Newspaper Page Text
iE Mob Fhi i i, iL,: OüPY
THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, MONDAY, JANUAEY 1, 1900.
OCIUSAL'S BUSINESS DinECTOIlT.
AL-Cobar Coal Co.. East Z3d street. Anth
icite, ecke, hard tnl soft coal. Pfcons 2445.
;ULL & CO., US N. Illinois st. and KS Mm
are. Party, ball cd theatrical dreses cleaned
;ual te new; also, dyeing an! cleaning gents'
,il ladles' garments by sxprt dyers.
HT ErTMANN FLORAE COMPANY,
-ew No. 241 Mats art. St N. Dsl. L TL 141
' union co-operative laundry,
X S. Ktlkj. Mr. 13S-144 Vir, avs. 'Ptont 1JC..
1ANTELS AND GRATES
P. IL P URS ELL (Manuls, ruroacci).
' 111 faa ave
I CHESTER BRADFORD,
1221 to 1Z3 Eievenson bf., U C Wul st.
f--Y. IL LOCKWOOD,
4H-4H Lemcks tlig.
ALE AND LIYERT STABLES-
) www iwiiaira, a raps, ut"
25 Circle. Tel. 1087.
1H Bouth Pennsylvania st.
'TRANK E LAN CII AR D,
N. Delaware st. TeL 411. Lada, Attendant.
' ALL PAPERS
IL C STEVENS. New Stvle Wall Paner. Law
'prices. 13) N. Senate are. TeL 2 on 22.
F LAC 11 A L DIUGCTOIIS
IXANNEH A DÜCHANAN-S NorJ
Illinois atreet. Lady emLalruer. for
ladles and children, Office always
pea. Telephone UX. Hacks at lowest
ßd K. New 2J0.
C. E. KREGELO,
223 N. Delaware St.
Residence Pbone. New 1741.
No traced t-fice on N. Illinois streat,
LION l! MICJTlA riTp-Vr-Tf 4i1 Poi w .v,i
. too au Tel. branch works Crown ilia
HYAN" Thomas F.. died at the home of his
sister. .Mrs. Alary Mullaney, 241 East Pratt
-treet. Sunday at 3 o'clock p. xu. Services at St.
;oha's. Church Tuesday Um Burial at Edla--urg.
HARRIS Mona Ralph, beloved son of Rolla
and Laura (Archer) Harris. age nine years,
--gin months, thrte days. Paused away arter
short Illness Dec 31. ISM. funeral from his
.its home. Uli Highland Place, Tuesday, at 2
p. ra. interment at Crown Ulli. Friends invited.
HERN The- funeral of David G. Kern, age
eighty-two, from lata residence, corner Mlcul--n
and lne streets. Tuesday, Jan. 2. 1:30 p.
-j. Friend Invited, Burial at Crown Hill.
VIRTZ Harry A. Wirt died at 8:15 p. m.. Dec
. -J. aed twenty-six years. Funeral from resl
9ne of his rarenta. liZl Fletcher avenue, Mon
xy, Jan. V At 3 p. ra. Friends Invited.
Aiia-aonej on rnorrgagts. m. t. BAIUaS,
"i Esst Market street.
UM.&u.i) to Invest through bankers, brokers, etc.
Fend for circular. Investors' Directory, N. Y.
AANö uxns of f&oo and over.
CltT nronertv and fumi.
'A I V'fl . - -
C n COFFIN & CO.. 150 East Market street.
iAJAib-Oa city proprty; t per cent.; no com
mission; money ready. C N. WILLIAMS A
CO.. Xl Lemcke building.
UC.NET To loan on Indiana farms; lowest mar
ke: rate; pn'ege for payment before due: we
-.!o buy muntc!;al bonds. THOS. C. DAY A CO.,
1 looms S06-S12 Law building. Indianapolis.
CTORAOE INDPL8 WAREHOUSE CO.
W, E. ICurta. Prts. H. A. Cro8a!anl, Mgr.
(New) 17-123 S. Penn. 'Phone 1341
AVe STORE. PACK AND llAUU.
wXOlCAüE The Union Iransier and Storage Corn
pany, corner . East Ohio atreet and liee-llne
tracks; only flrst-cl storage solicited. CRAT
TNQ AND PACKING OF HOUSEHOLD GOODS
patented Address THE PATENT RECORD.
Sal timore. Md.
vAT&D A solicitor lor a publication; good
salary to a first-claas man. Address J. II.
BALE Tn R.LP.A.N.8 for I cents at
Iglsu; one gives relief.
TV ANTE D MI S CELLAXE O US.
TED To rent furnished apartment for ths
ter; referances. Address w. XL O.. cars
Cf3cs of Auditor of 6tate Indiana,
U. Hart. Auditor,
- . . , Indianapolis, Dec 30.
Columbian Relief Fuad Association, IndlAip-
Gentlemen I beg to Inform you that the at
'rney general has recalled his opinion of Dec
;J. 1J3, regarding the powers of accident and
taJtb benefit societies under the laws of In
iaia. The status of your company lc this State
viLl r-Yn 1 n ih .am n . f y,am v. rt
You ars fully authorized to writa von- nii
business nnder the powers of the law under
nhlch you ars orr&nUed, and Its legality will
to fully recognized by this department. Vorv
truly jours. W. H. HART,
Auditor of State.
7S ET SUNDAY'S JOURNAL.
ie of Chief Events Trlnted In
the Issue of Dec. 31.
All the powers, except Italy, hav agreed
to maintain the open door policy In China.
New Castle. Ind.. had a $26.000 fire and
rrso.000 worth of property In Chicago was
The'merslns of' the Pullman and Wajrner
palace car companies was completed on
Colonel Lockett has , routed another
band of Filipinos. Six Amx-ricans were
wounded. The losses of, the enemy were
General Funston says the man who In
clnuatc3 he (Funston) did not swim a river
and fight like a Trojan is a "small-souled
The remains cf General Lawton were
placed on board the transport Thomas
Saturday, and are now en route to San
Colonel BaJc--Powell mad n nrtu
frmMaXekins: recently and attempted to
TtH'u a Boer forL lie lost lw) men,
d and wounded.
he German steamer Bundesrath was
.led by a Urltlsh warship in Delagroa
iy, because German ofllcers and men
.cro on board. The latter were en route
lo Join the Hoer army.
Attorney General Grists, In an opinion
rplyins to questions put by the Interstate
commerce Commission, hold that the rail
way classification committee Is not operating-
in violation of the anti-trust law. lie
gays it Is not a combination in restraint
of trad for the reason that ths railways
ore not bound by any contract.
f The srrand Jury failed to return indlct
xaats In the street-railway Investigation.
The employes of E. C. Atkins presented
him with a handsome silver tea and coffee
I The present system of mileage books was
denounced by Commercial Travelers' As
i Margaret Shanahan. eight years old. 512
I Bates etreet. was painfully wounded with
an alrcun. x
Judge McMaster appointed Horace E.
Bmith conservator of the Model Life In
surance Company of Indiana,
-2r2t K nod el was found dead and hanc
Inar to a transom in Kerstlng's boarding
house on West Washington street
The C. & E. I. Railroad Company pays
3,GX) an account of consolidation papers
fi?ed with the Indiana secretary of state in
Tha Insurance department of the state
auditor's ofllce will pay Into the state
trAaury for the six months bs1nnlni? July
1, to Jan. 1, LM), the sum of JlOG..i?.
--r.es Whltcomb Riley says this world's
-:t wonder Is its managing editor.
v-s rczt of tha su arae with him.
THE RAILWAYS IN 1899
FEWER LOADED CAES, BUT LARGER
TONNAGE HANDLED LAST YEAH. J
Passenger Traffle the 3Iost Satisfac
tory Ever Known Good Work by
Tho followlns: exhibits, which are com
piled from the official train records of the
fifteen lines centering at Indianapolis, show
that In 1S39 there were received and for
warded at this point a total of 1,410,937 cars.
I.O.CjS being loaded. This was a decrease
In total movement, compared with the
twelve months ending Dec. 31, 1S3S, of 27,915
jars, and a decrease In loaded car move
ment of 13,S4o cars; but it should be re
membered that the comparisons of this
year are with those of 1S03, In which year
125,721 more loaded cars were handled at
Indianapolis than In any former year. The
loaded car movement of the first six
months of the year was 533,976, against 513,
573 in the corresponding period of 1S33.
The loaded car movement of the last half
of the year was 591,022 cars, against 593,273
in the last six months of 1S0S. From these
comparisons it will be seen that the de
crease in loaded car movement of 1S93 was
largely In the first half of the year. This
decreased movement of cars does not mean
that there was a lack - f tonnage In 1&00. as
compared with 1S98, bu it shows to what
extent the new method of loading cars has
Increased the tonnage carried per car. In
quiry among the best informed freight men
shows that there was an average increase
in tonnage of freight per car carried of
fully 7 per cent., which shows that the ton
nage carried in 1S99 was considerably in
excess of 1S93, and at the present time fully
70 per cent, of the cars in use are 50,000 to
3.000 pounds capacity, which means a much
larger Increase in tonnage in lower class
freights, such as Iron, coal and heavy
groceries. The records show that the
largest loaded car movement of the year
was In November, as was the case in No
vember, 1893, and the lightest in February,
when 81,941 loaded cars were handled at
Indianapolis, against 95,181 In 1S93. From
this it will be seen that nearly tbo en
tire loss of 1S99 was made In that month.
For twenty-three consecutlvo weeks, with
one exception, over twenty-one thousand
loaded cars per week have neen handled at
Indianapolis, and in the last week of Oc
tober there were handled at this point 23,591
loaded cars, tho largest business of any
week In the year.
A review of he business of 1890 shows a
decided decrease in eastbound tonnage,
the grain movement to Atlantic export
points being the lightest of either of the
last five years. The shipments of flour
were also light. The shipments of pro
visions average well with former years,
and the shipments of cereallne products
and dressed meats were heavier than in
any former year. Westbound the entire
year the volume of traffic exceeded any
former year, even extending to the holi
days, the prosperity in the Southwest, West
and Northwest being the cause of the
heavy traffle westbound, and it was not
confined by any means to low class
freights, the shipments of high class
freight having been unprecedentedily large.
Since July 1 not an Indianapolis line has
been able to furnish cars to handle the
business offered, although having in serv
ice 10,000 more cars than in 1397. The Big
Four, the Pennsylvania, the Lake Erie &
Western, the Monon, the Cincinnati, Hamil
ton & Dayton have been large purchasers
of new cars.
Indianapolis lines have enjoyed the larg
est local tralüc in their history. .The
wholesale houses on Meridian and Penn
sylvania streets, especially the dry goods
houses, the grocers, the boot and shoe mer
chants and iron and hardware stores were
heavy shippers. In fact, the wholesale
houses furnished more business for the
local lines than In any year in their his
tory. During the entire year the cereallne
mills, hominy mlFls and starch works ran
quite steadily and were heavy shippers,
and never before in their history have the
iron works, such as the Malleable Iron
works, the Atlas engine works. Dean Bros.,
Rrown & Ketcham, Nordyke & Mormon.
E. C Atkins & Co., been as large ship
pers. The furniture manufacturers and
builders of. vehicles had the most pros
perous year and made larger shipments
than ever before, their business having
been so good that every Indianapolis line
of Importance has built large cars to ac
commodate this business. Every local line
shared in thl3 prosperity, handling at their
city freight depots and on bulk tracks 10 to
20 per cent, more business tnan in any
former year. At all tue city freight depots
more men were employed and more over
time made than ever before. On the bulk
tracks the Increase in business was the
roost striking. Railway managers are much
gratified with the results of tho year's bus
iness, and are confident that the year 1900
will show even better results, but tho re
sults of operations for the year 1S99 would
have been much more favorable had the
roads been able to furnish cars to handle
the business offered. The car question has
been a serious drawback nearly the entire
year, the car famine setting in as early
as June. Below Is given the loaded car
movement at Indianapolis by months for
the year 1S99 and that of the corresponding
months for the four preceding years:
Month. 1893. ISO. 1S97. 1R98. 1899.
Jn 71.992 P0.183 70.127 90.9S6 nr. vi?
Feb Co.fiiiJ 70,196
March .. 80.209 SO. 751
April ... S9.SS7 M)r97l
May .... S1.5S4 72.77
June .... 76. 97 70.702
July .... 85.S6S 6.1.030
August . 80.273 79.428
Totals.. 87S.1S3 972.7S3 1.007.120 1.143.811 1.129,998
Passenger Business of 1800.
In passenger traffic the volume of busi
ness was a record breaker. During the en
tire year through travel was highly satis
factory, and east and west-bound In ex
cess of any former year. The sleeping-car
companies also experienced the best year
in their history, not excepting that of
world's fair year. In 1S9S several of the
roads were benefited by the transportation
of government troops, and Indirectly all
Indianapolis lines were benefited In the
travel to the various camps. La&t year but
little was done in this line, but the in
crease in through business and Its unprece
dentcdly large increase in business cf a
local character more than offset the loss in
government business. The excursions to
Niagara Falls, to tho Atlantic seaboard
and the Michigan pleasure resorts did a
good business, but hardly equal to that of
1893. The Sunday excursion business has
become a feature, and during the summer
months It was not an unusual thing to
handle three to eight thousand people on
Sunday excursion tickets at the Union
Station. General passenger agents, after
careful Investigation, have come to the
conclusion that regular travel Is not much
curtailed through the Sunday excursions.
Conversation with the different passenger
officials at Indianapolis shows that the
sales at the outside ticket ofllces were
from ten to twenty per cent, in excess of
those of 189S, and Charles Stllz. general
ticket agent at Union Station, stated on
Saturday that there was not a month in
189S that there was not a handsome in
crease at the Union Station In receipts and
sales of tickets. Conversation with II. M.
Bronson. assistant general passenger agent
of the Big Four, C. F. Daly general pas
senger agent of the Lake Erie &. Western.
W. W. Richardson, district pas-on-ner
agent or tne Pennsylvania lines and dis
trict Passenger Agent Alxeo. of the C. H
& D. and the Monon, elicited the fact
that in no year of the last ten have pas
senger rates been so will maintained as
in li&3. there having been but very little
demoralization. The interchangeable mile
age books, after two years test, have be
come more iopular, since the rules were
modified, with a majority of the traveling
salesmen, and the practice of people
traveling on borrowed mileage as a re
sult of the use of roilate books has been
practically stopped. Whlls passenger of
flcials are much rratlfled with the results
of the' year's business and have done the
bc?t work In their career they look for
ward to better results In 1900. as there is
more money in the country and people are
getting into old habits of traveling more.
An Off Week In Freight Truffle.
The loaded car movement of the week
ending Dec. CO was the lightest of any week
Fince February last. It was holiday week,
which doubtless lessened business with the
roads. On Christmas there were no local
or through freights run except to move
perishable freights. The table below shows
the number of loaded cars handled at this
point for the week ending Dec. SO and for
the corresponding weeks of 1W3 and 1S97:
Name of roads. 1899. 1893. 1S97.
CTp I & Ij e 4ol 4 41T
I., D. & W 501 4G2 525
C. II. & D. Ind'p'lls dlv.. S74 Cl C24
L. E. & W 503 4SD 431
Penn.-I. & V 793 1.103 641
Penn. J., M. & I S23 Sio 623
Penn. Chicago dlv 733-823 C27
Penn. Columbus dlv 2.070 2.2S4 1,991
Vandalla 2,029 2,252 2,133
P. & E. East dlv 707 CS2 BS9
P. & E. West div 992 811 773
Big Four-Chicago dlv.... 2.092 2.5C9 2.451
Pig Four Cincinnati div.. 2.S26 3.030 2.330
IMS Four St. Louis div... 1.CI3 1,967 2.147
Big Four-Cleveland div.. 1.SS0 2.251 2,032
Totals 19.fW2 20.693 19,623
Empty cars 5.593 5,637 5.0S4
Total movement ....24.555 26.332 24,707
Bad Year for Scalpers.
The year 1S99 was very unsatisfactory
the scalpers who do a legitimate business.
They have been menaced on all sides until
Indianapolis now has but three ticket
scalping officers against seven one year
ago. Of late they have braced up some
what, having got over their anxiety, in a
large measure, as to Congress passing an
antl-scalping bill. Then general passenger
agents of Indianapolis lines are not curry
ing favor with scalpers to the extent they
did In former years. This 13 oue to the fact
that the Central Traffic Passen
ger Association so often tested the market
that even the weak lines are cautious in
allowing scalpers to handle their tickets.
The Interchangeable mileage books, de
spite the fact that they get hold of but a
few of them, are doing them but little
good, and they have to dipend largely on
tho sale of local tickets, and they have
handled on Sundays a considerable num
ber of Sunday excursion tickets. One lo
cal ecalper says ne would readily accept a
good position and close his office we e one
offered him. so much is the business ham
pered by the efTorts of the strong lines
to crush out scalping offices.
Traffic of Twenty-Seren Years.
Below is a table showing the number of
cars received and forwarded at Indianapo-
Is, both loaded and empty, for twenty-
seven years, ending with Dec. 31, 1S99:
var. Total. Load'd. Year. Total. Load'd.
1S73.... 503.810 373.916 1S37.... 1.123.381 874.S12
874.... 605.363 451.932 1SS3....1.557.S33 818.S7J
873.... 591.533 387,256 1&S9.... 1.119.095 861.991
876.... 708,620 505.272 1S90.... 1,164.780 918,626
VT7.... 61S.141 461.412 1891.... 1.206.770 9S5.212
1S73 610.177 517,117 1S93.... 1.276.587 1,050.290
1S73.... 705.411 593.632 1SD3.... 1.1 4S.1TO P03,Cb7
1?80.... 859.381 728.383 1894.... 1.125.010 878.1S3
1S81.... 1.104,371 810,750 1895.... 1,247,423 972.7S3
13W2.... 1.069.129 837.912 1896.... 1.18.016 S10.793
1SS3.... S82.5C2 797.930 1897.... 1.279.019 1,007,120
1884.... 951,Vil 746.S71 1N9S....1.43S.&&: 1.143.S44
1SS5....1.029.C90 7yS,511 1S99.... 1,410,937 1,129,998
1SS6.... 1.069 249 793.514
ra raffle Notes.
The Big Four In 1S93 Issued 10,232 clergy
men's permits. This statement includes
evangelists having proper credentials and
Sisters' of Charity.
The Indiana Car-service Association
handled in 1S99 271.617 cars, against 225.22
cars in 1S93. against 215,831 in 1S97, and
against 203,473 in 1896.
Belt Road engines handled at the stock
yards 61,179 carloads of live stock, against
GO.lll in lSyS, against 53.311 In 1S97. against
53,Cjs3 in 1896. against 36.256 in 1895, against
47,833 In 1S91, and against 3S.1S3 In 1893.
Belt Road engines last year handled for
Industries located on Its private switches
46,663 cars, against 44,629 in 1898. against
35.3G9 In 1897. against 31,111 In 1806, against
36,161 in 1S95. against 26,241 in 1894, and
against 31,470 In 1S93.
II. IL Patton has been appointed train
master of the St. Louis division of the Big
Four, effective to-day, succeeding Richard
Doyle, resigned. Mr. Patton has been
chief clerk In the office of the division sup
erintendent at Mattoon.
The Cincinnati. Hamilton & Dayton did
the best business at Indianapolis In the
year 1899 In the history of the road, han
dling 63.807 loaded cars against 61.809 in
1893, against 59.180 in 1897, against 52,420 In
1S96. against 55,390 in IbOÖ, and against 55.013
Berlah II. Warren, who has been master
mechanic of the Toledo, Peoria Sc Western
Railroad for the last fifteen years, has re
signed his position, the same to take effect
to-day. The Brotherhood of Locomotive
Engineers and Firemen at their meeting in
Peoria yesterday presented the retiring of
ficial with a set of resolutions testifying
tneir regrei oi nis aepanure.
In the twelve months ending Dec. 31
there were transferred over the Belt Road
930.701 cars, against 958.319 in 1898, against
836.108 in 1897. against 7C6.370 in 1896, against
797.302 in 1S95. against 712.051 in 1894. against
742,602 in 1893. From this statement It will
be seen that out of a grand total of 1.410.937
cars handled in Indianapolis, 950,701 were
handled over the Belt Road.
The official statement of Henry Fräser,
general agent of the city freight depots
of the Big Four lines at this point, shows
that last year 90,578 cars were loaded and
unloaded in the city depots, against 84.0S8
In 1898, an increase this year of 6,490 cars.
The tonnage of freight handled was 570,747
tons, against 461,193 In 1898, an Increase
In 1899 of 109,249 tons, making It the best
year ever enjoyed in this special branch of
Samuel Spencer, president of the Cincin
nati, New Orleans & Texas Pacific, an
nounces the following promoil'm!: W. A.
Shoemaker, secretary, office, Cincinnati:
vico A. Telford, resigned und transferred
to another department. R D. ImKford.
assistant secretary. New Y rtc, X. Y. M.
F. Molloy (heretofore actinj auditor), au
ditor, office, Cincinnati.
The following promotions of conductors
are announced on the Panhiudle lines:
Conductor Joseph F. Shura. to be assist
ant yardmaster at Pittsburg: Conductor A.
II. Lutrell, to be night yard raas r. or at Den-
nison, vice J. M. McConn!!, now yard-
master at Pittsburg: Coa-U'ctor J. M. Ray.
to be yardmaster at McOonall; t'onduetor
James Herron, to be assistant day yard-
master at Sheridan: Conductor William C.
Wonders, to be assistant nlsht yardmaster
at Sheridan; L. Grasshaver, to be assistant
day yardmaster at Carnegie: Conductor
Barnard G. McGoverr.. to be assistant
night yardmaster at Carnegie; J3 C Has
kins, to be assistant yardmaster at Den
nlson. An official of the Pennsylvania Comperrv
stated on Saturday that M. W. Mansricld.
superintendent of the Indianapolis & Vin-
cennes, and of the Indianapolis terminal?,
will soon be given the title of assistant
general manager to General Manairr Lo-
ree, and that he Is now practically hold
ing that position. This will bring to mind
the fact that for some months iat Mr.
Mansfield has spent much of his time in
Chicago and Pittsburg, even move than
at his headquarters, Indianapolis. Th-s pro
motion of Trainmaster Landers recently
was in the line of lessening the labor? of
Mr. Mansfield on the Indiananolls & Vln-
rennes. One of the highest officials of the
Pennsylvania Company recently ald t a
Journal representative that Mr. MansleU
was one of their most cnpab.'a official.-.
and that in the line of engineering he had
few, If any, superiors, and when any im
portant Improvemens on th west of
Pittsburg were to bo considered he was
lie Said III Prayers.
Snrtor Vt-st. rf M.ssmiH. hs n rrt n.l.
sori he Is verv proud of. The nthr nlnht
his mother went Into the nursery to kiss
mm gooi niftnt. "I have come to hear you
say your prayers. Harry." "I've done said
'em, mamma." "Why, you can't say them
bv yourself." "Yes. I can. I ;ald. 'God
Diess grannpa ana maKe mm well and fat
asraln: God bless mamma nn1 nann
make 'em Rive me even thing I want. And.
please, God. bless and take care of yourself.
i or you are tne doss or us an:
P. E. Springsteen & Co.. pcDular-orlced
UUrs. 2crta PczstIya&U auttt.
WATCHED OLD YEAR OUT
MIDNIGHT SERVICES HELD AT
FLETCIIER-ILACE M. E. C 11 L H CII.
Remarks by Rev. C. 3. Rlsley, a Ma
' 9 pleton Pastor, and Rev. C.
The watch-night service at Fletcher-place
M. E. Church was well attended. The
first hour of the meeting, which began at 9
o'clock, was devoted to the Epworth
League, and those present had the pleasure
of listening to a short address by Rev. C.
S. Rlsley, pastor of the M. E. Church at
Mapleton. Mr. Rlsley. Bald he believed the
most sensible thing a young man could do
was to Join the church and consecrate his
energies to the service of tho Lord. He
said he knew there was a general disposi
tion among the young people of to-day to
put off Joining the church for fear It would
curtail their liberties, but this was a mis
taken idea, for the church enlarged instead
of curtailing their liberties. He 'said there
was nothing more beautiful than a Chris
tian character, and he cited many Instances
of the great men of the past and the pres
ent who owe their greatness to a Christian
character, which they obtained in their
youth. He said that the time to give one's
self to the Lord was when he was enjoying
the strength of his youth, and he said the
man did not think much of the Lord, who
waited until the eleventh hour to render
At the close of Mr. Rlsley's remarks there
was a short song service, followed by a
prayer service and a testimonial service.
Rev. C. W. Tinsley. pastor of the church,
preached a short sermon In which he
pointed out that the only way to be saved
was by faith in Jesus ChrisL He said that
sin Is a mire which will entrap and draw
down all unwary feet. He then pictured
Victor Hugo's description of the death of
a man in tho quicasands, and said that
there were things which were more terri
ble than the slow and agonizing death of
tho quicksands. The pastor spoke of the
young man who had become so addicted to
drink that It was impossible for him to give
it up. and as a consequence he sank lower
and lower until he had completely lost him
self in the slums. Mr. Tinsley said that
thousands of giants had gone down in the
quicksands of sensuality, and as many
more naa been lost sight of in the mire of
business, completely forgetting everything
else in their all-absorbing greed of gold.
lie said tne question to te decided at the
beginning of the new year is whether we
are on the solid ground, or are we losing
ourselves in the quicksands?
"If we are in the quicksands." said he.
"and feel that we cannot extricate our
selves, we should call on Jesus, for He is
the only one that can aid us." The Das tor
asserted that it took a most courageous
taitn to believe that, but he wanted the
people to understand that no soul was ever
lost because It was bad, nor was any soul
ever Eaved because it was good. He said
that the only thing that would save the
man in the mire wus the outstretched arms
of Jesus Christ, It was not a question of
His saving the man for the good that he
had done, for if it was, Christ would have
no choico In the matter, but would have to
save him because he was good, when the
truth of the matter is that He saved us
because He loved us, and to be redeemed
we must have faith in Him and His love.
Mr. Tinsley closed his remarks before the
expiration of tho old year. , and the re
mainder of the time was spent in a conse
WITH A LOCAL SETTING.
Charlie Fields, room clerk at the Bates,
tells a good story on a1 commercial traveler
of his acquaintance, .who;, recently, visited
this city under peculiar circumstances. Be
fore coming to the Bates Charlie was clerk
at the Grand Pacific Hotel, In Chicago,
where a large number of Board of Trade
operators are nearly always to be found.
The friend In question Is connected with a
large firm which deals extensively on the
Board of Trade, and in the course of his
business was compelled to go to St. Louis
to settle a matter. Having disposed of
his business satisfactorily, he started out
with eome friends to see the town. That
was early in the evening; and next morning
he awoke In the berth of a Pullman in the
Vandalla yards at Capitol avenue, this city.
This was not apparent to him at first, for
he dressed and prepared. to leave the car,
making the remark to the colored porter
that he guessed he wouldn't call a cab, as
the walk to the Rookery building would do
him good. Af these words the porter, who
has done some traveling, broke out In a
hearty laugh, and said: "Where you think
you are, boss?"
"Why, in Chicago, of course," replied the
"You better guess again," said the porter.
still smiling. "You're in Indianapolis."
The man was thunderstruck at first, but
collecting himself remembered that Charlie
Fields was at the Bates, and. calling a cab.
drove to the hotel for breakfast. After the
meal he became confidential with Charlie
and told him of the mistake that landed
him in this city, explaining It by saying
that it was probable that his friends, hear
ing him speak of having some business In
Indianapolis, had bought his ticket to this
city and put him aboard the train.
He bound Fields to 6ecrecy. but, before
he got well on his way to Chicago that
afternoon, a telegram was on its way to
some of his many friends in Chicago, tell
ing the facts of the case. When Fields was
in Chicago last week the man told him the
size of the wine bill ho had to settle to keep
the mouths of his friends shut. -
-i- -J- -5-
Earl Bonneville.' of the Denlson, has a
new story about two newly married people
who spent part of their honeymoon at the
Denlson. The groom was a New York man
of ample means, and who, up to the time
of his marriage, had employed a valet
whom he had been loath to give up when
he married. Therefore, while the wife dis
pensed with the services of a maid, 'the
valet accompanied his master to this city. -
Both the man and his young wife were
subject to that sensitiveness felt by newly
married people when thrown in the society
of strangers at a hotel, and being anxious
to throw off all consciousness of their
changed condition, the man Instructed his
vaiet to tell no one about the hotel that
he and his wife had Just been married.
The Irishman promised to carry out this
injunction, but for all this the groom
noticed that the servants and guests alike
looked at them as they passed through the
house with a peculiar expression on their
faces. The man reached the conclusion
that his valet had disobeyed him, and
called him into his room and asked him
why he had allowed his tongue to wag
about the marriage.
"Sure. 1 didn't." replied the valet. "I told
thira all you wasn't married."
E. M. Campbell, of Campbell, Wild & Co.,
had an interesting experience on Michigan
street one day during the strike at the
Chandler & Taylor factory. He had made
an engagement to meet Mr. Chandler at the
latter's home, which he understood was on
Michigan street He could not remember
whether it was east or west of Illinois
street, but when he came to the corner he
turned westward, however, and walked over
nearly to West street, without finding any
trace of the house or anyone who knew
Mr. Chandler. Finally, when he had about
given up hope of finding the place, he met
an old Irishman hobbling along with a
short clay, pipe in his mouth, and accosted
him. "Can you tell me, sir." he said,
"where Mr. Chandler lives in this neighbor
hood?" The Irishman puffed silently for a few
minutes, with his brows knitted In deep
thdught. "Chandler, Chandler," he said.
"I know thot nnrce." I thought you
would." replied Mr. Campbell. "It is Mr.
Chandler, of Chandler & Taylor."
"Chandler Sz Taylor? I know thot name."
repeated the man. "Sure, ain't he the mon
that's ferninst the union? I know thot
name. It's 'down by the river bank yeil
find him. A walk in that direction brought
a lares crowd of itrUurt lata Yttv, &4 Hr.
Campbell hastily turned back to Illinois
street and found that Mr. Chandler lived in
the other direction.
"What do you suppose that gang would
have done ti me if I had gone down there
asking for Mr. Chandler?" asked Mr.
Campbell at the conclusion of tho story.
"Broke" In a large city Is a condition
that a few people have experienced and a
way to solve such a distressing circum
stance has many times proved a puzzle
and fruitless efforts have resulted through
many schemes that have been tried by the
unfortunate. The reporter tells a
story of his own experience from which it
would be well for travelers on small purses
to take a pointer. He was in St. Louis and
without a position. He took an inventory
of his wealth and found that with pennies
and other small change he had lacking a
few cents of having a big dollar. He had
worked his confidence on a restaurant man
and believed that for a few days he could
have his meal checks placed on Ice, so to
speak. He needed smoking tobacco and he
invested the larger part cf his wealth in
that commodity and then he took the re
mainder and placed an advertisement in
one of the daily papers asking for a stenog
rapher. He requested the applicants to
give the names of the parties where they
were last employed and also to state the
dates of leaving their last position. He
received many answers and taking a few
where the applicants had Just left posi
tions, the police reporter hustled around
and managed to secure a place long enough
to raise money to lay in a fresh supply of
tobacco and get out of town.
Two old time newspaper men sat at a
table In the Denlson House bar annex.
They were talking of the newspaper situa
tion in Indianapolis and the conversation
turned to the numerous schemes being used
to increase the subscription list Said one:
"There's nothing In It for the paper that
I can see. The people that are attracted by
the schemes are usually those who take the
paper for the sole purpose of securing
something for nothing. Those who are
able and do take the paper usually care
nothing for such things."
"Iii tell you," said the other, "I don't
think much of the prize scheme, either.
I'll never forget an experience I had in
St. Louis when I was in the circulation
department of an afternoon paper, which
issued a Sunday morning edition. The
paper offered prizes each week to adver
tisers and subscribers guessing the certain
advertisement in a specified class in the
want columns receiving the most answers.
The names of winners were published each
week in large letters running clear across
a page. The first two weeks passed and
each time two young men employed In rail
way offices won first and second prizes
in both subscribers and advertisers
tesL It sceuieü lathd strange but little
was thought of It until the fourth week
had passed and one or both of these names
appeared at the head of the lists of win
ners. Subscribers were making complaints
that the thing was not on the square. So
far as the paper was concerned I knew it
was, but it looked bad. The thing went
for about two months. The young men
continued to get 'firsts' and 'seconds' with
regularity. New Year's morning I was in
the office. Ten minutes after the paper
was -off the press three or four messenger
boys came in and left envelopes marked
for the two contests. I marked these and
put them on the hook. The messengers
had our receipt and the guesses which
proved to be correct were the first in the
office. Wednesday the papers came out
with list of winners and the names of the
two young men did not appear. A day or
two later they came to the office and
wanted to know why they had not been
awarded one of the prizes. They had
guessed on the right advertisements and
were positive no others had been received
before theirs. They were right Every
envelope was stamped with the time it
haul been received and also placed on the
hooks In the order received. They demand
ed the money. We would not pay it. They
returned several timc3 but we would not
give in. That Sunday was the last one in
which the prize offers appeared. The fel
lows went to a rival newspaper and ex
posed the scheme they had worked and
made complaint that they had won and
the paper refused to pay the prizes. The
men were also connected with a night
school and after reading the conditions for
the next contest would write cleverly
worded advertisements coming within the
requirements, pay for their insertion and
then guess on them. They had many stu
dents in the night school and for practico
wnrit thpv were iriven clippings of the ads
on which their guess had been made and
told to write letters answering them.
Many times a student made errors in his
reply and they had to be rewritten. All
of these letters, good and bad, were In
closed in envelopes and at different times
during the week, before the close of the
contests, would be brought to the office
and deposited In the want-ad. mall box.
Ihelr scheme netted them about $300, and
the disrepute Into which the paper was
b: ought, through no fault of its own, dis
gusted me with all prize schemes."
SELLING TRUST STOCKS.
Methods of Men Who Promote and Or
From an Address by Hon. Charles S. Fair
child. Passing over the preliminary steps neces
sary to the formation of trusts, we come to
the underwriting or agreement to buy the
stock. Underwriting syndicates have prob
ably been employed to make sure that a
sufficient amount of securities shall be sold
to secure the cash needed, and there have
been one or more bankers who may have
loaned money needed, pending the final
launching of the new company, and may
also have been employed to offer Us securi
ties for subscription by the public. Syndi
cates and bankers must be paid their com
missions out of the surplus securities.
Perhaps a, concrete Illustration may help
toward a clearer understanding of Just how
this part of the financiering of these com
binations is managed. Let us assume that
the promoter has eecured options upon the
plants, assets and good will of ten manu
facturing concerns, for which he is to pay.
under the terms of his options, $3.000,000 in
cash and J6.000.000 In preferred stock and
$1.000.000 in common stock of a new com
pany of $20.000,000 capital (half preferred
stock), to be formed to acquire the entire
plants, stock and other assets, good will,
etc., of the ten concerns specified, and to
have, when formed, at least $1,000,000 of
As soon as these options are in definite
shape the promoter goes to some financial
house or firm of private bankers for as
sistance in raising the $4,000,000 of cash
which tho plan requires. He presents the
facts as to his options and his programme,
and proposes that. If they will arrange a
syndicate to underwrite or guarantee the
purchase of $1,000.000 of preferred stock and
$4,000,000 of common stock for $4.000.000 in
cash, he will give them a commission of
G.000 shares of the company.
The bankers give the entire project care
ful investigation, usually employing ex
perts and accountants to report upon the
facts as to the business and the profits of
the constituent companies. If the result is
satisfactory the promoter gets a favorable
answer and the bankers become the man
agers of an underwriting syndicate.
In carrying out this part of the pro
gramme they proceeded to lay the matter
before the individuals or companies to
whom they desire to offer an interest in the
marketing of the stock. This Is naturally
done by submitting copies of a syndicate
agreement, reciting that tho subscribers
agree to purchase at par the number of
shares of preferred stock set opposite their
respective names, receiving as a bonu3 an
equal amount of common stock but the
whole conditioned upon there being an
assregate subscription equal to the $t,
Ouü.u.0 to be raised. If the amount is over
subscribed some subscriptions are either
thrown out or cut down. If it is not sub
scribed tue project has to be abandoned or
modlelld. In some cases the desired end Is
sought by a public announcement of the
terms on which subscriptions will be re
ceived. If the entire $4.000.000 is subscribed the
next step Is to require the payment of the
subscriptions allotted. This gives the syn
dicate managers the $1.000.003 cash which
the plan requires. The new company is
then incorporated with an authorized capi
tal of $10.000.000 preferred and $H).000.u
common stock, on which perhaps $$.000
CI LM3 c cues u con va fct tz
The. A. Buirdsal Co0
Factory 429 to 503 South Pennsylvania Street,
Salesroom 102 S. Aleridian Street. Cor. Maryland.
Learn Äiore Earn More
Demand -for our Graduates
Exceeds the Supply.
Only one ever made Permanent
Conducted by Experienced Business
E. J. HEED, President.
North Pennsylvania Bt., opp. Poatofflce,
When Buildlnsr. 'Phones 4M.
KtfüPEXS JANUARY 2.
The Rev. J. H. MCKENZIE,
Rector of HOWE SCHOOL
Will bf at the Bates House Monday and
Tuesday, Jan. 1 and 2, from 10 to 12 a, m.,
and will be happy to see his patrons and
others wishing information In regard to
the Howe School.
Ö Fire Escapes
That com ply withJ
, Iron and Wire Fencing,
Gray Iron Castings.
ELLIS A HELFEXBERGER,
3G8 S. Senats Avenue, Indianapolis, Ind.
SAWS AD 3IILL SUPPLIES.
E. C. ATKINS & CO.
Manufacturers and- Re
pairers of all kinds of
Office and Factory South and Illinois
Streets, Indianapolls. Ind.
Cl A k7C BELTING and
A W 3 EMERY WHEELS
W. B. Barry Saw and Supply Co
132 S. PENN. 8T. All kinds of Saws repaired
S. A. FLETCHER & COS
Snfe Deposit Vaxxlt
3 U East Washington Street j
Absolute safety against fire and burglar. Po
liceman day and night on guard. Designed fa
jafe keeping of Money. Bonds. Wills, Deeds, A
stracts. Silver Plate. Jewels and valuaa
Trunks, Packages, etc. Contains 2.1U0 boxes, j
Rent 85 to 845 per year. j
JOHX S. TAIUUGTOX.........Manas;er.
ABSTRACTER of TITLES
Corner Market and Pennsylvania streete, India
spoils. Suite 22D. First Office Floor, "fbs
Lemcke." Telephon K60. 1
and on this the company begins business
with a regular board of directors.
The stockholders owning this first. $1000
of stock (fifty shares) then vote to au
thorize the increase of capital to the
amount fixed In the certificate of incor
poration, and approve the issue of alLthe
additional stock in a block to John DoeJ the
promoter, in exchange for the vaaous
plants, assets, etc., and the $1,000,000 fash
which the new company was to actjuire.
Then, by simultaneous transactions, John
Doe gets the $10,000.000 preferred stocli and
$3.995.000 common stock. Of this $6jj0.000
of the preferred and $4,000.000 of the; com
mon stock Is passed on to the ownirs "of
the original compan.es; $4.000,000 of etch Is
passed to the syndicate, whereupon It turns
over to John Doe the $4,0J0,000 in cashwhlch
he in turn uses to pay the cash requred by
the options. i
That is to go Into the treasury of the
new company. At the same time tic titles
to the various properties are paised to
the new company. John Doe thta finds
himself after turning over to the tanking
house which formed tho syndicate the
5.000 shares of comon stock agreed tipon as
commission for their services, the ijossossor
of 14,930 shares of. common Btoc of the
par value of $1.4l5,000.
As to the effect upon the money a arket of
all these new securities. It Is hart" to say.
It must be remembered that the ?at bulk
of them are in the hands of thi owners
of the original constituent properties. It
must also be remembered that the cash
capital provided upon the fornatlon of
the new corporation has taken ifrom the
money market a large amdunt bf indus
trial commercial paper. In its pkee Is the
borowlng upon the securities of the new
corporation. As to what proportion the
one bears to the other, mere Is Jio data to
be had. At a venture, howevei, I would
say that there is little If iy money
loaned now upon the shares of kew Indus
trial combinations. j
Probably the place where thl loans are
made have been changed, re comes
upon New York and the busiirss centers
ana less upon the banks in jthe places
where the separate factories! are. This
may partially account for fhe greater
money pressure In New York 4th compar
ative ease In the interior. Allbf this will,
however, soon adjust itself bj the aid of
the rapid communication glVn by rail
roads and telegraphs, and the business
world will move on with fcertalnly no
more rapid changes up and down In the
future than In the past. In ie meantime,
prudence and Judgment mustbe used, that
the unworthy may not havekmdue oppor
tunities and also that thelworthy may
not be unduly represented.
A great help and safeguird would be
some well-devised plan of Thblicity as to
corporate earnings and expenses.
New York Mall and Exnras.
Inspired by. their hostility Jo England, the
St. Louis members of the Aietent Order cf
Hibernians have proposed jo raise a fund
of $1.000.000 for the Bocs.jonly proposed,
mind you. j
The First Ssjw.
I cannot say I welcome yoi first snow,
Just as I did whfti I was unir. you kniw;
And enow -meJ but a fitting- winter Joy
To cr-arm the outdoor hourof a boy.
For thin I felt no risers ofh cold
Such as attack me now thai I've frown old.
Wet feet, or dry. I thrived Ike rreen bsy tr!
From roMs and coughs all pains and aches
full free. I
Through all I never lost sJtealthy flush
1 even reveled in a heap t slush!
Since then, with growlrJ are, I'vs learned
to fear f
The snow and icy seasonir.f the year.
In looking back on coasTn days I shrink:
To see how cloe I stoodupnn the brink
Of all the ills 1 brave n-. do 1 dar
To take a single breath f cold, fresh air.
Now, 11-1 I coast or warfa snowball fight.
Then would I cough an shiver through the
Or plav in sluh no rfwer on earth could
Me from a hasty and tyioIJic grave.
For all of which I Man! you not. first snow;
You can't do otherwle-ou do not know.
Yet. as I e your first lakes flut'rinx fast.
X breaths a hearty prafr they'll be the last!
Herta Ar mean.
Grand New Year's
This Afternoon. To-XIght, To-Morrow Night
England and America's Greatest Comedy Actress,
In her original character of "Lady Janet" In the
famous Drury Lane $30,Urt production.
Tlio Wlilto Ho'ntlior
A Drama of Modern Times with Elaborat
Star Cast lncluilnr JOHN T. FULUVAN.
Prices Night. $1. loc, 6k r.c. Matinee, fl, Toä.
60c, 25C SEATd NOW READY
Thursday. January 4 One Night Only
Charles Coghlan's Greatest Success.
All the Original Scenery, Antlaus Furnitur
Prices, $l 7;. EOc. 25c SEATS NOW READY.
All This Week-S5c Matinees Wednesday
GRAND STOCK COMP'Y
In a Superb Revival of D'Ennsrys Romantic
THIS TWO ORPHANS
Magnificent Scenery. Most Elaborats sad Bsas
tlful Costumes cf the Season.
Evening and New Tear's Matinee Trices: Law
er floor. SAc; balcony. 2äc: gallery, li; Wednes
day und Saturday matinees. 25o.
NEXT WEEK "The Crust of Society."
Fulgora's : Stars
Fashionable Vaudevilles of the World!
Llttl Fred, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur, Sldman
Bros., Forrest. Barnes and Elsson, Josephine
Qassmaa, liUly Van Cook, and Cllnton-liun Una
trio. Special wir to theater this afternpoa for
Wabash and Delaware Ets.
THREE DAYS ONLY
CoBtaenclox : : MONDAY MATINEE, Jia. t
...20 CENTURY MAIDS...
Prices of a 1 min ton. 10c. ire. Bo. Wo.
Returns of McCoy-Maher fight wlU b rsclre4
by special wire direct from the ringside,
Jan. 4. 6. 6 rarlsUn Widows.
SEALS, STEXCILS. STAUFS.
lEII SEALS eTQj
IACATAUXUI FREI BAÜULS. CHECK fce, I
DR. C I. FLETCHER,
RESIDENCE 1023 North Pennsylvania strsst.
OFFICE 713 South Meridian street.
Office Hours I to 10 a. m.; 2 to 4 p. m.f T ta I
p. m. Telephones Offlce. 07: residence, 4TT.
Dr. W. B. Fletcher's SANATORIUM
Mental and Kervoos Diseases.
til NORTH ALABAMA 8TREET.
DR. J. B. KIRKl'ATIUCK.
Disease of Women and the Rectvsu.
PILES cured by his safe and easy method. Ns
detention frcm business. Office. $1 Eaat Ohio,
Xr. Je yvs COMIXGOR,
Deformities and Ruptures,
34 IVben Building.
V. M. time (s In BLACK flrures.-Trslns marke
thast Daily, fc Sleeper. P Parlor Car. C
Cnair Car. D Dining Car.t Kxcept bunday.
C. C. C. A St.L. Ry-Bljr
j Clcity rk't Office, No. 1 C
r VnClty Tk't Office, No. 1 li.Washu8t.
a Depnrt. Arrive.
rfS -I CLEVELAND LINE.
Muncie accommodstion.6 IS 8.2S
ly CNJ Union City acco'dal
Cieisua. New York A Bo.ion i
Union City acco'dation4 AO .2.1
mail. . 10 V) 6.00
Cleve, NY Bos "Knickerbocker ..H5 LL10
BENTON HAKBult LINK
Benton IT arbor express S.IO
Benton Harbor express 11.15 8.43
Wabash accommodation 4.60 121
HT. LOUIS LINK.
Bt Louts sccommodation T tO 0.4O
PL Louis southwestern, lim, d s 11.4S 6.10
Terre Haute A Mattoon accom .4.3 O 10 SO
8t. Louis express, s 11.20 4.03
Iafarette accommodation T.4S
Lafayette accommodation... 6 15
Chicago fast mail, d p.
Chicago, White City special, d p 4 15
Chicago night exTtre. s 12.03
Clnetnnsti express, a .....t.4S
Cincinnati express, s 4.is
Cincinnsti accommodation... ...7.00
Cincirnati accommodation....... 10 6
Cincinnati express. p .......2.45
Greensburs- accommodation. ......... 5. 30
Cincinnati, Washington f 1 ex. s d...6.XO
N. Vernon snd Louisville e. d sM.....g.4S
N. Vernon and Louisville ex Z.45
Peoria, Bloomlnrton m and ex.... 7.21
Peoria and Bloomington f ex 11M
Champaign accommodation... 4.25
Peoria and lUoominrton ex. s !! 33
KPItlNOFIKLD AM) t'ULUMUUS LINE.
Columbus and Springfield ex i 45 11. n
Colambns and Springfield ex 3 45 tO.tO
CIN- HAM. DAYTON RY.
City Ticket Uüice,25 V. Waiü. SL
Cincinnati express S.3 114
Cincinnsti fast mall. a...8 23 UM
Cm. and Detroit ex. T10 4S lO.S5
Cinciituaii and Dayton express, p.. .t2. 43 !! S
Cincinnati and Dayton limited, p d..4.43 13.29
Cincinnati. Toledo. Detroit 7.01 t.fiO
L"'iU!JAl-u(L Ticket Ofics. Zi West Wasb, fit
,-- Cargo night ex.s..l2. l.xs
Chicago mail. s. p d 7iO 7.&i
Chicago express, p d U M t 40
Chicago vestibule, pd t3.35 4.37
Monon accom f4 OO flO.00
LAKE EKIE WESTERN R. R.
Michigan City man and expreaa f7 00 t2.40
Toledo and Michigan City ex tl.xo te.lO
Peru and To e do ex l.XO loi
Peru and Plymouth m rnm and ex.t7.QO 10
INDIANA, DKC AT L R A WESTERN JTY.
Decatur cd Kt. Louis mail and ex.. ..re If t4 40
Cbicas-o express, p d ......H1.AO t.4U
Tuscola accommodation .......t3 45 fio.43
Decatur tu xouis rsst ex. s c. ...-xi.au tu
Ticket oflcss si
station and at
hiisdelnhla and New York ..M M
I tin mo re and Washington 'Ill
olumbas, Ind. and Louisville......... o
Richmond snd Columbus, O t7.ll
l'laua and Columbus O trdl
Columbus and l'.ichmoiid...... ...... .t7.lt
Columbus. Ind A Msdison (Van. only) 7.SO
Columbus. Ind. and Louisville.. .......S.SQ
Vernon and Madison ta.19
Martinsville and Vincsnnes W
Dayton and Xenla
Pittsburg and Kat
Lopantport and Chicago II.
Knightstovrn and Richmond fl.15
Philadelphia and New lork S.HU
Baltimore and Washington 2.SO
Dayton and bpringfleld. 2 SO
Columbus. Ind. and Madleon t3 SO
Columbus. Ind and Louisville 4 OO
Martinsville and Vincennes f 4..20
1'ittkbura- and Kaat A.OO
Philadelphia and New Y'ork. 7.IO
Dayton and Xenis 7.10
Columbus. Ind. and Louisville t7.10
Logsniport and Chiraco 11.55
VAN U ALI A LINE.
Terrs nsote.Pt. Louis and West. ?.1
Terr Haut and Ht. Louis aocom 7.2S
erre Haute, Loms and W'eeb..12.3a
Tcrre Hsuts and Kfflngham arc ,...t4.O0
Terreilaate and e-u LouifaatuaiL7.03
ku Louis and all Points West 1 1.20
4 ; ."