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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1899.
THE DAILY JOURNAL
THURSDAY, MARCH 0. 1800.
Wtshlnjton Office 1503 Penns)!vania Avenue
Trlrphone Cell.
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ils
In the United states fhru!d '.ii cn an elKht-pare
Ir-r a OXK'KXT pontage Htamp; on a t'-lve
I'uciju je3iai;; is usuau u'.uu: mm--
fates.
AH r.mmunlatk-ns intended for publication In
this pajr must, in orlr to re tjve attention. b
fompar.i-l ty the n?me anl addiets of the
writer.
THE INDI AN M'OI.IS JOl UN AL
Cm b f-iun l at the following p!a.e:;
251HV YO UK As tor Reuse.
CIIK;e Palmer llou--, F- O. Ntws Co.,. 217
Jarb-jrn Mret, Jrat Northern Hotel a:iI
'rami PadAe Hut-I.
CINtiNNATI-J. K. ilawlcy i. Co., El Vine
ittrfft.
"LOUISVILLE C. T. Dt-erinjr, northwest corner
of Th!rl and Jenrsn streets, and Louisville
Book Cn.. w; Fourth avenue.
hT. LOU!fUnIon News Company. Union Depot.
"WASHINGTON. D. C-Ricss House. EUdtt
IIv.ii anl Will; Ms Hotel.
The promotion of Admiral Dewey was
tiot eemplicatcel with any questions of
j-recede nee.
It l. to be hoped the. beef Investigation
will close before hot weather. That was
the trouble i:i Cuba.
If th S ntin?lV party in the Legislature
could have bal Its way the appropriations
would have been considerably larger than
they are.
! the Cubans had a little more disposl
ti"ii for private? work they would have less
time to howl alout the ces-atioti of public
w o r k.s and rati o n .
When tho three new battle ships now be
ing; planned are completeil tho OreKon will
bt- outiiufrst'd. but she will always retain
her place in popular esteem.
When our regulars, who are armed with
Krag-Jorginstn rifles, reach Manila the
Mllpino lonK-rant sharpshooters will not
have things .u much thtir own waj.
The insurgent army in Cuba was almost
Invisible wlun the United States went to
drive tins Spaniards away, but it is numer
ous and Invincible now that the pay table
is about to be spread.
Italy is angry because China has refused
her a naval bae on the Chinese coast.
Perhaps she would bo still more angry if
Xlussia were to demand a naval base on the
2Jediterranean coa?t of Italy.
If an extra session of Congress should be
called row Feveral States would be short
ono senator. Thin Is a comlltlon that should
not exist and for which a iemedy should
bo found in a law to prevent protracteu
deadlocks.
The impression Is galrlrs ground that tx
fcJenator Quay cannot bo re-elected. The
anxiety of Democratic senators to help him
haa hurt bis cause, and other matters about
the Legislature make any break In his favor
Impossible.
Thp announcement that the Italian gov
ernment is determined to obtain an apology
from China for tho refusal of Italy's de
mand for the concession of a naval base
and coaling station, shows that Italian
brigands are not confined to the mountains.
The claims of American citizens against
3rnnee for the seizure of their vessels in
lre r.ch irts, assumed by the United States
In a treaty made early In the century, have
r.ot et been paid, but Congress has at
Kngth n:a!e provision to do so, appropriat
ing $l.-r".Ct;r for that purpose. The matter
has het n before mot of the congresses of
the past eighty years.
Thoe who nr fearful that it is tho Prosl
! nt'n policy to annex the Philippines and
irtk" citizens of tho Filipinos should care
fully read h'. instructions to the commis
sion he has sent thither, particularly the
declaration that "the temiorary govern
ment of the islands is Intrusted to tho mili
tary authorities, and will so continue until
Concuss shall otherwise, determine.
The boomers of the Pan-American Exposi
tion, to 1h hld In HufTalo. N. Y., in 1!V1.
r.re- quite elated over t lit- appropriation by
Congress of $"iMo for the government
building and exhibit. Asthe State of New
York has appropriated H0i and tho peo
ple of Buffalo have subscribed Jl.CVO.0i to tho
ca itnl stock, the enterprise seems to le
getting a good start financially. Hut the
cxiosition business is overdone.
It is thought at Washington that General
Otis's plan ot campaign does not go far
ther than capturing Milolos, Agulnaldo's
headquarters and so-called capital. It is
said ho lx-Iieves that by oeupying Mulolos
and driving the Insurgents still farther into
the interior, where some of the tribes are
hostile to Aguinaldo. he will break,-the
backbone f the reunion, with the result
of speedily pacifying the Wand.
The appointment of John C. Wingate to be
tax commissioner is one which will be. gen
erally approved. has the advantage of
being familiar with the conditions of the
different parts of the State. He is a man
of affairs, who will readily acquaint himself
NNlth the duties of the position. Mr. Wingate
had tl;e Indorsement of many members of
the Legislature and of prominent citizens all
over the Slate. He has always been an ac
tive Republican, and after years of party
service he gets the first position for which
he has asked.
Kvery Congress since lkW has lxt n a billion-dollar
Congress; in that year the ap
propriations were Jt,GV,fiSO,l(if for the ordi
nary expenses of tho United States for two
years. The samo appropriations by the
Congress which has Just expired were
ll.fiSi.iC.2C:. The Increase in the eight
years has been JO.frI7.SS, or 5 icr cent. The
population In lJ was 60o,' while it It
now -stlmated at TT-.O" U,orn. an Increase of
over ZX per cent. An Increase of 4 per cent,
in appropriations is not excessive fer 21 per
cent, increase of population.
The action of the Shelby County Commis
sioners in taking a change of venue to
irancock county in the suit which th tax
payer ruive brought against them for mal
feasance In office hae a farcical aapect.
The change of venue Is Intended as a. legal
protection for claimants who claim that by
reason of prejudice, unpopularity or local
influence they cannot get a fair trial In
the county where a suit is brought. It is
taken more frequently to avoid justice than
it is to obtain justice. In this case the
commissioners have claimed that thev were-
rt presenting the interests cf the pople and
i-jjuuar supjMri. i neir resort to a
change of venue shows they are afraid to
stand a trial among their neighbors.
Tin: atio ai. Ai'ritoi'iii tio..
Speaker Reed is reported to have remarked
that it I a bill!un-and-a-half-doI!ar C.ngr?s
lK-cau.-e it is a billion-and-a-half-dolbir oc
..... I rw -v . . ...
cuM.in. l no uemccratic organs winch are
beating about fur an i?sue that will eclipse
the fatal blunder of Pi to 1 in are ringin
all tha changes upon the fact that the ag
gregate apropriations of the last session
were ll.Stt.W.o.O, making no allowance for
the event of the war, for which HJjSJ
has been appropriated. Deducting- the direct
)st of the war, for which Democrats are
a's much responsible as Republicans, the ap
proprlations would not much exceed a bil-
iiou mr onunary exiienuiiures, wmcn is
not much ahove the figure of recent Con
gresses. The river and harbor appropriation
bill was a large one, but none was made by
V. . - t - .... .... .1 1 . &
iiu uniess uuiing us last session, me
public buildings votnl call for some money,
and claims which should have been paid
years ago are included in the appropriations
just voted. As to public buildings, it ap
pears that provision was made for forty-nine-new
structures, mostly small. Six years
have passed since any new buildings have
been voted. Doubtless If tho locating of such
buildings should be left by Congress to some
bureau of the Treasury Department better
results could bo accomplished. Public build
ings should be built wherever federal courts
hold regular sessions and where ample ac
commodations for tho postal service, the
revenue offices, etc., cannot be furnished in
private buildings cheaper than they can in
a public building. It is probable that the
application of business principles to the
matter would have shut eut a part of the
buildings which have been voted.- As to the
river and harbor bill, there Is always more
or less waste in such appropriations, but the
advantage of national works already com
pleted outweighs the wasto upon harbors
which have no ships and rivers which have
little water.
The United States is a great country. It
has passed the thirty-cent stage of develop
ment. Its pension payment is nearly three
times the annual expenditure of the govern
ment prior to We have gone to build
ing war ships to keep up with other nations,
not for the purpose of war, but to introduce
the Nation to the world, whose markets we
now seek. We have learned, at least some
of us have, that the nation which has no
navy has little chance of participating in
the world's markets.
A CASK IX rOINT.
Readers of the Journal have been in
formed concerning the shady transactions
of the Roard of Commissioners In Shelby
county in the recent letting of some bridge
contracts. First the contracts were awaril
ed at a star-chamber meeting, without any
survey having been made and at exorbitant
figures. When the matter began to be ven
tilated a citizens mass meeting was held
and it was determined to bring a suit to
enjoin further proceedings, a fund being
raised to employ counsel. " After the suit
was filed tho commissioners got together,
and by an understanding with the contrac
tors annulled the first contract, went
through tho form of a survey, made up a
new record and awarded the contracts a
second time at the same price, thus defeat
ing the suit. The pretended survey and new
record were made between a Saturday and
the following Tuesday. All this savored of
crookedness. The latest phase of the affair
is tho allowance by the commissioners of
$100 to one William Maholm "for indexing
six court cases and other work for the
board." Of this allowance the Shelbyville
Republican says:
It Is another elemonstration. an object les
son In black and white, as to whv Shelby
county is in debt an unknown amoupt reach
ing into the thousands of dollars. Mr. Ma
holm Is regularly employed in the office of
the county auditor as a clerk. It is his duty
to perform such work as comes into the
office. For this it is presumed he is paid a
regular salary by the auditor, as- the .'aw
directs that the auditor is to perform all
the duties of his oflice for so much per an
num. He may hire clerks at his personal
expense or he may do the work himself, this
Pelng optional with him. The indexing of
thesH "six court cases and other work for
the board" can hardly mean anything more
or less than the making up of the commis
sioners' record after the six bridge contracts
were relet. Mr. Webster made his lightning
rurves and double hair-triggered calcula
tions for the six bridges between Saturday
and Monday evening. On that same Mon
day the bridges were contracted for and
that night Mr. Maholm made up the rec
erds. Mr. Maholm has certainly made up no
six records for Judge Buckingham. County
Clerk Glessner or Deputy Clerk Conner. If
he has and has been paid $10 for the work,
th taxpayers may well ask themselves
what the county clerk is for. Rut Maholm
did not make up these six records for the?
Circuit Court. He made them up for the
County Commissioners' court and he has
been paid K) In good, clean cash that the
hoard hail no ripht to .allow. It is the bus
iness of the auditor to make up the com-mi--doners'
record for the? salary he receives.
What "other work f&r the board" means has
not been interpreted and perhaps will not
be. This allowance is cited in order to show
the taxpayers how their money Is not going
Into the pikes of the county, but how it is
being swallowed up by the bridges. One
hundred dollars for "Indexing six court
cases and other work for the board" will
strike the average citizen as a pretty lair
price for the labor performed.
The Incident has morf than local interest,
because it shows how the people may be
robbed by extravagant or corrupt county
commissioners under the forms of law.
There are other counties In Indiana, though
It is to be hopetl not many, as badly ring-
ridden as Shelby, and there are many coun
ties where tho taxpayers at one time or an
other have been plundered as badly as those
of Shelby county have been in this case. It
demonstrates the necessity of reform In a
bad system.
out nit tz roi.icv towards china.
Washington dispatches state that the
Chinese minister expresses himself as high
ly gratified at the definite determination
of the United States to have nothing to do
with tho territorial partition of China. He
is reported as saying: "I am sure the
Chinese government and people will not fail
to observe this strong evidence of good will.
It is not only another bond between the
two countries, but it has a special signifi
cance just now." The United States has
been singularly fortunate heretofore in ac
quiring the confidence and good will of east
ern nations, and it looks as if its wise deci
sion In regard to the partition of China
would strengthen that feeling. No Kurope
an nation stands as well with Japan and
China as does the Unltcel States, and the
result is seen in our rapidly increasing trade
with both e-ountries. We have their con
fidence because we treat them fairly ajul
Justly, and because they know we have no
sinister designs ogainst them. We have no
use for Chinese territory, and the Joint
overtures of all the Kuropean powers should
not tempt ua to Join la the partition scheme,
What we want is Chinese trade, and that
we can get far more surely by retaining
the confidence and good will of the Chinese
people than we can by seizing Chinese ter
ritory. Aside from the injustice and im
morality of the proposed partition proceed
ing the nations which engage in it ore
sure to incur the bitter and lasting hatred
of the Chinese. Hatred is not a good foun
dation for trade. After Kngland, Russia,
Germany and Italy have till made their se
lections, seized their respective provinces
and established their "spheres of influence,"
there will still Ijo more than 4G000,m of
Chinese people In China whose trade we
want. The Chinese, unsophisticated as they
are from a Kuropean point of view, are far
removed from fools. They are proud of
their ancient civilization, such as it i
proud of their isolation, and proud of their
country. As long as the Chinese people
endure they will hate with an undying ha
tred the nations that participate in the dis
memberment of the-ir empire. They will
scorn to trade with their invaders and con
querors. Their trade will follow their good
will to the only one of the world's great
powers that eleclines to be a party to the
act of International spoliation. Aside from
the moral assets of the case, the United
States never made a wiser decision from a
commercial point of view than when it de
elded to keep hands off of Chinese territory.
The decision should be emphasized in every
possible way and strictly maintained to the
end. While edher nations eire appropriating
Chinese territory we will appropriate Chi
peso trade.
Tho people of Michigan City are happy
over the provision made by tho late Con
gross for Improving the harbor facilities of
that city. Tho river and harbor bill ns
passed makes an appropriation of J.sn.OO')
standing to the credit of the improvement.
immediately available, makes a specific ap
propriation of $7,30 for inner harbor works:
and grants power to contract for a continua
tion of Improvements to the addition.l
amount of Jior-.V-W. The Michigan City Ncvs
says:
The changes so long contemplated .'n the
plans for the outer harbor will now be made
and will materially improve the entrance te
the harbor. The plans provide an extension
ef tho east pier six hundred feet in a north
westerly direction. Thence, or. a direct line
with the extension will le left an entrance
opeidng of T0 feet. At the northwest side of
the etitrance will begin a detached break
water to extend on a north-and-south line
a elistance of l.V0 feet. The present detached
breakwater which remains incomplete will
be torn out. The new arrangement when
completed will place our harbor entrance
secontl to none on the? lake.
Although peoplo in other parts of the Stato
will not understand these details, all will
be gratified to know that tho improvements
are to be made. Michigan City is the only
lake harbor Indiana has, and it Is one of
growing commercial Importance. The harbor
i.s ono of the safest on the lake and, con
sidering its location with reference to the
Mississippi valley, is as deserving of im
provement as any other in tho entire list of
congressional appropriations. The present
appropriation will Justify the carrying out
of plans which should have been completeel
before this, but which have been frustrated
by the dilatory action of Congress. Tho
credit of getting the desired appropriation
Is eluo to Congressman Crumpacker, of the
Tenth district.
There should be no necessity for a penalty
clause to any law requiring any grade of
public officers to discharge their duties In
conformity to the statutes. Penalties are for
people who are liable to be criminals or who
need fines and imprisonment to keep them
from the commission of crime. Personally all
officers .in intelligent communities are
elected because those electing them believe
they are qualified and will discharge their
duties, which are set forth in the statutes.
The voters do not select them from those
who are suspected of being desirous to vio
late the laws and use their offices for base
purposes. All officers take an oath to obey
tho Constitution and the laws of the State
and to discharge their duties to the best of
their ability. It is possible that a few men
have no regard for such solemn pro
testation and that a few others may
regard it as a mero matter of form,
but It would bo an unpleasant thing to con
template if there were real cause to believe
that the oath or affirmation ha3 no binding
force upon officers and others who take it.
These suggestions have been made because
there are those who imagine that tho so-
called township reform act may be Ineffec
tive because no penalty is attached' to its
violation. This fear is based upon the as
sumption that township trustees will not
meet the requirements of any law unless
there is a penalty attached. It is entirely
. i . v.ia Ij on in iln tpn t fnnn I
sale to say wmi us j -
slander upon the large number of citizens
who hold these important offices. Some of
them may not like certain laws, but as
sworn officers they will comply with their
provisions.
Director of the Census Merriam says he
will select a few deputies for appointment
during the coming summer, but most of
the subordinate of his bureau will not be
appointed until after Congress meets next
December. As they do not come under the
civil service law they are likely to be nearly
all Republicans and appointed on the recom
mendation of representatives and senators.
This will help to make things lively for
them during tho summer.
IllltJlLl'S IX Till! A1H.
Kxpluined.
Danny-Daddy, what does "conspuez"
mean?
Mr. Crogan-lt is Frinch for "fhell wid.
Marked Down from o!.
"While woman may have her face on the
dollar," said the Cornfed Philosopher, look
ing thoughtfully at the coin, "yet, to tell
the truth, she is moro apt to have her eye
on the cents."
Ten Inn ft).
uy. on the dead," said the ingenue,
"that is drawing it a little too strong."
"What is?" asked the soubrette.
"This thing of her joblots having her
poisoned candy sent to her by special
messenger."
1 rltnn Amrnltlen.
Miss Manhattan Your uncle died in Chi
cago, did he not?
Miss Gotham Yes. His last words ex
pressed confidence that he was bo and for
the better land.
"Looks to me as if he went a long way
back for a start."
Mayor Taggart will be generally com
mended for th selection of members of the
Park Hoard. Captain English is a citizen of
public spirit, who showed his fitness for the
work as a. member ot the old board. No
man has a greater personal Interest in the
future of the city than has Captain Knglish.
tergo Merritt has been a leader In every
re hem for the Improvement of the city of
Indianapolis for a generation. He lias len
an active member of the committee of the
Commercial Club to secure the present jmrk
law, and few men have given more atten
tion to that subject than has Mr. Merritt.
Tho selection of Charles K. Coffin la an ad
mirable one. He Is ono of the best in
formed men regarding values in real es
tate in the city. At the same time he is
a capable man of affairs, who will give the
city valuable service. Mr. Isaac King has
len sheriff rf the county and will no doubt
prove a capable member of the loard.
The American soldiers at Mrnila will soon
learn that the best way to be safe in the
presence of a Filipino, even when the
heathen is bearing a white flag, is to shoot
him first and take his dying statement or
the Information gleaned at the post mortem
as an explanation ofhis motive in carrying
the token of truce.
When the Indiana Indian fighter, General
Lawton. reaches the Philippines he may be
able to give the American leaders some
valuable pointers in dealing with Aguin
aldo's band of savages.
ABOUT VEOV&i AXU THINGS.
Admiral Sampson when a child was made
to learn by heart long passages of the Bible,
mm sajs. me memou is mc oesi lounuacion
for any kind of education.
When the new State Board of Charities of
Kansas investigated the Insane asylum at
Topeka they found four lunatics running the
hOatinir ll,l?lt wiiiln thu mn cmrilnvoH
o the woik were sitting around a beer keg
laying cards.
P
Queen Victoria has seen comparatively lit
tle of the vast dominions over which she
reigns and ha:i traveled very little abroad.
She has never vet wt t- nn anv nf h.-r
colonies nor upon any p-:rt of Asia, Africa
'i rtiLiura; nor nas sne iveen in jiussi.i.
Denmark, Austria, Sweden, Norway, Spain
in urtce.
Lady Tennyson, the wife of the new
Viceroy to South Australia, is an Irish
woman. Her name when she married the
laureate's son. Hon. Hallam Tennyson, in
1S4 was Audrey Florence Boyie, of the fa
mous tichtinir Udvli. fnmlk' .if rYrlr CKa
- ' ' C-l "VJ IV IA l " U kJ I I V
is th mother of three sons, two of whom
cuiaui in jiaigianu.
By the will of Martha S. Pomeroy, widow
of Samuel C. Pomeroy, who died recently in
Washington, the bulk of her estate will go
to WellesleV Cnlletre Ttnr- fa a iiirc.pt Ka.
quest of JtK.i.GJu for the erection of a dorml-
iuij, ana it is provided that alter the pri
vate bequests are paid the residue of the
estate will also go to Wellesley.
There is a story told of an English prime
minister who once recommended a friend
to study Spanish. The friend took the hint,
expecting some fine. Spanish apiointment to
la' behind it.- and applied himself so as
siduously that in a few months reported
that ho had acquire! the Cnstilian tongue.
Very good." replied the minister. "You
will now have the exquisite pleasure of
reading 'Don Quixote' in the original."
The statistic compiler has proved that
there are 33.1,000 women stenographers in the
United States, a),0 being in New Y'ork city
alone. Their salaries range from $r to a
week, the average being $10. Court and
railway stenographers and those employed
in tho private business offices of men, where
ability and trustworthiness are needed, re
ceive from $75 to 3K0 a month. It is com
puted that the annual salaries of the lL'O.lKK)
women stenographers is JTO.iXAim
"There is a story now going the rounds
of clerical society which has the merit of
being true," says the Rome correspondent
of tho Pall Mall Gazette. "Leo XIII, with
all his virtues, has. like all mortals, also
his small defects, one of which, as is well
known, is closeness with regard to money
matters. Some members of his familv can
not, however, be accused of this trait, and
have consequently cot into trouble. One of
these, who stands very near the Pontiff,
when almost at the end of hi3 resources re
membered that I-eo .XHl not long ago had
SOld a vinevnrd hfliruHn! tr tVi familv in
common without over speaking of dividing
iuw juoceeus. ine young man. spurred on
by necessity, took his courage in both hands
and went to the Pontiff. After much cir
cumlocution he arrived nt the point of ask-
jiik ior wnat ne considered: nis "share.
'Share! exeiaJmed the Pone with benevo
lence. Mv son. have vnu not been tr th.
Church of tht Stigmata"? Have vou not seen
me icinuy cnapei, tne paintings, the
portraits of your grandmother and your two
uncles and the pictures of St. Camlle. your
OWll natron, and Si. .Svlvln. the natrnn nf
your grandmother? There, my son, is where
your share has gone.' "
We'll civilize them Philippines;
Wc'vo COt the men anil p-nt the mnn
Weil civiHre them Phlli
Wo'll feei Vm Boston pork and b-pans.
an maKP em read .miss Laura Jean s
Fntranrinir tile; nf fmt'rv miMru'
And forty 1 undred New Y'ork "sheens"
Will sell 'em misfit crnhnrdlnps
And green goods men w ill sell em "greens;"
."in ounco men and go-betweens
Will shew 'em what a "enlrt ilwk"
And put the whole pvsh In tureens.
iu. ye,s; iwixt nooooos ana thlrteens
We'll civilize them Philippine.
J udge.
TIIIJ AimiltAL DKAVEV ItOSK.
v Flower AVIiicIi In Snre to lie
Popular The Beautiful Liberty nose.
New York Sun.
Of tho many thincs named for Admiral
Dewey since the victory at Manila it is prob-
aDie mat none is more worthy of the dis
tinction than the new rose which has latelv-
appeartd. It is of a light tea shade and is
very fragrant. Its principal characteristic,
and the one which has enhanced its value
in ino eyes or florists, is its lasting oualitv.
An Admiral Dewey rose will retain its
freshness for as long as ten cays. The rose
has been In the market for a little xiver
three months, but the suonly is yet verv
scarce. It is grown by a florist at Bayside,
Long island, who. It is said, paid $15,000
for the original plant. The rose In some re
spects closely resembles the bridesmaid rose,
although of a much richer color.
Another new rose on the market is the
Liberty. It is an Importation from Kngland,
$3T,X;) being paid for six plants by a florist
who saw a chance for speculation. Although
no liberty roses will be soltl till next year,
those already exhibited have won the ad
miration of florists, many of whom are of
the opinion that it is the finest rose on the
American market. Its claim for such dis
tinction is in its color, which ia a genuine
ruby red, every rose being almost an exact
match in color of the finest gem. No either
rose approaches it in this respect, it Is said.
In sue tho liberty rose compires witn the
Bride 5 m; id and has a heavy, thick t;'in.
One of the largest florists on UroadwT- re
cently exhibited a few Liberty roses in his
window, in imother part of which were
so.o nf the famous Law son pink. Th3 cx-
hioit'en drew an enormous crowd, rut tne
roses : r patently came in for a greater
share of admiration. It will le some time.
it is said, before many can be purchased.
as only live hundred roses will be propa
gated next season.
The two roses, the Admiral Dewey and
the Liberty, florists say, are the finest yet
produced in this country.
a it 3i v cAvrr.i: tiihkate.xed.
KenHon Why the Institution
Is Not
Wholly- nn Kvll.
Chicago Post.
Some earnest and thoughtful people.
whose friendship the Evening Post prizes
hiehlv. take a view of the army canteen to
which this paper cannot subscribe. In theory
It may Ik held that the soldiers snouiu not
drink, but in rractice it is known that he
does drink and that no way has been found
as yel to prevent him from drinking, in
theorv it may be held that the government
should not ero Into the saloon business, but
in practice it has been found advisable to
tro into It to the extent or regulating me
amount that a soldier should have and see
ing that it Is of good quality.
in resuns t.anteen ann .no cauiwn is
ike "License" and "No License." The only
difference it makes is in the quality and
sometimes the quantity of liquor consumed,
and the difference in rjuantity often does
not speak well for the prohibitory enect or
prohibition. The government is interested
n keeping its soldiers in the best possible
condition, fnd to that enel it would rtefer
that they should get a little good liquor at
a canteen rather than a jsreat deal of the
most Injurious kind at a "shack. It like
wise would prefer that whatever profits
here may be in the sale of those intoxicants
should be given to the men for their mess.
rather than that they should inure to the
benefit of the saloon keepers.
it may lie conceded that It weuid be an
deal condition if the soldiers would abstain
rom the use of liquor entirely, but so long
as they do not the question is one eif com-
aratlve evil or comparative benetlt, which
ever way ore cares to look at it. and the
preponderance of argument is In favor of
the canteen. Tin ' shack'' brings evils that
are totally foreign to the canteen, and the
shack thrives as the canteen languishes.
The Prenldriit's 1'owrr.
Philadelphia Record.
If ex-Governor Merriam. the director of
the census, shall not choose to enforce suit
able rules of his own devising to Insure the
selection or competent blp in taking the
next census then will still le a remedy In
the hands of President McKinley. He can
extend the ivH-ervic rules to cove r Mer
riam and his census takers as with a blank
et. Upon the President, therefore, will rest
the final responsibility. ,
GENERAL GOMEZ TRUE
Ki:i:i'ING FAITH WITH Till AIUK
IC.W MILITARY Al'TIIUIUTIKS.
lie Will Kndenvor to l)ih:iiid III
Army with or Without the Consent
of the Di a flee ted Uleinen t.
CONFERENCE WITH BROOKE
DKTAILS OF PAY3IENT OF Til K CI 11 V
MLuu:its inset si:i.
Money Ready for Shipment to lliivnnu
Lelter from Gen. Ludlow Review
ing the Sltnutlon In t'tilm.
HAVANA. March S. Gen. Maximo Gomez
had a two hours conference with Governor
General Brooke to-day regarding the details
of the payment to the Cuban army of the
3,C00,0eo tendered by tho United States as a
condition of disbandment. He is working in
good faith and expects to disband the troops
with or without the consent of the disaffect
ed elements. Ho is making an excellent im
pression upon the United States military au
therlties here, and they confidently believe
that ho will be able to make good his agree
ment with Robert 1. Porter, President Mc
Kinleys representative. It is said that tho
distribution of the cash will begin In the
course of a fortnight at the latest.
General Brooke and his advisory cabinet
are considering the expediency of issuing a
decree concerning debts and mortgages, fix
ing terms of years in which the payment of
principal sums should be made according to
the condition of the lands pledged, interest
to be liquidated after principal sums. The
association of planters, co-operating with
the bankers and -merchants, has submitted
to General Brooke the fim of a decree to
cover the case. It is slg?d by Mayor Ii
Coste, Senor De Castro and many weil
known sugar planters.
Chief of Police Marie Menoeal submitted
to Major General Ludlow at the end of Feb
ruary th police pay rolls for that month.
The men have not been paid even yet, and as
a consequence some are doing duty who do
not have money with which to buy food or
are compelletl to borrow of friends. Tho
force complains bitterly. General Ludlow
has not yet sent to General Brooke for ap
proval tho February pay rolls, though the
reasons for the delay are not ascertainable
at his headquarters. Moreover, the fact that
the police-men are to receive Spanish gold
ts an undoubted hardship, especially when
it is considered that they were compelled to
pay for their uniforms and equipment in
American gold, and were given to under
stand at the outset that, as employes of the
United States military administration, they
would be paid In American gold. The pay
ment of odd sums on last month's salaries In
Spanish sliver on a gold valuation resulted
in a surplus of In the hands of the de
partment, rightfully belonging to the men.
When they are paid this month Colcnel
Evans intends to make restitution pro rata.
As the police force, is effective, the removal
of the United States troops from the city
parks to the camps across tne bay is dally
expected.
A Spanish newspaper publishes a story
to tho effect that a party of armed Cubans
is terrorizing the Spaniards at Mayorl. It
says also that these Cubans have murdered
several Spaniards near Barajagua and men
tions cases of the persecution of Spaniards
at Calabazas, province of Santa Clara. In
conclusion, the newspaper asks the Ameri
can authorities to inquire into the matter
and to afford protection to the Spaniards.
The United States hospital ship Bay State
(renamed the Aid) arrived here yesterday.
The North American Trust Company has
advanced the government $4Do.Ooo without
charging any exchange, thus losing $3,000.
It now has the authority of the treasurj- to
charge for exchange, the local rate of 1 per
cent. The cost of importing is three-fourths
of 1 per cent. Disbursing officers do not lose
the discount, as they credit themselves with
the exchange.
Tho treasury ruling as to the values of
Spanish and French coins at the custom
house will have the effect intended, that tif
causing the export of Spanish currency and
establish In Cuba United States currency as
the standard. Tho sum of $175,000 in Span
ish sliver was shipped to Spain this week.
The scarcity of Spanish silver is causing in
convenience on 'Change. Tho Havana bank
ers wish to prolong the two currencies for
a period on account or the profit in ex
change. Tho United States battle ship Indiana en
tered Havana harbor at 10 o clock this
morning.
At 3 o'clock this afternoon the tempera
ture was at 69 degwujs.
RELIEF IS NEEDED.
Letter from (ien. Lndlow llepietlngj
flie Situation lit Cnbn.
NEW YORK, March 8. Brig. Gen. Wil
liam Lud.ow, governor of Havana, has writ
ten a lengthy letter to the Evening Post
describing minutely the conditions in the
Cuban capital and appealing for assistance
for Cuban charities. General Ludlow refers
to the local administration of Havana as a
"serious and laborious task." Touching es
pecially on the matter of keeping Havana
clean, General Ludlow writes that cleaning
and sanitation are carried on "under every
difficulty of a century-old accumulation of
evils, a deficiency of material, inadequate
personnel and a paucity and uncertainty as
to funds, which for the present are derived
from weekly and monthly requisitions on
tho variable custom house collections, thus
multiplying the uncertainties and vexations
of the task."
The destitute, he says, are found in great
er numbers in Havana than the other prov
inces'. "In this department," writes the gov
ernor, "which includes the city, of Havana
and its suburban region west, south and
east, between the rivers Almendares and
Colimar, the destitute drawing rations ap
proximate 20,000, who must for the present
be fed or permitted to starve. Employment
of the able-bodied males on street cleaning,
collection of garbage, repairs to streets and
road cleaning and disinfection of large
nulldlngs and military structures, and the
like work, have constituted an Immense as
sistance In this respect by enabling the 2a)
or 3,00) employes to feed themselves and
those Immediately dependent on them, but
there is still a very large residuum for whom
at present occupation cannot be furnl-hcd.
It is one of the distressing features that a
general proportion of the destitutes are.
women and chiltlren. whose men have died
or been killed in the fate of war, while
or SOCO more are still " aggregated as an
army practically idle and dependent on the
country for their maintenance, instead of
being at work earning their living and sup
porting their families. It is almost impossi
ble. In the average case of the women, to
find anything for them to do, and this help
less class make special appeal to sympa
thy." Tho charitable institutions of Havana
General Ludlow declares to be quitt in
adequate to meet the emergency. He cites
as an instance tho Casa de las Vldas (Home
of the Widows), a large structure in the
capital occupied by tho widow of Spanish
officers. Of this Institution General Ludlow
says: "Upon assuming direction of affairs
here it was found that the pension of these
women had not been pail for rver a year
and they had been left tehind when the
Spanish forces abandoned th- island abso
lutely without the m-ar.x of obtaining fool.
There are at present ir. the home a total
of over two hundred of nil ages lo atrncn,
pills and i t-oys who aie aimott ail en
tirely destitute, and from a prolonged comse
of semi-starvation and the absence of med
ical or other supplies are deplorably re
duced and have much sickness among them.
It can be imagined how 'this aggregation
tf a quiet, gentle, suffering ana .".lmost
silent class appeals to the sympathies. Many
of them are well born, accomplished and
educated, totally unable t do anything for
themselves ani with the ignorance uf ch l
dren as to n cans of supicrt. They p.'ofess
them.-elves, and 1 l manv cases doubtless
with sincerity, willing to "do any work, even
the roughest; but without any qualifications
they would be practically useless to an em
ployer. 'Ihey could teach. ierhaps. but the
stlu els ar- not open to - them. They are
alien to the community In which they are
compcll-d to live, with comparatively few
friend.-, and those few unable to deal ef
lectively for their relief."
To meet the needs of these women Gen.
Ludlow suggests that "an association ot
women it the States might take account
of the matter and perfect arrangements by
which the institution should le otherwise
maintained than as ; temporary military
exigency. There ate numerous kindly dis
posed and charitable people In Havana
many who are busily engaged in charitable
work with the sick and the orphans but
their means are quite inadequate, and as
sistanco would be gladly receive! from the
charitably dispored in the United States."
The. governor concludes by saying that
Mrs. Ludlow, who has taken a strong in
terest In the matter, would be very glad to
receive any commui ications on the subject
or such contributions- of food, clothing or
money cs might bo forwardd.
W AltRAVr FOR :t.OOO.lMM.
Money to He Shipped to Calm for Pay
ment of Gomei'i Army.
NEW YORK, March 8. Paymaster Gen
eral Carey, U. S. A., visited the subtrcas
ury to-day and presented a warrant for
f '.000,000, drawn on the department at
Washington. The money will be drawn
from the subtreasury and shipped to t?uba,
where it will le used to pay off the Cuban
troops, In accordance with an agreement.
For obvious reasons General Carey does
not care to state just when the money will
be shipped to Cuba, nor will he give the
name of the ship that will carry it. Gen
eral Carey has been instructed by the War
.Department to take charge of the money
until it is turned over to General Brooke at
Havana. General Carey will be accom
panied bv a detachment of regulars, who
will guard the money on its way to Cuba.
Fully half of the $3.U0O,. will consist of $5
gold pieces, with ne million standard sil
ver dollars. The balance will be made up
of subsidiary coin, including nickels. The
money will be placed In small safes and
strong boxes.
Convicted of FnlnlfylnK Iteeordn.
SANTIAGO DE CUBA, March S. Maj.
Edward Wilson, of the Third Immune Regi
ment, who was recently tried by court
martial on charges of forgery, falsifying
records and conduct unbecoming an officer
and a gentleman, has leen convicted and
sentenced to dismissal from the service, for
feiture of pay and allowances and confine
ment for one year at hard labor in the peni
tentiary. Gen. Leonard Wood, military
governor, taking into consideration Wilson's
previous good character and the reduction
from an honorable position to the status of
a military convict, considers that clemency
may be shown him without detracting from
the. force of the example to others, and di
rects that the sentence be remitted so far
as confinement at hard labor is concerned.
General Henry Misquoted.
SAN JUAN, Porto Rico. March S. Gen.
Guy V. Henry, military governor, whose at
tention was called to-day to an interview
published in a local American paper repre
senting him as having said that civil gov
ernment Ls now a necessity In Porto Rico,
denied that this expressed his views of the
case, explaining at the same time that the.
question was one for consideration of the
colonial commission now here, and that if
the commission should find that Porto Rico
Is capable of self-government and no longer
In need of military control he would teei
great personal gratification and that his
arduous labors as military governor were
well rewarded.
KAULANI POSSIBLY DEAD
WAS NOT EXPECTED TO LIVE TWEX-TV-FOt'K
IIOIUS OX MARCH 1.
The Huwniinii Prince Wan Suffering
with Hhemiintlnm of the Heart
When the Alameda Sailed.
-
HONOLULU, March 1. via San Francisco,
March 8. Princess Kaulani Is on her death
bed, and although she was still alive when
the steamer Alameda left for San Fran
cisco, she cannot survive another twenty
four hours. Rheumatism of the heart Is the
cause of her illness. Four physicians have
been attending her all day and they agree
that the young woman w ill die within twen-tj'-four
hours, one doctor expecting her to
pass away at any moment. It has been
known for some weeks that Kaulani had
been ill, but it was not expected that her
ailment would take a serious turn. To-day
rheumatism has affected her heart and there
is no hope for her recovery.
Several weeks ago Kaulani went to ono
cf the islands against the advice ol her
physicians. While absent from thLs city sho
was taken ill and was brought back in a
poor condition. She has since been con
fined to her home, two physicians being
constantly in attendance. To-day two ad
ditional medical men were called in for con
sultation. The four men now agree that the
young women who expected to bo Queen of
Hawaii will not live twenty-four hours.
Kaulani is the daughter of the late
Princess Likelike. A. S. Cleghorn, a Scotch
man, was her father. He is now living in
Honolulu. Sho was born Oct. 16, 1S75. After
the death of Kalakaua, when Liliuokalani
ascended the throne, Kaulani was declare!
heir apparent to the throne of Hawaii. This
was March 0, IStd. The rrincesswas then
in England pursuing her studies. In the
events that havo transpired in Hawaii dur
ing the past six years the fact that she was
being educated in England worked against
her chances of ever being Queen. The
American element was always afraid she
would lean toward British Interests aa
against America, On this account it is safe
to say that Kaulani would not have, as
cended the throne even though the mon
archv had lasted. Since the princess - has
been ln Honolulu sho has received very con
siderate treatment from the government in
power. When she took the oath of allegiance
to the republic of Hawaii she was granted
a liberal pension, and the last legislature
renewed the allowance. Seme weeks ago a
paper was circulated among the business
men of Honolulu praying the United Slates
Congress to make some provision for tho
young woman. The paper is now in Wash
ington. FIGHT WITH BURGLARS.
One Probably Fntnlly Wounded nud
Another hot In the Arm.
i
SCRANTOX, Fa., March . A irang of
burglars who were plundering the Delaware
it- Hudson depot at Peekville, near here,
were surprised by the police authorities f:ir
ly this morning, and one of them, who gave
his name as John Shannon, eif Shamokln,
was so brolly wounded thai It is not thought
he can recover. Another was shot but es
caped. The depot Is connected with the nd
denitf of the agent by an electric burglar
alarm. Shortly after 2 o'clock this morning
the alarm sounded and A gem Broad dre.s.-d
hurriedly and summonvi Chief of p.l'c
Craig and an officer. Together the three
in-n hurried to the f-tatlon, j-bait a quar
ter of a mile distant. The burgUrs leard
the men approaching, and when ;h-y were
a short distance from the depot opened tire
cn trcm. The three men urunded the
building and began Urine. 'cvcral sh da
were exchanged as the robter-i O'sh.ed tr m
the depot. One of them i ell with i bu'P-t
In his bft side, near the lieu;. Ahull.' r
of the robbers was -hot in th nun. bK
managed to scnie. Tho wounded man was
brought to this city on a freight train. Nom
of the Peekville men were wounded. The
robbers did not cet any money.
DID NOT MOW GOULD
3IIIS. AM.KI.L 5AYS SHE NEVER SAW
THE MILLIONAIRE.
TeHiimon) of the Woman Who Wai
Alleged to Have Been the Flrat
Wife of Jar Gould.
MRS. CODY IN HARD . LINES
EY1DEME THAT 31 AY CONVICT HER,
OF ATTEMPTE!) BLAUK.M AIL.
She la Said to Hu-te PromUed .Mr. An.
cell Five Millions If the Suit
Wa Successful.
I
A LB A XV, N. V., March S.-The taking of
evidence was concluded to-day in the trial
of Mis. Margaret Ccdy, charged with at
tempting to blackmail the heirs of Jay
Gould, and counsel will begin their dosing
arguments to-morrow. In rebuttal tlnj
prosecution culled Mrs. Mary Angell, th
alleged wife of Jay Gould. She testified
that she never fw Jay Gould; that she
never told Mrs. Cody that she was married
to Jay Gould. Mrs. Cody had promised her
r.W !.' if the suit against the Goulds was
successful, she said. Mrs. Angell's husband
testified in much the same line. DaVid N.
Carvalho, a handwriting expert. Identified
as genuine a letter signed by Mrs. Cody and
addressed to the son of the clergyman who.
was alleged to have married Jay Gould and
Mrs. Angell. The letter offers J3i000 for a
copy of the marriage certificate.
At the opening of court to-day Mrs. Cody
took the witness stand again. Her counsei.
Mr. Dugan, finished his redirect examina
tion with a few epiestlons concerning tho
letters which had passed between her and
Mrs. J. F. Pierce. Jay Gould's alleged child,
and her husband.
District Attorney Dyer cross-examined,
reading a number of letters written by Mrs.
Cody to Mrs. Walker. Mrs Pierce's aunt,
to Mrs. Beebe, who furnished her with
funds with which to urge the claim of Mrs.
Pierce, and to Mrs. Angell ind to others.
In the letter to Mrs. Walker, Mrs. Cody said
that Jay Gould had told Sarah Ann Biowu
(Mrs. Angell) that her marriage to him
was illegal; that it had been Performed I y
a Presbyterian clergyman wnlb shj was a
Catholic. . Mrs. Pierce nad tcU her this,
said Mrs. Cody.
After counei for Mrs. Cody, to save timi.
had admitted the authenticity oi the docu
ments. Mrs. Cody was tnen excu-ed, but
immediately recalled to the chilr to unswer
the question of .ne of the .lurvmcn:
"Why did you not contridict Judge
Brown." h aked. "when he first told you
that Mrs. Angell was not Jay Gould's wife,
in Mrs. An-jeHs presence'."
"Because I was so surpritcd," she rn.
swered, "and he did not givs me time. I
had to leave the room at onc, as he wished
some private conversation with Mrs. An
gell." She went on to say that she after
ward did contradict Brown's statement,
but not with Mrs. Angell as a witners.
Attorney Stearns, who dro'v up the power
of attorney between Mrs. Cody and Mrs.
Angell, took the ntund for the second time,
and told what he knew conccrninGr a num
ber of legal papers.
MRS. ANGELL TESTIFIES.
Mrs. .Angell was then put cn the rtanJ.
She gave her name as Mary Angell. Asked
to repeat her conversation with Mrs. Cody
at Rouse's Tolnt, she said: "She asked mo
If I had ever been married to Mr. Gould.
I told her that I had never brcn. She gave
me the name of my first husband, and
asked me If I was married to that man. I
said that I was."
"The Frenchman?" the witness was
asked.
'Ye, sir, the. Frenchman. Let that msn
be burled. She tked me if I nud a diugh
ter living. I said I h 1. Sh3 said: 'Vocr
daughter Is -worth millions.' I said: That's
news te me. If she Is.' "
"Did you ever tell Mrs. Cody that you
were married to Jay Croald."
"No. sir."
"Did she tell you s-: '
"Yes. sir."
"Iid you ever see Jay CJould?"
"No. sir."
"What did Judge Brown say to Mrs.
eody?"
"He said: 'Where there are no facts'
what are you going to build the caseon?'
Mry. Angell war then cross-examined by.
Mr. Dug in. 'Yoj say you never met Jay
Gould. vVh n ou were a girl of fourteen
at home. Ci r.ot a man come to your
house for water one day? Now don't you
know who he wa??" Mr. Dugan asked.
"No, sir." the witns "replied.
Mrs. .ngell later admitted that a man
came for water, and she knew that ho wai
employed on one of the railroads then le
ing built. Her mind, she said, was not ex
actly clear concerning what had taken p'.aco
when she was so young. After a few more
eiuestlons. however, the witner-s recalled tho
appearance of the man. He was about
seventeen years old. short and dark. Con
tinuing her statement, she said she had
married the old Frenchman. De Roussa.
and had a child by him, tvho was bound
out to a Canadian weaver. Two years after
Its birth she had pone West, leaving her
husband, who died thortly afterward. She
was De Roussa's lawful wife, she said,
having been married to him by the Presby
terian clergyman. Ixighton, whose nama
she had learned since then.
TORE IT UP.
"What became of the marriage certifi
cate?" asked Mr. Dugan.
"My father tore It up."
"Didn't De Roussa leave you after a little!
while?"
"Yes, he went away for a while."
"How many children have you had?"
"Only this one daughter."
The question of the witness's disputed first
name then came up. "Sometimes they called
mo Mary ard sometimes Melissa," sho
stated. She raid she had been called "Mary"
for the last forty years and that was the
name by which she was baptized in tho
Catholic Seminary, near Tiffin, O.
A letter dated Oct. 1W. wa produced
in evidence puriorting to be written by Mr.
AngMl to his wife's dictation, to Mrs. Cody'
concerning the business.
Continuing his cross-examination of Mrs.
Angell. Mr. Dyer asked how much money
Mrs. Codv had said could le made out of
her suit. The witness answered "Five mil
lion!." Mrs. Crxlv was the one who began
calling her "Sarah."
"lid Mrs. Cody tell ou that Mr. Gouldi
was dead?" asked Mr. Dyer.
"Yes. she said h. was dead, and that the
dead could not talk."
After a few more question Mrs. Angell
was allowed 'o .t-uve the stand.
Handwilting Expert David X. Carvalho
was recalled bv .h dMrtet attorney and
asked ;o identify Mrs. Cody's signature, to
s.'veral letters addressed to Tlieolore l-!gh-ton.
son of the clergyman who. it was -alleged,
performed the marriage ceremony be
tween Jay Gould and Mrs. Angell. Ho did
so without Hesitation. An extract from n
of tlie-e was read, in which Lighton waa
offered jLi.'.O' for th certificate of thU
marriage.
Helen ejould wnt on the stand for two
minute- and testified to the signature of
legal documents. "
John Angell. the husband of Mrs. Mary
Angell. walki-d tr the tard lejinlr.g .n his
c;rie He had married his wife lit June. lv.
tih. w:is then called Mary. Sh told him
that when hhi joined the chuich h -had
had her name changed from Sarah to Mary,
as she never liked the former name. Under
rro-examln itlon he wild that his w ife ba-t
not made this la-t statement until Mrs.
Codv had lslted them in Bouse' point.
How much money elid Mrs. Cody say she
would ge-t for you?"
"Oh, ion or fifteen millions," answered the
aed witnet, after some thought.
Mrs. Cody. Wing recalled, ldentif.ed sev
eral letters sent to her by her Albany at
tornev. Amasa J. Porker, jr. In one of thes
he reiroachtd her for lack of confidence- in
him and asks for full co-operation in proM
cutir.K what he terms a "jut complaint.
He told her that Mr. William McO. Sneer
would s :tle with her for expenses.
At 4:2 o'clock Judge Gregory state d that
the evidence was nil In with the exception
of the stenographer's notes cf Judg
Brown's testimony. These will be handed in
when the court convtnea at I) o'clock to
morrow morning- Count;! w ill then aum up.

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