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The Indianapolis journal. [volume] (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, September 19, 1897, Part One, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015679/1897-09-19/ed-1/seq-7/

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Money to Lend
Persons desiring to borrow money on im
proved real estate in this city, or upon ap
proved collateral security, will find it to
their advantage to call at the office of the
Indiana
Trust Company
Corner Washington St. and Virginia Ave.
. Loans made promptly, upon the most fa
vorable terms as to time, rate and pay
ments.
Capital, $1,000,000
Liability of Stockholders, . $1,000,000
Surplus, $20,000
OFFICERS:
J. P. FRENZEL. President.
FREDERICK FAHNLEY, First Vice
President.
K. G. CORNELIUS, Second Vice Presi
dent.
JOHN A. BUTLER, Secretary.
THE L. A. KINSEY CO.
INCORPORATED. \
CAPITAL. gii.Y.OOO—FULL PAID.
—BROKERS—
Chicago Grain and Provisions
New York Stocks.
Long Distance Telephone, 1378 and 1592.
11 and 18 West Pearl Street
Cincinnati Office, Rooms 4 and a. Kankakee b'ld'g
BIG DEMAND FOR MONEY
e
RESERVE OF NEW YORK RANKS GO
ING DOWN AT A RAPID RATE.
.
Feature of Stock Market Wan the
Gyrations of Consolidated Gas-
Local Markets Steady.
+
At New YArk, Saturday, money on call
was nominal at 1%£t.2% per cent.
Prime mercantile paper, 44*4% per cent.
Sterling exchange was dull and steady,
with actual business in bankers’ bills at
$4.84%4t4.55 for demand and at [email protected]%
for sixty days; posted rates, [email protected] and
$4.85%@4.86%; commercial bills, $4.81%©t4.82.
Bar silver, 5714 c; Mexican dollars, 43%c;
silver certificates closed at 57&59e. At Lon
don bar silver was steady at 26%d per
ounce.
Exports of specie from the port of New
York for the week amounted to $745,320 in
silver and $7,625 in gold. The imports for
the week were: Gold, $95,515; silver, $38,071;
dry goods and general merchandise, $6,727,-
613.
The New York weekly bank statement
shows the following changes:
Surplus reserve, decrease $6,773,650
Loans, increase 2,669,900
Specie, decrease 349,500
Legal tenders, decrease 7,972,000
Deposits, decrease 6,191,409
Circulation, increase 621,200
The banks now hold $19,893,375 in excess of
the requirements of the 25 per cent. rule.
The New York Financier says: “That
present advancing rates for money are well
justified is shown in the statement of the
associated banks of New York city for the
week ending Sept. 18. There is nothing to
indicate an early cessation of the demand
for funds at interior points. The interior
banks are drawing down their deposits in
New York very rapidly. If the statement
toreshauows anything it is that loaning
rates will be advanced to a higher figure
ttian now prevailing, but this contingency
via only hasten the time ot goal imports,
with a consequent decline in quotations.
Tnat there will be “any stringency is im
probable. The continued expansion in me
stock market contirms this view. For the
first time in their history, perhaps, tne
banks now hold over ou per cent, ot their
cash in gold coin. Asa result of the fail
ciop movement, circulation is expanding.”
Total sales of stocks were 2*e,ui4 snares,
including: Atcnison, ll,4oo; Atchison pre
ferred, 10,320; cnesapeuke &. umo, 7,.10;
Chicago, Burlington St Quincy, 16,350; Man
hattan, 10,<ou; Missouri Racine, 6,00 u; North
ern Racitic preterred, 3,690; '.mtario & West
ern, 4,070; Reading, 13,du0; Rock Island, 3,500;
St. Raul. 5.970; Southern Railway preferred,
3,100; Texas & Racine, 3,310; Union Pacific,
8,295; Union Pacific, Denver & Gulf,
8,335; Ray State Gas, S.3UU; Consolidated
Gas, 7,870; Sugar, 5,270; Western Union, 3,4u0;
Chicago Great western, 11.520.
The feature of the dealings at Satur
day's brief session of the New York Stock
Exchange was the extraordinary gyrations
of Consolidated Gas stock. The stock had
been comparatively steady about 240 since
its jump of 20 points eariy in tne week, but
it took a violent fall ot over 16 points from
the opening, and jumped up and down on
the recovery like boiling water in a glass
tube. The variations in price on the down
grade were as high as 3 points between con
secutive sales, and upon the recovery tne
fluctuations jumped over several points at
a time in the most erratic and unstable
manner. The stock closed at 233, a net de
cline of 6. Its eccentric movement served
to unsettle the whole market and discour
aged trading generally. The market sagged
somewhat. There was an undertone of
heaviness in the speculation all day, what
ever strength was apparent being in spots.
The indications supplied by the bank state
ment that rates for money would rise
further in the future served as a check on
speculation and helped the decline in the
final hour. Manhattan suffered a sharp de
cline of 2% on the authoritative denial of
any projected transfer to purchase Bailway
interests and of eny projected change in
motive power. The coalers reacted some
what from yesterday’s advance. Delaware
& Hudson rose IV*. but losing practically all
the gain. Chicago Great Western mani
fested strength in its August statement
and Burlington was carried above St. Paul,
but closed a fraction below. Union Pacific
wqs under pressure of London selling to
realize after yesterday’s heavy buying. Bal
timore & Ohio rose a point and reacted, and
Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern preferred
rose over 2 points and retained practically
all the gain. Pittsburg, Cincinnati, Chicago
Ac St. lands preferred advanced 2 points and
Lake Erie & Western preferred %. Wheel
ing Ac Lake Erie preferred, after declining
nearly a point, rallied to above Friday
night’s close. Missouri Pacific stocks were
heavy throughout the day. The close
showed prices generally below Friday
night’s close.
The confidence of th"e bears that the long
expected reaction was due was augmented
from time to time during the week, and a
short Interest has shown itself in some
what aggressive mood several times. The
bears were not much encouraged by their
efforts Monday, and on Tuesday they Were
routed as a result of the sharp fall in ex
change, and the prediction that a gold im
port movement would immediately set in.
For the rest or the wi?ek the market was
extremely irregular and sharp advances oc
curred in different stocks through the list
while other leading stocks remained at an
unchanged level. There was heavy liquida
tion in progress and the steadiness with
which the offerings to realize were ab
sorbed is a striking testimony to the con
tinued breadth and strength of the support.
Som* of the most remarkable of the ad
vances have been well retained and the
level of the market is decidedly higher
than a week ago. Consolidated Gas is thfe
only one of the stocks advanced that has
had a serious set back. The high prices of
many stocks are ba.sed on expectations of
increased dividends, but in no ease is the
prospective increase in dividend anything
like In proportion to the increase which had
taken place in the prices. There is good
ground for the argument that prices
nave advanced to a higher level than is
warranted. ThV. argument is made, on the
other hand, that the rate of return on in.
vestment has reached a permanently lower
basis. The long continued stagnation in
the money inarkit has tendv-d to the same
conviction. The bank statement, however,
elves evidence of the rapid absorption of
idle money by the growing needs of com
merce and Industry. U Is evident, also,
from the action of the exchange market
that the expanding balance of trade in fa
vor of this country stands as a safeguard
against any strlng>-ncy In our money mar
ket. Net changes for the w>ek In the ma
jority of leading stocks axe small, but a
few stocks show large gains. Quite a num
ber of usually neglected and low priced
stocks have Ween carried to a higher level.
The business in bonds has been heavy,
but advances were not so marked as during
recent periods, some of the speculative is
sues showing slight reactions on profit tak
ing.
Dealings in government bonds have been
dull and prices are unchanged except for
the new fours, which are a half lower.
The following table, prepared by L. W.
Louis, Room 11, Board of Trade, show'? the
range of quotations:
Open- High- Low- Clos
ing. est. est. ing.
Adams Express 157
American Express 116
American Spirits 14% 14% 1414 14%
American Spirits pref 33%
American Sugar 153% 153% 152 152%
American Sugar prei 11S
American Tobacco ,91 91% 90% 91%
American Tobacco pref 112%
Atchison 16% 17 16% 16%
Baltimore Sc Ohio 19%
Canada Pacific 73%
Canada Southern 61 61% 61 61
Central Pacific 16%
Chesapeake & Ohio 26% 26% 26% 26%
Chicago A-. Alton 164
C., B. & Q 101% 101% 101% 101%
C. A E. I. pref 101%
Chicago Gas 107% 108% 107% 107%
C\. C.. C. Si St. L 41 41% 40% 40%
C.. I. & L 11
C., 1. k L. pref 35%
Commercial Cable Cos 170
Consolidated Gas 233
Colton Oil 24%
Cotton Oil pref 77
Delaware & Hudson 123 123 121% 121%
IX. L. & W 161%
Denver & Rio Grande 14%
Denver & Rio Grande pref 49%
Erie (new) 18%
Erie first pref 44%
Fort Wayne 170
General Electric 40% 40% 40% 40%
Great Northern pref 140
Hocking Valley 6%
Illinois Central 108
Kansas St Texas pref 41% 41% 41 41
I.ake Erie & W 21%
Lake Erie & W. pref 78%
Lake Shore 179
Lead Trust 41% 41% 41 41%
Louisville A Nashville 62 62 61% 61%
Manhattan 112% 112% 109% 109%
Michigan Central 116%
Missouri Pacific 38% 39% 38% 38%
Nw Jersey Central 101% 101% 100% 100%
New York Central 114% 115 114% 114%
Ntrthem Pacific 21%
Northern Pacific pref 56% 66% 55% 65%
Northwestern 131% 131% 131 131%
Northwestern pref 164
Pacific Mail 38% 38% 38 38
Pullman Pa ace 184%
Reading 29% 29% 28% 28%
P.ock Island 95% 95% 95% 95%
St. Paul 101% 101% 101% 101%
St. Paul pref 145%
St. Paul & Omaha 88% 88% 87% 88%
St. Paul St Omiha pref 140
Southern Pacific 21%
Tennessee Coal and .1r0n... 33% 33% 33% 33%
Texas Pacific 13%
Union Pacific 24% 24% 23% 24
U. S. Express 44
If. S. Leather 9%
If. S Leather pref 70 70% 69% 69%
U. 8. Rubber 19
If S. Rubber pref 69%
Wabash, St. L. & P 8%
Wabash. St. L. & P. pref 23%
We! Is-Fargo Express 109
Western Union 96% 96% 96% 96%
Wheeling & Lake Erie 2%
Wheeling & Lake Erie pref 13%
U. S. fours, reg 112%
U. S. fours, coup .... 114
U. S. fours, new. reg 126
U. S. fours, new, coup 126
LOCAL GRAIN AND PRODUCE.
Prices Strong; and Trade Heavy with
Wholesale Houses.
It is no exaggeration to say that the trade of
the week ending Sept. 18 was the most satisfac
tory of any week in the last three years, and
considerably In excess of the best week’s busi
ness of the present year. Os course the large at
tendance at the state fair had something to do
with the boom w'hich the wholesale houses ex
perienced. The wholesale dry goods houses, the
druggists, the boot and shoe men, the milliners,
hat and cap dealers were kept busy far Into the
night in filling the orders taken during the day,
and the oldest merchants say that as much busi
ness was done on South Meridian street last
week as in any week in the history of the street.
Especially did the grocers have an immense
trade, all of them employing extra teams. The
confectioners, the hardware men and the dealers
in fancy goods, notions and toys shared In the
highly satisfactory trade. Except on sugars there
were but few changes in values. On Commission
row trade was very satisfactory. The commis
sion merchants were able to clear up their stocks
and to get very satisfactory prices compared with
those which prevailed a month ago, and from
this on fruits and vegetables are doubtless to
bring average prices with those which have pre
vailed in the most prosperous years of the coun
try. Receipts of bananas, apples and Irish po
tatoes are somewhat better than a week ago.
There was no glutting of the market, and the
commission men got better prices. The flour
market is stronger. The hay market weak. Pro
visioiis are in good reouest at easy prices.
The local rrain market was fairly active
through the week, the receipts of wheat being
disappointing. There was some increase in the
receipts of corn and oats, but on no day were
arrivals sufficient to meet the demand. The week
closed with track bids ruling as follows:
Wheat—No. 2 red, 93c; No. 3 red, [email protected]; Sep
tember, 93c; wagon wheat, 93c.
Corn—No. 1 white, 31%c; No. 2 white, 31%c; No.
3 white, 31%c; No. 4 white, 28%c; No. 2 white
mixed, ;0c; No. 3 white mixed, 30c; No. 4
white mixed, 27c; No. 2 yellow, 30c; No. 3 yel
low, 30c; No. 4 yellow, 27c; No. 2 mixed, 30c;
No. 3 mixed, 30c; No. 4 mixed, 27c: ear corn, 27c.
Oats—No. 2 white, 21%c; No. 3 white, 20%c; No.
2 mixed, 19%c: No. 3 mixed. 18%c.
Hav—No. 1 timothy, $6(0.6.50.
Inspections—Wheat: Rejected, 1 car; total, 1
car. Corn; No. 3 white, 17 cars; No. 4 white, 1;
No. 3 yellow, 3; No. 3 mixed, 11: total, 32 oars.
Oats: No. 2 white, 1 car; No. 3 white, 1; rejected,
1; total, 3 cars.
Poultry and Other Produce.
(Prices paid by shippers.)
Poultry—Hons, 7c; springs, 7c; cocks, 3c; hen
turkeys, 7c, toms, 6c; dueks. 6c; geese, 40c for
full feathered; 30c for plucked.
Butter —Country, choice, 6c; mixed, sc.
Eggs—Strictly fresh. [email protected]
Feathers—Prime geese. 30c per lb; prime duck,
[email protected] per lb. ...
Beeswax—3oc for yellow, 2oc for dark.
Honey—l2(f<l4o per lb.
Wool—Medium, unwashed, 15c; fine merino, un
washed, lOWllc; tub-washed, [email protected]; burry and
unmerchantable, 5c less. #
HIDES, TALLOW. ETC.
Green-salted Hides —No. 1, B%c; No. 2, 7%c; No.
1 calf, 10c; No. 2 calf, B%c.
Grease—White, 2%c; yellow, 2%c; brown, 2%c.
Tallow—No. 1. 3c; No. 2. 2%c.
Bones—Dry, $12(313 per ton.
LIVE STOCK.
Cattle Scarce and Steady—Hogs Strong;
and Higher—Slieep Stronger.
INDIANAPOLIS, Sept. 18.—Cattle Receipts
light; shipments none. There were hardly enough
here to establish any change. Generally con
sidered, the market was steady with yesterday.
Export grades s4.Bs<g> 6.25
Shipiiers, medium to good 4.450 4.60
Shippers, common to fair 3.60® 4.15
Stockers and feeders, common to good.. [email protected] 4.25
Heifers, good to choice 3.75® 4.25
Heifers, common to medium 2.753 3.50
Cow's, good to choice 3.75® 4.25
Cows, fair to medium 2.50® 2.90
Cows, common and old 1.263. 3.00
Veals, good to choice 5.00® 6.00
Vtals, common to medium [email protected] 4.50
Bulls, good to choice 3.50® 3.76
Bulls, common to medium. 2.263 3.00
Milkers, good to choice 30.00340.00
Milkers, common to medium [email protected]
Hogs—Receipts, 1,600; shipments, 1,000. The
supply was exceptionally light. The market
opened strong to higher, usually 5c higher, but
in a few cases 10c higher. The order trade con
sumed the supply, and packers were out of the
market. The closing was steady.
Light $4.15®4.40
Mixed [email protected]
Heavy packing and shipping 4.1534.30
Pigs 2.6034.30
Roughs 3.00§*3.99
Sheep and Lambs—Receipts none; shipments
none. There were but few on sale. The market
was stronger on good grades, while others were
steady.
Lambs, good to choice $4 2535.00
i lainibs, common to medium 3.00#4.00
Sheep, good to choice 3.2533.75
Sheep, common medium 2.25Q3.25
Bucks, per head 3.00®5.00
Elsewhere,
CHICAGO, Sept. 18.—A run of cattle about
twice the volume of an ordinary Saturday sup
ply met fair demand to-day, and all the sales
v ere made close to Friday's values. Most of the
arrivals were Western rangers, which sold to
canning concerns. Rnd for teeders at [email protected],
a load of good 998-nound steers at $3.50. A good
many small lots of native butchers' stock went
slowly. Veal calves were slow and prices about
the highest of the season.
Trade In hogs had a good firm tone, many good
heavy hogs selling 6c higher, and all good grades
at aoout the best prices of the week. A few
, heavy had to sell below $3.90. prime big hogs
going as high as $4.25: best butchers up to $4.30,
and fancy bacon pigs at $4 87%. Late trade
showed a weaker tendency, and a good many
plain, heavy lots selling around S3.So.
There was a good demand for tne offerings of
sheep and lambs. A band of nearly 500 good 91-
pouad Western muttons went at $3.95, and 100
fair 86-vound teecers at $3.50. A few mean llttie
lots of lambs sold at $3.50463.90. about 100 fair 72-
pounti lambs at $4.80, and a small lot of choice
81-pound lambs at $5.40. Good to choice feeders
were in .urgent demand at $3.60©3.75, and $4 was
patd for small lots of choice natives.
Receipts—Cattle. 700; hogs, 12,000; sheep, 10.000.
ST. LOUIS. Sept. IS. —Cattle —Receipts, 100;
shipments. 700; market steady. Fair to fancy
native shipping and export steers. [email protected] bulk
ot sales, s4.7o'® 5.10; steers under 1,000 lbs, $3.75®
4.40, bulk of sales, $434.25; Stockers and feeders.
$2,504)4.25, bulk ot sales, $3.2504; cows and heif
ers. $24(1.50, bulk of cows. *2.50(83.15; canning
ccws, $1.f.w2.30; bulls, $2,001$ 3.60; Texans and
Indian steers, $2.50®4.10; cows and heifers, $2.50
@3.45.
Hosts —Receipts, 8.000; shipments, 2,000: market
5c higher. Light, $4.20-24.30; mixed. $3.9034.20;
heavT, $8,905)4.30.
Sheep—Receipts, 690: shipments, 1,000: market
steady. Native muttons, [email protected]: stackers, $2.25
f:'..25; lambs. $3.7505.20.
EAST LIBERTY. Sept. 18.—Cattle—Supply
fight; prices unchanged.
H )gs slow and lower. Prime light weights and
good mediums. [email protected]; fair to best Yorkers.
SI.4'HO 4.45; pigs. 64.20Q4.46; heavy, [email protected]:
grassers and stubbier*. $4.9#4j4.30; roughs, $2.7b
@8.75.
Sheep steady. Choice, *[email protected]; common, $2.50
@3.40; choice lamb*. $6.3005.60; common to good
lambs. [email protected] veal calves, $6.5007.25.
NEW YORK. Sept. 18.—Beeves—Receipts. 998.
No change in cables. Exports, 1.699 beeves, 4.393
uuarters of beef. Calve*-Receipts, 123; market
THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1897.
quiet and generally lower. Veals, [email protected]; grass
ers and buttermilks, [email protected]
Sheep and Lanins —Receipts, 3,809. Sheep, s3©>
4.25; latch* ss©6.
Hogs—Receipts—l,sßl; market firm at [email protected]
EAST BUFFALO, Sept. I®.—Cattle—Nothing
doing.
Hogs—Yorkers, good to choice, $4.50<54.00;
roughs, common to good,. $3.65-03.80; pigs, good to
choice, $4.25©: 4.40. _
Lambs —Choice to extra, $5.75©T>.80; culls and
common, [email protected]?5. Sheep—Choice to selected
wethers, $4,504(4.75; culls and common, $2.50(04.
KANSAS CITY, Sept. M.—Cattle—Receipts, 200;
market steady nnd unchanged; only retail trade.
Hogs—Receipts. 3,600; market strong to 10c
higher. Bulk ol' sales, [email protected]%: heavies. [email protected]>
4.05; packers. $3.95©4.02%; mixed, [email protected]; lights,
$3.95© 4.07%; Yorkers, $4.05© 4.07%; pics. $3.40%3.95.
Sheep—Receipts, 1,000; market strong. Lambs,
$3.35© 5.35; muttons, [email protected]
CINCINNATI, Sept. 18.—Hogs active at $3.50
@4.30.
Cattle steadv. Best, $2.25©5.2c.
Sheep steady at [email protected] Lambs steady at $3.i5
@5.50.
LOUISVILLE, Sept. 18.—Cattle unchanged.
Hogs—Receipts. 600; market active. Best heavy
and medium, $4.25.
Sheep—Receipts. 400; market unchanged.
VITAL STATISTICS— SEPT. 18.
Birth*.
Alice and Dink Hubbell, 30 Forest avenue, boy.
Helen and George Sauer, 169 Downey street,
girl.
Hattie and Daniel Jones, 231 West Michigan
street, girl.
Alice and Harry Phipps, Belmont avenue, hoy.
Deaths.
Frederick W. Wahl, nineteen years, 70 East
prospect street, phthisis. .
Intant Simpson, 25 Patterson street, cholera
morbus. ,
William B. Fesler, sixty-four years, 290 Lnion
street, nephritis.
Infant Wayne, Colored Orphan's Home, in
anition.
Clara nee C. Carey, four months. 1119 West
Twenty-seventh street, marasmus.
India R. McConnell, sixty-two years, 1009 North
West street, nephritis.
Mis. Helen 5L Diekarson, sixty-nine years, 1406
Lexington avenue, oedema.
. Frank Smith, thirty-four years, 1102 Prospect
street, heart disease.
Henry Kammacher, fifty-eight years, 187 Madi
son avenue, cancer of liver.
Marriage License*.
John Louis Dugranut and Isola D. Whltridge.
William T. Wright and Minnie V. Dean.
Simon B. Spurgeon and Daisy Willard.
Austin A. Meyers and Malvina A. Barnes.
WHY SCHOOLS BEGIN E \RLY.
Conflict ing Interest* of Children Ex
plained at Length.
Boston Transcript.
It would be interesting to know how
many parents whose children are in the
public schools have said this week, “I won
der whv our children cannot have a vaca
tion until the end of September as well as
the children who go to the private schools.”
A sufficient number of people have certain
ly said it to cause one to wonder, for a little
time, why it is that the public schools begin
their sessions on the 7th of September
(sometimes earlier, never later than the
15th), and the private schools invariably
not until the very end of the month and
sometimes not until October. Are the chil
dren who attend the private schools so
much brighter than those who attend the
public schools that they can learn as much
in eight months as the others do in nine?
Would the people who govern the public
schools b© willing to admit that that is
true? Do the children in the pri /ate
schools need to learn a less bulk of things
than the public school children? What is
the reason for the difference in the date of
opening of the school session?
Nowadays, in New England, taking in
country and city, as many “nice” children
are sent to the public schools as to the pri
vate schools. The public schools are the
representative, the real schools. In sub
urbs and country few parents think it
necessary to find private schools for their
children. Asa rule, the parents of the
"nice” children are as Influential persons
as others in the community. Why do they
not, if they believe in letting children run
free until October, so influence matters that
the public schools shall not open before the
first day of that month? There must be
some reason other than pure accident or
"it was always so.” Are the people sub
mitting to something that they do not
want? They do it enough, in various direc
tions, heaven knows; are they doing it in
this?
Some of them are, doubtless, but prob
ably the majority are not. The reason lies,
apparently, in the difference in the condi
tion and Ideas of the majority of the patrons
of the public schools and the patrons of the
private schools. Mrs. Blobbs. the washer
woman, says that for her part she w’lshes
the schools began earlier, and that she
thinks two months!’ vacation in the course
of a year—one month in summer, a fort
night at Christmas and another fortnight at
Easter, would be quite enough for any
child; that children can get up deviltry
enough in that time to last them all the
rest of the year. She would rather have her
children off the street, end where they can
he talked to by a nic ' •■’••• for a teacher,
and learn something that'll be of some use
to ’em when they grow' up, than have ’em
skylarking around, the Lord knows where,
and like enough getting drowned in the
pond. So much for Mrs. Blobbs’s children.
Probably she is quite right about them,
and Mrs. Blobbs’s wishes and necessities
have to be considered. Then there is Mr.
Perkins, the village grocer. His children
do not run wild quite in the way of the
Blobbs children—though he is afraid his lit
tle Peleg will get an occasional chance to
play with Tom Blobbs during the long sum
mer vacation—but they wear him a good
deal while they are out of school. More
than that, Mr. Perkins pays several dollars
or taxes each year which he knows goes to
the school fund, and he feels that the
teacher is in his pay. and he wants to get
his money’s worth out of the teacher. As
Mr. Stetson said to the cornet player, he
dees not hire that teacher to rest. He
means, if he has any influence in the mat
ter, that his Peleg shall get the w'orth of
his school tax in schoolin’. And it is also
doubtful if it is not as well that Peleg, no
less than Tom Blobbs, shall be in school as
soon as the 7th of September.
So the wishes of Mrs. Blobbs and Mr.
Perkins go together—and heaven knows
that there are very few questions that they
are together on—prevail over the wishes of
Mrs. Waldron, who sees with great concern
the arrival of the date when her spare
bodied and nervously high-strung Willie
and Dorothy, who already know more than
is good for children of their age, must
bring their modest vacation to an end and
resume the study that really wears on
them. Mrs. Waldron made great sacrifices
to get her children to the salt water for the
summer, and she cannot afford to send her
children to the private school that perhaps
she would prefer for them. All summer
long the recuperation of those scrawny
children has been a matter of nervous
interest not only to Mrs. Waldron hut to
the children themselves. They have strained
and worn themselves trying to recuperate
sufficiently. “Getting rested for school
again" has been a mightier concern with
them through the summer than having just
a childlike good time. They know, as w'ell
as their mother, that they are going to be
In school a much longer time, if they are
able to stick to school the year through,
than is good for them, and that probably
they would learn more if they went to
school less, and that after all, probably, the
greatest danger about them is that they
will learn too much. Mrs. Waldron's Willie
and Dorothy are as numerous as Mrs.
Blobbs’s Tommy and Mr. Perkins’s Peleg,
but somehow they do not seem to have as
much influence with the school committee.
It is bad for them that they haven't; but
Mrs. Blobbs and Mr. Perkins cannot be
overlooked in the determination off the
question when school shall begin.
A Valuable No*e.
New' York Times.
A unique nose was lost to the world when
John Mossman. a deaf mute, of Parkers
burg, W. Va., was killed in a railroad acci
dent recently. The loss of the senses of
speech and hearing had apparently so in
tensified that of smelling that he became a
professional smeller. Oil w’ells were his
special game, and he located them with the
certainty that a hunting dog finds
partridges. That nose brought him a for
tune of $500,000 because he located oil w'ells
in Ohio and West Virginia with such sur
prising certainty that no prospector would
drill for a well until Mossman had smelled
the ground for him. His gift was looked
upon as supernatural in the oil region, and
he was an object of both awe and envy.
Now' that he has gone, the witchery of the
peach tree fork and hazel switches will
again have to be resorted to, as he has no
known successor.
Dogs in Shoe*.
New York Times.
Dogs wearing canvas shoes startle East
ern men who are hunting prairi'e chicken
and grouse on Nebraska plains. While the
dogs waddle somewhat like ducks when
wearing these shoes, they manage to com
fortably covYr a lot of ground in a day
after having been broken to the use of the
incumbrances. Shoeing the dogs saves
their feet from soreness indue'ed by running
over the stubble. Two days’ work in a
field without shoes will wear out any dog,
but protected with the canvas slippers, a
dog will last a whole season. Col. Coffin's
kVnnel of Gordon setters, famous through
out the West, has been broken to work
with these shoes, and they get over ground
as rapidly as does a man on snowshoee
when he gets used to such bothersome im
pedimenta. /
Building Permit*.
John V. Parker, frame barn, 830 Broadway, sooo,
P. A. Havelick, frame house, Nineteenth and
Pennsylvania streets, *4.090.
11. W. Johnson, frame dwelling, Hlghlund place,
s4ll.
H. H. Echols, kitchen and porch, 1224 East
Tenth street, $l5O.
Jame* Stuch, frame dwelling, Downey street,
SCSO.
SOCIALISM IN PRACTICE
RECENT EXPERIMENTS PROVE THE
THEORY IMPRACTICABLE.
*
Profit-Sharing Enterprise* Not Social
istic—Co-operative Undertaking*
Have Been Numerous.
*
Gunton’s Magazine.
The advocates of state socialism S’fim
determined to give to the world the full
est possible proof of the impracticability
of their theory. During the last half cen
tury there has been no lack of socialistic
experiments, both in Europe and this coun
try, and either total failure, or a substan
tial return to the old system, has been the
uniform outcome. Recent attempts in this
direction have been no more successful
than were the early communistic experi
ments inspired by Fourier and Robert
Owen, or the co-operative factory move
ment inaugurated later on by George Ja
cob Holyoake. Nowhere has it yet been
proved possible to successfully conduct a
system of social and industrial organiza
tion which dispenses with the inborn and
vital sentiment of self-interest—a senti
ment which need never be associated with
the terms selfishness or greed, and need
never imply that self-advancement is to
be gained at the expense of others. The
law' of self-interest, rightly understood and
acted upon, finally results in the largest
benefit to mankind, but to cut off the op
eration of that law is to remove the in
centive to human progress and introduce a
regime of stagnation, if not of positive de
generation.
Most of the so-called co-opeirative enter
prises in France and Germany which are
often referred to as successful examples
of practical socialism, are in reality not
of a socialistic nature at all, but definitely
retain the pilnciple of ultimate capitalist
mnagement and the wage system for em
ployes. Where profit-sharing exists it is,
in fact, only as another method of paying
wages, and the various concessions in the
w'ay of pensions, insurance, free public
conveniences, assistance in home building,
etc., have been adopted and maintained
solely as a part of the policy of the man
agement in its relations with labor. This
metiiod of liberal dealing with labor will
be found illustrated in different ways in
scores of purely capitalistic enterprises
here in the United States, but in no case
is any essential tenet of socialism recog
nized or put In practice. The chief com
plaints of the Socialists are that profits
represent robbery of labor and that the
w'ages system is slavery. Since both these
features are maintained in full force in all
the class of experiments referred to, there
can be little encouragement in any of them
for the Socialist cause. Indeed, their very
success, operated, as they are, under the
hated capitalist and wage system, should
be a cause of special grievance from the
Socialist standpoint. To be thoroughly
consistent, Socialists should assail every
enterprise of this character as a mere
capitalistic device for perpetuating the
present system, just as they now oppose
the efforts of trade unions as tending to
ameliorate an industrial order which ought
to be utterly overthrown.
BELGIAN COMMUNITY,
There is a co-operative establishment at
Ghent, in Belgium, operated ostensibly
upon the socialistic plan, which has not
yet collapsed, but the methods whereby It
has been kept going are of a highly sug
gestive character. This concern is known
as the Vooruit, and was founded some
years ago by a Socialist leader named Ed
ward Anseele, who still retains control of
its affairs. The business appears to be
mainly distributive rather than productive,
as it consists of a bakery, several drug
stores and shops fox* the sale of such com
modities as clothing, haberdashery, tobac
co, coal, etc. As these are among the sim
plest and least complicated branches of
industry, it would be reasonable to sup
pose that a socialistic experiment, if suc
cessful anywhere, would be so under such
exceptionally favorable conditions. Yet it
appears that even though free from capi
talist management and nominally under
democratic control, Anseele is practically
dictator, and. according to a statement re
cently made by one of the former subordi
nate directors, rules with a rod of iron.
Belgian laws forbid the fining of employes
for delinquencies, yet in the Vooruit, it is
claimed, fines are so numerous as often
to consume one-fifth of the men’s wages.
Instead of realizing the socialistic promise
of an eight-hour day, many of the 1,500
employes of this concern work twelve and
fourteen hours, while none work less than
ten, and wages vary between 50 and 70
cents a day, the latter always the maxi
mum. According to the same authority,
any employe who raises his voice in self
defense or against any of Anseele’s meth
ods is instantly discharged. Asa matter
of fact, if the concern were left to purely
democratic control it would very proba
bly go into bankruptcy like most of its
predecessors. As it is, this “successful so
cialistic experiment” is really operated un
der an arbitrary dictatorship, with fewer
advantages accruing to labor than in or
dinary capitalistic establishments.
Another interesting experiment of recent
date was that made by the Socialists at
Carmaux, France. The following descrip
tion of the Carmaux scheme is from an
article on “Labor Against Labor,” by Mr.
A. B. Salon, in the Iron Industry Gazette:
“One of the industries of that town (Car
maux) is glassmaking, which gives em
ployment to many skilled workmen.
Among these workmen the demagogues
have worked for years, propagandizing
along so-called “socialistic’ lines, all the
time preaching the gospel of hatred of la
bor for capital, and gradually developing
a collective sentiment ready to make ex
periments or to engage in open conflicts.
Fortunately, that sentiment was turned
into the channel of experimenting. The
socialistic workmen entere. into a dispute
with their employers. They made demands
for certain changes, which the employers
could not or would not grant. The situa
tion was not considered sufficiently serious
to call for a strike, as the demands were
in themselves trivial, although involving
important principles, which threatened
trouble for the near future when coupled
with other possible demands under other
conditions. Although the crisis passed
without the usual strike and strife, the
socialistic sentiment of hatred remained
and became at once active.
UNWISE VENTURE.
“Conscious of having made a false move
and of having been forced to retreat, the
socialistic laborers concocted and carried
out a scheme of revenge. They remained
at w'ork, and they conceived the idea that
the best way to revenge themselves on
their victorious employers was to provide
for a. competitive establishment, whose
products would come into direct competi
tion with the products of the factories in
which they were employed. This brilliant
idea fascinated the Socialists. Their em
ployers pointed out to them that a rival
establishment most certainly could not
help them to pay better wages or to grant
better conditions to the laborers, but the
laborers would not listen to them. Their
soc;al stic enthusiasm was aroused, and
their dash and energy, which in a strike
would have been sure to result in ruin,
were turned into another channel of ruin
for their employers and themselves. In
the neighboring town, Albi, they secured a
site for a glass factory. They threw their
hoards into the enterprise. They spent
their spare hours in making collections
to establish the new enterprise. Socialists
and benevolent persons of means contrib
uted liberally, and the factory was started.
Those who contributed money Imagined
that they were doing a noble and philan
thropic deed in wrecking established indus
tries, never stopping to th.nk that with the
wreckage of the Carmaux Industries was
invo.ved the loss of work, wages and sub
sistence to all the Socialists who labored
in those industries.
“Ihe new factory was built and started.
Its wares came into the market. Not rep
resenting the investment of any one man’s
capital, but the money contributed at the
request of the Carmaux Socialists, the Albi
wares were sold below' the prices of the
Carmaux wares. Immediately the Car
maux pyaprietors found themselves face
to face mth one of tw'o disagreeable situ
ations. Either they must stop production
and throw their laborers out of work and
their capital out of investment, or they
must cut down their production costs far
enough to meet the Albi wares in market
prices. The first was the easier way. The
se.ond involved wage reductions that
me nt. in turn, s -rious trouble. When they
pre ented the situation to their socialistic
laborers, showed thim the results of the
socialistic factory’s competition, and of
fered, them, their choice of absolute idleness
or of longer hours of work for less wages,
the light broke in upon the befuddled so
cialistic brains. * * *
“They are now using - their best efforts to
stop the socialistic factory which their
former best efforts were given to estab
lish. They are appalhd to find that they
who contributed to start the new factory
are wi l.ng to contribute to maintain it in
definitely, as they happen to be persons
vho are thoroughly imbued with the beau
tiful doctrines of socialism. These mon
eyed Soc’alists see that they are crushing
the Carmaux Socialists, whose only capi
tal is their skill and muscle, but they are
utterly indifferent to the fate of the sui
cidal sufferers. They are illustrating the
power of socialism to smash established in
dustries and to render production wholly
unprofitable, and they are likely to keep
on until they can no longer afford to con
tribute towards the maintenance of the
costly farce.’’
UNHAPPY SEQUEL.
The sequel to this interesting tale Is
found in the following cable dispatch in
the New York Sun of May 28 last:
“Paris, May 27.—Forty workmen have
left the co-operative glass works that was
started by the Socialists at Carmaux about
a year ago, and have applied f.o M. Resse
guierr, a glass manufacturer and capital
ist, to re-employ them. They declare that
the pay of the men at the co-operative
works is months in arrears: that the capi
tal of 500,000 francs ($100,000), which was
obtained by means of a lottery, is exhaus -
ed, and that the society is heavily in deb'..
“The misery of those belonging to the
society is appalling, the wives of many of
them being obliged to beg in the streets.
The elected directors are answerable for
this condition of affairs, not the fraternity
workers.
“The applicants for re-employment by
M. Resseguier have issued a manifesto to
their comrades, which concludes:
“ ‘We have lost all illusions, and feel
bound to bring the facts to the notice of
the workers.’ ”
Os a somewhat different order was the
experiment carried on for nearly two years
at Altruria, in the Santa Rosa valley, Cal
ifornia. This colony, which was similar
in many points to the Brook farm com
munity in Massachusetts, a half century
ago, is described by one of its admirers,
Mr. Morrison L. Swift, in the Overland
Monthly for June. He tells us that “this
colony was to be a refuge for those
strained and tired by competition or de
feated in the struggle. The terms of en
trance were therefore light, SSO and a moral
character being sufficient passport to mem
bership. The association proposed ‘to buy,
sell and hold land, erect buildings, insti
tute agriculture, mechanical and manufac
turing industries, establish schools, libra
ries and institutions of art, found co-op
erative colonies, and otherwise labor to
illustrate and extend the co-operative
method.’ The first year was purely exper
imental, finding out the right basis. A
probationary residence of six months was
required of each applicant for admission.
The members fotlnd that the colony meth
od of co-operation had not reached a stage
that would insure success to any combina
tion of persons formed at rannom, who
might be drawn to the community plan
of life. After reorganizing they sought to
complete such an experiment, to use it to
teach the importance of national co-opera
tion. or national ownership of industries,
as well as of community co-operation.”
The colony never got any farther in the
above programme than to “Institute agri
culture.” The tasks were divided up ac
cording to the preferences of each one,
and “all ate in a common dining room
and the members, particularly the younger
ones, took turns in waiting upon the ta
bles.” Mr. Swift sums up the matter thus:
BY ANOTHER NAME.
“Taking a general view, the colony was
strongest as an educational foundation.
California is stirring for something better
in the social line, and it listened attentive
ly to those who came from Altruria, be
cause the Altrurians had the distinction of
daring to put their theories into practice.
There is still some lingering prejudice
against the term socialism in California,
but here were these Altrilrians, hard
working, intelligent and just like other
people, only better, and there was no prej
udice against them. They could explain
why the United States should own its rail
roads and trusts and nobody took offense.
The members of the experiment from the
beginning say that it exploded one famous
a priori theory—that men will not work
under other stimulus than private prop
erty. The colony at length came to an
honorable end, the debts contracted in the
beginning proving too much of a burden.
It did much for socialism in this State,
more, indeed, than for colony co-operation.
On the whole, it was a healthy experiment,
which was thoroughly respected.”
It is quite conceivable that Californians
would take no “offense” at having the doc
trine of public ownership of railroads and
trusts explained to them by a colony of ex
perimental farmers who could not even
carry on co-operative agriculture success
fully for more than two years. It is a
trifle less clear, however, that the pleas
ant camping-out experience of this con
genial little company has “exploded” the
theory “that men will not work under oth
er stimulus than private property.” Men
reduced to the necessity of earning a mere
daily living will “work” with that as the
only incentive to their efforts. The exer
tion will, in the general sense, be com
mensurate with the end in view, and that
is all that the Altruria experiment demon
strated. No incentive to higher effort was
offered, and no such efforts were put forth,
not enough even to pay off the “debts con
tracted in the beginning.” Asa result,
"the colony at length came to an honor
able end.” This is the epitaph engraved
on the tombstone of Altruria’s many prede
cessors. Brook farm in the forties, how
ever, lived some years longer than did Al
truria in. the nineties.
THE DEBS SCHEM 1.
The latest and most pretentious attempt
in this same direction is the social democ
racy scheme launched by the American
Railway Union under the leadership of Eu
gene V. Di bs. It was proposed to collect
an army of colonists numbering several
hundred thousand men, women and chil
dren, and march them across the continent
to the State of Washington, where they
were to establish a huge socialistic com
munity. as the first step in the great work
of socia.izLng the entire Nation. The gov
ernment of the State of Washington was
first to be revolutionized, then that of ad
join ng States, and s>o on. This scheme
seems never to have gotten beyond the
point of enl sting recruits. After about
twenty-five thousand men had responded
to the general invitation, the plan was sud
denly given up, owing, it was stated, to
the many diffl ulties which were encoun
tered, such as legal obstacles, adverse
prejudice and lack of funds. It was an
nounced, however, that a few colonists
would be sent out at a time, as rapidly as
means would permit, and meanwhile an ed
ucational campaign would be carried on
among the masses of the people.
An educational campaign, based upon
false economic premis< s, cannot be perma
nently successful, and as for the experi
ment which the few straggling colonists
are to make, there is no reason to expect
any different outcome from that which has
befallen its numerous predecessors. What
ever else the evolution of society may bring
us to, history is constant.y adding proofs
of the utter impracticability of socialism
as a panacea for the imperfections in ex
isting economic conditions.
Tle Scheme Fulled.
Detroit Free Press.
The man with the red necktie and the
raveled shirt cuffs smiled brightly as he en
tered the grocery store carrying a paper
bag.
“Good morning,” he Said, cheerily; “you
remember I bought two dozen eggs from
you last night. Well, after I had reached
home I found there had been a mistake,
and ”
“Fritz!” called the grocer, who was doing
some figuring on a piece of wrapping paper
with a stumpy pencil, “gif dis gentleman
von dozen more of eggs righd qwick.”
The grocer’s boy started to obey, but the
man with the red necktie beamingly in
terposed.
“No, no,” he said; “you don’t understand
me. The mistake ”
“Fritz,” said the grocer, without look
ing up, “gif dot gentleman two dozen more
eggs, und you don’t better make any more
mistakes, or I vire you.”
"But, my dear sir, that isn’t right yet.
When I counted the eggs I found there
was ”
“Gif der gentleman dose fife dozen eggs
vot you sheated him out mit righd avay,
I dell.you, Fritz,” said the grocer sternly,
as he bit the end of his pencil and
frowned, “or I discharge you at vonce.”
The man wfith the red necktie laughed
softly and looked sidewise at the canned
goods on the shelves.
“The mistake was the other way,” he
said. “You gave me six eggs too many,
and I have brought them back to you. It
is a small matter, but it has always been
my rule to be as correct in small matters
as well as large. Your store is convenient
on my way home, and we may be needing
some more things in a day or two. Those
hams, now, look very nice.”
“Fritz!” said the grocer, “you gif dis
gentleman six dozen virst class eggs in a
ag, und drow in two oranges und a hant
ful of dose nice dried currants. Ye always
corrects dose mistakes ven ve makes dem.
You yoost trep in, mein friend on your
vay home as often as you blease und buy
dose hams und oder groceries, und you vili
blease remember dot dey vos spot cash on
der counter efery time. I vos verry sorry
apout dot mistake ve make mit dose eggs.
Ve dries to bleaee our cash gustomers in
isime/ way dot ve can.”
MUSICALE FOR ANIMALS
*
HOW THE VIOLIN AFFECT'S CENTRAL.
PARK ZOO INHABITANTS.
e
I.ions Were Rude, Elephant Joins in
the Fnn, Mile. Ostrich Dance* and
the Monkeys Had a Picnic.
e
New York Herald.
The effect of music on the lower order
of animals was ascertained at the Central
Park Zoo last Wednesday morning. A vio
linist played for two hours for the benefit
of the inmates of the various cages, and
the result of the experiment is well worth
recording. Prof. Henry F. Greims, the
well-known musician, provided the pro
gramme, and the musicale began at 7
o’clock in the morning. Many of the ani
mals had never before heard the strains
of the violin, and their first impressions
were £n most instances remarkable. The
player stood directly in front of his wild
auditors, separated only by the iron bars,
and in. several instances it was well that
the bars were thick and strong. Music
may have charms to soothe the savage
beast, according to the popular paraphrase,
but the musicale of W ednesday morning
demonstrated that it depends largely upon
the beast. There are beasts, and then,
again, there are beasts. From a scientific
point of view the experiment of playing
the violin in the presence of animals un
tutored in melody possesses many possibil
ities. Varying emotions seem inspired by
the strains. The first is curiosity. No
woman that ever lived was more curious
about the price of her neighbor's new
spring bonnet than is a monkey when ho
first hears music. Wonder, awe, excessive
nervousness, giving place to ecstatic de
light, are observed in the smaller animals.
Occasionally the larger ones display both
fear and anger.
Through the courtesy of John W r . Smith,
director of the menagerie, the Herald was
enabled to treat the residents of the Zoo to
the musical carnival. Mr. Smith suggested
that the early morning would be the best
time, as the gardens are not opened to the
public until 9 o’clock, and the public wasn't
wanted. So Professor Greim appeared with
his violin. Keeper Snyder was detailed to
see that proper order and decorum were
maintained, and a Herald artist and a re
porter were likewise on the spot.
The first number on the programme was
the “Intermezzo” from “Cavalleria Rus
ticana,” performed for the exclusive ben
efit of the lions. Rose, who gave birth to
three beautiful little cubs just two weeks
ago, seemed at first more interested in her
tender charges than in the music. The
opening bars apparently fell upon deaf ears,
but gradually, as the air progressed, the
lioness turned her head a-cock and into her
eyes came an expression of pensive
thoughtfulness. For the nonce her cubs
seemed forgotten. Her eyes, tender, ex
pressive, almost human in their intelli
gence, seemed fixed in the dim past, as
though striving to bring back some fond
recollection of her native jungle.
Leo, the husband of Rose, and Sultan, a
bachelor friend of Leo, occupy adjoining
apartments. The trend of the masculine
mind is ever in less refined channels, and
the masculinity of the lion nature at once
proceeded to assert itself. Leo and Sultan
were positively rude. They opened their
cavernous mouths and actually yawned.
Then, as the tones of the violin entered
upon an andante passage, they howled in
concerted derision.
THE PROFESSOR DISGUSTED.
Professor Greim looked hurt. Like all
musicians, he is very sensitive. “I will
stop,” he said. ”1 will play no more for
the beasts.” But Loo was in captious
mood. If he howled while the professor
was playing, he fairly bellowed when the
music ceased. An imperative order to start
up again, it seemed, but his wishes were
not consulted, and the professor moved on
to the cage containing the three half-grown
lions. A surly reception was tendered here,
and a few impressive chords brought forth
another chorus of howls, in which Leo and
Sultan joined from the other side of the
corridor.
“Ou-00-00-oo! Ou-00-00-oo! came the
long-drawn howls. And the professor fled,
with his fiddle under his arm and his hands
pressed to his ears. “Let us go to the
asses,” he cried. “They at least can but
bray.”
And they did bray. These asses are of
the kind once ridden by a gentleman named
Balaam, and they may be lineal descend
ants of that loquacious animal of biblical
lore. Unlike their distinguished ancestor,
however, they are not endowed with speech
—that is, the speech of greater New York.
They are decidedly limited in their vocabu
lary. One penetrating, discordant “hee
haw,” prolonged to distressing length, is
the sum total of their language. The mu
sic had a remarkable effect upon them, and
their voices awoke weird echoes on the
morning air. If there is a welkin in Cen
tral Park it surely rang, and rang as no
well-regulated welkin ever rang before.
With ears erect and mouths wide open,
displaying every tooth, the little beasts
stood and brayed. The professor was un
certain as to whether his auditors were
pleased or otherwise. It is the nature of
the beast to bray, and it 1s quite probable
that the music appealed to a fine sense
of appreciation, which they were unable to
express in any other manner.
The particular pet of Keeper Snyder is
Tom. the big elephant, and it was Tom who
delighted the soul of the professor and
brought a look of pride to the features of
the keeper. A slow march sent the big fel
low Walking about his cage, keeping time
to the music and swaying his trunk much
as a conductor would wield .his baton.
“Try a waltz tune,” suggested Keeper Sny
der. The professor stifled his aversiofl to
popular music and struck up “The Band
Played On.” The effect on Tom was mag
ical. With elephantine grace he at once
changed his step from the march time and
began whirling about in a mazy waltz.
Chuck Connors and his “rag” could not
have don’e it better.
“Tom is very fond of music.” remarked
the keeper. “Aren’t you, Tom?” he asked,
turning to his pet. The big knimal slowly
nodded his head in the affirmative. “He is
quite a musician himstelf,” continued Sny
der. “His favorite instrument is the har
monicon. and if you play ‘Home, Sweet
Home.’ I think he will join in and we can
have a duet.”
AN ELEPHANT MUSICIAN.
Snyder produced the harmonicon and Tom
took it in his trunk. Then Professor Greim
struck up “Hom’e, Sweet Home.” Tom
listened very Intently at first, and then
there came a wheezing sound from the
mouth organ. The elephant was actually
blowing in it. In and out the air pulsated
through the long proboscis. Many a street
urchin has miet with poorer success in at
tempting to woo melody from the homely
instrument than did the gifted elephant.
Tom’s musical talents were not yet ex
hausted. A tin horn was next plaoed in
his trunk, and on this he blew several shrill
blasts.
Near the elephants’ headquarters are a
number of raccoons. The professor, stopped
before their cage and struck up “All Coons
Look Alike to Me.” Th’e inmates of the
cage didn t care whether they looked alike
or not. In fact, they evinced not the slight
est concern regarding the latter, although
thre'e pretty little red foxes in the next
cage huddled together, trembling violently,
and yet completely fascinated by the mu
sic. Indeed, an almost hypnotic influence
seemed exerted over a number of the ani
mals. The wotves and hyenas were notably
affected in this manner.
One black wolf seemed held spellbound
by the first few not Vs. Gradually wonder
gave place to delight bordering upon hys
teria- He acted exactly like a dog which
has been spoken to kindly and is unused
to it. He frisked about, wagging his tail,
jumping, rolling over on the ground, and
showing in every possible manner that he
was greatly pleased. The hyena was very
nervous about it. but finally joined in and
executed a couple of jig steps.
In this respect, however, the ostrich must
stand pre-eminent- The waltzing of the
elephant and the jigging of the hyena were
all well Enough in their way, but Mile.
Ostrich, under the influence of a lively
quickstep, developed undreamed-of terpsi
chorear. ability. The ostrich is remarkable
for neither gracte nor beauty. It has a neck
and head like a snake and legs that are
quite unlike anything else on earth. Nor
is it an amiable bird. Consequently the
effect of music upon this specimen of the
feathered tribe was doubly startling.
At first there was the expression of curi
osity characteristic of nearly all the ani
mals. Then there was a slight shuffling
of the ungainly feet, and a fluttering of
the feathered wings. Then round and
round spun Mile. Ostrich, waving her
wings rhythmically in time to the music
and manipulating them much as the skirt
dancer does her flowing robes.
“Tbe Streets of Cairo was suggested, in
order to see if Mile. Ostrich was equal to
the couchee-eouchee, but Keeper Snyder
objected to this on moral geounds. HV Is
a great moralist, is Keeper Sn/der. and
has wholesome respect for Dr. Farkhurst
and the rest of the reformers.
“Let us go and serenadv the bears,” sug
gested the keeper. “They are fond of mu
sic. and they know how to behave them
selves.” Thi3 last was deliverVd with a
look of reproach toward Mile. Ostrich, who
was strutting about in ail the consciousness
of a newly developed accomplishment.
THE BEAR COMEDIANS.
The polar bear has evidently become ae
cllmated to New York temperature. He
was stretched out in the sunshine, and
seemed rather to enjoy it. As an appropri
ate selection, Professor Greim struck up
“From Greenland’s Icy Mountains,” but the
good old Methodist hymn was received with
utter unconcern by his bearship. “Oh, l
Don’t Know! You’re Not so Warm,” waa
tried with no more interesting results. But
the two grizzly bears proved to be less blase.
If you have ever seen a genuine darky cake
walk you may form some idea of how the
music affected the grizzlies.
Naturalists claim that the bear is a born
comedian, that beneath his forbidding and
somewhat surly exterior there Jurks a vein
of spontaneous comedy. This theory was
borne out, at least in part, when the pro
fessor played a medley of negro melodies.
Over the faces of both the bears came an
expression of beatific delight. Their coun
tenances fairly beamed as they pressed
against the bars, in their eagerness to get
as close as possible to the source of their
pleasure.
Then began an old fashioned “walk
around.” The eccentric gait of the old ne
gro mammy, half waddle and half swagger,
was assumed with inimitable effect by
these two shag-gy comedians. And they kept
it up, walking upright upon their hind legs,
until the professor stopped playing to tune
his string, which had gone flat. With the
cessation of the music the bears ambled up
to the bars of their cage, with low’ protesta
tions of disapproval, and passed their paws
between the bars.
“They want the fiddle,” said the keeper.
“They can’t have it.” said the professor.
“See what they would do with it,” urged
the keeper.
“They wouldn’t do a thing to it,” replied
the professor. And he hugged his preclou*
instrument to his breast and hurried away
to the monkey house.
If those monkeys could have escaped from
their cages and the professor could have
been induced to march down Fifth avenue,
playing as he went, he would haVe made
history. The Pied Piper of Hamelin would
then be lost to memory. Monkeys of all
sizes and varieties listened Intently to the
professor playing, seated upon their perehea
and quite forgetting in their absorbed in
terest to chatter.
It was only when the music stopped that
the air was filled with a perfect Bedlam of
screeches. And at the conclusion of tha
concert there was such a scampering and a
shaking of bars as have never before beer*
seen at the Zoo. Unttl the figure of the pro
fessor was lost to view they watched nim
with'eager little eyes, as though loath to
believe that a now' sensation and one so
pleasurable could be so short lived.
At 9 o’clock the grounds were thrown
open to the public, and the persons who
had been made aware of the musicale lost
no time in ascertaining the after effect of
so powerful a musical stimulant. The lions
were still roaring, the monkeys were chat
tering, Mile. Ostrich was rehearsing a newr
dance and the prairie dogs were barking in
the sun.' But above all sounded the “Hee
haw! Hee-haw'! Hee-haw—haw—haw!” of
the descendants of Balaam’s steed.
AMERICAN GIRLS IN PARIS.
Their Opinion of Frenchmen Is Verf,
Uncomplimentary.
Letter in Chicago Post.
Across the drawing rooms and library,
looking on the court runs a balcony. In the
warm season it is hung with climbing vines
and under its awning the girls gather to
read or chat. Let us join a party of them
and purely in the spirit of scientific investi
gation listen to their conversation. We will
probably be enlightened as to the latest
salon success of so-and-so’B great work of
art.
“For my part,” a fluffy-haired blonde ia
saying. “I think it’s simply disgusting the
way these Frenchmen follow you about and
talk to you. I never had a strange man
speak to me at home, but here the very
first time I walked through the Luxemburg
gardens a man began to talk to me and he
followed me way heme. After I had
slammed the door on him I actually cried
from sheer rage.”
“Yes. that’s the worst of it,” said the girl
in a shirt waist. “You feel so helpless and
all the time you are simply tingling to
knock the creature down. I know a girl
who hit one of them right In the face with
her umbrella.”
“I thought I was homely enough to escape
notice,” spoke up a plain-faced girl, “but It
doesn’t seem to make any difference. I
suppose they stare at me because they see
it annoys me.”
"I’ll tell you what I did the other day,’*
chimed in another voice, “when a man per
sisted In following me, and talking French
to me. I suddenly turned on him with
righteous wrath and said in English: “I
don’t understand you at all and wish you’d
leave mo alone; I’m an American.’
“ ‘Oh,’ he said, ‘vous ne parley-pas
fra’cais, pardon,’ and he turned on his
heel.” '
“Well,” exclaimed another votary of high
art, "I got tired of one of them tagging
after me ope afternoon, and I took several
sous out of my purse and offered them to
bim. Girls, you should have seen the ex
pression on the fellow’s face; he left mg
instanter.”
• A pretty dark-eyed girl next took the floor,
“I’ve been in Paris so long I suppose I’v*
got used to the idiots, and learned to ig
nore them,” she said, “but I distinctly re
member my first experience. A maji, well
appearing enough to know better, walked
by my side for a long distance. He kept
saying, in French, of course: *Oh, made
moiselle surely speaks Fremch; talk to m
just a little; you understand me, do you
not?’ I said nothing until I reached my
door, and then 1 faced about and gave that
fellow such a lecture as I guess he never
had before. ‘Yes,’ I said. ‘I do understand
French, and speak it, too, and I want to
tell you what a nuisance you are and how
we girls despise you. In America men have
something better to do titan to follow
strange women about, and they are too
polite to insult them.’ Girls, 1 can’t begin
to tell you all I said to that man. I don't
expect it reformed him. but it was an iia*
mens© relief to my feelings.”
Not an Indication of Genius, ,
Edgar Saltus, in Collier’s Weekly.
At Sondrio recently Professor Edloe re
cited the whole of Dante's “Divine Com
edy” without being prompted and without
making a mistake. The feat has caused in
ternational comment and 1 don’t see why,
lor it is by no means unique. Besides it is
not an indication of genius. Great minds
forget just as nature does. Every savaga
has a memory that is a mile long. And yet
Macaulay boasted that were all copies of
“Paradise Ix>st” destroyed he could re
store the text. But Macaulay was an ex
ception. To he a good pianist predicates a
good memory and stupid as a pianist is
a simile which I think I have heard. Be
sides. the “Divina Comedia” is brief beside
the “Dschangeriade,” which, as all the
world is aware, is the national epic of the
Kalmuks. In it there are 360 cantos, each
as long as a book of the Iliad, and yet a
company of six bards have one after the
other recited the whole thing. Then, too.
there is the Koran. There are thousands of
people who can recite it from end to end,
and some of them without knowing a word
of Arabic. One of the wives of the beloved
Haroun Alraschid kept a hundred Slav*
girls whose sole duty it was to repeat it.
They all knew it by heart. “And so," sayt
the historian, "the palace hummed like a
wasps’ nest.” Memory is an excellent
thing. It has, however, its disadvantages.
Seven or eight years ago a gentleman
opened a school here for the purpose of
teaching how to retain it. But the ventur*
tailed. The majority prefer to forget, and
in that Is their wisdom.
Overrated Scenery-
Philadelphia Press.
On the theory evidently that the peopls
like to be gulled and that by supplying
them with ready-made opinions they can
be induced to see what does not exist the
average summer guide book is written, a
thing of vaunting and vanity and of un
usual foolishness, careless as to fact but
making up for it by an exuberance of de
scriptive force that sees grandeur in ex
treme monotony and beauty in hideous pro
portions. The consequence is that there is
growing up a current acceptance of these
ridiculous generalizations that is unfortu
nate and as the summer season secs great
er numbers than ever gulping down these
ready made ecstasies over the falling of
gallons of the High-P-p cat it act or tha
splendor of a third-rate provincial town, it
would seem as if all canons of comparative
aesthetics were being ruthlessly abandoned
to the destruction of correct taste.
Would it not be just ss well if we ad
mitted that much of the scenery along tha
upper St. Lawrence is dull and uninspiring;
that the spectacle of several hundred able
bodied Americans trying to thrill over
rapids whose superficial nspects refuse t*
alarm is nothing short of the ridiculous?
Were it not that a change of scene means
everything It might be said that the hunt
for beautiful scenery is too often a wild
goose chase of the worst kind and th*
usual touring a fool's paradise in which w*
pass by the really beautiful to pump up
conventional emotions over scene* that do
not inspire* but which are duly boomed in
steamboat and railroad publications. Th*
really “beautiful views" are alWay* a Uttl*
fart hi/ or.
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