Newspaper Page Text
THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1S0U
. - L
a meeting of the English-speaking mine
workers of this vicinity. Amons the
speakers were Organizers J. F. Purcell and
George Harris, of the United Mine Work
ers, and Paul rauleskl, a Lithuanian labor
loader of this place. The meeting, which
was secret. Is said to have been dominated
by th? foreign employes. The Knglish
speaking men favored returning to work on
Monday, but the foreigners voted them
down und adopted a resolution to remain
on strike. The English-speaking employes
declare they will go to the mines on Mon
day, and serious consequences may result.
ThU was pay day at the William Penn
Colliery and a number of armed deputies
were brought from Mahanoy Plane and
placed on guard around the slope. The
rr.Ine workers were orderly however, and
no trouble occurred.
Dr. Hamilton to-day made a po?t mortem
examination of the body of John Schonlt
jbkl. the Pole who was shot and killed dur
ing last night's riot?. Schonltskl had but
recently arrived here and leaves a widow
und several children in Poland. The In
quest will be held on Tuesday by Coroner
The saloons, which had been closed by
Burgess David Brown after yesterday's
;ot, opened this afternoon, and as a result
several miners were arrested on the charge
of dl5orderly conduct.
It develops that only one person, Mike
Tukavage. was killed outright In last even
ing's shotting. Annie Rogers, the little
girl, who, it was supposed, was shot to
death, recovered consciousness some hours
after the bullet struck her In the back ot
the neck, and is to-day In a fair way of
ultimately getting well.
Edward Clak, who was shot below the
heart, has a chance for life. The bullet wa
extracted and he is improving to-day. He
had gone into the street to take his chil
dren out of the way and In this manner re
ceived the wound.
The deputies who were with Sheriff
Toole last evening and did the shooting
were all selected from the best citizens of
Shenandoah and the report that they were
the scum of the country Is untrue. They
were forty In number and if the troops had
not arrived to-day it Is believed they would
Lave received injury at the hands of those
who participated in the riot.
QUICK WORK BY MILITIA.
Ordered Oat Late Friday Xlglit and on
Dnty Early Next Morning:.
IIARRISBURG, Pa,, Sept. 22. Adjutant
General Stewart received a telegram from
General Gobln at 10:30 o'clock from Shenan
doah saying everything was quiet in the
Schuylkill region and under his controL He
reached Shenandoah at daybreak with six
companies of Infantry, and reports that he
was well received by the populace. Many
of the miners called on him and assured
him that they would co-operate with him
In maintaining order. General Gobln has
located his troops to-day, and had them
all in camp by night. The camp equipage
was shipped from the state arsenal early
this morning, and reached Shenandoah at
10:30 a. m. in charge of Colonel Richard -eon.
General Stewart was on duty all night at
the National Guard headquarters, and is
keeping himself in touch with General Go
bin by telephone. The first troops to arrive
on the ground were the companies at
Glrardville. Tamaqua, St. Clair, Mahanoy
City and Pottsville, of the Eighth Regi
ment, and the Pottsville company attached
to the Fourth Regiment.
Major General Miller reached here at
noon from Franklin, Pa., to consult with
Governor Stone and General Stewart and
perform such duties as may be necessary.
Attorney General Elkln also arrived dur
ing the day from Indiana, Pa., to advise
With the military officials on any. legal
rnatters which may come before them.
General Miller is in command of the entire
division of the guard. A notice has been
Issued by the major general directing the
commanding officers of the Ninth Regi
ment, with headquarters at Wilkesbarre,
and the Thirteenth Regiment, with head
quarters at Scranton, to hold their com
mands in readiness to move at short notice.
The order also directs General Gobln to take
command of the provisional brigade to
"support the sheriff of Schuylkill county in
protecting life and property, restoring or
der and securing to the citizens of the com
monwealth their rights and privileges un
der the Constitution and the laws."
Governor Stone i3 being kept fully ad
vised of the movement of the troops and
the situation in the strike region. The Gov
ernor's troops started from here for She
nandoah at 6 o'clock this morning in com
pany with the two Harrisburg companies
of the Eighth Regiment.
SAY TOOLC AVAS TOO HASTY.
Strikers Condemn the Action of the
Sheriff of Schuylkill County.
"WILKESBARRE, Pa., Sept. 22. The
close of the first week of the great miners'
strike finds everything tranquil in the
Wyoming: valley. There has been no dis
turbance of any consequence during the
six days and, from the present outlook,
there wilf be none. It is thought that if
any trouble arises it will be in the Hazleton
region, where some of the collieries are still
being operated. Sheriff Harvey has things
there in pretty good control so far, but he
has no assurance that the strikers will re
main peaceable. It is his purpose not to
call for troops, unless as a last resort. He
will, however, provide himself with a
strong posse, so that, in case trouble does
arise, he will be able to cope with a formid
The United Mine Workers held meetings
in many places this evening, and Sheriff
Toole and his deputies were condemned for
their shooting at Shenandoah. leaders of
the United Mine Workers say Toole was
too, hasty in giving the order to fire, and
that he proved a poor general in directing
his men. This afternoon a mass meeting of
strikers was held at Sugar Notch. The
principal speaker was Organizer Fred Dil
cher. He severely criticised the conduct of
Sheriff Toole, and said if good Judgment
had been used by Toole and his deputies
the conflict could have been Avoided. Mr.
Dllcher advised the men in the Wyoming
valley to stick to their good resolution to
keep the peace and not give the authorities
s.ny excuse to summon the militia.
A meeting of operators was held in this
city to-day and the situation discussed.
Several of the operators said the affray at
Shenandoah was not unexpected. Where
an attempt Is made by force to prevent a
body of workingmen from going to work
bloodshed Invariably follows. One oper
ator thought the same conuitions would ex
ist in the Wyoming valley were an attempt
made to operate any of the collieries now
EAINY WEATHER TO-DAY.
ShoTTers Predicted for Indiana on
Sunday Fair Tc-3Iorrovr.
WASHINGTON. Sept 21-Forccast for
Sunday and Monday:
For Ohio Cloudy on Sunday; probably,
rain in southern and western portions.
Monday rain; variable winds.
For Indiana and Illinois Rain on Sun
day; Monday fair; fresh southerly winds.
Local Ohftcrvnt ions en Satnrday.
Rar. Ther. R.H. Wind. Weather. Pre.
7 a. m.. 3.3) 54 SI North. Pt. cldy. C.W
7 p.m.. 33.03 CG 54 Seast. Cldy. 0.ÖO
Maximum temperature, 71; minimum tem
pern tu re. 3-
Following Is a comparative statement of
the rr.t-Mi temperature and total precipita
tion for Spt. 12;
Normal G3 .10
? lean 62 0.00
lK-pirture from normal 3 OA1)
lh parture since Sept. 1 00 O.T'
IXp irture since Jan. 1 33 1.21
Plus. C. F. R. WAPPENHANS.
Iocal Forecast Official.
Chicago. Ill St
'lioyerme, Wyo 42
Clhcin: atl. O CS
Concordia. Kan fO
Davenport, Ii 54
D 3 Moir.cj, la 12
Kar. sis City, Mo. GC
Litt If Rock. Ark. Cs
Memphis, Tenn &i
Nashville. Tenn CS
Oklahoma., Q. T 64
riVburfC. Pa, 52
UapiJ City. S. D M
, f-alt Lake City.,.. ii
Bt. Lout?, Mq 60
Fprlr.gr.eld, L ,52
x fcprtrsf.eld, Mj C2
Vi:k8burs, 2:s 73
Jin x. 7 p.
idle. The only mine working in the region
to-day was the colliery at Mocanaqua, op
erated by West & Co. About the usual
force was at work.
Fx-Sheriff James Martin, who was at the
head of the deputies at Lattimer three
years ago, when twenty-one miners were
killed and over fifty wounded, says in an
interview that most people have no Idea
what a sheriff In the coal regions has to
contend with in times of a strike. "The
passions of workingmen," he Faid, "are
aroused to the highest pitch when they see
other men at work, and it only requires the
report of a pistol to start a good-sized
row." Continuing he said: "Some people
are inclined to criticise me for my action at
Lattimer, hut, like Sheriff Toole, I could do
nothing else but what I did. Either I or
the mob had to rule. As a sworn officer of
the law I knew my duty in the matter.
The first thing to do was to preserve the
peace, and in my efforts to do so bloodshed
resulted. History only repeated itself at
It is reported to-night that the Lehigh
and Wilkesbarre Coal Company will at
tempt to resume operations at Its No. 5
shaft Monday with new men. The Dela
ware & Hudson will also try to start up
No. 3 mine at Plymouth. It is thought if
new men attempt to go to work there will
PA It AD n AT SCRAXTOX.
Many Children in Line Mass Meeting:
nnd Appeal to Strikers.
SCRANTON, Pa., Sept. 22.-A parade of
2.0X slate pickers, runners, drivers, door
tenders and helpers from the mines of
Scranton and vicinity was the feature of
to-day. The parade was planned by Or
ganizer Dllcher to show how many chil
dren who ought to be in school were forced
into the mines by reason of their fathers
being paid such poor wages. It was a
sight that would move the hardest heart.
Fully a third of the boys In line appeared
to be about nine or ten years of age, and
inquiry among them elicited the startling
fact that not a few eight-year-old children
were numbered In the paraders.
A mass meeting followed, at Laurel Hill
Park, at which addresses were made by
F. W. Slay ton, of Newcastle, Pa.;' P. II.
McCarthy, of San Francisco, and G. S.
Conriburger, of Auburn, N. Y., delegates
to the carpenters convention, and T. D.
Hayes, of this city. The burden of their
talks was an appeal to the strikers to avoid
being drawn into acts of disorder. The
carpenters national convention adopted a
resolution this morning denouncing the
sheriff of Schuylkill county as a "man
slaughterer." The authorities of Pennsyl
vania are likewise condemned for sending
An address was sent to strike headquar
ters at noon by President Mitchell, appeal
ing to the miners to continue their good
behavior and avoid being agitated by emis
saries of the companies, who would be sent
among them to incite riot.
The switchmen continue to work as usual,
handling coal without inquiring whether or
not it is union or nonunion product. The
presence of the switchmen's grand officers
and their statement that they would re
main for some time is taken to mean that
something may yet be done by the switch
men to aid in preventing the washerles
from being worked. Trains are made up
and held in readiness to take out the Thir
teenth Regiment at a moment's notice.
Colonel Waters expects to be called upon.
DCXOl.XCED BY MITCHELL.
Leader of the Miners Sayn the Shoot
ing" Wan Unnecessary.
HAZLETON, Pa.. Sept. 22. All is quiet
and orderly in this region to-night. Presi
dent Mitchell, of the United Mine Workers
ot America, to-night issued a statement
giving his views on the calling out of
troops at Shenandoah and the killing of a
member of mob by deputle3 at Shenondoah
yesterday. The statement is as follows:
"From Information I have received from
those who have investigated the situation
ir. appears that the shooting on the part
of the sheriff and his deputies was entirely
uncalled for, inasmuch as the strikers had
not injured a single member of the sheriff'3
posse; and the circumstances forcibly illus
trate the ruthless disregard the sheriff
and his deputies have for the lives of per
sons whom it was their plain duty to place
under arrest if they had violated any of
the laws of the State of Pennsylvania.
The Governor in calling out the State
troops, in myJudgment, acter inconsider
ately and without a thorough investigation.
I am confident that the miners who are on
strike are fully impressed with the neces
sity of observing: the law and conducting
themselves in a peaceful manner at all
Father rhllllps, of St. Gabriel's Catholic
Church, who has worked diligently for ar
bitration as a means of settling the strike,
to-night issued a statement In which he
comes out flatly on the side of the strikers.
In the statement he says:
"If the executive officials of the big coal
carrying companies have been correctly
quoted by to-day's papers, arbitration is
no longer a means to the end desired by the
general public, namely, a discontinuance
of the conflict between labor and capital.
There is now no alternative but a fight tc
the finish between organized labor and or
ganized capital. Honest efforts for peace
have been throttled, and since reason and
justice and mercy will not be heard the
operator must either arrogate to himself
the title of coal king and sway his sceptre
over unwilling subjects or the miners must
meet the issue by renewed efforts to deplete
the markets by the complete prevention of
SKnntlon at Slimnokin.
SIIAMOKIN, Pa., Sept. 22.-Evcrythlns Is
quiet between here and Centralla to-night.
The strikers have little to say concerning
the arrival of troops at Shenandoah. Next
Monday the operators expect to start a
number of collieries here, in which event
there will likely be trouble.
The Philadelphia and Reading Coal and
Iron Company, this afternoon, ordered the
complete abandonment of the Henry Clay
and Eurnside collieries. The pumps were
stopped and the mines will flood of their
own account. The company warned the
men last week that if they went on strike
the collieries would be closed down. They
gave employment to 2.DC0 men and boys. To
avoid the possible burning of cars by mobs.
In case of riots, a large dumber of freight
and coal cars were removed from this
part of the coal field last night and to-day
by Pennsylvania Railroad crews.
TUTUILA NATIONAL GUARD.
Novel I'niform "Worn hy Uncle Sam's
Native Island .Military Company.
PAGO-PAGO, Samoa, Sept. 6, ,via San
Francisco, Cal., Sept. 22. The latest
thing in American military uniforms
is probably that adopted by the Tutuila
National Guard, which has Just been
organized here by Commandant Til
ley. The guard is a regularly organized
military company of the United States,
and Is armed with Lee rilles. The uniform
consists of white singlets, blue lavalavas
with red facings, red sashes, red turbans
and the usual cartridge box accoutrements.
The lavalava is a short skirt made of cot
ton cloth. The effect Is something like a
Highland kilt. The singlet is a sort of
doublet or waistcoat. Almost the first
service the Tutuila National Guard was
called on to perform was to arrest a chief
who had destroyed the house and property
of another Samoan because the latter had
cooked and eaten a fish which, according to
Samoan customs, was reserved exclusively
for the chiefs.
(CONCLUDED FROM FIRST PAGE.)
London Times, are viewed in Downing
street as being more the result of the
revere strain of the siege and the heated
rivalry that must prevail where so many
nationalities are quartered together than
as an impartial recording of facts.
Lord Brassy, in accepting the presidency
of the Liberal Imperial Council to-day,
said: "Some supervision of the Chinese
government in behalf of the powers is de
sirable. It would be more effective if In
trusted to a single mandatory- The United
States is especially fitted for the task. She
has large interests In China and Is under no
suspicion of ambitious designs." Alluding
to Great Britain's isolation. Lord Brassy
eald he paw across the Atlantic the "pos
sibility of an alliance full of promise for
peace and civilization, resting on the broad
est foundations and cot needing formal
MORE BODIES FOUND
SIXTY-FOUR TAKES FROM TIIK
IVIIECKAGC AT ALVESTOX.
Fourteen Discovered In the Ruin of
One Building Business of the
City GratlnnllF Resuming.
GALVESTON. Tex., Sept. 21-Sixty-four
bodies were recovered to-day, fourteen be
ing taken from one building at Twenty
second and Beach streets. With the ex
ception of the abolishment of the tempor
ary hospital, which was established in the
United States customs house directly after
the storm, there were no developments In
the health situation to-day. The sick and
injured who applied for treatment received
attention. There have been but few deaths
since the storm. So far but fourteen have
been reported, all of which were directly
or indirect! caused by hurts received dur
ing the storm.
Trains are coming into the stricken
city passengers regularly, freights as
fast as they can be accommodated. So
much track has been washed away by the
storm or Is still strewn with wreckage that
facilities for handling freight trains are
limited. Three freight trains one entirely
of cotton, the other two of general mer
chandisehave arrived thus far.
Advertisements are printed to-day calling
for 2,000 men to clean the streets and 500
teams. This work is under a contractor's
control. Labor is scarce and in great de
mand. Beginning Tuesday the relief com
mittee will stop giving supplies to families
of able-bodied men. Thl3 move Is expected
to stop many negroes who are now drawing
from the commissary and who are unwill
ing to work so long as they can get free
The city Is brightening and getting in
better shape every hour. It will be a month
before the whole city is clear and things
again normal, but each day shows marked
extension of business and resumption of In
dustry. Steamers are arriving for freight.
The wharf front will be clear of wreckage
in three days. There is plenty of work
ahead for all 'longshoremen. Next week
will show commerce moving again, not full,
but sufficient to warrant the hope that Oc
tober will see traffic handled as usual.
Governor-Fleet Dukes Missing1.
ST. LOUIS, Sept. 22. A special from
Paris, Tex., says that Judge G. TV. Dukes,
of Talihlna, the Governor-elect of the
Choctaw Nation, left for Galveston on
Thursday preceding the storm and has not
been heard from since.
The subscriptions to date in New York
city amount to J245.651.
The citizens's permanent relief commit
tee, of Philadelphia, has wired to Governor
Sayers, of Texas, $15,000 for the relief of
the Galveston flood sufferers. This makes
a total of $79.318 donated by Philadelphia,
and contributions are still coming in.
The fund of $1.660 contributed by the pu
pils of the Jersey City public schools for
the hurricane sufferers, has been sent in a
check to the Mayor of Galveston by Mayor
Hoos. The chllden also contributed nearly
two carloads of clothing and canned food.
LOSSES AT PEI-TANG.
(CONCLUDED FROM FIRST PAGE.)
the Christian missionaries who escaped, and
who makes the report through the officials
of the government now forwarding it to
Washington. In one case It is stated a mis
sionary had his eyes burned out. then a'
portion of his body was cut off, and. Anally,
a red-hot staff was driven through his
back. In another case a missionary was
wrapped in cotton, the cotton was soaked
In oil and the mass set on fire. Concerning
conditions in the Yang-Tse valley, the re
port states that the viceroys there have ex
ercised a most pacific Influence, despite or
ders to the contrary from Peking. It ap
pears that the Peking government ordered
the viceroys to assemble a large army and
march It to the north, but as the viceroys
personally were opposed to an anti-foreign
crusade the order was not executed. In
stead of that, one of the officials assembled
an army of 3,000 undisciplined coolies, who
marched north as a formal compliance
with the order. This action of the Yang
Tse viceroys in resisting the Peking Influ
ence against the foreigners Is said to have
had an Important effect in preventing a
general spread of disorder.
Butchered by Soldiers.
LONDON, Sept. 22. The Times corre
spondent in Peking reports that the Ameri
can missionaries at Fen-Chau-Fu, south
of Tai-Yuen-Fu, including Mr. Atwater,
his wife and two children and Mr. Price,
his wife and child, were butchered by sol
diers of Yu Hsien as recently as Aug. 15
in circumstances of revolting treachery.
THE GENTLE MISSIONARY SPIRIT.
Woman "Christian" from Indiana
Wants the Empress Dowager Killed.
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
IIAGERSTOWN. Ind., Sept. 22.-Mlss
Kate Ogborn, a Methodist missionary In
China, for whose safety grave t fears were
entertained until it was learned that she
had safely reached Shanghai, has written
a letter to relatives here, in which she
"What punishment will be severe enough
to Inflict on China for having committed
such a barbarous crime as murdering
Christian missionaries and thousands of
native converts? And what will become of
China before all is settled? At present
there seems to be no danger to any one In
Shanghai, but there are curious disturb
ances among the people. Buddhist priests
are exercising hypnotism over children and
causing them to do strange things. There
are chickens with their wings cut, cattle
with their tails cut off and Chinese with
their queues cut off. It Is declared that
this is done by magic, and this magic Is a
wicked emanation from the foreigners.
Many such things are done by the wicked
Empress dowager, who has been doing her
utmost to put down Western civilization
and Christian teaching ever since she un
seated the Emperor and assumed the reins
of government. The Boxers are encour
aged if not organized by her. If she were
only killed and the Emperor, If he still
lives, placed on the throne, China would
have some hope."
Miss Ogborn has been a missionary In
China for eight years and has charge of a
mission at Nan-Chang, capital of the prov
ince of Kiang-Si.
DEATH LIST FROM CHAFFEE.
Officers and 3Ien Who Have Died Re
cently In China.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 22. The War De- J
partment has received the following casual
ty list from General Chaffee, under date
of Peking, Sept. 20:
The following casualties have occurred
since last report: Sept. 3, on board Relief,
Taku bay. Second Assistant Engineer Hugh
McWilliams, United Statees army trans
port. Pe-Chi-Ll, dysentery: Sept. 6, Andrew
Hansen, seaman, transport Relief, drowned:
Sept. 11. at Teking. Sergeant N. P. Nelson.
Company I, First Regiment Marines, diar
rhoea; Sept. 12, at Tien-Tsin. Corporal John
Hughes, Batten- D, Third Regiment United
States Artillery, gunshot wound, chest,
not In line of duty; Sept. 13, at Peking,
Alfred Power, Company E. Fourteenth
Regiment United States Infantry, dysen
tery; Sept. 11, at Tien-Tsin, William. H.
Connor, Company G, Fourteenth Infantry,
dysentery; Sept. 15, at Peking, John J.
Knitter, Company D, Ninth Regiment
United States Infantry, intestinal hemor
rhage: at Pel-Tsang. William Kelly, gun
shot wound, head, suicide."
DOXEItS WERE SURPRISED.
Drltlsh Commnnder Report of the
Capture of the Eicht Temples.
LONDON. Sept. 22. The secretary . of
state for India has received the following
dispatch from General Gazelee, the com
mander of the British' troops at Peking:
Tekin?. C?pL 13. A Joint .An jlo-Ar. erf
can expedition of 1,0 men and four cruns,
ttziiX. half Eritlzi, prccctirl to Lla-Ilo-
Chao Sept. 16. and thence, by a night
march, got in the rear of the Boxers' head
quarters at Pei-Ta-Chu. the well-known
eight temples, twelve miles west of Peking.
The Boxers were completely surprised and
lost fifty men. Our casualties were nil.
"In the evening a squadron of the First
Bengal Lancers went on to Shan-Kän-Ten
and destroyed the new arsenal there. Sept.
IS the Americans and the bulk of the Brit
ish returned to their quarters. - Two hun
dred remained at Pei-Ta-Chu with Mac
Donald for a few days."
REVIEWED BY WALDERSEE.
Parade of 5,000 Foreign Troops Be
fore the Gerninn Commander.
SHANGHAI, Sept. 22,-FIeld Marshal
Count Von Waldersee, commander In chief
of the allied forces, reviewed 5.000 of the
foreign troops to-day. The Bengal Lancers
furnished a field marshal's escort. The
troops marched past in the following order:
Germans, French, volunteers (composed of
Americans, British, French, Japanese and
Germans), Bengal Lancers and other In
Congratulations for McCalla.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 22. Secretary
Long has sent the following congratula
tory letter to Capt. Bowman H. McCalla,
U. S. N., who, In the first expedition to
ward Peking, performed such valuable serv
ice as to elicit high commendation from
Admiral Seymour and the other high of
ficers who participated:
"Sir It gives the department great pleas
ure to express to you its commendation of
your conduct during the recent operations
in China in which you took such a promi
nent part. It is always a source of grati
fication to the department to receive such
commendatory reports concerning its of
ficers as have been made concerning you.
The bravery, tact and energy which you
have again shown are an added title to the
esteem in which the department holds you
and it gladly adds to your record this ex
pression of its further appreciation of your
Proclamation by Earl LI.
TAKU, Sept. 19. LI Hung Chang has
caused a proclamation to be posted in the
principal cities of the Chi-Ll province, call
ing upon the people and soldiers to ex
terminate all the Boxers. All the taotals,
magistrates and prefects deserting their
posts will be replaced by others. The mili
tary officials are directed to count the
troops and report to LI Hung Chang, who,
the proclamation says, will arrange all
matters with foreign nations.
The Sick to Be Sent Home.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 22. Acting Sur
geon General Bache of the army to-day
received the following cablegram from
Surgeon Perley, at Nagasaki: "Will send
forty-one, including three officers, to tho
United States, eighty-four remaining. One
hundred and forty-one sick in hospital at
Peking, 125 at Tien-Tsin, many of them
mild." This is considered a good showing,
considering what the army in China has
Return of Soldiers.
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 22. The United
States transport Grant arrived to-day from
the Philippines and China. The Grant
brings home over 500 discharged soldiers,
including nearly 200 sick and wounded. The
Grant brought thirty dead bodies. There
were eleven deaths during the voyage.
Col. J. II. Wood, Formerly Assistant
Manager of the C. & A. R. R.
CHICAGO. Sept. 22. Col. Jos. II. Wood,
grand marshal of the Grand Army parade
during the recent national encampment In
Chicago, died of angina pectoris at mid
night, at his residence,' No. 721 West Adams
street. Colonel Wood retired an hour be
fore his death, apparently in perfect health.
At 11:30 his wife noticed that he was
breathing -heavily. A physician was sum
moned, but when he arrived the colonel
was beyond medical skill. He sank rapidly
and died in a few minutes. Colonel Wood's
father and mother died just as he did.
Joseph H. Wood was born in New York
State in 1839. He came of a family that
had many fighters in the famous battles of
American history. His father was a vet
eran of the war of 1812, and his uncle fought
in the Mexican war and was present at the
surrender of the City . of Mexico. After
finishing his education young Wood went
into business as a contractor and an engi
neer, working on the Erie canal and Jn
various parts of New York. When he was
twenty-three years old he entered the army
and made a gallant record during the re
bellion. Hs was a nephew of "Fighting
Joe" Hooker. Colonel Wood was a mem
ber of George II. Thomas Post, G. A. R.
He belonged to the Loyal Legion, tho
Western Society of the Army of the Poto
mac and the Aztec Club, of New York, the
last named being an organization of offi
cers who were present at the surrender of
the City of Mexico, and their descendants.
For twenty-five years Colonel Wood was
assistant general manager of the Alton
Railroad, but he left the employ of tho
company after the Harriman syndicate
gained control of the corporation.
Cornelius Sullivan, Aged 101,
TOLEDO, O., Sept. 22. Cornelius Sulli
van died here to-day at the age of 10L He
was born in County Cork, Ireland, May 10,
17l9, and followed the sea as a pilot for
Joseph E. Gates.
DENVER, Col., Sept 22. Joseph E.
Gates, mayor of Denver from 1S72 to 1873,
died to-day, one week after the death of
his wife. He had been ill for a long time.
DELAY IN H0LLNEUX CASE.
Legal Defects Found in the Papers
Filed -with Recorder Goff.
NEW YORK, Sept. 22. Recorder Goff has
returned the papers in the appeal case of
Roland B. Mollneux, charged with the
poisoning of Mrs. Kate Adams, to the dis
trict attorney on account of legal defects
in the papers, and it is said the whole work
will have to be done over again. Several
weeks' work will be necessary to put the
case in shape for resubmission to the re
corder, so that the appeal papers will not
be ready for transmission to the Court of
Appeals before the first week in November.
OPPOSED TO HREW0BKS.
Mcthodists Would Abolish Present
Method of Celebrating July 4.
PEORIA. 111., Sept. 22. At their session
to-day the Central Illinois Methodists
adopted resolutions condemning the pres
ent method of celebrating the Foürth of
July with fireworks as barbarous and a sin
ful waste of money, and urging instead a
wise, patriotic and Christian observance
of the day. The resolutions also declared
for the rights of the Afro-American and
asserted that "intelligent Christian citizen
Ship is the only means of overthrowing the
PISHING PIEET SUPPERS.
Several Vessels Founder and Many
3Ien Lose Their Lire.
ST. JOHNS. N. F., Sept. 22. An unknown
American fishing vessel foundered on the
Grand Banks during last week's gale, and
all of her crew, about twenty In number,
perished. The French "banker" Thornley
foundered, and fourteen of her crew were
drowned, while six escaped. The schooner
Eddie lost threa men. Ths schooner Dol
phin was dismasted and lost five men. A
nurittr ct ether vcrrtLs xtzto crtitly Cro
Men's Hats N
Tbe Only House in Indiana
. X Derby
Three dimensions in
each shape. Pleasing
every eye, fitting
aged, and many fishermen who were away
In boats overhauling their trawls when the
gale arose, were drowned.
TROOPS FROM INDIA.
Christians Can He Used In Civilized
"Warfare Heathens for China.
New York Tribune.
The circumstance that England dis
patches Indian Instead of white regiments
to China indicates that the latter is re
garded as being "beyond the pale," as far
as the obligations of the rules of war are
concerned. Thus our jus gentium con
demns the use by Christian nations of bar
barians in their wars, and when Lord Bea
consfield brought a large contingent of In
dian troops to Malta in 1S78, at a moment
when England seemed to be on the brink
of an armed conflict with Russia, a chorus
of denunciation arose throughout Europe,
in which even large bodies of English peo
ple joined, it being pointed out that France
had forfeited much of the sympathy which
Ehe would have otherwise enjoyed in 1S70
In pitting against the German invaders,
several regiments of Turcos, a force made
up of semi-savage Algerians, Kabyles and
negroes. England would gladly have
availed herself of her magnificent Indian
army in the South African campaign had
she not been unwilling to offend the doc
trines of civilized warfare, and the only use
to which she has put Indians during the
struggle with the Boer republics has been
as litter carriers and stretcher bearers in
connection with the ambulance department.
The Chinese, however, are not Christians,
and therefore Indian troops can be used
without any objection for the march on
Peking. The employment of Oriental troops
adds to the horrors of warfare, since all
the latent savagery of their nature is
brought to the surface, and in conflicts
where they are employed few prisoners are
taken, and there Is little call for the sur
geons to attend to the enemy's wounded.
It has been proved, in spite of all denials,
that during the last Sudan campaign there
"was much shooting and bayoneting of
wounded Dervishes, the killing being done
by the black Sudanese battalion of the
Egyptian army, while appeals for quarter
and offers of surrender were rejected on
the ground that a Mahdist was less trou
blesome when dead than alive. If this
spirit of the black troops spmetlmes com
municated itself to their w'hite comrades
it is not surprising, for the white as well
as the black soldiers of Lord Kitchener
were aware of the horrible fate that await
ed them in the event of their being cap
tured, besides realizing the fact that a
wounded Dervish was at all times ready
to use his knife, even upon the very sur
geon who was tending his wounds or put
ting his water gourd to the man's lips. In
the war with France, carried on for so
many years against the semi-independent
tribes of southern China, who, under the
name of the Black Flag, Infested Tonquin,
every French soldier who fell into the
hands of the enemy was put to a most hor
rible death; and often, when arriving be
fore some Black Flag stronghold, the
French troops have been maddened with
rage by the sight of the bodies of their
comrades spitted to the walls of the place
by means of huge hooks and sharp knife
like projections. Spectacles such as these
were not calculated to render men disposed
to observe the civilized rules of warfare,
and it is not astonishing, under the circum
stances, that the struggle should have been
carried on with a savagery on one side as
well as on the other which does not pre
cisely constitute pleasant or Christian read
ing. Movements of Steamers.
NEW YORK, Sept. 22.-Arrlvcd : St. Paul,
from Southampton; Umbrik, from Liver
pool; Deutschland and Bulgaria, from
Hamburg. Sailed: Lucanla, for Liverpool;
Graf Waldersee, for Hamburg; Kaiser Wil
helm II, for Naples: Minnehaha and Mesaba,
for London; Laurentian and Astoria, for
Glasgow; Statendam, for Rotterdam, via
CHERBOURG, Sept. 22. Sailed: St.
Louis, from Southampton, for New York.
QUEENSTOWN, Sept. 22. Arrived:
Etrurla, from New York, for Liverpool.
GLASGOW, Sept. 22. Arrived: State of
Nebraska, from New York.
BREMEN, Sept. 22.-Sailed: Grosser
Kurfürst, for New York.
LIVERPOOL, Sept. 22. Sailed: Cam
"pania, for New York.
HAVRE. Sept. 22. Sailed: L'Aquitalnc,
for New York.
ANTWERP, Sept. 22. Sailed: South wark,
for New York.
National Prison Assoeiatlon.
CLEVELAND, O., Sept. 22. The National
Prison Association began Its annual con
gress in this city to-day, with two hundred
delegates present. These were made up of
penitentiary wardens and superintendents
of prisons and reformatories who enjoy a
national reputation. Governor Nash wel
comed the delegates, and First Vice Pres
ident Fred Howard Wines responded. Pres
ident Wright, in his annual address re
viewed the course of prison reform from its
start down to the present time. All the
speakers paid tributes to ex-President
Rutherford B. Hayese, who, as president
of the association for twelve years, did
wonders in bringing about prison reform.
The Bertiilon system of identifying crim
inals was unanimously recommended.
Losses hy Fire.
NEW YORK. Sept. 22. Fire to-day par
tially destroyed the largo grain warehouses
and elevators on the Atlantic dock, Brook
lyn, causing a loss of 5100,000 to buildings
and contents. The warehouses are owned
by the Brooklyn Wharf and Warehouse
Company. The individual damage to stock
was: Nash, Whitten & Co., 45,000 bushels
of oats, and tho Lyman Grain Drying
Company, 4,000 bushels.
PITTSBURG, Pa., Sept. 23.-A fire which
started at 2:30 o'clock this morning In the
large five-story "building at Nos. 243 and 243
Water street, occupied by "Wilson, Bailey
& Co.'s boat supply company, burned
fiercely for some time and threatened
great damage to adjoining buildings. The
fire is now under control. Loss estimated
at $75.000 to $100.000.
CONSTANTINOPLE. Sept. 22.-A fire In
the Khas Kol district has destroyed 150
residences, forty shops and a synagogue.
Transport Astec at Manila.
WASHINGTON, Sept 21-General Mac
Arthur has reported to the War Depart
ment that the transport Aztec arrived at
Manila with a pack train and 441 horses be
longing to the Third Cavalry.
An Overrrorlxeci Science.
Philadelphia North American:
Hypnotize ia btlnj eiven too euch to
do. Ycur.j tztn end treten tnds fccLs of
therr.rilven ccut one cnct!:rr tzltro cy
tzZy ctct I:irJ ci I -
White. '. $liöto$3X3x
I Colored $2.Cfl to $3.50 XX
I Id Stock JLCO, 5ii0, $2X3 and up
iNo matter what price all made from WOVEN X
5 RAS. No p rioted goods that look like 49c Id our stock,
me Archibald ....
The Archibald TUXEDO, cor
rect for Dinner Jacket.
GERR1TT Ä. ARCHIBALD,
38 WASHINGTON STREET, EAST.
CONEY ISLAND RS IT WAS
THE FAMOUS RESORT.
The Pioneer AVIio Gare It Its Nnm
Uses of the Island In the FurI
tlve Slave Lnvr Times.
New York Evening Post.
Of the more than two millions of visitors
to Coney Island this season probably not
cne person in ten thousand Is familiar with
the peculiar interest which attaches to tie
early associations of that now popular sum
About two hundred years ago the King of
England granted a patent, or deed of land,
on the southwest end of Long island to an
English woman belonging to a noble fam
ily. Embraced within this deed of land
were what are now known as Gravesend
and Coney island.
The lady who owned the land was of
an enterprising character, and she sought
to turn it to account, offering great Induce
ments to parties who would settle and help
develop the' locality, and It was In this
way that what Is now known as Gravesend
got is first start. But no one save a man
named Cooney or Coney and his family
then a wife and child and a New Yorker
named Schsnck, who boarded with them,
could be induced to inhabit the sandy strip
of land now so thronged with visitors from
New York, Brooklyn and vicinity every
pleasant day during the months of July.
August and September.
Cooney and his "social circle" occupied a
rude hut, which he erected on the edge of
the marshes, and used to spend all his time
fishing and gunning, but as there was no
Fulton market at which to sell the outcome
of his luck with gun and fishing line he
had a hard struggle to make enough to
clothe his little family and himself.
One day, while Cooney was on a trip to
Gravesend, in search of a stray job, a tre
mendous storm arose, accompanied by a
terrific tidal wave, which swept everything
before it, including the hut of poor Cooney,
containing his wife and two children, and
the man Schenck. They were all washed
out to sea, and were never seen or heard of
more. Not a vestige of his hut could be
found by Cooney on his return to the
Island; he could not even locate exactly the
spot where it had been placed.
From that day, Cooney, bereft of wife
and children, and of everything he had in
the world though "monarch of all he sur
veyed" became a helpless idiot He found
a tt.nporary home with a kind-hearted
soul at Gravesend, but every day he would
wander round the spot where he believed
his little hut and family haa been destroy
ed, and look toward the sea beseechingly,
as if expecting it to give back its dead;
but the sea is not in the habit of giving
back anything or anybody, and one day
Cooney himself disappeared, and was never
again seen. But the name of the poor
heart-broken, desolate idiot is still attached
to perhaps the most popular watering-place
on the face of the earth.
A SAD ASSOCIATION. I
There is one point about Coney Island
and its connection with New York that has
been but little written about. Forty years
ago it was used as a sort of depot or head
quarters from which fugitive negro slaves
were returned to their masters "down
South," while not infrequently negroes who
had never been slaves, but who had been
kidnapped in the streets of -Ae metropolis,
were from that headquarters shipped and
sold to Southern slave dealers.
The head and front of this slave business
was a Capt. Frank Bowen, who led an ad
venturous career. At one time he was In
command of the famous yacht Wanderer,
which became notorious as a slave craft,
and being captured by a British cruiser,
sent in search of the slave pirates, was
sent as a prisoner to the island of St.
Helena, from which he subsequently es
caped, and after an exciting series of
desperate adventures on land and sea
ended his days in obscurity.
Some three or four men who frequented
a couple of taverns near Coney island at
that time were interested in this slave
traffic. These men recured all the hand
bills and advertisements issued in the
Southern States offering rewards for the
return of fugitive slaves, and as most of
these poor devils, sooner or later had to
come to and pass through New York on
their way to Canada, these fellows had a
constant watch kept over all trains and
vessels arriving at this port or in New
Jersey from the South, and If they found a
negro answering the description of a run
away slave, pounced upon him, drugged
him and dragged him to Coney island, and
in due time shipped him to his master or
the slave mart.
Of course, they might have done all this
legally and openly, as the famous Fugitive
Slave Law was in operation at this time.
But they did not appeal to the law for two
reasons; first, the law was very unpopular
with the Northern people, and, secondly,
they would have to wait and prove that th
man or woman seized was really an
escaped slave. And it did not suit them
always to bring proof. It answered their
purpose better to work in the dark; for
they were not at all particular whether
their victims were fugitives or not. It
was enough that they were only negroes,
and. that they had a chance to sell them
for a good price.
A TERROR TO NEGROES.
Kidnaping negroes at night was then a
matter of frequent occurrence, and the
many sudden disappearances made colored
people afraid to venture out in the down
town streets after dark. If the scouts of
these slave-traders came across a solitary
negro, man or woman, the negro or negress
would, if the coast, was clear, be suddenly
seired. skillfully bound and gagged, con
veyed across the East river in a boat, and
then, in a covered hack, driven rapidly
to a C'Az'.Zzzi hours ct the end cf the
Ccr.ey island road, near ths beach, xrhl-h
in thcrs Czyz vaa cs tzr remove 1 trzi
FOR MEN AND WOMEN.
Our Flannel line is very COMPLETE and BEAUTIFUL.
WAISTS TO ORDER at IS to $7.50; also
the goods by the yard. Samples sab
mitted to out-of-town applicants. In
writing please mention this paper.
- vf - .
Ten swell styles In Soa Hat
It were In the heart of Africa. There, Jn
the solitude, with nothing but the oil
ocean to hear them for it was not until
1S74 that Coney island was anything but
a barren waste the poor ncgrots waited,
bound hand and foot, till a boat would
land from a South-bound fchlp and taka
them aboard In darkness.
But there is a humorous side to every
thing, even to such a horrible thing as kid
naping. And an illustration of this kind
occurred in the case of "Old Uncle Zeke."
as he was called, who used to be a well
known feature of the Fourth ward. Uncle
Zeke was a sort of imbecile, but harmless,
with "wool as white as snow." One time
there had been a great scarcity of runa
ways, as well as of kidnaped darkies, and
the scouts of the slave gang took into tneir
neads the putting of a job on old Zeke,
who had strolled among them. After giving
him a couple of glasses of liquor, of which
he was very fond, they took him to a bar
ber's, pretending it was all for a joke, and
got his white wool and whiskers all dyed
coal black, so as to make him look com
paratively young and spruce. They then in
duced him, on the rromlse of more liquor,
to go with them to the old house at Coney
Island; and, as a boat's crew had landed
just at that time, in search of "marketable
produce," as negroes were designated, the
dyed Uncle Zeke was offered for sale as a
young, healthy negro.
But as a doctor was always attached to a
boat's crew, whose duty It was to examine
all darkies offered for sale, to see if they
were sound, old Zeke had to go through tr
trying ordeal. Being a pretty solid-looking
chap and tolerably active,, he might have
passed muster had not he stretched out his
arms. By fo doing he revealed some white
hairs, which attracted the doctor's notice,
and on further examination .the cheat was
discovered, and Uncle Zeke, as a bargain,
It might be added that the usual way of
going to Coney island, prior to 1S74, was to
hire a carriage or a buggy, cross the Brook
lyn ferry and drive along the only road
leading to the seashore. The ride was
pleasant enough, but there was nothing at
the end of it but a few clams and a bath.
If you could be satisfied with the accommo
dations afforded by a tumble-down, rickety
shed, and if you had brought your bathing
suit along. If you wanted to ga to Coney
island by water you had to take the little
steamboat Nassau, which made one trip a
day from the Battery, and If she carried
100 persons any one trip it was thought she
was doing big business. Alderman McNeil,
then a tax commissioner, was one of the
owners of the boat, and he was also other
wise interested in Coney island; but he did
not permit this part of his property to be
assessed at a very high figure. Now there
are a dozen ways of getting to Coney
island, and the visitors daily number tens
PORK AS SEDX IX HISTORY.
Contentions That Have Arisen Over
Its Use ns Food.
New York Press.
The hog of to-day constitutes no less
than 270 different articles of commerce, and
next to cotton and wheat furnishes the
largest values in exports from the United
States. Its name has become an epithet.
Its application to-, man means precd &nd
brutishness. It is commonly supposed to be
a scavenger, like the puddle duck. It takes
mud baths; so do men. There Is much vir
tue In mud. The hog bathes in pools of it
to coat his skin against the attacks of in
sects; man dips his festered hide in It to
improve his circulation and draw out his
gout and rheumatism. The hog is pachy
dermotous; so is man notwithstanding
Cuvier's classification. I have seen men,
know men to-day. with skins thicker than
tho hide of the rhinoceros. The hog Is
omnivorous so is man. The hog is carniv
orous by choice so is man. The hog is
herbiverous, granivorous. gramnlvorous
and phytlvorous by education so is man.
These rejections are induced by the In
dignities offered a useful animal. The hog
was the cleanest of beasts until man built
a sty and imprisoned him In filth, fattened
him on filth, killed him in filth and ate
him in filth. No animal, wild or domestic.
Ia as clean about its bed as the hog. It wants
pure, sweet, fresh straw every time. Tho
hog has brains. It has been known to ex
cel the pointer in scenting quail. An au
thentic instance is mentioned by Blngley
In "Memoirs of the British Quadrupcds,
of a keen-scented sow that would stand at
birds which the dogs had missed. Who
ever heard of an educated ox or sheep?
Yet we have had on our stage educated
hogs that could spell and play cards, count
and tell the time. Hogs make docile pets.
Many d poor family has its pet pig sleep
ing on the pallet beside the children, priv
ileged to the best in the house.
The h3g caused the biggest mutiny ever
known in the history of the world, and wan
responsible for men belüg blown from th
muzzles of cannon. When Great Britain
shipped cartridges to India for the native
troops she reckoned without her host, for
the ammunition was greased with lard,
which so offended the religious scruples of
the Sepoys that they arose ns one man In
rebellion. The American hog nearly caused
war . between Germany and the United
States, and only the diplomacy of White
law Reid obtained for the animal admis
sion Into France.
Morses and Mohammed were opposed to
the hog because, while it divides the hoof
and Is cloven-footed, yet It chews not th
cud. The camel Is not eaten for optx?itj
reasons it chews the cud, but Is not
cloven-footed. The hare Is also un-h-an
because, while It chews the cud. it divides
not the hoof. All civilized nations havo
passed and repassed laws governing what
a man shall eat and how much it 5hall cot
him, but the only sumptuary measure that
ever stood the test of time is the law of
Moses concerning the hog. it has been on
the statute book for 3.3U0 years.
This is the name by which Is designated
an endless chain elevator in New York
for carrying passengers from the street
to a station of an elevated railroad It H
unlikely that this name will be in ue lonr
Already "scaler" has been suggested as I
substitute and it Is not tad. The ftrM on
has bren built at t'lfty-ninth street and
Third avenue, on the side of the track for
downtown trains. It Is now ready for serv
ice. The power that operates it i Vvr.
tricity. The whole Second nvJnue line U
being equipped with electrical motor pow-V.
so that it is quite convenient to use it fo
the "scalers" that are to be erected at
lilfEtS? U stat,ons- It l, found
that the labor of mounting the stairs to the
elevated trains induces many to prefer tho
surface cars This patronage, which left
the elevated lines when the surface svstem
Vn the ,eVateJ r0ad höp To
aln by the. new device. There Is no de-
applied. ince goli
matter; therefore. Etairs ura retained on
Mch rr::i rrrv aljo for thi
5u f.??J-., t truit :