Newspaper Page Text
THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, . THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1890.
THE DAILY JOURNAL THURSDAY, SETTEMBEll 3,1856. Washington Office 1410 Pennsylvania Avenue Telephone Calls. Business office 238 Editorial rooms. ...A S6 TERMS OF sniSCIUITIOX. DAILY MY MAIL.. Daily oniy, on? momh $ ."ft Imly only, three months 2.W Daily only. (m year . fs.00 liatty. tncluuinj? Sur.:lay, one year 10.00 Bun'iuy only. one year 2.00 WHEN FURNISHED BY AGENTS. I'aily, per wpfU, by earritr 15 cts Sunday, i:(il? copy - 5 cts Pally and Sunday, per week, by carrier. ...20 cts WEEKLY. Per year $1C0 Heilneefl Kates to C'lnbs. Pubsoribe with any of our numerous agents or tnl Fubucri;,tions to the JOl lt. AI, XEW SPAPER COM PAX V, Ind ia nn polls, Inl. Persons pending the Journal through the malls In the United .States xiiould put on an eight-page paper u OXE-CENT postage Ktajnp: on a twelve or .sixteen-page paper a TWO-CENT postage sfj-rep. Foreign postage Is usually double- ihtxe rates. AH communications intended for publication In this paper must, in order to receive attention, be accompanied by the name and address of. the Wiiter. THE 1XD1AXAPOI.IS JOl RXAI, Can be found at the following places: NEW YOKK Winaror Hotel and Astor Hous. CHICAGO Palmer House and P. O. News Co., 81 Adams street. CINCINNATI J. It. Hawley & Co., 154 Vina ttreet. J.Ol.'i U'iM.,15 C, T. Ijceriner. northwest corper of Tl:lrd and Jefferson ftreets, and Louisville Book Co., 3a6 Fourth avenue. ET. LOUIS Union News Company, Union Depot. WASHINGTON, I). C F.igg House, Ebbltt House, Wiliard's Hotel and the Washington News Exchang, Fourteenth street, between Perm, h venue and F street. - Twelve Pages - Vermont is a small State, but it has a powerful voice. Jeffersonlan Democracy seems to have taken a second growth. Louis R. Ehrich would make a great Secretary of the Treasury. The leaders in this convention will be the leaders of the Democratic party four years hence. Ex-Governor Flower struck a keynote when he said, 'The real issue in this cam paign is patriotism." Who says Indianapolis cannot handle a national convention? The one now in ses sion here is very national. . . . When Governor Matthews said the sound money Democrats would not poll 2,000 votes in Indiana, he dropped a cipher. Do not let up because the enemy is on the eve of a general skedaddle, but push the fighting with renewed vigor. No national convention this year has bicught out as much good speaking as this one. There is no boy oratory about it. It looks now as if before the campaign has proceeded much further it will all be "the enemy's country" for Mr. Bryan. It is a wonder Bryan's self-conceit did not lead him to come here and try and capture this convention by boy oratory. There was a deal of music about town yesterday, but in the cars of the Bryanites "Yankee Doodle" was a funeral dirge. Evidently the people-are finding out very rapidly that .the . silver movement exists because of the silver mine owners' cam paign. Compared with such speeches as those delivered yesterday and last night, how empty, shallow and inane Bryan's babbling appears! Since the fall in the price of silver it is not correct to refer to the dollar as hav ing 53 cents' worth of bullion in it. The value is now 51 cents. The Bryan speeches these Gays are mere repetitions so far as the few ideas in them are concerned, but the word-man puts them in different language. The second large monthly deficit in the revenues shows that Congress must, when it reassembles, make provision for a de cided increase of the revenues. The large number of fine, sdlld-looking men from the South attending the conven tion shows that the people in that section are not all Populists, by a long way. Even to-day, , In Vermont, thousands of the men who voted against Bryan Tuesday would go to see him. As a peo ple we flock to circuses and free curiosity shows. If spirits ever smile one could easily im agine those of Jefferson and Jackson smil ing on a Democratic convention lighting for the gold standard and against fiat money. All Republicans to sound-money Demo crats: "Shake! When the Republican par ty declares for a debased currency we will help you elect a sound-money Democrat President." The presence of S24 delegates, represent ing forty-one States and three Territories. Is one of the facts about the sound-money Democratic convention which cannot be lied down. It is in the air that Bryanism is crumb ling away. The Vermont election shows it, and the large and enthusiastic Hnti-ErytfSi convention emphasizes it. Of all seasons, this is the time to push the lighting. As the Populist clement that controlled the Chicago convention came principally from the South, it is fitting that the con servative Democracy of that section should be strongly represented in this convention. Governor Matthews has loft a convention made up of all-time Democrats, many of them of national reputation, to aid a man who said, leas than a year ago, that he would bolt the Democratic ticket if it did not suit him. The Bryanites profess to see nothing It: the Vermont election and the anti-Bryan convention. The wicked, at the time of Noah, Insisted that the great rainfall which ended so disastrously for them was t simply a shower. The Popocrat who noted the omens of the sound-money convention and the Re publican plurality in Vermont of 39,093, mut, have felt inclined to repeat, for the prospects of Bryanism, what the quack doctor said when he viewed his dead pa tient: "His eyes are sot." In his convention speech at Chicago Mr, Bryan said:. "The Republicans nominated William McKinley, of Ohio. xn the anni versary . of the battle of Waterloo, and already we can hoar with distinctness the beating of the waves on the shores of St. Helena. " Wonder what he thinks about it now? AX EPOCHAL. EVE XT. The Democratic sound money movement, represented by the convention now in ses sion in thi.i city, will be historic, and it de serves to be. The men who are engaged In it may be building better than they know, for they are setting an example to mem bers of all parties and to other genera tions that there is something in politics higher than temporary success, anifsome thing in party fealty higher than a blind following of blind leaders. No candid man can fail to respect and admire the action of men who, impelled by patriotism and a sense of duty, have come together from nearly all the States in the Union, includ ing the most distant, breaking old party ties and, in a sense, burning their bridges behind them, repudiating the action of their regular party organization and the organization Itself under its present leader shipall to prevent an impending national disaster and -help vindicate the right. Viewed in this light, which the Journal re gards as the proper one, the present con vention possesses a significance far above mere partisan considerations, and is a very encouraging, as well as interesting event. All the speakers at the convention have seemed to recognize this higher signifi cance of the movement and have treated it with dignity and seriousness. There was a ring of sincerity in every word of Gov ernor Flower's assertion of his devotion to the principles of the Democratic party, as ufso in his declaration, "Because I love my party and my country I am here to do what I can to shield them from dangerous attack." Senator Caffery said: "We sound a bugle call throughout the land for all Democrats to'rally to the support of gov ernment and 'law, for the honor of their country and the maintenance and preser vation of their creed." Mr. Ehrich char acterized the convention as "the most promising and most inspiring gathering since the civil war," and declared thit its outcome "will teach the on-looking nations that the crown of over one hundred years of political life under republican institu tions shall not be the national impairment of debt obligations." These expressions show that the speakers had a proper ap preciation of the significance of the move ment and were in full sympathy with it. The convention is likely to prove an epoch making event. VEIIMOXT'S VERDICT. -The voice of Vermont indicates that the landslide under which the silver mine owners' conspiracy will be buried in No vember will be greater than that which overwhelmed free trade two years ago. Of course, the Bryanites are saying that they did not expect anything from Vermont. Nevertheless, it was not two months ago that silver organs anu other alleged news papers were telling of the wonderful strength of the free silver sentiment which was sweeping over the rural towns of Ver mont, threatening to swallow up the usual Republican majority and predicting that the election would show surprising figures. The figures are surprising, but not In the way these ready but false prophets meant. The silverltes expected that the Repub lican majority would be cut down, but from the . day that the Democratic candi date for Governor in Vermont put himself on the Chicago platform and the sound money Democrats declared against him, it was evident that the majority of the can didate representing sound money would. In spite of his unpopularity, be the average September Republican majority. But no one expected the phenomenal majority of 39,000, or double that of September, 1S92, in a total vote of about 66,000. The result in Vermont makes one fact very clear, and that is that the claims of vast accessions of voters by the silverites are simply wind. The fiat money men who have filled themselves with the heresies of "Coin's Financial School'' have gone up and down the country repeating them to silent but curious listeners. These mis sionaries have mistaken silence for ac quiescence the expression of doubt for a confession of conversion. For two months the silent voters ii the country have been considering the silver question, the perni cious doctrines of the Chicago platform, and doubtless they have been reading Bryan's so-called speeches. On Tuesday the people o? one of the leading agricultu ral States of the East gave their verdict at the polls. It is so clear,: so- emphatic, that no orator or editor can break its force. The people of Vermonj declare themselves against the proposition of the silver mil lionaires and the dangerous heresies of Altgeldism. The voice of the country would be the same If It could be spoken to-day. It will be louder when spoken in November. Bryanism is doomed. Mil. EHHICIPS ADDRESS. Those who began to study the silver question Mn April, 1895, found that a small volume issued in the Putnam series, known as the "Questions of the Day." was accurate and useful. They discovered that the author was Louis R. Ehrich, a citizen of Colorado, and that it consisted of a se ries of papers on the silver question read to business associations in Denver. The bock contained more practical information than could be found elsewhere at that time. Unfortunately, the edition was ex hausted, and Mr. Ehrich did not render the service to sound money that he might had the revised edition which the publishers promised been issued. The value of Mr. Ehrlch's wcrk lies in the fact that he is an owner of silver mines and has made the subject of tree silver coinage a study for years. While Mr. Ehrich may have given the public articles since the publication of his book, last night was the first time that he has spoken to the country, which he did in the sound-money meeting of last evening. Of the many speeches and essays which have been printed since the revival of 'he free-silver conspiracy, none contains more original information or more conclusive arguments than are contained in this ad dress. As an owner of silver mines. Mr. Ehrich sices, that, in the end. no good can come to that interest by the free ami un limited coinage of silver. For a time that policy would enhance the price of . silver and start a widespread speculation In sil ver mining stocks, but, like ail other un natural booms, values in silver properties in the United Statess would be wrecked after a time and the country would be hopelessly loaded down by a depreciated and depredating silver currency. In the speech which Mr. Ehrich delivered last evening, the whole of which is printed in this issue, the story' of the free-coinage movement is told. So long as the silver "m a 4124 grain silver dollar was worth more than a gold dollar, the Joneses and Stew arts, of Nevada, and the Tellers -were iu t favor of a simple gold standard. When the price of silver began to fall, so that the bullion In a sliver dollar was worth 93 cents and less, these patriotic mine owners became tireless in their efforts to have the nominal value of their silver bullion re stored by free coinage. This is the whole r.ecret of the silver movement. To-day there would be no chatter for the free coin age of silver but for the inspiration which the silver mine owners have given it by their contributions to pay lecturers, pamphleteers and lobbyists. But for these men Mr. Bryan would not now be a presi dential candidate, unless it were as a Pop ulist, pure and simple, urging the unlimited issue of fiat paper money. Mr. Ehrlch's speech shows careful prepa ration, antl it is worthy of prolonged study by those who desire full and accurate In formation. It is one of the few utterances on the subject to be preserved for future reference. XOT THE PAST, BIT THE PRESEXT. It is not reasonable to charge against any man who Is now for sound money the fact that ten or twelve years ago he made some expressions or gave some votes for the silver side. The country' is dealing with the issue of to-day. In twenty years the whole situation has changed regarding the status of silver. . Twenty years ago few people had an idea of the possibilities of the production of the silver mines. Twenty years ago, or in February, 1878, when the Bland-Allison bill was passed, the whole West in the lower House of Con gress, and a good part of the rest of the country, would make the silver dollar as good as the gold dollar, to which the re sumption act was bringing the United States. Seventeen years' experience with an irredeemable paper currency had with drawn popular attention from the money question. All the years which have passed since specie resumption have been years of experiments in legislation to bring silver to a commercial parity with gold. Those experiments have proved to the larger part of intelligent men that it is impossible. Many thousand men who believed that sil ver could be restored to its ancient value now know that it cannot be done by a single nation. For that reason thousands of men in the central States of the West have been led by the bogie of experience and events to a change of opinion. To day these men are as reliable and earnest advocates of sound money as can be found in the country. In 1873 and 1874. Senator Stewart, now the most active of the silver mine millionaires, was demanding a gold standard. Does any one doubt his devo tion to 51-cent dollars to-day because of that fact? Because a large number of Re publicans and Democrats whose names could be given have voted for or spoken in favor of the free coinage of silver twenty, ten or even three years ago, such utterances cannot "be counted to their dis credit to-day. If men are not to be per-' mitted to change their opinions, and must be counted all their lives as they at first declared, there can be no call for general elections, as every man must be counted as he voted when he came of age. ' The sound money cause Is to triumph throughout the North because tens of thousands of men, by the exercise of their common sense and intelligence, have come, within the past two months, to see that free and unlimited coinage of silver would be an immeasurable calamity. It is probable that the Sentinel, w'hich as serted yesterday morning that there were not two thousand visitors in the city, will continue its ridiculous attempts to make its readers believe that the Jeffersonian Dem ocratic convention is an inconsequential af fair. Cannot the Sentinel understand that the presence of only two thousand visitors, composed of chosen delegates and alter nates, Is a most pronounced success and will be so regarded by the whole country? The committee on creelentials reported ,824 delegates, representing forty-one States and three Territories. The convention, in ap pearance and enthusiasm, would be a credit to any party. Is such a body of representa tive men, assembled to protest against the platform and ticket made by the Demo crats at Chicago, no menace to Bryanism? It Is worse than folly to so assert, as the Sentinel Is doing. The Sentinel must know that it is trying to deceive its readers about this matter, and it should know that it is foolishly trying to deceive. When it recovers its equanimity after the election it will realize its reckless folly. The unlooked for Republican plurality in Vermont is in some measure due to the patriotic action of the sound-money Dem ocratic business men and leaders in that State. When their candidate for Governor apostatized they did rot hesitate as to what was their duty, since they openly advised all sound-money Democrats either to vole the Republican ticket or not to vote at all. Two or three of the delegates attending the convention took the stump two weeks before the election and urged Democrats not to vote for the candidate who had jumped from the sound-money platform upon which ho was nominated to that of the Popocrats. Ti.?re has been no more o.ignlfied and scathing arraignment of Bryan and his demagogic methods than that made by Governor Flower. "From the rear end of the cars," said the speaker, "he has been Hinging out social and political fire brands among the people. He ap peals to the base instincts of the ignorant or to the misery of the dis tressed. He strives to array class against class, to incite employe against employer, to stir up debtor against creditor, to make this a contest of the poor against the rich. May God prevent this incendiary's work!" And all patriots will say, amen! The Miami County Sound-money Demo cratic Club, as it marched from the sta tion to the Denison, attracted much atten tion and called forth much comment. To those persons who have believed the Sen tinel's lies about the nonexistence of sounei moncy Democrats, the long line of the MJami club was a genuine surjirise. Fur thermore, those who looked on, and there were hundreds who did, saw that they were not nonvoting bovs who wore the Miami badges, but men and voters, many of them bearing the marks of being wcll-to-elo citizens who knew what they were doing anil took a pride m it. The delegates from the South to the sound money Democratic convention seem to be business men for the 'most part, and not those who believe in keeping that sec tion solid that such men as Senator Har ris of Tennessee, Jones of Arkansas, Vest of Missouri and their followers may be kept in office. It appears that Mr. Bryan has not been invited to speak at Chicago on Labor day by labor associations. An Irresponsi ble subcommittee was appointed to call upon him at the time of his nomination, but the matter has never been acted upon by the Building Trades Council, conse eiuently the matter will be brought up at a meeting Friday night, when the Republic an members propose to make it very clear that a large element of that organization is opposed to havin" Labor day used to promote the interests of a candidate. Mr. Cheadle need not waste his time. If it Is worth anything, in telling what he will do when he goes to Congress. Con gress is not for Joseph; 5n fact, if any friend of his cares to gather up the frag ments of his scattered political personality the morning after the' election in Novem ber, he should place upon different por tions of the politically tattooed Cheadle India ink marks for the purpose of identi fication. All Indiana will know that the sound money Democratic national convention is a most marked success. It can make no difference for the Sentinel to declare other wisethat Is, with the fact and the knowl edge of it; but the telling of such patent falsehoods will lead Its readers to discredit that paper after the election. Lying is a moral offense, but when the lying is known to be lying by the community it is idiocy. B. A. W., Lebanon. Ind.: The act for the resumption of specie payments, passed in January, 1873, required the Secretary of the Treasury to redeem legal-tender notes or greenbacks to the amounl of 80 per cent, of the sum of national bank notes Issued, and to continue such redemption until the volume of outstanding greenbacks should be reduced to $300,000,000. It also provided for the ultimate redemption and retirement of all greenbacks on and after Jan. 1, 1879, as they should be presented. The Secre tary of the Treasury had no option In the matter. The law requiring the reduction of the volume of greenbacks was manda tory, and it was begun at once. In 1877 John Sherman, Secretary of the Treasury, said in his annual report: "Existing laws do not clearly define whether United States, notes, when redeemed after Jan. 1, 1S79, may be reissued." He gave it as his opin ion that under the existing law the notes, when redeemed in coin, "may be reissued as the exigencies of the public service may require," but as there was some doubt about it he suggested that "it should be settled by distinct provisions of law." In 1878 Congress repealed that provision of the resumption act which prohibited the re issue of greenbacks after their redemption. At that time the volume of greenbacks out standing was $34(1,681,016, It having been gradually reduced from $431,000,000 at the close of the war. Since 1878, when Con gress directed that greenbacks, when re deemed in coin, should be reissued, the volume has stood unchanged at $346,681,016. For many years after the close of the war leading Republicans and Democrats and the best financiers of , both parties were agreed that sound financial policy required the ultimate retirement of the greenbacks. In recent years many persons have advo cated their Indefinite increase. yesterday's Sentinel had a double-leaded and piteous appeal for contributions to the Bryan campaign fund, penny offerings thankfully received. The Sentinel's idea of timeliness and the fitness of things is almost equal to that of the News, which on Tuesday took its whole front page in which to exploit itself when the strangers in town wanted political information and didn't care a continental about the family history and housekeeping of any paper. Said a sound-money man from Ky. : "My State, sir, would think herself ly. If only she got her son Buckner or Watterson On the ticket, with a leader as ply." BURBLES IX THE AIR. The Appreciated Dolltir. "What eloes he mean by a appreciated dollar?" asked Weary Watkins, as the free silver advocate was holding forth. "More'n I know," answered Hungry Hig gins. "Fur as that goes I'd appreciate a nickel If I could git holt of it." r Early Aversion Developed. "Ever hear how Abbey became an An archist a native American?" "No." ; "His stepmother used to wash him every night with soft soap and fill his eyes with it." Xot in His) Case. "The poor," said the orator, "are getting poorer every day." "I wished that feller would go around and have a talk with my manager," said the living skeleton, thoughtfully. "He pulled the scales on me last week and wanted to cut elown my salary 'cause I had gained seven ounces." Trying to Please Her. Mrs. Lusl forth (at 7-a. m.) This is a nice time for you to be getting home, now isn't it? ' Mr. Lushforth-Done it purpose t please, you, m'dear. Stayed out till you got up so m'snorin wouldn't bother you. An' zish is zhe return I get f'r m'thoughtful affec tion! (Weeps.) IIIXTS TO THE COXVEXTIOX. The delegates who will compose the con vention will have no personal axes to grind and can be depended on to reach the wisest possible conclusion, both as to platform and candidates. Philadelphia Times (Dem.) The convention .will, In fact, be the real Democratic convention, and its work will undoubtedly receive the indorsement of every loyal and patriotic Democrat in the Nation. Philadelphia North American (Rep.) The crisis which calls for the sincerest and most unselfish action at Indianapolis is so graye as to render almost infamous any attempt on the part of any fool friends of the President to divert the third ticket movement from the defense of a great principle to the promotion of a per sonal ambition. Let the dead rest. New York Sun (Dcm.) A vote for a third ticket nominated, as it is expected the third ticket will be, at Indianapolis will be a protest from Demo. crats as Democrats desirous of maintaining the ancient- faith. It will be, moreovei, the record of a determination that the ancient faith is still worth preserving and is to be preserved an affirmation of loyalty to Democratic principle which would bo wholly wanting in a vote for McKinley. Detroit Free Press (Dem.) The policy of putting a straight Demo cratic ticket In th$ field seems to have been vindicated in advance of its consumma tion at Indianapolis. There will be. enough Democratic votes for such a ticket in New Jersey, Maryland. Connecticut, Kentucky. Indiana. New York, West Virginia and possibly some other of the Southern States to neutralize any Republican defection and to make sure of the defeat of Bryan elect ors. -Philadelphia Record (Dem.) Under these circumstances it is now al most universally conceded that the Indian apolis convention' ought to frame a plat form and nominate a ticket which will be Democratic, as the word has always been interpreted. It is. of course, essential to the highest success of the movement that Democrats of the first rank for steadiness of character should be nominated as candi dates, and we rannot doubt that this wiii be the result. New York Evening Post (IXru The record of the Indianapo'is conven tion will furnish American political history material, for a bright and imposing chap ter. The assembling of such a body proves that principle and Idealism have not dis appeared from politics, that patriotism and honesty are potent forces in public life. The Indianaptxis convention expects no or dinary reward, no spoils or offices. It has nothing to bestow, and selfish politicians have no motive for identifying themselves with it. It does not court this, element of the party, and is glad to be boycotted by it. The sound-money Democrats meet to discharge a duty, to exercise a right. They meet to vindicate the party and preserve it. Chicago Evening Post (Rep.) If Grover Cleveland believes in the move ment which his closest friends are carrying forward, the best service lie can render them is to give them the use of his name, if they demand It- There are many who as cribe the menacing conditions of the pres ent struggle to Mr. Cleveland's wildly Pop ulistic utterances in 1S92. There are others who believe that public alarm was first ex cited, and the free-silver Issue given in spiration and strength, by the announce ment of Mr. Cleveland's Secretary of the Treasury in 1S93 that the treasury notes of 190 would be paid in silver alone. The President is far from being blameless of the disaster which has fallen upon his party. At any rate, he has no right to gather his skirts about him and say, "After me, the deluge." New York Mail and Ex press (Rep.) HIE VOICE OF VERMOXT. If the Vermont straw shows which way the wind blows it Is blowing pretty strong ly away from free and unlimited coinage at the ratio of 16 to 1. Detroit Free Press (Dem.) If the election in Vermont i3 a straw showing which way the tide is moving there is significance in the overwhelming Republican majority of yesterday. Chicago Inter Ocean (Rep.) If the sound-money sentiment continues to spread until November at the rate indi cated by the vote yesterday it would not be surprising if McKinley should carry Ver. mont this year by 40,000 majority. Chicago Tribune (Rep.) It is a rebuke to the demagogues, a sting ing', repulse to the forces of revolution in the first skirmish of the campaign, and an augury of overwhelming defeat for the ene mies of honest government in the final bat tle that is yet to come. Cincinnati Com mercial Tribune (Rep.) The facts are encouraging enough for the adherents of sound money. There are de cided Republican gains and Democratic losses as a result of the thinking the peoplo have been doing in Vermont, and there is good reason .to believe in a like result throughout the country In November. Pittsburg Dispatch (Ind. Rep.) The country will be able to understand that with all their efforts the free-silver men were unable even to keep the Repub lican majority down to the high-tide notch of 194, but, on the contrary, were compelled to see it increase. The Republican ticket, in yesterday's election, w'as given more than 75 per cent, of all the votes cast. Lit tle Vermont has' done well. Pittsburg Commercial Gazette (Rep.) Thus the first State that has had a chance to declare American public opinion on a question of public and private honor sets the victor's pace in the campaign. Vermont has fired a shot heard around the world. The farmers loaded the gun. The werkingmen of the towns discharged it. Had Bryan gone to the State the result would probably have been unanimous. Now for Maine! Chicago Times-Herald (Rep.) It ought to be clear that the tide is run. ning strongly toward a Republican victory next November. Certainly there is no en couragement in the returns from Vermont for the cheap-money people. Our friends are fond of saying that revolutions never go backward. The saying is true. This revolution against lawlessness and fiat money will not go backward. It will gather fcrce from this time on. Indianapolis News (Ind.) Vermont drives the first nail in Bryan's coffin. . The election in that State yester day, the first since the opening of the na tional campaign, can have no other signi ficance. A small State, with a small vote, gives ,a large gain for the Republicans, greater even than wss claimed cr expect ed by the most sanguine among them. Mr. Bryan dared not extend his speaking cam paign into New England, as he at first planned, but he deluged with his oratory New York, near by. hoping thus to Influ ence the elections in Vermont and Maine. Vermont has sent her answer, and it is an answer which speaks not alone for Ver mont, but for the great Union of States that have not yet had a chance to speak fcr themselves. Louisville Courier-Journal (Dem.) - The political atmosphere has cleared. A tidal wave which will reach a higher mark than has been touched by any - political ficcd in many years is foreshadowed. That combination of lunacy and rascality which is called silverism will be swept out of sight, never to return to the gaze of men. The republican system of government, w hich has recently been discredited by the oi sies of the fanatics and sans culottes who concocted the Chicago platform and ticket, has sloughed off the foul and vile accretions of the body politic and has once more vindicated its reason for existence. To-day, in every country in the world where newspapers circulate and men read, respect for the American character anci name will be increased. To-day on every bourse in Christendom where such securi ties are dealt in American stocks will rise. St. Louis Globe-Democrat (Rep.) The Child Inqniry. "How big is Bryan's mouth, papa? Is it a monstrous thing, t Extending quite from ear to ear And working with apring? "Is it so large that it could bite The continent in twain. Or swallow all of Europe down Without the slightest strain?" "O, no, my child, about as large As normal mouth"?, 'tis said; Its motive power is not a spring, . But wheels within his head. " 'Twas not its longitude, my child. That gave it such a name; But its excessive latitude That won its way to fame." "Well, what great actions has It done? I pray you mention some." "It paralyzed bold Davy Hill, And left him deaf and dumb; "Blew Whitney, Bragg and Vilas out, And upset Bynum, too, And tossed poor Grover's fame about. Till it was black and blue; "Then tore Old Hickory's statue down From its accustomed niche, And scattered broadcast through the land The Populistic itch." "And is exuberance of wind The thing to save the land? Is superfluity of speech What people now demand? "Then why pass Davy Turpie by, With all his seven tongues. And run a man for President Whose brains are in his lungs?" Nemo. GOLD GOES IX HIDIXG. StockiiiKN and Holes in the Ground Receive Yellow Hoards. Washington Post. The free-silver scare has greatly stimu lated the hoarding of gold by the people. A steadv stream of the yellow metal is lowing "out of the treasury into the old stockings and cracked tea-pots which are used as .private hiding places for money. It is swallowed up like a brook in a sandy desert, disappearing from sight anel with drawn from usefulness to mankind. The notion seems to have struck many thrifty persons that gold will soon be worth a premium, while others imagine that no other form of cash is ejuite safe at pres ent. When the everyday citizen comes to a subtreasury and asks for gold In ex change for notes, the object in view is pretty evident. Likewise it is with some banks, which are giving up notes in large amounts and storing away eagles an, double eagles in their vaults. These are the items which come under the head of "hoardings" in the treasury bulletins, and they amount just now to hundreds of thousands dollars a ilay. There is at ail times a good deal of hoard ing, especially in parts of the country where savings banks are scarce. Among the inhabitants of such remote districts a favorite method of concealing cash is to put it in a tin box and bury it either in the cellar or in the ground near the house. An other plan commonly adopted is to put the money in the garret, under the eaven. Where the rafters meet the beams there- is a convenient space left, like a shelf, and nobody wouiel be likely to look there for valuables. Women are apt to chooae mat tresses for hiding places. They rip a seam a few inches, tuck in the "wad." and sew it up again. When old women die. and their beds of feathers or straw are emptied and cleaned, money is often found In them. These persons are not misers. The treas ury experts eay that women misers are rare. There is not one female miser to half a dozen men who practice that vice. They know, too. because they come into frequent contact with the miser business. When a miser dies, much of his money is likely to be found in a more or less dilapidated con dition, having been hidden away in strange places, and it is sent to the treasury for re demption. As a rule, the miser buries his cash eleep in the ground, using as a recep tacle a tin box or a large baking powder can. Not a few misers, on the other hand, prefer to ronceal their wealth in odd cor ners about the house, scattering it about in different spots, so that In some instances it has been considered worth while to tear the tiwelling to pieces in order to come at the secreted coins and notes. It is commonly supposed that misers love gold beyond all other forms of money, but treasury officials declare that they prefer paper usually. They like notes of big de nominations. The average miser's hoard that reaches the treasury consists mainly of notes, with some gold, and perhaps a little silver. The paper money has the ad vantage of small bulk, so that it may be easily concealed. The miser's vice is some what of a puzzle from the point of view of the everyday individual, but it seems to T be merely a morbid development of the normal saving instinct. 1 he saving or money is accomplished by many self-denials. The family Bible, the unabridged dictionary, the tea caddy, the clock, the toes of old shoes and the pockets of dis used dresses hanging in the closet all these are common hiding places for the hoard. A stocking is a convenient sub stitute for a purse, and may be readily concealed in an out-of-the-way corner. It is noticeable, by the way, that most wom en regard the stockings they have on us the safest of all temporary hiding places for cash. The corset does well enough un der ordinary circumstances, but ultimate security is in the stocking. In rural parts the parlor ftove is a fa vorite place of concealment for the family wnd. It is only thus employed for tempor ary purposes, however. Every now and then somelKKly unacquainted with the situ ation of the hoard lights the stove, and up it goes in smoke. About one hundred cases of this kind are referred to the re demption bureau every autumn. They are the most hopeless kind, nothing but ushes being left usually. There recently turned up the case of a Jersey woman who had put her money in the coal scuttle .and cov ered it with coal. Another member of the household thought that the fire neeeled replenishment, and that settled the busi ness. Many persons think that the best place to conceal money is beneath the floor of a room, or may be between the laths and plaster of a wall. In either case the result is the same; the mice get at it and tear the notes into little bits for nests. It is said that some people are hoarding gold just now in the shape of fine bars. These bars are sold by the government for use in the arts. They are absolutely pure gold, without the slightest particle of alloy. Anybody may purchase them by applying at a United States assay office. The bul lion brokers have them for sale at a pre mium of one-fourth of one per cent, over their intrinsic value. The bars are made of all sizes up to big bricks that a man can scarcely handle. If you want one you apply for a bar that is worth about $5,000, say, and you get one that eomes some where near having that amount of gold in it. You give only the exact intrinsic value of It, the government making no profit. ORIG1X OF THE PARTY. How the Republican Orgmnlzntion Came Into Existence. F. W. M., in Pittsburg Dispatch. Since the backsliding of the Democrats the Republican party stands out pre-eminently as the only great political organiza tion still remaining true to its earliest con victions. It has adhered to them through thick and thin, through victory and defeat, and it is the hope of every Republican that his party will never cease to adhere to them. No one is stancher in support of the party than William Mouelc. Mr. Mouck is one of the few surviving men who were present at the party's birth. Though con siderably past the completion of his eighti eth year, lie is still robust of body and clear of mind. He is now living in Elliott, not fifty feet beyond the Pittsburg city line. He gave the writer this account of the ori gin of the existing Republican party, which was doubly interesting through his connection with the event. I say "existing" Republican party in contradistinction to one which had life during the early part of the century, the principles of which were practically identical with those of the Dem ocratic party cf today. Mr. Mouck said: "During Franklin Pierce's administration the Whig party seemed to die a natural death. When the Kansas 'iraska bill was passed over their head "54 it prac tically repudiated the comp e acts of IS20 and 1850, which the Whlj. .ad worked so hard to have enacted, and ha 1 always so strongly upheld. This new bill allowed each fresh State, as it entered the Union, to decide for itself as to whether it. would be constitutionally free or slave; whereas under the compromises of 1820 and 1850 its condition had been determined by statute. This high-handed treatment of their pet doctrines seemed to completely demoralize the Whigs, and they went out of existence soon after. "The Whigs were, of course, deep-rooted-ly opposed to slavery, and their dissolution as a party in no way affected their prin ciples. They were anti-slavery still. "There were, too, several other parties of more or less strength throughout the Northern States, which were also opposed to slavery. The leading and most radical of these was naturally Garrison's Anti Slavery Society, of Massachusetts. "The Know-Nothings a curious name for a curious party had a well attained to seme little power in different parts of the country. They were avowedly against slavery, though their chief plank was the opposition to indiscriminate immigration. Their motto. 'America for Americans,' pretty well expressed their sentiments. The Know-Nothings were in a way a secret society, and for this reason, if no other, they never stood in any probability of be coming in themselves of great national im portance. "The Free-Soilers still another separate organization were willing to tolerate the continuance of slave-holding in whatever States it at that time existed, as a sort of unavoidable evil, but were of the opinion that it should not be allowed to be intro duced in any new State. "In addition to all these independent fac tions there were a great many Northern Democrats who abhorred the practice of slavery too deeply to swallow it for the sake cf the remaining principles of their party, and consequently bolted. "As all these people, running up into great numbers, had at least the one vital anti-slavery element in common, though each weak and powerless in itself, it was unnatural that thev should long retain separate party identities. The first talk of consolidation was very informal. It took place at Buffalo. N. Y.. in February. lfC.U. Nothing whatever was done, except to talk over the distressing political situation in a general way, and to appoint a day of meet ing to take place several months later at Pittsburg. "But. little as was actually done, the news of the conclave at Buffalo had spread rapidly throughout the country. Its po litical tendencies were known, and found many sympathetic hearts So when the time of meeting at Pittsburg arrived old Lafayette Hall was far too small to ac commodate the visiting crowds. Here, as soon as order could be secured, a tem porary chairman was elected, and the plat form of the new party discussed and finally adopted in due form. Delegates were then chosen to make the partv nominations for President and Vice President at the first national Republican convention ever held. It was to take place, if 1 remember cor rectly, within a month at Phil ulelphia. "There John C Fremont, endeared to us as The Pathfinder, was put up as leader of the ticket. The lustiness the infant party displayed at the ensuing election was as tounding, for at an age of about three months it carried for Its candidate ;i totaj of eleven States (and that was out of con siderably less than the present number, bear in mind.) "The next election, in 1SG0, was. of course, ours, with Lincoln and Hamlin on the ticket. We held continuous power from then up until Cleveland's first inaugura tionthat is. over a period of a quarter of a century, and during that time a puissant nation was built up from ruins. Nothing but steadily increasing comfort and pros perity made itself felt throughout the country, till at last the noonl" got a little too much even of that, and 'wanted a change.' But you have perhaps noticed that it didn't take them quite twent y-live-years to find out that they were willing to change back again." Did HI!! Drive n II:irKiiln; Washington Special in Chicago Post. I learn that candidate Bryan's queer ca vortings In local one-nif?ht stands on west ern New York trolley lines is in direct compliance with a hard bargain driven bv Senator David 15. Hill, in return for tlx bitter's pupport of the Bryan ticket. Hill still nourishes a forlorne hope that he may succeed himself in th'1 United States Sen ate, and he has forced Bryan to do some work for him by plowing through stubborn soil he could not move otherwise. After having terformeil his part of the contract Bryan will go westward, arid In the full ness of time the master of Wolfert's Roetst will declare for the Chicago ticket. The Ilrynn Fnilnre. Philadelphia Press. The Bryan communistic campaign In the blankest failure. The candidate himself clearly understand this, and he is now merely indulging his vanity nnd making the most of a brief opportunity to display himself to the curious, or, as he says, "gratify those who want to nee a candidate for President and do njt often act tho chance." There Is a mock ry nnd a nar rowness about this that have but too well revealed the vain and shallow eh a raster of the man who ha been made ;i figurehead ftr the Altgeld-Tilinian-J ebs (-ombinaliun. It i little wonder then that we hear from every ejuarter that the cunipnlKti of repu diation nnd anarchy is losing u route I. Those? who are designated by Bryan a. "the common people" are not common fools, as, in th matter nnd manner of hi addresses, he conceives them to le. These same common people will bury him v ry deep under a mountain of ballots In a llttlo more than two months hence. THE t'AMPAIGX IX MIW TURK. Try In kt to Get a ((iinrtrr Million Ma- jorll) There for McKinley. New York Correspondence Philadelphia Press. A week or ten days ago a committee of representative business men. composed for most part of Republicans, was uppointid to so. kit subscriptions for a campaign fund to be used in sympathy with tho suggestions of th national committee, and yet to bo not within the direct control of that committee. Much of the money, it was expected, would.be used for print ing and circulating campaign literature, and the intention whs to use a part of it in defraying the cost of a thorough house- tc-house canvass or campaign in the State. The desire is very strong hero that New York should give a plurality for the Mc Kinley electors of at least : quarter of a million, and that in addition to this the Slate should send a unnnlmons .eund money Republican delegation to Congress. There are only three districts in the State which are regarded us substantially cer tain to elect Democratic Congressmen, and r.if.ny Republicans and some Democrats be lieve that even in these districts sewnd rioney representatives can be elected if the regular candidates should be Tammany men, who are committed to the support of Bryan and his platform. Subscriptions to this independent cam-. J paign fund hav exceeded the expectations of those who set out to obtain them. Re publicans have given freely and enthusi astically, anel In this the committee, per haps, reallz-d no more than they looked for. But they have also received many r.v. ascriptions, soinj of them for large sum from Democrats, Mugwumps and from those who, while not calling themselves Democrats or Mugwumps, voted, as many of the importers of this city did, for Cleve land four years, ago. The experience of the committee In col lecting these subscriptions furnished some very Interesting hints as to the impulses which are compelling men to come out ac tively in support of McKinley and the Re publican platform, as they also have fur nished some valuable suggestions as to tho wisest manner of conducting the campaign, at least In New York State. A few anecdotes will illustrate these ex periences, and the hints and suggestions which they have occasioned. Four years ago an imorter of this city who wus an enthusiastic Cleveland admirer was con spicuous among those business men who or ganized the business men's Democratic as sociation. He Is one of those merchants whose name is better known In other parts of the country than New York. Hp had been a Republican, but he followed Cleve land because he was persuaded that Cleve land's tariff views would, u they became expressed in law. bo of advantage to his Importing business. Whether he has found that his anticipa tions in that respect have been realized or not he does not say, nor Is It of any eemsequenee. He responueel to an invita tion to contribute- to this campaign fund with a check for $5i), saying in the letter which his subscription inclosed that over all other issues was this issue of "national honor and of the maintenance of public anel private faith, and that it made little difference to this country what kind of a tariff law we had. or whether wo had any at all. If the revolutionary movement or ganized at Chicago by the national De mocracy was to be successful. Yesterday this man sent to the subscrip tion committee another check whose figure. were duplicates of those written upon tho first check, and he said In explanation of thus tloubling his subscription that he had just read McKinley s letter of acceptance, and that it had inspired him with, such ad miration and confidence that he was only too glad to make another contribution which might serve in us small way to aid in the election of a man to the presidency who had shown by such a communication as that that, he was abundantly able tt' administer his high office and to exert his great inlluence to the best Interests of the American people. Another merchant of this city, not an importer, but a man who for some year has been dtsposed to act independently of all party relations, nlthough. a has usually been the case, such alleged independence has impelled him to act with the Demo cratic party, replied to the letter in which his subscription was asked, not by another communication, but by a personal call upon one of the members of the committee. He said that as soon as the Chicago convention had finished its work he had made up his mind that of course he could not support Bryan and must oppose the platform. But he was not sure about the best manner in which he could make his onnosltion effec tive. He had a lingering opposition to tho Republican party because he did not agree with it upon the tariff, and he had never learned to have the high admiration for McKlnley's abilities which many Repub licans seemed to possess, although he had the greatest respect for McKinley as a man of high character and stainless record. But as the days passed he said it was more and more impressed upon him that there was but one thing for him to do, and that was not to neutralize his opposition by remain ing silent and refusing to vote, but to vote not only for McKinley electors, but for the ; entire Republican ticket. He believed that If iwcrvniey was to ue eiectea l'resiuent no shou.d have a majority of his own party to support him in Congress. Having Siiid as .much as that he gave to a member of the subscription committee his check lor $1,000, stnting that it was the first time In many years that he had con tributed to a campaign fund excepting for the benefit of the voters of his own 'dis trict. The influence which had finally de cided him to make that contribi:tlon, ho said, was the speech which John Shermnn made at the opening of the campaign in Ohio the other day. "That." said he. "was a gem. It can ho read without Irritation by any Democrat in the Uniteel State who stands opposed to the Chicago platform, and It can be read without annoyance by every member of Mr. Sherman's party. It does not mako prominent and aggressive the tariff Issue, neither does it conceal r abandon that question. It sets supreme over it and every other distinctive policy of the Republican party the supreme is:ue which men of ev ery party can consistently sunnort and must. If they have the honor of their coun try .at heart." A Notable Gathering-. New York Evening Post. It is always hazardous to make political predictions. It may properly be said, how ever, that so far as the operation of forces based upon permanent principles can bo foreshadowed in advance the Nation will look back In 19W upon the Indianapolis con vention of 1896 as one of the most impor tant gatherings ever held, for its lasting, as well us its immediate, consequences. AVfll Xot He Disturbed. New York Commercial Advertiser. Unless the sl-rns nre misleading, tho fed eral officeholder who Insists upon voting against Bryan will not be molested by tho President. There is r.o pernicious activity in the conduct of the man who votes against national dishonor. One View of It. Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph. If It does nothing else, the Indianapolis convention will furnish many prominent citizens with the opportunity to tell pos terity that they "were mentioned- for the presidency." Will Xot Build ou It. Kansas City Journal. It may le true, as Mr. Bynum assorts, that Louisiana will go for McKinley. but Republican will proceed on the basis or getting their majorities elsewhere. Sirs. Lcmsc's Advertisement. Detroit Tribune. Late advices are to the effect that Mrs. lease. has recovered a portion of the lib erties of the people and knows where Wall street buried the remainder. MaUe Vote of This. Cincinnati Commercial Tribune. It may also be- r marked that the United State will elect McKinley president with out waiting for the consent of any other Nation. An E'jilitetjt Eii;iiplc. Philadelphia North American. LI Hung Chang used to write poetry. Hi present pos-tlun "hows what honors may fall to poets if they refurm In time-. S '-.-slily. Chicago Post. It was probably jt:.U a an object lesson in free silver thai some one robbed a bank while Bryan wu pulig. Inhniacll tea. Philadelphia North American. That Indianapolis convention will leave the Bryanites a homeless and nameless band of wanderer. ( n