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THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1900.
THE DAILY JOURNAL SATURDAY, PKCEMBKR 22, 1000.; Telephone Calla (Old and New.) Eu?inrs 01c....U;M4 Editorial Rooms. ... TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. r.Y CARRILTi-INDIANArOLIS ar.d SCKURDS. Daily. Sur.-!ay Indu.le.I, f.) rent? yer north. Iai;y. w!ih,it Sun-Tar, 4-i rM"pt-r month. Eun 'ay. rlt!;cut dally. 2.C0 pT year. kir.? cc;.-.: luiir, 2 cent?; iur.dar, - cents. by ACc.VTS r.vi:nyvii3:ni:: D.ii!y. i e wpk. V) cr.ts. Dally. Sur. lay included, per week. 15 cents. Fun J it. jr isue. ä cents, t '" r.Y mail rniirAin: Pally editinn. on year S-'-W Daily and Sunday, one year 7 r Sunday only, one year . 2.00 REDUCED RATES TO CLUR3. Weekly edition. Ore copy. one. year 0 cents Five cents rer month for period- le than a ytar. No subscription taken for less than threa mon'b. REDUCED RATES TO CLUD3. Subscribe with any of our numerous agents cr end subscription to the JOURNAL NEWSPAPER COMPANY, Indiananoll, Ind. Ierrn nendln the Journal through the mal!- In the United States should jut on &n Jgit-pae larer a ONE-CENT postage stamp: on a twelve or sixteen-pase paper a TWO-CtNT postieo ctamp. Foreign postage is usually double thebe rates. All communications Intended for publication in thi paper muse. In order to receive attention. te accompanied by the name and address of the writer. Rejected manuscripts will net be returned un less postage is inclosed for that purpose. Entered as second-class matter at Indianapolis. Ind., postofflce. TIIC INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL Can be found at the following places : MTW. YORK As tor House and Flfth-avenuc Hotel. - C1IICAOO ralnnr House. I. O. News Co.. 217 Dearborn street. CINCLNNATI-J. R. Hawtey & Co., 154 Vine street. LOUISVILLE C. T. Deerln. northwest corner of Third and Jefferson streets, and Louisville tlioolt Co., .6 Fourth avenue. ST. LOUIS Union News Company, Union Depot. WASHINGTON. D. C Rigs House, Ebbitt House and Willard's Hotel. The Taft commission in the Philippines Is proving Itself an exceptionally strong body of men and Is likely to make a fine record in laying the foundations of civil government there. A prominent manufacturing company of Chicago, announces its intention to divide $100.0oo among its 3,000 employes as a Christ mas gift. It will probably come back in the fchape of faithful service. The reasons for the admission of Okla homa as a State cannot bo urged in favor of Arizona. The former is rapidly Increas ing Jn population, while the latter has not the number required for one representa tive. The present activity of the Boers is probably the last flicker of an expiring candle. They cannot maintain even a guerrilla warfare much longer, and their present ccurse shows more bravery than wisdom. Ex-President Cleveland's suggestion that the rank and file of the Democratic party be given a chance raises a question wheth er Chairman Jones and ex-Candidate IJryan belong in the official list or in the rank and file. v Every detective and every policeman in thi country should use his best efforts to prevent a repetition of the Cudahy kidnap ing case. The crime is so horrible and in human that It should not be allowed to ob tain any foothold. The announcement by the Dreadful Jones that he has no idea of resigning the chair manship of the Democratic national com mittee will be a damper on the hopes of Democrats who have hoped for the refor mation of the party. The appropriations carried by the river and harbor bill have been scaled down frcm $77.000,000 to $00,000,000. which is still $20,0o0.0o0 more than the committee antici pated at the beginning of the session. As usual. It is a vicious, log-rolling measure. Mr. C. H. Aldiich, In his argument before the Supreme Court, made the point that if our new island possessions are not Amer ican they are Spanish. Everybody knows they arc no longer Spanish, but some per tons seem to be In doubt whether they are "sure enough" American. A bill has been introduced in the House increasing the salary of the Vice President from Js.Ou) to $25.0u0 a year, and of Cabinet members from $3.000 to $15.000. The salaries of these officers should be such as to enable them to lire in the style expected of them without drawing on their private means. The Cudahy abduction case is one of the most remarkable on record, and it is to bo feared the easy success of the abductors In securing a ransom of $23,000 in gold may tend to popularize the crime with desper adoes who will Jo anything for money, t will also tend to make wealthy parents watchful of their children. If ex-President Cleveland could be in vited to speak at the Lincoln. Neb., ban quet, the night before Jackson's day, with Mr. Bryan, the speeches of the last Demo cratic President and the twice Democratic candidate for President would be entitled to the first two columns on the first page of any intelligently-managed newspaper. It is better to tell the truth all the time, but if one is not going to tell the truth he thould not tell falsehoods that every in telligent person who has investigated the subject knows to he falsehoods, as did the excellent person who recently gave out that army officers are opposed to the army canteen, when 35 per cent, of the opinions o' line officers given to the secretary of war and published in his report of last year were decideJly in favor of the can teen. G r. ral MacArihur has notified the rem nant of Filipino insurgents who are at tempting to terrorize the dwellers of town-; occupied by Aim-ricans that their guerrilla tcctlcs will not be tolerated hereafter, and that they will not be treated as prisoners cf war when captured, but punished. This seems to b the right line of action. The remnant that Is disturbing the peace of Luzon is small. It is not war they are mak ing; therefore, when captured, they should be punished. Not long since the Louisville Courier Journal, after criticising those papers anil men who are saying that the Cubans are cot fitted to maintain a stable and gool Government, concluded Its article by the ttlaratlon that sooner or later Cuba will become a part of the United State. Such a conclusion eloos not warrant the criti cism. There Is no disposition to deny to the Cubans an opportunity to establish self-government. The trouble In Cuba is that the constitutional convention is com posed chiefly of a class of men who have been revolutionists and who have no sus taining vocation. Most of them have little Interest In the Industries of the country. Many of them want to manage a govern ment to improve their condition. These men are distrusted by the planters and business men. If the latter could have their way they would have the islands an nexed to the United States, because they fear that government by the class without property or business will be both inefficient and burdensome. TIMELY WORDS II Y A JIDGE. The rebuke which Judge Baker adminis tered yesterday to two juries which failed to agree is cause for congratulation rather than criticism. In plain and simple crim inal cases it is quite the fashion for Juries to tlisagree. This Is elue to various causes, but largely to a mawkish sympathy for the accuseel. Indeed, one of the methods of the defense is to create sympathy for the ac cused by parading his wife and children, his parents and even his cousins and his aunts to shed tears and thus affect the Jury. This disgusting practice Is the rule rather than the exception. It should be stoppeel. In this State, In criminal causes, the Juror is the Judge of the law as well as the evidence. There is no law so unique as that promulgated by a man who can read with the greatest difficulty. Frequently one or two cranks get upon a jury, thus nullifying the purpose of trial. The man who is reputed to be" a crank in his neigh borhood should no more be selected for a Jurwrthan an Insane man. Judge Baker said a righteous word when he denounced as pernicious the maxim, "Better ninety-nine guilty men escape than that one innocent man should be pun ished." A very wise man in his day and generation may have uttered this saying, but he could not have uttered, as a rule of action for jurors, a more pernicious heresy. It hedges about every rascal haleel before a jury as often as a cranky or tearful minded juror can be impressed with It. Better ninety-nine rascals go free than one Innocent man should be punished has af fected thousands of well-meaning jurors and set murderers, highwaymen, house breakers and other criminals free. As Judge Baker intimated, it is far better that one Innocent man should be punisheei than that ninety-nine criminals shall escape punishment and go forth with fresh des peration to make war upon the peace of society. Besides, it is so infreejuent that the really innocent man is caught with those committing crimes or is connected with a crime that not once in a hundred thousand cases brought into court will a really innocent man be convicted. To put an end to lynching and to insure the enforcement of the laws more pains should be taken to get competent jurors to fill every chair, and the vicious maxim. "Better ninety-nine guilty men escape than that one innocent man be punished," should be repudiated by courts as it was yesterday by Judge Baker. THE BLACKMAIL LOnHY. The general Impression prevails that' most of the lobbying about legislatures is done by the agents of corporations or com binations. This is true to some extent. Tha most active antl best organizeel lobby elur Ing the last Legislature was that organ ized for the defeat of xhe county and town ship reform bills. That lobby had con siderable money to spend and a largo force of men who claim to have influence. In several States there Is another kind of lob bying which is often profitable. Persons make friends with members and interest them in certain propositions which seem to be against a class of corporations and beneficial to the people. Bills are intro duced and their purport is given the pub lic through the newspapers, which often advocate them in good faith. When the proposed legislation Is well starteel another member of the lobby goes to the com panies or men whose business will be dam aged by such legislation and offers to de feat it for a reasonable compensation. If the measure has been well pushed by the other parties - In the conspiracy and the would-be victims are considerably fright ened they will put up a considerable amount to defeat the scheme. This done, the bills are killed or disposed of in a man ner with which the schemers are familiar. To many It may seem impossible that any considerable amount of money can be made by such lobbyists, but in certain States where large corporations operate it is said that quite a number of men of high talent realize large incomes by push ing bills endangering large Interests and then killing them when those threatenet! put up a considerable amount of money to insure their defeat. The most remarkable thing about this species of rascality is that most of the victims understand the swin dle and submit to such robbery. They probably fear the result of a fight for the measure in the Legislature and prefer to pay money and have the matter out of the way. More frequently than otherwise the profess' :j. .als engaged in such schemes are not often about legislative halls. It is said that this sort of blackmail Is Increasing. A patron urges the Journal to continue its apposition to the proposition again be fore Congress to establish a parcels post. This Is all very well, but why do not the Board of Trade and the Commercial Club, which are looking Jealously after the In terests of this locality, send a protest against the scheme? If such opposition has no backing outside of the newspapers which happen to realize the trouble, loss and danger to trade which it involves, the parcels post will be fixed upon the country one of these days, to the great injury of local retail trade and to the immense ad vantage of the large department stores in New York. Philadelphia and large cities generally. There Is no reason why the people of the t'nlted States should pay to carry the wares of Eastern dealers over the country In the malls at half or a third of the actual cost of transportation, i That Is what Is proposed. One narrow-sighted advocate of the scheme declares that un der the regulation? proposed goods can be carried across the continent for the same price that will take them fifty miles. Some weeks slrtce the Journal commented on a news paragraph in a paper published in another State in which it was declaretl that the statue of the late Hon. William' II. English, in English. Crawford county, had been disfigured. It turns out that the statement la false ''wholly baseless." writes the editor of the Crawford County Democrat to a friend. The Jcurnal is pleased to make the correction. At the same time It would ask what sort of men and correspondents the men who invent such falsehoods can be falsehoods without purpose, unless for. the few trents paid for writing them. FROM HITHER AND YON. Clinging; Gowns. Yonkers Statesman. Urs. Church Did you say your husband liked these clinglnj? gowns? Mrs. Gotham Yes; he likes one to cling to me for about four seasons. Easily Torn Oft. Philadelphia Record. "Why do you have so many calendars hanging atound?" asked the new clerk. "ThaCs for the benefit of my employes," re plied the foxy business man. "When any of them feel the need of a vacation they ran take a month off." In Boston. Detroit Journal. In Boston I encountered a parrot, one day. "Polly wants a cracker!" I observed, thinking nothing. "Your language is extremely anomalous!" re plied the bird, severely. "Polly Is colonial, while cracker, in the sense of biscuit, is dis tinctly post-bellum. Moreover, I am not con scious of wanting a cracker. I wouldn't mind a plate of pork-and, however!" The fowl's scholarly dignity was what Im pressed me particularly. A Flea. God made Man Frail as a bubble; God made Love, Love made Trouble. God made the Vine Was It a sin That Man made Wine To drown Trouble In? Oliver Herford. THE ROCKPORT CRIME. Expression by Indiana Editors on the Triple Lynching:. Indiana has another record of lynching to. off set some of those we criticise so se verely in the South. Elkhart Review. The good people of Rockport, Ind., lynched a third negro yesterday. The peo ple down there indulge in such eccentrici ties to. properly prepare themselves for the full enjoyment of Christmas day celebra tions. Plymouth Independent. If Governor Mount has any power he cer tainly should use it in bringing the Rock port "regulators" right up before the bar of justice, and the good people of the State will back him. Mob law should be put down in Indiana by all means, If It is not in South Carolina and Texas. South Bend Times. The South will have to look out or Indi ana will win the prize as a lynching State. And we boast of the best school system in the world! Morality in education is the need of the hour. Fifty years ago, with the log schoolhouse, mobs and lynchlngs were unheard of in our State. Now they are of frequent occurrence. Obedience to law and respect for authority are the burning needs of our boasted modern civilization. No blesville Ledger. This is the third affair of the kind that has happened in Indiana within the past four years, and really the Hoosler State cannot say a word in denunciation of mob vengeance in the South. There may have been provocation in each instance, yet this State is supposed to be composed of law abiding citizens, and there never has been an Instance where a criminal who was turned over'to the law in this State did not get full justice. South Bend Tribune. Governor Mounrshould take immediate steps to investigate the matter and 'make every effort in the closing days of his ad ministration to bring the guilty parties to justice. With lynchers hanging negroes in the southern part of the State and Marvin Kuhns defying the police in the northern part of the State, it would appear that it is high time that Indiana should take steps to do something to restore a reasonable de gree of respect for law and order. Logans port Journal. Indiana has been again disgraced by a lynching bee in Spencer county. Two ne groes who had assaulted and beaten to death a white barber in Itockport on Satur day night were taken from jail Sunday night and hanged. They had confessed their crime, so that there was no doubt of their guilt, and there is no etuestion that they deserved the death penalty, but it should have been meted out to them in due process of law. The commission of one crime for the punishment of another is In excusable and the authorities should make a thorough investigation of this affair and bring to the bar of Justice those implicated in and responsible for the lynching. Mid dletown News. One or Jtwo sheriffs who will perform their sworn duty at the risk of their lives, a risk they were aware was associated with the office when they asked for it, would do more to stop lynchlngs than all the "de ploring" of "best citizens." Let a sheriff use his weapons on a mob and it will be stampeded. Either we must wait the day when sheriffs feel the obligation of their duty or have a law under which a sheriff and his bondsmen can be made to suffer pecuniarly. If there had been a prospect of paying over $10.000 for the lives of ne groes at Itockport we take It that the sher iff and his bondsmen could have prevented the lynching. Terre Haute Tribune. LODGE SPEAKS. (CONCLUDED FROM FIRST PAGE.) States overrides every other consideration. In building and maintaining the canal we assume a great burden, by which the whole world will benefit, and if we bear the bur den alone the power and the control must be ours alone also. "We desire to dispose of the Clayton-Bul-wer treaty in the most friendly way possi ble. We are most averse to any other dis position of it. England does not intend to go to war with us to prevent our building' of the canal, antl if it is physically possible to build it we mean to do so in any event. Under these circumstances we are very clear that it Is as much for England's in terest as ours to accept the new proposi tions in the friendly spirit in which they are offered and thus end a controversy over an outworn treaty which is only a stumb ling block to both nations. It is not to be doubted that the English ministers, whose ability, experience and reputation are known to all the world, will duly weigh all these considerations and rightly compre hend the purpose of the Senate amend ments and the spirit in which they are pre sented." LONDON WKKKLY SCOLDS. What the Review, Spectator and the Speaker Sny of the Treaty. LONDON. Dec. 21. The responsible week lies will to-morrow discuss the Hay Fauncefote treaty at considerable length. The Sunday Review will devote a page to the "Nicaragua Scandal." saying uncom plimentary things about the United States Senate, President McKinley and Lord Salisbury. "The ' worst of It is," it will say, "that we have only ourselves to than for the whole pother. The policy of per petual concessions to the United States, and of overstrained eulogy upon her states men, meets with no response from the other party save fresh demands and increasing irsolence. Our own statesmen have brought upon themselves humiliation which it is conceivable- they may at last o li-duced to resent." The worst thing the Spectator will say is the following: "Apparently the object of the United States Senate his not been to attain a particular object so much as to Insult a friendly power and to make It difficult for that power to negotiate In a conciliatory spirit." The Speaker will go Into the cinal ques tion historically, citing Nicaragua's treaties with Spain in 1S5G, France In 1S00. Italy in lbCS and England in lS-'-O. neutralizing the projected canal, pointing out that these are all in force now except the treaty with England. "We foresee for the United States." (he Speaker will say, "grave dip lomatic complications with other powers, unless they support America with the ob ject of achieving Great Britain's discom-Xlturs." M IN HIGH FAVOR HOW THE PROPOSED PRIMARY ELECTION LAW IS VIEWED. Majority of Indtaiin's Delegation In Congress and D. 31. Rnnsdcll Prefer the Present Method. RECESS TAKEN BY CONGRESS WILL NOT REASSEMBLE UNTIL THE FIHST FRIDAY IN 1001. Fairbanks to Preside Over Senate In Absence of Mr. Prye A $G4M40, OOO River and Harbor Hill. Special to the Indianapolis Journal. . WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. The project credited to Chairman Ilernly .of having the Indiana Legislature enact a primary elec tion law excites a good deal of interest among Indianians here. The weight of sentiment in the congressional delegation 13 against it. Their opinions depend largely on the method of nominations heretofore employed In the counties In which they live and on local conditions. Representative Steele Is opposed to such a law, deeming it worthless. His county (Grant) tried the primary plan this year, after long experience with delegate con ventions, and failed to find it satisfactory. Representative Cromer, from the adjoin ing county, where the primary plan for nominations has always been employed, except in the year iSTti, when they were made by a delegate convention, ami some of the nominees came close to defeat, says there is a feeling there in favor of a primary law. It is not likely the Re publicans of that county will give up the primary in favor of a delegate convention, whether; the Legislature passes a palmary law or not. Representative Landis says that in his county the parties are so evenly balanced that the office seeks the man, and he hardly thinks a primary law would find favor or operate well. Representative Crumpacker doubts the advisability of a primary law. Representative Brick feels the same way. Representative Ällers said he thought suca a law would conduce to purity in elec tions. Daniel M. Ransdell, sergeant-at-arms of the Senate, doubts that any .benefit would be derived from such a law. The majority opinion is that the best thing to do is to leave the matter of nomi nations to office to the various counties to settle for themselves; that this is a most excellent thing to be decided by local con ditions; that It is peculiarly proper to con tinue the policy of local self-government which has always prevailed as to nomina tions for office, and that it would be un wise and hazardous to make a change such as that contemplated in the proposed law. It is pointed out that some States have adoptetl primary election laws, but that those who have had the experience of running for office under them do not recommend the plan for adoption by others. If anything in the nature of a "purity election" law should be enacted it is thought it should include the nomina tion of th officer as well as the election. One Callfornian In telling how such a law worked in his State, said it had cost him $2,000 to be nominated and' $U2 to be elecTed. Every person of experience in politics admits it is a difficult eiuestlon to deal with and most bf them seem to think that to leave each locality alone to deal with it as circumstances require Is the better part. , . THE POSTAL COMMISSION. r It YVI1I Soon Report on the Cost of Cnrrylng the Malls. WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. The commis sion made up of members of the Senate and House of Representatives in Congress known as the postal commission has about completed Its labors and probably will make its report to Congress by Jan. 10. Numerous charges having been made of exorbitant sums charged , the government for carrying of mails by the railroads and for the use of postal cars, etc.. Congress committeed to this Joint congressional commission the duty of making a thorough investigation of rates paid railroads for mall transportation. The senators on the commission are Messrs. Wolcott, Allison, Chandler and Martin and Representatives Loud, Moody, Catchings and Fleming. The investigation has been in progress during the last four and one-half years and has been exhaustive in all branches. The commission has visited San Francisco, Chicago, New York. Buffalo. Detroit and Boston, taking testimony of railroad of ficials and of all others who could shed Jight on the subject. Meetings were held yesterday and .to-day for the purpose of agreeing on a report, tentative drafts of re ports being presented by members. No final agreement was reached and the commis sion adjourned until Jan. 3. when it is ex pected the matter will be so far along that a report can be made by the 10th. It -is understood the commission Is unanimous in the view that the specifica tion of exorbitant railroad mail carrying charges, amounting to three or four times the jalr value, have not been sustained by the testimony. One of the specifications was that the cost of railway carriage to the government could be cut 23 per cent, at once anel that investigation would show that a reduction of 75 per cent, could be made, so that the total annual cost to the government would be about $S,000,000, in stead of upward of $33.000,000. ft is this specification which, it is understood, the commission is unanimous in not sustaining. Its members are not yet agreed, however, on the question as to whether there is any overcharge, and this is the chief point yet to be decided. It is not yet clear that the report will be unanimous on all points. The question of postal car ren ils is being treated as a part of the general subject and the report will Include this with the deductions on carriage charges in general, the testimony will cover several thousand pages, but the report will be comparatively brief. FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS. House Committee Will Ask an Ap provrlntion of 80.O0O,OOO. WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. The river and harbor bill was completed to-night and Chairman Burton gave out a statement showing the amounts appropriated. The total is approximately $00.000,000, of which about $23.000,000 is in direct appropriations and about $37,000.000 in the authorization of contracts for continuous work. Compared with former river and harbor bills the present one in the second largest on record, and after the Senate has added amend ments It Is expected to be well up to If not ahead of all previous records. The bill of Um carried and that of 1S97, which was the largest on record, carried $72.275, D5. Among the items are the following: Wabash river, below Vincennes, cash, $35. Ouü; Calumet river, Illinois and Indiana, cash, $73.000; Illinois river, cash. $75,0üü; survey, deep waterway, cash. $200,i00; outer harbor at Michigan City, $15,000. -i SENATE ANII HOI SE ADJOl R, Sessions Yesterday Brief, Owing to Death of Mrs. Frye and Mr. Wise. WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. No business was transacted by the Senate to-day. The news of the death of Mrs. William P. Frye, wife of the president pro lern, of the Sen ate, was conveyetl officially to the body, and. out of respect to her memory, imme diate adjournment was taken until Jan. 3, 1901. Senator Fairbanks called the body to order and Rev. Dr. W. II. Milburn pro nounced a beautiful invocation. The sec retary then real a letter from Senator Frye' appointing Senator Fairbanks . presiding officer during his absence from the Senate. Meantime a conference of senators had been held as to the order of business. TUo, reatllng of the journal was suspended, and, at 12:05 p. m., on motion of Mr. ILear, the, Senate adjourned until Jan. 3. The House was in session only twenty-five minutes to-day, when it adjourned out of respect to the memory of Representative Wise, of Virginia, who died at his home in Williamsburg, Va., early this morning. The customary resolutions were adopted and a committee of fifteen members appointed to attend the funeral. Under the joint resolu tion adopted a few davs ago the adjourn ment was until Jan. 3. 1901. Immigration of a Year. Special to the IndlanapolTs Journal. WASHINGTON, Dec. 21.-Nearly half a million people from other parts of the vorld have come into the United States during the year 1900. seeking permanent homes. The details of the immigration during the ten months ending with October, gathered by the Immigration Bureau ani published by the Bureau of Statistics, indi cate that the Immigration for the calendar year will reach about 460.000. Of this num ber more than 100,000 come from Austria Hungary, another 100,000 from Italy, and nearly another 100,000 from Russia; while the United Kingdom furnishes more than 50,000, of which number 40.000 are from Ire land. Of the 4G0.000 immigrants fully 4ÜO,Oi;C come from Europe, while but about 4,0u0. or less than 1 per cent., come from the ttopics. Probnhly Not Killed. WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. The statement was recently made from the lecture plat form in this city that R. Dorsey Mohun, who is building a telegraph line in Africa for the Belgian government, had. with his entire party, been killed by the natives. The mother and sisters of Mr. Mohun live here and enlisted the aid of the State De partment to ascertain the truth of the re port. An Inquiry was cabled to Minister Townsend, at Brussels, and the following reply was received to-day: "Congo of ficially notifies me that they have not re ceived information from any source re garding the killing of Mohun and party." Mr. Mohun, who Is now an employe of the Belgian government, formerly wras United States consul at Zanzibar. Abont Indinninns. Special to the Indianapolis Journal. WASHINGTON. Dec. 21. Representatives Cromei-, Robinson and Brick will remain in Washington during the holidays. Maj. Charles II. Noble, Twenty-fifth In fantry, has been ordered to Indianapolis arsenal to report on subsistence stores re ported unlit for issue, for which Maj. Charles Shaler, ordnance department, is accountable. Senator Fairbanks and Representative Crumpacker are pushing Maj. W. A. Shunk, who was appointed to West Point from Indiana in 1&75. and who is now a major in the Thirty-fourth Volunteer In fantry, for a staff position in the regular army. He Is stationed at Baler, 1. I. Ma jor Shunk's rank in the regulars J cap tain of cavalry, and his organization is Troop F, Eighth Cavalry, Gen. Adna Chaf fee's regiment. Return of Ilnssell IL Harison. Special to the Indianapolis Journal. WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. Lieut. Col. Rus sell B. Harrison arrived here to-day, direct from Porto Rico. It is not known whether, having been denied a court of inquiry, he will seek a congressional investigation as to the cause of his summary discharge from the volunteer army. Mrs. Harrison Js with him. Nntionul Capital Notes. The Senate committee on agriculture yesterday continued its hearing on the oleo margarine bill, the only witnesses heard being opponents of the bill. A general order issued by the War De partment provides that applications for dis charge from enlisted men in both the regu lar and volunteer armies shall be sent through company commanders to the ad jutant general of the army. Representative Lacy yesterday Introduced a bill providing for a "cliff dwellers' na tional park." It provides for the setting aside of a large tract of public land in New Mexico for the purpose of preserving the prehistoric caves and ruins of the cliff dwellers and other relics thereon. Senator Foster and Representative Jones, of Washington, called at the White House yesterday and invited the President to ex tend his trip to San Francisco in May and to include a number of towns in Washing ton. The President readily assented, pro vided nothing occurred to prevent. Secretary Hitchcock has granted the In augural committee permission to hold the ball and entertainments incident to the coming inauguration of President McKin ley in the pension building. The spacious court of the Pension Office, with its archi tectural beauty anel enormous proportions, is well fitted for the inaugural ball. It has been used on former occasions. The judiciary committee of the House has fixed Jan. 11 for hearing the repre sentatives of the municipalities relative to the bill proposing to give the federal courts means of enforcing their judgments against municipalities. An fmportant departure from existing law is involved in the propo sition, and one affecting all cities and towns who borrow money on bonds, or otherwise. m w The Senate committee on territories yes terday heard arguments by Governor Murphy and Delegate Wilton, of the Terri tory of Arizona, in support f the bill for the admission of that Territory as a State. They dwelt especially on the marked in crease in the population of the Territory and urged that it contained both popula tion and wealth sufficient to justify the change in form of government, for which the bill provided. Chairman Southard, of the House com mittee on coinage, will call a meeting soon after the holidays to take up the bill sug gested by the New York Chamber of Com merce and introduced by Mr. Levy, of New York, providing for the exchange abil ity of gold for all kinds of money when presented at the treasury. It is said that hearings will be given to Secretary Gage and prominent representatives of com mercial interests relative to the proposed change. The Cabinet meeting, yesterday, was de void of Interest, no public business of im portance being transacted. It is expecteel that the Hay-Pauncefote treaty, amended by the Senate, would be considered at the meeting with a view to arriving at a de termination as to returning it to the British government. It was found, however, that the document has not yet passed through the hands of the recording clerks of the Senate, so no reference was made to the treaty at the Cabinet meeting. RECEIVER APPOINTED. American National Rank, of Haiti more, Taken from the Directory. WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. The controller of the currency to-night appointed Mr. J. Frank Aldrich temporary receiver of the American National Bank of Baltimore. This bank, it is stated, has suffered a large shrinkage in deposits and has sustained some heavy losses which have involved its capital and surplus and reduced greatly its cash resources. The condition of its as sets Is such that the Itfss to depositors probably will be small. At a meeting of the clearing house of Baltimore this afternoon it was decided that in view of the condition of the bank no further credit could be extended to it, and the controller, being satisfied of a condition of insolvency, a receiver was appointed. The last statement of the bank, made to the controller Oct. 25, shows its condition as follows: Resources Loans and dis counts, $i)7,S25.11; overdrafts. $12.743.50; United States bonds and premiums, SIOG.OOO; real estate, $57,755.57; due from banks. $75. 43S.50; other Items, $Ci.5S7.67; total, $1,013, 350.36. Liabilities Capital stock, surplus and undivided profits, $29.42S.71; circulating notes, $100.000; due to banks, $238.711.79; de posits, etc., $3SS,209.&6; total, $1.010,250.23. A Surprise in Baltimore. BALTIMORE, Md., Dec. 21. The news that the Treasury Department had ap pointed a receiver for the American Na tional Bank was surprising news to the people of northeast Baltimore. The Insti tution had . been regarded as perfectly sound and nothing was known of the action of the Baltimore Clearing House Associa tion to-day until the press dispatches an nounced the appointment of a receiver. The bank, chartered in 1SS1. had a capital of $200.000. The officers, who could not be found to-night, are: President, Joshua Hor ner; cashier, Simon P. Schott; directors, John Baurnschmldt, Edward Thompson. M. W. Hardin, Joshua Horner, David Aber cromble. Dr. George W. Hartman, Dr. E. P. McDevitt, S. B. Marks, Frederick Iler ttl. John McPhaiL .EMILE ZOLA'S FEARS FIFTH ACT IN DREYFIS CASE MAY BE TERRIBLE, HE SAYS. Protest Agninst the Amnesty Bill, Which Will rinnge France Iuto a Dreadful Nightmare. PUNISHMENT TOR CUIGNET GIVEN SIXTY DAYS' CONFINEMENT IN A FORTRESS. Further I neonflrmeel Reports of Hor rible Atrocities Committed by Tnrks on Christians. PARIS, Dec. 22, 5 a. m. The Aurore pub lishes, this morning, a seven-column letter from Emile Zola to President Loubet, pro testing in characteristically eloquent fash ion against the passage of the amnesty bill, which he stigmatizes as a "grave fault" of the government. M. Zola says: "I am confident the day has arrived when this error of amnesty Is recognized, as well as the fact of the gross betrayal by the second condemnation of Dreyfus. It is the duty of the government to put the Dreyfus case again In the hands of the Court of Cassation and to allow all the cases con nected with it to be fought .out. thus giving the French nation a lesson In truth and equity without which it will never be ap peased. The government, however, has de cided upon an opposite course decided to stifle the truth, thus plunging the country into a nightmare certain to last so long as the Dreyfus iniquity Is not repaired." He enumerates the accusations of the famous "j'accuse" letter, each of which he says has been proved so and he emphasizes the injustice to himself in "including me among a number of guilty men who escape under cover of the bill. I predict," he says, in conclusion,, "that the affair is not yet fin ished. The fourth act was plpyed at Rennes, but there is bound to be a fifth. People forget that the German Emperor is in possession of the truth and will be able to throw it into the face of France when the hour comes. This terrifying fifth act Is the one 1 have always feared, and the French government ought not, for a single hour, to accept the terrible eventuality." French Cabinet Sustained. PARIS, Dec. 21. The Chamber of Depu ties to-day at the request of M. Waldeckt Rousseau, the premier, by a vote of 309 to 192 decided to postpone M. Lassies's mo tion to interpellate the government on tho Major Cuignet incident until all the other orders of the day are disposed of, thus shelving the Nationalist attack indefinitely and giving the government a vote of confi dence. MASSACRE OF CHRISTIANS. Horrible Atrocities Alleged to Have Been Committed by Turks. LONDON, Dec. 21. Sensational reports of massacres of Christians by Turks in Al bania continue to emanate from Vienna. A month ago it was reported that 400 Chris tians had been massacred. Early this week it was stated that 200 had perished. Yester day the number was placed at 1,010. To day it is said 1.100 have been slain. Here is one of the stories from Vienna: "Further reports of the Turkish massa cres of Christians show that their instiga tor is a Mohammedan fanatic named Haiduk Islam, who brags of having slaugh tered 200 Christians with his own hands. The Turkish authorities have shown utter indifference to the massacres and the out rages perpetrated on Christians are beyond description. At Bituch men were crucified on trees with stakes driven through their hands and feet. Women were attacked and then mutilated. Children were mur dered by mutilation before their parents' eyes. Women were maltreated at Grumma before the eyes of their husbands, fathers and brothers, and then carried into the bondage of harems. Men were elone to death slowly by various means, their llmba cut off successively and children were thrown into the river. The fiends tortured the Christians at Rlharitz by slicing flesh from all parts of their bodies before killing them. A Greek Orthodox priest was tied in a sack and pitched into the river at Genovitza. The Servian consul at Mltro vitza estimates that 1,100 persons have been killed and 400 women attacked and placed in harems." Another dispatch from Vienna says: "Haiduk Islam's band is plundering and devastating the villages of Prisbend and Novibazar, In the vicinity of his recent massacres in Macedonia. A constant stream of refugees, carrying their posses sions and driving their flocks. Is passing toward the Servian and Montenegrin fron tiers. At Rivitza the Montenegrins sidec with the Christians and repulsed the Turks, mutilating ar.d wounding them as they had the Christians. Haiduk Islam was formerly an Albanian magnate, with great posses sions. He lost all at the hands of Armen ian money-lenders, and thereupon vowed vengeance on the Christians. He collected a horde of fanatics, malcontents and un paid officials and started out to exter minate the 'Christian vermin. The Moslems regard him as the 'defender of the faith " 3IAJOR Cl'IGNET PUNISHED. War Minister Gives Him Sixty Days In n French Fortress. PARIS. Dec. 21. The minister of war, General Andre, has inflated on Major Cuignet sixty days confinement in a for tress. This is disciplinary punishment for disobeying General Andre's orders when called before him yesterday when the gen eral asked the major for an explanation of his conduct in first disclosing to a deputy, m. iasies, a conneienuai aocument or wnich he obtained knowledge while attached to the secret Intelligence office of the War Department; and second, in writing direct ly to the premier, M. Waldeck-Rousseau, t- accuse the Minister of Foreign Affairs, M. Delcasse, of falsehood, thereby trans gressing the regulations which require all officers of the army to forward all letters of complaint through the proper channels. The major will afterward appear before a council of inquiry, which will investi gate his principal offense, that of divulging a document connected with the Pannlzzardl dispatch, which figured In the Dreyfus court-martial at Rennes. A Conviction and n. Death. BERLIN, Dec. 21. Sternberg, the Berlin millionaire banker, who has been on .trial for a long time past, was found guilty to-day of unnamable immoralities and was sentenced to two and a half years Im prisonment, with loss of citizenship for five years. Von Meerschldt Hullesem, the chief of the criminal department, who was sus pended In connection with the Sternberg trial, died to-day. Cable Notes. The United States warship Kentucky en tered the Suez canal yesterday. She will stop at Suez over Christmas, and will pro ceed Dec. 26 for Colombo and Manila. Emperor Nicholas, of Russia will sanction the use of 100.000.000 roubles of 34 per cent, debentures by the Nobles' Agrarian Bank, and 35.0f'0,noO roubles of 4 per cent, certifi cates by the Peasants' Agrarian Bank. Emperor William has accepted designs for memorial coins celebrating the two hundredth anniversary of the establishment of the kingdom of Prussia. A two-mark and a five-mark silver piece will be coined. Italian workmen who have returned from Abyssinia, where they have been for five years, report that many of the prisoner tfken In the war are still In a state of tlavery. The Italian soldiers captured in the war are working for taskmasters tn the interior provinces of the Negus's do minions. Prince Vladimir Eristoff, wife of th: toted swindling Russian prince who fell into disgrace, has committed suicide at Odessa, leaving a letter leaving he pre ferred death to dlshenor. Erlstoff, after being deprived of hi. commission in tn imperial guard and lani.hed frcm St. Petersburg, went to deH, where he gained the hand of the daughter of Gen eral Kriloff, who did not know of hi dis grace. When she learned the truth she killed herself. VANDERBILT TRUST FUND. Report of Appraiser Maxet Submitted to the Surrogate. NEW YORK, Dec. 21.-Robert Mazet. r,s appraiser, this afternoon filed his report in the surrogate's office as to the value at present of the trust fund of $5.000.o left by William H. Vanderbilt to his son, the late Cornelius Vanderbilt. with the right of disposal between his children as he deemed fit., Cornelius Vanderbilt decided that $500,000 should be paid to Cornelius Vanderbilt, Jr., and that the remainder of the fund should be equally divided among his other four children. Mr. Mazet finds that Alfred G. Vanderbilt. Reginald C. Vanderbilt. Gertrude Vanderbilt. who Is now Mrs. Harry Payne Whitney, and Gladys M. Vanderbilt are entitled to $1.4. 273 each, making a total of $5,921.092, to which the fund has accumulated, exclu sive of $500,0n) paid to young Corneliut Vanderbilt. ROGER WOLCOTT DEAD FORMER LEGISLATOR AND GOVER NOR OF THE BAY STATE. Recently- Declined the Italian Minion on Account of 111 Health Wife of Senator Vryrc Also Dead. BOSTON, Dec. 21. Former Governor. Roger Wolcott died at his residence in this city to-day. He became ill with typhoid fever several weeks ago, but reports from his bedside indicated nothing alarming un til the latter part of last week, when new complications produced a change for the worse. From that time until the end came bulletins of his condition were hopeful, but hardly reassuring. His physicians said to night that death resulted from extreme weakness, due to the progress of the dis ease. The members of his family were at his bedside, lie had continued in a lethargic condition for twenty-lour hours, and while probably conscious of what was going on, his mind was not alert and he spoke no word. The disease probably was contracteVi either while on shipboard or soon after he landed in New York after his European visit. The funeral will bo held Monday afternoon in Trinity Church. Roger Wolcott was born In Boston, July 13, 1S47. He was graduated from Harvard in 1S70 and was class orator. Later he studied law and was admitted to the bar, but did not practice much, his large estate requiring his whole attention. He served three terms in the Boston Council, three terms in the State Legislature and was then elected lieutenant governor. Governor Greenhalge died during his term of office and Mr. Wolcott acted for the remainder of the term as chief executive of the State. He was then elected to the governorship. One of Mr. Wolcott's direct ancestors was Oliver Wolcott, colonial Governor of Mas sachusetts, and later a signer of the Dec- . laration of Independence. His wife was Miss Edith Prescott. a great-great-granddaughter of the General Prescott who led the American forces at the battle of Bun ker Hill. . On the 30th of last July President Mc Kinley offered Mr. Wolcott the Italian u'm- bassadorshlp. Mr. Wolcott was then la Europe. He accepted the post provision ally, but later was forced to decline the honor on account of ill health. Richard A. Wise, M. C. WASHINGTON, Dec. 21.-Speakcr Hen derson received a telegram this morning? announcing the death of Dr. Richard A. Wise, the member of the House from the Norfolk, Va., district, at his home at Wil liamsburg at 12:40 this morning. The news of his death came as a great surprise. He was here a few days ago performing his congressional duties. Dr. Wise was twice seated as a member of the House on a contest in the lat and the present Con gresses and had given notice he would contest the seat in the next Congress. He was a member of the well-known Wise family of Virginia and a brother of John S. Wise, of New York. The cause of death was Bright s disease. Wife of Senntor W. P. Frye. WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. Mrs. William P. Frye, wife of the president pro tern, of the Senate, died suddenly at ihe Ham ilton "Hotel this morning at 3:30 o'clock. Mrs. Frye on Tuesday last suffered an acute attack of indigestion and iad since been ill. When she arose this morning she was apparently much improved and par took of breakfast. Shortly after leaving the table the end came without the slight est warning, heart failure causing deatlv The body was t alien on the 4:50 p. m. train to Lewiston, Me., the home of Senator Frye. Frederick Richard Pickers;!!!, B. A. LONDON. Dec. 22. Mr. Frederick Rich ard PlckersgiU. the painter, who was keep er of the Royal Academy from 1V73 to 1&7. died yesterday. Frederick Richard Pickersgill was born in Londonin 1S20. He was a nephew of Henry Richard Pickersglil. It. A. Studied at the Royal Academy; became A. R. A. in 1S47, R. A. in 1M7 ami keeprr of the acad emy in 1S73. His chief pictures re "The Death of King Iear." 1SU; "The Burial of Harold." 1S47. He exhibited frequently and was awarded many honors. Vere Foster Noted Philanthropist. BELFAST, Dec. 21. Vcre Foster, who has been engaged for the last fifty years in assisting the emigration of nearly 25.0O0 young women from the congested districts of the west of Ireland and in the building or furnishing of over 2.200 national schools in every part of Ireland, died here to-day. He was born at Copenhagen in 1819. and was formerly in the British diplomatic service in South America. Served in Conaress vtlth McKinley. TRENTON. N. J., Dec. 2L Ex-Representative John H. Brewer died at his home here to-day. He was a pottery manufacturer and warm jiersonal friend of President McKinley, with whom he served in Con gress. Other Deaths. FRANKFORT. Ky. Dec. 21. Col. Tho. Rodman, for mary years president of the Farmers' Bank of Kentucky, one of the oldest and best known financial men In the South, died to-day, aged seventy-six. SAN FRANCISCO. Dec. 51. Mrs. Fannie Clifford Brown, of Portland. Me., died in this city esterday .of acute pneumonia. Mrs. Brown came to this city to care for a son who returned ill from the Philippines. Mrs. Brown was the widow of the late Philip Henry Brown, a wealthy Maine banker and the daughter of the late Nathan Clifford, associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and chairman of the Tilden and Hayes electoral commission. Legislation In Porto Rico. SAN JUAN. Porto Rico. Dec. 21. A bil Introducing the Jury system In Porto RKo has passed both houses. Frederick L. Corn well, a member of the House of Delegates, has introduced a Houe bill providing for an appropriation of $JC.0u for an insular exhibit at the Pan-Atm-rlcan exposition at Buffalo, provided the rvcfle raise $20.000 additional. The House has passed a bill fixln-: the salaries of the five native councilors at. $4,000. This Is consUered excessive, as it exceed the salary of some of the depart ment heads. It is not likely to pass tho council. ' . . : : - - : -'-