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THE SUNDAY JOURNAL SUNDAY, JUNE 26, 1898. Wr.tbingtoa Office—lso3 Pennsylvania Avenue Telephone Call*. Business Office <3B f Editorial Rooms...A 86 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. DAILY BY MAIL. Dally only, one month * "0 Dally only, three months.. . 2.00 Dally only, one year *- w Daiiv, including Sunday, one year 10. oh Sunday only, one year 2.00 iVHEN FURNISHED BY AGENTS. Dally, per week, by carrier 1“ ots Sunday, single copy 5 cts Dally and Sunday, per week, by carrier— 20 cts WEEKLY. Par year 1 1 - 00 Reduced Rates to Clnbs. Subscribe with any of our numerous agents or ■end subscription to JOURNAL NEWSPAPER COMPANY Indianapolis, Ind. Persons sending the Journal through the malls In the United States should put on an eight-page paper a ONE-CUNT postage stamp; on a twelve or sixteen-page paper a TWO-CENT postage ■tamp. Foreign postage is usually double these rates. All communications Intended for publication In this paper must, In order to receive attention, be accompanied by the name and address of the writer. THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL Can be found at the following places: NEW YORK—Astor House. CHICAGO—PaImer House, P. O. News Cos., 217 Dearborn street. Great Northern Hotel and Grand Pacific Hotel. CINCINNATI—J. R. Hawley & Cos., 164 \lne street. LOUISVILLE—C. T. Peering, northwest comer of Third and Jefferson streets, and Louisville Book Cos.. 266 Fourth avenue. BT. LOUlS—Union News Company, Union Depot. WASHINGTON. D. C.—Riggs House. Ebbitt House and Willard's Hotel. “Sixteen Pages** EJ r , a e= 1 =■--- , It would be very obliging on the part of General Pando to get his 10,000 men to San tiago to surrender them. The rulers of Russia and Germany having expressed their friendship for the United States a story to the contrary ought not to be telegraphed the press for the space of two weeks. When the horses in an alleged race are ridden or driven in a perfunctory way, evi dently for show only, it is called hippo dromlng. That seems to be what the Span ish “reserve fleet” is doing. The slashing of the life-sized oil painting of the late German Emperor on board a German steamer in New York harbor was a piece of vandalism which no statutory penalty could adequately punish. While Spain has no direct communication With Cuba, a cable will be found which will bear to the Madrid government the propo sition of the United States to send a few •hips to shell cities on the coast of Spain. The fleet now commanded by Admiral Sampson is the largest ever Assembled un der the command of an American officer. It includes the squadron at Santiago, four monitors and a cruiser doing blockade duty at Havana and a large number of gunboats, torpedo beats and converted cruisers scat tered along the Cuban coast. While ex-President Cleveland's recent ad dress is being commended by those whQ do not believe in exercising control over any piece of territory separated from the main land, Mr. Olney's recent paper and speech are being quoted on the other side. Mr. Olney was secretary of state under Cleve land. In the game of war, a terrible game of give and take, it is soldier against soldier and life against life without reference to in dividuals, yet it is sad when valuable lives are pitted against worthless ones. Some of the Americans killed in the light near San tiago on Friday were worth a whole ship load of such cattle as constitute the Spanish army. Great Britain has 30,825.000 inhabitants and 120,973 square miles of territory, but her rule extends to people In foreign countries, who occupy 16.662,073 square miles of land. And yet with this vast preponder ance of foreign peoples and lands there is no indication of decay in the distinctive British nationality. The awful Pingree, Governor of Mich igan by a mistake of the people, delivered a speech in Tampa a few nights ago in which he said he was “unalterably opposed to the acquisition of any of the islands which might be taken by the United States from Spain.” Pingree should get back to Michigan as soon as possible and mind his own business. I This war may have valuable results in a sanitary way. Besides the fact that many of the volunteers were rejected on medical examination for causes traceable to their own disregard of the laws of health, those who are in the service will find that their health is dependent on a strict ob servance of these laws. Such lessons will not be soon forgotten. The New York Tribune prints a strong let ter from Mr. W. Holmstrem. a prominent Journalist of St. Petersburg, deprecating the talk of an Anglo-American alliance. “1 deem it my duty,” he says, “as a Russian patriot and a well wisher of the g:-.at American nation to break up the tissue of falsehoods, to dispel the evil charms which the English papers have so successfully en deavored to create in order to call forth feelings of animosity between two disinter ested traditional friends of such long stand ing as the Americans and Russians.” It •hould be the policy of the United States to make friends without making enemies. The Engineering News of the current week contains an article criticising the Board of Construction of the Navy Depart ment for deciding that the three new bat tle ships which Congress has provided for •hall have speed of only fifteen or sixteen knots an hour, instead of adopting the plans of Commodore Melville, chief of the Bureau of Steam Engineering, who submitted de signs to give speed of eighteen knots an honr. The reason given by the board for asking bids for the sixteen-knot ships is that it will require the drawing of new plans by the bureau, which would delay the work of construction. This pretext would have some weight if it were possiblejo have the ships completed In season to take some part in the Spanish war. As it is not pos s'ble to have the ships built in less than two years, the reason of the board has no force. The people in the interior do not Know much about war ships, but th'ey want the United States to have the best and the fastest. So long as European governments are building ships with a speed of eighteen or nineteen knots, the people in the interior would prefer that its ships shall have greater rather than less speed. VINDICATION OF PREPARATION. It is a fitting occasion to call attention to the formation and progress of the expedi tion to take Santiago. Before the declara tion of war the department began to con centrate the regular army at towns on the Southern coast. Many persons who know nothing of the extensive preparations for putting a fully equipped army on board of ships at once became impatient for an at tack on Havana. At that time the government did not con trol the ships necessary to transport five thousand men to any part of Cuba. It had i ot the necessary siege trains and ammuni tion. It had to obtain clothing and rations. Ail tho minute preparations had to be made for the landing of troops. The clamor of a few newspaper warriors made many people impatient. Day after day they watched for the sailing of the expedition, only to be dis appointed. The army, said the grumblers, was being held back because of the fear of “a phantom fleet of Cuban gunboats.” The military authorities were not influenced by clamor, but quietly and diligently contin ued the work of perfecting the details of preparations for so great an undertaking. When all was ready, when the war ships arrived for escort the expedition set out. General Miles knew that the army put on board the ships was disciplined and equipped. General Shatter, in direct com mand of the expedition, had the confidence of the knowledge of full preparation. Ad miral Sampson, instead of being impatient for the arrival of the army, had spent days In carefully reconnoitering the coast to dis cover the available points for landing. The landing of marines at Guantanamo bay, a point forty miles east of Santiago, indi cated to the Spanish leaders that it was to be the landing place of the army and its base. While the Spaniards had been di verted to Guantanamo, Baiquiri, seventeen miles from Santiago, had been selected for the place of debarkment. By bombarding other coast points the attention of the en emy was drawn from Baiquiri and the land ing of the army and its equipment was made without real opposition. The weather was favorable, but the most difficult task of landing so large an army in the enemy’s country was accomplished with entire suc cess. The army was landed in good condi tion, and the point where it could have been resisted most effectively has been passed. It is now ciosing in on the doomed city. There have already been engagements in which several valuable lives were lost, and there will be more fighting and greater loss of life; but the great undertaking has thus far been attended with a degree of success that may be said to he without parallel. The officers in change of the operations by sea and land have displayed that high ca pacity for war which entitles them to the confidence of the American people. An ag gressive war is always attended with loss, but there is every reason to believe that regiments will not he wasted by being hurled upon well-defended fortifications. Slaughter is not war unless it brings cor responding results; it is a science when by strategic and tactical superiority and mod ern equipment the enemy is forced to capit ulate. Thus far the policy of delay for prepara tions has been vindicated. The “kind hearted” method of making war at which the New York World and even better pa pers have railed has been vindicated in the saving of the lives of American soldiers and in achieving, by careful preparation, a great success. THE FEDERATED WOMAN. Some days ago the Journal ventured the opinion that the federated women now gath ered in Denver would have a perfectly love ly time. It acknowledged that it did not know what they were federated for, but expressed the hope that this secret might be disclosed to it in due course. Owing to the unfortunate existence of war the telegraphic reports have been less voluminous than might have been the case otherwise, and the general public has been deprived of numer ous interesting details of their proceedings. Denver papers, however, rose to the occa sion, and, making the war a secondary matter to this great local event, gave the visiting ladies the freedom of their pages. A careful perusal of these leaves no doubt that the Journal was right in its prediction. The ladies have certainly been having just tho loveliest time that ever was. They have had no end of papers on.no end of topics; they have had receptions, teas, dinners and other social festivities lapping over each other every hour of their stay; they had free trolley rides, free concerts, and the Rocky mountains to look at; they have had opportunity to shine in their best gowns, and have had—no, they have not had un limited chance to talk. A resolution was passed early in the week limiting each sneaker to three minutes, thus endangering "at the very outset the harmony and success of the gathering. However, as no trouble is reported as growing out of this offensive rule, it is the Journal’s belief that no at tempt was made to enforce it. A few de termined women could make a dead letter of that regulation in short order. The feder ated ladies also had politics galore. Whether the visitors taught the Colorado ladies some thing in this line or whether they learned from their hostesses is not, at this writing, quite clear, but that they will tell Inter esting tales of the devious ways of club poli tics on their return can hardly be doubted. They have had a lesson In finance, too. Henceforth club women of the country must pay for their federated privileges. It will cost each one of them 10 cents a year. Even yet, after close reading of the con vention’s reports, the Journal does not quite know what these privileges are, except to those who go as delegates, but it has no hesitation in saying that if they are worth anything they are worth 10 cents. And in this connection it must be remembered that attendance at these gatherings is not lim ited to delegates. Any federated woman in the country can go if she has some new gowns and enough money. Why she should go, let the hundred thousand men who flock to a presidential convention where they have no official business, make answer. It U their party convention, and they have a THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SUNDAY, JUNE 26, 1898. right to be there. It is the women's feder ation, to do with as they will. Its motto is “Unity in Diversity.” Let us hope that it need never have occasion to prove its unity in adversity, but that it will continue to provide a good time for its members year after year. THE WAR VALUE OF SANTIAGO. Local strategy boards have condemned the move upon Santiago. It js not an Important point as a base’, they assert, and there are no troops there to be fought and captured. This judgment is at variance with that of the naval and military authorities directing affairs. It is claimed by these men that San tiago is needed for the chief outlying base of supplies for subsequent military and naval operations in the West Indies. The naval and military authorities may not be so well informed as the local strategy boards, but if they are, the Spaniards have from twelve thousand to fifteen thousand men in and about Santiago. General Pando is hastening to Santiago, it is reported, with the best ten thousand men in tne Spanish army. If twenty-five thousand men can be disposed of it will be a good beginning. Much more important istfhe fact that the only naval squadron belonging to Spain which is of any real consequence is that bottled up in Santiago harbor. Admiral Sampson could probably force the narrow neck to the harbor and destroy those ships, but the odds would be greatly against him for the reason that the narrow channel is literally filled with mines as powerful as that which sunk the Maine. Eun if he should escape the mines the neck of the harbor is so narrow that only one ship can pass at a time, so that a fleet passing irt, one ship behind another, would be at the mercy of several ships and batteries inside the harbor, as much as the Spanish squad ron would be at the mercy of the American ships in an attempt to pass out. With the co-operation of the army, the only Spanish war ships which could help the Spanish at Havana or elsewhere will be more speedily captured. It has been stated that next month, when the hurricanes prevail and our ships will be forced to leave their shore sta tions, Cervera hopes to he able to escape. There may not be anything in this, but it is far better to have the Spanish ships out of thb way because it will relieve our ships and leave them to do more effective service elsewhere. At any rate, the capture of Santiago will give us a base and reduce the coast line which must be blockaded. Besides, there is reason to believe that the men of experi ence, who have the advantage of the fullest information, really know more about man aging the campaign than do the local strat egy boards, whose knowledge of ships is confined to pictures. THE CLOSING OF THE CORTES. Confusion, consternation and dismay are the prevailing conditions at Madrid. In the nature of things cable dispatches cannot go largely into the details of the situation, but they disclose many of the symptoms of a tottering dynasty, if not a crumbling em pire. The closing session of the Cortes be fore the reading of the royal decree ad journing it was marked by many exciting incidents, much crimination and recrimina tion among ministers and members, and a general washing of c'irty clothes before the world. The lie was passed, published inter views were repudiated, indignant reporters left the Chamber in a body, the Ministry was denounced, collect..vely and individually, Weyler was denounced, the monarchy itself was denounced, and the general uproar ended by the Cortes going into secret ses sion. Amid all this confusion one member spoke the words of bitter truth. This was Senor Gonzales, who said he did not speak as a partisan, but as a Spaniard. We quote from the press dispatch: The chastisement falling on nations or on collective bodies, he added, had never been undeserved, as it had been attempted to make the Spaniards believe. Continuing, he said; “For everything happening now the whole country, the people, the parties and the government are responsible.” In spire of the interruptions Senor Gonzales con tinued; “I have many deadlier truths to tell. Spain has never known what a real colonial policy is.” The speaker condemned both the Conserv atives and the Liberals for having tried to rule Cuba by troops when what it had needed all along was “drastic reorganiza tion of the administration of the island.” These were indeed “deadly truths” to be hammered into Spain’s ears by a Spaniard. Senor Gonzales seems to have discovered what every reader of history has learned and what every intelligent person outside of Spain knows, namely, that she has been dying for a hundred years, and that her present desperate condition is the penalty for national crimes she has been commit ting ever since the discovery of America. But his declaration that “Spain has never known what a real colonial policy is” is not quite accurate. Spain has had colonial policies, but never a wise or honest one. Her policy has always been to oppress, tax, rob and plunder her colonies, and to en courage the growth of ignorance and super stition as other governments do the growth of education and intelligence. Nevertheless, there was enough deadly truth in what the speaker said to give his auditors a glimpse of Spain’s judgment day. AN AUTHOR’S MISTAKE. When a novelist does not know what else to do with a troublesome character he has one unfailing resource—that of killing him off. It is not realistic to do this, how ever, for while death is, of course, a grim feature of real life it seldom occurs with what, to the finite mind, seems poetic and harmonious fitness. In actual life the man who could be conveniently dispensed with, the man whose presence and existence make other people uncomfortable, even though he be a truly good person; the man who is himself a trifle weary of life, the hero whose deeds overshadow those of the rank and file —such men do not die and so get out of the way. They continue to live, and other folk must accommodate their ways to them. Nor is it artistic to dispose of a character in fiction by killing him if any possible ex cuse can be devised for permitting him to live. Especially is this true if he is an ad mirable personage. In the latter case read ers come to have an affectionate regard for him and feel a sense of personal grief and injury at his untimely taking off—a feeling that is always unwise for an author to aiouse. Moreover, if the popular character is allowed to live he remains a source of satisfaction to his admirers after the other personages with whom he was associated in the book are forgotten. Something is left to the imagination. There is always before such a character the possibility of a continued career of heroic adventure, a ca reer varying according to the fancy of the individual. Such possibilities were before Mr. Rassendyll when the last chapter of "The Prisoner of Zenda" was closed. It was Inevitable that a man so brave and gal lant and high-minded should go on doing daring deeds somewhere, even if the Prin cess Flavia were not present to inspire him. but it would have been far better if Mr. Hope had not listened to the foolish clamor for a sequel and set these After adventures dow-n; better if he had left him to be dreamed about by his admirers. A sequel to a novel is nearly always a mistake, and this is no exception to the rule. Mr. Ras sendyll is dead and Mr. Hope’s readers are disappointed. They would rather not have known of such an end to his career, but would have preferred him to remain as the first volume of the veracious chronicles left him. It is even doubtful if they will forgive Mr. Hope for having taken this cruel privi lege with one who was so great a favorite. Is there something demoralizing in books? This does not refer to the contents, because everybody knows that some books are de moralizing to those who read them, but to books as books—everything in covers, even blank books. A little reflection will show that the mere handling of books is connect ed with numerous demoralizing influences. Ever since they have teen printed they have been a source of war between authors and publishers. Books agents are specious, plausible and dangerous to a degree. School book publishers and agents have organized some of the most corrupt rings of recent times, and county officers can testify how demoralizing are the seductive wiles of the makers and' sellers of blank books. And now we have the agents of the Methodist Book Concern South, presumably good men, who handled ortfy good books, confessing to having robbed the concern of SIOO,OOO out of an appropriation of $285.000 by Congress, which they paid to and probably divided with a lobbyist. So we still Inquire, is there something demoralizing in books, merely as books? The United States Army Hospital Corps, which has been in existence ten years, and which has been expanded to meet war con ditions, now consists of more than seven thousand trained nurses and surgeons, or ganized in corps and divisions like the army Itself, with one steward and two privates to each regiment, seven stewards and 104 privates to each division ambulance com pany, and nine,, stewards and ninety pri vates for each divisidfi field hospital, in ad dition to the force at various headquarters. Much has been said about the great prog ress in methods for killing and maiming men in war. but medical authorities say arrangements for ameliorating the condition of the sick and wounded and improved methods in surgery have fully kept pace with the other. It is a well-established principle of war that the victor has the right to exact in demnity from the conquered foe and to pre scribe the manner in which the indemnity shall be paid. Russia beat Turkey and took a slice of Armenia; Germany beat France and took Alsace-Lorraine and a huge sum of money; Turkey beat Greece and the powers consented to tt|e former’s taking a strip of Greece. The United States beat Mexico and took California and New Mexico. It may be. a harsh rule, but it is the recognized law of nations. With such precedents no power will interfere to say what the United States shall do with the territory it may acquire from Spain. An officer of the United States marines at Washington has received a letter from a friend who participated in the fight at Guantanamo in which the writer says: Among the arais captured from the Spaniards were one Remington rifle and two styles of Mauser, also a lot of pure you know, are forbidden in civTTizod warfare. A year ago the Cuban insurgents stated that*the use of brass bullets was one of the barbarous methods adopted by Weyler, but the charge was indignantly denied. The world has learned, however, that Spanish denials do not signify anything. It is predicted that the war revenue law will interfere with the business of the bucket shops as well as with the transac tions of the regular exchanges. If the bucket shops should try to evade the law on the ground that there are transfers of cer tificates of shocks as is the prac tice in the exchanges, they will be subject to prosecution as gambling concerns. BUBBLES IN THE AIR. Had His Scruples. First Burglar—Ain’t you goin’ to mask? Second Burglar—No, I ain’t. I was raised religious, an’ never went to a masquerade in my life. The Reason. • , “Does your husband really say that it is not proper for a man to wear his bicycle suit to church?” “Yes, that is his excuse for staying away.” / Rack Fence Amenities. The Lady in the Sunbonnet—Oh! I guess you think whatever you say goes! The Lady in the Curl Papers—ls you hear it, it does; it goes all over the neighbor hood. Warned. “You don’t call on Miss Dirpy any more.” “No. I heard she had taken a vow never to marry.” “Oh, well, she doesn’t mean it.” “That is what I’m afraid of.” Paul du Chailtu, the African traveler, writes to a young friend in Cuba advising him to abstain from strong drinks, wear a band of flannel around his stomach, drink as little water as possible and take two or three grains of quinine every day. Du Chaillu says that by following these rules he always had good health in the hottest climates. Under anew international money-order convention, which will go into effect July 1, the cost of trarsmitting in that way from the United Sta.es to most European coun tries will be reouced. The reduction will be two cents on the dollar to France, Switzer land, Belgium, Italy, Austria and Hungary, and one-fourth of 1 per cent, to Germany. This will be something of a gain for per sons transmitting money to these countries and w-ill give postoffices a slight advantage in exchange over banks. When Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett re cently secured a divorce from her husband she also gained permission to use her maiden name, Hodgson. It is remarkable enough that a woman who is sufficiently dissatisfied with her husband to get a di vorce from him should also wish to get rid of his name, and if she were the only one interested the proceeding would not be a proper subject for comment. But Mrs. Bur nett, now Hodgson, -is a public character. The reading world has known her as Frances Hodgson Burnett, and must now become acquainted with her as Frances Hodgson. In spite of the wide circulation of newspapers and the attention given to gossip about literarjr celebrities in the so called literary weeklies, it is not unlkely that many Intelligent people will fail to see the announcement of this divorce, and will remain In ignorance of the change of name. they will be r bewildered when tnVy encounter the name of ‘Frances Hodg son,” or else will simply regard it with in difference as that of a nsw and untried writer. Possibly she will lose as much as they by this lack of recognition, and be cause ot this possibility it would seem de- sirable that she and other authors who change their names should devise some means of avoiding the confusion likely to follow. The public is not infrequently asked to remember that a certain writer whose name it has learned to know has married, and instead of Jane Jones will henceforth be known as Mrs. Jane Jones Robinson, or Mrs. John Thomas Robinson, as she may elect. It is too much to ask that It shill alto keep pace with her should the time come whei she resumes the name of Jones or takes another husband and an other name. In view of the confusion likely to arise from these possible changes it might be well for the iemale author at the beginning of her career to follow the cus tom of her sisters of the stage and adopt a namo for professional purposes that shall remain on the bills whatever her matri monial vicissitudes. Something is due to the public in this matter. literary notes. Mrs. Julia Ward Howe is engaged in pre paring her autobiography. Anew book by Maxwell Gray, who is nothing if not industrious, is called “The House of Hidden Treasure.” Quo Vadis” brought the translator, Jere miah Curtin, $25,000, which is the largest sum on record ever paid a translator of fic tion. Mr. W. E. Henley’s pension from the Brit ish government ia one of SI,OOO a year. This is the sum also received by Tennyson, and he arew it forty-seven times. Miss Olive Birrell, the novelist, is the sis ter of that brilliant essayist, Mr. Augustine Birrell. Anew novel by this lady, “The Am- Dition of Judith,’’ is coming from the press. Mr. Hall Caine, writing in McClure’s Mag azine. claims that he knows his Bible as few literary men know it, and that the in spiration for all his stories was found in that one book. “The Black Douglas” is the title of Mr. R- Crockett's nc-w novel. Its author is taking a walking tour in Spain just now— an exercise which few people will be dis posed to envy. It is now denied that John Morley is to be the official biographer of Gladstone. Mr. Morley may be prevailed upon to write an account of the home-rule movement, a work Gladstone was desirous that he should un dertake. The book reviewer of the London Mail says: “The author of ‘Lorna Doone’ at tained yesterday the ripe age of seventy three, and is, I am glad to say, in sufficient ly vigorous health to take earnest interest in his promising crop of strawberries. A a ]^” Cl Own edition of his ‘Tales from the Telling House,’ which includes the in spiring trout story of ‘Cropper’s Hole,’ is published this week.” There is a story that at the end of a meal at Haydon’s house Keats proposed a toast in these terms: “Dishonor to the memory of Newton.” The guests stared at him in ques tioning surprise, and Wordsworth asked for an explanation. "It is,” answered Keats, “because he destroyed the poetry of the rainbow by reducing it to a prism.” And the artists all drank, with one consent, confu sion to the savant. A. T. Quiller-Couch, the Cornish novelist and essayist, has great difficulty in per suading people that his name is pronounced “Cooch,” and says that though he never invented the pronunciation, he can only pre vail on a few friends (outside of Cornwall) to helieye in it. The poet Cowper, who called himself Cooper, had a similar diffi culty. “Couch” (Cooch), by the way, has nothing to do with repose. It is a Celtic name, and signifies "red.” Despite the approach of his sixtieth year, Thomas Hardy works as hard as ever, and is about to publish two new books—one of short stories, which have never before been brought together, the other a novel written during the winter and spring. Although he has a long list of fictions to his credit, this will be but the third important work since "Teas” introduced him to the bigger public that had ignored the finer charms of “Far from the Madding Crowd” and “The Return of the Native.” That Rudyard Kipling “takes his work hard” is the statement of a South African “interviewer.” This observer adds that Kip ling is tremendously in earnest about it— “anxious to give of his best; often dissatis fied with his best. He is quite comically dissatisfied with success; quite tragically haunted by the fear that this or that piece of work, felt intensely by himself in writ ing. and applauded even by high and mighty critics, is, in reality, cheap and shoddy in execution and will be cast in damages be fore the higher court of posterity.” Mr. W. L. Alden, in his w’eekly letter in Literature, makes this clever distinction be tween books that we read but once and those that we reread: “There are people who can read the very best books that were ever written over* and over again, but as a rule they are not the most appreciative of readers. When a book makes an exception ally powerful impression upon you it may, perhaps, be given a second reading at once, but after that you will not care to reread it. Whereas, a less powerful book can be reread at frequent intervals with perennial pleasure. This is part of the secret of the popularity of moderately good novels. The impression that they make upon the reader is not strong enough to endure for any length of time, and they are therefore re read with almost as much pleasure as if they were new. On the other hand, a single reading of one of Kipling’s best stories fas tens it in the memory so firmly that there does not seem to be any reason for reread ing it.” SCIENTIFIC. An epidemic in an ant colony has been noticed by a Bombay bacteriologist, who suspects the disease may be the bubonic plague, and is experimenting to settle the question. The readiness with which bacteria may be conveyed to wells in subsurface water has been shown in some experiments made on the Rhine, near Strasburg, by Prof. E. Pfuhl. Two kinds of bacteria, neither oc curring in the Rhine, were placed in a shallow' pit nearly full of water, and in one hour one species had passed through twenty-four feet of gravel to a second pit. the other species appearing in the second pit within two hours. From recent calculations it appears that a point on Jupiter’s equator may have three total eclipses of the sun in one day. the middle one lasting forty-one minutes and each of the others twenty-one minutes. Near latitude 170 degrees the three eclipses meet without overlapping, those of morning and afternoon lasting forty-three minutes. For a certain period tbe dweller on Jupiter, whose rotation occupies less than ten hours, may find his view of the sun almost wholly cut off by night and eclipses. A bare iron wire and an insulated copper wire w’ound helically on an iron core, con stitutes the novel primary battery of Mi. N. B. Stubblefield, of Murray, Ky.. and the electrolyte may be simply water or mois ture. It is claimed the form Increases the output of current, while yielding inductive effect that may be utilized in a secondary coil. The cell may serve as a self-generating electromagnet, and is said to be adapted for telephone, telegraph and electric bell pur poses. and especially valuable in electro therapeutics. The production of any desired variety of cheese by the introduction of the appro priate microbes is gradually becoming un derstood. The microbes the va rious cheeses have been isolated and culti vated by Dr. Olav Johan Olsen, of Nor way, and by adding these cultures to cheese in a storeroom carefully guarded against foreign microbes he has been able to pro duce the varieties from which he started. There are but few kinds of the microbes, but they may be combined in different pro portions. The art has been sufficiently de veloped to be carried on commercially. The list of double and multiple stars, now exceeding one thousand, is increasing with such rapidity as to suggest that single stars like our sun, which has no larger satellite or companion, are exceptions to the rule. The double stars are of two kinds. The telescopic binaries are systems whose two components are both seen revolving around a common center, while In the spectroscopic binary the existence of the second sun is known only by the evidence of the spectroscope, having never been seen bv man. The” well-established periods of the former range from many centuries down to twenty-five years while spectroscopic binaries may have periods of only a few weeks. Among the new discoveries are those of a telescopic binarv whose revolution is completed in five and one-half years, and a spectroscopic binary which has the astonishingly short period of three days and itself revolves about the large star Castor in one thousand year*. Sirius, estimated to b# four times as bright as any other star in the northern heavens, is a remarkable telescopic binary, with a period of a little less than fifty-two years. Its companion, long suspected to ex ist, was first seen in 1562 by Alvan G. Clark, and a few months ago it was picked up by the Lick telescope after having been out of telescopic range for six and one-half years. Os about fifty species of electric fishes, only three are of special importance —the tor pedo, a kind of skate of the Mediterranean; the gymnotus or electric eel, of the Orinoco, and the malapterurus or thunderer-fish, of the Nile. Interesting facts concerning the electric organ have, been lately brought to light. This most remarkable of all batter ies, whose results are said to be more eco nomically obtained than any vet reached by man. acts only at the will of the animal, which also controls its intensity, and the discharge seems to depend upon some chem ical process in the plate where the electric nerve filaments end. In the full grown gymnotus, whose shocks may stun a man. the voltage is probably between 300 and 800. A curious feature of the batteries is that they are without insulation. The discharge, which does not affect the fish itself, is used for protection and for securing food. The question of placing electrical conduc tors In or near powder magazines has been submitted to a committee of the French Academy of Sciences, who make these recommendations: All underground electri cal conductors, as well as gas and water pipes, must be kept at least thirty feet from the magazine. Aerial lines should not be al lowed within sixty feet, and must be ar ranged so that no broken wire can fall upon the magazine. If fight is required inside the magazine, all wires are to be in strong me tallic pipes and all switches, fuses, etc., are to be on the outside of tbe building. Only fixed lamps, protected by a second envelope of glass, may be used, and no current should have a voltage higher than 110. Electric bells. cnly those using a very small current to be allowed, should be at least twelve feet from the powder. As all wires are liable to be struck by light ning. no distinction is made between tele graphic conductors and those carrying the powerful currents needed for light and power. Not the least Interesting of the phenom ena now being studied by astronomers is the little-observed Gegerschein, or counter glow, a faint light 20 or 25 degrees in diam eter that is seen by the naked eye only in the zodiac and always exactly opposite or 180 degrees from the sun. It bears some resemblance to the brighter and more fa miliar zodiacal light. Dr. E. E. Barnard lias noticed, in fact, that late in the sea son the two appearances become joined by a band of light 3 or 4 degrees wide, al though this is not visible when the Gegen schein first appears in autumn. The cause of the weird glow in the blackness of night is like that of the zodiacal light, a mystery. One astronomer suggests that the phenom enon is due, like the luminous redness of the eclipsed moor,, to the refraction by the earth’s atmosphere of sunlight, which is made to converge in the shadow of the earth, and is reflected—in the one case by the moon and in the other by the cosmic dust that is believed to be distributed throughout the ether. Spectroscopic evi dence tends to prove that the conical zo diacil light—which is seen in the west after sunset in autumn and winter and in the east before sunrise in spring—is sunlight reflected from a ring of solid particles ac companying the earth. ABOUT PEOPLE AND THINGS. Alluding to the various subjects which ministers are called upon to consider, the Watchman says: “A minister ought to have a few Sundays in the year on which ho shall be free to preach the gospel itself.” Ong Q. Tow, of Santa Ana, Cal., not only has the distinction of being the only China man who voted for McKinley, but he is the first Chinaman to enlist in the army. He is a recruit in the Seventh California Vol unteers and is going to Manila. Queen Margarita of Italy has taken to golf playing in the hope of reducing her flesh. She was formerly one of the famous beauties of Europe, but increasing corpu lence is stealing away her good looks. All Roman society has now taken up golf with enthusiasm. The president of Oberlin College, when asked by a student if he could not take a shorter course, replied: “Oh, yes; but that depends on what you want to make of yourself. When God wants to make an oak he takes a hundred years, but when he wants a squash he takes six months.” Henry Norman, of the editorial staff of the London Chronicle, said in a serious in terview before sailing for England tha':, while England has protected Uncle Sam abroad, he could whip all of Europe if necessary. Mr. Norman Is also a writer of books which circulate in this country. There is a story going the rounds in Eng land that when Gladstone once attended a service in a church in Scotland he was dis gusted, during prayer, to hear the minister say: “We pray Thee, Lord, to bless the prime minister of this great nation, who is now worshiping under this roof in the third pew from the pulpit.” Quite a number of the prominent men of Wall street have some fad or engrossing occupation entirely outside the realm of finance. “Deacon” S. V. White is an r amateur astronomer; James R. Keene de votes whatever time he can spare from the market to his thoroughbred horses, and J. P. Morgan prides himself on possessing the finest breed of collie dogs on either side of the Atlantic. Three grandsons of the late Admiral Sem mes, commander of the famous Confederate cruiser Alabama, are now In the United States service. One is a cadet in Sampson's fleet, another is a major in the Fourth Tennessee Volunteers, and the third is a sergeant in the First Tennessee Volunteers. They are the sons of L. E. Wright, who married the admiral’s daughter, and was himself an artillery officer in the Confeder ate army. For simplicity and coolness the mode of dress in the Philippines is all that could be desired. The ordinary costume consists of a coat and trousers of white sheeting, made to order at a cost of about $2; a thick felt hat with a broad brim, a pair of white can vas shoes, a light undervest and socks. The average weil-to-do citizen wears ard soils two of these white suits a day, ur.d an outfit of eighteen or twenty is none too many. Physical traces of Mr. Gladstone’s pres ence in the House of Commons remain. On the table of the House of Commons are two boxes, one on the government and the other on the opposition side. Mr. Gladstone, in all his great parliamentary speeches, spoke with one or the other of these boxes before him, on which he was accustomed to strike his hand with considerable force. The in dentations made on these boxes by the rings on his fingers, when bringing down his hand in the excitement of speaking, are plainly visible, and are often looked at with interest. Says Uncle Sam to Mr. Hobson: “You did a very clever job, son.” —Rochester Herald. > didn’t want to fight, Byt, by jingo, when we're through We’ll have their fleets all bottled, and We’ll own the, bottles, too! —Cleveland Leader. ’Tin now that the summer hotel man To his wiles doth begin to subject us; And doth gayly devise All his usual lies In his summer hotel prospectus! -VHP. I know a boy—a horrid boy— Who does his family annov. He has a box—a horrid bo*x— And creeps up sly as unv fox. And with a click, and horrid laugh. He shouts. “I’ve got your photograph!” —E. S. Tucker, in Little Folks. SHREDS AND PATCHES. The well-bred man may be selfish, but never in little things.—Life. Truth is always stranger than fiction, but not as numerous.—Denver Times. We are too lazy to love and to hate, no we slide into indifference.—Boston Transcript. There are few wild beasts more to he dreaded than a talking man having nothing to say.—Swift. To please a tr?.n, find out what he wants —what he needs Is of minor importance —Ram s Horn. c ’ Creeds are evaporated graces. Catechisms -Ram ? s d Horn. theolOSlCal ,rult ° f sa,vat ‘°n. A man usually thinks that the lord of the household is about the only lord there is —Denver Times. c ,s - Having to work very hard every minute ,M 1 Let a man come home with a slight sick headache and tbe whole house will bo more thoroughly upset than If his wife were to be seriously ill for six weeks.—Feminine Observer. Words are like leaves, and where they most abound, much fruit of sense beneath is rarely found.—Pope. The tune which our gunners have playing on Santiago is the march of civiliza tion.—Philadelphia Record. Somebody is predicting the end of tha world. Please hold off until we have licked the eneiny.—Syracuse Herald. Lives of great men all remind 11s how im portant it is to use good judgment in the se lection of a biographer.—Puck. When a man becomes great, his friends remember many things about him that nev er happened.—Philadelphia Ledger. Among the friends we fondly admire we have a few whom we don’t like to meet when we are in a hurry.—Emma Carleton. Only convince yourself that you don’t have to do everything which everybody wants you to do, and your life is saved.—Chicago Post. Vacation Is that time of year when the small boy quits worrying his teacher and stays at home to worry his parents.—Chi cago Record. People should occasionally have company at their house, to find out how amiable and agreeable the other members of the family can be.—Atchison Globe. Never build after you are five-and-forty; have five years’ income in hand before you lay a brick, and always calculate the ex pense at double the estimate.—Kett. THE TERRIBLE KNOUT. Sow Used Only ns a Punishment for the Crime of Mnrder. Bulletin of the American Geographical So ciety. Flogging by the knout has been prohib ited in Siberia. It is allowed only on lisa Island of Saghalien. and for murder. No Russian civilian is allowed to witness an execution of that sort: certainly no trav eler. You can look over any book you like, even any romance you like, and I think you will find that no author ven tures to say that he himself saw a case of flogging. Although the Governor and I weje so intimate, I noticed for the first time one clay a little constraint in him. 1 met the doctor .and said: "You do not look very well.” “Well,” he said, "I am very unhappy. There is a case which has come into court for flogging for murder, and I don't like it.” It tvas not a thing that I w’ould like to see, hut I thought that somebody who was competent should know what this flogging by the knout was, and however painful it might be to myself I had bet ter see It for the purpose of truth. I saw very well that the Governor was keeping something from me. Here comes the ad vantage of being a doctor. The prison doctor went to the Governor and said that the prisoner’s case was so critical that he could not take the responsibility of deciding whether he was fitted for the punishment at the examination which must take place four hours before, and he asked that I might come in consulta tion with him. The Governor could not refuse, and I did it. I afterward went and saw” the flogging. It took place in the great yard of the prison, in the pres ence of the Governor, ttie surgeon and myself. The criminal was stretched out on a table in the middle of the yard, and behind him stood the executioner. To tho right of the table and at a good distance was the man who kept the tally and count ed aloud each Mow as it fell—one, two, three and so to the end. I have never seen anything which wa3 so painful to witness. The knout has a large, thick handle, the strands of the w r hip are divided into three by knots, and with a hard end, and the scourge descends like a bird of prey and picks out the piece. The only pleasant thing about it is the end. As soon as it was over, and the man was not dead, he was taken to the hos pital and the doctor, who was one of the best of men. eared for him just, as much as if he had been a sick woman in New York. ANCIENT CONJURING. Inconceivable that Such Transparent Fnkeii Could Deceive. London Standard. Conjurers in ancient times were not very respectable members of society—when suc cessful they enjoyed the reputation of hav ing sold their souls to the evil one. and when of inferior ability they gained no toriety by being either drowned or burned. The mediaeval magicians as well as the Egyptian magi and the Chaldean sages were only a strange mixture of chemist,, conjurer and charlatan, and as these gentlemen were In the habit of using their supposed occult powers to their own advantage, they were naturally unpopular. The feats of jugglery were for the mystification and not the amusement of the public, and for centuries conjuring had to it only a Mack side. The amateur conjurer of to-day is not always a popular individual, save with children and the unsophisticated yokel; to the general public he is merely a bore of greater or less magnitude, whose performance is so obvious as to deceive no one. It is hard to realize that this person is no mushroom growth of modern society, but in point of fact his role is o’ fa respectable antiquity, for he is to ? >und treading close upon the heels of agicians, and in the days when wi' ,ft was still rampant. This is sig nit . of his reputation even in those eai j times, for had any one taken his tricK* seriously he would doubtless have been run to earth and done to death as a wizard. In the middle of the seventeenth century, in the earliest years of the restoration, a number of tricks were published in one of those facetious books which seem to have occupied the press to a great extent at that time, but which, owing to their popularity, have for the most part perished. The chief recommendation of the greater number of these tricks is that no apparatus beyond the utensils of every-day lite is necessary; also it is suggested to the performer that he can make some small profit out of his enter tainment by prevailing on his audience to bet with him on the result of the trick. "To set a horse’s or an ass’s head upon a man's head and sholders” seem impossible out of the land of faery, but we are informed that by boiling the head cut off from a liv ing animal “the flesh boyl’d may runne into experiment on someone else's- horse. “To make a shoal of goslings draw a timber logge” sounds interesting, hut unfortunately the directions are vague. “To make a shoal of goslings or a gaggle of geese to seem to draw a timber logge is done by the verie means that is us’d when a cat draws a fool through a pond, but handled somewhat fur ther off from the beholders.” France Trying to Get Even. Railroad Gazette. Our ajnicable Parisian contemporary, Le Jourija-i des Transports, takesseriously the story that American women have decided to buy no more French dresses-or bonnets. ; nd casts about to see how the great French people can revenge itself upon the husbands of these obstreperous female Yankees, and it appeals especially to the great transpor tation companies “which make an enormous use. of American machines and apparatus.” It is pointed out that these companies can without trouble to themselves, diminish their importations and gradually come to the point of suppressing them entirely. “These reprisals would have been much more formidable fifteen years ago. at the time when the powerful Westinghouse Air brake Company installed itself among us. and. thanks to its peculiar methods, suc ceeded in carrying off the orders for equip ping our railroad trains. Since then, taking only the great railroad systems, the West inghouse Company has equipped more than 20,0t0’ vehicles at a price which has brought to it over 12V-; million francs. Counting loco motives and the income from repair parts, the company has undoubtedly received more than 10 million francs not proti; from France in the last fifteen years. Hence, as it is proved that tlic-Fe exist in France other brakes quite as good, we ask what interest Is there in maintaining tne revenu- s ni the American company so long as the Ameri cans persist in treating us as enemies.” We did not know that it had been proved :hat there exists in P'rancc or out of France ar.y other brake aB good as the Westinghouse. Further, new brakes must work with old ones, and we fear that our contemporary must find something else to give up. Subtlety. Wm. H. Rideing, in Collier’s Weekly. Iherc were moments in his career when ♦k. have been pardonable tnat Air. Gladstone had taken to his bosom Jaileyrand s dictum that language is given to ns to conceal our thoughts. lie could be as inscrutable as the .Sphinx when ha wished, and he was a genius in the diplo matic art of constructing sentences with apparent precision- and pregnancy, which, 'v.tftout transposition, could be made to bear very dissimilar interpretations. He could be plied.with questions, anti could answer them all apparently satisfactorily, without divulging what was thought if he thought it inexpedient to do so. Ort one occasion he wai l. Tat Hawarden by a delegation ■ *f a Horiallst members of Parliament, in cluding Mr. John Redmond, who were to und out what purposes he (then prime min ister) had in relation to the future of Ire lnad. He talked eagerly with them, charmed them all. questiontkl them all. ami discussed with them all that they had to say. When they left they were convinced that they had accomplished their mission, and it was only afterward, when they had time tr sift the results of the conference, that they discovered that, while they had unbosomed themselves to him. he had cons mitted himself to absolutely nothing.