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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 21, 1897.
THE DAILY JOURNAL. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 21, 1697. Wosfclaxtoj Office 15J3 Pennsylvania Avenue Telephone Call. 2Jusine4 cHre ilS j KJUcrial rooms... A S HIIlMS OP M'HSCIIIPTIO.N. DAILY 1IY MAIL Da I! j rnlr, cne rannth $ .70 L'ailjr niy. tiiree month 2.00 Ia!lj only, one year .w Daily. InrioUns Sunday, one year 10. Bunday t-nly, (.no year 2.0 J WHKN FUKNISHCl l:V AfiCNTS. Dally, per week, hy carrier 15 cts t'unlay. rnsi cpy Z eta La.ly and t.unday. jer week, by cai ner. . . .20 cts i:i;kly. Per jer 11.00 Itreluerel Iliitt ( Club. Subscribe wli! any cZ out numerous cgents cr end 5ul.triiditr.s t TliC INDIANAPOLIS JOl'K.VAL, Indiunnpolix, lnd. Persons rending the Jcrrnal through the malls In tho United .tafs hju!i i ut cn an etsht-juise la;r a ONK-CLNT jci'ti.e tanq;: cn a twelve or sixteen- aie a-r a TVU-'CNT jKiae tamp. Foreign ijstage la usually double these rate. AH corr.m'jnlcationM Intended for publication in tM paper must. In order to receie attention, be acconqanied by the name and address cf the writer. If it Is dev.red tnat rejected manuscripts be returned, postage mu?t in all eases be. Inclosed lor thit purine. T1IH INDIANAPOLIS JOl KNAL Can be found at the following places: NEW I ORK Windsor Hotel and Astor House. CHICAGO-Palmer Hou.se and. P. O. News Co.. 217 Ieartrn street. C I N CI NN ATI J. K. Ilawle & Co.. tti Vine tre?:. LOCISVILLE-C. T. Deerinjr. northwest corner of Third a:d Jefferson stiee-is. and Louisville Hook. Cc. i5o Fourth avenue. ST. LOUL? Union News Com any. Union Dejot. WASHINGTON, I). C Rises House. Ebbitt lloube, Willard's Hotel and the Washington News Exchange, Fourteenth street, between I'enn. avenue and F street. One point of difference between Cleveland and McKinley Is that when the latter goes on a pleasure trip he takes his wife and family, while the former took a gun and well, something else. It has been so long since European cor respondents have had a chance" to describe any battles or military operations that they are pardonable for trying to make the most out of tho present one, especially as It is not likely to last long. If Judge Showalter holds (he 3-cent-fare law unconstitutional it Is to be hoped the Citizens' Company will not bring suit to re cover the back fares of the last few days. That would be In accordance with corpora tion ethics, but it would not be wise. It will be better for all concerned when tate legislatures learn, onco for all, that It Is useless to try to override or break down the Constitution of the United States. It would not be a bad idea for every member-elect of each Legislature to read both that and the Constitution of the State be fore entering upon his duties. Tho London Standard says: "The Sultan had ample excuse for striking back, but should the Greek army suffer grave re verses, the gratification of Berlin and St. Petersburg may be qualified by London, Taris and Rome." This hints at an al liance between England, France and Italy against Russia. Germany and Austria. They are a neighborly lot over there. lAirll 2 the- Journal said editorially: MIf the present situation does not lead to a generaf war It is pretty sure to lead to a readjustment of alliances. Indications are that Russia and France will separate, the latter forming an alliance with England and the former with Germany." This fore cast seems likely to be verified, though the readjustment will be somewhat more com" prehenslve In Joining Austria with Russia and Germany. This will almo.U force France and England together. The selection of George F. McCulIoch for chairman of the Republican state central committee Insures the party the service3 of an Intelligent, positive and earnest man at the head of its organization. Mr. McCul Ioch has had a large experience with af fairs' in which he has displayed large capacity for organization. No man in the pas belt has been more active and success ful In stimulating its development. In what- 1 ever duty or responsibility he has been called he has been equal to the task. For these reasons the Journal predicts that be will be in efficient chairman of the state j central committee. r r 1 1 The Chicago papers are red hot over the Humphrey bills, which propose to turn the clty over bound hand and foot to the cor Voratlons. So conservative a paper as the Chicago Journal has a double leaded edi torial with the caption "Hewaro of the Lamppost," In which it says: Shall we deprecate the use of force when all means of persuasion have failed? Is it Incumbent upon a law-abiding people to ... 1 1 I . I.. ...... ....... 1 . . 1 euomil lameiy wncn n is jiiuwu iu Was it richt for the people of America to rise against George in: v e are nai-K again to the grent fundamental problems of government. We are concerned with the basic principle of self-government and home rule. This Is suggestive and perhaps inflamma tory, but the situation is somewhat inflam matory also. It is quite evident that Representative Holman is nearing his end. The fall which he had from a street car some two weeks ago might not have proved serious to a younger man, but his advanced ago and Impaired vitality were greatly against him, and now there is scarcely a possibility of his recovery. Mr. Holman is in his seventy-fifth year and has served in Congress almost continuously since ls9. For many years he was very prominent as an "ob- 1 Jector" and economist, and no doubt his ervlces la this regard were of some value. though they often begot a suspicion that he was posing for effect. There have been times during his long period of service when he would have been much missed in the House. It is greatly to Mr. Holman's credit that there has never been the slight est Imputation of his personal integrity. o P The Journal hears with pleasure that State Tax Commissioner Walker is going to Elaekfcrd county to investigate the prop erties and methods of the great oil compa nies operating there. Including the Stand ard, the Cudahy and the Manhattan com ,'panles. The Journal has repeatedly called attention to the fact that these wealthy f foreign corporations, foreign In the sense of not being Indiana corporations, have made large investments in the State and are carrying large wealth cut of it. As a matter of justice it vouIJ seem that they .ought to be taxed on the wealth they are thus producing from Indiana soil. Oil is a mineral as much as coal, or building stone, and It would hardly be contended that they should be exempt from taxation, even if mined by a foreign company for export to other States. If these companies were man ufacturing butter out of Indiana cream or sugar out of Indiana beets they would, of prive them of their ngnts lor miy years; These questions may ! answered effective ly by asking others. Was it right for the t.nnia nf England to rise against Charles 1 course, be taxed on their output. Why hot equally on the oil they draw from Indiana soil? The farmer pays taxes on the prod ucts of tho surface of the earth; why not corporations on the product they extract from below? The question calls for thorough investigation. mm CORPORATION LAWS AMI METHODS. The. rect-nt address of e x-Prcsident Harri son before tho ftfudents of Michigan Uni versity dwelt uion two matters which es pecially called for remedial legislation, viz., thj placing of restrictions on the growing power of corporations and the more equal distribution of the burdens of taxation. On tho first point ho said: Five-sixths of the voters of the country favor a revision of corporation laws, limit ing the purpose's for wiiich corporations may bo organized, supervising the issuing of stocks and bonds and putting other re straints u;on them. A way must be devised to place corporations ur.far proper restraint and to bring to the tax roll the vast aggregate of untaxtd per sonal proierty, but it will never be ac complished by the impulsive hodgepodge methods of sixty-day ieyis.utuns. The ex ecutive and judicial forces of the govern ment act quickly and directly. The legis lative forces, hampered by the conditions surrounding them and the greater compli cations of the questions before tium, stem to be inadequate. It Is more ditdeuit to make wise laws than to interpret or ex ecute them. It seems to me that the great reform laws must lie framed bv commis sions composed, of the ablest men in the states, they must have time to thoroughly study the subject. Opportunity must be given to the interests to lie affected and to the public to present suggestions and ob jections. There? should be no attempt to bring in the millennium on tho morrow. It would be too fcudden. The ideal cannot be reached at a step. Rut we should face and move that way. Probably General Harrison did not place tho proportion too high when he said that five-sixths of the voters of the country favor a revision of corporation laws putting salutary restraints on tho organization and management of corporations. Certainly that proportion would not bo too high lor this city at present. Neither would It be too high for Chicago, where citizens masia meetings are being held. Irrespective of party, to protest against the passageof a bill which proposes to enlarge tho power of the street-rallroid corporations of -that city and place their quite beyond the reach of municipal contrl. , There Is scarcely a city of any size in tno'United States that has not had trouble with its street-railroad companies, and with tho smaller cities It is only a question of time when they will have. The farmers do not know much about the aggressions of street-railway companies, but- they feel the grip of the steam-railway companies . In more ways than one, and while they do not always know what hurts them they know some thing is wrong. So it is probably safe to adopt General Harrison's estimate that five-sixths of the voters of the country are in favor df reform in corporation laws and methods. One of the matters referred to in the passage quoted as demanding remt-dial legislation is "the issuing of stocks and bonds." If this particular phase of corporation abuse has been more gen erally practiced by steam-railroad corpo rations than by street-niilroial companies it Is probably because the former have been longer in existence and offer a wider field for inflating values and vaporizing stocks. Cut at the present rate of progress street railway companies bid fair to becomo a good second In the art of vaporization. Tho present status of the Citizens' Com pany of this city, if a corporation which Is one-third on the ground and two-thirds in the air can bo said to have a status, shows that the alien owners of thi3 prop erty are adepts in the corporate art of making eomtthlng out of nothing. General Harrison recognizes the existence of an evil and tho necessity for reform, but he deprecates hasty and ineffectual action. He recognizes, as every person must who gives the subject a little bought, that the evil is strongly fortitied and pow erfully backed, and that it has- the pres tige of custom and legal recognition in its favor. Moreover, corporate greed and ag gression are organized, whereas the cause of popular rights against such corporations is rarely, If ever, organized. A system that has been built up by years of stealthy and well-directed cfTort, aided by loose legislation and frie-hdly decisions of the courts. Is not to bo broken up or reformexl in' a day. Even the restriction of its evils will be found a difficult task and one that will require time and co-operative elTort to accomplish." In view of the difficulty of getting the average legislature to deal in telligently with the question. General Har rison suggests that tho desired legislation i should bo formulated by a commission comiosed of able men and with anrplo time to thoroughly study the subject. That is a good Idea, but it would still bo neces sary to have a legislature In sympathy with the reform movement. In fact, that Is tho starting point, as a commission could not be creatc-d without previous ac tion by tho Legislature. The first thing to do, therefore, is to secure a state Legisla ture and a City Council heartily in favor of and fully pledged to enact legislation re stricting the powers and regulating the practices of corporations. No ierson of any political rarty should be elected to the Council In this city during the next four years who is not unequivocally pledged on this subject, and every' eity and town in the State that has a corporation enjoying a municipal franchise should see that Its members of the Legislature are similarly pledged. The first step toward legislative reform is a reform of public opinion, and from now on until tho fight is settled In favor of tho people the restraint of corpora tions should be made a "topic of discussion and an issue in every election. 0 MUNICIPAL. HICiltTS AU Fit ANCIIISES The experience of this city during the last few years with the Citizens' Street rallroad Company and the hard struggle yet to com for tho recovery of municipal freeelom and rights should be a perpetual reminder of the folly and dang r of grant ing wide-open franchises to corporations. City councils know a good deal more about this subject now than they did twenty-five or thirty years ago. but even now they are not as vigilant and zealous of municipal rights and interests as they ought to be, and, unfortunately, they are not always proof against improper Influences. .They are apt to forget that they stand in the same relation to tho city that the directors do to a corporation, and that when they deal with a corporation asking for a fran chise they are dealing with organized cap ital in tho hands of shrewd and perhaps unscrupulous men advised by the best legal counsel that money can procure. ' Corpora tions asking for favors or franchises al ways look a long way ahead, and their adroit attorneys often manage to slip in a few words which add materially to the scope or duration of a grant. City councils, ton the other hand, are apt to act hastily, with little regard for the distant future and without a proper understanding of what they are giving away. That was the case In this city when the charter of the Citizens Company was granted in 1SCI, and It has been the case In scores of other cities. It seems Incredible now that the City Council could have granted the pres ent company a charter with an exclusive right to all the streets and alleys for thirty years, subsequently extended seven years, without exacting a dollar in return and with even the provision regarding service and street paving ro loose as to be practi cally ineffective. Tne Council was appa rently ?o anxious for a street railway that It fairly threw the charter at the com pany's head, oblivious that it was giv ing away a gold mine. Tho company got all it asked for at the beginning, and since then has taken what-it wanted, partly be cause its legal advisers were so much shrewder than the city's and partly, be cause whenever a contest arose a few members of tho Council had the company's collar on their ncclis. The Council of WA stems to have had no conception of the future growth of the city or the value of the franchise it was giving away. Even five years later, when the company had only fifteen miles of track, a local historian wrote: It is believed that the extension of one of the present lines and the construction of one other ?hort lino will afford ample street-railway facilities for a population of Ph)..mh. Then the enterprise will be an un-t-epialed investment. Few cities present so many advantages for a system of street railways at once elDcient and cheaply main tained as Indianapolis. Its streets are so level that one horse or mule can do the work of two where the grades are heavier. Resides, the ttmms are changed four times a day, so that no animal is overtaxed, un less, as will sometimes happen in spite of the vigilance of men and oflicers. a careless or, brutal driver does it by reckless driv ing, and the losses from abuse or ex haustion are proportionately light. The lesson of this failure to foresee the future growth of tho city and the latent value of its street-railway system is as ap plicable to-day as it was thirty years ago. Tho city's contracts should be made with reference to the distant future, and its rights should not be recklessly granted away in the va'n expectation that they can be resumed at pleasure. It is very easy to tie the city's hands, but onco tied exceed ingly difUcult to liberate them. m The people of this city are gradually find ing out where they are "at" on the street railroad question, at least on the legal phases cf it, and one or two more decisions will define the situation clearly. This much is clear now: The City Company is non est, and the Citizens' Company has an indisput able right to tho exclusive use of all the stre-ets of the city until 1301. Then the ques tion of perpetual charter will have to be de cided in the courts unless it shall be held to have been previously de-cided by tho legis lature in a way that shall be held valid.' It is conceded on all hands that the Legis lature can repeal the charter or declaro. It ended In 1901, and to that end the efforts of the people should be directed. As to the C-cent-fare law the indications are that tho United State's Court will take jurisdiction and grant an injunction against the en forcement of that law, thus virtually set tling that question till Uie expiration of the charter of the Citizens' Company. The Hartford Courant wants somebody to write a political novel based on Ameri can life. It wouldn't go. American readers have a political serial running In their newspapers 3?Z days of the year and would rather have their novels treat of other themes. Resides, ; no' work of fiction could ever be as dramatlc'and exciting as certain chapters of the serial, say those published about the first week in November. The best of novels would be tamo in comparison. mm It is evident from the remarks of Mr. If. Sellers McKee, of the Citizens Street railroad Company, and his Pittsburg at torney, that they are . still of opinion that money and good will can be secureel by antagonizing a whole community. They will learn better in time. A. Mullet! tut Ktr Olive- Oil. Chemist Wiley, of the Department of Agriculture at Washington, told an audi ence to which he was talking, the other day on the subject of food values that the coming salad oil will be made of sunflower seed. It Is a perfect substitute for olive oil, he says, and will be so cheap that It may be used on the poor man's table.' This is a hint to enterprising farmers and manu facturers, but there Is reason to suspect that mero cheapness will not bring the product into common use on the poor man's table, especially if the man is not foreign born. The liking for oil is an acquired taste, and there Is a curious antipathy to it among many people able to afford its use at any price. It Is an unreasonable dis like, too, since It cannot be denied that a puro vegetable ,oil has qualities that make it superior to animal fats that with every care may contain disease germs. Argument and illustration do little good, however, in combatting this prejudice, as the history of cottonseed oil shows. When that lirst became an article of commerce a great effort was made to bring It Into domestic use as a substitute for lard, but with little success, in spite of all the weird tales told of elanger in the hog product. Occasionally a housewife rose superior to prejudice and used the oil in her cookery, but the ma ority turned from it with scorn and con tinue to do so when they know it has been used in the preparation of their food. When they do not know, they eat potatoes, or doughnuts, or other viands fried in it with the greatest satisfaction, and the hot bis cuit so dear to the American palate and so trying to "his stomach' is devoured without suspicion though oil be Its "shortening." This happens oftener than most persons are aware if all the stories as to the adultera tion of lard with oil are to be believed. Rut the willing substitution of oil for animal fats will bo slow and cannot be brought about by reasoning. This circumstance, however, need not hinder the cultivation of sunflower seeel as a perfect substitute for the oily but costly olive. A sufficiently lar-ro market for salad oil already exists to justify experiment. i e In bringing the general assembly to Wi nona the Presbyterians of Indiana assumed a heavy responsibility, and for tne sake of their church and of the State should leave nothing undone that wiii conduce to the comfort and convenience of the delegates and other visitors. It is not a, gathering to be treated like a camp meeting or a summer school made up largely of young people who are ready to accomodate them selves to crowded quarters and Indifferent fare for the sake of the social and intellec tual privileges to be secured. Many of tho reverend gentlemen who will be In atten dance are advanced in years and have so long been accustome-d to all the luxuries and refin?ments of modern city life at its best that they cannot leadily adapt them selves to conditions of a different sort, while anything that by comparison might be calkd "roughing it" would result in dis comfort if not st rious ills, especially where a stay of several weeks was Involved. It Is Important for all concerned that as little cause for complaint be given as possible. Reports from Winona show that much building is being done, and, without doubt, those in charge are using every effort to provide for the guests in such a way that they will not regret having come to the Indiana Chautauqua: but much is yet to be accomplished in the short time remain ing, and the gentlemen who are engaged in raising tho necessary funds have an impor tant duty to perform. If the arrangements prove satisfactory and the assembly Is made comfortable as the managers are confident will be the case, this new de parture of the staid association will be an example for other conventions of its kind and Win'ona will win deserved fame. in A writer in the London Mail acknowl edges that Captain Mahan's "Nelson" Is a great book, but confesses that his enjoy ment of it is considerably Interfered with by his irritation at the America! spelling. "With the best will In the world to be broad-minded In etymological matters," he says, "I cannot reconcile myself to seeing harbour spelt 'harbor, and splendour set down as 'splendor.' " This admission will fill the souT of the long-suffering American readers with joy. From time out of mind they have been forced to submit to English factions in spelling when they read English Looks. They are irritated by the super fluous "u" In honor and humor and favor and the like -class of words, to say nothing of the two "gs" in wagon and the extra "1" In traveler, traveling, reveler, reveling, etc., which best usage heie has done away with. Captain Mahan is an American and his book was first printed in this country which explains why readers there are get ting a taste of their own medicine. 4 O UlllIILES IX THE AIR. Social UUooutent. "Doesn't it make you sad when you think of the poor?" I "Why, no, not particularly. It makes me mad, though, when I think of the rich." Hie FliiijKint Girl. "Woman!" said he, bitterly, "you have a heart of ice." "I think it very bad taste," said the Hip pant girl, poutingly, "to compare one's thorax to a refrigerator." Lost Cliunce. Simmons What on earth are you so blue about? ' Timmons I was thinking of this awful European war. "I didn't know you were so sympathetic." "Sympathy be darn; I don't see why they could not have vaited until Thanksgiving time to pull It off.. .Just think of the jokes I could have turned out." Conld George Ilnve Stood It? "The latest acquisition," said the private secretary, "is a parrot some admiring con stituent has sent us." "Sent me, please," said the President, mildly, "send It away at once. I know George Washington never owned a parrot." "How?" "He couldn't have helped lying about it." t CliaructeTlstlcally We.Mtpni." To the Editor of the Indianapolis Journal: "Fifteen professors fired." Indianapolis Journal. This is a characteristic piece of Western university Intelligence, put in a character istically Western way. Now York Evening Sun. In the above excerpt from Sunday's Jour nal there exist simultaneously elements of much diversion and-profound pathos. Can not something be done to broaden the New York mind, or, at least, to influence it in tho elirection of home missions, when it feels a reformatory ."spell" coming on? ! In the first place, .Indiana Is not proper ly "Western," relatively to the New York Sun office any more than East Aurora. N. Y., is "Western;" and there appear to be some brighter people In East Aurora, where tho Philistine is published, than there are in New York city, where the Sun and the Eookman are published. If the phrase "fif teen professors fired", Is "characteristically Western" let us look for a brief period into the "characteristically. v Western" emana tions from New York city. For several months I have been submerged in admira tion of the "new literary criticism" as set forth in the pages of that sublimelv flip pant Eastern literary journal, the Eookman, the New York periodical which spells George Eliot with td""ls'; and which not long ago advised- Marie?.' Corelll misguided daughter of Charles Mackay to "let up on hr rhetoric and put more stress on her syntax." In the December Eookman. ivjt;, appeared sn article entitled "The New Child and Its Picture Rooks," and signed "H. T. P.." presumably Prof. Harry Thurs ton Peck, editor of the Eookman; from Its columns I append a few quotations, illus trating emphatically two points, viz., that lapsing into slang phrase is not by any means "characteristically .Western." and that there is no field whatever in Indl;in;c for literary missiemaries from New York. Extracts from Bookman article: The Educationalist is great on method." "If he once pula Froebel on you, you are gone." "He is evidently a good deal of an ass." "There is something, to be said in behalf of the psychological racket." "Shallow-pated young men and rattle brained young women who would have to carry a hod or. go and get married." "Personally we don't care how much he raids around In the field of education." "After grabbing the schools and coercing the teachers, they are now slopping over into another field." "She bursts in on the penetralia of child hood and knocks Its household " gods to smithereens." "Then phe gets down to work ami trots out her own substitutes for these things." "None of this for the wiso young lady who now runs things." "Characteristically Western" forsooth! EMMA CARLETON. New Albany. Ind.. April 20. m On Ills AVuy North. Leslie's Weekly. Joseph Jefferson has emerged from his an nual winter retreat on Jefferson Island, his beautiful plantation home west of New Orleans, ami is gradually working his way north subject to the deJays incident to the hospitality shown him" at every Southern city where he is wi'ling" to tarry. The vet eran actor is youi.ger in looks and ac tions than ever, to all outward appearances, and quite rejuvenated by his midwinter vacation. There are few more comfortable homes anywhere than the actor's Italian villa, with its broad and hospitable piazzas. The New Orleans newspapers recently an nounced the discovery of an immense s:rlt deposit on Mr. Jefferson's lanei, the mar keting of which is certain to add mater ially to his wealth. Mr. Jefferson is pre paring to enjoy club life more than ever when he gets back to town. As a club man Mr. Jefferson recently participated in tho breaking of a record. He was nominated for the Century Club by Mr. J. W. Alexander, president of the University Club.-and sec onded by Eishop Potter, president of the Century. There is an unwritten law at the Century that no candidate shall lo elected unt.i his name hrs ben?n on the books six months. In this instance Mr. Jefferson, pres ident of the Players', was elected to the sister club in less than six wor ks. Rut here was a man of singular eligibility proiosed by men of peculiarly clubbable experience. t Simpaun'N LrnderNhlp. Kansas City Journal. Jerry Simpson's brilliant leadership of the minority is seriously handicapped by the fact that the house only meets twice a week and Immediately adjourns. Rut Jerry can defiantly lead his party down the aisl after adjournment, and poor old Tom Reed oan't help himself. Unkind. Washington Post. It Is always a pleasure to hear th- self praised virtues of the lobby-pursued con gressman. When a member is not ejulte sure of his position he proceeds to chase himself around a few blocks and yell "lob byist" at the top of his voice. m Injudicious. New York Commercial Advertiser. An East Andover (N. H.) young girl was badly burned about the head and face through a celluloid comb taking fire. A girl with hair of that color ought never to use a celluloid comb. li Economy Accessary. Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph. It is understood that the numerous Mes dames Abdul TIamid had to go without Easter lonnets because their husband found R neccssary to save his money and buy a gun. o Recovering. Hard Times. Philadelphia Press. Times have been so hard lately that Uncle Russell Sage. It is said, has ben obliged to cut down on his noon lunch of a bun and a glass of water. He has abandoned the bun. . m Washington Tost. Michigan seems to have recovered from that habit of looking startled every time Hon. Hazen 8. Pingree happens to think out loud. BESTOWAL OF PLACES SEVERAL IMPORTANT OFFICES FILLED IJV THE I'ltESIIlENT. Indian Commissioner and Firt and Second Deputy CaiumtMlonerN of Pensions Appointed. EDITOR GARBER MADE HAPPY AM) pail, i,ii:iiii itnr ueistatl:d IX THE DEAD-LETTER OFFICE. 1'enition Hoard and Fourth-Class Pofttin.'iMers Named by Mr. Fnir- ' hunka Senate Proceeding. Special to the Indianapolis Journal. WASHINGTON, April 20. Editor Michael C. Garber, of Madison, Ind.. did not have to wait long to secure tho postotiiee of his city. As predicted recently, the Democratic incumbent is to be removed, and Mr. Gar ber was to-day nominated for postmaster. The charges against the present incumbent were filed by Democrats and grew out of the recent campaign. Among the nomina tions sent-to the Senate by the President to-day were the following: WILLIAM YOUNG ELOOD, of Alabama, to be auditor for the Interior Department. JOHN A. MERR1TT. of New York, to be third assistant postmaster general. JAMES L. DAVENPORT, of New Hamp shire, first deputy commissioner of pen sions. LEVERETT M. KELLEY. of Illinois, second deputy commissioner of pensions. WILLIAM A. JONES, of Wisconsin, to be commissioner of Indian affairs. John P. Jackson, collector of customs for tho district of San Francisco; C. R. Timber Like, receiver of public moneys at Stening, Col.: Simon S. Matthews, register of the Land Office at Jackson, Miss.; Milton C. Phillips, attorney for the United States for the Eastern district of Wisconsin. Army Lieutenant Colonel Henry C. Cook, Fourth Infantry, to be colonel; Major Au gustus II. Rainbridge, Tenth Infantry, to be lieutenant colonel; Captain R. 1. Esk ridge, Twenty-third Infantry, to be major; first lieutenants to be captains, A. C. Ducat, Twenty-fourth Infantry and S. O'Connor, Twenty-third Infantry; second lieutenants to be first lieutenants, H. G. Lyon, Seven teenth Infantry and George D. Moore. Eighteenth Infantry; sergeant to be second lieutenant. I. L. Reeves. Fourth Infantry; corporal to be second lieutenant, Edward S. Walton. Fifteenth Infantry, v Navy Passed assistant engineer Theo dore F. Rurgdorff. to be chief engineer. William Youngblood, of Alabama. Is a member of the Republican national com mittee for that State and has been a leader of one of the factions In the Republican party there. He figured quite prominently in the cemtest for delegates a year ago, and at the St. Louis convention the men cham pioned by Youngblood were admitted. He was an earnest supporter of Mr. McKinley during the contest. Mr. Merritt, named for third assistant postmaster general, has been postmaster at Lockport, N. Y.. and at present is president of a paper manufacturing company at Niagara Falls. j. Mr. Jones, who was appointed commis sioner of Indian affairs, is a native of Wales and came to this country in IsSl. He Is a farmer by occupation and has been a school teacher. He is now a member of the Wisconsin Legislature, representing Iowa county. He was indorsed for the place by the Wisconsin delegation. The Senate to-day confirmed the nomina tion of Greely W. Whitford, to be United States attorney for the district of Colorado. Senator Fairbanks to-day recommended that the following be appointed fourth-class postmasters in Monroe county, Indiana: Gent. Jackson S. Nunn; Kirksvilie, Eilis East: Todd. William Myers; Fairfax. Henry Nikirk; South Grange. Don Drowning; Modesto, Edward Robinson. Senator Fairbanks has recommended the appointment of the following pension boards: Worthlngton Drs. Wm.' R., Selfridge, Worthlngton: Elmer Shirts, Lyons; John M. Harra. Switz City. Shoals Drs. Henry W. Shirley. Shoals; Abraham W. Porter, Loogooteo; Jasper N. Sims. Dover Hill. Tell City Drs. Crawford E. Cox. Cannel ton; C. M. Erucker. Tell City; D. C. Dome, Troy. First Assistant Postmaster General Heath to-day secured the reinstatement of Paul Leibhardt. of Milton. Wayne county, Indiana, as superintendent of the dead let ter oflice in the department in this city. Mr. Leibhardt, who is an old soldier, was removed by the last administration for be ing a Republican. This oflice pays $2.S00 a year and is one of the most desirajble berths in the department. It is in the classi fied service, which prevented any outside man not an old soldier who had previous ly been in tho service from being consid ered. Mr. Leibhardt takes the place of Rernard Goode, of Michigan, who resigned. Ward Eurlingame, of Kansas, who has been employed in the postal service for seventeen years, has been promoted to be chief clerk of the dead letter oflice. He suc ceeds E. L. Reckard, of New York, re duced. The resignation of Frank T. Palmer, cf Wisconsin,, chief of the division of accounts in the Indian Dureau and formerly chief of the education division In that office, has been tendered at the request of the secre tary and takes effect a once. Thero were very few isitors at the White House to-day. It being Cabinet day. Judge Day, of Canton, the special envoy to Ha vana, called, but dia not see the President. Senator Gray, of Delaware, and Represen tative Eland, of Mi-souri, paid their re spects, ard Senator Cullom, of Illinois, and Representatives Foss, of Illinois, and Mc Cleary, of Minnesota, were the others who saw Mr. McKinley. Harold So wall, of Maine, who is an applicant for the Hawaii an mission, had an extended consultation with Mr. McKinley, but declined to mak any statement regarding the subject of his visit. Additional applications for appointment to presidential office s under the Treasury Department have been filed as fellows: Daniel McLccd, of Chicago, as commission er of navigation; J. E. Janssen. Wm. H. Ellis and L. T. Klnsey, as collector of cus toms at Eureka, Cab. and Samuel Elmere, a Astoria. Ore.; E. Robinson as appraiser of customs at Portland. Ore.; Theodore Hebron as supervising inspector of steam vessels at Memphis; J. fl. Johnson as com missioner of immigration at San Francisco; as collectors of internal revenue: W. W. Acheson. at Jacksonville, Fla.; J. C. Mer cer, at I-ieavenworth. Kan., and James A. Cheek, at Raleigh. N. C. SENATE PROCEEDINGS. Cnlmn Question IIcu.d liy Mr. Mor g:an Aur icul t ural IS 1 1 1 PiiMKed. WASHINGTON. April 20. Senator Mor gan's resolution declaring that a stnte of war exists in Cuba was discussed briefly in the Senate to-day and then went over for a week, owing to the absence of Senator Hale, of Maine, who has been active in op position. Mr. Morgan again urged the need of speedy action by this country to stop the devastation going on in Cuba. He had just listened, ho said, to the testimony of a witness before the committee on foreign relations, which presented a shocking con dition of affairs in Pinar del Rio. It was morally impossible that the people of the United States should close their eyes to these horrors much longer. We are, he said, arousenl over Greece and Crete and Armenia, but the very stench of these hor rors is under our nose. He wanted Amer icans protected and scenes worse than those in the bloody days of the Netherlands brought to an end. If the Senate passed this resolution, as he believed it would, hu man lives would be saved. Mr. White stated that he had heard It In timated that the President was about to send a commissioner to Cuba. Would it not be desirable to wait the report from this commissioner before taking action. There was no need of awaiting further reports, answered Mr. Morgan. The country had bfen deluged with reports and unimpeach able evidence for the last two years. Mr. Morgan went on to say that he expected when this commissioner came back from Cuba another one would go. In the mean time devastation, ruin, cruelty and exter mination were going on in Cuba. Mr. Mason offered a resolution directins the committee on rules to report a rule pro vided for a limitation of debate and for ordering the previous question. The resolu tion went over. The agricultural appropriation bill was then taken up and passed without amend ment. A. r.i) p. m. the Senate went Into executive session. At 2 o'clock the legislative se sslon was re sumed and the bankruptcy bill formally laid before the Senate. In tho ceurse of the debate. Mr. Allen announced that he would obstruct in every way possible? any bankruptcy bill which Included involuntary bankruptcy. Mr. Nelson amended his sub stitute bill so as to overcome criticisms heretofore made. Mr. Morgan gave notice that he would seek to secure a test on the pending Nelson substitute by moving at 4 p. m. to-morrow, to lay the substitute on the. table. Mr. Bacon submitted numerous amendments modifying the stringency of the original bill as applicable to debtors. A resolution by Mr. Hoar was agreed to requesting the secretary of state for com prehensive information as to the machinery of government of foreign nations of which we have diplomatic relations, the taxes or excises and methods of collection, import? and exports: methods of aiding the mer chant marine: discriminations ngaint-t American merchant vessels; public indebt edness, etc. Another resolution, by Mr. Cullom. re quested the secretary of the treasury for Information as to the effect of the present internal revenue tax on the honest' produc tion of distilled spirits, to what extent illicit distillation had occurred, and all further in formation that will aid in protecting the government against frauds. In this connec tion Mr. Cullom stated that he understood one-third of the hiph wines produced in this country came from illicit tiistillation. The resolution went over after a brief discus sion. The Senate adjourned at 4:!i) p. m. A subcommittee of the Senate committee on foreign relations to-day examined Mr. Earl, a correspondent of several American newspapers, in regard to the condition of affairs in Cuba. Mr. Earl recently re turned from the island, where he spent all his time with the Spanish forces in Havana and Pinar del Rio. He represented the condition of affairs to be intolerably bad. THE TARIFF DILL. Work of the Senate Finance Commit tee Neuring; an End. WASHINGTON. April 20. The presence on the floor of the Senate to-day of the members of the Republican subcommittee of the Senate finance .committee which is engaged In .preparing the tariff bill was made the basis of much speculation. The members of the committee were closeted for a time with Senator Vest, of tlio Demo cratic side of the finance committee, and afterwards held Individual conferences with other senators on both sides of the cham ber. It was generally supposed that tha committee had reached a point from which the end of Its arduous work could be dis cerned and that preparation was being made for a full meeting of the committee. This did not prove to be exactly true, but the visit was made for the purpose of smoothing the way for the final work. The committee is approaching the end of its labors and various senators who are mak ing persistent demands for changes were calleel on with a view to arriving at an understanding. Among tho problems which are yet un settled are those relating to sugar, lead ore and wool. Some senators have mani fested a disiosition to hold out persistently for certain modifications of the schedules referring to these and other articles. The members of the .committee, while not in dicating their own position or that of the committee, have thought it well to talk over these matters with the complaining senators. They are anxious to bring in a bill that will command the united support of the Republican party and that will be sure to become a law. They think they will succeed, but beyond this they 6aid lit tle except that they expect to report the bill to the full committee some time next week. The committee say that none of the changes will be announced until all are given to the public. Members of the com mittee told their colleagues that many re ductions have been made from beginning to end of the bill because of the belief on the part of the committee that some of the House rates would be prohibitive. They have listened patiently to advocates of in creases, but have granted few of tho re quests. One of the members said to-day that the bill would be a revenue bill and not a prohibitive bill. The committee practically has agreed on a modification of the retroactive clause of the Dingley bill, which, it is hoped, will be satisfactory to the opponents of the House provision. The wool men are still pressing for radical changes. The wool growers are not satisfied with the rates of the Mantle amendment, but want a complete Change of classification and still insist that' no wools shall be admitted for less than 8 cents a pound. While some changes are probable In this schedule it is quite certain that these demands will not be entirely met. A Fctiture of the Indian Dill. Special to the Indianapolis Journal. WASHINGTON, April 20. The Indian ap propriation bill as It was sent back to the House from the Senate provides for the practical wiping out of the Indian tribal relations In the Indian Territory after next New Year's day. That Interval is driven as a period of grace during which the Chicka- saws, Greeks, Choctaws and other Indian tribes in the territory may make terms of peace with the Dawes Indian commission. Hy the terms of the bill two additional federal judges are provided and the United States courts will have original and ex clusive jurisdiction over all criminal cases and all civil causes at law or equity. Not only are the Indian courts thus practically alxjllshed, but the authority of their coun cils is greatly curtailed by subjecting all their legislation to the approval of the President of the United States. This im portant section, which is now about to be come a law, provides that.' on and after Jan. 1, lS'.ts, all acts, ordinances and reso lutions of any of the five tribes shall be certified immediately to the President and shall not take effect if he disapproves the same. s ItrNeiited fy Aimor MnKer. WASHINGTON. April 20.-The proposi tion made to Congress by Secretary Herbert that Congress provide for the establishment of a government plant for the manufacture of armor, in the event that the armor makers refused to accept tho maximum prices of $400 per ton, has aroused opposi tion on the part of the manufacturers of war material throughout the country. They evidently apprehend that Secretary Long, having referred the unsatisfactory bids re ceived recently from the armor makers to Congress, may follow up the subject with a renewal of Secretary Herbert's proposition, and have effected an organization in the di rection of a rehabilitation of an old asso ciation formed lor a like purpose ,ome years ago. with Mr. I. L. G. Rice as dire ctor of the new organization. Their argument is that the work can be better don by pri vate enterprises and that nearly all impor tant inventions in modern warfare are due to private Inventors working outside gov ernment shops. Suitr-I!et Seed in Demand. WASHINGTON. April 20. The Agricul tural Department Is being importuned from all parts of the country for sugar-beet seed. In view of the unsatisfactory prices received for staple eropA during the past few years and the pro.-pectlve increase in the duty on sugar, farmers in all sections of the Union evidently intend to experi ment with sugar-beet culture. Heretofore sugar-beet gro.ving has been confined al most exclusively to Nebraska. Kansas and California. The Agricultural Department has sent beet seeds this spring to about thirty States and Territories. Th demand comes from Ohio, Indiana. Illinois, Michi gan, the Dakotas. Te:;as. New Mexico. Iowa, Missouri. Wisconsin. Minnesota. Ten nessee, Kentucky and Virginia. There have also been requests from Pennsylvania and New York. A Nebraska sugar refining company donated five tons of beet seed to the department, and the department pur chased two tons additional. The supply is about exhausted, but the demand con tinues. ' ' The President Tries si Nevr Hortc. WASHINGTON, April 2p.-The Kentucky thoroughbred, Rismarck Jr., which was purchased for tho President some time ago by a gentleman in Cincinnati, arrived at the White House stables to-day. The horse is a beautiful animal, spirited, but well broken and trained. The horse showed no 111 effects from bis trip and soon after 4 o'clock Mr. McKinley took his first ride as tride his back. Mr. McKinley is very fond of horseback ridinc. He does not mount the horse at the White House, however, owing to tho crowds of curious idler?- who would collect there to witness the Presi dent on horselKick. but drives out to one of the country roads in his carriage to some appointed place, where he 1b met by a groom with the saddle horse. Nntlonul Academy f Science. WASHINGTON. April 23. The annual meeting of the National Academy of Sci ences was begun at the National Mu seum to-day and will continue for several days. Two papers of Interest were rend. One prepared by Adelaide W. Peckham. on "The Influence of Environment on the De velopment of the Colon Racillus." was pre sented by Mr. J. S. ElHlngs. The second pap-r. by Prof. T. C. .Mendenhall. treated, of the energy Involved in recent earth quakes. Tne professor compared the amount of energy involved in two of the great earthquakes of recent years that at Charleston, where r.o seismograrhlc rec ords were taken, and that in Japan in ISTd. He reached the conclusion that the extent of the motion of the surface of the earth at Charleston was much greater In magni tude than was assumed to be at the time. Tho iaper was discussed by a number of the society, and at its conclusion the mem bers called at the White Hous in a lody and paid their respects to the President. How Ricycle. Are Sold In Australia WASHINGTON, April 2). Victoria last year Imported bicycles valued at $MTS,713. according to United States Consul General Maratta, at Melbourne. The wheels sell at prices ranging from J-"S to $143. and American bicycles are favorites. It is thf practice of some dealers to sell wheels on time payment for the exact amount C the monthly suburban railway ticktt. so that the buyer at the end of a certain timo seems to obtain his bicycle free of cost. All of the leading American wheels are repre sented by agencies in Australia, and there Is complaint that the trade is overdone, re ceiving 3o per cent, more bicycles in pro portion to population than any either coun try. - Ivory Will Me (itvrn No Support. WASHINGTON. April 20.-The United States government will not support the de mand for indemnity on the Rrltlsh govern ment of Edward Ivory, who was for foma time a prisoner in London under suspicion of being conce-rned in a dynamite plot, and recently filed with the State Department a demand for an indemnity of about JK.U'M). ' The proceedings to which Ivory was sub jected, it has been found, wvro regular In every respect and similar In every point to those that would be imposed in the case of any foreigner or native in the United States, so there is no substantial reason for the interference of the United States government. FntentN Grunted IndinntanN. WASHINGTON, April 2a.-Fatents hare been issued to Indianians as follows: Cor nelius H. Myers. South Rend, trlturatlnj and mixing machine; Ralph S. Pax ton, Ar cadia, reversible pulley; Charles H. Shank, Noblesville, wrench: Martin O. Southworth, Indianapolis, dynamo eiectric machine; Melvin 11. Tyler. Muncle. lifting jack; Ma. randa Earnould. btewartsvllle. Jar holder; Charles Deweese. Fletcher, swinging gate; Anda H. Calhoun, Pium Tree, fire e-scape; William C. Fear. Su.-nmltville, crate for shipping bicycles: Orlando F. Johnson, Grammar, poultry feeder; James W. Knight, Anderson, pail for oysters. AuMtrulla'M Output or (Sold. WASHINGTON. April .-Australia has this year reached the hundred-m'ldon ounce line in her production of sold; :hat Is, sho has already, since 38C1, produccel that amount of gold, and the yield of that precious metal U on the increase. Victoria has produced CI per cent, of this output. Consul General Maratta. who submits the figures in this connection to the State De partment, shows that the yield last year was 2.S75,?4J ounces, an increase of lC.O-JO ounces over the production of lW. Mr. llolmnn Mny Recover. WASHINGTON. April 20.-Reprcsentatlvo Holman, of Indiana, thowed much improve ment to-day and Dr. Rurwell. his physician, now regards his condition as favorable for recovery. General Note. WASHINGTON. April 20.-To-day's stitt ment of tho condition of the treasury shows: Available cash balance, $221,069,173; gold reserve, fl5i.711.364. Senator Morgan to-day offered an amend ment to the sundry civil appropriation bill appropriating jriO.-O to complete the im provement of Pearl harbor, Hawaii. The President gave a reception U the members of the National Academy of Sciences, who are in session In this city, this afternoon. The reception was held In the East room. Prof. Walcott Glbbs. for merly of Yale College, who is president of the academy, made the presentations. t tt 0WNEY" MAY BE "STUFFED." i Postal Clerku' Dog, Itreently Killed. 31ny Grace n Museum. WASHINGTON, April 20.-Captain Jas. White, superintendenof the railway mall service, has written to Cleveland to learn if it will be possible to preserve the body of "Owney," the famous dog killed In that city. If it Is not too late the dog's skin will be stuffed and exhibited in the postal museum in this city. "Owney' was the most extensively traveled dog in the world. 'Originally he belonged to a railway postal clerk in the far West, who one day took him aboard of a mail car for a reveral hun dred miles run. "Owney" concelveel a passionate fondness for travel, and never again could be Induced to remain at home. During the last ten years he has traveled over almost every railroad route in the country. One clerk would pass him along: to another for safe keeping, and at the end of each run be would be passed along again. On an average he would make the round of the whole mall system about once a year. Of recent years, owing to his old ar. "Owney" had grown cross and crabbed. He met an Ignominious death. Having tried to bite a postal clerk In Cleveland last Friday night he- was shot by a policeman. At the time of h!s death Owney wore a collar to which were attached pcores of badges and cheeks, showing the extent of his travels. He was born In the Albany postollice build ing about a dozen years ago. and followed tho mails since he was able to toddle. Th way in which, on entering a railroad sta tion, ho would unerringly pick out the mall car from the passenger coaches and bag gage and express cars seemed to show more than mere instinct. Owney wandered about the country' at his own will, and rarely re mained in rone place for more than a few days. On his passages through city streets, between mail cars and postolfices. he In sisted on riding on the seat beside the driver. The dog, uion whose collar was the words. I am Owney. the postofnee dog," has been in every portion of the United States, and his friends tent him. a couplo of years ago. on a trip around the world. From Sr.n Francisco he went via mall steamer to Yokohama, where he was well received by the mail men. In a street fight there Owney lost an eye. but killed the other dog. He went to Hong Kenr. Shanghai and Singapore, and lay on a pilo at mall bags ns he sailed through the Suez. He stopped -at Algiers and then proce-eded to Liverpool, and then came once more to the United States. PARROT PREVENTS A PANIC. Uy Sereninlnff -Shut I'pr It Calm Down Hyaterictil, Tenauts. NEW YORK, April 20.-The domlnccrins parrot preve-nted dire confusion y-sterday morning in the Windemere apartment house. The building is the home of artists, poets and persons who give afternoon teas and serve Ibsen with saltiness. C. S. Good ale, the .manager of the house, who gen erally arises while it Is yet night, was aroused at 5:30 o'clock by the cry of Fire!" and the patter of bare feet on the tiled floor, and found the haliway full of smoke. He beheld two of the tenant.-:, Mrs. Archer and her daughter, who live on the same lloor. wringing thHr hands. "Mr. Goodale, Mr. GoodnleV' they taid, la ono breath, "the house is on fire." "Shut up'." echoed a harsh voice. "Sir:" exclaimed the frightened tenants. "What 7" "Shut up!" It was the parrot that spoke. Tenants lifted up their screen, and tho pariot. in a voice strangely like that of Mr. Goodale, said: "Shut up. Thero are about sixty ycurg women in the house, who write for magazine. ln in concerts and write poems witn blue rib bons around them. They nearly stampeded, but the voice of the parrot bt ought them to their senses, and iUl danger of a panic was averted. m First Veuncl 'through the Soo. SAUL1. STE MARIE. Mich.. April 20. The riviir is free of Ice. The River Queen was the first to comu through, arriving at 3 p. m. to-day.