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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1900.
THE DAILY JOURNAL
SATURDAY, FKBRUARY 10, 1900. ,
Puslnees Office 21 J Editorial Room S
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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL
fan bo found at the following places:
NEW lOKK Astor House.
CHICAGO Palmer House. P. O. News Co.. 217
Larborn street. (reat Northern Hotel and
Jrsnd Pacific Hotel.
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of TbJri nd Jefferson streets, and Louisville
Book Co., ZA Fourth avenue.
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WASHINGTON. D. clRIjrgs" House, Ebbltt
House and Wizard's Hotel.
Those persons who are working the pro
Bocr meetings as a political annex will
discover later that there Is no profit In It.
Cvery nation should be In a position
where It can Invoke neutrality, since all
may be in a situation, sooner or later,
where they will need It.
Funeral orators are allowed a wide
range In exaggeration and fulsomeness,
but very few have surpassed In these re
spects Senator Blackburn's eulogy of "Wil
If the repert Is true that the city authori
ties have expended for miscellaneous pur
poses the money obtained on bonds for
building bridges the city controller will be
borrowing money early In the year to meet
When Representative Sibley, of Penn
sylvania, found that standing up for the
United States against Its enemies put him
out of line with the Democratic party he
frankly declared his willingness to be
counted a Republican. A majority of the
party leaders prefer Democracy to Ameri
canism. The day before the passage of the Goebel
law the Courier-Journal said: "The peoplo
may well stand aghast before the revolu
tionary election bill which has, like some
dread monster, suddenly emerged from the
fastnesses of passion . and error through
which the Legislature has been threading
U3 tortuous way."
It will require more than a mere declara
tion that it is impossible to make the peo
ple of Indiana' believe that the laboratories
connected with Purdue cannot be made
available for such chemical analyses as
the State may need when the establishing
of an extensive laboratory is urged. Has
:my State such an institution which is
One of the suggestions for a settlement,
purporting to have come from Governor
Taylor, is that the Kentucky Legislature
meet and repeal the Goebel law, and that
be approve this action. This done, he will
rubmit to the decision of the Legislature
by both houses separately whether he or
the Democrat shall be Governor. That
would be a compromise.
Cuba will probably gravitate to the
United States some time, but probably not
until after a trial of and failure at inde
pendence. At present the sentiment of the
people seems to be decidedly against an
nexation, and it is a feeling which this
covernment ought not to try to repress,
but If, after a few years of free govern
ment, they find themselves making a fail
ure of it, as is probable, they will be pret
ty sure to ask for annexation. For the
present it is enough that they seem to be
rowing more and more friendly and grate
ful to the United States.
The University of Chicago has reconsid
ered its recent determination to adopt a
system of reformed spelling and will ad
here to the method now in vogue. This Is
wise. Now, if the university will encour
age the study of spelling in primary and
grammar schools, even to the extent, per
haps, of making a fad of It, the rising gen
eration will probably have no trouble with
ts "double l's." its "le's" and its silent let
ters. The English language is worth spend
ing a good deal of time on, and if the stu
dent comes out of school with a good
working knowledge of it, spelling included,
he can get along in this world.
Most of the independent papers are criti
cising Governor Taylor for not surrender
ing the ofilce to which he was elected by
the people for no other reason than that
it "will give Kentucky peace. The issue In
the Kentucky campaign was the Goebel
law, which was designed to put an end
to fair elections In Kentucky a fact which
most Independent papers seem not to have
grasped, although the Louisville Courier
Journal so declared. It is reported that
Governor Taylor will consider an agree
ment which will Insure the repeal of the
Goebel law. Is the rightfully elected Gov
ernor of Kentucky to give up the office
without an effort to overthrow a law which
is designed to destroy popular government
based upon free elections?
If any considerable portion of the people
who consult the pages of the Indianapolis
directory dally were subscribers its cir
culation would vie with that of the most
popular novels. Many more thousands of
people look into it dally than Into any
other book. Every business and profes
sional man who has a clientage must have
a directory, while people who are seeking
others could do little without it. A con
siderable portion of those who vllt the
nearest drug store or grocery do so to con
sult the director'. In some of the larger
establishments visitors wear out two or
three copies in each year. During the next
few days the directory for 10ft) will be sent
out to subscribers. The changes of life
and business In a year have rendered the
ilirestcry cf IIZO inaccurate and incom
plete, but where else could one find more
and better material for writing a history
of the development of Indianapolis than
In the forty-six volumes which have been
Iss'ued? The directory of 1900 contains 74,
370 names, which, on the basis that one
name represents 2; Inhabitants, makes
the population of Indianapolis Jan. 1 204,
518. Jan. 1, 1859, the population on the same
basis was 197,204 a gain of 7,214 during the
year ISM, or a little over 3.6 per cent. If
the city's' population should Increase 7,214
each year its population Jan. 1, 1910, would
be 273,000; if the annual gain should be 3-6
per cent, the population ten years hence
would be about 230,000. Do not the present
Indications, in view of the past, justify the
belief that ten years hence Indianapolis
will have a population of 275.000?
WEAKNESS OF THE I1KITISII NAVY.
According to a London dispatch the Brit
ish press and public have become suddenly
roused to the fact that a serious and
alarming weakness exists In the navy. The
During the last two or three days in half
the newspapers in England the govern
ment's attention has been specially di
rected to the muzzle-loading guns. Even
public men have been painfully surprised
to learn that sixteen battleships and eight
armed cruisers depend on muzzle-loaders.
This means that smaller but faster ships
with modern guns would be able to stay
one thousand or two thousand yards out
of range and to disable In leisurely fash
ion about one-third of the vessels which
appear in the naval list as "first class."
Coming from British sources this state
ment will cause surprise In other countries
and may well cause alarm In Great Britain.
The present war has developed radical de
fects and weaknesses in the organization
and equipment of the British army, but It
has been claimed and generally supposed
that the navy was strictly modern and all
right in every respect. The statement
above quoted shows that it Is not. If It Is
true that sixteen British battleships and
eight armored cruisers are armed only
with muzzle-loading guns, these ships
might" almost as well be eliminated from
the British navy in a naval war with any
foreign power possessing the latest naval
equipment. And If this radical and fatal
defect exists in so many British warships
the public may well wonder what other de
fects may exist. In short, this surprising
announcement raises at once the question
whether the British navy may not be much
more formidable on paper than It is In
reality. It certainly Is as far a3 the twenty-four
warships above referred to are
concerned. The defects in the organization
and equipment of the British army have
been partially accounted for by the fact
that it has been nearly fifty years not
since the Crimean war since Great Brit
ain has had a serious war on her hands.
But it has been even longer since her navy
has been tried in actual combat. There Is
not a ship In the British navy to-day that
has ever been in a fight, and there are hun
dreds, perhaps thousands, of gray-haired
officers In the navy who have never heard
a hostile gun fired. The world believes
them to be good ships and good officers,
but who knows? The public announcement
of a fatal defect In the armament of twen-
ty-four of - her warships will set the world
wondering whether the whole navy Is not
defective, and should set Parliament at
once to overhauling and strengthening it.
THE PRECEDENT OF JEFFERSON.
Very naturally, the opposition in Wash
ington is criticising the President for ser
jecting Judge Taft to head a commission
that will go to the Philippines to set up
civil government, on the ground that It
Is presumptuous for him to act while Con
gress Is in session. There might be force
In that if Congress seemed disposed to
act promptly in adopting a policy in refer
ence to the Philippines. Prompt action is
needed, because the time has come .when
other than military rule is needed. But
the appointment is made in accordance
with the policy foreshadowed by the bill
presented a few days ago by Senator
Spooner, which reads as follows:
Be it enacted, That when all insurrection
against the sovereignty and authority of
the United States in the Philippine islands,
acquired from Spain by the treaty con
cluded at Paris on the 10th day of Decem
ber, 1S9S, shall have been completely sup
pressed by the military and naval forces
of the United States, all military, civil and
judicial powers necessary to govern the
said islands shall, until otherwise provided
by Congress, be vested In such person or
persons and shall be exercised in such
manner as the President of the United
States shall direct for maintaining and
protecting the inhabitants of said Islands
in the free enjoyment of their liberty,
property and religion.
It Is fair to assume that In time the
foregoing bill will be passed by the Senate,
but with that body at the mercy of a few
such men as Pettigrew and Allen, nothing
can be counted on but its traditional and
never-falling courtesy. It may be added
that the Democrats who claim to follow the
precedents established by Jefferson can
not object to the provisions of the Spooner
bill. When President Jefferson purchased
the immense Louisiana region of France
it became necessary to at once provide
some kind of government for it, because
the consent of Loulsianlans to be governed
had not been obtained prior to the pur
chase, and they were talking insurrection.
Congress, which was in harmony with Mr.
Jefferson, passed a bill authorizing the
Fresldrnt to take possession of and occupy
the territory ceded by France and to em
ploy the army and navy if he should deem
it necessary to maintain the authority of
the United States. The second section of
the bill which became a law by the ap
proval of Mr. Jefferson reads as follows:
And be it further enacted. That until
the expiration of the present session of
Congress, unless provision for the tempor
ary government of the said territories be
sooner made by Congress, all the
military. civil and Judicial powers
exercised by the officers of the
existing government of the same
Ehall be vested in such person or
persons, and shall be exercised in such
manner, as the President of the United
States shall direct, for maintaining and
protecting the Inhabitants of Louisiana in
the free enjoyment of their liberty, prop
erty and religion.
As the President has authority at pres
ent to send commissioners to the Philip
pines to govern the islands, and to send
them while Congress Is in session consider
ing a bill drawn in accordance with the
provisions of the law under which Jeffer
son acted, there is no cause for vehement
Because of some gossip in one of the city
papers to the effect that Democrats are
trying to shelve Mr. Bryan to make place
for some other Democrat papers elsewhere
are saying that "the interesting news
comes from ' Indiana that Democrats of
that State would prefer Mr. Olney to Mr.
Bryan and are now working for the
former's nomination." Upon the assump
tion that there is something in this report,
the Chicago Tlmes-Hcrald devotes half-
column editorial to the matter. Doubtless
there are quite a number of Democrats
In the cities of Indiana who would be de
lighted to have Mr. Bryan placed upon the
retired list. It Is not possible that they
could elect a delegate pledged to oppose
the nomination of Mr. Bryan. The Taggart
regime in this city may be able to elect
delegates in this district who would quietly
join any considerable movement In favor
of any candidate hostile to Mr. Bryan, but
In an Issue between Mr. Bryan and any
other, man who was as near Mr. Cleveland
as Mr. Olney and who Is a sound-money
advocate, not a delegate could be elected
hostile to the traveling aspirant. There
may be a change later on, but at present
it is safe to say that the Indiana Democ
racy is for Mr. Bryan and the Chicago
platform by a large majority.
Those able statesmen in Washington who
seem to think that a treaty rots like a
fence post or becomes obsolete through
mere lapse of time or change of conditions
should ponder the following from a recent
work on international law:
Treaties are binding upon all the signa
tory parties, and they continue In force
whatever changes may taite place in the
Internal affairs of the participant states.
Changes of government in no way affect
their binding force, and they cease to be
obligatory only when a state ceases to ex
ist. Their inviolability, even when not
especially guaranteed, Is the first law of
nations. Obligations created by treaty are
of the most sacred character, and their vio
lation If persisted In, or not atoned for,
is universally regarded as a just cause for
Treaties may be annulled, repealed,
amended, modified or replaced by new ones,
but this can only be done by the joint
action of the original parties. The jingo
ists who are getting ready to repudiate
the Clayton-Bulwer treaty because it never
should have been made and does not meet
present conditions would do well to re
member that a treaty Is a treaty.
The contention of some jingo statesmen
that the United States should have the
right to fortify and establish military, con
trol over the Nicaragua canal when con
structed Is without any shadow of foun
dation That right has been expressly
withheld In every treaty, and concession
made on the subject by any Central Amer
ican state. It was disclaimed in the Clayton-Bulwer
treaty and could not be ex
ercised by the United States without the
consent of Nicaragua, which never has
been given and probably never would be.
Moreover, it is not Important to the United
States, as our navy will always be ade
quate to the protection of American in
terests in connection with the -canal. In
binding ourselves not to fortify the canal
we simply agree not to do something we
have never had a right to do, never have
claimed the right to do, and in all proba
bility never could obtain the right to do.
The most notable feature of the papors
and discussions at the annual meeting of
the State Board of Commerce was the
growing recognition of the importance of
political progress throughout the State
and of the fact that Indianapolis is setting
the pace and leading the way. By political
progress here Is meant progress in legis
lation, inmunlclpal reform and in adminis
trative methods generally, including the
management of public affairs and public
institutions. No other State has made
greater progress in these respects during
the last few years than Indiana, and none
is now being more looked to for new ideas
and methods in political reform. It Is for
tunate for the State that the capital is
willing and able to lead in this honorable
march of progress, and It is a distinct gain
for state pride that representative citi
zens from all parts of the State recognize
The situation in Kentucky has not
changed materially during the last few
days. Governor Taylor has not yet ac
cepted the proposed agreement or compro
mise framed by certain party leaders at
Louisville, and it is doubtful If he will. lie
Is evidently under strong pressure both for
and against accepting the agreement. In
the shape the controversy has assumed he
may well hesitate to do so. It is no longer
a personal or even a party question, but
one of popular government. Having been
fairly elected by a majority of the populaf
vote and so declared by the board of can
vassers created by the Goebel law itself,
he cannot waive his claim to the office
without surrendering the rights of the peo
ple. The proposed compromise by which
he Is asked to do this really involves the
overthrowing of popular government in
A Washington dispatch says the War
Department believes that Agulnaldo has
escaped from the Island of Luzon. In view
of the failure of our troops to capture him,
after a long and hot chase, this is not un
likely, and It is rendered more probable
by the collapse of the insurrection and
the hopelessness of the situation from an
Agulnaldo point of view. If he has es
caped from Luzon Nhe will probably turn
up soon at Hong-Kong or perhaps in some
European capital. His safety there would
depend upon his conduct, for the United
States would not tolerate hi organizing
or fomenting a new rebellion from any
Investors do not take to trust securities,
however larse dividends they pay. The
common stock of the Sugar Trust has
ranged from 70 to 170. Had it been re
garded as a reliable 12 per cent, dividend
paying stock it would have Fold for over
200, If not 3O0, but Its current quotations
show a lack of public confidence in the
combination. The American Steel and Wire
Trust has recently declared a dividend of
7 per cent, on its common stock, but it is
still selling at 60 and below. A railroad
stock paying 7 per cent, annually would
be worth 150. Thus it appears that trusts
are regarded with suspicion by investors.
The real question involved in the selec
tion of a site for the art building is wheth
er the Herron bequest shall be used for the
development of a popular love for art and
the education and pleasure of the people,
or for the establishment of an aristocratic
cult. The Journal believes in the former
Idea, and therefore favcrs a location as
accessible as possible to the greatest num
ber of people. By this is not meant the
greatest number of persons residing in the
extreme northern part of the city, nor the
greatest number of persons owning
carriages, nor the greatest number
of those who can patronize the
street-cars freely without feeling it. but
the greatest number of people of all
kinds, including all residents of the city
and all strangers within its gates. In this
view of the case those who live on the
south side of "Washington street are entl
tied to as much consideration as those who
live on the north side. The nearer the gal
lery is to Washington' street the more It
will be visited by persons who will not take
the time nor spend the money to go two or
three miles north. The monument Is vis
ited by a thousand people now where ono
would visit It If located In far more spa
clous grounds north ,of Fall creek. The
Journal has said before. If acres and trees
are the object aimed at, Falrbank is pref
erable to Talbott place, but a central site
Is better than either.
BUBBLES IN THE AIR.
The Primitive Urchin.
Cupid wears a bow and arrow Just to In
dicate, my child, that in common with the
Indian he has ways extremely wild.
Not a Good Match.
"Bryan thinks he resembles Lincoln."
"Oh, no; Lincoln had long legs and a
long head. Bryan has only long wind."
A Popular Study.
Although St. Valentine is old.
His school of hearts he still doth hold;
Albeit his books are worn, 'tis clear,
New lovers seek the course each year.
"What Is arbitration, pa?"
"Well, it is a good thing for you. Tom
my. When your mother wants to whip
you I coax her. off, and when I want to
whip you she coaxes me off."
"Did you hear about that message from
the British in South Africa?"
"What was it?"
"They want us to send them a regiment
of Kentucky politicians."
Too Bad to Talle About.
. Jones Did that Kentucky gentleman give
you any inside facts on the political rum
pus in his State?
Brown No; I couldn't get him to talk.
about a thing except the awful goings-on
in South Africa and the Philippines.
Not an Unmixed Blessing:.
"Andrew Carnegie gave our town a public
"That was fine."
"You think so? Well, we've asked him
now to give us a skating rink, so the boys
and girls will stop reading trashy novels."
INDIANA EDITORIAL OPINION.
Whatever else Is involved in the Ken
tucky squabble, there is no voiding the
plain proposition that all the trouble' hinges
on a desperate attempt to override the ex
pressed will of the - people. Lafayette
Mr. Bryan was a little too previous in
paying his compliment to his former run
ning mate, Mr. Sewall, Inasmuch as that
gentleman has Just come out In a state
ment commending the policy of expansion
and predicting Mr. McKinley's election.
Lafayette Journal. "
A Muncle school teacher awoke the
other morning to find that she was $40
shy. She believed that a burglar had
stolen the money. Portland bloodhounds
were sent for. The dogs were placed on
the scent and they trailed the burglar to
the edge of town. During the day the
school teacher found her $40 in a closet,
where she had hid it. This Is a good testi
monial for the value of bloodhounds as
burglar chasers. " arsaw Times.
It begins to look as. though the Shel
by county grand jury' means business.
The Jury made a partial report yester
day and fourteen' Indictments -.were re
turned. ' The' 'men',vvnmeted are promi
nent in politics. George Ray, editor of
the Democrat, being ope of the bunch.
Two Indictments were returned against
him for presenting false claims for goods
that were never furnished. Keep pushing
the ball, gentlemen of the Shelby grand
Jury. Greenfield Tribune.
The Republicans of the country may
congratulate themselves that Representa
tive Babcock has consented to again act
as chairman of the congressional campaign
committee. As organized, the committee
may be considered the strongest from ev
ery point of view that has ever been con
structed. With Babcock. Overstreet, Sher
man and Thompson at' the head, the com
mittee can be depended on to give the cam
paign more life and vim than has ever
been known before. It. is an augury of
victory to see men of such acumen lead
ing this Important work: Evans ville Jour
nal. NAVIGATING WHITE RIVER.
Suggestion that Indianapolis) Be
Moved to the Wabash.
Farmland (Ind.) Enterprise.
Of all ludicrous attempts to enhance the
commercial Interests of Indianapolis, thit
which looks to making White river a nav
igable stream for steamboats as far up as
the capital is the most humorous and ab
surd. As Jesse Overstreet was successful
with the postoffice bill last winter, he is
now to ask for a few more millions this
winter to dredge White river.
Frank D. Norviel, who spent the most of
his boyhood days In Farmland, has had
charge of an exploring expedition to deter
mine the feasibility of converting Indian
apolis into a great waterway town. The
distance from Indianapolis to where White
river empties into the Wabash is about 214
miles, and Frank thinks the route can
easily be made navigable for steamboats. If
only Congress can be induced to give
enough money for this purpose. One mil
lion dollars will be asked for as a starter.
The balance may come by Installments as
the work proceeds.
The boat which the exploring party, con
sisting of two men besides Norviel, took
down the river, was twenty-eight feet long
by eight feet wide, drawing nine inches of
water. They only had to carry the craft
about half the distance, which seems mucn
in favor of the stream's navigability.
As an Inducement for the improvement
of this waterway, they say it will provido
transportation for hidden millions of
wealth in coal, stone, fire clay, sand and
iron ore; besides, as a channel of com
merce, it will bring progress, culture and
riches to about 500,000 people who live on
and near the stream. These backwoods
men will be placed in touch with the elite
of Indiana's capital, and the latent rural
wealth to come forth will be of mutual
benefit to the Interested country and city
We used to think that young Norviel was
engaged in an unprofitable business here
when he loitered along White river with
his breeches rolled up, ready, at any mo
ment, to plunge Into the restless waters
should a turtle or bullfrog appear, but he
was only cultivating those amphibious
habits which promise now to make hlra
famous. Should Frank's efforts supply
data which shall induce Congress to grant
means to make White river a navigable
stream for two hundred and more miles
above its mouth he will have accomplished
a task compared with which that of the
late Christopher Columbus in discovering
America was light.
The more reasonable method, perhaps,
for Indianapolis to secure a waterway for
steamboats would be to ask federal aid for
the purpose of moving the city down on
the banks of the Wabash. If such request
be made before the erection of the postof
fice there might be a reasonable hope of
success: but never, never will the Wabash
be brought up to Indianapolis by Congress
or any other political or mortal power.
Not Their Doing.
There is one fine thing in connection
with the Lawton fund. The New York
yellows are in no manner responsible for
Mr. Bryan Is hopping about .the East
in Agulnaldo fashion, but his campaigning
Is not drawing the Are it used to.
INCREASE IN PRODUCTION
IT IS STILL IVOTED IN NEARLY ALL
LINES OF MANUFACTURE.
Strength of Staples, Notably tu Agrrl
cultural Lines, Is the Weck
Feature Exports of Grain.
NEW YORK, Feb. 9.-R. G. Dun & Co.'s
weekly Review of Trade will say to-morrow:
The Industries are still surpassing In
actual output the work of any previous
year. Their new business is not corre
spondingly large, nor could such orders be
accepted by most industries, if offered, but
enough are coming to prevent stoppage of
works or much decline in prices. In woolen
goods new business of remarkable volume
sustains a marked advance in prices, and
In other lines of importance, as in ma
chinery, orders indicate a surprising for
eign demand. Meanwhile, though encour
aged by the abundance and ease of money,
speculation does not in any direction, as
yet, go without a check far enough to do
mischief. There is much of the speculative
spirit abroad, but also more caution than
is usually shown after a year of exception
Cotton followed its rise from 8c to S!4c
last week by a further rise to 8.56c, with
growing belief that the crop will prove
short enough and the consumption large
enough to give holders quite their own
way. The decrease in receipts of January'
was 253,000 bales, or 20 per cent., but in
December the decrease was more than 0
per cent. The exports in January were
smaller than last year by 370,000 bales, over
SO per cent., and Ellison's report of 566,W
bales in European mill stocks, Jan. 1, with
visible stocks of American cotton 3.2S6.52
bales Feb. 1, show that a good part of the
year's needs is already provided for. But
it Is reasoned that if visible and invisible
stock should be reduced below l.SOO.WO
bales at the end of the year, as they were
in 1897, prices would range between 7c find
84c, as in that year they did from Feb. 1
to Sept. 1, with a great drop coming.
The weekly output of pig iron Feb. 1 was
298,014 tons, but stock unsold rose 20,330 tons
in January, indicating a consumption
slightly smaller than the output when the
month began. As the consuming works
were naturally stopped about the holidays
more than the furnaces, the figures prove
little, but Bessemer and grey forge at
Pittsburg have not changed in price during
the past week, and slightly lower offers of
pig by Southern and otner new furnaces at
Chicago and Eastern markets have had
little effect. It is more significant that tho
decline of prices for some weeks in bars,
plates and sheets has been checked. Large
orders have been taken tor these and other
products. Indicating that the works In need
of business may have obtained enough for
Though prices of hemlock sole have been
reduced half a cent, and of split and some
upper leathers, the boot and shoe manu
facturers are not yet Inclined to buy large
ly, as they are getting but a small part of
the contracts they need at this season.
Jobbers still hold back as far as they can,
asd the slow yielding in hides at Chicago
increases expectation that leather may fur
ther decline. But though buying is very
small, the works are producing and deliv
ering more than ever before, Last year
the deliveries from Boston were 34 per cent,
larger than in ISM, but this year thus far
they have been 19 per cent, larger than last
Failures for the week were 245 In the
Ünlted States, against 217 last year, and
23 in Canada, against 33 last year.
STRENGTH IX STAPLES.
Notable Feature of the Week's Trade
The Rise of Cotton.
NEW YORK, Feb. 9. Bradstreet's to-
morrow will say: The strength of staplesv
and particularly those of agricultural ori
gin, is the leading feature this week, as last.
In general trade weather conditions have
not favored a large distribution, but com
parisons with a year ago are still quite fa
forable. Enlarged speculation is reflected
in increased clearings, and comparisons
with last year are again encouraging, while
gains over years previous to 1899 are very
marked. In strength of demand and size
of advance cotton is still easily first. Al
though the crop movement has noticeably
enlarged, so active has been the demand
from foreign spinners that fully c ad
vance is shown. The strength of the raw
product naturally affects manufactured
goods, which are very firm and in good de
mand from jobbers. Recent rains have in
creased the supply of water, and New
England mills are now running to their
fullest capacity. Southern manufacturers
are very busy and will use one-sixth of the
South's total cotton production this season.
Corn is higher, partly in sympathy with
wheat, but also on reports of damage to the
Argentine crop by heat. Provisions have
been quite strong throughout the week,
and active demand Is responsible for high
er prices for pdTk and lard in the face of
larger receipts of hogs at primary markets.
The strength of the raw sugar position has
been further Increased this week by bullish
reports from European markets and the
expectation that receipts of cane sugar are
apt to be light in the future. Refined
grades have been strong, partly owing to
the strength of the raws and partly to the
shutting down of a number of refineries.
Coffee steadily advances, the result of con
tinued small crops from Brazil and of good
consumptive demand here.
Hides and leather are firmly maintained,
though reports from the boot and shoe
trade of current business are not very good.
Fine grades of wopl are quiet, but there
13 still an urgent demand for medium
grades and quarter bloods sell better, con
siderable imported wools having changed
hands in Eastern markets. Reports from
the wool trade continue favorable to a high
degree and firm or higher prices are re
garded as a certainty for the future.
Iron prices vary with the market re
porting, but no widespread weakness is yet
noted. Some concessions, notably by a
prominent Southern furnace, are reported
at Birmingham. Some export business is
reported done at shading by an Eastern
furnace. Strength of quotations, in fact,
grows as the interior is approached, the
most firmness being noted at Chicago. Any
further reaction on Southern pig prices is
expected to develop a good export demand,
the margin of price difference now being
Wheat. Including flour, shipments for the
week aggregated 2.902,357 bushels, against 2,
724,937 last week, 5.580.500 In the correspond
ing week of 1S99. 3.419.504 in 189S. 2,051.215 in
1S97 and 2,718,391 in 1896. Since July 1 the ex
ports of wheat aggregate 123.012,222 bushels,
against 156.599,159 last year, and 153.649.537 in
1&J7-98. Corn exports for the week aggre
gated 3.450.909 bushels, against 3.598,962 last
week, 3.865.622 in this week a year ago, 4,
508.012 in 1S98, 4,159.274 in 1897, and 3,113,344 in
1896. Since July 1 corn exports aggregate
132.606,744 bushels, against 103,279.276 during
the tame period a year ago and 103,506,671 in
Business failures in the United States for
the week number 231, as compared with 171
last week, 193 In this week a year ago, 278
in 1S98, 301 in 1897 and 381 in 1896.
This Week's Bank Clearings.
NEW YORK, Feb. 9. The following ta
ble, compiled by Bradstreet, shows the
bank clearing? at the principal cities for
the week ended Feb. 9. with the percentage
of increase and decrease as compared with
the corresponding week last year:
New York JU40.970.617 Dec. 4.0
Boston 132.208.011 Dec.10.1
Chicago 123.870,660 Inc.. 11.9
Philadelphia 98,186.196 Dec. 1.9
St. Louis 32.044.204 Inc.. 6.6
Pittsburg 39.057.0C8 Inc. .21.3
Baltimore 20.691.472 Dec. X0
San Francisco 17,290.052 Inc.. 6.7
Cincinnati 16.126.450 Inc.. 18 9
Kansas City 13.931.944 Inc. .29 0
Minneapolis . 9.415.082 Inc.. 4.0
Detroit 7,610,524 Dec. 3.9
Cleveland 10.552.531 Inc.. 2.5
l,oulsvUle 11.174.C31 Inc.. 43 7
Providence 6,S71.sw Inc.. XI
St. Paul 4.123.543 Dec. 6.5
Buffalo 4.858,076 Dec 1.2
Omaha 5.840,323 Dec.15 3
Indianapolis 6.313.8SS Inc.lS.7
Columbus, O 4,732.500 Dec.12 8
Evansville, Ind 1.018.171 Inc.. 47.1
Totals, U. S $1,807,583,776 Dec. .8
Totals outside N. Y...J 666,613,159 Inc.5.4
HE FAILS AGAIN.
(CONCLUDED FROM FIRST TAGE.)
is responsible for Mafeklng being so well
provisioned. At the outbreak of the war
he learned the amount of army stores that
was to be sent to Mafeklng, and on his own
initiative pledged his private means and
had the stores quadrupled. He Is now in
Mafeklng and one of its boldest defenders.
A dlsptach to the Times from Koodoes
berg.' dated Feb. 8, says: "It Is reported
that Boer reinforcements are arriving from
Magersfontein. Our position is easily tena
ble, but the entire force has been ordered
to return to Modder river to-morrow."
The Times has the following from Klm
berley, dated Feb. 8: "The Boer big guns
shelled us all day yesterday, but nobody
The correspondent of the Times at Lou
renzo Marques, under date of Feb. 8, says:
"Recent visitors to Inhambane report that
the Portuguese customs authorities there
seized a quantity of arms and ammunition
consigned under a false description."
The first lord of the admiralty, George J.
Goschen, is preparing. estimates for a large
increase in the navy. It Is thought not im
probable that Parliament will be asked for
20,000,000 for new ships.
The War Office has reduced the minimum
standard of height again this time five
feet three Inches for infantry and five feet
two inches for artillery.
Dr. Leyds has issued in Brussels a state
ment for publication in England denying
purported interviews in which he Is repre
sented as predicting the intervention of
the powers in the event that the British
invade the Free State. He says he is con
vinced the war will continue as long as the
two republics have arms and ammunition.
If the Mauser cartridges give out the
Boers, he asserts will fall back on Martini-Henry
rifles, for which they have a
supply of ammunition that is practicaly In
SPENCER. WILKINSON'S VIEWS.
Duller Keeping; the Boers from Rein
LONDON, Feb. 10. In the Morning Post
to-uay Mr. Spencer Wilkinson, reviewing
the military situation, says: "Lord Rob
erts is evidently about to begin his cam
paign, and there- are signs that General
Methuen's force will make the first Im
portant movement. It is probable the Sev
enth Division will soon be heard from as
co-operating with Methuen.
"The latest news regarding General Bul
ler's operations is puzzling. It looks now
as if he never seriously contemplated an
attempt to relieve, Ladysmlth, but only a
demonstration to prevent the Boers from
diverting reinforcements to Magersfontein.
"Looking to the distance from Ladysmlth
to Klmberley, a journey In which the Boers
would get little railway help for the trans
port of their forces, Lord Roberts has a
clear week for the first blow, which will
put a new face upon the situation. This
hypothesis would account for the present
state of things in both the theaters of war,
and the peculiarities of the attack on Mon
day and Tuesday would become intelligible,
for, if they had been intended as a serious
movement. General Buller would have
been largely reinforced and would have
pushed the attack with greater energy."
APPEAL TO AMERICAN WO.MEN.
Mrs. Adair Asks for Contributions to
the Hospital Ship Maine.
Correspondence of the Associated Pres.
LONDON, Jan. 31. Mrs. Cordelia Adair,
vice chairman of the American hospital
ship Maine executive committee, has issued
an appead to the women of America, in
which she says:
The first Idea of fitting out a hospital
ship to send to South Africa, as a message
oi sympathy from America, originated with
Mrs. Blow, an American lady who had lived
for years in that country. Mrs. Blow, with
Iiady Randolph Churchill, formed a com
mittee of American ladles in London to
carry it out. The movement, as I think you
must know, has been a complete success.
By the enthusiasm and energy of these
ltdies over $155,000 was collected in a very
short time. Then came the crowning event
toward success. Through the splendid gen
erosity of one American, Mr. Barnard
Baker, from Baltimore, president of the At
lantic Transportation Company, the steam?
ship Maine and its crew were given to the
committee to be used as long as the war
lasted as a hospital ship. The gift repre
sents from $15,000 to $20.000 a month made
by this public spirited gentleman in the
cause of humanity and international sym
pathy. To carry out all this we have spent
much more than we expected, over $125,000;
there is left about $30.000, and it will cost
about $15.000 a month to keep the ship go
ing." Mrs. Adair then appeals to sisters in
America for aid. She says: "If you will
endow a cot the donor or donors of $TH) can
do so and call It by any name they like.
Arrange for local collections. Publish this
letter far and wide so that It may reach
every sympathetic, compassionate . heart
and all may know what is being done. And
you from Ireland, are you not moved by the
splendid bravery of your countrymen In
this war, whose heroism has made them
the admiration of the world and are you
not proud that when reserve followed re
serve and England was torn with doubt, it
was to an Irishman she turned Lord Rob
erts? You cannot stand passive with folded
hands and not send your own men a word
"Personally, as the daughter of one who
Is not forgotten iri his own country. Gen.
Wadsworth, who years ago when Ireland
was starving, chartered a ship at his own
expense, filled it with corn from his own
land at Genesee and sent It across the At
lantic to help the Irish people and who fell
gloriously in battle for the Union at the
Wilderness, may I think I am Justified In
writing this appeal? Remember it is from
a woman to women. Will you support me?"
The Kaiser Offers Sympathy.
BERLIN, Feb. 9. During Emperor Wil
liam's two visits yesterday to the British
ambassador. Sir Frank Lascelles, his
Majesty expressed sympathy with Great
Britain 'and touched on the feasibility of
friendly intervention. The Kaiser also ex
pressed his regret at the recent utterances
of Duke Regent Johann Albrecht of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
to the correspondent of
the Eclair, adding that he had telegraphed
the duke regent reproving him for the in
discretion he had displayed.
$03,000,000 More Required.
LONDON, Feb. 9. A parliamentary pa
per issued this afternoon estimates that
13,000,000 ($65,000.000) additional will be re
quired lor the war expenses for the ending
It was said to-day that one of the first
steps to increase the home array will be
the raising of thirty-seven new horse and
field batteries with barracks on Salisbury
plain and the addition of third battalions
to numerous regiments which at present
are without them.
Asks for the Chlltern Hundreds.
LONDON, Feb. 9. In consequence of the
adoption by the Conservative Association
of Plymouth of a resolution deprecating his
attitude toward the government's 8outh
African policy. Sir Edward George Clarke,
who has represented Plymouth In Parlia
ment since 1SS0, has applied for the Chll
Consul Hay Recognised at Pretoria
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.-Secretary Hay
this morning received a cablegram from
Adelbert Hay, United States consul at Pre
toria, statin? that he had received his ex
eauatur on Wednesday, and that ciatter3
were very satisfactory. This effectually
disposes of the ft-e'.ing felt in some quar
ters that the Boer government might re
fuse to receive Mr. Hay because of Colonel
O'Blerne's failure to receive recognition
from our government as diplomatic repre
sentative of the Transvaal.
British Strategy Criticised,
BERLIN. Feb. 9. The Mlllltair Wpheno-
latter, reviewing the fighting on the "ugela
river, characterizes the British strategy
there as most unfavorable. Two German
officers on the active list Von Knawskl
and Frltzdorff have Just published an ablo
book on the South African war.
Benefit Performance Nets fCMKK).
NEW YORK, Feb. 9. The benefit per
formance given in the Empire Theater this
afternoon for the benefit of the English
soldiers in South Africa and the widows
and children of the American soldiers who
fought in the Philippines netted about $5,
000. Not Shot liy Doers.
LONDON. Feb. 10 The Colonial Offico
has received a dispatch contradicting tho
report that the Boers had shot Messrs.
John McLachlan. Jr., and Bobbins, at Har
rlsmlth, for refusing to be commandered.
Lady Churchill at Chlerely.
LONDON. Feb. 10. A dispatch to the
Dally Mail from Pietermaritzburg says
that Lady Randolph Churchill has visited
Gen. Clery Returning to England.
LONDON. Feb. 10. The Dally Telegraph
announces that General Sir Francis Clery;
is on his way to England, invalided.
British Bark Seized.
PURBAN, Feb. 9. The British bark?
Blrkdale, with contraband, has been seized
by the British.
ONE OF CLARK'S AGENTS
A. J. STEELE CROSS-EXAMINED BY!
Says He Received Thousands of DoI
lars for Vse Daring the Montana
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.-A. J. Steele wag
cross-examined in the Clark case to-day.
He said he nad participated in the fall
campaign of 183$ with Mr. Clark's friends.
He had made a trip to Great Falls be for
the legislative election, and also another
after the election. On the first trip he hau
taken $700, which Mr. Davidson had given
him, and on the second $300. Mr. Davidsoa
had also given him money for expenses in
curred in other trips made throughout tho
State. Witness said that at that time he
was a bankrupt, having failed in business.
He had kept no account of expenditures,
but whenever he wanted money he went to
either Mr. Davidson or Mr. Wellcome. Dur
ing the sitting of the Legislature he had'
received $1,000 from Davidson and $3,000 or
$6,üa) from Wellcome. The largest sum ob
tained from Wellcome at any one time was
$1,000, which had been given him after tho
senatorial election, when Wellcome had
handed him a roll of bifls, telling him to
pay his debts and keep the rest He had
received $2.000 from Wellcome after the In
vestigation by the grand Jury. Steele gavo
a partial list of persons to whom he had
paid money in sums of $100, they being "per
sons working in the interest of Mr. Clark
for the Senate. Referring to the .visit mado
him at Helena by Representative Garr,
prior to the meeting of the Legislature, Mr.
Steele said in reply to Mr. Turley that his
representation to Mr. Garr that he wanted
to see him about bounty scalps was all a
pretext, that in reality he had desired to
see him in Mr. Clark's Interest as a sena
torial candidate. He had, however, not
urged the matter when he found that Mr.
Garr was Inclined to support Conrad.
In reply to questions from Senator Bur
rows. Mr. Steele said that during the cam
paign and the sitting of the Legislature ho
had received $10.000 or $12.000 for use in pol
itics and that e had spent all this sum, ex
cept $700 or $800, which he had kept.
State Senator W. E. Tierney, of Broad
water county, was questioned especially
concerning his financial condition prior to
and since his election to the Senate to meet
the testimony of Mr. Dolenty, a banker of
Townsend, Mont., to the effect that Mr.
Tierney had paid off a large Indebtedness
to his bank since the adjournment of tho
Legislature and shown many other' evi
dences of improved financial condition. Mr.
Tierney said he had been instrumental in
organizing the State Bank of Townsend,
and that he had paid his Indebtedness at
Dolenty's bank by transferring it to the
other bank. He had also sold more or' less
property. The witness said he had consid
ered himself worth about $50.000 before tho
meeting of the Legislature, and that thero
had been no material increase since. Ho
also said Senator Clark had hot been In
strumental in the organization of the new
bank at Townsend. The notes owed at tho
bank were not his individual notes, but
were given by firms in which he was inter
ested. The committee adjourned until to-,
morrow before Mr. Tierney had concluded.
1I0RZI0HS TO LEAVE UTAH.
Will Found a Colony on Stinking Wa
ter River In Wyoming.
CHEYENNE, Wyo.. Feb. 9. Arrange
ments for one of the biggest colonization'
schemes ever engineered in the West have
been completed here. A portion of the Big
Horn basin In northern Wyoming will bo
settled by Mormons. For several years a
majority of the, Mormons in Utah hava
felt they could not stand the persecutions
of the gentiles ana with the idea of get
ting away .and Into new country whero
they might build their homes, anew ar
rangements were made with the Wyoming
authorities for the selection of 200.000 acres
of land in the Big Horn basin, under tho
Carey act. A committee of prominent Mor
mons is now selecting this land atong tho
Stinking Water river. The Erie canal and
irrigation system will be utilized and sev
eral new canals and reservoirs made.
Hundreds of Mormons are now selling their
lands in Utah and packing up their belong
ings, and during the early spring they wilt
start over the mountains and plains to
the new land. Their leaders say there will
be upward of 30.0U0 people emigrate to th
colony during the present year.
HALIET0ANS DRIVEN OUT.
Attacked by Mataafans and Their
Homes Destroyed by Fire.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 8amoan ad
vices received by the steamer Alameda to
day are to tho effect that the agreement be
tween the three powers as to the division of
the Samoan group has caused but little real
trouble, though the Malletoa and Mataafa
factions were somewhat discontented, tho
Mataafans blaming the Malletoans for
causing the trouble which brought about
this result and vice versa.
Iteport3 have been received in Apia that
at Aana and Savali the followers of Ma
taafa, chagrined at the news of the di
vision of the islands, resolved that the
Malietoan adherents who had returned to
their homes must be driven out of those
districts. A large force of Mataafa men at
tacked the homes of Malletoans. drove tho
residents out and set fire to the buildings
and later drove the inhabitants to Saliemo.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Poor Agulnaldo will besin to think that
the United States is divided into two for
ties, one wanting to cannonade, the ctrr
to canonize, him.