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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1896.
14 FOR FEMININE READERS TUB SUNDAY DINNER QUESTION MIS- 4.USSED Or A HOUSEKEEPER. Societies That Teach Patriotism to J C&Ildren Fashions Show No Creat vChanrc Household Hint. Evn more prevalent than the Sunday routine irveighed against by the medical authority is tho one followed In most coun try homes, and in most city households as well says a writer in Womankind. This is a late and usually hearty breakfast, fol lowed by the dinner of the week in quan tltyand quality-at.l or 1:30. At 6, when, oa Ihe other days of the week, a substan tial meal is the rule, on Sundays cold meat, salad, cake and eweetmeat3 are offered to the stomach already outraged by the pre ceding: routine of the dayJ Of course the result is disastrous. The gentle melancholy of Sunday afternoon is usually an emotion engendered by the noon overfeeding, and "blue Monday" means only tho indigestion following Sun day's reversal of routine. By Tuesday or Monday night the normal is again assumed, and gastric peace reigns till tho following Sunday. - Many housekeepers will read and admit all this, and then fall back on the plea that Sunday is the maids' day of relaxa tion, and they A object to preparing and, worte,. clearing away a dinner at 6 o'clock. This is a side of tho question not to be ig nored, for Sunday is a very refreshing and valuable relief to the monotonous drudgery of tha kitchen, and should not be unreasonably, interfered with. Where a second maid Is kept, however, there should be no argument of this sort, as, taken in turn, the extra work on the Sunday night at homo Is more than compensated for by the earlier and easier getting away on the Sunday out. It is the one-servant estab lishment where he Sunday dinner at the usual weekly time becomes more of a prob lem. On the maid's day out the mistress must manage the meal, and she naturally prefers the lighter one. The health of the family, however, is worth one of two things, either the services of a regular sup ply to take the maid's place on her holi days, or the eifort of a little extra planning to secure at such tiires a better dietetic formula of meals. In this connection the testimony of a housekeeper whose home is in a neighbor ing city is of value: "I was convinced sev eral years ago," says she, "that the in variable recurrence in my family of Mon day indigestion was the result of Sunday s Irregularity. But I was confronted, as are many other women, with the necessity of considering the inclination of the one gen eral housework maid who serves in my es tablishment. I have, however, made a compromise that works very satisfactorily. We really don't have any dinner at all on feunday that is, a regulation one."Our lun cheon la enriched by the soup that usually is served at dinner, and tho" main dish which follows that Is hearty, like corn-fritter oysters now, escalloped oysters later, with salad, a pitcher of chocolate, und wa fers and fruit. I take pains to provide something that everybody likes, and a tasty relish goes with it. The evening jneal is a supper that, is practically u dinner. Only the round of vegetables, gravy, and soup are left out; it is these which make the dinner-getting difficult and tie clearing twav fl. Inner niwrntlnn l oot nnrV, V... example, we had a broiled steak, a dish of baked hominy prepared with grated cheese, of which we are inordinately fond; raw tomatoes served whole, with French dress ing; hot crackers, cheese, and black cof fee. All that I had to do for it was Sarah's Sunday out. was to broil the steak. She set the table, peeled the tomatoes and left them In the ice box, and got the dish of hominy ready to put in the oven. Five minutes by the clock after the steak was broiled saw the meal on the table. The crackers were heated in a minute by one of the children Just before the Edam cheese, which Is al ways ready, was brought in, and our little dfrip coffee pot made our cafe noir on the tkble. Often we have a roast fowl, veal loaf with a dish like escalloped tomatoes or baked macaroni to go with it. The meat is prepared in the morning or the day be fore, if it can be; a little care and experi ment develop the faculty of judicious se lection. We live well on Sundays, but we live regularly, and enjoy the same degree of health on that day and on Monday that we do the rest of the week." The Fashions. New York Sun, - . The fashions In view Just at present are very easily adapted to our use, since the points of dlfferenca between summer and wiDter styles are in the smaller sleeves, narrower skirts and the added bolero jack- but a revolution in skirts is promised which will stir up a lively interest in the affairs of ' Dame Fashion. The Parisian models furnish a variety of skirts that Is at least' commendable as an exhibition of tho dress designer's ingenuity, but whether or not it will oust the plain flaring skirt from popular favor is the point in question. Skirts are trimmed around the bottom, paneled up the side, gathered or plaitd in around the hips, draped with the effect of an overskirt and made with tabller fronts and medium long trains for evening wear; and the "peplum" overskirt, cut in long points to nang over an unaeraress or a darker or lighter shade in a contrasting ma terial, is one or tne oia styles revived for Inspection. The overdress may be of velvet over a cloth or a brocaded silk skirt, or tne reverse, wun tne two materials used In the bodice to complete the double effect: Iwt as yet the plain gored skirt, fitting well at tne top, wun tne ruuness plaited in nar rowly at the back, has the lead. Four and a half or five yards around the bottom is the required width, and it is by far the most graceful skirt we have had in years. Some of the latest tailor-made skirts are plaited nearly all the way round, beginning with the wids box plait in front, and are of short walking length, which is the per fection of comfort. Gored cloth skirts are trimmed on each seam with braid put on in a scroll pattern, around the bottom with festoons and military knots of braid, and silk braid stripes tho seams of velvet gowns. An Imported black velvet gown cf this style has a short coat bodice very scant In the basque and a vest of cream satin, opening with pointed levers over a chemisette with a frilled cravat. Folds of black satin, with a soft cord inside to form a roil, outline the seams of other skirts, and bands of colored satin covered with cream lace are set into the seams with the material lapping over on either side, or on the outside with, a finish of inch-wide black velvet ribbon on the edges and crossing the band at intervals all the way down. Braid la put on in horizontal lines from the bot tom of the skirt to the knee, and trellis "work braiding is another noveltv in skirt trimming which entirely covers the tabller front. This effect is carried out with nar row velvet ribbon on bolero jackets and the short puffs on the sleeves. Black satin, and velvet ribbons In various widths are used In great quantities for drees trtmmlnirs this season, and they trim tho skirts and decorate the bolero jackets and vests, either sewn on nlaln or n!aite.i into a frill. They form the wide belts s much worn, and are made into bows and rosettes without number. Fur is very ex. tensively used as a dress trimming, and it is quite as fashionable on evening eowns and tea gowns as it is on cloth costumes Tor the street. N&now bands of sable with a tinlsh of beaded trimming on one side are set in rows across the front breadths of velvet and cloth gowns and around the bottom of the skirt, and trim the bodice, 1 -ing set on up and down with cream lac Insertion between to form the blouse or Vest front ot a cloth bodice. Bands of ermine and sable tr'v some of the .bro caded slik evening fctrwns, with two rows set wide apart around the skirt, one being on the bottom, and the combination of cream lace and sable is always effective wherever it is used. Little bolero fronts of fur arc worn on both house and street frowns, and wide belts of fur are one of the extreme fancies occasionally seen, but it is not at ail pretty or becoming tothe figure. The prettiest novelties in fur are shown among the neck ruchings aiid small collarettes mide up in a variety of shapes combined witn lace ana velvet in such a way that odds and ends of fur can be Utilized and made wondrously becoming. Ar other rse for small bits of fur is on the revers of cloh "'pr. Sble i a'wnvs srod style, and chin Ulla is very pretty on bl ;ck. green or blue. 'ur on tnui a-y materia t is one oi the incongruous combination! this Reason, but it U very effective all the same. and a pretty example of Its use Is on a rose-color d chiffon gown made over ros. elik. Small bolero fronts of ermine decor- ate the bodice, and a frill of cream lace trims it around the edge. Fajtrtotlc Instruction. Hew York Evening Post. An important part or tne constitution or society Known ai "The Children of tne Revolution" reads: "We take for objects In this society the acquisition or Knowieue of American history, so that we may un derstand and love our country better, and then any patriotic work that will help us to that onil. keerdnsr a. constant endeavor to inriuence ail other children and youttrto the sa-me purpose; to help to save the places mad sacred oy tne Amentau uu and women who forwarded American inde pendence; to find out and to honor the lives of children and youth of the colonies and of the American Revolution: to pro mote the celebration of all patriotic anni versaries; to place a copy of the Declara tion of Independence and other patriotic documents In every place appropriate for them, and to hold our American Hag sacred above all other flags." These objects the different chapters seek to attain in various ways the smallest children by means of stories read or told to them, the older by means of reading circles of their own ana the formation of libraries of books of his tory that are within their comprehension. Sometimes a member of one of the adult clubs having the same objects and also a gift for entertaining children gives a talk on some interesting subject, illustrated with views of historic places and persons, oc casionally, when within easy distance of celebrated historic places, an actual pil grimage is taken to the interesting spots. In their social life patriotic songs are sung, there are drills with Hags, early dances are learned, and perhaps once a season the big and little members of the society unite in presenting historic tableaux, or have a dance at which they appear as historic children, or beaux or belles, some part or the clubs make collections of relics, or when they are able contribute to funds for tablets and monuments. "Where Men Fall as Lovers. Lillian Bell, in Ladies' Home Journal. It is a question with me whether a woman ever knows all the joys of love-making who has one of those daub, silent husbands who doubtless adores her, but is able to express it only in deeds. It requires an act of the will to remember that his getting down town at 7 o'clock every morning is all done for you, when he hasn't been able to tell you in words that, he loves you. It Is hard to get a letter telling about the weather and how busy he is, when the same amount of space saying that he got to thinkintr about vou yesterday, when he saw a girl on the street that looked like you. oniy sne man t carry riersen bu wen as you do. and that he loves you, good-bye would have fairly made your neart turn over with joy and made you kiss the hur ried lines and thrust the letter in your belt. wnere you could cracKie it now and tnen to make sure it was there. Nearly all nice men ma.ke good lovers in deeds. A great many fail at some important crisis in the handling of words. But the last test of all. and. to mv mind. the greatest, is in the use of words as a balm. Few people, be they men or women, be they only triends. Jovers or married. can help occasionally hurting each other's leelings. Accidents are continually hap pening, even when people are good tem pered. And for quick or evil-tempered ones there is but' one remedy the handsome, honest apology. The most perfect lover is the one who best understands how and when to apologize. Foreign Finery. New York Tribune. "It Is curious," said a fashionable woman who had just returned from Europe, "to see the radical change that has taken place in the n amber of trunks that are now brought over from Paris by each person. What Is the reason for this change it is difficult to say, but it is certainly tho fashiou just now to bring much less home in the way of Paris'an finery than formerly, and the freight agents on the various steamers say that there has been a marked reduction In luggage in th? last two years. "Another innovation in the smart so iety of both hemispheres is the latitude thai Is now allowed in. dress at all-day functions. A woman will walk into a handsomely dressed assemblage in a short bicycle or Rlf drees, and create no remark or com ment whatever, while the long frock coat and high silk hat which used to be de rierueur for men in England and France are no longer deemed imperative. 'High hats and frock coats are not necessary, was written in the corner of an invitation to a garden party given by a woman of rank in the suburbs of London recently a sign cf the times. Milady doubtless real izes that fine ladies ana gentlemen wun nothing to do are types of the past, and that if she wants guests nowadays she must let them come in their outing rig." The Ever-Present Cushion. Philadelphia Press. Verv few things are prettier in the fancy work of the month than the long Empire cushion. A dainty design has a cover of white mousseline de soie embroidered with tiny wreaths in rose, green and violet. The under cover is of rose satin, with a box nlaltlner of the same trimming the sides and after the embroidered cover Is put in place side ruffles of point d'esprlt lace are added, with roseues of rose-colored "baby" ribbon at the corners and festoons at the edges. ' A square cushion or satin ana mousseune tn-n nnrnopq nniampntwl With nieces of applique lace, and two with rect bows of satin ribbon, corresponaing in coior wim the satin foundation, me nooons uemg .i-.i tn Imcn th lannq in nosition. The edges of the cushion are trimmed with a double ruffle, the lower or iringea saun, me upper of the mouseline embellished with lace braid. ti.-,t on on? flnnr Vinsr rnahlnns nrn very pretty, and are easily made the first Of six gores ot contrasting coiorea saun. stluenea oy crinoline or taruuuaru, mc i.i t- n-v.lta nAttnn rnnila thf letteri?lT br ing done in pen and ink or with brush and black water color. Something About Baby Talk. New York Ledger. While It is no doubt exceedingly interest ing to the parties most concerned to prat tle all sorts of affectionate and, to the casual observer, almost unintelligible words to a child, it is not only foolish in itself but productive of some very unpleasant consequences. A child learns - all sorts of incorrect founds, words and expressions, and when the retentive little mind must be stored with useful knowledge, a great deal of this baby talk has to be unlearned. Perhaps it Is not quite as easy, but it certainly is very much more, sensible to teach children accuracy of speech and cor rectness in expression. There are so many things in t" world to learn, so many de lightful useful thing?, and the world, i lull of information that it is not onl.7 a pleasure to impart but to re ceive; that the time wasted in teaching and unteachlng baby talk is something that ought to be regretted, and usually is when it is quite too late to undo the mischief. From Her and There. Tailor gowns of black cloth, with bright colored cloth boleros braided so close'y wty.h black that the color just shows through, are popular thl3 season, and red is the favorite shade. A delicious flavor for soups may easily be prepared by soaking for two weeks half an ounce of celery seeds in one gill of brandy. A few drops will flavor a pint or soup equal to a head of celery. Take half a pound of dried lavender flow ers, half an ounce of dried thyme, half an ounce of dried mint, quarter of an ounce of caraway and ground cloves; one ounce of common salt dried in the oven. Mix all well together and put into linen bags, which may be put into drawers or linen closets. The perfume will be delicious. To keep violets fresh when wearing them on the person, wrap the stems first in cot ton dipped in salted water and then in tin foil. When they are not doing service the stems should be put in salted water, the tops sprinkled and the whole covered closely with confectioner's paper, and put in a cool place. In this way. the blossoms may be preserved for several days. A measurement of the relative muscular strength of men and women of the same ages and in perfect physical condition and of the same height shows that the strength of the average man is nearly twice as great as that of the average woman. This pro portion of strength possessed by men was found in nearly every part of the body as tested by a dynometer in two hundred cases, both of men and women. Cushions for long hair pins are made from tall slender glass or silver vases into which a long slender cushion stuffed with curled hair, povdered cork, or sawdust is fitted. The cushions are covered with col ored silk, and at the opening of the vase with a cover of colored plush. Some of the bud vases usd for the purpose can be bought for 2 and 50 cents. Those In green and gold and white and gold are more ex pensive. Real jeweled pins will be worn this sea son and during the winter, not only In the hair arranged a la Japonaise. but they wit! appear upon dress hats and elegant evening bonnets. Jewel cases and caskets are be ing searched for odd pins, slides. brooch--1?--and other ornament. which have been pu' away us obsolete, to now furnish d"corntvn, for various portions of the tollt. The fash-.. Ion of wearing real gems In the coiffure nroe from an example set by the PrincesF of Wales. t Kmpire belts and belts of all sorts are the! son, barrinig, of course, the little bo jlcro anvjl and they are made of satin and velvet embroidered with beads, covered with an applique of a contrasting color or draped plain as you wish. Some have a narrow double box plaited frill in the upper edges and others have a deep fringe at the bot tom, but the most becoming belt is shaped wide under the arms and tapers down at the back and front. Leather belts are all very narrow, and the very latest novelty is bright scarlet. ' OFFERINGS OF. THE POETS. A Connoisseur. There's a sparkle to the fire like the ehlne in Betty's eyes The little flames are dancing just that way! The winds a-iweep without, are mocking echoes to my sighs; (Heigho! but little Love will have his day!) There's a subtle, haunting perfume from the -iolela on her breast , That's blent with steamy incense from the tea; The company has scattered until I'm her only guest. (I find three cups ars not enough for me!) This afternoon some woman talked on Art with a biff A AH Betty's friends declared it "such a treat!" And Betty's pouting at me now because X stole away And yawned it out, within a safe retreat. "You've a groveling, sordid soul," she says, "and all you care about Are stock reports and smoking and baseball And (smiling) tea, perhaps! Life's finer things you do without. I warn you I'm disgusted at it all! "Think what you might have learned to-day from Mrs. D' Aubney-Green ! Her vogue is quite terrific in the East; Her criticisms are so fresh her comments crisp and keen But you! You didn't mind them in the least! If you men only knew what charm it lends you what an air To talk, with ease, of Art and all its rules Of atmosphere perspectives cults to cleverly compare The merits of the French and German schools; Tell an Aubrey Beardsley poster from a girl by Albert Moore Or a Millet peasant from a Bump-Jones saint! Such ignorance, if I were you, I really should deplore. Aren't you ashamed?" I laugh, "No, dear, I ain't! I know a picture, Betty, when I see one," I go on, "I'm conscious of a glimmer In the gloom My Egypt denseness, I believe, 's about to have a dawn. Just see me choose the finest in the room!" "Yes, do!" she says; "your taste will be divert ing. Let me see That dsar Rossettl won't be it at all." "Oh, no!" I answer bravely, setting down my cup of tea. "You needn't look it isn't on the wall. There never was a picture that was even half so fair " (A pause her face aglow with sweet surprise ) "It's just a little woman with the firelight on her hair. And a charming challenge shining in her eyes." "Quite too original your taste!" she laughs yet with a. touch Of tenderness. Then, lifting her bright head: "If you really like the picture, though, so very, very much Terhaps papa will give it to you, Fred!" Hamilton, O. Stella Weiler-Taylor. My tiarilen Pets. 0 well beloved flowers of mine, it grieves me to the heart To see you droop and die, alas, and know that we must part. All through.the blissful summer days and through the garden's brightest ways, 1 cared for you, I watched you, your beauty was my pride, As side by side you thrived and grew each one of you and vied To put forth all your glory, your sweet and fragrant breath For light, for air, for sunshine pure, for heaven's refreshing dew And for the deep solicitude and love I felt for you. But now at nature's stern decree you shiver as -with death, A blight has come upon you, the blight of win ter's breath; My garden pets, it grieves me, and sorrowing I sish To know that you must leave me, to see you drooj and die. Why may you not be with me new-born when spring shall rise From deepest sleep with new delight and glad ness in her eyes. When nature with a lavish hand will give us aa before. Fair nymphs green-robed to look upon and bloom bedecked once more? A litle while, as time doth count, th seasons come and go Spring, summer, autumn, winter, each, wisely planned we know Yet passing etch so quickly they seem to us like dreams Of swift delight, of summer nights, of frozen land and streams. A little while, then why regret, why grieve me that you go? A little while, to sleep, to rest, my garden pets, for lo, ' You've labored, you are weary Is it not time for rest? Yea, when the earth is swept of all in nature loved the best. And now I do bethink me, when kith and kin depart, I should not seek to hold you by any selfish art; So beauteous flowers of summer, sweet garden pets I knew. Through wintry days and frosty ways, I bid good-bye to you. Cora Klussman Freaney. Her Letter. I wait upon its coming as the rain Is waited for by fevered, barren land; The touch of it doth all my soul command More than sweet music's softest strain. Or aged wine that Bacchus knew to drain. With eager help of trembling, dextrous hand. How falls the world away as slipping sand. And all my fears, how gently they are slain! The journal's stock of flaring morning news From many lands scarce serves to pass an hour Until my post-brought chronicle of things Penned by her hand, ia read. Who would not choose The home-born news of bird and tree and flower, And chat ef loved ones, that her letter brings? W. O. FerguBon. To James AVhitromb IJIley. (Except ye become as little children. Ye cannot enter the kingdom of heaven.) Thou hast not so become, but art; From thee hath been beguiled The loving, the believing heart. Which God bestowed upon His child. While we seek vainly for some might. Some powerful and magic leaven That shall exalt us to the height Lo, thou art dwelling in the heaven. "Come up to me out of the dark, Or let me come to you," you say; ' And children's voices answer, "Hark! W hy. you have never been away." May W. Donnas. A Manager Herself. New York Commercial Advertiser. A jolly little rosy-cheeked woman sat in front of me in a theater the other night, and it was a treat to see her enjoyment of the piapr. It reminded me of the aban donment 5f pleasure in a young girl who Is just realizing what almost unbounded possibilities of amusement there are in the theater. She never took her eyes off the stage. Fhe laughed at the comedy, grew pale or I thought she did at the desperate devices of the villain, and expressed the depths of womanly sympathy with the heroine. I could only see the profile of the rosy cheeked woman, but the emotions that chased er ch other across her countenance were plain enough. "It is refreshing to see at a theater a person who has, perhaps, never been in one )tfore," 1 said to myself. "I would give a rrood deal if I could feel the same unso phisticated pleasure in the play that is making this a gioriiied night to that little rosy-cheeked woman. God bless her for 'lrtnging a new, innocent sensation to the laded, play-worn men and women all around me on thisfirst nisrht " And then the rosy-cheeked little woman turned around, and I saw that it was Eliz abeth Marbury, who has read and seen more plays than any other woman in America. jfej Prices z7 W Cloaks I J Suits g 9! Gapes I 1 Skirts Iks JS-Clietsj J Is the rule at our store, i and jj "VVaiStSj (Wj P V! w X especially so for the next Yew I s, )? VJ weeks. Come in early this i N K) Njs. week, before the lines are ? nv T fySx Drken- Many new novelties ? vi zz 1 are arriving every few days. ? Qs (rd 1 1 ! d Some Prices that Move the Goods Nobby Tailor-Made Suits $11-7? to $50.90 In Suits we show the most select line. Cloaks, Capes and Jackets - $7-5, $9.7 Jv$ 1 1 .7? The best selected Stock in the State. See our line of Fancy Collarettes, in Seal, Stone Marten, Sable, Lynx, - Silver Fox, Black Marten and Persian Lamb. ARCHBISHOP IRELAND HIS STCCKSSFIL. WOIIK OI" COLONIZ ING IX MINNESOTA. Ills ,Infinenee Strong; with People "Whose Condition He Hettered ly Finding; Homes for Them. Graceville, Minn., Letter In New York Post. Archbishop Ireland's ringing address in behalf of sound currency and against Popu lism will have a wonderful effect wherever he is known in the agricultural Northwest, but in no locality will it do more to bring the people to the right side than in the counties of west central and southern Minnesota. This prosperous little city, in the center of one of the most thriving farming sections in the State, stands a monument to the zeal, wisdom and broad humanity of the great prelate, for it was he who founded the cehfbra-ted Uracoville colony and made it possible for several thousand poor men to secure fertile farms in the best sections of the State. The success of Archbishop's Ireland's ef forts to better the condition of the poor in this country as well as in Ireland, by persuading 'them to settle on the rich lands of Minnesota and making it possible for the poorest who were willing to work to do so, has been remarkable. Eight colonies in all were established and all have pros pered, and to-day these colonies are the most thriving spots in five of the leading agricultural counties of the State. Grace ville, the last to be established and at tha time farthest removed from the comforts and advantages of civilization, in the his tory of its growth and,' prosperity, best tells the 6tory of the entire movement. Twenty years ago there was great suffer ing in the larger cities of the United States.. The problem of finding relief for the unemployed was then, as it has been for several years past, a serious question. A Western man who had studied this prob lem both in America and in Europe, Arch bishop Ireland saw that if the unemployed in the cities and in the distressed districts of Ireland could be brought back to the land their lot might be vastly improved. The problem in this country, as he said, is different from that of Europe. "In this country," he wrote at that time, "there is such a thing as unemployed labor, but it bears no comparison to the amount of un employed land. When the-uuestlon ot the solution of the labor problem, especially as it presents itself in cities, is discussed, it will not do to keep out of view the almost limitiess treasuries of wealth that are hid den only by grass of our Western prairies. If the suffering poor of the cities could be placed upon the land the labor question, it would seem, would be disposed of, tor the immediate present at least." Fillet! with this idea. Archbishop Ireland devoted some time to the selection of suita ble locations, lie finally settled upon no less than eight different localities for as many colonies. Three of these. Graceville, Clontarf and De Graff, were in the west central part of Minnesota, while the other five, Avoca, Fuida, Adrian, Minneota and Ghent, were in the southwestern corner of the State. At that time there was noth ing, so far as the eye could reach at any of these places, save the rolling, grass covered prairie, and the only people who had ever gazed on these sites of now pros perous towns had been soldiers, hunters and wild Indians. The success of each of these colonies has been without parallel, perhaps largely due to the fact that each man who came to these settlements stood on his own footing. There was no co operative scheme that was to make all rich and happy without work. The opportunity to locate upon rich free lands or cheap rail road lands on long time was furnished, to- .Kw -it-V cimnlie trk laftt thp Sif .1 T l-rS Un- til they had raised a crop; but this was all. This has produced communities of inde pendent men, who owe no man anything, save Archbishop Ireland, and the only debt owed him is one of gratitude for the plan of colonization and the hard work he per formed in carrying it to a successful term ination. , A SYSTEMATIC PLAN. When Archbishop Ireland had decided upon this plan, although it was vast in con ception, the magnitude of which no one realized better or to a greater degree than he, it was systematized to the minutest de tails. An agent was stationed in the East whose duty it was to reach the poorer classes and show them the advantages to be had for the asking, if they were only willing to work and endure for a time the hardships that necessarily accompany the life of a pioneer, although in this case they were to be tinder the watchful eye of friends who would not allow them to want for the necessaries of life. The central office was located in St. Paul, to which all intending settlers were iirst sent. At this office the immigrants were allowed to make tiu-ir choice of the colony th preferred. Two agents were located at Graceville, one who was to look after the material in tf rests of the settlers, and the other, a faithful priest, who was the friend and comforter of all in a spiritual way. The former was a level-headed man, and when the spring of 1S78 arrived and brought the irst partv of settlers they found ten nen-s of land plowed and ready for cultivation for each head of a family. These were lo cated on the lands either under the home stead or tree-culture Jaws, the greater pro nation of the lands around what is now Graceville at that time belonging to the federal government. Knowing that the col- lands. Archbishoa ireland went to Presi dent Hill, of the Great Northern railway, which claimed about 50.000 acres of land in that vlcinitv as indemnity for lands lost to settlers within the limits of its original grant, and Mr. Hill made a contract by which the colonists could go upon the lanus at once, and when the rai;road company obtained title it would transfer the lands to the settlers on long time at $4 per acr-:. This contract was one of the advantageous features of the nlan, for before many of the colonists were notified by the railroad company that title -had been secured, the settlement of the surrounding country and the building of two lines of railroad into the settlement and beyond it made ll.e lands bought on long time at $4 per acre worth nearlv four times that amount. About one hundred families arrived the first year. They planted potatoes, erected small houses, and prepared the ground for the following year's crop, when the culti vation of the great staple of the country, wheat, was begun. In the meantime store buildings and various shops were erected, and before the spring of 1X79 there was the beginning of a thriving village. Among the first party of settlers were a number of poor people from county Galway, Ireland. At home they were fishermen, and they knew nothing'of anything else. When they were landed at Graceville they were asked to help to erect the houses that were to shelter them. The lumber was on the ground, and there was the kind-hearted superintendent to teach them how to work. But they declined. "The Bishop brought us here, and he must care for us," they stubbornly insisted. . SUCCESSFUL. FARMERS. Farming did not suit many of this' class and tho dissatisfied soon found their way to St. Paul, where they made what is known as "the Connemara settlement." They are poor, and, while in better condi tion than they were in Ireland, there is a wide difference between their condition and that of those who remained at Grace ville. The case of one of the latter may be cited.' His name is Joseph Gallagher and he lives five miles northeast of Grace ville. He came to the colony sixteen years ago from the west coast of Ireland, ab solutely penniless. He settled on a piece of land, but was too poor to do much farming, being obliged to seek work where ever he could rind It. He ciung to the land, however, and each year saw him farming a little more, until finally he was able to devote his entire attention to it. Now he has a farm of five hundred acres, and his crop of wheat alone was last year six thousand bushels. His farmhouse is real ly a mansion and the furniture and pic tures show evidence of taste and refine ment, the barns are models and a grove planted by Mrs. Gallagher is the pride of the country for miles around. The value of Mr. Gallagher's farm property is not less than $25.0K), and he owes no man a dollar. The spring of 1ST9 brought one hundred more families to the colony and from this time on a steady, if not a very large, stream of immigration poured into the set tlement. Up to this time there was no railroad nearer thaai Morris, thirty miles to the east, but in the Great Northern was completed to Graceville and on twenty miles west to Brown's Valley, on the Da kota, line. Gracjville now has a population of near ly 1,600. The competition afforded by two railways makes it a great wheat market, and enables a large roller flouring mill, with a capacity of five hundred bushels per day, to continue in operation the year round. There are five large grain eleva tors, school buildings, a. neat little opera house that will hold about seven hundred people, a large number of brick blocks, a handsome city hall, two fine bank buildins-s and many tasteful private residences. The handsome new Church of the Holy Rosary seats seven hundred, people, and test Sun day saw every seat and all the standing room taken- There are two schools in the town, the public school, which has four departments, and the Sisters'. The public schools are well patronized and have a high reputation. Securing a team, I drove around th country with the Mayor of the town, Wil liam O'Neill, who was one of the pioneers and is now one' of the leading men of west ern Minnesota, A half-mile drive from the town brought us to the farm of James Hickey. Mr. Hickey came to the colony with nothing only twelve years ago. Now he has l.fioO acres of the richest land in Minnesota, much of which is valuable for town lots. His house and barns are models and represent an investment of more than $10,000. His wheat crop this year he stated reaches a total of ll,Ci0 bushels, and while the price 13 low, the yield of nearly twenty live bushels to the acre makes it profitable. In addition to accumulating this handsome property Mr. Hickey has leen able to edu cate his children thoroughly. THEY CAME WITH NOTHING. Tho farm of John Cunningham adjoins that of Mr. Hickey. The residence of Mr. Cunningham is surrounded by a fine grove planted thirteen years ago. He owns 400 acres of land, and in the years he has been at Graceville he has been able to educate his family, placing two of his sons in the professions, and one of his daughters is the head of a department in the Graceville Academy. The nearest neighbor of the Cunninghams Is Edmund O'Connor, who rejoices in the possession of a section and a half of land, 900 acres, and his farm buildings are al most as handsome as those of Mr. Hickey. Dennis Donovan came to Graceville with but 75 cents in his possession and no way to get anything except by the work of his hands. This was fourteen years ago. Now his farm, which I visited, contains .M0 acres, and his residence and outbui. dings arc worthy of the estate upon which they stand. From a poor colonist with nothing, Dennis Donovan has become one of tbe wealthy men in a prosperous community. Patrick Carsley is the largest shipper of live stock in the county. He st'Uh-d in Minneapolis twenty years ago and had a very hard struggle to make ends meet in the city. Finally in sheer desperation he came to Graceville In 1S79. At that time, without money, all he could do was to plant the ten acres prepared for him by the superintendent and then seek work to sup port his family wherever he could find it. When he had saved enough he purchased a yoke of oxen and commence'! farming a an occupation. He is now the owner of a section of land. M0 acres, and is one of the fairly rich farmers of the district. Lawrence Flaherty was having a hitter contest for a bare livelihood for himself and family sixteen years ago. in St. Paul. He was induced to join the Graceville col ony, and, as a result of his labors, he now has 400 acres of fine land and good houses and barns. He owes no man a dollar and is one of the most independent sons of old Ireland to be found in a day's journey. The next-door neighbor of Mr. Flaherty Is Eugene Broderick, who came from Bos ton thirteen years ago. He had money enough to purchase a team of horses, and showed the bent of his mind by doing so whfn others in the same condition finan cially would have made a different disposi tion of that sum. Mr. Broderick'a acres new number 400. and he drives the best span of horses west of SL Paul. He de votes his farm to the raising of blooded horses and cattle, and has been largely in strumental in Introducing the best breeds of both into the colony. Austin Reddv is another "small farmer," although his farm of 320 acres would be considered a very large one in -the East. Mr. Reddy came fourteen years ago from the west coast of Ireland and had abso lutely nothing. He was obliged to com mence farming without a team or anything ssve the few tools furnished by the super intendent. As soon as he had planted his small patch of potatoes he would seek work whenever it was to be had, and as soon as he was able he commenced work ing his land. His attractive and roomy house, large barns and well-tilled fields show the comfortable state of his fortunes at the present time. These are but a few of the many that might be cited in the- country surrounding Graceville. Every industrious colonist suc ceeded. The site selected for this colony showed the care Archbishon Ireland took in the matter. He made his first visit when there was not a house within thirty miles, and a blanket was his only covering to pro tect him from the cold nights. But he made a careful examination of the soil, and the Graceville colony has rver had a crop failure. The weight which the advice of Archbishop Ireland has with such col onists can easily be understood. A Trio. Oh, did you hpar the drowsy wind Go sighing, half asleep? And did you feel, across your mind, A dreamy wonder creep? Somewhere, far off, a bird sans low. Cicadas jarred the Erass; Mayhap you saw, I do not know Mayhap you saw rue pass! And Love was by me, and Delight; We three did trudse along. Cumbered with sheets, from morn till night. And overfilled with cone. Behind us burned the Summer land, Fair Autumn lay before. And we oh, we went hand in hand A-singing ever more! , And then you knew the lazy wind Was sighing half asleep; But did you feel, across your mind, A dreamy wonder ci-ee? Maurice Thompson. A MODERN BROOK FARM. Settlement of Chrlnclan Socialists In the Adirondack!!. Boston Transcript. Away up in the Adirondacks at one of the highest points where a hotel is to be found two thousand feet above the level of the sea Is a log camp devoted to the gather ings of a summer community. Upon visit ing this locality during the past reason I was interested to find' this little settlement. The houses are very striking in appearance, bearing a close resemblance to a Swiss chalet; their pretty curved roofs apparently quite mossy grown. The latter seemed marvelous at first, knowing that the cot tages had bjen recently built, when upon a nearer approach I discovered that tho moss effect is produced by a Well-selected green paint. The twenty acres on which the houses are located are owned by Miss M.. of New York the founder of the set tlementand are upon a small plateau jut ting out from among the foot hills of Mount Hurricane, commanding one of the finest mountain views of the Adirondacks. Mount Marcy, the highest peak, the Giants, and others being close at hand. This set tlement is known as Summer Brook. It was started during the summer of and carried out somewhat on the plan of Brook Farm, which had its beginning in 1X36. Like the latter, the members were all of culti vated families. They met together by in vitation to tspend the summer according to the methods of fraternal co-operation working, walking, studying together. Two servants are employed at Summer Brook, and with that exception the members do all the work, which equally divided, did not require more than two hours a day of each one's time. The washing was done by the ladles, the men assisting at the wringers. Tho special work of the men, however, comprises what might be called the agricultural duties, caring for the fields and gardens and picking berries. In the main house is a large entertain ment hall which is almost too vast and full of variPtv to describe. The floors are of hard wood, the fireplaces are suggestive of "ye olden time;" much of the furniture has a rustic effect, as some of the pieces and doors have panels of rough birch bark. At the enu of the hall facing Mount Marcy is an immense plate glass window affording the 'best possible opportunity of studying a gathering storm or the glories of a moon light night. In common with the Brook farmers the members of this settlement are largely Socialists and with their predeces sors they believe in reorganizing society on a new basis to reduce hours of toil so that all people will have sufficient time for self improvement. In the word of part of the f-onstitution of Brook Farm, they believe that humanity trained by these long cen turies of suffering and sirure is at length prepared to entrr into thut order towards v.Mch It has perpetually moved; thus -also it is perceived that the present has its own high mission, that its only salvation lies in reorganizing society according to the un ehaii'ging laws of human nature and of uni versal harmony. In these daya of intense individualism the Socialist must work out his own d?stinv, and as a spark of lire is produced bv friction of mntter with other similar matter, so the spark of eternal truth is frequently established by mind coming In contact with mind. Probably the best-known member of the Summer Brook settlement was Mr. Heniy 2h-JMI D. Lloyd author of "Wealth versus Com monwealth;" next is Mr, W. D. P. mins, formerly pastor of the Church of the Car penter. Boston. Mr. Bliss, as manv or your readers will know, stood for Christian So cialismtrying to teach th-tt the relations which Christianity tries to establish be tween man and man are Indicated in the words "Love thy neighbor" and trying t the same time to show that in consequence of our present competitive yysteni our in terests are entirely hostile. The Joyfully exhilarating Adirondack air, together with the harmony which seemed the atmosphere of the place, had a telling effect apparently upon the physical and mental condition of the members; every body looked as If he were in the best of health and spirits. The Summer Brook houses are now closed for the winter months, to reopen by tho 1st of June of next year. . HISTORY OF TllfcJ DOIV.). The Bird W'nn Once Found In Ijitko Niiiiiherw in. .Muurl Huh. Pall Mall Gazette. I believe there are not a few people who regard the dodo as a fabulous bird, a kind of ornithic equivalent to the unicorn. Dldus. ineptus, however, though not,' extinct, wan at one timo to be found ii considerable numbers upon the island of Mauritius. whMi appears to have been its only hab itat. A great deal of controversy has been indulged in with regard to the origin of its name, but there can In? little doubt that It Is derived from the Portuguese dourio ta simpleton.) To this simplieity can be as cribed the disappearance of the bird. Tho first mention of the dodo 4s in a narrative, published in ltfrt, which describe!! the "oy ages of a certain Dutchman called Van Neck, who is represented aa speaking of "birds as big as swans or bigger, with large heads, no wings, and tail consisting of a few curly feathers." A little later w hear of a dodo being sent alive to Holland, and It wa? the foot of this bird, probably, which Clusius says he saw in Pauw's house, of Leyden. Pictures of the bird, moreover, are far from rare. At Slon House there is one by Golemare, dated 1527. and at Prague, one by Hoefnagel, dated 162t. This latter is probably that of a dodo kept in the vi varium of Rudolf II. The portion of th skull discovered in 1S50 and now in the Prague museum may also have belonged to the bird in question. Even as far back as 1628 the dodo appears to have been be coming very scarce. Emanuel Altham, tha first Englishman who mentions it, says In a letter written from Mauritius to hi brother: "You shall receive a strange fowin which I had at the Island Mauritius called by the Portlgualls a . do do. which for the rareness thereof, I t hopa will be welcome to you." In a sec ond letter he mentions it as being alive. Nothing is known of the fate of this speci men. In a MS. diary kept from 162'1 to J640 by Thomas Crosstlelds, of Queen's Col lege, Oxford, we hear of a Mr. (Josl'ng. "who bestowed the dodar (a black Indian bird) upon the anatomy school." This Is not the dodo whose head and foot are now the property of the university. These rel ics are the remains of a bird Keen in London in the year 1638 by Sir Hamon Lestrange. who describes a street show, where he sa w "a great bird kept in a chamber somewhat bigger than the largest turkey cock, and so legged and footed, but shorter and thicker." In 16S1 Francois Cauche de scribes the dodos he saw as being bigger than swans, and as having a cry like a gosling, lie tells us how they lay a single white egg "gros comme un pain d'un sol" on a mass of grass in the forests. In addition to those at Prague and Ox ford, two other remains of the dodo are still extant a well-preserved head at C; penhaaen and a foot in the British Muse um. From the former the affinities of the. bird were first established, when, in Kpite of its grotesque ""'ancs and lack of wings, it was foiirm 'dong to the plo--eon family. The latter was mentioned I.i 16'5. among a "Collection of Natural Rari ties." as "ehgge of n dodo, a great heavy bird that cannot llv." It was bought by the Royal Society, by whieh it was given to the British Museum. This institution owns, besides, the MS. journal of Benjamin Harry, mate of the ship Berkeley Castle, in which the latest evidence of a living dodo is met with. Benjamin Harry ate a dodo in 1"S1. but "its fl"sh was vey hard." At the beginning of this century doubt as to the existence of the dodo were be coming universal, until Duncan refuted them in 1S2S, while Clark's discovery of a considerable number of the bird's bones In, the peat of a pool allowed Profesor Owen to completely restore its osseous structure in 1865. HIS TREACHEROUS MEMORY. Mean Trick It Played a Lerrlnton Man After a Softer NlRht OA. Lewiston Saturday Journal. I should hate to tell you which one of them it was. but it happened on the night of the McGilllcuddy banquet. The roan himself told me about it as follows: My memory isn't very good, and I had several things on my mind. When I went out Tuesday night I intended to come homo early, but I dropped into the spread at the Hotel Atwood and it was past 2 a. m. when I struck my doorstep. You ought to have seen me sneak up to the front door and fumble for my key. I reckon that no ono ever did a slicker Job than I did. I haven't been out so late for months, but I got into the hallway without making any noise, and sat down on the stairs and removed my shoes. I learned that when I was court ing my wife. Why. I have done slicker jobs in getting out of her house and into mine without waking either of the families than Spike Hennessy ever did In his palm iest days of burglary. I went upstairs to the chamber door and pushed on It. It creaked some, but it gave way and I was In. I expected to hear some one suy: "Will, is that vou?" but no one did. al though I fancied I heard the soft breathing of mv wife. I didn't light the gas. Not I. I Flipped off my clothes: decided not to wind mv watch for fear of its click: found my robe de nult, slipped into It. and edged around to mv side of the bed. Then I calmly and steadily and deftly slipped in. I was alone! She was gone! And then 1 remembered that she h8d been away two days, and I had known It nil the time, if I had only stopped to think. "Sober?" ' Certainly I was. I hadn't drank a thintr but cprins water and Worcestershire sauce.