Newspaper Page Text
THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SATURDAY, JULY 22, 1899.
JIB DAILY JOURNAL
SATURDAY, JULY 22, 1809.
;.'i:i:i;tC3 Office 1503 Pennsylvania Avenue.
r .... J j
Ij drvs Office ZZ& Editorial Rooms t
terms of subscription.
DAILY BY MAIL. . . .
T'aily only, r month
pally only, three months
PsUy only, on year -W
Daily, Including Sunday, on year 10 f"
L'anday only, one year 00
WHEN FURNISHED BY AGENTS.
IariT. per week, by carrier Is t
fun lay. ilrvfie copy 5 cts
Ijally and Sunday, per week, by carrier .) cts
Redneed Hates to Clubn.
Wutscrib with- any of our numerous agents cr
tend subscriptions to the
JOURNAL NEWSPAPER COMPANY.
Persona sending the Journal throuzh the mall
la the United State should put on an eight-pa
pafcer a ONE-CENT postage stamp; on a twelve
er sixteen-pae paper a TWO-CENT poMate
ate rap. Foreign postage Is usually double these
All communications Intended for publication In
this paper must. In order to receive attention, be
accompanied by the name and address of the
Rejected manuscripts will not be returned unless
owtae Is Inclosed for that purpose.
TIIC INDIA ATOMS JOURNAL. '
Can t found at the following places:
HLTV TO UK A st or House.
CIIICAcdFalmer House. V. O. News Co.. 217
Dearborn ' street, (Ireat Northern Hotel and
Grand Pacific Hotel.
CINCINNATI J. R. Hawley & Co.. 134 Vine
2-OUISVILLB-C. T. Peering, northwest corner
of TMrd and Jefferson streets, and Louisville
, Hook Co.. 2& Fourth avenue.
CT. LOUIS Union News Company. Union Depot.
WASHINGTON. D. C. Rlggs House. Ebbltt
House and W'illard's Hotel.
Indianapolis could easily and comfortably
cara for a much larger number of people
than are now its guests.
When th engines of the Manhattan Com
pany In New York are made In Milwaukee,
the star of empire Is moving westward.
As no ono has charged corruption upon
General Alger In any particular Instance,
the persecution by paragraph should cease.
The extreme heat yesterday must havo
Civen our guests a suggestion of the discom
fort which can attend a prolonged season
The names of Joseph B. Cheadle and Dr.
F. J.-Van Vorhls precede that of John W.
Kern In the list of those on the platform
cf the Altgeld. meeting.
Those editors and correspondents who
have discovered that the Gorman boom Is
Crowing are blessed with magnifying glasses
end creative Imaginations.
None but & confirmed pessimist or cynic
could doubt the genuineness of the enthu
siasm that Inspires the thousands of Ep
worth Leaguers now. In the city.
The fact 'that Mr. Bryan takes to Mr.
Cosbel, of Kentucky, leads to a suspicion
that he may find Mr. Goebel and his con
vention methods useful early next summer.
21r. Bryan would not listen to the pro
teats of those Democrats from Kentucky
-who urged him not to take part in the cam-
raln in that State, lie will speak for
John R. McLean has attracted some at
tention by an outburst of regard in word
for Mr. Bryan, but the real lS-to-1 advo
cates In Ohio take little stock In such pro
Tho?e Cuban patriots who Issued Inflam
matory proclamations in the expectation of
being arrested and otherwise made con
cplcuous must be very angry because they
ere cot noticed.
If the combinations should be able to so
economize the cost of production as to turn
a considerable portion of the people out of
, employment, where would they get a mar
ket for their goods?
j Admiral Dewey is reported as predicting
the collapse of the Filipino insurrection be
fore the opening of another campaign, and
late advices from General Otis also indicate
that It Is going to pieces. Nevertheless, the
government should be ready to "push
things" as soon as the rainy season ends.
1 Mrs. Helen L. Bullock, of the Woman's
Christian Temperance Union, has begun a
crusade against root beer because it con
tains, as she alleges, atrace of alcohol. So
2oes yeast, and there(-L vastly more alco
hol consumed in yeast than In root beer.
Consistency would require such people to
"tmand the eating of unleavened bread.
If It is true that the sugar trust has com
pelled wholesale grocers to keep up the
price pf refined sugar by requiring each of
them to put up 0, which is forfeited If any
factor sells below the trust prices, such
action is an open defiance of the anti-trust
'aw as interpreted by the Supreme Court
In the agreement of railroads to maintain
rater. The agreement forced by the sugar
trust is clearly an agreement to restrain
The most boisterous applause in the Alt
:cM meeting In Chicago, Thursday night,
Tasj not called forth by references to 16 to 1,
ut by the declaration of the Massachusetts
political harlequin, George Fred Williams,
that the war the President was carrying on
':i Luzon amounted to "the organized mur
der, of an inoffensive people." Older party
Naders, in a convention held in Chicago,
n August, 164. declared Lincoln a tyrant
:nd his war unconstitutional. In November
hey were overtaken by a defeat that twenty-five
years were required to overcome.
The soldiers' monument is something more
an a great work of art and magnificent
memorial.. It is a great advertisement for
.he State that erected it and for the city
t adorns. During the present week it will
:ave been visited by thousands of persons
rom all parts of the country who will go
.way impressed with the liberality of the
,tate and the beauty of the city. On former
cessions as many as a thousand persons
:ave ascended the monument in a single
'y. the register showing visitors from
enty-elght different Statea It is possible
rat record may be broken during the pres
j The silence of Senator Tillman so larga
portion of the time since when he
vas persuaded to leave the stump In the
'orth, caused many to indulge the hope
:hat he had seen the folly of his rant and
ibantioned it. Huch hope is vain: Tillman
3 again at it, and his speech In the Alt
trld meeting is as absurd as anything he
.as ever said. The country will resent his
'claratlon that all those who work for
vases are slaves and that the greater op
ortunlty to labor only increases the num
:r of slaves. The man who talks in this
::j should be able to present something
betterthan present systems of production,
but Tillman offers no remedy, except the
unlimited coinage of the silver of the silver
mine monopolists. That achieved, men who
labor for wages will no longer be slaves;
and that sort of rant was cheered by the Alt
geld crowd. Of what greater crime than all
the rest of the States has South Carolina
been guilty that such men as Tillman have
driven the Wade Hamptons from any par
ticipation in public affairs?
TIIC LEAfiUE CONVENTION.
If the fourth international convention of
the Epworth League Is less numerously at
tended than some of its predecessors it Is
none the less a thoroughly representative
body. As far as the object of the organiza
tion is concerned an attendance of 15.000
is as good as twice that number, and the
smaller convention Is more easily handled
and with greater comfort to those attend
ing. Indianapolis could have entertained
30,000 visitors as easily as 18,000, but those
having direct charge of the machinery of
the convention would have found the larger
number much more difficult to handle. The
attendance at Toronto two years ago was
about 2S.00O. The present convention will
not reach that number, but It Is as cos
mopolitan and representative. The ad
dresses thus far have been of high order
and the proceedIngs indicate no falling oft
in the original spirit of the organization.
Even with a much smaller attendance, pro
Tided it continued to be widely diffused and
representative, the league would still repre
sent an important factor In church work.
The bishops and other officials of the church
evidently recognize this fact and the im
portance of utilizing it. It must be remem
bered that these conventions are not held
for the transaction of important business,
like a general conference of the church, for
instance. There are no great questions of
church finance, church extension, church
discipline and church government to be dis
posed of. The conventions are largely edu
cational and inspirational. In the present
one the broad character of the organization
is shown by the presence of delegates from
the Epworth League of the Methodist Epis
copal Church, the Epworth League of the
Methodist Episcopal Church South and the
Epworth League of the Methodist Church
of Canada. The platform speakers and
leaders of discussion include some of the
brightest men in the church, and in point of
earnestness and enthusiasm nothing could
exceed the spirit of the convention. Thus,
even if the attendance Is not as great as the
managers predicted, the convention is fully
as successful as any of its predecessors, And
as a feeder to the church and a factor In
church work the league continues to In
dicate the wisdom and the hopes of its
HOD CRT G. IXGcHSOLL.
Robert G. Ingeraoll, who died suddenly
yesterday, possessed a combination of quali
ties that made him a very interesting per
sonality.' Scarcely any other American of
his time was better known by reputation
than he. and as a public speaker his face
and figure had become familiar to hundreds
of thousands. Endowed by nature with
brilliant parts, fine imagination, generous
emotions, broad sympathies, a copious
command of language and a most pleasing
personal presence, he had every element
of a great orator. In this regard he had
few equals. Educated for the law and
trained in the art of speaking, he attained
a degree of popularity first as a political
speaker and afterwards as a platform lec
turer that few Americans have reached.
Thousands went to hear hl3 lectures who did
not indorse his sentiments; but merely to
be entertained by his oratory and style.
One of the most eloquent and memorable
speeches he ever delivered was at a sol
diers reunion In this city in 1376. It was
afterwards published and widely circulated
under the title, "A Vision of War."
Although Colonel Ingersoll achieved great
reputation as a lawyer and political speak
er, he was perhaps most widely known
as an lnfideL Ills books, pamphlets and
speeches against the Christian religion
probably made him known to more people,
favorably or unfavorably, than anything
else he did. As an infidel he was doubtless
sincere, but never malignant. Nor" was he
ever argumentative or convincing. Ills
most effective weapons were humor, ridi
cule, satire and pathos. lie did not trouble
himself much with logic or facts. Ills ar
rows often seemed to hit the mark, but they
made no Impression. All that he ever wrote
or uttered against Christianity was as the
buzzing of a summer fly compared with
the chorus of the ages. His "Some Mistakes
of Moses" was a brilliant and witty pro
duction, but the words of Moses will still
weigh with millions of people long after
those of Ingersoll are forgotten by all. But
he was a man of great and noble qualities,
tender heart and full of sympathy for all
who needed it. His personal character was
without reproach and his family life was
an ideal one.
NOT A CRITICAL. SITUATION.
A Republican paper In a State which has
a regiment on Its way back" from Manila
recently gave its readers an editorial enti
tled "A Critical Situation." In the text
there Is nothing whatever showing a critical
situation of any kind. It refers to the ru
mor that Agulnaldo has sued for peace and
wonders If he has been bribed to make sug
gestions In that direction, because at the
present time the rainy season prevents army
operations and consequently suing for peace
Is not seasonable.
There Is no "critical situation" in Luzon,
unless failure to suppress the Insurrection
of Agulnaldo in a single short campaign Is
regarded as creating such a situation In the
estimation of these "new critics of cam
paigr.s. If such failures make critical sit
uations, the federal army during the war
for the Union was In a critical situation
from the first Bull Run until the day before
the surrender at Appomattox. Upon the
basis of such criticism the Union cause was
as good as lost after the two Bull Runs, after
Chancellorsvllle, Stone River, Chlckamauga,
Spottsylvanla. Petersburg and other battles
and campaigns in which the Union armies
were either beaten or failed to execute the
plans of campaign. In Luzon the American
army has won every skirmish with Aguin
aldo's men. Toward the last of the fighting
the Filipinos did not wait for the attack
of our troops, but fled the field. When the
wet season set in the Americans held a
large space about Manila which had been
won. They chased the Filipinos over a
larger territory which was ndt held. Is this
"the critical situation" we are told of, or
is it the frar that nothing will be done be
fore the election in November. 1900, and the
chances of the re-election of President Mc
Kinley thus made "slim?"
While some of the volunteer regiments In
the Luzon campaign lost quite a number of
men the loss Is not so large as one would
be led to infer from figures recently pub
lished. The Oregon regiment, which saw
Its share of the fighting and hardship, has
returned. It rolls bear the names of f
officers and 1,216 enlisted men. It brought
back an aggregate of 1.104 men; a number
were discharged and two deserted. It lost
3.6 per cent, in battle and by disease. This
regiment passed one summer and half of
another in the tropics. It saw all the hard
ship and participated in most of the bat-
ties. No regiment which served on either
side of the war for the Union ever brought
back from a year's campaign and battles
so large a percentage of the men on Its rolls.
This means that an army In the field was
never better cared for than the army in the
Philippines has been. It may be added that
a regiment showing so many living men on
its rolls after the end of a term of service
has not been involved in any general dis
aster; nor is it the evidence of "a critical
CHURCH OF THE CIRCUIT RIDER.
The Methodist circuit rider was pre-eminently
the religious pioneer. Other denomi
nations were early in the opening States,
but the Methodist circuit rider was always
on the skirmish line of advancing civiliza
tion. Indiana was particularly his field.
Doubtless there are hundreds of the oldest
residents of the State who recall the cir
cuit rider as the first bearer of the "good
tidings of salvation." There are probably
many who have no recollection of any other
religious teacher during his or her first
years. He stands out as one of the vivid
recollections of childhood. Mounted on his
service-worn horse or preaching the word
with the fervid earnestness of positive be
lief or sitting with the pioneer's family tell
ing eager listeners of the news he collected
in other neighborhoods, he made his mark
upon the civilization of the State, and it
can never be effaced. lie was respected by
the rough because they knew that he could
take care of himself. Instances are on
record where, set upon, by foes, he did not
turn the other cheek for another blow, but
gave a new illustration of the meaning of
the text by causing the bully to bite the
dust. The early Methodist circuit rider lit
erally took his life in his hands because the
vast wilderness, in which the settlements
were mere spots, was infested with sav
ages. In the circuit rider were combined
the courage of the hero, the steadfast pur
pose of the saint and the self-denial and
measureless devotion of the martyr. He
more than believed what he preached, be
cause In his consciousness he knew that
the gospel he preached "is profitable unto
all things, having promise of the life that
now is and of that which is to come." In
his lonely rides through almost pathless
forests he talked with God and believed
that he received His message, which he de
livered to the next little band of settlers.
He had no church building, consequently no
church debt. The settler's cribin or the
spreading tree was his first tabernacle. He
often went hungry, and the scant food of
the settler's home was manna to his taste.
He never dreamed of a higher criticism, be
cause he knew that God was his father and
Christ his elder brother.
More than any other class the Methodist
circuit rider gave to early Indiana its re
ligious convictions and its religious charac
ter. Not only did he bring to the people of
the early settlements the message of God,
but in his life and example he gave them a
pattern of manhood. He took the rough
ness out of the pioneer character and
planted In the minds of the people the de
sire for schools and the civilization which
alone comes of Christianity. Because the
circuit rider wa3 what he was the Methodist
Church in Indiana Is a power for good to
day. QUERY FOR SENATOR HOAR.
Senator Chandler, of New Hampshire, has
written an article for the Independent
which he begins by quoting the message of
Senator Hoar to President Cleveland at a
time when there was much excitement in
certain quarters because cf the persecution
of the Armenians by the Turks. In his
letter Senator Hoar pledges the President
his co-operation and support in any policy
which would free the Armenians from the
tyranny of Turkey, even to a resort to
force. Senator Hoar was not the only man
who made warlike suggestions at that time.
Several' worthy men advocated the shelling
of Constantinople if It was necessary to do
so to compel the Sultan to permit the oily
Armenians to rule themselves. We would
have had a very big and costly war on our
hands, resulting in the loss of many thou
sands of lives, had we accepted this advice.
Senator Chandler, after noting Senator
Hoar's warlike indignation at that time, as
sumes that his advice Js taken, that we de
feat the Turks and acquire the territory oc
cupied by the Armenians, but, pending the
adjustment of the details with Turkey,
some Armenian leader attacks the American
army with a view to driving itout of the
country. The New Hampshire senator in
quires if Senator Hoar would have the
United States ,qult the country or would
he have the President turn to and chastise
the Armenians until they should recognize
the nation which delivered them out of the
hands of the Turks and admit Its su
premacy. That Is practically the situation
in the Philippines. The Filipinos could not
have broken the grasp of Spain which held
them. The United States did, and the Fili
pinos have repaid us by making war upon
us. Senator Hoar has not risen to explain.
THE PINGREE STREET-RAILWAY
1'ow that the Plngree-Johnson scheme
to give Detroit control and ownership of
the street railways In that city has failed,
and the 5-cent fare, with no reduction ex
cept during certain hours, has been re
stored, it is well to consider the subject
of this attempt at municipal ownership.
Some of the companies had franchises from
the city which run ten or twelve years
longer. The first step was to ascertain the
price of the plant. It cost about $8,000,000,
and could now be duplicated for a less
amount. The street-railway magnates de
manded $17,000,000 for this plant and their
franchise, for which they had paid the city
nothing, their property largely escaping
taxation. Thus it appears that the city was
asked to pay at least $7,000,000 for franchise's
it had given away.v Governor Plngree and
hlf assistants agreed with Tom L. Johnson
to pay $17,000,000 In 4 per cent, bonds for
a property worth but half that sum.
Nor is that all. Mr. Johnson wanted
security from the city In the event that the
receipts of the railways would not pay run
ning expenses and an amount in excess
sufficient to pay the interest on the bonds,
and a sinking fund for the payment of the
principal. The security he demanded was a
forty-eight years' franchise, with fares
limited to 5 cents. He had demonstrated
that a 3-crnt fare would enable the city to
pay the operating expenses of the road?
and an amount in excess sufficient to pay
the $17.000,000 half water and the interest
thereon. When, however, it came to a se
curity for the payment of the purchase
price by . the city he demanded a 5-cent
fare. To this demand Governor Pingree,
as the champion of municipal ownership,
yielded. For this double price and this
5-cent forty-eight years' franchise, he fought
with almost desperation.
Strange as it may seem to us at this
distance, this scheme was pushed through
the . Council. ' Every business organization
in the city protested against this scheme
to plunder the people. When the people,
who had never been permitted to have a
word about the matter, came to sec the Job
of Johnson they turned against It and
practically foroed the Council to retrace its
steps. Indeed, public sentiment was so
aroused that the proposition was rejected
by the councilmen who had passed It.
Thus ends the first attempt by a much
proclaimed reformer to obtain the owner
ship of street railways for a city. If it
had not been rejected Detroit would have
paid two prices for the property, and. In
the event of failure to pay, a forty-fight
years 5-cent franchise would have been
fastened upon the people. And this was
the scheme commended unto vs two months
The Democratic national committee took
no action upon the question which the
South Bend Times declared to be the first
which the party leaders must settle, namely,
whether the party "will do business as
Democrats or Populists" in the next cam
paign. That question is still open. The
Popullstlc element was in attendance by
committees, and its propositions set forth
by the Bimetallic League were listened to.
The other element did not present any prop
osition. It was not necessary that the com
mittee make any declaration, and it did not.
So the conflict between those who see the
folly of 16 to 1 as a leading issue and those
who know that their political existence de
pends upon it will continue. But, if the
committee gave no indication, the Altgeld
meeting did. It was a 16-to-l meeting. The
speakers were all ultra silver men, hostile
to expansion. Scarcely one of them was
a man who has influence among business
men or who shares the confidence of the
The Minneapolis Tribune says that if the
War Department had listened to General
Lawton when he said 100,000 men were
needed to hold the Philippines, the situa
tion might be different. In the first place,
General Lawton did not make such a state
ment, if he made it at all, as an official
recommendation. In the next place. General
Lawton did not arrive in Manila until
toward the close of March. It was along, in
April when the statement appeared that
100,000 men were needed, which statement
was in an interview which General Lawton
repudiated.; It were true, the President
then had no power to raise 100,000 men.'ln
fact, he had the regular army of 27,500 men,
which he was recruiting to G5.O00. If all these
recruits had' been forwarded to Manila and
the 33,000 volunteers had been raised, only
a small part of them would have reached
Manila by July 1. How, then, could the re
sult have been much different?
If the six Italians lynched yesterday by a
Louisiana mob were Italian subjects, as Is
quite likely, It will probably revive the dis
cussion and diplomatic correspondence that
grew out of the lynching of several Italians
at New Orleans in March, 1S9L yln that
case, after a spirited correspondence be
tween the two governments, followed by
the withdrawal cf both ministers from the
respective capitals and a temporary rup
ture of diplomatic "relations, the United
States finally offered to pay an indemnity
of $2,000 for distribution among the fam
ilies of the victims. This was accepted by
the Italian .government and the incident
was closed. If the Italians lynched yester
day were Italian subjects the precedent es
tablished in the former case will apply in
Colonel Bryan is unique in being the only
man who ever charged admission to hear
him boom himself for office. The cost of one
of his lectures, however, is remarkably small
compared with the cost of the dangerous
experiment of making him President. The
penalty fie exacts of those who go to hear
him tell why he should be PresideQt Is
light indeed compared with that he would
Inflict upon the Nation for its folly In elect
ing him to that responsible office.
That Kentucky mountain official who
thinks the feuds could be settled with less
loss of life if a better grade of whisky were?
Introduced should jend for Indiana's State
Board of Health and have the feud bac
teria eliminated from the moonshine prod
uct. Americanism brings smoking chimneys
arci prosperity everywhere. The volcano
Hilo, In Hawaii, has resumed active opera
tions after having been shut down owing to
dull times since before the Cleveland ad
ministration. It is said that the kissing bug came from
Manila. The question is, did Hobson hear
of it and go thither, or did the bug hear
of Hobson's intended invasion and leave
in apprehension of competition? ,
The Czar upbraided an officer for permit
ting the Czarevitch to go cycling alone, and
the man committed suicide. The Czar
should enforce his disarmament policy be
fore scolding his adjutants.
The effect of the peace conference would
be practically the same if the matter of
universal lovesickness were referred back
to Adamzad without a recommendation.
The headline, "Still In the Party," never
refers to Bryan. The only time he was still
was in the army.
INDIANA EDITORIAL OPINION.
The silver men cannot complain about
anything except that they have nothing to
complain about. Terre Haute Express.
Mr. Bryan is running about the country
to strengthen the weak places, but the
trouble Is that he cannot be in all the weak
places at the same tlnie. Plymouth Repub
lican. Democratic free traders are anxious to
get rid of protection, but the masses of the
people are not. They too well remember
conditions under the Wilson tariff bill.
Nebraska Is enjoying unprecedented pros
perity, but all the same there is one citizen
who finds more congenial employment with
out the boundaries of his State, and, more
than that, he is not a prosperity boomer.
The manner in which young men of the
country are offering their services to Uncle
Sam Is certainly discouraging to that small
faction which has talked, in season and out
of season, of the unpopularity of the war in
the Philippines. Lafayette Courier.
' Quite a number of Indiana Democratic
papers seem to be anxious to drop the 36-to-
1 issue, among them the Indianapolis Sen
tinel Terre Haute Gazette and Brazil Dem
ocrat. Some editors have more sense than
others, and those favoring the change real
ize that IS to 1 Is a lost cause. Clay County
It Is announced by the lamp chimney
trust that the Owens Mowing machine will
be adopted in the manufacture of chimneys.
The trust is said to control almost the en
tire output of the factories, and if the ma
chines are put In it will revolutionize the
business. George A. McBeth, of Elwood,
and Thomas Evans, owner of the factory in
this city, are the leading men In the trust.
On the heels of this announcement the re
port comes that every factory in the United
States will resume operations Aug. 10. Ma
Democrats who claim to be in favor of
Bryan for their next nominee for President,
but opposed to the 15-to-l plank in the plat
form, are making much ado for nothing.
Bryan and 16 to 1 are so identified that one
cannot be seep and the other hid. Wher
ever Bryan Tes the other is sure to go.
It Is not the President and his policy that
Is sneaking in arms and ammunition to the
rebels, but the enemies of the Republican
party and good government in the Philip
pines. Traitors in the United States are
the men who are encouraging Agulnaldo in
his efforts to hold out until the elections.
It Is by this talk of our traitors that the
war has been prolonged, not what the Pres
ident has done or is doing. Warren Re
publican. Never since the famous and much-talked-of
crime of 1S73, tfTe year in which our Dem
ocratic friends claim the Republican party
demonetized silver, has business been bet
ter, wages higher or more men at work
than there is at the present time. Under
such conditions it is folly to try to Impress
the people that gold is causing an apprecia
tion of its own value or that free silver
would benefit the farmers and the wage
earners. Plalnfield Progress.
RUBBLES IN THE AIR.
The Savage Bachelor.
"It Is seldom one hears of a woman dying
of lockjaw," said the irritant boarder.
"More of 'em die than you hear of," said
the Savage Bachelor. "Lockjaw In a woman
generally produces death In less than a
minute. At least that is my theory."
"Jones was in to-day with a lot of fish
"And did you let him tell them?"
"I let him tell one and then I opened
up with a lot of bug stories that made his
fishing stories sound as out of date as a
last year's popular song."
Lack of Tact.
"I do so hope you will succeed," said the
motherly, warm-hearted landlady.
"I am bound to," said the sanguine young
Inventor. "And when I do you won't see
me eating at a place like this any more."
Then, in realization of the utter Impos
sibility of fixing things, he grabbed his hat
The Maker's Image.
In answer to Markham's "The Man with the
Crowned with the culture of the centuries.
With honest mien and noble, manly pride,
He gazes fearless back across the Past.
Triumphant o'er the forces of the world.
Fired by wisdom sacred heritage,
Imbued with ardent trust and sanguine hope.
Strong driver of Progression's potent plow.
He presses onward certain of success,
Upon his brow serene intelligence
Reigns sovereign consort of Integrity.
This Is the thing the Lord God made and gave
To have dominion over land and sea;
This ta the Maker's image, this the Man,
Evolved in somber aeons dead and gone.
That phoenlr-risen'from the forge of Time,
In grandeur marches on to victory.
Ton clod Is but the relic of the Past
And burdened by the centuries that lie
Long-buried In a now-forgot ten, tomb.
Whence empty ages nevermore may rise.
So has God-given labor raised the Man.
That, chaos-conquering, his mighty arm
Now reaches proudly round the globe.
In signal triumph over Time and Space.
The gulf between him and the seraphim
Is straitly narrowed to a single step;
ToU-lifted from the gloom of Ignorance,
He holds the key to solemn mystery.
And with unclouded eyes perceives God's dream
In all Its glory and Its melody.
Say, where exists more splendid prophecy?
"Masters and rulers in all lands" forsooth.
Who are the masters, and whose is the sway
Of sceptered power o'er the universe?
Whose hand Is on the throttle of Advance,
Save his upon whose sturdy open brow
There gleams the sweat of strong productive toil?
He is the lord-and ruler in all lands.
Whose lightest word commands the elements.
Who summons Nature to his beck and call.
And whose most faithful servitor is Truth;
Who labors, labors to a noble end!
And so the Future shall be satisfied ;
The world's last reckoning shall place this Man
Upon the pinnacle he shall deserve;
And he who shaped himself shall reap the rest
His being promises, led on by faith
Undaunted in the goodness of the Plan,
The want insatiate of higher things,
The plain Impulse of immortality.
-ConnersYille, Ind. Albert Charlton Andrews.
THE 1DI YA TRUST CASE.
Some Combinations May Re Pre
vented, but Sot Others.
The anti-trust decision rendered by the
Indiana Supreme Court is generally believed
to have an important bearing on all trusts
In that State and probably in other States.
This decision was concurred in by all the
Justices of that eminent tribunal. It la not
based on any statute, for It relates to a suit
that was brought before the Indiana anti
trust law was enacted. Two companies,
chartered In the little city of Portland, Ind.,
to pipe natural gas and oil and to sell them
to the people, got tired competing and com
bined. The price of gas was raised, and the
companies mutually agreed that neither of
them should serve any consumer who had
been a patron of either company and had
for any reason withdrawn his patronage. It
was. in brief, a trust in that sense of the
word which has ceased to be agreeable.
Suit was brought in the county Circuit
Court by the citizens of Portland, asking
that the charters of both companies be for
feited, as they had abused the rights con
ferred on them by the State, but the trial
resulted In a verdict for the defendant com
panies, or combination. Thereupon an ap
peal was taken to the Supreme Court. That
tribunal, after hearing arguments by dis
tinguished attorneys on both sides, decided
that the combination undertaken between
the two gas companies to prevent competi
tion was illegal and involved a forfeiture of
the companies' charters. In Its decision the
court said: "It is an old and familiar maxim
that competition is the life of trade, and
whatever act destroys competition; or even
relaxes it. upon the part of those who sus
tain relations to the public. Is regarded by
the law as injurious to public interests, and
is therefore deemed to be unlawful on the
grounds of public policy."
That maxim is certainly misleading. It Is
not true that a "relaxation" of competition
Is Inevitably "injurious to the public Inter
ests." It is not promotive of the public good
to have competition carried so far as to
ruin competitors in any lawful and neces
sary business. When railroads compete so
eharply that they cannot pay dividends: that
they are compelled to reduce the number
and wages of employes; that they are un
able to keep their tracks and
rolling Ftock in good order, and fall into
a shabby, down-at-the-heel condltioa the
community suffers. When that kind of
competition is "relaxed" and fair rates of
transportation are substituted for ruinous
rates, the community is a beneficiary of the
change, even though It be effected by a
trust, or a combinatipn to raise and main
tain prices. The same rule applies to all in
dustries, to all the agencies of production
and distribution. And whenever a truM con
tents itself with such "relaxing" of competi
tion as is necessary in order to get a fair
profit on capital invested and to pay fair
wages, it is not Inimical to the general wel
fare. It is. in fact, doing Just that which
la best for all concerned. This, in spite of
the "old and familiar maxim" quoted above
seems to be In harmony with the court's
view. It says:
"When the State seeks to destroy the
life of an Incorporated body It Is required
to show some grave misconduct, some act
at least by which it has offended the law
of its creation, or something material which
tends to produce Injury to the public and
not merely that which affects only private
intercuts, for which other adequate remedies
are provided. Where, however, the facts
disclose that a corporation has failed in the
disrharsre of Its corporate duties by uniting
with others In carrying out an agreement
the performance of which is detrimental or
Injurious to the public, it thereby may be
said to offend against the law of its creation
and consequently to forfeit its right longer
to exercise Its franchise."
That is clear and Juet. and if all the- ap
pelate courts will take that ground all op
pressive trade combinations will be disposed
of. But no law can be Invoked asraint
combination for such a legitimate purpose
as reduction of expenses and the realization
of fair profits. Between this class of trusts
and thcrffe wild schemes whose exploiUis
have dumped millions oC water into their
capitalization and propose to make the pub
lic pay interest on it. there is a wide differ
ence between honest business and unscrupu
THE LOCKJAW EPIDEMIC
THERE HAVE BKEX EIGHTY-THREE
FATAL CASES SINCE JULY 4.
Here an Article Showing Jnst What
It Ik, How It Develop and How
the Doctors Are Curing; It.
New York Journal.
The worst epidemic ever known of tetanus
popularly known as lockjaw rages in
New York. Hitherto Long Island has been
regarded as the stronghold of this terrible
disease, but recent developments show that
the bacilli are almost as plentiful In the
soil of Manhattan island. From the Fourth
of July to the 13th there were nine deaths
from the disease, the cause in every case
being slight wounds received from the care
less handling of fireworks or toy pistols.
Perhaps a hundred other persons in New
York and its environs are now suffering
from the disease. Even under the best con
ditions the average mortality Is considered
to be from 85 to 90 per cent.
Even among physicians there Is much lack
of knowledge as to the cause, effect and
treatment of the disease, and because of
this the Sunday Journal has decided to pat
into the hands of its readers the fullest and
most correct summary of the disease and
its treatment that can be gathered. Teta
nus, or lockjaw, is caused by a bacillus or
germ of a poisonous character which gains
access to the blood through what may ap
pear to be a trivial scratch or prick. A
microbe or bacillus is the tiniest living or
ganism known in nature. It has been esti
mated that 200,000 tetanus bacilli can find
a resting place on the extreme point of a
rusty needle, and any one of the 200,000 is
able to communicate lockjaw to a human
being If It gets to the blood.
The germs of lockjaw are usually found
In the earth, but they are also present In
all kinds of dirt. In garden soil. In dust, in
the air and In various other places. The
more richly a field or piece of land has been
fertilized the more likely is it to be infested
with the germs of lockjaw. The old resi
dents of Long island used to manure the
land with dead fish, a substance in which
the germs breed plentifully. It is believed
to be because of this that Long island bears
such a bad reputation for lockjaw. Its
notoriety in this respect is known all over
Nearly every other kind of microbe Is
killed by exposure to sunlight or strong
heat. The bacillus of lockjaw rejoices In
heat and is unaffected by sunlight. Cold is
the thing which the microbes object to
most, but experimentation has shown that
a very low temperature only renders them
sluggish, and by no means destroys them.
GERMS HIDE IN A SCRATCIL
Football had to be abandoned on one part
of Long island because it was found that
when a player fell In the dirt, and cut or
scratched himself ho was almost sure to
become a victim of the dreaded lockjaw.
For this reason It is necessary to look
upon the least scratch or cut as a very real
danger. Any break in the continuity of the
skin affords a foothold for the germs of
lockjaw. The scratch from a kitten, the
abrasion of a chance knock, or the prick of
a pin are ideal sites for the abode of the
germs of lockjaw.
There Is a very general belief that lock
jaw affects only the muscles of the Jaw in
fact, that the Jaw of the sufferer is locked
and that he dies from ihe starvation which
it entails. This Is not correct Tetanus
affects every muscle of the body to a great
er or less extent. Its most striking charac
teristic to the average person, however, has
alwass been the fact that the victim of
tetanus could neither talk nor eat. This
gave the disease its popular and descriptive
name of lockjaw. Before the microscope
made the differentiation of one disease from
another so easy many and many a case of
tetanus was believed to be hydrophobia. To
the eye there is very little Uifferencs be
tween the diseases. There is the same agon
izing spasm of the throat, the same locking
of the jaw and the same ghastly death. It
is believed that there Is much less hydro
phobia than there used to be. Doctors know
that the decrease is less real than it ap
pears. It only means that nowadays a dis
tinction can be made between hydrophobia
and tetanus. Formerly the same feather
bed treatment was remorselessly dealt out
to both classes of sufferers.
Lockjaw makes its appearance in from
one to six days after the microbes have en
tered the body. The fact that a wound has
healed at once does not preclude the subse
quent danger of tetanus. The germs grow
in the slight Inflammation that fin;t ap-
f tears around the rapidly healing spot. Dur
ng their growth they give off the active
poison which is carried into the circulation
and causes the attack of lockjaw. The first
symptoms are usually not noticed, for they
generally consist of such slight muscular
aches as might be caused by running up a
flight of stairs or by lifting some moderate
ly heavy weight. The next symptom and
this Is the one that is usually noticed first
is a slight neuralgia on one or both sides
of the face. This is followed after a few
hours by a feeiing of stiffness in the mus
cles which connect the Jaw and the neck.
The sufferer is opt to complain of a stiff
neck and to assume that he has been sitting
in a draught. Gradually the stiffness
spreads until the patient is conscious that
every muscle in.his body feels as if it had
been bruised. Ills friends, unless their sus
picions have been aroused, will think he
has the grip. After twenty-four hours the
patient Is likely to discover, by an abortive
attempt to yawn, that he cannot open his
mouth as wide as usual.
AN ALARMING SYMPTOM.
Perhaps, while he is wondering at this
peculiar circumstance, some one will bang
a door or drop a book. Instantly the jaw
of the sufferer will close with a snap, and
the big and powerful muscles at the side
of the face will be drawn into tense knots.
If the Jaw has been unaffected by the sud
den start, then some other muscle will be
sharply cramped. From that point the
course of the disease is rapid. There will
be excruciatingly painful cramps In first
one set of muscles, then in another. The
locking of the jaw may not be constant,
but whenever it occurs the muscles of the
side of the face will be sweiled into knots
at the side and the pain of it will be exceed
ingly severe. At the same time the spasm
will seize upon the muscles surrroundlng
the lips and drag them back into a horrible
grin resembling the snarl of a wild beast.
This was one of the chief reasons for the
confusion that formerly existed regarding
the difference between tetanus and hydro
phobia. No torture that man's Ingenuity has ever
devised for man is one-thousandth part as
dreadful as that caused by lockjaw. A
patient in the agonies of a tetfcnlc convul
sion is the most heart-rending sight known
to a doctor. He seems to embody in his
racked frame the pains of a hundred deaths.
The scene is not the less painful because
the sufferer is dumb. Recovery, if it occurs,
comes very slowly, and the person who has
suffered from the disease is therefore usual
ly a nervous wreck. Death when it comes
is embraced by the sufferer and almost
welcomed by those who have loved him. It
comes at the climax of the worst spasm,
the life being literally wrenched from the
martyred body. There is a limit beyond
which human endurance cannot go and it
is the exhaustion of pain and not the lack
of nutriment which brings death to the
victims of lockjaw.
In the old days tetanus, like hydrophobia,
was treated by large doses of opium, chloral
or other opiates. The discovery of chloro
form lessened some of the terrors of the
disease, for, as the drug has a sedative in
fluence upon the muscles, it was possible
to keep a patient undtr chloroform until
he recovered or died. There was an earlier
treatment still, but It is not one that can
be found in the text-books or that is talked
about by the older practitioners. It con
sisted of putting thepatlent between two
feather beds and as a supposed measure
of humanity, smothering him to death.
METHODS OF TREATMENT.
Nowadays there are two methods of treat
ment. One by the administration of opiates
and sedatives and the other by antl-toxln
serum. The success of the latter has been
such that It is fast superseding all other
methods, although It ! distinctly a danger
ous means to emjloy. It depends upon the
efficacy of what is called an anti-toxin.
Lockjaw, it should be remembered, is
caused by the poisonous powers of a tiny
organism called the bacillus of tetanus. The
poison formed by any kind of microbe is
scientifically known as a toxin. This la a
Greek word which means poison. Any sub
stance that neutralizes or destroys a toxin
la, therefore, called an antl-toxln. Every
microbe possesses It sworn enfmy. or anti
toxin, which will kill the microbe if it gets
the chance. It is the biInts of bacteriol
ogists, consequently, to try to find the spl
enic enemy cf every toxin, and. in the v&zm
of the toxin of lockjaw they think they
have discovered it.
Microbes do their deadly work by mixing
themselves with blood, and the bacillus, or
microbe, of lockjaw Is no exception to the
rule, except that It also attacks the nerves.
It follows, therefore, that any remedy which
is to fight the bacilli of lockjaw will aUo
have to be placed In the blood.
For the better understanding of what will
follow it is necessary to explain that blcxxi
is composed of two substances, which may
be roughly described as the clot and the
serum. If som'e blood were placed in a
tumbler and allowed to stand it would soon
separate into its component rarts. At the
bottom of the gla?s there would be a quan
tity of a rale yellow fluid In which a red
clot would float. The yellow fluid is the
serum of the blood, and is what is referred
to wherever serum Is mentioned hereafter.
Because scrum is a part of the blood it
will mix with other blood more readily than
any other liquid. It is. therefore, the liquid
chosen by physicians as the vehicle for con
veying the anti-toxin of any disease to a
The full title of the present remedy for
lockjaw is "anti-tetanic perum." Some
times it is referred to a3 Tetanus Antl-toxln.
It was first made In the following way:
A small quantity of blood was drawn from
the veins of a patient who was. dying of
lockjaw, and this was nllowed to stand un
til the serum settled. It followed that the
serum must contain largo quantities of the
foison of lockjaw and that if any of it were
njected into the veins cf an animal it would
probably cause it to have lockjaw. When
this assumption was tested it was found to
be entirely true.
MAKING THE SERUM. v
The next thing done was to select a good,
strong and quiet horse which had shown its
ability to withstand ordinary microbe poi
sons. A very small and diluted quantity
of the deadly sorum just referred to was
injected under his skin by means of a hypo
dermic syringe In a few days the poor
horse developed a mild case of lockjaw,
but he was given very careful treatment
and he soon got ever it. As Foon as he was
well he was given another injection of the
poison, not quite so dilute as the first lot.
Again the horse had lockjaw, but not near
ly so severe as at first. He was allowed to
recover and was given borne more of the
fil1?' 11113 tlmg almost at full strength.
The horse was hardly sick at all.
LJttle by little the horse was brought
along until it was 'possible to administer
to lum serum taken straight from the veins
of a iockjaw patient. When that could be
ocne the doctors knew that the natural
disease-killing qualities of the horse's blooj
had been so stimulated that he was a walk
ing mine of anti-toxin of lockjaw. If it
was impossible to give lockjaw to the horse
it was because his blood was proof against
It. therefore, they argued, if ome of his
blood, or the serum of it, was administered
10 a lackjaw patient he ought to recover.
The experiment was tried but it was not
entirely successful. The patient was un
doubtedly benefited by the serum, but it
did not seem to reach the nerve centers as
quickly as it ought to. It was then that
Prof. Roux, of the Pasteur Institute la
I arts, planned a mot daring method of put
ting the serum exactly where it would do
tho most good. He argued that the great
?S?'?.cfn.lof tne body TvaB the Drain,
anf, that if the serum could be brought in
to direct contact with it a cure should follow.
He therefore proposed to make a hole in
iSLff SI S the next lockjaw patient who
presented himself, and through the hole to
iniect anti-tetanic serum Into the brain.
In a few days a man far gone in the throes
Smtf Wai W3 brought to the Pasteur In
stitute. Ills head was partially shaved and
?fu the was Put under the Influence oC
!L , r; ThS ?Fons cut through the scalp .
ai?-turn?d 11 back ,rom the skulL Thea
with an instrument known as the trephlno
bored through tho skull and tho
ln ,of i0."?.11 left llfted out to expose
I if" ioklnt? P a hypodermic syringej
which had been charged with tetanus anti
toxin the surgeon passed the needle Into a
fissure of the brain and injected twenty
cubic centimeters of the Frrum. The wound
on the skull was dressed in such a way that
&Yi be,ef silr reached In case a further
injection of the serum was necessary.
When the patient recovered from the
ether he had a slight spasm, but It soon
passed, and It became evident that the dar
ing operation had been a success. That was
the beginning of the operative treatment of
lockjaw by anti-tetanic serum, and it has
met with a full measure of success when the
patient has been subjected to it early
enough. There have been some failures in
New York during the present epidemic, but
it Is said these were due to the length of
time which had elapsed before the patients
?eK,u,ght i(t ine hoPtals. The first
a ot thla methd of using the serum In
America was made about a year ago at
the General Hospital in Passaic, N. J. The
patient made a perfect recovery. Rinr-
uien it has been used by most of the hos
pitals of Jew ork, and Is now recognized
as such a reliable remedy that it is being
manufactured iTtPnkciv hv tiiA w...
Health Board for distribution to physicians
"- iwi uoo in ma tiiy aospitais.
Tecuse lno Present epidemic as de
scribed by Dr. John A. Irwin is as follows:
The weather since the Fourth of July has
been peculiarly favorable to the develop
ment Of a lockiaw rnhlfml f
received then. Damouess and th sudd
changes in temperature between noon and
midnight have furnished just the conditions
in which the tetanus germ pioves most
fatal. The disease presents many strange
phenomena that have yet to be accounted
lor. For instance, men are much more lia
ble tO Contract It than wnmn ami rwtrom.
of dark complexion recover much more rare-
. u.uu ui ugni complexion, xsegroes,
for Instance, seldom recover. People who
recover gain their health slowly, and it is
usually two or three months before they are
Rules for guarding against lockjaw are
laid down as follows:
"Don't let your children play In the dirt
anywhere. Garden soil and places where
animals have been kept are particularly
Don't allow children to go barefooted
either in town or country. It is not safe
"Treat even the smallest scratch respect
fully, and be particularly careful to protect
it from dirt. Wash the wound and then ap
ply a little collodion. Your druggist will
show you how to use collodion.
"Ordinary antiseptics have no influence on
the bacillus of lockjaw. It is therefore no
use to wash a suspected wound in 'diluted
carbolic acid. The thing to use Is tincture
of iodine. Paint it right on the wound and
don't mind the pain. .
"If you have recently received a scratch
or-cut and have any pain in the face or
stiffness in any muscle whatever go to a
doctor as quickly as you can. Home reme
dies won't do this time."
ASPHALT FOR DANCE FLOORS.
A Clilef of Police Hits I'pon a Xovel
Out-of-Door Recreation Plan.
New York Evening Sun. , '
Chief of Tollce Murphy, of Jersey CUy,
has hit upon a novel plan for entertaining
the poor of the city and giving them soma
enjoyment throughout the hot summer
months. What he proposes Is a series of
open air dances for the public. These
dances he proposes shall be held in differ
ent parts of th city. If this plan Is adopted
the expense will be very small, while hun
dreds of persons will be benefited.
Chief Murphy's plan does not entail the
expense of hiring dance halls. His inten
tion is to provide for those who cannot go
to the out-of-town resorts and who are
forced to spend the sweltering days and
nights in the city.
"My plan," said Chief of Police Murphy
this morning, 'is to utilize the asphalt
pavement for dancing purposes. What I
propose is that a block of asphalt pave
ment shall be selected anJ swept perfectly
clean, so that it is as smooth as a dance
floor. I would have traffic suspended on
that block until the dancing was over.
Ropes could be strung along the sides of the
street to keep back the specta'tors and the
rough element that might interfere with the
dancers. Of course, it would be necessary
to appoint floor managers. I have no doubt
that there are a numtT of thoroughly well
posted men who would be willing to act in
that capacity. I-bHeve that dances such
as I prope would result in keeping the
your.g folks away from worse places. Hun
dreds of young girls and boys have learned
to dance at the church dancing schools and
are Just as wild to dance as the children of
wealthier persons, but they have no chance
to do so. If you want to see how popular
my plan will prove just follow the first hand
organ you see and watch the children dance
to the music. You will see girls fourteen
and fifteen years old dancing to popular
airs. Their older brothers and sisters are
Just as anxious for an opportunity to dance.
My suggestion would be to substitute the
public dances for the concerts in the park
or so arrange them th:it they can be held
on the asphalt surrounding the parks. The
music can be furnished by Holden's band,
which is hired to give the concerts."
Chief Murphy wHll use evry effort to have
his plan adopted, and he is willing to con
tribute generously to the support of it.
"What a pity." said the first germ, as he
clung frantically to a window sash, as the;
went around a curve, -that in sleeping cars
we have no opportunities." "Isn't it." !d
. .a . a . t a
Ms companion, aesponaenuy, - a great neia.
If only we had air enough to get about la.