THE INDIANAPOLIS ' JOUMTAL, SUNDAY, NQVEHBER 4, 1ZZJ,
i-troller. singly or in pairs, and conploi
ous at a distance on account of their dirty
white blouses. They stared at me in an
i.nfrter.dly way, knowing I was either an
American or an UngUshman, and In either
case a semi-hostile. Half & mile beyond
where I met the first Russians I ran Into
a squad of them marching toward Peking
under an officer. My 'boy' promptly ex
hibited a dcflre to bolt, but I assured him
that l? h tried it I'd shoot htm. lie re
mained with me.
Down the road ahead of the rest of the
detachment a rtua.an soldier came hur
rying. Selzlntr the donkey's bridle ho
1 creed ua to the edge of the road In order
that the soldiers might have the whole of
it a piece of characteristic Russian im
pudence, as there was plenty of room on
the causeway for us all. Worst of all the
poIOUr remained with us, holding the
bridle but ignoring my existence. Ho
waited until the detachment came up and
halted. The oCicer, a fair-haired, blue
eyed young giant, said something: to me in
a very harsh voice. Not having the leat
Idea of what he was talking about I did
the only thing I could think of produced
icy credentials. lie took them, scanned
them, and, of course, couldn't understand
a word that was written or printed. Then
he looketl at me suspiciously. The glare
Iii his eyes announced that he believed me j
to be a spy. That brought up visions of j
teeret arrest, sly deportation to Siberia,
or the long night of a lifetime in the
gloom of a Russian dungeon. But I looked
him straight in the eye, smiled reassur-!
ingly. and finally received a waved per (
mission to go on. I met other detach
ments, patrols probably, but was not mo
lested. It Is something astonishing to sec
how closely the Itusslans patrolled that
road. Tney are making very certain that
no other nation gets a chance at the pal
ace or Its approaches.
Now we began to come in sight of the
.Wan-sho-shan, or Hill of Ten Thousand
Ages, as the Chinese conservatively name
It. It should have been visible from the
Kates of Peking, but It wasn't, owing to
the haze that hangs over the lake. On such
a day as the one when I went you arc close
to the lake before you see the hill. Over
the lake are a number of marvellous
marble bridges. Marble is the least thing
that is good enough for the imperial feet
to tread upon. One of these bridges, the
one over which I crossed, has eleven splen
did arches of varying heights, spanned by
the bridge, which is itself an arch. Another
bridge, known as the "camel's back," is
almost a spire. Over the long bridge I
rode, past the Russian sentries who glared
at but did not halt me. Now the donkey
was strolling slowly into the passage be
tween the eastern and western inclosurea
of the summer palace. Russians were every
where, as thick as bets in a field of clover.
The eastern inclosure I rode into with
out opposition. Thl3 Is the place which the'
Chinese fancifully call Yuen-ming-yuen, or
Round, Brilliant Garden." In front of the
entrance stand great bronze lions of in
conceivable antiquity. Exquisite porcelain
pagodas in glistening yellow and green
clotted the grounds. There were minature
parks, connected by delicious walks bor
dered by once gorgeous flower-beds, now
sadly neglected. This eastern inclosure
was at one time the imperial residence.
The summer palace was partially destroyed
by the English in I860, and the eastern in
closure has never been repaired. It was
deserted now by the Chinese servants and
caretakers who should'have been there.
While the eastern Inclosure Is on the
rdain. the western Inclosure takes In the
whole of the hill and covers three square
miles. At the entrance of the western In
closure I had some trouble with a Russian
officer, but an inspection of my credentials
at last secured me entrance. One side of
the inclosure is defined by the lake wall cf
grand old marble, with carved balustrades
of the same material. The lake Is full of
little artificial islands. Interconnected by
marble bridges. There are padogas and tea
houses in bewildering variety on these
Islands. On shore were other marvelous
padogas and teahouses, separated by ar
bors and parks of shrubbery, the latter cul
tivated with all the richness of landscape
gardening for which the scenery-loving
Chinese rightly hold the first place in the
From the hill, looking down at the lake,
the view is superb. There are so many
houses intended for the accommodation of
servants that the spectator is unable to
guess at the vastness of the attendance re
Quired by the Imperial family and suite.
There were some of these servants about
when I made my vVlslt of yesterday, but
they were few and only the bravest. The
Russian soldiers had done so much looting
and had been so severe with every yellow
subject that most of the servants had fled.
WILY EMPRESS'S SCHEMES.
When the Empress dowager, in 1S0O, nom
inally dropped the reins of government she
retired to the summer palace, had the
western Inclosure repaired on a gorgeous
scale, and here laid the plots that brought
about her restoration to power and paved
the way for the Boxer outlawry against
the nations of the world. Here she In
trigued with Russia and with England,
playing Into the bear's paws with the hope
cf ultimate gain and making England the
unsuspecting victim of diplomatic hoaxes.
Here the talented old Imperial Chinese lady,
whom Bismarck, in a moment of unguard
ed admiration, denominated as "the only
man in China." passed to Russia the
trump cards that now enable the ministers
cf the great white Czar to dominate the
situation. Other powers may make alli
ances and define policies, but Russia and
I make this prediction without fear, after
talking with most of the leading officers
of the allies will reap all, or nearly all. of
the advantage to bo gained from this
year's situation in China. The other pow
ers are asleep. The Russian bear, after
his hibernation of centuries. Is awake, with
all the keenness and greed of hunger.
Two magnlrUent terraces are the main
features of the hillside. There is a court
at ths foot of the first terrace, with huge
stone lions on either side. At the back of
the court are two incense turners, each
fourteen feet high. Between them Is a
huge bronze urn filled with soil, in which is
rooted a tree that casts a shadow at least
tlfty feet in diameter. Up on the level of
this fir: terrace are several tea houses,
with walls enameled In a bricht red, and
with ruofs of tiled yellow porcelalne.
A long flight of steps brought me to the
second terrace. Here is a huge stone pai
low, or memorial arch. It consists really
of three arches. These are faced with mar
ble and roofed with green porcelain tiles.
Just back of this arch stands the Temple
of L'nlversal Fragrance, a magnificent
building constructed entirely of green por
celain. I wish it were within my power to
give you an adequate description of this
marvel- Each block on the Inside of the
tenjplc is a separate shrine, with a Bud
dha Inside. Can you form any idea of the
beauty cf this temple?
It Is the intention of the Russians to in
definitely hold the Summer Palace. Their
object 1.. when ' the time Is ripe, to be
come the hosts, or Jailers both meanings
are the same in Russian of the imperial
yellow dummies, an 1 through them to con
trol the destinies of China.
After & considerable acquaintance with
thfi royal dwellings of Europe I must say,
nith qualification, that net cat of them
compares with the famous Summer Palace
of China. B. R. SELWYN.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
Where was the battleship Texas built?
v. s. s. .
At Portsmouth navy yard, near Norfolk,
By what majority did McKinley carry
New- York State ?-C. H. W.
His majority was 213.S00; his plurality
over Bryan, LWS.
What was the source of the order for
closing the World's Columbian Exposition
at Chicago on Sundays? F. '
The act of Congress providing for a gk't
of souvenir coins.
What year since 1873 has had the great
est number of national bank failures in th-5
United States? F. R. B.
The year 1SS3, with sixty-five failures,
was away ahead of any other year.
What was the greatest amount of rain
that has ever fallen In one year In any
part of New England during the last fifty
years? L. F.
The highest recorded by the government
stations Is 42.2 Inches, at New London,
Conn.. In U34.
Have acrobats been able to turn as many
as four somersaults from one rise? 2.
What is. the greatest number? L. C. J.
The triple somersault Is the limit, and
the chances of fatal consequences are
so great that it Is very rarely turned.
. . a
s 7" "7"
How can I obtain pamphlets on new
patents published by the government.
-X. Y. Z.
The Official Gazette of the Patent Of
fice contains the claims of all patentä
issued, with drawings to Illustrate the in
ventions. It is issued weekly, and sub
scription by the year costs $3.
Has tempering copper ever been ac
complished? If so, where and by whom?
s. s. s.
Occasionally some smith announces with
great splurge that he has rediscovered
the "lost art" of hardening copper, but
nothing comes of It, perhaps because steel
is cheaper, harder and better.
The arrival of the transport Warren at
Nagasaki, with the Ninth Cavalry on
board, was recently noted, and the state
ment was made that they were to leave
the next day for Manila; when did they
arrive at Manila? S. M. W.
The Warren was reported as having ar
rived at Manila on Sept. 16.
Will you tell me something of brant? M.
It is a small wild goose that breeds In
the Arctic circle, coming south in the fall
to the coasts of Europe and eastern North
America. It is of a brownish gray above,
pale gray below and Its head and neck are
black, the latter streaked about the mid
dle with white.
" ' "
Does Queen Victoria have the veto
power over parliamentary legislation? 2.
Can a Roman Catholic be President of
the United States if he gets votes enough?
J. D. S.
Nominally she has absolute power of veto
over both Parliament and colonial legisla
tures, but the last exercise of it over Par
liament was in 1707, and the prerogative Is
considered practically obsolete. 2. Yes.
What proportion of the energy of a water
power do the best water-wheels make
available for running machinery? II.
Over 00 per cent, is obtained rarely.
Theoretically the entire power Is made
available when water enters the wheel
without shock and leaves with its velocity
entirely exhausted. But it is impossible to
effect either of these conditions absolutely,
and frictional resistance causes further
Are the peal of thunder and the flash of
lightening ever accompanied by the fall of
solid matter that is in the nature of a
missile? S. A.
No; meteorites and aerolites sometimes
fall in thunderstorms, but one is not the
cause of the other. Many so-colled thunder
bolts are lightning tubes caused by heavy
lightning striking and entering sand. The
sand is melted for several feet into a
glass-like tube that suggests a missile to
f 4- -s-
Is there any device manufactured that
can be attached to a typewriter to record
the number of words written? Curious G.
It is more than likely that some such de
vice has been Invented, but none is in com
mon use. In ordinary typewriting it Is easy
to make a close estimate of the number of
words, so there would be no great sale for
such a device, and typewriter inventors
have recerjtly had a more important task
that of providing a typewriter to work on
Where was the first cotton raised in
America, and for what did it sell? W. W.
The early history of cotton culture in this
country is obscure, perhaps because the
pioneer cultivators did not grasp its possi
bilities. The first cultivation of record was
in Talbot county, Maryland, in 1321, and
was for the flowers, not for lint or seed.
Prior to the revolution small areas in Vir
ginia and nearby States were devoted to
cotton, the lint and seed being separated
by hand, thread and cloth being of home
"What decides the apportionment of con
gressmen among the States? 2. What was
the electoral vote between Tilden and
Hayes? U. Should two candidates for
President receive the same number of
votes, would the one receiving the greater
popular vote be elected? P.
An apportionment bill, for which each
decennial census is taken as the basis. 2.
Tilden, IS!; Hayes, 1S5. 3. Not necessarily;
in case no candidate has a majority in the
electoral college the House of Representa
tives, voting by States, chooses the Pres
ident, voting only for the three candidates
having the highest electoral vote.
What is the comparative weight and
value of gold and platinum? What Is the
4.1 t I & UTV VA & Vi CbllU " 11 V a J A V AVUiiU
The specific gravity of gold is 1926 and of
platinum is 2150, water being taken at 100,
Pure gold is worth 0.67 an ounce, platinum
about half as much. Its price varying great
ly from time to time. Platinum Is used
chlelly in dentistry. Jewelry, electrical
mechanisms and In stills for the manufac
ture of sulphuric acid. Russia is the main
source of supply, the Americas and Aus
tralia furnishing a little.
How is the position of railway postal
clerk obtained? 2. To whom shall I apply?
3. What kind of an examination would I
have to stand? McK.
By appointment after civil-service ex
pmlnatlon. 2. The first step Is the filing of
an application blank, which should be re
quested directly of the civil-service com
mission at Washington. 5. It would proba
bly include orthography, penmanship, letter-writing,
copying and simple arithmetic
Specimen sets of questions, which will be
furnished on your request, will give a clear
Idea of the examination. A special test in
the railway mail service is exercise in read
ing manuscript addresses.
Has the national government ever don
anything to promote agricultural colleges?
Does Europe have such institutions
A. R. E.
It has done much. By the so-called land
grant act of 1S2 Congress gave to each
State and Territory land scrip representing
20,000 acres for each senator and repre
sentative. This was for the purpose of es
tablishing in each State institutions where
agricultural and mechanical branches
should be taught, with military tactics,
Fcientiflc and classical studies being left to
the direction of the several States. Supple
mentary to this was an act of making
annual appropriation to each State of $15,
000, with yearly Increase thereafter of 51,000
till the annual amount should reach $23,000.
2. Yes; and they have been of great benefit.
(Prepared for the Sunday Journal liy
tin Ohl Practitioner.)
A person need not have a delicate skin
to have an irritated skin, and many who
consider themselves tough-skinned are pe
culiarly subject to irritation by objects
with which they come In contact in every
day life. This may be a simple redness,
or it may be severe, and even erysipe
latous. Dr. Harding lists a number of
plants which cause such inflammation.'
among them being the poison ivy, dogwood
or poison sumach, and the poison oak, the
handling of which will cause quite se
vere inflammation and sickness. Many of
the common wild flowers are also irritat
ing to the skin, among them being the
buttercup, field daisy, goldenrod, wood
anemone, clematis and garden nasturtium.
Among the drugs used for medicinal pur
poses, tincture of arnica, balm of gilead,
hamamells, common salt and belladonna,
etc., will often cause irritation when ap
plied to the skin, and thus do more harm
than good, especially if the skin is broken.
Kerosene may cause serious trouble, and
so may undiluted glycerine and almond oil.
Occupation, also, has much to do with
tho condition of the skin. Strong alkalis
and acid liquids, soaps, washing powders,
metal polishes and shoe polishes, paints,
and even chocolate may cause Inflamma
tion of the skin. Many insects, too, are
potent factors, among them being mos
eiultoes, fleas, bedbugs, black flies, wasps,
bees, hornets, spiders, caterpillars, etc.
Yet a person may not be affected by any
one of these, owing to some inherent power
of resistance, while others may be so affect
ed by one that exposure will cause not only
irritation of the skin, but fever and de
lirium. Unfortunately, there Is no way
of discovering the Individual susceptibility,
and the Individual must discover it himself
by experence, which is apt to bo an cx
ceedngly unpleasant one.
The Raw Food Society, recently or
ganized at Chicago, Is trying to form other
societies in other cities. The object of the
society is shown by one of the resolu
tions: "That It is our firm conviction that
man could live much longer In proportion
to the number of years required for de
velopment by eating raw food; ill health
would be the exception rather than the
rule, and pestilence and contagious dis
ease would be wiped from the land. We
believe that children reared on uncooked
foods will be giants physically and in
tellectually." Like all fads, this has an
element of truth in it. Meat juices are
most readily assimilated by the system
and require the least effort for their trans
formation into blood, but this is more
than counterbalanced by the danger from
disease. Butchers are cited as evidence of
the good effects of raw-meat eating, slnco
some chew pieces of raw meat while at
at work, but physicians know that butch
ers, for this reason, are affected with
intestinal diseases, and the presence of
parasitic worms and trichinae occur most
often In raw-meat eaters. Cooking, more
over, effectually kills all germs of dis
ease that may have made meat their breed
ing ground, and it makes it more digest
ible. Aside from these and other objec
tions the idea of eating raw meat Is sd
nauseating and so barbarous that few
people of common sense would harbor the
idea for a moment. In the matter of raw
vegetables and cereals the idea is much
more irrational, for such food is almost
absolutely indigestible by man In its raw
state. Only by the process of proper cook
ing can tho cells be broken up so that
the gastric juice can act upon and digest
It is rather late in the season to fight
mosquitoes, but the women might take up
other health questions depending upon the
extermination of nuisances and thus profit
by the example of the women of Richmond
Hills, near New York city, who listened
to a scientist's explanation of the devel
opment of the mosquito and .then formed
a club to fight 'em. They enlisted a num
ber of small boys in the cause and armed
them with kerosene in cans, scouring the
country and liberally treating every pud
dle, ditch, pond or marsh to a dose of oil.
As a result the ladles sat on their porches
during the summer without the annoying
hum or bite of the mosquito. Women's
clubs have done much good in many lines
of humanitarian work, but the health de
partment seems an especially good field for
their energy. If the women of our cities
and towns would have medical men in
struct them in the elements of the causa
tion and prevention of so-called filth dis
eases, for instance, the number of such
diseases would bo greatly decreased and
humanity benefited thereby. Cleanliness is
the first law of health, and no one Is better
adapted to maintain the law and order of
cleanliness than woman, whose pride is a
clean and tidy household. By all means
let such clubs be formed, and let the badge
be a miniature broom and a pail.
The law properly forbids indecent ex
posure of the person by Insufficient cloth
ing, but It seldom happens that the law
has anything to say about the style. The
local board of Vienna, in one of the dis
tricts, however, has Issued an edit against
long dresses; or, rather, has displayed
placards in the parks notifying all women
wearing trailing skirts to hold them clear
of the ground, stating that the inclosure
is devoted to the recreatlpn of persons de
sirous of escaping from dust in the streets,
and they naturally object to 'having the
women kicking up a dust in the park. The
School Board of El Paso, Tex., requires
the teachers to wear short skirts because
long ones sweep the streets and gather
germs that may injure the health of the
pupils. This is much more sensible than
tho edicts of other school boards which
Lave forbidden the wearing of short skirts
In school rooms because it shocked the
ideas of modesty.
Dr. Campbell, an English physician, in
an article in the Lancet, refers to the
condition known as "hill heart" occurring
in men who have to go up and down hills
constantly working hard and probably eat
ing heartily. Under these conditions the
food Is not readily digested, and dilation
of the stomach and enlargement of the
heart ensue. Gradually the patient takes
less exercise, and more and richer food.
Alcohol is also frequently freely used, and
these conditions develop heart degenera
tion. In such cases strict diet should be
enforced, omitting all food difficult of diges
tion, the meals being taken dry, and fluids
taken when the stomach is not filled with
other food. The most Important thing for
the heart is to diminish Its work, but if a
heart stimulant Is needed sulphate of spar
teine is the best remedy.
Dr. Rothrock referring to Incipient tuber
culosis, suggests that any Otate owning
large tracts of forest not leu than 1,200
feet above the tea level can profitably
apply it to the use of consumptives. There
Is healing In these woods, and buildings
should be erected there to afford shelter
from the storm but allowing free access
of air. These shelters erected by the State
could be rented at nominal rates, and in
them the patients could live according to
their means. The rental would repay the
cost of the building in a short time, and
many lives would be saved which have an
actual money value to the State far be
yond the cost of the health-giving neces
sities required In such a reservation.
According to a careful study of statis
tics by Dr. Pilgrim during the past ten
years at the Hosnltal for the Insane at
Poughkeepsle, 20 per cent, of deaths occur
between 3 and 6 p. m., and the next most
fatal period Is between 3 and 6 a. ,m., the
fewest deaths occurring between 4 and 5
a. m. It is not an uncommon thing ta no
tice a partial or complete return to san
ity a few hours before the end, and this
Is especially the case in those dying of
consumption. Of the cases admitted to the
hospital there are two and one-half times
as many suffering from acute melancholia
as from acute mania, which is said to
prove that Insanity begins with depression.
In using alcohol as a stimulant always
remember that it should be given only in
small doses, and that large doses are in
jurious by causing only temporary stim
ulation, followed by depression. Alcohol
will often tide a person over ä serious ill
ness, but if used to excess there is a re
actionary state of collapse which makes
the disease more serious and reduces the
chances of rallying from the depression
As a substitute for cod-liver oil Comby's
modification of Trousseau's iodo-phospho-
rated oil may be used. The formula is:
Fresh butter, 1 pound 1 ounces; Iodide of
potash, 4 grains; bromide of potash, IS
grains; chloride of sodium, 2 drachms;
phosphorus, 1-7 grain. Use about a third of
an ounce dally, spreading it on bread like
Gerhard's formula for chronic alcoholism
is: Tincture of capsicum and tincture of
ginger, of each 1 ounce; ammonlatcd tinc
ture of valerian and compound tincture of
gentian, of each 2 ounces. The dose is a
dessertspoonful taken In a cupful of hop
tea three or four times a day.
L. N., M. D.
MKASLIUXU TUG EAUTII.
Detail of a Great Surveying Enter
prise. London Mail.
A great work Is In course of progress In
Africa, of which the public knows and
hears very little. t
In scientific phraseology the work con
fists In measuring an arc of meridian from
Cape 'Town to Alexandria; In more fa
miliar terms it will form the basis of an
accurate survey of the eastern side of the
African continent from Natal to the Medit
erranean, and the taking of geoRraphical
measurements on which the computation
of the form and dimensions of the earth is
A Paris correspondent announced last
week that Sir David Hill, the astronomer
at the Cape, had stated at the Geodesic
congress that English experts were en
gaged in measuring an arc of meridian of
104 degrees from the Cape to Alexandria,
that they were passing by permission
through German East Africa, and that 8
degrees had already been measured in
Natal and Rhodesia.
A Daily Mail representative saw Sir
David Gill, who smiled when he read the
report, and tald that It hardly conveyed
a correct idea of the statement he had
Sir David Gill then proceeded to tell the
Daily Mall representative what really is
"There Is no immediate question," said
he, "of sending an expedition through the
continent. The principal triangulation of
Natal and Cape Colony, has been com
pleted under my direction, and similar
work in Rhodesia is in progress. The com
pletion of the latter work will brinß us,
thanks to the enlightened policy ot the
Chartered Company, to the southern end
of Lake Tanganyika, and this we hope to
accomplish in about two years.
"What we now want to do is to secure
the co-operation of the Belgian and Ger
man governments in carrying the triungu
latlon along Lake Tankanyika, which
forms part of the boundary between Ger
man East Africa and the Congo Free
State, and thence northwards to Egypt
and finally to induce the British govern
ment to extend it northwards through
Egypt. There will then remain only a
chain passing through the Transvaal to be
measured a work that Is a necessary pre
liminary to the accurate survey of that
country, and which for administrative pur
poses must very soon be carried out. When
these operations have been completed we
shall have the accurate measuremnt of an
ara extending along the thirtieth meridian
of E. longitude from the Cape to Alex
andria (about CO deg.) Finally, by a trl
angulatlon round the Levant we may join
up with Sturve's great meridional arc In
Russia, extending to the North Cape (Nor
way.) "This done, we shall have the measure
ment of an arc of 104 decrees, a work
not only of the greatest scientific Impor
tance, but one that is essential for the
accurate survey of the territories through
which the meridian passes.
"Moreover, the question of the boundaries
between Rhodesia, the Congo State, Ger
man East Africa and Egypt will be abso
lutely settled, whereas they at present rest
mainly upon Imaginary lines of latitude
and longitude, or of assumed natural fea
tures which have never been surveyed.
"When the Belgian, German and British
governments have been brought Into line "
concluded Sir David Gill, "the work will be
rapidly carried out."
The Fairy RIukh.
"What are they, mother those bright irreen
Where the grass so softly and richly springs?
All over the hills I se them shine
In loving circles their links entwine.
"Have the fairies come from icro?s the sea
From the hills of Ireland or Germanle?
Do they dance and play by the soft moonlight,
In these dewy circles through all the night?
"I would love to soe them, my mother dear.
If indeed they are dwelling so very near;
I;ut I thought they dwelt in the old countrie.
And had never crossed o'er the wide, wide sea."
"O daughter, these beautiful rings of green
By a fairy's eyes were never seen;
For fairies but live in the poets rhymes.
Or th& grandame's tales of tlie olden times.
"Yet more than the fairy, or elf, I ween,
I see when I look on those rings of green.
And more than the legends in poets' rhyme
I can read in these relics of later times.
"I fee the gleaming1 of snowy tents
Those white-winged scourges of Frovidence;
Like Indian villages here they stood
On tha gra?y hill, in the shady wood.
"There are strong, brave soldiers in noble form3,
And tender womn with fairest charms;
There are household treasures young and old.
More dear to the Ecldler than gems or gold.
"I ee their home In the village sweet.
Where the brook and the river fo softly meev;
Where the cattle come at the evening time
With their soft bells tinkling home dear chime.
"Where the mother lists for her husband's feet.
And the baby Is Iiyping his name so sweet;
And where Mary, down by the garden gate.
At the eenlng hour doth watch and wait.
"I hear the booming and Fhrieks of war;
I see the gash and the deadly scar.
And I see the form so still and white,
With its un-turned face in the pale moonlight.
"I see hin borne to his distant home
(Alas! not thus would they have him come.)
I hear the walling of wild desr-alr
And the Bobs and groans of the mourners there.
"I see all this In those rings of green.
Where a fairy foot hath never been;
Where in war time stood this Sibley tents
Those "whlte-wlnged scourges of Providence."
Mary E. Nealy.
Washington, D. C
ea on tht fcillj north of Washington, 1ST0.
FOR FEMININE READERS
THE PRCSSt ItC OX BUSI.XESS 31EX AS
IT AFFECTS II Olli: LIFE.
Thoughtless Act of a Woman Who
"Wrote n Club Paper School Glrl
Dress-A Club Paper.
It 13 largely the habit of the majority of
American business msn to let pressure gov
ern them and their time, says a writer in
tho New York Evening Post. They set a
fixed time for going; to work and do not let
any controllable circumstance change it;
for their return they have a sliding scale,
and give themselves over to the mercies of
that public which forms their clientele.
Can any evening be bright and alive with
clever talk and refreshing sound of song
and merry laughter when the master of
the house comes in an hour late, worn to
the last limit of nerve endurance, and has
to bear the consequences? He cannot take
time to look at the thoughtful preparation
of the pretty room; he has no leisure to
note the careful toilette made for him, and
fails to sec that his wife has worn his
favorite gown. He knows that a delicate
repast Is already overcooked, and has to
forego a refreshing change of dress, which
would have shaken off the dust of the
town. The tid-bits on which thought and
money have been expended for his pleasure
are tasteless and uninviting; he has to
wrench his thoughts with affectionate ef
fort from the trying involvement of that
new responsibility taken at the last mo
ment in his office, and he can only talk by
fits and starts. Dinner over, he throws
himself upon the nearest sofa, and before
his cigar la half consumed falls asleep
from sheer exhaustion. The dullness of
long evenings stems accounted tori
Just to have allowed himself one brief
hour even half an hour more of freedom
would have - changed tho whole aspect or
his return and made him master of a re
freshing, relieving side to his overburdened
lifer that would act like a barrier against
a disabled brain and "nervous prostration,"
those two valiant enemies o overtired
An atmosphere of discontent has devel
oped thicugnout the whele home during the
extended tour in which tho hard-pressed
man, whose energies are its support, has
striven to secure larger treasure tor its
enrichment. In the kitchen a spirit of
"don't care" seizes cook and maid. "What
is the use of trying 'to have anything nice.
Mr. is never on time." The children
have had to be undr'essed without the jolly
meeting for which the curls had been
smoothed and the ribbons been tied as
daintily as if to charm a lover's eyes. A
weary, dull hour of expectation has made
the waiting wife dispirited for herself and
anxious for her best beloved. It comes to
be a very serious question, when all Is
weighed in tho domestic scales, "Is the play
worth the candle?"
Extra occasions call for unwonted effort,
and every lifo has its emergencies, which
l.o woman of common sense will Ignore.
It is not of these rare and unavoidable
times that we are thinking. The verm not
only of dull rural evenings, but of many
dull and listless lives. Is the habitual dis
regard cf the necessarily fixed hours of
every family. The yielding to the stress
of any and every daily arising demand,
until all allied business connections know
that if a representative "can catch Mr.
Blank before he starts for home" he will
talk with him.
A great or even a vigorous small business
never finishes off Its ragged edges, the close
of a day's work never sets aside all the
Interests Involved in its transactions. Given
a practically real closing time, these late
comers, these detaining demands could, at
least nine times out of ten, be passed over
to the early hours of a new day.
In no country of the civilized world do
men see so little of the possible delights of
domestic life as do our average young
Americans, either bu?y in commerce or the
professions. Our mechanics, with their vic
torious eight-hour rule, are now the only
clfiss of workers fitted to really enjoy wife
and child. Many a brainy man, with the
stored treasures of the world at his com
mand, may well envy his laboring brother,
who throws down his tools' at the first
stroke of 5 o'clock and stays not for either
the benefit of his work or the interest of
his employer. He has freed himself with a
But he is also an example; when he, un
armed with anything but his strength and
skill, said, I will not live only to toil, but
if I have to struggle for a home I will have
time to enjoy It, he won. Even the wealth
of the whole world could not turn him
aside. He would have time to live and he
There must be a way in which his better
prepared, better born, more intellectually
endowed brothers of the counting room and
desk and bar can make for themselves such
liberty that they shall not be bodnd in
withes stronger than those which held
Wo shall never be a truly joyous, social,
simply hospitable nation until they, too,
have their Federation of Labor, which
gives them what they need.
The Ladies " Oracle on Furnishing.
New York Commercial Advertiser.
Mr. Bok devotes a page of the current
number of his magazine to his ideas on
the American home and the American
woman's way of furnishing it. Mr. Bok
is very vigorous In his expression of opin
ion. He doesn't care whether or not he
smashes his "lady readers " cherished il
lusions anent bric-a-brac and other van
ities. On another page of his paper the
lady reader may laboriously learn how to
ruin her eyes by embroidering church vest
ments; but if she reads. Mr. Bok she will
feel that she is a very criminal housewife
to waste her life dusting furniture instead
of cultivating her soul.
Much of what Mr. Bok says is undoubt
edly true, and the fact that he grows epi
grammatic as he warms to his task does
not prevent his remarks from being sane
and sensible. Nevertheless, Mr. Bok makes
a sweeping and inaccurate statement when
he says that "there are no people on the
face of the earth who litter up the rooms
of their homes with so much useless and,
consequently, bad furnishings as do the
Americans." Surely Mr. Bok has forgotten
the small and always crowded rooms of the
average French and German apartment.
And whoever saw a British drawing room
that did not boast half, a dozen "occasional
tables" and chairs and cabinets and pic
tures In bewildering numbers? The aver
age French apartment boasts a dining
room, but it is not a place of space and
comfort. It Is usually the pokiest room in
the apartment. In the bedroom the bed
takes up three-quarters of the floor space.
But, no matter how small the room, a
wardrobe, a table and two chairs have
simply got to find niches. French law may
not regulate the furnishing or bedrooms.
in France would lead one to suppose that it
does. And how about those big German
beds and the heavy, shining tables and fat.
upholstered sofas seldom used and always
shielded from the light of day? Mr. Bok
should read Irais's description of a typical
schloss when he dips into Elizabeth's Ger
man Garden. Americans, according to Mr.
Bok, always frame their pictures in garish
gold. They never use soft, stained wood
He even berates the poor. He says they
furnish with wax wreaths and haircloth
Tut. tut. Mr. Bok. No one out of Miss Wll-
kins's stories does that in these days of
ilustrated "women's magazines" an! ma
Perhaps the photographs of "the insides
of American homes, wnicn Mr. Bok col
lectcd from all parts of the country and
published In his paper have given him
Girls School Dress.
New York Mail and Express.
The dress of girls at school and at col
lege is a subject of great Importance. The
girls themselves think of it incessantly
how can they help it, when they have to
iut on cr change their gowns, ribbons and
fripperies once or twice a day? And their
elders think of it. from an entirely dif
ferent viewpoint, a coiuucims one some
times, and certainly a broader one. As is
perfectly natural, girls think of how the
dress becomes them and how it will pas
the fcrutMny? of other elrls and bear com
parison with other frocks. Parents and
teachers look upon the effect of rtvalrr in
dress, and declare that no such deterrent
ehould enter educational life. A .c-i "who
centers her thoughts on the comosition
cf gowns cannot -tudy well. But Jofrc
than that is the effect of a high aiiuard
In drew on those girls who canuo. au&ru
it. Their livs are .nadc unhappy tnrojgn
morbid self-conscious nei-s.
It is hardly fair to young girls that they
should be asked to resulate these thinss
for themselves, for it Is as natural for girls
to dress to the limit of their allowances as
for birds to fly. and if the allowance is
large the result is the establishment of
"costly and formal standards of dress, as
one of the arraigners of Smith College puts
it. Nevertheless, the cure for too much
dressing at girls' colleges rests with the
young women themselves, and we may le
sure that If the giris who are ta,iing the
higher education realize that a short sk.rt
and the shirr-waist standard of ores Is the
safeguard agaisst vexation of spirit and
disintegralion of class vanity, tiuy wid
make even that simple dress compulsory
through unwritten laws. Given one good
gown for the "Sunday strut or cnurcu
parade," and another for social cathc-rtnp
in the evening, the college girl should be
willing to help her fellows by wearing tne
s'mn!.!! nrt nf toirs the rest of the time.
At boarding schools it is possiuie iu
the resoonslbiilty of dress from the girls.
nnrt thi i dono bv insisting upon a tort
of uniform, usually a blue serge skirt and
shirt waists. Such a costume is not beyond
the means of the most humble in purse, ana
thus wealth is not allowed to stir up envy.
Strange to say, this custom of a uniform is
adopted by the most expensive and fash
ionable schools for girls, as well as by
cheaper ones, and settles finally the vexed
question of dress, which may rightly be
called one of the most pertinacious of cares
which life holds for women.
Training for TlieaterKoer.
New York Evening Sun.
A girls' club recently organized has th
very worthy ebject of giving the members
practice in taking off and putting on their.
hats at the theater. Though in existence
but a brief time, wonderful results have
already been accomplished. At club ses
Ions the members range themselves upon
long rows of chairs In imitation of a the
ater parquet. So soon as each is seated
sho takes off her jacket, unwinds her veil.
lemoves her hat and with a touch or two
arranges her hair. It i? putting on the hat
again that club training counts for so
n.uch. At a given signal the girls clap their
huts to their heads, ram in the. natpins,
dine: on their veils, slide into their coats
and are out into the aisle before you can
say "John Drew." All this, of course, only
after several weeks hard practice. When
the club first sturted the members were as
slow and as uncertain about accomplishing
thfse post-matinee maneuvers as are most
women at the th.-ater. In any audience now
it Is easy to spot these club members. Train
ing will tell, wnire a majority or women
will helrlesslv fumble and bungle for a
good quarter tf an hour in getting herself
und her outdoor togs to rights again, one
of these club girls v. ill bo hatted, veiled
and coated in tlie munching of a caramel
Havln.cr perfected itself in the lightnlng-
char.jre-costume act exacted of the modern
lemininc theatergoer the club has lately
tackled a new maneuver. This consists in
pracilcing how to rire twice between every
act, and, with your arms full of hat, veil,
coat, opera glass, opera glass bag. fan and
a few other extras, allowing several men
to squeeze their way past you. To drop an
r.rtlcie from the armful during this proc
ess or to assume anything but the most
pleasant and tatisfied of expressions calls
lor a black mark on the club books, l'rtzes
are distributed from time to time among
:hosc members who are most successful ex
amples cf the club training. The organiza
tion Is known as the Society for the En
couraement of Rapid Robing Among Wo
A Woman's CIcb Story.
A woman friend of mine who has for
years made her pen buy her gowns and
bonnets, tells me In strictest confidence
that the .club movement among women is
proving a gold mine for her, for she is
writing many of the papers which are
read before the various clubs In town.
Her fee for a paper on a not especially
difficult subject Is $25, and nobody is sup
posed to know that she has had a hand in
it. There Is one club woman in town,
however, who will never consult her pro
fessionally again so long as she lives. It
happened this way: The club woman was
asked to write a paper on "Social Eti
quette Among the Mound Builders," or
some other nice easy subject like that.
She delayed so long over the matter that
It was only a week before the day on
which the paper was to be read when she
finally engaged the professional essay
writer to do It for her. The manuscript
was delivered two days before the club
meeting, but the woman who was to read
the paper neglected to have it typewrit
ten. She read it over hurriedly several
times, for, compared with the gown she
was to wear her essay was a matter of
small Importance. The club met. The pro
fessional essay writer was there, and the
reading of her paper by the woman who
had paid for It interested her so much
that she quite forgot where she was. It
was read very well till midway of the last
page there came a line madame had not
chanced upon in reading the thing over.
She paused, and she peemed confused. She
adjusted her pince-nez and smiled In em
barrassed fashion. Obviously she had come
to a word she could not read. The profes
sional essay writer leaned forward.
"It's 'multitudinous, " she said.
And the very suddenness with which she
ceased to speak well, the woman who paid
her for the paper will get even with her
yet, if it takes a thousand years.
New York Evening Sun.
A characteristic evening; dress both in
cloaks and gowns Is the empire effect.
American women have been slow to accept
this mode as an established fact, for it was
tentatively brought out months ago, but
there is no doubt about It now, and we find
this faSCinatinir nutHnft In thf rrmsf- trnr.
eeous evenintr enwns. tfa ennr. anH clnotrn
both for day and evening wear. There are
many modern modifications which improve
the original model historically famous, but
the ceneral effect Is much th am Th
spangled nets are especially pretty made
up in inis iorm, out one very Important
thing to consider is the figure of the wom
an who is to wear tho ?nwn. Sh mct
be tall, slender and delicately rounded, or
cannot nope ior mucn success In an
empire pown, a fact which will militate
aeainst the irenernl rrfitmlnrftv nf tfi .ui
as applied to gowns. Such line discrimina
tion is not necessary in the selection of an
empire coat, yet it is not at all becoming
i.v oiuui women.
Honolulu! Odd Club.
New York Commercial Advertiser.
The Hawaiian Women's Club deserves a
word of praise. It is unique in more ways
than one. It is a flourishing association. i
not in debt, and its meetings are charac
terized by ieaceful intercourse between
members. It is five years old and was born
in Honolulu. Its founder wn on a.
lean school teacher who formed the habit
of inviting young girls to her home once a
week for informal conversation on some
topic of current interest. These informal
iiiceuiib-s c-rysiauzea into a club of thlrty
lcur members, most nf thm it
, - ... jiiauaii.i.
J&overai members n-pw fmm
fctate. China and Portne-nl tm -.. .
president is a Chinese girl who wears her
u.uuua costume when sne presides at tho
Od da nnd End.
Save the ravelllngs cut from new table-
cioins ueiore nemming. as they are useful
in mending thin places or holes in other
A preventive of frostbitt
will be a timely hint before many weeks
,juyt:u is securea uy finking one
flower pot inside another. A plant thus
guarded will stand a much lower tempera
ture than one in a single pot.
If you want your windows to be clear
and bright add a little ammonia to the
water and wash thoroughly. Ue no Foar.
as it leaves the glass of a milky color,
lou cannot obtain satisfactory results bv
wiping them off with a wash cloth Thev
must be washed with plenty of water. Dry
them with clean cotton cloths and polish
them with a chamois cr soft naner
The new feature in the fancy bows which
are fo lavishly displaj'ed in the New York
shops is chenille, the iargc. fat kind, which
fails In long, soft ends nearlv t u wA
of the skirt. The boa may be of plaited
chiffon, edged with chenille, or of Marabout
feathers, but In either co i. V.
around the neck only, and a cluster of the
-uuiue cnus laus irom eitber side. The-
were worn In Paris sit mnnth.
they seem to have hlnnTn ...
ij.cy are ion and becoming and
iJuiar. especially for even
?i:yttTt"h 13 not necessary.
'All styles and slzcs.il j
Prices from to 5f . n
"'Wll I :
A-A-ardcd First Pri25 Paris Cx?csiii:3ir-i
m OVER ALL THE W&RLD
XOTHITUNO A- V.nct . s?S Vi iri'i
Washington trct. "
CHAKLLii lI.LI'i. HI V.Yt Wa
ITCH IS TORTURE,
Eczema is caused by an acid l.un:or i-
the blood coming in contact with th
skin and producing rcat redness and iI
flammation ; little pustular eruptions fC rnj
and discharge a thin, sticky fluid, which
dries and scales off ; sometimes the .skin i
hard, dry and fissured. Eczeim in zv.j
form is a tormenting, stubborn .iis-ease
and the itching and burning at iucs are
almost unbearable; the cid burr.b
humor seems to ooze out and the
on fire. Salves, washes cor ether cittr.
nal applications do any real ocd, for as
long as the poison remains in the lood
it will keep the skin irritated.
DAD FORK OF TETTER.
'Tor thtfe vear I
had Tetter on my
hands, which caused
them to swell to twice
tt.cir natural ize. Part
of the time the disease
was in the fo: m i.f run-
.insr Rores, very pain
ful, and caoing me
mucn discomfort Tour
doctors said the Tetter
had progressed too far
to be cured, and they
could Uo nothing lor
mt I took onlv three
lottles of S. S. S. and V :.'V 'A
This was fifteen years - f .
ago, and I have never
since seen any sign of my old troul.c." Hj.
T B. Jackson, 1414 McGee St., Kansas Citr, y&
S. S. S. neutralizes this acid poison.
cools the blood and restores it to a hedthr,
natural state, and the rough, unhealthy
skin becomes soft, smooth and clear.
cures Tetter, Ery.
sipelas, Psoriasis, Salt
Rheum and all skia
1 diseases due to a pcis-
oned condition of the
blood. Send for our book and write us
about your case. Our physicians have
made these diseases a life study, and caa
help you by their advice ; we make no
charge for this service. All correspondence
is conducted in stnctesjc confidence.
THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO.. ATLANTA. GÄ.
PURE PAINT is the only kind that
PURE PAINT and no other will re
tain its new and brilliant appearance.
PURE PAINT will not chip.
PURE PAINT covers more surface.
PURE PAINT for these reasons ii
the most economical to buy.
CAPITAL CITY PAINT IS-PURE
Manufactured and Warranted by
240 to 24 MASSACHUSETTS AVlM i-
Notice is hereby given that the last day
for the payment of the second installment
of taxes for will be due on Monday,
Nov. 5. and delinquent after that day.
All persons interested shall be governed
accordingly, as the penalty prescribed by
law will be added after the date htreia
specified. ARMIN C KO F.I INK,
Treasurer Marion County and City of In
THE CURSE UF MAaY tlO.MLS.
tk man who has allowed the demon cf ip':
rerance to dominate his actions Is ro r.rn.if
I . 1... ..- Atn, rf hal.it that t.ar. .u:l r-
fiumt-nta are of little avail. It is u1m to at
?"JL,.r tn r,-ff,nn a drunkard by inal to m
conscience or his morality. H, ftiw i w
source of his trouble, ana Enouia u..- u.s ,
attack.. , .vi r-iiiri-
lt is because or ice rfcoKn.uuu 1
tie that the Kct Uy Institute. ixatl t I .a n
inn., has had Buch real fucce 1-
cure' of chronic alcoholism. Th dninkar.: - j
flop whether he wants to or ii-ji. . -
not only cures tho craH;g. hut Luu...- t,. ia
wasted tissues until the one-time nt e '
cnated. Write for information to .
nr iji Commercial Club LuiUms. .r'-
arnlis. Ind. Telephone 27. ....,.
IMainneld is rourun wi e 1 -
oils on the Vandalia Hallway.
i t a luv I av-r 1 -- t
craze, besides various combinations 01 '--
velvet and fur.
En suite with a kirt of black .atin-j'.n;
black ?ilk velvet, tditcht-l in .-trau'.t. i - '
row plaits. White Kitin. cw-t".
guipure the desdini iickel out with t.i y
and gold bcad-forms the wttv V"
turn-back cutT of the elhow -l--.-s.
vt.t. ith Its very hteh stock. 'nd t:;- -u 4
-.lnrlprsli evcs. eath'-red Into a bt io d im-
are of very finely tucked whl'.c .--at in.
Low-necked bodicts are m I ,p '",n
worn with full-drers toih-ts thi- !
Vt - " ' " - J - ' - - . ft I t',
I 1 (Jill lUC 1... -
. . fi.1!..lrncc i,(PI ln ? k' "
matron in black velvet wore the i' ;J r .
vnd the sleeves quite short fh. .1... .1 ;
the neck looked heated and a Kt to
ly colored for deMcate b-auty. Ap-j
black velvet, with r.o whU" "V ," V,f.j
tween. the face would hive lo-i-i
t U12 elbow, ana wn. J"u;v. p.kun or
red Into a narrow band or b?- en-?uh'n
owcled passementerie. ud the
2 mvmx &Mi
man iney nave m - ,A
New York paper, is a great n-- .,.
point of art. for. however ciTic'.Iw ;
a bodice may .et o.l a pair of va ..-i- 'f ,
.nrwv hon h!rs thcV htVan.tt1 V -
For the prvsert season have .j
ser.ted yome extremely I rUty n - - f
Iress sleeves, which in manv m - ,
but a following tip of tl.e f tri .v -;v : .
tioduced on lth v.a!.is and j,jry
cts late In tho summer. Tly Q f if
has gaunth-t revers. a no a r-l" r' v;r.
wrinkled mou?cpe:alre f..rearn. c .,Mr
torlan !ecve Is bell-shaped at in.
ntl Hint neu viir. .1 inn. . Mv
!ceve of lace or not. The
Is tlght-nttlng from d.ou'.dor to k
with slanhlna and iacirgs up Vcht!y
of the aims. The Venetian roJel l
i,uffJ or. th3 shoulder, weriu g .
xml | txt