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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1S95.
5 THEIR PENSION RIGHTS REPHESESTATITB OVERSTREET TALKS TO OLD SOLD1KIIS. Effect of tlie Merltoriou Bill, the Paiac of Which He Secured -llnrdon of Proof. Representative Jepse Overstreet last night addressed a meeting of old soldiers, held in the Criminal Court room, under the au spices of the Union Soldiers Mutual League. Every seat which tho available space would permit being placed in the room was taken and a number of poeple stood up about the room. There were few present who were not soldiers In the late war, and many of them were pensioners and were directly Interested in the subject of pensions, on which Mr. Overstreet talked. Several faces were seen in the au dience which are familiar at the meetings cf Camp Gray the Democratic organization of the' old soldiers. Mr. Overstreet's re marks were full of Interest and were heard with close attention He was frequently applauded and after he had concluded the old veterans crowded around him and per sonally pledged to him the rsupport which they had already In their minds given him Ilev. D. R. Lucas followed Mr. Overstreet with an exhortation to the veterans to stand firm. Mr. Overstreet said, in part "The work of the Union Soldiers' Mu tual League attracted my attention to cer tain measures of pension reform. Through ycur organization and others of similar na ture I discovered that certain classes of pensioners, on account of associations and habits, had been unable to keep from losing their pensions on the day of pension pay ment. I did not stop to question the char acter of these pensioner?, nor did I, at any time. In thought or speech, criticise or con demn their course. I had in mind only their welfare and the profit and benefit that their pensions were expected to bring to those dependent upon them. I had dis covered that through the efforts of this league a committee had been appointed to watch after those pensioners who were sub jected to unusual temptations at the time they received the pension payment. I ob served that the course pursued by your committee was not to , upbraid, abuse or even criticise those men, but that you en deavored to throw about them the cloak of cl arity and fratornal love. "Prompted by that same spirit and acting upon the suggestion made by this league and the Grand Army posts of my home, I prepared and introduced in Congress a bill providing that all pensions should be paid by check alone and thereby wholly abol ish the system of personal payment. It .Is said to the credit of the soldiers as a class that this bill was univerally approved It passed the House and Senate without a dissenting vote arid became a law by the signature of the President. I have discov ered by careful investigation that only about sixty thousand pensioners had taken id vantage of the priyilege to visit the agency In person and receive their checks across the counter and that the other 910.000 or more pensioners were already receiving their checks through the man. tonse fluently a comparatively small number of pensioners were affected In any way by the new law. While it is true tnat out a small per cent, of these pensioners yielded to the temptations about the agencies and through their associations ana intemperate habits lost their pension money, yet I acted UDon the theory that if it would be profit able to even these few and of benefit to their families, then the law should be changed. I was curious to observe, after the law went into effect, what criticism might be made against its provisions and upon inquiry 1 learned tnat oniy tnree lei ters had been received bv the various de- nartmpnta criticising the bill. One letter was addressed to the President, one to the Commissioner of Pensions and tne otner was received by me. The letter addressed to the President was Dy nim sent to n rnmmldslnnfr of Pensions and when the Commissioner and I compared the three letters we discovered tnat tney were an written by the same man and his objection tn th i.n.w was that it deprived him and his wife the privilege they had enjoyed for several years of traveling from their home, some eighty miles from Philadelphia, to the agency and, arter drawing ms pchmuh, j spending it in shopping. 1 wrote him that the law in no wise interfered with his rights to take his wife to Philadelphia as often as he pleased and there spending all the money that he desired. These three letters from this one man constitute u ure vnn cism that came by letter. EXECUTING VOUCHERS. "Under the old law a pensioner who went to the agency in person hadthe privilege of obtaining the execution of his voucher without charge and at first it seemed harsh to deprive those pensioners who reside at the agency from enjpylng this privilege, but when it was discovered that over nine hundred thousand pensioners had for years been defraying their own expense for vouchers it would have been favoritism to still allow the pensioners at the agency to obtain this privilege free of charge and still exact payment of all the pensioners who do not reside at the agency and in consequence of this the law sjmply re mained as it was, that each pensioner fur nish his own voucher. I am of the opinion that if the government can clothe some of Its officers, such as postmasters, with authority to administer oaths, that it win be advisable to peimit all iensioners to have their vouchers executed free of charge, but in the absence of such author ity on the part of government officials no provision could be made. Furthermore 1 have hoped that State authorities would provide that county clerks might adminis ter oaths to pensioners free of charge, as Is now the law in the State of Ohio. "In order to ascertain with what system the law was being operated prior to the payment in last August I addressed letters to twelve different towns about equidis tance from Indianapolis to notaries public who were accustomed to administering oaths to pensioners, asking that they pre pare statements showing the names of the pensioners whose vouchers they prepared and the dates when the same were mailed to the agency, and that when the check was returned that the date of. its return be also marked. I received full reports from these twelve inquiries and in each Instance It was shown that the checks were promptly received at the postofilces of the pensioners and in no instance was an un necessary delay reported. I have been in formed that some checks have been de layed in the city of Indianapolis, but I am not informed of the facts in tha case and presume that sometimes an error in the postolfice address will occasion some delay. However, my reports concerning the last payment of pension proved to me that whatever delays might be occasioned It would not be the fault of the law. I have been gratified to know that this law has given universal satisfaction. ' NO PROOF OF SOUNDNESS. "A second measure in which I took an Interest was this: That the law should provide that a soldier should be presumed to have been sound in body and mind at the time of enlistment, unless the con- A warded E Ugliest Honors World's FsJr, 1 ill MOST PERFECT MADE. A pure Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Frea from Ammonia, Alum or anv other adulterant. 40 YEARS THS STANDARD. lAIINi trary was shown by record proof. Where the government subjected a soldier to a rigid phvsical examination and then ac cepted him in the service, and that soldier endured the hardships of war in camp life and battle that government should be estopped from claiming that the soldier was not sound at the time of enlistment. To exact of him proof of his soundness would be unfair, if not unjust. We do not try to keep informed of the times when we are well and sound. It is not customary for us to call attention of others to the fact that we are in strong health. It is when we are out of health that we com plain. One nearly always can prove by members of his family and by friends his complaint, but he can rarely prove that he was well, especially after many years have elapsed. I therefore consider it a wise pro vision that it is the soldiers' due that this presumption of soundness at the time of enlistment should be conceded. "A third provision that interested me was the question of a title to a pension For many years it was accepted without dispute that, when a soldier had gone to the trouble exacted of him by the govern ment to establish his right to a pension that there was no question of the continu ance of that right. But in 1S93 the de partrnent handed down a ruling that the government had the right at any time to suspend the payment of a pension until the pensioner should prove again the right to receive it. inder the shadow of that rul ing. with all the danger that it implied I felt and still feel that there is greater importance in firmly fixing the title to the 970.000 pensions now being drawn than to further extend the light of claimants and under the circumstances I felt that we could well afford to, for the moment, post pone action and defer our enerev toward the further extension of pension privileges until we could nrst definitely and certain ly establish the titles to the pensions al ready granted. "The last printed report of the Commis sioner of Pensions showed that for the year ending June 30. 1S95. there were dropped lrom the pension rolls 42.411 pen sioners. Some of these were dropped on account oi tne death or the pensioner, some because of the remarriage of widows, some oecause minors had reached the age limit, but under the slmnle and linp-xnlained heading of 'other causes' there were dropped from the rolls in that year 9.6S0 pensioners. During the six months ending June .', lniMj, there were dropped for the same reason 4.S2t pensioners, makins a to tal suspension in eighteen months of 14.50; pensions for 'other causes.' I felt that something was wrong. When you stop to consider the difficulties through which a claimant must pass before he is granted an allowance, you will not wonder that con sternation should prevail when so many pensions should be suspended for unex plained reasons during so short a period PENSION EVIDENCE. "There are six boards to which a pension claim usually goes before an allowance is granted. It must pass through the adjudi eating division, the board of examining surgeons, the board of review, the board of re-review, and, where medical questions are involved, the medical board. If at any of these stages the claim does not meet the requirements of the department it may be sent into the held for special examination Alter so careful and critical a scrutiny, l seems the government should be estopped irom questioning the validity of the al lowance. But. more than that, when th comrade has exhausted all of his efforts to obtain evidence, and has at last met all requirements and received his allowance, it is more than probable that his comrades have become scattered, and that some of them have died, and it would be impossible ior mm to again collect the same or dif ferent evidence. Such being the fact, he would lose his pension even after he had proved nis case and had obtained the judg ment. 'in the first instance the burden rests with the claimant to prove the. case. I hp lieve that then the burden shifts, and be fore a pension should be disturbed the government should be compelled to show that that pension had been obtained by fraud. To remedy this condition I introduc ed a bill in Congress fixing the title to a ieiisiun anu providing tnat it should not be disturbed when once allowed, except upon proof of fraud, for I never extenuate fraud and believe that the government has the right at &ny and all times to be relieved trcm any of its obligations when it can es tablish that fraud was used in obtaining the allowance; but before the government should stigmatize the good name and honor or a soldier who had given his time to the defense of the Union, that erovernment should be compelled to have the charge of rraud nrst submitted to writing, bearing tne signature or the Individual who dare make such a charge, and before a judgment should be rendered against such pensioner he should have the privilege of facing his accusers ana suomitting proof in his own defense, as well as subjecting his accusers to cross-esamlnation. This bill so Intro duced by me contains these provisions. It passed the House and is now pending in tne senate. SPECIAL PENSION BiLLS. "There were Introduced during the last session of Congress 2,390 private pension bills in the House and 216 in the Senate, There were introduced in the House 151 general pension bills and in the Senate five, making a total of 2.763 pension bills that passed through the committee on in valid pensions of the House. Of this num ber only ill were reported. There were in troduced in the House 1,900 bills that went through the committee on military affairs only 142 of which were reported upon. This shows the difficulty that one meets in his endeavor to obtain special pension legis lation, as all these bills that are .reported by the committee are subjected to the most severe inspection, only meritorious bills receive the approval of the committee Among these bills were several that granted pension of considerable amounts to the widows of deceased olficers. 1 was somewhat impressed with the feeling that the wife of an officer was surrounded by peculiar associations and her habits cf life so influenced that it was difficult for her to accustom herself to the lowly living that a meager pension would allow. But 1 have felt tnat the system of granting such pen sions was wrong and I therefore withheld my support from them. When during the session there came up tor consideration the bill granting to the widow of General Gresham a pension of $100 a month I was somewhat embarrassed lest my opposition to the measure would be thought to be caused by the political action of General Gresham. But having adopted that course. I could not afford for mere policy sake to change my course and I therefore voted against the bill." Mr. overstreet here tooK up the history of pension legislation, showing that it had all been carried through by the Republican party, and that inasmuch as there were in the neighborhood or Cb'J.tw claims now pending it was far better to trust the ad judication of these claims to that party which had always been the true mend of the soldier. He also showed by quotations from records that, even during the time when the Democrats were in control, the pension legislation which was passed was passed by Republican work and Republican votes. Passing from the discussion of pension matters he took up the question of the at tack on the courts by the Popocratlc plat form and showed that it was the duty of the soldier to register his opposition to that p atform and that he. of ail men, fully comprehended the importance of the in tegrity of the Nation's judiciary and the honestv of her commercial life. He closed with an appeal to the soldiers on the duty of the hour, picturing tne living i:ag that was so handsomely displayed at. th tlrnnd Army Encampment at St. Paul. He said the composition of the flag, made up as it was of living children costumed in colors, was a strong object lesson in patriotism. ANOTHER QUICK TRIP. Steamship St. LouIn Cuts Her Eastern 1'aNKitK'e Record Frty-Two Minute. SOUTHAMPTON, Sept. 9. The American line steamer St. Louis, from New York, passed the Needles at 5:;-.0 o'clock this morning. The St. Louis left New York on Wednesday last, Sept. 2. and made the nia from Sandy Hook lighthouse in about six days and twelve and a half hours, forty two minutes better than her best previous eastward passage cf six days, thirteen hours and twelve minutes, made in Octo ber, last year. iovenipnti of Steamer. SOUTHAMPTON. Sent. 9. Arrived: Lahn, from New York, for Bremen: St. Louis, from New York. LIVERPOOL. Sent. 9. Arrived: Waes- land, from Philadelphia; Aurania. from New York. NEW YORK. Sent. 9. Arrived: Servia. from Liverpool; Trave and Karsruhe, from Bremen. LONDON. Sent. 9. Arrived: Montevi- dean, lrom Montreal; Lord Eren, from Bal timore. GLASGOW. Sent. 9. Arrived: Norwe gian, from Boston; Circassia, from New York. BOULOGNE. Sept. 9 Arrived: Spaarn- uam. lrom rew i orK, for Kottordam. QUEENSTOWN, Sept. 9. Arrived: Ger manic, from New York, for Liverpool. ANTWERP. Sent. 9. Arrived; South- wark, from New Ycrk. HAMBURG, Sept. 9.-Arrived: Christi ana, irom Montreal.: BOSTON. Sept. 9. Arrived: Peruvian. from Glasgow. GENOA. Sept. 9, Arrived: Km from New York. AT THE 0.P.M0RT0N CLUB A SOS OF IXDI ANA'S GREAT WAR GOVERSOK MAKES A SPEECH. Logical Jleaon "Why Scnnd Moner Should Be Continued A Rous ing Blgr Meeting. The O. P. Morton Republican Club held another of its big meetings last night in its clubroom3 on Shelby street. The speaker of the evening was Oliver T. Morton, of Chicago, son of Indiana's war Governor, The club's hall was filled to its fullest ca pacity. It is a noticeable fact that the meetings of this club are always attended by a fair sprinkling of. women. They come with their husbands and brothers, and sometimes come alone and in pairs. They add zest to the meetings. The hall is nicely decorated and is really a pretty place. It is open at all times and has the daily pa pers and several magazines for those who care to spend a pleasant hour there dur ing the day or evening. Mr. Morton was enthusiastically received. His address was full of good thoughts and elicited much applause. He caused a long and loud laugh at one time during the evening over a little mistake that was aptly turned into a joke. During the entire even ing the meeting was disturbed by noises and shouting on the outside, which came from about a dozen hoodlums who had gathered on the street and were continu ally shouting for Bryan, greatly disturb ing the speaker. He said nothing until finally the noise became much worse, and above it could be heard the beating of a drum and shrill sound of a fife. The noise came closer and finally stopped for a mo ment in front of the hall. Above the noise could be heard Mr. Morton saying: "Let those Popocrats yell and make all the noise they want to; they have less than two months now to do it, for after Novem ber they will have nothing to yell for. Just then a noise was heard on the stair way leading to the hall, and at the door way appeared the banner of the C. W Fairbanks Republican Club, located at Dil lon street and Fletcher avenue. The club marched down In a body to attend the meet ing, but had given no notice of its com ing. When he saw the banner Mr. Morton said: "What! Converted them already, and they are coming to our meeting." It was a rough joke on the Fairbanks Club, but it was taken in the spirit in which it was given. Mr. Morton's address, in part, was aa follows: "Mr. Bryan poses as a social, political and economic reformer an ambitious and difficult role for one of limited education and experience. In economics he proposes, as a universal corrective insolvent, the free and unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio Of 16 to 1 one pound of silver to one ounce of gold, the market or commercial ratio be ng two pounds, or 6i. to l. "It is needless to state that if Mr. Bryan should be elected, and If the hybrid party which he represents should obtain control of Congress, there will follow the most frightful commercial panic that the world has ever seen. Conditions are such that it would be impossible to limit it or to lo calize it. It will bring desolaton, poverty and distress to almost every household Under the existing industrial system. which, with its defects, is the best the world has ever known, commercial interests nave become so interlaced, the division of labor has become so minute and intricate, that the members of any given civilized coun try are hopelessly interdependent. The operation of this ystem is based largely upon credit, which is an uncertain, and at times an evanescent thing. Destroy it. and men may starve in the midst of plenty. There will be millions of idle capital and no work. In other words, the money sys tern Is to the body politic what the nervous system is to the human body. It ramifies to every part and is the .conduit or energy. Impair the central nerve, and paralysis will ensue. . "For three years we have been in a con dition of commercial panic, induced ong inally by the enormous purchases of silver by the government and by the steady de pletion of the gold reserve. The cheaper money threatened to drive out the dearer, according to the inexorable Gresham law. Men feared a change in the standard of value, and do to-day. Capital will be hoarded and not used in the employment of labor nor in the development of new enterprises if the possessors of it, be they large holders or small, apprehend that the money which they are to receive in return will not equal in purchasing power that which they advance. The whole trouble now is lack of confidence, caused by the free-silver agitators, who, standing upon an anarchic platform, threaten to pluck up society by the very roots. They are talking the country into bankruptcy. NO PUBLIC WORK, EVEN. "Mr Bryan professes to have great sym pathy for 'the toiling masses.' As a mat ter of fact, he is their worst enemy. If he should be elected it will not be a ques tion of an increase of wages, but of getting any .wages at all. Within two months they would be ready to turn upon and to rend him. He tells us that what we need to-day is more silver, when in truth we are suffering nigh unto death from a silver sickness. Usually in times of distress the unemployed may obtain work through pub lic improvements, but even this avenue has been closed by the silver agitators. Cities whose bonds have heretofore been sold above par cannot borrow a dollar even upon a gold basis. "Mr. Bryan says that the scarcity of money is due to the appreciation of gold that men prefer to hoard it for a rise rather than to expend it in the channels of trade. A man who can deliberately make a misstatement so gross forfeits all intel lectual respect. England, which is on a single gold basis and which has a per cap ita circulation 30 per cent, less than that of the United States, has plenty of money. tne borrowing rate oeing only iy2 per cent. a year. In the Lnlteu States there are mil lions and tens of millions of dollars await ing investment. During the twenty-four years prior to 1S70 the world's annual yield of gold was about one hundred and two millions of dollars. In 1?90 the output had increased to one hundred and eighteen mil lions and in 1894 to one hundred and eighty one millions. According to intelligent esti mates there will be produced about one billion of dollars of gold in the next four vears. As to the scarcity theory there is nothing in it. "Assuming the instability of monev. Mr. Bryan says further, that a depreciating standard is better than an appreciting one. were this true it would be limited bv con ditions. If one standard depreciates rapid ly and the other appreciates slowlv. the latter is to be preferred. The former means quick and repeated changes in the stand ard of values, wild speculation and the re sulting demoralization of business; where as, on the other hand, if the appreciation of the standard is gradual, contracts and other business relations may be adapted to it without noticeable loss or friction. NO FLUCTUATING MONEY. "The most important requisite of money is stability of value. A standard is a meas ure. If you buy a bushel of wheat you wish to know that the size of the bushel will be the same on the day of delivery as on the day of sale. This is true of money. Gold is a better money than silver, because it is less likely to vary as a measure of value. Its wide use as money bv the civil ized nations of the earth, with whom our commercial relations are close and constant, insures its stability both there and here. The rejection of silver by those nations. except as token money, because cf its bulk, inconvenience and redundancy, makes it liable to violent fluctuations. "When these countries unite in again opening their mints to silver the United States will join them, 'lhis is the position ot the Repub lican party, and 1 beg to say that it is characterized by sound business sense. But Mr. Bryan says that we must have an exclusively American system of finance we must throw off the thraldom of the eftete dynasties of Europe. If we do this, acording to Mr. Brvan's plans, we will need also an exclusive American arith metic to prove that 16 to 1 equals 32 to 1. e are told to go back to the dollars of cur fathers; that it is the patriotic thing tt do. On the same principle we must abandon railroads and go back to stage coaches. The fact is. the ratio of silver to iold, Iite the ratio of money to commodi- i?s. is solely a business question, or. as Thomas Jefferson expressed it, "a merean tile problem.' " Excaned Prinoner Captured. George T. Bogert, who escaped from the workhouse June 10. was recaptured last night at 11:30 o'clock by guards Kerr and Chapman, assisted by two patrolmen, at the home of Charles Cook. Patterson and North streets. He had been in Iowa. He was sent up for 123 days for grand larceny. WRECKED BY EMPLOYES UNION NATIONAL RANK OF NEW OR LEANS FORCED TO CLOSE. Defalcations Discovered Tlint May Reacli Half n. Million Dollars Sev eral Arrests Probable. NEW ORLEANS, Sept. 9. At 11 o'clock to-day the failure of the Union National Bank was announced. Stephen Chaleron is president of the bank. Its capital stock is $500,000, and it claimed to have besides a surplus of $150,000. The bank failed to clear this morning. President Chaleron closed the bank without consulting the di rectors. The cause of the suspension is attributed to a long line of defalcations, discovered when the system of bookkeep ing was changed, and which are said to amount to about a half a million dollars. There has been a run on the bank for some time, so that the deposits still in its charge will not reach $100,000, the largest individual depositor having about $20,000. The failure caused a considerable run on the other banks, and to-night the clearing house passed a : resolution ..limiting with drawals to $100, so as to prevent a panic. Bank Examiner Johnson remained at work all night on the books of the bank, and will forward his report to Washing ton m the morning. It is expected that several arrests will be ordered before noon to-morrow. Suspicion seems to rest upon some of the bank employes. None of the employes are being shawowed, however. 1896 DOLLARS WANTED NUMEROUS REQUESTS RECEIVED BY TREASURY OFFICIALS. Part of the Demand for the "In-God-We-Trnst" Silver Coins Due to the Political Campaign. WASHINGTON, Sept. 9. The treasury officials are in daily receipt of a large num ber of requests asking for silver doljars of this year's coinage in exchange for sil ver certificates or other lawful money. Many of these requests come from persons who seem to doubt the truth of the monthly coinage statement, while others ask for shipments of 1896 dollars with a view to refuting statements that no silver dollars are now being coined. These re quests have been complied wlta as fast as received, as the treasury officials desire to call public attention to the fact that when silver dollars are ordered in sums of or multiples of $500 they are shipped at the expense of the government, but when smaller sums are ordered the shipments are made at the expense of the person ordering. There is now in the treasury $10,506,399 in free silver, that is, silver which may be obtained in exchange for any lawful money, but the demand just now is so keen for 1S96 dollars that it seems probable that by the beginning of October the department will be compelled to decline to pay out silver dollars, except in exchange for silver certificates or treasury notes of 1890. The law requires certain amounts of silver to be held in the treasury to cover outstanding silver certificates, and treasury notes, and when the minimum is reached, silver pay ments would be refusid even In exchange for gold or in payment of warrants on the treasury. The number of standard silver dollars coined during last August is shown by the official statement to have been $2,650,000. since Feb. 1 last $11,212,412, and since November, 1893, $15,169,491. The coin age value of the stock of bullion now on hand and on which the mints are now at work is $166,745,200 and it is said to be al together probable that coinage will be con tinued at least until the stock on hand of standard dollars of 1S90 has been increased to about. $30,000,000, where it stood when the present administration came into office. Will He Remove Them? BUZZARD'S BAY, Mass,, jept. 9. Presi dent Cleveland will neither affirm nor deny the report that he contemplates removal from office of Auditor Baldwin and Deputy Commissioner Bell. General Notes. WASHINGTON. Sept. 9. The Controller of the Currency has appointed Charles A. Dailey receiver of the Citizens' National Bank, of San Angelo, Tex.,, and Jonathan A. Brown receiver of the Sioux National Bank, of Sioux City, la. The acting Secretary of the Treasury has accepted the bid of Adam H. Harcus, of Racine. Wis., for the erection of the United States postoffice and custom house at Ra cine, Wis. The contract price is $44,447. The treasury to-day lost 4-s,uu in gold coin and $25,800 in bars, which leaves the true amount of the gold, including reported deposits in exchange for currency, $105, 174.657. . ' . . Mr. Ye Pum Chin, rne new uorean minis ter to the United States, with his wife and child, reached Washington thi3 afternoon. C0CKRAN 'SPEAKS OUT. f Con eluded from Flrat Page.) anu t i. iitr i yc.iivTi o wi. iiuiivnui u-.v-., and they will within a few days make sev eral speeches in the Yv'estern States. Gov ernor Altgeld. of Illinois will make several peeches OUtSlue oi uie ovaic, emu. v itu 'resident Stevenson will also make a num hps. Their assignments will be announced in a few days. Screod from Eosene V. Debs. TERRE HAUTE, Ind., Sept. 9. The American Railway Union, whose president is Eugene V. Debs, has, in concurrence with the board of directors, issued an ad- drcss to railway employes. It opens with animadversions on the railroads for the ac tivity cf managers in organising gold cnnrri Hubs and "temporarily changing depots and shops into wigwams where only one side of the money question is permitted to be heard." "It is not fre? silver that un loosed and enraged this railroad moloch." th address continues. "Then what is if Here is the answer: The attack in th Democratic platform on government by in junction." After praising Judge Henry rii.iwii it closes with a pledge of support to William J. Bryan for President. Sam Jones Wants Fair Elections. ATLANTA. Ga., Sept. 9. The Rev. Sam Jones, the famous Georgia evangelist, to day addressed an open letter to Chairman Clay, of the Democratic btate executive committee, calling on him to use his in fluence and that of his party in behalf of a free ballot and a fair count at the ap proaching election. Mr. Jones severely crit icises the conduct of elections in Georgia and other Southern States in recent years and makes a vigorous pita ror rerorm. tie lirires the Democratic chairman to co-oper ate with the Populists in their demand for a division of election managers at every precinct and declares that if soms steps are not tSKen to puruy me i.'jviiui lie nui mjve the stump himself in behalf of honest elections. Nominations for Congress. CHICAGO, Sept. 9. Democratic conven tions were, held in six of the seven con gressional districts of this city to-day. Nominations were made as follows: First district, James H. Keller; 4-cund. John Z. White; Fifth. Edward T. Noonan; Sixth, Joseph S. Martin; Seventh, Olaf E. Wray. There were no contests in these districts, all the nominations being by acclamation. In the Fourth district, however, a row occurred which resulted in a split in tne convention and two nominations. The bolt ers nominated James McAndrews, Sam H. Harris receiving the nomination of the so called regular convention. Democratic Elector Resign. ST. LOUIS, Sept. 9. John A. Lee. Demo cratic elector at large of this city, sent his resignation to the Democratic State com mittee's headquarters to-day , when he learned of the fusion plan agreed upon to help the national und State -ticket. MAY NOT HEED CARTER SILVERITES CONTROL MONTANA RE PUBLICAN CONVENTION. Popocratlc Fake Exposed Many Del egratlons Preparing? to Visit Maj. MeKinley at Canton. HELENA. Mont., Sept. 9. The Repub lican State convention met here at noon and accomplished nothing up to 5 o'clock, ex cept to elect temporary officers and ap point a committee on credentials. The in ability of the committee to come to any agreement prevented its reporting and after meeting and adjourning twice the conven tion adjourned to meet at S o'clock, . at which time the committee announced it would be ready to report. From the very start the gold and silver factions locked horns and up to adjournment at 3 o'clock the silver men had shown a majority. United States Senator Lee Mantle, chair men' of the State central committee,! ad dressed the convention for almost an hour. He called attention to the political condi tions as they exist In the State, and urged the delegates to carry out the plan recom mended in the report of the Butte confer ence. That report recommended both fac tions to remain to'gether and nominate a State ticket and adopt a platform except ing the financial clause, when the silver men will withdraw and each faction insert a clause to its liking, besides each nomi nating their own Congressmen and set of electors. At the night session the convention by a vote of 136 to 154 seated the Mantle contest ing delegates from Butte, giving the silver men absolute control of the convention The appointment of committees finished the night session. Nominations will be reached to-morrow. : r MeKiulej-'s Visitors. " CANTON, O., Sept. 9. A telegram re ceived by the Repositor this afternoon says that a special train bearing the Ver mont delegation left St. Albans to-day for Canton. The train carries the delegation of Vermonters to call on Governor McKin ley, and is expected to reach Canton Fri day morning. Senator Proctor will be with the party. Another telegram received from the J. B. Farwell Company, of Chicago, says that seventy Democrats from its stnrp will be with the big Democratic club to cali on Governor MeKinley Saturday and that the delegation will number between six hundred and seven hundred people. Among Governor McKinlev's oallra tn. day were President Clay, of the Virginia oiaie iiepuDiican league, with F. O. Goff, of Cleveland, president of the Morgan Run mi sum tuning company. M. C. Lightcap and M. M. Bra v. of Chi cago, are here this evening arranging tor me viaii. oi tne employes of the Pennsyl vania Railroad Comnanv on Rntiirrlav Seven other delegations will hp hpr on Friday and Saturday. They are mtT ftieei worKers or Lorain, the Re publican League of Pennsylvania, Governor isusnneu ana staff on Friday, the MeKinley iiiu nuuart tiuo oi Aicieesport, Pa., and me jne insurance agents or Cleveland. A Popocratlc Fake, WASHINGTON, Sept. 9.-Copies of the following editorial paragraph from the Lon don Financial News were to-day distributed from the Republican congressional cam paign committee: "We have received numerous tetters fpnm American correspondents containing what purports to be editorials from the Financial News and which have been reprinted in vanuua w esiern papers as campaign liter ature.' One Omaha paper prints an article stating that it is 'from the London Finan cial News of March 10.' No such article was ever printed by us and its whole tenor is directly opposed to th views we have taken of the effect of free silver in thA United States. So far from advocating free-silver coinage, we have persistently poiniea out tnat it spells repudiation and the withdrawal of all European capital." The action of the committee is due to the publication in the West of an article credited to the London paper in which the position was taken that the free coinage of silver by the United States would destroy xngiibn iraue supremacy. Pennsylvania Campaign Opened. ERIE. Pa., Sept. 9. Perfect September weather made tremendous crowds possible here to-day at the opening of the Pennsyl vania State campaign and the convention of league clubs. The crowds came, but only a small portion of them could get into the opera house or Schlosser's Hall to hear the speeches. Isador Sobel, the new presi dent of the Republican league, presided at the Park Opera House. Governor Hast ings made the principal speech of the even ing. He was followed by Hon. James Hoyt, of Cleveland; Hon. Charles Emory Smith, of Philadelphia: D. D. Woodmansee, pres ident of the National League of Republican Clubs, and Hon. Galusha A. Grow. At Schlosser's Hall Hon. Galusha A. Grow spoke, followed by Congressman Mariott Brosius, clerk of the House of Representa tives Alexander McDowell, Gen. J. W. Latta. Gen. Hastings and Chairman John P. Elkin. Cnney Turned Down. FORT WORTH Tex., Sept. 9. The Re publican State convention to-day organized by electing Charles M. Ferguson, of Paris, chairman. Cuney was turned down by a decisive majority. This was a victory for Grant, national committeeman, who was backing Ferguson. The convention then adjourned until to-morrow, pending the reports of committees. The platform com mittee is ready to report now. The docu-f ment indorses the St. Louis piattorm and arraigns the present State administration. A German's View of Free Colon pre. SEATTLE, Wash., Sept. 9. Baron Von Herman, of the German embassy at Wash ington, D. C, who is "studying the agricul tural resources of this State, in discussing politics yesterday said: "Bimetallism by tne united states aione would cause great loss, to your country, but free coinage, which is virtually the adoption of the sil ver standard, would be much worse. I am not surprised at the withdrawal of capi tal from this country under present con ditions." General Political News. Senator Teller spoke at Grand Rapids, Mich., last night. Hon. Thomas B. Reed made a speech at Brunswick, Me., last night. The Republican State convention of Ne vada meets at Carson to-day. A State cen tral committee is to be selected, also can didates for Congress, Judge of the Supreme Court, two regents of the university and Lieutentant Governor. The Colorado Populist State convention yesterday nominated the Bryan and Sew- all electors named by the recent Demo cratic State convention and appointed a committee of eleven to confer with like committees of the Democrats, silver Re publicans and Silver party, looking to a union of all free coinage forces in Colorado on a State ticket. LI TURNS INTERVIEWER. What He Is Alleged to Have Said to a. Reporter. WINNIPEG. Man.. Sept. 9. Li Hung Chang honored Winnipeg with a flying visit to-day. Sharp at 2 o'clock this afternoon his Exeellency arrived on a special consist ing of six cars. He occupied the private car Earnscliffe. Notwithstanding the bad state of the weather, a large crowd gath ered at the railway depot to see the distin guished man. The Celestials of the city were there and cheered loudly when the train pulled in. Many tried to speak with Li Hung Chang, but he had it announced that he would not appear in public just then. He remained here about an hour. ind then went to Banff, on his way to Vancouver. Whi!e he ra.M interviewinsr a St. Paul Press reporter LI Hung Chans said: "You are an American, eh? What sre you a Republican or Democrat?" A Democrat, answered the reporter. "Oh, that's too bad." said the Vlcirov. with a smile. "The Democrats are going out of power. MeKinley will be the next ir'resiuent. Charles King Falrchild, a traveling salesman for several San Francisco Jewelry houses, has been missing from the Hotel McDermott. at Butte, Mont.. slrce the 3d Inst. It is believed that he became de mented and wandered off or oas been foully dealt with. AMUSEMENTS. EWGrIvjT JH' BV fair ! 66 (S; jWEEK AMERICAN EXTRAVAGANZA CO'Y A Thousand Novelties Rolled Into a Maram6th Entertainment. GRAND BALLET Sixty in Cast! Three Carloads of Scenery. Wednesday and Saturday ilalinees. Advance sale opens this morning at Tembroke Arcade. PRICKS Mht: 25c, 5c, 75c, f 1. Mallneei 28c, SOc. Everybody , who is any body must see "SIN BAD" NANSEN AT CHRISTIANA THE ARCTIC EXPLORER WELCOMED HOME BV A Oil EAT CROWD. Given n IJanqnet nml Decorated by the IviiiiE Work of the British. Trade Congress. CHRISTIAN 4. Sept. 9.-Tha arrival here of the Fram, having on board Dr. Nansen and the companions of his Arctic expedi tion, was made the occasion of an extraor dinary demonstration of welcome to-day, The Fram was escorted up the fiord Jjy a naval squadron of seventy steamers. Nan- sen" was accorded a triumphal reception The city was gayly decorated and every thing possible was done to express the honor in which the citizens held the re turning explorer. Great enthusiasm was manifested. Among those who took part in the demonstration were twelve thousand rrembrs of the guilds, students, etc. They formed a guard of honor along the route leading to the castle, where Nam-en was cordially welcomed. Here a banquet was tendered to him and he was decorated by the King and by the Crown I'rinc. TRADES' IXIO.V CONGRESS. Renolntlonn Adopted at , Yesterday's Senitlon American DeleKrttcn. EDINBURGH, Sept. 9. The British Trades' Union Congress resumed its ses sions this morning and adopted resolutions favoring the payment of members of Far liament, co-operative and trades unionism and amendments to the truck act. Messrs. Sullivan and Strasser, the dele gates of the American Federation of La bor, were present to-day, and met with an enthusiastic reception. Mr. Sullivan made a speech, ih the course of which he said he had brought the British delegates greeting from the workers of the United States, ad ding that the latter regarded the British trades unionists as the old guard in the labor movement, and he cordially invited the congress to send delegates to the com ing American Trades Union Congress, Continuing. Mr. Sullivan gave an account of the progress recently made by organized labor in America, saving that all the non union men there were social ciphers, and asserting that organized labor had In creased wages in the United States by at least forty millions anuauy. J. H. Wilson. M. P., of the National Bailors and Firemen s Union, moved a res olution condemning the government for refusing to carry out the fair-wages reso lution, passed by the House of Commons Feb. 13, 1&91, and for giving contracts to firms employing nonunion workmen. The motion was adopted. It was then moved to rescind the resolu tion of the Norwich Trades Union Con gress passed Sept. 1, 1814, on the motion or Air. Kler Ilardie. declaring for the na tionalization of land and the whole of the means of production, distribution and exenange. This was ruled out of order. and the congress adopted the following as a supplementary declaration: "That in the opinion of this congress It is essential to the maintenance of British Industries to nationalize land, minerals, royalty, rents and railways and municipalize all water, artificial light and tramways undertakings within their several authorities, and that tne parliamentary committee be instructed to promote and support legislation with the above object." councilor D. Holmes, J. P., of the Amal gamated Association of Weavers, moved: "That it is of extreme importance to trade unionists that all the land possible shall be brought under cultivation and that we should have a more equitable basis of urban taxation. In order to obtain these objects the taxation of land values and ground rents should be made a test ouestion at the next general election." The motion was adopted. After several minor resolutions had been adopted the Amalgamated .vedores' La bor Protection League pres .ted a 'resolu tion which recited: "That V s congress re grets that the President ol the Board of Trade, while admitting that British work men have aeerious errievan e in not being able to recover compensation from foreign ship owners lor injuries received through such ship owners' or their servants' negli gence, has been unable to introduce legis lation to remedy the same; and pledged the congress to aid as far as possible the passage of a bill for the purpose which will be introduced by H. J. Reckitt, M. P., at the next session of Parliament. After some discussion the measure was adopted. Upon the motion of the Amalgamated Society of Steel and Iron Workers a resolu tion instructiong the parliamentary com mittee to bring , up a bill extending the check welghmen's clauses of the mines regulation n.ct to all steel and iron works was adopted. Tho Miners Federation of Great Britain then moved a resolution approving a bill introduced in the House of Commons by Sir Charles Dilke for the better protection of the lives of those working in mines. The resolution was adopted and the congress adjourned for the day. Demands of Dockers. LONDON, Sept. 9. A crowded meeting of dockers was held at Bermondsey this evening In support of the International Federation of Ship, Dock and River Work ers. The meeting enthusiastically indorsed the decision of the federation's council to send.JTn Sent. 11. to five thousand of the employers of the United Kingdom a demand for a uniform port rate of Xd an hour and a shilling for overtime for dockers and 25s a hundred quarters for grain porters, sailors rates to rise nearly to that of 1S90. The employers are requested in connection with the demand to make a reasonably nromot reply, and if the reply is unfavor ably, a strike will follow. Welcomed to Copenhagen. COPENHAGEN', Sept. 9. The C:-ur and Czarina landed here at noon from Kiel. They were received by the King and Qacen of Denmark, the Crown Prince and Prin cess, the Princess of Wales and other mem bers of the royal family, after which they proceeded to B?nstorff Castle. The Czar and Czarina and the King and Queen occu pied the same carriage, it was drawn by six horses and pas3f d through the principal streets, which were beautiruny decorated iT.d thronged with people. Their Majesties were enthusiastically cheered. Rehels Defeated. MANILLA. Philippine Islands. Sept. 9. Word has been received here of a battle which was fought near Pampanga. on the Island of Luzon. The ofneial report of the affair states that the rebels were de feated, ffty-elght of them being killed and many wounded. The government is said to have lest elrrht. killed and twenty-two wounded. Large reinforcements of Span- sh troops havj arrived here to aid in quell ing the revolt. Advance on Doncola Iieean. KOSHEN. Soudan. Sept. 9. The Third Brlarcde has started for Atsirat. This com mences the advance upon Dongola. The Egyptian cavalry, which has been at Dul gca. tha southernmost point reached by the expedition, has been sighted by a strong force of mountain Dervishes. The latter retired, carrying back the lirst definite in formation of the presence of the troops at Dulgoa, Sham Battle at Gorlltz. GORLITZ, Sept. 9. The three army corps find the division taking part in the man euvers here were in collision to-day for the first time ulnce the operations com menced. The day's result ws that the baxon prlncef drove the forces under Count I ALL NEXT WEEK INBAD 99 OPENING of the SEASON THE THREE HOURS OF SOLID FUN GRAND1' Every Night Matiaees Tuesday, Thurs day and Saturday. Engagement of the Eminent Comedian ROLAND REED, And His Superb Company,. . rRESENTIXO Monday, Wednesday, Friday Nights, -AfD- Tuesday and Thursday Matinees Politician A Satire of the Times. Tuesday,' Thursday, Saturday Nights, 1 The Wrong (Mr WrScrlit at Saturday Matinee J M MS"' I'liltlCS Xlisuti 1, TSc. COe, S5e. Matineext COe, a5e. Advance Main open this mornlnic at Pembroke Ar cade. FVRK To-Day i ; J: Tony : Pastor And his great company of vaudeville star, headed by Lew Dockstader In a programme of hlfrh class Fperlaltlea. Prices. JOc, 20o. 30c. Matinees dally. Next Week The great drama, "Coon Hollow. TVS n T O THEATER Entrance ClTlJr 1 SS2, Delaware St. Arcade. MATINEE at 2. 10, 15, Xc. TO-NIGHT at 8. 1", 25, GOc. Roof Garden High Class Vaudeville Co. SEATS Andrews Tailor Store, Washington and Illinois street; Theater Hoxolllce. Tel. 1703. Fair Week Keymour's Gay New Yorkers. BASE BALL Indianapolis vs. Milwaukee FRIDAY, SEPT. 11. tW Two Games for Oue Admission. Flrnt Game Called at 2 1. M. WKl M. BIRO. if. ft CO.. 29 East Market Street Von Waldersee backward at all points on the field, which was the same ground which the troops of Nayoleon I occupied in 1S13. . Waa lie from Indiana? LONDON, Sept. 9. A man who .'eft sev eral books behind him Inscribed with tha name II. Edgerton, Valparaiso, committed suicide yesterday by jumping overboard, from the Dieppe steamer. ' Mr. Paris ell Critically III. - DUBLIN, Sept. 9. Mrs. Delia Parnell, mother of the late Charles Stewart Pnrnell, Is critically ill at Bray, near this clf.y. Cable MoteH. It is rumored at TanKiers that the Grand Vizier of Morocco, Ahmed Ben Mussa, has been poisoned. Sixteen Greek offl??rs have been con demned to death for taking part in thd Cretan rebellion, and a number of others are under trial. A dispatch from Cap Town says that Major Watts, whs had Makonl, a Matabela chief, summarily executed, has bom arrest ed, pending an inquiry into the circum ttances of the affair. The Malagxissy mail received in London brings news of an attack made upon a number of Kngllsh and American gold pros pectors in Mad.lg-ascar by th llahavolds. The prospectcrs were obliged to ltee for their lives, abandoning their baggaye. It is announced at Lima that it is prol- able that President Cleveland, of tho United States, and Dr. J. K. Urlburu, President of Argentina, will mediate in the Itallo-lirazlllan question growing out of outrages upon Italian citizens In IJrazll. " TELEGRAPHIC BREVITIES V The United Typothetae of America will meet in Nashville, Tenn., next year. Over six hundred men were thrown out of employment last night by the Bethlehem (Pa.) Iron Company's steel mill shutting dewn for want of orders. Georee Hall, light-weight pugilist, an nounces that he has secured backers and is open to meet any 118-pound man in th United States. Hall has already achieved something- cf a reputation. Captain George S. Hout. U. S. A., dis bursing' Quartermaster in charge of con struction of Fort H.'irrison. near Helena, Mont., has been stricken with paralysis. His condition is considered critical. A monster petition, praying the Canadian. government to restrict Japanese immigra tion and raise the Chinese tax to $Ui has been in circulation for three days in Brit ish Columbia. It Is signed by many British subjects. Aorni:it oi;-ijoi.l ah cxcrnsiox To CICIATI, Via C, II. & D. II AIL. WAV, Sunday, Sept. IX Pn.t (Imp Tlfrtv n f rnnnv ?Tr Iia1 stops. Special train will leave Indianapolis Union Depot 7:15 a. m. Leave Cincinnati, returning, 7 p. m. lngton street and Union Station. Uf.UHUK W. KM Lir.it, U. A. A SHAMPOO WITH CfflCl'RA A warm sltarapoo tvith CcTicrm Soap, followed by gentlo applications of Clti ccea (ointment), the preat skin cure, will clear tho scalp of crusts, scales, and dandruff, allay itching, sootho irritation, stimulato tho hair follicles, and produca a clean, healthy scalp and luxuriant Lair, when all elso fails. Hold thfurKut Ih. world. IMpo. CrTtrr. ' Soap. Sm ; l(f't". " roiT Iuu A'Cnit. fnai-.. Vfk, .itMi. j " How to lio4ue. 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