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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1899.
THE DAILY JOURNAL THURSDAY, MARCH 0. 1800. Wtshlnjton Office 1503 Penns)!vania Avenue Trlrphone Cell. "Cu-dre?- Office r Editorial noom v TERMS OP J I IISCHIPTIOX. DAILY BY MAIL rai!y f nljr. or.e month ." Jially ontT, three month ' I.Uy only, ene year -0O Lally. !n IuJlri2 S'unl.JT. n- year I'1.) Sunday only, on? year 2.W WHEN FURNISH CI liV AGENTS. Daily. rr ws-k. by carrier 1". cts Sunday. inifl rrFT c-s 2aily and un lay, r wek. by carrier 20 its WEEKLY. Per year ?l.Cw Reduced Hnten ti Clnb. Subscribe with any ef our numerous omenta or -n.i utcrl.tIor.s to th? JOURNAL NEWSPAPKR COMPANY, Imlianaitolln, Intl. ils In the United states fhru!d '.ii cn an elKht-pare Ir-r a OXK'KXT pontage Htamp; on a t'-lve I'uciju je3iai;; is usuau u'.uu: mm-- fates. AH r.mmunlatk-ns intended for publication In this pajr must, in orlr to re tjve attention. b fompar.i-l ty the n?me anl addiets of the writer. THE INDI AN M'OI.IS JOl UN AL Cm b f-iun l at the following p!a.e:; 251HV YO UK As tor Reuse. CIIK;e Palmer llou--, F- O. Ntws Co.,. 217 Jarb-jrn Mret, Jrat Northern Hotel a:iI 'rami PadAe Hut-I. CINtiNNATI-J. K. ilawlcy i. Co., El Vine ittrfft. "LOUISVILLE C. T. Dt-erinjr, northwest corner of Th!rl and Jenrsn streets, and Louisville Book Cn.. w; Fourth avenue. hT. LOU!fUnIon News Company. Union Depot. "WASHINGTON. D. C-Ricss House. EUdtt IIv.ii anl Will; Ms Hotel. The promotion of Admiral Dewey was tiot eemplicatcel with any questions of j-recede nee. It l. to be hoped the. beef Investigation will close before hot weather. That was the trouble i:i Cuba. If th S ntin?lV party in the Legislature could have bal Its way the appropriations would have been considerably larger than they are. ! the Cubans had a little more disposl ti"ii for private? work they would have less time to howl alout the ces-atioti of public w o r k.s and rati o n . When tho three new battle ships now be ing; planned are completeil tho OreKon will bt- outiiufrst'd. but she will always retain her place in popular esteem. When our regulars, who are armed with Krag-Jorginstn rifles, reach Manila the Mllpino lonK-rant sharpshooters will not have things .u much thtir own waj. The insurgent army in Cuba was almost Invisible wlun the United States went to drive tins Spaniards away, but it is numer ous and Invincible now that the pay table is about to be spread. Italy is angry because China has refused her a naval bae on the Chinese coast. Perhaps she would bo still more angry if Xlussia were to demand a naval base on the 2Jediterranean coa?t of Italy. If an extra session of Congress should be called row Feveral States would be short ono senator. Thin Is a comlltlon that should not exist and for which a iemedy should bo found in a law to prevent protracteu deadlocks. The impression Is galrlrs ground that tx fcJenator Quay cannot bo re-elected. The anxiety of Democratic senators to help him haa hurt bis cause, and other matters about the Legislature make any break In his favor Impossible. Thp announcement that the Italian gov ernment is determined to obtain an apology from China for tho refusal of Italy's de mand for the concession of a naval base and coaling station, shows that Italian brigands are not confined to the mountains. The claims of American citizens against 3rnnee for the seizure of their vessels in lre r.ch irts, assumed by the United States In a treaty made early In the century, have r.ot et been paid, but Congress has at Kngth n:a!e provision to do so, appropriat ing $l.-r".Ct;r for that purpose. The matter has het n before mot of the congresses of the past eighty years. Thoe who nr fearful that it is tho Prosl ! nt'n policy to annex the Philippines and irtk" citizens of tho Filipinos should care fully read h'. instructions to the commis sion he has sent thither, particularly the declaration that "the temiorary govern ment of the islands is Intrusted to tho mili tary authorities, and will so continue until Concuss shall otherwise, determine. The boomers of the Pan-American Exposi tion, to 1h hld In HufTalo. N. Y., in 1!V1. r.re- quite elated over t lit- appropriation by Congress of $"iMo for the government building and exhibit. Asthe State of New York has appropriated H0i and tho peo ple of Buffalo have subscribed Jl.CVO.0i to tho ca itnl stock, the enterprise seems to le getting a good start financially. Hut the cxiosition business is overdone. It is thought at Washington that General Otis's plan ot campaign does not go far ther than capturing Milolos, Agulnaldo's headquarters and so-called capital. It is said ho lx-Iieves that by oeupying Mulolos and driving the Insurgents still farther into the interior, where some of the tribes are hostile to Aguinaldo. he will break,-the backbone f the reunion, with the result of speedily pacifying the Wand. The appointment of John C. Wingate to be tax commissioner is one which will be. gen erally approved. has the advantage of being familiar with the conditions of the different parts of the State. He is a man of affairs, who will readily acquaint himself NNlth the duties of the position. Mr. Wingate had tl;e Indorsement of many members of the Legislature and of prominent citizens all over the Slate. He has always been an ac tive Republican, and after years of party service he gets the first position for which he has asked. Kvery Congress since lkW has lxt n a billion-dollar Congress; in that year the ap propriations were Jt,GV,fiSO,l(if for the ordi nary expenses of tho United States for two years. The samo appropriations by the Congress which has Just expired were ll.fiSi.iC.2C:. The Increase in the eight years has been JO.frI7.SS, or 5 icr cent. The population In lJ was 60o,' while it It now -stlmated at TT-.O" U,orn. an Increase of over ZX per cent. An Increase of 4 per cent, in appropriations is not excessive fer 21 per cent, increase of population. The action of the Shelby County Commis sioners in taking a change of venue to irancock county in the suit which th tax payer ruive brought against them for mal feasance In office hae a farcical aapect. The change of venue Is Intended as a. legal protection for claimants who claim that by reason of prejudice, unpopularity or local influence they cannot get a fair trial In the county where a suit is brought. It is taken more frequently to avoid justice than it is to obtain justice. In this case the commissioners have claimed that thev were- rt presenting the interests cf the pople and i-jjuuar supjMri. i neir resort to a change of venue shows they are afraid to stand a trial among their neighbors. Tin: atio ai. Ai'ritoi'iii tio.. Speaker Reed is reported to have remarked that it I a bill!un-and-a-half-doI!ar C.ngr?s lK-cau.-e it is a billion-and-a-half-dolbir oc ..... I rw -v . . ... cuM.in. l no uemccratic organs winch are beating about fur an i?sue that will eclipse the fatal blunder of Pi to 1 in are ringin all tha changes upon the fact that the ag gregate apropriations of the last session were ll.Stt.W.o.O, making no allowance for the event of the war, for which HJjSJ has been appropriated. Deducting- the direct )st of the war, for which Democrats are a's much responsible as Republicans, the ap proprlations would not much exceed a bil- iiou mr onunary exiienuiiures, wmcn is not much ahove the figure of recent Con gresses. The river and harbor appropriation bill was a large one, but none was made by V. . - t - .... .... .1 1 . & iiu uniess uuiing us last session, me public buildings votnl call for some money, and claims which should have been paid years ago are included in the appropriations just voted. As to public buildings, it ap pears that provision was made for forty-nine-new structures, mostly small. Six years have passed since any new buildings have been voted. Doubtless If tho locating of such buildings should be left by Congress to some bureau of the Treasury Department better results could bo accomplished. Public build ings should be built wherever federal courts hold regular sessions and where ample ac commodations for tho postal service, the revenue offices, etc., cannot be furnished in private buildings cheaper than they can in a public building. It is probable that the application of business principles to the matter would have shut eut a part of the buildings which have been voted.- As to the river and harbor bill, there Is always more or less waste in such appropriations, but the advantage of national works already com pleted outweighs the wasto upon harbors which have no ships and rivers which have little water. The United States is a great country. It has passed the thirty-cent stage of develop ment. Its pension payment is nearly three times the annual expenditure of the govern ment prior to We have gone to build ing war ships to keep up with other nations, not for the purpose of war, but to introduce the Nation to the world, whose markets we now seek. We have learned, at least some of us have, that the nation which has no navy has little chance of participating in the world's markets. A CASK IX rOINT. Readers of the Journal have been in formed concerning the shady transactions of the Roard of Commissioners In Shelby county in the recent letting of some bridge contracts. First the contracts were awaril ed at a star-chamber meeting, without any survey having been made and at exorbitant figures. When the matter began to be ven tilated a citizens mass meeting was held and it was determined to bring a suit to enjoin further proceedings, a fund being raised to employ counsel. " After the suit was filed tho commissioners got together, and by an understanding with the contrac tors annulled the first contract, went through tho form of a survey, made up a new record and awarded the contracts a second time at the same price, thus defeat ing the suit. The pretended survey and new record were made between a Saturday and the following Tuesday. All this savored of crookedness. The latest phase of the affair is tho allowance by the commissioners of $100 to one William Maholm "for indexing six court cases and other work for the board." Of this allowance the Shelbyville Republican says: It Is another elemonstration. an object les son In black and white, as to whv Shelby county is in debt an unknown amoupt reach ing into the thousands of dollars. Mr. Ma holm Is regularly employed in the office of the county auditor as a clerk. It is his duty to perform such work as comes into the office. For this it is presumed he is paid a regular salary by the auditor, as- the .'aw directs that the auditor is to perform all the duties of his oflice for so much per an num. He may hire clerks at his personal expense or he may do the work himself, this Pelng optional with him. The indexing of thesH "six court cases and other work for the board" can hardly mean anything more or less than the making up of the commis sioners' record after the six bridge contracts were relet. Mr. Webster made his lightning rurves and double hair-triggered calcula tions for the six bridges between Saturday and Monday evening. On that same Mon day the bridges were contracted for and that night Mr. Maholm made up the rec erds. Mr. Maholm has certainly made up no six records for Judge Buckingham. County Clerk Glessner or Deputy Clerk Conner. If he has and has been paid $10 for the work, th taxpayers may well ask themselves what the county clerk is for. Rut Maholm did not make up these six records for the? Circuit Court. He made them up for the County Commissioners' court and he has been paid K) In good, clean cash that the hoard hail no ripht to .allow. It is the bus iness of the auditor to make up the com-mi--doners' record for the? salary he receives. What "other work f&r the board" means has not been interpreted and perhaps will not be. This allowance is cited in order to show the taxpayers how their money Is not going Into the pikes of the county, but how it is being swallowed up by the bridges. One hundred dollars for "Indexing six court cases and other work for the board" will strike the average citizen as a pretty lair price for the labor performed. The Incident has morf than local interest, because it shows how the people may be robbed by extravagant or corrupt county commissioners under the forms of law. There are other counties In Indiana, though It is to be hopetl not many, as badly ring- ridden as Shelby, and there are many coun ties where tho taxpayers at one time or an other have been plundered as badly as those of Shelby county have been in this case. It demonstrates the necessity of reform In a bad system. out nit tz roi.icv towards china. Washington dispatches state that the Chinese minister expresses himself as high ly gratified at the definite determination of the United States to have nothing to do with tho territorial partition of China. He is reported as saying: "I am sure the Chinese government and people will not fail to observe this strong evidence of good will. It is not only another bond between the two countries, but it has a special signifi cance just now." The United States has been singularly fortunate heretofore in ac quiring the confidence and good will of east ern nations, and it looks as if its wise deci sion In regard to the partition of China would strengthen that feeling. No Kurope an nation stands as well with Japan and China as does the Unltcel States, and the result is seen in our rapidly increasing trade with both e-ountries. We have their con fidence because we treat them fairly ajul Justly, and because they know we have no sinister designs ogainst them. We have no use for Chinese territory, and the Joint overtures of all the Kuropean powers should not tempt ua to Join la the partition scheme, What we want is Chinese trade, and that we can get far more surely by retaining the confidence and good will of the Chinese people than we can by seizing Chinese ter ritory. Aside from the injustice and im morality of the proposed partition proceed ing the nations which engage in it ore sure to incur the bitter and lasting hatred of the Chinese. Hatred is not a good foun dation for trade. After Kngland, Russia, Germany and Italy have till made their se lections, seized their respective provinces and established their "spheres of influence," there will still Ijo more than 4G000,m of Chinese people In China whose trade we want. The Chinese, unsophisticated as they are from a Kuropean point of view, are far removed from fools. They are proud of their ancient civilization, such as it i proud of their isolation, and proud of their country. As long as the Chinese people endure they will hate with an undying ha tred the nations that participate in the dis memberment of the-ir empire. They will scorn to trade with their invaders and con querors. Their trade will follow their good will to the only one of the world's great powers that eleclines to be a party to the act of International spoliation. Aside from the moral assets of the case, the United States never made a wiser decision from a commercial point of view than when it de elded to keep hands off of Chinese territory. The decision should be emphasized in every possible way and strictly maintained to the end. While edher nations eire appropriating Chinese territory we will appropriate Chi peso trade. Tho people of Michigan City are happy over the provision made by tho late Con gross for Improving the harbor facilities of that city. Tho river and harbor bill ns passed makes an appropriation of J.sn.OO') standing to the credit of the improvement. immediately available, makes a specific ap propriation of $7,30 for inner harbor works: and grants power to contract for a continua tion of Improvements to the addition.l amount of Jior-.V-W. The Michigan City Ncvs says: The changes so long contemplated .'n the plans for the outer harbor will now be made and will materially improve the entrance te the harbor. The plans provide an extension ef tho east pier six hundred feet in a north westerly direction. Thence, or. a direct line with the extension will le left an entrance opeidng of T0 feet. At the northwest side of the etitrance will begin a detached break water to extend on a north-and-south line a elistance of l.V0 feet. The present detached breakwater which remains incomplete will be torn out. The new arrangement when completed will place our harbor entrance secontl to none on the? lake. Although peoplo in other parts of the Stato will not understand these details, all will be gratified to know that tho improvements are to be made. Michigan City is the only lake harbor Indiana has, and it Is one of growing commercial Importance. The harbor i.s ono of the safest on the lake and, con sidering its location with reference to the Mississippi valley, is as deserving of im provement as any other in tho entire list of congressional appropriations. The present appropriation will Justify the carrying out of plans which should have been completeel before this, but which have been frustrated by the dilatory action of Congress. Tho credit of getting the desired appropriation Is eluo to Congressman Crumpacker, of the Tenth district. There should be no necessity for a penalty clause to any law requiring any grade of public officers to discharge their duties In conformity to the statutes. Penalties are for people who are liable to be criminals or who need fines and imprisonment to keep them from the commission of crime. Personally all officers .in intelligent communities are elected because those electing them believe they are qualified and will discharge their duties, which are set forth in the statutes. The voters do not select them from those who are suspected of being desirous to vio late the laws and use their offices for base purposes. All officers take an oath to obey tho Constitution and the laws of the State and to discharge their duties to the best of their ability. It is possible that a few men have no regard for such solemn pro testation and that a few others may regard it as a mero matter of form, but It would bo an unpleasant thing to con template if there were real cause to believe that the oath or affirmation ha3 no binding force upon officers and others who take it. These suggestions have been made because there are those who imagine that tho so- called township reform act may be Ineffec tive because no penalty is attached' to its violation. This fear is based upon the as sumption that township trustees will not meet the requirements of any law unless there is a penalty attached. It is entirely . i . v.ia Ij on in iln tpn t fnnn I sale to say wmi us j - slander upon the large number of citizens who hold these important offices. Some of them may not like certain laws, but as sworn officers they will comply with their provisions. Director of the Census Merriam says he will select a few deputies for appointment during the coming summer, but most of the subordinate of his bureau will not be appointed until after Congress meets next December. As they do not come under the civil service law they are likely to be nearly all Republicans and appointed on the recom mendation of representatives and senators. This will help to make things lively for them during tho summer. IllltJlLl'S IX Till! A1H. Kxpluined. Danny-Daddy, what does "conspuez" mean? Mr. Crogan-lt is Frinch for "fhell wid. Marked Down from o!. "While woman may have her face on the dollar," said the Cornfed Philosopher, look ing thoughtfully at the coin, "yet, to tell the truth, she is moro apt to have her eye on the cents." Ten Inn ft). uy. on the dead," said the ingenue, "that is drawing it a little too strong." "What is?" asked the soubrette. "This thing of her joblots having her poisoned candy sent to her by special messenger." 1 rltnn Amrnltlen. Miss Manhattan Your uncle died in Chi cago, did he not? Miss Gotham Yes. His last words ex pressed confidence that he was bo and for the better land. "Looks to me as if he went a long way back for a start." Mayor Taggart will be generally com mended for th selection of members of the Park Hoard. Captain English is a citizen of public spirit, who showed his fitness for the work as a. member ot the old board. No man has a greater personal Interest in the future of the city than has Captain Knglish. tergo Merritt has been a leader In every re hem for the Improvement of the city of Indianapolis for a generation. He lias len an active member of the committee of the Commercial Club to secure the present jmrk law, and few men have given more atten tion to that subject than has Mr. Merritt. Tho selection of Charles K. Coffin la an ad mirable one. He Is ono of the best in formed men regarding values in real es tate in the city. At the same time he is a capable man of affairs, who will give the city valuable service. Mr. Isaac King has len sheriff rf the county and will no doubt prove a capable member of the loard. The American soldiers at Mrnila will soon learn that the best way to be safe in the presence of a Filipino, even when the heathen is bearing a white flag, is to shoot him first and take his dying statement or the Information gleaned at the post mortem as an explanation ofhis motive in carrying the token of truce. When the Indiana Indian fighter, General Lawton. reaches the Philippines he may be able to give the American leaders some valuable pointers in dealing with Aguin aldo's band of savages. ABOUT VEOV&i AXU THINGS. Admiral Sampson when a child was made to learn by heart long passages of the Bible, mm sajs. me memou is mc oesi lounuacion for any kind of education. When the new State Board of Charities of Kansas investigated the Insane asylum at Topeka they found four lunatics running the hOatinir ll,l?lt wiiiln thu mn cmrilnvoH o the woik were sitting around a beer keg laying cards. P Queen Victoria has seen comparatively lit tle of the vast dominions over which she reigns and ha:i traveled very little abroad. She has never vet wt t- nn anv nf h.-r colonies nor upon any p-:rt of Asia, Africa 'i rtiLiura; nor nas sne iveen in jiussi.i. Denmark, Austria, Sweden, Norway, Spain in urtce. Lady Tennyson, the wife of the new Viceroy to South Australia, is an Irish woman. Her name when she married the laureate's son. Hon. Hallam Tennyson, in 1S4 was Audrey Florence Boyie, of the fa mous tichtinir Udvli. fnmlk' .if rYrlr CKa - ' ' C-l "VJ IV IA l " U kJ I I V is th mother of three sons, two of whom cuiaui in jiaigianu. By the will of Martha S. Pomeroy, widow of Samuel C. Pomeroy, who died recently in Washington, the bulk of her estate will go to WellesleV Cnlletre Ttnr- fa a iiirc.pt Ka. quest of JtK.i.GJu for the erection of a dorml- iuij, ana it is provided that alter the pri vate bequests are paid the residue of the estate will also go to Wellesley. There is a story told of an English prime minister who once recommended a friend to study Spanish. The friend took the hint, expecting some fine. Spanish apiointment to la' behind it.- and applied himself so as siduously that in a few months reported that ho had acquire! the Cnstilian tongue. Very good." replied the minister. "You will now have the exquisite pleasure of reading 'Don Quixote' in the original." The statistic compiler has proved that there are 33.1,000 women stenographers in the United States, a),0 being in New Y'ork city alone. Their salaries range from $r to a week, the average being $10. Court and railway stenographers and those employed in tho private business offices of men, where ability and trustworthiness are needed, re ceive from $75 to 3K0 a month. It is com puted that the annual salaries of the lL'O.lKK) women stenographers is JTO.iXAim "There is a story now going the rounds of clerical society which has the merit of being true," says the Rome correspondent of tho Pall Mall Gazette. "Leo XIII, with all his virtues, has. like all mortals, also his small defects, one of which, as is well known, is closeness with regard to money matters. Some members of his familv can not, however, be accused of this trait, and have consequently cot into trouble. One of these, who stands very near the Pontiff, when almost at the end of hi3 resources re membered that I-eo .XHl not long ago had SOld a vinevnrd hfliruHn! tr tVi familv in common without over speaking of dividing iuw juoceeus. ine young man. spurred on by necessity, took his courage in both hands and went to the Pontiff. After much cir cumlocution he arrived nt the point of ask- jiik ior wnat ne considered: nis "share. 'Share! exeiaJmed the Pone with benevo lence. Mv son. have vnu not been tr th. Church of tht Stigmata"? Have vou not seen me icinuy cnapei, tne paintings, the portraits of your grandmother and your two uncles and the pictures of St. Camlle. your OWll natron, and Si. .Svlvln. the natrnn nf your grandmother? There, my son, is where your share has gone.' " We'll civilize them Philippines; Wc'vo COt the men anil p-nt the mnn Weil civiHre them Phlli Wo'll feei Vm Boston pork and b-pans. an maKP em read .miss Laura Jean s Fntranrinir tile; nf fmt'rv miMru' And forty 1 undred New Y'ork "sheens" Will sell 'em misfit crnhnrdlnps And green goods men w ill sell em "greens;" ."in ounco men and go-betweens Will shew 'em what a "enlrt ilwk" And put the whole pvsh In tureens. iu. ye,s; iwixt nooooos ana thlrteens We'll civilize them Philippine. J udge. TIIIJ AimiltAL DKAVEV ItOSK. v Flower AVIiicIi In Snre to lie Popular The Beautiful Liberty nose. New York Sun. Of tho many thincs named for Admiral Dewey since the victory at Manila it is prob- aDie mat none is more worthy of the dis tinction than the new rose which has latelv- appeartd. It is of a light tea shade and is very fragrant. Its principal characteristic, and the one which has enhanced its value in ino eyes or florists, is its lasting oualitv. An Admiral Dewey rose will retain its freshness for as long as ten cays. The rose has been In the market for a little xiver three months, but the suonly is yet verv scarce. It is grown by a florist at Bayside, Long island, who. It is said, paid $15,000 for the original plant. The rose In some re spects closely resembles the bridesmaid rose, although of a much richer color. Another new rose on the market is the Liberty. It is an Importation from Kngland, $3T,X;) being paid for six plants by a florist who saw a chance for speculation. Although no liberty roses will be soltl till next year, those already exhibited have won the ad miration of florists, many of whom are of the opinion that it is the finest rose on the American market. Its claim for such dis tinction is in its color, which ia a genuine ruby red, every rose being almost an exact match in color of the finest gem. No either rose approaches it in this respect, it Is said. In sue tho liberty rose compires witn the Bride 5 m; id and has a heavy, thick t;'in. One of the largest florists on UroadwT- re cently exhibited a few Liberty roses in his window, in imother part of which were so.o nf the famous Law son pink. Th3 cx- hioit'en drew an enormous crowd, rut tne roses : r patently came in for a greater share of admiration. It will le some time. it is said, before many can be purchased. as only live hundred roses will be propa gated next season. The two roses, the Admiral Dewey and the Liberty, florists say, are the finest yet produced in this country. a it 3i v cAvrr.i: tiihkate.xed. KenHon Why the Institution Is Not Wholly- nn Kvll. Chicago Post. Some earnest and thoughtful people. whose friendship the Evening Post prizes hiehlv. take a view of the army canteen to which this paper cannot subscribe. In theory It may Ik held that the soldiers snouiu not drink, but in rractice it is known that he does drink and that no way has been found as yel to prevent him from drinking, in theorv it may be held that the government should not ero Into the saloon business, but in practice it has been found advisable to tro into It to the extent or regulating me amount that a soldier should have and see ing that it Is of good quality. in resuns t.anteen ann .no cauiwn is ike "License" and "No License." The only difference it makes is in the quality and sometimes the quantity of liquor consumed, and the difference in rjuantity often does not speak well for the prohibitory enect or prohibition. The government is interested n keeping its soldiers in the best possible condition, fnd to that enel it would rtefer that they should get a little good liquor at a canteen rather than a jsreat deal of the most Injurious kind at a "shack. It like wise would prefer that whatever profits here may be in the sale of those intoxicants should be given to the men for their mess. rather than that they should inure to the benefit of the saloon keepers. it may lie conceded that It weuid be an deal condition if the soldiers would abstain rom the use of liquor entirely, but so long as they do not the question is one eif com- aratlve evil or comparative benetlt, which ever way ore cares to look at it. and the preponderance of argument is In favor of the canteen. Tin ' shack'' brings evils that are totally foreign to the canteen, and the shack thrives as the canteen languishes. The Prenldriit's 1'owrr. Philadelphia Record. If ex-Governor Merriam. the director of the census, shall not choose to enforce suit able rules of his own devising to Insure the selection or competent blp in taking the next census then will still le a remedy In the hands of President McKinley. He can extend the ivH-ervic rules to cove r Mer riam and his census takers as with a blank et. Upon the President, therefore, will rest the final responsibility. , GENERAL GOMEZ TRUE Ki:i:i'ING FAITH WITH Till AIUK IC.W MILITARY Al'TIIUIUTIKS. lie Will Kndenvor to l)ih:iiid III Army with or Without the Consent of the Di a flee ted Uleinen t. CONFERENCE WITH BROOKE DKTAILS OF PAY3IENT OF Til K CI 11 V MLuu:its inset si:i. Money Ready for Shipment to lliivnnu Lelter from Gen. Ludlow Review ing the Sltnutlon In t'tilm. HAVANA. March S. Gen. Maximo Gomez had a two hours conference with Governor General Brooke to-day regarding the details of the payment to the Cuban army of the 3,C00,0eo tendered by tho United States as a condition of disbandment. He is working in good faith and expects to disband the troops with or without the consent of the disaffect ed elements. Ho is making an excellent im pression upon the United States military au therlties here, and they confidently believe that ho will be able to make good his agree ment with Robert 1. Porter, President Mc Kinleys representative. It is said that tho distribution of the cash will begin In the course of a fortnight at the latest. General Brooke and his advisory cabinet are considering the expediency of issuing a decree concerning debts and mortgages, fix ing terms of years in which the payment of principal sums should be made according to the condition of the lands pledged, interest to be liquidated after principal sums. The association of planters, co-operating with the bankers and -merchants, has submitted to General Brooke the fim of a decree to cover the case. It is slg?d by Mayor Ii Coste, Senor De Castro and many weil known sugar planters. Chief of Police Marie Menoeal submitted to Major General Ludlow at the end of Feb ruary th police pay rolls for that month. The men have not been paid even yet, and as a consequence some are doing duty who do not have money with which to buy food or are compelletl to borrow of friends. Tho force complains bitterly. General Ludlow has not yet sent to General Brooke for ap proval tho February pay rolls, though the reasons for the delay are not ascertainable at his headquarters. Moreover, the fact that the police-men are to receive Spanish gold ts an undoubted hardship, especially when it is considered that they were compelled to pay for their uniforms and equipment in American gold, and were given to under stand at the outset that, as employes of the United States military administration, they would be paid In American gold. The pay ment of odd sums on last month's salaries In Spanish sliver on a gold valuation resulted in a surplus of In the hands of the de partment, rightfully belonging to the men. When they are paid this month Colcnel Evans intends to make restitution pro rata. As the police force, is effective, the removal of the United States troops from the city parks to the camps across tne bay is dally expected. A Spanish newspaper publishes a story to tho effect that a party of armed Cubans is terrorizing the Spaniards at Mayorl. It says also that these Cubans have murdered several Spaniards near Barajagua and men tions cases of the persecution of Spaniards at Calabazas, province of Santa Clara. In conclusion, the newspaper asks the Ameri can authorities to inquire into the matter and to afford protection to the Spaniards. The United States hospital ship Bay State (renamed the Aid) arrived here yesterday. The North American Trust Company has advanced the government $4Do.Ooo without charging any exchange, thus losing $3,000. It now has the authority of the treasurj- to charge for exchange, the local rate of 1 per cent. The cost of importing is three-fourths of 1 per cent. Disbursing officers do not lose the discount, as they credit themselves with the exchange. Tho treasury ruling as to the values of Spanish and French coins at the custom house will have the effect intended, that tif causing the export of Spanish currency and establish In Cuba United States currency as the standard. Tho sum of $175,000 in Span ish sliver was shipped to Spain this week. The scarcity of Spanish silver is causing in convenience on 'Change. Tho Havana bank ers wish to prolong the two currencies for a period on account or the profit in ex change. Tho United States battle ship Indiana en tered Havana harbor at 10 o clock this morning. At 3 o'clock this afternoon the tempera ture was at 69 degwujs. RELIEF IS NEEDED. Letter from (ien. Lndlow llepietlngj flie Situation lit Cnbn. NEW YORK, March 8. Brig. Gen. Wil liam Lud.ow, governor of Havana, has writ ten a lengthy letter to the Evening Post describing minutely the conditions in the Cuban capital and appealing for assistance for Cuban charities. General Ludlow refers to the local administration of Havana as a "serious and laborious task." Touching es pecially on the matter of keeping Havana clean, General Ludlow writes that cleaning and sanitation are carried on "under every difficulty of a century-old accumulation of evils, a deficiency of material, inadequate personnel and a paucity and uncertainty as to funds, which for the present are derived from weekly and monthly requisitions on tho variable custom house collections, thus multiplying the uncertainties and vexations of the task." The destitute, he says, are found in great er numbers in Havana than the other prov inces'. "In this department," writes the gov ernor, "which includes the city, of Havana and its suburban region west, south and east, between the rivers Almendares and Colimar, the destitute drawing rations ap proximate 20,000, who must for the present be fed or permitted to starve. Employment of the able-bodied males on street cleaning, collection of garbage, repairs to streets and road cleaning and disinfection of large nulldlngs and military structures, and the like work, have constituted an Immense as sistance In this respect by enabling the 2a) or 3,00) employes to feed themselves and those Immediately dependent on them, but there is still a very large residuum for whom at present occupation cannot be furnl-hcd. It is one of the distressing features that a general proportion of the destitutes are. women and chiltlren. whose men have died or been killed in the fate of war, while or SOCO more are still " aggregated as an army practically idle and dependent on the country for their maintenance, instead of being at work earning their living and sup porting their families. It is almost impossi ble. In the average case of the women, to find anything for them to do, and this help less class make special appeal to sympa thy." Tho charitable institutions of Havana General Ludlow declares to be quitt in adequate to meet the emergency. He cites as an instance tho Casa de las Vldas (Home of the Widows), a large structure in the capital occupied by tho widow of Spanish officers. Of this Institution General Ludlow says: "Upon assuming direction of affairs here it was found that the pension of these women had not been pail for rver a year and they had been left tehind when the Spanish forces abandoned th- island abso lutely without the m-ar.x of obtaining fool. There are at present ir. the home a total of over two hundred of nil ages lo atrncn, pills and i t-oys who aie aimott ail en tirely destitute, and from a prolonged comse of semi-starvation and the absence of med ical or other supplies are deplorably re duced and have much sickness among them. It can be imagined how 'this aggregation tf a quiet, gentle, suffering ana .".lmost silent class appeals to the sympathies. Many of them are well born, accomplished and educated, totally unable t do anything for themselves ani with the ignorance uf ch l dren as to n cans of supicrt. They p.'ofess them.-elves, and 1 l manv cases doubtless with sincerity, willing to "do any work, even the roughest; but without any qualifications they would be practically useless to an em ployer. 'Ihey could teach. ierhaps. but the stlu els ar- not open to - them. They are alien to the community In which they are compcll-d to live, with comparatively few friend.-, and those few unable to deal ef lectively for their relief." To meet the needs of these women Gen. Ludlow suggests that "an association ot women it the States might take account of the matter and perfect arrangements by which the institution should le otherwise maintained than as ; temporary military exigency. There ate numerous kindly dis posed and charitable people In Havana many who are busily engaged in charitable work with the sick and the orphans but their means are quite inadequate, and as sistanco would be gladly receive! from the charitably dispored in the United States." The. governor concludes by saying that Mrs. Ludlow, who has taken a strong in terest In the matter, would be very glad to receive any commui ications on the subject or such contributions- of food, clothing or money cs might bo forwardd. W AltRAVr FOR :t.OOO.lMM. Money to He Shipped to Calm for Pay ment of Gomei'i Army. NEW YORK, March 8. Paymaster Gen eral Carey, U. S. A., visited the subtrcas ury to-day and presented a warrant for f '.000,000, drawn on the department at Washington. The money will be drawn from the subtreasury and shipped to t?uba, where it will le used to pay off the Cuban troops, In accordance with an agreement. For obvious reasons General Carey does not care to state just when the money will be shipped to Cuba, nor will he give the name of the ship that will carry it. Gen eral Carey has been instructed by the War .Department to take charge of the money until it is turned over to General Brooke at Havana. General Carey will be accom panied bv a detachment of regulars, who will guard the money on its way to Cuba. Fully half of the $3.U0O,. will consist of $5 gold pieces, with ne million standard sil ver dollars. The balance will be made up of subsidiary coin, including nickels. The money will be placed In small safes and strong boxes. Convicted of FnlnlfylnK Iteeordn. SANTIAGO DE CUBA, March S. Maj. Edward Wilson, of the Third Immune Regi ment, who was recently tried by court martial on charges of forgery, falsifying records and conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman, has leen convicted and sentenced to dismissal from the service, for feiture of pay and allowances and confine ment for one year at hard labor in the peni tentiary. Gen. Leonard Wood, military governor, taking into consideration Wilson's previous good character and the reduction from an honorable position to the status of a military convict, considers that clemency may be shown him without detracting from the. force of the example to others, and di rects that the sentence be remitted so far as confinement at hard labor is concerned. General Henry Misquoted. SAN JUAN, Porto Rico. March S. Gen. Guy V. Henry, military governor, whose at tention was called to-day to an interview published in a local American paper repre senting him as having said that civil gov ernment Ls now a necessity In Porto Rico, denied that this expressed his views of the case, explaining at the same time that the. question was one for consideration of the colonial commission now here, and that if the commission should find that Porto Rico Is capable of self-government and no longer In need of military control he would teei great personal gratification and that his arduous labors as military governor were well rewarded. KAULANI POSSIBLY DEAD WAS NOT EXPECTED TO LIVE TWEX-TV-FOt'K IIOIUS OX MARCH 1. The Huwniinii Prince Wan Suffering with Hhemiintlnm of the Heart When the Alameda Sailed. - HONOLULU, March 1. via San Francisco, March 8. Princess Kaulani Is on her death bed, and although she was still alive when the steamer Alameda left for San Fran cisco, she cannot survive another twenty four hours. Rheumatism of the heart Is the cause of her illness. Four physicians have been attending her all day and they agree that the young woman w ill die within twen-tj'-four hours, one doctor expecting her to pass away at any moment. It has been known for some weeks that Kaulani had been ill, but it was not expected that her ailment would take a serious turn. To-day rheumatism has affected her heart and there is no hope for her recovery. Several weeks ago Kaulani went to ono cf the islands against the advice ol her physicians. While absent from thLs city sho was taken ill and was brought back in a poor condition. She has since been con fined to her home, two physicians being constantly in attendance. To-day two ad ditional medical men were called in for con sultation. The four men now agree that the young women who expected to bo Queen of Hawaii will not live twenty-four hours. Kaulani is the daughter of the late Princess Likelike. A. S. Cleghorn, a Scotch man, was her father. He is now living in Honolulu. Sho was born Oct. 16, 1S75. After the death of Kalakaua, when Liliuokalani ascended the throne, Kaulani was declare! heir apparent to the throne of Hawaii. This was March 0, IStd. The rrincesswas then in England pursuing her studies. In the events that havo transpired in Hawaii dur ing the past six years the fact that she was being educated in England worked against her chances of ever being Queen. The American element was always afraid she would lean toward British Interests aa against America, On this account it is safe to say that Kaulani would not have, as cended the throne even though the mon archv had lasted. Since the princess - has been ln Honolulu sho has received very con siderate treatment from the government in power. When she took the oath of allegiance to the republic of Hawaii she was granted a liberal pension, and the last legislature renewed the allowance. Seme weeks ago a paper was circulated among the business men of Honolulu praying the United Slates Congress to make some provision for tho young woman. The paper is now in Wash ington. FIGHT WITH BURGLARS. One Probably Fntnlly Wounded nud Another hot In the Arm. i SCRANTOX, Fa., March . A irang of burglars who were plundering the Delaware it- Hudson depot at Peekville, near here, were surprised by the police authorities f:ir ly this morning, and one of them, who gave his name as John Shannon, eif Shamokln, was so brolly wounded thai It is not thought he can recover. Another was shot but es caped. The depot Is connected with the nd denitf of the agent by an electric burglar alarm. Shortly after 2 o'clock this morning the alarm sounded and A gem Broad dre.s.-d hurriedly and summonvi Chief of p.l'c Craig and an officer. Together the three in-n hurried to the f-tatlon, j-bait a quar ter of a mile distant. The burgUrs leard the men approaching, and when ;h-y were a short distance from the depot opened tire cn trcm. The three men urunded the building and began Urine. 'cvcral sh da were exchanged as the robter-i O'sh.ed tr m the depot. One of them i ell with i bu'P-t In his bft side, near the lieu;. Ahull.' r of the robbers was -hot in th nun. bK managed to scnie. Tho wounded man was brought to this city on a freight train. Nom of the Peekville men were wounded. The robbers did not cet any money. DID NOT MOW GOULD 3IIIS. AM.KI.L 5AYS SHE NEVER SAW THE MILLIONAIRE. TeHiimon) of the Woman Who Wai Alleged to Have Been the Flrat Wife of Jar Gould. MRS. CODY IN HARD . LINES EY1DEME THAT 31 AY CONVICT HER, OF ATTEMPTE!) BLAUK.M AIL. She la Said to Hu-te PromUed .Mr. An. cell Five Millions If the Suit Wa Successful. I A LB A XV, N. V., March S.-The taking of evidence was concluded to-day in the trial of Mis. Margaret Ccdy, charged with at tempting to blackmail the heirs of Jay Gould, and counsel will begin their dosing arguments to-morrow. In rebuttal tlnj prosecution culled Mrs. Mary Angell, th alleged wife of Jay Gould. She testified that she never fw Jay Gould; that she never told Mrs. Cody that she was married to Jay Gould. Mrs. Cody had promised her r.W !.' if the suit against the Goulds was successful, she said. Mrs. Angell's husband testified in much the same line. DaVid N. Carvalho, a handwriting expert. Identified as genuine a letter signed by Mrs. Cody and addressed to the son of the clergyman who. was alleged to have married Jay Gould and Mrs. Angell. The letter offers J3i000 for a copy of the marriage certificate. At the opening of court to-day Mrs. Cody took the witness stand again. Her counsei. Mr. Dugan, finished his redirect examina tion with a few epiestlons concerning tho letters which had passed between her and Mrs. J. F. Pierce. Jay Gould's alleged child, and her husband. District Attorney Dyer cross-examined, reading a number of letters written by Mrs. Cody to Mrs. Walker. Mrs Pierce's aunt, to Mrs. Beebe, who furnished her with funds with which to urge the claim of Mrs. Pierce, and to Mrs. Angell ind to others. In the letter to Mrs. Walker, Mrs. Cody said that Jay Gould had told Sarah Ann Biowu (Mrs. Angell) that her marriage to him was illegal; that it had been Performed I y a Presbyterian clergyman wnlb shj was a Catholic. . Mrs. Pierce nad tcU her this, said Mrs. Cody. After counei for Mrs. Cody, to save timi. had admitted the authenticity oi the docu ments. Mrs. Cody was tnen excu-ed, but immediately recalled to the chilr to unswer the question of .ne of the .lurvmcn: "Why did you not contridict Judge Brown." h aked. "when he first told you that Mrs. Angell was not Jay Gould's wife, in Mrs. An-jeHs presence'." "Because I was so surpritcd," she rn. swered, "and he did not givs me time. I had to leave the room at onc, as he wished some private conversation with Mrs. An gell." She went on to say that she after ward did contradict Brown's statement, but not with Mrs. Angell as a witners. Attorney Stearns, who dro'v up the power of attorney between Mrs. Cody and Mrs. Angell, took the ntund for the second time, and told what he knew conccrninGr a num ber of legal papers. MRS. ANGELL TESTIFIES. Mrs. .Angell was then put cn the rtanJ. She gave her name as Mary Angell. Asked to repeat her conversation with Mrs. Cody at Rouse's Tolnt, she said: "She asked mo If I had ever been married to Mr. Gould. I told her that I had never brcn. She gave me the name of my first husband, and asked me If I was married to that man. I said that I was." "The Frenchman?" the witness was asked. 'Ye, sir, the. Frenchman. Let that msn be burled. She tked me if I nud a diugh ter living. I said I h 1. Sh3 said: 'Vocr daughter Is -worth millions.' I said: That's news te me. If she Is.' " "Did you ever tell Mrs. Cody that you were married to Jay Croald." "No. sir." "Did she tell you s-: ' "Yes. sir." "Iid you ever see Jay CJould?" "No. sir." "What did Judge Brown say to Mrs. eody?" "He said: 'Where there are no facts' what are you going to build the caseon?' Mry. Angell war then cross-examined by. Mr. Dug in. 'Yoj say you never met Jay Gould. vVh n ou were a girl of fourteen at home. Ci r.ot a man come to your house for water one day? Now don't you know who he wa??" Mr. Dugan asked. "No, sir." the witns "replied. Mrs. .ngell later admitted that a man came for water, and she knew that ho wai employed on one of the railroads then le ing built. Her mind, she said, was not ex actly clear concerning what had taken p'.aco when she was so young. After a few more eiuestlons. however, the witner-s recalled tho appearance of the man. He was about seventeen years old. short and dark. Con tinuing her statement, she said she had married the old Frenchman. De Roussa. and had a child by him, tvho was bound out to a Canadian weaver. Two years after Its birth she had pone West, leaving her husband, who died thortly afterward. She was De Roussa's lawful wife, she said, having been married to him by the Presby terian clergyman. Ixighton, whose nama she had learned since then. TORE IT UP. "What became of the marriage certifi cate?" asked Mr. Dugan. "My father tore It up." "Didn't De Roussa leave you after a little! while?" "Yes, he went away for a while." "How many children have you had?" "Only this one daughter." The question of the witness's disputed first name then came up. "Sometimes they called mo Mary ard sometimes Melissa," sho stated. She raid she had been called "Mary" for the last forty years and that was the name by which she was baptized in tho Catholic Seminary, near Tiffin, O. A letter dated Oct. 1W. wa produced in evidence puriorting to be written by Mr. AngMl to his wife's dictation, to Mrs. Cody' concerning the business. Continuing his cross-examination of Mrs. Angell. Mr. Dyer asked how much money Mrs. Codv had said could le made out of her suit. The witness answered "Five mil lion!." Mrs. Crxlv was the one who began calling her "Sarah." "lid Mrs. Cody tell ou that Mr. Gouldi was dead?" asked Mr. Dyer. "Yes. she said h. was dead, and that the dead could not talk." After a few more question Mrs. Angell was allowed 'o .t-uve the stand. Handwilting Expert David X. Carvalho was recalled bv .h dMrtet attorney and asked ;o identify Mrs. Cody's signature, to s.'veral letters addressed to Tlieolore l-!gh-ton. son of the clergyman who. it was -alleged, performed the marriage ceremony be tween Jay Gould and Mrs. Angell. Ho did so without Hesitation. An extract from n of tlie-e was read, in which Lighton waa offered jLi.'.O' for th certificate of thU marriage. Helen ejould wnt on the stand for two minute- and testified to the signature of legal documents. " John Angell. the husband of Mrs. Mary Angell. walki-d tr the tard lejinlr.g .n his c;rie He had married his wife lit June. lv. tih. w:is then called Mary. Sh told him that when hhi joined the chuich h -had had her name changed from Sarah to Mary, as she never liked the former name. Under rro-examln itlon he wild that his w ife ba-t not made this la-t statement until Mrs. Codv had lslted them in Bouse' point. How much money elid Mrs. Cody say she would ge-t for you?" "Oh, ion or fifteen millions," answered the aed witnet, after some thought. Mrs. Cody. Wing recalled, ldentif.ed sev eral letters sent to her by her Albany at tornev. Amasa J. Porker, jr. In one of thes he reiroachtd her for lack of confidence- in him and asks for full co-operation in proM cutir.K what he terms a "jut complaint. He told her that Mr. William McO. Sneer would s :tle with her for expenses. At 4:2 o'clock Judge Gregory state d that the evidence was nil In with the exception of the stenographer's notes cf Judg Brown's testimony. These will be handed in when the court convtnea at I) o'clock to morrow morning- Count;! w ill then aum up.