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TBE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1900.- . 1 1 11 i .- . cerning which they ro longer advance any occult theories. It will be remembered that the massacre of the Catholic mission at Tlen-Tsin In July. 1S70, resulted from the belief that children were murdered by sisters to secure their brains and eyes, which they made Into medicine, and In the looting of the orphan asylum they dis covered what they regarded as Irrefutable proof a lot of empty gelatine capsules. These they declared were the dried eyes of children, nor could they be convinced of the contrary. Now, capsules are comparatively familiar pulte so to the thousands who come to the dispensaries or who patronize Euro pean or American physicians. Dr. Martin realized the deliberation with which the Chinese discussed and entered upon new measures, but he considered them sufficiently shrewd and Intelligent to perceive the advantages that might be de rived from certain European innovations. The universal Individualism, which 1 the essence of Confucianism, while it prompts every man to look well to the ways of his own household, and to his personal inter ests, had had, ho thought, a reactionary in fluence upon public affairs. A man would plant his fields, harvest his crops with a perseverance and thoroughness that could not be surpassed; but if the highway fell Into disrepair, or a wall tottered to It's fall, he would not replace a single brick; It was no business of his. But when he could be brought to realize thoroughly that the public business was every man's concern. It would be the main Issue gained, and prog . ress from that Important point would be comparatively easy, lie thought that the one Item of the recent Introduction of the Jinrlksha Into Feklng would do wonders, since the chief temporal need of China Is highways. I have Just returned from two Journeys Into the Interior the first of one hundred miles and the second of twice that distance. Everywhere there was evidence of the most careful cultivation of the Heids; the laborious fertilization of the thin white soil which otherwise would have yielded nothing, and abundant supplies of. grain and fuel had been housed for winter in the most careful and painstaking way. The courts of dwellings were all inclosed, those of the wealthy In solid walls of stone laid up in imperishable cement or with stones laid in clay with a small admixture of lime, neatly capped with tiles, which not oiily added to Its security but was orna mental as well, and these again topped with sharp, thorny faggots the whole sometholng more than ten feet in height. The poorer classes had constructed their fences of the stalks of a species of broom com, which they cal "tall grain." It is to the Chinese of the north what the bamboo la to the South, and even more, since the grain, which is sweet, palatable and nour ishing, furnishes the material for the por ridge! which, with "salt vegetables cab bage, radishes and the like, pickled in brine, urnishes a large part of their daily food. A USEFUL PRODUCT. The tall grain grows from fifteen to twen ty feet In height. The fences are made by first digging a trench twelve Inches or more In depth; in this the stalks are ranged, after which the earth that was re moved is replaced and firmly packed. Sometimes tho stalks are placed in solid rows, side by side, and stayed about one third of the distance from the top by a stout, rope twisted from the leaves and covering of the stalk; where a better ef fect Is desired the stalks are arranged in a beautiful lattice work, not only ornamental, but durable, considering the material used. At any rate, such fences last, through the year, and where, labor .Is cheap and abundant are easily replaced after the next year's crop is harvested. They are provided with gates which open easily, the stalks being used for this purpose also. Wagon beds, the rakes with which weeds and leaves are collected, are made of "tall . grain" stalks, and the bridges made of rough timbers are filled In with the same stalks, over which earth is strewn and packed. Nothing could exceed the neatness of the fields every furrow plowed straight, ev ery inch of the land enriched and thor oughly worked: and with all this pains taking labor China is a wide empire in which highways can scarcely be said t( exist. In the rainy season what serve as highways are well-nigh Impassable mere tracks or'canals of mud and water through which the heavy wagons, with their un gainly wheels, can scarcely be dragged, and Into which the tolling animals struggle and sink. The rains, fortunately or unfor tunately, fall in northern China only through July. August and the early part of September. The spring and winter are dry, clear , and windy, the air highly charged with electricity, and windstorms prevail that continue for weeks without intermis sion.' In the winter there are frequently frost and ice in the vicinity of Peking, but not much snow. With the wind and droughts, roads become dry, worn Into deep rut a. and later trails of dust through which the wagons sink to their axles. These are patterned after the Peking cart, with two enormously heavy wheels resting solidly on tho axletrees, with ono horse standing between the shafts, which are supported, the labor of drawing being per formed by three or five other animals in 'front harnessed with rope and guided by tho driver's voice. The many strands of rope In which the animals are laced to gether are attached to the axletree, pass tng through an Iron hoop that dangles on either side, the horse or mule between the shafts. The teams are nondescript to the last degree, frequently consisting of a mule, a donkey, an ox and a cow. For the cow In China is a beast of burden, as milk, cream and butter are articles which the . Chinese regard as disgusting and unclean. They can eat burled or rotten eggs, as they frankly call them, but butter Is peculiarly offensive to the national palate. The cow. It should be said, drawing a wagon, or cart, always seems to me to have a peculiarly ill-used air. which the reflection that gen erations of cows have served In the same capacity, and that it has become second nature to their decendents. cannot dispel Grain and other produce Is transported to andfrom the cities In the heavy wagons when the weather will permit; thousands of tons of merchandise are transferred on the backs of donkeys, horses and camels; all the coal consumed In Peking Is brought down from the mines of the north in this manner, with vast supplies of wool, skins and soda from Mongolia and Siberia. Tea. silks and other Chinese exports are sent to Siberia and Russia by the same means For Its size the camel carries a very small burden; two bags or bales, rarely more. on either side their humps, which, by the way. are said to indicate the animal's health and vigor; If they are In bad con tlltlon the hump collapses and hangs like a shapeless cxcresscnce; if they are young and strong the humps are Arm and erect. BY CAMEL CARAVAN. The dlfficulty-the main difficulty of transporting goods by camel caravans Is the great length of time it requires. A caravan leaving Peking, proceeding through the NanKon pu.-s, across tho Desert of Soli and Mongolia, Into Siberia. thence to the frontii-r in Russia, does not reach Its destination for one year. Camels proceed at a walk, which Is not a very rapid pace. They are tethered together in a sinng, ana ror ;nia, or Borne other cause, tbey must yield the right of way to every thing they meet at least within the boundaries of China. To partially obviate the difficulty of this arrangement, cara vans generally travel at night or between 2 o'clock a. m. and sunrise, that they may not be interrupted resting through the day. There are what are called camel inns, as distinguished from the ordinary Chinese hostelries, whre special arrangements are made for the accommodation of cara vans. The large yard Is Inclosed by a wall of sun-dried brick or stone, or even by a parapet of earth, with a row of prickly faggots and twigs arranged on the top. Troughs, twenty or thirty feet In length, by three or four In width, are dug and cemented; In these troughs the camels feed lying down and divested of their packs. When they hau on the open plain and thousands may be seen throughout north ern China no special effort seems to be made to prevent them from stampeding; one or two men are on guard, and there are several small tents close by, In which the drivers take turns sleeping. When they are traveling, the last camel of the train wears a big bell that looks like a section of rusty iron pipe, with a clapper from which depend two gay silk or woolen tas sels;, the bell rings with every step, a dull, but not unpleaslng note, and travelers In Inns along the main roads will hear this "clink-clink, clink-clink" all night long. The Chinese, beyond overloading them, are remarkably kind to their animals, and they would not be overloaded were their wagons and roads better. This Is particularly true of donkeys; they may be seen staggering along under two enormous bundles of "tall grain" nothing of the little beasts visible but their slim legs and mouse-covered flanks; they look like animated sheaves of fodder. However, even they are well fed. Horses', mules and donkeys are all fat; their fodder is chopped very fine, mixed with water, meal and a little salt, and these rations are varied with a generous allowance of peas and beans. Nothing can induce a carter, or the man In charge of a mule litter, to proceed on his way un til the wants of hl3 animals are fully satis fled. In a recent Journey, wishing to get an early start, the lltterman was asked to make haste. Ills only reply was, "My ani mals must drink, and drink they did, In deep, deliberate draughts, with the utmost satisfaction. INNOVATION FROM JAPAN. With the coming of the Jinrlksha Dr. Martin is of the opinion that the roads must be Improved everywhere, since other wise the frail, light vehicle would be use less. It Is to be found everywhere In Japan, which Is another way of saying that Jap anese highways are excellent and traveling in that country Is an easy matter. But the whole of Japan could be dropped down in one Chinese province and lost. However, when roads are built in Japan methods of transportation must improve with them. and western vehicles, wagons, carts and carriages come Into use. There is not at present even the remotest prospect of this, although the Jinriksha Is here In the capi tal. There has been a time when China had at least a few wonderful roads, with magnlfl cent bridges, which were built during the' Ming or Bright dynasty, which preceded the advent of the Manchus, to which the present imperial family belong. These roads were made of enormous blocks of solid stone and extended from the C'hangllng, the mausoleum of the Emperor Yanglo the greatest of thirteen imperial mausoleums to the palace in Peking; thence to Tung- chow, on the Pelho river. Along this spien did highway were magnificent bridges, also of solid stone, with beautifully carved bal ustrades, the blocks with which they were paved being fastened together with massive Iron clamps. The stones have been carried away, the bridges fallen Into ruin and never repaired, and the great highway is now scarcely discernible. As the country is as level as a floor to the foot of the moun tains, the cost and labor of building roads will be very great, but that it must be done sooner or later is inevitable. The railway. resisted stubbornly at first, Is commending Itself to the people and Is liberally patron ized by them; and another indication that the dry bones of ancient, conservative civ ilization are stirring is the telegraph lines which are now to be seen in many parts of the country, one pole, at least, being planted squarely In the center of a watch tcwer on the great wall. MARY II. KROUT. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS. Why are opals considered bad luck to owners and wzartrs? E. K. There is no reason In this superstition. When and whe-re was old Sitting Bull killed? S. U. On Dec. 13, 1S90, In his camp near Grand River, N. D. what denomination held service in the Old North Church of Boston previous to the battles of Lexington and Concord? Payette. Trinitarian Congrcgatlonallsts. Was Miss Helen Gould's check for $100.000 accepted by the government while the re cent war was on? F. K. It was, being received at the Treasury Department May 7, 1S3S. How Is the plural of apparatus spelled? z. it it is not apparati, why not? Aber deen. Usually like the singular form of the word, but rarely "apparatuses." 2. Be- caure it is English. What was the cause of the duel between Clay and Randolph? D. Randolph was a remarkably bitter speak er, and the duel resulted from his denun ciation of the political alliance between Clay and John Qulncy Adams. How many consuls does the United States send to Germany? C. F. R. The Omclal Register of the United States lists eighty-eisht consuls, vice and deputy consuls and consular agents. Thirty-three of trese are appointed frcm Germany. The ethers are sent from this country. When, where and by whom was the dollar sign invented? M. L. C. There are several explanations of its source, the most reasonable being that it came from putting the Initials "U. S." one over the other. No one invented the sign. Like Topsy, it "Just growed." T- T T Who was the first Governor of the State of Tennessee? 2, Of Mississippi? M. M. C. John Sevier. He was Governor from 1796 tc 1S01. Previously he had been Governor of the State of Franklin. 2. David Holmes. 1 17-19. He was territorial Governor at the time Mississippi was made a State. r- -r- -f- hlch is correct, I have been setting typo. or. I have been setting types? 2. Which Is the correct quotation about the mills of the Gods grinding slowly. compositor. Either, though the first form is usual and preferable. 1 "Though the mills of God grind slowly, yet they, grind exceeding small." How many times has the Rev. T. ' De Witt Talmage betn married? 2. What was the caue of his first wife's death? 3. Has he a wife now living, and If so, what was her maiden name? G. N. M. Three times. 2. Drowning In a boating accident. 3. Yes; her maiden name was Elenora McCutcheon. She was Mrs. Col lier when she married Doctor Talmage. At what temperature does , water boll In a vacuum? 2. What Is the meaning of "Eftsoon?" J. W. M. By apparatus that disposes of the vapor as fast as it accumulates In the partial vacuum, water can be made to freeze from cold due to its own evaporation while in violent ebullition. 2. Soon after ward or speeäüy. The word is obsolete. R. bets that there never has been a har ness horse that made a mile In less than " nl T . KkA t u Vi n Vi 1 T"Töt: et horeA m oHa i mile in l:5y;. R. L. The trotting record is 2:034. made by Allx, at Galesburg, Sept. 10, 1S9I. The pac ing record mile was that made by Star Pointer, at Readvllle, Mass., Aug. 28. 1S07, in 1:50U. Both were harness events. Can you tell the birth place and burial place of Daniel Webster? 2. What are the estimated populations or rsew lorK city, Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston and St. Louis? E. B He was born at Salisbury, N. II.. and was buried at Marshfield, Mass. 2. New York (greater city) 3,505.935; Chicago, l.yOO.OOOi . Philadelphia, 1,531,270; Boston, KO.000; St. Louis. 631.000. These estimates were made by the mayors of these cities. What nation commenced the African slave trade? L. Black slaves were found in Europe away back in the days of the Roman empire, but African slavery did not reach an ex tensive scale until the discovery of Amer ica. Then there was a 'demand for negrö labor in Spain's colonies in the West Indies. At th2 start the Portuguese had a monopoly of the trade. I should like to know how many secret societies there are in the United States. also the name and membership of each? -W. L. You want much. There are thousands of them, from the well-known orders whose members are numbered by hundreds or thousands, to the coteries of a few enthusi asts. One directory issued last year gives 600, with the particulars you want, and you can buy It through a bookseller. What number of men were killed and wounded In the battle between Snafter and Linares at Santiago, Cuba? J. J. The American losses on July 1, 2 and 3, were twenty-two officers and 208 men killed, eighty-one officers and. 1.LU3 men wounded, and seventy-nine men missing. In the previous fight at Las Guasimas our loss was one officer and fifteen men killed, six officers and forty-six men wounded. What Is the difference In time between London and New York? 2. Is longitude counted from Greenwich or Washington? 3. On which day does the Russian new year commence? E. C. B. Four hours, fifty-five minutes and nine seconds. 2. From both, but more commonly from Greenwich. 3. Russia still adhores to the Julian or "old style," which brings her dates twelve days behind those of our calendar. The statement has been pub lished that she will change to the Gregor ian calendar next year. If Washington entered office on April 30, who was the first President to enter on March 4? F. C. S. Washington. Ills first Inauguration came i on- April 30 because the government was slow in getting under way. Thus, until April 6, there was no quorum in the Senate to count the electoral vote, and then it took eight days to carry the news to Mount Vernon by the fastest conveyances of the time. His second Inauguration was on time that is, on March 4. m What was the name of the first song Jenny Lind sang in America, and in what year was it? W. T. II. Jenny Llnd first came to America in 1S50 under the management of P. T. Barnum, her first concert being given on Sept. 12 of that year. Her first selection was "Casta Diva," and others of the evening were a duet with Signor Belletti from Rossini's "I Turchl in Italia," a number from Mey erbeer's "Camp of Silesia," the "Herds man's Song" and "Greeting to America." T thorA a pnnsrlpnre fund at Washing ton, D. C? If so, when and by whom was it rrrlnaterl? What is its amount, and a v o - ' who are the contriDutors: sconeia. There Is. It has figured' in Treasury De- partment statements since 1811, when It was started by the register of the treasury. It amounts to about $300,000. Its contribu tors are persons who In some way or other have defrauded the government and whose conscience stirs them to making payment. They do not disclose their identity. t shnuM live to be put in communication with some one who makes It a business to supply data for club papers, essays, etc., to persons to. whom a reference library Is not accessible. u. r . l. Miss Gould, No. 73 Bowen avenue, Chi cago, undertakes such service. Piense tell me something about St. Ce cilia. Who was she? And why is her pic ture so popular? R. M., Muncie. She was the daughter of noble Roman parents and was a Christian who suffered martyrdom for her faith. She lingered through three days of torture, preaching and teaching until she died. The story Is told in Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales" the Second Nun's Tale." Tn Sundav's issue of Jan. 28. in answer ing a question, you advise the study of Lincoln s biography ana nisiory ot tne time. Please name books pertaining to these subjects regarded as authentic. riease tell difference between marine league and nautical mile. Has a belliger ent a rieht to search a neutral s or Dei- ligerent's vessels in a neutral port? Fablus. Hay and Nicolay's "Life of Lincoln" is a very complete and authoritative history, not only of Lincoln, but of the events of his administration. It Is very long, how ever, consisting of several volumes. A shorter work which can be recommended is Arnold's "Life of Lincoln." U. S. Grant's "Autobiography" Is a good book to read In connection with this period. 2. A marine league is equal to three geographical or nautical miles, or one-twentieth of a 'de gree of latitude. The United States coast survey has fixed 6.0S7.27 feet as the meas urement of the nautical mile. 3. No; no such proceeding can take place within the three-mile limit or margin of the high seas, which, by international law, is con trolled by the nation possessing the coast line. Did Washington and the receiving party at the presidential receptions shake hands? Did they bow when the introduction was made? Was the courtesy used by the ladles instead of the bow? O. It. According to Losslng, as visitors came in they were Introduced to President Wash ington by his friend, Colonel Humphreys, when they were arranged in a circle around the room. The door was closed at a fixed hour. The President then began on the right qnd spoke to each visitor, calling him by name and addressing a few words to him. When he had completed the cir cuit he returned to his first position, when the visitors approached him, bowed and re tired. Nothing is said of hankehaklng cither at this, the President's own recep tion, or when he received in company with Mrs. Washington. As the latter occasions were quite formal affairs, it Is probable that the courtesy was the common form ot greeting by ladies, It being customary at that period in fashionable society. Where is the Breeder's Gazette published and at what price? 2. Is there a law that all farmers In Indiana shall spray their fruit trees? 3. Give address of our state ento mologist. 4. Is there a good farm Journal published In Indiana? Reader. In Chicago. We do not know Its sub scription price. 2. No. 2. There Is no state entomologist In Indiana. A great deal of attention is paid to entomology In the agricultural department of Purdue University, at Lafayette. Printed matter Is sent to any one on application. Address Prof. C. S. Plumb, 4. The Indiana Farm er, Indianapolis. L- . :Was Emerson or Thoreau known as the "Sage of Concord?" In what writing does the "sage" say "hitch your wagon to the stars?" Can you give me the words of a very old song, "The years pass slowly by, Lorena?" What is the cost per year for a student to study medicine in any one of our medical colleges? Reader. Emerson. 2. His essay on "Civilization." 3. The song is too long for reproduction here. 4. Expenses of tuition and labora tory work In Indiana Medical College, at Indianapolis, are about $73 for the yearly term of six months; cost of necessary books from $10 to $15. Living expenses vary according to the financial ability of the student, but need not be heavy. Write to any reputable medical college for a catalogue. Where Is the First Texas Cavalry? Please give name and address of command ing officer. M. S. The State troops are not in the service of the United States; they were mustered out some time ago. -r -r- f- l'lense state whether ther I n nlano In India nnnnHs thnt hnv fnnrv wnrlr Riirh as Battenburg work, etc.? G. M. C. We do not know of any dealer who buys such wdrk outright. It may be placed on sale at the Woman's Exchange, a small commission being charged when a sale Is made. Probabiy a similar arrangement can be mado with some of the dry goods shops. r T" -r Name some of Indiana's most prominent vocalists, pianists, organists, violinists, etc. 2. How many seasons have the Symphony concerts oeen given and how often are they given? Poco. Names of singers that now occur to us are those of Margaret Reld, now singing in opera in Europe; Marguerite Lemon, in New York; Charles Holman-Black, in Paris; Mrs. Sadie Walker Black, Mrs. Lot tie Adam-Raschlg, Mr. Louis J. Dochez. Among pianists are Prof. Oliver Wlllard Pierce, Prof, Clarence Forsythe. Organists, Mr. Charles F. Hansen, Mr. William H. Donley. Violinists, Miss Jeannette Orlopp, Mr. Hugh McGlbeny, Mr. Christian Oel- schlagel. All these persons named are pro fessionals. There are many accomplished amateurs in the State. 2. This Is the fifth season. One more concert will be given this year on March 19. -f- -s-Name the legal holidays. F. G. There is no national holiday, not even the Fourth of July. Congress has at vari ous times appointed special holidays. In the second session cf the Fifty-third it passed an act making Labor day a public holiday in the District of Columbia, and has recognized the existence of certain holidays for commercial purposes In such legislation as the bankruptcy act, but, with the exceptions named, there is no general legislation on the subject. The proclama tion of the President designating a day of thanksgiving only makes It a holiday in those States which provide by law for It. In Indiana the following are legal holidays as to commercial ' paper1. ,; Sunday, New Year's day. Fourth of July, Christmas day. Feb. 22, Memorial day, Labor day (first Monday in September), any general State or national election day, and Thanksgiving day. All negotiable or commercial paper falling due on any of said holidays shall be deemed as having matured on the day previous, and when any of said holidays come on Monday, such paper shall be deemed as having matured on the Saturday previous; when the legal holiday comes on Sunday the day following shall be the holi day. MEDICAL NOTES. (Prepared for the Sunday Journal by an Old Practitioner.) The disposal of sewerage water has been the subject of study In Paris since 1S64, and within a recent period the engineers In charge of this work have accomplished the purification of the Seine, contaminated by sewer water from Paris, by means of por ous earth and vegetation, passing the water through land under cultivation and emptying it, thus filtered, into the river again, comparatively free from microbes or organic matter. The method Is to let out land, owned by the city, to Individuals, who cultivate vegetables upon the land thus enriched. In some districts beets, pota toes and greens are grown, and it is ex pected that the raising of cattle and dairy Interests will be feasible. Sewerage farm ing has been carried on In England with considerable success, and the objection raised against it, that it might cause a dissemination of disease, has been proven fallacious, those who constantly work on the farms not being attacked 'more than others by sewerage diseases. The farms are divided by open main and branch ditches, as for ordinary irrigation, and contact with the air seems to have a disinfectant action, probably owing to the oxidation further perfected by percolation through the soil exposing the material more freely to the air. Aside from its economical ad vantages the method seems to have hy gienic advantages of the greatest im portance. According to Dr. Goodhue there are at present 1,100 cases of leprosy in Hawaii. The existence of this and other similar diseases in these and other newly acquired possessions or proteges of the United States will no doubt prevent many Ameri cans from locating in these countries.but it does not prevent leprosy and other diseases from coming to this country. Dr. Mont gomery states that there Is a large num ber of lepers in San Francisco, not con fined to the. pesthouse, and he fears there Is aanger that that section of the country will become a leper focus, since the region west of the Rocky mountains not only receives immigrants from outlying leper countries, but the disease seems to be ca pable of propagating Itself in this coun try. With increasing foreign trade and territory the number of lepers coming to the Pacific coast must also necessarily in crease. The natural remedy is the segre gation or deportation of the lepers already in the country and minute examination of immigrants from leper-Infected countries. Goodhue recommends sending cases from this country to Hawaii. -7- -r- In typhoid fever Dr. Marsden advocates the use of a more liberal diet. In mild cases, where there are no symptons or complications which could render such a diet Injurious, he gives bread and milk, custard, fish with mashed potato, chicken, bread and butter, and finely minced meat, continuing with this until convalescence is well established. In severe cases he re stricts the diet to milk, peptomlxed if nec OTraiflt9 Positively the Largest Experience is the best of all teachers; it teaches those desiring dental work that the proper place to secure the best dentistry is with an old-established and reliable firm. We have been practicing In this city for seventeen years and In all this time have dealt fairly and squarely with the public always giving the best advice, the best work and best material that the latest and roost im proved methods and equipments can produce. It is not nor never has been our plan to offer dental work at prices that means only inferior service. We have ever given THE BEST in every branch of dentistry, thus enabling us to build up and hold the most extensive practice in this and other cities. In deal ing with us you take no chances of se curing inferior work. Our reputation Is Extracting, Examination, Cleaning Free. TAFT'S DENTAL PARLORS, , : : essary, and meat Juice, continuing this during the period of convalescence. In this, as in all diseases, the individual pa tient and his condition alone should be considered, and slight Increase Jn tempera ture or occasional irregularity of the bow els need not, per se, cause a discontinu ance of the food unless there is a distinct causative connected Influence. The wishes of the patient are an important factor. If he is hungry and craves more food, and examination proves that this is not a mor bid appetite, his requests should be grant ed, but solid food should never be forced upon the patient. The grip is not a modern disease. Dr. Crawford says that Hippocrates referred to it and that epidemics have been more or less frequent since his time. It is not confined in its activity to winter weather or cold climates, and, though more com mon in winter, numerous cases 'occur in the summer. It is believed that one attack usually confers immunity, which may. last only several months or for several years. Every case should be regarded as serious, and the patient should be confined to bed until, fever and acute symptons have disappear ed, since attempts to "work off" the dis ease often add to its severity. The main indications after the relief of pain are to support strength and prevent collapse. Coaltar products are preferable to opium for the relief of pain in most cases, and tonic doses of quinine, iron and strych nine are usually indicated. Dr. Knopf adds his mite to the already voluminous advice as to the' residence of the consumptive. He says he should sleep alone, the room being plainly furnished, with no heavy draperies. A convenient cabinet for a cuspldore is an Important piece of furniture. The patient should dress warmly but not too heavily. Food should be freely given, hot toast before rising, full breakfast after a bath, heavy midday meal, a moderate supper, and milk or prepared foods between meals. He should be as much in the open air as possible, sheltered from hot sunshine or unpleasant winds. Hydro therapeutic measures should be used, gradually in creasing in severity. Last, but by no means least, he should be constantly under the supervision of a physician. A German physician recommends mer curic pressure in the treatment of rheu matism of the extremities. A deep glass is filled two-thirds full of quicksilver and the hand is plunged into this and allowed to remain a few moments under pressure. The hand is alternately immersed and taken out twenty or thirty times at each treatment, the result being a marked dimi nition of the swelling. As mercury costs about sixty cents a pound, and there is very little bulk to a pound, such a bath would cost at the least about $25, and this is necessarily adverse to its common use. If any one does try it, however, they should take precaution to remove rings from their fingers, as the mercury would amalgamate them and ruin them. The action of walking Is in reality a form of continual falling and saving one's self from falling. It may be compared to a wheel with but two spokes which alter nately swing forward like a pendulum, the hips corresponding to the axis and the feet corresponding to a segment of the rim. In walking, however, the legs should not be kept in a stiffened position, but should be moderately bent at the knee, otherwise walking will greatly fatigue the person. Dr. Bradfond, speaking of marching, con siders the flexion gait the natural one, and believes that it should be acquired in prac tice by all pedestrians among whom walk ing is of service, either as a means of healthy exercise or as a necessity. Broco, after feeding horses, ducks, chick ens, and guinea pigs with food soaked with alcohol, used "antlethyline" to coun teract the effects and claims remarkable results. In later experiments he injected it in drunkards, who, he says, will not touch anything containing alcohol. This cure applies, however, only to strong liquor, a taste remaining for light wines. General good health is restored by this treatment, but it seems powerless to affect organic changes resulting from Indulgence in alcohol. A San Francisco physician is said to have used a similar serum, but without success. U. J- -4. Many cases of chronic cough are due simply to an elongated ovula, which tickles the throat and excites it to cough in an at tempt to get rid of it, as is the case with any foreign object. Dr. Kilmer says that a ovula is elongated when it becomes of such a length as to cause trouble, and that the only treatment is amputation of the tip, removal of more than this being un necessary and uncalled for. In cases of re laxed ovula which irritates the throat in termittently,, astringents applied to it may be of use, but in this case the more ra tional treatment of snipping off the tip Is more efficacious, its results being perma nent. Medicine, above all things, .rfnould be free from trusts, for sickness n itself is suffi cient of an affliction without the additional tax of a monopoly in drugs or apparatus. Consul General Guenther, writing from Frankfort, according to tho United States 0T(aifi1l:9 Beautiful Set of Teeth, $2.50 ) Full Upper and Lower, $5.00) orii D3iital People in the World established and we are not compelled to offer low catch-prices for effect. We do Just as we advertise. To those who need 'extracting we rec ommend OUR PURE, unadulterated Vitalized Air. This is positively the only painless and harmless anaesthetic known to the dental profession. It Is taken with perfect safety by children, the very aged and the most delicate and nervous; and we assure all careful, courteous and gentle treatment. We are the sole owners of the famous elastic adhesive plate. Made from pure rubber, it retains its elasticity. It will bend without breaking from pressure produced by mastication. It fits closely in the mouth, is light and durable and sticks like a porous plaster. consular reports, states that, according to the German newspapers. In order to control prices and guard against the results of un restricted competition, the German manu facturers of bandages recently met at Ber lin to form an association. Among other propositions was one to establish supervi sion of the production by medical officials of the government, so that complaints from physicians, dealers and the public might be avoided. Prescriptions. In whooping cough Dr. Beall recommends the following: "Thymol, 20 grains; car bolic acid, oil of sassafras, oil of eucalyp tus, liquid tar oil of turpentine, of each 2 drachms; ether, 4 drachms; alcohol suf ficient to make three ounces. About thirty drops of this mixture are placed on a pad of such a size as to e conveniently hung around the child's neck, the application be ing renewed every two or three hours. In severe cases the Inhalation treatment Is supplemented by the internal administra tion of: Carbolic acid, 3 grains; bromide of sodium, 1 grain; tincture of belladonna, 20 drops; glycerine, 3 drachms; water suf ficient to make two ounces. The dose for a child three or four years of age is a tea spoonful. -f- A simple and often efficacious remedy for chronic rheumatism is Da Costa's formula: Fowler's solution (solution of arsenlte of potash), 2 drachms; iodide of potash, 2 drachms; simple syrup, 3 ounces. The dose is a teaspoonful three times a day after meals. L. N., iL D. THE VOICE OF THE PULPIT BRIEF AND SVGGESTIVB DISCOURSES OX OUR NATIONAL. LIFE By tbe Rer. Robert M. Patterson, D. D. LL. D., Presbyterian, of Phil adelphia Fa. He Is thy life and the length of thy days. Deut. xxx :20 Midway " between the birthday anniver saries of our two great Presidents, Wash ington and Lincoln, we may appropriately consider some of the political and moral principles recognized by both as of su preme importance to the Nation's welfare, even essential to its very me. The debt of gratitude which our coun try owes to its first President for alle-4 glance to God s moral law as a basis for the moral and judicial laws of the United States is apt to be lost sight of by many of us as we pay our tributes to the other notable qualities of the man. In Washington's time there were those who prophesied that this Nation would not last a hundred years, but he himself had faith that It would endure because it should hold steadfast to the principle of our text, viz: That God is the author of the life of a nation as really as of the Individual, and that love and obedience to Him is the condition of the prolongation of a nation's existence. - This declaration one of the "last words" of Moses, the law-giver was addressed to the Israelites as a nation as If they were an Individual. A nation has Its organic life, which is one. Just as really as an Indivi dual has his separate life, and it is dealt with on moral principles as a unit, and as a moral agent. As vice undermines the physical system of a transgressor hf God's moral laws, so does it in its various forms where'lt pre vails in a naticn corrupt and undermine the body politic. As irtue Is health to the body of a man, so is it to the life of a na tion. The one explanation of the death of all the great nations of the ancient world is to be found in their departure from these principles. MARVELOUS GROWTH. Look now for a moment at the develop ment of our Nation. Its growth and progress are among the marvels of history. The thirteen colonies that lay along the At lantic slope have expanded Into the forty nine States and Territories of our American Republic, that stretch away over the Mis sissippi valley, across the Rocky mountains, down to the placid waters of the Pacific. The less than the 3,000,000 of people have In creased to nearly 80.000.000. They own by right of settlement, of discovery, of pur chase and of conquest, a magnificent coun- iry, wnjen in ciimaie, agricultural prvouc tlveness, mineral treasure, is a microcosm of the world. Their 3,600,000 square miles of land (almost as large as the whole conti nent of Europe, with all Its great powers. and larger than the Roman empire and the empire of Alexander the Great ever were in their most splendid days) would support a population of 600,000,000 of human beings, and yet be no more thickly set tied than one of the smaller States now is. With resistless enterprise, urged forward through the steam power and electric In fluence, the people are swarming over these broad fields, which they have bound to gether by the Iron clamps of innumerable railroads stretching from ocean to ocean and from the gulf to the lakes. They con verse with each other by a curious network of wires which, extending ppider-weblike through the air and over the beds of rivers. make each community as a neighbor ot .every other. A thousand years are in the eight of Jehovah as one day; under the ex erclse of the inventive power which He has bestowed on man. a thousand miles are ' 0T(aifi1b9 Montlx 23 offices in the U. S. Our bridge work Is the best that can be made from pure gold. No danger of discoloration which is the result where low-grade metals are used. No danger of breaking, which follows lack of abil ity to build good work. But it can al ways be relied on to restore perfect mastication and natural appearance. A 3 S A A J A Our fillings are Inserted and our crowns adjusted by skillful o'perators and are guaranteed to save the teeth, restore beauty and use; all this with the least possible pain. Remember .we are the old reliable Tafts. We do not lack professional skill or reputation. We do not offer a worthless guarantee. OUR GUARAN TEE means something. It Indorses all our work. now only as the space which intervenes between our houses and the nearest tele graph office. Distance is annihilated, anl the Pacific and Atlantic are united by a band that the Almighty only can sever. Measured by whatever standard may be applied, no one can sneer at Americans when they claim to be a great Nation great In numbers and in resources, in power and in influence, in the history of the past and the prospects for the future. In the. results that have already been accom plished, and tn the mighty capabilities which God has bestowed upon us, we stand high up among the nations of the earth. Our territory doubled Itself In the first twenty years of Its existence. Increased three-fold In less than sixty years, and now Is five times as large as It was in the be ginning. The annual increase of our popu lation has been nearly three times as great as that of Prussia; more than four times as much as Russia; six times as much as Great Britain: nine times as much as Aus tria; ten times as much as France. Th figures in which we can state the present strength of the Nation in agriculture, man ufactures, commerce. Institutions educa tional and religious, are so sweeping that it is difficult for tho mind to grasp their full force. As our national Capitol, with the figure of American Liberty that crowns Its dome, towers so high above ail surrounding build ings that It is the first object which strikes the eye of the traveler approaching the city from whatever quarter, so our Nation itself is the cynosure of all the peoples of tha world. Truly, we may say "He hath not dealt so with any nation." Why make these statements? For national glorification? No; but as a striking proof of the text. WASHINGTON'S PRINCIPLES. Washington and the rest founded our Nation upon the principles of God's moral law. Its mighty development has been un der the influence of those principles. Not perfectly, indeed, have they been con formed to; there have been violations of them for which God has chastised the Kau tion, and checked what would have other wise been greater developments stilL In thd business enterprises or tne iana mere ns-vo been departures from morality which time, and again have resulted In panics that swept distress as a nurncane across ujo land. There have been connivance with sin. and transgressions in high places, whfrh have hroueht down the heavy hand of God upon us. But the life of the Nation was God-lnrused in tne oeginning. us in stitutions grew out of, and were founded nnnn. th law of God: and. with imperfec tions and aberrations, that law has given toe general tone to its government, ror that, in spite of departures from the per ffrHnn nf Ahedlpnpe. Its davs have been prolonged and its strength has been in creased. Wnshinn-ton's faith has not. thus far. nmvert vain? the nrlnclnles he held have) predominated throughout our history, andi they must oe mamtamca in me imurc This Nation's life has been a Christian life; and .in the interests or trutn, ror tne con tinuance and growth of the Nation, thla must be maintained against Irreligious men, skeptics, infidels, who cry: "Banish, chaplains, expel the Bible from education, abolish Thanksgiving and other religious proclamations; administer no Judicial oatns because they recognize the existence of God; repeal Sabbath laws; give up the, Christian morality which has all along per vaded the statute books of the land; giv Christianity no more standing before th law than Mohammedanism or atneism. These men are the enemies of the land; serpents in the paradise of America; sin ners against God and against their fellow creatures, against the history of the past nnri tho safetv of the future, against their own temporal and eternal welfare, and against the prosperity oi ine iana. iney and their principles must be resisted. We want to have our public men thor oughly pervaded by the Bible religion and morality; and the true sense of the word, religious statesmen. "Nationality is the aggregated Individuality of the great est men of the Nation" It has been eaid. And statesmen, we are told, snouia follow public opinion. Doubtless as a coachman follows his horses, having a firm hand on the reins and guiding them. And because our leaders spring from the people and are influenced by them, w need more and more to have the masses pervaded by sound principles. "National progress is the sum of indi vidual industry, energy and uprightness, as national decay is of Individual idleness, selfishness and vice." . We are all parts of this Nation, and each contributes his little toward the sum of its national life. In our individual concerns for time and for eternity, in body, in soul, and In estate, God deals with us on the principles of His revealed law; therefore, let us see to it that we each, in all our relations. day by day, live the Christian life In obedience to Him. "Put on the whole armor of God" for defense against every sin and wrong that may meet you. for aggressive movements against vice and irrcligion. and in favor of truth and virtue. So shall present and eternal happiness be yours; and so you shall help to prolong the days of this Na tion until the conquering Redeemer, shall merge all nationalities in Ills one universal government Dest Society In Havana. T. Bt Mott. in Scribner's Magazine. Americans generally have the Idea that in the old days the most brilliant social element in Havana were the Spanish offi cials and their suites. I wish they could see the horrible little outhouse in which six staff officers and their families wer supposed to live at the summer palace I It would servo to accentuate their mis take. As a matter of fact the social circle ol Havana has always been made up of Cu bans: Cubans with Spanish titles Gust at Canadians have English ones), and Cu bans without titles; rich Cubans and pool ones, but always and pre-eminently. If not delusively, Cubans. From the Captain General down. Spaniards were strängen and foreigner, who might or might not be admitted to these sacred precincts ac cording to no law whatever. Lore'i Kla. tCorrrUht by II. S. Stone & Cft.) KUs me but ono an1 in that rice iuprfro. My whole drk life fhali quiver to an rnd; Swe-t d?ath hii see my ln'art sni coruprrhn4 That life in crrwn-4 and In an entlJuMi gloim Will flx the color of th dying trvm. That life an4 death may men ai friend sxft friend An nliea Immortality to blend. Klf me but onre an'l o hall en1 mr dream. And then lve luard me ani betowei hit alsa. And Htraixht I crtd to death: i will not ditl l'arth la o fair "hen on remember thla; Life is tut Juft brrun ah, come not yrt! The. very world tmll" up ta kin the t':j i And In the crave on xnay Xorei-rorset.