Newspaper Page Text
WEEKLY ESTABLISHED 1S3.
DAILY ESTABLISHED ISiO.
VOL. L-NO. 55.
INDIANAPOLIS, SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 24, 1900.
1 IvLLrr O O-blN 1C. iTIUINS AND SUNDAYS. S CENTS.
valor or Tim conn cosimaader
praised nv exglishjies.
Still Surrounded hy Hrltlsh Troops
and Seemingly Determined to
Vie Rather Than Yield.
HIS CAMP SHELLED TOE DAYS
LYDDITE HURLED FROM DOZENS OF
GEX. ROBERTS'S GL WS,
Until the Air Was Filled by Greenish
Smoke an the Suffocntlntf Fames
of the Explosive.
DETAILS OF THE SIGHTING
KITCHENER LED TO RELIEVE
CROXJE WASTED TO SURRENDER,
Dat Informed When lie Arrived at
the La.nger that the Rrave Roer
Intended to Fight It Oat
PBOGRESS OF GEN. BULLEE
IIIS EFFORTS TO REACH LAD YS MIT1I
Part of Ills Force Driven Rack Across
the Tngela General White Report
ed to Hare Made a Sortie.
LONDON, Feb. 24, 4:15 a. m.
Mr. Balfour announced in the
House of Commons, at 12:30 o'clock
this morning, that no further news
regarding General Cronje had been
received by the government He
had sent to the War Office during
the hour, and he was assured that
nothing had come to hand there.
General Cronje, therefore, is pre
sumably still unbeaten. No. other
construction is placed on the three
days' silence of Lord Roberts.
Yet no one sees how it is humanly
possible, judging from the descrip
tions of his situation on Wednes
day morning, for him to resist so
long. GreaBritain does not with
hold admiration for the valor of a
losing tight against such odds.
"Englishmen feel something like
pride in Cronje, even as a foe," says
the Daily News. "In a position
covering only a square mile, hem
med in on all sides, circled with a
chain of fire from rifles, maxim
and howitzer, played on by deadly
lyddite, bursting in its own sickly
green light, his hastily built
trenches enfiladed by a stream of
lead sweeping down the river from
the north bank, General Cronje still
elects to fight It is a magnificent
General Cronje's wife is described
by the prisoners as urging him to
surrender, in order to save the lives
of his men, but he would not.
The British cavalry patrols sent by Lord
Methuen north of Klmberley discovered
the Boers concentrating, whether for of
fense or defense Is simply conjectured.
The Boers seem to be retiring from Gen.
Gatacre's front at Sterkstrom In order to
reinforce tho Freo Staters.
Ladysmith had not been relieved -when
the latest news left Natal two days ago.
The Boers had then retired half -way be
tween Ladysmith and Colcnso. If only
six thousand went to the Free State, as
both the Boer and tho British accounts
assert, the twelve thousand who are left
may purpose to maintain the siege and to
resist General Duller within contracted
lines, although tho impression at General
Buller's headquarters Is that tho Boers are
merely covering & retreaL
The editorials in the morning papers com
plain, more or less vigorously, of the Insuf
ficiency of tho government's naval pro
posals, especially In view of the Immense
naval efforts of Germany and other powers.
Tho conservative Standard says: "Perhaps
this is because the British navy is consid
ered strong enough for its work, but the
nation will ask for full assurances on. that
Tho Pally Mall says: 'The proposals
are so inadequate that we cannot but ex
press tho deepest surprise that the Admir
alty board can be persuaded to accept
Mr. Spencer Wilkinson in the Morning
Poet says: From Boer dispatches we
might Infer that General De "Wet has gath
ered a considerable force of scattered
Boers at Betrusburg, about fifteen miles
southeast of Koodoesrand. with a view of
relieving: General Cronje. It Is probable
that a battle is also raging in Natal Any
way, there la no need for alarm. It Is
CiUlte possible that after the fight Lord
Roberts may be engaged in pursuing the
Boers, which would take him away from
the telegraph wire. Possibly a big fight
is proceeding. Lord Roberts may be fight
ing from 10.000 to 15.000 Boers. This would
account for the long silence, as all experi
ence has proved that the battles occupy
some days. The Boers are experts at dig
ging covers, and Cronje in his desperation
may have risked a sortie in the night.
The official report gives HG men killed at
Paardeberg drift on Feb. 13, including sixty-three
Highlanders and eighteen Cana
BOER LAAGER. BURNING.
Cronje Forced to Seek Shelter In the
LONDON, Feb. 21. A correspondent of
the Dally News, telegraphing from Modder
river Thursday morning, says: "As I left
Koodozrand this morning a heavy shell
and riile fire was In progress. Last night
the Boer laager was a mass of flames and
the Boers were seen making shelter in the
trenches. General Cronje's wife, accord
ing to some of the prisoners, 13 urging him
to surrender. Too much stress cannot be
laid upon the importance of sending car
goes of horses for remounts. The neces
sity for rapid movement, which was
grasped by Lord Roberts, has altered the
The Dally News asserts that the fore
going dispatch refers to Wednesday morn
ing. More likely, however, it refers to
The Dally Chronicle has the following
dispatch from Klmberley, dated Feb. 21:
"Cavalry patrols that Went north to cap
ture the Boer hundred-pounder report that
the weapon has been taken beyond River
ton Station, drawn by thirty-two oxen.
The cavalry say that they saw Boer par
ties, but they did not go beyond Riverton
for fear of being cut off. They learned,
however, that the Transvaalers were being
concentrated on the border to the north.
A party of Boers fired into the British
camp. Fifty thousand pounds of ammu
nition was captured at Magersfontein.
Cecil Rhodes will leave for England short
ly. W. E. Chapman, with thirty men, held
out for weeks against the Boers at Otto
Kopje mine, until relieved from Klmber
ley." BULLER'S OPERATIONS.
lilt Advance Resisted at Every Folnt
Sortie from Ladysmith.
LONDON, Feb. 24.-A dispatch to the
Dally Telegraph from Pletermarltzburg,
dated Thursday, says: "Fighting is pro
ceeding in the vicinity of Pietcrs this morn
ing. General Buller's advance is being op
posed by both big gun and rifle Are."
The Dally Telegraph has a dispatch from
Chievely, dated Feb. 21, which says: "It is
reported that General White sortled from
Ladysmith yesterday and captured a num
ber of JJoer wagons. There is heavy firing
in the direction of Ladysmith. either on
the part of Sir George White or of the
The Daily Chronicle has the following dis
patch from Ladysmith, dated Feb. 17.: "All
day men gather on the Convent hill and
try to see General Buller's shells burst
ing in the distance. The siege has been
inexpressibly tedious for the last fortnight.
Boer camps have entirely disappeared from
the old positions within the last few days
and large parties with wagons are trekking
westward. It is assumed that the Free
Staters are going to resist the advance of
Lord Roberts. We estimate that about six
thousand men have gone. Near the foot
of Bulwana the Boers havo constructed a
work near the river, possibly a dam. We
can see a figure like an old lady in a red
petticoat directing operations."
A dispatch from Chievely, dated Feb. 22,
to the Daily Chronicle says: "At dawn on
Tuesday we found that the Boers had va
cated all their positions south of the Tu
gela and were In positions among the high
hills midway between Ladysmith and the
river and making a determined stand. Two
Creusot guns were in action. All the Brit
ish naval and other heavy guns were
brought to bear upon the new positions.
We believe that this show of Boer strength
was only intended to cover a retreat. Yes
terday (Wednesday) the Boers were retir
ing all day. General Duller continued to
harass them, compelling them to give
Driven Back by Boers.
COLENSO, "Natal, Feb. 21, via Chievely,
Feb. 23. The British havo crossed the
Tugela over a pontoon, northward of
Hlangwana, and now occupy Fort Wylie.
While tho naval brigade was bombarding
Groblerskloof, the Boers Creusot replying,
yesterday, after tho occupation of Colenso,
a small party of Thornycioft's Horse
crossed the river, but were driven back by
lire from the trenches.
The Boers guns are still shelling the re
lieving force from the hills south of Lady
smith, but the Impression Is spreading
that they are merely covering the retreat
of the entire Boer force.
IIOOFD LAAGER, Ladysmith. Feb. 21.
There was heavy fighting all Monday and
Tuesday, and it still continues since early
this morning. Our officers hope to dislodge
the British from their position. Last night
a body of British troops tried to cross the
river, but were beaten back with heavy
loss. Our loss was slight. Our positions
are being bombarded from Ladysmith, at
a point where tho Klip river passes through
the hill Our Long Tom i replying, with
Bailer's Losses tn Two Days.
LONDON, Feb. 23. General Buller's' cas
ualties on Feb. 20 and 21 were: Killed
Captain Creaiock and -Lieutenants Keith
Falconer and Parry, of the Somersetshire
Light Infantry, and nine men
Wounded Six officers and ninety-seven
men. Missing Five men.
Boers Said to Have Fled.
CHIEVELY. Feb. 22. Tho main body of
the Boers has flea, evidently with the ob
ject of stemming the advance of Lord
CUT THEIR WAY OUT.
Boers Say They Fought Their Way
Tbrongh British Lines.
PRETORIA, Feb. 21.-The following of-
f:cial war bulletin has been issued here:
"A report was received this morning of
cannon firing west of Colesbcrg. At Fe
trusburg cannon firing commenced at 6
In the morning. A big fight was expected
to-day. De Wet telegraphed yesterday from
Petrusburg that all was quiet, except sev
eral cannon shot and and small skirmishes.
Yesterday evening the British stormed
the federal positions as far as Schouser,
but were driven back. A message from
Cronje is to tho effect that his loss yester
day was fourteen dead and wounded. De
Wet's loss was nlL
"Commandant Fronoman reports that
from Feb. CO, he was almost surrounded by
the British at Modder river, when with a
small number of men he broke through the
river. On Sunday there was a heavy fight.
The British prepared to lay .lege to the
Boer laager, with fighting general. We
were surrounded by 2.D0O British five miles
from the chief laager. At night we cut cur
(CONTINUE ON THIRD PAGE.)
TO MEET HERE
DE3IOCRATIC CLUBS WILL BE IX
THIS CITY ON SEPT. 5.
Indianapolis Delegation Successful
In Its Efforts to Influence the Na
tional Executive Committee.
MALE ALLURING . PROMISES
SAID THE DELEGATES WOULD BE
GIVEN GOOD ENTERTAINMENT
And Probably Privately Informed
Them Mayor Tascart Would Open
Wide the Town for Them.
DECLARATION BY TAMMANY
CHOKER'S SOCIETY OPPOSED TO
Bryan's Reply to Representative
Grosvenor's Speech In the House
Says It Was Unfair.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 23.-IndlanapolIs
had little trouble this afternoon In winning
the annual convention of the Democratic
clubs. The Indianapolis delegation which
succeeded in landing the convention con
sisted of Parks M. Martin. A. G. Smith,
Mr. McCullough, MaJ. W. W. Robbins, S.
E. Morss, Allen W. Clark, Representative
R. W. Clark and Representative J. W.
Robinson. They made most flattering offers
to the executive committee, and promised
that Indianapolis would spare no pains In
giving the Democrats the best entertain
ment possible. The convention, which Is to
meet Sept.. 5, will precede the opening of
the state campaign and will follow the cele
bration of Labor day In that city. The In
dianapolis committee which will have the
campaign management in hand Intend to
make the convention and the celebration of
the centennial anniversary of Jefferson's
election as President of the United States
a dual event,
No selection of a successor to President
C. B. Black was made to-day. His resig
nation Is looked on with sincere regret by
all, and a fruitless effort was made to have
him reconsider his action. Chairman Mc
Mlllln will act as president until a perma
nent selection is made. To the members
present Mr. Black explained why he could
no longer act as president of the associa
tion. ' His personal affairs, he said, were so
urgent that It would be Impossible for him
to spare the time and labor demanded by
the office. Among the several men men
tioned as Mr. Black's successor Is George
Fred Williams. The selection, however,
will not be announced until the next meet
ing of the executive committee on April 13.
Joseph C. Sibley, of Pennsylvania, ten
dered his resignation as a member of the
executive committee and it was accepted.
A committee composed of Governor
Stone, of Missouri; Senator Money, of
Mississippi; Representative Livingston, of
Georgia; ex-Representative James Hamil
ton Lewis, of Washington, and ex-Governor
Black, of Pennsylvania, was appointed
to confer with the national Democratic
committee In order to ascertain by what
means the two organizations can best co
operate for the good of the party. This
committee will also have charge of the se
lection of a president.
Many prominent members spoke to the
effect that the Democratic clubs through
out the country were performing excel
lent work and It was urged that the na
tional executive committee should continue
to put forth efforts to strengthen these or
ganizations and have them co-operate and
work In harmony. The meeting was large
ly attended and the speakers all said that
the outlook for Democratic success was
A Democratic Blander.
CHICAGO, Feb. 23. The Tribune, to
morrow will say: "Western railroad offi
cials think a serious mistake was made by
the Democratic national committee In fix
ing the date for tho Democratic national
convention at Kansas City for July 4. A
worse day for the convention, they say,
could not have been chosen, as on that
day the railroads arc running cheap ex
cursions between all points. East of the
Missouri river and generally all tho avail
able railroad equipment is required for the
handling of this business. Under the cir
cumstances the railroads, and especially
those running direct to Kansas City, fail
to see how enough equipment can be se
cured at that time for the handling of the
crowds that will want to go to the conven
tion. To give up the regular Fourth of
July holiday excursions to accommodate
the Democratic convention crowds, rail
way officials say, would be poor policy.
With the limited accommodations the rail
roads will bo able to furnish for the con
vention business they propose to make a
higher rate for that occasion than they
would have made otherwise."
BRYAN TO GROSVENOR.
The Nebraska Charges the Ohloan
ATLANTA. Ga., Feb. 23. Hon. William
Jennings Bryan addressed a crowd which
tested the capacity of the hall of the House
of Representatives to-night. About 1,500
people were turned away. Mr. Bryan was
asked to-night If he had seen General
Grosvenor's statement In the national
House, yesterday, to the effect that he
(Bryan) was equally responsible with the
Democrats who voted for ratification of
the treaty, and was estopped from oppos
ing any of its legitimate effects.
"It is true that I favored the ratification
of tho treaty," said Mr. Bryan, "but I
stated In my Interview, published on Dec.
14, four days after the treaty was signed
and nearly two months before it was rati
fied, that, in my Judgment, we should not
only ratify the treaty, but that we should
declare the Nation's purpose to give the
Filipinos Independence upon the same
terms tha. independence was promised to
the Cubans. This opinion was reiterated
time and again. The Bacon resolution made
the promise of independence. It was Intro
duced more than a month uefore hostilities
began and there was a tie vote In the Sen
ate until tho Vice President cast the de
ciding vote and defeated it. If that resolu
tion had been passed at the time when
Senator Bacon introduced it, there would
not hive been any war In the Philippines.
It is manifestly unfair for Mr. Grosvenor
to charge me with supporting the treaty
without also pointing out that I favored
the resolution promising independence.
The bloodshed in the Philippine islands is
upon those who refused to deal with the
Filipinos on American principles. It is cow
ardly for the Republicans to attempt to
evade the responsibility. If they favor the
war of conquest they should havo the cour
age to avow it and give their real rea
sons for it, namely, that they desire to
give the syndicates a chance to exploit the
islands. The thing that surprises me about
Mr. Grosvenor's charge is that he lays the
blame -on the Democrats. Heretofore the
Republicans have- laid it upon providence."
Denounces the Pauncefote-IIay Nic
aragua Canal Treaty.
NEW YORK, Feb. 23. At a meeting of
the executive committee of Tammany Hall
held to-day a resolution was unanimously
adopted denouncing "the so-called Paunce-fote-Hay
treaty as a violation of the Mon
roe doctrine, establishing an entangling
alliance with Great Britain; as depriving
us of rightful commercial advantages that
ought to accrue to us as constructors of
the Nicaragua canal and as not only rob
bing us of these advantages which it
should give us, but as being a meance to
the safety of the country by leaving open
our Pacific possessions to an enemy's at
tack. We demand an American canal, built
by America, free only to American ships,
protected by American forts, mounted by
American guns, manned by Americans. In
demanding the defeat of this unpatriotic
treaty in the Senate we recommend to the
scorn of an indignant people the supine
Republican administration which has thus
sought to sign away not only our rights
but our safety."
Chairman Bab cock's Advisers.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 23. Representative
Babcock, of "Wisconsin, chairman of the
congressional Republican committee, to-day
announced the following members of the
executive committee: Representatives J.
A. T. Hull, Iowa; Joseph G. Cannon, Il
linois; D. II. Merier, Nebraska; IL C.
Loudenslager, New Jersey; Charles A.
Russell, Connecticut; William G. Lover
lng, Massachusetts, and Senators Redfleld
Proctor, Vermont; J. II. Gallinger, New
Hampshire, and George W. McBrlde, Ore
gon. Serrnll Confers with Bryan.
ATLANTA, Ga., Feb. 23. Arthur Sewall,
of Bath, Me., candidate for Vice President
on the Democratic ticket four years ago,
had a conference this morning with Mr.
Bryan on the train which brought the Ne
braskan to Atlanta and left at noon for
New York. Mr. Sewall declined to give the
nature of his talk with Mr. Bryan.
POKING PUN' AT DOLIIVER.
Members of Concei Think His Path-er-ln-Law
Is Too Liberal.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal. ,
WASHINGTON, Feb. 23.-Representa-tlve
Dolllver, of Iowa, is being subjected
to a good deal of good-natured badinage
by his friends In Congress. Mr. Dolllver is
one of the leading Western congressmen
and Is immensely popular with his asso
ciates. He is big in brains, big In stature
and big in good nature. He Is counted one
of the finest orators In public life and as
he is well liked at home his tenure prom
ises to string out into the Indefinite fu
ture. Mr. Dolllver is very fortunately and
happily situated in his home life, having
married the beautiful and amiable only
daughter of D. K. Pearson, the Chicago
mlllloniare philanthropist. It has been Mr.
Pearson's hobby to give away large sums of
money In endowing educational and chari
table Institutions throughout the length and
breadth of the land. All told he has be
stowed $2,500.000. This was all well enough
and gave great satisfaction to Mr. and Mrs.
I'olllver, who found pleasure In the old gen
tleman's benevolence. It Is not of record
even that they complained or lifted up their
voices In protest when the announcement
was made a few days ago that Mr. Pear
son had decided to give away the rest of
his fortune, estimated at $1,500,000, for the
advancement of education and the eleva
tion of the human race, although Mr. Dolli
ver's friends have taken the liberty of Jok
ing him on the subject. Their fun takes the
form of extravagant congratulations on
having such a fine old father-in-law. Some
of them have suggested to him that it
would bo a wise move on his part to es
tablish a college somewhere In order to
participate somowhat in the old gentle
man's fortune. Others have talked to him
vaguely about getting out an injunction
to prevent the intended diffusion of the
Pearson dollars. One of Dolliver's friends
remarked in his hearing that "it was time
for Dolllver to begin to wonder what in
the name of fortunis the old man supposed
he married the girl for."
Wet Floor of Trolley Car Became
Charged Through Defective Wire.
CHICAGO, Feb. 23.-Fifty passengers on
a Halsted-street electric car were shocked
by electricity last evening. A panic fol
lowed, but nobody was seriously hurt. Two
passengers felt tho effects for some time
after, but were able to move about with
out assistance. At Polk street the passen
gers wearing rubbers were surprised to
see the others suddenly Jumping about.
Conductor Crawford was collecting fares.
when suddenly he leaped from the floor
and remarked that . needles were passing
through his legs. The floor of the car had
become thoroughly soaked with water, and
made a good conductor for the electricity.
Women and children felt the shock and
were panic-stricken, when several of the
men were thrown from their feet. The car
was stopped by some one pulling the trol
ley pole from the wire, shutting off the
electricity. An investigation showed that
the insulation of a wire connected with the
heating apparatus had fallen off, allowing
the copper wire to come In contact with
tho water-soaked floor.
BELLAIRE, O., Feb. 23.-Four masked
men held up the two watchmen on the fer
ry boat Charon here to-day and after bind
ing both with ropes, they dynamited the
safe, securing about S200. After getting
the money they forced the watchmen to
row them across the river through ice that
threatened to crush the frail rowboaL
QUAY IS VICTOR
HE WINS THE FIRST ROUND OF HIS
BOUT IN THE SENATE.
Ills Friends Rally to Ills Support and
Take Up the Seating Resolution
VOTE STOOD 34 YEAS, 28 NAYS
MAJORITY SO DECISIVE IT SUR
PRISED OPPOSITION MEMBERS.
Not a Test of the Senator Strength,
However, aa There Will Be Changes
When Final Vote Is Taken.
DEBATE ON PORTO RICAN BILL
SPEECH BV ORATOR LITTLEFIELD
AGAINST THE MEASURE.
Vote to Be Taken Next Tuesday and
It Will Be Close Conference of
Republicans This Evening.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 23.-To-day's ses
sion of the Senate was unusually Interest
ing from the very beginning. In spite of
vigorous and influential opposition, Mr.
Penrose, of Pennsylvania, succeeded in
getting the Quay case before the Senate.
There was a sharp parliamentary squabble
and then Mr. Penrose moved that the reso
lution involving the seating of Mr. Quay
be taken up for consideration. On a yea
and nay vote the motion prevailed, 31 to 28,
Yeas Allison, Bate, Beveridge. Carlyle,
Chandler, Clark of Montana, Culberson,
Daniel, Davis, Depew, Fairbanks, Foster,
Gear, Hansbrough, Hawley, Hoar, Jones
of Nevada, Kenny, McComas, McEnery,
McLaurin. Martin. Morgan. Nelson. Pen
rose, Perkins, Pettigrew, Prltchard, Shoup,
Stewart, Taliaferro, Vest, Warren, Wol
Nays Aldrich, Burrows, Butler, Cattery,
Chilton, Clark of "Wyoming, Cockrell, Cul
lom, Foraker, Gallinger, Hale, Hanna,
Harris, Jones of Arkansas, Kean, Lindsay,
McCumber. McMillan, Pettus. Piatt of Con
necticut, Proctor, Quarles, Rawlings, Ross,
Simon, Teller, Tillman, Turner 28.
The following, pairs were announced:
Clay with Lodge (Lodge in favor of seat
ing Quay, but against taking up case now),
Deboe with Mallory (no statement of posi
tion), Frye with Berry (no statement of po
sition), McBrlde with Money (McBrlde
against. Money for), Taliaferro with Scott
(both In favor of Quay; Taliaferro voted),
Thurston and Allen (no statement), Wet
more .with Bacon (no statement), Sewell
with Wellington (Sewell for), Piatt of New
York and Heltfeld (Piatt for.)
The majority was so decisive as to cause
some surprise. It 1st known that some sen
ators who will vote, If the opportunity be
offered, to seat Mr. Quay, to-day voted
against consideration of the case, while, on
the contrary, others who voted for consid
eration probably will vote against seating
him. The vote, therefore, cannot be re
garded as quite a test of Mr. Quay's abso
lute strength in the Senate.
Following the taking up of the resolution
Mr. Daniel (Dem., Va.) delivered a speech
in which he vigorously supported Mr.
Quay's right to a seat. In concluding he
said: "The Senate Is at once a legislative
body, an executive body and a judicial
body. When I hear senators say that we
should lay aside this matter so that a Ha
waiian bill or a Porto Rlcan bill or any
other bill shall be considered, It seems to
me that the senator has not risen to his
proper dignity and that he is not treating
his brother senator as he ought to be treat
ed when he Is knocKing at the gates of the
body with as perfect credentials as his
own. I shall never vote unless, indeed, in
some great public emergency, when every
thing else must give way to postpone the
credentials of a senator to any other con
sideration of public policy. The first step
in the organization of a body is to ascer
tain who are its members. According to
the Constitution It has been ascertained
that we are members of this body. But
there Is one who has as much right in this
Senate, according to my Judgment, as any
one who has placidly voted to postpone his
case and let him cool his heels, waiting to
be heard. I shall vote in this case as I
voted in all other similar cases."
At the conclusion of Mr. Daniel's speech
the Hawaiian government bill was taken
up and Mr. Morgan resumed his speech.
Mr. Morgan, not having concluded, yielded
the floor at '3:23 p. m. to Mr. Aldrich, who
presented the report of tho conference on
the financial bill. v nen the reading of the
report had been concluded and an order
made for its printing an arrangement was
effected whereby some member of the con
ference committee on next Wednesday
would make a statement concerning the
changes made by the conferees, and that
the next day the report would be taken up
Mr. Vest (Dem., Mo.) and Mr. Foraker
(Rep., O.) then delivered notable speeches
anent the Hawaiian government bill. Both
were constitutional arguments, Mr. For-
aker's being a reply to that of Mr. Vest.
PORTO RICAN TARIFF BILL.
Mr. Llttlefleld Tries to Drown It in a
Flood of Eloquence.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 23. An agreement
was reached in the House to-day that the
vote on the Porto Rlcan tariff bill be taken
at 3 p. m. next Tuesday, general debate to
close on Monday. Formal announcement
was made that a Republican conference
would be held at 8 p. m. to-morrow. The
leaders continue to express the belief that
the bill will pass, but the Impression Is
growing that a motion to recommit the bill
to the committee on ways and means will
command strong support and may prevail.
Mr. Underwood, the Democratic whip, to
day sent out telegrams to all absent Demo
crats to be present on Monday, when the
voting may begin.
The speech of Mr. Llttlefleld, of Maine,
was the feature of the day. lie added to
his laurels won in the Roberts debate by a
speech against the bill which for brilliancy,
wit and logic rivals the best efforts of the
recognized orators of the House. He made
a profound impression, and when he con
cluded It was several minutes before the
demonstration that followed could be
quelled. Among others who spoke to-day
were Messers. Jones, of Virginia, and Mad
dox, of Georgia, against the bill, and
Messrs. Russell, of Connecticut, Bartholdt,
of Missouri, Gardner, of Michigan, and
Lacey, of Iowa, for It. The debate con
tinued at a night session.
In the course of his speech Mr. Bartholdt
said: "To withdraw from the Philippines
would be a crime against the Filipinos and
a disgrace in the eyes of the world." In
closing he referred to the remarks of Mr.
Clark, of Missouri, a few days ago, saying
the Democrats were dexterously propagat
ing the insinuation that a secret-Anglo-American
alliance existed, in order xto
arouse the resentment of the Irish and
German voters. Secretary Hay's reply to
the Macrura resolution, he said, had nailed
that lie. '
Mr. Llttlefleld spoke in time yielded to
him by Mr. Richardson, the Democratic
leader. J'l oppose this bill." he began, "be
cause it Is unrepubllcan, un-American, un
precedented, unwarranted and unconstitu
tional." He argued that the regeneration
of the island of Porto Rico could be
brought about by a loan, which the United
States should authorize it to raise. In 1S33
Porto Rico had manumitted thirty-nine
thousand slaves without tumult or blood
shed, the people paying S12.W0.0ÖÖ to free
the bondmen. "Could not these people,"
he asked, "be trusted to repay a trifling
loan to be used for the relief of the island?'
All the people of Porto Rico asked was a
stable government and hands off. They
could take care of themselves. Porto Rico
could repay a loan of $10,000,000, if operat
ing under free trade in free markets. "I
assert," added Mr. Llttlefleld, "that this
bill Is drawn against the advice of General
Davis, Governor General of the Island;
against the protest of the people of Porto
Rico, agalnEt the counsel of Secretary
Root, against the recommendations of the
President, and against the original recom
mendations of the chairman of the ways
and means committee."
The greatest calamity which ever shad
owed the Republican party, he said, was
the calamity Involved in the pending bill.
Applause. Mr. Llttlefleld said he would
waste no time In quoting Jefferson, Jack
son or Benson. For him it was sufficient
if William Mc!virley had followed In the
footsteps of Washington and Lincoln. And
Piesldent McKinley had said that it was
the "plain duty" of Congress to give free
traue to Porto Rico.
Mr. Llttlefleld directed his sarcasm
egalnst the bill, taking as an illustration a
case of shipping lumber from Maine to
Porto Rico. At San Juan tho duty was col
lected by the United States. Therefore, It
I'pd as well been collected by the United
States when It left Maine. He assailed ns
a pretext the theory that this toriff tor
Porto Rico was framed to raise revenue
when a duty on sugar and tobacco was
levied, while coffee, of which the produc
tion was greater than both the other ar
ticles together was to bo Imported free.
This was the cheap philanthropy which
cost nothing. He argued that if tho indus
tries of the United States were to be pro
tected against the industries of Porto
Rico and later against those of the Philip
pines, thi Industries of those islands could
never prosper. American capital would
never go to them for investment. Porto
Rico would remain an "orange for us to
squeeze, the people hewers of wood and
dithers of water," for the 75,000,000 inhabi
tants of the United States.
General Miles when his army Invaded
Porto Rico had promised the natives the
"immunities and blessings" of our govern
ment and they had crowned him with gar
lands and had kissed the. flag. He would
never vote, he said, to violate the pledge
that great soldier had made.
Mr. Llttlefleld then took up the legal
phase of the question and concluded as
follows: "May our flag float over the whole
Republic, in the Occident and in the Orient;
over the pearl of the Antilles and the 10,
.000 Islands near far off Cathay; upon land
and sea; over school, home and church;
the emblem of our Integrity and good faith,
of liberty and freedom, of the inestimable
blessings of Christian civilization, of hu
man rights guaranteed by the Constitution,
not dependent upon the evanescent will of
state or national legislatures too often
affrighted at their own shadows; rights
Imbedded in the Constitution, not floating
as empty bubbles on the perturbed sur
face of eloquent perorations; rights that are
eternal and world-wide, not ephemeral and
circumsarihed, of opportunity, not oppres
sion, and of regeneration, not repression.
Thus and thus only shall it be and ever
remain, by the blessing and favor of Al
mighty God, the unsullied and untarnished
symbol of our honor and glory and splen
dor." At the night session Mr. Sulzer. of New
York, vigorously opposed the bill as un
warranted and unconstitutional and
against the rights of the Porto RIcans and
the policy and traditions of this country.
"The road to Imperialism," he said, "is a
hard road to travel under the Constitution.
We want no Porto Rlcan stepdaughter in
the Union, but one grand galaxy of sister
States enjoying equal rights and equal pre
rogatives under the Constitution." The
others who spoke were White, of North
Carolina, for the bill, and Messrs. Lloyd
of Missouri, Little of Arkansas, W. E. Wil
liams of Illinois, Burnett of Alabama,
Stark of Nebraska, Ryan and Green of
Pennsylvania, Daly of New Jersey and
Gilbert of Kentucky against the bllL At
9:33 the House adjourned.
Will Urge Modification of the Dill.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 23.-The Post to
morrow will say: "A conference of Repub
licans was held at the residence of Repre
sentative McCall last evening regarding
the Porto Rico tariff bill. About sixteen
men were present and assurances were re
ceived that twenty-six Republicans could
be relied upon to oppose the passage of the
Payne substitute bill. The decision reached
was strongly against the bill, but the de
sire is that the members of the ways and
means committee shall withdraw or modify
the bill in their own way, as far as possi
ble, and with the least friction. Overtures
will be made to that end to-day before the
meeting of the Republican caucus."
TWO TRAINS WRECKED.
Passenger Fatally Burned, Engines
Demolished and Cars Destroyed.
STEUBENVILLE, O.. Feb. 23.-A wreck
on the Panhandle road to-night near Dins-
more, Just east of uns place, resulted in
the serious Injury of one man, the
burning of one coach and one baggage car
and the complete demolition of two en
gines. A west-bound freight train struck a
landslide in a deep cut. throwing the en
gine and several cars over on to the east-
bound track Just as the "greaser," a pas
senger train from Dennlaon, which left
here at 6:50 p. m:, came around the curve.
The "greaser" crashed into the wrecked
freight The baggage car and forward
coach of the passenger train soon caught
fire, bu; it Is believed all the paisengers es
caped except James Newell, of Carnegie,
Pa., who was seriously burned. Trafflc was
blocked for several hours.
MEASURE FIX ALLY AGREED OX BY
A Combination of the House and Sen
ate Bills, with the Good Points
of Both Retained.
HUGH H. HANNA PLEASED
THIXKS THE SEW BILL, TAKEX AS
A WHOLE, IS EXCELLENT.
Under It the Secretary of the Treas
ury Will Be Compelled to Main
tain the Gold Standard.
PARITY OF ALL OUR MONEY
MUST BE PRESERVED, AND BOXDS
31 AY BE SOLD WIIEX NECESSARY.
Gold to Be Purchased Whenever the
Reserve Is in Danger of Falling
Below the 100,000,000 Mark.
PLAN TO REDUCE INTEREST
PROVISION MADE FOR ISSUE OF TWO
PER CEXT. GOLD DOXÜS.
Changes In National Bank Laws
Senate Declaratfpn as to Bimetal
lism Blodlfled and Incorporated.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 23. A bill which
declares gold to be the standard of value In
the United States, and gives comprehensive
powers to the secretary of the treasury to
maintain the standard, was agreed on to
day by the conference committees of the
two houses of Congress. The bill has been
changed in many details from both the
Senate and House bills and Is declared by
advocates of sound-money legislation to
night to be a great improvement on either
bill as originally passed. TLe declaration
for the gold standard Is now independent
of former laws and cannot Involve any
question whether gold has been the stand
ard of the past or not. The gold dollar is
made the standard for the future, and it is
declared that all other money of the United
States shall be maintained at a parity with
this standard. One of the changes made
in conference is the addition of the words
"It shall be the duty of the secretary of
the treasury to maintain said parity." This
provision was Inserted when the Senate
refused to adopt the language of the House
bill, directly givlng'dlscretion to the secre
tary of the treasury to exchange gold for
silver In order to malutala parity. Agree
ment was finally reached on the clause
giving absolute power to the secretary to
maintain parity in the terms quoted. More
than this, the secretary is authorized to
use the increase In the funds of the treas
ury resulting from the sale of bonds for
any lawful purpose, except to cover de
ficiencies. This language would permit tho
secretary. In case the parity of silver or
paper money were threatened, to strength
en his gold resources ueyond the reserve
of 1150,000.000 which is directly set aside for
the redemption of greenbacks and Sherman
treasury notes. This reserve can be used
for no other purpose than the redemption
of these two classes of legal-tender notes,
and the secretary of the treasury is re
quired to replenish the reserve by buying
gold and making exchanges and finally by
issuing 3 rer cent bonds whenever the
gold fund drops below $100,000.000.
AN IMPORTANT PROVISION.
The provision that the proceeds of bonds
shall not be used to cover deficiencies has
been added by the conference committees '
with the direct purpose of preventing tho
conditions which arose under the Cleve
land administration and the political dis
pute which grew out of those conditions.
The secretary of the treasury is authorized
to purchase or redeem United States bonds
frQm time to time with this money, but Is
not required to make such purchases and
redemption at once, while the money in
circulation is redundant and gold is going
abroad. The clause which prohibits the
use of any of this money to covr defi
ciencies will compel a complete separation
of the ordinary expenses of the govern
ment from the maintenance of the redemp
tion fund. A deficit cannot be covered by
dipping into the gold reserve nor into the
proceeds of bonds Issued to maintain tho
reserve. It must be met by taxation or by
the issue of short-terra treasury certin-
cates authorized by the war revenue act,
and the transaction kept distinct from the
measures taken to strengthen the reserve.'
The House secures Its provision for Eepa
rate divisions of Issue and redemption In
the treasury, but in language much strong
er than that of the original House bill.
Every fund In the custody of these divi
sions Is made a trust fund available only
for Us specific purposes as provided by
law. The provisions for maintaining the
gold standard inviolate are thus buttressed
at every point, so they cannot well bo dis
regarded by any secretary of the treasury
without rendering him liable to impeach
ment for violation of his oath to obey and
enforce the laws.
Tlllf REFUNDING SCHEME.
The refunding project of the Senate wai
accepted by the House conferees on the as
surance of Secretary Gage and other finan
cial experts that a 2 per cent, bond could bt
floated at par if it afforded a secure invest
ment for a long term of years. It is be
lieved the prestige of the United Stales
will be so heightened abroad by floating a
2 per cent, bond at par that the industries
and interests of the country would pront
enormously by the credit tuua obtained.
Such an achievement will furpa?s that of
any European government. Two per cent.
bonds have been offered on a large scale
and many of the German Imixrial bonds,
the Russian bonds and even the French
and British bonds paying higher rates have
recently been quoted below par.
The conference committee reluctantly ae
ceptcd the bimetallic clause of the Senate
bill, with a change of language, which