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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL. MONDAY. AUGUST 31, 1893.
TTI V 11 TI V TOTTllrY AT1 's- aS. - I MONDAY. AUGUST 31, im TV'sbintton Office UI3 PenusjUscia Avenue Tfleittionc C'nltN. Business oface 23S Editorial rooms... .A M TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. DAILY IX Y MAIL. Ds.il y only, one month tally only, thrte months Dally only, tn ye-x Pally, including sun lay, one year Bun lay only, one ye.r .1 .TO . 8.00 . n. . 2.00 WHEN FURNISHED BY AGENTS. Dally. per TveX by carrier r Sunday, l:;i.i copy cls Pally and Sunday, per week, by carrier. ...J) cts WilEKLY. , Per year 51.C0 j Rrdnred Rates to Club. Subscribe with any nf our numerous agents or end subscri; dlona to the JOl'ItNAL. .NEWSPAPER C()3Il'AXY, Indlunupolls, Ind. Person wen-line the Journal through the malls In the United SUt-3 should put on an eiht-page paper a ONC-.EJT i-osUKe stamp: on a twelve cr slxte-n-i-axe Va;r a Ttt'u-CKNT pottage itcmp. l-'oren postig. U usually double these rate. All communication lntenld for publication In this paper rauhl, jn order to receive attention, be accompanied Ly th name and tddrr.? or the writer. THE IMil.WALJOLIS JOIRNAL Cai be found at the following places: NEW YORK Windsor Hotel and Astor House. CIIICAGO-ralmer House and P. O. News Co., tl Adams street. CINCINNATI J. R. Hawley & Co., 114 Vine street. 2yM:isVir.L,E C. T. Deerlng. northwest corner of Third and Jefferson streets, and Louisville Rook Co.. Zii P'ourth avenue. 6T. LOUIS Union News Company. Union Depot. .WASHINGTON. D. C Rices Hour. Ebbitt House, Wlllard's Hotel and the. Washington News Exchange, Fourteenth street, between I'enn. avenue and F street. NOTICE TO AGESTS. Order for extra pupcr dnrlna thin vreek of the National Democratic coa entlon all on Id be sent In by ajcnt early, so that they may be promptly and satisfactorily lllled. MEANING OF FREE COINAGE. It mem the dehaemrnt or oar earreacy to the amount of the differ nee between the commercial mid cola value of the silver dollar, which Is ever chanjrlns;, and tbe. effect .would be to reduce property -value. entail nntold financial loss, destroy confidence. Impair the obllautlous of existing contracts, further Impover ish the laborers and producers of the country, create a panic of unparal leled severity and Inflict upon trade and commerce a deadly blovr. To any such polley I am aaalterably op posed. -William McKinley. There would be no silver Issue but for ' the silver mine owners. "The prospect or Republican success never discourages business." Benjamin Harrison. Senator Hill Is deliberating whether he shall not revise his declaration, to read I am a Popocrat." The prospects of Republican success never did disturb the business of the coun try." General Harrison. Til commercial traveling men of Chicago ecm to know an advance agent of pros perity when they see him. After an event the historic parrot re marked to himself that he talked too much. Air. Bryan will be forced to that conclusion later on. . Now and then Mr. Bryan utters a sen tence which would lead ono to suspect that he Is disposed to steal the role of the pitchfork statesman. After Its experience, one might think that the Sentinel would cease printing the names of alleged Republicans who are Bryanites. It would If it were not running wild. Word comes from the Ninth district that Mr. Cheadle Is practically declaring that ' he i3 a Democrat; but the seasoned Demo cat does not tato the Democracy of the Vintage of 1S1W. The statement that J12.100.000 of gold Is on Its way to this country, and that the im- portatlon, before a month has passed, will reach J20.000.ooo. will cause grei.t indigna tion among the Popocratlc orators. . Vhen Mr. Bryan tells the American peo ple that money .nay be too good he in sults them. No money, not even gold and Rs equivalent, is too good for a nation with such a past behind it and such a future be fore it. "I am quite as much opposed to cheapen ing tho American worklngman and work ing woman as I am to cheapening our dol lars. I am quite. as strongly in favor of. keeping a day's labor at home as I am a gold dollar." General Harrison. The Rushville Democratic editor who has turned the congressional nomination over to his ranting Populism competitor has dis played commendable prudence, as he will be in a position to refuse to do a lot of printing for which he would receive no compensation. The Journal hopes that Chairman Holt will see to it that Indiana Is not deprived cf Its fair share of Bryan speeches. The Republicans are sure of the State without such assistance, but we in Indiana desire all the help that the brethren in other States have. Following the canvass of several facto ries, that of the Lemcke building is signifi cant. Of 2JJ occupants, 1S3 declared for McKinley. 19 for the sound-money Demo crats and 13 for Bryan. The remainder are undecided, except two. who would not ex press a preference. Politics not only makes strange bed-fol-lews, but it sometimes puts a fellow out of a comfortable bed. A year ago, If these distinguished Democrats from other States had visited Indianapolis. Governor Mat thews would have been the first to do them honor. Now but why dwell on a painful topic? To settle for itself the authenticity of an alleged editorial from the London Flnan- ciai iews wnicn iree-suver papers are 1 ! t printing, the Literary Digest sent the clip ping to the office of the London paper. asking for the date of the editorial. The reply was: "We beg to return your cutting which you forwarded us, and to say that no such article ever appeared In the Finan cial News." It is printed with that credit In a campaign supplement circulated by the Indianapolis Sentinel. Ex-President Harrison said. In his recent rpeechln New York: "I have never had so much retoect for Democrats as I have' -' yiiif r t tar r minv Drmnrnti: mr t .(r - - ... have now." Of course, he referred to tho t-v i 1 T I publicans feel the same way. They are somewhat surprised to see that there are so many Democrats ready to place coun- try above party and abandon their party organization when it abandons principle. Democrats are setting an example which Republicans should remember and imitate if events should ever require them to rise above party. GERMAN - AM E R I C A N S AMI rROSPER- ITV. Mr. McKlnley's speech to a visiting dele gation of German-American3 was an elo quent tribute to their patriotism, and his portraiture of thoir many good qualities as citizens was none too strongly drawn. It is true, as he said, that in every crisis German-Americans as a class have stood for the financial honor and integrity of the government, opposing inflation and re pudiation in whatever form they have pre sented themselves. There is reason to believe that the In stinctive love of German-Americans for honest finance and sound money will lead them to espouse the riht side in the pres ent contest, but there Is another reason why they should do so. As believers in whatever contributes to material prosper ity and Increases the opportunities of mak ing money, German-Americans should be in favor of protection. This policy has been tried in Germany as well as the United States, and in both countries with equally good results. The experience of this coun try Las demonstrated conclusively that protection and prosperity are synonymous. and that every movement towards free trade or low tariff brings business disaster. If there was any doubt about It before the ohleet lesson of the ast few years has removed It. It only needs to be studied. But if any German prefers to profit from the experience of the fatherland he can have the game le?son there. Germany was never as prosperous as it is at present. During the last few years there has been a marked subsidence of social unrest and discontent among the working classes in that country. There aro fewer labor strikes there than in any other great in dustrial country; the relations between em ployers and employed arts more cordial and amicable: there is less friction between capital and labor, and a more widespread feeling of contentment. Ouier causes may have contributed to this result, but pro tection is the chief one. During the eight years which followed the establishment cf the empire Germany languished under free trade. Tho adoption of protection marked the beginning of an era of Industrial pros perity tho most remarkable In the modern history of Europe. In the last fifteen years Germany has become a changed country. Protection has increased and multiplied the facilities for making a livelihood. It has diversified industries and widened tne range of employment. It has raised the standard of labor and Imparted an upward tendency to wages. It has converted Ger many into one of the busiest modern in dustrial hives. It has brought a great ex tension of her foreign trade and made her tho chief competitor of England in the markets of the world. policy which has done so much for the land of their birth and the land of their adoption has double claims for the support of German-Amer icans. With protection and sound mcney, or as Mr. McKinley puts it, "an honest dollar and a chance to earn it," we may imrt n. return of Drosperlty. and when it comes no one need doubt that our Ger man citizens will get their share of It. AX APPROPRIATE DEVICE. In selecting the portrait of Jefferson as the device for their ticket the sound-money Democrats have probably acted wisely. Other appropriate devices might have been found, but perhaps none more so than this. Besides being distinctive it will have the merit of originality and wjll serve as a re minder that the new organization stands for the old principles. Jefferson had some vagaries, but he was eminently sound on the money question. Not being a rascal he was not III lav Ul vl - ulsiiuiicsi " he knew enough of history and financial principles to know that a debased currency or a fluctuating standard of value was one of the most effective means ever discovered for the Impoverishment and demoralization of a people. He was most determinedly op posed to fiat money In any form and to any kind of money except gold or that which was par with gold. Although not a member of the convention which framed the Constitution, being absent from the country, at the time, he heartily approved the action of the convention In striking out a clause which gave Congress power to pmlt Mils on tho credit of the United States," and confined Its power to borrow ing money on the credit of the United States, which carried with it power either to issue government notes, not transferable as currency, or bonds. But Jefferson held that if for any reason the government is sued notes they should be redeemed as soon as possible, either out of the general reve nue or by special taxation for that purpose. He had a horror of irredeemable currency and of any attempt to impart value to money by legislation or government fiat. When Hamilton made his report on the es tablishment of a mint Mr. Jefferson, then Secretary of State, heartily concurred with him that the legal ratio between gold and silver should be as nearly as possible the ratio of their market values. In his "Notes on the establishment of a money mint," he said: "The proportion between the values of gold and silver is a mercantile problem altogether. Just principles will lead us to disregard legal proportions altogeth er; to Inquire into the market prica of gold in the several countries with which we shall principally le connected in commerce. and to take an average from them. One can easily Imagine how shocked Jefferson would have been by a suggestion that In fixing the ratio between gold and silver coins the market price of gold and silver bullion should be entirely disregarded, or that the United States should prove its in dependence of other nations by establish ing a monetary system on entirely new principles. But if he would have been shocked at the suggestion that the market price of gold and silver would have nothing to do with determining the coinage ratio, what would he have thought of tho declara tion in the Chicago platform that "all pa per money shall be issued directly by the Treasury Department and that such money be made legal tender for all debts public and private? There was no insane asylum in the United States at that time, but no doubt Jefferson would have thought a person who made such a suggestion a fit subject for one. Altogether there seems eminent fitness in adopting the picture of Jefferson as the election device of the National Democratic party. No doubt if he could be communl cated with hq-Would, give his cordial as- sent and wish the greatest possible Sue oeo -, .si.Arvin TV, rnnntrv will Vw none the worse for a survival of true Jef fcrsonian Democracy. It would be a good antidote for Bryanlcm. A DECLINE IN SILVER. Silver bullion, which was well up toward 70 cents an ounce two weeks ,ago, has gradually fallen the past ten days to cents on Saturday. Mr. Bryan's attention should be called to this last decline in tho white metal; he will doubtless charge it upon the "crime of 1ST3" rather than upon the overproduction caused by the introduc tion of machinery Into the silver mining industry. Prior to the Democratic national convention bar silver was quoted in Lon don at C2 pence an ounce, or a little over C4 cents. When it was known that the Chicago convention would bft controlled by the silver people, speculators borrowed money with which they purchased silver bullion and awaited a rise. It did rise for a time, but not to the extent that the pur chasers expected. Soon silver bullion came to a standstill and the gentlemen who thought to make a good thing found them selves embarrassed with, heavy stocks of white m&tal and the interest on the loans with which it was purchased. Consequent ly, they began to put their bullion upon the market, which caused the present de cline. When the American operators shall have unloaded prices may recover a little, but tho decline in the face of the cam paign for the free coinage of silver Indi cates that among the large body of men who are of a speculative turn there is not any general confidence in the success of Mr. Bryan. If there was such confi dence, silver bullion would certainly rise considerably above the present figures, and rise continually until the election. Tho truth is, speculators see no chances worth taking based upon the election of William J. Bryan. In that connection, it may be noted that tho intrinsic value of our silver dollar has fallen from G3 to 51 cents. If we were on a silver basis, the silver dollar which would measure values would now have 4 per cent, less purchasing power than It had three weeks ago. If It were applied to a yard stick It would now be a little over 2V inches Instead of the 36 Inches of a month ago. PREACHING VIOLENCE. A correspondent In Winchester, who is one of those who find statements In Mr. Bryan's speeches which prove his unfitness for the position for which he has been named, calls attention to the following ut terance in the speech delivered at Knowles ville. N. Y.: The promulgation of the gold standard is an attack upon your homes and your fire sides and you have as much right to resist It a3 to resist an army marching to tako your children captive and burn the roof over your head. Commenting on the foregoing quotation from the Bryan speech, the Winchester correspondent says: What rights would a man have if an army were marching to take his children captive and burn his roof over his head? He would have the right to defend his children and his home. This right is the law of In stinct and is a recognized right in every country under the sun. And in such a de fense a man may shoot and shoot to kill. or use any deadly weapon with which he can make the most successful defense. Then, according to Mr. Bryan's logic, any one who is opposed to the gold standard has the right to shoot or kill any other person who is attempting to promulgate the trold standard! He has the same right to do this he would have to defend his children or his home. But thi3 to not surprising, as it is only in keeping with the Chicago platform on which Mr. Bryan is running, and he has been careful to repeat recently that he Is in favor of every word of the platform. It Is no misnomer to call Mr. Bryan an An archist. The words of the Popocratlc candidate can bear no other interpretation than that which is given above. They contain no con tingency which will enable his adroit de fenders to offer an explanation which can lessen the enormity of the Bryan declara tion. It 13 more than a threat to over throw the government should those who favor sound money carry the election; it Is a declaration to the effect that men who appear to "promulgate" or advocate the gold standard may be resisted and silenced by force. No Anarchist has ever more boldly advocated violence to overthrow law and order than has Mr. Bryan in this ad vice which he gave to the thousands who listened to him in Knowlesvllle, N. Y. It may be urged in extenuation of the dec laration quoted that Mr. Bryan does not mean it that he is unfortunate in his lan guage. ir such an excuse is made for him. i U A. .-. . 1. 1 . - muftu vriu raaxe n coniess mat ne is a thoughtless babbler a veritable blather skite. The issue of "Sound Currency" of Aug. 1 gives the coinage and currenrv bi.- witn tne dates or their enactment. nt course those which have been repealed are given as well as those which are in force. On Page 17 the following condensation ap pears: Section 3S6 (1S73). Section 13. Thi silver coins or the united States shall be a legal tender at their nominal value for an amount not exceeding o In one payment. Alter the word dollars there is a figure calling attention to a foot note, which de clares that the amount was changed so that such coins shall be a legal tender for. 510, and that the act of Feb. 23, 1S78, re stored the legal tender quality of silver dollars and provided for their coinage by the government. The section in full 13 given on Page 13, where the silver coins are specified as the trade dollar, the half dollar, the quarter dollar and the dime. On Page IS Is given the act of Feij. 2S, providing for the coinage of bilvcr dollars, known as the Bland-Allison act, in which it i3 declared that such dollars "shall be a legal tender for all debts and dues, public and private." Nevertheless, Bryanites have singled out this condensed section of the act of 1573 to show that all silver was deprived of legal tender by that act, and that It Is now the law. It furnishes another specification to sustain the charge that the Bryanites who make use of this fraud are intentionally dishonest. . t The Louisville Courier-Journal has infor mation that the Ohio Falls Car Manufac turing Company, at Jeffersonville, will sus pend operations within two weeks, owing to the depression of business, caused by the free-silver agitation. The company, in times of prosperity, has afforded employ ment to as many as 2.300 persons at once. though lately it has only been employing a few hundred. In 1SP3 over 2.C0O men earned good wages at the car works, but the company has not had an order in two rronths. Many railroad companies which had Intended to purchase cars were forced to abandon buying, and some that have bought are unable to pay. J. D. Stewart. first vice president and treasurer of the company, who is a student of finance, made the following statement for the Courier- Journal: We bellevo the depression grows irectlv out of the lack of confidence upon the part of Investors generally. ine industrial his capital was comi' to us to develop the great natural resources of the country la- t bcr was fully employed and times were good. As on Illustration, take the pirchas ing power of the 1-jOO.OOO or $700,000 In wages this company formerly distributed annu ally. It meant prosperity to all the mer chants of Jeffersonville and vicinity. And what is true of this community -is true of every other community in the country wherein is located an Industrial establish ment. But the trouble now is that capital has been withdrawn from the channels of trade, credits are more closely scanned, uo new enterprises are being started, and those in operation are not being worked to their full capacity. Thi condition has pre vailed for three years pas,t. During the spring and summer of last year things took a start, and for some tlx or eight months it looked as though they would gradually work back to old conditions. But then this silver agitation began in the s-pring of this year, since which time we have had all agitation and no business. As a matter of course, the home demand for all products of the farm has been ma terially reduced, on account of the loss of purchasing power of hundreds of thousands of industrial workers now idle. This has caused slow rrarkets ?nd low price4, which, in turn, lias reacted upon the industrial sit uation, reducing the demand for new cars, etc. When it is considered that the amount of wages withheld from this community by reason of the stoppage of the car works alone is ?2,0X) per day, an idea can quickly be formed of how the loss runs into mil l.ons for the whol 'country. Once remove the f far upon the part of the lnvestcrs that obligations m ast b'pald In depreciated money, and from that mo ment the sentlrmnt will change. Then the workshops, which have been idle for lack cf orders, will begin to fill up. and when the tlousands to whom they will give fresh em ployment filters through Into general busi ness it will be only a question of a short time when the whole situation will present a new aspect. The Greencastle Banner-Times quotes high sliver authority to prove that the act of 1S73 did not demonetize silver. In 1S7G a commission was appointed under a Joint resolution of Congress to Investigate and report upon the silver question. The com mission embraced Senator Jones of Nevada, "Silver Dick" Bland of Missouri, Hon. W. S. Groesbeck of Ohio, Hon. George S. Bout- well and others. Senator Jones was chair man of the commission and drew up tho majority report, which .was signed by fivo members of the commission, including him self and Bland. The report says, Page SS: The act of Feb. 12. 1573. above referred to. is a long act of sixty-seven sections, regu lating all the details of the mint. It does not demonetize the old silver dollar or any of the silver coins of standard weight prior to Again, on Page S9: The act of Feb. 12. 1S73, did not demone tize or affect in any manner the legal-ten der functions of tho full-weighted silver coins that had been minted prior to its. passage, but the eventeenth section de prived silver bullion of its right of being coined into full legal-tender money on either government or private account. This official report by Senator Jones and other prominent silver men ought to be sufficient proof that the act of 1S73 did not demonetize silver. All it did was to stop the coinage of silver dollars, but the act of 1S78 directed their coinage to be resumed and reinvested them with full legal-tender quality. Not a dollar was demonetized. In a certain sense the visitors who will be In the city during the coming week to at tend the Democratic convention will be tht guests of the city. This being the case, courtesy demands that the tickets to the hall should be accorded to those who come a long distance to attend the meeting. Consequently residents of the city should not press those who have the distribution of the tickets for admissions. There should be no occasion for the visitors to complain that the citizens of Indianapolis filled the hall to the exclusion of visitors from a dis tance. Tho Sentinel gets clear down on a level with crossroads, patent-inside, free-silver sheets by publishing three more forgeries, including the exploded "Hazard circular," s.iid to have been issued in 1SC2, the bogus "bank circular," which has been exposed to often, and the so-called "panic bul letin," alleged to have been Issued by the Bankers' Association in 154)3. These for geries are almost as stale as "the moon hoax." but they fit In very well with tho free-silver campaign of education. Durincr the Past two weeks the short ad dresses which Major McKinley makes from his doorstep to his visitors have con tributed muchr to the Republican cause. These addresses abound in sound sense and sparklo with epigrammatic sentences, which the American people keenly relish. Simple in expression and clean-cut in opin ion, they constitute a contrast to the wordy and often meaningless speeches of Mr. Bryan. The only charge tho Popocrats bring against our present money is that it is too good. "Money may be too good," says Mr. Bryan in several of his speeches; "so good that you may long for it and pray for it. but cannot get It." No kind of money can be got by longing and praying for it. How ever cheap or abundant it may be made, it can only be got by working for it, and the Bryan plan holds out no prospect of work. Mr. McKlnley's great letter of accept ance and' General Harrison's great speech coming almost simultaneously mark a turning point In the campaign. Both are splendid campaign documents, and their effect is already felt In increased confi dence and activity of the friends of sound money. Thirty-seven States have already elected delegates to the National Democratic con vention, and four more will elect to-day. Only four States will not be represented In the convention. And yet the Cincinnati Enquirer and the Indianapolis Sentinel are vehemently insisting that the convention will bo in the nature of a fizzle. A Pittsburg paper sajs a contract has been concluded with a syndicate of capi talists to build a costly plant for the pur pose of manufacturing Swedish blocms, bi cycle tubing and steel, with this conditional clause: "All agreements In this contract to be null and vofd'should William J. Bryan be elected President of the United States." "There were giants in those days." and so there are Republican giants in these days, evidence of which is found In the letter of Major. McKinley and the speeches of General Harrison and Speaker Reed de livered the past week. The three will be given in the Indiana Journal of this week. DIBBLES IX THE AIR. Ills Platform. "Rastus, are you in favor of 1C to l?" "Mlstah Brown, I Is strickly in favah of lo to 12." It was more than an hour before th sup posed superior Intellect of the Caucasian grasped the fact that 15 to 12 did not differ materially from 11:41. No Advantage to Him. "Well, you don't have to hustle quite as hard as you did a few weeks ago," said the loquacious citizen to the iceman. "No." said the toiler, "but the work is harder. As the weather gits colder ice weighs a heap more to tho pound." One for the Effete East. Western If the West is so far behind the East Intellectually, pray how do you ac- ccunt for the greater popularity of all edu cational movements In the West? Eastman Er why I suppose thnt sort of thing is still a novelty to you people, don't ycu know? Great "Will Power Required. "It must take great strength of mind for a man to say to a girl that he loves her too much to think of asking her to marry him." "It must. In addition to sacrificing his own happiness he knows that the girl thinks he Is a liar." INDIANA NEWSPAPER OPINION. The Republican platform stands for the country's currency as It now circulates. Martinsville Republican. Bryan is making his campaign a test of endurance and wind. He has the latter but the former Is beginning to weaken. Peters burg Press. Tho Republican campaign of education Is having its effect in curing many afflicted with the free-silver complaint. South Bend Courier. The people have found that a little "tar iff reform" goes a mighty long way with them towards the poor house. Kendall ville Standard. The only way the worklngman can be benefited by the free silver coinage is for him to get possession of a silver mine. Goshen Times. Free trade brought business to Its present deplorable condition. Free silver would cause far more distress than free trade has done. North Vernon Reporter. The establishment of free trade four years ago can truthfully be called the crime of &2. and the effort to bring untold misery and bankruptcy on the country is the crime of 'to Fowler Republican Era. The more the worklngman ponders over the problem of how he is to be benefited by doubling the wealth of the silver mine owners the less he will be able to solve it. Knightstown Sun. The Populists make a great fuss about watering titock by corporations. They pro pose to water silver by making 31 cents worth of it pass for loo cents. That is 49 per cent, of water. Princeton Clarion. Governor Matthews somo days ago said that the sound-money Democratic vote of this State for a separate ticket would not reach 2,000. It will go far beyond that number in this district alone. Muncie News. Tho free silver craze has driven more money out of 6ight and destroyed more confidence than anything that has hap pened to this country since the day our Independence was declared. Mount Vernon Republican. McKlnley's letter and Harrison's speech ccme like shots from sixty-four pounders in battle. Their logic Is Irresistible to any person whose mind is capable of compre hending it and in a frame to receive the truth. Richmond Palladium. No reasonable farmer can expect to buy farm machinery at half price and sell his produce at double price in the same kind of money. And yet that Is what Mr. Bry an and his followers are trying to make the farmers bellsve. Attica Ledger. When each worklngman of this country, no matter what his vocation, gets a guar anty that he will get $2 in wages under a silver standard for every dollar he gets to-day, then he may vote for such a stand ard. Morristown Argus. The great letter of William McKinley and the great speech of Benjamin Harrison have efftectively brought the truth home to all thinking people, iach Is a masterpiece, letter and speech, superb, magnificent. Kokomo Tribune. Let us employ what money we have now, and. If business demands a larger circula tion, more can be added, but whatever we do, let us not debase the currency in which we transact business. No good can come of it, but harm to everybody. Muncie Times. Tho colt that swam the river to get a drink of water was the embodiment of wis dom compared with the man who can be taken In by the free-silver promises of the Democrats this year, after being deceived with free trade four years ago. Rockport Journal. The character of a man can best be Judged by the compafy he keeps, and when Bryan indorses the Anarchistic utterances of Altgeld and the rebel spleen of Tillman he prostitutes himselv to their level and confesses himself as unworthy as they of public confidence or public trust. Lafay ette Courier. Thoughtful people are realizing that some other cause than the so-called "crime of 73" is at the root of our financial and in dustrial woes, for the most prosperous dec tide In our history was that from 1880 to 11V0, followed by the marvelous year 1SD2. Sey mour Republican. There is absolutely nothing standing in the way of prosperity except the effort to debase the currency and to continue to withhold revenue from the government and protection from languishing industries until that debasement is consummated. Owen County Journal. Set the wheels of industry in motion and the wheels of commerce will start. Restore confidence and these wheels will turn, and the farmer will at once feel the influence in the greater demand for his products and in the better prices he would receive for them. Middletown News. Under a Republican tariff the production of wool was one of the most profitable in dustries of the country, but to-day, as the result of the assaults upon It by the free traders of whom Bryan was ono of the noisiest and most vindictive it has dwindled to contemptible proportion. Mount Vernon Sun. The calling in of loans, the discovery of those having small accumulations In banks or building associations that their riches had been depreciated one-half, and the many other evils which would follow the success of free coinage, would soon af ford evidence that times can be worse. Franklin Republican. Let the free-silver craze be entombed so deep this fall that its advocates will not even hear the loudest blast of Gabriel's .trumpet. Then prosperity will crown our country and every laborer will get his hon est dollar of paper, silver or gold, as he has been getting, and the silver craze will never be heard of again. Vlncennes Com mercial. Prices taken without relation to wages mean nothing. Low prices will do us no good if we have no work and no money with which to buy anything, and free trade means no work and money whether it means low prices or not. Higher prices will do us no good if there is nobody to buy our goods, and with factories shut down and people out or worK, neitner tne iarmer nor any one else has a market for his goods. Columbus City Mall. If every merchant and manufacturer who believes his business would be injured by a debasement of the currency, and every wage-earner who knows that free coinage would double his living expenses without giving him any compensation in the way cf an increase of wages, would ally himself with a club formed for the purpose of pro moting the cause of honest money, national prosperity and good government, the ef fect would be far-reaching. Wabash Plain Dealer. The people of Gas City and Jonesboro do not have to go away from home to secure the hardest and most convincing arguments that even the prospect of free silver and a cheap dollar are having a blighting effect on the manufacturing industries of the country. Tho factories right in our m'.dst and upon which we base our local pros perity are either closed entirely or are running just force enough to fill orders that are coming In. Not a factory in the two towns is making a cent's worth of stock for future sales. Gas City Journal. ABOV'T PEOPLE AND THINGS. Mlss Marie Corelll is entertaining a party of ladv grouse shooters at Kllllecrankle. Perthshire, Scotland. They are all said to be having "good sport." Moody has made it known that he will largely withdraw from usual evangelistic work and devote himself to furnishing th 750.('0O prisoners in the United States with tood literature, chiefly religious. Every morning Prince Bismarck, when he leaves his bed, weighs himself on a pair cf scales and enters hi3 weight in a special diary. In 1S79 he turned the scale at 242 pounds, but he has now reduced himself to about 200 pounds. An interesting comment is this of Mr. Gladstone's on the activities of Ll Hung Chang: "I have followed his recent prog It ss about the country, and what seems to me so remarkable is that he should have the physical strength to endure such a tout. Ihe late Shah of Persia became very much fatigued when he was here, and I remem ber on the occasion of a visit to Windsor that I came across him fast asleep." The statue of Edgar Allen Po, which Is to bo set up in Bronx Park. New York, by the Shakspeare Society, shows the pot seated in an armchair, in meditation, with a raven at his feet. The statue Is of heroio size and will rest on a granite pedestal. President White's farewell address to the students of Cornell University was replete with common sense, but there was one bit of advice which was pre-eminently sound. "Do not try to be smart." he ?ald. "but do everything that comes to your lot in a faithful and satisfactory manner." The London World says: "The Queen is in excellent health and spirits, and has teen scarcely at all troubled with rheuma tism for several months past. All the gos sip about her Majesty's having recently contemplated 'abdicating' is simple non sense." Mrs. Henry Ward Beecher has Just en tered upon her eighty-fifth year, and is remarkably well preserved and vigorous. All the little adornments of her toilet ara the work of her own hands, the graceful lace caps trimmed with ribbons, and soft, fleecy lace arranged at the neck and wrists. Mrs. Sarah Malloy. who Is one of the three Republican presidential electors of the State of Wyoming, is the wife of Law rence Malloy, superintendent of the Wy oming division of the Union Pacific rail way, with headquarters at Cheyenne. She is a native of Ohio, has lived in Wyoming since 1S70, is very domestic in her tastes, is a model housewife and dislikes notoriety. Her husband is a strong Democrat and Jokingly says that he has been throwing away his vote ever since his marriage, for Mrs. Malloy is a Republican, and. as a citizen of Wyoming, has the right to vote. Her husband is known by every section man, brakeman. conductor and engineer on the line as "Larry," and his wife will. It is said, get many a complimentary vote from good Democratic railroad men. "In the days of his boyhood." says tho Boston Transcript, "Edwin Winter, who re cently purchased the entire line of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, Its bonds, stocks, leases and branch lines for $13,000,000, and has Just been elected its pres ident under the reorganization, lived in Campton Village, N. H.. his father being a native of that tow n. hen Ldwin was in his teens the family moved West, and there he worked as a clerk in a Chicago grain house and later entered the employ of a Western railroad contractor as clerk. Come, Johnny, bring "your playthings and nut them all away. And take vour father's dinner. He can't come home to-day. He has too much on hand for that, for he hiiR e-nt to mix With other people on the street and argue politics. unicago Record. SmSBSBSSSSSSSSSBBSBSBSBSBSBSBSBBSBSSBBSSSBSBSBSSSBBSBSSSSSBSSB' CURRENT MAGAZINES. In the September Cosmopolitan Mrs. Lew Wallace has a pleasant chapter of recol lections of the late William Wetmore Story, the sculptor. A readable chapter of remlnlscenses of the "Personal Side of Dickens." by Stephen Fiske. is one of the features of the Sep tember Ladies' Home Journal. The illustrations of the summer number of Modern Art include a facsimile by chromollthography of a print from wooden blocks, some specimens of artistic book binding, a heliotype from a painting by Miss Moes, a Dutch artist of high reputa tion. A feature of the number is a paper by Louis 1'rang, on lithography. The Illustrated Monthly Magazine num ber of the Outlook, which is the regular is sue for Aug. 29, contains an arcount, by Col. Fred Grant, of General Grant's visit to China in 1S79 and his acquaintance with LI Hung Chang, Viceroy. Other features of this number are a sketch of Moody, the evangelist, and a paper on "Higher Life of St. Louis." ' The September Harper gives a good deal of space to fiction. Mark Twain's "Tom Sawyer, Detective," is brought to a con clusion, also Mitchell's "Two Mormons from Muddlety." There are several short stories, one, by Octave Thanet, being of an unusually grisly sort, describing, as it does, the killing of fifteen or twenty Indians by one blow, so to speak. If Wood row Wilson, who is contributing to Harper's, has found nothing new in his siudy of the part taken by General Wash ington in public affairs after the close of the revolutionary war, he has at least pre sented his facts in a new relation to each other and succeeded In acWlnc an Interest ing and valuable chapter to the biography or tne great American. "A Marital Liability" Is the title of Ellz abeth Phipp Train's novel in the September Lipplncott. It is a well-told talo based on an improbable Incident that of a man who suDmus to an imprisonment or ten years on a charge or embezzlement of funds be longing to his wire s father in order to shield an unloved wife, who is really the guilty person, a protest in the same num ber against unsought "company" will com mend itself to the many persons whose time is too valuable to be wasted In ob servance or social conventionalities. Among the attractions cf the September St. Nicholas is a biographical sketch of Joseph Francis, inventor of the lifecar for saving people from shipwreck, and founder of the life-saving service of the United States and other nations. He was a man 1 a .. wno receiveu iaray nonor rrom nis own government, though long ago nobly recog nized in foreign lands. He died three years ago at the age of nlnetv-two. In iso a beautiful medal, the most costly one ever bestowed by the United States government upon an American citizen, was formally presencea to mm uy 1'resiaent fiarrlson. A good deal of rpace Is devoted to cur rent American politics by the September Review of Reviews. Theodore Roosevelt writes of the three vice presidential candi dates and what they represent. Dr. Charles B. Spahr. of New York, and Prof. J. Laurence Laughiin. of Chicago. Dresent. respectively, the negative and affirmative sides of the question. "Would American Free Coinage Double the Price of Silver in tno Markets cf the World?" Henry D. noya writes or the Populist, at St. Louis Whether or not the art of driving can be learned from a book is a question, but at . a w V V a -v a- . leasi r.ir. nenry tmius Merwm makes a very readable and what seems to be an in structlve article on tho subject in Harper's me t V i a a iagazme. mciaeniaiiy, ne makes one statement which will strike many Ameri can readers with surprise. He says that the English "are almost entirely unnrac- tlced In the fine art of driving single horses and pairs. They have no trotters, scarce ly any fast roadsters, and the dog-cart, which they usually employ wi a single horse. Is very heavy, weighing from four to six hundred pounds, so that it is not adapted for quick work, or even for long distances. Posters have arrived at the dignity of having a periodical exclusively devoted to them. Poster Lore is the title of a diminu tive magazine, all of whose contents relate to the development of the modern art pos ter. "The mission of art," says one con tributor, "is to tell truth by symbols, and no chains of convention may hamper its creative workers. Art should be subserv ient only to tho highest ends of life. If the art of the poster is not all this at the present time it gives promise of frultful ness In that direction, and the publication of pesters without lettering, already com menced. Is earnest of the emancipation. As its acceptance gain3 ground the crudities of undisciplined talent will disappear, for this work like the decoration of a Greek vase, calls for perfected knowledge." Illus trations of a wild and v.eird. but fio doubt artistic, character are a feature of the magazine, which is published in Kansas City. Mo., by Frederick Thoreau Singleton. "The Wonderful New Eye of Science." of which Camllle Flammarlon talks In the Cosmopolitan, is the improved photographic camera used in connection with the tele scope. "With the new Improvements," he says, "photography takes distinctly the Image of each star, whatever its distance from us, fixes it on a document which may be studied at leisure. Who can tell but that one day. In the photographic views of Venus or Mars, a new method of analysis may enable us to discover their inhabi tants. And this power extends to Infinite space. Here, for example, is a star of the fifteenth, the sixteenth, the seventeenth magnitude, a sun like ours, so distant from us that its light takes thousands. perhaps millions of years to reach us. notwithstanding that it travels with the Inconceivable rapid ity of three hundred thousand kilometers a fpcond. and this sun is so far off In apace that its light never reaches us; still more, the natural eye of man would never have seen it. the human mind would never have divined Its existence without the instru ments of modern optics. And yet this faint light, coming from so far. suffices to im vit&s a chemical plate, which retains Us Image unalterably. Thu. this new y which trar.rpcrts us across ppace alM en ables us to retrace the stag.s of a pft eternity." BRYAN'S IGNORANCE. IIIi Rldlcnlons Assertions About Par ty Declarations on Money. To the BdStor if the Indianapolis Journal: It seems to me that if candidate Bryan's lecture tour is likely to be cut short for want of funds, the RepJbMcins could make no better use of a few thousand dollars than to appropriate freely toward its con tinuance, for. while Mr. Harrison at his best might turn r.iore votes to the Repub lican party, he could not Induce half as many to alandon the Chicaro platform and candidates. No such educational se rks was ever before delivered in America: the only one at all approaching it was that delivered by President Johnson when he swung around the circle. .Jn 1S-J7. seeking a nomination for re-election by harangues on the Constitution. Mr. Johnson did not come as near a nomination ns he would have done had he not made an exhibition of himself. The parallel is obvious. All of Mr. Bryan's assertions aro remark able, and betray an utter want of accurate Information or a rco4 brazen reliance upoa the Ignorance and gullibility of the iiople. Take the following as an average speci men: In his smeeh at rn,hrjtpr i:tt Wednesday he asked with an air of defi ance: if the gold standard is a good thing, why has no political party in the his tory of the United States ever declared for a gold standard in its platform?" Bit-ss the dear young man! The first Dcmocratio national convention ever held, that of lS3tl, In thu first platform ever constructed by that party or any other, put forth the fol lowing as its leading declaration: "Re solved. That we declare unqualified hostil ity to bank notes and papjr money as a circulating medium, because gold and sil ver is the only safe and constitutional cur rency." Mr. Bryan should rend up a little before he goes out on a campaign of in struction. A romarxable feature of the politics of that period is that everybody be- lieve-d in that declaration that gold and sil ver were the only safe and constitutional currency; no one ever asked for any other as the ultimate. There was a diiforenee of opinion as to a national bank, the Whigs maintaining that, as there was not spri,j enough to meet the demands of commerce. the general government, not tho States, should regulate one or mor banks, while the Democrats, as usual, rt legated them to tne states, with what results every school boy now knows broken banks and irre deemable bills everywhere. Mr. van Buren was elected, and Congress at once set about providing for coming money on a larger scale than ever; there was no party opposition to this; it was a patriotic measure, though the Democrats to this day want to claim the honor of IL The first thing was to recall the millions of gold that had been driven out by ths cheap silver dollars, the ratio beins 15 to 1. There was hardly a gold coin of any de nomination in circulation. A first step was to change the ratio to 16 to 1. By this sil ver was undervalued and began to go out. or refuse to come in, so tbat from 1VT7, when the new ratio took effect, to is":3. when the coinage of silver dollars was' abandoned, only j.o70,T19 were coined, every dollar of which was at a premium, some times of more than 3 per cent., and nearly every dollar being the product of the sil ver coins of other countries, which had found their way to the United States through Immigrants and otherwise. As fast as coined this dollar went to the artisan or the speculator, for It was Intrinsically worth nfore than a gold dollar, for the cheap money always drives out the dearer, so that practically It was not in circulation at all those thirty-six years. The esteem in which the Democratic par ty, and all other parties, held gold as a cur rency down to 1S73 may be inferred from the fact that during the period in which JC.n70.713 were coined in silver there w-cro coined IS30.012.402 in gold, more than 125 io one. That a man should be traveling through the country asking why no politi cal party had ever indorsed gold as a cir culating medium in the face of the fig ures, accessible to all, passes comprehen sion. That even the commonest rustio should be deluded by such arguments is hardly possible. The Republicans, at least, propose to retain th parity between a go!d dollar and a silver dollar as It new exists. They have done it so far. and If permitted to manage in their way they will continue. While it must be humiliating to intelligent Democrats to have their candidate thus presuming upon the Ignorance of the peo ple, the Republicans can stand It. Indianapolis, Aug. 29. U. L. SEE. HARRISON IN NEW YORK. Ilorr He Looked When Addressing the Carnefcle Hall Audience. New York World. As Mr. Harrison looked out over the au dience, stretching away and upward until it seemed to overhang near the lofty cell ing, he must have felt that no sneaker could possibly be more honored than by the attention and applause of such an assem M5. They were typical of the mass of the American people neither rich nor poor, neither in patches nor in tine linen, but well-to-do people, with plenty to eat. com fortable clothing and comfortable homes, and with honest, common-sense brains In their head's. The leaders of the Republic an party of the State were not there. The rich men of New York were absent. On - the platform, as in the stalls and boxes, there were plain people, neither very obscure nor very conspicuous. And the attention they gave left nothing to be desired. Not a single point escaped them. Dr. Depew's mellow anJ soothing tones and Mr. Har rison's clear, .high, rather thin- tenor readiest the furthest ears, and noae went away until they had done. In the boxes were many of the women politicians cf New York that large and In creasing body of political workers of in definite an1 indubitable inUuence. And there were women in the other parts of the hous. none of them dreed with any great show of fashion. In fact, the only thor oughly f-siilonable-looklng person In the house was Mr. Harrison. There were two or thret? men in the boxe with evening dress, but It was a sort of rareless r umm r half-wuy business. The General was tee real tl'.lag3. Dr. Defcw came very near It. He had on a very long frock coat, with voluminous talis and a great air that suggested Pic adlily, although, of course, it would be scandalous to suspect so good a protection ist cf a personal slight to home industries. It li a thankless business to stand between an iaAidlence. and the man it particularly wishes to hear that is, it would be thank It .'or any except Dr. Depew. to whom a man tar back shouted, with the earnest a; o;vnl of everybody: "We like you. iturrlson has one point In common it :z , i..'.n Victoria, as that lady is d- s i-.be Ly thofe wro have seen Mer. L.lkm her, he is very short, and entirely too niiiny Inches round for the number of in-iies up and down. and. like her. he has a digtdiv that more than overcomes these serious 'defects. He has little personal magn'tim in private life, as many a sor rowfji oollticlan has remarked. But on the platform he is so clean and honest looking. o full of a sort of egotism that in ires belief instead of ridicule, that few spe.. kers can interest and hold an nudience as c'.! J he. He has an air of sayin-j corvirctngly. "Now listen to rne and you w'.'l no: regret it." and what he says soon cjr.vhies that he was not mistaken lrbU etimate of himself and his gruhp on the subject. ' His voice is not especially agreeable. It far from strong, and suunds rather s rained at times. He walked up and down the platform, now reading a while lrom hla notes, and now talking a: if extem poraneously. He looked to calm and o codI. and what he said was so sensiM. that whe.i he closed a paragraph with ono of those clear, unpretentious, yet most significant epigrams tor which he Is fa mous, tho audience responded as thy did not to even Dr. Depw"s wit. Two or three times he betrayed a great deal of feeling, but in a strictly Ilsrrlsonlan way, feeling that seemed to result from a men- t tal process and not from an emotion of the heart. Thts was riaHy noticeable in what he said about the nttn k uion thi Supreme Court an t uion "a President for dolns what his oalh compels." Arain his fi.ee liushel nnd his extended hands trembled whn. afwr cliscrlblng th deptecUteMl dollar the fre sllverites wlhd made into a ?rl tender, he exclaimed: "Tnis policy curves integrity!" In tht earlier rart of hi speech his poss were careful and apparently studd. But. as he wirmrd mj. tm put Ms hands now on hi- hips and now into the arm holts of his evening waistcoat. Tbe Iiullannpolls Nominees. New York Mall and Express. The refusal of Secretary Morton to per mit the use. of his numc in conection with the presidential nomination of the sound- morey Democracy is a'Cortnnate circum stance. The nonlnee ofthe Indianapolis convention should e a rryn who Is not now in ofilee. who is not t wangled in th factional differences within his party, and uhosH n.ime stand- for ti'- vm lrniu'-s of American citizenship. Therex H nothing against Mr. Morton exc-nt t tint h- iom'h as a memtxr of the Hd:alnistntlon mlsht Impair the ttrength ofhis candidacy. J (