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The Indianapolis journal. (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1867-1904, February 18, 1900, Part Two, Image 9

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JOURNA
Part Two
H
Pages 9 to 16
A
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
INDIANAPOLIS, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 18, 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
r
SUNDAY
INDIANA'S GREATEST DISTRIBUTERS
Elson Prints
The promised George Washing
ton series arrived Saturday. It
includes the Stuart portrait,
Washington crossing the Dela
ware and other famous pictures
of the life of him whose birth we
celebrate next Thursday. Isn't
there some one you'd like to re
member with a gift of one or the
series.
Elson Prints photogravures on etching
paper.
One One Dime
Series , One Dollar
Silk Stripe Challies
These,, are clever copies of the
beautiful French Javainaise
which we are enabled to offer at
less than half the price of the
more pretentious imported fabric
Some very choice patterns at
35c a yard.
Fancy Cheviots
Are among the fashionable con
ceits for the spring street costume.
Here are two well worth seeing.
Zlbeline Cheviots, In mottled stripes,
gray, biege and blue, 50 Inches
wide, a yard 81-23
Heather Mixtures, with a crisp worsted
finish, similar colorings, 43
Inches wide, at 81.73
Rare Dress Fabrics
Silk and wool have been com
bined into some rarely beautiful
novelty fabrics for this spring of
1900 pastel tinted barege with
woven borders and fringe, sheer
crepe weaves with large brocade
panels, crisp and lustrous
souffles, delicate nets and grena
dines with interwoven silk stripes,
etc, etc.
One Importation from PIcardy, France,
la more than worthy your attention. Of
all no two dress lengths are alike. Prices
rango from 815 to Sill).
Ehiuroidered Flannel
The finest quality Australian
wools, woven and dyed in Alsace
Loraine and embroidered in
America be3t in every sense of
the word.
SMALL DOTS
Bed on Cadet.
Black on Old Rose.
FLU ER DE LIS
Red on Green.
Red cn Blue.
Black on Rose.
Lilac on Lavender.
BOW KNOTS
Black on Pink.
Elack on Heliotrope.
81-35 and 81-75 a yard.
Bodice and Bolero
....Arc particularly
pretty mediums for
the showing of new
trimming effects. A
bodice like the il
lustration, made of
black spangles and
jet on net, is a
beauty at $8.50.
Boleros of Renaissance lace and
jet sell at $4.50 and $7.50. A
pretty style of braid on black
mousseline maybe had at $5.00.
9
I
u. 3. Ayres
"HERE IT IS AT LAST!"
AUTOMATIC MU8IO TURNER.
SAVES TIME, LABOR 'AND VEXATION.
YOU TOUCHj
WE TURN.
For sheet and book
music. Weighs less
than one pound;
handsomely finish
ed in highly polish
ed woods and orna
mental. Attached
to any piano, organ
or stand la nve sec
onds. A chfld can
operate it. Always
works and will out-
lire you. Nlcktl finish $3.50. Prices quoted
on inUid work with stiver finUhings. Ask your
music dealer and If you don't get it send to the
Factory, Locisviixe, Ky. Express prepaid
in the United States. Send style of rack.
IDEAL MANUFACTURING COMPANY.
i .JB
Majestic Ranges
GIVE ABSOLUTE SATISFACTION.
If you intend buying a Range do not (J07
mUs seeing the Majestic. Price. .)L
Yonnegnt Hardware Co. xXSSSSSJSwt.
Vehicles of Every Kind
And at prices to suit
all kinds of people
H.-T. CONDE IMPLEMENT CO.
27 to S3 Cnpltol Ave. North.
S, ... mmij 0vU UmUf VJ JU4,Uf t aW
OS
New Mattings
A carload of them arrived last
week, some from China, more
from Japan. Designs are mostly
in the much-sought diamond and
plaid effects as pictured above.
You'll want mattings almost
everyone does for summer floor
coverings. Why not choose from
an assortment where every pat
tern is new and every yard fresh
and pliable? These prices until
further notice:
At 15c, four styles.
At 18c, four styles.
At 20c, four styles.
At 25c, four styles.
At ftOc, three styles.
At 3ftc, three styles.
At SoC, two styles.
At 38c, two styles.
Ruffled Curtains .
These, when of net and lace
trimmed, are a most suitable
substitute in downstairs rooms
for the more expensive laces.
What we show are made of Boblnet,
with strong lace trimming's. They are
fuil width and three yards long. Will
launder well. Don't believe you 'can
match our qualities at these low prices
2-48. 83. S3.6S and up to SG 50
a pair. '
The Swiss Curtains
Wonders of littleness are the
prices of these fresh and crisp
window hangings. Nicely ruffled
styles as follows:
At GOc, one simple but good style.
At 85c three different effects.
At 94c, two good qualities.
At 81.18. two others that cannot help
but please.
Colored Curtains
Promise greater popularity than
ever. Our present complete as
sortment enables .us. to offer you
perfect harmony for any scheme
of interior decoration.
A dozen styles at 81G8 a pair.
Swisses by the yard, to match any
of them, for Bed Coverings, at
SOc and 2,"c
Other good Swisses at lfjc
A Water Color
Exhibition
Will be Held in Our
Art Department
Beginning Tuesday Morning Next
Among the artists whose work
will be shown are s"uch well
known names as
J, Macpherson-Haye and Will Ander
son, of England; D. F. Ilasbrook, a fre
quent exhibitor at the National Acad
emy of Design, New York; F. S. Me
dalry, whose pictures excited much fa
vorable comment at the Omaha exposi
tion; Mazinl, a French artist, well known
for his Oriental pictures; Laura Hunt, a
clever figure painter; A. Taunay, of New
York; S. A. Mulholland, of Philadelphia;
W. C. Hartson. B. J. Harnett, W. C.
Bauer, A. T. Bazane and others.
The pictures are typical of the
best work of these artists. The
collection is large and by its vari
ety in both subjects and treat
ment, gives promise of a pleasant
hour for every visitor.
THE PUBLIC IS INVITED.
CATALOGUES FREE.
&,Co, Rw. 3. Ayres Sc. Co,
PHYSICIANS.
DR. C. I. FLETCHER,
RESIDENCE IOCS North Pennsylvania stratc
OFFICE ;u Fouth Meridian street.
Offlca Hours t to 10 a. m.; 2 to 4 p. m.; 7 to t
p. m. Telephones Offlca. 07: rt Idence. iZl.
Dr. W. B. Fletcher's SANATORIUM
Blentnl sod rroni Dliennet.
lit NORTH ALABAMA STREET.
DR. J. n. KIIUvPATIUClv.
Diseases of Women and the It ec tarn.
PILES cured by hli eafe and easy metho-1. No
detention from business. Office. 21 East Ohio.
WI. R. GEORGE, VI. D.. D. o;
Sixth Floor. Stevenson rjulldlnir.
DR. HANSLMAIR
v The German Specialist,
Cures all Nervous Diseases. "Weakness,
Diseases of the Blood and Skin and dis
eases resulting from the violation of the
laws of health.
Corner Pennsylvania and Washington Sts
ODD FELLOWS BUILDING.
Beers, Wines, Champagnes,
WHISKIES, GINS and BRANDIES.
SKND TO
JAC.METGüKäs CO.
Also all kinds cf MINERAL WATERS. Tel 77
Harti Mountain and St. Andrcsbcrj Canaries"
L-. irro, mocmng uro, european
Mack and brown thrushes, mum.
V" - Mack and brov
iVV flr.ches. etc. Aqi
wrf A tioki fishes. Hi
Cp " upward. Mockli
bird aeed, 3 lbs.
luariums and globes.
Urasa cares. Coc and
Mockln bird food. 1. 1
for Zoe txi iUix.
chusetta arenuo.
C. F. K LEITER.
c5 CO
OF DRY GOODS
Black Goods
Any story of black goods values
that we might relate of this pop
ular department would be an in
teresting one. They are like the
Kentuckian's amber beverage,
'All's good but some's better'n
others." We've picked out some
of the best to tell about values
that will stand favorable com
parison with the best in the land.
Here's one quality All-wool, 27-inch
Worsteds, that come In four different
designs, from plain Granite to
Dotted Diagonal, a yard 50c
This is a wider width (44 inches), and
finer; neat, pretty designs that stand
wear and shed dust; choose from
six different styltä at.. 75c
Aiohalr Matelasse, Velour . background,
with neat, bright markings and figures,
stylish new goods that Just ar-
? rived in a German importation, a
yard
S5c
French makes, as usual, dominate the
showing of soft-finished goods. Ours al
ways measure from 42 to 43 Inches In
width and include these fashionable
weaves Biarritz, Crepe, Rayetlne, Pru
nella, Silk-warp Alma and vari
ous corded and striped effects, a
yard ....81-25
Hard to pick the best value among the
Cheviots. Fact is, there's your money's
worth In nv quality from SI. 25 to
Jt SO a yard. For a medium weight,
pure Worsted, you'll see noth
ing better than this 60-Inch
Cheviot at 8133
For Tailored Suits, Venetian stands a
universal favorite. But a cheap quality
Is not pretty; the finest are very ex
pensive. That's why we recommend
your seeing these two. They are
wonders of value; a yard,
81-75 and 81. 50
Fine French Sultlnrs are represented by
a number of beautiful and lustrous
weaves cords, stripes, etc.
Your best dress demands them;
priced 8150 to 82 50
New Suits are
Arriving Daily
Models of perfect tailoring,
graceful examples of symmetrical
and fashionable designing. Very
short coats predominate and
skirts in most instances are in the
Windsor style close-fitting with
box-plaited back.
Elegant Silk-lined Venetian Costumes
are shown in two complete as
sortments at 8IH) and 835 00
Similar qualities, which are made with
out silk lining in the skirt, are
available at 823-75
Handsome hair-line striped
Cheviot Suits are priced 819.75
The Closing Sale of
Winter Costumes
Continues at these much-reduced
prices, $12.75, $14.75, $17.50 and
$19.75 for choice of stock. As
spring styles are only slight
modifications of what you'll note
in these, there's more than a price
reason for your seeing them.
THE SECRETS
of easy and al
most painless
childbirth art
all told in a
handsomely il
lustrated book
entitled "Be
I fore Baby is
Born," a copy
of which will be
6ent free on re
quest to every
expectant mo
ther. The boo
also tells about
that truly great liniment known as
MOTHER'S FRJEIJE3
which modifies all the distress, pain and
danger of the period of pregnancy and
insures rapid recovery.
Druggists sell Mother's Frleed for SI a bottle.
IXE BRADFIZI.D RGÜLAT02COAt2aata,Ga
"Wegman" Pianos
Will stand natural gas or furnace
heat. Examine them.
CARLIN & LENNOX, Music House,
5 to O East Market Street.
SCAI.i S TEA CI LS. STAMPS.
5TENCI LSSTAKPSi
FREI BADGES. CHECK &C I
SUlLiTIDtANSL Grouxd FiaexJ
!7irnT.ilAXEU
1 m m m .m mm m
CATAUCUt
FROM CADIZ TO SEVILLE
BY RAILWAY ALO.XG THE DAX KS OP
Tlin FAMOUS GUADALQl'IVCR.
Where Fiahlnsr la Brought to a
Science and Fiah-CookluK an Art
A Great Salt Industry.
Correspondence of the Indianapolis Journal.
SEVILLE. Sraln, Jan. 0. It sounds Hi
bernian, but is nevertheless true, that the
most interesting: things In Cadiz are out-
sido of it tho products of sea and land
ae exemplified In the fisheries and the wine
trade. The best way to get a correct Idea
of the former is to turn fisherman yourself
and learn from practical experience rather
than from records of the annual catch.
First to the old sea wall, where a motley
crowd sits all day long with legs hanging
over, angling with such persistency that
their patience has passed Into a proverb
familiar throughout Spain "la paclencla
de un pescador do cana." Some of the very
best fish in the world, Including the cele
brated salmonette, or red mullet, the "St.
Peter," the "mero," the "gold head," are
waiting by thousands to be hauled up at
the end of a lino dangling from a canc
stalk. At any rate, to go fishing from the
ramparts of Cadiz la something you should
not miss, not so much for the fish as for
the novel experience. The January sun,
which In this latitude is like that of north
ern June, reflects with double intensity
from tho burnished sea in front and the
glare of white walls behind, but the breeze
is cool and constant, and If wise In your
day and generation your brow is shaded
with a broad sombrero.
Sailors from all parts of the world fre
quent this seawall, including many Moors
arid Africans from the other side of the
Mediterranean. There too are troops of
King Alfonso's soldiers In gorgeous uni
forms, whose countenances, like Casslus's,
wear "a lean and hungry look;" pompous
officials; French and English merchants;
Portugese traders; beggars and peddlers
galore; promenading grande dames with
lace mantillas partially covering their shin
ing hair; and bevies of giggling senorltas,
fining with fans and eyelids under the very
noses of watchful duennas.
The seaward view Is glorious. The noble
bay of Cadiz, more than thirty miles In
extent, is almost entirely land-locked. The
outer bay, stretching from Rota village,
at the foot of tho promontory, to the Guad-
alete river, is lined with medieval lorts;
the inner-bay protected by the Matagorda
and Puntales fortifications, the isthmus in
trenchment8, Cordadura castle and Fort
San Fernando. These fisheries have been
celebrated through thirty long centuries,
and the salmonete you are hauling up to
day at the end of a string may be lineal
descendants of the same which supplied
the luxurious Romans with their favorite
tidbit when Rome was new on her seven
hills. Perhaps on this very spot wise old
Apollonias sat when he studied .the phe
nomena of the tMs and arrived at the con
clusion that the waters were sucked In
and sent out again by submarine winds;
and Solenus, who disputed his thetory and
sagely urged that the ebb and flow was
caused by huge sea animals I
FISHING FOR TUNNIES.
For tunny fishing, you must go out In. a
felucca, right under the rusty guns of
Matagorda and Puntales, to the rocky islets
called "Los Puercos" and "Los Cochlnos"
(the pigs and chickens), that obstruct the
harbor entrance. The passage is also en
cumbered by shifting mud-banks, deposited
by the Guadalite and Santl Petri rivers, in
which the tunnies bury themselves during
th'e breeding season. On the main land, at
the mouth of the Guadalite, Is the town of
Carraca, with a thousand inhabitants and
a most unsavory reputation as to morals.
It contains the naval arsenal, defended by
tne cross-fire of two forts, and the royal
dock yards, with twelve slips and three
spacious basins. Close by, on the isthmus,
is a fashionable and much frequented bath
ing place, and farther on are a dozen
others, reminding you of the Jeweled cres
cent of New York harbor by night, studded
with electric lighted resorts. Right here,
in the sheltered bay of San Fernando, are
the famous tunny fisheries, which supplied
the ancients with sea food of the highest
price the same which gave rise to the
Greek eprigram:
"Bass congers head and tunny's under
side.
Are luxuries to slender means denied."
They liked salmonete better, but tunny
was dearer, and, llko swells of modern
times, tho philosophers favored that which
was farthest removed from hoi pollol. The
wisest men of Greece and Rome set their
mighty wits to work over new receipts for
tunny cooking. Athenaeus recommended
that tho fish be stuffed with onions and
served with acrid condiments, and the
LIgurlans ate only the "under part,"
stewed in oil and Corslcan wine, with
pounded pepper anl chopped onions. You
may find it to-day on the tables of all
Mediterranean steamers, cut up into brown
strips that look like mahogany shavings,
floating in grease as naäty a mess as can
well be Imagined. But the flsh itself, as
seen in its native element, is beautiful
dark, lustrous blue on the back, shining
with the tint of polished steel, shading
underneath to dull silver. It feeds on sar
dines, pilchard, mackerel and even the
young of its own species, and by an ad
mirable law of compensation is in. its turn
preyed upon by larger flsh, to say nothing
of its greatest enemy, man. It is said to
vary in flavor according to the locality in
which it grew, the best being caught off
the shores of Sicily and Province.
According to Aristotle the best way to
catch a tunny Is to spear It while It Is
basking on the surface of the sunlit sea.
The Thracians rigged up a contrivance
by which they pierced many flsh at once
as they lay in their winter quarters in the
mud. A short, thick leaded pole had on
its under side a number of barbed and
serrated spear heads. This weapon was
slung by a long rope to the bow of the
boat, from which it was hurled with such
force as to cause terrible execution among
the unsuspecting flsh, impaling them by
scores. The modern method of catching
them Is with the seine. They are timid
flsh and the slightest unusual sound or
motion will so confuse and terrify them
that they rush blindly into the nets. Cadiz
fishermen stretch the seine across the
rocky Islets at the mouth of the bay, then
shout and churn the water with their pad
dles, after which the full nets are drawn
taut.
THE SPANISH CUISINE.
It is a blessed thing for poor old Spain
that flsh are cheap and plentiful, other
necessaries being so heavily taxed and the
original price on all edibles doubled by du
ties levied at the city gates. For example.
fresh meat, which is nearly all brought j
over from Tanglers, bad at its best and
usually spoiled in iceless transit, retails
from 50 to SO cents a pound. The common
people never taste it at all. Chickens are
from 75 cents to $1.50 each. But in Cadiz
one may always live well and cheaply on
fish. Everywhere along the streets and
ramparts are little open booths in which
you can get a delicious fish meal for a few
cents. The fish are cooked in kettles of
olive oil over charcoal braslers. When
served there is no flavor of the oil about
them or even a greasy appearance, but
even and delicately browned as the best
chef at Delmonlco's could do. The oil is
first cleared of any fiavo'r by cooking in
it a few bits of dog fish, which has the
same effect, known to Yankeo housewives,
of potatoes cooked in burned lard, the po
tatoes absorbing all taste and smell.
The proverb, "God sends meat and the
devil cooks," Is of Iberian origin. The
Spanish word for cooking food guesar
sounds strikingly like disguise; and truly,
Spanish grease and garlic go far toward
disguising anything edible. Cadiz has a
peculiar flavor all its own, in food as in
everything else. Its hotels are the poor
est imaginable, their attempted French
cuisine modified by the savage taste of the
yisigoth. There are many cases de
huspedes, answering to our boarding houses
and restaurants, which the majority pat
ronize rather than the hotels. All open
directly upon the busy streets. In full view
of passers-by on tho narrow sidewalks,
which are always lined with beggars, to
whose outstretched, imploring hands the
soap of "Old Castle" is manifestly a stran
ger. Only two meals a day are served,
breakfast and dinner; but as each occu
pies at least two hours, and three or four
on occasions of ceremony, every dish of the
interminable courses being served by itself
there Is no time for any more. On enter
ing a public dining room, though you have
never seen a soul there before and prob
ably never will again, you salute the room
ful by a comprehensive salaam and an all
embracing "buenos dlas," or "buenos
tardes," according to the hour; and on leav
ing the room you bow again to the re
maining company and wish them "I3uen
provecho les haga a V. V" "May your
meal profit you." Omission of this courtesy
is considered gross vulgarity. But some
how, Spanish politeness Is a thin veneer
which gives out in spots. The men always,
wear their hats at hotel tables, women eat
with their knives and openly pick their
teeth, and both draw water noisily Into
their mouths and eject it on the floor
when the meal is over.
A dedclous dish that is frequently served
n Cadiz at least we thought it delicious
until we learned what it was is
called cangrejos. It is the fore
claws of crabs, that part of the ani
mal being used. The coast marshes be
yond Puntales breed innumerable small
crabs. Men, women and children make a
business of hunting them, tearing off the
fore legs of the living animal, and then
turning it loose, maimed and suffering, to
grow new legs and be again and again
dismembered. To be sure they are only
crabs; but had they voices, think what
cries of agony would rise to heaven from
the Cadiz marshes.
It is no wonder that Spain has been
overrun with smugglers since time out of
mind. Heavy taxes on the most neces
sary food articles make living expenses so
very high that the smugglers ought to be
regarded as public benefactors rather
than lawbreakers. Neither city nor
state derives any great benefit from the
Imposts, for most of the money goes into
the pockets of petty officials hence the
smuggler trade appears to be ine safest In
the country. Everybody in Spain plun
ders everybody beneath him, beginning
with king and clergy, and so on down,' to
the servants, who also have their servants,
who in turn take it out of their donkeys.
ALONG THE GUADALQUIVER.
The distance from Cadiz to Seville Is
about ninety-six miles by railway, and
considerably more by the Guadalqulver.
Unsophisticated travelers may choose the
river route for the romance of the thing,
but they will never do it a second time.
The only romance about the historic river
Is its name the Arab Wad-al-keber,
("great river"), pronounced in Spain wah-dal-ke-veer.
The gray and turbid stream
is navigable as far as Cordova, and barges
of 103 tons may ascend to Seville. The
river scenery is of the tamest treeless
plains, with hedges of "prickly pear" cac
tus; farther on, fields of wheat and corn,
and by and by the vineyards of Xeres.
Going by rail you come upon a novel
sight Just beyond the isthmus marshes.
Far as the eye can .see, the whole land
scape is studded with small, snow-white
pyramids thousands of glistening mounds,
each In the center of a square plot, dug
out like a flower bed and filled with salt
water. The pyramids are solid salt, the
shallow beds arc the pans in which salt is
evaporated, and everywhere are little
canals, bringing in seawater. The salt
crystallizes first . along the edges of the
pans, when it looks like a border of fresh
fallen snow. It takes about a fortnight
for one of these to evaporate, except when
a levante blows the "norther" so dreaded
elsewhere, which, like those of Texas, al
ways come from the south. The drying
power of Ahe levante is so great that three
of four day 8 will evaporate the salt; hence
tho more disagreeable the wind, the better
pleased are the miners. Some idea of the
extent and importance of this salt Industry
may be inferred from the fact that it sup
ports a town of 27,000 souls San Fernando,
ten miles from Cadiz. It is a gay little
city, with snow-white houses and fantas
tic lattices, but it is said that its citizens
can hardly bo classed among "the salt of
the earth," though depending entirely upon
salt for a living.
In the neighborhood of Xeres, now
called Jerez, wnere the famous sherry is
made, vineyards occupy all the land that
Is not covered with "bodega's" and manu
facturers of wine. Some of the bodegas, or
wine cellars, are said to contain as many
as 15,000 butts. Piles of casks extend for
miles on both sides of the track, and one
marvels that so much liquid, good or bad,
can ever be disposed of. Speaking of the
magnitude of this industry, an English
fellow-traveler told me that last year up
wards of twelve million dollars worth of
German alcohol (made of beets and pota
toes) was imported into Spain, for the solo
purpose of adulterating Xeres sherry for
the foreign trade. We shall visit the place
later from Seville and learn more about
it.
As travelers approaching our national
capital, see from afar the Washington
monument dominating the landscape, so
we caught the first sight of the Moorish
Geralda while yet a long way from Seville,
rising above olive groves and gardens, with
the green hills of the Guadalqulver for an
appropriate background. As we drew
nearer, a hundred magnificent structures
came into view; the Alcazar, with its
courtyards and fountains, the cathedral
with forty bells, the Casa del Ayuntamlen-
to, and palaces whose names are yet to be
learned. FANNIE B. WARD.
HENRY CLAY IN fNDIANA.
Recollections of Ills Electioneering
Campaign in JSI2.
In the last week of September, 1S42, Henry
Clay, accompanied by Senator Crittenden
and Governor Metcalf, with other friends.
came to Indiana on an electioneering tour
preparatory to his race for President in
1S4L Mr. Clay unwisely, as it would seem,
brought with him his slave Charley as a
body servant. Charley was repeatedly told
that as he came into the State by the con
sent of his master he was a free man. but
declined to leave his master and made the
tour of the State with him.
The first stop made by the party was
in Richmond, where Clay made his first
great speech In Indiana. The audience was
a very large one, composed largely of vot
ers known to be opposed to slavery. Be
fore commencing his speech one Menden
hall handed Mr. Clay a petition, numerous
ly signed, praying him to emancipate his
slaves, and this petition became the
foundation of Clay's speech. In the con
clusion, after declining to obey the prayer
of tho petitioners and stating his reasons,
he said: "Go home, Mr. Mendenhall; mind
your own business and I will attend .to
mine." This was exactly what Menden
hall expected, and probably what he de
sired. It made the foundation for a third
party of political Abolitionists which nomi
nated John G. Birney, who, as is well
known, received votes enough in the State
of New York alone to defeat Clay. Peo
ple can see now that Clay's election was
impossible after that speech, though they
did not then.
The Whigs always considered Clay as
anti-slavery, though he owned slaves, but
as Washington and others of the early
Presidents had been slave holders they
were inclined to look upon it as a misfor
tune rather than a fault. When, however,
Mr. Clay boldly brought a slave with him
into a free State and apologized for the
system, if he did not Justify it, some of
his warmest friends became lukewarm In
his support. Had he remained at homo
and said nothing about the system of slav
ery there is the strongest reason to believe
he would have been elected. His election
would have changed the whole policy of the
government. The annexation of Texas
would have been postponed and there
would have been no war with Mexico. Cali
fornia would have been settled by Ameri
cans, and, with Oregon, become an inde
pendent republic, which would long since
have formed a union and become a part
of the United States.
Clay and his friends left Richmond the
first week in October for Indianapolis,
traveling in carriages over the National
road, which at that season of the year was
in excellent condition, and- tho party
reached Knlghtstown the first day, where
It put up for the night. The following
mornlnj I reached the town before the
tourists departed' and had my first sight
of the great Kentucklan. There resided
then at Knlghtstown one of Napoleon's
soldiers. Col. J. J. Lemanouski, a Polander,
who at the close of Napoleon's wars came
to this country and made the acquaint
once of Clay. They were taking a morn
ing walk arm in arm on the street, deeply
engaged In conversation. Both Clay and
Lemanouski were tall and commanding In
appearance, calculated to excite the ad
miration of one who never saw them be
fore. I afterwards heard the colonel de
liver his great lecture on the Spanish In
quisition, which Napoleon overthrew. He
said the priests who stood by and wit
nessed the destruction fully expected the
Lord to strike the commander dead then
and there, but Providence declined to Inter
fere and save the sacred edifice.
It. was 9. o'clock in the morning before
the party, which was greatly increased on
leaving Richmond, took up the line of
march on its way to Indianapolis. It was
a typical October day, and the road was so
good that the cavalcade could move with
rapidity. Greenfield was reached about
midday, and here Mr. Clay stopped for re
freshments and held a reception for an
hour or more for the benefit of such of the
citizens of Hancock county as chose to
call on him, and a large number availed
themselves of the opportunity. The Journey
was then resumed and Indianapolis reached
tne same evening, though Clay stopped
with a friend a few miles east of the city
for the night, to prepare for his expected
speech the following day. The people of
Indianapolis, anticipating a great crowd to
hear the speech, opened their houses to
entertain visitors, and had committees sta
tioned on all roads entering the city to as
sign visitors to quarters. Before reaching
the corporate limits I met a member, of the
committee, C. W. Cady, a well-known in
surance man of that day, who directed me
to go to the house of Henry P. Coburn,
clerk of the Supreme Court for many
years. His house was an unpretentious
structure and stood not far from the lot
now occupied by the Blind Asylum. I
went to this house and Gen. John Coburn,
then a big boy, took care of my horse and
did the honors of the house, so far as I
was concerned.
The people from distant parts of the
State had been arriving all day In wagons
or on horseback, and while, since the con
struction of railroads and increase of popu
lation, more people have assembled in the
capital city on some occasions, it Is cer
tain no meeting ever assembled there
which made the same display of people and
their means of transportation. The exer
cises took place in tho ample grove which
surrounded the house of Governor Noble,
who made the speech of welcome to Clay
and his companions, who responded. The
speech of Clay did not, as I now remember,
after the lapse of fifty-seven years, fully
satisfy the expectations of his admirers,
but It was conceded that Crittenden made
a great speech. The most eloquent speech
delivered from the stand was that of
Joseph L. White, a distinguished orator of
that day, who left Indiana many years ago
and settled In New York.
M. L. BUNDY.
New Castle, Ind., Feb. 17.
Dissipation in Rending.
Christian Advocate.
There is such a thing as intellectual glut
tony. Some persons are so fond of read
ing that they devour everything that
comes within their reach, asking no ques
tions concerning its quality or utility.
Such a person is the one who begins at
the title page of his newspaper and read?
It steadily through, advertisements and all.
Such an one is he who reads the maga
zlnes through by course, reading every
article that Is printed, in so far as he has
the time, and remembering nothing1 a day
after of all he has read. The young per
son who forms such a habit is involving
himself In a sortpf dissipation which rulm
the mental powers and makes a sad Jum
ble of the individual. He finally loses his
faculty of concentration altogether. It if
not so much the amount of reading one
does as the facts which he rememberM, the
discipline he acquires and the knowledgt
which he is able to utilize that makes him
a person of culture and enables him to
take his place among thoughtful men and
women.
SLOW PROGRESS IN CHINA
YKT THE LKAVCX OF CIVILIZATION
IS SURELY AT WOIllC,
Signs Showlnsr that iy Ideas Are
Taking1 Hold Tfillmony of an IZ
Indlnnlnn Influence of Physicians.
Corrtpondne of the Indian polU Journal.
PEKING, China, Dec. SS.-At a delightful
luncheon given recently by Mrs. Squires,
the wife of the first secretary of the United
States legation. I had the pleasure of meet
ing the venerable Dr. W. A. V. Martin.
president emeritus of the Imperial Tung
Wen College and acting president of th
new University of Peking, to which he was
chosen a year ago. Dr. Martin is a native
of Indiana and an alumnus of the Indiana
State University. He Is seventy-three
years of age and he has been more closely
connected with Chinese diplomacy and the
opening of Chinese ports than any man
now living. He came to China first as a
missionary under the Tresbyterlan Beard
of Foreign Missions, and, acquiring the
language, was employed by the Chinese
government as Interpreter and in many
other important capacities. For two yean
he served our own government, as he him
self states in his recent book, "A Cycle
of Cathay," at a critical epoch when
treaties were negotiated which led to the
opening of Teklng. He was associated
with the late Dr. Williams as Interpreter
to Mr. William B. Reed, the United States
minister during the difficulties of the
French and English at Tien-Tsin in 1K3-60,
and with Mr. Ward, Mr. Reed's successor,
and the success of the negotiations was
largely due not only to Dr. Martin's knowl
edge of Chinese character, but of their in
tricate etiquette a matter quite as im
portant There Is no doubt but that his
experience and counsel prevented our some
what rash and impetuous representatives
from making serious blunders which would
have greatly embarrassed them, both per
sonally and politically.
Dr. Martin is considered one of the raon
thorough Chinese scholars in the empire,
speaking the language with perfect fluency
and having a wide and thorough knowl
edge of the Chinese classics. During all the
fluctuations of opium from resigned tol
eration to positive hostility toward for
eigners he has always kept the high es
teem of the Chinese authorities, even the
dowager Empress, who Is the representa
tive of the ultra-conservative element,
showing her friendliness In indorsing his
appointments as president of the new uni
versity. In addition to Chinese, Dr. Martin epeaki
almost all the modern languages. His
book, which I have mentioned, he frank
ly admitted he would have never written
had he expected to return to China after
his visit to the United States several years
ago. He is now living within the Im
perial city, in the university, which
women are not permitted to even visit.
"A thoroughly monastic institution,'1 as he
termed it. He had Just received zn impor -tant
piece of information which gratified
him greatly, although he said that it would
undoubtedly affect his own educational
field to a greater or less degree.
A LONG STEP FORWARD.
A memorial had Just been presented th
dowager Empress recommending the estab
lishment of a fully equipped modern school
of technology in Peking, with a staff of
competent European and American instruc
tors. The memorial, he said, gave evidence '
of a thorough consideration of the ques
tion and a comprehensive knowledge of
such institutions as they are conducted
in the United States. He thought this a
matter of the utmost Importance, since It
showed that the dowager Empress had
been forced in a measure to abandon her
policy of conservatism and to acknowledge
the irresistible advance of western Ideas.
It also showed, he thought, that she had
been brought to tolerate the views of the
Emperor, and that their relations. In con
sequence, were more friendly than they
had been a year ago.
What such a change means can only be
realized by those who were on the ground
at the time of the Emperor's enforced re-
tlrement; at the time of the coup d'etat,
while foreigners were not molested, and
were not really In much danger, there wat
a feeling that they were under suspicion.
The mobbing of Bishop Cranston and Dr.
Lowry. of the Methodist mission, which led
to ordering United States marines to Pe
king to protect the consulate a course pur
sued by the various European represen
tatives also was not, as Is known, the re
sult of any concerted action. Dr. Crans
ton had unfortunately chosen a public Tea ft
day to arrive In Peking, which he had been
advised not to do. The attack was a sud
den outburst the desire of a few conserva
tive partisans to show their zeal and an
attempt to avoid its repetition by taking
a roundabout way from the railroad sta
tion was thwarted by Dr. Lowry'a carter,
who misunderstood his orders. The com
mon people, however, almost universally
believed that the foreigners were secretly
doomed; the free dispensaries connected
with the missions, where hundreds of men,
women and children receive medical treat
ment daily, were practically deserted, and
the boarding schools attended by Chinese
boys and girls were seriously crippled for
weeks. Confidence was finally restored,
and the foreigners now seem to have a
stronger hold on the people than before.
This Is praticularly true of the schools and
the medical missions. With all their super
stition, their apparent faith in their dl-
vines and necromancers, even the ignorant
Chinese show a surprising confidence in
western physicians and cj?p:lally in
women physicians. They submit to surgi
cal operations, to medication of all torts,
with unquestioning faith for they arc keen
and shrewd enough to Judge their advisers
by the results which they achieve.
INFLUENTIAL EXAMPLES.
The woman phytlclan Is called lu to at
tend women and children, in the homes of
the most powerful and influential officials
of the government, Lady LI. the wife of
LI Hung Chang, having been one of the
moet liberal supporters of the Methodist
mission in Ti'en-Tsln and now undergoing
treatment here in Peking, and receiving
dally visits from a highly-skilled Ameri
can woman physician. There can be no
doubt but the intimacy that must exist
between a physician and her patient has
had much to do with reassuring the
Chinese as to the foreigner; they have
found that they do not exert the baleful
influence of the "evil eye," as they have
been charged with doing, and that thflr
remedies are not largely composed of in
fants' hearts, brains and Lluod, as was the
current belief and they hav e come to recog
nlzo the curative qualities of such common
remedies as castor xll and quinine, con-
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