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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, September 06, 1896, The Sunday Journal, Part One, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015679/1896-09-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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Part One
Pages 1 to 8
School Begins Monday, Sept. 14
We are prepared for any demands that may be made
upon us for School Suits. We quote a few prices on
medium and heavy weights in Boys' and Children's
Clothing that will be a Great Saying to you in fitting
out the boys for school.
Boys' Long Pants Suits at....... $f303
That are worth $8.00.
Children's Knee Pants Suits at.
That are worth $5.00.
Children's Knee Pants at OS ots.
That are worth $1.25 and $1.50. You get the most for your money at
We c)o33 to-morrow,
& & 4
4 4 $Q4&4'$$
There is Now But One 5-cetit Cigar
Sold in Indiana
JM Has a Sure-Enough Havana Filler.
8S A A
If you will take the trouble to compare the
filler of Cubanola with that of any other 5
cent cigar you will find thio statement
Absolutely True
AH First-Class Dealers Sell Cubanola.
A. Kiefer
Sole Distributers,
4 8
$33&8S vj
Biff Route
SDacial train leaves Indianapolis Union
Station 7:30 a. m.f returning leaves Central
Union Station. Cincinnati, at 1 p. m., same
Soeclal Features: Shoot the chutes at the
Lagoon. Coney Island, 100 wild Sioux In
dians at the Zoological Gardens, Chester
Park. II. M. BRONSON, A. G. P. A.
Dayton, Toledo and Detroit.
Cincinnati Vestibule, daily 3:40 am
Cincinnati Fast Mail, daily 8:10 am
Cincinnati, IMyton. Toledo and Detroit
Express, except Sunday. 10:45 am
Cincinnati Fast Express, daily 2:46 pin
IMncinnatt Vestibule, daily 4:45pm
Cincinnati, Dayton, Toledo and Detroit,
daily 7:05 pm
!2:30 am; 6:60 am; 11:45 am; 3:35 pm; 7:50 pm;
10:65 pm.
For further Information call at No. 2 West
Washington street. Union Station or No. 134
8. Ililnolf. St. GEO. W. HATLER, D. P. A.
LcuUviUe, Xew Albany Chicago Hallway.
rallwan Veattbale Trnin Service-.
Iinlrf daily at 1.00 a. in., 3.45 p. in. and 1 40 night
Ainvt Cbitago 12.30 p. in., V.20 p. in. and 13 a. in.
Leave tUkago dally 2.4a a.m., 10.4a a. m. and 8.30
Airive Indianapolis 8.00 a.m., 4.36 p.m. and 3 25 a.m.
Chicago iSleeper at vest end Union station, ready
I b:30.
Detailed information at Union Station and 2 West
V ashington street. UKO. V. UA Lfc.ls 1. A.
Bloody Fitcht Between Moonshiners
Over a Division of 3Ioney.
NASHVILLE, Sept. 5. A dispatch from
Mlddlesboro states that a bloody, fight oc
curred In the northern portion of Bell coun
ty, Kentucky, between moonshiners over
the division of money made by selling
liquor. Thre men and a boy are reported
killed. Details of the tight have not been
obtained, as the scene of the light Is re
mote from the railroad and telegraph lines.
Miss Jennie Stewart's Coiffure Pre
vented a l'ruejure f Skull.
COLUMBUS, O., Sept. S.-Miss Jennie
Stewart was saved from fatal Injury to
day by the Psyche knot of her hair. She
was struck by an electric car and knocked
over on a side-track. Her head struck the
rail with great force, but the knot of heavy
hair protected her and tshe Buffered neither
fracture of the skull nor concussion of the
Labor Day, at 9:30 a. m.
8 8 S g g
8 l S $ S $
8 8
3 . year Otmlif oirixio.
20c per Bottle,
$2.25 per Dozen.
Distributors of Fine Imported and
Domestic Groceries,
16 North Meridian Street.
Meet Me To-Night at . . .
illiard Parlor
owling Alley,
59 North Pennsylvania St.
Tnitlon Charge in Catholic Parochial
Schools Abolished Appeal to
Member of the Chnrch.
ST. PAUL, Minn.. Sept. 5. Archbishop
Ireland has issued a letter announcing that
hereafter, in the Catholic parochial schools,
no tuition will be charged, such tuition be
ing considered an obstacle to the growth of
these schools. In the course of the letter he
"Of course the expense of maintaining
the schools must be provided for in some
way. Pastors will take the amount of these
expenses from their regular church re
ceipts of the parish, or will rely upon ex
traordinary measures which their own
judgment may commend. Catholics will, we
are very sure, co-operate with their pas
tors in maintaining the parish school. The
proper view to be taken of the Catholic
school is to regard it as a great religious
work In which all concerned, whether they
have or have not children attending it.
The Catholic school the future will prove
it beyond a doubt is the mxst fruitful of
all institutions for the preservation and
perpetuation of the faith in this country,
and the- Catholic who takes a deep and
abiding interest in his religion will love the
Catholic school and prove his love for It by
his generosity toward it."
The letter closes with an appeal' to Cath
olic parents to support the parochial
schools and to send their children to them,
" Pupils of Catholic schools learn thor
oughly their religion, and are made to
practice it in daily life. If the faith of your
children is to be with them a strong and
living faith when they have grown to man
hood and womanhood, it must become to
them now, as it were, a second nature. This
Is what la done by a Catholic school. Faith
is there grounded in children so that It
never leaves them afterwards."
Parachole Failed to Work, and He
StrueU a Tree "While Palling.
BARDSTGWN, Ky., Sept. 5. Thomas
Holmes, an aeronaut, who was with Cooper
& Co.'s circus, was killed here yesterday
afternoon at the Nelson county fair while
making an ascension. When at a great
height Holmes cut the parachute loose, but
It failed to work properly, and while de
scending rapidly he lost his hold on the
trapeze bar and fell, land is Sr, tree and
then falling to the groana, a. w.stance of
eighty feet. Both of his rms and legs
were broken and his coav w - uiy mangled
He died half an houv a : .. accident
Drug Co.
Reasons Why Those Who Labor In
Factory, Field and Elsewhere
Want an Honest Dollar.
Doty Made Plain to All Voters Who
Desire Prosperity and Maintenance
of the Country's Honor.
Big Delegations Visit the Republican
Nominee and Are Carried Away
by His Eloquence.
CANTON, O., Sept. 5. This was one of
Major McKinley's busy days. The Beaver
county (Pennsylvania) delegation reached
the McKinley Home 2,500 strong at 12:15
this afternoon. It came on special trains
over the Pennsylvania road. There was
an. enthusiastic march through the streets
to the McKinley home, during which the
procession was doubled in number by .ac
quisitions along the route. Among the
clubs In line were the Lincoln Club of New
Brighton, McKinley and Hobart Club of
Monoco, McKinley Club of Beaver and the
Republican Club of Rochester. The party
was headed by Major Little, of Beaver
Falls, and E. H. Thomas, ff New Brighton.
The reception given Major McKinley
when he appeared upon the porch to greet
his visitors was one of the most enthusi
astic scenes yet witnessed at the house.
The cheering could be heard for blocks and
blocks away, and such a waving of hats
and handkerchiefs and umbrellas and ban
ners has seldom been witnessed. It was
some time before the speakers could be
heard. When order was secured Edward
A. Frethy, a molder of Beaver Falls, Pa.,
was introduced and presented the congratu
lations and assurances of hearty and con
tinuous support for McKinley and the Re
publican cause by the people of Senator
Quay's home.
The Nominee's Speech.
Major McKinley made an appropriate re
sponse, speaking at some length of the Is
sues of the campaign. He said:
"My Fellow-citizens It gives me very
great pleasure to receive this call from the
workingmen and citizens of Beaver county
of the State of Pennsylvania. I greet you
at my home as friends and as allies in the
great cause in which the honor of the coun
try and prosperity of the people are in
volved. You are our nearest neighbors on
the east, and a. i closely connected so
cially and in business relations with the
eastern part of the old congressional dis
trict which for so many years I had the
honor to represent.
"The people of this country were never
so eager to vote as now. (Great cheering.)
The last four years have been long years
the longest four years since our great
civil war. (Cries of 'That's so!') Every
thing has suffered but the Republican par
ty. (Laughter.) Everything has been
blighted but Republican principles (ap
plause and laughter), and they are dearer,
more cherished and more glorious than they
have ever been before. (Cries of 'That's
right!') The people of the country are
omy waiting for an opportunity to embody
those great principles in public law and
public administration. (Appiause.)
"I have great affection for your old
county and your commonwealth. (Cries of
Hurrah for McKinley and Beaver county.')
Both have stood for the Nation and Its hon
or in every crisis of our history. No State
in the Union has been more closely wedded
to Republican doctrines and Republican
po.icies than the State of Pennsylvania.
(Cries of 'Hurrah for Pennsylvania.') No
State has achieved higher rank in manufac
turing and mining than yours, and no State
has been more devoted to the great doc
trine of a protective tariff tahn the State
from whence you come, (tremendous
cheering), and, my fellow-citizens, no State
exemplined the splendid advantages of that
great system more than yours. I do not
Imagine that you are ready to give it up
(applause and cries of 'No, never!') but that
you will still cling to it as one of the great
American patriotic policies that are best
for your advancement and Drosoeruy.
(Cheers and cries of 'We will do that a.11
"I do not recall a titme in the history of
the country when the question of protec
tion was at Issue that your State did not
declare by emphatic majorities In its favor.
Two years ago you gave to your distin
guished Governor. General Hastings (ap
plause), the largest majority ever given to
anyone by your State, and probably the
largest popular majority ever given to any
candidate jn any State of the Union. (Ap
plause and cries of 'We will make your's
bigger!') t
My fellow-citizens, I do not forget that
this delegation comes from the home of that
distinguished leader and unrivaled Repub
lican organizer, (great cheering and cries
of 'Quay! Quay!) whose unfaltering (cries
of 'McKinley! McKinley!') devotion to Re
publicanism has never wavered, and whose
splendid services to the cause have more
than once assisted to achieve the most sig
nal triumphs, in both your State and the
Nation, t (Great applause.) I remember
that when the Wilson tarifE law went from
the House to the Senate and was under dis
cussion Senator Quay stood resolutely for
every" interest in his State and prevented
the destruction of the great industries by
his great speech, which was the longest
ever delivered upon the tariff question In
the history of the Republic, and which has
not been concluded. (Great laughter and
applause.) When he was fighting for the
industries of your State on the floor of the.
Senate, if he could not save them in any
other way, he resumed the speech, (laugh
ter) which went on day after day, (renewed
laughter) with no apparent diminution of
his manuscript, wlucn laid before him.
(Laughter and cries of 'Hurrah for Quay!')
I wish he might have been a part of this
erreat delegation to-day, but his absence is
fully compensated by the fact that on an
other part of this great field of contest he
is serving the same cause in which you are
engaged and for the success of which so
many of the people are striving. (Ap
plause.) .
-It is this year, my countrymen, a great
cause for which we contend commanding
tho support of every patriot for it repre
sents the national honer and stands for na
tional prosperity. (Appiause and cries of
'That's right!') It involves every cherished
interest of the country, and embraces the
welfare of every citizen of the Republic.
(A voice, 'You told the truth then! ) It in
volves the labor and wages of the people
and the earnings accumulated and to be ac
cumulated, the honor of the country, its
financial integrity, its good name all are
at stake in this great contest, and every
lover of the country must be aroused to
duty and quickened to the responsibility In
this crisis. (Applause and cries of "You
need not worry about that!')
"Our glorious country has suffered no dis
honor in tne past; it must sutler no dis
honor in the future. (Great applause.) The
past is secure and glorious. The present
i and future are our fields of duty and op
i portunlty. Those who have preceded us
4 have done well their part. Shall we be less
honest and patriotic than they in the per
formance of our part? (Applause and
cries of 'No! No!,J In America we spurn
all class distinction. (Appiause and cries
of 'Correct!' 'Correct!') We are equal citi
zens: equal in privileges and opportunity.
In America, thank God, no man is born to
power. None is assured of station or com
mand except by his worth or usefulness.
But to any post of honor all who choose
may aspire, and history has proven that
the humblest in youth are frequently the
most honored and powerlul m the maturity
of strength and age. (Cries of 'That's
right!' and 'Hurrah for McKinley!) It has
long been demonstrated that the philosophy
of Jefferson is true, and that this, the land
of the free and self-governed, is the strong
est as well as the best government In the
world. (Applause.) Let us keep it so.
(Cries of 'We will do our part!')
"Men of Pennsylvania, friends and neigh
bors, let me bid you be faithful to the acts
traditions and teachings of the fathers;
make their standard of patriotism and duty
your own. Be true to their glorious exam
ples, and, whatever the difficulties of the
present or problems of the future, may you
have the same spirit of unflinching loyalty
to country and to public morals, the same
devotion and love for home and family, the
same acknowledgement of dependence upon
God that has always characterized those
grand men who builded the Republic and
have sustained it evet since. (Applause.)
Therein rests your greatest prosperity and
happiness, and the surest attainment of
your best and dearest interests and hopes.
Have confidence in the strength of our free
institutions. They musts be preserved.
(Great applause and cries of 'Hurrah for
McKinley!') j
"My fellow-citizens. It: has given me
pleasure, I assure you, td meet and greet
you here at my home to-day, and it will
give me still greater pleasure to meet and
greet each one of you personally." (Tre
mendous cheering.)
Major McKinley Wins More Applause
from Pennsj 1 van! ana.
The delegation from, Senator Quay's
county in the morning were followed by
two train loads from Pittsburg and vicini
ty, then excursions of a Pltsburg newspa
per at 3:30 in the afternoon. Congressman
W. A. Stone, chairman of the visiting del
egation, presented Mr. W. A. Carney, a
rolling-mill man, noted Ih the councils of
labor organizations, who spoke. Wrhen
quiet was restored Major McKinley said:
"Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen
and my Fellow-citizens It Is a very great
honor to have this large body of citizens
from the counties of Allegheny, West
moreland (cries of 'And Washington!')
yes, and from the whole State of Pennsyl
vania (laughter) turn aside from their ac
customed occupations and pay me this
visit. (Applause.) This assemblage thor
oughly typifies the national Idea of a great
American commonwealth, in this, It repre
sents the equality of all, which lies at the
basis of popular government. It empha
sizes the American spirit. Here are work
ing men in every department of industry,
professional men, newspaper men the na
tive born and naturalized citizen all equal
in privilege and power before the law; all
alike interested in the government of the
country and ail with equal voice in con
trolling and shaping the destinies of our
great Republic. Here is a striking protest
against the unworthy effort on the part of
those who would divide our citizenship into
classes, and a striking condemnation of
such un-American appeal to passion and
prejudice. (Cheers.) Nothing can better
stamp with falsehood and indignant disap
proval the effort to array class against
class than this great demonstration before
me to-day. I have no sympathy with such
appeals have you? (Cries of 'No! no!')
Patriotism is a nobler sentiment. It ex
alts, but never degrades. Instead of seek
ing 'to work' the masses, it would be
worthier on the part of all of us to try to
get work for the masses. (Tremendous
cheering and cries of 'Hurrah for McKin
ley!') . ' ;
"Workingmen, Mr. Carney, that you
should have called on me on this day set
t part by your great commonwealth to cele
brate the worth and dignity and power of
labor is a great honor which I duly and
gratefully appreciate. -(Renewed cries of
'Hurrah for McKinley!) -Labor day Is a na
tional holiday. Is a hifth nnd just recogni
tion of the oldest and most honorable of
all callings a calling which is at the foun
dation of every industry and of our na
tional progress. (Cries of 'That's so!') This
is a demonstraUon of respect to the men who
labor and an hcfiorabiP distinction bestowed
tipon those who toil. Labor day, by act of
Congress, is made a legal public holiday. I
congratulate you that most of the States
have accorded to labor a day separate and
distinct, which places it in point of legal
recognition with the memorable events of
our own and the world's history.
"You are here to-day, not from idle
curiosity, nor from any motive personal to
myself, but you are here because we are
all citizens of a common country, .who in a
few weeks will be called on through our
constitutional forms to determine what
party shall control the government for the
next four years, and, what is more impor
tant, by what principles and policies such
party shall be governed. (Enthusiastic
cheering and cries of 'We want the Repub
lican party!') The Republican- party
stands to-day, as it has always stood, op
posed to the continuation of an industrial
policy which cripples the industries at
home, robs labor of its just rewards and
supplies insufficient revenues to run the
government. (Cries of 'Good!' 'Good!') It
stands opposed to any change in our finan
cial policy which would put us upon a sil
ver basis and deprive us of the use of both
gold and silver as currency. (Cries of
'That's right!') Involved in the contest,
too, is that fundamental question of wheth
er we are to have a government by law.
The Republican party stands now, as al
ways, for the maintenance of law and or
der and domestic tranquility. (Great ap
plause and cries of "That's right!')
"There are two things whtcn deeply and
personally Interest the workingmen. They
are work and wages. They want steady
work at good wages. They are not satis
fied with irregular work at inadequate
wages. (Cries of 'No!') They want the
American standard applied to both. With
steady work they want to be paid in sound
money. (Cries of 'Good! good!') They do
not want to lose any part of their hard
earnings through poor dollars (applause),
and they don't want to be paid in dollars
whose value can only be ascertained by
the daily market reports. (Great applause.)
Whatever work they now have Is paid in
good money and therefore no complaint is
made on that score. They are satisfied
with the money, but they are not satisfied
with the scant work or the reduced wages.
(Cries of "That's right, Major!') They are
satisfied with the present dollar bill, but
they are not satisfied with the present
tariff bill. (Tremendous cheering and
blowing of tin. horns.) We have learned
from experience that we cannot increase
work at home by giving it to the people
abroad (cries of 'That's right!'), and it is
poor policy to keep our own men in idle
ness while we furnish employment to those
outside our own country, who owe no al-
r legiance to this government and who ac
knowledge no loyalty to that nag (point
ing to an American flag. Great applause.)
" Some people seem to think that a cheap
dollar is the best thing for the working
man. The wage earners are creditors.
Their wages are paid to-day in money
whose purchasing power is good for one
hundred cents on every dollar anywhere
in the world. Their dollars are as good as
anybody's dollats, and equal to every
body's dollars just as they should be. (Ap
plause.) Nobody anywhere gets better
ones, but you do not have a chance under
the present system to get work to earn
enough of them. (Cries of "You are light!')
If a dollar worth less than one hundred
cents Is a legal tender ti e workingmen
will never get any other kind. (Cries of
'That's right!') They will always get the
poorest which will pass current, and when
the price of the products they buy ad
vances, who will be cheated? (Loud cries
of "The working man!) Who wjll raise the
working man's wages to meet the rise in
the products he buys? (Cries of 'Nobody!
Give us a Republican administration with
McKinley for President!' followed by
cheering and blowing of tin horns.) He
canr.ot do it unaided and by himself; he
does not wholly control the pay roll of his
employes. He must get somebody else's
consent before his wages can be raised
and he knows from experience that the
last thing to be advanced and the hardest
thing to have advanced are hi3 wages.
(Cries of 'That's right!')
"We might just as well understand that
we cannot fix by law thewaf.;es of labor.
That is a matter of mutual contract be
tween employer and employe. But we can
fix by law the kind of money in which
wages are paid and we will never decree
that they shall be paid in anything short
of the best dollars in purchasing power
recognized throughout the civilized world.
(Tremendous cheering and blowing of
horns.) When a man is out of a job he is
usually out of money (laughter), and to
live he must draw upon his savings, if he
has arty. I not that eo, workingmen of
Pennsylvania? (Cries of Yes!) If not up
on his savings then upon his credit.
t'What the Idle workingman wants Is a
job. That means money to him. The
mints, if they were thrown wide open to
the coinage of every character of metal
and were multiplied a hundred fold in ca
pacity, would neither furnish the wotk
ingman a job, restor his exhausted sav
ings or give him credit. (Great applause
and cries, 'You are right, Major.') Noth
ing, my fellow-citizens, will accomplish
that but work work at fair wages and
that will only come through confidence,
restored by a wise financial and industrial
policy. (Cheers and cries of 'Hurrah for
"Remember that money is never willing
ly idle. If money is ever idle it is because
it fears loss. The way to dispell that fear
is to insure business stability and business
confidence. (Cries of 'That's right.') We
cannot have work if we do not have wealth
somewhere; and we cannot have wealth
without work, for work is at the founda
tion of all wealth. The power to get hold
of money I don't care what business we
are in depends upon whether the man who
owns the money wants what we have and
needs what we have more than he wants
or needs his money. (Applause and cries
of 'That's right.') If we have our labor
we can get pay for it, if somebody wants
it, who can pay for it, and he never wants
it unless it Is necessary to have it for his
convenience or comfort or to procure some
thing from which he can make a profit out
of his money. (Great cheering.) If we
want to borrow money our ability to get it
is measured by the confidence the posses
sor has in our ability and disposition to
repay it. That is true, whatever kind of
money we have.
"And there is another thing we ought to
remember, and that is: Free silver, at a
ratio of 16 to 1 or any other ratio, will not
repeal the great law of supply and de
mand. (Cheers.) It is a grave error to
suppose that you can enhance values by
diminishing the value of money that you
can increase the vaiue of anything by
changing its measure. Garfield uttered a
great truth when, speaking for the resump
tion of specie payments, he said: 'In the
name of every man who wants his own
when he has earned it, I demand that we
do not make the wages of the poor man
to shrivel in his hands after he has earned
them. (Applause.) But that his money
shall be made better and better until the
plow-holder's money shall be as good as
the bondholder's money (cries of "Good,
good!"); until our standard Is one, and
there is no longer one money for the rich
and another for the poor.' (Great ap
plause.) , .
"What Garfield so eloquently spoke for
was executed by the resumption law of
1S79. The dollar of promise became the com
of fulfillment, and a dollar in every part
and market of the world. (Tremendous ap
plause.) That is the way it was then and
is now, and that is the way It shall be if
the peoDle place the Republican party in
control of every branch of our federal gov
ernment. (Applause and cries of 'They will
do it.') And the preservation of that dol
lar is as indispensable to our national
honor and our public faith as it is to the
men who work in factories and who toil in
the fields. (Applause.)
"I thank you, my countrymen, for this
generous and gracious call. One of the
greatest sources of comfort to me in this
contest is the assurance of your spokes
man that I have behind me so many of tha
workingmen of the United States. (Loud
applause.) It will give me sincere pleasure
to meet and greet each one of you per
SIriim Point to a Great Republican
Victory in the Pine Tree State.
LEWISTON, Me., SeDt. 5. Although the
Republican leaders have been expecting a
great victory at the State election to be
held on Monday, the 14th inst., their latest
reports indicate a greater majority than
even the most sanguine has predicted. The
Vermont election returns have given the
Republicans a new impetus to work and
every effort will be made to make the vic
tory in Maine eyen more sweeping than
that in the Green Mountain State.
Congressman Dlngley, who has been
speaking for the Republican cause In dif
ferent parts of the State, said: "I have
not seen so large and enthusiastic Repub
lican meetings since the war. and the in
dications are that the Republican majority
in the State election on the 14th inst. will
be unexpectedly large. I have found prac
tically no silver Republicans, and the Re
publicans are everywhere eager to record
their votes for protection and sound
money. The Democrats are much disor
ganized by the fact that their strongest
men refu&e to support Bryan and the Chi
cago silver and anarchistic platform. Some
Democrats will vote at the State election
for the" Republican nominees; some will
support Clifford (anti-Bryan Democrat)
and more will stay at home. While a ma
jority of the Democrats will support the
Bryan nominee for Governor, yet in my
judgment he will not receive two-thirds of
the vote that the Democratic candidate for
Governor received in 1892.
"The Republican plurality for Governor in
the State election preceding the presidential
election of was about 13,000. At some
previous State elections in presidential
years it was higher than this, but 13,000
has been about the average plurality for
Governor in residential years. Two years
ago, when the Democrats largely declined
to vote because of disgust and complica
tions over the distribution of the ornces,
the Republican plurality arose to the un
precedented figure of 39,01), but of course
such a plurality affords no basis for com
parison. "The general impression of the best
posted Republicans is that the Republican
plurality for Governor this year will near
ly, if not quite, reach 20,000, which would
be 50 per cent, more than the plurality of
1892, larger than any plurality ever given
at a State election in a presidential year."
All Members ot the Masterson Fam
ily Trne Republicans.
LINCOLN, Neb., Sept. 4. The . following
Interesting correspondence between a voter
in Mr. Bryan's ward and Major McKinley
was given to the press to-day:
"Lincoln, Neb., Aug. 13.
"Hon. William McKinley, Canton, O.:
"Dear Sir and Comrade As I am an old
man. in my eighty-fourth year, I trust 1
shall be exempt from the imputation of
selfishness or notoriety-seeking in writing
you this personal letter. 1 was born in
England, but came to America in 1S50. I
served through the late war In the Twenty
eighth Iowa Regiment. I was the oldest man
in the regiment. I had one son with me,
who was the youngest boy in the regiment.
I voted the Whig ticket until 1856, when I
voted for John C. Fremont for President,
and I have voted for every Republican
nominee from that until this, and If God
spares my life (which I hope and pray that
He may) until the 3d day of next Novem
ber, myself, five sons, three sons-in-law
and four grandsons, all I have, will vote
for William McKinley for President.
Major McKinley's response, in part, is as
"Canton, O., Aug. 19.
"Mr. Henry Masterson. Lincoln. Neb.:
"My Dear Sir I beg to thank you, as I
do very sincerely, for your courtesy in
writing me. Be assured I very much ap
preciate your assurance of support. I con
gratulate you on reaching such a venerable
Bifj Bet Offered in New York.
CHICAGO, Sept. 5. W. E. Curtis, who
was a visitor at Republican headquarters
yesterday, told Perry Heath and others
that Mr. Bryan's tour through New York
State, which was expected to be effective
among the farmers, has been so flat a fail
ure that a bet of $10,000 was offered that
Bryan would not carry a single county in
New York State. This bet was freely of
fered at one of the leading hotels in New
York city, and the money placed in the
hands of the proprietors of the hotel, with
a public announcement to that effect and
that it might be accepted at any time.' The
attention o4" men who insist that Brvan
would carry New York State was repeated
ly called to this opportunity to prove their
sincerity, but up to this time none of them
has accepted the challenge that Bryan
would not carry even one county In the
Will Flo-lit for Southern States,
NEW YORK, Sept. 5. The Republican
leaders intend to make a vigorous effort to
capture the electoral votes of some of the
Southern border States for McKinley. This
was fully decided upon at yesterday's meet
ing of the executive committee. Measures
wid be taken at once to arouse the voters
of Maryland, Kentucky. Virginia, North
Carolina and even Alabama and urge them
to support sound money. Especial atten
tion will be given to North Carolina, where
the tariff question wiil be made prominent.
Transcontinental Lines Paying- Enor
mous Coniininsions on Tickets.
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 5. The South
ern Pacific company has become Involved
in an interesting traffic squabble with the
railroads in the Western Passenger Asso
ciation. The bone of contention is the Im
migration business, which originates in
New York, and, to secure Its share of the
traffic, the Southern Pacific has effected a
combination with the Seaboard Air-line for
the purpose of handling such business des
tined to California and other Western
points as it can control, via New Orleans
and the Sunset route. Within the past few
days the fight between the opposing lines
has reached such an acute stage that the
enormous commission of $14 a ticket is now
being offered to agents for the purpo ,e of
securing the business. The heavy commis
sion, it is learned. Is being used to cut the
tariff rate, and the whole immigrant busi
ness has reached a condition of demorali
zation that has seldom been know before.
With the Idea of bringing the hostilities to
a close and to restore peace and tariff
rates, the Western Passenger Association
has asked the Southern Pacific company to
become a member of that organization, but
Vice President Stubbs. of the Southern Pa
cific company, says that prospects of such
an arrangement are very slender, for the
reason that the Western Passenger Assoc a
tion is unwilling to agree to any proposi
tion for an equitable division of business.
Waltlns on Caldwell.
CHICAGO, Sept. 5. The Western "rxds
are expecting with eagerness the return of
Chairman Caldwell, of the Wesfetn ft'S
senger Association, from Europe, where he
has been in connection with the routing of
the emigrant business by the Atlantic
steamship lines. The roads are looking to
the chairman to lead them out of the de
moralization which is springiii;? up on till
sides. Between Kansas City and Chicago
and between St. Paul and Chicago the rates
are in very bad condition, and un!-33:i some
thing Is done at once there i-.eerns to Le
every probability that the situatlan will be
come much worse In the near future. Sev
eral of the road3 are showing a dsi!oi ten
dency to kick over the traces, and nn'ess
the well-known ability of the o'.itir nan o
pour oil on the troubled waters proves ef
fective the roads will have all so:t3 of
trouble within the next fortni,rnt. cne
redeeming feature of the situacion ut pres
ent is that the amount of tragic m the jus
senger line is so small that no matt-.-r j my
low the rates may go there 's .ut r-iuch
likelihood of their reducing the net ievtr.ee
of the roads to any extent.
The M. & St. Paul Makinff Money.
CHICAGO, Sept. 5. The annual report of
the Minneapolis & St. Louis road was is
sued to-day, and it shows that the road has
been making money since it passed out of
the hands of the receivers. The gross earn
ings of the road for the year ending June
30 were $2,028,203, the net earnings were
$824,748, and the income from other sources
swelled the total revenue of the road to
$912,320. Out of this amount there was paid
in interest and dividends $S25,540, leaving a
surplus of $86,7S0.
Another Beep Cut.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 5. The Seaboard
Air-line gave notice of another sweeping
cut to-day over part of its system, that
from Wilmington (N. C.) to points in North
and South Carolina, Athens, Atlanta and
other Georgia cities. The new rates form
a 50 per cent, reduction, and become op
erative Sept. 9. ,
When 750,000 Men ,lre Enrolled in an
International Organisation, . Tom
Mann Says, Trouble Will Besln.
(Copyright, 1S96. by the Associated Tress.)
LONDON, Sept. 5. The Trades' Union
Congress of Great Britain will open at
Edinburgh on Monday next and will close
on Sept. 12. It is expected that about 350
delegates will be present and the German
trade societies will also be represented,
their delegates being Herr A. Von Elm, a
member of the cigar sorters' union and
manager of the workmen's productive as
sociation at Hamburg. The American Fed
eration of Labor has sent over two dele
gates, Messrs. Strasser and Sullivan.
Some of the delegates say that all the
plans. for a gigantic strike of the dock la
borers of the world at large have been per
fected in everything but the minute details,
and that the most important labor move
ment ever conceived may begin this fall.
The trades' union men who do the work of
the ports of the United Kingdom have been
working on this scheme tor a long time
past, and it la looked upon as likely to
be the signal for a new era not only in
the history of trades unionism, but in the
history of all labor organizations or secret
societies. Since the year im every strike
for better wages or shorter hours at any
port of the United Kingdom has practically
come to nothing, because when the men
went out at any particular port the trade
of that place has been transferred for the
time being to some other British or conti
nental port, and the strikers have been
compelled to surrender.
The present plan is designed to prevent
faniynrifla!co y. uni"n all classes of
il7er3 tmployed in or a0out the docks,
ships, wharves and warehouses in the
hri.Ue Winsdom the United States, Can
ada. Germany, France, Holland. Belgium
and Australia. a3 well as other countries
in one great new federation. Its members
are to wear a specific badge, and the car
dinal principle of membership will .be to
stand hrmly united and to lmollcltly obey
the instructions of the governing council
J?v, fcplle .of.v. anything and everybody
Throughout the world the membership of
thla federation will be pledged to uphold
strikes of any section of the federation bv
striking in sympathy and remaining out
until notified to return to work.
The scheme is so gigantic in scope and
may have such far-reaching consequences
that it is attracting attention on all sides
and is seriously considered by the law
makers of Great Britain, who see in it a
great danger which may have to be met
by radical measures. The strike is to be
principally against the piece-work system
"lom"-Mann, One of the leaders of the
movement, was interviewed by a repre
sentative of the Associated Press. He said-
lhe organization which Is controlling this
new movement is called the International
Federation of Ship. Dock and River Work
ers, an organization that directly appeals
to over one million men. When we have
completed the organization of these men
and so far we are sure of a fourth of
the number mentioned, and the number is
growing every hour. It will be the biggest
event that has happened in the labor
movement. In the United Kingdom the
men are responding as freely as we could
wish. e have already made great stens
at organization in the United States,
Belgium and Holland, and the work is go
ing on in a number of other countries.
"In the United States our proposition has
met with a cordial reception from Mr
Campers, who has thoroughly distributed
our literature in the proper quarters. The
replies already received from the United
States are very encouraging, and so soon
aa we have made further progress here we
shall complete the work In the United
State's and Canada by sending delegates
there, and all the little details of com
pleting the organization of the new federa
tion will be finished, and tfcb result will be
that a strike will at once be Inaugurated
here, the dock laborers and other members
of the federation in America will quit work
at the same hour and our continental
brethren will a! so lay down their tatsks
"We do not wish for a strike nor do our
members desire It if our demands can be
granted by quiet discussion with the em
ployers. In any case, if we wait until we
have 750,000 men -enrolled the re will be no
need for a strike, as the employers wilt
yield in the face of the threat o'. a general
paralysis of the shipping business of the
"'Yes. It Is true that It has betn proposed
that the general strike should begin on
Sept. 2i next, but I hope this ?Ul not be
the case. Of course there will be two fac
tions In the new federation, thoi who are
smarting under prolonged injustice and
who are, therefore, eager for a ftrlke, and
those whose affairs are In u better condi
tion and who, threforo, are Somewhat
lukewarm and undesiroua of precipitating
the great strike blng planned. '
Speeeh That Refutes Many of the
Plausible Statements Reiterated
by Silver Agitators.
Figures That Show Conelusively the
Decline in Prices Was Not Caused
by the "Crime of '73."
Efforts ot Mr. Bryan to Array the
Masses Affalnst Capital and Ilood
Tflnk the People Condemned.
CHICAGO, Sept. 5. Central Music Hall
was packed to the doors to-night to hear
the address of Carl Schurz, who spoke un
der the auspices of tho American Honest
Money League. Mr. Schurz has paid par
ticular attention to the New York speech
of Mr. Bryan, and his description of what
wout" occur "it uryan is elected" pro
voker repeated cheers from his audience.
He flatly declared that if Mr. Bryan be
lieved certain things, which he quoted
from Mr. Bryan's New York address, then
Mr. Bryan did not know what free coinage
meant even though he was Its most ardent
apostle. The audience, which numbered
about 3,500, received Mr. Schurz's address
with great enthusiasm. He spoke in part
as follows: )
"Fellow-citizens I have come from the
East to the West to speak to you for hon
est money. I do not imagine myself to be
in an 'enemy's country.' There is to me
no enemy's country within the boundaries
of this Republic Wherever I am among
Americans I am among fellow-cltUsens and
friends, bound together by common Inter
ests and a common patriotism. Jn this
spirit I shall discuss the question of the
day. I shall not deal in financial philos
ophy, but in hard and dry facts.
"There are sporadic discontents in the
country, partly genuine, partly produced
by artificial agitation. They may be spe
cified thusT Tnere are farmers who com
plain of the low prices of agricultural prod
ucts; laboring men complaining of a lack of
remunerative employment; men in all sorts
of pursuits complaining of a general busi
ness stagnation and of a scarcity of money.
In some parts of the country, especially
the South and West, there are many
people complaining of a want of capital
and a too high rate of interest. ' The cry
for money is the favorite cry. These are
the principal and most definite complaints.
Beyond them, however, an impression -haa
been spread by agitators that an organized
conspiracy of moneyed men, mainly great
bankers, in America and in Europe, backed
by the monarchs and aristocracies of the
old world, is seeking the general estab
lishment of the gold standard of value to
monopolize or 'corner' the world's money
to the general detriment. All tht ha
found definite expression tn the follow
ing declaration of the Chicago platform:
" 'We declare that the act of 1873. demon
etizing silver without the knowledge or
approval of the American people, has re
sulted in the appreciation of gold and a
corresponding fall in the prices of com
modities produced by the people; a heavy
Increase in the burden of taxation and of
all debts, public and private; the enrich
ment of the money-lending class at home
and abroad, prostration of Industry, and
Impoverishment of the people.'
"Mark well that all these evil conse
quences are ascribed to the demonetization
of silver In the United Statea alone not to
its demonetization anywhere else. This is
to Justify the presentation, as a sufficient
remedy, of the free coinage of silver in the
United States alone, 'without waiting for
the aid or consent of any other nation.'
This platform is amplified by free-coinage
orators, who tell us that tha act of 1873.
called 'the crime of 1373.' has surreptitious
ly 'wiped out one-half of the people's
money, namely, silver; that in consequence
the remaining half of our metallic money,
namely, gold, as a basis of the whole finan
cial structure, has to do the same business
that formerly was done by gold and silver
together; t.'iat thereby gold has risen to
about doub'.e its former purchasing power,
the gold dollar being virtually a two-hundred-cent
dollar; that the man who pro
duces things for sale is thus being robbed
of half the price, while debts payable on
the gold basis have become twice as heavy,
and that this fail of prices and increase of
burdens Is enriching the money-changers
and oppressing the people.
"Are se complaints well founded? Look
at facts which nobody disputes. That
there has been a considerable fall In the
prices of many articles since 1873 Is cer
tainly true. But was this fall caused by
the so-iv" 1 demonetization of silver
througl jt of 1S73? Now, not to speak
of othe ,ods of our history, such as the
period i.n 1846 to 1851, everybody knows
that there was a considerable fall of prices,
not only as to agricultural products cQt.
ton for Instance, dropped from fl a pound
In 1S64 to 17 cents In 1KT1 but in many
kinds of Industrial produVts, before 173.
What happened before 1S73 cannot have
been caused by what happened In 1S73. This
Is clear. The shrinkage after 1!73 may,
therefore, have been causod by something
"Another thing is equally clear. When
ever a change In the prices of commodities
is caused by a change In supply or demand,
or both, then it may affect different arti
cles differently. Thus wheat may rise in
price, the supply being proportionately
short, while at the same tim cotton may
decline in price, the supply being propor
tionately abundant. But when a. change of
prices takes place In consequence of a great
change in the purchasing power of the
money of the country, especially when that
change is sudden, then the effect must be
equal, or, at least, approximately so. as to
all articles that are bought or sold with
that money. If by the so-called demoneti
zation of silver In 1S73 the gold dollar, or
the dollar on the gold basis, became a 200
cent dollar at all, then it became a aoo-cent
dollar at once and for everything. It could
not possibly be at the saret time a 2;X)-cent
dollar for wheat and a 120-cent dollar for
coal, and a 150-cent dollar "or cotton, and
a HXt-cent dollar for corn or for nhovels. I
challenge any one to gainsay this.
"Now for the facts. The act of 1S7.1 In
question became a law on the 12th of Feb
ruary. What was the effect? Wheat, rye,
oats and corn rose above the price of lh'2.
while cottou doclinetl. In 1S74 wheat dropped
a little; corn made a jump upward; cotton
declined; oats and rye rose. In 175 there
was a general decline. In 1876 there was a
rise In wleat and a dwllne in corn, oats,
rye and cotton. In 1577 there was another
rise In wheat, carrying the price above that
of 1S70 and up to that of 1S71, years pr feed
ing tin act of 1S73. Evidently, ho fas' the
2io-cent 'fo'lar had not made Its murk at
all. But I will admit the possible plea that,
ai they pay the act cf KS73 having been
parsed In eirt , poii!, did not know any
thing about It, and prices remained meas
urably steady. In ignor.-.itct of what dread
ful thin had happened. If so, then It
would upptar that, if the knowing ones had
only kept still about it, the gold dollar
would hav-i modeiuy remained a 100-cent
dollar and nobody woulc have been hurt.
But.'seriojwlv Breaking. Jt may he aid that
when the act of 1S73 was passed, we were
still uslnjj exclusively paper money, that
neither vv'd nor silver was In circulation,
and that, therefore, the demonetization
would rot be feit. Very well. But then in
ISTtf spec.e payments were resumed. MtaJU

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