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THE INDIANAPOLIS" JOURNAL, THURSDAY, MARCH 14, 1901.
THE DAILY JOURNAL THURSDAY, MARCH 14, 1001. Telephone Call (Old and .ow.) Busine 0;I5ce....-:J I Editorial r.oorr.s....NU terms of si bscriptip. By CARRIER-INDIANAPOLIS and SUDUKDS. LaUy. Pun-Jay included. W cents per month. Daily, without Sur. ay, 4 ce-nts per month. Hun.Uj-. without :ally, i.t per ear. fcir.Itr cc;it: Daily. 2 cents; fc'unuay. cents. ni- ag::nts EVEiiywiinnc: Dally, jf-r n e. k. 1) csU. Da.ly. .sun-lay irtlu.!, o.t week, 15 cents. bun-Jay, jtr i:sue. 5 rents. IJY 2.1 A I L l'ULirAID: Dally '. it;on. uii-- year DhI y and Sun-.ay, p-r yar buiiday cnly, cue yt-ar... $".) 2.00 iüjduci'l bath. to clud3. Weekly Edition. Cn copy, on: jear 0 cents Five tntj p r month for period le than a year. N.j subscription taken lor less than U.ree nioiith. I'.EDUCED KATES TO CLUES. Fut.critK? vrith any of cur numerous agents or send wuLcription to the JOURNAL NKVSPAPKR COMPANY, ludiniiapulin, Intl. Persons senrtlng the Journal through the mails In the Unite J f-uit tthouM put on an elht-r at papr a. O.NiK K.T postage clamp; on a twelve cr tixte n-paKC paper a TWO-CENT postas stamp. Foieiira postage 1 usually double theso rates. All communications intended for publication In this paper muit. la order to receive attention. L accompanied by the rot me and add re a ot the writer. Rejected manuscripts will not be returned un !ei postage ij Inclosed for that purpose. Entered an second-clans matter at Indianapolis, Ind., poatorr.ee. TUE INDIANAPOLIS JOtH.XAL Can te found at the following places: NEW YORK Astor Hou. CIIICAGO-ralmer House. P. O. New Co., 217 Dearborn street. Auditorium Annex Hotel. CINCINNATI J. IL Ilawley & Co.. 1S4 Vine street. LOUISVILLE C. T. Decrlngr. northwest comer of Third and Jefferson streets, and Louisville liwic Co., IIA Fourth avenue. BT. LOUIS Union News Company. Union Depot. WASHINGTON, D. C. Rlggs House, Ebbltt House and Wlllard's Hotel. Maryland is greatly agitated over the proposition to disfranchise those who can not read. The opposition comes from the reform organization of Baltimore, as well as from Republicans. The experience of Governor Durbin should be notice to all future Governors to have a good stcck of vetoes on hand when they come Into office. They are apt to be needed In the first round with a Legislature. Ono cannot fail to note that senators and representatives who have expressed grave fears of the danger of imperialism under McKinley have promptly accepted commlsslonersh!p3 at $3,000 each at his bands. It is Important that Americans should compare the fitness of the colonists for self-government during the period of the revolution, when every colony had a large number of intelligent leaders, and the most intelligent people In the world, with the people of the Philippines and Cuba. Of course, nobody Questions that the gov ernment drawing by lot of lands in the In dian Territory will be conducted with strict fairness, but It is a strange method for the government to adopt. A private indi vidual advertising a disposal of lots in that way through the mail'' would be arrested. "Stuff and nonsense" is the answer of Senator Ilanna to an inquiry about a third term for President McKinley. Mr. Ilanni took himself out of the list of those talked about, naming Senators Fairbanks, Bever- Idge. Spooncr and Lodge as being spoken cf. "But," he added, "the Senate has never been a good incubator for presidential chicks." While some Americans have nothing but , censure for the acts of the administration In Cuba, foreign consuls and high medical authorities are unstinted in their praise of the political and sanitary results accom plished. With the rest of the world approv ing of American occupation of the island. ihe croaking of a few dyspeptic Americans does not signify much. SIMSSSMSBWSSSBBSSMSSHSWBSHSSMSSBJSSSBSSBHSSSK The circumstantial account of the insanity of President Diaz, of Mexico, wjll not be fully discredited by the denials. He has given order to Mexico with the full liberty which order brings. It remains to be seen If his wonderful rule has so changed the character of the people that his successor can maintain the conditions that, under Diaz, have given prominence and stability to Mexico. It Is stated by Chicago papers that ex- Governor Altgeld and the out-and-out .Bryan voters in that city will vote for the Republican candidate for mayor to punish Mayor Harrison for alleged treach ery to the Bryan ticket. On the other hand, it is claimed that many Repub licans will not vote for the Republican candidate, because he is Lorimer's man: and yet. judging from the reports of all the papers, the Harrison regime has been the most incompetent that ever ruled a large city. While some Americans are advocating municipal ownership of public utilities, tome Englishmen are lauding the American plan of private ownership. A writer in a London paper declares that in telephony Great Britain "is ten years behind the times, thanks to the postoffice monopoly," and Insists that the Inferiority of street railway service in that country Is due not so much to lack of enterprise on the part of the people as to the public ownership fad. Yet the conditions are far more favor able to municipal ownership in British cities than in American. The new antldynehlng law is a stringent one as far as sheriffs are concerned. It makes the seizure and lynching of a pris oner in custody of a sheriff not merely prima facie but conclusive evidence of the rherift's failure to do his duty, vacates his office at once and makes him Ineligible for 'election or appointment to any office. Pro vided, however, that he may have a hear ing tfore the Governor, and If ho can show that he did all in his power to protect the prisoner, he may be reinstated in office. Under such a law sheriffs will not be ant to triile with tluir duty in the matter of guarding prisoners. The reported clash between British and Itus-Ian military authorities over the con rtrurtlon of a railway track at Tlen-Tsin illustrates British ma hods. Vh?:i the Rus sian authorities protested that the British were appropriating land that bWoiiKed to Russia the superintendent of tli work ap pealed to the Britih chi f of staff, who re -plied: '"Carry on the sldir.f-: with armed force if necessary." Appealed to a second time, the general wired, "Continue the sid ing." Then tho .Russian gcneial appealed to the Russian minister, who will lay the matter before the British minister, who will refer it to the military chief of staff, who will wire again. "Continue the siding." and it will be continued. That is the British way. and in this case they had probably settled the question as to ownership of the land before they commenced operations. II E J AMIX 1 1 A H It I SON. The passing of General Harrison takes from the Nation anJ the State one of the most distinguished and remarkable men of the time. To give an adequate estimate of his character, his achievements, his serv ices to the public, is impossible at this time under the surprise of hi3 unexpected death and in such near perspective. In Indian apolis General Harrison has been a familiar and conspicuous figure for so many years that the people of the city have looked upon him as belonging to them in a pecu liar sense as, Indeed, was the case and, notwithstanding the high offices he has held and the honors paid him, have hardly been able to realize how much more he was than. a citizen and how large, to the vision of the outside world, he loomed against the national horizon. To them he was their neighbor and fellow-citizen first and last, and it is as such, rather than as soldier or statesman, that they will mourn for him, leaving it ior others, who knew him only In public life, to measure his services to his country and his rank among the political and intellectual leaders of his generation. But, knowing him best in pri vat life, they have been best acquainted with the qualities which made his great ness. They saw him, when a young man, lay down his law books, take leave of his family, and go to fight his country's bat tles. Many thousands of other men did the same; the action proved only in his case, as in theirs, that a sentiment of patriotism wa3 strong within him. They saw this man, when he returned after doing gallant service, take up his profession again, and devote himself to it with earnestness and Industry. Those who were closest to him know that his professional supremacy, Anal ly reached, was only attained by plodding, slavish study. Absolute thoroughness was his watchword and his practice; nothing that he could provide for in the preparation of his cases was left to chance. And the patience, the perseverance, the plodding, backed by n mind that constantly expand ed because fed on strong food, finally won what was doubtless a greater reward than was dreamed of by him. These friends and neighbors saw this quiet, unassuming man, whose latent powers they had not guessed, reach front rank in his profes sion; they saw him suddenly come Into prominence as a political quantity; It dawned upon them and the people of the State that he, of all others, could repre sent them most acceptably in the Senate of the United States. While there the fact became Impressed upon shrewd managers of political movements that here was a force to be reckoned with, and when a candidate for the presidency was needed later they called him. As President of the United States he served so acceptably that his high rank as a statesman was swiftly recognized, even in foreign lands, and his standing as one of the clearest thinkers and most forceful Intellects of the time was everywhere acknowledged. When he was nominated to this highest office he was practically an unknown quantity to the public at large, for his career in the Senate had not been of the spectacular sort that attracts general attention; yet before elec tion day, by the speeches made to the del egations from all parts of the country vis iting him at his own home, he had con vinced the questioning, intelligent voters that here was a man with clear, well defined, broad ideas on all public topics a man of high Ideals and lofty purpose. This expression of himself, through his little unpremeditated daily addresses, was a revelation even to his fellow-townsmen ot his grasp of affairs, his breadth of cul ture, his mental force. Quiet, retiring, ret icent, he had moved among them, giving them, until this occasion arose, only glimpses of his quality. Nothing In his career was more remark able than the way in which he impressed himself upon the public and brought opin ion to accord with his own after he became President. Entirely lacking in the quality called personal magnetism, this result was due wholly to sheer intellectual force and tho confidence he inspired in his probity of purpose. Since his retirement his pre-eminent ability in the presidential chair has been universally acknowledged, even by his political opponents, and it Is merely an as- sertion of a widely accepted fact to say that during this period the opinions of no ether man in private life have carried such weight as his. In his quiet home, taking no part in affairs, yet keeping a keen eye on events as they progressed, he was a center of Interest and influence. It is no exaggeration to say hat he was by far the greatest individual force in the country There was a general feeling that his opin ions might be needed in emergencies, and a certainty that his words when spoken would be wise and well considered. Emer gencies are imminent in these days, and the silencing of the voice of this sage and statesman will be felt as a very real na tional loss. He was a man of great and varied gifts and attainments, and in every way in which he was called to serve he did his part well. As citizen, as soldier, as lawyer, as statesman, as public officer, as p'atrlot, he did his duty thoroughly and conscientiously. As pa triot, indeed, he would, perhaps, most wish to be mentioned and remembered, for with 1 im patriotism was a passion, a religion. It speaks through his public addresses, through his state papers, through his con tributions to literary periodicals. Even in the delirium of his last illness he talked cnly of public affairs, unconsciously proving how ciose to his heart these were. He loved his country truly, as few men love It, and thought only of its highest good. General Benjamin Harrison's life was In deed well lived and well rounded. Of strictest personal Integrity, faithful to his duties as neighbor and citizen and church man, he was a man whom It Is well to have had in a. community; equal to all demands In the larger public life, the country Is better that he was born. Benjamin Harri son was a good man and a great man, and there Is grief that he I dead. Enforcement of the new pure-fond law will work great Improvement in the condi tions and methods pursued in many baker ies and confectioneries. If reports are true the environments of some of these plates are so unwholesome as to call for radical reforn, and the habits of some persons who work .'n them are equally so. Under the new law the inspector of factories has am ple authotlty to remedy existing evils, and he should not hesitate to cxerci?e it. Because Senator McLaurin, of South Car olina, signified hl3 purpose to act no longer with the Democrats In tne Senate, he Is charged with seeking a federal judgeship at the close of his term two years hence. He has been quite Independent the past two years, to the disgust of Senator Till man. FROM HITHER AND YON. At the Woman Club. Puck. "Why was -he blackballed?" "Why, she considered her husband before ap plying for membership!" Out? Difference. Cleveland Plain Dealer. "There Is one difference between Andrew Car negie and me." "Indeed! What is it?" "Andy's afraid he'll die poor. I'm sure I will." The Difference Puck. Little Clarence fa, what is the difference be tween a professional and an amateur? Mr. Callipers Why, one does it because ho has to. and the other because he doesn't have to. (iiieMtloii of Cirnniniar. Chicago Tribune. "I wouldn't care what those splteJul old cats said about my acting If I were you," spoke her intimate friend, sympathizing-. "They're noth ing but a lot of 'has-beens.' " "I I think," sobbed the young Bo.ton actress, "tho c-correct form Is 'have-beens'!" llnnh Judgment. I'Mladelphla Press. Vowne That fellow Taylor is a skin. Browne 'Sh! You shouldn't say anything like that unless you're sure about it. Towne I am sure about It. He sold me this suit of clothes, and Just look at It. Browne Well, don't you know you should never Judge a man by his clothes? EVANS MAY NOT RETIRE COMMISSIONER OF PENSION'S MAY COXT1XLK TO HOLD HIS OFFICE. No Encouragement Given Senator De pew, Who l'rcMentcd Gen. Palmer'- Name to the President. WASHINGTON, March 13. Senator De pew and Representative Southwlck. of New York, to-day presented to the President the name of Gen. John Palmer, of Albany, N. Y., as a candidate for pension commission er, to succeed II. Clay Evans. General Palmer was commander-in-chief of the G. A. R., In lsui, and was twice secretary of state of New York. In presenting General Palmer as a candidate it was on the sup position that there was to be a change in the head of the Pension Offlce. The Presi dent, however, it is understood, gave no di rect intimation of his purpose of appointing a successor to Colonel Evans. Senator De pew said the matter of Col. William Carey Sanger's appointment as assistant secre tary of war was not mentioned during his interview with the President. Postage Stumps In Deninnd. WASHINGTON, March 13.-An evidence of the great commercial activity prevail ing in the country is manifest in the enor mous demand for postage stamps. The demand is so heavy and persistent that the stock of stamps has become very much de pleted. The law requires that there shall be kept constantly on hand at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing lOO.OOO.OX) one and 200,OX),X)0 two-cent stamps. Heretofore there never has been any difficulty in sup plying the current demand for stamps and at the same time In maintaining the re serve. The demand recently, however, has increased so rapidly that the number of two-cent stamps in the reserve nas been Decreased to L,juo,uoo and the number of one-cent stamps to 36.0uo.uoo, and now the Treasury Department has decided to in crease the hours of work in the postage stamp division of the Bureau of Engrav ing and Printing to prevent further en croachment upon Ihe reserves. Cranfordivllle to Get Four Cannon. Special to the Indianapolis Journal. WASHINGTON, March 13.-Representa-tlve Landis left this afternoon for his home. Prior to leaving he secured the consent of the War Department to give to the city of Crawfordsvillo four cannon cap tured during the Spanish-American war. These trophies of victory are to be placed in the public square of the city. A postoffice has been established at Black Hawk, Vigo county, with George C. Smith as postmaster. M1SCELLANEOIS NEWS. 31inlnter Loom in Will lie Protected l'atent Commissioner to Resign. The quartermaster general Is informed of the arrival of the transport Wright at Alalia on ner way to the Philippines. Commissioner of Patents Charles I. Duell will tender his resignation to the President in the near future. Mr. Duell contemplated retiring as head of the l'atent Office last fall, but at the request of the President remained through the first administration. The commissioner will resume tho practice of patent law. William J. Bryan, who arrived in Wash ington Tuesday night, left yesterday for his home in Nebraska, Mr. Bryan, during his short stay at the capital, was the guest of Mr. T. C. Bride, a personal friend. He had a long conference with Judge Wil liam M. Springer, and was called upon by a number of Democrats. The secretary of the navy has detailed the following officers as the court of in quiry to investigate the grounding of tho training ship Dixie off Maryland point March 12, with a view to determining the responsibility for the accidents: Captain William C. Wise. E. V. Watson and J. H. Dayton, with Lieutenant Edward Moals as Judge advocate. The Dixie has been ordered to Norfolk, where she will o placed In dry dock to ascertain the extent of her injuries. Regarding the reports from Venezuela, to the effect that United States Minister Loomis is being prosecuted with a delib erate purpose to find a basis for giving h m his passports, tt is said here in of ficial circles that it will not be possible for any such scheme to succ?ed. conceding that such a purpose is entertained. It is further stated that Minister Loomis has, at every phase of the asphalt controversy and of the rebellious movement in Ven ezuela, acted according to precise instruc tions from the State Department. There fore It Is not conceivable to the official, that Venezuela is ready to adopt a course w hich-c rtninly wopk! lead to the prave' complications, for there is no doubt th.it the State Department will stand squarely behind its minister in thb; matter. PLEASANT TASK FOR JORDAN. Amerlcn'n !otel Ichthyologist to Classify the Fi? lie of Huunll. STANFORD UNIVERSITY, Cal., March IS. Prsidcnt IX S. Jordan and Dr. O. P. Jenkins, of the physiology department, have bevn ltpute.1 by the government to IT. to Haw ill and superintendent a year's investigation of the fi-hes and fish laws of I the islands. They will be accompanied by B. F. Ewrmann, of Stanford, and by sev- r.tl Eastern scientists. Dr. Jordan will have the university at the close of the present semtsttr, to be gone all summer. TP IUI in DEAD I The Record of a Life Filled with Civic, Military and Political Usefulness. 1S33, Aug. 20. Born at North Bend, O., In the house of his grandfather, William Henry Harrison. Early education obtained from tutors in his fathers household. 1S17. With his brother Irwin sent to Cary's Academy on College Hill, near Ci:i cinanti, O., where he remained two years. 1SC0. Went to Miami University, Oxford. O. Same year joined Presbyterian Church at Oxford. 1S52, June. Graduated from Miami Um- I versity. Ranked fourth in a class of six teen. 1S52, fall. Entered law office of Storer & G wynne, Cincinnati, where ho remained two years. 1ST)3, Oct. 2S. Married Caroline L. Scott, daughter of Rev. Dr. John W. Scott, pres ident of Oxford Female Seminary. 1S54. Admitted to the bar in Cincinnati. 1S5I, March. Moved to Indianapolis. First money was earned in position cf crier of Federal Court at $2.50 per day. 1S54, later. Entered office of John H. Rea, cierk of United States District Court. 1554. later. Participated in first Jury trial, assisting Major Jonathan W. Gordon in prosecution of "Point Lookout" burglary case. Was opposed by Governor David Wallace. 1555. Formed law partnership with Wil liam Wallace. 1800. Formed law partnership with Wil liam P. Fishback, which continued until outbreak of civil war. 1800, Tall. Elected reporter of the Su preme Court of Indiana. Issued Volumes 15 and 13 and nearly completed Volume 17 of the Supreme Court reports when he en tered tho army. In this same year he joined the First Presbyterian Church in Indianapolis, of which he was an active member to the time of his death. 18(2, July. Refused offer of command of a regiment, made by Governor Morton. Ob tained a second lieutenant's recruiting com mission and raised and took the first com pany (A) of the Seventieth Indiana Infan try into camp. In less than thirty days Lieutenant Harrison was in Kentucky with 1,010 men.. It was the first regiment in the field under that call. Entered active mili tary service as colonel. 1804. Re-elected reporter Supreme Court while he was still in the field. 1SGT, June 8. Mustered out after receiving commission as brevet brigadier general. 1S03. July. Entered law firm of Porter & Fishback, which then became Porter, Harrison & Fishback. 1876. Unanimously chosen as the Repub lican nominee for Governor of Indiana, after withdrawal of Godlove S. Orth late in the campaign. Defeated. 1S?J. Member Mississippi River Commis sion by appointment of President Hayes. 18S0. As chairman of Indiana delegation in Republican national convention cast nearly the entire vote of the State for James A. Garfield for President. 1881. Chosen United States senator from Indiana. Declineu offer of Cabinet position from Senator Garfield. Was senator until 1867. 1SSS. Nominated for President on eighth ballot In Republican national convention at Chicago. Elected in November, receiv ing 233 electoral votes against 16S cast for Grover Cleveland. 188Ü. Inaugurated President of the United States, March 4. 112. Renominated for President In na tional Republican convention at Minneapo lis. Defeated in November election. 1S03. Returned to Indianapolis and re sumed practice of law by himself. 1S9S-190O. Came into public notice by hU connection with the dispute between Great Britain and Venezuela, being retained as leading counsel by Venezuela at an enor mous fee. His employment required him to make a trip to Europe in the summt; of 18i9. when he delivered a brilliant argu ment before the international tribunal sit ting in Paris. IIIS LIFE IX BRIEF. The Principal Event In the Life of Ilenjnnitn Harrison. Benjamin Harrison, one of the most pic turesque and commanding figures In civil, political and religious affairs of this coun try, was born on the farm of his father, John Scott Harrison, near North Bend, O., on the 20th of August, 1S33. His early years were not spent amid tjie enervating in fluences of luxury, although his parents were able to provide him with an educa tion that was of the best. Until his four teenth year he was trained and taught by tutors in his father's household. At four teen he and his brother Irwin were sent to Cary's Academy, a preparatory institution of learning located on what was then known as College Hill, a few miles dis tant from Cincinnati. In 1S50, when young Harrison was seven teen years old he entered Miami University at Oxford, O., andv completed the course, graduating in June, 1852. His aptitude in learning may be gathered from, the fact that In a class of sixteen members be ranked fourth. After a vacation of a few weeks he "went to Cincinnati and entered the law office of Storer & Gwynne as a stu dent. Here he remained two years. On Oct. 28, 153, he was married to Caroline L. Scott, daughter of Rev. Dr. John W. Scott, president of Oxford ' Female Seminary. Early in the year 1854 Mr. Harrison was admitted to the bar in Cincinnati, and in March of the same year he removed to In dianapolis, where he settled. It is said that he earned his first money in this city by serving as court crier in the Federal Courts at $2.50 per day. In a short time he was given a position in the office of John H. Rhea, clerk of the United States District Court. HIS FIRST JURY TRIAL. In the fall of 1S54 he participated in hl3 first Jury trial, which was a distinct event in the young attorney's life. He was junior counsel with the late Maj. Jonathan W. Gordon, one of Indiana's most brilliant law yers, in the prosecution of the "Point Look out" burglary case. The opposing counsel was Governor David Wallace, who paid young Harrison a high compliment upon the ability he displayed in the conduct of the case. The next year young Harrison fcrmed a law partnership with William Wallace, a union that lasted until 18C0, when Mr. Harrison associated himself with the late William Pinckney Fishback, an other brilliant member of the Indiana bar. This alliance continued until the outbreak of the civil war. In the fall of 1mx Air. Harrison was elected reporter of the Indi ana Supreme Court, end during his tenure ol thin office, until the beginning of the war, was able to publish Volumes 15 and It' and nearly complete Volum1- 17 of thi Supremo Court n-ports. In lv' Mr. Harri son joined the First Presbyterian Church of this city, of which he remained an active member until the time of his death, except durir.K the period in which he was President cf the United States, when ho temporarily transferred his membership to a church of the same denomination in the national capi tal. In July. 1SH2. Governor Morton offered Mr. Harrlon the command of a regiment In the war. This offer was declined and th3 young man secured a second lieutenant's recruiting commissicn and besan the work of raising a regiment. He raised and took into the field the first company (A) of the Seventieth Indiana Infantry. In less than thirty days after he obtained his lieuten sX-PRESIDENT ant's commission he had gathered together and taken to the field In Kentucky 1.010 men the first regiment sent into the field under that particular call. He did not enter ac tive military service as second lieutenant, however, but was made colonel of the regi ment. In 1G4. while still doing military duty of the most brilliant kind, he was honored by hi fellow-citizens at home with te-ection as reporter of the Supreme Court. n loo. on June S, he was mustere! out with the title of brevet brigadier gen eral, conferred upon him for gallant serv ices. A POWERFUL LAW FIRM. In 1S05 the new law firm of Porter, Harri son & Fishback, one of the most powerful in the State in its day, was created by the association of Benjamin Harrison with Al bert G. Porter and William P. Fishback. This partnership continued until 1S76, when it was interrupted by General Harrison be ing unanimously chosen as the Republican candidate for Governor to succeed the late Godlove S. Orth, who withdrew from the race very suddenly late in the campaign. The withdrawal of Mr. Orth made it im possible for the Republicans to win, but the great popularity of General Harrison was demonstrated by the fact that he forged ahead of his ticket by 2.0U0 votes. Late in the year of 1S79 President Hayes appointed General Harrison a member of the Missis sippi River Commission, which position he held until 1SS1. in 1SS0 as chairman of the Indiana delegation in the Republican na tional convention he cast nearly the entire vote of his State for James A. Garfield for President of the United States. President Garfield desired to honor General Harrison with a place in his Cabinet, but the latter declined, preferring to accept,, the honor of selection as United States senator from In diana. He was In the Senate the full term of six years. General Harrison was allowed to spend only a few months at home and tlon of his term as senator in 1SS7. A In 18S3 he was nominated for President of the United States in the Republican na tional convention at Chicago on the eighth ballot. His triumphant election by 233 elec toral votes against 10S cast for Mr. Cleve land followed in November of the same year. His admirable administration made him the logical candidate for renomlnation in 1S2 at Minneapolis, but by a strange whim of the people (afterwards keenly regretted) he was defeated at the polls in November of that year and his former opponent, Grover Cleveland, elected in his stead. RETURNED TO THIS CITY. Soon after the close of his term as Pres ident in March, 1893, he returned to his home city of Indianapolis and began again the practice of law in the most simple and unostentatious manner. Although General Harrison never in the least sought notorie ty, his reputation as a brilliant attorney and profound constitutional lawyer hud spread until he was in the greatest demand in important litigation, not only in this country, but abroad. Perhaps the most notable case in which he figured after his retirement from the presidency was that which involved a dispute between Great Britain and Venezuela concerning the lo cation of the latter's northern boundary line. General Harrison was given a large retaining fee as counsel for Venezuela, and in the noteworthy legal battle before the international tribunal at Paris was a lum inous figure. He was chief counsel in the celebrated suits brought by the city of In dianapolis against the Citizens' Street-rail-rcad Company, which were on his advice transferred to the Federal Circuit Court. One of his most memorable legal ad dresses was delivered in the hearing of these suits before Judges Woods and Baker, of the United States Circuit and District courts. General Harrison's mas terly argument in this case was taken down verbatim and printed, and has been In great demand ever since by corporation attorneys and courts all over the country. Such, in brief, is the career of one of the most remarkable men this country ever produced. A conspicuous feature and one lrom which young men Just entering upon the struggle of life may well gather en couragement is that General Harrison achieved eminence through his own un aided efforts unaided except, perhaps, by the influence of heredity. m CAREER AS A LAWYER. General Ilnrriaon Ranked Anions the Greatest in the Lnnd. As a lawjer General Harrison ranked second to no other member of the bar in the country. He was not a specialist in practice. A brilliant advocate, he was no less a profound counselor. He was capable of making an address to a jury that would sway the body by its eloquence, beauty and feeling. With equal force and convincing power he could address the highest and most august tribunal of the Nation, the Supreme Court of the United States, upon the most intricate question of constitutional Interpretation or statu tory construction. His advice as an office counselor was In the greatest demand and brought the highest compensation. The foundation for General Harrison's brilliant career as a lawyer was laid dur ing the two years he spent as a stu dent and clerk in the office of the notable law firm of Storer & Gwynne, In Cincin nati, in 1S52 and 1853. Few lawyers have been more honored In Western legal cir cles than Bellamy Storer, the senior mem ber of the firm. Doubtless from contact with this really r.oble man young Harri son absorbed, at least, strength for certain other characteristics that afterwards helped materially to constitute him the conspicuous figure he was in military and civil life. It Is said of Bellamy Storer that his name was a synonym for honor, ability and genuine patriotism; that his life was a succession of good deeds, and that as a Judge the ermine he wore on the bench was even whiter when put off than when he put it on. Socially, Judge Storer was the pattern of a gentleman, just as the young student in his office has fdnce so thoroughly demonstrated himself to have been. COMING TO THIS CITY. Coming to this city in March, 1S54. with an inheritance of $800 as his sole reliance on which to build his fortune, young Har rison secured office space in the State Bank building, on the triangular corner oppo site the Bates House, through the kindness of John H. Rhea, who was then clerk of the United States District Court. Young Harrison and his wife boarded In the Roll house, on the corner of Maryland street, a square below the bank building. About this time, through the kindness of United States Marshal John L. Robinson and his deputy, George McOuat. the young attor ney was given a "boost" by being appoint ed court crier, at a salary of J2.W per day. Mr. Harrison's first case was a prosecu tion for burglary. He had attracted the favorable notice of Major Jonathan W. Gordon, then prosecuting attorney of Mar ion county, who engaged him to assist in the prosecution of the case, which was known as the "Point Lookout" burglary. Young Harrison made copious notes of the trial, but when his turn to address the Jury came the hour was In the evening and the sheriff had provided only one can dle for the desk at which th young law yer stood. Finding he could not decipher his notes by the miserable light. Harrison threw th-?m aside with sudden determina tion, and to his own amazement, found that he could recall the evidence with per fect clearness without the aid of manu script. H'-s speech attracted great atten tion among the attorneys, court attaches, jurvmen and spectators that listened to It. and the prediction was freely made that he would "score a heavy mark" in the world yet. William Wallace, with whom young Har rison was associated In the practice of law during 1800 ami lsOl. said of him: "He soon disclosed his admirable qualities as a lawyer quick of apprehension, clear, meth odical and logical in his analysis and state ment of a case. He possessed a natural faculty for getting the exact truth out of a witness, either by a direct cr cross-examination." This characterization of General Harrison in the early days of his career as a lawyer held true to the end. BIO FIRM FORMED. The firm of Porter, Harrison & Fishback was 'formed in 18"5. and continued under that name until 1S70. when Mr. Fishback retired and Cyrus C. Hlnes took his place. When Governor Porter retired Mr. W. H. H. Miller, afterwards attorney general of the United States under President Harri son, entered the firm. Mr. Eines retired in 1SS4. and John B. Elam was taken into the firm, which became Harrison. Miller & Elam. and remained as such until General Harrison became President and Mr. Miller attorney general. In his biography of General Harrison, written shortly prior to tho latter's entry into the high office of the President of the United States, Central Lew Wallace said of him: "General Harrison is a lawyer by natural gifts. Probably no contemporary exceeds him in quickness of comprehension and breadth or reach of Judgment. Analy sis with him is an instinctive mental op eration. He does not go to the books to find principles: with the principles already in mind it is his custom to ask for the au thorities. Thr.t which ousht to be the law, as he sees it. almost invariably turns out to be the law. These qualities make him a master of all classes of questions and equip him for practice in the hUhest courts as well as in the lower, in criminal cases not less than civil, in matters probate and in matters chancery. They make him also equally formidable oefore ä jury or a judge. His examination and cross-examination of witnesses are never-failing sources of amusement and studv to the bystander. When he has finished" with a witness and notified him to st and aside It is seldom that he has not wrung from him all the person knows of the least pertinency to the issues involved in the case. On such occa sions he is scrupulously kind and courte ous. The witness steps down and out and goes his way without bitterness; if he has crossed himself he is very often unaware of it. In after-reflection he remembers chhefly the pleasant voice and countenance of his Interrogator. "So in argument in the heat of conflicts. General Harrison Is scrupulously observant of the amenities due to the Jury, opposing counsel and tho presiding Judce. His de portment to the latter is so respectful that, while wrestling against an adverse opinion, he was never known to have been the oc casion of a scene in court. He is earnest where what he thinks his rights are in volved, but never Insolent, cringing or an gry. In course of speech, speaking of the facts elicited, he keeps himself carefully within the record. In the closing argu ments the opposing counsel finds no neces sity to interrupt him, neither has he trouble with him in preparing a record for appeal. "Tricks, traps, surprises and small ad vantages are foreign to General Harrison's ideas of professional honor. He may not be always eloquent, but he Is always logi cal. If the occasion demands it. however, he can be grandly eloquent. His indigna tion, like his pathos, is natural. He despises attempts at dramatic effect; he Is charac teristically straightforward and his com parisons are never far-fetched. The secret of his power, whether In court or on the stump, lies' in the fact that he never falls to make himself perfectly understood." NOTABLE LAW CASES. Some of the most notable cases in which General Harrison appeared were the famous damage suit brought against Gov ernor Alvin P. Hovey by Lambdin P. Mil ligan and others on account of their arrest and trial as members of the Infamous con spiracy against the Union known as the Knights of the Golden Circle; the notable case in the Supreme Court of Indiana en titled "Robert S. Robertson vs. The State on the relation of Alonzo G. Smith," being the case familiarly known as the "Lieuten ant Governor case." involving the title to the seat of Lieutenant Governor, which was usurped oy Mr. Smith by force and violence: the great criminal prosecution of Mrs. Nancy Clem for the mur- Z , o . lounff and his wife at Cold Springs, near Indianapolis; the Buns jusuiuien Dy tne city of Indianapolis against the Citizens' Street-railway Com- VnJ', trans:ferr'd to anJ heard by the united States Circuit Court; and the Vene zuela boundary case, which possessed inter national importance. In the Lieutenant Governor case General Harrison gave the first noteworthy evidence of his consum mate ability r.S a COnstItlltfnn.nl nvr Many of the most profound and intricate constitutional questions and points were involved in the case, and the Judges on the Supreme Bench included such able jurists as Allen Zollars, James L. Mitchell and Byron K. Elliott These eminent legal lights put all kinds of nuzzli ncr nullst Inn trt General Harrison during his argument be fore them, and the attorney astonished all present at the hearing by the wonderful quickness and clearness with which he afiswered the interrogatories, almost as rapidly as they were voiced. Throughout his 'later brilliant career he never came upon the time when the luster of his fame achieved in the celebrated Robertson-Smith case dimmed in the slightest degree. In the street car cases he made an oral argument without the aid of manuscript that wa3 taken down In shorthand, printed and scat tered broadcast among the prominent law yers of the land. This argument Is still used and quoted in cases involving similar issues. It is not likely that a stronger or clearer statement of the rights and obliga tions of a street-railroad company has ever been made. In the Venezuela boundary dis pute General Harrison demonstrated that the law contains no altitudes which he could not reach. From a position as the foremost constitutional lawyer of his own country he leaped Into eminence as a man thoroughly versed in International law. He argued for his client, the country of Vene zuela, before the august tribunal at Paris, composed of the greatest jurists of the world, and in fierce competition with the ablest counselors of England and France. General Harrison's marvelous ability to make himself easily and thoroughly com prehended by everybody within sound of his voice, whether it were raised on the stump or before a-legal tribunal, has been mentioned. An admirable example of this faculty is found in his fascinating and at the same time profoundly erudite book "This Country of Ours," in which he pre sented the American constitutional form of government in almost as readily under stood manner as Charles Dickens did the history of his country In his "Child's His tory of England." HARRISON AS A SOLDIER. A Record for Great Bravery Mnde In the Civil War. General Harrison was a many-sided man and in all directions was developed perfect ly. Viewed as a citizen, as a lawyer, as a statesman, as a politician, as a soldier or as a Christian gentleman he is found always worthy of one's highest admiration and most unstinted praise. Just at this period of tho world's history, when wars and rumors of wars are rife, it will be found interesting to contemplatex General Harri son as a soldier. General Harrison was a young man of twenty-nine when he first felt the call to do military service for his country. It was soon after the memorable Union victory at Pittsburg Landing, April 7, 18C2, the fruits of which were the recovery of the Missis sippi river to Its mouth and the separation of the transmlrsissippi States of the Con federacyArkansas, Louisiana and Texas from the States east of the river. These fruits were lost by the inaction that fol lowed the victory and by the division of the splenld army gathered at and around Cor inth into detachments and scattering them aimlessly up and down the country. The loyal people of the West were greatly dis couraged. Indiana and Ohio were in great danger, the Confederates having a large force in Kentucky. President Lincoln had Just issued another call for troops, but the pub lic depression made it difficult to raise the necessary quota from Indiana. At this juncture- young Harrison called on Gov ernor Morton and offered his services to re cruit a regiment. The Governor said he would not ask Mr. Harrison to abandon his office of reporter of the Supreme Court to go into the field, but that he would gladly avail himr elf of his services in raising the regiment. SECURING RECRUITS. The patriotic young man replied that he could not go out and make speeches urging men to go where he himself would not go. He went at once to a hat store, bought a military hat, and then, engaging a fifer and drummer, returned to his office, sus pended a flag from his window, and com menced gathering recruits for Company A of the Seventieth Indiana. The company was quickly drilled and put into tamp ir. the western part of Indianapolis (Military Park), where they remained about a month undergoing dally drills from a drillmastcr hired in Chicago by young Harrison, who paid for the man's services out of his own pocket. Meantime he was commissioned second lieutenant. Not content with rais ing this company, he made speeches and helped others to ralce companies until a reclment was filled. Governor Morton then voluntarily commissioned Harrison colonel of the Seventieth Indiana Infantry. Colonel Harrison's first imiortant mlll- tarv eneairemeiit was an e xnedlllon agalnrt a body of rebels at Russellvllle, Ky.. which he routed with a loss of forty killed ami wounded among the rebels and only cne Unionist killed. Tho Seventieth Regiment was bridrd with the Seventy-ninth Ohio and the Twelfth, One-hundred-and-fif th and One-hundred-and-twenty-ninth Illinois. Brigadier General W. T. Ward, of Ken tucky. In command. By an extraordinary coincidence the organization thus brought about remained unaltered until the close of the war. Out of the association thus forme! grew a confidence ef regiment In regiment that was of incalculable value to the cause. Colonel Harrison, holding the senior commission, was given the tight of the brigade. Jan. 2, 1'4, Ward s brigade became part of the First Division of th Eleventh Army Corps, and Colonel Harri son was placed in command of it. General Ward taking the division. That Colonel Harrison was a brave and gallant soldier, as well as an able com mander and thorough tactician, was dem onstrated by his conduct of almost un paralleled bravery at the great battle of Resaca, in which he was one of the first to cross the parapet and engage in contllct with clubbed muskets. After that Colonel Harrison was lovinglv christened "Little Ben" by his soldiers, and the sobriquet clung to him through the remainder of his lif? whenever he came in contact with any ef his army comrades. Soon after wards Colonel Harrison supported Colonel Coburn in the latter's notable capture of Cassville. OTHER ENGAGEMENTS. Other prominent engagements In which Colonel Harrison figured with distinction were: the battle of New Hope Church, the engagement at Gilgal Church, the great battle at Kenesaw mountain, Peachtree creek, battle of Atlanta. The character of General Harrison's serv ices during the three years he served In the civil war la admirably summarized in the commission as brevet brigadier general given him under the autograph of Presi dent Abraham Lincoln, countersigned by Edwin M. Stanton, secretary of war, which states that it was giwn "for ability and manifest energy and gillantry In com mand of the brigade." General Harrison's certificate of discharge shows the muster out of service of "Benjamin Harrison, colonel and brevet brigadier general. Sev entieth Regiment of Indiana infantry vol unteers," that he wag enrolled on Aug. 7, lvJ2. to serve thre-e years or during th war, and discharged on the 8th of June. 1865. at Washington, D. C. by reason of general order No. 77. adjutant general's of fice; 1805. and instructions, adjutant gen eral's office. May 10. 105. A bare account of General Harrison'! army career, without attempt at coloring. Is calculated to fire one's biood with pa triotism and to cause h succession of the keenest thrills. General John Coburn. also a distinguished citizen of Indianapolis and Indiana, who was himself a gallant of--fleer and soldier in the civil war, in refer ring to General Harrison's conduct at Peachtree creek, paid him the following high trlhute: HIGH TRIBUTES. "Line after line of rebels came over tht ridge toward us. On the left of my brigade they met with no resistance until I rode to Colonel Woods and asked him to advance, which he did, losing very heavily ami fill ing up the gap towards the Fourth Corps. About this time Harirson and his men on my right rose up and charged, un, hill with terrific power. My brigade was not slow to get up and rush forward. The rebels came down hill into and through oUr rank pellmell, dropping their arms and surren dering. Woods continued his advance on the left and soon the ridge was ours. Har rison was the personification of fiery valor with voice and gesture urging on the furi ous charge. We could see the divisions on our right and left giving way in apparent confusion; the regiment was surprised on the right with their arms in the stack. A battery was captured, and on the left a host of fugitives scattered towards tho rear. But our advance seemed to give them encouragement they rallied anel retook their lines. Our soldiers all got a supply of new Enfield rifles on the field; the gun streps were not soiled. I never saw on an battlefield dead and wounded in such num bers and so close together. It was a com plete surprise to us all. Hood had Just that day taken command with orders to fight and fight at once and all the time. Johnston by his caution had made ua care less. We were not looking for such a mad rush. No man in the army that night stood higher than Harrison for heroism. Had he been a West Tolnter his promo tion would have been ordered by tele graph." It was at Peachtree creek that Colonel Harrison won the profane and fiery ap proval of the hot-blooded Fighting Joe llooker. While waiting with his men In re serve, Harrison saw a detachment of Hood's forces coming towards him. Th crest of a hill was between them. Harrison saw instantly that it would not do to wait and receive this attack at the foot of th hill. Without an order he assumed the re sponsibility of charging his reserves up the hill to meet the rebels half way. This was done with so much Impetuosity an.t courage that the rebels were sharply re pulsed. It was for this that General Jo Hooker roared out to Harrison, after it was over: "By G , sir. I will have you made brigadier general for this." A MEMORABLE CAMPAIGN. Hovr the Rattle of 1SSS Was Fought and Won. The campaign of 1S.SS. as a result of which General Benjamin Harrison was Inaugurated twenty-third President of the United States on the 4th of March. 1SS3. was one of the most memorable and pic turesque In the history of political cam paigns In the United States. It was of rather unusual length, beginning on the day of his nomination, at Chicago. June 25. 1SSS, and continuing with increasing vigor up to the day of the national elec tion. Nov. 6. lf8S. The most picturesque feature, perhaps, was the fact that General Harrison re mained at his North Delaware-street home in Indianapolis to conduct his part of the work of the campaign. There were no flights across the continent in palace ears, no "swings around the circle," no trips to large cities to make Impassioned appeals to the people to "give him a trial" in the highest office in the gift of the American people. He preferred rather to hedge himself about with the lignlty that belongs to an American citizen of the highest type, and let the great office come to him. The lofty attitude of General Har rison In this matter won for him hun dreds and thousands of friends and ar dent admirers and supporters each day of the campaign. The dignified, unostenta tious campaign conducted by him In has since, on several Important occasions, been referred to and cited as an example worthy of being followed by ethers seek ing the same position. ALL EYES ON THIS CITi. Naturally, the fact that Indianapolis was the home of a man who was likely to become President of the United States caused a general turning of eyes towards Indiana's capital city from all parts of the country. This city became a sort of Mecca, towards which hundreds and thous ands of eager pilgrims Journeyed dally. Only a few hours after the receipt of the news of the nomination of General Har rison for President at Chicago, on Mon day, June 25, 1VSS. delegations from neigh boring cities and towns began pouring Into Indianapolis to congratulate the already distinguished Indlanlan upon his Litest honor. From the moment the result at Chicago was made known, and for tw days thereafter. Indianapolis was the sceno of excitement and enthusiesm cf n un restrained character never before paral leled In its history. The first out-of-town delegation to artive was the Republican Club of Danville. Hendricks rr.unty. In diana, three hundred strong, led by L. M. Campbell. Ira J. Chase. Major J. H. Hu man.. Joel T. Baker. Captain Worrei anl Enoch G. Hogate. They arrived the aftt-r-noon ff the th. und were at once rs corted to the Harrison residence by a crowd of five thousand excited lndl UiH;o'i4 cltlze-n. In itiiek micc .Ion th am afternoon came a ieb-gatlon from Plain fit Id. Hendricks county, two delegations from Hamilton and Howard counties, and on the evening of the same day more th