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WKKKL.Y ESTAHLTSIIED IfTZ. 1 "VOT T "VO Kl DAILT ESTABLISHED 150. J JJ, JU i J, OVJ. INDIANAPOLIS, MONDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 19, 1900. T)T)tati O flTJVTC t AT AILWAY NEWS STANDS. A 1v10j2j O LXll lc. TRAINS AND SUNDAYS, & CUN 1INTS. 7 BETWEEN MIL Boer Army Practically on the Defensive Be tvveen General Roberts and Bullen Magnificent Work of French's Column Has Made the New Situation Possible, and General Ac tivity Continues on All Sides. GEN. BULLER IS ADVANCING STEADILY Methuen's Army Now Available for Service in Conjunction with Lord Roberts. Some Lively Work Around Dordrecht, with Uniform British SuccessesActivity of Boers Around Ladysmith Rumor About Cronje. LONDON, Feb. 15, 4:50 a. m.-It is now Amply confirmed that General Cronje escaped. Every detail received, however, proves how admirably Lord Roberts's plans were conceived and were succeeding. But for tbe unexpected delay- at Dekiel's drift which was almost impassablo for wagons, the whole Boer force would have been sur rounded. The delay of one day there gave them their chance for a hasty retreat. All the other movements of Lord Roberts were executed exactly to time. Apparently Gen eral Cronje Is retreating with the main army, and even If he escapes altogether, he will probably lose all his baggage. There is still something doubtful about the capture of the British convoy. Accord ing to a Iaily Mail correspondent with the convoy which consisted of two hundred wagons, each loaded with six thousand pounds of rations and forage and each drawn by sixteen oxen It was quite un expectedly attacked by a commando sup posed to come from Colesberg. The escort, consisting of eighty of the Gordon High landers, forty men of the army service corps and a few of Kitchener's horse, maintained a defense until tbe arrival of reinforcements, sustaining Insignificant casualties. The Standard's correspondent at Jacobs dal, telegraphing Tnursday, Ten. 15, says: "An attack was made yesterday on the rear guard of our main body by a force of 1,400 Boers who were hurried up from Colesberg. They succeeded in capturing some of our wagons, but Lord Roberts did not delay his march to retake these. There were few casualties on our side. The last of our supply columns arrived from lloneynest kloof to-day, having met with no opposition on the way.' ASSISTANCE FOR CRONJE. Specials from Ladysmlth report an ap parent movement on the part of the Boers toward the Free State, presumably with the object of assisting General Cronje. The news that General Buller is attempting another crossing of the Tugela, east of Colenso, after the capture of Hlandwane hill, therefore gives great satisfaction. Buller's losses so far have been about twenty wounded. His entire army, with the exception of General Hart's brigade, is engaged ir. the operation. It is announced that the channel squad ron, instead of going to Gibraltar, has been ordered to remain in British waters until March. A dispatch to the Times from Naauw--poort describing the retirement to Arun del, draws attention to the devotion of twenty men of the Victoria Mounted Rifles, who were caught in a trap and died to a sian, fighting to tho last. The Dally News publishes the following dispatch, dated Sunday morning, Feb. 13, from Modder river: "Our sudden appearance seems to have astounded the enemy and thrown them into a panic. All their positions were hurriedly evacuated, and, the big guns at Magersfon tein and Kimberley were left behind. Gen eral Cronje moved his transport, consist ing of many hundred wagons, along a bank of kopjes north of the Modder river toward Koffyfontein. It got past our mounted in fantry, but owing to weariness had to stop. Thereupon our artillery opened up on it. The main body of the Boer force kept up a running fight the whole day, vainly try ing to escape. Each time their advance guard sought to move off our mounted in fantry galloped around and checked them. We never attempted to stop their main movement, contenting ourselves with try ing to check them. Their position at Koffy fonteln is said to be very strong. They entertain a wholesome dread of ten thou sand cavalry moving more quickly than they do themselves. We hope to be in Bloemfonteln shortly." The Dally News has another dispatch from the Modder river, military camp, dated Sunday morning, which says: . "At dawn Friday the Boers were ob served moving wagons along tho kopjes to ward Koftyfonteln. Our mounted infantry as cent out from Klip drift, but was driven back and tho enemy's wagons passed. General Knox's Twelfth Brigade, however, quickly attacked ihe enemy's main tody and severe fighting went on all day. tit a line which was very extended. STON V The enemy, making a desperate attempt, finally escaped owing to tho Serpentine bend in the river. The mounted infantry suffered from the trying flanking move ment. Our force has now been reinforced." The correspondent of the Times at Mod der river, -wiring yesterday, says: "General Cronje's army of ten thousand. men, with a thousand wagons, is in full retreat toward Bloemfonteln, hotly pursued by General Kelly-Kenny. It will probably be a rear guard fight all the way to Bloemfonteln. Our cavalary has already returned from Kimberley to Join in the pursuit." MANY STORIES AFLOAT. At midnight Sunday the War Office an nounced that it had no news to give out. Much of rumor, however, and considerable news, is current. Rumors have been in cir culation at the clubs and elsewhere in London this evening that General Conje, with armx-of 7.00O,Aen-hasbeencptured. Apparently they emanted from the conti nent. No confirmation of this story can be obtained here. A dispatch from Jacobsdal, under date of Saturday, says: "General Kelly-Kenny is still pursuing the Boers. He has now cap tured more than one hundred wagons. The Highland Brigade reinforced him after a forced march. General French has left Kimberley to Join in the pursuit of the Boer army. The guards have occupied the Boer position at Magersfonteln." A heliograph message from Ladysmlth, via Chlevely, dated Tuesday. Feb. 13, says: "Dr. Jameson has the fever. The heat Is tremendous, but the morale of the camp is excellent. "Major Doveton's wife who was given a safe conduct through the Boer lines has arrived here to nurse her husband." A similar message, via Weenan, dated Saturday, says: "The Boers have been very active here during the last few days and are evidently making a move some where. "The garrison, greatly delighted to learn of the relief of Kimberley, is in excellent spirits and fit for anything. Major Dove ton died Wednesday, Feb. 14." A dispatch from Frere Camp, dated Feb. 16, conveys the information that the Boers have abandoned several laagers. General Buller renewed the bombardment of the Boer position without eliciting a reply. An other forward move was then regarded as imminent. A dispatch from the Swaziland border, of the same date, says: "The Boer agent at Bremersdorp, Swaziland, has been main taining regular communication with Dela goa bay, via Swaziland. Two coolie car riers have been bearing sacks, supposed to contain salt, through Tongaland. On ex amination It was found that the sacks con tained powder." Spencer Wilkinson lie vie tr. LONDON, Feb. 13. Spencer Wilkinson, reviewing the military situation in the Morning Post to-day says: "Lord Methuen's army can now be used to assist tho oper ations of Lord Roberts. Probably the march from Jacobsdal to Bloemfonteln will occupy six days. The British right wing is acting on the defensive In the country south of the Orange river, and is now hold ing its own, which is all it is required to do for the moment. "The array of Lord Roberts, in push ing through the Free State, will probably have the effect of disturbing the Boer army in Natal, because if the enemy remains there he will run the risk of being caught between the armies of Lord Roberts and General Buller. "While the two British armies are sev eral days marching apart, it is possible for the Boers to throw tho bulk of thrir forces against one, while acting on the defensive with the smaller body against the other. The Boer commander-in-chief must therefore now desire to strengthen General Cronje to the point where he might hope to check or delay Lord Roberts. How far he can detach troops for this purpose depends largely upon General Buller's ac tion. "Dispatches from Ladysmlth Indicate a movement among the besiegers. This may mean that they are sending reinforcements to Cronje or that they are preparing a new assault on Ladysmlth. "It is satisfactory, therefore, to hear that General Buller has occupied Hussar hill. LIKE CLOCKWORK. Lord Huberts Plann Developed to Minute Wonderful Work Done. JACOBSDAL. Orange Free State, Friday. Feb. 11 Lord Roberts's combinations for the movement of the corps dovetailed with precision, although obstacles that had not been foreseen had to be overcome. The execution of his design began at 3 a. m. Sunday. General French rode Into Kimberley Thursday afternoon, Just when he was due, according to the field marshal's time-table, having. In four and a half days, marched ninety miles with artillery, and having fought two small engagements. The relief of Kimberley was accomplished with the loss of only fifty men. Twenty thousand infantry made splendid marches under a subtropical sun and through a dust storm to hold the positions which General French took. i Lord Kitchener was with General Tuck er's division. In consequence of his trans port arrangements, the four divisions mov ing over the sandy veldt are fed and watered. It is hardly possible to appre ciate adequately the mathematical preci sion with which every part of the transport in the department has worked, marching through the day, tolling almost sleeplessly throughout the night, victualing the army and evolving every hour results from seem ing chaos. Everybody did what was expected of him cheerfully, though enduring frightful fatigues. Few slept more than three hours, The battalions, hour after hour, tolled through the heavy sand uncomplainingly, and when now and then a man fell out of the ranks exhausted, he would rejoin his company later after he had rested. Some fifty or sixty were overcome by the heat and had to be sent to the rear in the backward defile of empty wagons. The rapidity of Lord Roberts's move ments away from his base has solved one of the problems, perhaps the chief problem, of the war. He and Lord Kitchener have created a mobile force, able to move on exterior lines and to outflank the Boers, themselves so wonderfully mobile. The position of the Boer army at Spyt fonteln being untenable. General Cronje ordered a retreat. At the moment this dis patch is written It is uncertain whether his whole force, or only a portion, has gone toward Bloemfonteln. it Is possible that a part Is going north of Kimberley. It is supposed that a twenty-nine-ton gun is still in the neighborhood of Kimberley. The road from Jacobsdal to Modder station is now open. Further details of the Boers' retreat show that the enemy has been fighting a good rear guard action and occupying suc cessive kopjes in order to allow the mov ing of the convoy, which, however, has been going at a very slow pace, the ani mals apparently being dead beat. The latest reports show that the Boers In the neighborhood of Kllpkraal's drift are undoubtedly disheartened. General French's magnificent march Is still the subject of admiration, especially In view of the dust storms and thunder storms that all experienced. The work of shelling the Boers proceeds vigorously. Owing to the style of the ac tion the Boers are bound to show in the open whenever they are obliged to leave the kopjes. 3IOVEMEXT FR03I CHIEVELY. It Began Wednesday Few British Casualties on that Day. CHIEVELY, Wednesday, Feb. H.-(De-layed by Censor.) The movement north eastward began this (Wednesday) morning. Lord Dundonald, with cavalry,' Infantry and artillery, occupies Hussar hill, five miles north of Chlevely. The infantry in trenched the hill. General Lyttleton worked around to the right and Sir Charles War ren in front and to the left. The Boers were heavily intrenched on Hlangwane and Monte Crlsto hills. A steady, independent fire, .with occa sional volleys, was maintained for some hours, and the enemy's trenches were vig orously shelled. The Boers had one gun in action during the early part of the day, but when we began shelling they moved it across the river. They used one Norden feldt in the afternoon. Our casualties were few. , Boiler New Headquarters. CHIEVELY, Feb. 18. General Buller has established his headquarters on Hussar hill. Heavy artillery firing was maintained at Intervals by both sides from Wednesday until Friday. The British slowly pushed the advance and their infantry occupied intrenched new positions in front of Hus sar hill with slight losses. It is believed the lyddite worked havoc in the Boer trenches. The Boers are supposed to have moved their big guns back over the Tugela Fri day afternoon. The rifle fire has been heavy at times. The whole country is thickly wooded. Tho British operations are directed to the capture of Hlangwane hill, where the Boers are strongly fortified and from which they are shelling the British with great accuracy. The British infantry is now disposed along a line extending for seven miles to the small kopjes at the base of Monte Cristo hill. From 6 o'clock Friday morning the British incessantly shelled Monte Crls to, with the Nek separating it from Blaauw Krantz hill on the right. The British in fantry is making slow progress up the Nek in the endeavor to occupy Monte Cris lo, which will enable them to enfilade the Boers on Hlangwane. Gen. Buller Losses. CHIEVELY, Feb. lS.-General Buller's casualties during the last three days operations havo been about eighty. The British forces have now partly ascended Monte Crlsto hill. TO THE FREE STATE BLIIGIICHS. Lord Roberts Issues a Proclamation Vrfflnsr Them to Cease Warfare. CAPE TOWN. Feb. IS. Lord Roberts has issued a proclamation to the burghers of the Orange Free State, saying that the feels it his duty to make known to all the burghers tho cause of the coming of the British, as well as to do all in his power to terminate the devastation caused by ihe war. and chat he issues the proclamation in order that if the burghers should con tinue fighting they may not do so igno rantly, but with a full knowledge of their responsibility before God for the lives lost In the campaign. The proclamation goes on to say: The British government believes that the wanton and unjustifiable invasion of British territory was not committed with the general approval of the Free State, with whom the British government has lived in complete amity for so many years. It believes the responsibility rests wholly with the government of the Free State, acting not in the interests of the country, but under mischievous influences from without. "Great Britain, therefore, wishes the peo ple of the Free State to understand that it bears them no 111 will, and so far as Is com patible with the successful conduct of the war and the re-ettabllshment of peace, it is anxious to preserve them from the evils brought upon them by the wrongful action of their government." In conclusion Lord Roberta, warns all burghers to desist from further acts of hostility towards ber Majesty's govern ment and troops, and he gives directions regarding requisitions and complaints. KIND TO THE WOUNDED. Doers Are Very Humane, According to a British Medical Officer. ARUNDAL. Saturday. Feb. 17. (Received by Dispatch Rider.) Captain Longhurst, of the British medical corps, spent a night at Hobkirk's farm, attending the wounded Australians. He says the enemy were re markably kind to the wounded, provided them with mattresses and gave them all the eggs they had. The Boer commander and Captain Long hurst found that they had mutual friends in London, and were soon on the best of terms. The Boers and the British wounded fraternized. Noticing that the bandoliers of the enemy were filled with soft-nosed bullets, one of our men said: "You ought not to bring such things to fire at us." The Boers replied: 'We must use what ever we can get." This particular Boer contingent had come from the northern district of the Transvaal where the Boers are used to hunting big game along tho Limpopo. The men had obtained their ammunition for that pur pose. Ono Briton, whose thigh had been shattered, replied to this explanation: "Well, I wish you had been kind enough to shoot me lower down." After the retirement of tho British forces the Boers held a prayer meeting and thanked Heaven for their successes. Then they separated Into small parties and moved to their various outposts, chanting hymns as they went. Captain Longhurst says he was much im pressed by their considerate treatment of the British wounded. FIGHTING AX IJOHDnCCHT. British Force the Boer Fosltlons at the Point of the Unjonet. BIRD'S RIVER. Saturday, Feb. 17. The position near Dordrecht now Is that the Boers occupy a strong hill north of town and that the British hold a commanding post to the south. Both are maintaining a brisk exchange of. shells over Dordrecht. General Brabant's horse, 2,000 strong, commenced the march from Penhook Thursday morning, over a trackless veldt and through a mountainous and difficult country. Early Friday they were fired on, and the firing continued all day and well into the night, the British clearing the Boers out of successive positions, under a terrific rifle fire lasting eight hours. To wards midnight, Friday, the British forced the Boers at the point of the bayonet out of their last position, an Important one overlooking Dordrecht. The artillery duel was continued to-day. The. British casualties were eight killed, including Captain Crallan and Lieutenant Chandler, and eight wounded. Tho British captured some prisoners and a quantity of forage and provisions. CANADIANS AT CAPE TOWN. Artillery Section Enthusiastically Re- celTedj at the Port. . CAPE TOWN, Feb. lT The British steamer Laurentian, Captain Nunan, which sailed from Halifax Jan. 21 with the first artillery section of the second Canadian contingent of troops for service against the Boers, arrived at this port to-day. The troops were welcomed by Major John Han-bury-Willlams, military secretary to the Governor of Cape Colony, and the British high commissioner in South Africa, Sir Alfred Milner, on behalf of his Excellency. Policemen Anxious to Enlist. VICTORIA. B. C, Feb. 18. Major Bliss, of the Northwest mounted police, is quoted in Circle City advices received to-day as re lating that intense rivalry exists among men on the force to secure leave to com pete for enlistment in the British Colum bian contingents organized for South Afri can warfare. He instanced the case of a sergeant of police who desired to doff, his stripes and take the place o a police pri vate who had secured enlistment in the Strathcona Horse and to give the recruit $300 for the privilege of substitution. The ratio of police officials volunteering to those selected i3 given by Major Bliss as thirty to one. Canadian Cavalry to Sail. HALIFAX, N. S., Feb. lS.-Three hun dred mounted volunteers for service in South Africa, the third section of the sec ond Canadian contingent, arrived to-day from Toronto and Kingston, and will sail for Cape Town, on Wednesday, on the steamer Milwaukee. Colonel Evans goes out with this detachment and will turn over the command at Capo Town to Colonel Lessard, a Canadian officer on Lord Rob erts's staff. More Mules to Cape Town. NEW ORLEANS, Feb. 17.-The steamer Montezuma, with 133 mules and a large cargo of feed stuffs for the British army operating in South Africa, cleared to-day lor Cape Town. The steamship Tiger, car rying a cargo of 6,000 bales of cotton and ,8C0 tons of phosphate rock, cleared for Kobe, Japan. BRITISH STEAMER SEIZED. From New York to Delagoa Bay with Stores for Roers. PORT ELIZABETH. Feb. IS. The British steamer Sabine, Captain W. Taylor, from New York, Jan. 4, with a miscellaneous cargo, has been seized by the British gun boat Thrush and brought to Dclagoa bay cn suspicion of having on board articles contraband of war. Before the Sabine sailed from New York it was rumored that she had on board a large quantity of provisions, arms and am munition, army blankets and general sup plies, but no confirmation of tho rumor could be obtained. The vessel was cleared for Delagoa bay. Rosebery on Italian Friendship. LONDON, Feb. 19. Lord Rosebery writes to the Times expressing his regrets that in a recent speech he forgot to mention the "singular Instance of open friendliness dis played by Italy" during the present war. He says: "I mean the declaration made on behalf of tho Italian government by the statesman who bears the honored name of Visconti Venosta. I regret that I did not recall It, for it is memorable and should be remembered." No Suggestion of Mediation. WASHINGTON. Feb. lS.-The British embassy, upon Inquiry being made to-night authorized the statement that there was no truth whatever in the story contained in the Paris dispatches that President Mc (CONTINUED ON SECOND PAGE) l. & n:s part POSITION IN TI1E KENTUCKY ELEC- TION IS MADE riBLIC. President Smith Replies to Wntter- iod'i Attacks ly Publishing? Some Pertinent Correspondence. CORPORATIONS AND THE LAW ARTIFICIAL PERSON HAS SAME RIGHTS AS A REAL 31 AX. They Include the Right of an Appeal to the People, Who Are the Source of All the Laws. FORCED INTO THE CONFLICT MR. GOEBEL COMPELLED THE RAIL ROAD TO DEFEND ITSELF. Elaborate Ontllne of Company Po sition No Political Meddling bat n Defense of Interests. LOUISVILLE. Ky., Feb. 18. Mr. Milton H. Smith, president of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, has given out the following correspondence, mention of which was made in the editorial of Henry Watterson regarding tho Kentucky elec tion; Telegram. "New York, Feb. 15. "M. II. Smith, President L. & N. Rail road Co.. Louisville, Ky. Persistent al- luslons to the correspondence of Colonel Watterson and myself of July last and a tendency to misrepresent its supposed con tents compel me to authorize the publica tion by you of tho entire correspondence. as well as the minutes of the meeting of the board of the Louisville & Nashville Railway Company, copy of which was sent to Colonel Watterson at that time. The reasons for my hesitation to give the correspondence to the public, apart from my already expressed feeling, that it was not an opportune time in the political state of public mind in Kentucky were that I felt reluctant without Colonel Watterson's consent to publish the letter of a gentleman in Colonel Watterson's position and for whom I have always en tertained a personal regard, containing the bald statement made before the actual campaign had fairly begun, that the elec tion was not to be 'left to chance,' which meant, of course, that the will of the peo ple was not to determine the result of the contest. Coming 'from him, recognised us he was then and has since proved him self to' be, an influential supporter of Mr. Goebel, such a statement was well cal culated to alarm all vested interests in Kentucky to which Mr. Goebel and his ad herents were known to be hostile, the prop erty confided to my supervision being es pecially singled out by them for assault and destruction, if their public utterances during the past campaign and since are to be taken as an index. As to the corre spondence, it speaks for itself and must so stand, for I say now and do not propose to be drawn from the position I feel my of ficial duty and trust require, as well as my personal dignity, that I will under no circumstances enter into a' controversey with Colonel Watterson or his newspaper, feeling that the abuse of both the officers of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad in dividually and the corporation Itself does not even now, and certainly will not later. when cool Judgment reviews the past, meet with the approbation of the thinking peo ple of Kentucky at large. It is useless to attempt to stem vituperation which has become both a habit and a political con venlence. The public will in due course appreciate it, and the Louisville & Nash ville Railroad will continue as heretofore to attend to its business and the share it has in the welfare of the State. "AUGUST BELMONT, 'Chairman." WATTERSON'S LETTER. "Louisville, June 30. 1899. "My Dear Mr. Belmont: "As your personal friend, and as a friend of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad, I venture to write you this letter. In my judgment the local administration of the road is entering upon a course which, if it does not tend to destroy the property, will greatly burden and Impair It. "The Democratic State ticket Just nomi nated will certainly be elected. Under the operation of the Goebel law the result is not left to chance. In its purpose to beat Goebel the L. & N. managers have already expended large sums of money in futile at tempts. To do this they have not only made themselves responsible for two unpopular and unlnfluentlal newspapers, but they have set up as their visible and accredited leport a man by the name of Whalfen, the proprietor of a variety theater, and un doubtedly the most odious personality in the city and the State. At every turn they havo met defeat, and they will surely meet it next November. "For thirty years the Courier-Journal has been the steady, disinterested friend of the road. Believing It a public institution of the greatest usefulness and a most lmpor tant factor in all our affairs, Mr. Haldeman and myself have supported it at every Juncture requiring support. This has never cost the road a penny. But under the policy now adopted, a war of extermination is made upon us through the two newspapers in question and the man Whallen, backed up by the money of the road. Trie end is as certain as the day of election. The issue as it now stands is the Democratic party versus the Louisville & Nashville railroad. and on that issue the road could not win even if its newspaper supports were handled with capacity and discretion. But they are not so handled. They are the merest partisan concerns without clrcula tlon or influence, conducted apparently with no other purpose than to abuse the Courier-Journal. If you' will cause to be sent you the Dispatch and the Evening Post for a single week and will look over them each day. you will be able to see for yourself how the matter stands. On that showing alone, I should be willing to rest the case. "In my Judgment the situation is both momentous and critical, and ought to ar rest the serious attention of those who control the policy of the road. "As I said in the beginning, I write as a friend. The Courier-Journal has nothing to fear from the conflict forced upon it by the managers of the road. On the con trary, it has something to. gain, but neither Mr. Haldeman nor myself want to profit .at the expense of the road. For Mr. Smith we have always entertained the kindest sentiments. But Mr. Smith Is no more proof against mistakes than other people, and being a man of unyielding tem per, he is likely to be carried to extremes. In this business he has certainly allowed his temper to carry him far beyond the lines of worldly wisdom and. a prudent forecast, and if a halt be not called upon the proceedings, its evil consequences are as sure as the coming of the next session of the Kentucky Legislature. "Sincerely your friend, "HENRY WATTERSON. "August Belmont, Esq." ACTION OF THE L. & N. An extract from the minutes of a meeting of the board of directors of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, which was held at the company's office, No. El Broad way, New York city, on Tuesday, July 11, 1SD9, at 2:15 o'clock p. m.: "The chairman submitted a letter from the Hon. Henry Watterson, editor Courier Journal, dated Louisville, Ky., June 30, 1KÖ, reading as follows: (Here follows the letter.) "Whereas, The Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, being an artificial per son, cannot hold office; and, , "Whereas, The duties of the officers of the company prohibit them from seeking or holding political offices. In fact, none of them are seeking such office; and "Whereas, The managers of the company have not made themselves ia any way re sponsible for the two newspapers referred to, and have not set up as their 'visible and accredited representative Mr; John Whal len, nor committed any unfriendly act to ward the Courier-Journal; and, "Whereas, Ihe management of the Louis ville & Nashville Railroad Company recog nizes that the rights and franchises it now enjoys were granted to it for the purposes set forth in its various charters, and also fully realizes its duty to the public; and, Whereas, Corporate interests generally, in common with private interests, have a right to be heard at the bar of public opin ion; be it "Resolved. That as the management does not now, it will not enter the field of poli tics, nor aid nor injure any candidate of any party, for the purpose of shaping or controlling party action. When, however, any individual or political party attacks and seeks to Injure the property Intrusted to Its care, and to deny to it its proper rights by inciting' a hostile sentiment among the people it serves, and threatens to cripple and harass its operations, and thus impair its ability and its efficiency in the performance of its proper and lawful rights and duties, the company will avail itself of all proper and lawful means to protect its interests by an appeal to the great body of the people on whom it relies for protection, as it does for patronage. "Resolved, That this board views with apprehension the attitude of that portion of the Democratic party of Kentucky as represented by the Hon. William Goebel, the hominee for the office of Governor, and hi publicly avowed hostility against the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, and especially the positive assurance of Mr. Watterson that under existing laws Senator Goebel, as the nominee, will be elected to the office of Governor, regard less, or in spito of, the predilection of a majority of the voters In the State. "Resolved, That In view of the threat ened Injury to the company's interests, the management is hereby authorized and in structed to adopt such proper and lawful measures as promise to protect the Inter ests of the company, and to that end is in structed to appeal to the people of Ken tucky, whom it has so long served and with whose interests it has been and is so inti mately identified, for protection from its avowed enemies, and as such this board believes the enemies of the best interests of the State. "Resolved, That a certified copy of these minutes be furnished Mr. Watterson. "On motion the board adjourned." LETTER TO WATTERSON. "New York. July H. 1SD3. "My Dear Colonel Watterson: "Your favor of the 30th ult was duly received. Fully recognizing the danger which you so graphically describe, I sub mitted your communication to my codlrec tors, and I inclose herewith copy of reso lutions this day adopted. You are well aware that the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company should not and does not Intend to engage in partisan politics. Its interests, like those of many other corpor ations, arc subject to attack, especially by vicious legislators, and, necessarily, when so attacked, the management must adopt proper measures of defense. "It would be unreasonable to expect cor porate interests to so wholly disregard the Injury inflicted or threatened by constant attacks of political agitators as to be en tlrely silent so long as the politicians seek office by appeals to the passions and prejudices of the voters, and especially by efforts to excite hostile feelings, to be fol lowed by hostile legislation. The only pro tectlon to corporate Interests generally is to appeal to the sober judgment of the peo ple. This is a right enjoyed by all. Individ ual and corporation alike, and the exercise of this right should not be construed as meddling in politics. The management of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Com pany does not desire, even if It had the power, without the expenditure of a dollar, to influence, much less direct, party poll tics, nor to Impair or promote the political fortunes of any candidate, unless the party or the candidate indorses and supports measures and policies which would injure the company in the enjoyment of its legal rights, and in the prosecution of Its proper and lawful business. "I have made such investigations as en able me to assure you that tbe manage ment has not, up to this time, established the relations described by you with the two newspapers, and that the relations between them and Mr. John II J Whallen arises from the fact that they, like the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, desire that the political ambitions of the Hon. Wil liam Goebel be not gratified. Nevertheless, no one understands better than you the in fluence of the press as a means of edu cating the public and disseminating in formation, and I am sure you will readily concede that It will be entirely proper for the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Com pany, In the defense of its interests, to aid in disseminating information through the press. It is to me a source of regret that in this critical Juncture the columns of the Courier-Journal are not available and that wc are, therefore, compelled to rely upon others to oppose those who openly threaten and are endeavoring to greatly injure and I CONTINUED ON TlTlRD PAGI1J IN FOUR MEN THE PRESIDENT OF 1UIOWN IM VERSITY FINDS FOl It TYPES. aian with the Hoe, with the Pen, with the l'nrae and vrlth tbe Idea, and Want They Typify. SOCIAL FABRIC RESTS ON LABOR TO ELEVATE LABOR ELEVATES EX TIRE ECONOMIC STHICTVHE. The Pen and the Idea Are Vital to Society' Well-Belnir, and the Parse 3Iay Be, If It la Rightly I'sed. TRUSTS TEND TO SOCIALISII THIS IS THE IDEA PVT FORTH Br DR. HEBER NEWTON. Capable of Great Good to Mankind and Also of Great 111 Attack on Tariff Based on Carnegie. NEW YORK, Feb. 18.-Coopcr Union waf filled to-night with an audience gathered to hear a discussion on the ethical basis of Industrial organization, under the auspices of the People's Institute. Trof. Charles Sprague Smith presided. Edward Mark ham was introduced and read one of his poems, entitled "The End of tho Century." Mr. Markham was heartily cheered and was recalled, the audience demanding the reading of "The Man with the Hoe.' to which he responded. W. II. P. Faunce, president of Brown University, the principal speaker of tho evening, was then Introduced. Ho began by saying: 'In order that we may study the human brotherhood more closely, I want to consider with you four men the man with the hoe, the man with a pen, the man with a purse, and tho man with an idea, He then went on to say that the man with a hoe had been immortalized by Millet. "Without the labor of the man with the hoe all the other labor of tho world would cease, and to. lift that lonely toiler is to lift the world." The man with a pen, the speaker said, was likewise tolling in the service of the world. Without him all the great thoughts and Inspirations of the world would die almost as soon as spoken. The man with a purse is a type. Dr. Faunco said, whom we can readily discern. The question is what is he doing with it? If he is using it as the mere minister of luxury and per sonal gratification, tbenhe is a man with out a conscience, and so a'foe tolhe society which has made his purso possible. If he is using it as a trustee, believing that God and men have called to him to take chargo of what he must soon surrender, then he may be another Peter Cooper. Tho man with an idea, the speaker said, is one that cannot be so readily portrayed, hut behind purse, pen and hoe lies the Idea, the vision. Every man's work Is valuable Just in proportion as it is mixed with ideas. Unintelligent labor simply damages raw material and defaces the beauty of the world. We should, then, value the man with the Idea. It may not be our Idea, but give him a chance to express iL 1 Professor Smith then read a letter from Dr. Heber Newton, which was in part at follows: ."I do not quite understand th titling of the subject, but I take it to mean what is popularly known as "The Trust" The mediaeval system of regulation of thi business world by great guilds broke down by Its own weight. Then followed an era in the eighteenth century and the begin ning of the nineteenth century of pure in dividualism, of almost unchecked com petition. This, in turn, is breaking down of its own weight. Labor organizes, capital organizes. Capital Is organizing faster and further than labor. Within a few years we have this monster development of the cor poration and the trust as we see them on every hand. A host of beneficences ard made possible. On the other hand, great dangers attend this development. There dangers are plain enough to every thought ful man. Unless labor can organize on the same gigantic scale it will be more at the mercy of capital than ever. Hosts of men will be thrown out of employment The market being in the control of few hands, prices can be forced up. Taxation beyond the dream of the past can be laid by pri vate hands upon the whole community, the entire Nation. The enormous power of ag gregated capital can corrupt and debauch our city councils, our legislatures, our Congress. "What a revelation of the spirit of our modern corporation has been given in the last few days in the astounding state ments of the profit of the Carnegie Com pany last year and for the present year. A company expecting to make from forty to fifty millions in the current year on a capital of $25.000,009 to what extent water, we do not know asking the State to tax the whole Nation under the pulse of a tariff that it may bo able to increase the wages of . Us worklngmen. No more re volting story is told than. the story' of th Standard OH trust, as Henry D. Floyd haa given it. Regulation and control muit be asumtd by the State and pushed forward as fast and as far as needful. The end of that control Is not to break down the high organization of capital, tut to safeguard it trom its own greed and rapacity, to hu manize it and to naturalize it and ultimate ly to socialize it. The ultimate outcome of the trust seems to me what is practical in the dream of socialism." FOUND IN CHICAGO. Froien Cripple Creek Man 1)1 da t Know Hovr He Got There. CHICAGO, Feb. li-John Costello. who said he was the owner of a cigar store at 311 Dennett street. Cripple Creek, Col., was found wandering around the Ktrcets to night. He was nearly overcome by the cold and exposure. He was taken to the police station, where he told tho iollee that on Jan. 13 he was sitting in his store at Cripple Creek with $000 in his possession, and he cannot recall what happened Mnoe. that date until he Mas found by an officer. After having been revived by warm drinks he looked at his tattered clothtnsr and asked where he got them in piece cf hit other clothes.