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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, "SATURDAY, JULY 14, 1000.
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The Indiana Republican Editorial Asso
ciation "will hold its twenty-third annual
meeting at Put-In Bay, O., on Thursday,
July 13, the excursion being over the Lake
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the secretary, M. W. Pershing, Advocate,
China may not be making war on the
whole civilized world, but she is certainly
baffling and mystifying it.
A week ago Senator Hoar said that the
Democratic party had not been right once
In sixty years. Thus far no one has taken
exception to the statement.
"There is no Democrat untainted with
Populism who does not regard the Bryan
doctrines as dangerous." So declares the
Democratic New York Times.
An exchange says that a Silver Repub
lican Is a Democrat In disguise. It may be
added that he la a Democrat who sticks
to 15 to 1 because he left his party for
that fad. -
It is given out that Mr. Bryan will not
make another speech until he makes bf3
speech of acceptance here, Aug. 8. It is
doubtful, however, if he can deny himself
the chief delight of his life for a period of
"When you go to the polls to vote, re
member that you are an American citizen,"
Is Mr. Bryan's admonition. All right; the
man who remembers that he Is an Ameri
can citizen will not vote for a candidate
who hints at hauling down the American
In Nebraska the Democratic party is a
very Inconsequential tall to the Populist
kite. In 1832 the Democrats cast only 21,943
votes in the State to 83,134 by the Populists.
InlSOS Bryan' received 116,000 votes, showing
that his support was about four-fifths Pop
ulist to one-fifth Democratic. That Is Just
about the proportion of his politics.
That was a good polnc of Senator Hoar's,
that the party whose work in the States
where It has power has been to disfran
chise hundreds ot thousands of colored
people Is not In a position to assail what Is
called imperialism. The Bryan party in
the South Is the first to deprive native-born
Americans of the right of citizenship.
If the Bryanites are delighted with any
thing which they think ex-Representative
Johnson, of St. Louis and Richmond, can
do for them they are sure to be disap
pointed. He did the best he could to in
jure the President and his party while he
was In Congress. In himself he Is the best
sample of imperialism that has been elected
tc Congress from Indiana for years.
The corn crop of If) promises to exceed
the unprecedented yield of last year. The
area is 1,200.000 acres more than last year,
and the condition at the last report was
83.3, compared with 86.5 at the same
period last year. It is the most im
portant crop of the country, and It Is
Increasing In Importance every year. Gold
mines are found in every quarter of the
world, but there is but one corn belt.
To-day is the anniversary of the fall of
the Bastlle, which took place July 11, 17S9,
and some fears are entertained of rioting
In Taris. There is to be a grand military
review, and some of the political societies
have issued malfestoes calling on their
members to muster In force and contest
possession of the streets. The Paris rabble
Is always ready for a "scrap," but no doubt
the government has the situation well In
Chairman Jones was at Mr. Bryan's con
ference tecause he is chairman, and Mr.
Stevenson was there because he is on the
ticket, but, aside from these men, what
man who was known as a Democrat of
national reputation four years ago was
present? Mr. Towne was there; Cyclone
Davis, Populist, of Texas, was there, and
the Hon. Webster Davis was there, but no
prominent Democrats, except those named,
Thanks to the tact and urgency of Sec
retary Hay, the Chinese minister at Wash
Inston has undertaken to transmit a dis
patch from him to Minister Conger, In
Feklng, and to obtain a reply from the lat
ter if he la alive. If this plan succeeds it
will h the first trustworthy news received
from Peking for several we-ks. There Ia,
however, much reason to fear that Mr.
Conger I not alive, and that th Chinese
authorities will concoct sume new lie to
meet the situation.
The reports of the political complexion of
tfca Jury to try ex-Secretary of State Pow
ers In Georgetown. Ky.. dlffei. For In
stance, in the Associated Press list Tinder,
Elor.e and Kemper are liven ss antlCoebci
Democrats, while the extended report of
the Louisville Commercial gives Tinder an.l
Kemper as Goebelites and Stone as a Pro
hibitionist. Both reports agree that there is
but one Republican on the panel. By the
Associated Press report, which is doubt
less that of the Louisville Times, two-thlrd.s
of the Jurors are Goebel Democrats, but by
the report of the a Louisville Commercial
all are "Goebelites" except two. Campbell,
cf bad repute, challenged off the list of
accepted Jurors every Republican except
one, and the one Brown Democrat who
was "at first accepted. To do this took all
of the peremptory challenges of the prose
cution. All of these things go to show that
the trial will be a political one, and that
every advantage has been taken to get as
many Goebelites on the Jury as possible.
The full report shows that the attitude of
the Judge Is anything but friendly to the
3IR. BHYAVS PARA MO I AT ISSUE.
If Mr. Bryan had no record on the 16-to-l
question he would have much less diffi
culty In convincing people that imperialism
is "the paramount Issue" in this campaign.
The Kansas City platform says it is, but
the Chicago platform, which it reaffirms,
made 16 to 1 the paramount Issue. Mr.
Bryan In his speech at Madison-square
Garden Aug. 12, 1S06, in reply to the notifi
cation of his nomination said: "Now let
me ask you to consider the paramount
question of this campaign the money ques
tion." Again in that speech he said:
Honest differences of opinion have al
ways existed and will ever exist as to the
legislation best calculated to promote the
public weal; but when it is seriously as
serted that this Nation must bow to the
dictation of other nations and accept the
policies which they insist upon, the right
of self-government Is assailed, and until
that question Is settled all other questions
In 1896, according to Mr. Bryan, all other
questions were Insignificant compared with
16 to 1; now all other questions are Insig
nificant compared with imperialism. In his
letter of acceptance In 1806 he said:
It is not necessary to discuss the tariff
question at this time, for until the money
question Is fully and finally settled the
American people will not consent to the
consideration of any other important ques
tion. Mr. Bryan does not admit that the money
question is settled yet. Republicans have
a right to claim that It is settled by legis
lation, but Mr. Bryan does not admit It.
He has always claimed that neither the
election of McKinley nor the passage of
the gold standard bill settled anything.
After his defeat he held that silver was
still the paramount Issue. On the 6th of
November, 1S96, two days after the elec
tion, he Issued an address in which he said:
The friends of bimetallism have not been
vanquished; they have simply been over
come. They believe that the gold standard
Is a conspiracy of the money changers
against the welfare of the human race,
and until convinced of their error they
will continue the warfare against it.
In the face of an enemy rejoicing in its
victory let the roll be called for the next
engagement and urge-all friends of bi
metallism to renew their allegiance to the
Since the passage of the currency bill
he has repeatedly declared that it settled
nothing and that the silver question, which
he himself made "the paramount issue,"
was still at the fore. In the face of this
record people will not believe he is sin
cere when he says imperialism Is the para
FAILURE OF INDUSTRIAL COM
BINATIONS. The announcement that the American
Wall Paper Company will be dissolved at
the next meeting of the shareholders Is
accompanied by the statement that the
reasons for this action are that the com
pany's earnings have not been commen
surate with the expectations of the stock
holders owing to the stimulated competi
tion of independent plants, and that the
business is one which cannot be as suc
cessfully conducted under a combination
as by independent concerns. Such reasons
indicate that not so much is to be gained
by combination as promoters have led
shareholders to believe.
The New York Times says that there
are a number of trusts among those hastily
organized during 1S9S and 1R09 which have
made the discovery that the lines of busi
ness they undertook to control are more
economically and more profitably con
ducted under the conditions obtaining be
fore the consolidations were effected. Some
have already dissolved, others are arrang
ing to do so and many more would do so
If there were any way of liquidation that
did not involve bankruptcy. In most in
stances excessive capitalization has more
than nullified the advantages expected
from a combination of competing works.
The prices paid In money, bonds and pre
ferred stock have in most cases been very
much above the earning capacity of the
plants. The prices paid and the commis
sions paid promoters and bankers have
been so large that in many cases it would
be cheaper to create new plants than to
purchase back those sold to trusts. In
many instances those who sold have built
new and better plants for the money re
ceived for the old. Upon the syndicates
which have undertaken to control certain
branches of production has fallen the
necessity of purchasing weak plants at a
high price until they are burdened to bank
ruptcy. On the other hand, those who sold
have built better and cheaper plants and
can make money where the burdened syn
Thus It would seem that two years ex
perience has gone a long way to dissipate
the fears and alarms of those who have
seen In the so-called movement to organize
trusts the control of all manufacturing
by. a few great syndicates. This so-called
industrial evolution appears to be but an
experiment that is falling. Consolidation
has not in all Instances cheapened produc
tion nor has it lowered the cost of distribu
tion to give either producers or consumers
any decided advantage. Combinations have
not been able, as has been claimed for
them, to adjust production to the demand
for goods and to regulate or tteady the
price. The trust has taken advantage of
the apparent opportunity to put up prices
until consumption has leen checked and
then to make unexpected cuts in order to
dispose of accumulated stocks. In two or
three Instances combinations made for
mutual protection have lxcome fierce com
petitors. Meanwhile the rrowth of new
and independent plants ha disappointed
all expectations founded on the assurance
of promoters that such competition would
be Impossible because unprofitable.
At the present time the combinations
which can rob the people by making ex
orbitant prices seem to be confined to cor
porations which for a limited , season can
control some article of prime necessity, like
ice or gas. In a given locality. The sugar
trust after a long period of loss is again
putting up prices, but when they are so
high as to yield an inviting profit new re
fineries will be built with which the trust,
burdened with the cost of a lot of disman
tled plants, cannot compete. Thus after
two years It appears that extensive com
binations of plants to control production
and distribution are much nearer failure
THE .MISFORTUNE OF KANSAS.
A resident of Kansas has written and
printed a pamphlet in which he sets forth
the misfortunes of that State. This resi
dent calls himself a "tired man." "The Fall
of Ingalls and what Happened" appears
on the title page, followed by these lines:
We have labored long and well.
Raising corn and raising hell,
But we cannot sell our hell.
And we ought to quit a spell.
The writer says that in 1X0 Kansas had
been through a four years' boom and was
again down to bedrock, having gained and
lost 100,000 population. In 1SS6 and 1S87 the
Wheelers and kindred secret organizations
swept through the Southwest. At the same
time the Farmers' Alliance and other far
mers secret societies were organizing in
Kansas. Socialism began to creep into the
State. In 1890 the condition was that of an
Insane fervor. People went politically crazy
over night. The Farmers' Alliance carried
the election in 1890 and dominated the Leg
islature and succeeding legislatures until
1S99. Mr. Ingalls was beaten for the Sen
ate and his downfall marked the real mis
fortunes of Kansas. In 1890 the population
of the State was 1,427,096. The official cen
sus of the State in 1S99 showed a popula
tion of 1,423,119. The number of children of
the school age, children enrolled in the
schools and the vote at the two periods in
dicate a less population. The writer estab
lishes the fact that the Increase of popula
tion in Kansas should be 25 to each 1,000,
and should have been 1,782,243, In 1S99, in
stead of 1,425,119-a loss of 357,124, by per
sons leaving the State, to say nothing of
the loss of immigrants that naturally come
to a new State like Kansas, making the
total loss of population 551,000..
The ."tired man" next considers the rea
sons which led so many people to leave
Kansas. Since the reign of fuslonism or
Populism in Kansas no man has gone
thither to invest money. There have been
no investments except in mortgages. War
was made on capital in 1S90, and nobody
has been officially welcomed to the State
except tramps. The Populists passed a
law to confiscate public utilities, and no
body has gone to Kansas to invest in pub
lic utilities since 1S90. The only thing that
has protected capital in Kansas is the
United States courts. Many of those who
went away were the best in the State. They
took values and money. The assessed valu
ation of Kansas in 1S90 was $313,459.943; in
1S99 it was $327,165,630 a loss of $21,000,000 in
nine years. Instead of loss, there should
have been a gain of 5 per cept. a year,
which would have given a valuation of
$505,267,000 in 1S99. Consequently, there was
a loss of $178,101,000. During these nine
years the value of the crops of Kansas
was $2,000,000,000; yet all that, except bread
and clothes, has gone, which shows that
the people who left are the well-to-do.
Populism, or fusion, was beaten in 1898,
and the good results are seen; if it shall
be beaten In 1900 the State can be redeemed,
because then it will be possible to repeal
alien land laws, prohibition, confiscatory
laws and pass laws encouraging capital.
The "tired man" declares that If Popu
lism and Socialism cannot be beaten in
Kansas as political factors, "wo might as
well bid good-bye to Kansas." "Forty thou
sand Republican majority in Kansas this
year," the writer declares, "will beat
100,000,000 bushels of wheat, 200,000,000 bush
els of corn and 1,000,000 steers."
The Kansas City platform contains the
We demand the prompt and honest ful
fillment of our pledge to the Cuban people
and the world that the United States has
no disposition nor intention to exercise sov
ereignty. Jurisdiction or control over the
island of Cuba, except for its pacification.
The war ended nearly two years ago, pro
found peace reigns all over the Island, and
still the administration keeps the govern
ment of the island from Its people.
While a convention composed of Amer
ican citizens was thus inviting the world's
censure of their own government on a
charge of bad faith, evidences jof the great
work it has done in Cuba are abundant.
Scarcely a day passes that the best people
in the island do not bear testimony to the
value of this work and their perfect confi
dence In the good faith of the United
States. The withdrawal of the army of
occupation has commenced, and in a short
time the gigantic task of politically recon
structing Cuba will be finished. Does any
body believe William J. Bryan would
have done better?
Rev. Dr. Hamlin, pastor of the Church
of the Covenant, Washington, D. C, has
investigated the army canteen question,
and believes its practical operation Is ben
eficial. In an address before an audience
of soldiers at Fort Myer, Va., on Sunday
last, he said:
I am a trustee of the Young People's So
ciety of Christian Endeavor, but speak now
as an individual, as the society is not al
lowed to Interfere with anything pertaining
to governmental regulations. No doubt
some members of the society are opposed
to the canteen, and some are in favor of it.
I believe the canteen is a promoter of tem
perance, but does not promote total absti
nence, and is a great improvement over
previous conditions. I do not think the can
teen Is perfect, and I think I could Improve
upon it. It has Improved Jhe conditions of
the soldier morally and materially. Under
existing conditions at army posts I believe
the canteen Is a good thing and a great
benefit to soldiers.
It is stated that the Democratic national
committee has put the matter of raising
campaign funds in the hands of ex-Representative
Hlnrlchsen, of Illinois, who has
several hundred canvassers In the North
western States to whom is given 20 per
cent, of what they collect. In Iowa $100,000
has been collected by this plan. Now local
Democrats are complaining that people
who have contributed to these collectors
refuse to give anything in aid of local
tickets. This plan was started under
"Coin" Harvey, but he and other Altgeld
men were deposed some time since. The
plan Is a good one, but 20 per cent, is a
Hon. W. D. Bynum calls attention to the
fact that the New York election law pro
vides that only such parties can get on the
official ballot p.s had a state ticket in the
field at the last preceding state election,
and that, under this provision, a sound
money Democratic ticket could not jet on
the presidential ballot this year. He thinks
that, in consequence of this, the Gold Dem
ocrats will not nominate a ticket, and he
is probably correct. , The effect will prob
ably be that "most of those who are still
opposed to Bryan and 16 to 1 will vote for
McKinley, as many in New York have al
ready declared their Intention to do.
The following passage from President
McKInley's acceptance speech contains
some chunks of truth that are worth think
We have passed from a bond-issuing to a
bond-paying nation, from a nation of bor
rowers to a nation of lenders, from a
deficiency in revenue to a surplus, from
fear to confidence, from enforced idleness
to profitable employment. The public faith
has been upheld, public order has been
maintained. We have prosperity at home
and prestige abroad.
Does anybody believe this could be said
now if William Jennings Bryan had been
elected President four years ago?
. If Dr. Van Vorhis undertakes to force
the Democratic convention in this district
to pledge Its candidate for Congress to
support all of Mr. Bryan's silver measures
he will fall, because he cannot get Into the
Taggart convention as a delegate, and he
would not be so rash as to expose the
feebleness of his own little party In this
district by calling a mass meeting of it In
any public place.
Colonel Parker, of Hawaii, concluded his
little speech at Canton with, "Mr. Chair
man and fellow-citizens, 'Aloha okou, as
we say in Hawaii." A glossary of Ha
waiian words says:
Aloha, more appropriately, perhaps, than
any other one word, may be taken as typ
ical of the Hawaiian race. It is the first
native word the stranger learns, the com
mon salutation on the street, and the last
he hears at parting. It signifies kindly
feeling, good will. It is also used to express
The glossary does not give "okou," but
"aloha" seems expressive enough of good
will to be adopted in familiar American
parlance, like the Indian "How!"
BUBBLES IN THE AIR:
The rich are poor when, by fate'a wrong, life
leaves them naught for which to long.
Total Depravity In Woodwork.
"What kind of a house did you succeed in
"Oh, it's the kind of a house which has win
dows that won't stay open and doors that won't
Doctor Mr. Biff, aren't you ever going to
settle my bill?
Mr. Biff Why, yes. doctor; you've been eight
years piling it up on me, and I feel entitled to
eight years to pay it in.
On II road er Gronntl.
"Penelope you say too many cutting: things
about husband-hunting women; you ought to
stand by your own sex."
"Yes, I know; but don't you think the broth
erhood of man a much higher law?"
"Worse Than the Census Taker.
"A city fellow came out to our little old
town where he used to live."
"Did he take any Interest in things?"
"Take an Interest? Well, he visited all
around and asked so many questions that after
he went away half the population had to go to
Can't Stand the Mixture.
Washington Post (Ind.)
The Post has no doubt that there would
be a considerable exodus from the Repub
lican into the Democratic party this year
if the Democratic tub stood on its own
bottom. But Mr. Bryan, surrounded by a
bodyguard of Populists and reinforced with
one recruit from the -enemy in the person
of Webster Davis, will not be able to lure
Republicans from their party as the pled
piper led the rats from Ilamleln town, or
as the bell wether guides and directs a
flock of sheep into or out of the fold.
Cause for Congratulation.
Last time the Illinois voters had to choose
between Altgeld and Tanner an odious
choice. This time the nominees for the
governorship are Richard Yates, Republic
an, and Samuel Alschuler, Democrat.
Whichever of them is elected, the new
tenant of the executive mansion at Spring
field will be a man of sane mind and clean
life, deserving and having the respect of
his political opponents. We congratulate
Insurance Rough Notes.
Will the governing committee of the
Western Union and the State Board of In
diana look the returns of fire losses now
being made square in the face and then
Justify themselves. If they can, for reduc
ing rates on trust property in Indiana for
the benefit of Chicago's brokers? It hardly
pays this discrimination against Indiana
The Way of It.
New York Commercial. ,
Tersons unaccustomed to Wall-street
ways wonder that Bryan and his platform
should be accepted as a bull argument in
1900 while they operated as a bear influence
in 1896. The explanation is simple: Bryan
was an unknown factor four years ago.
He is "easy" now, and Wall street dis
Kansas City Journal.
Miss Josie Dean was taken to the Insane
asylum from Neodesha the other day suf
fering from the remarkable delusion that
she is compelled to sit on a red-hot stove
and peel potatoes. She is but fifteen years
old and has been working in a hotel
K neon rn element.
New York Mail and Express.
Webster Davis has formally annexed
himself to the Democratic party, and Carl
Schurz announces that he will oppose Mc
Kinley and Roosevelt to the bitter end.
Thus the Republican skies are brightening
In every direction.
He Will, He Will.
The new Prime Minister of Santo Domin
go is an Indiana newspaper man. He ought
to be able to keep a little thing like a South
American republic afloat for a few months.
When men willing to reaffirm the anarch
istic Chicago platform are called "con
servatives" it is about time a new definition
of the word were made
We gather from the press reports of the
speech of the Hon. Webster Davis that he
has given his mind another moonlight ex
It Doesn't Matter.
It really doesn't matter whether Gover
nor Roosevelt wears a silk hat or a slouch
one. lie doesn't have to talk through it.
The Funny Thing.
Kansas City Journal.
The funny thing about the Democratic
ticket Is how any one ever thought of Ad
lal Stevenson as a person still on earth.
Favorite vrlth Republicans.
Mr. Towne may be disappointed, but he
isn't half so disappointed as the Republicans.
BUSY DAY FOR LEAGUE
31 ANY SESSIONS OF YOUNG 3ICTIIO-
DISTS AT SOUTH BEND
UniversuIIsts Conference Has a Tilt
Over Prohibition Baptist' Union
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
SOUTH BEND, Ind., July 13. The ninth
biennial convention of the Indiana Ep
worth League, which began Its session in
this city yesterday, promises to be one of
the most enthusiastic and most profitable
In the history of the organization. Dele
gates are arriving on every train. Over
two hundred had registered last night, and
the enrollment reached five hundred visit
ors by this evening. The delegates repre
sent 80,000 members of the Epworth League
in India aa.
The delegates were ready for the earn
est work of the convention this morning
and the attendance at the morning serv
ice was agreeably large. The usual rivalry
for the pleasure of entertaining the next
convention began to develop to-day. In
dianapolis, Fort Wayne, Evarrsvllle and
Terre Haute are anxious to secure the
convention, and from present indications
Fort Wayne will be the next convention
Many visitors who were unable to attend
the opening of the conference were pres
ent this morning at the quiet hour service
conducted by State Secretary Hennlnger,
of Jeffersonville. At 8:30 the first business
meeting of the convention began. After a
short song service President Palmer de
livered his report and address to the con
vention. The following committees were
announced by the president:
On Resolutions The Rev. Frank Tinder,
Logansport; Miss Mattle Sparks, Indian
apolis, and Miss Edna Hunter, Logans
port. On Place of Meeting for the 1902 State
Convention The Rev. W. F. Switzer, Dan
ville; C. 11. Sett, Anderson, and the Rev.
E. M. Chambers, Taylorsvllle.
On Constitution W. H. Braman, of this
city; S. M. Hoff, Indianapolis; G. W.
Rhodes, Goshen, and F. G. Cox, Princeton.
Secretary Hennlnger read a communica
tion and resolutions from the Indiana
Christian Endeavor Society asking co
operation in an effort to elect state legis
lators favorable to temperance legislation.
The resolutions are entirely nonpartisan
and were referred to the committee on
At 1:30 in the afternoon the delegates
met in district conferences to become bet
ter acquainted and discuss various needs
of the different districts. The visitors
then proceeded on a tour of inspection of
the city under the guidance of the local
committee. They visited the most im
portant factories and other points of in
terest. Many delegates who brought bicycles en
Joy, the beautiful scenery of the city and
surrounding country. A trolley party con
cluded the recreation programme of the
This evening President Crawford, of
Allegheny College, Meadville, Pa., lectured
at the First M. E. Church on "Savonarola."
Dr. Crawford is one of the country's fore
most pulpit orators, and his lecture on the
reformer was received with great praise.
Following the lecture an informal recep
tion was held in the church parlors.
BAPTIST YOUNG PEOPLE.
They Listen to ft Masterly Address by
an English Brother.
CINCINNATI, July IS. The feature of
the three sessions to-day of the tenth In
ternational assembly of the Baptist Young
People's Union was the address of Dr. E.
G. Gange, of London, England. Just be
fore he was introduced, a telegram of
greeting was received from the Mexican
Union, in session in the City of Mexico.
The star-spangled banner and the union
jack hung together conspicuously. In front
of the speaker, and his opening tribute to
them was a masterly peroration. Then he
referred to the mother tongue of the two
nations, the sisterhood of their religions,
the brotherhood of all their interests, secu
lar and religious, and prayed they would
never meet in conflict. And from this he
proceeded into the "Joy of service," and
made of his topic a veritable Joy forever
to all who heard him.
The rule of this vast assemblage is to
have no handclapping or stamping, no
noise whatever, but simply the waving of
handkerchiefs without cheering. These
quiet demonstrations are beautiful, but not
stirring. The bottled enthusiasm became
uncorked during and at the close of Dr.
Gange's address. The chorus of two hun
dred trained voices Joined in the "Break
away." The great organ began and the
whole audience of five thousand sang
"America" and then "God Save the
Finally it was announced that Dr. Wil
liam Ashmore, who had been a missionary
in China for twenty years, would deliver
the benediction. He did more than was an
nounced. He offered a fervent prayer for
the deliverance of his brethren In the Ori
ent, who are being "hounded even unto
death," ana the audience dispersed, after
the change from a scene of great Joy to
one of touching sadness.
Music Hall, with a seating capacity of
5,000, was packed to-day at the second day's
session of the tenth international assembly
of the Baptist Young People's Union. Dr.
H. M. Wharton, of Philadelphia, spoke on
"The Secret Power;" Carey Emerson, of
Minneapolis, on "A Good Investment."
The banner service illustrative of poly
glot missions In America, included ad
dresses by J. C. Grimmel, of Cleveland, on
"Our Foreign American Harvest Field;"
by Prof. Joseph E. Jones, of Richmond,
Va., on "The Negro;" by Rev. Arthur St.
Oalr Sloane, of Perry, O., on Mexico; by
H. R. Moseley, of Santiago. Cuba, on "Open
Doors in Cuba and Porto Rico," and by H.
I j. Morehouse, field secretary of New York,
on "Our Opportunity and Obligation."
The following officers were elected: Presi
dent, John H. Chapman, Illinois; vice
presidents. L. J. P. Bishop. New
York; W. R. L. Smith, Virginia;
Harry L . Stark Ontrrio; record
ing secretary, H. W. Reed, Wiscon
sin; treasurer, Frank Moody, Wisconsin.
Board of managers, class of 1903: Lewis
Halsey, Arizona; C. H. McKee, Idaho; L.
L. Hensen, Indiana; F. B. Fellman. Ne
braska; Orrin R. Judd, New York; R. M.
Hunsicker. Pennsylvania; O. W. Van Osdel.
Washington; H. C. Rosomond, Arkansas;
W. T. Hundley, Florida; J. W. Conley. Illi
nois; Jay R. Vaughn. Iowa: W. W. Main,
Massachusetts; C. H. Todd, New Jersey;
O. P. Coshon. Oregon; A. T. Jameson,
South Carolina: G. P. Raymond, Prince Ed
ward Island; C. J. Rose, Ohio, filling va
cancy; A. S. Phelps, Columbia, filling va
cancy. Additional members serving one
year: Ira Price, L. A. Crandal, John W.
Lowe, Charles S. Burton. H. Francis Perry,
W. H. Geist welt, all of Illinois; E. D. Gray.
Alabama; E. W. Hunt, of Massachu
setts; H. F. Stllwell, Minnesota, and
Charles A. Eaton, Ontario.
In the afternoon the States were called
at the fellowship meeting for reports and
greetings, after which the Rev. William
Pfeiffer, of Apllngton. Ia.. for the German
Union, and A. C. Blackshire. of Indian
apolis, for the colored union, delivered ad
dresses. In the evening Dr. A. J. Rowland,
of Philadeldphla. secretary of the publica
tion society, spoke on "The Press an an
Agency In Evangelism."
Miss Anna M. Barkley, of Memphis, who
is engaged In Cuban work, read a paper,
which was enthusiastically received, on
"Woman's Work in Missions." Dr. Ferris,
o New Haven, gave way to-night and will
speak to-morrow night, as will also Wil
liam Ashmore. of China.
HAD A SHARP DISCUSSION.
Vnlvcrsnllst Yonnp People Rejected a
ATLANTA. Ga.. July 13.-A heated dis
cussion was precipitated In the third day's
session of the Young People's Christian
Union of the Universalist Church to-day
by the introduction of a resolution against
the liquor traffic. The resolution fought
to Impose total abstinence on the members
of the union and enlist their efforts: to se
cure laws, municipal and national, that
would prohibit the manufacture and sale
of Intoxicating liquors as a beverage.
The Rev. F. W. Perkins, of Concctlcut.
protested that the resolution was a re
straint on the liberty of individual action.
The Rev. A C. Grkr. of Racine. Wis.,
made an impassioned speech in favor of the
resolution. It was defeated by a majority
The report of the committee on official
reports and recommendations was consid
ered at the business session. A recommen
dation looking to a closer union with the
national organization of the whole Unl
versalist Church was adopted.
Resolutions were adopted to have an an
nual offering for increasing the "Aunty"
Brown fund for assisting divinity students
in securing an education.
At the night session Miss Jennie Ellis,
state president for Rhode Island, presided.
An address on "Our Young People and Our
Republic" was delivered by the Rev. W. J.
Taylor, of Maine. The Rev. Leeman Ward,
of Alabama, spoke on "Education, the
Problem of Youth and Reform."
American Endeavorers Abroad.
LONDON, July 13. The delay in the ar
rival of seven hundred American Christian
Endeavorers necessitates alterations In the
elaborate programme for the Sunday serv
ices, during which a large number of pas
sengers who were booked to sail for Eng
land on the North German Lloyd steamer
Saale, seriously damaged by the Hoboken
fire, were expected to speak. In the mean
time the Christian Endeavorers of the
United States are everywhere prominent
Among the leaders in to-day's services
were the Rev. J. H. Elliott, the Rev. Rob
ert Pierce and the Rev. Herbert J. White,
of the United States, and the Rev. T. W.
Wilson, of Canada.
DANGER IS INCREASING
BLANKET INDIANS JOINED BY PAR
TIES FR03I THE NORTH.
Fears for the Safety of Capt. Jlereer
Mounted Recruits Sent Into the
Region of Disturbance.
SOLWAY, Minn., July 13. Danger of an
cutbreak by the blanket Indians on Red
lake is Increasing. The J.ndlari police from
the agency have gone to the point where
the blanketers are still holding their war
dance, and It is expected trouble will ensue.
Bulletins have been posted in the Chip
pewa language, warning all friendly In
dians and whites to remain away from the
point or suffer the consequences.
Twenty mounted men left Solway late
last night and will proceed to the agency
and take instructions from Indian Agent
Mercer. The men are all well armed and
carry each a thousand rounds of extra
ammunition, which will be distributed
among the settlers.
A petition will be sent to Governor Lind
to-morrow, asking that a detachment of
State troops be sent to Red lake at once. '
The Indians keep up their war dances
and their shouts can be heard for three
miles. At frequent intervals they discharge
their rifles in the air.
It is said that a large body of reds from
the northern part of the State lias joined
forces with the blanketers and small bands
of Indians are Joining the main body hour
ly. It is estimated that the entire force
numbers over 300 at present. The squaws
and pappooses have been sent north and
only the young bucks remain at the point.
The white settlers at the point are pre
paring for an attack. The Indians at the
egency have assured the whites of their
support, but it is thought that many of
them are going over to the blanketers.
Nothing has been heard from Captain
Mercer since his departure for the lake, and
fears are entertained for his safety.
JESTER CASE EVIDENCE
FOUR WITNESSES TELL OF EVENTS
OF JANUARY, 1871.
One Significant Point Orousht Out
Statement by Gates's Attorney The
Prisoner's Plan of Defence.
NEW LONDON, Mo., July 13.-Ex-Gov-ernor
Charles P. Johnston, of St. Louis,
one of the chief attorneys for the state In
the trial of Alexander Jester, charged with
the killing of Gilbert Gates, brother of
John W. Gates, made a statement to-day
as to the report which led to the prosecu
tion by Gates of the aged prisoner.
"The Gates family had long since given
up all Intention of ever pushing the case
of the murder of their boy to trial. One
year or more ago this man was forced
again to the attention of the Gates family
under the most peculiar circumstances by
Jester's sister. John W. Gates told us he
felt it a duty he owed to the memory of his
dead brother, a duty he owed to the State,
and, above all, a duty he owed his aged
parents to demand a vigorous trial and an
unearthing of all the testimony possible.
We have had detectives follow that trail
through four States and know nearly ev
ery act of Alexander Jester for the past
Francis M. Dawson, who lived about four
miles east of the Hulln lane, and south of
the Paris (Mo.) road, In 1871, took the stand
to-day. He testified that In January, 1S71,
he met Alexander Jester in this lane. The
old man had twTo teams and two wagons.
They were standing still in the road at a
point east of the West Madison road. As
Dawson passed Jester asked him how far
it was to a road on which he could turn
south. This evidence is considered signifi
cant as showing that Jester's turning from
the main thoroughfare was intentional.
John De Motte, of Valley Center, Kan.,
testified that he had lived there twenty
years and had known Jester for thirty
years. He never knew Jester as "Hill."
Jester lived with his wife and seven chil
dren and had around his place. In 1S70, a
two-horse "Jolt" wagon and a buffalo calf.
The witness said Jester not only farmed,
but also preached and was an attendant at
J. C. Templeton, of Renick. Mo., testified
that he saw Jester and Gates at Renick In
1S71. Jester exhibited the buffalo calf there
and took up a collection. This is supposed
to be a short time before Gates was killed.
Joseph B. Delany, an old citizen of Mon
roe county, testified that his wife awak
ened him at their home near Middlegrove
one night In Januars', 1S71, and told him she
had heard cries of distress. Mr. Delany
said he went to the camp next morning and
Inquired the cause of the cries. He said
Jester replied that during a dream he had
choked young Gates and Gates had
screamed. The witness to-day pointed to
Jester as the same man that told him this
story that morning In January. 1S71.
Jester's' Plan of Defense.
ST. LOUIS. July 13. A private detective
employed by the friends of Alexander Jes
ter, now on trial in New London, Mo.,
called at the morgue to-day In search of
records to show that Gilbert Gates, whom
Jester Is charged with having murdered,
was taken from the river, at the time he
was supposed to have been murdered. The
records at the morgue extend only as tar
back as 1S75, three years after young Gates
disappeared. The detective then called on
several of the oldest undertakers In the
city, but, though some of them had a vague
recollection of such a discovery, none of
them could give positive data. The defense
will attempt to show that Gates was
drowned at the time when he is said to
have been murdered.
STEADY PRICE SHADING
IRON AND STEEL, TEXTILE AND
LEATHER PRODUCTS INCLUDED.
No Need for Anxiety About Cereal
Suppllen Uradatreet I Satisfied
with Trade Conditions.
NEW YORK. July 11 It. G. Dun & Cos
weekly Review of Trade to-morrow will
say: If the great increase in failures to
$lü0,5Tü,l$4 in the first half of 1900, against
$19,604,661 last year, and especially to
$13.SD3,07? In the second quarter, e gainst
S21.63.Y6C3 last year, gave no occasion for
diligent search, failure returns will
worth nothing. But to-daj; it is shown that
thirty banking failures for $25,S22.t.2,
against thlrty-cne last year for $7.601,723,
accounted for much of the difference; that
263 brokerage and real-estate failure fr
$22.1.2,346, against 145 last year for only
$-328,213, accounted for another part, and
that in building and lumber working an-1
trade cthtr large failures, distinctly con
nected with those in real estate, explain
much more of the difference between man
ufacturlrg and trading failures last year
and this. In these and much less Impor
tant changes in a few other lines are seen
substantially all the commercial disasters
as yet resulting from an amazing-ri-e In
prices last year, followed by weary but
largely successful efforts during the pa.-t
few months to get back to a normal state
of business. When this Is seen, and the re
mat kable steadiness in number and size of
the great majority of the failures not for
exceptional amounts, there appears ground
for especial satisfaction that business has
been, on the whole, so soundly conducted
under conditions of unusual danger.
The Iron Age makes the output of pig
233,413 tons weekly July I. hut the decrees
of 16,(XX) tons has by this time ben exceed
ed, other furnaces having stopi-d this
month, and repairs of works and wage
scales may yet occupy some time. The in
crease of $6,958 tons In stocks unsold implies
decrease in manufacture more than double
the decrease in output, and works of five
of the great corporations are waiting for
a decline in wages Just when the workers
have looked for increase. Open markets
are now admitted at Pittsburg, where quo
tations have been for some time normal,
and bessemer pig is offered there at $16.
Structural makers decided not to reduce
prices, but steel bars there and plates at
Philadelphia are said to have hold at $1.15
In some cases. The shet works will opn
Monday with large orders. Coke works,
about 19 per cent, idle, have no demand
now, and in contracts it is said that even
$2.50 would be shaded.
Cotton speculation has held the price too)
high for the comfort of foreign spinners,
who have not provided for ail their wants,
but the arrangement by the Fall River
committee to close for a month or more a
large part of the New England mills will
clear away disputes about the markt t for
goods. The woolen manufacturer Is In no
better position, with some of the best mills
closed in part or wholly, on account of the
uncertainty of demand. Wool Is growing
weaker, and is even offered by some' West
ern holders at prior s which were refused
not long ago, but the mills do not yet know
what goods they will b able to sell, and
from a temporary idleness there seems for
some no escape.
Prices of shoes are not quotahly weaker,
but a larger proportion of the makers ap
pear disposed to make concessions alreaujr
mentioned as frequent. So light is new
business that Jobbers also seem to have
modified their views. Leather Is weaker.
The end of the crop year has brought tht
usual estimates, which command not more
confidence than usual. If the country nu
get out of a crop officially called Iil7.ooO.OiK)
lu all it wants for food and s-ed and -in.-000,000
bu for exjmrt, with considerable left
over in sight. It Is the cisy Inference that
anxiety is needless. There if no evidence
as yet, and for ome time to come cannot
be. that Injuries nistHnl have botn as
great as some suppose, so th.it alarm is
not more necessary tbn it was last year.
Failures for the wtn-k have been l:6 la
the United States, against 1M last year,
and 26 in Canada, against 21 last year.
SITUATION IS HETTEIt.
Brndstreet Discerns Considerable Im
provenient In the Trmle Outlook.
NEW YORK. July 13. Bradstrcct's. to
morrow, will say: While trade is still of
only midsummer volume, the beginning of
improvement in demand is. apparently, be
coming visible. The Improvement is still
one of tone rather than of actual demand,
but with, as seems probable, a yield of 540,
000,000 bu of wheat, a next to record-breaking
yield of corn and a very large produc
tion of oats, the Western crop situation
contains many encouraging features. Tho
Southern cotton crop has undoubtedly suf
fered and condition Is unprecedentcdly low
for this season of tho year, but the acreage
planted was a large one. and th prices
are so much higher that a satisfactory
financial return is confidently looked for.
In addition, railroad earnings point to the
maintenance of the business of the country
at a volume In excess of last year.
The effort of the big Iron and steel con
cerns to control prices, if really made, has
proved abortive and another wholcFale
slashing of quotations is to be leported
this week. Production, however, is falling
off, and Increases of furnace stocks,
though considerable, would seem Kmall. If
renewed activity occurred. The situation in
cotton goods i3 an embarrassing one for
the manufacturers. Raw cotton, old crop,
this week, reached the high price In ten
years, but nothing like a proportionate ad
vance Is being secured In many finished
products. Export trade with China has
been checked, several mills have been shut
down and short time, during the summer,
has been practically agreed on by the Fall
River print cloth mills. A rather better
tone is noted In the dry goods market at
New York, with symptoms of expanding
demand, chlefiy. however, for seasonable
goods. Concessions in prices have Induced
rather freer buying of wool at some cen
ters, and the tone of the Iiondon sales is
firmer, but the goods markets show little
The industrial situation is rather iitrr.
as a result of agreement or wages by a
number of Iron and Meel manufacturing
concerns and their employes. Iower price.-
for lumber are. apparently, inducing more
activity in building, though how much is
due to this, or how much to the ttl
ment of labor disturbances, is hard to
Wheat, including flour, shipments lor the
wefk aggregate 2.&29.910 bu. against 3.ois.
S32 last week. 3.2CJ.S15 in the coi responding
week of ISM. and 2.010.S27 In 1WS. From Juiy
1 to date, wheat exports are 5.848.712 bu,
against 7.v...7s7 last season and 5.639.4ft in
lfcyx. Corn exports for the week aggregate
4.022.06S bu. against 3.tft.'l la?t week. 4.
53.733 in tnis week a year ago, and 2.22.2?
In From July 1 to date, corn exports
are 7,606.302 bu, against S.600,ks3 last season,
and 5.233.520 in KU.
Business failures in the United States,
for the week, number 221, as compared
with 146 last week. 174 in this week a year
ago, and 23S in lcS.
This Week's Hunk Cleii rings.
The following tab'e, compiled bj Brad
street, shows the bank dealings ut the
principal cities for the week ended July
13, with the percentage of Increase and de
crease as compared with the corresponding
week last year:
New York $My.CU.341 Dec..21.9
Uoston 126.416.475 Iec..lJ.l
Chicago 1SS.W1..VJ4 Inc.. 3.2
Philadelphia 92.K!.C3i Dec. 6.
St. Louis 32.C7H.7sS Inc.. 3.2
Pittsburg n3.7j3.4'JD Inc..3ü.6
Baltimore 22.(0KT.3 Dec..H.6
San Francisco 1V.C1.271
Cincinnati l;.if.t.tCO Inc.. 12 T
Kansas City 13i:.&::2 Inc. .11.7
New Orleans 1.4"6.221 lnc..4:3
Minneapolis 11.4n.!- Inc.. 3.8
Detroit ' 9.3J7.JÄ1 Inc. .10.7
Cleveland 11h.2N lnc..ll.J
lxmlsvllle K.2t.ojr Dec.. 3.
Milwaukee 6.1.VOA) Inc.. 1.4
St. Paul Inc.. S.T
Buffalo D.W67 Dec. 1.9
Omaha M22.716 Inc.. 6.4
Indianapolis 7.(ii7.42S Iec.. L
Columbus, O 5.GT.6.I00 Inc.. 3.3
Evansville, Ind l.OGO.Oi Inc.. 4.2
Total. United 8tates.$l,S25.0H6 Dec..::.l
Totals outside New
York c:i.C23.r.5 Dec. Lf