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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, FRIDAY, APRIL 23, 1897.
THE DAILY JOURNAL. FRIDAY, APRIL SI, 107. Washington Office 1503 Pennsylvania Avenue Trlrplionr CmIIm. uln44 ofHce 23S i Editorial rcrn...ASG 1EKJW OF SI IISCUIPTION. DAILY LY MAIL. Iia.ilr. onlr. one month $ .70 Dally only. thre months 2.00 I axlj only, one year V) laiJy. including Sunday, one year 10.u fcunday only, on year WELN FURNISH Kl ijy agents. Dully, j-er wtek. ty carrier 1 ct.i fcun;ay. .riie copy "' ct Latly and Sunday, icr week, by carrier.... I?) eta WEEKLY. Per jear ?1-C0 Reduced Hate to Club. ub:-crih with nny of our numerous agents or end uL3ir.tion4 to Till: INDIANAPOLIS JOl UNAL, In Jluntipoliw, Intl. Perrons sending the Journal through the mails lo the L'nitM .States hould j.ut on an rteht-iage paxr a fl.NK-CENT ..oitage rtainp; on a. twelve or lxteen--age pa r a TWO-CUNT i.ostage tamp. Foreign i,;.tase ia Uhualljr double these ratee. All commendations intended fur publication In this iax.r must. In ord r to ftfiw at!ntlm. he erciti;a filed by the narre and address of the writer. If It li dired tlat rejected manuscripts b returned. forage must In uil ca.C3 L Inclosed for tht iurofe. TIII2 INDIANAPOLIS JOl UNAL Can be found at the following places: KtW 10HK Windsor Hotel and Astor House. CHICAGO J'almer House and 1'. O. News Co.. 17 Iarborn street. CINCLVNATI-J. it. Eawley & Co.. IZl Vine trev.. ' LOUIS VI LLH .. "T. peering, northwest corner of Third and Jefferson Mreets, and. Louisville IUxk Cc, Fourth avenue. fT. LOL'IS Union News Comiany. Union Depot. WASHINGTON. It. C R'szn House. Ebbltt House, Willard's Hotel and the Washington Nfws Exchange, Fourteenth, ttreet, between l'enn. avenue and F street. The lighting along the Graeco-Turklsh frontier Is much more like real war than that In Cuba. That an)7 state crhclal traveling on a pass should have charged up railrcad fare in traveling" expense shows very loose Ideas In regard to public duty, not to speak of honesty. mm Ex-Embassador Bayard to Embassador Hay: "Welcome to the ccmlng guest is all right, but wait four years and ste if you can Jolly them so as to make them speed the parting guest, as I did." No United States senator has ever had the bravery "to hold, as 'twere, the mirror up to nature," as Senator Mason did. Ho enabled senators, for once at least, to see themselves as others see them. The people of Indianapolis having had nearly a week of 3-cent street-railway fares axe no pleaded with the change that if they are compelled to pay more they will never be satisfied until that or some other reduc tion becomes permanent. Corporal Tanner, in a recent speech, de clared that ho is for a civil service that will protect the man who has a position, which, he says, it does not, as no man can hold, a place which the politicians want for" somebody else. This last statement will surprise many of Mr. Tanner's old ad mirers hereabout. ' 4 e a There may be some satisfaction to those in this vicinity who have been swindled out of their dollars by the get-rich-quick frauds to know that in the past three years the burkef tthnn hnvp tmlloil th nrnnlp ntit of $20.00.000. but they would much prefer to have their dollars back than the knowl edge that they have lots of company. The Republican members of the finance committer announce that they will report a tariff bill to the Senate May 1. This is in good season, and there can be little doubt that the bill preiared by the Senate com mittee Republicans, while it may contain many slight amendments, will be one which will yield revenue and give protection. a The government of the United States has granted two ships for the free transporta tion of contributions to India, one of which will sail from San Francisco as soon as the cargo Is completed, probably early in May, and the other from an Atlantic port In du time. Those who have the matter In charge expect that the contributions of grain will reach a million bushels before the 1st of June. Senator Morgan, of Alabama, seems not to bo content wltii talking measures to death In the Senate, but he is disposed to interfere with the House because the ma jority refuses to have the committees ap pointed and proceed to pass billls. Senator Morgan has become an unmitigated nui sance In Congress and, leing only seventy three years of age, he may live ten years to play that role. The Greeks outside of Greece arc giving a fine object lesson in patriotism. They are scattered all over southern Europe, and, although they do not owe military service, they are hurrying home In considerable numbers to join tho army. In this country large sums of money are being raised and many who are under no compulsion to do so are embarking to offer their services to the King. There is no higher patriotism than this. The increase In the world's coinage of gold in ten years appears in comparing the coinage of the years 1S3, 154 and 1SS5 w ith the years 13, 14 and lC. In tho former period the gold coinage was $3uO.Ui.491, in the latter $G?1. 42.977 an increase of ISO per cent. During tho three years immediately preceding 1S53 the total gold coinage was 141.2ri2.21L Considerable more gold was coined in the last-named ier!od than was produced, which Indicates reeoinage and the conversion of gold held la other forma Into money. n Some persons criticise or deprecate the work now being done on the soldiers' and sailors' monument as a waste of money, a departure from tho original design, etc. They are greatly mistaken. Instead of be ing a departure from the original design, the present work "means a return to the original design. It is being done under a contract with Hruno Schmitz, of Germany, the original designer and architect of the monument. . Its object is to restore the work to its original intent. It is the end that crowns the work, and when the present plan is completed everybody will admit that it has added Immeasurably to the beauty and impresslveness of the monu ment. A bill has been introduced in the Massa chusetts legislature which provides that "any new i-paper found guilty cf unduly eulogizing any person or persons, thus falsely building for such person or persons a reputation without merit, thereby mis leading and deceiving the public, shall, after ten days' notice, served in writing upon the publisher or publishers of said newspaper of the false and misleading character of said eulogy, make a retraction or correction of said eulogy, in manner and place as conspicuous as was its original publication, for three succeeding Issues of said newspaper." Another section of the bill permits an editor to eulogize a dead person and to print eulogistic funeral ora tions and obituary notices, thus recognizing the binding force of the rule tha: only good may be spoken of the dead. If the bill should become a law it might put a stop to the publication of eulogistic nominating speeches, highly colored indorsements of candidates and many other sugar-coated eulogies of distinguished statesmen. In fact. It might sadly Interfere with a c!ass of journalistic compliments that are vera? agreeable to the recipients, though they sometimes excite the risibility of others. e a stheet-cau fares and revenies. It Is something surprising that no con clusive test has been made of the question whether street-railroad companies can af ford a three-cent fare. It seems to have been assumed that live cents Is the lowest fare consistent with good service to the public and good wages to employes, yet many other factors enter into the ques tion,, as the 'amount of travel, the average length of rides, the financial condition of a company, etc. Something even depends on tho relations between a company "and the public, as, other things being equal, a company which shows a disposition to treat tho public liberally and make friends with the people will be better patronized than one which shows an opposite disposi tion. As a general rule in other lines of business it is found that a reduction of rates or tolls is followed by a distinct in crease of business and receipts. This "has always been the case in the United States postal service, every reduction In tho rate of postage having been followed by an In crease of revenue. There is, l course, a limit to such reduction, and ye., low as let ter postage is now, it has been seriously proposed to reduce it 50 per cent., and it will probably be done before many years. A street-railroad company In Baltimore voluntarily decreased its rate of faro over 16 per cent, by selling six tickets for twen-ty-flve tents, and as the decrease has been adhered to it 13 to be presumed it proved profitable. In Staunton, Va., the company reduced the fare from five cents to ,fwo-and-a-half cents for a single tare, and is' said to be satisfied with the result. In most European cities the faro is graded according to the length of the ride, and if any material reduction were made it should probably be on a single fare with something extra for a transfer. The point made now is that there is no assured ground for the assumption that live cents Is the lowest fare possible with a good service; and there is no certainty that a jnaterial re'duo tion of fare would not be followed by an increase of revenues. The question should be tested. A GREAT 31 AX IN SMALL MATTERS. Sir Julian Pauncefote, British embassa dor at "Washington, is showing that high position does not necessarily argue a great man. Nothing could be In worse form, or, from a republican point of view, more ridic ulous than his contention that In the cere monies at the dedication of the Grant mon ument he and the other embassadors at Washington shall take precedence of all ex cept the President. This would place them in advance of the Vice President and mem- -Mi bers of the Cabient and of Mrs. Grant and the Grant family. These iolnts of prece dence are considered very important at for eign courts and among foreign representa tives at Washington, but it is extremely bad taste to obtrude them into a popular demonstration. If Sir Julian Pauncefote were a really great man he would reject that such distinctions as he Is insisting upon are out of place in a republic, and if he were a real gentleman he would not in troduce a discordant note intt a memorial celebration of this kind by provoking con troversy with the committee on arrange ments over so trivial a matter. This is not tho first Instance of Sir Julian's insistence in a matter, of form. It is said that a few weeks ago he was Invited to meet Secretary Olney at a private dinner party, and only accepted on the assurance of the host that he and not tho secretary should have the seat of honor at the table. More recently, being invited by a prominent resident of Washington to meet Vice President Hobart at a dinner, he insisted as a sine qua non of his attendance that he and not the Vice President should have the seat of honor. As he was not present at the dinner, it is pre sumed his request was politely ignored. All this goes to show that Sir Julian Paunce fote is a great man in small matters. We do not remember to have seen any evidence that he is a great man in great matters. A GOOD BEGINNING. Senator Mason, of Illinois, has m ado a good beginning toward reforming the rules of tho Senate so that It may be under the direction of the majority. Ills resolution providing for a rule which shall recognize the "previous question" as a means of terminating so-called debate and bringing the Senate to a vote was not passed, but tho vote showed an encouragingly large numler in favor of such a mea.?ure. If the live Republicans who voted with the Dem ocrats and the Populists had voted with tho remainder of their party the Mason resolution would have been adopted. If it had been a strict party vote, the Mason resolution would have come within two votes of passage. This result is encouraging because it shows that a large and Influential element in the Senate responds to the general feel ing in the country that the rules which once secured free debate are now used by a minority to prevent action on important measures. So long as one senator objects to a vote on the ground that ho desires to debate the measure, a vote cannot be tak en. If tho majority Is persistent it can "sit it out" and weary the minority into coming to a vote, but the majority must take Its chances of being worn out by the minority. This is not a dignified perform ance, but it is the only method which the majority in tho Senate has of bringing that 1hJ' to a vote. It would add to the dignity of the Senate if it shojld adopt a rule giv ing the majority the power to fix a date when tho debate would end and the voting begin. This was not necessary ten or fif teen years ago, but now that a pmall num ber of senators have disclosed a purpose to make free debate a pretext to talk meas ures to death which they cannot vote down, the necessity of such a rule is imperative unless the traditions of the Senate are of more importance than legislation which the needs of the government demand. If a minority In tho Senate 1 to ho iormitttd to block legislation or defeat it. Congress might as will be dispensed with. The vote on the Mason resolution shoved that all of the Republicans except five voted for the measure, and all of the Dem ocrats and Populists but three against it. This would indicate a purpose on the part of the Democrats and the Populists to use . the power of the minority for obstructive purposes and thus prevent important leg islation. The death of Hon. William S. Holman has b-:en foreshadowed for several days. His injuries from a recent fall were doubt less more serious than he thought, and the fatal ending was plain almost from the be ginning. In some respects Mr. Holman's congressional career was unique. He was elected to Congress more times than any other pe-rson in American history, and nom inated four times oftener than he was elected. He served more years than any other person, though not more years with out a break. As the "great objector" he became a terror In Congress, and while his services in this regard brought him a good deal of personal abuse they were often val uable. Though he rode his hobby to an offensive1 elegree he always commanded re spoet by his strict Integrity. He died as probably he would have wished to die, in the congressional harness. Mr. Holman served tho State honorably in other posi tions. He was probate, judge from 143 to l4t;. prosecuting attorney in 1S47-43. member of the state constitutional convention of 1k'K member of the Legislature of 1S51-52. and common pleas Judge from 112 till 1"G. In all these positions he made the record of an honest and faithful official. That portion of the address of President Rarroughs, of Wabash College, at the meet ing of the Indianapolis Presbytery, relating to the Geeting bill, printed In yesterday's Issue, shows that the conflict into which the nonstate schools were thrust by the advocacy of that measure has not come to an end. The contest Is on, and will con tinue to W on so long as there Is believed to be a purpose to pass a bill which would create an educational trvist. If the authors of that bill did not design that it should give the State University special advan tages they blundered into a measure that would have that effect. The nonstate col leges aro right, and the most of them are bucket! by strong and zealous religious de nominations. Most of them can give as good n college course as the State Univer sity. For these reasons the state schools have opponents who cannot be despised. If Greece could be benefited by the pas sage of resolutions there would be some reason in adopting them, but all tho reso lutions which Congress could pass in a ses sion would not add a battalion to the army of that feeble government. On the other hand, the United States has a considerable number of citizens in Turkey whose safety might be put in jeopardy by resolutions In which religious beliefs or prejudices are ap pealed to. Our government is now pressing numerous claims for indemnity to American citizens for losses sustained in Turkey, for tho adjustment of which a man learned In international law has been made minister to that power. A hostile resolution will not help the settlement of these claims. Seem ingly the Greeks have embarked In a hope less contest a resolution expressing sym pathy will not change the situation. It is said that the Democratic managers fh the Senate are displeased with Repre sentative Bailey because he believes that it is not good policy to fight the line of ac tion which the Republicans of the House have adopteel, which is to attenil to no leg islation during the present session except to pass the revenue and the appropriation bills. These' senators, the Gormans and the Morgans, who have voted down a propo sition to enable the Senate to legislate are not in a position to demand that the House go on and enact a lot of bills which will not come to a vote in the Senate. In fact, it does not lie with the Senate to criticise the Republican policy In the House until that body has shown a purpose to take up and dispose of the House tariff and appro priation bills. Tho death- of Hon. W. S. Holman will necessitate a special election for represent ative In the Fourth congressional district, comprising the counties of Dearborn, Deca tur. Franklin, Jefferson, Ohio, Ripley, Switzerland and Union. The law provides that whenever a vacancy shall occur in the office of representative In Congress while in session the Governor shall issue writs for a special election to the sheriffs of the various counties of the district, fixing the time at which tho ele-tiV?sFa be held. The Gov ernor may seirVt H'.wn time of issuing the writs. TblV e! A .'"i will have -to con form In all respects to tho Australian ballot law and will be the first one held under the new amendments. 4 c a Mr. Harold M. Sewall, whom the Presi dent has made minister to Hawaii, Is the ton of Hon. Arthur Sewall, one of the can didates for Vice President with Mr. Bryan. Because he opposed the Cleveland policy at Samoa, when consul, he was superseded. He supported the foreign policy of General Harrison and voted for him in 1S32. He warmly approved the Harrison policy in Hawaii. Since 12 be has taken an active P trt in campaigns and was a Jtepublican emler of the late Maine Legislature. He m has given much attention to our foreign relations. The president of the Parks Board says that rather than not see a certain thing dene he "would give ?1.XK) out of his own pocket." That would be a better proof of public spirit than building parks out of other people's pockets, and might act as a stimulus for other gifts. 9 a It is reported from Rome that the Pope has give n utte rance to a hope- that "justice would triumph in the east." The holy father could hardly have expressed himself more cautiously if he were a candidate for re-election. INDIANA NEWSPAPER OPINION'. George F. McCulloch, who succeeds Capt. Gcwdy as chairman of the Republican state central committee, is peculiarly fitted for that responsib!e position. Mr. McCulloch is a fine organizer, a successful harmonizer and possesses unusual executive ability. Lafayette Call. As we predicted in the columns of this paper tome weeks ago, the state Repub lican committee came to Delaware county for its chairman. In the selection of Mr. McCulloch they have made no mistake. He is one of the best-posted politicians in the State, and his eternal vigilance will prevent our lines, from-wavering at any point. Muncie News. The administration is pursuing a wise policy in giving prominence to legislation. We need, first, sufficient revenue to run the government: second, a tariff that will start tin wheels of industry and give work and employment to our petple. When these two things have been accomplished, it will be found that the financial question will have largely solved itself. Vernon Journal. Mr. McCulloch is a worthy man. he Is a fine organizer, and now that he Is at the head of the party in tho State It would be a pleasing sight to see him receive the cor dial support of every man in the party, big and little, ilch and poor. If this Is done the Republican party will remain master of the situation and victory will once more jerch on our banners. Shelbyvl'le Repub lican. ' McKinley is making the people's Presi dent, one who has the fullest and moat ab solute faith In his countrymen, and who walks steadily la the course indicated by his election. It is this that gives assurance that when again the revenues of the gov ernment are assured and American labor employed the people will have his powerful assistance in founding their financial sys tem upon the soundest and most enduring principles. Fort Wayne Gazette. The State Board of Tax Commissioners stralnetl its powers and put Its Ingenuity to poor use when it added life insurance pol icies to the list of taxable property. The holder of the policy Is rarely the bene ficiary and yet he is called on to pay tax on money payable to some one else after ms ete-ath. .Neithtr he nor the real bene ficiary can touch the money till that occurs. The accumulation of premiums paid is in the hands of the insurance company, and is already taxed somewhere. The policy is no more a tangible asset than next year s potato crop. Rushville Republican. Every Interest in this country is anxiously waiting the passage of the tariff bill, .and there will come no general revival until this question is settled and the people know- where they are at. In anticipation of the enactment of. a protective tariff measure factories once idle have resumed, and many hundreds of additional men have been given employment, but until the schedules are known and importations are limited, cap ital will le timid about Investing In labor and material above Immediate demands. To haste the return of those prosperous limes for which the neonle have so lonir and anxiously waited the; Senate should pass the Dingley bill with as little delay as is possible, taking only sulfleient time to give it tnat consideration to which a meas ure of its Importance is entitled. Middle town News. It will be remembered that not long ago a great number of Dunkards from many sections. Including a large; number from our neighboring counties of Cass and Car roll, congregated in Chicago, about 3,500 strong, and "went to North Dakota, where agents had arranged for their coming. Now we hear the usual story. The eleluded col onists write that water and snow cover most of the land, and that life is miserable for them in that northern clime. From the tone of the letters received it is evidently tho intention of many of them to get back to Indiana as soon as they can. These people left comfortable homes here in In diana, surrounded by well improved farm ing country, in the midst of good roads, gootl schools,' numerous churches, and all in a fair climate. All this they left to form a colony In North Dakota. Credulous peo ple are lured away to the Dakotas by the captivating reports of agents of land syndi cates and railway corporations, and It is strange their number never grows less. This year was the turn of the people of this section. Next year, or. perhaps, this year, other communities will furnish the victims. Noblcsville Ledger. 9 m ilHLES IX THE AIR. A Supporter of Greece. Hungry Higgins Which are you fer the Greek or the Turk? Weary Watkins I am agin anything that rhymes with work. Effect of Morning Dew. The small boy in the rural wilds Has now his winter shoes offtaken. And soon his feet will look just like , The outside of a piece of bacon. 4 An Awful Idiot. "Of all the fools I ever heard of, Jimber son is the chief." "What of Jimberson, pray?" "Because his wife insisted that he should not stay around home while she was clean ing house, he thinks her love for him has waned." t'otifcion. "Mine is a pitiable case." said the man who had reached the melancholy stage as he leaned against the bar. "What a woe It Is to have a wife who has a habit of locking you out of your own house!" "You ain't one. two. three with me," said the other melancholy man. "Mine has a habit of lockln me In." n The- Return of Spring:. Have I iat3ed through death's unconscious birth. In a dream the midnight bare? I look on another and fairer earth: - I brathe a wondrous air! A Fplrit of beauty walks the hill?, A spirit of love the plain; Th shadows are' trtchf.: trvd the sunshine fills The air with a -diamond rain. Before my vision the glories pwim. To the dance of a tune unho&rd: Is an angel sinking where woods are dim, Or Is it an amorous bird? Is it a iik of azure flowers. Deep in the meadows pecn. Or is it the peacock's neck, that tow Out of the Fpangled green? ers Is a white dove glancing across the blue, Or an opal taking wing? y For my soul is dazzled, through and through. With the splendor of the spring. Is it she that shines, an never before. The tremulous hills above Or th heart within me, , awake once more To the dawning light ot love? Ilayard Taylor. m ClvII-ServIce Rule. To th Editor of the Ir.dtanapolls Journal: The conduct of some men after they have had greatness thrust upon them by being electeel to office is nearly enough to drive the voter who rallied to their support into paroxysms of frenzy and utter contempt on account of many of the appointments to places they make that happen to come un der their jurisdiction. If it is Republican ism to retain in office persons who contrib ute their time and money, and persons who voted to encompass the defeat of the suc cessful candidate simply be:cause they hap pen to posses a peculiar faculty for hand ling a mop, then I, have been voting under a misapprehension for nearly twenty years, or since I reached my majority. I have been taught that the principles advocated and carried into effect by the great Repub lican party were directly opposite from the principles championed by the Democratic party, and when a Republican wjus elected to fill an office he was expected to carry out the teachings of. his party and to se lect persons for positions who were in sym pathy with him and the political organiza tion he represents 1 believe In the merit system, but its ap plication should be confined or limited only to members of the party in power, and if a civll-servic-e examination is required to test the qualifications of an applicant 1 v.ould conrtne that examination to persons who affiliated with the dominant party. If to be a Republican Is only to vote to put a few fellows in oilice for their own particu lar interest, then the name should sink into innocuous desuetude" and the expense of holding primaries and conventions to make nominations should forever be dispensed with. As an example of this new-fangled poli tics, let us take the Deaf and Dumb In stitute, one of the institutions run on a "nonpartisan" plan, and see If there Is any cosolation to be gleaned from the appoint ments lor the good, reliable and enthusias tic Republican who worked so incessantly for the success of his party last tall. Two years ago Governor Matthews had In view the retention of the entire Democratic force, from the superintendent down to the farm hand, when he appointed his non partisan" board of trustees, and when Governor Mount reappointed the same trus tees as a matter of fact the full comple ment of officers and employes remain un disturbed, or at least nobody has heard of any changes. It is surely nat very grat ifying to the Republicans of the State to know that a greater per cent, of the per sons now In office by appointment are Democrats, and, not being contented with this percentage, only a few days ago quite a number of experienced gvards at the Jef fersonvllle Reformatory, among the num ber being several old soldiers, were dis missed to mako room for more Bryanites and free-traders. There is no uso to be mealy-mouthed about this matter. The Republicans of In diana are not satisfied with this mugwump- ian method of conferring appointments, and if Governor Mount expects to go out of office in a blaze of glory he should look after the Interests of his Republican con stituency and not cater to the fellows who voted against him. A. F. COLLINS. Indianapolis, April 21. l tiood. Hotter, Dent. To the Editor of the Indianapolis Journal: In a communication to the Journal under the caption. "A Fatal Step Backward," u "Republican" of Greensburg. Ind., on the ISth Instant, says: "If President McKinley Intends to revoke or modify tho civil-service order of Presi dent Cleveland. to as to withdraw any con siderable number of appointments from the classified list, his course ought tei le un hesitatingly repudiated by the best men of his own party.". "Republican" Is really nice about this matter. He wishes only the "best men" of the Republican party to go into the special repudiation of the administration. A good Republican, or better Reputllcan than some other Republican, need not apply to be registered as such a repudlator. Possibly well, probably some Republicans are betur than some other Republicans, but the cata logue of "best" Republicans Ls small, and may be founel included In any duly author ized list of full-grown mugwump. Good Republicans are not going to Join in any repudiation of the administration If there should be Issued an order revoking Presi dent Cleveland's placing forty thousand Democrats in life positions, to the exclu sion of that mans good Republicans. Such an order of President McKinley would meet with quite unanimous approval of the class of citizens who are entitled to be calleel good Republicans. Now this ques tion presents itself to the writer's mind. What number of withdrawals would, in tho estimation of "best" Republicans, be held to be a "considerable number?" If any number mav be withdrawn from the classi fied list, why not all the list? By what ethical reasoning is the President debarred from revoking President Cleveland's orders concerning the civil service? If President McKinley may revoke a civil-service order of his predecessor relating to an inconsider able number of appointments, the door is opened for a general revocation of the orders making appointments subject to civil-service rules. Let it open. It has be come quite common for "best" Republicans to refer President McKinley to ex-President Cleveland's example in many matters and advise him "to go and do likewise." Really, good Republicans see very little In Mr. Cleveland's record worthy of commendation or suitable as an example to guide Presi dent McKinley in any matter. The writer "wants the spoils" or a share in them. lie has fought and bled and died several times for the G. C). P. and would accept recogni tion. - G. W. A. Nashville, Ind.. April 1.1. THE WOOL DUTIES. 31 r. Cowgill Think the ProvlHlon of the IJIiiKley mil Inatleutui te. To the lvlltcr of the Indianapolis Journal: Tho editorial columns of the Journal of the 17th inst. contained an article in which the writer used the following language: "The extieme duty on wool which the wool growers and senators lrom the new States are urging should not become a part of the tariff law. The duties in the Dingley bill should be reduced rather than in creased." 1 am truly sorry to see the Journal taking such a stand. If tho Dingley bill, as it passeel the House of Rep resentatives, becomes a law, and Is maintained in its present provisions, It will annihilate the great wool in dustry of this country with no less cer tainty than will, if continued, tho present Gorman-Wilson law; tho only difference being In the length of time required to ac complish this result. If that provision known as tho skirting clause were elimi nated from the Dingley bill, or the duty in creased commensurate with the increased quantity of wool contained in a pound by skirting the heavier and inferior part of tho fleece from tho lighter anel.more valuable part, and the duty on third class wool made specific at a fair duty, then the bill, if It should become a lav.-, would give mod erate protection to the American wool grower. And it would only be moderate protection with these changes suggested. The bill as it passed the House Is a fraud, intended to gull and to cheat the American farmer. I do not mean that Mr. Dingley or his committee so intended, but I do mean to say that they were deceived and misled in the interest of Eastern manufacturers, importers, and wool dealers. It has been the practice of the govern ment for many years to divide the wool into classes and conditions in fixing the rate of duty to be levied. The Dingley bill does the same. On wool of the first class, un washed, the rate Is fixed at seven cents per Iound doubled if washed and trebled If scoured. Why Is the duty doubitd on washed wool over that in the unbroken and unwasheel fleece? Simp.y because when washed there is double the amount of wool in a pound that there is in its unwashed state. Then If, by some other manipulation, a pound shall contain wool enough to make as much cloth as if it were washed, can any one assign a sensible reason why it should not pay as much duty as a pound of washed wool? Then on every skirted pound, and it will all come skirted under such a law, insteael of the farmer getting eleven cents protection he will only get six, and the government .will be defrauded out of its revenue to the same extent that the farmer Is cheated out of his protection. It was a snare that caught both Congress and the wool growers In 1SLHJ. Is fl not passing strange that sensible men will suffer them selves to bo imposed upon by this same trick a second time? The bill provides for ad valorem duties on wool of the third class. It is well known that ad valorem duties open the wide-st door for fraud of any of the provisions ever in grafted upon our tariff laws. Substantially the same provision was contained in the McKinley law. The result was that there was more than three times as much wool imported that assed the custom houses as third class wool, than of both the other classes together. It was only necessary to call it carpet wool in order to pass It as third class wool at the low ad valorem duty. Much of It passed at a valuation of from 0V2 to 8 cents per pound. What protection, or revenue, was there in the duty of 32 per cent on a pound of wool valued at 8 cents? That provision in the law enabled Importers to get immense quantities of clothing wool through the custom houses as third-class wool. Take for example, the fiscal year of while the McKinley law was in force, and the official reports show the following as to the quantity of wool of each class entefeel and withdrawn for consumption In that year: First class, 35.493.021 pounds; sec ond class, 7.033,439 pounds; third class, 133, 107.5S1 pounds. It Is estimateel that at least 73 per cent, of all imported wools pass the custom houses as third-class wool at the-s,!ow ad valorem duty the half, or more, of which Is used for clothing pur poses, taking the place of first and second class wools. This Is the protection the Dingley bill offers the wool growers! These provisions that are contained In the Dingley bill were embodied in the Mc Kinley law. The result was that the price of wool declined from year to year under that act. 1 quote from North's wool book for ISO.", Page 0. for the month Of October In each year, prices in cents per pound for Ohio wool, as follows: Fine. Medium. Coarse. is:)l 31 cents Va cents SO t ents 1S02 1$ cents 23 cents 21 cents 1S3 2.1 cents 21 cents 21 cents 1.S94 13 cents 21 cents 19 cents And so it will be under the Dingley bill if it shall become a law. until this rcat In dustry is destroyed. Surely the Journal has not forgotten how these elcclines in prices were pointed out by every Democratic stump orator and free-trade paper in the land to show the prices would be better under free trade than under tariff laws. Strip the Dingley bill of the tricky loop holes It contains, and I think most wool growers would be willing to accept it, not as affording "ample protection," as prom ised, but as affording very moderate protec tion. I have been a wool grower for more than fifty years, and think I know some thing about the cost of growing wool, and have no hesitancy, therefore. In saying that such legislation as the Dingley bill propos es, if persisted in, will destroy wool growing in the United States. The question, then, stares the American people in the face: Are they prepared to give up and abandon this great industry to gratify the greed of a few Eastern manufacturers and importers by acquiescing in their selfish de mands, or shall they insist upon their rights as American citizens? Western citizens should be commended for insisting on protecting the rights of their constituents, rather than criticised, for not acquiescing In such rascally fraud as Is proposed In the Dingley bill. C. COWGILL. Wabash, Ind., April 1?. The matter with Topeka. Editor White's Paper. For the last six mcnths there hasn't been a social gathering of any distinction that has not been marred by cards. Cards are not wicked, but they are deadly. They de stroy Intellectual activity. They make thought impossible. They are worse than whisky and this town has lost more time and energy by cards and Saratoga pcta toes than it has by beer and whisky. One preacher in town dares to tackle cards: the rest are afraid of the rich members, so they are content with jumping on Tur key and Spain. 4 m & The Street-Car Ruling. Chicago Post. One thing, however. Is settled. The com pany's rights will expire In l!n)l. and the city will be in a position to make a new arrangement with It or nny rival that may appear in the field. The Legislature, by ap propriate and opportune action, has aved Inelianapolis from an ejdious monopoly. In this State it is the Legislature which seeks to fasten an arrogant and rapacious monop oly upon the greatest city within its boun daries. What a contrast! 4 9 a In South Africa. Detroit Tribune. Oom Paul is again agitating a good Rhodes movement. ANOTHER WHITE CITY THE ONE Ht'ILDED AT NASHVILLE FOR TENNESSEE'S CENTENNIAL. It Wnn CouMtructctl Vnder nitrcslnc Financial Condition- nnd Amldt the Turmoil of Politics. ALL WILL BE READY BY MAY 1 ' EXPOSITION NVILIj OPEN' OX THAT DATE AND CONT1NLE TO OCT. 1. A Com I ii gr Event of Xationnl lmpor- , tuncc in Which TcnttCMMee Invite ! the Nation to Participate. Siecial to the Indianapolis Journal. NASHVILLE. Tenn., April 22.-The past decade has witnessed a wonderful revolu- j tion In the Industrial life of the whole coun try, and especially of the South. It seems almosfr incredible that a section of our country that had been desolated by war could so poon re-cover, and for those who visited the South at the close of the war, and who may come now, the change will appear so striking as to seem almost like the realization of a dream anel the fulfill ment of the preeiictions that after the abo lition of slavery a social structure would 1 be reared upon the ruins of the old regime Interesting to contemplate and wonderful to behold. That such a wonderful and de sirable change has been wrought is at once J a tribute to the free institutions under which we live and to the courage, sagacity and recuperative powers of the South erners. It has long been charged against the peo ple of the South that they were subject to climatic Influences, and that, therefore, they were not unlike the inhabitants of the tropics In that they were languid and self indulgent at the cost of public spirit and generul aelvancement. That a ger lal climate does, in a way, lull the energies of a peo ple is doubtless true, but at present it is less noticeable in the Soutli than anywhere ! else in the temirate, zones. Immediately after the war the most far seeing Southerners, and distant friends at the East and in Europe, persistently preached the necessity of tiiverslfied crops and the introduction of the most improved industrial methods. The people were told that they must build their own mills and spin their own cotton if they expected to attain to a state of commercial importance ! and Independence. This policy was taken up, at first under great difficulties and pos sibly in a halt-hearted way, but to-day the "languid" Southern air is musical with the hum of industry and the Southland is a very hive of busy men. Not only has the product of labor increased year by year, but the iron industry of the South has been developed, and to-day the manufacturers not only supply their own needs, but they ship the rough products of the mills and furnaces to every market In the country. Machinery in its various forms is not yet supplied at home, and It will be many years before the East ceases to be the source from which their needs in mechanical ap pliances will bt supplied. Eastern manu facturers know very well what the wants of the Southern people are, and it will be very well for them to note the fact that these needs are increasing rather than di minishing as the South becomes more pros perous. The Southern people wear good clothes, and they are especially fastidious as to the fit and shape of their shoes. They want good Implements and machinery, but have not time or the facilities to make these commodities, and what need to make them when the East and North can supply them better and cheaper than they could be made, especially through that stage of experience which is to disastrous to cap ital and to new enterprises in times of business depression. A NEW ERA. The Tennessee Centennial Exposition will mark a new era in the advancement of the South. It will not only show to the world what Tennessee can do and what her re sources are, but it will advertise her needs. The manufacturers and merchants of the East and North are Invited to come and show how they may help the South in the progressive work -that is before them, and they aro welcome to use this exposition as a means cf teaching their neighbors and advertising their goods. Much has been said and written about ! . b a the Tennessee t entenniai ana international Exposition. It is very natural for the man agement, whose duty it is to promote its interests and to make it a grand success, to speak and write encouragingly of its plans and prospects. The Nashville news papers are given a certain license in puffing its merits, but it remains for the visitors who see for the first time the magnificent array of buildings and the wonderful scope of the enterprise to express their pleasure and surprise In truthful, but more extrava gant, language than the home newspapers or any of the people who are more directly Interesteel have yet employed. In other words, the greatest praise of the work al ready done by the exposition . management has been spoken by visitors from distant points who can have no motive in doing moro than simple justice to a worthy enter prise. Writers for newspapers who have recently visited the grounds of the Tennes see Centennial Exposition have attempted no comparison between this and former ex positions. It is smalhr in area and in the measurements of sonv of the structures than the Chicago woi Id's fair, but It Is greater in scope, as well as In the num ber, size and architectural beauty of the buildings than the Philadelphia Centennial, while no other expedition held In this coun try has upproached tho Tennessee Centen nial Exposition, which is not a local or sectional affair, but is really and truly In ternational. The Governors of many of the States have secured appropriations from their legisla tures for representation at this centennial, and others are working to that end. aided by tho most patriotic and public-spirited citizens of the States. In several cases where this has not been found practicable the cities and business world is awake to the importance of the enterprise. The centennial birthday was formally and elaborately celebrated June 1, lr-'.'ti. and the exposition dedicated, the greater celebra tion having been postjoned until 1V.7. The postponement was necessary in order that all arrangements for holding a Tennessee centennial and international exposition might be completed, and in order that the people of the country might be free from the excitement, strife and turmoil Incident to a presidential campaign. But the work of building the exposition vas carried 'on regardless of the iolitical contest which absorbed the minds of the people, and, with faith in the verdict of the American voters, the management looked forward to a year of national peace and political quietude. If not af business pros perity, assured or the most gratifying suc cess of an enterprise thst was born of pa triotism, cherished by a love of country and fostered by the energy muI. capital of a prosperous and happy corrniiinlty. Quietly the work went steadily forward, and when the smoke of the political battle had cleared away the exposition, wh'eh had been builded under the most disttessing financial Ieriod in the history of the country, was found nestling among the hills in the midst of a beautiful park, a veritable "White t'ity" a thing of beauty and a jov forever. Even ihen. five or six months prior to the day set for the opening of the gates and doors, the work had orogtcsscd so far that If the opening should have occurrred on New Year's day the re would have been less cause for complaint from visitors on ac count of its Incompleteness than has been known in many instance Since that time further progress has been made, and the buildings then remaining unfinished are well under way. so that everything will be ready for the opening on the first day of May. with iossibly such exceptions as some of the state buildings, the. United States government and tho ferigii buildings, over vhich the exposition management has no control, but even this contingency is not expected. EVERYTHING READY. The first ine days of the exposition will bring hundred of thousands of people to Nashville, and it is the puriosc of the man agement to have all things ready and in order, so that each vhdtor may go away and tell his or her friend tnat they may come and not be disappointed. In this re spect they hope to win a verdict from the visitors that wiii be vastly Citi lerent from the experience of early visitors to former exiMjaiticna. As an Incen tive to exhibitors to be alto ready, the ex position managers have olfered to refund all money pMu lor space to those who have their exhibits in pi aee on opening elay. The beauty uf rt and the ierfcctKn in architecture displayed in the construction of the exjesition wih astonish and pleas visitor from all over the world, and If these structures were emptied of their treasures In art, the archives jnl relics of history and the wealth of the products of the land and of tho thousands of attrac tions which will be congregated there if these and the music and the flowers of tho sunnj- South and the -miles of the beauti ful women of Tennessee were wanting there would still be a satisfactory compen sation in viewing the Tennessee Centennial Exposition on account of the itory it tells of the world's greatest achievements hi architecture. Many visitors at Nashville during the past three mouths have expressed astonish ment at the magnitude of the. exposition and the progress thut has been quietly made in the erection of the buildings, while they have been delighted with the beauty and grandeur of the scene which will be greatly enhanced by the process of nature with the aid of the landscape nardener be fore the gates swing open to the world. -All tluough the South, the East, the Nortti and the West, the people of tulture and of wide observation are talking, and the iiewspa.ers are writing about the Tennes see Centennial Expos, tion. aid it has al ready taker, its place in the minds of tho people, especially of those who travel and desire to see the world r.s the ouly event of national importance for the year of peace and prosperity 137. AN ARTISTS OPINION. Mr. George W. Chambers, of St. Louis, spent a few days in Nashville recently, and while there paid a visit to the exposition. Soon after his return home he vrote to a friend in Nashville, giving some of his im pressions of the exposition, from which the following extract is taken: "My Dear Sir It is u pleasure to give you, however briefly, the Impressions 1 re ceived from a visit to your cci.tennial grounds. I was surprised vo find the- build ings and the grounds us well so far ad vanced. Indeed, fjom the oiean condition of roadways and grass plats one mignt. with reason, conclude? that all. inside as well as outside, was In readiness lor public scrutiny. 'The grounds seemed to me to be ad mirably laid cut, both lor convenience in getting about and for the best presentation of the architectural effects. The stretches of lawn, v. hich spring will diess in 'living green.' will be a feature much lacaing at the world's fair, and wiii add a repose so much needed in a 'wnlte e'Uy' whoso architecture is more or less rigaiiy classic. Thete were not many places at Chicago tor the eye to rest upon in detail, and none at all in the generul effect, it was too liter ally a eity ' In your coming lair all this will be different, 1;' one may judge from tho present condition of affairs. Ot course, as yet. one misses the cntor effect, which will set much enhance the beauty of It all. The flower beds to bteak the green here and there, and perhaps a tone of color cn the larger buildings, and a Utile more audacity in the color of the smaller buiidirgs. with some gilt !u midair to give elevation, and to giv back an echo of the sun's radiance. All th!s will come In proper time, to serve, like the last touches in a lady's toilet, in giving emphasis to the fundamental beauty. Then there will Ik fie liags. banners, pen nants und streamer-, all bright and bril liant spots, who-e waving and undulating folds will giv? those broken lines against the sky so valuable as folU for the straight architect tiral and structural lines necessary in the buildings. "Of the buildings already completed It would be invidious to speak comparatively, and ineleed unnecessary, where all Is so admirably planned and designed. And yet I cannot omit a brief word concerning the Parthenon. Not in its praise, for It needs none, nor in its history, for that is trite, nor yet of the wisdom of choosing it as being adapted to the purpose, for that will be evident to all who enter it. Tho thought I had in looking at it on the day of my visit was that, strangely enough, it would perhaps be less of a surprise to Southern visitors than other buildings, commonplace enough in air respects, it will be perfec t ly familiar to them and that not because thev have seen pictures of It. but because south of the Mason and Dixon line thU is the type of architecture that was chosen for the stately homes as well as for state and public buildings. That choice of tha classic Greek for all important work, do mestic and national, is distinctly the choice of tho Semth. It would seem that, approach ing the parallel of Athens in this country. It was a sine qua non to follow its arch itecture. But, however that may le. and whatever the cause it will chance that the Southern contingent will look with familiar eyes upon the grand repose of the Parthe non. Of course no one Is going to lother himself much about what it all means, be cause we will all be too busy looking at and enjoying the beauty provided for us by the splendid energy and self-sacrifice of your people. But it might furnish a half hour's pleasant reflection In some shady corner to note first that this same Par thenon seems externally to be the most consistent building on the grounds, and to consider after whether the large simplicity, the wide repose and the impressive stabil ity of it did not -omehow belong to that old life, from Virginia downwards, which can never tome again. There it Is at all events, and there will not be a visitor from all the fair old Southland that cannot recall the same expression of simplicity and re pose in a lesser degree, perhaps, in some structure In his own community. Success be yours in a heaping measure." 4 AX LNCALLEI1-FOR CRITICISM. General IlnrrUon'a .Magazine Article Come t'p for Dlacua-alon. Washington Post. The Providence Journal makes these com ments on ex-Ire?ident Harrison's series of articles, entitled "This Country of Ours." and printed in a popular monthly publica tion that is chiefly devoted to the interests of women and the affairs of the home: "Our friend Mr. Bok announces with pride, speaking of the series of articles recently contributed to hi organ of true culture, that 'General Harrison is the first President to show the public through the White House, "upstairs, downstairs." etc., and to detail the President's dally routine and the social and domestic Phaser of life in the executive mansion.' And trere nre jersons who are behind the time, who have old-fashioned views of social ar-d of ficial proprieties, and who hope that be will be the last to undertake any rimilar job. even for the sake of Mr. Bok's wide circlo of readers." They are not the "persons who are be hind the times." or those "who have old-fashlone-d views of social and official pro prieties." who entertain that "hopo." Only those who are so pessimistically inclined that they think the times are out of joint; that everything is nt loose ends: that th world is topsy-turvy, and the people lr.- sane only such can find any departure from the proprieties, social or official, in the- articles that meet our Providence con temporary's solemn condemnation. W suspect it U not so much the Harrison con tributions to Mr. Bok' magazine as dis like of Mr. Bok anel his methods which moves the Journal to make an unkind re mark. It Is the habit of that pape r to sneer at Mr. Bok two or three times a week, and it has managed to make some of these sneers extremely amcslrg: but this effort hits General Harrison a blow over Bok's shoulder and displays more malice th in humor. For if there be any one thing fcr which General Harrison has a special ab horrence. It is that of which the Journal accuses him: if there be ore thing of which he Is more mindful than anything else, it Is the strict observance of "social nnd of ficial proprieties." That has leen the uni form habit of Mr. Harrison's life, and thos who have hael the privilege of his Intimate aerjualntanco would as soon charge him with grand larceny as a tleparture from that habit. The series of articles contributed by the ex-President to Mr. Kok's publication had for their chief object the education of women In the. construction and practical operation of our government. The en larged resnon5ibllities of women consequent upon the Increased and steadily Increasing area of their activities rendered it impor tant, if not imperatively necessary, that they should have a clearer understanding of this subject. No man was better qual ified than General Harrison to execute the task that Mr. Bok engaged him to per form, and "Mr. llok's vrldj circle of rend ers" has not been offended by any neglect of the proprieties. The articles have tilled a lamented vacancy in our literature, and it would be an admirable idea to compile from them a school text-book. There ls not the Ieat danger than Gen. Harrison will ever forget that he is an ex-President, or fail to maintain the elignlty due to that peculiar position. But he will not make the mistake of Imagining himself too exalted a personage to contribute to magazines for the edification of his fellow citizens, nnd. Incidentally, for the Increase of his Income. 4 o a Would Retain Preencc of Mind. Kansas City Journal. The people of the United States would very must regret to ee a great war In Eu rope, but they would not regret so deeply as to forget to ni;rrk up the price of pro Visions. 4 a Grent Event. Washington Post. Amos Rusle has signed a contract to play ball with the New York team, and the veto on the arbitration treaty will be had oa May 5.