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THE DAILY JOURNAL MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1897. g-=*- • T-. - ■ 1 1 . ,ir Veshingion Office—i£o3 Pennsylvania Avenue Telephone Unlls. Business Office. 238 I Editorial Rooms.. A 86 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. DAILY BY MAIL. Dally only, one month ? -70 Dally only, three months 2.00 Dally only, one year fc.OO Daily, InoludlP-K Sunday, one year 10.00 feiimluv onl;.. one year 2.00 WHEN FURNISHED BY AGENTS. Dally, per w eek, by carrier 15 cts Sunday, single copy 5 cts Daily and Sunday, per week, by carrier 20 cts WEEKLY. _ Per i ear 1100 Itednced Rates to Clnha. Subscribe with any of our numerous agents or aend subscriptions to THE INDIANAPOLIS JOI'RNAL, Indianapolis, Iml. Persons sending the Journal through the malls in the United States should put on an eight-page paper a ONE-CEM postage stamp; on a twelve or sixteen-page paper a TWO-CENT postage stamp. Foreign postage is usually double these rates. All communications Intended for publication In this paper must, In order to jecelvc attention, be accompanied by the name r.nd address of the writer. If it ls‘ desired that rejected manuscripts be returned, postage must In ail cases be Inclosed lor that purpose. _ w i,--rx: : x : - THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL Can be found at the following places: NEW YORK—Windsor Hotel and Astor House. CHICAGO—PaImer House and P. O. News Cos., 217 Dearborn e Feet. CINCINNATI—J. R. Hawley & Cos., 154 Vine street. LOUISVILLE—C. T. Peering, northwest corner of Third and Jefferson streets, and Louisville Book Cos., 256 Fourth avenue. 6T. IXlUlS—Union News Company, Union Depot. WASHINGTON. D. C.—Riggs House, Ebbltt House, Willard's Hotel and the Washington News Exchange, Fourteenth street, between Penn, avenue and F street. Now the mention of the Taggart busi ness administration is regarded as a sar castic allusion. The general impression in Ohio seems to be that the Republicans will carry the State by a fair plurality, despite the claims of the silverites. A Republican precinct canvasser in the Second ward has found sixteen Democrats in his precinct who will not vote for Thomas Taggart. Before the campaign ends a very large number of voters and taxpayers will come to the conclusion that Mr. Taggart is scarcely a third-rate mayor. There seems to be plenty of class pride among the bicycle dealers. The way they rallied to Mr. Smith and helped him to get -jf place on the ticket was beautiful. Boss Croker has left horse racing in Eng land to take charge of Tammany in New York and to confer with leaders in Chicago about the future policy of the party. It is evident that the State officers who are letting the State printing are deter mined that the State shall pay no more than a private individual for the same work and material. If the few alleged Republicans who spend their time in growling about other Repub licans who are at work for the municipal ticket will declare for Taggart they will be doing openly what they are attempting to do by indirection. The conquering power of New England, ■which President McKinley praised the other day, need give no offense to other sections of the country. No part of the country has less of the old New England than the cities of Massachusetts. Professor “Coin” has been heard from. That is, the Democratic candidate for Gov ernor in Ohio quoted his fraudulent figures showing the prices of wheat, cotton and sil ver. The candidate must have been spend ing his time down in his coal mines. The Methodist Conference did what it regarded to be its duty in declaring against Sunday newspapers, but in the Judgment of the Journal the uncondemned practice of some preachers in every church In marrying girls to men without the con sent of their parents is a far greater evil. The last reports showed that 5,856 fresh gnen have been enrolled for John Brisben Walker’s Cosmopolitan University. Unfor tunately for Mr, Walker’s university, his selected president chooses to remain with Brown University and help teach a few hundred students in classrooms rather than thousands through the mails. The sentimentalists who have been criti cising the verdict of the jury in the Hln ehaw case ever since it was rendered, and ■who were sure he would be vindicated by the Baney story, should subside now. Not only has that story been shown to be an Impudent fake, but there is strong reason for believing that Hinshaw was a party in Its concoction. Mr. Taggart s canvassers in some pre cincts went to the pains to ask of the members of families of Republicans If they had ever heard the absent voter intimate that he would vote for Taggart. A month ago a few such might have been found, but the exposure of the Taggart business meth ods and of the demoralization of the police has sickened all such of Taggartism A practical business administration would get contracts for the construction and furnishing of a police headquarters and proceed to issue bonds for the amount called for. The Taggart administration estimated that the police station would cost a certain amount and sold bonds to the amount of the estimate. The station house Is not completed, but about six months in terest has been paid on the bonds. In Georgia a colored man has been shot t>y Democrats because he accepted the office of postmaster. A few days ago an edu cated and highly respected colored man was lynched In Arkansas for giving normal Instruction to a cla;s of negro school teachers. They are Democrats who do these things In the South, and Democrats who will rejoice should Mr. Taggart be elected. And yet the report i3 current that a number of colored men will sustain De mocracy In the county by voting for Mr. Taggart. The secretary of the treasury has declined the offer of a New York banking firm to ex change a million dollars in gold in Sun Francisco for a like amount of paper cur rency in New York. The gold is part of a recent shipment from Australia, and the bankers who made the offer thought the government would be glad to strengthen its gold reserve. The declination of the offer shows that the government feels very com fortable on that score. This administration does not have to “shin around” after gold as the last one lid. lawlessness begets lawlessness. Since tha lynching m Ripley county Beveral crimes have beeo committed in different parts of the State of which it was said “If the perpetrator Is caught he will probably be lynched.” In one or two instances per sons under arrest have been removed to an adjoining county "to avoid trouble.” These things show that the spirit of lawlessness is abroad, and if not checked may become alarmingly prevalent. It is high time there should be a conspicuous object lesson in the enforcement of law against lynchers, and the Ripley county case affords an excellent opportunity. lIARDING THE BETTER MAN. In every respect Mr. Harding is better qualified for mayor than is Mr. Taggart. Mr. Taggart is an office holder of long standing. As county auditor he had an op portunity to display executive capacity, but he did not. His era of office holding was a period of increased taxation and of in creased debt-contracting. Expenses ail along the line were increased far beyond the increase of population. High prices were paid for all county service under a regime which rewarded parly favorites at the expense of the taxpayers. It was w’ithin the power of Mr. Taggart to have checked this extravagance and w’aste, yet, instead of doing it, he kad the appraisement of property for taxation increased to conceal the increase in expenditure. Doubtless Mr. Taggart has profited very much during the ten years he has been in office, but it is demonstrable that the burdens of taxpayers weFe greatly increased during the period. This is not a reflection upon the personal integrity ot the mayor, but a setting forth of the results of his management as a county officer when his associates were to him as clay in the hands of the potter. Mr. Harding has not been an office-holder. He was county prosecutor one term, during which he filled that responsible position to the general acceptance. There was not even the breath of scandal concerning his course in a most trying office. He did his duty faithfully and efficiently. The record shows it. In his profession he had the confidence of his patrons. Among his stanchest friends are those who have known him from boy hood. In the community in which he lives he is esteemed as a good citizen. He is acknowledged as a man of good business ability. Mr. Taggart has been ten years in office and scores of men have political claims upon him. He has recognized many of them, but there are many more to be paid as inspectors, foremen and heelers. Mr. Harding has no such debts to pay. He will be free to select the best men for his sub ordinates. Mr. Taggart is surrounded by a coterie of thrifty and money-making per sons. to whom he is under obligation. Mr. Harding has no embarrassments. He can give the people of Indianapolis all his time and his undivided attention. He is not ow ing any favors to any coterie. Republicans, as the time of the election draws near, are realizing the facts here set forth. Every one of them who has given the subject an hour’s thought knows that for the office of mayor Mr. Harding is far superior to Mayor Taggart. THE SIDE-TRACKING OF SILVER. Democrats who are in the front of the procession are quite sure that silver is to be side-tracked as a national Issue. The Matthewses and the Kerns may continue to make exhibitions of their self-abasement by shouting 16 to 1, and statesmen of the caliber of Clark, of Greensburg, may chase after Bryan and free silver, but Democrats who go out of the State and meet the broader men of their party must be coming to the conclusion that the spur is being laid for the side-tracking of the 16-to-l fad. It has leaked out that there has been a con ference recently in Chicago, which was at tended by Chairman Jones, of Arkansas, Richard Croker, the real Democratic leader in greater New York, ex-Governor Stone, of Missouri, and others in the West and South west. Senator and Chairman Jones, Sena tor Gorman and leaders in Washington have devised the new scheme, which may be said to have already been put Into exe cution. In the elections of 1898 silver will be allowed to be the issue in the benighted regions where the disease has not abated, but generally it will be ignored as far as possible. In the meantime, William Jen nings Bryan is to be “let out.” His name will be cheered for a time, and crossroads organs will continue to declare that he is the greatest Democrat since Andrew Jack son. As far as possible, the wiser leaders will keep him off the stump. It is said that he has not been invited to speak in Ohio, and it is predicted that he will not be. He will be kept out of New York. He has broken loose in lowa. It is rumored that an attempt is being made to inveigle him into joining a fishing party. What will be the new issue for 1900? “Anti-monopoly” will be the rallying cry instead of 16 to 1. It will require some prac tice to enable the average Democrat to shout “Anti-monopoly” with effect. Asa parrot call, "16 to 1” is much easier to shout, but after a little practice, the Demo cratic parrot can be taught to set up the cry “Anti-monopoly” as he was taught to shout 16 to 1. Efforts will be made to make some use of “government by injunction,” if that topic can be kept alive until 1900. No doubt the better informed and the more far-sighted Democrats of Indiana are in the new scheme. They will not, however, undertake to side-track the 16-to-l fad openly in Indiana lest it make them unpop ular, but they are certain that before 1900 the average Democrat who helps elect del egates will be in full accord with the new departure and the desertion of the cause of the silver-mine owner. Meantime, the Jour nal advises those Democrats who are ceas ing to shout 16 to 1 to employ their spare hours in keeping their ears to the ground— to cease shouting entirely and to listen and watch intently, confident that the 16-to-l issue will be side-tracked before the next Democratic national convention. A CONFIDENTIAL AGENT. Whatever it may have been that inca pacitated Mr. Colbert from duty a few nights ago, or whatever may be the find ing of the Board of Safety, one fact is well settled. When it became necessary for some friend of Mayor Taggart’s to take charge of Ids chief of police and shield both him and the administration from scandal the person selected for this friendly duty was a saloon keeper named Charles Bolster. This person has an established reputation in Indianapolis. What that repu tation is need not be stated here, but its nature can easily be ascertained on in quiry. The kind of personal service he ren ders Mayor Taggart may be further in ferred from the fact that he was the "boss,” perhaps chairman would be the mere dignified term, of the delegation which recently visited all the saloon keep ers in Hue city with a request for a contri bution to the Taggart campaign fund. Per sons of the Bolster type are not apt to mingle the amenities of life with business, and in this case the request was more in the form of a demand accompanied with an Intimation that any person who declined THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1897. to make the contribution would have cause to regret it if Mr. Taggart were re-elected. In order to save time Polster fixed the amount which each saloon keeper was ex pected to pay, and the demand was for a specific sum. In some cases where persons refused to pay anyth'ng whatever they were denounced and threatened. Os course, Polster was acting by authority. He was not collecting money on his own account, nor is it likely he would have made the threats he did without authority from some person. This authority must have come from Mayor Taggart or from someone with delegated authority in political mat ters. So far as knowm none of those on whom the demand for contributions was made questioned Bolster’s authority or doubted that his threat of trouble if Mr. Taggart were re-elected could be made good. Most of the saloon keepers paid the assessment, making in the aggregate a large sum. A few refused and defied Pol ster to do his worst. Now, what must de cent persons think of an administration which employs a person like Charles Bol ster for delicate, confidential services, and what must be thought of a police force which can be depended upon to carry out such threats as those made by him? TRUST COMPANIES. Aij interesting evidence of the rapid growth of wealth in this country and the development of high commercial conditions is found in the multiplication of trust com panies. These must not be confounded with trusts. The latter are combinations in re straint of trade or production, or for the purpose of controlling markets or prices. Trust companies are incorporations of capi tal for the purpose of engaging in certain lines of business which cannot be success fully handled by individuals and which are outside of the field of legitimate banking such, for instance, as large receiverships, handling and investing trust funds, admin istering large estates, etc. A trust com pany may do a banking business, and many of them do, but it also does many things a bank cannot do. They are very useful in stitutions. The Financier, a paper devoted exclusive ly to financial and commercial matters, publishes a list of trust companies of the United States, showing the number In each State, their deposits as compared with those of national and state banks, and the capital and surplus of each. The compila tion of the information must have involVed much labor and every effort seems to have been used to make it trustworthy. In com menting on it the Financier says: To compile a list of the actual trust com panies of the United States has been a mat ter of no small magnitude. The laws of the different States are so widely divergent on the subject of incorporation and privileges, that it was found rather difficult at times to distinguish between a trust company, a loan company, and a bank. While no invariable rule was followed, it is believed that our classification is as accurate as could be hoped under the circumstances. While there may be names on the list which appear on their face to belong in another category, and others have been omitted which first thought might have ordered differently, a more careful view will show that judgment has been impartially exercised In every case. In all Instances, with half a dozen exceptions, the figures relating to capital and surplus have been verified by the com panies at our special request. The total number of trust companies in the United States is 458, representing forty two States and the District of Columbia, As might be expected of institutions rep resenting large aggregations of capital, they are found chiefly in money centers and are most numerous in the old and wealthy States. Pennsylvania heads the list with a total of seventy-eight companies; New York follows with thirty-eight, Massachusetts has thirty-two, Illinois twenty-two. New Jersey twenty-one and lowa twenty. The other States range from one to nineteen each. In respect of capital New York heads the list, her trust companies aggre gating $29,800,000, as against Pennsylvania’s $27,846,000, Illinois’s $15,275,000 and Massachu setts’ $10,575,000. The total capital of all the companies in the United States is $141,278,000. Most persons will be surprised to learn of the large deposits they carry. The deposits of the national banks, private banks and savings banks are so enormous that one might suppose there was not much left for the trust companies. Their total de posits are $697,130,000. the New York com panies leading with $348,000,000, followed by those of Pennsylvania with $100,850,000, Mas sachusetts $53,400,000, Rhode Island $19,900,000. The companies in twenty-one other States have deposits ranging from $1,000,000 to $15,000,000. The national banks greatly out number the trust companies, 3,676 to 458, tut the latter outclass the banks in the average capital, $208,500, against $176,400, and also in their average deposits, $1,517,000, against $561,000. In the matter of surplus the trust companies make a better showing than the national banks, their average percentage of surplus and profits to capital being 69 per cent., against the national banks’ 51 per cent. This refutes the common idea that na tional banks are highly favored institutions, since the trust companies, organized under state laws, show a much larger percentage of surplus and profits. They are also de cidedly ahead of national banks in divi dends. If national banking were as profit able as many persons imagine there would not be so much capital going into other lines of permanent investment. But banks and trust companies are both a national outgrowth of commercial conditions, and are both equally necessary and useful in their respective lines. BETWEEN TIIE DEVIL AND THE DEEP SEA. It is currently reported that tho mayor and Board of Safety will find the superin tendent of police not guilty of the charge which has been so generally made against him. Having thus been vindicated, it is further reported that he will resign. These reports come from Taggart men, a consider able number of whom, it is said, are pre pared to swear that the superintendent was, on the occasion of the Yellowr-brldge meet ing. in full possession of his faculties and generally in his right mind. Doubtless tho Taggart managers have convinced them selves that such a procedure will bring har mony to the disturbed Democracy. Evi dently, they reason that if the superintend ent is exonerated his large following of personal friends will be satisfied, while if he is forced to resign the friends of Judge Cox will be induced to believe that such resig nation was designed as punishment for Mr. Colbert for his open hostility to the muni cipal judge. It, may be that this seneme will bring about the desired result, but the shrewdest of them must feel that its execution is in volved in danger. The personal following of the superintendent will know that if he tenders his resignation it will not be his voluntary act. but will be a condition to his 'being declared not guilty. On the other hand, the Coxites will not be able to see how exoneration of the charges so widely made can help the case of the superintend ent If he was under the Influence of liquor when he desired to make a speech at a i Republican meeting against Judge Cox some could find an excuse in that fact. To declare that the superintendent was sober on that occasion, and being in his right mind, went to a Republican meeting and asked permission to make a speech assail ing Judge Cox, would place the mayor's representative in the attitude of having de liberately attacked the judge, and therefore his action would be inexcusable. The numerous friends of Judge Cox can not fail to see it in that light should the Board of Safety declare that Mr. Colbert was not laboring under the influ ence of strong drink. They could fairly say that Mr. Colbert, being sober when he went to the Republican meeting to make a speech against Judge Cox, he must have been as sured that he was pursuing a eourse which would meet the mayor’s approbation. In any event, the mayor in this matter appears to "be between the devil and the deep sea.” Ex-Senator Edmunds, chairman of the monetary commission, will return to Washington to-day and announce the sub committees on different branches of the subject in hand. With the announcement of these subcommittees the machinery of the commission will be complete and it will be ready to begin the work before it. Its proceedings thus far have been deliberate and dignified, as might be expected from such a body of men, and there is every reason to believe that its final report will command the respectful attention of the country and of Congress. If the theory of popular government is correct a movement springing so directly from the people as this one does, and represented by so able a commission as that now sitting in Wash ington certainly ought to command at tention. It is a poor defense of mob law to say that a w’hole county has been terrorized by a few ruffians or desperadoes. It is a cow ardly admission to begin with, but if true the law provides ample machinery for get ting rid of petty criminals without resort ing to lynching. Lynchers are the biggest criminals of all. The Washington Boat says that scores of young people in that city “began months ago to accumulate funds in savings banks to defray the expenses of a trip to Baris in 1900.” The attraction is the exposition of that yeaj:, for which elaborate preparations have been planned and already begun in Paris. In matters of this kind the French do not do things by halves, and with past expositions to improve on they will doubt less make that of 1800 a crowning effort The National Geographical Society is ar ranging to give an elaborate reception in Washington to the famous arctic explorer, Dr. Nansen, who will arrive in the United States in the latter part of October. Dr. Nansen’s laurels are very fresh now, but unless Lieutenant Peary’s plans for next year fail the glory of the crowding discov ery will fall to an American. If the rumored discovery by a Dutch scientist of a simple process for convert ing potato starch into sugar is substan tiated it will be one of the most remark able achievements of modern chemistry, and if it can be done on a scale to make it commercially successful it will create an economical revolution. BUBBLES IN THE Alll. Not an Ideal Place. “No,” said Wheeler, thoughtfully, “I can’t cotton to the Idea that heaven Is a place where the streets are paved with gold. I don’t believe a fellow’s tires would stick worth a cent to a street of that kind.” Victim of Misfortune. “No one,” he waited, “will give me a show!” And the accusation against the world at large was too true. He had tried to dead head his way into every theater in town, but there was no gift of a performance available. Great Business Scheme. “Don’t you think we ought to reduce the price of our wheels next year?” asked the submanager. “Never!” said the manager. “The Whiz zle Company will never lower the price of its bicycles.” “Something will have to be done.” “I’ve got it. We will reduce the price of repairs.” He Knew His Blx. The patrician mother wept bitterly. “That a son of mine,” she wailed, “should so dis grace himself as to sign particles ” “Articles, mother,” corrected her son. “Whatever it is, that he should sign them for a prize fight.” “Do not fret, mother dear. As soon, as I have won the fight I have a place open on t’le Yellow Dally as literary critic at SIOO,OOO ■x year.” THE INDIANA PRESS. It is said that Missouri trains are “loaded down with Bryan men.” But, fortunately, the country isn’t.—Terre Haute Express. Every indication points to the fact that our finances are getting back to a good sound Republican basis.—Fort Wayne Ga zette. If communities are to be secure against crime and the disgrace of mobs, there must be a rigid enforcement of the laws.—Lafay ette Courier. Lafayette manufacturing concerns are do ing good business for the first time In sev eral years. Lafayette is prospering. Busi ness is reviving.—Lafayette Call. If there is a lingering spark of affinity between wheat and silver, it seems to us silver ought to come up and meet whegt half way, in order to restore former friendly relations.—Parke County Journal. It Is difficult to find a farm product any where that has been falling. If our silver friends are unable to account for all these advances through the famine abroad, will they admit that any part of it is due to the Dingley law?—Evansville Journal. It’s really too bad for Popocracy that prosperity has followed so soon the acces sion of the Republicans to power and tho prompt passage of the new tariff bill, but business success is preferable to Demo cratic success. —Martinsville Republican. From all appearances there will be a large increase in the acreage of wheat sown in the vicinity of Bourbon tjiis fall. Nearly every farmer with whom we have talked on the subject tells us that from present indi cations the price of wheat is not likely to decline much for a year or two to come, and affords them encouragement to devote more land to that cereal.—Bourbon Mirror. If everything consumed or used in the United States could be made by our own citizens It would be one of the ery best things that could happen to the country. It was largely because we bought so much stuff of foreign production, brought in un der the lowr rates of the Democratic tariff, that we had such a long period of business and industrial depression.—Greensburg Re view’. The conditions now existing are t‘ st possible evidence that the free coi. silver was not essential to the prosp, ■ ;.>• of the country. It was something else we needed, to wit, protection to American in dustries and confidence in the ability of the government to redeem all its pledges, and that something else we now have, and with it we have the long-desired prosperity. Middletown News. Tho policemen of Indianapolis, who are compelled to give up money honestly earned to promote the cause of a candidate for mayor who gives more time and attention to private than to public business, endure a hardship that brute politics works on those who are not in a position to defend them selves; but as long as the people indorse such methods there will be found corrupt and unscrupulous men to employ them. —Muncie Times. There is a movement on foot among certain ladies of the city, looking to the organiza tion of a ladies’ oil prospecting company. Encouraged by the example of some Peru ladies, they have concluded that such a company is just what is needed to stimulate Kokomo’s somewhat sluggardly steps toward prospecting, and their enterprise is certainly commendable. They not only have the enthusiasm for the undertaking, but what is vastly more, the capital and the brains to make it a success, providing, of course, that they make a strike.—Ko komo Tribune. The farmers of this country should give their attention closely to a few cdntrasts. The free traders made a great row over the sugar bounty and the tin plate duty. This contention was the sheer impossibility that we should produce our own sugar and tin. Already every farmer in America knows that we shall soon produce all the sugar we consume and save a hundred millions a year for the tillers of our soil, and that we are also deep in the tin-plate manufac turing business, and that long before this presidential term is out we shall produce all the tin plate we want, and there are from twenty to twenty-five millions a year for American workingmen to earn and distrib ute. Now, these are the things that give a boom to prosperity. Contrast this with the vulgar falsification that low silver made low wheat, and all that rottenness of the Dem ocratic imagination.—Huntington Herald. ABOtT PEOPLE AND THINGS. Lo Bing Nam, a Chinese athlete, says that his extraordinary strength is due to his diet, which consists chiefly of boiled rice and boiled ducks’ heads. The brains of the duck, he asserts, are very strengthening. Some women in Russia are preparing a unique gift for Dr. Nansen. It will be a carpet, with a map of the north pole regions embroidered in silks. The places visited by him in his voyage will be w’orked in silver and gold thread. One of the historical buildings of which Owego, N. Y., is proud is the drug store in which Thomas C. Platt started his career. He started in politics as a political glee club singer, and the back room of his drug store soon became the county headquarters of his party. Instead of the sign, “Do not deface these seats,” seen in some cities, in Glasgow the benches in the public parks bear the cau tion: "Protect your property.” This is sup posed to put eacli user on his sense of dig nity as a citizen, and therefore part owner of the public property. Leo XIII will, according to his personal doctor, in the ordinary course of events, see the twentieth century, and that he himself is convinced of this is proven in his plans to inaugurate on a large and solemn scale throughout Christendom a series pf religious services as thank offerings at the close of this century and as a welcome to the open ing of the next. When Admiral Jouett—now on the retired list of the navy—was acting secretary of the navy, the commandant of the academy at Annapolis asked that a cadet be court mar tiaied for whipping five toughs and two policemen, although it was done in self defense. “Court-martial that fellow,” roared Jouett. “The boy ought to have a medal. Do you suppose the government hired you to raise boys to play checkers?” Walter A. Wyckoff, in the September Scribner's, tells in his narrative, “The Workers,” what one of them thought of Shakspeare: “When I go to the theater I go to laugh. I want to see pretty girls and lots at them, and I want to see them dance. I want songs as I can understand the words of, and lots of jokes, and horse play. You don’t get me to the theater to see no show got up by Shakspeare, nor any of them fellows as lived 2,000 years ago. What did they know about us fellows as is living now? Pete, you mind that Tim Healy in tne union, him that’s full of wind in the meetings? Onct he gave rue a book to read, and he says it's a theater piece wrote by Shakspeare, and the best there was. 1 read more'n an hour on that piece, and I’m damned if there was a joke into it, nor any sense neither.” In his recollections of Robert E. Lee as a college president, a writer in the Outlook tells this story: “He was an Episcopalian— a vestryman of Grace Church. General Pendleton, his former chief of artillery, was rector, and General Smith, superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute, was also a vestryman. The latter was not on agree able terms with the rector, and complained to the oiiicers of the church tiiat the cadets, among them his own son, were deserting the church of their fathers, and that no per suasion could keep them from attending Dr. Pratt’s church (Presbyterian.) The doctor had a very beautifui daughter, Grace, and, while General Smith was pushing his ob jections to the rector, General Lee, with a twinkle in his eye, said to Smith: ‘General, possibly the magnet which attracts your son is not so much tne doctor s eloquence as the doctor’s Grace.’ It is said thel>oint silenced General Smith.” The new girl may wear A man’s cut on her hair, Our collars she has worn for years, She’s taken our vest To cover her chest, ‘ And stolen our cane—hence these tears. She copied our hat — Not much thought of that— Just girls trying hard to be Misters. With glee we now grin, Although it’s no sin— To see the sweet things raising whiskers. —Philadelphia Inquirer. COL. LEJHAOI'SKI. Hi* Career in Europe anti in Southern and Central Indiana. Corydon Republican. The Indianapolis Journal and a number of correspondents have been discussing 1 the probable authorship of a work on the life of Napoleon, published at Salem in 1818, and incidentally therewith, to some extent, discussing the life of Col. John Jacob Le manouski. The work does not bear the name of any author, but the consensus of opinion is that Colonel Lemanouski was the author. Colonel Lemanouski served on Marshal Ney's staff, and was a great ad mirer of Napoleon. He claimed to have fought in 125 engagements under Napoleon. He was finally made a political prisoner, condemned to be executed, but he escaped from prison and came to this country. The prison in which he was confined was sur rounded by water, and on the surface of the water were floating timbers, filled with sharp spikes, to prevent the escape of pris oners. By some means, while in confine ment, Colonel Lemanouski got hold of a rope which let him down a few feet above the spiked timbers, but, as he often said, he trusted in the Lord for his escape, and, after reaching the end of the rope, let him self drop the balance of the distance. In the fall a large spike penetrated one of his feet, which made a scar that he carried to his grave. But he escaped and came to this countrv. Being a fugitive, he was de sirous that his identity remain in obscurity. It is said his real name was Lehman, but after he reached this country, to obscure his identity, he adopted the name of Le manouski. He located somewhere in cen tral Indiana, where he was married and became the father of four children. His wife dying, he came to this county in 1837, where,'in 1838, he married Miss Lydia Sieg. of this county. For two years he resided on what is known as the Tartarat farm, two miles north of Corydon. He then re moved to Rush or Henry county, where he resided a number of years, returning later to near a little village in Clark county called Hamburg, where his wife died, his death following in a year or two. As the fruits of the marriage to Miss Sieg there were born three children —Martin L. Le manouski. of Blue River township, this countv; Mrs. Mary Reising, wife of Mr. Nicholas Reising, residing five miles north west of Corydon. and Benjamin Lemanou ski. of Oregon. Many of the older citizens remember Colonel Lemanouski, and one who knew him well has no doubt Colonel Lemanouski was the author of the history mentioned. His business alternated be tween lecturing on Napoleon and preach ing, he being a minister of the Lutheran denomination. He was a remarkable man. He possessed great force of character. He w r as a giant both in intellect and physical strength. He was the master of several languages and had a most remarkable memory. It is said that he could listen at tentively to the reading of a newspa vr ar ticle or chapter of Scripture a. single time and reneat the same afterward verbatim. His children in this county are highly re spected people, and live a quiet, retired farm life. Champion Crop Lie. Atchison Globe. An Atchison man who visited in western Kansas last week found the family sleep ing without pillow oases and using a tin bucket for a teapot. He expressed surprise, and was toid that the banks of that county refused to take any more money on deposit, and they were keeping theirs in the pillow cases and teapot. The family were much worried for fear that, when the corn and cattle are sold, they will have to take off their socks and stockings to hide their money in. _ Greeting. Washington Post. Com Jack Gowdv has had his hair cut. Ills whiskers Van Dyked and has donned Paris-made clothes. Good-bye, Jack. Take keer o’ yerself. NEW PUBLICATIONS. Two New Work* Treating of the Mon etary Question. Many persons thought and still think that the presidential election of 18% settled the money question. The election was certain ly a great victory for sound money, but it was not the Waterloo of flatism. If proper ly used the victory may mark the turning point and be the Gettysburg of the contest, but it must be followed up. and the oppor tunity of making it decisive must be seized and improved. The vital question of the hour is still currency reform, and the agita tion must be continued on right lines. Two works recently published by G. P. Putnam’s Sons will htip in this direction. They are “Monetary Problems and Reforms.” by Charles H. Swan, jr., and “Sound Money Monographs,” by William C. Cornwell, president of the City Bank of Buffalo. The first treats of fiat money and legal tender, the result of legal tender anil the remedy, and international coinage, while the second deals more directly witn banking questions. Both are strong arguments in favor of sound money and currency reform. Authors und Publishers. “Authors and Publishers." by G. H. P. and J. B. P., is a very useful and valuable book in its way. The authors modestly term it “a matual of suggestions for be ginners in literature,” but it is much more than that. P"epared by men who are thoroughly familiar with every detail of the practical side of publishing, and who yet possess keen literary instinct, it is a manual which will prove valuable not merely to beginners in literature but to all literary workers. Briefly, it presents, in convenient form for reference, information concerning the several methods of publishing arrange ments, the various matters to be considered after the publishing arrangement has been completed in putting the book through the press, and the measures adopted, after a book has been put into print, in finding sale or in trying to find sale for it. The rela tions between authors and publishers are treated fully, and many interesting anecdotes concerning them are related, but the chief value of the book is in its Informa tion for prospective authors. All the details of book-making are gone into thoroughly from the time the manuscript reaches the hands of the “house reader” to the time it issues in blue and gold or tree calf or paper. There are specimens of typography and suggestions as to the form and size Os pages, instructions in proof-reading, ad vice as to illustrations and, better than all, advice as to the method of submitting manuscripts to the publishers so that they will stand the best chance of receiving a good hearing. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sous. Evolntion und Religion. The doctrine of evolution is so recent a conception, especially in its bearing on spiritual things, that even the best informed are scarcely able as yet either to de fine the doctrine well within itself, or to see its implications when taken in connection with spiritual things. They make the doc trine so inflexible as to strangle the intel lectual powers, and they struggle with the theory itself as something they would glad ly escape. A work entitled “Evolution and Religion.” by Prof. John Bascom, offers some relief at both the points named by attempting to show that evolution is not a conception in extinction of reason, nor yet a movement in overthrow of faith. The author maintains that spiritual life is involved in evolution and is built up by it as its most comprehensive and consummate product. He holds that in no way do men grasp their religious beliefs so firmly as when they see that they are woven into the entire web of events. In short, he treats religious faith as a part of a complete cosmic system which harmonizes with every other part. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons. Publisher*’ Note*. “The Story of Germ Life.” by Prof. H. W. Conn, of Wesleyan University, is the title of a forthcoming volume in Appleton s Librarj of Useful Stories. Harper & Brothers announce “Three Op erettas,” by the late H. C. Zfunner. It is said to be written with his characteristic charm and delicate humor. Dr. Weir Mitchell’s novel of the Ameri can revolution, “Hugh Wynne, Free Qua ker,” was announced for publication by the Century Company for Sept. 24. Among the announcements by the Mac millan Company for October is Prof. James Mark Baldwin’s book on “Social and Eth ical Interpretation ini Mental Development.” This work, as is stated on the title page, is a study in social psychology, and is a con tinuation of the author’s studies in genetic psychology, begun in his “Mental Develop ment in the Child and the Race.” Anew departure for Sir Walter Besant is a volume of drawing room plays, which he has produced in collaboration with Wal ter Pollock. The plays are graceful, light and witty and appeal to lovers of fiction, while at the same time they are adapted to practical use for amateur theatricals. The volume is profusely illustrated after drawings, many of which are contributed by the American artist. Arthur Jule Goodman. The book is admirably suited to holiday gift-making purposes. It will be issued by the Frederick A. Stokes Company. A complementary Issue of the “Modern Readers’ Bible Series” is announced for publication in December by the Macmillans. It will consist of a double number which will contain the whole of the Psalms, and will also include the Book of Lamentations. From the hand of the same editor, In the same series, the publication of the books of the New Testament is also announced. The writings of St. Luke and St. Paul, In two volumes, will form a double number, the contents of which will be the Gospel of St. Luke, the Acts of the Apostles and the Pauline Epistles. These latter will be In troduced at the several points of the history to which they are usually referred. The novels to be issued by D. Appleton & Company include anew novel by Madame Sarah Grand, author of “The Heavenly Twins;” “The Mystery of Choice,” by Rob ert W. Chambers: “A Voyage of Consola tion,” by Mrs. E. C. Cotes (Sarah Jeannette Duncan), illustrated; “At the Cross Roads,” by F. F. Montresor; “Baboo Hurry Bung sho Jabberjee, B. A.,” by F. Anstey, illus trated; “A Phantom Army,” by Max Pem berton; "A Passionate Pilgrim,” by Percy White; “Sunset,” by Mrs. Philip Hicks (Be atrice Whitby); “Fortune’s Footballs,” by G. B. Burgin;; “The Clash of Arms,” by J. Bloundelle-Burton; “God’s Foundling,” by A. J. Dawson: “A Solcier of Manhat tan,” by J. A. Altsheler, and “Miss Prov idence,” by Dorothea Gerard. Fit AN CO-RUSSIAN ALLIANCE. Two Views of the Meanlnar of the Cronstadt Declaration. E. Masseras, in New York Sun. M. Felix Faure’s voyage to Russia was In itself an unusual event. It marked a drawing together, long thought unlikely, if not impossible, between the sovereign who may be looked upon as the very personifica tion of absolutism and the chief magistrate of a republic which will soon look back on an existence of thirty years. The imperial toast that marked the last day of our ves sel’s stay in the bay of Cronstadt has made of it a historical date and the starting point for an entirely new policy. The alliance be tween Russia and France was assuredly perceptible in the events that have occurred during the last few years, but it had not been officially proclaimed. At the very most only a moral bond held the two countries together since they drew close to one an other in that same bay of Ciitmstadt six or seven* years ago. That bond was indirectly acknowledged by the visit made to Paris by the new Muscovite sovereigns. In it all, nevertheless, it was only the cordiality of the international feeling that appeared as a settled fact. There was nothing that in dicated more than that excellent relations existed between the two countries. There was nothing to show a political union, a community of interests and of point of view. It is different since the toast offered at the breakfast on Aug. 26. The toast, it should be noticed, was read, not merely recited by memory, in order to give it full force and to define clearly its significance. It was therefore deliberately, and after weighing the meaning of every word he uttered, that the Russian sovereign addressed his guest for the first time as his ally. The word received all the more im portance on that account. Every one has understood that it was uttered under cir cumstances which gave it no ordinary po litical meaning, and that It could not be taken as of no importance. It marked, un mistakably, anew phase in the equilibrium of Europe. , , Everything helps to bear witness, in fact, that from that day the situation is no long er what it was before. The idea of select ing the flagship of the French fleet for the scene of this manifestation ha.s an im portance and meaning of its own. You may be sure that it has been understood and felt keenly at Berlin. The Cronstadt toast accentuated in a manner strangely painful to German vanity the difference between the reception given to the French guest and that met with by the young German Emperor a few hours before, as it were. In the same waters from the same hosts. William II must have felt the contrast between the two receptions all the more bitterly because he had allowed himself to yield to the illusion that the result would he far different. He had even shown a rath er naive way what was at the bottom of his mind. In the toast, where he went so far ns to place the Russian army above the German. That was certainly more than any one asked or expected from him. He must have regretted this flattery later, and we may feel assured that he bears a grudge against France for it as well as against Russia. This feeling of his is a point in the new diplomatic situation that must not be lost sight c i. The Prussian monarch, on entering public Itfe, has known only the in toxication of absolute power. The check, he has received is the ilrst in his experi ence, and he is therefore the less prepared to submit to it. Assuredly it is the intention of neither Russia nor France to seek in the transfor mation just undergone by the political sit uation of Europe a pretext for a quarrel with Germuny. Yet circumstances may arise which will demand decisions that no one now foresees and that no one wishes. Tho positions o? the hundreds of thousands of Germans settled in Russia is the cause of some apprehension. They have not suc ceeded, it appears, in making themselves liked everywhere by the people, and there are fears of conflicts which mutual ill will might easily embitter. The essential idea of the Franco-Russlan alliance is, however, one of general peace, and it has been developed and strengthened during the last years. Let us hope that the future will bring only new guarantees to this idea!. Even if other after thoughts are joined to this wish by some political speculators, all the nations of Europe sin cerely desire that the future may add new guarantees to the existing condition of af fairs. Doubtless a different thought must have mingled with the enthusiastic celebra tion, with which all France, moved by a truly national Impulse, we can say, greeted the prospect of rehabilitation. But if the Russian alliance opens out hew vistas be fere us, it likewise bears to us counsel? of patience which will be listened to. cur country has now regained the place it held among the powers even in its most brilliant days. Let time complete the work. It will succeed better than the wisely prepared combinations of diplomacy. One point there is in what has been just accomplished, to which no one for the mo ment seems to pay attention, though its consequences cannot as yet be calculated. It overpowers even the international point of view which our own situation lias caused us to consider first. The change made is certainly a great one, yet it becomes of secondary importance when compared to the metamorphosis which must take place in the progress and position of Russia. The spectacle of the Russian people ap plauding the “Marseillaise” and singing it alternately with the national hymn in its enthusiasm is one which the boldest spec tator would not have dared to imagine a few years ago. Nothing, to be sure, that happened on the banks of the Neva touch ed in any degree the prestige, the authority or the effective power of the Czar. It is possible, on the contrary, that he may find anew force in the events to which he has in a manner thrown wide the gates. That will depend on the consequences and the direction he will give to the evolution so gallantly brought about in his traditional policy. One thing is certain even now. It will be an acquired gain, whatever course events may take. The applause that greeted the “Marseillaise” and the tri color banner in the streets of St. Peters burg has inaugurated anew era, and the future alone can tell us what It has In store for us. I’LATT'S NEW “MACHINE.” Republican Rohm Bringing? New Men to tlie Front. New York Letter in Chicago Post. Senator Platt is credited with an intention of constructing anew "machine.” He has left out nearly all the old material in his recent selections for positions of importance in the local political organization, and has shoved a good many new men to the front in the matter of federal appointments. Sen ator Platt has the happy faculty of recog nizing ability in the early stages of its de velopment. and one of the secrets of his suc cess is due to that fact. He has taken to singling out for his lieutenants men who have not previously secured important standing, and when they prove themselves to be able to conduct intricate deals for him it is then discovered that they are very able citizens, and that even without the help of Platt they might have been able to force themselves to the front. Senator Platt likes new men, and in that way he has tied to him several brilliant field officers who would lay down their political lives for him and who can be depended upon to execute his will, no matter what it may be. There is Congressman Quigg, for Instance, who is president of the county Republican organization and recognized as Senator Platt’s right hand. “Lem” Quigg was an ordinary newspaper man a few years ago. He was an editorial writer on the Tribunev and was known by a few people as a man of ability. One day a commercial organiza tion nominated him for Congress against Colonel William F. Brown, one of the own ers of the Evening News, of New York. Brown was -a millionaire, having become so by reason of the fortunate acquisition of a large block of stock in the News Company which had belonged to a man namer Morss, who had committed suicide. Brown came to New York ten or twelve years ago with $40,000 or $50,000, the proceeds of a paper he had owned in Ohio. He had the good luck or the good sense to put his money into this Morss stock, which, for some unaccount able reason, was offered for sale at about 10 per cent, of its value. The minute he got hold of It it flew back to where It be longed, and Brown found himself suddenly worth about $500,000. Fortunate Investments in other lines doubled his fortune In two or three years, and after a while he concluded he wanted to go to Congress. Tammany gave him a nomination In a “sure-thing” district, and he began to spend money like water in order to make assurance doubly sure. That was the kind of game that Quigg found himself against. Nobody dreamed that he could be elected, but he broke into the district like a cyclone and made the most wonderful campaign in the recent history of New York politics. He developed Into a remarkable campaign stump speaker and swept the district. Col. Brown lost $50,000 in election bets. Quigg was re-elected a year ago, and Is now, next to Senator Platt, at the head of the New York Republican machine. . . , William M. K. Oloott, who was selected in advance by Senator Platt for the honor of a mayoralty nomination at the hands of the convention, which meets the 28th, is also anew man. lie is a bright lawyer, and, as events have shown, a man likely to make himself hoard end felt, even in the face of adverse conditions. But as it has trans pired, he has encountered no hostile condi tions since he entered politics three or four years ago. and as a member of the Board of Aldermen was selected by Jeroloman, pres ident of the City Council, as chairman of the finance committee, and by reason of that position ex-officio member of the sink ing fund. In an incredibly short time he was leader of the Republican side in the Board of Aldermen, and when Col. John R. Fel lows. United States district attorney, died last winter he was appointed to fill the va cancy, his indorsements comprising the names of pract'cally all his colleagues in the City Council, a large number of the leading members of the bar and substantially all the leaders of the “machine.” headed by Senator Platt. Asa politician he is instinc tively a “machine” man, having elected to cast his fortunes with the “gang. ’ For that reason the conservative Republicans In New York mistrust him almost as much as tney wouid mistrust a Tammany nominee. Being a “machine” man. however, he was expect ed to stand ■ready to withdraw at Platt s dictation in favor of a compromise candi date, if any such could he found acceptable to the entire anti-Tammany elements* Ol cott did not like the position In which he found himself, but he stood up to the rack. Bidwe.ll. collector of the port, is another one of Platt’s recent discoveries. Ten years ago he was a broken bicycle manufacturer. He landed on his feet, however, quickly, and ere long formed a partnership with “Al” Spalding, of Chicago and New York, association with whom is regarded by the superstitious as inevitable good luck. It Is common belief that if any one can get m with Spalding nothing can stop him. Bid well made money in business after he allied himself with the Chicago mascot, and three or four years ago broke into politics hero for the amusement there was in it. Showing qualities of generalship in political manip ulation he was picked out by the ever watchful Platt as one of his lieutenants. Asa reward for his services during the campaign last year he was made collector of the port, one of the most lucrative offices in New York in the gift of the President. Wilbur F. Wakeman, a Chicago product, and anew man here, has been engrafted on the official pay rolls. Wakeman owes his elevation to the kind offices of Cornelius N. Bliss, secretary of the interior. Wakeman had fought Platt for years, hut the senator consented to his appointment with the un dorstandin*r that thf* hatchet should bo burled. In due course of time It may bo ex nected that Wakeman will apnear as a hot friend of the “easy boss." although Just at this particular juncture he Is suspected of having a soft side for Seth Low. If he has ho is keeping his preference dark. Right down through the organization this same kindlv feeling toward new men is noticed and the recent advancement of this kind of material into places of trust ts too marked to allow any other construction than 1 hat Senator Platt Is shelving the old war horsi sand putting in their places younger and more vigorous constituents who will feel that they owe undivided al legiance to him. A Difficult 1 ndcrtaklnK* Washington Post. It strikes us that Mr. Seth Low will ex perience some difficulty in convincing the voters of New York that Benjamin Tracy is the representative of all that is wicked in politics.