Newspaper Page Text
THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1900.
revenue tax Imposed In Torto Rico upon j
like articles, of Porto Rlcan manufacture."
Mr. Payne explained that the substitute
did -two thing. It reduced the duty from
2 to 13 per ctnt.. and It also removed some
confusion regarding double taxation. Mr.
Payne said he still adhered to the opinion
that 23 per cent, would be better than 15
per cent.. b-eau?e It would rale more rev
enue, bJt 13 per cent, was better than noth
ing. In answer to a question an to how
murh the Mil as amended would raise. Mr.
Payne said the estimate fur the original
bill was $l,7.iV. If that estimate was
correct the amended bill would raise about
51.250.000 per annum. Mr. Payne took oc
casion to reprove Foir.e of his critics who
had complained that he had given no ex
planation for hi change of front. His
speech and his report, he said, gave aNfuIl
explanation. He had believed In free trade
with Porto Rico at one time, but subse
quent Information had convinced him that
the duty propo?cI by tne Pending bill
should be imposed.
RIDICULED BY BERRY.
Mr. Berry. r,f Kentucky, said the amend
ment proposed petty Instead of grand lar
ceny of the people of Torto Rico. He ridi
culed the laborious debate through which
the House had passed over the question of
what the "United States" meant under the
Constitution. If this country had been
called "Columbia." Instead of the "United
States. 1.T0O pages of the Congressional
Record would have been eliminated. No
one would have had the hardihood to con
tend then that the Constitution did not
extend over every foot of soil.
Mr. Dearmond. of Missouri, called at
tention to the peculiar language of the
substitute. The words "Coming into the
United States." he said, "were plainly in
tended to evade the Constitution.
Mr. Grow, of Pennsylvania, the venerable
ex-speaker of the House, and Mr. Graff, of
Illinois, spoke briefly in support of the bill.
The latter said his constituents expected
him to abide by the will of the majority
- of his party.
Mr. Bromwell, of Ohio, who has hitherto
opposed the bill, after paying his respects
to some of his Ohio colleagues (Grosvenor
and Shattuc) sa'd that he was now con
vinced that the administration which three
months ago demanded free trade for Porto
Rico now earnestly desired the passage of
the bill. It matters little whether he re
turned to Congress, he said, but it was of
great importance that the Republican
party should remain in power. His an
nouncement that he had decided to stand
by his party In the present emergency
was greeted with applause.
Mr. Grosvenor said that much of the op
position to the pending bill was due to the
fact that it was misunderstood. As late as
last Saturday night the editor of a promi
nent Republican paper had made the state
ment to him that the bill proposed 'that
we should put our hands into the pockets
or starving Porto Rlcans. "When he learned
that all the money collected at both ends
of the line went to the Porto Rlcans he
The Payne amendment was adopted with
out division. Many members on both sides
of the House made brief five-minute
speeches, explaining their position.
Mr. Richardson, of Tennessee, had read a
communication from a delegation of Porto
Rlcans appealing for free trade.
Mr. Tayne, in reply, said the gentlemen
who signed that communication were all
directly pecuniarily interested in exporting
rugar and tobacco into the United States.
Mr. Payne then offered the following ad
ditional section, agreed upon at the con
ference of Republicans on Monday night:
"This act shall be taken and held to be
provisional in its purposes and intended to
meet a pressing, present need for revenue
for the Island of Porto Rico, and shall ngt
continue in force after March 1. 1302."
Mr. Powers, of Vermoijt, who was the
author of the amendment, supported It.
His objections to the bill concerned Its
constitutionality and its expediency. A
case was already in the courts Involving
the constitutionality, and this section
would make the measure temporary and
provisional. It was, he understood, satis
factory to the President, and that being
the case ho was willing to give the
amended bill his support. Republican ap
plause. Mr. Sibley, of Pennsylvania, announced
his Intention of voting for the bill. While
we were debating the situation the people
of Porto Rico were starving.
"The emergencv." interrupted Mr. Wil
liams, of Illinois, ' is not in Porto Rico, but
In the policy of the Republican party."
Mr. Sibley-.-You have located the politics
on the wrong side. Republican applause.
Mr. Williams It is pretty hard to locate
Mr. Sibk-y replied that, as he had said
before, his seat could be considered con
structive on the Republican side. Continu
ing, he said that If it was established that
every foot of territory owned by the United
States was on absolute equality then he
wa3 opposed to tne whole policy of expan
sion. If the inhabitants of the Philippines
could compete with American production
and American labor he was willing to give
the archipelago to Agulnaldo. Mr. Sibley
concluded with a scathing characterization
of his Democratic critics.
Mr. Tompkins, of New York, who was
one of the original Republican opponents
of the bill, announce! briefly his reasons
for giving his support to the amended
Mr. Hepburn, of Iowa, said the treaty
by which Porto Rico and the Philippines
became ours could never have been ratified
without Democratic support, yet they now
contended that there is no power under the
Constitution by vnich American labor can
be protected against the competition of the
pauper labor of ten million Asiatics.
Mr. Carmack, of Tennessee, suggested
that the Democrats voted to ratify the
treaty because they believed in th nur.
ance of Republicans. Mr. Hepburn among
them. that the Philippines were to be
treated as Cuba was to be treated, that
they were to be retained only temporarily.
Mr. Hepburn indignantly denied that
anybody, speaking for the Republican
party, had ever ottered such an assurance.
Mr. Payne's amendment was then agreed
to without division and he offered the fol
lowing to come in before the enacting
"Whereas, The people of Porto Rico have
been deprived of markets for a large por
tion of their products and have lost prop
erty and crops by severe and unusual
storms, whereby they are Impoverished
and are unable to pay internal revenue and
direct taxes, and.
"Whereas. Temporary revenue is neces
sary for their schools, their roads and their
Internal Improvements and the administra
tion or their government, now, therefore,"
Mr. dimming?, of New York, threw the
House Into a furor of excitement. He de
scribed how he believed it to be the duty
of every man in a great crisis to rise above
party and support the government, as he
had done during the Spanish war. "I be
lieve now we should follow the lead of the
President." said he. emphatically, "and I
'will vote for this bill." This statement
.electrified the House. The Republicans,
without waiting for him to finish his sen
tence, rose en masse and cheered, while
the Democrats sat stunned and dazed. Mr.
Cummlngs stood with arm upraised until
the Republican applause ceased. "I will
vote for this bill," he continued, address
ing the Republican side, "provided it is
amended in accordance with the advice
of the President for absolute free trade
with Torto Rico."
It was now the turn of the Democrats
to cheer, and for several minutes they
mace tne ratters ring.
The excitement and confusion increased
as the time for voting drew near. The
private gallery of the President's house
hold and the diplomatic gallery were also
well filled. Duke D'Arcos, the Spanish
minister, was among those present.
Mr. Payne's preamble was adopted 163
to 131 on a rising vote.
Mr. Payne then offered the last commit
tee amendment to change the title of the
bill so as to read: "An act temporarily
raising revenue for the Island of Porto
Rico and for other purposes."
Mr. Zenor. of Indiana, and Mr. Jones, of
Virginia, were the last speakers, briefly
opposing the bill.
At 3 o'clock the committee rose and
Speaker Henderson resumed the chair.
Mr. McCall, of Massachusetts, then, on be
half of the minority, offered as a substitute
the bill for free trade with Porto Rico,
originally Introduced by Mr. Payne. The
roll call on It was followed with Intense
interest. Five Republicans voted with the
Democrats and four Democrats with the
Republicans. The five Republicans were
Heatwole. of Minnesota; Littleneld, of
Maine; Lorlmcr. cf Illinois; McCall, of
Massachusetts, and Crumpacker, of In
diana. The four Democrats were Davey.
of lyiulslana; Meyer, of Louisiana; Sibley,
of Pennsylvania, and Pevries, of Califor
nia. The substitute was lost 10) to 174.
The size of the majority against the sub
stitute was a gratifying surprise to the
Republicans and they applauded the an
Mr. Rrchardson. the minority leader, then
moved to rt commit the bill to the com
mute: cn wav and means, but It was lost
l2 to 173. On the motion to ircommlt
ZIr. Fletcher (Itep., Minn.;, who voted with
the Republicans on the substitute, voted
with the Democrats, and Mr. Spljht (Dem..
Miss.), who failed to get in hla vote on the
substitute, voted for the motion.
The vote on the final passage of the bill
was 172 to 161. The announcement was
greeted with uproarious applause.
Mr. Hepburn, of Iowa, after the con
fusion had subsided asked unanimous con
sent that the Nicaragua canal bill be con
sidered March 13.
"Does that take any account of the
treaty In the Senate?" asked Mr. Burton,
"I know nothing of the treaty," replied
"Then I object," exclaimed Mr. Burton.
At p. m. the House adjourned.
Failure In Porto Illro.
SAN JUAN DE PUERTO RICO. Feb.
2S. The Porto Rico Company, a New Jer
sey corporation, with headquarters at Phil
adelphia, has petitioned the court for a
declaration of insolvency and S. E. Simp
son has been appointed receiver. The peti
tion sets forth that the principal cause or.
the failure was the amount of property de
stroyed by the cyclone of last year. The
sum of $173,000 in cash is said to have been
sunk in Porto Rico. The liabilities of the
concern are $797.000; assets. $s3fr00. mostly
franchises. The creditors are said to In
clude some of the principal banks of Phil
adelphia and Pittsburg capitalists.
To Ilecovcr Cnilomi Dutlen. k
WASHINGTON. Feb. 28. Suit was filed
to-day In the United States Court of Claims
by Ludwig Dupiace, of Porto Rico, to re
cover $6,531, which he has paid as customs
duties on goods imported from the United
States. He bases his right to recover on
the claim that he is a citizen of the United
States, under the treaty of peace with
Spain and the Constitution of the United
States. Porto nlco, he claims. Is a part of
the United States, and, therefore, under
the Constitution, the duties were Illegally
exacted. The petition was filed by John G.
Carlisle and John C. Chaney as counsel.
B 0SEB ERY DISLIKED.
Forced to Renten Presidency of Scotch
LONDON, March 1. Lord Rosebery yes
terday resigned the presidency of the Scot
tish Liberal Association, a post he had
held for twenty years, and also the hon
orary presidency of the Midlothian Liberal
Association, which he had held since Its
formation. He firmly declined to reconsider
his resignations, and declines to meet a
delegation that called upon him to urge
him to do so.
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was
elected to succeed him as president of the
Scottish Liberal Association, It is under
stood that Lord Rosebery's retirement Is
due to Scotch disapproval of his war pol
icy, and it is believed that his resignation
means his absolute retirement for the time
being, at least, from politics.
O'Donnell Succeeds Davltt.
LONDON. Feb. 28. The result of the
election which took place In South Mayo
yesterday for a scat In Parliament, In suc
cession of Mr. Michael Dewltt, who re
signed as a protest against the Boer war,
was as follows: John O'Donnell, Nation
alist. 2.410; Major John McBrlde. National
ist, 427; Mr. O'Donnell's majority, 1.9S3.
Major McBrlde was the organizer of the
Irish Brigade In the service of the Trans
vaal Boers. At the last election in South
Mayo Mr." Davltt was returned unopposed.
Min E. A. Ormerod, LL. D.
LONDON, Feb. 28. The senators of the
University of Edinburgh have decided to
confer the degree of doctor of laws on Miss
Eleanor A. Ormerod, who has won world
wide fame as an economic entomoligist and
has spent twenty-three years in the study
of Insect pests. Miss Ormerod will be the
first woman to receive such an honor from
the University of Edinburgh.
Illot at Belfast.
BELFAST, Feb. 28. A rumor that Lady
smith had been relieved led to street dem
onstrations in Belfast to-day which pre
cipitated conflicts between the Orangemen
and Nationalists. There was considerable
stone throwing and many persons were in
jured and some property damaged.
Alexander Woorn, United States consul
at Kiel, has received his exequatur.
Prince Henry of Prussia has been grant
ed leave oT absence for six months to re
cruit his health, after his experiences in
The French Chamber of Deputies has
passed the FrancMexlcan convention,
providing for the mutual protection of in
The Berlin Relchsanzelger contains a
prohibition for two years of the circulation
and sale in Germany of the Paris comic
paper, Le Rlre. The paper has been twice
convicted recently of slandering and mali
ciously misrepresenting public Institutions
and personages in Germany.
The body of Prince Ludwig Von Lowen
steln, who was killed during an engage
ment between the American troops and the
Filipinos before Caloocan last March, has
been exhumed, and will be transported
from the Philippines for final Interment In
the principal church at Werthelm.
The German Reichstag by a large ma
jority has passed the third reading of Herr
Winterer's motion to repeal the so-called
"dictatorship paragraph" In force in Alsace-Lorraine.
The Reichstag also passed
the second reading of the motion of Herr
Kneckley, an Alsatian member, introducing
direct voting in the elections for the pro
vincial committee of Alsace-Lorraine.
Drs. T. W. Graydon anil John A.
Murphy, of Cincinnati.
CINCINNATI, O.. Feb. S.-Dr. T. W.
Graydon died shortly after noon from the
effects of an operation for the relief of
appendicitis. Dr. Graydon served In the
state Legislature several years ago, and
nas oeen prominent in local politics.
Dr. John A. Murphy, for forty-two years
a practicing physician in Cincinnati, died
this afternoon of heart failure. He was for
many years dean of Miami , Medical Col
lege and a leading lecturer all his life In
that institution. He was esteemed by the
profession here for his ability and strong
personal character. He was seventy-six
John Grohf on the Operating? Table.
NEW YORK, Feb. 2S.-Jofcn Groh. thirty
nine years old, a wealthy member of the
corporation of iL Groh's Sons, brewers,
died suddenly, Tuesday, In the New York
Polytechnic Medical School and Hospital
while on the operating table, where a
growth In his nose was being removed.
Thirty seconds after he had taken ether,
his respiratory system became paralyzed
and the action of the heart ceased. Though
the sugeons worked over him for two
hours, using every means known to them
to revive him, it was all in vain.
PORTLAND. Ind.. Feb. 2S. Rufus Rowe,
one of the pioneer residents of Portland,
died at his home in this city at 7:30 this
morning from the effects of a stroke of
paralysis. He was seventy-seven years
old. Mr. Rowe retired from business a
number of years ago and during the last
three years had suffered greatly from
paralysis, being unable to walk. A final
stroke of the disease caused his death.
LEXINGTON. Ky., Feb. 2S. George
Young Johnston, one of the most noted
printers in the country, died here to-night
in his eighty-fourth year. He was at one
time foreman of the New York Tribune un
der Horace Greeley. In 1S38 Johnston be
came foreman of the Courier, of Louisville,
under Haldeman. and worked under George
D. Prentiss on the Journal later.
CHICAGO. Feb. 2S.-Herman Schmedt-gc-n.
a resident of Chicago for fifty years
and father of William Schmcdtgen. a well
known artists, died last night. Congestion
of the lungs, added to which was a weak
ened conditions due to a fall from a wagon
In a street car collision several weeks ago,
were the causes of hla death.
HUNTSVILLE. Ala.. Feb. 21 William 8.
Well, capitalist and property owner, a di
rector of the Farmers' and Merchants' Na
tional Bank, manager of the Union Invest
ment Company and other Institutions, died
do-day of pneumonia. He came here from
South Dakota eight years ago.
HEAVY SNOW, HIGH WIND
rrrER Mississippi and middle
LAKE REGIONS VISITED.
Train Dclnyed, Street Cnra Blocked
and Iluftlnefts Generally Interfered
With Storm In the South.
CHICAGO. Feb. 28. Local traffic was
blocked In parts of the city by the snow
storm which started last night and trains
were delayed. ' The weather bureau an
nounced to-day that the snowfall was the
greatest since the winter of ISM, averaging
nearly seven Inches in the middle Western
States. It was stated that the conditions
give no promise of any abatement of the
storm before to-morrow. The greatest
snowfall, according to the weather map. Is
In Illinois, Missouri, 1 Kansas, southern
Michigan, northern Indiana, southeastern
Iowa and southwestern Wisconsin. Rail
roads running through these States re
ported trains from an hour to five hours
late. The C, B. & Q. Kansas City train
was reported five hours late at Galcsburg
and making progress only with the aid of
snowplows. All the roads sent out their
plows during the night. Chicago traffic
was carried on with the greatest difficulty,
the streets being blocked by great drifts
of snow. A mile of cable cars were tied up
on the North Side line for hours, and in
other portions of the city the snow block
ade was so effective that many people were
compelled to wade through the snow to
their places of business.
Reports received at the various railroad
offices this afternoon show that the storm
continues with unabated fury throughout
the West and South. The snow in many
places in Illinois is reported from one to
two feet deep on the level and has com
pelled the abandonment of many local
freight trains. Passenger trains have been
"double-headed" and are moving, though
in most cases considerably behind schedule
time. High winds accompanying the storm
have completely blocked the harbor of Chi
cago and, not a steamer has attempted to
leave here to-day.
Reports received from various cities in
Tennessee, Mississippi and Louisiana indi
cate that the storm Is general down the
Mississippi valley, although the snow line
does not extend very far south of St. Louis.
Mo. Heavy sleet storms are reported south
of St. Louis and Centralia, 111., with much
damage to telegraph and telephone wires,
while severe wind and electrical storms are
reported from points in northern Missis
sippi as far south as Independence.
Along the southern arm of the storm
that Is, below Memphis occurred heavy
rains and high winds and In some cases
sleet. The area of heaviest rains extended
from Meridian, Miss., to the gulf coast.
Telegraph communication was Interfered
with to a considerable extent. The storm
developed considerable energy over Ala
bama, southern Georgia and eastern Flor
ida. Although there Is some apprehension
for the safety of shipping, no damage has
yet been reported. New Orleans, Atlanta.
Birmingham, Montgomery, Pensacola and
other cities report high winds .and heavy
rains but no serious damage.
KEARLY ALL WIRES DOW.V.
Business Almost Suspended In St.
Louis All Trains Delayed.
ST. LOUIS, Mo., Feb. 2S. The snow that
fell yesterday to a depth of several inches
was followed last night by sleet and rain
that froze as it came down and covered
everything with a thick coating of Ice. Un
der foot the snow was reduced to slush. As
a result of this storm, which extended for
a distance of twenty miles about the city,
the conditions are worse than at any time
this winter. Wires and poles in every di
rection are down with the weight of ice and
hundreds of trees are broken. Most of the
wires of the telephone companies being un
derground, they did not suffer so badly as
the telegraph companies, except in the out
lying districts. The electric lighting and
power companies suffered considerably by
crossed wires but were able to keep their
systems In operation to-day.
For several hours street car traffic was
almost entirely blocked on many electric
lines and many persons had to walk to
their places of business. Ice covered rails
and broken trolley wires caused the delay,
which extended to every street car line In
the city. So far as known there were no
casualties, but several horses were killed
by live wires and a number of persons had
narrow escapes from death. Incoming rail
road trains were late.
As the day wore on reports were received
at police headquarters of numerous persons
injured as the result of the terrible condi
tion of the streets and from falling Ice and
branches of trees. Owing to the danger
from live wires that are to be found broken
and hanging In the streets, the superin
tendent of the city lighting department has
come out with a warning to citizens to
keep indoors as much as possible to-night.
The city lighting department reports that
the damage to wires from this storm is
greater than from the tornado In 1896.
At Peoria, 111., the storm "amounted al
most to a blizzard and the drifted snow
blocked every street car line In the city.
D ENI SON, Tex.. Feb. 2S.-The storm last
night in this vicinity and In the Indian Ter
ritory was the worst experienced In years.
Six inches of snow fell in the Territory. All
traffic is impeded and trains are arriving
several hours late. Large snowdrifts have
accumulated on the track of the Missouri,
Kansas & Texas In the Territory. Tele
phone messages from different points in the
Territory report that cattle losses will be
very heavy. A blizzard prevails here.
Specials from all sections of Texas give
accounts of rain, hall and sow, but no ma
terial damage has been done save to
strawberries and cabbage.
A MAXTLK OF SXOW.
It Covers the Entire Southwest Dam
nee to Stock in the West.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 2S. The whole
Southwest 13 a mantle of snow from two
to three feet deep on the level. Trains
are late in all directions, telegraph and
telephone facilities are badly Interrupted
and at some points In Kansas where the
wind has a clean sweep and piled the snow
In high drifts outside business has been
abandoned. In Kansas City street-car
service has been almost at a standstill
since last night, and orfly the efforts of
an army of snow shovelers this morning
made it possible to get about. In the Imme
diate vicinity of Kansas City a high tem
perature prevailed and no serious suffer
ing is reported. From Kansas and the
territories where the snow was accom
panied by sleet and a strong wind come
reports of damage to stock. It was the
fiercest storm experienced in the South
west for several years.
At Topeka street-car traffic was sus
pended early last evening, and up to 11
o'clock to-day the company was unable
to open up any of Its lines. A Missouri
Pacific train from Fort Scott due here at
5:30 last evening was tied up at Lomax
and. did not reach Topeka until after mid
night. At Wichita snow was a foot deep on
the level and the street-car system was
Coal Famine with the Storm.
TOLEDO, O.. Feb. 28. Twenty inches of
snow has fallen in Toledo and north
western Ohio since early this morning and
the prospects are that there will be more
than two feet on the level before the storm
has passed. Business In Toledo was practi
cally at a standstill to-day, only three lines
of cars being kept open and this only by
tho united efforts or the entire force of
the trolley syatem. Tali evening two of
these lines were abandoned. The storm
compelled the shutdown In the oil fields
fit this rnnifr of th State, not a well In
storm comes a scarity of coal. Dealers J
have been short for a week and have been i
making only small deliveries In order to
keep all patrons In fuel expecting ship
ments from the mines this week. The snow
has blocked the trains and wagons were
struggling through the drifts to-day, but
were not equal to the demand.
All Trains Were Late.
CLEVELAND, Feb. 28. From three to
seven Inches of snow fell within a very
short time throughout northern Ohio early
to-day. On the trunk lines trains were
reported from thirty minutes to two hours
late. Many street-car lines In this city
were completely tied up during the early
morning hours. The northwestern counties
had the heaviest fall more than a foot
accompanied by a high wind and a drop
of thirty degrees in temperature.
BLIZZARD AT WA3AS1I.
Over a Foot of Snow and All Trains
Are Badly Delayed.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
WABASH, Ind., Feb. 28. The fiercest
blizzard of the winter has been raging
here for the last twenty hours. The snow
fall began at 9 o'clock last night and
turned to sleet an hour later. It then be
gan snowing, and over a foot has fallen.
The storm to-night Is accompanied by a
high wind from the north, which is caus
ing the snow to drift badly. Business here
has been practically suspended. On the
Wabash Railroad passenger trains are
from one to six hours late, and on the west
end of the eastern division all freight
traffic Is abandoned. On the Big Four
heroic efforts arc being made to keep the
track clear, but passenger trains are run
ning very late and all freights but the
locals have been annulled. Farmers are
delighted because of the benefit the grow-.
Ing wheat will derive from the heavy snow.
Three Feet of the Beautiful.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
WINAMAC. Ind., Feb. 18. This locality
was visited by one of the heaviest snow
storms to-day that has been experienced
since 1SS1. The snow Is over three feet
deep on the level and the streets and side
walks are banked high with drifts and all
public travel is suspended. As a result
Winamac is blockaded, and all business
practically stopped. Public schools were
dismissed at noon and the children hauled
home In sleighs. Telephone and telegraph
wires are prostrated. All passenger trains
on the Panhandle Railroad were belated
several hours and most of them were
pulled by double-headers. Freight trains
were abandoned on the side tracks. Despite
the heavy snowstorm the temperature is
Blockade at Valparaiso.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
VALPARAISO, Ind., Feb. 28. One of the
worst snowstorms ever seen In this sec
tion has been raging here since last night.
The snow is two feet deep and railroad
traffic Is badly tied up.
HEAVY SNOW PROBABLE.
Will Be Followed by Clearing Weath
er Fair and Warmer Friday.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 28.-Forecast for
Thursday and Friday:
For Ohio Heavy snow on Thursday, with
colder in central and southern portions;
high easterly, shifting to northerly winds.
Friday fair, with warmer In northern por
tion. For Indiana Heavy snow, followed by
clearing on Thursday, with colder In south
east portion; high northerly winds. Friday
fair and warmer.
For Illinois Fair In western; snow, fol
lowed by fair In eastern portion on Thurs
day; high northerly winds, diminishing In
force and becoming variable. Friday fair
Local Observations on Wednesday.
Bar. Ther. R.H. Wind. Pre. Weather.
7 a.m. ..29.99 28 94 N'east. 0.03 Lt. rain.
7 p. m... 23.80 34 97 N'east. 0.75 Lt. rain.
Maximum temperature, 26; minimum tempera
Following is a comparative statement of the
mean temperature and total precipitation Feb. 28:
Normal 36 0.1.1
Mean 30 0.75
Departure 6 0.6.1
Departure since Feb. 1 166 0.01
Departure since Jan. 1 23 1.43
Plus. C. F. R. W'APPKNHAXS,
Local Forecast Official.
Stations. Mln. Max. 7 p. m.
Atlanta, Ga 34 as ss
Itlsmarck. N. D 4 36 34
HuiTalo. N. Y 12 24 24
Calsary, N. W. T 24 44 42
Chicago. Ill 20 24 24
Cairo. Ill 2 4S 28
Cheyenne. Wyo 6 42 3S
Cincinnati. O 24 4S 46
Concordia. Kan 12 26 22
Davenport. la 20 26 26
Des Moines. Ia 18 30 26
Galveston. Tex 54 f.2
Helena, Mont 34 46 40
Jacksonville, Fla 54 70 66
Kansas City, Mo 20 28 24
Little Rock. Ark 32 40 22
Marquette. Mich 16 20 16
Memphis. Tenn 30 M 30
Nashville Tenn 36 ."2 48
New Orlcanr,. La r8 40
New York City 16 38 38
North Platte. Neb 2 S2 ?s
Oklnhoma. O. T .' 24 34 30
Omaha, Neb 12 28 26
Pittsburg. Pa IS SO 40
Qu' Appelle, N. V. T 4 22 30
Rapid City. S. D 20 M 42
Salt Lako City 32 K4 M
St. Louis, Mo 26 30 26
St. -Paul. Minn 10 '26 22
SprlnsfleM. Ill 2 24 2
Springfield. Mo 24 2 24
Vicksburg. Miss 36 .12 26
Washington. D. C 18 38 38
THREE LITTLE ONES PERISH.
Children Suffocated In a IlurninK
Tenement Serie of Fires.
NEW YORK, March 1. A fierce fire
broke out at midnight in a tenement at No.
1601 Third avenue. The police and firemen
made many thrilling rescues, and after the
fury of the flames had been spent the
bodies of three children of the Friedner
family were found In a bed. The children
had been .suffocated. They were Ettle, six
years; George, four years, and Sammy,
eighteen months. At a fire about a year
ago the Friedner family lost two other
children by suffocation. Mrs. Friedner,
who lt was at first thought had been
burned to death, was out of the house at
the time of the fire. She returned Just be
fore the bodies of her children were found.
A dozen or more persons were rescued In a
semi-conscious or unconscious condition.
Policeman Thomas Tracey did valorous
service, entering the burning building re
peatedly and finally dropping on the third
floor overcome by smoke. 1113 comrades
carried him out unconscious and he was
sent to the Presbyterian Hospital. He will
recover. Another policeman carried out a
five-year-old boy who was found almost
dead on the third floor. The fire broke out
In the basement and the entire structure
was destroyed. The financial loss was
While the firemen were fighting this fire
another broke out on Third avenue, Just
five blocks away, under almost the simi
lar circumstances. The fire was quickly ex
tinguished. At the same time there was a
fire burning at 1828 Second avenue, very
close at hand, where a four-story flat
house was gutted. Here also the police and
firemen made a number of rescues. A few
minutes later about midway between the
two fires on Third avenue a fourth fire
broke out at No. 1TÖ5, in the bottom of an
air shaft. This was also easily extin
guished. The police and Chief Croker, of the fire
department, are strongly of the opinion
that the fires were prearranged and the
work of incendiary origin.
About Tuu Thounnnd 31nchlnlntn Out.
CHICAGO. Feb. 23. The number of strik
ing machinists In this city was aug
mented to-day by the calling out of the
men at the Gates Iron works, the Link Helt
and Machinery Company and the Excelsior
lion works, about" 400 in all. making the
total number of striking machinists In this
city about 2,000. Members of the machin
ists executive council intimste that there
I. a possibility of a strike being ordered
of the machinists employed by the various
railroads centering la Chicago.
TO REMEDY THE EVILS
KENTUCKY REFl'BLSCASS TO CALL A
Will Try to Get Election Trouble
Before Conpre Content llefore
the Court of Appeals.
FRANKFORT, Ky., Feb. 2S. The Re
publican joint caucus of the Legislature
met this evening, and after a long discus
sion concerning election laws In the South, i
and particularly the Goebel election law In
this State, decided to take the Initiative In
a movement to bring the matter before
Congress. The purpose is to call a conven
tion In which Virginia. Kentucky, Ten
nessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Missouri and
North Caroiina and South Carolina are to j
take part, at which convention action is to
be taken memorializing Congress to amend
the national election laws so as to take out
of the hands of the election machinery of
the various State governments the details
of at least congressional and presidential
elections. The caucus convened at 6 o'clock
and several prominent Republican leaders,
in addition to the Republican members of
both houses, were present.
In the Court of Appeals to-day R. J.
Breckenridge, Democratic attorney gen
eral, filed a motion demanding that the
court recognize him. Republican Attorney
General Pratt objected. The court declined
to pass on the question at once and ordered
the matter submitted, as a decision would
involve the contests over minor state
Vandals stripped the State Capitol build
ing of the emblems of mourning with which
the front of the building was araped on ac
count of the death of the late Democratic
Governor Goebel. The work must have re
quired the co-operation of a number of peo
ple and occupied some time. The soldiers
were on duty during the night. Captain
Cochran, who is in charge, will hold a
court of Inquiry.
The Republican Senate to-day confirmed
a dozen appointments by Governor Taylor
of officers for the various asylums and
other charitable institutions. The Demo
cratic Senate at noon confirmed a batch of
appointments by Democratic Governor
Beckham for these places. The Demo
cratic state officers say that Democratic
county officers are paying In money to
Democratic Treasurer Hager, the first
moneys being received to-day.
The Ward bill, which appropriates $100,000
to be put In the hands of a commltete to be
expended by that committee in an effort to
detect and convict the assassin of William
Goebel, was passed to-day by the House by
a strict party vote of 52 to 35. Five hours
were spent in exciting debate over the bill
and all substitutes and amendments .o it
were voted down.
"Bryan and Caldwell.'
BOSTON, Feb. 2S. George E. Washburn,
chairman of the Massachusetts Populist
State committee, who has just returned
from the Populist national committee
meeting, says the Populists will nominate
William J. Bryan and Judge Henry C.
Caldwell for President and Vice President
at Sioux Falls. S. D., May 9, and that the
Democratic national convention will in
dorse the ticket. Mr. Washburn says the
anti-Imperialist sentiment among the
Western Republicans is prodigious.
NEEDS A ROAD,
(CONCLUDED FROM FIRST PAGE.)
four hours, outstripping the transport sup
plies and living for days on almost quar
ter rations. Yet the fatigue and incessant
hardship were borne with wonderful cheer
fulness. There has been a drenching rain
for the last three days, the men lying fully
exposed to the rain and the subsequent
cold winds, all of which proved the ad
mirable pluck and endurance of the men.
Every day, owing to the enormous extent
of the British lines, news is brought of
some little action which had passed unno
ticed in the excitement of General Cronje's.
investment. Last Monday night a brilliant
piece of work was performed by the
Gloucesters. During the afternoon they
approached a kopje containing a body of
Boers. Iney waited till nightfall, when 120
men charged the kopje with the bayonet
and drove off the enemy with loss, bay
oneting several of them. The positions
taken, however, were evacuated during the
Last night the rattle of musketry showed
that the Boers had discovered our nightly
rush forward in the river bed, which they
have been unable to stop. Yesterday they
were shelled Intermittently. The Boers
possess two Vlckers-Maxlm guns, two fifteen-pounders
and are supposed to possess
a big gun, all of which appear to be sedu
The war balloon Is doing good work.
Yesterday was observed as a tacit armis
tice. The Boers freely showed themselves
to the British troops. Our horses are now
thoroughly rested and full rationed. This
correspondent has conversed with many
Boer prisoners, both Free Staters and
Transvaalers. All seemed convinced now
that the war must end in a British vic
tory. They had never before believed that
the British would be able to advance ex
cept by railways, and they nad supposed
that the efforts to relieve Kimberley were
due to the necessity of securing the Klm-berley-Mafeking
line, whence the advance
into the heart of the Transvaal, would 1 be
easy. General Cronje, . it appears, had
steadily refused to believe' It possible that
the British wouId make . k long march
away from a railway, and therefore total
ly misconceived the object of the strategic
movement of Lord Roberts, Imagining that
It was merely a change or direction, in or
der to attack Magersfontein by way of
Jacobsdal. All the prisoners seemed equal
ly convinced that when the British get to
Pretoria some foreign power will inter
vene. It becomes more evident dally that the
greatest necessity In the successful con
duct of the campaign of Lord Roberts is
larger supplies of horses.
Prisoner nt Modder River.
CAPE TOWN, Feb. 20. There are now
six hundred prisoners at Modder river,
most of whom surrendered Friday and Sat
urday. They are kept under guard, between
COXGIIATIXATIONS FOR CANADIANS.
Princess LouInp and Joseph Chamber-
lain to Lord Mlnto.
OTTAWA, Ont., Feb. 28. The governor
general has received the following cable
gram from Princess Louise, the wife of
the Marquis of Lome, formerly governor
general of Canada:
"I desire to express congratulations on
Cronje's surrender, effected by gallant Ca
nadian aid. Deep sympathy for Canadian
losses. Am proud to have lived among
Lord Mlnto also received the following
cable from Joseph Chamberlain: "Hearty
congratulations to Canada on the noble
part taken by Canadian troops In Roberts's
The government has received a list of
Canadians wounded In the fight preceding
the surrender of Cronje. It is incomplete
for the reason that the surnames only are
given and there are several of the same
name on the roll. Major Pelletler, son of
Sir Alphonse Pelletier, of Quebec, is among
KuMftlnnft Strongly Antl-Ilritliih.
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 2S. The news
papers here outdo the rest of the conti
nental press In bewailing General Cronje's
defeat and In virulently abusing Great
Britain. They declare that the Transvaal
has fully demonstrated Its right to com
plete iolltIcal Independence, with an out
let to the sea. They suggest that the best
help for the Boers would be to create a
diversion against Great Britain elsewhere
and maintain lt is the duty of Europe to
Intervene and "end the most Infamous
of all the wars England has ever waged
for predatory purposes.
Propoaed Tribute to Cronje.
WASHINGTON. Feb. .-Representative
Fitzgerald, of Massachusetts, to-day passed
nround among his Democratic colleagues
the following cablegram to General Cronje,
the defeated Boer general. Up to 2 o'clock
to-day about thirty of them had signed It:
"General Cronje. Cape Town, Africa
Members of the United States House of
Representatives congratulate you and your
soldiers on your magnificent display of
courage and heroism in your brave fight for
Brltlah Attain lu Poaacaalon Lord !
Kitchener nt Arundel. j
ARUNDEL, Feb. 27. Rensburg was oc- j
cupled after a slight skirmish and with no j
serious opposition. Neither the town nor ;
the railway has been Injured.
LONDON, March. 1. According to a
special dispatch from Cape Town, dated
Feb. 27, Lord Kitchener Is at Arundel. the
Boers are retiring to Norvalspont. and all i
is quiet at Stormberg.
Planier May Seine Supplies.
CAPE TOWN. Feu. 2S. The Governor of
Cape Colony, Sir Alfred Mllner, has further
prorogued the Cape Parliament to April 6.
He has also Issued a proclamation an
nouncing that the military authorities are
authorized to Impress wagons, oxen, pro
visions and other necessities in Rhodesia,
the articles thus taken to be paid for at a
fair value. This is taken to mean that
Colonel liumer's column advancing to the
relief of Maf eking will be enabled to seize
KIMBERLEY WANTS LUXURIES.
Complains that Condensed Milk Can
not Be Easily Procured.
KIMBERLEY. Feb. 27. Colonel Peak-
man, with a mounted force and a Maxim,
proceeded to Barkly West, where he was
warmly welcomed. He left a strong guard
and then proceeded to Longlandst, Wlnd-
sortewn and Kllpdam. There were rumors
of Boers In the neighborhood, but no dem
The Diamond Fields Advertiser draws
pointed attention to the fact that although
Kimberley was relieved about two weeks
ago. there has been no amelioration In re
gard to the food supply. It is still Impos
sible, as lt was during the Investment, to
procure a tin of condensed mi'.k or cocoa
without a medical certificate. The inhabi
tants continue without many of the com
mon articles of food, although meat rations
have been increased to half a pound.
German View of Cronje Surrender.
BERLIN, Feb. 28. General Cronje's sur
render continues to interest the German
press. Nearly all the papers to-day admit
the Importance of the event. The official
Norde Duetsche Alegemeine Zeitung, dis
cussing the situation, says: "Its impor
tance lies less In the number of the cap
tured than in the revivifying of the. spirit
of initiative among the British generals.
The biggest military injulry which lt has
done, so far as the Boers are concerned, is
that hereafter and everywhere In the seats
of war the British will dictate th law -to
the Boers. It is impossible to estimate be
forehand the degree of depression among
the Boers; but undoubtedly the depression
is intense, and especially among the Cape
Boers. Thus far the reports do not tell
whether 'the Boer losses, previous to the
surrender, were large. If they were, then
the total injuiry is still greater."
Yonng Hay Opens n Bank.
LONDON. March 1. The Dally Mall
says: "The reopening "of Robinson's Bank
In Pretoria is due to the good offices of
Mr. Hay, United States secretary of state,
Mr. Choate and Adelbert Hay, the Ameri
can consul at the Transvaal capital. When
President Kruger closed the bank he tried
to commander the British staff, and on
their refusal to comply he threatened them
with expulsion. Adelbert Hay sent the pro
test of the manager of the bank to Lord
Salisbury through Mr. Choate. with the
result that President Kruger liberated the
bank's staff " and restored the com
Boers Ill-Treating Prisoners.
LONDON, March L The Pietermarttx
burg correspondent of the Daily Tele
graph, under date of Tuesday, says: "Mr.
Gutridge, a contractor, who resides at Dun
dee, after being kept Id imprisonment at
Pretoria for five weeks was put beyond the
Portuguese border. He describes the treat
ment of the British prisoners as disgrace
ful. Fever had broken out before he left
and a Boer doctor told him that the gov
ernment would not allow adequate medi
cal supplies." -
Chance for Generous Irishmen.
NEW YORK, Feb.' 28. Mrs. Adair has
received $263 in small sums for sending
comforts to British soldiers on board the
American hospital ship Maine, at Durban.
The accounts to-day show the awful losses
amongst the Dublin Fusiliers In the late
battles near Colenso. If any of their com
patriots feel Inclined to send further sub
scriptions they will be received if directed
to "Mrs. Adair, care Messrs. Morgan &
Co., New York."
GRAIN RATES REDUCED.
Action of Presidents of Trunk Line
NEW YORK. Feb. 28. It was learned
late to-night that at a conference of pres
idents of railroad lines belonging to the
Central Freight Association, at the Trunk
line Association rooms to-day, a new grain
rate from Chicago and the Mississippi to
New. York was agreed upon. The meeting
was. well attended, and among those pres
ent were M. E. Ingalls. president of the
Big Four; II. B. Ledyard, president of the
Michigan Central; A. II. Newman, presi
dent of the Lake Shore; James McCrea,
vice president of the Pennsylvania lines
west of Pittsburg; Oscar G. Murray, vice
president of the Baltimore & Ohio; William
M. Greene, vice president of the B. & O.
Southwestern, and J. A. Ramsey, vice pres
ident of the Wabash.
It was announced that a basis had been
decided upon of 15 cents for each 100 pounds
from Chicago and the Mississippi to New
York, and of 13 cents per 100 on export
grain via New York from the same points.
This new rate represents a reduction of
about 7 cents from the rates heretofore
considered as standard rates. The new
rates are to go into effect on March 5.
However, so many contracts have been
made at 10 and 11 cents that the effect of
the new rate will probably not be felt for
some time, and probably not before the
opening of lake navigation, about the be
ginning of April.
AT GREAT COST.
(CONCLUDED FROM FIRST PAGE)
within a minute not a man was left stand
ing, lt seemed to me that the brave com
pany of Fusiliers was annihilated. Shortly
afterward, however, I could see some of
them move, then rise and finally walk to
the rear, taking cover. The supporting
company was also cut up but not quite so
"The Boers are placed on high, unassail
able kopjes: and it would take ten times
their number to carry these positions suc
cessfully. The kopjes command the rail
way from" Colenso to Ladysmlth, and a real
right flank attack is rendered impossible,
owing to a high and precipitous ravine,
which opens upon the Tugela while the left
is too open and void of cover, and cannot
be seriously considered as a means of as
sault. "The Boers and English fraternized during
yesterday's armistice. It Is reported that
four thousand Boers have left the vicinity
oi Ladysmlth for Dundee."
ARMISTICE LAST SUNDAY.
Both British and Boers Took Time to
Bury Thelf Dead.
COLENSO, Feb. 26. Yesterday an ar
mistice was agreed upon and both sides
removed their wounded and burled their
dead. The Boer lost heavily in attack
ing and many were killed among the trees.
Severe musketry fire was resumed last
evening. It was started by tho accidental
discharge of a rifio.
lt is reported that there are 400 Boers
Archbishop Hennessy Dylnfr.
DUBUQUE. Ia.. Feb. 2S.-ArchbIshop
Hennessy is sinking rapidly. He was un
conscious all the afternoon, and the at-
tendants expect his death during the nls
HEROINES OF PEACE.
When wc read
6tories of the terrible
ol the olden times,
it swms a.i if the tor
tures they depict
were almost be
the invention o
most depraved and
fiendish mind; and
yet here in our own
enlightened 1 an d
and in this Nine
our own sis
some unnatural weakness of te
delicate organism of their sex, arc daily
undergoing an almost equally terrible,
physical anguish and martyrdom.
"ItsrmedaiifthereTrasaniroa band around
my head and it was bcin twisted tighter and
tighter all the time." a New York lady m1 la
trving to describe her terrible sensation.
" I could not walk across ray room wunoui ui-
. . . . . ft. . J r
v v trrtnMsl ritti frmaip weakness.
I had suffered for two years when I bejraa taking
your medicine but now after tating three bott!c
of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription I ara free
from pain. I do all my housework and walk
where I please thanks to Dr. Pierce's inediciue."
"It is the only medicine that relieved my ter
rible headaches.' said Mrs. R. I. Mocfort. of
Lebanon. Warren Co.. Ohio. " In very truth it
is the only medicine ever invented that delicate
and ailing women can positively icly tinoa to
give them complete and permaaeut relief."
No ofcher remedy was ever devised that
so thoroughly rejuvenates the entire nerv
ous system of women; healing and curinpr
all weakened and diseased conditions of
the feminine organism and restoring wom
anly strenjrth and completeness. It is the
only proprietary remedy ever devised for
this one special purpose by an educated
and eminent physician, a specialist of
world-wide reputation in this particular
field of practice. No woman need or ought
to allow her whole nature, physical and
mental, to be undermined by such ailments
when by writinjr to Dr. Pierce the may ob
tain professional advice free of charge.
Broadway and 63rd street, X. Y. City.
EUROPEAN PLAN EXCLUSIVELY.
81.50' Ter Day and upward.
Fultea from $3 SO pr day up.
All mr vm rm cx tho ri-wr OnlV t Y1 ml f
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wly and Iteautiruliy i;.uippea.
Perfect Cuisine llfflcient Servlc
Patronlied by the best ponl only.
Fine Library Splendid JIull
Desirably and convcnlmiy locatea.
Send postal for description booklet and rat
W. JOHNSON QUINN. Proprietor.
Wroujbt-lren Pipe for Gia.
Steam and Wit er,
Boller Tube. Cart an
Ua!ib!e Iron Flttlne
(Hack and rajvanlied).
Valves. Stop Cock. En
Sne Trimming. tam
auge, Ptp Tongs. 11p.
Cutters, Vitt Scre
Platra and Dies Vrnctn?a.
Fttam Trap, Pumja,
Kitehen Sink. Hont, Blt
In;. Babbit Metal, holder.
White and Colored Wining
Wat, ajid all other Sup
plies ued In connection
with Ot. Steam an!
Wattr. Natural Gas 6up-
FMes a apeclalty. Stearn
leatlng Apparatus for
Public nulldlnga, Store
rooms. Mills. Shop, Fac
tories. Laundries, Lumbf
Pry Houses, tc Cut an4
Thread to order any str
Wrousht-lron Pipe, from
H Inch to 12 inches diam
eter. KNIGHT & JILLSON,
121 to 127
The Proaecatlnst Attorneyship.
To the Editor of the Indiana polis Journal:
By far the most Important oflicer to be
elected this year for Marlon county Is the
prosecuting attorney. It is always im
portant, but never before fo important as
now, honce only a first-class lawyer, above
nil suspicion of fear, favor or affection
should be chosen. It need not be that an
old established lawyer whose patient In
dustry and acknowledged ability have
brought Into his hands a class of cases
which demand years of preparatory study
and experience should be selected for this
office, for there are many younger men
whose future In the profession Is already
foreshadowed ' who would take the offico
and put Into It talent and acquirements
and Industry much above the average
If called to It, but they will not seek the
otfice at the expense of nelf-respcct and
professional dignity. The present Incum
bent has dono fairly well, and the con
sensus of the party has crystallized about
the purpose of renominating him, notwith
standing his blunder In refusing to accept
the proferred assistance of an older at
torney In the street raüroad Investigation,
when his hands were already more than
full with the evcry-day cases, which, are
enough to tax the strength of older men.
At a late hour he had begun to tacklo the
well-known violations of the Lquor lav?,
when the murder of a man was so clearly
traced to the Illegal traffic: and later,
since both the licensed saloons from one
motive, and the Antl-saloon League from
another, have been active he has dis
played commendable zeal In Indicting drug
gists and others for selling without license,
all of which was pointing him out as his
logical successor because he has both the
unrelinquished street-car imbroglio and the
liquor law violators well In hand. When
word comes that he has not only been
elbowed off the track by those who run
things, but his successor has ben named
with such authority that only the formal
approval of the convention is necessary
to ratify the deed.
Now, 1 am no great admirer of Mr. Pugh,
personally or professionally. I think we
might have done much better two years
ago except for that pernicious sentiment
that the office Is a good place to at once
reward party services and give a boost
to a coming lawyer, instead of calling to
it such ability and Integrity as should be
sought In a Judge of an Important courL
Yet, lt seems to me that lt Is no time
to change prosecuting attorneys. Mr.
Lincoln': homely saw about swapping;
horses in the middle of the stream is very
applicable here. We are not through lth
the street-railway case by a long way,
and we are only beginning the enforcement
of law through the Criminal Court, see
ing that the machinery of the city govern
ment Is In tho hands of law vlolaiers, as
was shown In the late Investigation, ana
this elbowing of Mr. Pugh from the track
and the authentatlve selection of a suc
cessor by the managers of the party, wllL
In spite of fate, be so construed as a con
cession to the railroad Interests and the
violators of the laws that at least a thou
sand voters, of whom I am one, will foe!
bound by no moral or political obligations
to ratify the contract. While I would
rather vote for Mr. Pugh than any other
man available under existing conditions,
if for no other reason than because he
has the street-railway matter well In hand,
and becaui-c he has begun the right thins;
as to law violations that the city authori
ties are afraid to tackle, I hope the prim
aries will se to It that any other man
than the one chosen by the management
is nominated by the convention. It may
be too late to command the services of
some coming Elam or Duncan or Urown.
but we cannot afford to have any otfice
dealt out by contract we cannot allow
any Junto to cibow one man off and to
put another on In advance of the etlon
of th convention. U. L. SEE.
Indianapolis. Feb. IS.
THE Gil IP LI Hi; THAT DOES CIUK.
I-Axatlv Uromo Quinine Tablet rmee the
cause, that produces La t5rljv. IL w. Crova'a
signature la cn each box. 2jc.
the C.il. M?--v
lenng üreadlui pains," saia anomcr iauy. .-jis.
May E. Jones, of 520 Madison Ave.. YpMlauti.
Mirh In a rtttr to Dr. U. V. Pierce, of DufiulO,