed in a dilute aqueous solution;
or. with more water added, the solution
may be used to mclsten fifty or sixty
pounds of soil, which on drying may be
sewed evenly over the land and covered to
a depth of about three Inches. The fasci
nating possibilities of this plan of giving
plants power to obtain their own food from
tho uir are naturally attracting the atten
tion of experimental agriculturists. At sev
eral places In CJermany. and at Wobum
and elsewhere in Engand, tests of the
value of nitragln are being made this sea.
son, and we may expect roon to kuow
whether land inoculation is to be the basU
of a new farming.
It is calculated that the cj-clops will be
get 442,000 young in the course of a 5'ear,
states the London Spectator, and the
cetochllus, or "whale food." Is said, even
In the Firth of Forth, to form almost ex
clusively food of the herrings and the
sea-llvlng salmon and salmon trout. Their
existence is one cf the greatest economic
triumphs of nature. They are the creatures
which dispose of the refuse of the world
in the sea, and keep it sweet. Dead veg
etable and animal matter feed these eii
tomostraca, and they are converted with
out further machinery into the food fishes
of the world, or at one remove, whn
these are eaten, r.s food lor other fish, such
as the tunny, the cod and the mackerel,
which follow the herring shoals. Nothing
short of assimilation in the digestive or
gans of fish seems to kill these entomos
traca. Detached and self-supporting, they
wander over the whole ocean, swimming
mainly upon the surface. At times they
descend to the deeps, and this, it is sur
mised, causes the temporary disappearance
of fish which necessarily follow them.
Iheir countless numbers are also recruited
by the microscopic larvae of fixed shells.
The burnacle, for instance, begins life in
this form, taking its place in the ingre
dients of the "sea soup" as a one-eyed
swimming crustacean, then growing a pair
of eyes, and finally settling down as a
fixture in proper barnacle btyle. In rivers
they are almost the sole food of all young
fish, and probably the main resource of the
oldur fish when other supplies fall. In
early spring the creatures In every stage
eggs, larvae and perfect, though micro
scopic, entomostraca swarm In the water,
on the mud and on the water plants. At
such times even trout feed mainly on them.
I.lTEItAIlV NOTES.
Jules Verne's real name is Olchewitz. He
is a native of Warsaw.
The London Globe says that M. Zola's
next romance, "Paris." will not be ready
for fifteen or sixteen months to come.
Ono of the most prolific authors of short
stories In England is Mr. Pctt Ridge, who
in tho five years he has been writing them
has produced 20m, besides a large number of
sketches and dialogues.
Mr. Kipling's new volume of ballads,
"Tho Seven Seas." to be published in Oc-
toler. will contain ome new ballnds as
well as many which have a poured In
periodicals since the publication of his last
book of verse.
A book entitled "The Shadow Christ,"
soon to be published by the Century Com
pany, is so id to treat an old subject with
an eloqueii'.-i .-i;d force unusual in religious
writings K"l the present day. It is a ttudy
of Christ forerunners in the old Testa
ment, wr':t.n by a ycung minister, the
Rev. Ger elu Stanley Lee.
The manuu1pt of "Trilby" is. preserved
in a locked : lu ease in the rooms of the
London Fire Af Society. It is said that
Du Mauricr t-M it for a sum larger than
most au!b rj t:ct for the serial rights cf
a novel. The ?t-iry is written in little exer
cise lKck". but in various handwritings.
Du llaur.fr ha? n pet theory that all mem
bers of hi. faiTiiiy mu.st take part in tho
production cf its v:orks. and each one wrote
at his dictation portions of the remarkable
story.
A visitor tc Wessex, says Temple Bar,
inquired of ;ui old man if he knew Hardy
and rece ive i t! lollowlng "delicious bit of
depreciation ' iu answer: "Oh, the writen
chap. Tu r, .;! some of his works. They
says 'tj ;,1ft. Seems to me 'tis Just
write, '--1uv t s.ttrn' down an writen' and
not u i. n iio!.h n' at arU - What do e do.
I ask Vr? Here 1 I doen more proper
work than Hardy ever did an' they don't
t irk about I an' say. 'There's a great chai.
lik" they do about c."
The autumn list of announcements of
Houghton. Mifflin Jfc Co. contains a numUt
of notable new looks and new editions,
among which may ! mentioned the "Let
ter of Victor Husto," WKlrow Wilson's
"Essays." new and complete editions of
the works of Mrs. Htowe- and Bret Harte,
elaborate illustrated edition of Fluke"
"Ccpe Cod" and new volumes by Dr. Ly
man Abbott. Mr. Aldrich. John Burroughs.
Joel Chandler Harris (Ur.cle Remusi, Henry
James. Miss Jtweit. Miss Phip. Mis
White. Mrs. Whitney and Mrs. Wlggin.
Bret Harte has contrived at last to get &
new and complete library edition of his
works Into shap, and It is to issue from
the Riverside Prefs this nutumn In four
teen handsome volumes. The typography
and mnnufacture generally will Ik ws good
as the publishers can make them, and Mr.
Hart has edited the stories carefully, alllx
lng notes rure and there. He Is brinslng
out a new book at the s.ime time. "A Con
vert of the Mission, un.l Other Stories,"
will contain eight new things. Nothing Is
said about the new poems which wcr
talked of a few months ago.
Tolstoi recently told a French Interview
er that "Alphonse Daudet has a certain
talent; Paul Bourg'et is a brilliant essayist,
but a poor novelist, his head being too
crammed with facts: Marcel iTevost is
worth more than his books, which or 'In
qualitiables. Guy de Maupassant knew
how to tee and teil what he had seen. His
style whs as pure as a precious metal. He
was mlls ahead of Kiaulert. 'Aoliv nnd
everybody. Zola is a diligent and plodding
writer I liked hi Germinal. and 'I a
Terre is a novel of pcanant humanity. As
for 'Lourdes. I Mopped at the hundredth
page and 'Rome' 1 never opened."
A novelette by Richard Wagner, the
great musical composer, entitled "A Pil
grimage to Beethoven," Is announce ! to be
gin with No. 470 of The Oin Court. It is
said to be a sketch of literary power arul
depth of thought, full of humor and varied
artistic interest. In his fictitious discussion
witn Beethoven. Wagner seeks to sup;ort
by the great authority of the Master his
own new and peculiar theories of dramatio
music, the arguments for which he has
probably presented here? In better form
than anywhere else. The picture of Bee
thoven, too. Is finely drawn. This novel
has never appeared in English before, and
us it can only be obtained in the expensive
edition of Wagner's collected works, was
never widely accessible even to the Ger
man public.
AIIOUT PEOPLE AXD THINGS.
General Booth has pressed living picture
into the service jf the Salvation Army at
the great exhibition In London.
Lothair von Fabcr. of the great pencil
making family, of Nuremburg. left at his
recent dath lulf a million dollars to beau
tify the city.
Tho horseless carriage or motcr ou
bus apparently come to stay. A rc cen
sus shows there are already more taun a
thousand of them in use in Paris.
Miss Ellen Arthur, a daughter of th
late President Arthur, has just arrived in
this country after an extended trip in Eu
rope. She will reside at her old home, la
Albany.
VIctoricn Sardou Is now sixty-four years
of age. Hi3 wrinkles and his bald head
show that he is an elderly man, but the
elasticity of his step and the brilliancy of
his eyes are distinctly youthful. Sardou
has made an enormous sum of money as a
playwright.
On Sunday last two weeks ago the Peo
ple's Alimentation Society In Berlin dis
tributed Its millionth meal ticket. In order
to celebrate tho success of the popular un
dertaking, the committee presented tho
fortunate recipient of the millionth with a
souvenir, consisting of a solid silver knife,
fork and spoon.
Eve ry season has a crop of can't phrase
or slang, which quickly die out. This year
the two most quoted expressions are "any
old thing" and "nit." and it Is remarkable
to hear and notice how universal they are
being quite as pat upon the lips of men in
the clubs and fashionable women on hotel
porches ns among the children of tho
slums.
The Empress of Austria has the finest
head of hair of any royal lady In Europe,
and yet it is never vashed! livery day it
is brushed through while a lotion of which
the recipe is Jealously kept) Is employed.
Seven brushes are used one after the other,
so that perfect cleanliness may be insured,
and the operation takes two hours and four
ladhs-ln-vaiting! '
Sims Reeves at the age of seventy-nine,
with his wife and baby! is making a con
cert tour of South Africa. "He hath born
himself bevond the promise of his age; h
hath, indeed, bettered expectation." It wa
Cicero who said: "As I approve of a Youth
that has omethlng of the Old Man in
him, so I am no less pleased with an Old
Man that has something of the Youth."
There is a , story of Lord Russell's ad
dressing a Scotch constituency with a
Scotch accent so badly simulated thst tho
audience hooted him. Whereupon he pulled
out from under bis topcoat a portly bottle
and said: "I may not be able to catch,
your dialect, but I never drink anything
but Scotch whisky." This caught the crowd
and carried the orator through at the polls,
Laurler, the new Canadian Premier,
might have made a fortune and a reputa
tion at the bar, but he rarely goes into
court. He Is poor, and It Is said that If ho
were to die now his estate would not
amount to more than $2.0). He is con
sidered the most pleasing orator In Can
ada, and gained great fame by tho first
speech-he made when he took his seat In
the House of Commons.
A French priest, Father Martin, advances
an extraordinary theory about Zola In a
religious review. He thinks that the di
recting principle of Zola's life Is his love
of animals. He shows a monstrous and
even a sacrilegious sympathy for cats and
dogs. Thev are. he feels, his kindred.. This
accounts for his dwelling, as he does, on
the lowest instincts of man. He can see
the beast in him, but not the angel.
A clergyman, says Iho Comhlll. who had
Just been appointed to a blfhoprie, deter
mined to drive round and leave 1. P. C.
cards with his old parishioners. He had
Just engaged a groom, fresh from a racing
stable, and before starting he ordered thw
new servant to go Into tho house and fetch
tho cards. Every time that the carriag
stopped the groom was ordered to get down
and leave one or two of the cards. At the
last house the bishop said: "Leave two
cards here. James." ."I can't, my lord
was the reply, "there's only the ace of
spades left!"
This story is told of Professor Herkomer.
His aged father, who lives with him in his
splendid home at Bushey, used to model in
clay In his early life. He has recently
taken to It again; but his fear is that soon
his hands will lose their skill and his work
will show the marks of imperfection. It U
his one sorrow. At night he goes to his
early rest, and when he has gone Herko
mer the talented son. goes into the studio,
take's up his father's feeble attempts and
makes the work as beautiful as art can
make it. When the old man cornes down
in the morning he takes the work.and looks
at It and rubs his hands and says: "Hal
I can do as well as ever I did."
Young Lochlnvar came out of the west.
With a gold brick concealed in the folds
of his vest
Came out of the west and was very much
pleased
With the pudding he had getting Into the
3Bt" Detroit Tribune.
There ore no friends like the old friends
We knew so hmg ago;
They never fail to tell us all
We elo not care to know.
They tell us we are getting bald:
They s.'ty. "You're very gray,"
Or. "GoodiHss. but you've changed a lot
Since you we re young find gay."
Chicago Record.
.SHREDS AMI PATCHES.
Appendicitis is getting old fashioned. The
farmers are getting it. Atchison GKbc.
Such help as we can give each other In
this world is a debt to each other. Ruskln.
The man who actually catches a big fish
enjoys it as long a& he lives. Galveston
News.
The top round of the ladder is an imagin
ary one: nolody has ever reached it yet.
Texas Sifter.
er.e star differs from another star, but
the baldheaded man is willing to take them
us they come. Galveston News.
It may become necessary to pass an or- e
dinance forbidding bicycles to cross one
another at grade. Chicugo News.
"There is something wrong with my
met.r," soliloquized the poet. "There are
too many feet in lL" Aud he put the bill

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