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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, April 23, 1897, Image 4

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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, FRIDAY, APRIL 23, 1897.
THE DAILY JOURNAL.
FRIDAY, APRIL SI, 107.
Washington Office 1503 Pennsylvania Avenue
Trlrplionr CmIIm.
uln44 ofHce 23S i Editorial rcrn...ASG
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TIII2 INDIANAPOLIS JOl UNAL
Can be found at the following places:
KtW 10HK Windsor Hotel and Astor House.
CHICAGO J'almer House and 1'. O. News Co..
17 Iarborn street.
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of Third and Jefferson Mreets, and. Louisville
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WASHINGTON. It. C R'szn House. Ebbltt
House, Willard's Hotel and the Washington
Nfws Exchange, Fourteenth, ttreet, between
l'enn. avenue and F street.
The lighting along the Graeco-Turklsh
frontier Is much more like real war than
that In Cuba.
That an)7 state crhclal traveling on a pass
should have charged up railrcad fare in
traveling" expense shows very loose Ideas
In regard to public duty, not to speak of
honesty.
mm
Ex-Embassador Bayard to Embassador
Hay: "Welcome to the ccmlng guest is all
right, but wait four years and ste if you
can Jolly them so as to make them speed
the parting guest, as I did."
No United States senator has ever had
the bravery "to hold, as 'twere, the mirror
up to nature," as Senator Mason did. Ho
enabled senators, for once at least, to see
themselves as others see them.
The people of Indianapolis having had
nearly a week of 3-cent street-railway fares
axe no pleaded with the change that if they
are compelled to pay more they will never
be satisfied until that or some other reduc
tion becomes permanent.
Corporal Tanner, in a recent speech, de
clared that ho is for a civil service that
will protect the man who has a position,
which, he says, it does not, as no man can
hold, a place which the politicians want
for" somebody else. This last statement
will surprise many of Mr. Tanner's old ad
mirers hereabout. '
4 e a
There may be some satisfaction to those
in this vicinity who have been swindled out
of their dollars by the get-rich-quick frauds
to know that in the past three years the
burkef tthnn hnvp tmlloil th nrnnlp ntit
of $20.00.000. but they would much prefer
to have their dollars back than the knowl
edge that they have lots of company.
The Republican members of the finance
committer announce that they will report
a tariff bill to the Senate May 1. This is in
good season, and there can be little doubt
that the bill preiared by the Senate com
mittee Republicans, while it may contain
many slight amendments, will be one which
will yield revenue and give protection.
a
The government of the United States has
granted two ships for the free transporta
tion of contributions to India, one of which
will sail from San Francisco as soon as the
cargo Is completed, probably early in May,
and the other from an Atlantic port In du
time. Those who have the matter In charge
expect that the contributions of grain will
reach a million bushels before the 1st of
June.
Senator Morgan, of Alabama, seems not
to bo content wltii talking measures to
death In the Senate, but he is disposed to
interfere with the House because the ma
jority refuses to have the committees ap
pointed and proceed to pass billls. Senator
Morgan has become an unmitigated nui
sance In Congress and, leing only seventy
three years of age, he may live ten years
to play that role.
The Greeks outside of Greece arc giving
a fine object lesson in patriotism. They are
scattered all over southern Europe, and,
although they do not owe military service,
they are hurrying home In considerable
numbers to join tho army. In this country
large sums of money are being raised and
many who are under no compulsion to do
so are embarking to offer their services to
the King. There is no higher patriotism
than this.
The increase In the world's coinage of
gold in ten years appears in comparing the
coinage of the years 1S3, 154 and 1SS5 w ith
the years 13, 14 and lC. In tho former
period the gold coinage was $3uO.Ui.491, in
the latter $G?1. 42.977 an increase of ISO per
cent. During tho three years immediately
preceding 1S53 the total gold coinage was
141.2ri2.21L Considerable more gold was
coined in the last-named ier!od than was
produced, which Indicates reeoinage and
the conversion of gold held la other forma
Into money.
n
Some persons criticise or deprecate the
work now being done on the soldiers' and
sailors' monument as a waste of money, a
departure from tho original design, etc.
They are greatly mistaken. Instead of be
ing a departure from the original design,
the present work "means a return to the
original design. It is being done under a
contract with Hruno Schmitz, of Germany,
the original designer and architect of the
monument. . Its object is to restore the work
to its original intent. It is the end that
crowns the work, and when the present
plan is completed everybody will admit
that it has added Immeasurably to the
beauty and impresslveness of the monu
ment. A bill has been introduced in the Massa
chusetts legislature which provides that
"any new i-paper found guilty cf unduly
eulogizing any person or persons, thus
falsely building for such person or persons
a reputation without merit, thereby mis
leading and deceiving the public, shall,
after ten days' notice, served in writing
upon the publisher or publishers of said
newspaper of the false and misleading
character of said eulogy, make a retraction
or correction of said eulogy, in manner and
place as conspicuous as was its original
publication, for three succeeding Issues of
said newspaper." Another section of the
bill permits an editor to eulogize a dead
person and to print eulogistic funeral ora
tions and obituary notices, thus recognizing
the binding force of the rule tha: only good
may be spoken of the dead. If the bill
should become a law it might put a stop
to the publication of eulogistic nominating
speeches, highly colored indorsements of
candidates and many other sugar-coated
eulogies of distinguished statesmen. In
fact. It might sadly Interfere with a c!ass
of journalistic compliments that are vera?
agreeable to the recipients, though they
sometimes excite the risibility of others.
e a
stheet-cau fares and revenies.
It Is something surprising that no con
clusive test has been made of the question
whether street-railroad companies can af
ford a three-cent fare. It seems to have
been assumed that live cents Is the lowest
fare consistent with good service to the
public and good wages to employes, yet
many other factors enter into the ques
tion,, as the 'amount of travel, the average
length of rides, the financial condition of a
company, etc. Something even depends on
tho relations between a company "and
the public, as, other things being equal,
a company which shows a disposition to
treat tho public liberally and make friends
with the people will be better patronized
than one which shows an opposite disposi
tion. As a general rule in other lines of
business it is found that a reduction of
rates or tolls is followed by a distinct in
crease of business and receipts. This "has
always been the case in the United States
postal service, every reduction In tho rate
of postage having been followed by an In
crease of revenue. There is, l course, a
limit to such reduction, and ye., low as let
ter postage is now, it has been seriously
proposed to reduce it 50 per cent., and it
will probably be done before many years.
A street-railroad company In Baltimore
voluntarily decreased its rate of faro over
16 per cent, by selling six tickets for twen-ty-flve
tents, and as the decrease has been
adhered to it 13 to be presumed it proved
profitable. In Staunton, Va., the company
reduced the fare from five cents to ,fwo-and-a-half
cents for a single tare, and is'
said to be satisfied with the result. In
most European cities the faro is graded
according to the length of the ride, and if
any material reduction were made it should
probably be on a single fare with something
extra for a transfer. The point made now
is that there is no assured ground for the
assumption that live cents Is the lowest
fare possible with a good service; and
there is no certainty that a jnaterial re'duo
tion of fare would not be followed by an
increase of revenues. The question should
be tested.
A GREAT 31 AX IN SMALL MATTERS.
Sir Julian Pauncefote, British embassa
dor at "Washington, is showing that high
position does not necessarily argue a great
man. Nothing could be In worse form, or,
from a republican point of view, more ridic
ulous than his contention that In the cere
monies at the dedication of the Grant mon
ument he and the other embassadors at
Washington shall take precedence of all ex
cept the President. This would place them
in advance of the Vice President and mem-
-Mi
bers of the Cabient and of Mrs. Grant and
the Grant family. These iolnts of prece
dence are considered very important at for
eign courts and among foreign representa
tives at Washington, but it is extremely
bad taste to obtrude them into a popular
demonstration. If Sir Julian Pauncefote
were a really great man he would reject
that such distinctions as he Is insisting
upon are out of place in a republic, and if
he were a real gentleman he would not in
troduce a discordant note intt a memorial
celebration of this kind by provoking con
troversy with the committee on arrange
ments over so trivial a matter. This is not
tho first Instance of Sir Julian's insistence
in a matter, of form. It is said that a few
weeks ago he was Invited to meet Secretary
Olney at a private dinner party, and only
accepted on the assurance of the host that
he and not tho secretary should have the
seat of honor at the table. More recently,
being invited by a prominent resident of
Washington to meet Vice President Hobart
at a dinner, he insisted as a sine qua non
of his attendance that he and not the Vice
President should have the seat of honor. As
he was not present at the dinner, it is pre
sumed his request was politely ignored. All
this goes to show that Sir Julian Paunce
fote is a great man in small matters. We
do not remember to have seen any evidence
that he is a great man in great matters.
A GOOD BEGINNING.
Senator Mason, of Illinois, has m ado a
good beginning toward reforming the
rules of tho Senate so that It may be under
the direction of the majority. Ills resolution
providing for a rule which shall recognize
the "previous question" as a means of
terminating so-called debate and bringing
the Senate to a vote was not passed, but
tho vote showed an encouragingly large
numler in favor of such a mea.?ure. If the
live Republicans who voted with the Dem
ocrats and the Populists had voted with
tho remainder of their party the Mason
resolution would have been adopted. If it
had been a strict party vote, the Mason
resolution would have come within two
votes of passage.
This result is encouraging because it
shows that a large and Influential element
in the Senate responds to the general feel
ing in the country that the rules which
once secured free debate are now used by
a minority to prevent action on important
measures. So long as one senator objects to
a vote on the ground that ho desires to
debate the measure, a vote cannot be tak
en. If tho majority Is persistent it can
"sit it out" and weary the minority into
coming to a vote, but the majority must
take Its chances of being worn out by the
minority. This is not a dignified perform
ance, but it is the only method which the
majority in tho Senate has of bringing that
1hJ' to a vote. It would add to the dignity
of the Senate if it shojld adopt a rule giv
ing the majority the power to fix a date
when tho debate would end and the voting
begin. This was not necessary ten or fif
teen years ago, but now that a pmall num
ber of senators have disclosed a purpose to
make free debate a pretext to talk meas
ures to death which they cannot vote down,
the necessity of such a rule is imperative
unless the traditions of the Senate are of
more importance than legislation which
the needs of the government demand. If a
minority In tho Senate 1 to ho iormitttd
to block legislation or defeat it. Congress
might as will be dispensed with.
The vote on the Mason resolution shoved
that all of the Republicans except five
voted for the measure, and all of the Dem
ocrats and Populists but three against it.
This would indicate a purpose on the part
of the Democrats and the Populists to use
. the power of the minority for obstructive
purposes and thus prevent important leg
islation. The death of Hon. William S. Holman
has b-:en foreshadowed for several days.
His injuries from a recent fall were doubt
less more serious than he thought, and the
fatal ending was plain almost from the be
ginning. In some respects Mr. Holman's
congressional career was unique. He was
elected to Congress more times than any
other pe-rson in American history, and nom
inated four times oftener than he was
elected. He served more years than any
other person, though not more years with
out a break. As the "great objector" he
became a terror In Congress, and while his
services in this regard brought him a good
deal of personal abuse they were often val
uable. Though he rode his hobby to an
offensive1 elegree he always commanded re
spoet by his strict Integrity. He died as
probably he would have wished to die, in
the congressional harness. Mr. Holman
served tho State honorably in other posi
tions. He was probate, judge from 143 to
l4t;. prosecuting attorney in 1S47-43. member
of the state constitutional convention of
1k'K member of the Legislature of 1S51-52.
and common pleas Judge from 112 till 1"G.
In all these positions he made the record
of an honest and faithful official.
That portion of the address of President
Rarroughs, of Wabash College, at the meet
ing of the Indianapolis Presbytery, relating
to the Geeting bill, printed In yesterday's
Issue, shows that the conflict into which
the nonstate schools were thrust by the
advocacy of that measure has not come to
an end. The contest Is on, and will con
tinue to W on so long as there Is believed
to be a purpose to pass a bill which would
create an educational trvist. If the authors
of that bill did not design that it should
give the State University special advan
tages they blundered into a measure that
would have that effect. The nonstate col
leges aro right, and the most of them are
bucket! by strong and zealous religious de
nominations. Most of them can give as
good n college course as the State Univer
sity. For these reasons the state schools
have opponents who cannot be despised.
If Greece could be benefited by the pas
sage of resolutions there would be some
reason in adopting them, but all tho reso
lutions which Congress could pass in a ses
sion would not add a battalion to the army
of that feeble government. On the other
hand, the United States has a considerable
number of citizens in Turkey whose safety
might be put in jeopardy by resolutions In
which religious beliefs or prejudices are ap
pealed to. Our government is now pressing
numerous claims for indemnity to American
citizens for losses sustained in Turkey, for
tho adjustment of which a man learned In
international law has been made minister
to that power. A hostile resolution will not
help the settlement of these claims. Seem
ingly the Greeks have embarked In a hope
less contest a resolution expressing sym
pathy will not change the situation.
It is said that the Democratic managers
fh the Senate are displeased with Repre
sentative Bailey because he believes that
it is not good policy to fight the line of ac
tion which the Republicans of the House
have adopteel, which is to attenil to no leg
islation during the present session except
to pass the revenue and the appropriation
bills. These' senators, the Gormans and the
Morgans, who have voted down a propo
sition to enable the Senate to legislate are
not in a position to demand that the House
go on and enact a lot of bills which will
not come to a vote in the Senate. In fact,
it does not lie with the Senate to criticise
the Republican policy In the House until
that body has shown a purpose to take up
and dispose of the House tariff and appro
priation bills.
Tho death- of Hon. W. S. Holman will
necessitate a special election for represent
ative In the Fourth congressional district,
comprising the counties of Dearborn, Deca
tur. Franklin, Jefferson, Ohio, Ripley,
Switzerland and Union. The law provides
that whenever a vacancy shall occur in the
office of representative In Congress while in
session the Governor shall issue writs for a
special election to the sheriffs of the various
counties of the district, fixing the time at
which tho ele-tiV?sFa be held. The Gov
ernor may seirVt H'.wn time of issuing
the writs. TblV e! A .'"i will have -to con
form In all respects to tho Australian ballot
law and will be the first one held under the
new amendments.
4 c a
Mr. Harold M. Sewall, whom the Presi
dent has made minister to Hawaii, Is the
ton of Hon. Arthur Sewall, one of the can
didates for Vice President with Mr. Bryan.
Because he opposed the Cleveland policy
at Samoa, when consul, he was superseded.
He supported the foreign policy of General
Harrison and voted for him in 1S32. He
warmly approved the Harrison policy in
Hawaii. Since 12 be has taken an active
P
trt in campaigns and was a Jtepublican
emler of the late Maine Legislature. He
m
has given much attention to our foreign
relations.
The president of the Parks Board says
that rather than not see a certain thing
dene he "would give ?1.XK) out of his own
pocket." That would be a better proof of
public spirit than building parks out of
other people's pockets, and might act as a
stimulus for other gifts.
9 a
It is reported from Rome that the Pope
has give n utte rance to a hope- that "justice
would triumph in the east." The holy
father could hardly have expressed himself
more cautiously if he were a candidate for
re-election.
INDIANA NEWSPAPER OPINION'.
George F. McCulloch, who succeeds Capt.
Gcwdy as chairman of the Republican state
central committee, is peculiarly fitted for
that responsib!e position. Mr. McCulloch
is a fine organizer, a successful harmonizer
and possesses unusual executive ability.
Lafayette Call.
As we predicted in the columns of this
paper tome weeks ago, the state Repub
lican committee came to Delaware county
for its chairman. In the selection of Mr.
McCulloch they have made no mistake. He
is one of the best-posted politicians in the
State, and his eternal vigilance will prevent
our lines, from-wavering at any point.
Muncie News.
The administration is pursuing a wise
policy in giving prominence to legislation.
We need, first, sufficient revenue to run the
government: second, a tariff that will start
tin wheels of industry and give work and
employment to our petple. When these
two things have been accomplished, it will
be found that the financial question will
have largely solved itself. Vernon Journal.
Mr. McCulloch is a worthy man. he Is a
fine organizer, and now that he Is at the
head of the party in tho State It would be
a pleasing sight to see him receive the cor
dial support of every man in the party, big
and little, ilch and poor. If this Is done
the Republican party will remain master of
the situation and victory will once more
jerch on our banners. Shelbyvl'le Repub
lican. '
McKinley is making the people's Presi
dent, one who has the fullest and moat ab
solute faith In his countrymen, and who
walks steadily la the course indicated by
his election. It is this that gives assurance
that when again the revenues of the gov
ernment are assured and American labor
employed the people will have his powerful
assistance in founding their financial sys
tem upon the soundest and most enduring
principles. Fort Wayne Gazette.
The State Board of Tax Commissioners
stralnetl its powers and put Its Ingenuity to
poor use when it added life insurance pol
icies to the list of taxable property. The
holder of the policy Is rarely the bene
ficiary and yet he is called on to pay tax
on money payable to some one else after
ms ete-ath. .Neithtr he nor the real bene
ficiary can touch the money till that occurs.
The accumulation of premiums paid is in
the hands of the insurance company, and
is already taxed somewhere. The policy is
no more a tangible asset than next year s
potato crop. Rushville Republican.
Every Interest in this country is anxiously
waiting the passage of the tariff bill, .and
there will come no general revival until this
question is settled and the people know-
where they are at. In anticipation of the
enactment of. a protective tariff measure
factories once idle have resumed, and many
hundreds of additional men have been given
employment, but until the schedules are
known and importations are limited, cap
ital will le timid about Investing In labor
and material above Immediate demands.
To haste the return of those prosperous
limes for which the neonle have so lonir
and anxiously waited the; Senate should
pass the Dingley bill with as little delay
as is possible, taking only sulfleient time to
give it tnat consideration to which a meas
ure of its Importance is entitled. Middle
town News.
It will be remembered that not long ago
a great number of Dunkards from many
sections. Including a large; number from
our neighboring counties of Cass and Car
roll, congregated in Chicago, about 3,500
strong, and "went to North Dakota, where
agents had arranged for their coming. Now
we hear the usual story. The eleluded col
onists write that water and snow cover
most of the land, and that life is miserable
for them in that northern clime. From the
tone of the letters received it is evidently
tho intention of many of them to get back
to Indiana as soon as they can. These
people left comfortable homes here in In
diana, surrounded by well improved farm
ing country, in the midst of good roads,
gootl schools,' numerous churches, and all
in a fair climate. All this they left to form
a colony In North Dakota. Credulous peo
ple are lured away to the Dakotas by the
captivating reports of agents of land syndi
cates and railway corporations, and It is
strange their number never grows less.
This year was the turn of the people of
this section. Next year, or. perhaps, this
year, other communities will furnish the
victims. Noblcsville Ledger.
9
m ilHLES IX THE AIR.
A Supporter of Greece.
Hungry Higgins Which are you fer the
Greek or the Turk?
Weary Watkins I am agin anything that
rhymes with work.
Effect of Morning Dew.
The small boy in the rural wilds
Has now his winter shoes offtaken.
And soon his feet will look just like ,
The outside of a piece of bacon. 4
An Awful Idiot.
"Of all the fools I ever heard of, Jimber
son is the chief."
"What of Jimberson, pray?"
"Because his wife insisted that he should
not stay around home while she was clean
ing house, he thinks her love for him has
waned."
t'otifcion.
"Mine is a pitiable case." said the man
who had reached the melancholy stage as
he leaned against the bar. "What a woe It
Is to have a wife who has a habit of locking
you out of your own house!"
"You ain't one. two. three with me," said
the other melancholy man. "Mine has a
habit of lockln me In."
n
The- Return of Spring:.
Have I iat3ed through death's unconscious birth.
In a dream the midnight bare?
I look on another and fairer earth:
- I brathe a wondrous air!
A Fplrit of beauty walks the hill?,
A spirit of love the plain;
Th shadows are' trtchf.: trvd the sunshine fills
The air with a -diamond rain.
Before my vision the glories pwim.
To the dance of a tune unho&rd:
Is an angel sinking where woods are dim,
Or Is it an amorous bird?
Is it a iik of azure flowers.
Deep in the meadows pecn.
Or is it the peacock's neck, that tow
Out of the Fpangled green?
ers
Is a white dove glancing across the blue,
Or an opal taking wing? y
For my soul is dazzled, through and through.
With the splendor of the spring.
Is it she that shines, an never before.
The tremulous hills above
Or th heart within me, , awake once more
To the dawning light ot love?
Ilayard Taylor.
m
ClvII-ServIce Rule.
To th Editor of the Ir.dtanapolls Journal:
The conduct of some men after they have
had greatness thrust upon them by being
electeel to office is nearly enough to drive
the voter who rallied to their support into
paroxysms of frenzy and utter contempt
on account of many of the appointments to
places they make that happen to come un
der their jurisdiction. If it is Republican
ism to retain in office persons who contrib
ute their time and money, and persons who
voted to encompass the defeat of the suc
cessful candidate simply be:cause they hap
pen to posses a peculiar faculty for hand
ling a mop, then I, have been voting under
a misapprehension for nearly twenty years,
or since I reached my majority. I have
been taught that the principles advocated
and carried into effect by the great Repub
lican party were directly opposite from the
principles championed by the Democratic
party, and when a Republican wjus elected
to fill an office he was expected to carry
out the teachings of. his party and to se
lect persons for positions who were in sym
pathy with him and the political organiza
tion he represents
1 believe In the merit system, but its ap
plication should be confined or limited only
to members of the party in power, and if
a civll-servic-e examination is required to
test the qualifications of an applicant 1
v.ould conrtne that examination to persons
who affiliated with the dominant party. If
to be a Republican Is only to vote to put a
few fellows in oilice for their own particu
lar interest, then the name should sink into
innocuous desuetude" and the expense of
holding primaries and conventions to make
nominations should forever be dispensed
with.
As an example of this new-fangled poli
tics, let us take the Deaf and Dumb In
stitute, one of the institutions run on a
"nonpartisan" plan, and see If there Is any
cosolation to be gleaned from the appoint
ments lor the good, reliable and enthusias
tic Republican who worked so incessantly
for the success of his party last tall. Two
years ago Governor Matthews had In view
the retention of the entire Democratic
force, from the superintendent down to the
farm hand, when he appointed his non
partisan" board of trustees, and when
Governor Mount reappointed the same trus
tees as a matter of fact the full comple
ment of officers and employes remain un
disturbed, or at least nobody has heard
of any changes. It is surely nat very grat
ifying to the Republicans of the State to
know that a greater per cent, of the per
sons now In office by appointment are
Democrats, and, not being contented with
this percentage, only a few days ago quite
a number of experienced gvards at the Jef
fersonvllle Reformatory, among the num
ber being several old soldiers, were dis
missed to mako room for more Bryanites
and free-traders.
There is no uso to be mealy-mouthed
about this matter. The Republicans of In
diana are not satisfied with this mugwump-
ian method of conferring appointments, and
if Governor Mount expects to go out of
office in a blaze of glory he should look
after the Interests of his Republican con
stituency and not cater to the fellows who
voted against him. A. F. COLLINS.
Indianapolis, April 21.
l
tiood. Hotter, Dent.
To the Editor of the Indianapolis Journal:
In a communication to the Journal under
the caption. "A Fatal Step Backward," u
"Republican" of Greensburg. Ind., on the
ISth Instant, says:
"If President McKinley Intends to revoke
or modify tho civil-service order of Presi
dent Cleveland. to as to withdraw any con
siderable number of appointments from the
classified list, his course ought tei le un
hesitatingly repudiated by the best men of
his own party.".
"Republican" Is really nice about this
matter. He wishes only the "best men" of
the Republican party to go into the special
repudiation of the administration. A good
Republican, or better Reputllcan than some
other Republican, need not apply to be
registered as such a repudlator. Possibly
well, probably some Republicans are betur
than some other Republicans, but the cata
logue of "best" Republicans Ls small, and
may be founel included In any duly author
ized list of full-grown mugwump. Good
Republicans are not going to Join in any
repudiation of the administration If there
should be Issued an order revoking Presi
dent Cleveland's placing forty thousand
Democrats in life positions, to the exclu
sion of that mans good Republicans. Such
an order of President McKinley would
meet with quite unanimous approval of the
class of citizens who are entitled to be
calleel good Republicans. Now this ques
tion presents itself to the writer's mind.
What number of withdrawals would, in tho
estimation of "best" Republicans, be held
to be a "considerable number?" If any
number mav be withdrawn from the classi
fied list, why not all the list? By what
ethical reasoning is the President debarred
from revoking President Cleveland's orders
concerning the civil service? If President
McKinley may revoke a civil-service order
of his predecessor relating to an inconsider
able number of appointments, the door is
opened for a general revocation of the
orders making appointments subject to
civil-service rules. Let it open. It has be
come quite common for "best" Republicans
to refer President McKinley to ex-President
Cleveland's example in many matters and
advise him "to go and do likewise." Really,
good Republicans see very little In Mr.
Cleveland's record worthy of commendation
or suitable as an example to guide Presi
dent McKinley in any matter. The writer
"wants the spoils" or a share in them. lie
has fought and bled and died several times
for the G. C). P. and would accept recogni
tion. - G. W. A.
Nashville, Ind.. April 1.1.
THE WOOL DUTIES.
31 r. Cowgill Think the ProvlHlon of
the IJIiiKley mil Inatleutui te.
To the lvlltcr of the Indianapolis Journal:
Tho editorial columns of the Journal of
the 17th inst. contained an article in which
the writer used the following language:
"The extieme duty on wool which the
wool growers and senators lrom the new
States are urging should not become a part
of the tariff law. The duties in the Dingley
bill should be reduced rather than in
creased." 1 am truly sorry to see the Journal
taking such a stand. If tho Dingley
bill, as it passeel the House of Rep
resentatives, becomes a law, and Is
maintained in its present provisions,
It will annihilate the great wool in
dustry of this country with no less cer
tainty than will, if continued, tho present
Gorman-Wilson law; tho only difference
being In the length of time required to ac
complish this result. If that provision
known as tho skirting clause were elimi
nated from the Dingley bill, or the duty in
creased commensurate with the increased
quantity of wool contained in a pound by
skirting the heavier and inferior part of tho
fleece from tho lighter anel.more valuable
part, and the duty on third class wool
made specific at a fair duty, then the bill,
if It should become a lav.-, would give mod
erate protection to the American wool
grower. And it would only be moderate
protection with these changes suggested.
The bill as it passed the House Is a fraud,
intended to gull and to cheat the American
farmer. I do not mean that Mr. Dingley
or his committee so intended, but I do mean
to say that they were deceived and misled
in the interest of Eastern manufacturers,
importers, and wool dealers.
It has been the practice of the govern
ment for many years to divide the wool into
classes and conditions in fixing the rate of
duty to be levied. The Dingley bill does
the same. On wool of the first class, un
washed, the rate Is fixed at seven cents per
Iound doubled if washed and trebled If
scoured. Why Is the duty doubitd on
washed wool over that in the unbroken and
unwasheel fleece? Simp.y because when
washed there is double the amount of wool
in a pound that there is in its unwashed
state. Then If, by some other manipulation,
a pound shall contain wool enough to make
as much cloth as if it were washed, can
any one assign a sensible reason why it
should not pay as much duty as a pound
of washed wool? Then on every skirted
pound, and it will all come skirted under
such a law, insteael of the farmer getting
eleven cents protection he will only get six,
and the government .will be defrauded out
of its revenue to the same extent that the
farmer Is cheated out of his protection. It
was a snare that caught both Congress and
the wool growers In 1SLHJ. Is fl not passing
strange that sensible men will suffer them
selves to bo imposed upon by this same
trick a second time?
The bill provides for ad valorem duties on
wool of the third class. It is well known
that ad valorem duties open the wide-st door
for fraud of any of the provisions ever in
grafted upon our tariff laws. Substantially
the same provision was contained in the
McKinley law. The result was that there
was more than three times as much wool
imported that assed the custom houses as
third class wool, than of both the other
classes together. It was only necessary to
call it carpet wool in order to pass It as
third class wool at the low ad valorem duty.
Much of It passed at a valuation of from
0V2 to 8 cents per pound. What protection,
or revenue, was there in the duty of 32 per
cent on a pound of wool valued at 8 cents?
That provision in the law enabled Importers
to get immense quantities of clothing wool
through the custom houses as third-class
wool. Take for example, the fiscal year of
while the McKinley law was in force,
and the official reports show the following
as to the quantity of wool of each class
entefeel and withdrawn for consumption In
that year: First class, 35.493.021 pounds; sec
ond class, 7.033,439 pounds; third class, 133,
107.5S1 pounds. It Is estimateel that at least
73 per cent, of all imported wools
pass the custom houses as third-class wool
at the-s,!ow ad valorem duty the half, or
more, of which Is used for clothing pur
poses, taking the place of first and second
class wools. This Is the protection the
Dingley bill offers the wool growers!
These provisions that are contained In
the Dingley bill were embodied in the Mc
Kinley law. The result was that the price
of wool declined from year to year under
that act. 1 quote from North's wool book
for ISO.", Page 0. for the month Of October
In each year, prices in cents per pound for
Ohio wool, as follows:
Fine. Medium. Coarse.
is:)l 31 cents Va cents SO t ents
1S02 1$ cents 23 cents 21 cents
1S3 2.1 cents 21 cents 21 cents
1.S94 13 cents 21 cents 19 cents
And so it will be under the Dingley bill
if it shall become a law. until this rcat In
dustry is destroyed. Surely the Journal has
not forgotten how these elcclines in prices
were pointed out by every Democratic
stump orator and free-trade paper in the
land to show the prices would be better
under free trade than under tariff laws.
Strip the Dingley bill of the tricky loop
holes It contains, and I think most wool
growers would be willing to accept it, not
as affording "ample protection," as prom
ised, but as affording very moderate protec
tion. I have been a wool grower for more
than fifty years, and think I know some
thing about the cost of growing wool, and
have no hesitancy, therefore. In saying that
such legislation as the Dingley bill propos
es, if persisted in, will destroy wool growing
in the United States. The question, then,
stares the American people in the face: Are
they prepared to give up and abandon this
great industry to gratify the greed of a few
Eastern manufacturers and importers
by acquiescing in their selfish de
mands, or shall they insist upon
their rights as American citizens?
Western citizens should be commended
for insisting on protecting the rights of
their constituents, rather than criticised,
for not acquiescing In such rascally fraud
as Is proposed In the Dingley bill.
C. COWGILL.
Wabash, Ind., April 1?.
The matter with Topeka.
Editor White's Paper.
For the last six mcnths there hasn't been
a social gathering of any distinction that
has not been marred by cards. Cards are
not wicked, but they are deadly. They de
stroy Intellectual activity. They make
thought impossible. They are worse than
whisky and this town has lost more time
and energy by cards and Saratoga pcta
toes than it has by beer and whisky. One
preacher in town dares to tackle cards:
the rest are afraid of the rich members,
so they are content with jumping on Tur
key and Spain.
4 m &
The Street-Car Ruling.
Chicago Post.
One thing, however. Is settled. The com
pany's rights will expire In l!n)l. and the
city will be in a position to make a new
arrangement with It or nny rival that may
appear in the field. The Legislature, by ap
propriate and opportune action, has aved
Inelianapolis from an ejdious monopoly. In
this State it is the Legislature which seeks
to fasten an arrogant and rapacious monop
oly upon the greatest city within its boun
daries. What a contrast!
4 9 a
In South Africa.
Detroit Tribune.
Oom Paul is again agitating a good
Rhodes movement.
ANOTHER WHITE CITY
THE ONE Ht'ILDED AT NASHVILLE
FOR TENNESSEE'S CENTENNIAL.
It Wnn CouMtructctl Vnder nitrcslnc
Financial Condition- nnd Amldt
the Turmoil of Politics.
ALL WILL BE READY BY MAY 1 '
EXPOSITION NVILIj OPEN' OX THAT
DATE AND CONT1NLE TO OCT. 1.
A Com I ii gr Event of Xationnl lmpor- ,
tuncc in Which TcnttCMMee Invite !
the Nation to Participate.
Siecial to the Indianapolis Journal.
NASHVILLE. Tenn., April 22.-The past
decade has witnessed a wonderful revolu- j
tion In the Industrial life of the whole coun
try, and especially of the South. It seems
almosfr incredible that a section of our
country that had been desolated by war
could so poon re-cover, and for those who
visited the South at the close of the war,
and who may come now, the change will
appear so striking as to seem almost like
the realization of a dream anel the fulfill
ment of the preeiictions that after the abo
lition of slavery a social structure would 1
be reared upon the ruins of the old regime
Interesting to contemplate and wonderful
to behold. That such a wonderful and de
sirable change has been wrought is at once J
a tribute to the free institutions under
which we live and to the courage, sagacity
and recuperative powers of the South
erners. It has long been charged against the peo
ple of the South that they were subject to
climatic Influences, and that, therefore,
they were not unlike the inhabitants of the
tropics In that they were languid and self
indulgent at the cost of public spirit and
generul aelvancement. That a ger lal climate
does, in a way, lull the energies of a peo
ple is doubtless true, but at present it is
less noticeable in the Soutli than anywhere !
else in the temirate, zones.
Immediately after the war the most far
seeing Southerners, and distant friends at
the East and in Europe, persistently
preached the necessity of tiiverslfied crops
and the introduction of the most improved
industrial methods. The people were told
that they must build their own mills and
spin their own cotton if they expected to
attain to a state of commercial importance !
and Independence. This policy was taken
up, at first under great difficulties and pos
sibly in a halt-hearted way, but to-day the
"languid" Southern air is musical with the
hum of industry and the Southland is a
very hive of busy men. Not only has the
product of labor increased year by year,
but the iron industry of the South has been
developed, and to-day the manufacturers
not only supply their own needs, but they
ship the rough products of the mills and
furnaces to every market In the country.
Machinery in its various forms is not yet
supplied at home, and It will be many years
before the East ceases to be the source
from which their needs in mechanical ap
pliances will bt supplied. Eastern manu
facturers know very well what the wants
of the Southern people are, and it will be
very well for them to note the fact that
these needs are increasing rather than di
minishing as the South becomes more pros
perous. The Southern people wear good
clothes, and they are especially fastidious
as to the fit and shape of their shoes. They
want good Implements and machinery, but
have not time or the facilities to make
these commodities, and what need to make
them when the East and North can supply
them better and cheaper than they could
be made, especially through that stage of
experience which is to disastrous to cap
ital and to new enterprises in times of
business depression.
A NEW ERA.
The Tennessee Centennial Exposition will
mark a new era in the advancement of the
South. It will not only show to the world
what Tennessee can do and what her re
sources are, but it will advertise her needs.
The manufacturers and merchants of the
East and North are Invited to come and
show how they may help the South in the
progressive work -that is before them, and
they aro welcome to use this exposition as
a means cf teaching their neighbors and
advertising their goods.
Much has been said and written about !
. b a
the Tennessee t entenniai ana international
Exposition. It is very natural for the man
agement, whose duty it is to promote its
interests and to make it a grand success,
to speak and write encouragingly of its
plans and prospects. The Nashville news
papers are given a certain license in puffing
its merits, but it remains for the visitors
who see for the first time the magnificent
array of buildings and the wonderful scope
of the enterprise to express their pleasure
and surprise In truthful, but more extrava
gant, language than the home newspapers
or any of the people who are more directly
Interesteel have yet employed. In other
words, the greatest praise of the work al
ready done by the exposition . management
has been spoken by visitors from distant
points who can have no motive in doing
moro than simple justice to a worthy enter
prise. Writers for newspapers who have
recently visited the grounds of the Tennes
see Centennial Exposition have attempted
no comparison between this and former ex
positions. It is smalhr in area and in the
measurements of sonv of the structures
than the Chicago woi Id's fair, but It Is
greater in scope, as well as In the num
ber, size and architectural beauty of the
buildings than the Philadelphia Centennial,
while no other expedition held In this coun
try has upproached tho Tennessee Centen
nial Exposition, which is not a local or
sectional affair, but is really and truly In
ternational. The Governors of many of the States have
secured appropriations from their legisla
tures for representation at this centennial,
and others are working to that end. aided
by tho most patriotic and public-spirited
citizens of the States. In several cases
where this has not been found practicable
the cities and business world is awake to
the importance of the enterprise.
The centennial birthday was formally and
elaborately celebrated June 1, lr-'.'ti. and the
exposition dedicated, the greater celebra
tion having been postjoned until 1V.7. The
postponement was necessary in order that
all arrangements for holding a Tennessee
centennial and international exposition
might be completed, and in order that the
people of the country might be free from
the excitement, strife and turmoil Incident
to a presidential campaign.
But the work of building the exposition
vas carried 'on regardless of the iolitical
contest which absorbed the minds of the
people, and, with faith in the verdict of the
American voters, the management looked
forward to a year of national peace and
political quietude. If not af business pros
perity, assured or the most gratifying suc
cess of an enterprise thst was born of pa
triotism, cherished by a love of country and
fostered by the energy muI. capital of a
prosperous and happy corrniiinlty. Quietly
the work went steadily forward, and when
the smoke of the political battle had cleared
away the exposition, wh'eh had been
builded under the most disttessing financial
Ieriod in the history of the country, was
found nestling among the hills in the midst
of a beautiful park, a veritable "White
t'ity" a thing of beauty and a jov forever.
Even ihen. five or six months prior to the
day set for the opening of the gates and
doors, the work had orogtcsscd so far that
If the opening should have occurrred on
New Year's day the re would have been less
cause for complaint from visitors on ac
count of its Incompleteness than has been
known in many instance Since that time
further progress has been made, and the
buildings then remaining unfinished are
well under way. so that everything will be
ready for the opening on the first day of
May. with iossibly such exceptions as some
of the state buildings, the. United States
government and tho ferigii buildings, over
vhich the exposition management has no
control, but even this contingency is not
expected.
EVERYTHING READY.
The first ine days of the exposition will
bring hundred of thousands of people to
Nashville, and it is the puriosc of the man
agement to have all things ready and in
order, so that each vhdtor may go away
and tell his or her friend tnat they may
come and not be disappointed. In this re
spect they hope to win a verdict from the
visitors that wiii be vastly Citi
lerent from the experience of early
visitors to former exiMjaiticna. As an Incen
tive to exhibitors to be alto ready, the ex
position managers have olfered to refund
all money pMu lor space to those who have
their exhibits in pi aee on opening elay.
The beauty uf rt and the ierfcctKn in
architecture displayed in the construction
of the exjesition wih astonish and pleas
visitor from all over the world, and If
these structures were emptied of their
treasures In art, the archives jnl relics of
history and the wealth of the products of
the land and of tho thousands of attrac
tions which will be congregated there if
these and the music and the flowers of tho
sunnj- South and the -miles of the beauti
ful women of Tennessee were wanting
there would still be a satisfactory compen
sation in viewing the Tennessee Centennial
Exposition on account of the itory it tells
of the world's greatest achievements hi
architecture.
Many visitors at Nashville during the
past three mouths have expressed astonish
ment at the magnitude of the. exposition
and the progress thut has been quietly
made in the erection of the buildings, while
they have been delighted with the beauty
and grandeur of the scene which will be
greatly enhanced by the process of nature
with the aid of the landscape nardener be
fore the gates swing open to the world. -All
tluough the South, the East, the Nortti
and the West, the people of tulture and
of wide observation are talking, and the
iiewspa.ers are writing about the Tennes
see Centennial Expos, tion. aid it has al
ready taker, its place in the minds of tho
people, especially of those who travel and
desire to see the world r.s the ouly event
of national importance for the year of
peace and prosperity 137.
AN ARTISTS OPINION.
Mr. George W. Chambers, of St. Louis,
spent a few days in Nashville recently, and
while there paid a visit to the exposition.
Soon after his return home he vrote to a
friend in Nashville, giving some of his im
pressions of the exposition, from which the
following extract is taken:
"My Dear Sir It is u pleasure to give
you, however briefly, the Impressions 1 re
ceived from a visit to your cci.tennial
grounds. I was surprised vo find the- build
ings and the grounds us well so far ad
vanced. Indeed, fjom the oiean condition
of roadways and grass plats one mignt.
with reason, conclude? that all. inside as
well as outside, was In readiness lor public
scrutiny.
'The grounds seemed to me to be ad
mirably laid cut, both lor convenience in
getting about and for the best presentation
of the architectural effects. The stretches
of lawn, v. hich spring will diess in 'living
green.' will be a feature much lacaing at
the world's fair, and wiii add a repose
so much needed in a 'wnlte e'Uy' whoso
architecture is more or less rigaiiy classic.
Thete were not many places at Chicago tor
the eye to rest upon in detail, and none at
all in the generul effect, it was too liter
ally a eity ' In your coming lair all this
will be different, 1;' one may judge from tho
present condition of affairs. Ot course, as
yet. one misses the cntor effect, which will
set much enhance the beauty of It all. The
flower beds to bteak the green here and
there, and perhaps a tone of color cn the
larger buildings, and a Utile more audacity
in the color of the smaller buiidirgs. with
some gilt !u midair to give elevation, and
to giv back an echo of the sun's radiance.
All th!s will come In proper time, to serve,
like the last touches in a lady's toilet, in
giving emphasis to the fundamental beauty.
Then there will Ik fie liags. banners, pen
nants und streamer-, all bright and bril
liant spots, who-e waving and undulating
folds will giv? those broken lines against
the sky so valuable as folU for the straight
architect tiral and structural lines necessary
in the buildings.
"Of the buildings already completed It
would be invidious to speak comparatively,
and ineleed unnecessary, where all Is so
admirably planned and designed. And yet I
cannot omit a brief word concerning the
Parthenon. Not in its praise, for It needs
none, nor in its history, for that is trite,
nor yet of the wisdom of choosing it as
being adapted to the purpose, for that will
be evident to all who enter it. Tho thought
I had in looking at it on the day of my
visit was that, strangely enough, it would
perhaps be less of a surprise to Southern
visitors than other buildings, commonplace
enough in air respects, it will be perfec t
ly familiar to them and that not because
thev have seen pictures of It. but because
south of the Mason and Dixon line thU is
the type of architecture that was chosen
for the stately homes as well as for state
and public buildings. That choice of tha
classic Greek for all important work, do
mestic and national, is distinctly the choice
of tho Semth. It would seem that, approach
ing the parallel of Athens in this country.
It was a sine qua non to follow its arch
itecture. But, however that may le. and
whatever the cause it will chance that the
Southern contingent will look with familiar
eyes upon the grand repose of the Parthe
non. Of course no one Is going to lother
himself much about what it all means, be
cause we will all be too busy looking at
and enjoying the beauty provided for us
by the splendid energy and self-sacrifice of
your people. But it might furnish a half
hour's pleasant reflection In some shady
corner to note first that this same Par
thenon seems externally to be the most
consistent building on the grounds, and to
consider after whether the large simplicity,
the wide repose and the impressive stabil
ity of it did not -omehow belong to that
old life, from Virginia downwards, which
can never tome again. There it Is at all
events, and there will not be a visitor from
all the fair old Southland that cannot recall
the same expression of simplicity and re
pose in a lesser degree, perhaps, in some
structure In his own community. Success
be yours in a heaping measure."
4
AX LNCALLEI1-FOR CRITICISM.
General IlnrrUon'a .Magazine Article
Come t'p for Dlacua-alon.
Washington Post.
The Providence Journal makes these com
ments on ex-Ire?ident Harrison's series of
articles, entitled "This Country of Ours."
and printed in a popular monthly publica
tion that is chiefly devoted to the interests
of women and the affairs of the home:
"Our friend Mr. Bok announces with
pride, speaking of the series of articles
recently contributed to hi organ of true
culture, that 'General Harrison is the first
President to show the public through the
White House, "upstairs, downstairs." etc.,
and to detail the President's dally routine
and the social and domestic Phaser of life
in the executive mansion.' And trere nre
jersons who are behind the time, who
have old-fashioned views of social ar-d of
ficial proprieties, and who hope that be will
be the last to undertake any rimilar job.
even for the sake of Mr. Bok's wide circlo
of readers."
They are not the "persons who are be
hind the times." or those "who have old-fashlone-d
views of social and official pro
prieties." who entertain that "hopo." Only
those who are so pessimistically inclined
that they think the times are out of joint;
that everything is nt loose ends: that th
world is topsy-turvy, and the people lr.-
sane only such can find any departure
from the proprieties, social or official, in
the- articles that meet our Providence con
temporary's solemn condemnation. W
suspect it U not so much the Harrison con
tributions to Mr. Bok' magazine as dis
like of Mr. Bok anel his methods which
moves the Journal to make an unkind re
mark. It Is the habit of that pape r to sneer
at Mr. Bok two or three times a week, and
it has managed to make some of these
sneers extremely amcslrg: but this effort
hits General Harrison a blow over Bok's
shoulder and displays more malice th in
humor. For if there be any one thing fcr
which General Harrison has a special ab
horrence. It is that of which the Journal
accuses him: if there be ore thing of which
he Is more mindful than anything else, it
Is the strict observance of "social nnd of
ficial proprieties." That has leen the uni
form habit of Mr. Harrison's life, and thos
who have hael the privilege of his Intimate
aerjualntanco would as soon charge him
with grand larceny as a tleparture from
that habit.
The series of articles contributed by the
ex-President to Mr. Kok's publication had
for their chief object the education of
women In the. construction and practical
operation of our government. The en
larged resnon5ibllities of women consequent
upon the Increased and steadily Increasing
area of their activities rendered it impor
tant, if not imperatively necessary, that
they should have a clearer understanding
of this subject. No man was better qual
ified than General Harrison to execute the
task that Mr. Bok engaged him to per
form, and "Mr. llok's vrldj circle of rend
ers" has not been offended by any neglect
of the proprieties. The articles have tilled
a lamented vacancy in our literature, and
it would be an admirable idea to compile
from them a school text-book.
There ls not the Ieat danger than Gen.
Harrison will ever forget that he is an
ex-President, or fail to maintain the elignlty
due to that peculiar position. But he will
not make the mistake of Imagining himself
too exalted a personage to contribute to
magazines for the edification of his fellow
citizens, nnd. Incidentally, for the Increase
of his Income.
4 o a
Would Retain Preencc of Mind.
Kansas City Journal.
The people of the United States would
very must regret to ee a great war In Eu
rope, but they would not regret so deeply
as to forget to ni;rrk up the price of pro
Visions. 4 a
Grent Event.
Washington Post.
Amos Rusle has signed a contract to play
ball with the New York team, and the veto
on the arbitration treaty will be had oa
May 5.

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