Newspaper Page Text
THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, MONDAY, JULY 24, 1899. THE DAILY JOURNAL MONDAY, JULY 24, 1800. YV'ishinjtoa Office 1S0J Pennsylvania Avenue. Telephone Call. Business Office ZZi i Editorial Rooms S5 '. TER3IS OF SUBSCRIPTION. ' DAILY BY MAIL. Pally cn!r. ene month $ .70 taliy only, three month 2.00 Dally rnly. one year S.00 Pallr, including Sunday, one year 10.00 CuaJay only, one year 2.00 WIIEX FURNISHED EY AGENTS. Ia!!y. per week, ty carrier.., 15 cts Funday, tingle copy & cts Dally and Sunday. rr week, by carrier.... 20 eta WEEKLY. Per year JI M Reduced Rates to Clubs. Subscribe with any cf our numerous ajenta cr end subscriptions to tlie JOURNAL NEWSPAPER COMPANY, Indianapolis, -Ind. Perrons sending the Journal through the mall in the United States should put on an elgM-page paper a ONE-CENT postage stamp; on a twelve cr sixteen-pace parer a TWO-CENT postage . atamp. Foreign postage la usually double theae rates. All communications intended for publication In ' this paper mut. in order to receive attention, be accompanied by the name and address of the writer. Rejected manuscripts will not be returned unless postage Is inclosed for that purpose. THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL.. Can be found at the following places: "JJEW, YORK Astor House. ' CHICAGO Palmer House. P. O. News Co., 217 Dearborn street. Great Northern Hotel and Grand Pacific Hotel. CINCINNATI-J. R. Hawley & Co.. 14 Vine street. LOUISVILLE C. T. Deering. northwest corner cf Third and Jefferson streets, and Louisville Uook eft., 2C4 Fourth avenue. BT. LOUIS Union New Company, Union Depot. WASHINGTON. D. C. Rlrgs House. Ebbltt . House and Willard'a Hotel. 'Good health to McKInley; I hope he -will to our next PresidenL" Admiral Dewey. The. greatest war secretary this country ever knew was without experience in mili tary affairs. His name was Stanton. It is curious to note that all the addresses of Colonel Ingersoll which have been alluded to since his death were political efforts. It i3 understood that the officers who have been named for the volunteer regiments will appear before a board for examination be fore being commissioned. MSBMHMSMMMBBasaeasssssaa Mr. Bryan in his last speech spoke of the gold gained from Klondike. Has he not In- formed himself that the output of the American mines increased 425.000.000 a year elnce XS9CT The Democrats in Ohio who are opposed to McLean seem to be paralyzed by the recollection of the successes of a few men la capturing 'nominations "by the Judicious expenditure of coney. The late Colonel Ingersoll was a fearless ' man. but if he had known that a medium would monopolize the right to speak for him after death, he might have renounced Ills peculiar views to escape such a punish ment. The New York "World's canvass of Demo cratic sentiment shows that the next Dem ocratic convention will ' contain 378 Bryan and 502 anti-Bryan delegates. This is a clear case of mistaking one's desire for cold " facts. . It Is very probable that If recruiting of ficers learn that any applicant for enlist ment is seeking to escape prosecution as a criminal he will be rejected. That class of men are not taken into the United States army. Eastern papers see in the removal of Dev lin from the editorship of the organ of the Democratic national committce the re jection of Altgeld. It may be so; but that was an immense Altgeld meeting which Bryan addressed. The beating of the American college ath letes by the English did not make enough of a bloody chasm to prevent plenty of hand shaking ' and bouquet-throwing across It. ' Seriously, however, the event seems to have been very promotive of good feeling. The number of immigrants from Southern Italy during the last fiscal year was 65,639, ' of whom 20,052 were females. If the immi gration bill, making ability to read a pre requisite for admission to the United States, bad become a law how many of these peo ple would have been permitted to land? While the Epworth people were cheering the project of a British-American or Anglo v Saxon alliance in Indianapolis, Canada's premier was talking of war or arbitration. There will be no alliance, because Amerl s cans do not want It. And when recourse to arbitration can be had Great Britain will not go to war for Canada. Something new in the way of municipal government is the report of the American administration of the city of Cienfuegos. Cuba, showing a surplus revenue of 312,000 lor the month of June. This is the first time In the history of Cuba that any city has Shown a surplus. Spanish rule abhorred a surplus as nature does a vacuum. The statement that ex-Governor Altgeld, George Fred Williams and some of the offi cers and leaders of the Ohio Valley Bimetal lic League held a meeting in Chicago after the adjournment of the Democratic national committee to consider the propriety of forming an Independent silver party may be regarded In the nature of a bluff. One of the statements which some of the "round-robin correspondents in Manila de sired to send home was to the effect that the navy had been Ignored by General Otis. Inasmuch as the head of the navy denies that such is the case no correspondent has Just cause for grievance unless he claims that it is his right to lie about officers and deceive the people at home. The number of men who are regarded as unfit for the military service by recruiting officers In Eastern cities compared with the number regarded as found Is remarkable. At one" station In Boston only 80 out of 3S3 men examined were accepted. At another" station 20 per cent, of the men who had served In regiments mustered into the serv ice for the Cuban war were rejected. Usually, in the best of years, there has been a lull In business during July and Au gust. The factories close, the furnaces are put out and general lethargy pervades the wholesale houses, while the retailers are glad to have their employes take a vaca tion. This year It Is different. The glass fac tories have shut down, for the most part, for a long period, but the Iron furnaces and all the varied Industries have kept right alcng. The Jobbers generally find that there la one or two months' Interval between the close of the summer trade and the opening of the fall." A year ago wo were told that after the array had been supplied with clothing there would be dull times in the tycoon mills. Eo far from that, ths woolen mills have been pushed to supply the de mand, which, thanks to the Dlngley tariff, must be largely filled by goods of home pro duction. Labor was never so fully em ployed throughout the country. From the harvest fields comes the cry of scarcity of men. In the cities and in the villages there suddenly appears to be a great demand for labor. Employment Is not literally pursuing men, but the man who really wants to work can find something to do and wages for what he does. .There are strikes, but the question of wages does not enter into them. And yet there are a few men who have the monumental assurance to declare that all these Indications of prosperity are de ceptive. THE ETHICS OF LABOR STRIKES. The two greatest labor strikes of the year, those of street-railway employes in New York and Cleveland, have both nearly run their course. In both cases violence was resorted to by the strikers and their friends, and both were suppressed by force, the one in New York by the police and the one in Cleveland, which is not quite ended jet, by state troops ordered out by the local au thorities. After all the experience of the rast, it is surprising that workingmen or wage-earners of any kind should persist in trying to insure the success of a strike by resorting to violence. If thoy would stop to think and would recall the history of past efforts of the kind they would seo that this is the way of all others to insure the failure of a strike. What may be called the ethics of labor strikes can be stated in very few words. Every man, whether a member of a labor union or not, has a right to work, if work is offered him, for whatever wages he chooses to accept. Every man also has an Indisputable right to quit work if the wages or any other condition does not suit him. Employers have a corresponding right to employ whomsoever they please without dictation from their employes or from labor union or any other organization. These fundamental doctrines of individual liberty and personal rights seem so plain and axio matic that they scarcely ought to require stating. It follows, of course, that no wage earner has a clahn on any particular job or position, and that the moment he quits work for any reason whatever, as he has a perfect right to do, any other person has a right to take up the work that he has laid down, re gardless of the fact whether he belongs to a labor union or not. The rights of indi viduals are above any organization. The right to work is as sacred as the right to freedom. In this country no person can be deprived of his freedom and compelled to work, except as a punishment for crime, and no person who Is willing to work can be deprived of the right to do so on what ever terms he chooses to accept. The Idea that men who have quit work for any rea son whatever may use force and violence to compel employers to grant their demands or to prevent other persons from stepping into the places they have vacated is pre posterous and abhorrent. There is an ele ment of Justice In almost every labor strike, though a strike Is a poor way to get Jus tice, but the moment strikers resort to force and violence they defy society and invoke the whole power of the government for the protection of the lives and property of Its citizens.. An appeal issued by the press committee of the Cleveland strikers says: "We believe force can be applied in many instances, and that it is absolutely essen tial in the present case." This shows how far astray from correct principles men may be led by self-interest or imaginary wrongs and rights. If force and violence can be rightly resorted to by one set of workmen to carry their point, they may by another, and if by workmen then by employers, and the result would be anarchy. There is abso lutely no Justification for a resort to force in any labor trouble, and it ought to insure the speedy failure of any strike, as It al most invariably does. DRY AX'S PHILIPPINE PLATFORM. Those American citizens who make it a point to believe and shout for whatever Mr. Bryan declares to be his opinions should keep careful watch these times. He is changing his views, so If those echoes of Mr. Bryan who continue to protest against maintaining our authority in the Philip pines are not careful they will come to grief. If those who play the part of echoes to Mr. Bryan read no further than his allu sions to the Declaration of Independence and the consent of the governed, and as sume that he still favors the policy of the United States getting out of those Islands at once, they will make a mistake. It is true that, months ago, Mr. Bryan de nounced the policy that resulted In our hav ing an army in the Philippines and was at the elbow of his Governor In Nebraska when he vetoed a resolution thanking the Nebraska regiment for its gallant conduct in upholding the authority of the United States in Luzon, but he has found that that is not good politics. He should see that his allusion to the consent of the governed Is not wise while his party in Mississippi, South Carolina and Louisiana has taken from the majority of the voters in those States the right to vote without asking their consent. At Chicago, however, Mr. Bryan gave his friends a new platform regarding the Phil ippines. He would have the Filipinos in formed immediately of our intention to give them Independence as socn as a stable gov ernment can be established and protect them from outside interference while they work out their own destiny. That is the latest, and if it is not satisfactory it is bet ter than the chatter of George Fred Wil liams and other speakers at the same meet ing. It has, however, Its objections. All the reliable information from the Philip pines is to the effect that Aguinaldo's lim ited following has not made him ruler by any popular action, and that if the propo sition to make him ruler of Luzon were submitted to the people it would be re jected. Furthermore, the opinions of those who are best acquainted with the people of those islands are to the effect that there are so many factions that they cannot form or sustain an Independent government. But, assuming that the United States left the Filipinos to rule themselves after giving the world notice that we will protect thera from outside interference, would we not be taking upon ourselves a remarkable and very great responsibility? Suppose this In dependent government of the Philippines should seize a foreign ship or Imprison or lmposo special burdens upon the citizens or subjects of Great Britain, Germany or any other nation and refuse to make reparation, what would the United States do under this one-sided protectorate of Mr. Bryan's? Having no control over the Independent Fil ipino government and no power or right to compel it to recognize International rights, we must pay the damages Inflicted by Its authority or consent, and go to war with such government If it undertook to punish the offenders. We must not, according to Mr. Bryn. exercise authority over a gov ernment of Aguinaldo's, but we will defend his government against the interference of other Rovernments.no matter what outrage he may be guilty of. This would be a fine thing for Agulnaldo. This last platform of Mr. Bryan's will suit Agulnaldo, but to Americans and the rest of the world it is the most absurd prop osition that could be made, always except ing his assumption that 43 cents' worth of silver can be made 100 cents by the govern ment stamp. SCHOOL COMMISSIONERS. Already petitions In behalf of aspirants for the position of school commissioner are being circulated by a few persons who are ambitious to serve the .city under the act of the last Legislature. It would not be necersary to call aUcntion to the fact if the law did not prohibit the voter from signing a petition for more than one candidate. This being the case, those who have the interests of the schools at heart should reserve this one chance tintil a petition for a man Is pre sented who Is entirely satisfactory. There are many such men, and it is sincerely hoped that the names of enough of them will be presented to enable those who would secure the election of the best men to have an opportunity to vote for them. It should be understood that the candidates should be at leapt twenty-five years of age and resi dents of the -city for three years. The name of no citizen can be placed upon the ballot unless two hundred citizens shall sign a petition for him. From all the names on this ballot the voter can designate five by rvarking them. This method v.ould seem to secure the selection of the best .men, but, unfortunately, those usually most eager to serve are the least qualified, and a coterie of candidates the least fitted can form a combination and make a canvass which may secure their election and thus defeat the aim of the law. The election will be by the secret ballot, which will prevent the e questionable practices which have been adopted in the election of commissioners In districts where there have been conteata x 1 The point to be emphasized at this time Is that the voter shall not sign a petition for a candidate until one Is presented that meets his approval. The individual voter has but one choice as to candidates, so he should wait for the best, or, better, seek the best. The Sunday Journal contained an extract from a letter written by a correspondent of the New York Evening Post at Manila, as follows: My experience la that the most unreliable news published in the United States, the most romantic and imaginative, is that con tained in the private letters which thought less and injudicious parents, wives and friends may have given to tne press for pub lication. They contain all the camp gossip and baseless rumors that circulate through out the army, all the "dopes" and "pipes" that constitute the daily topics of conversa tion; none are ever true In the form in which they circulate and few ever have genuine feeling whatever. This statement is confirmed by a recent experience of the Terre Haute Gazette, a very rabid anti-expansion paper. About three months ago the Gazette published a letter written by Frivate Smith, an Indiana man, and a member, of the Third United States Artillery at Manila, to his parents. He gave a terrible account of the horrors of war, the cruel treatment of the Filipinos, etc. The Gazette published his letter con spicuously, with scare head lines, vouched for its accuracy, and commented on it edi torially, as did 'some other anti-expansion papers. On Saturday it published In an out-of-the-way place another letter from Private Smith, in which, apologizing for the former one, he says: I was only on the Philippine islands about three days at the time I wrote that letter to my parents. I knew nothing whatever about what any regiments were doing, onlv from what I said before.what we call "pipe" stories, ard there is no credit to be given them. I am very sorry I put enough con fidence in any such reports to write it to my parents, but I knew no better at the time. I have found out since, during my time In the Philippine islands and as an enlisted man In the Eighth Army Corps, that too high praise cannot be given to the officers and men of the entire corps, in all details. This is my opinion of affairs in the Philippines, as a private soldier, and I am always ready to do all in my power against any one in defense of the officers of our United States army and our flag of the grandest nation pn earth. There is no na tion on earth that would or could treat its subjects as prisoners or otherwise any bet ter than our nation Is treating them in the Philippine Islands, and any one who tries to convince me otherwise 1 am always ready to contradict them, and from what I have seen since I have been here I am confident that every regiment, either volunteer or rgular, has done its duty and done it gal lantly and willingly, and I do not know of one instance where any soldier has done an act which was against his orders while on duty or off duty, and 1 am sure there hasn't been a Filipino or a Spaniard re ceived anything else only the kindest treat ment, let them be prisoners or whatever they may. I hope I am not taking too much of your time or space in your paper, but I hope you will kindly publish this letter: also publish a statement contradicting anything I may have written In that letter to my parents, as it was only an uncredlted ru mor, started by some one I know not. Such "ripes" and camp gossip as this young man wrote after being in the Philip pines three days furnish the material on which American Aguinaldlsts are conduct ing their anti-expansion campaign. The Evansville Courier has an editorial controverting the idea that Mr. Bryan is tho embodiment of free silver and must stand or fall with that issue. It says: Nothing could be further from the truth Mr. Bryan never was the -embodiment of the free-silver idea, much less to-day than when the Chicago convention nominated him for the presidency. His speech on tariff rerorm nrst maae him a national figure. This is a very absurd statement, but it shows the anxiety of Democrats to make something else than free silver the leading issue in 1900. Mr. Bryan was nominated as the embodiment of the free-silver idea, and he, more than anybody else, still repre sents what is left of it. It is not .true that his speech on tariff reform delivered dur ing his brief service in Congress "first made him a national figure." He was In no sense a national figure when he went to the Chicago convention, and was not thought of by 'the leaders or the party at large as a presidential candidate until he deliv ered his. fiery speech ending with: "You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns! You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold! His campaign la 1S36 wras exclusively and pre-eminently a free-silver 16-to-l cam paign, and he has said repeatedly that he stands now where he did then on this ques lion. Democrats who are trying to relegate free silver to the rear In 1900 show their good sense, but If they succeed In depriv ing Mr. Bryan of his free-silver fame they will rob him of a great part of his popu larity. Samson's strength lay In his hair. and when that was gene he became weak and was like any other man. Mr. Bryan's free-silver hair Is at once his glory and his strength. The Epworth League convention Is ended. and has been in every essential respect a great success.. Indianapolis has been pleased to have It here, and the resolutions adopted by the convention show that Its members go away delighted with the city. That is as it should be, but this seems an appropriate occasion to say that the time hat come when organized efforts to Induce large conven tlocs to come here should cease. Enoujh conventions come here without any effort on the Part Of the cltv orbits Tennl onH a n urgejit invitation imposes obligations that must be met. The benefits of conventions are, as a rule, greatlv overestimated. It is true they advertise the city in a way. but is a way that has no practical results. and the Idea that they leave much money behind is pretty well exploded. Conventions that come here of their own motion will al ways be welcome and well treated, but we hould stop extending urgent invitations hat impose corresponding obligations. ' The Sentinel publishes a dispatch from Evansville regarding the strike situation there. In which It is said: "Public sentiment s with the strikers and on all sides Gov ernor Mount is being denounced for permit ting the negroes to arm themselves." Pub ic sentiment in Evansville must see things very crooked if it holds the Governor re sponsible for the negroes arming them selves. It is the duty of the local authori ties to enforce the law against the negroes as well as the strikers, and it will be time enough for the Governor to interfere whan the local authorities ask him to. If they had performed their duty fearlessly early in the strike things w:ould not have reached their present serious pass. The negroes have only armed themselves in self-defense, and they would have had no occasion to do that if public sentiment had demanded the arrest and punishment of those who at tacked them. The title of the suit for prize money filed by Admiral Dewey's attorney in the United States Court of the District of Columbia Is: George Dewey, admiral of the United States navy, on behalf of himself and the officers and .crew of the United States naval force on the Asiatic station taking part in the battle of Manila on May 1, 1S98, vs. the Don Juan de Austria, Isla de Cuba, Isla de Luzon, vLeyte, Mindanao and other vessels and miscellaneous stores and supplies cap tured by the fleet under the command of the ibellant." The total .amount claimed is $731.111.49 J3'.141.S9 on the ships and equip ments already appraised and $425,000 on the three cruisers sunk during the battle and subsequently raised. Whatever sum is al- owed will be distributed, as the law directs, among the officers and crews of all the ves sels In Admiral Dewey's fleet. The labor question has developed a curious phase In Marion. Irid. During a recent strike of carpenters it became noised about that there was a good deal of work in Marion and the consequence was quite an Influx of carpenters from other towns. The strike being over there Is now a surplus of men and the local carpenters union has adopted a resolu tion refusing to grant carpenters from out side of the city the right to work at their trade there, even though they are union men and have clearance cards from their unions In the towns they came from. This is treating union men as bad as scabs." The Springfield (Mass.) Republican, the ablest of the Atkinson organs in the East, predicted for a time that men could not be enlisted for the warin the Philippines. Now that recruiting is proceeding satisfactorily it turns about and says that a majority of the recruits are a needy lot who have failed In the battle of life and are seeking refuge in the army from the. uncertainty of employ ment. The statement is a slander, but slan dering Is the business of the champions of Agulnaldo. " 4 The army paper published in New York comes to a partial defense of Secretary Alger. It asserts thatf he. is accused of no corruption and that his errors are such as other men might have made. It declares that he Is the victim of a malignant press. If that authoritative paper had said as much months agoi it might have been listened to. In time, however, the public will see the injustice of such newspaper assaults and give them no heed. Admiral Dewey is safe. He has been made an honorary member of the American Flaghouse and . Betsy Ross ' Memorial As sociation, of which one John Quincy Adams is president. There 13 no doubt that, when the commodore (nov admiral) attacked the Spaniards in Manila bay and made a name for himself and glorious history for his country, he did not even dream of ever having such honor thrust upon him. Thus the rewards of the heroic are even greater than they had anticipated. Whatever may be the, characteristics of an Epworth League convention, the religious fanaticism and ostensible intolerance that formerly characterized ecclesiastical gath erings Is not one of them. Fanaticism and the young blood of the. nineteenth century close cannot be wrapped up In the same piece of cuticle. Perhaps the premonitory symptoms of fail ure in the candidacy of "Funny Man" Al len for the Mississippi senatorshlp are due to the fact that the Legislature has failed to realize that the humorist is really in earnest. That Is one of the penalties of be ing labeled "funny." . . During the first half of 1SD9 the furnaces turned out 6,259,167 gross tons of pig iron. The product for the year 1S94 was only 300.000 tons in excess of the half year of 1S95. " : It was not the reputed anarchy of Alt geld that led Bryan to shake the great op ponent of law and order, but the old-gold suggestiveness of the man's name. Whatever else they may say of it, the Epwcrth visitors-must admit that they have had a fervent season. DIDDLES IN THE AIR. Natural Repetition. WattyThe women are going to rule every thing In this country after a while. N. Peck After a while? The Very Place. "Wallace is never happy unless he Is mis erable." "If that's true, I can't understand his reason for leaving the farm." Disgraced. "Did you know our horse balked yester day?" "Gracious! What did you do?" "Hitched an automobile to him and dragged him home." The Cornfed Philosopher. "I could more admire the devotion of the American small boy to the flag In time of war." eaid the Cornfed Philosopher, "if I could forget his proneness to pitch in and help any crowd that starts a riot." STATE PRESS OPINION. General Warner, the silverlte. remarks that the Increased production of gold has made the silver question less urgent. The vote of 1K had the same effect. Elwood Call-Leader. ... . . - If Democracy should succeed In this coun try Agulnaldo would take on new hope. He declared this in his latest address, and the "matchless leader", of . Democracy. Mr. Bryan, ha a given him reason for saying It. Lafayette Courier. Thomas C. Piatt may be a political bo?a, but -when he takes his pen in hand , he knows how to use It- His defense of the administration's course with re.pect to the Philippines is logical and ought to be con vincing. Marion News. Of course Wayne county makes no fuss about It that one of her native sons, Addi son C. Harris, gives the first banquet to Dewey on his way to the United States. It is quite a common thing for Wayne county boys to be in position to do that sort 0? thing. Richmond Palladium. - Why should we begrudge the Democrats the pleasure and profit they anticipate from digging up the tariff issue? "For the last three years they have grown thin and worn sitting up nights witty the corpse of free silver, and they now only eeek a much needed recreation. Goshen Times. The United States Fish Commission dis tributing car. No. X. passed through the city yesterday evening, stocked with black bass which it Is distributing in various streams over the country. Sugar creek, near Frank lin, has been given 200 of the finny tribe; White river secured nearly 2,500 near Bed ford. Columbus -Republican. Within two months Shelby county will h've two rural mail deliveries and there Is a ;re possibility that the number will be in- :vased to three. These daily mall deliv fcj'es are proving a great boon to the farm cr and the outlook is that the service will be enlarged In place of being curtailed. Shelbyville Republican. The Democratic party always opposed ev ery phase of American industry and it al ways will. There would be no tin rlate manufactured in the United States to-day if the Democrats could have prevented u. and the same Is true of about even other enterprise the Republican party has fostered. Rochester Republican. The trust issue cont as a sort of god Send to the cowed tariff reformers. They can now talk about doing away with pro tection as the first step towards getting rid of the trusts. Everything is grist which comes to the Democratic mill, but no man knows from day to day what Is the nex.t issue to be fed in. Logansport Journal. Two good army appointments have fallen to Terre Haute men and to very good men. The admirable selections that are being made for the United States service are Indi cated by the billets falling to Captain Bieg ler and Dr. Stunkard, both of whom by their services last year. In camp and hospi tal, won high encomiums. Terre Haute Ex press. It is estimated that there are 2,500 oil wells in this county. The amount of money spent in drilling and rigging them is not far frcm $5,000,000, not to say anything of pumping expenses or lease money that has been ex pended. Oil men say that all the oil taken out has cost all that has been put in. Some have made big sums and others have lost fortunes. Bluffton News. . The editor of the Sullivan Times, who Is Just back home from his honeymoon trip, heads an article "Marriage Is Not a Fail ure." Just wait until the winter winds begin to whistle about the eavew of his domicile, and fires have to be made In the morning, and its dollars to doughnuts that his Ideas change somewhat. Of course, if Mrs. Ai kin gets up and makes the fires we'll call oft the wager. Worthlngton Times. Is is becoming extremely funny to note how the Democratic papers are jollying each other into line. The peacemakers realize that the time is getting short, and under the present circumstances . the old sore won't heal before the show opens. In the meantime McKlnley's administration Is giving perfect satisfaction, while Bryan Is looking for a policeman to tell his trou bles to. Cannelton Enquirer. Capital cannot afford to be arbitrary and dictatorial. Neither can labor. When dif ferences occur the representatives of the interests should get together and adjust their differences In a spirit of friendship and in keeping with the requirements of the golden rule. The recent conference be tween the American Tin-plate Company and representatives of the Amalgamated Asso ciation of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers was of the character which produces the great est good. The relations were friendly. The grounds were thoroughly gone over, and such an agreement reached as is satisfac tory to ail and apparently fair to both In terests. Middletown News. A Diplomatic Lady. Boston Transcript. Women who are giving dinner parties and things of that sort would do well to think of the tactfulness displayed by Madam Washington in the arrangement of her menua According to Dr. E. E. Hale in his lecture yesterday at the Old South. this remarkable woman had the oysters in the stew from one State, oysters for her fancy roast from another and oysters fried in crumbs from another. And all this in order that no delegate might be offended be cause the oysters were all bought from cne State. It is not any wonder that chron iclers or those times spoke of Washington s hospitality and Madam Washington's excel lent and diplomatic dinners in the same breath. Together they made a perfect state of things for guests, and no one has been foolhardy enough to hazard a guess as to which was the more potent. The Canteen Question. E. S. Martin, In Harper's Weekly. It is learned that out of six hundred re plies received from officers of the army. In answer to inquiries or tne war Department as to me expediency or retaining the can teens in post exchanges, only six are ad verse to the present system. No doubt this practical unanimity of opinion of the men best qualified to Judge what is best for the soldier, in favor of the canteen, will only excite our ultra-temperance brethren to greater efforts to suppress it. We may hope, though, that the testimony of the army may have weight with Congress. The soldiers' vote does not cpunt for much, but there is an increasing number of voters whose votes do count, who think and care about the soldier, and would resent the need less sacrince or his Interests to the pre judices of the inconsiderate. A rerllons Chullcnaje. Boston Transcript (Rep.) Colonel Bryan may go up and down the country talking anti-expansion to his tongue's content, and few outside his own party pay any attention to him. hut let the Democratic national convention demand the lowering of our flag, let it call upon the people to register that our treasure shall be wasted and that the blood of our soldiers shall be deemed to have been shed in vain, and they will have issued a chal lenge that no high-spirited nation can ig nore. The convention, in following such a course, would imitate the action of the Democratic national convention of 1S54. which pronounced the war "a failure." and the people of the United States would in 1900. we believe, imitate the action of the people of the loyal States in 18C4. A Queer 'War Incident. Leslie's Weekly. Speaking of these short rushes forward. a queer thing happened at Guigutnto, where perhaps half of the soldiers In one regiment found hens. Before there wa9 time to kill the fowl orders came to go forward. A little farther out the regiment lay down under fire for sOme minutes. Then the or der came to charge. Up and forward with a yell rushed the soldiers, but over the cheering rose another sound. Three or four hundred hens, objecting to being carried head down with feet tied to the strap of a haversack, set up a frantic squawking sucn as was probably never heard along a line of charging military before. Can't Become a Plutocrat. New York Sun. Some of Colonel Bryan's admirers quake lest he should become tco much or a plu tocrat and so impede his political career. He is making and laying up a good deal of money by means of his books and lectures, but it Is not in nature that he should be- come a plutocrat, no matter how full his strong boxes grow. A plutocrat Is a rich man who doesn't believe in 16 to 1. Any other fellow can be as rich as he pleases without hurting his professional standing as a Ponullst or Democrat. An Opportunity. Philadelphia Record. (Dem.) President McKInley has it In his power now to so thoroughly reorganize the War Department that no further taint of official scandal, no wearlneps of public disappoint ment nor undue hardship to our armies shall recur during the remainder of hia term of office. Upon the successorshlp of Alger may hang a second term for the executive charged with tne duty or appointment, it Is a great responsibility ana a great op portunity. eaaBsMBSBBsaaasawsasBiBHWMBMMBSMsaB Will Be Ready. New York Mail and Express. Mayor Samjones, of Toledo, again assures the people or onio tnat u iney want 10 nom- iniit. film fif Onvrnnr h will he found rX- tinc nn thfl front stens when they call. The mayor doesn't propore to be overlooked when the p.e is passed arouna. Heroic Core. '. Washington Post. An Omaha man claims t" have ' cured himself of Bright's disease by wearing a Mother Hubbard. Yet there ire some men who would prefer th disease. . RECENT PUBLICATIONS. Every-Day Rntterfllea. Samuel Hubbard Scudder, of Cambridge, has written exhaustively of American but terflies and Is now regarded as a leading au thority on the diurnal classification of lepldoptera. He has out a new book, pub lished by the Houghton-Mifflin Company, of Boston and New York, and gives to it the title of "Every-day Butterflies." It con tain seventy-one excellent illustrations and is so compiled as to attract the Interest of the city folk who go to the countryside and become enthusiastic over the endless variety of life forms in beautiful nature. The for midable scientific name that usually burdens the frail butterfly is somewhat subordi nated in this new book to the popular names by which children know the gorgeous creatures of the field and wood. Mr. Scud der begins his stories of the butterflies with the first season, beginning with the "Mourning Cloak, or Euvanessa Antiopa, which ventures out Into the first spring sun shine, or even on a bright February day when little children would not think of risk ing their health so scantily clad. There Is something rich and elegantly modest about this early butterfly, which flies in great numbers around central Indiana. This but terfly hibernates, and differs from its brothers and sisters who seal themselves up In a tight little shell to keep out the cold blasts. Mr. Scudder goes on with the spe cies that come out to disport themselves a brief season as the spring and summer ad vance, and In this way his book has a chronological aspect. The Red Admiral, the Monarch (the milk week butterfly) and all the old favorites will be found there. Their habits are accurately described, for butter flies differ in their habits just as much as men. gome like the lowlands, some the high lands, some go to the mountains for their summer vacation, and some are content to stay in the malaria-breeding swamps. Then they have different tastes, and the nectar of one flower might suit one butterfly and be unpalatable to another. The book is a very interesting one. From Sea to Sea. This is the titled given by the Doubleday- McClure Company, now Mr. Rudyard Kip ling's authorized publishers, to a collection of the much-talked-of letters, which so few have read, written by him while he was still a youth, concerning America. There are other letters, for he returned from India to England by way of China and Japan and sent back Impressions of his journey to the Allahabad Pioneer. He was a sharp-eyed, not quite kindly and rather self-sufficient young observer. He saw things quite as they really existed in many cases, and in others he was far wrong. His Judgment is superficial, as It must necessarily be In such a rapid tour, and his opinions rather Irri- tatingly crude and bumptious: but after making due allowance for his youth and his lack of genuine information it is worth while to read these letters to see how we, as a people, do Impress the critical and observ ing stranger. And there are true Kipling touches here and there that help to repay the reading vivid descriptions and phrases that express volumes. He would not write these letters now, but, all things considered, he need not regret them, and It Is well enough that they have been presented in authorized form, and not left to the un scrupulous to garble. These letters, includ ing a preliminary dissertation on India, fill one volume and part of another. The re mainder of the second volume is made of a number of descriptive articles relating to India-"The City of Dreadful Night." Among the Railway Folk." "The Girldlh Coal Fields." "In an Opium Factory," and "The Smith Administration. The volumes are neatly printed and bound and make an attractive addition to a Kipling shelf. Departmental Ditties. This collection of "Departmental Ditties and Barrack-room Ballads" includes all of Rudyard Kipling's earlier poems not found in "The Se ven Seas." Many of them have become familiar through the newspapers. Danny Deever," "Fuzzy Wuzzy," "John ny," "Mandalay" and the rest which tell the joys and sorrows of "Tommy Atkins" are all there Tommy who finds himself longing zor India after he comes back to London: 'Ship me somewhere east of Suez, where the best is like the worst. Where there aren't no Ten Commandments an' a man can raise a thirst: For the temple bells are callln', and it's there that I would be By the rid Moulmeln Pagoda, looking lazy at tne sea. There Is the stirring ballad of "East and West" that first attracted the attention of the literary world to the writer. There is "Tomlinson," the tale of the man who had not sand enough, definite character enough to gain him admission into either heaven or hell. The rollicking ditties and the verses "with a purpose" are not all poetry by any means, but the volume has much that is worth the reading, and even the lightest and slangiest may have a thought that stays as witness the attention that the ballads have drawn to "Tommy Atkins" some or it doubtless m quarters where it has done him good. Doubleday-McClure Company, publishers. Tiverton Tales. These sketches of New England life, b Alice Brown, have the charm of genuine ness that causes the reader to feel that he is getting a glimpse into the joys and sorrows and simple romances of real people. Some of these sketches are hardly more than the merest outlines, others are more complete stories; all are of country people or narrow lives, but their problems are as absorbing to them vs the more complex ones that trouble more sophisticated hu manity. "A March Wind." the story of a woman's love for a man who came to her as a tramp, has as much human nature In It as if . the personages concerned moved in the good society which novelists are apt to prefer for their heroes and heroines. The story of the "Second Marriage" will be un derstood by many a woman; It is a lesson In the molding power of habit. Alice Brown has the artist's touch. "Tiverton .Tales' are all worth the reading. Houghton, Mif flin & Co., publishers. The Yellow "Wall Taper. This short story, by Mrs. Charlotte Per kins Stetson, published some time ago in a magazine, has been issued in booklet form by Small, Maynard & Co., of Boston. The story is a study of a case of Insanity, be ginning with the gradual breaking down of a woman's nervous system and follow ing her history until she becomes a raving maniac, helped on her way by the hideous and peace-destroying paper of her room. It Is a weird, haunting, convincing tale, and leaves the reader with a better acquaint ance with the workings of sensitive nerves. Incidentally the dullness and stupidity of the man who means to be kind, but has no conception of the suffering his obtuseness may cause, is shown up in an unnattermg light. The cover of the book has a sug gestive design in yellow. History of the Nation. Prof. Andrew C. McLaughlin, of the Uni versity of Michigan, has written for the Twentieth Century series of text-books. a history of the American nation that is concise. Interesting and well illustrated. The maps are especially fine and are corre spondingly useful to a full understanding of the text. The author says: "I have sought to so name the events that the reader will come to an appreciation or nis rt-kHHal cnrrmir'dln-'! and of the nolitlral duties that devolve pon him." lie deals with questions of government and adminis tration In an admirable way, but does not neglect to make his narrative clear and In structive. The publishers are D. Appleton & Co., New York. Puerto Rico. "Puerto Rico, Its Conditions 'and Possibil ities," by William Dinwiddle, is a book that covers about all there Is to know concern ing the industrial, commercial, political and social conditions of our new Island, as they now exist. The Information it contains w ill be Invaluable to Americans who have Inten tions of visiting or investing money In Porto Rico. It gives descriptions of scenery, tells of the customs of the people, the cost of living, the chances for trade, and makes a special feature of coffee and sugar-raising. The author is of opinion that the island is a desirable place for Americans to go. if they have money to invest, but a poor loca tion for the Impecunious. Harper & Bros., New York. About Our evr Possesefrfhs. This Is a handy reference book to have ljlng around for the reason that it Is loaded with facts that are frequently wanted now adays. The compilers have very patiently and with evident care accumlated. from numberless sources, a large amount of In formation about Cuba. Porto Rico. Hawaii and the Philippines, that is both timely and usefu'. TY publishers are R. F. Fenno Co., New York. When Doiton Drard the Xlnar. This Is another story of the always inter esting tea party period, and the author, W. E. Barton, D. D., has succeeded in mak ing a very readable book. It Is full of his torical facta brought out in the conversation of the characters pro aineat in those stir- ring times, the young people figuring quit as often in the events as thfir elders. Paul Revere and Governor Hutchinson. John Crane. Mather Byles. Warren. Adams, ix a .h. ...( om rhirartfrs In the) story, whose words and acts Indicate the Mgh purpose ana auinieresiro i'aiiiuu?ia that moved them during those days of re sistance against the crown. W. A. W IluO & Co., Boston and Chicago. Spoopendyke Papers.' The Brooklyn Eagle has collected the 'Spoopendyke papers" contributed to its columns some years ago by the late Stan ley Huntley. Many of them were very amusing and dealt with events current at the time, and their wit in consequence is now somewhat dimmed: yet a surprising number are of a sort that do rot lose(their humor with time. Mr. Huntley was a man of much talent, and it is in response to the requests of those who enjoyed these famous sketches that they have been rescued from the tomb of newspaper files. Paper, 25 cents. Magazine Notes. The Indlanlan for July gives the plaeo of honor to Clinton county. The paper In its Unitel States senator series relates to Oliver H. Smith. The Wide World Magazine contains enough stories of adventure in strange lands to satisfy the cravings of the most restless spirit. Charles Neufeld's account of his twelve years' captivity In chains in Omdurman, the former stronghold of tho Dervishes, is interesting. Among other sketches and stories are "My Adventures on the Roof of the World." by R. P. Cob bold: "The Quaintest Wedding in the World." Kathleen Schleslnger; "Captured by Cannibals." P. A. McCann: "The Miracle Fair of Congonhas." Herbert Kilburn Scott, and "In the Wilds of Alaska." A. Beverly Smith. One feature of the Wide World la the great number of photographic illustra tions it uses in its articles. . 'THE MAX WITH THE HOE." Criticism of the Poem's Sentiment by; an Indiana Writer. Maurice Thompson, in Saturday EvenicS Post. Mr. Edwin Markam's notably fine poem, "The Man with the Hoe." has made a strong impression upon the public mind. It is forceful, both in substance and In style, bearing in Its sonorous lines a direct and compelling appeal to a prime element of human nature the element of revolt against nature's apparent Injustice and im perious cruelty. Curiously enough, too, the poem ral?e3 in the reader's mind the old, question: Is universal education possiblef and if it is, would it be Justifiable? In a word, is the man with the hoe a blot upon mankind's record, or is he one of the fun damental necessities? We hear a great deal of interesting talk In public and private about education as a lifting power, a regenerator, an awakener of high and noble aspirations; and at the same time we are confi dently told . that education Is an equalizer and a promoter of universal brotherhood. But suppose we take a real istic look at the Man with the Hoe. What is he doing? Millet has painted him truly. He is a digger of the earth, a man who does the absolutely necessary task of bowing his back and breaking the clods. He stands as a type, the honest and honorable repre sentative of those whose lot it is. and must always be. to do the hard, uninspiring and soul-banishing labors commonly regarded as menial. The first question is: Would universal education soften the lot of the Man with the Hoe? Suppose we change Millet's picture, so that instead of the sturdy, brawny, vacant-faced peasant leaning over the hoe, we have an accomplished scholar, a man with the student's stoop and the far-away gaze of the aspiring, ambitious genius. Is this educated Man with the Hoe as happy as the one who inspired the painter and called forth the poet's rhymed protest T Gladstone could play at chopping wood In his moments of recreation; but Gladstone as a Maine lumberman would not have been so enthusiastic the year round. Ronsard liked pottering in his garden between odes and ballads, but as a Man with the Jloe, ah that would have been different! Universal education and universal broth erhood are not equal or similar things. Man's love for his fellow-man should have no connection with equality of knowledge, learning, culture; yet differences of employ ment will always and inevitably rot only enforce wide differences in opportunity and capacity for acquiring education, but will banish the need and the taste for it. A Keats may be born a livery-stable boy such a birth is no more a disgrace than to be born a lawyer's son but education sprouts tho poet's wings, and Keats flies away from the stalls, the mangers and the currycombs, to flutter through a few glorious days on Par-' nassus. Still, somebody must attend to tho horses. Shall we let the stables go uncleaned, tho ditches undug the coal not mined, the pota toes not hoed? Or shall we force education'' with all of its disqualifying, discontent breeding influences upon the men w ho must do the lowest graes of labor? We may loosely imagine labor equality. Just as some of us fondly coddle the thought of brotherhood equality: but most of ua would be quite ll'ely in preferring the presidency of tho Viited States to working down In a coal 'ne or digging In a wet ditch. The dlflfer ce between these spheres of labor Is no eater than the difference between th .nen who are content to occupy them. And this word "content" means everything. It may be that they who engender dlscon- i tent In the hearts of laboring men are i v.orse than the heartless taskmasters who wriftg the sweat pennies from the honest muscle. At all events, education would seem to be a poor panacea for the so-called ills of labor inequalities, so long as. labor is a prime necessity to the existence of mankind, and is in its very nature of as many grades and as unchangeable as fate. Love, broth erhood, charity, fellowship, humane liber ality we can all cultivate; but we can never obliterate the man with the hoe until tho necessity for the labor product, of which ho is the representative feign, shall cease to ex ist. SENATOR FAIRDAXKS'S TRIP. WIU Not Talk of Alaska, hut Saysi Northwest I Dooming. Washington Special. Senator Fairbanks returns to Washington full of valuable Information bearing on the Alaskan boundary question. The Indiana senator, who is also chairman of the Amer ican branch of the high Joint commission, visited Alaska on this mirsion at the special request of the President. He accordingly went deeply into the question and person ally inspected most of the important points in the disputed zone. The government rev enue cutter McCulloch was placed at tho disposal of Senator Fairbanks and his party, who had every facility for the prosecution of Inquiries. The senator reached Washing ton yesterday and will be here several days In conference with the President and secre tary of state. Like the wise man that he Is Senator Fair banks declines to talk on the subject of his discoveries in Alaska, reserving his report for the two chief dignitaries of the govern-" ment, who are having the first wrestle with the negotiations relating to the boundary proposition.. It may be stated, however, that the American chairman of the high Joint commission does not despair of a successful and satisfactory conclusion to negotiations. This is not in accord with the commonly accepted theory that these negotiations havo already come to a period a dead stop as It were. It Is unkind to those who have settled the question on the "agreeing to disagree" theory, but It Is barely possible that the sen ator has some facts In his possession that may set the machinery of palaver going again and remove friction. He Is industrious and resourceful, and withal persistent. I asked the senator pointedly what basis there was for the general statements given publicity In Interviews with Senator Foster, of Washington, who was a member of his party, that enough had been learned on tho trip to make it certain that the United States would not give up a foot of her terri tory. He asked If I had not observed an authoritative denial and repudiation cf tho alleged Interview. That, to his mind, ap peared to be conclusive. He added, however, possibly in modification, that as he under stood the matter it was not a question of "giving up" cr "surrendering" territory, but of settling the issue of title and ascertaining definitely the rightful ownership of certain territory. The question of surrender did not seem to be involved. It might be difficult to get at all the facts In the case, but it was clear that the distinguished Indlanlan saw no good reason for abandoning efforts to reach an adjustment of differences becauso both sides could not at once see the entire situation with the same eyes. The senator spent some little time on tho Pacific coast and in the Northwest. He saw everywhere evidences of a new and splendid prosperity. Industries of every description were booming. There was work for every body, and he never once heard a note of dis content. The most gratifying thing he ob served in his entire Northwestern trip was the multiplied proof that Populism is dead. The return of prosperity has sounded Its death knell, and It is a corpse beyond tho hope of resurrection. People hav-s co time to' talk nonsense. The day of idleness and re pining Is past- The era of new development of Northwestern and Western resources has filled the people with the buoyant expecta tion of continued prosperity and material firogress. They are not looking backward to nquire why they were hard up In the re mote pasu A Noticeable Fact. Philadelphia Times. A fact always noticeable In railway troubles Is that the strikers dn't want to run things on the line laid, down by tho companies.