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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1898.
CAHON THEIR MECCA THOUSANDS OF IIEPI IIMCATVS WILL. SOOX CALL ON M'KIXLEV. r IHj? IlcIeKntlons from Northern Indi ana, CIilfRKo mimI IVnimylvnnla Hooked for Visits. SEPT. 18 TO BE A GREAT DAY AXOTIIHR LIFE-LOG OHIO DEMO CHAT OIT FOll SOUND MONEY. Letter from Henry C1ew-Popoeratle Scheme to Iloll Vl nil Immense Majority In Arkuniin. CANTON, O., Sept. 6. Major McKinley attended communion service at the First M. E. Church this morning, occupying the family jew. He took a short drive this afternoon. Two of the most notable events of the coming week will be the visit of a thou sand members of the Democratic Sound Money Club of Chicago and tne tall of the workingmen of the Carnegie Homestead, (Pa.) iron and steel mills Sept. 12. Governor Bushnell and staff will also call. . News reached here to-day of an Immense delegation preparing to come in about two weeks from northern Indiana in special trains over the Lake Shore railway. Dele gations are now being scheduled for Canton to the number of six and eight in a single day. Perhaps the largest meeting of the campaign will be that of Sept. 18, when Senators Thurston, of Nebraska, Cullom, of Illinois, and Burrows, of. Michigan, will epeak and the Governor and other distin guished citizens be present. Cantonians are going to outdo the great crowd of 1SS1. when the national soldiers' and sailors' reunion was held here. It Is announced to-day that Hon. William A. Lynch, president of the Aultman Com pany and of the Canton & Massillon Elec tric railway, who has been a lifelong Dem ocratic leader in Ohio and who was de feated for prosecutor by McKinley when he first ran for that office, and in turn de feated the Major for the same office in the next election, will address , the sound tnoney railroad club in Canton. Mr. Lynch was a delegate to the Indianapolis con vention. The First Voters' McKinley Club, of To peka, Kan.; the Commercial Travelers' gound-money club, of Mansfield, O. ; the McKinley and Hobart club, of Hamilton. Mo.; J. w. Harped, president ofhe Mc , Kinley club, of Wolfville, Ky.;'the Mc Kinley and Hobart club, Stanton, Mich.; the McKinley and Hobart 'Bicycle Club, Pittsburg, 600 strong; the . Commercial Travelers' Sound-money Club, Terre Haute, Ind.; the McKinley League, Cor rinth, Ky. ; the McKinley club, Roseburg, Ore.; the McKinley Railroad Club, of Lan caster, O., and the McKinley League, of Geneva, O.. send telegrams of greeting to Major AXcKinley, announcing their organ ization for campaign work. Gov. Bradley, accompanied by Col. W. L. Haslip, of Lakeland; Col. J. A. Bryant, of Ashland; W. R. Smith, of Lexington; F. H. Roberts, of Frankfort, arrived in Can ton last evening. They were received a: the station by Major McKinley and a re ception committee and were driven to the McKinley home, where they remained an hoar between trains. Major McKinley held a short conference with Governor Bradley, the party being entertained by-Mrs. Mc Kinley and friends in the family sitting room. Tle members of the staff said to the reporter that the National Democratic ticket wou.d strengthen Rt pub. lean ehancts In Kentucky, and that they were confident " the State would be carried for McKinley. WHAT 1IENIIV CLEWS SAID. Silver Agitators I'nfnirly Perverted One of Ilia Letter. NEW YORK, Sept. 6. Henry Clews, the well-known banker and authority on finan cial matters, In his review of the situation In Wall street, says; "Financial affairs at this center have ehown, during the past week, the evidences of recovery which were foreshadowed in my last advices. It has been more, than l once intimated in these letters that the great alarm of late months has been pro duced rather by impending possibilities as to matters of the very gravest nature than by decided probability that the things feared would be actually accomplished. Jt Is true that this distinction does not war rant the supposition that the apprehen sion has been groundless; for the rtnaneial , and political revolution embodied in the Chocago platform is so completely and to the last degree ruinous that, if the chances of the adoption of such a programme-were only as one in ten. even that measure of possibility was sufficient to warrant ex traordinary precautions by every man who has any interests to protect. Nevertheless, there is this to be noted in this distinction between the possibilities and probabilities, that in proportion as the chances of these evils happening diminished, the less force would the mere possibility of the cutas trophes possess as an clement of disturb ance. "We have now reached a point at which the impossibiiitiy of the American people ever sanctioning such suicidal policies as are Incorporated in the Bryan platform is becoming each day more emphatically evi dent. The enormity of the proposals has so deeply aroused the self-respect and the pa triotism of our intelligent citizens that an overwhelming defeat of the revolutionary party has become a self-evident certainty ' to every one who can read the signs of the times, or can discern the temper of the American p?ople. This it is which is now working a marked change for the bet ter in the tone of affairs in business cir cles. The results of the Vermont election are construed as foreshadowing the sure repudiation of free coinage by the people at the November election. Equally, the or ganization of the National Democracy tat the Indianapolis convention, is- viewed as dooming the Populo-Democratic element to Inevitable defeat and making more certain the election of the Republican ticket. Be yond these indications of the November nutcome. the general drift of information from private and political sources is that the silver cause is waning a drift , which will become much more evident when tne National Democracy gets its forces mar ' Bhaled and in the field. "It may be proper to here call attention to a most unfair perversion, by silver agita tors, of language used by me in my "tetter rircular' of May 23 last, in speaking or the attitude of the financial interests towards the silver agitation. The part of that cir cular has been used by the silverites us representing Wall street as prepared for a usurpation of power to coerce Congress In the event of passing tuch a law as is referred to. The following letter, replying .".o a California gentleman who ass for an Purifies and Beautifies by restoring to healthy activitythe Clogged, Ir ritated J Inflamed, Slug gish, Overworked Pores. Sold throughout th wnrld. PoniS ESOO A0 Ci.. . prtf, Boamn, t'. S. A. ff-"How is YAntj ud liaubl tb 8 km," nulled fro. ( " explanation in a spirit of friendly candor, may put these misrepresentations in their true light: ' 'New York. Aug. 31, 1806. " 'E. L. Conger, esq., president Throop Polytechnic Institute, Pasadena, Cal.: " "Dear Sir The construction put upon the language which I used some time ago in my weekly letter regarding the action of Wall street in the event of a free-silver victory, docs me serious injustice, and totally misconstrues the spirit of my as sertion. The language was that "if Con gress should by a two-thirds vote of both nouses pass a bill fixing free coinage of silver at 15 to 1 it would evoke conditions in Wall street that would defeat or prevent its execution." By the term Wall street we of the East think not alone of the brokers dealing in shares on the exchange, jut the vast concentrated interest of the country, the extensive banking capital, the multitude of investors, the poor as well as the wealthy. The "conditions" here im nlied are a supposed popular feeling that A-ou!d be hostile to a measure that in my opinion might prove ruinous to Wall street business, as well as to other kinds of busi ness connected therewith, such as railroad enterprise, for instance. Wall street being the great barometer of general business would naturally sound a note of warning that would be reverberated throughout the Nation. It was so when Congress at Urr.pted to legislate against speculating in gold. The consequence was that gold tidvanced 100 per cent, at once, and threat ened to prove disastrous to business. Con gress immediately perceiving the evil re sults to which such legislation would in evitably lead rescinded its action forth with and permitted business to go on in its natural course, subject to the influence of upply and demand. Thus it is that where ever legislation has unduly interfered with business interests the result has been mis chievous. Thus has been illustrated in every attempt at such legislation since the sumptuary laws were proved to be such a signal failure in Rome, and since then cen turies ago in England. All sut-n legislation is opposed to public policy and restraint of trade, and it tramples, on principle, upon the right of everybody in trade, small or great. If the law could fix the market price of every commodity it could just as equitably dictate what we should eat. drink and wear. Attempts have ben made sev eral times in Congress to enact laws, like the Washburn option measure, against dealing in futures, but without success. Germany has now enacted a law restricting dealings in stocks, but that will soon go the way of all of its kind, though upheld by tyrannical power in the meantime. " 'it was against such legislation that my remarks were directed, and I still adhere to them in this sense. I never intimated that Wall street was potent enough to up set or defy a national law. nor would it be so inclined under any circumstances; but I do say that the opinion of security hold ers and that of other financial interests is strong enough and influential enough to aid in a movement to repeal a law that would be very injurious to the , business interests of the country. " 'This is an answer to your letter of Aug. 24. in which you ask for an explana tion regarding the points above stated. Yours very truly, HENRY CLEWS.' "In addition to the large recovery of con fidence due to the hopeful political ten dencies above referred to. the situation in Wall street has been materially Improved through the large import of gold, which is known now to have reached $20,000,000. in cluding what is on the way. Good authori ties have estimated that we shall get at least $30,000,000 before the current stops; but others are confident of the total reach ing $40,000,000. This shows the advantage of being on the world's money basis; for this importation of gold comes here as money, and while it' does not go into ac tual circulation amongst the people, it does go into banks and performs the functions of circulation just the same, as It relieves the notes that otherwise would have to be held as reserve. The sameis the case as regards so much of the receipts as go into the treasury, as much of it will. It re leases a corresponding amount of legal tender money, which will pass into the general circulation. If we had silver-basis money this gold would be nothing more than merchandise to us, on account of its high premium. As a matter of fact, if we were on a silver basis, we could not at tract gold here from Europe on any terms. This current gold import ought to open the eyes of the farmers and others who have been misled by demagogues to believe in free coinage at lfi to 1. and should con vince them that if we maintain the geld standard we can withdraw n great deal more gold from Europe than they can take from Us; in other words, we don't want more money manufactured, especially of an inferior character, nut we want to main tain the sound money that we now have and let the worH know that we are going to do so. It will give us what we now lick confidence, which will bring the Eu ropean money here to an extent to equalize the ratfs of interest in nrrtca with those of England. France and Germanv. That of confidence is already beginning to return to us." POPOCHACV REJECTED. Coiifirresfinnn Bartlett Cannot Support the Chienjro Platform. NEW YORK, Sept. 6. Congressman Franklin Bartlett, who has served as Rep resentative of the Seventh district in the Fifty-third and Fifty-fourth Congresses, in an open letter to his constituents, rejects the Chicago platform, and says that if he is nominated again he cannot accept. In part he says: "I am deeply sensible of the honor of the potition which I have filled, but the renom ination and re-election are matters of no consequence when compared with the pa triotic duty of an American citizen at this crisis. Were I now to be noncommital, evasive or silent, and by such policy to ob tain re-election, I might be expected by . some of my constituents to support the free coinage of silver, the censure of 'he President of the liire.l States for suppressing riot and Insurrec tion or the packing of the Supreme Court with a subservient judiciary in the hope of thereby securing the imposition of an iniquitous and unconstitutional income lax. Such me asui have ever been and shall aH ays be to vne most abhorrent ana I shculd. if lected. strive to defeat fv-ry such proposed law and endeavor to strike down any on- attempting to underm t.e the safeguards of the federal Constitution.' TO OFFSET VERMONT. Popocratd "Will Manufacture n Bis Majority in Arkannas. NEW YORK, Sept. 6. The Pcpocratic campaign managers are seeking to offset the tremendous Republican majority in Ver mont by an equally decisive majority for the Popocratic ticket in Arkansas to-morrow. They are taking measures to secure this result. General Powell Clayton, of the Republican national committee, yesterday received the following telegram from Henry M. Cooper, chairman of the Republican State central committee of Arkansas: "The two Democratic election commis sioners have ignored the Republican or mi nority commissioners in the counties of Crittenden, Lee. Phillips. Desha. Lincoln. Jefferson. Pulaski. Woodruif, Garland. Hempstead, Chicot. Crawford and other counties, and have appointed judges of elec tion or tneir own choosing and positively refuse to appoint judges satisfactory to the Republicans or asked for by the Republican commissioners. Their persistent refusal to givf Republicans representation on election lioarus is aenounceii uy lit puimcans as a scheme to fraudulently manipulate and count the vote in these counties for the Democratic State ticket. A great many Republicans feel that if they go to the polls and vote their votes will be counted for the Democrat." 'The counties named In Mr. Cooper's mes sage are those containing the largest Re publican vote, and in some of which are sit uated tne largest cities in tne state. said General Clayton. "For instance, in Pulaski is Little Kock: in Jerrerson. pine muff: in Garland, Hot Springs, and in Phillips, Hel- VI. "If thev Intended to be fair thev woulo have allowed the Republican member upon the countv boards of election commission ers to have designated one Republican. while the two Democratic members would have designated the other two. Good New from California. WASHINGTON. Sept. 6. Chairman Bab cock, of the Republican congressional com mittee, to-day received a telegram from Vice Chairman Apsley, who, with Repre sentative McCall. has been making a tour of political observation through the far Ncrthwest and along the Pacific coast. Mr. Apsley's reports were not of the most rosy character while he was In the siiver-nro-duclng section, but his dispatch of to-d iv ftom San Francisco gave much satisfaction to Mr. Babcoek and his associates. It sa'd "McKinley will carry the Pacific coast by a great majority sure. We are having rousing meetings all along the line at Portland. San Francisco and to-morrow at Spokane The outlook is of the very best I will report in detail on the 1,'Lii." Ilryan HexU One Day. MILWAUKEE, Wis., Sept. 6. William Jetmirva E-vr.n spent a -luiet Sunday n this city to-day; this morning with Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Wall he attended Tmmanuel IVi cbyteriai Church and listened to a ser mon by the Rev. BU;op Fallows, of Chi cago, on the text "Providence." There were no demonstrations of any kind further than a few introductions to some friends of Mr. and Mrs. Wall. This afternoon the nomi nee acompanied his host on a drive through out the city. 'There were but few visitors and the day passed quietly. Mr. Bryan leaves Chicago to-morrow morning at 7:1a tn sjf-oir at the labor picnic at Sharpshoot ers' Park. - Hrynn Too Confident. LONDON, Sept. 7. The Chronicle pub lishes a dispatch from Milwaukee contain ing an interview with Mr. Bryan, in which he said: "I feel certain of carrying iew York State, and I have never had u doubt about my election." GRAPES TOO ABUNDANT. Northern Ohio Grower Will Ship No . More to Market. CLEVELAND, O.. Sept. C The grape growers of northern Ohio re a::iieted with a big crop. The vines are black with the fruit, which is selling at 3 cents a basket of ten pounds in the vineyard. There is no profit in such a price, for the basket costs 2V cents and the picking as much more, lt'is said that no more grapes will be sent to market, but that the remainder ot the crop wiil be sold to wine makers. This year's crop is the heaviest ever known in this section of the country. MINERS' STRIKE ISSUE STATEMENT FROM PRESIDENT T AL LEY. FOR INDIANA OPERATORS. hotter Mnitt Have z Reduction in Scale to Meet Competition Labor .May He Imported. Special to the Indianapolis Journal. TERRE HAUTE, Ind., Sept. fi.-Presi-dent Talley. of the State Association of Bituminous Coal Operators, has furnished the press with a statement in regard to the strike issue which may be taken us the ultimatum of the operators. Since Vice President Ogle agreed to the 63 cents price asked by the men for mining at his Isl and City mines the operators have held two meetings to consider the situation. They did not enter into communication with Ogle nor ask for his resignation, but the latter has just been received after a delay that did not seem to be understood by the op erators. The operators say he has obtained contracts in markets where he h id to compete only with Ohio coal and that from the beginning the operators have told the miners that they would be willing to pay the 60 cents price lor all coal mined to be sold in competition with Ohio if , a differential could be ob tained, but that the larger per cent of Indiana's output is sold in competition with. Illinois coal mined at a lower price than Ohio coal. Mr. Talley says: "I simply voice the unanimous sentiment of our members in refusing to be cajoled or driven to pay a price for mining which would reduce the tonnage of the Indiana mines two-thirds and give the miners one ton instead of three, or 60 cents of earnings against $1.65, the latter being the rate of 53 cents, which we stand ready to pay. The tonnage at the 60-cent price would be, when divided among the mines, so small that the average mine could not be operated ex cept at a loss. It is therefore plain to be seen that some would be compelled to re main idle or all run at a loss. The min ers are in the habit of saying that they would rather have the little work we might be able to give them at 60 cents and let the rest go. This possibly might be done ir two-thirds of the mines would shut down, but the legitimate output of the State would be correspondingly decreased and a large amount of money which should right fully be distributed through the miners to the wholesale and retail dealers and busi ness of the State generally would be di verted to other States, as indeed is now be ing done. This is being brought about, not because the miners refuse to work at a less price than our competitors pay, but because they refuse to meet prices which will enable us to market our coal in compe tition with the great coal fields of Illinois, where much lower prices for mining pre vail. Their position is just as indefensible as ours would be were we now asking them to work for a less price than that paid by our competitors were we able to cope with them equitably at prices heretofore paid. A large number of mines have been developed and capital invested with the full expectation that prices for labor and min ing in Indiana would be kept relatively the same as in competing fields, which was certainly a reasonable expectation. "The interests of the operator and miner are dependent one upon the other and should be mutual. The arbitrary position which the miners are now taking if per sisted in must bring disaster upon all con cerned. The great coal industry of Indiana is daily being paralyzed and driven out of the position in the markets of the coun try to which it is rightfully entitled. The large contracts for supplying the leading manufacturing institutions and railroads, which we have had for years, are being taken by our more forward competitors The fuel supply of the Wabash railroad formerly delivered at Logansport for the Eel river division, for the Nickel-plate road and the Grand Trunk, delivered at Stilwell and Chicago; the Michigan --en?raI. deliv ered at Michigan City; the Chicago & Erie the Lake Shore and part of the L., N. A. & C. and others is to-day coming from other States and giving steady employment to the miners of other fields, while the min ers of Indiana are idle, contending for a price that makes the operator helpless to hold his trade. The circumstances that compelled the operator to ask for a 5 cents' reduction four months ago are daily grow ing more imperative and it is doubtful if their demands were acceded to at this time whether the mines would be able to re sume at anything like their former and rightful output. I'ntil the miners shall have changed their position and agreed to make such concessions as will enable the product of our mines to meet competition on equal terms our mutual interests must so from had to worse until our market will be limited to a dribbling local trade and our miners remain in enforced idleness or follow our once prosperous trade to other fields where thev will be compelled to ac cept less favorable compensation for their labcr than offered at home." President Talley also says that while the operators have been glad to deal with the miners' crganization. that the nrpoent ren dition cannot be permitted to continue. The iiiinr-n Kimiui ui' auowea to remain idle when there are plenty of men in other min ing fields working at less than offered here who would be glad to accept the 53-cent price. Up to this time both miners anrt nn. erators have been playing a waiting game, urn ii is Known now tnat some of the op erators want to start their mines with im ported labor and call on the Governor for protection if the strikers interfere with the oneration of the mines. While Mr Talley does not say this is to be done it is under stood the waiting game has been played out so far as the operators are concerned. May Cnt Their Own Wii.com. PITTSBURG, Sept. 6.h Pittsburg dis trict of the United Mine Workers in conven tion here yesterday decided to voluntarily reduce their wages in order to sustain the 70-cont scale. They adopted a resolution which gives notice to the unorganized dig gers that unless they force all their em ployers to pay the 70-cent rate bv Sept 14 the organized miners will make the lowest price paid in the district the district Tho convention adjourned until the 14th. wniri it ui meet to carrv out the plan mapped out yesterday to force the non ,,T,'nn miners and rate-cutting operators to terms. Forext Fires in Texas. COLMESNEIL. Tex., Sept. For a fort night past forest fires have been raging in this and adjoining counties. The air has been dense with heavy smoke. The young growing timber has been totally destroyed and great damage is reported. In some sections fields of cotton have been de stroyed. Reports from portions of Bastroo county report similar fires raging, fence's and outhouses, as well as crops and grass being burned up. Movements of Steamer. NEW YORK. Sept. 6. Arrived: Palatia. from Hamburg; La Normandie, from Havre. BOSTON, Sept. 6. Arrived: Scythia, from Liverpool. QUEENSTOWN. Sept. 6. Sailed: Um brla, from Liverpool, for New York. Man. and Woman Drowned, BUFFALO, N. Y Sept. 6.-A steam yacht, containing twelve people. was swamped off Eimwood beach. In the Nia gara river, during a squall this afternoon. Win. G. Farthing, aged forty-five, and Miss Lou Gilbert, thirty-six, were drowned. JUDGE LOTS WORK TWO MEN INLAWFILLY EXECUTED AT GLKXCOE, MINN. - . ,''V- Hart Bern Convicted of Murder in Second Deree, and Were Con fined in a County Jail. TAKEN OUT BY A MASKED MOB GAGGED AND SAVING FROM A BRIDGE OVER BUFFALO CREEK. Attempt to Lynch Neroe at Ilo-ne-stend. Fa Hessi? Little's Mur der Near Dayton, O, GLENCOE, Minn., Sept. 6. The trial of the first of the two men charged with the murder of Sheriff Joseph Rogers resulted yesterday in a verdict of murder in the second degree, which dia not please some of the people of this county and a double lynching bee resulted early, this morning. The two men lynched were Darman Mus grove and H. A. Cingmars. On June 23 they had assaulted a farmer and Sheriff Rogers and deputies went after theni with a war rant the following day. , They resisted ar rest and during the altercation the sheriff was shot and killed, although they made no offer to harm the deputies. .The men were strangers in the county and the sheriff was popular. They were captured without difficulty. Lynching was threatened and on the 25th of June Governor Clough sent Company I), of St. Paul, here to pro tect the prisoners. Escorted by the militia they were taken to St. Paul and placed in the Ramsey county jail, when they were brought here for trial. Between 12 and 1 o'clock last night a mob of masked men appeared quietly at the jail doors and rapped for admission. Jailer Edward Waddell opened the door to see who was there and a demand was at once made for the keys to the jail. On his refusal he was tied in his chair and the men proceeded ' to batter down the doors with a sledge hammer. After breaking the locks of the cells they made the prisoners dress. In spite of their pitiful requests to be allowed to speak the two men were gagged and hustled away. The mob took them to the bridge over Buffalo creek, on the road leading to the scene of the mur der, and, p:.ieInK them in the same rela tive positions as when they committed the rnurderi they swung them over the ede of the bridge. The drop of fifteen feet broke both their necks. Jailer Waddell and guard Hopper were so much excited over their experience that they could give little description of tthe mob. All wore black masks. An inquest will be held over the remains and an at tempt made to locate the mob. MIRDER INSTEAD OF SlICIDE. Bessie Little's Body Exhumed and Bullet Found in Head. DAYTON, O., Sept. 6. On Aug. 27 Bessie Little, a boarder with Mrs. Freese, on South Jefferson street, this city, disap peared at 6 o'clock In the evening. She told Mrs. Freese she had an engagement to ride with Albert J Frantz, her alleged lover. On Thursday, Sept. 3, Bessie's dead body, bloated almost beyond recognition, was found iu Stillwater . river, near the bridge just north of Dayton. The coroner supposed it a case of simple drowning, perhaps a suicid?. Bessie's ltnowa delicate condition suggested suicide. Public senti ment demanded closer investigation. The body was exhumed and re-examined. A bul let that entered the right ear was found lodged In the brain. This was the first levelation of marder. Frantz was then ar rested. Two boys, while fishing, found a pool of blood on the Stillwater bridge and in the blood a tortoise-shell sidecomb, adorned with brilliants. This comb has been identified as belonging to Bessie Lit tle. Albert J. Frantz -was out that night with his bSiggy. He says Bessie was not with him. Nobody has been found that saw Frantz and Bessie together on that Thursday night. On the following night Fiantz's stable burned, and his buggy, with its evidence, if it contained any, was de stroyed. Fraatz. the day after the murder, paid one week's board for Bessie in ad ance, and whoa told sho was mis-sins said she would return. LYNCHING AVERTED. f. Negroes Smncslcil (tnt of Homestead to Snve Their Lives. PITTSBURG. Sept. 6. Prompt action by the police authorities' to-day prevented a probable lynching at Homestead. Early ihis morning four negroes broke Into the residence of William Marsh, a promi nent picture dealer of Homestead, for the purpose of robbery and probably a more heinous crime. They entered the sleeping apartment of Mr. Marsh's three daughters, and uion discovery' one of -the negroes tried to strangle Miss Annie Marsh. The father, being aroused, came to the rescue and the negroes fled. One of them. Isaac Mills, jumped from the second-story window and was so badly hurt that he will probably die. The others were arrested soon after and placed in the lock-up. The feeling against the negroes was intense and a crowd of about three hundred had planned to lynch them, but the police officials smuggled them out of town and lodged them safely in jail in mis city. Mnrder at New Yorlc. , NEW YORK, Sept. 6. John Thewrer, who keeps a blacksmith shop, to-day shot and instantly killed Michael Murphy, a drink crazed man who staggered into his house. Mnrp'.iv attacked Mrs. Thewrer and her sister, Mrs. Kate Steiger. and tiied to thrjw them down stairs. Thewrer came to their rescue and in the fight that followed, ac cording to all the testimony, he shot and killed Murphy. DR. G. B. G00DE DEAD. Native of Indiana nnd Leading Au thority on Fish and Fisheries. WASHINGTON. Sept. 6. Dr. George Brown Goode, assistant secretary oi" the Smithsonian Institution and probably the leading authority on fish and fisheries in the United States, died here to-night of bronchial pneumonia, aged forty-five. Dr. Gcode wras a native of Indiana. His published papers Include about one hundred titles on topics of ichthyology, museum ad minstrage and fish economy. From 1S74 till 1S87 he held the office of chief of the division of fisheries in the Smith sonian and on the organization of the na tional museum became its assistant direc tor. The natural history of the United States government at the Philadelphia centennial was under his supervision. Prof. Goode was commissioner to the international fish ery exhibitions in Berlin in 1SS0, and In London in 1SS:5; was statistical expert in connection with the Halifax Fisheries Corn mission, and was in charge of the fisheries division of the tenth census. He traveled through Europe for the purpose of study ing the administration of public museums, and made explorations in Florida and the Bermudas. In August, 1SS7, he succeeded Spencer F. Baird as Finh Commissioner and filled that position in addition to his other duties. He retained it only until the law could be amended making the office an in dependent one. He was also a member of many of the leading scientific societies both in this countrv and abroad. Sewnll Gillam. NEW YORK, Sept. 6. Sewall Gillam, father of the late Bernard Gillam. the fa mous cartoonist, died at his home, at Mount Vernon last night. His death was hastened by grieving over the death of his son. Bernard, last January. He leaves a widow and five children. His daughters are Laura and Emily Gillam, Mrs. A. S. Dauber, of New York, and Mrs. B. Henry, of Los Angeles. Cat. CONDITION OF FARMING SUCCESS OR FAILURE DEPENDS MAINLY ON THE FARMER HIMSELF. Some Illustration of the Change in Farming; That Show the Value of Brains Competency Wins. "The depressed condition of farming" in this country is urtjed as one of the chief reasons why silver is needed as cheap money to make times better, and the "gen eral dissatisfaction" of the farmers over their hard lot is held responsible for the birth and gsowth of the Populistic senti ment that has swept through the Western States. There is constant talk about "farm mortgages," the scarcity of money in the rural districts, the inability of the farmers to make a living, and the de pressed condition of prices for all farm products. From the cotton fields of the South, and the wheat and corn farms of the great WVst and Northwest, and even from the dairy regions and fruit orchards of the East, there is represented as coming up a great cry from those who feel that their homes and farms are being taken from them by some relentless law of an unjust civilization. If this picture cf the farming class were true (and there is no doubt of it in the minds of many), we would have to acknowledge that the chief Industry in the United States is at a lower ebb than elsewhere in the world, and that our farmers, who have always been the backbone of our country and its institu tions, are in a more deplorable condition than any of the agriculturists in Europe. The English farmer has hard times to en counter, but by frugal economy he can make a living; the German and French ag riculturists are so poor that they possess only a few acres apiece, but from these they raise enough to. keep out of debt, and even the Chinese farmer, living on his rice, and cultivating his crop with the crudest sort of agricultural implements, exists and is net robbed of his few square rods of soil. Why is it, then, that the greatest ag ricultural country on the globe cannot sup port its iarmers r Mere assertions that the farmers do or do not make a fair living, on the average, in this country fail to convince people un less they are repeated so many times that the mind gets into the habit of thinking so. The bald assertion' that "farming does not pay" has been said so many times that the majority of people believe it from no other reason than that they have heard it from so many sides, and a good percentage of farmers like to believe it as an excuse for their shff Uessness. They have been told so many times by politicians that "farming does not pay" that thousands are ready to accept it, and vote for whatever remedy is proposed. There is no industry that numbers among its employes so many incompetent and "careless rieoole as agri culture. There is prevalent among nine tenths of our population a feeling that anybody can raise corn, wheat, vegetablVs. cattle, chickens, and that no snecial ca pacity or training is needed to make them farmers. After spending twenty years as a traveling agent, somebody concludes to invest his few hundreds or thousands in a farm to make a living th-i rest of his days in a quiet, congenial way. A clerk in a hardware store finds the prospects of pro motion poor, and he decides to borrow money to go into truck gardening or chicken raising. An Eastern mechanic hears much of the bonanza farms or fruit orchards of the West or South, and he decides to give up toiling endlessly for a meager living in order to enter into pleas anter work on the farm. Men from every line of work turn to farming as the one line of industry that does not require skill or experience. . . A WRONG BEGINNING. ; This is one reason why incompetence Is founfd on the farm. A good percentage of the so-called farmers were formerly me chanics, merchants, ordinary laboring men, store clerks, lawyers or something else, and most of them have drifted to the farm be cause they failed in their first calling. They go upon a farm, renting or buying the place, generally with a mortgage at a high rate of interest, and then learn by experi ence, meanwhile letting nature "take her course." This latter means that the seed is put In the ground, and the grains and fruits are supposed to come all right in the natural order of things; the eggs are put under the old hen and profitable chickens are supposed to come forth, and the calves, and the ewes, and the cows all come just as easy and naturally as the April showers. In the end they find that things do not run so smoothly. Sickness kills the cattle, the hens refuse to lay when eggs are hish. the price of vegetables and fruits has dropped because they happened to raise some, and everything goes just contrary to all expec tations. Then "farming doesn't pay," and a few more grumblers are added to the long list who demand some change. A correspondent who In a practical farm er, in a recent number of the Country Gen tleman, after giving some plain talk to a traveling agent who wished to go into farming, makes these pertinent remarks: What we need in successful agriculture as in successful manufacturing, merchan dising, and professional life, is the posses sion and use of good common sense and of business principles. The farmer that nas and uses these will succeed on the average as well as his neighbor who is en gaged as a merchant, mechanic, lawyer, preacher, or doctor. He will bring up his family as well, give his children as good ail education and as good a start In life, and when he dies he will leave, on the average, as much of this world's goods be hind him. and stand as good a chance as any of them of getting to heaven. No better statement of the needs of agri culturists should be required than this. Thore are thousands of intelligent farmers in every State of the Union who are mak ing a good living, and their experience teaches them that there is room-for plenty more cf their same caliber. There are up wards of a hundred first-class agricultural journals published in this country, whose columns are devoted entirely to the dis semination of farm news and experience, and not politics. They leave the latter severely alone. Their pages are filled al most exclusively with news direct from the field, correspondence from practical, every-day farmers, giving the results of their experiments and experience. If one searches these papers carefully month by month. and reads the letters published in them, he will e-ather a better idea of the condition of farming in this country than if he should listen to a thousand political speeches and read a bushel of campaign documents. Statistics do not always tell the story as graphically and accurately as a pen picture by those engaged in the bat tle. Samples of these reports from the farms that are paying could be selected to fill volumes, and with but little variations they tell the same story. A few extracts from different letters might be of interest. THEIR OWN VIEWS. J. M. Rice, a farmer at Winview, Okla homa,' writes in the Nebraska Farmer: "I have perhaps written that the Western farmer needs to be a rustler that is, he must be one who is quick to take ad vantage of any sudden change of outlook, whether favorable or unfavorable. I read ily see that there are peculiar conditions existing here, but there are such long sea sons and such rich soil that in some way. if we are quick to take advantage of the opportunities presented, fair results can al ways be had. but there must be no waiting when the favored time comes: it must bo 'strike while the iron is hot." " From Surrey county. Virginia, a farmer correspondent, noted for his gloomy view of agriculture, thus concludes a tetter in the Country Gentleman: "Despite all adverse influences, a busi ness that adapts itself so readily to cir cumstances as does farming cannot but be a safe one. and. in the long run, at least fairly remunerative. Let us not despond, but. watching the world at large, let us keep an intelligent eye on everything that affects our own labors." In the same paper R. M. Sater, of La grange county. Indiana, writes: "Farmers, like business men, must know their business and study it, or they must fall. That there is extravagance indulged In by many cf our farmers is an undisputed fact. I have noticed that sev eral estates settled up in our county the past year were insolvent. These m-.n were" rated as being in good or fair curcum stances while alive, but the mortgages that hung over their farms kept growing right alons. by night as well as by aay, while they kept on buying- articles that were lux uries instead of necessities." A letter in the Boston Cultivator thus sieak3 of the dairy business in the East: "A dairyman who can go straight ahead and complete what he sets out to do is bound to succeed. In my large circle of dairy acquaintances. I can count scores of dairymen who have never made a com plete success of their business, nor never will, simply because they begin correct things and never finish them. Is it any wonder that some dairy farmers run behind In good years and cannot even keep in sight of their more progressive brothers during poor ones?" Extracts similar to these could be selected indefinitely if they were necessary to prove that our agriculture is not in such a deplor able condition as many would induce us to believe. From every part of the country come letters to these journals, which, while they speak of difficulties and discourage ments, breathe a healthv. confident spirit, and seem to indicate that the more intelli gent farmers have faith in their work. Jn fact, there 1s no disputing that thousands of farmers in every part of the country make a living, and lay up something be sides, but they are intelligent, progressive business men. able to adapt themselves to changed conditions, and thoroughly conver sant with all the details of farming. WHY SOME MEN FAIL. A study of some of the details of farming will give one a general idea why agricul ture Is depressed in some regions, and why thousands of farmers cannot succeed. In the first place, the talk about the good old times when wheat brought a dollar per bushel Is easily answered. Not only has improved machinery reduced the cost of producing a bushel of wheat nearly 25 per cent., but the improvement in seed has in creased the yield from three to five bushels per acre. Commissioner Le Due in 1S7S said: "The increased production per acre by the Excelsior White Schonen oats some years since Was 2.5 bushels per acre, and a like increase Is reported from a distribution of the Board of Trade oats in the northern and the rust proof in the southern part of the country during the past two years. But the average increased yield fairly attributa ble in like period to Improved varieties of seed would amount to 40,000,000 bushels." Major R. L. Ragland. of Virginia, is re ported in the American Gardening as say ing in regard to the Fultz wheat that "a crop of Fultz grown by me the third year frem seed originally received from the de partment gave 20 per cent, in yield over the old varieties, and sold for a profit of over what could have been realized from the old kinds." Since then the yield per acre of wheat, corn, oats, and all other farm products has been steadily increasing through improved methods of agriculture and the selection of seeds. With the yield nearly double what it was fifty years ago the farmer makes as much when wheat sells at C5 cents per bushel as he did when $1 was obtained. The intelligent and pro gressive farmer realizes this, and he raises wheat and stops grumbling at old prices. But thousands of incompetent farmers fail because they have never heard of the improved varieties of seed, and because intensive agriculture is unknown to them. Another stumbling block among them in that they cannot get out of the old ruts and adapt themselves to new conditions. Raising corn, wheat and oats does not pay in the Eastern States since the West took it upon itself to raise' enough for the whole country, but dairying, orcharding and chicken . raising can be conducted win profit by those who understand the busi ness. Each department of agriculture, however, requires training and experience. As nn illustration of the difference between successful and unsuccessful farmers, take Eastern dairying. Fully half of those who lind fault with the work cling to the old methods. The successful ones are shrewd enough to practise winter dairying when milk, cream and butter are high, leaving the summer dairying to those who know little about the work. Instead of letting: all their farm land degenerate, under the old pasturago system, they piant a good part of it with corn for the silo or renew the grass with improved seeds. The silo furnishes them with green food all through the winter, and cows that were formerly supposed to dry up in winter yield an abundant supply of rich: milk and cream in the middle of the cold season. A similar argument holds true to chicken raising. Eggs are so cheap iq. summer that it hard ly pays to raise them but the hens that lay in midwinter are very profitable. Hence raise eggs In winter. The advanced farmer knows it can be done not as easily as in summer, but fairly successfully. In all these branches conditions have changed, and those who have adapted themselves to the new surroundings more than make a living. PROGRESSIVE FARMING. In the West the farmers who understand their business have found similar ways out of the difficulty. Until two years ago it was not generally known that wheat which cculd not be sold at a profit in the market could be converted Into pork and madevto pay. During the depression in wheat of that year several thousand farmers who kept abreast of the times disposed of their surplus wheat in that way. A few progres sive farmers found that there was more money in raising nigs on clover than on com, and as pioneers in the industry they made considerable money before everybody else raised clover and herds of swine. Now alfalfa has converted hundreds of Western farms Into profitable pasture fields for cat tle, sheep and swine, and those who have been wise enough to take advantage of the new change have made money. Down in New Mexico and Arizona and California hundreds of agriculturists have made good money in raising canaigre plants for the tannic acid, and in Nebraska the cultiva tors of sugar beets have suddenly found money In the soli that years ago people said would not produce a living for any family. Even the great corn crop is made useful to the farmers other than by selling it in the market at prices below cost of production. Thousands of Western farm ers have gone into cattle raising, using corn merely as a means to an end. The vast fields of corn are raised for the tilo and the sweet succulent ensilage thus sup plied keeps the cattle in a thriving condi tion through the winter at a low cost. In late winter and early spring fresh beef, lamb, pork and other meats are apt to reach the maximum of cost, and the farm ers who have good juicy carcasses to sell secure good prices for them. A corn crop sold in this way is often more profitable than when sent to market in the ordinary method. In the South King Cotton has gradually lost his hold upon his subjects, and since the farmers have adopted diversified farm ing their condition has been greatly amel iorated. But there are thousands of unpro gressive farmers in the South who still be lieve that there is no money In anything but cotton, and as they cling to the old methods of cultivating this crop they nat urally conclude that there is no money in any kind of farming. The progressive Southern farmers, however, find money in their work. Southern eggs, ducks, poultry and fruits ate rapidly competing, even in our N'orthern markets, with tccal and West ern goods. Nine-tenths of the up-to-date farmers of the South will ay that they make money in their business. The discontent among the farmers comes largely from a class that Is not fitted by education or training to do the work. They have drifted into the business and have not studied the conditions of the new farming. As they are prejudiced beforehand by the thought that it takes no brains to conduct a farm they will not learn, and they make a dismal failure. Such Incompetent farmers are the sure victims of the silver and Pop ulist craze. It does not follow that even old farmers, or the sons of old agricultur ists, know much more about the needs of modern farming than the clerk or mechanic who takes a country place. There are plen ty of the old-time farmers who do not ad vance with the times. They farm as their grandfathers did, and refuse to believe that any mcdern method Is better. They are consequently left, along with the other In competents. "He haa been a farmer all his life, and his father before." is a pathetic phrase adopted by some who would con vince us that farming is a failure. But so has another man been a butcher all of his life, and his father before him. and both have failed to make a living. The trouble is not with the business, but with those who enter it. Some people never learn anything in a lifetime. A Georsiu Harvest .Hustle. Fodder in de shock now. Cotton in de gin; Solid ez a rock now Money comin' In! O Mister 'Possum, up In de sweetgum tree. You lookin' mighty purty, en you smilin' right at me: . ' Supper on de griddle. Preacher sayin' grace; Feller wld a fiddle A-takin' er his rdace! O Mister 'Possum, up de sweetgum tree. You lookin' mighty purty, en you sniilir.' right at me! Atlanta Constitution. A Mean Fll:i. Chicago News. "More natural gas in Indiana" is a head line in a morning paper. This, coupled with the fact that we haven't heard any thing of Billy Mason In the last few days, leads to vague suspicions. Taken In time Hood's Sarsaparilla pre vents serious illness by keeping the blood pure and all the organs iu a healthy condition. Io people buy Hood's Sarsaparllia in prefer ence to any other, in fact almost to the exclu sion of all others? ..,., Because they know that Hood's Sarsapa rilla cures when others fail. The question of best is Just as positively de cided in favor of Hood's Sarsaparllia, as the question of comparative sales. Ueinembtr, 1 1 k y y v vk vv Sarsaparilla Is the One True Blood Purifier. All druRfflst. $L Prepared only by C. I. lloort & Co., Ixmell, Mas. i rii c,ire Uver Ills; easy to tlOOCl S PUIS take, easy to operate. XJ. AMUSEMENTS. PARK-To-Day- J2 r. m. Tony : Pastor And his great comiany of vaudeville etara, headed by i ... Lew Dockstader In a programme of hlith class Piecialties. Prices, lk 2rtf. 30c. Matinees dally. Next Week The jrreat drama, "Coon Hollow." CMDF nC THEATER Entrance JClylJrl 1G, Delaware St. Arcade. MATINEE at 3. 10, 15. 23c. TO-NIGHT at . 13. 50c. Roof Garden High Class VeiilicJ3illo Co. PEATS Andrews Tailor Store, Washington and Illinois streets; Theater Hoxofflee. Tel. 1703. Fair Week Seymour's Gay New Yorkers. jISSEIAS GARDEN " Concert Every Evening:. WL M. BIRD. if. ft CO, 29 East Market Street SEALS, STKSCILS, STAMPS. SEALS .Ttj CILS.STAMD.d vATALOuufc Frt&E CHECKS O.C Itsfe, TEL. 1366. 15SHERlDANSHCMUnpfW ROYALTY AT'-BRESLAU: KMIERORS OP III SSI A AM GER MAN ATTEXD THE THEATER 'v And Receive nn Ovation from the An dience On (Hide KeKtivHIe .Marred , by Itulny Weather, , BRESLAU, Sept. 6. The festivities inci dent to the visit of the Czar and Czarina were somewhat marred to-day by bad weather. The great field service of the , camp was omitted owing to the rain. Era-, peror William paid a visit to the Czar at 11:30 o'clock. Empress Augusta arrived at the Landeshaus later, . and twenty-four guests, including all the royal personage In the city, took luncheon there.The Czar; gave an audience this afternoon to tho German Chancellor, Prince Von Hohenlohe, which lasted for over an hour. A grand state banquet, with over 170 covers, was given at the castle at 6 o'clock this even ing, all the leading members of the two imperiul suites being present." The Czar has decorated Prince Von Hohenlohe. the German Chancellor, with the order of St. Andrew, and Freiherr Marschal Von Bieberstein, the German Minister of Foreign - Affairs, . and Prince Rodolln. the German embassador to Rus sia, both with the order of Alexander Nevaky, set in brilliants. Emperor William conferred the order of the first class of tne lien I'.aeie on ju. snisKine. iiuRRian acting Jlinister of Foreign Affairs, and the Grand Cross of the Red Eagle on Count Osten-SackenJFlusuian embassador to Ger many, .y. , It is understood here that the on"erence between the Russian and German states men in the respective suites of the Czar Nicholas and Emperor William have re sulted in confirming the complete agree ment on all political questions existing be tween the two powers. A gala performance was given at the theater to-night, which was decorated for the occasion with oak gerlands entwined with asters. A brilliant audience was pres ent, and the entrance Into the theater of their Majesties of Russia and - Germany was greeted with a triple flourish, ot trumpets and the playing of the Russian anthem. During the performance of an act of "The Flying Dutchman" and of other excerpts. Emperor William was in, frequent and animated conversation with. Count Hatzfeldt. In the interval of the performance their Majesties had tea In the foyer of the theater, and held an in formal reception there, the Czflr being In the uniform of his Westphalian Huusars, and Emperor William and Princes Al brecht Henry and Frederick Leopold, of Prussia, being in Russian uniform. The two Emnresses wore handsome diamonds and necklaces of brilliants. When the party rose to leave the theater the audience broke into prolonged and enthusiastic) cheers. Their Majesties acknowledged the , -. i I p..! ii rn i n ir tfrriA aflr tiTYlA t rv Kaut J 1 null, , tt.l,.,.. ....... v. . fcr ... . to the audience. Rain was falling, but dense crowds cheered the imperial party as they were returning to the castle. The Czar's infant daughter, the Grand Duchess Olgn, has been sent back to KleL My sterlou Explosion. MADRID, Sept. 6. An explosion heard on the coast near ine lown. oi iuuroe, In the province of Corunna during the night, is the cause of much excitement and sneculation amongst the inhabitants. It seems evident that a disaster has oc curred, as much wreckage is strewn along the coast. It Is supposed that two vessels collided during the night and foundered. Nothing has been discovered to show the identity of the vessels, nor is it known how great a loss of life accompanied the catastrophe. Kehel I'lot Discovered. MADRID. Sept. 6. OIRclal dispatches have been received from Manilla stating that a plot has been discovered for th's surrender to the insurgents of the fortified tnwn rif favlta. In the island of Luzon, in the Philippine islands, while the garrison was engaged in a sortie. Spanish troop have relieved the garrison of San Indro, In the province of Jsita va EcIJa, which was besieged by the insurgents. Chhle ."Notes. The London Chronicle announce, thfit the Queen hu.H consented to receive a petition containing the signatures of 7.000,000 wom en against the liquor and opium trafhVs. The signatures were gathere by the World's W C T. I?., and those of Mis Frances Willard and Lady Henry Somerset head the list. At Moscow a newspaper says that a chess match has been arranged between Lasker and Steinltz to take place there at the end ot October..- Yes, Indeed. Th11nileltthia Tress. vl Some mighty good Republican doctrine l.cs.lf f,.t,i lit T ri.11 vi mi tif11a thn 1-t.jl few days. ' For Sick Ilendaolie - TnUr llorwford'w Acid Phosphate, It removes the cause by stlmul.itine th action of the stomach. "prbmotlinr dlsealiun and quieting th mivee. C G