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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, TUESDAY, JUNE 12, 1900.
THE DAILY JOURNAL
TUESDAY, JUKE 12, 1900.
Business Oitte. ES Editorial Rooms 86
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How and U'lllard's Hotel.
The casualties of the war at St. Loul.
from day to day exceed those In the Philip
pines. The breaking up of China, which has so
long been looked for. makes more of a
crash than was anticipated.
The feeling; of the civilized nations Is so
decided in regard, to the Boxers that they
,are not disposed to put on gloves In deal
ing with them.
If Lord Roberts should be penned up in
Pretoria. Colonel Baden-Powell, of Mafe
klng. can cancel his debt of gratitude by
coming to the rescue.
The lion. Richard Croker and the lion.
Augustus Van Wyck, delegates at large to
the Bryan convention, should be selected
to draft the resolutions on trusts.
It Is part of the political gossip of the
day tha Tammany was forced to give ex
Governor Hill all that he demanded in the
Democratic convention under the threat
that he would make a speech showing up
the workings of Tammany's Ice trust.
The war 'of the Boxers on foreigners Is
scarcely more, inhuman than the attacks
upon defenseless women In St. Louis by
those calling themselves the friends of
strikers. And It" may be added that the
Boxers will not' suffer In comparison with
the lynchers of negroes the past week in
The Omaha Bee. having criticised a de
cision of the Supreme Court of Nebraska,
the publisher, was haled before that body
for contempt. After a hearing, a penalty
of $500 was . Imposed, with the suggestion
that the fine would be remitted if the
editor would make" a füll and frank ac
knowledgment of his error. This the Bee
refused to do, but reiterated Its original
opinion. The Supreme Court Is a Populist
The Filipino secretary of state, now at
Manila,' says that General Funston did not
capture the most Important papers which
Aguinaldo had received. These were sent
to Hong-Kong last ' September for safe
keeping, and among them Is a letter from
Mr. Bryan advising that the Filipinos
should adhere to their demand for inde
pendence, as they would be t sustained
eventually by the American voters. This
itory seems- Improbable, but if it Is true,
It will come out during the campaign.
Lagrange county became Republican,
ays an old resident. In 1S56, when the party
started to do business, and It has continued
Republican ever singe. It has neither
bonded nor- floating debt, and the lowest
rate of taxes of any county In Indiana.
It has built and paid for a courthouse
costing 125.00O. Owns a stone Jail, which
rarely has a tenant, and a poor farm with
brick buildings, which contain but four
teen perrons. The county now has $30,0"M)
of school funds which Its officers would
like to loan so as to get 6 per cent. La
grange is a most fortunate county.
The Chicago Record declares that the
Goebel election law 1s a disgrace to Ken
tucky and that the friends of good govern
ment everywhere desire to see it repealed.
It advises the Democrats to repeal the law,
but If they will not make the pledge to do
so, the Republicans should go into the con
test on the Issue of repeal, in which event
the great majority of the people generally
will hope for their success. This Is true;
tut there Is reason lo believe that If the
Republicans and those opposed to the law
should carry the State by 50.000 the Goebel
itcs would count them out.
Several months ago the excellent Mr.
Rockefeller came to the conclusion that it
was a good time to get control of the car
rying trade on the lakes. To that end he
purchased a number of vessels and char
tered many more, fixing the price for car
rylng Iron ore at Jl.S a ton. Many other
vessels appeared, so that the price of carry
ing ores is now a dollar a ton In the open
market. So It comes about that, while Mr.
Rockefeller Is paying 51.23 a ton. his com
petitor, Carnegie, gets his ores shipped at
a dollar a ton.' All this omrs because Mr.
Rockefeller desired to monopolize the wre
carrylng and make the price.
Mss. Gladstone.' whose death Is rejorted
.to be near at hand. Is a woman whose
Identity was so merged In that of her dis
tinguished husband that her personility
made little impression on the public, and
after he was gone," as before, she was an
object of Interest, only through her relation
to him. This lack of direct concern was
mutual, it appears, for the venerable lady
is said to have ceased to take any interest
in outside affairs from the day of Mr.
Gladstone's death, and In fact to have sunk
Into a state of mental lethargy almost Im
mediately. She will' be remembered chiefly
for her beautiful wifely devotion.
The Filipino guerrillas are very active of
late, which seems to afford so much grat
l'eatlon to certain antl-admlnlstratlon pa
pers that It la often .Ill-concealed. They;
can congratulate themselves that they are
stimulating those who are ambushing
American soldiers In their cowardly work
of assassination. This was what the gal
lant Lawton said, and it U what scores of
soldiers In Luzon are writing home week
after week. In a letter Lieutenant Ryan.
of Nebraska, asks: "Who holds the gun
to the Insurgent's shoulder that now and
then kills an American soldier?" His an
swer is the Aguinaldoltes in the United
States such orators, for Instance, as Pres
ident Ralston, of the Democratic state con
vention. Lieutenant Ryan closes his letter
Here we have a bullet for the enemy In
front and a bayonet for the knives that
creep up In the rear, but how can we reach
those who stab us in the back from home?
When the fact is settled that the States
will upheld the commander-in-chief of the
army, then will the war be ended. But
Just as long as the American papers re
peat those lnsurrecto speeches against our
commander, and as long as they say he
will not be elected. Just so long will some
lobbing leader hold a band of thieves
around him In hopes the American soldier
will be recalled.
One would think that such statements as
the foregoing would lead Americans to es
pouse the side of the government until the
insurrection Is suppressed, but Democrats
who would be leaders think they see po
litical success in denouncing Republican
policy, and hence become eager champions
of the Filipino guerrillas.
THE ST. LOUIS STRIKES A REMEDY.
The conditions which haye existed In St.
Louis for more than a month are a re
proach to popular government. The strike
began a month ago, attended with violence.
The local government, with the mayor at
Its head, could do nothing because the pre
ceding Legislature had deprived the offi
cers chosen by the people of all control
of the police . and vested it in the hands
of a board appointed by the Governor,
doubling the cost to the people. It was
soon discovered that the police could not
cope with the disorder, and special officers
were appointed. About that time Governor
Stephens appeared in St; Louis and de
clared that he would use all the forces in
his control In the State to suppress law
lessness, which has paralyzed the trade
and handicapped the Industry of a great
city. If at that time he had made good
his words, the disorder would easily have
been put down. He did not make his
pledges good. He simply declared that the
faction of the party hostile to him was
keeping up the lawless demonstrations to
affect the forthcoming party primaries.
Since that time he has given the Impres
sion that he would not call out the mili
tia. That impression has given fresh
courage to the lawless and hoodlum ele
ment. A large posse, composed of citizens,
who have no experience In police duties,
has been called to assist the police, and
yet the rioters are more defiant than ever.
The reason Governor Stephens assigns for
not calling out the militia is that it will
cost $5,000 to get the regiments , to St.
Louis and $5,000 a day to support and pay
them, and he has no appropriation for
Sooner or later, and better sooner than
later, Legislatures must make provisions
to settle disputes between street-railway
companies and their employes before the
stage of strikes and lawlessness Is reached.
Now all St. Louis Is suffering because a
score of street-railway stockholders and
three thousand employes fall to agree about
minor differences. Wh'!e these two inter
ests fight out their bettle all the rest of
St. Louis, more than 600.000 people, must
suffer In their business, employment, and
run the risk of being murdered or In
jured. Women who ride on the cars' must
run the risk of having their clothing
stripped, from them by hoodlums The dan
gerous class, always In some force In every
large city, has been augmented to an
army in St. Louis. What Is the remedy?
The street-railway, being in a sense a
public institution, existing by legislative
sanction, should be subject to public con
trol. The employes, serving the public by
being employed to run the cars, stand In
the same relation to the public. The New
York Herald suggests that before a street
railway trouble reaches a dangerous stage,
a State board of . arbitration should be
created to Interfere and summon both par
ties before It to state their respective cases,
after which that board shall render a de
cision which shall he binding upon both
parties. Failure to accept by he company
shall result in forfeiture of its franchise,
and refusal by the employed shall make
it the duty of the State or city to at onqe
protect those who do accept service under
the terms of the board of arbitration.
This proposition seems a wise one. If there
had been a board of Impartial and discreet
men having the power to interfere when
the strike was imminent and clothed with
authority, like the courts, to enforce Us
Judgment,, there would have been no
strike. lawlessness, loss of life and busi
ness in St. Louis.
INSINCERE DENUNCIATION OF
The more that Is learned of the control
of the most harmful trusts or monopolies
the more convincing Is the evidence that
many who assail trusts with the most bit
ter denunciations are 'insincere. Before
Boss Croker. of Tammany, went abroad he
assailed the trust as the great danger of
the country and announced that the Demo
cratic iurty must fight it. No much Is
expected of Mr. Croker. He has become a
rich man without being In any legitimate
business It has been shown that he profits
ly his iosltion as the autocrat of the most
corrupt iolltical machine In this country.
It will sjrprlse no one who knows about
Croker that he. his wife and his son aro
considerable shareholders In the American
Ice Company, which has obtained by the
aid of Tammany's officials who control the
docks a monopoly of the ice supply of New
York city, forcing the prices up to CO cents
per hundred pounds. It was not a shock
ing surprise to learn that Mayor Van
Wyck. other city officials. Tammany Judges
and magnates are large shareholders In the
ice company, which Is a monopoly by the
assistance of Tammany because plunder Is
the cohesive power in that organization.
It is different with ex-Judge Van Wyck,
the brother of the mayor. He resigned a
place on the bench of the Supreme Court
to accept Tammany's nomination for Gov
ernor In 1S0S. In his canvass his speeches
were devoted largely to denunciation of
trusts and to those Influences which paid
t-anal contractors who charged for ex
cavating clay and excavated mud. So
vigorous a campaign did Judge Van Wyck
make that he became a prominent candi
date for the Democratic nomination for
President, and would doubtless haye stood
a good chance for getting the honor had
.not Mr. Bryan an undisputed title to It.
About that time Judge Van Wyck made a
speech against trusts, In which it was
declared that trusts not only reversed the
fundamental axioms of trade, but struck
as with the. dagger of an assassin at the
very heart of that individual enterprise
which, next to love of liberty for its own
sake. Is the energizing force of American
institutions. An Eastern commercial tiav
c lers' association published this speech and
sent It forth so numerously that every post-
offlce in the country was a distributing
agency. The speech created the Impression
that at least there was one man in the
country "who could be counted as a defender
when the ravages cf the trusts became no
longer tolerable. But while this speech was
burdening the mails the American Ice Com
pany raided the city government of New
York, and among those who were captured
was Judge Augustus Van Wyck, who pil
loried trusts as assassins. And now the ex
pose has come; Judge Van Wyck Is the
cwner of tens of thousands of dollars worth
of the stock of an Ice company which made
60 cents per hundred the price of Ice when
it Is shown that there Is a large profit in
the business at f) cents. Thus by his own
arraignment Judge Van Wyck Is very
largely Interested in the most odious
monopoly on record really In what he call?
the vocation of an assassin. And yet when
the fact of Judge Van Wyck's connection
with this cruel monopoly was well known
the Democratic state convention made both
Van Wyck and Croker delegates at large
to the Democratic national convention
piedged to vote for William J. Bryan.
Theso men are not sincere in their denun
ciation of trusts, nor can those men be
both Intelligent and sincere who would en
rich the capitalists owning silver mines and
bullion by having the United States stamp
45 cents worth of their silver bullion so
that It will be a legal tender for one dollar.
The earnings of the railroads during the
month of May do not indicate any decline
In the volume of business as measured by
the accurate meter of transportation. The
gain of 9.5 per cent, in gross earnings over
those of May, 1809, and 19 per cent, over
May, 1S08, shows a business generally
larger last May than in any corresponding
month. The same Is true of bank ex
changes, as indicated by clearing-house re
ports. The clearings last week were $1G0,
000.000 less than during the corresponding
month of 1S90, but $330,000,000 more than in
1&98, and $050.000,000 more than during the
corresponding week of 1897. The falling off
last week is due to the decline In stock
speculation, which does not affect legiti
mate business to any great extent. It Is
a notable fact that the clearings In Pitts
burg last week were about 50 per cent,
larger than during the corresponding week
of last year, which seems to be positive
evidence that the Iron Industry Is not
languishing. Now, as never before, the
manufacturers have control of the output
in their own hands, which means that
there will not be a piling up of unsold
goods, so that the downward movement
of values to more normal level will not be
forced by overproduction. Buyers are hes
itating In the expectation of lower prices.
Already important declines have taken
place In Iron goods. When buyers are sat
isfied that the prices of iron have reached
the lowest figures the demand will in
crease. . In spite of the great demand for
money the past year the market in the
United States is easy, and Is yet so plentiful
and the rates so low that foreigners are
said to be seeking accommodations here
because of 'the more favorable terms. Un
til within a few years the higher rate of
discount in the United States over that of
Europe has been a great Impediment to
Miss Alice French (''Octave Thanet") Is
reported as saying of the Woman's Federa
tion meeting at Milwaukee that it was the
most disorderly gathering she ever saw.
But probably Miss French has never at
tended a state or national convention of a
Go West, young man. If business seems
to call you, but give St. Louis a wide berth
until such .time as the authorities make
the streets safe for Innocent pilgrims and
The Marion Elks are said to have spent
$13.000 In preparing for the State Lodge
celebration there this week, but could less
be expected for such a deer organization?
If It should be very hot at Kansas City
while the Bryan convention is in session
the half dozen "Ice men" representing
Tammany might be used to advantage
According to present indications it Is go
ing to be considerable of a Job to keep that
"open door" to China from slamming shut.
BUBBLES IN THE AIR.
If We Could Know.
If we could know the world's disguise of Jest
ing lips and smiling eye there'd be no food for
gossip; so, 'tis Just as well we cannot know.
A Drifting Wreck.
"What Is a skeptic. Pa?"
"Well, the most hopeless kind of skeptic is a
woman who has lost her faith In doctors."
Miss Louise Do you play golf, Mr. Thistle-
Mr. ThlstU top Well, not exactly; but 'Ive
eaten lots of golf biscuit.
A Wild Story.
"It save time to go to church regularly."
"Well, when I've stayed away I've had as
many as two elders and three deacons üop
into my office Monday morning to see if I
"Angelina tells me she cuts all her shirt
waists without a pattern."
"She does? How do they look?"
"Oh. they look like shirt waists cut without
An Escape Recognised.
Fcrlbbs That magazine editor offered me a
year's suhcrlption for my poem,
gtubbs Did you take It?
Scrlbbs Not I: I told him If I had to read his
old magazine a whole year I should quit having
Dr. Storrs Satisfied.
Before he died Dr. Storrs had the satis
faction, to him almost unspeakable, of see
ing his house put In order, the house of
which for more than fifty years he had
been the appointed steward. It seemed as
though he was only waiting to see a suc
cessor appointed who should give hopeful
promise of - continuing the service which
he had so long carried. Last Sunday that
successor, a man enjoying the old clergy
man's approval as well as that of his
church, preached his first regular sermon
as pastor of the new flock, and two days
later the old and faithful shepherd passed
to his reward.
PROF. GOSS'S ADDRESS
WAS THE FE ATI RE OF THE COM
A Large Audience nt English) Opera
House The Manual Training
High School Class.
The curtain 'at English's Opera House
rose last nights upon a decidedly pic
turesque scene, formed by the January and
June graduating classes of the Manual
Training School, sixty young men and
women, arranged In elevated rows, after
the manner of a minstrel "first part," with
a beautiful background of natural palms.
The stage was attractively set for the oc
casion. In the foreground, on the right
were seated Prof. Emmerich, who presided,
Rev. R. V. Hunter, who delivered the In
vocation, and Prof. David K. Goss, the
orator of the evening. The members of the
graduating class wore clothes eminently
adapted to the Important event' In which
they participated the young men being
attired In evening dress and the young
women In uniform white of summery tex
ture. Each young woman added largely to
the general effect of the stage picture by
carrying in one hand a white fan and in the
other a bunch of long-stemmed American
Beauty roses. :
Perhaps the most delightful feature of
the unusually brief programme was the
music rendered by the Manual Training
High School Orchestra. This body of
young musicians Is making rapid strides
Into public notice and favor. The numbers
played last night were thoroughly enjoyed
and warmly applauded. The large number
of violinists was noticeable and added
greatly to the charming effect produced.
The orchestra was far too large for the
regular space allotted the house orchestra
and almost an entire - row of seats was
taken up by the overflow. Two profes
sional musicians, Louis Ruth, first cornet,
and Albert Worth, trombone, assisted the
school orchestra. Mr. Worth's trombone
solo, Wagner's "Evening Star," was well
received. The music last night was directed
by Fred Grover, first violinist, who dis
played conspicuous ability.
A LARGE AUDIENCE.
There was a large audience present,
nearly every seat on the three floors being
occupied. The programme was Inaugurated
with a selection from "The Rounders,"
executed In 'a decidedly unamateurish
manner by the orchestra. After the Invoca
tion by Rev. Mr. Hunter, Miss Mabel Wal
ters delivered the salutatory. Miss Wal
ters presented a pleasing appearance by
her modest self-possession and her address
was couched in elegant diction and de
livered with commendable clearness. Ray
Arbuckle was the valedictorian and, in a
five minutes' speech, contrived to bring
back to his classmates a store of reminis
cences, as well as giving them good meas
ure of valuable advice for the future.
Prof. Emmerich's face showed unmis
takeable pride as he called the roll of the
two graduating classes preparatory to the
presentation of diplomas by Dr. George W.
Sloan, president of the School Board. One
young man failed to rise in response to the
calling of his name, but 'Prof. Emmerich
explained that he was unavoidably de
tained. Prof. Goss's . subject , "The Land of
Waste" gave no hint of the utterances
which were to follow. He said, in part:
"The foreigners who hare come among us
say, and our own students among other
people affirm, that ours is a land of great
opportunity, but also a land of prodigal
waste. My own experience and study have
Impressed upon me this terrible waste in
public and private affairs "In our country
and with some particularity ..regarding this
I would speak.
"The State Is on Its business side not un
like the great commercial corporations
which it creates and permits to exist. It Is
like the great fire and life-insurance com
panies, the banks and trust companies do
ing business oven vast areas of territory
and handling affairs intimately affecting
the welfare of great numbers of people.
The State Is like these corporations, but is
vastly more Important than these, for all
men are Its stockholders. It holds not
only the material welfare of us all in Its
hands, but it protects life and conserves
morals and consciously ministers to the ad
vancement of civilization. It builds bridges
and roads and water works, lights the
streets, plays policeman and teaches the
schools: and oecause It does all these we
owe her the State-ahe .all-mother, not
only the honest treatment in business deal
ing we give the private corporations, but
more the love we accord our own mother,
the patriotic love that exists between mem
bers of one family.
A JAB AT POLITICS.
"Notwithstanding all this, there Is not a
State in the American Union that Is upon
Its business side regulated with that wise
prevision, served with that economy and
loyalty which characterize the government
and service of the great railroads and trust
companies. There is not a business man
in this audience, or man of any kind with
a fair degree of prudence, but would. If
his Interest In Marion county were purely
a matter of Joint stock, sell his interest at
50. cents on the dollar and demonstrate
thereby his business acumen.
"There Is not a stockholder in a bank
or business house in it but would. If the
people chose directors as they now choose
county commissioners and township trus
tees, sell out his interest to escape the
humiliating losses and the ensuing folly.
"If these things are so (and who will
deny them?) what right have we to vaunt
ourselves In the faces of those who operate
honest and efficient government? We are
told often by our sanguine fellow-countrymen
that Jobbery, bribery and all man
ner of political thievery are Incident to
a young civilization; as the country grows
older and the settled conditions of Europe
obtain here, all these bad things will dis
appear. Alas for the argument! It Is not
the newest communities of the country
that are the especial subjects of political
loot! Tammany is located, not In Colorado,
but In the home of the Knickerbockers!
It Is not Nebraska so much as the State
of William Penn and Benjamin Franklin
that Is bo com?ciencelesly robbed.
"This waste in public affairs Is double.
So often those who hold the places from
Ignorance and inefficiency or worse cause
money loss and miscarriage of reasonable
policy of government! Those who - are
skilled or might become so being shunted
from the service of the State, true prog
ress and efficient service are not initiated
or, being begun, fail from lack of contin
uity of purpose. I do not believe that our
sameful failures in political housekeeping
arise from any lack of ability or political
mlndedness of our people. On the con
trary, that we work with any success such
difficult and faulty machines as ours attests
our wonderful skill and capacity. Our
trouble lies in the faire notion er Ideal that
one person can do u given public service as
well as another. We distrust the expert
in public service and we will have none of
his skill. If a man breaks his watch what
shall he do? Consult his neighbors or go
to a watchmaker? If you hnve typhoid
fever or sunstroke, will you call in a coun
cil or send for" the bes'. physician you
know? If your material interests are In
jeopardy will you decide your course by
casting the dke or will you . send for a
lawyer? And. !f the trained man is neces
rary to mend watches, write a will and
cure disease, what shall be said of the re
quirement of him who shall build the roads
f.nd bridges of a township or balance the
budget of an empire-?
TWO WAYS OF TEACHING.
"But some urge that of courfe this is all
bad and very crude, but that it is neces
sarily involved In a democracy and' It is
only through mfsgovernment that our peo
ple are educated to self-government. There
ore two ways to teach either a child or a
man. You can give a boy careful lessons
In books and laboratory and lead him into
a knowledge of chemistry, or you may give
him a basin of water and a lump of potash!
In the latter case, after blowing up a given
number of children a certain truth may be
established in the minds of the survivors!
But Oh. the tragedy of it! The education
of the people Is by good government, not
bj- bad. There Is more demoralization sown
by the operation of our politics year by
year than all of the churches and schools
tan overcome. This demoralization extend
even to the public schools. In my exper
ience of ten years as a superintendent of
public schools, of the thousands of men and
women who appealed to me for place, rare
ly have I found one who was not willing
to sacrifice even his own children to put a
lelative or friend or dependent Into the
"And how the State cheats Itself! The
Stato maintains its common schools,
schools of technology. Its universities, etc..
and when it has turned these boys and
girls over to the private companies tor
mployment it shakes the dice box aud
stuffs Its ballot box for the public service!
If I believed that public debauchery is
necessarily part of democracy. I would
forswear It. But I don't believe it."
The names of the graduates follow:
Class of January: Ed Allfree, Ray Ar
buckle, Frank Arndt, Phrync Claiborne.
Jesse Crane, Frederick Dickson. Henry
Dickson, Maggie Fiesel, Olive Greentr.
Margaret Kinnan, Bertha Laatz, Herbert
McDonald. Nesha Marks, Gertrude Meuser,
Louise Miller, Ben Minor, Mabel Morgan,
Frieda Pfafflln, Louis Steeg, Anna Thorn
berry, Dora Wolf, Jesse Wright and An
Class cf June: Roy Adams, Frank Cllne,
Mary Conner. Myrtle Dunn. Walter Eck
house. Rebecca Foster. Katie Fuller, Jose
phine Gill. Anna Gill, David GoldrtcK. May
Haas, Ruth Hann. Fn?d Hohn, Eunice
Johnson, Lena Kirk, Lillle Loeper, James
Madison. John Messlck, Meda Milam, Anna
Plch, John Roberts, Lillian Ryan, Nora
Scherring. Lorenz Schmidt. William Scott.
Abram Sector, Bess Simpson. Vance Smith,
Charles Stone, WrIlmer Stuckenberg, Lor
etta Sullivan, Ethel Splllman, Grace
Thompson, Bessie Valinctz, Mabel Walters,
Wendel White and Harry Wood.
Will Join Hands with Auditorium
Project An Organisation.
At a meeting f the furniture manufac
turers, last night, at the Commercial Club,
It was unanimously agreed to co-operate
with the management of the Indiana Com
mercial Museum and Auditorium to estab
lish a permanent furniture exhibit in this
city. The following firms were represented:
The Piel Bros. Manufacturing Company,
the Western Furniture Company, the Cen
tral Chair Company, Emerich Furniture
Company, the Combination Table Com
pany, the Cabinet Makers Union, Kramer
Lounge Company, Herman Lauter and the
United States Artistic Company.
Mr. Henry Bauer, of the Cabinet Mak
ers' Union, stated that the time had come
for Indianapolis to assert her advantages
as a central distributing point for furniture,
inasmuch as it was the center of the great
est manufacturing district in the country.
He said the producing market was moving
south and that the manufacturers In
Michigan and Wisconsin were paying from
$ to $8 per one thousand feet more for
their lumber than the local manufacturers,'
and the market so long controlled by
Grand Rapids was bound to shift. The
Commercial Museum, he said, opened the
door to new opportunities for the furni
ture manufacturers of Indiana and he
hoped they would all fall in line and make
it the success it should be.
Mr. Charles Woerner, of the Central
Chair Company, said if Indiana manufac
turers would display their goods in the
Commercial Museum that Indianapolis
would soon be recognized as a furniture
market and that it would lead to greatly
enlarged trade to all.
At the conclusion of the meeting a local
furniture manufacturers' association was
organized, to be known as the Indianapolis
Furniture Manufacturers' Association,
with the following officers: W. L. Hagedon,
president: Herman Lauter, vice president,
and Henry Bauer, secretary. A meeting
was called for next Monday night, at
which a call will be extended to the furni
ture manufacturers of the State to co
operate with them in the permanent exhi
BOARD OF TRADE ELECTION.
D. 31. Parry I Elected President The
The annual election of officers of the
Board of Trade was held yesterday, and
resulted In the election of the Regular
ticket, which was as follows:
President David M. Parry.
Treasurer John Osterman.
Governing Committee William H. Coo
per, Louis J. Blaker. Elmer E. Perry. Rob
ert F. Scott, John M. Shaw, Irving S. Gor
don, Roscoe O. Hawkins. John S. Lazarus,
Frank D. Stalnaker, Edward W. Bassett,
Major Taylor, Nathan Morris.
The vote for vice president resulted In a
tie between Albert Baker, of the Regulars,
and Winfred B. Holton, on the Independent
and Citizens' ticket.
D. M. Parry, the president-elect, is the
retiring vice president, and John S. Laz
arus, elected to the board of governors, 13
the retiring president. With the exception
of John S. Lazarus and Nathan Morris all
members of the new board of governors
The office of secretary, now occupied by
Jacob W. Smith, will be filled by the gov
erning board at its meeting Monday next.
Considerable Interest was taken in the
election, though there was nothing more
than a friendly rivalry.
Of the Metropolitan School of 3Iuic
The sixth annual commencement of the
Metropolitan School of Music occurred last
night at the Propylaeum. The large audi
torium was filled with friends and relatives
of the graduates. There were eight gradu
ates who received diplomas, embracing
three grades of the school.
Preceding the presentation of diplomas a
varied programme was given. Oliver Wil-
lard Pierce made the presentation speech,
in which he outlined the work of the school
and In which he also urged the graduates
to not let their minds drop from their art
after leaving the school, as most do, but
always to live in those surroundings which
will be conducive to their life work. Fol
lowing the presentation a trio composed of
Mrs. Arthur Williams, Mrs. Jessie Louis
Cooley and Miss Helen Swain gave a beau
tiful rendition of "Good-night, Beloved."
Those who received diplomas last night
were Miss Alice Barrett, Mr. Tull E. Brown,
Helen Richmond Kunz. Ruby Bell Lane,
Alice Rosetta Bell, Marjorle Hume, Eliza
beth Maley and Laura Cameron-Stephenson.
ANOTHER MEETING HELD.
cvr Name Added to the Art Site
The citizens of the northern part of the
city, who are advocating the Boswell prop
erty on Sutherland avenue as a site for
the Herron Art Museum, held a meeting
last night at Scott's drug store on College
The names of F. T. McWhirter. R. E.
Poindexter, W. T. Cannon and Howard
Kimble were added to the committee ap
pointed at the last meeting to arrange a
plan of action for securing the adoption of
the site. The general committee will meet
Wednesday evening at the home of Colonel
Cochrane,. 1402 College avenue, at which
time the line of action will be arranged.
Several short talks were made last night,
and the advocates are becoming enthusi
astic over the work.
For Fourth of July.
The National Union Soldiers' and Sailors'
Mutual League is perfecting arrangements
for celebrating the Fourth of July at Gar
field Park. W. B. Harris is chairman of
the committee on grounds and decoration,
B. A. Richardson chairman of committee
on military and parade, Phlneas G. Jordan
chairman of committee on finances and
transportation. The celebration will con
sist of the reading of the Declaration of
Independence, an appropriate oration and
all-day concert of patriotic music, a family
picnic and reunion during the entire day,
commencing at 9 o'clock In the morning.
The street-car company will have two
lines running to the park and has guaran
teed easy and quick transportation. The
authorities have promised that the park
will be free from the loud and unusual
noises that have heretofore marred the
THE STATE'S PRODUCTS
EXTRACTS FROM GEOLOGIST
ML.ATC1I LEY'S ANM'AL REPORT.
Indiana Stands Well at the Head in
Natural Resources Some Per
W. S. Blatchley, state geologist, has Just
completed his annual report for 1SC9. It Is
said to be one. of the best rerorts ever got
out by this department, and contains over
a thousand pages relating to the geology
and natural resources of the State. While
the report contains In part Information
which was published In the twentieth and
twenty-first annual reports, it gives, in
addition, much which has been gathered
since their publication.
Under the head of "The Natural Re
sources of the State of Indiana" Mr.
Blatchley says: "Ranking in area of
square miles but xthirty-fourth among the
forty-five States of the Union, Indiana, on
Jan. 1, 18D9, stood sixth In the production of
coal, fourth in the production of petro
leum, second in the production of natural
gas, seventh In the production of building
stone, and sixth In the value of her clay
products. According to careful computa
tion the value of the five leading mineral
resources In Indiana produced In 1SD8 was
as follows: Tetroleum, J2.22S.276; coal.
55,177,041; natural gas. 5,0G0,969; stone.
$1,731,914; clay products, $3,211.512; making a
total of $17,409,713. The total production of
petroleum In Indiana In the year 1S9 was
3,818,713 barrels, which, at the average price
of S7Hc per barrel, amounted to $3,341.374.
Compared with 1838 this was an Increase
in production of 67,400 barrels, or 1 7-10 per
cent. Owing, however, to the much higher
average price the amount received was
$1,113.098, or, approximately, 50 per cent,
more than In 1S98, and $341,374 more than
in any year since oil was discovered in the
State. The greatest production heretofore
was 4,680,732 barrels in 1S96. This, at 63
cents the average price for that year
amounted to $2,954,411.
"There has been greater activity in oil
operations in Indiana In 1899 than in any
year since 1S96. On Jan. 1, 1900, there were
4,336 wells producing oil in the State, as
against 3.C2S on Jan. 1. 1S99, a net gain of
708 for the year. The table also shows that
6,978 wells have been sunk within the State
lor petroleum, so that 2,642 of those com
pleted have either proven dry' or were
abandoned previous to Jan.- 1, 1900. The
prospects for 1900, at the present time, are
very bright. While new territory of Im
portance may not be opened up, the high
price of the liquid, If maintained, will
stimulate the sinking of many new bores
in territory already productive. There is
yet room for thousands of wells in the ter
ritory known to contain oil. At present
prices ten wells, pumped by one power and
yielding on an average but three barrels
each per day, will prove a paying invest
ment. NATURAL GAS.
"Natural gas, the cleanest and best nat
ural fuel known to man, occurs In greater
or less quantities in an area approximating
2,800 square miles, in the eastern-central
part of the State. It Is now almost uni
versally admitted that the rock pressure
in any oil or gas field Is nothing more nor
less than water pressure, as In artesian
wells. Hence the deeper the well the
greater the head of the water and the
higher the rock pressure. The pressure
does not tell us anything about the volume
or, amount of gas stored In the rock, but
the rate of diminution of pressure furnishes
an excellent index of the rapidity with
which that amount is being lessened. The
salt water usually overcomes the gas pres
sure and drowns out or cuts off a well long
before the rock pressure has been reduced
to zero. In the Indiana fields the average
pressure in 1SS0 was 325 pounds., On the
1st of January, 1900, it was 155 pounds. The
average well Is drowned out that is, the
supply of gas is shut off at about 130
pounds. From this It will be seen that the
future of natural gas in the State is not a
promising one. Düring the year 1819 there
was a great increase of activity in the
coal regions of Indiana. The output from
the mines was far greater than in any
previous year. Many hundreds of acres of
the best coal deposits changed hands, hav
ing been secured by parties having large
capital to invest. Much of this land will
be held for future development, but. in a
number of places extensive mines are be
ing established, and the coal output bids
fair to be doubled within the next three
years. The coal deposits of Indiana cover
about 7,500 square miles, of which between
6,000 and 7.000 square miles are underlaid
by coal. All told, there is estimated to be
40.000,000.000 tons of coal in Indiana, of
which one-fifth, or 8.000,000.000. is estimated
to be workable under present conditions.
It Is estimated that 100,000.000 tons have al
ready been mined out. Assuming that the
past rate of Increase of production is main
tained. It is estimated that the field will
last not less than 300 years. The report of
State Mine Inspector James Eperson shows
that 5.S65.123 tons of coal were mined in In
diana In 1899. This was an increase of 6S8.
079 tons over the output of 1S98, which was
the largest in the history of the State.
OUTPUT OF STONE.
"For Its output of ornamental and build
ing limestone Indiana is the most important
State in the Union. The production of
limestone in the State in 1898 and the uses
to which it was put is as follows: Build
ing purposes, $1,083.571; paving and road
making, $253,731; riprap, $16,016; made into
lime, $195,040; flux, $13S,184. making a total
of $1,6S6.572. The sandstones of the State
are of excellent quality and in commercial
quantities occur at a number of localities in
western and southwestern Indiana. The
output of this stone in IMS amounted to
Among the other natural resources of the
State mentioned in the report are the differ
ent kinds of clay which are used for manu
facturing purposes and are of great value.
Millions of tons of shales and undcrclays
well fitted for. making the best grade of
paving brick, sewer pipe and other vitrified
products exist In the coal-bearing counties
of Indiana, and in the northwestern part
of the State are extensive deposits of silty
clay which is peculiarly fitted for the mak
ing of terra cotta lumber. Other clays
found are the fire clay of Vermillion coun
ty, the letter's clays, which are found In a
number of localities In the coal-bearins
counties and the clay for ordinary brick
ond drain tl!e, which are found in almost
every county in Indiana. The report says:
"The cement industry in Indiana Is a
rrowing one and promises much for the
future. Two kinds of cement are manu
factured In the State. Hydraulic rock ce
ment is made in large quantities in Clark
countv. and just across the river at Louis
ville there have been 2.010.000 barrels, valued
at $31S.fMJ. produced in this district In
With the exception of New York this was
more than double the amount produced in
any other State amh was one-fourth the
entire amount produced in the United
States. The Portland cement Industry
promises even greater results than that of
the hydraulic cement. In 180 there wre
2.500 barrels of this cement made in In
diana, there being but one small factory,
located at South Bend, in operation in the
State. Recent discoveries, however, of
shales and other clays in the coal-bearing
counties which are used in the manu
facture of Portland cement prove that there
Is no reason why Indiana should not be
come the center of the Portland cement
"Minerals suitable for making paints are
found in quantities in several places In
southern Indiana. Molding sand for use In
loundrles occurs in northern and central
Indiana, and sand suitable for making glass
is found in quantities near Pendleton, Madi
son county. Montpelt?r, Blackford county,
and lApel, Hamilton county. These de
posits are very largely used by tho glass
factories in the gas belt.
"With the exception of small quantities
of drift gold in the form of minute grains
and scales, which are found In the sand
and. gravel beds along the streams of
Urown, Uorgan and other counties near the
southern limit of the drift area, no gold,
silver or other precious metals occur in the
MR. RANSDELL POPULAR.
rieuNaut Ciosnlr About the Senate
Washington letter in Leslie's Weekly.
The new sergeant at arms of the Senate.
Daniel M. Ransdtll. cf Indiana, bids fair
to equal in popularity his predecessor.
Richard Bright, familiarly known as
"Dick" by his friend and intimates,
among whom may be counted the senators
on both sides of the chamber, the Republic
ans, indeed, holding him in such high re
gard that although having a clear majority
they hesitated about replacing him. Mr.
Ransdell served under Iresldtnt Harrison
In the civil war, and as marshall of the
District during thev administration of that
President was his most trusted and con
fidant and aid. He is a man of rare Judg
ment, with great suavity of manner, and
possesses a deep knowledge of human
nature and the unusual faculty of refus
ing a request with such grace that he
seems to grant one a valuable talent in his
present office, where he Is beset with de
mands for privileges regarding the Senate
and its precincts impossible for him to
"When I came out of the war," said
Colonel Ransdell the other day. in a rem
iniscent mood, "scarcely more than a lad.
with only one arm, the Jther having been
shot off at Resaca, the problem of doing
battle with life seemed a difficult one. I
did not worry over it long, however, but
started out to sell books, which seemed at
the moment the most practical way of
making a livelihood. The book I selected
with which to show my talents as mer
chant was a political manual, its retail
price $1.25. my commission on each volume
being twenty-five cents. With my first in
stallment I went over to a little town In
Ohio and, although, I had not much money,
selected the best boarding house In the
"Here I met a former comrade in arms,
a poor fellow who had lost a leg In the
war. Taking the greatest interest In my
project, he Introduced me to all of his
friends, took me to the newspaper offices,,
and secured sexeral fine notices, which
spoke so eloquently of me" and my career
as a soldier a wounded soldier was the
Idol of the people In tho.e days and lauded
my book to such purpose that on the very
first day 1 started out I sold 102 copies of my
political manual, making a profit of $25.
a fortune to me In those days, which un
looked for success brought me from the
publishers of the book an offer of a per
manent position at a fixed salary. I did not
stay long in the book business, but the
experience was a valuable one, and the good
luck I had in it banished my fears for the
ALLEN FLETCHER'S BANK.
Whnt a evr York Financial Paper
Haa to Say About It.
New York Financier.
Allen M. Fletcher, who is well known to
the banking fraternity of the United States
through his long connection with Fletcher's
Bank of Indianapolis, now the Fletcher Na
tional, will open a banking house about
Sept. 15 or Oct. 1 In the new building now
being erected for the American Exchange
National, New York, at the comer of
Broadway and Cedar street. The new insti
tution will be a private bank owned and
controlled entirely by him, and will be car
ried on along the same lines that have
proved so successful In the case of tha
Fletcher Bank during its sixty years or
more of prosperous and honorable exist
ence. It is expected that the bank will
have a capital liability of upward of $2,000.
U"0. which will make It prominent even in
this cltv of large financial Institutions. In
outlining his policy Mr. Fletcher states that
it will be his effort to make the bank In
every way worthy of confidence. A generals
banking business will be carried on and the .
accounts of Western bankers, trust com
panies, corporations and Individuals will be
accepted. It is said that the promise of &j
large Western business has already been
pecured. and all who know Mr. Fletcher
are certain that his new venture will be
equally, as successful as the bank that ha.
for so many years borne the family name.
Mr.-Fletcher has had in mind the project,
of opening a large New York bank for som i .
time. Readers of the Financier will recal .
that a year or more ago Mr. Fletcher iiK,
declining a renomlnatlon as president of tha
Indiana Bankers' Association intimated
lhat in the future the sphere of his activity;
might ms New York city. When the or
ganization of the new Empire . National
was announced it was stated that Mr.
Fletcher would be identified with that In
stitution, but this was incorrect in so far
at least as It intimated an active participa
tion. Mr. Fletcher upon the reorganization
of the Fletcher Bank. Indianapolis, as the
Fletcher National was made vice president,
but his interests have since been taken
ever largely by President S. J. Fletcher.
The Flptrhpr Rank was utflhlUhfwl in
and has achieved a national reputation aj
a sound, prosperous ard conservative In
ttltution. It carries deposits well in ex
cess of $7,O.0,0io. Its capital Is $300,000 an
surpliis and undivided profits upward of
They SvrnIIoT Rryan.
New York Evening Post.
Indiana yesterday, like Xew York anJ
Maryland the day before, showed that la
three or four States there are still left in
regular standing enough Democrats of
conservative tendencies to dilute some
what the dose of Bryanlsm before taking it.
But neither Hill in New York, nor Gorma
in Maryland, nor the group of Democrats
in Indiana who shrink from making the sil
ver issue prominent was able to prevent the
indorsement of Bryan by the convention In
any case, and Bryan means Bryanlsm, as
he has Just taken pains to show In his
North American Review article. Most of
the States send delegates to the Kansas
City convention who ' are Impervious to
argument, and there feerr.s no reason to
fuppose that th protesting element can
prevent a reaffirmation of the Chicago
platform, free coinage and all. The pro
testants are all the weaker because they go
to Kansas City bound to accept any resolu
lion which the majority may adopt, so
that the reckless element knows that It can
snub tlK conservative without anv risk of
their refusing to support the ticket and
Stephens' Shameful Action.
New Ynrk Herald.
Carlyle's comment on the events in the
French city more than a century ago
"Shameful alike to governor and gov-erned"--pplies
with singular aptness to the
e-eenes In the American city to-day. If any
of the benighted heathen to whom we send
missionaries should, after capturing a ho?
tile ity, proceed to tear the clothes from
helpless women and stone them naked
through the strevts what a howl of horror
would go up from all Christendom! But the
Christian Governor of Missouri has seen
one of the chief cities in the Union, boast
ful of Its culture and enllghtment. made
the scene of such outrages without Inter
ference. No Disorder Worth .Men t tonliig.
Chief of Police (in St. Louis) Has tMre
been much disturbance to-day?
Subordinate Officer Nothing to speak of.
It's been unusually quiet. One or two men
have been hot. a car blown up. and the
clothing torn from the back of a few
women, but I believe that's all.
A Problem Solved.
Captain Revere, of the East Chicago-avenue
station, wants to know how to ttop
a cock from crowing In the morning. That
Is really too easy. Iet it take jvart in a
masquerade. There are any number of
butchers who will dress it ns a spring
For a vice presidential possibility Secre
tary Long did a very reckless thing when
he declared all the poets are dead. No
party can afford to wantonly defy all tha
voteis who think they can write poetry.