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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SATURDAY, JULY 22, 1899.
x JIB DAILY JOURNAL SATURDAY, JULY 22, 1809. ;.'i:i:i;tC3 Office 1503 Pennsylvania Avenue. r .... J j Telephone Call. Ij drvs Office ZZ& Editorial Rooms t terms of subscription. DAILY BY MAIL. . . . T'aily only, r month pally only, three months PsUy only, on year -W Daily, Including Sunday, on year 10 f" L'anday only, one year 00 WHEN FURNISHED BY AGENTS. IariT. per week, by carrier Is t fun lay. ilrvfie copy 5 cts Ijally and Sunday, per week, by carrier .) cts WEEKLY. Per year Redneed Hates to Clubn. Wutscrib with- any of our numerous agents cr tend subscriptions to the JOURNAL NEWSPAPER COMPANY. Indianapolis, lnl. Persona sending the Journal throuzh the mall la the United State should put on an eight-pa pafcer a ONE-CENT postage stamp; on a twelve er sixteen-pae paper a TWO-CENT poMate ate rap. Foreign postage Is usually double these rates. All communications Intended for publication In this paper must. In order to receive attention, be accompanied by the name and address of the writer. Rejected manuscripts will not be returned unless owtae Is Inclosed for that purpose. TIIC INDIA ATOMS JOURNAL. ' Can t found at the following places: HLTV TO UK A st or House. t CIIICAcdFalmer House. V. O. News Co.. 217 Dearborn ' street, (Ireat Northern Hotel and Grand Pacific Hotel. CINCINNATI J. R. Hawley & Co.. 134 Vine street. 2-OUISVILLB-C. T. Peering, northwest corner of TMrd and Jefferson streets, and Louisville , Hook Co.. 2& Fourth avenue. CT. LOUIS Union News Company. Union Depot. t WASHINGTON. D. C. Rlggs House. Ebbltt House and W'illard's Hotel. Indianapolis could easily and comfortably cara for a much larger number of people than are now its guests. When th engines of the Manhattan Com pany In New York are made In Milwaukee, the star of empire Is moving westward. As no ono has charged corruption upon General Alger In any particular Instance, the persecution by paragraph should cease. The extreme heat yesterday must havo Civen our guests a suggestion of the discom fort which can attend a prolonged season cf It. The names of Joseph B. Cheadle and Dr. F. J.-Van Vorhls precede that of John W. Kern In the list of those on the platform cf the Altgeld. meeting. Those editors and correspondents who have discovered that the Gorman boom Is Crowing are blessed with magnifying glasses end creative Imaginations. None but & confirmed pessimist or cynic could doubt the genuineness of the enthu siasm that Inspires the thousands of Ep worth Leaguers now. In the city. The fact 'that Mr. Bryan takes to Mr. Cosbel, of Kentucky, leads to a suspicion that he may find Mr. Goebel and his con vention methods useful early next summer. 21r. Bryan would not listen to the pro teats of those Democrats from Kentucky -who urged him not to take part in the cam- raln in that State, lie will speak for GeebeJ. John R. McLean has attracted some at tention by an outburst of regard in word for Mr. Bryan, but the real lS-to-1 advo cates In Ohio take little stock In such pro fuse professions. V SBMaBBWBBBSSBMBBSBBSSSSSSBBBBBSSBBSBBBBBBSBSWSBBBBSSBBSSBB Tho?e Cuban patriots who Issued Inflam matory proclamations in the expectation of being arrested and otherwise made con cplcuous must be very angry because they ere cot noticed. If the combinations should be able to so economize the cost of production as to turn a considerable portion of the people out of , employment, where would they get a mar ket for their goods? j Admiral Dewey is reported as predicting the collapse of the Filipino insurrection be fore the opening of another campaign, and late advices from General Otis also indicate that It Is going to pieces. Nevertheless, the government should be ready to "push things" as soon as the rainy season ends. eBBSBSBBBBBSBaBBSBBBSSBBSSSBSSSBBSSSIIaaaaaaaaBaaa SBSIIISBSHSBBSSSSSSSSSSBBBSSSSBSBasSSB 1 Mrs. Helen L. Bullock, of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, has begun a crusade against root beer because it con tains, as she alleges, atrace of alcohol. So 2oes yeast, and there(-L vastly more alco hol consumed in yeast than In root beer. Consistency would require such people to "tmand the eating of unleavened bread. If It is true that the sugar trust has com pelled wholesale grocers to keep up the price pf refined sugar by requiring each of them to put up 0, which is forfeited If any factor sells below the trust prices, such action is an open defiance of the anti-trust 'aw as interpreted by the Supreme Court In the agreement of railroads to maintain rater. The agreement forced by the sugar trust is clearly an agreement to restrain :rJe. The most boisterous applause in the Alt :cM meeting In Chicago, Thursday night, Tasj not called forth by references to 16 to 1, ut by the declaration of the Massachusetts political harlequin, George Fred Williams, that the war the President was carrying on ':i Luzon amounted to "the organized mur der, of an inoffensive people." Older party Naders, in a convention held in Chicago, n August, 164. declared Lincoln a tyrant :nd his war unconstitutional. In November hey were overtaken by a defeat that twenty-five years were required to overcome. The soldiers' monument is something more an a great work of art and magnificent memorial.. It is a great advertisement for .he State that erected it and for the city t adorns. During the present week it will :ave been visited by thousands of persons rom all parts of the country who will go .way impressed with the liberality of the ,tate and the beauty of the city. On former cessions as many as a thousand persons :ave ascended the monument in a single 'y. the register showing visitors from enty-elght different Statea It is possible rat record may be broken during the pres et week. j The silence of Senator Tillman so larga portion of the time since when he vas persuaded to leave the stump In the 'orth, caused many to indulge the hope :hat he had seen the folly of his rant and ibantioned it. Huch hope is vain: Tillman 3 again at it, and his speech In the Alt trld meeting is as absurd as anything he .as ever said. The country will resent his 'claratlon that all those who work for vases are slaves and that the greater op ortunlty to labor only increases the num :r of slaves. The man who talks in this ::j should be able to present something betterthan present systems of production, but Tillman offers no remedy, except the unlimited coinage of the silver of the silver mine monopolists. That achieved, men who labor for wages will no longer be slaves; and that sort of rant was cheered by the Alt geld crowd. Of what greater crime than all the rest of the States has South Carolina been guilty that such men as Tillman have driven the Wade Hamptons from any par ticipation in public affairs? TIIC LEAfiUE CONVENTION. If the fourth international convention of the Epworth League Is less numerously at tended than some of its predecessors it Is none the less a thoroughly representative body. As far as the object of the organiza tion is concerned an attendance of 15.000 is as good as twice that number, and the smaller convention Is more easily handled and with greater comfort to those attend ing. Indianapolis could have entertained 30,000 visitors as easily as 18,000, but those having direct charge of the machinery of the convention would have found the larger number much more difficult to handle. The attendance at Toronto two years ago was about 2S.00O. The present convention will not reach that number, but It Is as cos mopolitan and representative. The ad dresses thus far have been of high order and the proceedIngs indicate no falling oft in the original spirit of the organization. Even with a much smaller attendance, pro Tided it continued to be widely diffused and representative, the league would still repre sent an important factor In church work. The bishops and other officials of the church evidently recognize this fact and the im portance of utilizing it. It must be remem bered that these conventions are not held for the transaction of important business, like a general conference of the church, for instance. There are no great questions of church finance, church extension, church discipline and church government to be dis posed of. The conventions are largely edu cational and inspirational. In the present one the broad character of the organization is shown by the presence of delegates from the Epworth League of the Methodist Epis copal Church, the Epworth League of the Methodist Episcopal Church South and the Epworth League of the Methodist Church of Canada. The platform speakers and leaders of discussion include some of the brightest men in the church, and in point of earnestness and enthusiasm nothing could exceed the spirit of the convention. Thus, even if the attendance Is not as great as the managers predicted, the convention is fully as successful as any of its predecessors, And as a feeder to the church and a factor In church work the league continues to In dicate the wisdom and the hopes of its founders. HOD CRT G. IXGcHSOLL. Robert G. Ingeraoll, who died suddenly yesterday, possessed a combination of quali ties that made him a very interesting per sonality.' Scarcely any other American of his time was better known by reputation than he. and as a public speaker his face and figure had become familiar to hundreds of thousands. Endowed by nature with brilliant parts, fine imagination, generous emotions, broad sympathies, a copious command of language and a most pleasing personal presence, he had every element of a great orator. In this regard he had few equals. Educated for the law and trained in the art of speaking, he attained a degree of popularity first as a political speaker and afterwards as a platform lec turer that few Americans have reached. Thousands went to hear hl3 lectures who did not indorse his sentiments; but merely to be entertained by his oratory and style. One of the most eloquent and memorable speeches he ever delivered was at a sol diers reunion In this city in 1376. It was afterwards published and widely circulated under the title, "A Vision of War." Although Colonel Ingersoll achieved great reputation as a lawyer and political speak er, he was perhaps most widely known as an lnfideL Ills books, pamphlets and speeches against the Christian religion probably made him known to more people, favorably or unfavorably, than anything else he did. As an infidel he was doubtless sincere, but never malignant. Nor" was he ever argumentative or convincing. Ills most effective weapons were humor, ridi cule, satire and pathos. lie did not trouble himself much with logic or facts. Ills ar rows often seemed to hit the mark, but they made no Impression. All that he ever wrote or uttered against Christianity was as the buzzing of a summer fly compared with the chorus of the ages. His "Some Mistakes of Moses" was a brilliant and witty pro duction, but the words of Moses will still weigh with millions of people long after those of Ingersoll are forgotten by all. But he was a man of great and noble qualities, tender heart and full of sympathy for all who needed it. His personal character was without reproach and his family life was an ideal one. NOT A CRITICAL. SITUATION. A Republican paper In a State which has a regiment on Its way back" from Manila recently gave its readers an editorial enti tled "A Critical Situation." In the text there Is nothing whatever showing a critical situation of any kind. It refers to the ru mor that Agulnaldo has sued for peace and wonders If he has been bribed to make sug gestions In that direction, because at the present time the rainy season prevents army operations and consequently suing for peace Is not seasonable. There Is no "critical situation" in Luzon, unless failure to suppress the Insurrection of Agulnaldo in a single short campaign Is regarded as creating such a situation In the estimation of these "new critics of cam paigr.s. If such failures make critical sit uations, the federal army during the war for the Union was In a critical situation from the first Bull Run until the day before the surrender at Appomattox. Upon the basis of such criticism the Union cause was as good as lost after the two Bull Runs, after Chancellorsvllle, Stone River, Chlckamauga, Spottsylvanla. Petersburg and other battles and campaigns in which the Union armies were either beaten or failed to execute the plans of campaign. In Luzon the American army has won every skirmish with Aguin aldo's men. Toward the last of the fighting the Filipinos did not wait for the attack of our troops, but fled the field. When the wet season set in the Americans held a large space about Manila which had been won. They chased the Filipinos over a larger territory which was ndt held. Is this "the critical situation" we are told of, or is it the frar that nothing will be done be fore the election in November. 1900, and the chances of the re-election of President Mc Kinley thus made "slim?" While some of the volunteer regiments In the Luzon campaign lost quite a number of men the loss Is not so large as one would be led to infer from figures recently pub lished. The Oregon regiment, which saw Its share of the fighting and hardship, has returned. It rolls bear the names of f officers and 1,216 enlisted men. It brought back an aggregate of 1.104 men; a number were discharged and two deserted. It lost 3.6 per cent, in battle and by disease. This regiment passed one summer and half of another in the tropics. It saw all the hard ship and participated in most of the bat- ties. No regiment which served on either side of the war for the Union ever brought back from a year's campaign and battles so large a percentage of the men on Its rolls. This means that an army In the field was never better cared for than the army in the Philippines has been. It may be added that a regiment showing so many living men on its rolls after the end of a term of service has not been involved in any general dis aster; nor is it the evidence of "a critical situation." CHURCH OF THE CIRCUIT RIDER. The Methodist circuit rider was pre-eminently the religious pioneer. Other denomi nations were early in the opening States, but the Methodist circuit rider was always on the skirmish line of advancing civiliza tion. Indiana was particularly his field. Doubtless there are hundreds of the oldest residents of the State who recall the cir cuit rider as the first bearer of the "good tidings of salvation." There are probably many who have no recollection of any other religious teacher during his or her first years. He stands out as one of the vivid recollections of childhood. Mounted on his service-worn horse or preaching the word with the fervid earnestness of positive be lief or sitting with the pioneer's family tell ing eager listeners of the news he collected in other neighborhoods, he made his mark upon the civilization of the State, and it can never be effaced. lie was respected by the rough because they knew that he could take care of himself. Instances are on record where, set upon, by foes, he did not turn the other cheek for another blow, but gave a new illustration of the meaning of the text by causing the bully to bite the dust. The early Methodist circuit rider lit erally took his life in his hands because the vast wilderness, in which the settlements were mere spots, was infested with sav ages. In the circuit rider were combined the courage of the hero, the steadfast pur pose of the saint and the self-denial and measureless devotion of the martyr. He more than believed what he preached, be cause In his consciousness he knew that the gospel he preached "is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that now is and of that which is to come." In his lonely rides through almost pathless forests he talked with God and believed that he received His message, which he de livered to the next little band of settlers. He had no church building, consequently no church debt. The settler's cribin or the spreading tree was his first tabernacle. He often went hungry, and the scant food of the settler's home was manna to his taste. He never dreamed of a higher criticism, be cause he knew that God was his father and Christ his elder brother. More than any other class the Methodist circuit rider gave to early Indiana its re ligious convictions and its religious charac ter. Not only did he bring to the people of the early settlements the message of God, but in his life and example he gave them a pattern of manhood. He took the rough ness out of the pioneer character and planted In the minds of the people the de sire for schools and the civilization which alone comes of Christianity. Because the circuit rider wa3 what he was the Methodist Church in Indiana Is a power for good to day. QUERY FOR SENATOR HOAR. Senator Chandler, of New Hampshire, has written an article for the Independent which he begins by quoting the message of Senator Hoar to President Cleveland at a time when there was much excitement in certain quarters because cf the persecution of the Armenians by the Turks. In his letter Senator Hoar pledges the President his co-operation and support in any policy which would free the Armenians from the tyranny of Turkey, even to a resort to force. Senator Hoar was not the only man who made warlike suggestions at that time. Several' worthy men advocated the shelling of Constantinople if It was necessary to do so to compel the Sultan to permit the oily Armenians to rule themselves. We would have had a very big and costly war on our hands, resulting in the loss of many thou sands of lives, had we accepted this advice. Senator Chandler, after noting Senator Hoar's warlike indignation at that time, as sumes that his advice Js taken, that we de feat the Turks and acquire the territory oc cupied by the Armenians, but, pending the adjustment of the details with Turkey, some Armenian leader attacks the American army with a view to driving itout of the country. The New Hampshire senator in quires if Senator Hoar would have the United States ,qult the country or would he have the President turn to and chastise the Armenians until they should recognize the nation which delivered them out of the hands of the Turks and admit Its su premacy. That Is practically the situation in the Philippines. The Filipinos could not have broken the grasp of Spain which held them. The United States did, and the Fili pinos have repaid us by making war upon us. Senator Hoar has not risen to explain. THE PINGREE STREET-RAILWAY REFORM. 1'ow that the Plngree-Johnson scheme to give Detroit control and ownership of the street railways In that city has failed, and the 5-cent fare, with no reduction ex cept during certain hours, has been re stored, it is well to consider the subject of this attempt at municipal ownership. Some of the companies had franchises from the city which run ten or twelve years longer. The first step was to ascertain the price of the plant. It cost about $8,000,000, and could now be duplicated for a less amount. The street-railway magnates de manded $17,000,000 for this plant and their franchise, for which they had paid the city nothing, their property largely escaping taxation. Thus it appears that the city was asked to pay at least $7,000,000 for franchise's it had given away.v Governor Plngree and hlf assistants agreed with Tom L. Johnson to pay $17,000,000 In 4 per cent, bonds for a property worth but half that sum. Nor is that all. Mr. Johnson wanted security from the city In the event that the receipts of the railways would not pay run ning expenses and an amount in excess sufficient to pay the interest on the bonds, and a sinking fund for the payment of the principal. The security he demanded was a forty-eight years' franchise, with fares limited to 5 cents. He had demonstrated that a 3-crnt fare would enable the city to pay the operating expenses of the road? and an amount in excess sufficient to pay the $17.000,000 half water and the interest thereon. When, however, it came to a se curity for the payment of the purchase price by . the city he demanded a 5-cent fare. To this demand Governor Pingree, as the champion of municipal ownership, yielded. For this double price and this 5-cent forty-eight years' franchise, he fought with almost desperation. Strange as it may seem to us at this distance, this scheme was pushed through the . Council. ' Every business organization in the city protested against this scheme to plunder the people. When the people, who had never been permitted to have a word about the matter, came to sec the Job of Johnson they turned against It and practically foroed the Council to retrace its steps. Indeed, public sentiment was so aroused that the proposition was rejected by the councilmen who had passed It. Thus ends the first attempt by a much proclaimed reformer to obtain the owner ship of street railways for a city. If it had not been rejected Detroit would have paid two prices for the property, and. In the event of failure to pay, a forty-fight years 5-cent franchise would have been fastened upon the people. And this was the scheme commended unto vs two months ago. The Democratic national committee took no action upon the question which the South Bend Times declared to be the first which the party leaders must settle, namely, whether the party "will do business as Democrats or Populists" in the next cam paign. That question is still open. The Popullstlc element was in attendance by committees, and its propositions set forth by the Bimetallic League were listened to. The other element did not present any prop osition. It was not necessary that the com mittee make any declaration, and it did not. So the conflict between those who see the folly of 16 to 1 as a leading issue and those who know that their political existence de pends upon it will continue. But, if the committee gave no indication, the Altgeld meeting did. It was a 16-to-l meeting. The speakers were all ultra silver men, hostile to expansion. Scarcely one of them was a man who has influence among business men or who shares the confidence of the country. The Minneapolis Tribune says that if the War Department had listened to General Lawton when he said 100,000 men were needed to hold the Philippines, the situa tion might be different. In the first place, General Lawton did not make such a state ment, if he made it at all, as an official recommendation. In the next place. General Lawton did not arrive in Manila until toward the close of March. It was along, in April when the statement appeared that 100,000 men were needed, which statement was in an interview which General Lawton repudiated.; It were true, the President then had no power to raise 100,000 men.'ln fact, he had the regular army of 27,500 men, which he was recruiting to G5.O00. If all these recruits had' been forwarded to Manila and the 33,000 volunteers had been raised, only a small part of them would have reached Manila by July 1. How, then, could the re sult have been much different? If the six Italians lynched yesterday by a Louisiana mob were Italian subjects, as Is quite likely, It will probably revive the dis cussion and diplomatic correspondence that grew out of the lynching of several Italians at New Orleans in March, 1S9L yln that case, after a spirited correspondence be tween the two governments, followed by the withdrawal cf both ministers from the respective capitals and a temporary rup ture of diplomatic "relations, the United States finally offered to pay an indemnity of $2,000 for distribution among the fam ilies of the victims. This was accepted by the Italian .government and the incident was closed. If the Italians lynched yester day were Italian subjects the precedent es tablished in the former case will apply in this one. Colonel Bryan is unique in being the only man who ever charged admission to hear him boom himself for office. The cost of one of his lectures, however, is remarkably small compared with the cost of the dangerous experiment of making him President. The penalty fie exacts of those who go to hear him tell why he should be PresideQt Is light indeed compared with that he would Inflict upon the Nation for its folly In elect ing him to that responsible office. That Kentucky mountain official who thinks the feuds could be settled with less loss of life if a better grade of whisky were? Introduced should jend for Indiana's State Board of Health and have the feud bac teria eliminated from the moonshine prod uct. Americanism brings smoking chimneys arci prosperity everywhere. The volcano Hilo, In Hawaii, has resumed active opera tions after having been shut down owing to dull times since before the Cleveland ad ministration. It is said that the kissing bug came from Manila. The question is, did Hobson hear of it and go thither, or did the bug hear of Hobson's intended invasion and leave in apprehension of competition? , The Czar upbraided an officer for permit ting the Czarevitch to go cycling alone, and the man committed suicide. The Czar should enforce his disarmament policy be fore scolding his adjutants. The effect of the peace conference would be practically the same if the matter of universal lovesickness were referred back to Adamzad without a recommendation. The headline, "Still In the Party," never refers to Bryan. The only time he was still was in the army. 1 INDIANA EDITORIAL OPINION. The silver men cannot complain about anything except that they have nothing to complain about. Terre Haute Express. Mr. Bryan is running about the country to strengthen the weak places, but the trouble Is that he cannot be in all the weak places at the same tlnie. Plymouth Repub lican. Democratic free traders are anxious to get rid of protection, but the masses of the people are not. They too well remember conditions under the Wilson tariff bill. Corydon Republican. Nebraska Is enjoying unprecedented pros perity, but all the same there is one citizen who finds more congenial employment with out the boundaries of his State, and, more than that, he is not a prosperity boomer. Princeton Clarion. The manner in which young men of the country are offering their services to Uncle Sam Is certainly discouraging to that small faction which has talked, in season and out of season, of the unpopularity of the war in the Philippines. Lafayette Courier. ' Quite a number of Indiana Democratic papers seem to be anxious to drop the 36-to- 1 issue, among them the Indianapolis Sen tinel Terre Haute Gazette and Brazil Dem ocrat. Some editors have more sense than others, and those favoring the change real ize that IS to 1 Is a lost cause. Clay County Enterprise. It Is announced by the lamp chimney trust that the Owens Mowing machine will be adopted in the manufacture of chimneys. The trust is said to control almost the en tire output of the factories, and if the ma chines are put In it will revolutionize the business. George A. McBeth, of Elwood, and Thomas Evans, owner of the factory in this city, are the leading men In the trust. On the heels of this announcement the re port comes that every factory in the United States will resume operations Aug. 10. Ma rlon News. Democrats who claim to be in favor of Bryan for their next nominee for President, but opposed to the 15-to-l plank in the plat form, are making much ado for nothing. Bryan and 16 to 1 are so identified that one cannot be seep and the other hid. Wher ever Bryan Tes the other is sure to go. Lagrange Standard. It Is not the President and his policy that Is sneaking in arms and ammunition to the rebels, but the enemies of the Republican party and good government in the Philip pines. Traitors in the United States are the men who are encouraging Agulnaldo in his efforts to hold out until the elections. It Is by this talk of our traitors that the war has been prolonged, not what the Pres ident has done or is doing. Warren Re publican. Never since the famous and much-talked-of crime of 1S73, tfTe year in which our Dem ocratic friends claim the Republican party demonetized silver, has business been bet ter, wages higher or more men at work than there is at the present time. Under such conditions it is folly to try to Impress the people that gold is causing an apprecia tion of its own value or that free silver would benefit the farmers and the wage earners. Plalnfield Progress. RUBBLES IN THE AIR. The Savage Bachelor. "It Is seldom one hears of a woman dying of lockjaw," said the irritant boarder. "More of 'em die than you hear of," said the Savage Bachelor. "Lockjaw In a woman generally produces death In less than a minute. At least that is my theory." Eclipsed. "Jones was in to-day with a lot of fish stories." "And did you let him tell them?" "I let him tell one and then I opened up with a lot of bug stories that made his fishing stories sound as out of date as a last year's popular song." Lack of Tact. "I do so hope you will succeed," said the motherly, warm-hearted landlady. "I am bound to," said the sanguine young Inventor. "And when I do you won't see me eating at a place like this any more." Then, in realization of the utter Impos sibility of fixing things, he grabbed his hat and fled. The Maker's Image. In answer to Markham's "The Man with the Hoe." Crowned with the culture of the centuries. With honest mien and noble, manly pride, He gazes fearless back across the Past. Triumphant o'er the forces of the world. Fired by wisdom sacred heritage, Imbued with ardent trust and sanguine hope. Strong driver of Progression's potent plow. He presses onward certain of success, Upon his brow serene intelligence Reigns sovereign consort of Integrity. This Is the thing the Lord God made and gave To have dominion over land and sea; This ta the Maker's image, this the Man, Evolved in somber aeons dead and gone. That phoenlr-risen'from the forge of Time, In grandeur marches on to victory. Ton clod Is but the relic of the Past And burdened by the centuries that lie Long-buried In a now-forgot ten, tomb. Whence empty ages nevermore may rise. So has God-given labor raised the Man. That, chaos-conquering, his mighty arm Now reaches proudly round the globe. In signal triumph over Time and Space. The gulf between him and the seraphim Is straitly narrowed to a single step; ToU-lifted from the gloom of Ignorance, He holds the key to solemn mystery. And with unclouded eyes perceives God's dream In all Its glory and Its melody. Say, where exists more splendid prophecy? "Masters and rulers in all lands" forsooth. Who are the masters, and whose is the sway Of sceptered power o'er the universe? Whose hand Is on the throttle of Advance, Save his upon whose sturdy open brow There gleams the sweat of strong productive toil? He is the lord-and ruler in all lands. Whose lightest word commands the elements. Who summons Nature to his beck and call. And whose most faithful servitor is Truth; Who labors, labors to a noble end! And so the Future shall be satisfied ; The world's last reckoning shall place this Man Upon the pinnacle he shall deserve; And he who shaped himself shall reap the rest His being promises, led on by faith Undaunted in the goodness of the Plan, The want insatiate of higher things, The plain Impulse of immortality. -ConnersYille, Ind. Albert Charlton Andrews. THE 1DI YA TRUST CASE. Some Combinations May Re Pre vented, but Sot Others. Washington Post. The anti-trust decision rendered by the Indiana Supreme Court is generally believed to have an important bearing on all trusts In that State and probably in other States. This decision was concurred in by all the Justices of that eminent tribunal. It la not based on any statute, for It relates to a suit that was brought before the Indiana anti trust law was enacted. Two companies, chartered In the little city of Portland, Ind., to pipe natural gas and oil and to sell them to the people, got tired competing and com bined. The price of gas was raised, and the companies mutually agreed that neither of them should serve any consumer who had been a patron of either company and had for any reason withdrawn his patronage. It was. in brief, a trust in that sense of the word which has ceased to be agreeable. Suit was brought in the county Circuit Court by the citizens of Portland, asking that the charters of both companies be for feited, as they had abused the rights con ferred on them by the State, but the trial resulted In a verdict for the defendant com panies, or combination. Thereupon an ap peal was taken to the Supreme Court. That tribunal, after hearing arguments by dis tinguished attorneys on both sides, decided that the combination undertaken between the two gas companies to prevent competi tion was illegal and involved a forfeiture of the companies' charters. In Its decision the court said: "It is an old and familiar maxim that competition is the life of trade, and whatever act destroys competition; or even relaxes it. upon the part of those who sus tain relations to the public. Is regarded by the law as injurious to public interests, and is therefore deemed to be unlawful on the grounds of public policy." That maxim is certainly misleading. It Is not true that a "relaxation" of competition Is Inevitably "injurious to the public Inter ests." It is not promotive of the public good to have competition carried so far as to ruin competitors in any lawful and neces sary business. When railroads compete so eharply that they cannot pay dividends: that they are compelled to reduce the number and wages of employes; that they are un able to keep their tracks and rolling Ftock in good order, and fall into a shabby, down-at-the-heel condltioa the community suffers. When that kind of competition is "relaxed" and fair rates of transportation are substituted for ruinous rates, the community is a beneficiary of the change, even though It be effected by a trust, or a combinatipn to raise and main tain prices. The same rule applies to all in dustries, to all the agencies of production and distribution. And whenever a truM con tents itself with such "relaxing" of competi tion as is necessary in order to get a fair profit on capital invested and to pay fair wages, it is not Inimical to the general wel fare. It is. in fact, doing Just that which la best for all concerned. This, in spite of the "old and familiar maxim" quoted above seems to be In harmony with the court's view. It says: "When the State seeks to destroy the life of an Incorporated body It Is required to show some grave misconduct, some act at least by which it has offended the law of its creation, or something material which tends to produce Injury to the public and not merely that which affects only private intercuts, for which other adequate remedies are provided. Where, however, the facts disclose that a corporation has failed in the disrharsre of Its corporate duties by uniting with others In carrying out an agreement the performance of which is detrimental or Injurious to the public, it thereby may be said to offend against the law of its creation and consequently to forfeit its right longer to exercise Its franchise." That is clear and Juet. and if all the- ap pelate courts will take that ground all op pressive trade combinations will be disposed of. But no law can be Invoked asraint combination for such a legitimate purpose as reduction of expenses and the realization of fair profits. Between this class of trusts and thcrffe wild schemes whose exploiUis have dumped millions oC water into their capitalization and propose to make the pub lic pay interest on it. there is a wide differ ence between honest business and unscrupu lous speculation. i THE LOCKJAW EPIDEMIC THERE HAVE BKEX EIGHTY-THREE FATAL CASES SINCE JULY 4. Here an Article Showing Jnst What It Ik, How It Develop and How the Doctors Are Curing; It. New York Journal. The worst epidemic ever known of tetanus popularly known as lockjaw rages in New York. Hitherto Long Island has been regarded as the stronghold of this terrible disease, but recent developments show that the bacilli are almost as plentiful In the soil of Manhattan island. From the Fourth of July to the 13th there were nine deaths from the disease, the cause in every case being slight wounds received from the care less handling of fireworks or toy pistols. Perhaps a hundred other persons in New York and its environs are now suffering from the disease. Even under the best con ditions the average mortality Is considered to be from 85 to 90 per cent. Even among physicians there Is much lack of knowledge as to the cause, effect and treatment of the disease, and because of this the Sunday Journal has decided to pat into the hands of its readers the fullest and most correct summary of the disease and its treatment that can be gathered. Teta nus, or lockjaw, is caused by a bacillus or germ of a poisonous character which gains access to the blood through what may ap pear to be a trivial scratch or prick. A microbe or bacillus is the tiniest living or ganism known in nature. It has been esti mated that 200,000 tetanus bacilli can find a resting place on the extreme point of a rusty needle, and any one of the 200,000 is able to communicate lockjaw to a human being If It gets to the blood. The germs of lockjaw are usually found In the earth, but they are also present In all kinds of dirt. In garden soil. In dust, in the air and In various other places. The more richly a field or piece of land has been fertilized the more likely is it to be infested with the germs of lockjaw. The old resi dents of Long island used to manure the land with dead fish, a substance in which the germs breed plentifully. It is believed to be because of this that Long island bears such a bad reputation for lockjaw. Its notoriety in this respect is known all over the world. Nearly every other kind of microbe Is killed by exposure to sunlight or strong heat. The bacillus of lockjaw rejoices In heat and is unaffected by sunlight. Cold is the thing which the microbes object to most, but experimentation has shown that a very low temperature only renders them sluggish, and by no means destroys them. GERMS HIDE IN A SCRATCIL Football had to be abandoned on one part of Long island because it was found that when a player fell In the dirt, and cut or scratched himself ho was almost sure to become a victim of the dreaded lockjaw. For this reason It is necessary to look upon the least scratch or cut as a very real danger. Any break in the continuity of the skin affords a foothold for the germs of lockjaw. The scratch from a kitten, the abrasion of a chance knock, or the prick of a pin are ideal sites for the abode of the germs of lockjaw. There Is a very general belief that lock jaw affects only the muscles of the Jaw in fact, that the Jaw of the sufferer is locked and that he dies from ihe starvation which it entails. This Is not correct Tetanus affects every muscle of the body to a great er or less extent. Its most striking charac teristic to the average person, however, has alwass been the fact that the victim of tetanus could neither talk nor eat. This gave the disease its popular and descriptive name of lockjaw. Before the microscope made the differentiation of one disease from another so easy many and many a case of tetanus was believed to be hydrophobia. To the eye there is very little Uifferencs be tween the diseases. There is the same agon izing spasm of the throat, the same locking of the jaw and the same ghastly death. It is believed that there Is much less hydro phobia than there used to be. Doctors know that the decrease is less real than it ap pears. It only means that nowadays a dis tinction can be made between hydrophobia and tetanus. Formerly the same feather bed treatment was remorselessly dealt out to both classes of sufferers. Lockjaw makes its appearance in from one to six days after the microbes have en tered the body. The fact that a wound has healed at once does not preclude the subse quent danger of tetanus. The germs grow in the slight Inflammation that fin;t ap- f tears around the rapidly healing spot. Dur ng their growth they give off the active poison which is carried into the circulation and causes the attack of lockjaw. The first symptoms are usually not noticed, for they generally consist of such slight muscular aches as might be caused by running up a flight of stairs or by lifting some moderate ly heavy weight. The next symptom and this Is the one that is usually noticed first is a slight neuralgia on one or both sides of the face. This is followed after a few hours by a feeiing of stiffness in the mus cles which connect the Jaw and the neck. The sufferer is opt to complain of a stiff neck and to assume that he has been sitting in a draught. Gradually the stiffness spreads until the patient is conscious that every muscle in.his body feels as if it had been bruised. Ills friends, unless their sus picions have been aroused, will think he has the grip. After twenty-four hours the patient Is likely to discover, by an abortive attempt to yawn, that he cannot open his mouth as wide as usual. AN ALARMING SYMPTOM. Perhaps, while he is wondering at this peculiar circumstance, some one will bang a door or drop a book. Instantly the jaw of the sufferer will close with a snap, and the big and powerful muscles at the side of the face will be drawn into tense knots. If the Jaw has been unaffected by the sud den start, then some other muscle will be sharply cramped. From that point the course of the disease is rapid. There will be excruciatingly painful cramps In first one set of muscles, then in another. The locking of the jaw may not be constant, but whenever it occurs the muscles of the side of the face will be sweiled into knots at the side and the pain of it will be exceed ingly severe. At the same time the spasm will seize upon the muscles surrroundlng the lips and drag them back into a horrible grin resembling the snarl of a wild beast. This was one of the chief reasons for the confusion that formerly existed regarding the difference between tetanus and hydro phobia. No torture that man's Ingenuity has ever devised for man is one-thousandth part as dreadful as that caused by lockjaw. A patient in the agonies of a tetfcnlc convul sion is the most heart-rending sight known to a doctor. He seems to embody in his racked frame the pains of a hundred deaths. The scene is not the less painful because the sufferer is dumb. Recovery, if it occurs, comes very slowly, and the person who has suffered from the disease is therefore usual ly a nervous wreck. Death when it comes is embraced by the sufferer and almost welcomed by those who have loved him. It comes at the climax of the worst spasm, the life being literally wrenched from the martyred body. There is a limit beyond which human endurance cannot go and it is the exhaustion of pain and not the lack of nutriment which brings death to the victims of lockjaw. In the old days tetanus, like hydrophobia, was treated by large doses of opium, chloral or other opiates. The discovery of chloro form lessened some of the terrors of the disease, for, as the drug has a sedative in fluence upon the muscles, it was possible to keep a patient undtr chloroform until he recovered or died. There was an earlier treatment still, but It is not one that can be found in the text-books or that is talked about by the older practitioners. It con sisted of putting thepatlent between two feather beds and as a supposed measure of humanity, smothering him to death. METHODS OF TREATMENT. Nowadays there are two methods of treat ment. One by the administration of opiates and sedatives and the other by antl-toxln serum. The success of the latter has been such that It is fast superseding all other methods, although It ! distinctly a danger ous means to emjloy. It depends upon the efficacy of what is called an anti-toxin. Lockjaw, it should be remembered, is caused by the poisonous powers of a tiny organism called the bacillus of tetanus. The poison formed by any kind of microbe is scientifically known as a toxin. This la a Greek word which means poison. Any sub stance that neutralizes or destroys a toxin la, therefore, called an antl-toxln. Every microbe possesses It sworn enfmy. or anti toxin, which will kill the microbe if it gets the chance. It is the biInts of bacteriol ogists, consequently, to try to find the spl enic enemy cf every toxin, and. in the v&zm of the toxin of lockjaw they think they have discovered it. Microbes do their deadly work by mixing themselves with blood, and the bacillus, or microbe, of lockjaw Is no exception to the rule, except that It also attacks the nerves. It follows, therefore, that any remedy which is to fight the bacilli of lockjaw will aUo have to be placed In the blood. For the better understanding of what will follow it is necessary to explain that blcxxi is composed of two substances, which may be roughly described as the clot and the serum. If som'e blood were placed in a tumbler and allowed to stand it would soon separate into its component rarts. At the bottom of the gla?s there would be a quan tity of a rale yellow fluid In which a red clot would float. The yellow fluid is the serum of the blood, and is what is referred to wherever serum Is mentioned hereafter. Because scrum is a part of the blood it will mix with other blood more readily than any other liquid. It is. therefore, the liquid chosen by physicians as the vehicle for con veying the anti-toxin of any disease to a patient. The full title of the present remedy for lockjaw is "anti-tetanic perum." Some times it is referred to a3 Tetanus Antl-toxln. It was first made In the following way: A small quantity of blood was drawn from the veins of a patient who was. dying of lockjaw, and this was nllowed to stand un til the serum settled. It followed that the serum must contain largo quantities of the foison of lockjaw and that if any of it were njected into the veins cf an animal it would probably cause it to have lockjaw. When this assumption was tested it was found to be entirely true. MAKING THE SERUM. v The next thing done was to select a good, strong and quiet horse which had shown its ability to withstand ordinary microbe poi sons. A very small and diluted quantity of the deadly sorum just referred to was injected under his skin by means of a hypo dermic syringe In a few days the poor horse developed a mild case of lockjaw, but he was given very careful treatment and he soon got ever it. As Foon as he was well he was given another injection of the poison, not quite so dilute as the first lot. Again the horse had lockjaw, but not near ly so severe as at first. He was allowed to recover and was given borne more of the fil1?' 11113 tlmg almost at full strength. The horse was hardly sick at all. LJttle by little the horse was brought along until it was 'possible to administer to lum serum taken straight from the veins of a iockjaw patient. When that could be ocne the doctors knew that the natural disease-killing qualities of the horse's blooj had been so stimulated that he was a walk ing mine of anti-toxin of lockjaw. If it was impossible to give lockjaw to the horse it was because his blood was proof against It. therefore, they argued, if ome of his blood, or the serum of it, was administered 10 a lackjaw patient he ought to recover. The experiment was tried but it was not entirely successful. The patient was un doubtedly benefited by the serum, but it did not seem to reach the nerve centers as quickly as it ought to. It was then that Prof. Roux, of the Pasteur Institute la I arts, planned a mot daring method of put ting the serum exactly where it would do tho most good. He argued that the great ?S?'?.cfn.lof tne body TvaB the Drain, anf, that if the serum could be brought in to direct contact with it a cure should follow. He therefore proposed to make a hole in iSLff SI S the next lockjaw patient who presented himself, and through the hole to iniect anti-tetanic serum Into the brain. In a few days a man far gone in the throes Smtf Wai W3 brought to the Pasteur In stitute. Ills head was partially shaved and ?fu the was Put under the Influence oC !L , r; ThS ?Fons cut through the scalp . ai?-turn?d 11 back ,rom the skulL Thea with an instrument known as the trephlno bored through tho skull and tho ln ,of i0."?.11 left llfted out to expose I if" ioklnt? P a hypodermic syringej which had been charged with tetanus anti toxin the surgeon passed the needle Into a fissure of the brain and injected twenty cubic centimeters of the Frrum. The wound on the skull was dressed in such a way that &Yi be,ef silr reached In case a further injection of the serum was necessary. SUCCESSFUL OPERATION. When the patient recovered from the ether he had a slight spasm, but It soon passed, and It became evident that the dar ing operation had been a success. That was the beginning of the operative treatment of lockjaw by anti-tetanic serum, and it has met with a full measure of success when the patient has been subjected to it early enough. There have been some failures in New York during the present epidemic, but it Is said these were due to the length of time which had elapsed before the patients ?eK,u,ght i(t ine hoPtals. The first a ot thla methd of using the serum In America was made about a year ago at the General Hospital in Passaic, N. J. The patient made a perfect recovery. Rinr- uien it has been used by most of the hos pitals of Jew ork, and Is now recognized as such a reliable remedy that it is being manufactured iTtPnkciv hv tiiA w... Health Board for distribution to physicians "- iwi uoo in ma tiiy aospitais. Tecuse lno Present epidemic as de scribed by Dr. John A. Irwin is as follows: The weather since the Fourth of July has been peculiarly favorable to the develop ment Of a lockiaw rnhlfml f received then. Damouess and th sudd changes in temperature between noon and midnight have furnished just the conditions in which the tetanus germ pioves most fatal. The disease presents many strange phenomena that have yet to be accounted lor. For instance, men are much more lia ble tO Contract It than wnmn ami rwtrom. of dark complexion recover much more rare- . u.uu ui ugni complexion, xsegroes, for Instance, seldom recover. People who recover gain their health slowly, and it is usually two or three months before they are quite well., Rules for guarding against lockjaw are laid down as follows: "Don't let your children play In the dirt anywhere. Garden soil and places where animals have been kept are particularly dangerous. Don't allow children to go barefooted either in town or country. It is not safe this year. "Treat even the smallest scratch respect fully, and be particularly careful to protect it from dirt. Wash the wound and then ap ply a little collodion. Your druggist will show you how to use collodion. "Ordinary antiseptics have no influence on the bacillus of lockjaw. It is therefore no use to wash a suspected wound in 'diluted carbolic acid. The thing to use Is tincture of iodine. Paint it right on the wound and don't mind the pain. . "If you have recently received a scratch or-cut and have any pain in the face or stiffness in any muscle whatever go to a doctor as quickly as you can. Home reme dies won't do this time." ASPHALT FOR DANCE FLOORS. A Clilef of Police Hits I'pon a Xovel Out-of-Door Recreation Plan. New York Evening Sun. , ' Chief of Tollce Murphy, of Jersey CUy, has hit upon a novel plan for entertaining the poor of the city and giving them soma enjoyment throughout the hot summer months. What he proposes Is a series of open air dances for the public. These dances he proposes shall be held in differ ent parts of th city. If this plan Is adopted the expense will be very small, while hun dreds of persons will be benefited. Chief Murphy's plan does not entail the expense of hiring dance halls. His inten tion is to provide for those who cannot go to the out-of-town resorts and who are forced to spend the sweltering days and nights in the city. "My plan," said Chief of Police Murphy this morning, 'is to utilize the asphalt pavement for dancing purposes. What I propose is that a block of asphalt pave ment shall be selected anJ swept perfectly clean, so that it is as smooth as a dance floor. I would have traffic suspended on that block until the dancing was over. Ropes could be strung along the sides of the street to keep back the specta'tors and the rough element that might interfere with the dancers. Of course, it would be necessary to appoint floor managers. I have no doubt that there are a numtT of thoroughly well posted men who would be willing to act in that capacity. I-bHeve that dances such as I prope would result in keeping the your.g folks away from worse places. Hun dreds of young girls and boys have learned to dance at the church dancing schools and are Just as wild to dance as the children of wealthier persons, but they have no chance to do so. If you want to see how popular my plan will prove just follow the first hand organ you see and watch the children dance to the music. You will see girls fourteen and fifteen years old dancing to popular airs. Their older brothers and sisters are Just as anxious for an opportunity to dance. My suggestion would be to substitute the public dances for the concerts in the park or so arrange them th:it they can be held on the asphalt surrounding the parks. The music can be furnished by Holden's band, which is hired to give the concerts." Chief Murphy wHll use evry effort to have his plan adopted, and he is willing to con tribute generously to the support of it. Xo Chance. Life. "What a pity." said the first germ, as he clung frantically to a window sash, as the; went around a curve, -that in sleeping cars we have no opportunities." "Isn't it." !d . .a . a . t a Ms companion, aesponaenuy, - a great neia. If only we had air enough to get about la.