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THE INDIANAPOMS JOURNAL. SUND AT AUGUST 11. 1901.
NEW POWER IN THE SEA
wnMM-'.i'.r i i. m tiM i it
iu:rr hit m: i ui ii..m.
liirlii! Ail.I ' irtli to
Ihr irnnl of Sliiw"-Ufppal
Urrrk in Hint icilty.
In that dim. mij-t-c!'-.-ked. cold f nl nr.iy
Ft .i tint .w in t'u:irü the court of
Nt-w foundlam! th- r- 1;:. ii m r-I an o .-:m
terror more jij.mmIü:' U'l deadly In its
Mcrn reality Ihm were all the fabled
trrT- -f S'-yllt and t'l.:irytdU. The
f.tt-eri:mMi.i: il.it-s of two prent iron
f-hlp. wrk only a month na). lie
oil the Mirf-or:i r K- of the blcal; '.'ai
.strand now to 1. ar witness to Its
myMery atii trenth.
T'p tli'r. .-tr. time within :i recent
p ri !, a mighty. Mibtlo a. pul! has been
born. Somehow, in the Mba-tinR of two
prent swirl.s of oernn rivers, one cold and
baden, 1hf oil. it warm ami blue, there
ha form."l a. surface whirlpool. The
knowledge of the .-dentists and the navi
ft tors, who had ron.f to believe that they
had learned all about tho curious tidal
movements of the or an. is powerless. No
man knows whfncf this strange new cur
rent come3. how it Hows or by what law it
ha its beir.vr.
Fr its tremendous manifestations the
seen" is always pet. Foss as thick as the
gloom of n!pht, as toM as the dead depths
of the deepest of: a, enfold the ship that ven
tures there. Arctic Kales blow, pale on
pale. Holling from the abysses of the 4
northernmost Atlantic, the seas rise when
they strike soundings and mount in hl?h
rollers, sweeping in toward a shore that Is
as grim as an entrance to hell.
The new danger that has appeared to add
to the already fearful dangers of sea and
ttorm and reef on thig most threatening
land, sweeps directly in the track of all the
ships that essay to enter the Gulf of St.
Lawrencf. From Cape Race on the north
to S lide island, the '"graveyard of ships,"
on the south, no captain who sails in the
log may tell whether or not his vessel is in
the grasp of the sea pull. His log gives no
indication of it. He can take no bearings.
His only chance for escape lies in half
speed ahead and sounding painfully and
painstaking every few minutes.
Variable currents, seme flowing for days
and weeks with almost incredible speed,
then vani.-hing as suddenly as they ap
peared, have been common in this sullen
sea. Dut never before has a current of
such mystery and power been heard of
As nearly as navigators can judge from
the experience- of the half dozen vessels
that have become its victims it sets direct
ly In toward the rocks of St. John's, flow
ing at a rate great enough to combat pow
erful engines a very Mississippi of the
deep sea. There are only speculations as to
how it was formed, and no man can say
if it will continue to whirl there to destroy
more ships or if it will vanish as its pre
decessors have vanished.
The officials of the United States Hydro
graphic Otlice, who know more about ocean
currents than do the oiticials of any other
country in the world, are sure that its
origin is similar to that of most of the cur
rents in that locality, due to a mingling of
the cold water of (he almost unknown Lab
rador current ami the warm water of the
gulf stream. Imt what particular condi
tions produce the startling power of the
new current no one can tell.
It is that meeting of warm and cold
water that produces the gray fog that rises
from the sea there like smoke and hangs
over it forever. After the gulf stream in
Its wonderful northward flow has swung
around the New England shore it strikes
the southern tail of the (Jreat Banks, and,
like a river running through land, it, too, as
It touches the comparatively shoal water,
eplits up into deltas. One can sail there
from warm water to cold and Into warm
again and so on until the vessel has crossed
the extent of the split stream. All the arms
of the warm current continue to flow to
ward the north in general directior, no
matter how they are split up. Their aver
age rate of progress is a knot an hour. But
the entire delta, with all its warm arms,
swings to and fro over a mighty expanse of
tea, like a huge pendulum. So no map ever
has been made of it.
COLLISION OF CURRENTS.
Scarcely have all these split arms of the
ETUlf stream tegun to meet again before
they are struck with the still more strange
Labrador current, hurrying southward with
icebergs in its grasp. This flows much more
jswiftly than do the warm waters. It runs
at rates of from ten to thirty-six miles a
day. Sometimes, when northwest or north
cast gi'.hs have been blowing for many
days, it rolls down as fast as a river in
These two forces are ancient enemies.
"Where they meet and battle the whirl is
formed. Sometimes, when the Labrador
current ceases to flow, as it does oecasion
nlly. the whirl disappears. Then again the
Labrador stream suddenly swings far out
to sea or in to shore. The whirl dances
with it. sometimes making a dragging tide
Hear the rocks and destroying all ships that
steam or s.-i:l there then, at other times
flowing in cot centric circles far away from
land and doing little more harm than to
throw sailors dead out of their reckoning,
to their vast amazement.
In the last few months half a dozen ves
sels have been lost in the vicinity of Cape
Race. Most sensational of these recent dis
asters art; those of the steamers Assyrian
ami Lu-itania. in June. Scarcely three
weeks intervened between these wrecks,
and their points of similarity are startling.
In i!en.e fog, in the dead of night, each
ship plunged into the rocks hed on. Lach
ship's captain thought himself thirty or
forty miles south of Cape Race. Roth ships
were bound for Montreal, the Assyrian
from Antwerp and the Lusitania from Liv
erpool. The Lusitania was to have been
used in the. new Franco-Canadian line ply
ing to Montreal, great expectation being en
tcrtaincd of the feasibility and. usefulness
of this irhort route from Europe to Amer
ica. The scene of the wreck of the Lusitania
was near Seal Cove, on Ferryland shore,
bout twenty miles above Cape Race, where
the British steamship Delmar lies, another
victim of the strange new current. "The
cause' of the disaster." said the dispatches,
"is the usual one in such cases. The ship's
captain McNay) thought himself south of
Cape Race and in open water and failed to
allow for the current. Fog and darkness
obscured the laiul and the ship was on the
rocks before speed could be stopped." But
when the Marino Court investigated the
disaster it found and decided that it was
duo to an unknown and erratic current,
which threw the ship thirteen miles out of
lur course. Tho government has restored
the captain's certificate and praised his ex
cellent handling of tho .""o passengers after
the. wreck, no lives having been lost.
In the ease of tho wreck of the Assyrian.
Captain IMimle thought himself forty miles
outh of Cape Race, but owing to the fog
had not been able to obtain sights to work
out his reckoning for three days.
The French government, being vitally
od üiectly concerned with the phenomena
of the currents off Newfoundland, was
moved to make ;ui investigation in Rj-t7
shortly after two largo steamships were
wrecked and lost twenty miles from Cape
Race. They were f uil-pou ered vessels
ltmd from British ports to Baltimore, and
b'th went on the rocks almost within touch
of each other on Oct. 1.", 1. It was sup
posed then and is supposed yet that tlnir
lo-v w.cy t)u to a sudden reversal of the
Labrador current. Their captains, driving
Rh ad In a fog by d. ad reckoning, had
cry r as.n;i l',e rieht to believe that thev
v. re n. t within liny miles f shore. But
there had b r. a hurricane the day before
and it atTnttd t,. Mj An tic oe."tn river
enough to swing it far out of the course
tb:M it had been h-d-üng for manv months
Th.- Pi -stiirjtiMi of the French gowrn
m. -t w;is et.ilrate and thorough. It was
rendu. b! by Admiral Coue. who was well
k.K.wt. n - ;1M authority, and hU report wa
lo.,I;. d forwar-J to with gr at interest. Bui
;:tt r the months that he d-oted to it
be -.is ;:Uf t make onlv this jzr.t'hie r -
l-:t, whivh sheiks for i t - - -1 f r "Th. tides
;ind r;.ric!.?s around N w foundlan.l are
'ibjert t. .inmalie of which the causs
arc unknown." And unknown they remain.
ki:i:i ;nii: lead ;mn;.
There is only one way in which m irim-rs
Mil :'1up.' themselves even measurably
gainst tli danger. That is to follow out
xiiietly the ofliiial instructions given by
tl; United Stites Hydrographie OnVo in
h warning, which i. issued by the. gov
ernment and sent frequently to all h!p
that pass Cape Race. It is:
"When in the vicinity of Cape Race and
Tine, care fhould be taken to obtain fre-
etuent cast of the lead; the soundings will
tic found regular and of moderate depth;
in addition, th chart should be referred to.
As fogs are exceedingly prevalent along
the south coast of Newfoundland, especially
during the months f June and July, it is
i.csNiry that the ordinary set of currents
;nd dangerous indraughts into the deep
bays should lw known and guarded
"If steamship captains would follow the
practice of the navy when they get into
such waters," says Lfcut'mant Commander
Sars. in charge of the New York Hydro
graphic Ofri c. "wrec ks off Cape Race
would not bo so frequent. In the navy,
when we get into a fog in charted waters
we are accustomed to stop and take sys
tematic soundings. Little or nothing could
be proved as to location by taking sound
ings at irregular ieriods of time. But sup
pose a ship is going ten miles an hour.
That is a mile every six minutes. The lead
I?. dropped and shows, say, forty lathoms.
In six minutes it is dropped again, and
shws forty-four fathoms. Soundings are
taken at this interval for perhaps an
hour and. the results enable any man to
get his bearings almost to the inch."
That Is no exaggeration. Old sailors say
that with the lead tilled with tallow to
bring up samples of the bottom, a mariner
can pick his way as surely as a man can
lind his way in a city by looking at the
street signs. And the method is simplicity
its-lf. A man need not be a navigator to
Suppose that the ship is in doubtful wa
ters, and sounding has begun.
The navigating officer takes a piece of
paper and marks off on its straight edge
the miles on the same scale as that of the
ship's chart. At each mile Interval he
marks the soundings as they are obtained,
as: 14 fathoms, black sand; -M fathoms,
gray sand; 4." fathoms, blue mud. and so
on. After he has had five or six soundings
he lays this paper on his chart and moves
it around until the straight edge with the
markings on it lies along the same sound
ings printed on the chart. Then it need
make no difference to him whether
or not he has seen the sun for days. He
docs not need his log. He can tell as surely
where he is as if he had his latitude and
longitude down to fractions of seconds of
a degree. He is steering by the bottom.
There are thousands of soimdings marked
on every chart. But they all differ from
each other in some respect. If the depth
Is the same in various part of the sea the
character of the bottom is sure to be dif
ferent. So by heaving the lead In minute
intervals a navigator can tell where he is
whenever he gets into soundings.
But to sound once a minute means a
steady diminution of the ship's speed, and
mercantile sailormen don't wish to delay
their craft. So often they speed on head
long and trust to dead reckoning. Naval
vessels never fall to take the precaution. A
naval officer who took his ship in a fog
through waters where he can sound and
neglected to do so would be court-martialed
Perhaps man never will learn to fight the
Labrador current any other way. And if
its present sea pull continues vessels will
have to slow up and sound, nolens volens.
for even the famous bottle messengers of
the United States government, that have
taught the world so much about the cur
rents of the sea, have failed to betray any
thing about this wonderful Icy stream.
Many of the bottles must have floated into
the Labrador current from the gulf stream,
but none has ever been picked up near the
American shore. They have drifted as far
as Iceland and Ireland, having traversed
the whirl, but no man can tell how they
KNOWLEDGE FROM" BOTTLES.
Since 1S04, when the United States began
Its systematic study of the currents of all
the seas of the world, thousands of bot
tles have been thrown overboard from
ships In all parts of the globe, and 100 have
been recovered with their messages. There
is nothing peculiar about these bottles.
They are not even furnished by the govern
ment, so they are of all sizes and shapes.
Many a humble whisky bottle, after doing
man all the good or harm that it could in
its original vocation, has rendered able
service in telling how fast the gulf stream
or the Japan current or some other sea
stream flows and what its course is. All
that the government does to obtain these
results is to distribute pads with little
slips of paper, 8x4 inches wide and headed
"Bottle Paper." Directly under the head
ing is printed in English, French, German,
Dutch, Scandinavian, Spanish and Italian
the line: "Report of the Ocean Currents."
Then follow directions printed in the same
seven languages explaining Just what to do
with the slips. Under this are blank lines
for the names of the vessel and captain
and a memorandum showing in what longi
tude and latitude and when the bottle was
thrown over. Under this again are blank
spaces with the request, printed in all the
languages named, that the finder indorse
his name and the locality and time of
finding the bottle and send it to any United
States consul or to the Hydrographie Office
The first bottle to be launched was thrown
overboard from the steamship Sedgemore
on June 2, lisD4. just off Cape Hatteras.
That was the last that was heard of it
for six years. It was picked up at last
on April 21, l'XW), on the shore of Antigua.
It was covered with barnacles and seaweed,
showing that it had held the seas for a
long, long time, and it had not been lying
on the beach very long before it was found.
In its wanderings it had been in the Sar
gasso sea, as some of the distinctive
growths on its side and bottom proved. It
is estimated that it drifted 3,000 miles at an
average rate of drift of two miles a day.
The record for the longest distance drift
is held by a bottle which was thrown over
board on March 14. 1817. from the sailing
bark Rockhurst. It was dropped in the
South Pacific ocean, 3.000 miles southeast
of the Cape of Good Hope, and was picked
up on March 26, isso, near Perth. Australia,
having drifted 8,100 miles in 742 days at a
rate of 10.9 miles a day. The next longest
drift in point of time was that of a bottle
thrown overboard from the sailing ship
Belmont on Oct. 10, is. It was not picked
up until June 24. 1SW. 0S7 days later. In
that time it drifted 7,60u miles, at an av
erage rate of 7.7 miles, from the Kerguelen
islands by way of the Kerguelen cur
rent to Geraldton, Australia. The shortest
distance drifts on record were made bv
two bottles thrown overboard in the north
Atlantic. One was tossed into the sea from
the British warship Duke of Edinburgh
exactly midway between Labrador and Ire
land. That was on April IS. 1SIS. It was
picked up again 423 days later and it was
only thirty miles from where it had been
set adrift. Yet this part of the sea is swept
by the gulf stream. The other bottle was
dropped on April 5 by the steamship Is
trandje off Halifax. It was picked up 168
days later, and it. too. was only thirtv
miles away from the spot where it had
struck the water. The shortest and quick
est cruise was that of a bottle dropped
from the steamship Bernard off the Isle of
Pines, near Cuba. It traveled seventy
miles In two days, when it was recovered.
Its rate of speed would have put a man
hard to it to walk as fast as it drifted.
The longest drift in point of time was
that of the bottle thrown from the Sedge
more, it having occupied 2.149 days.
TWO LONG CRUISES.
Two bottles drifted 4,200 miles. One was
thrown from the ship Comlicbank, near
the Cape Verdi islands, and when it was
found, 5o7 days later, it was lying on tho
beach at Vera Cruz, Mexico. It had
dodged the Windward Islands, refused to
land on the coast of Yucatan and decided to
stay with Mexico rather than to be whirled
around in the gulf stream and sent up to
The other was thrown from the steam
ship Ceres off Ferrol, on the north coast
of Spain. It passed westward and brought
up in TIS das on one of the Bahamas,
having Irifte! along at the average rate of
six miles a day.
Th whimsical notion nf ocean currents is
shown in the widely different destinations
of two bottles, one of which was cast over
board opposite San Fernandina. Fla., and
which reached Bermuda, and the. other,
thrown out a few miles to the north, about
opposite Brunswick. Ga., which brought
up on the west coast of Irelaml. Most of
the bottles dropped into the gulf stream
rMch either Iceland cr the northwestern
shores of Europe.
It i curious that about in th" center of
the Atlantic, from the latitude of Key
Wost to that of Philadelphia, aud from the
Azores nearly to the Bermudas. Is a region
from which few bottles are recovered. It
is crossed by many vessels, sail and steam,
ami consequently many more bottles are
cast adrift there than in other parts of the
ocean, but the Hydrographie Onlce has re
covered only ix of these.
Three bottles that are on record have
drifted more than S.i' milfs. Eighty-three
covered more than 1.5o miles in their wan
derings, and of these about twenty driftcl
more than 2.Ö miks.
It was manifestly impossible to i race the
actual course of any of these bottles. So
at first night it would seem that their drift
would not convey much information, ex
opt as to the general direction of cean
i.rrents. and the value of even this infor
mation would be molified, because the pre
vailing winds might have had a great ileal
to do with the direction in which a bo Ute
r!oats. And this objection would be sound,
had only a few lottlcs been traced. But
wiiti sevtral hundred bottles have been
found their course at once becomes clear
The way in which this was found was
simply to lraw a straight line on the chart
from the point of launching th bottle to
the ti:it where It was four.d. Gradually as
lMttie after bettle was traced, these
straight lines, intersecting and bisecting
each other, began to portray the currents
of the sea clearly and intelligibly. And
thus the little glass bottle has taught the
world more about oceanic currents than
all the investigation of centuries could in
One interesting and unique discovery that
has been made as a result of government
bottle drifting Is In regard to the voyage
of Columbus. It has been ascertained posi
tively that all bottles cast adrift between
Madeira and Spain ultimately are bound to
find their way to the Windward islands,
the Bahamas or to the hores of Mexico.
Now. every one knows the story of how
the mutinous and despaixing sailors of thfl
caravels took heart when Columbus called
thdr attention to floating branches and
other debris from shore. They accepted it
joyfully as sure evidence that they were
nearing land. As a matter of fact, it is
more than probable now. In the light of
what the bottles have taught us, that what
they saw came not from America, but from
the very shores that they had left.
The average laily velocity of t he-seventy-four
bottles which landed on the coast of
Europe and Iceland was five miles. The five
bottles which drifted entirely across the
ocean from west to east unite In giving an
average somewhat higher than usual, the
last two having traveled 11.4 and 3.U miles
per day, respectively. For th thirteen
thrown overboard in the north equatorial
drift the average was 10.S milea per day;
while for five which traveled along the
north coast of South America, it was 21.1
miles per day. Two showed tho effect of
the counter equatorial current, and three
the effect of the southerly inshore set along
the coast of the United States from Nan
tucket to Hatteras.
C ILTIVAT I X (i II L'TTE It FL1 ES.
Ilnnrireris of the Creatures Liberated
in a London Park
Some months ago the Daily Mail an
nounced that the London County Council
was favorably considering a proposal to
introduce some of the pretty English but
tertlies into the parks of the metropolis.
The scheme was approved, and the work
is now going on of stocking Battersea Park
as a first experiment.
In a corner of the sheltered botanic gar
den there a house some 14 feet by 10 feet
has been erected. At first sight it looks like
a greenhcuse of the familiar type, but clos
er examination shows that a sheet of per
forated zinc alternates with each row of
In this no less than S.200 caterpillars have
been placed during the last few weeks,
chiefly of the smaller tortoiseshell butterfly.
The success which has attended their rear
ing on freshly-cut nettles through the
chrysalis stage is shown by the fact that
the winged insects are being tuned loose in
the park to the number of 4X a day.
At first windows in the house were left
open to allow the inmates to fly out as soon
as their wings had properly unfolded, but
the rascally sparrows came as uninvited
guests, as they do into the houses at the
Zoo, and commenced to eat the butter
flies. Consequently, other means were tak
en to liberate the butterflies, so that they
might have fair play.
Experience goes to show that when the
white butterflies which still visit the park
first make their appearance the sparrows
prey upon them, but gradually leave them
alone, and possibly the tortoiseshells and
peacocks and red admirals, when they ap
pear, will be treated similarly.
It appears as if the experiment would
succeed, as large numbers of the new but
terflies are making a stay In the park, and
it is hoped ;hat in the natural order of
events they may deposit their eggs on the
nettles growing in the inclosed places.
Even if artificial rearing has still to be
continued, it would seem that the trouble
is well worth taking at Battersea and else
where. Blessed De Hot Water.
Chicago Evening Post
Hot water tipplers are convinced that
they have found a cure-all for the average
ill. When tired, drink it as a tonic. When
hot and thirsty, drink it as a cooler, for it
never disappoints, and dear me, how cheap
it is and how good when one has formed
Headache almost always yields to the
simultaneous application of hot water to
the feet and back of the neck.
A towel folded, dipped in hot water,
quickly wrung out, and applied quickly
over the seat of pain will in most cases
promptly relieve toothache and neuralgia.
A strip of flannel or towel folded several
times lengthwise and dipped in hot water,
then slightly wrung out and applied about
the neck of a child suffering with an acute
attack of croup will usually relieve the
sufferer in the course of ten minutes If
the flannel is kept hot.
Hot water, if taken freely a half hour
before bedtime, is one of the best possible
cathartics in severe cases of constipation,
while it has a soothing effect upon tho
stomach and bowels.
There is no domestic remedy that so
promptly cuts short congestion of the
lungs, sore throat or rheumatism as will
hot water when applied promptly and
An Age of Bridge nalldln?.
This is going to be a century of bridge
building. The greatness of it, in the opin
ion of both engineers and constructors, has
only begun, and the very remarkable state
ment is made that to-day the bridge prod
uct of the United States Is not equal to the
bridge decay, much less to the universal
and increasing demands that are coming
from all parts of the world. It Is admitted
that there has been a great deal of bad
bridge building in the United States, and
there are many structures which are not
safe. A distinguished engineer lays for
Leslie's Weekly this rule as applicable to
any bridge, whether it be a mere way over
a small creek, or a vast accumulation of
masonry and iron spanning a wonderful
"When you see 'Walk Your Horses' or
'Slow Up or 'Drive Carefully' or 'Do Not
Follow Too Closely On to the Other Team'
on any bridge, it is a sign of danger. The
bridge should either be rebuilt or thrown
away entirely. There is no reason why the
bridge should not be as firm as the high
way of which it should always be a part."
This matter thus comes home to every
farmer in the country, and he may begin
to see that some of his bridges, built cheap
ly and possibly by political contracts, are
about the dearest investments he could pos
It Required Nerve.
New York Evening Tost.
It began to rain and the ßtranger in the
city said: "I wish we'd brought along an
umbrella." His friend, the New Yorker,
quickly responded: "Wait; I'll get you one.
As it was late in the evening, all the shops
were closed.A moment later the New York
er drew his companion into a brilliantly
lighted cafe, and walked briskly up to the
"Is that umbrella there that one I left
here the other day?" he said to the man in
front of the glasses; "crooked brierwood
handle, silver band."
The man turned, opened a locker, pulled
forth a half-dozen umbrellas, found one
with a crooked brierwood handle and a sil
ver band, and handed it out.
"Could you do that in every saloon?" the
stranger inquired timidly, when the two
were once more in the street.
"1 could, but you couldn't," the native de
clared; "you couldn't say It quick enough."
"But how did you know they had a brier
wood, crooked-handled umbrella in there?"
"I didn't; 1 took a chance. There is not
a well-patronized cafe in the city that does
not have a collection of lost umbrellas.
Some bright Thursday morning I will Jos
that umbrella at the same bar-rail."
John Drevf' Shirt.
New York Times.
John Drew, it is well known, is most par
ticular regarding Iiis dress, both on and off
the stage. He was playing in "The Liars"
two seasons ago on the road, and his itin
erary included nearly two weeks of suc
cessive one-night stands. His man attend
ant always looked after the clothing he
wore at the theater, bringing it to the ac
tor's dressing room shortly before Mr.
Drew appeared to dress. ' In one of the
smaller cities the valet had sent Mr. Drew's
linen to a laundry, and the actor found
when about to don it that the bosom of the
dress shirt contained a polish which dis
gusted him. He said things. But there was
nothing to do but to wear It. polish and all.
Mr. Drew had a long speech in a scene with
Arthur Byron. The latter at once observed
the unusual polish on Mr. Drew's dress
shirt, and while he was delivering the
lengthy dialogue Mr. Byron, though it was
not noticed by the audience, began to ad
just his hair, straighten his tie and other
wise, compute bis toilet by the aid of the
polish on Mr. Drew's shirt. A roar went
up from lehind the scenes, and Mr. Byron's
Joke nearly spoiled the scene.
Virtues of Ilattermilk.
The virtues of that old-fashioned and
easily-procured drink, butermilk. have not
been half sung these days. Physicians say
that its lactic acid is even more healthful
than the citric acid of oranges and lem
ons. It is credited, too. by those who should
know, as being of value to a rheumatic
patient. It has been found to be both nour
ishing and fattening, as well as remark
ably easy of assimilation. If liked at all It
Is undoubtedly a better drink in summer
than many of the carbonated, artlflcially
flavored drinks that "-e consumed in al
most unlimited quantities.
THE LIVE STOCK MARKETS
CATTLE SCAIICE AXD QUIET, WITH
OUT XOTABLE CHAXGE IX PRICES.
Hogs Opened Quiet, bnt Later Were
Active and Loner-Sheep Steady
Condition of Other Market.
UNION STOCKYARDS, INDIANAPOLIS,
Aug. 10. Cattle Receipts. 290; shipments
light The marketing of cattle this week
shows an Increase of over 1,200, compared
with last, about 4,000 compared with the
same week a year ago, and 4.500 compared
with the corresponding week two years
ago. Thus far this year there is a gain
of nearly 26,000 compared with tho same
period last year. During the week steers
sold as high as $5.60, heifers 51.73, cows
$4.05, bulls $3.S5 calves 55.50. The re
ceipts to-day, as usual on Saturday, were
light and showed little change compared
with a week ago and a slight increase over
a year ago. With fewer buyers in the field
the market opened slow and salesmen
found more or less difficulty in transferring
their consignments. Final results, however,
did not show a great deal of change, if any,
compared with the way equal kinds sold
yesterday and the close was quotably
Extra prime 'steers, 1,250 lbs and
upwards i $3.505.73
Good export steers, 1,350 to 1,450
lbs 5.00-3 5.50
Good to choice 1,200 to l,S0ö-lb
steers 4.90 5.25
Good to choice 1,100 to 1,200-lb
steers 4.50 5.00
Plain fat steers, 1,350 lbs and up
wards 4.90?? 5.25
Plain fat steers, 1.2o0 to 1.300 lbs.. 4.501 4.S5
Plain fat steers, 1,000 to 1.150 lbs.. 4.00 4.40
Choice feeding steers, l,0u0 to 1,100
lbs 3.73 4.00
Good feeding steers, 9u0 to 1,10) lbs 3.25 3.C5
Medium feeding steers, 800 to im
lb3 3.00 2.25
Common to good stockers 2.50tfj 3.25
Good to choice heifers 3.600 4.25
Fair to medium heifers 3.25 3.50
Common light heifers 2.S0 3.13
Good to choice cows 3.35 4.00
Fair to medium cows 2.75'a) 3.25
Common old cows l.OOfa; 2.50
Veal calves 3.50f?i) 6.00
Heavy calves 2.50 4.00
Prime to fancy export bulls 3.50 3.S5
Good to choice butcher bulls 3.15 3.
Common to fair bulls 2.50 3.00
Good to choice cows and calves... 35.0U& 50.00
Common to medium cows and
No. Av. Price.
11 steers 1,1S6 $4.25
1? steers 1,214 4.25
12 steers 1,091 3.S3
10 steers 1,143 3.S5
34 blockers and steers 744 3.75
4 steers SW 3.60
2 stags and steers 1,409 3.50
1 heifer 700 4.00
4 heifers 795 3.40
2 heifers 613 3.0)
1 heifer m0 3.00
2 heifers 740 2.75
6 heifers 601 2.50
1 heifer 7) 2.50
1 COW 1,140 3.60
1 oow 9G0 3.25
1 cow 1,270 2.50
1 cow . ?j0 2.25
1 cow 990 1.73
2 bulls G5 2.90
3 bulls 973 2.50
1 buck 800 2.23
1 calf 150 6.00
2 calves 1G0 6.00
1 calf ISO 5.50
3 calves 163 5.5)
1 calf :.. im 5.50
3 calves 150 5.25
1 calf SO 5.00
1 calf ISO 3.50
1 calf 270 3.U0
1 calf 290 3.00
Hogs Receipts, 4,000; shipments, 1,600.
The marketing of hogs this week has
been comparatively liberal and show
an increase of fully 13.000 over last week,
15,000 over the same week a year ago and
over 11,000 compared with the correspond
ing week two years ago. Thus far this
year there Is a gain of about 74,000 com
pared with the same period last year. For
the week ending yesterday local packers
bought a total of 21,472, against 13,220 the
preceding week, and 8.004 the same week
a year ago. During the same period the
shipments were 13,229. against 11.2C1 the
preceding week and 13,030 the corresponding
week a year ago. There was a fair supply
of hogs on sale to-day and show little
change compared with a week ago and an
increase of 1,000 compared with a year
ago. Packers were not much in
evidence this morning and tho market
opened quiet. Snippers, however, had a
few orders. It tcok some time for buyers
and sellers to concentrate their views, but
finally a trading basis was establised. Some
sales were considered about 5c lower than
the strongest time yesterday, but com
pared with yesterday's close most dealers
claimed the market was about steady.
Later in the day packers came into the
market and were rather liberal buyers.
A good clearanco was made in good sea
son and the market closed steady. Sales
ranged from $3.63 to $6.05. Quotations:
Good to choice medium and
Mixed and heavy packing 5.505.90
Good to choice light weights 5.705.77i4
Common to fair light weights.... 5.505.67H
Common to good piss 4.005.50
Roughs . 4.755.25
Sheep Receipts. 175; shipments fair. The
total arrivals of sheep and lambs this
week show an increase of 1,400 over last
week, 2,000 compared with the same week
a year ago and over 2.000 compared with
the corresponding week two years ago.
Thus far this year there is an increase of
2S.OO0 compared with the same period last
year. The receipts to-day were about an
average for this time in the week and
show a slight increase over a week ago
and 100 compared with a year ago. The
quality was fairly satisfactory, but with
the local buyers not much in evidence
the market openea quiet. Shippers, how
ever, had a few urgent orders and a good
clearance was made early at steady prices.
Some salesmen, however, were quoting the
market a little stronger. Lambs sold as
high as $4.50, with other sales ranging
from $::.23r4. Sheep and lambs mixed sold
at $3.353.50. Quotations:
Good to choice lambs $3.50 4.25
Common to medium lambs 2.503.25
Good to choice yearlings 3.503.75
Good to choice sheep 2.753.25
Common to medium sheep 2.002.50
Stockers and feeding sheep 2.002.75
Bucks, per 100 lbs 2.003 2.23
Transactions nt the Interstate Yards.
INTERSTATE STOCKYARDS, INDIAN
APOLIS, Aug. 10. Cattle Receipts, 73;
shipments none. The supply was made up
of very ordinary stockers and feeders.
There is very little demand for this kind of
stock, and a clearance is effected with dif
ficulty. Even best grade cattle sell lower,
while medium and common kinds are weak
er, with indications of a still further de
cline. The calf market was about steady.
with but little offered. Quotations:
Good to choice steers, 1,250 lbs
and upward $5.205.60
Fair to medium steers, 1.350 lbs
and upward 4.90a.20
Good to choice 1,150 to l,CO0-lb
steers 4. 1 03 3.00
Fair to medium 1,130 to 1,200-lb
Medium to good 9 to 1.100-lb
Good to choice feeding steers 4.254.60
Common to good stackers 3.0034.00
Fair to medium heifers 4.2tV64.75
Common to light heifers 3.O0JVC.50
Good to choice cows 3.75ft 4.25
Fair to medium cows
Canning cows l..o2.75
Veal calves 5.50 6.50
Heavy calves , . 3.&f?5.0O
Prime to fancy export bulls 3.4Ö4.25
Hogs Receipts. 1.200; shipments, 1.100. To
day's supply was much better than on last
Saturday, ard receipts for the week show
an increase of nearly 3.000 as compared with
last week. The quality of the offerings was
fair, there being a good number of medium
and heavy hogs among the receipts. The
market opened active, with a good shipping
demand and prices ruling about steady at
yesterday's close. The Squires Company
was the heaviej-t buyer and took most of
the medium and heavy hogs. Heavy hogs
are quotable at $6S.03. with medium grades
at $5.5.95. LUht mixed sell from $5.70 to
$5.S5. This week's market has ranged from
$5.00 to $6.15. and prices were 5Kc lower at
the close than at the opening. A clearance
was made early and the market closed
Good to choice heavy $5.95 '1 6.05
Good to choice light 5.705.83
Good to choice mixed 5.SVitJ.M
Fair to good pigs 5.u'?5.W
Fair to good roughs 4.75y5.M
Sheep and Lambs -Receipts light; ship
ments none. Nothing dolns in the sheep
market, as receipts arc nominal. Best
lambs sell up to $1.50, with sheep from
52.50 to $3.25. The closing was quiet at
Spring lambs $l.no&4.SO
Fair to choice clipped lambs a.fH.i'O
Common to fair sheep 2.53.25
Bucks. Der 100 lbs 2..i2.W t
KANSAS OTT. Auk. 10. Cattle- KerHpt.,
Market compared with a week ajto: Choic na
tive and Ve.t?rn Wtf ?ter z:tZZc higher;
othr battle steady to l"c lower. Nominal quo
tations: Choice b:t steer, f 1: fair to
food, Jt.S fi3.40; stockers and felr. J2.4'V54;
Western fd Fteer. $4.ö5fi ..;.: Texas and Iniisn
Heprs. $2.&.j4; Texa and In iian rows. J2..V'f
2.; native cows. $2.50'.j4; heifers, 133.3.".; ran
ntrs. 11.7.2: bulls, f J.2i 4.5't; calve. tZ.Z.
Receipts for the week. 51,.0; last week. 43.01.
H.-gs Receipts. 3. TAJ. Market strong. Top.
$5-10; bulk of sale. J.Vtf'lj.'):: heavy. $.i"i3fi.lf';
mixed packers. $5.606.00; lijfht. $.".S:1j piRS.
220.127.116.11. Receipts for the week, :.6.o"; last
Sheep Receipts, 610. Market, compared with a
week ago: heep luiilc higher; lambs 15ft2-K:
higher. Nominal quotations: Lambs, $Kj5.2.:
native wethers. $3. 2.. 'n 3.75; Western wethers.
53.25fj3.50; Western yearlings, $3.40'i3.M; native
ewes. l.:'i t. 2.".; Western ewes. $2. 75 ft 3.15: stock
ev,-es. J2.C5ft2.50. Receipts for the week, 7.50;
last week, lt.vX).
CHICAGO. Aug-. 10. Cattle Receipts. 3V. In
cluding four Texans. Market steady. Gool to
prime steers, $5.eift6.15; poor to medium, $t.25ft
5.40; stockers and "feeders. $2.:54: cows. SÜ.Wft
4.30; heifers. $2ft4.7.": canners. $1.5"ft 2.25: bulls,
$2.5"fr4.50; calves, $3ft6.25; Texas steers, J3ft4..0.
Hops Receipts to-day. 12,Ckhj; Monday. 26.000;
left over, 3.97t. Market strong. Mixed and
butchers, J3.70y6.05; good o choice heavy. $5. 9042
6.10; rou?h heavy. $3.5065.6); light, 3.70g5.9v;
Sheep Receipts. 1.500. Sheep strong; lambs
steady. Good to choice wethers. $3.60ft4.25; fair
to choice mixed. $3.25'o3.75: Western sheep. $3.25
(fiT4; yearlings. J3. 75ft 4.35; native lambs, $2-55.35;
Western lambs. J4.25tj3.10.
Official receipts for Aug. 9: Cattle-. 2.0S4; hog?.
1S.C12; sheep. 6.05S. Shipments: Cattle, 5,069;
hogs, 3.421; sheep, 1.4S4.
ST. LOUIS. Aug. 10. Cattle Receipts. 2.5CC.
Market steady. Native shipping and export
steers. J5ft5.7o; dressed beef and butcher steers,
f 4ft 5.50; steers under 1.000 lbs. $3.25ft5; stockers
and feeders, $2.25ft4.15: cows and heifers. J2
4.S5; earners. $1.25ft 2.25: bulls. J2&3.S0; Texas
and Indian steers, 52.25g4.35; cows and heifers,
Hogs Receipts, 1.4X). Market strong to a shad
higher at the opening: closed weak. Pigs and
lights. J3.S035.S5; packers, $3.805. P5; butchers.
Sheep Receipts. 100. Market steady. Native
muttons. J2.5ij3.23; lambs. $3.5"'ftö; culls and
bucks, $1.75&3; stockers, $1.50x2.25.
LOUISVILLE. Aug. 10. Cattle steady. Choice
to prime shipping steers. $4. 75ft 5: medium to
good shipping steers, 4.25ft4.t5; choice butchers,
J14.50; medium to good butchers, $3.403.75;
choice veals, 54.50ft"4.75.
Hogs The market was quiet at steady prices.
Best 1C0 lbs and up, J5.S5; 120 to 160 lbs, $3.30a
5.50; good pigs. 100 to 120 lbs. $4.504.S5; lighter
pigs, J3.75ft4.50, according to quality.
Sheep and Lambs The market was very quiet.
Best lambs, $5.25; seconds, $3.25(3.50; best fat
sheep, $2.75ft3, but the common grade of sheep
ere extremely hard to sell.
NEW YORK, Aug. 10. Beeves Receipts. 733.
No trade in live cattle. Market nominally
steady. Cables steady. Exports, 2,348 cattle, iW5
sheep and 16,441 quarters of beef.
Calves No fresh receipts and none for sale.
Sheep and Lambs Receipts, 3,746. Market fair
nnd prices steady. Two cars of lambs unsold.
Sheep, $2.2534; culls, $1.5032; lambs. J4.65S6;
Hogs Receipts. 1.172, all for slaughterers; none
for sale. Feeling weak.
SOUTH OMAHA. Augf. 10. Cattle Receipts,
"00. Market nominally steady. Native beef
steers, $1.2Ct3.85; Western steers. $3.704.70;
Texas steers, $3.30:34.40; cows and heifers, $2.70
4.4t; calves. $3&5.
Hogs Receipts, 7,700. Market steady to a
shade stronger. Heavy. $5.733.90; mixed, $5.7C$
5.73; light. $5.65,?i5.75; bulk of sales. $5.70ftl5.77Vi.
Shetp Receipts none. Market strong. Wethers,
$33.60; ewes, $2.233.30; lambs, $435.
BUFFALO, Aug. 10. Cattle Receipts. 3 cars.
Market firm. Good to fancy veals. $6.75?.25.
Hogs Offerings. 29 cars. Medium to choice
heavy, $6.156.25; pigs, J3.6505.SO.
Sheep and Lambs Offerings, 12 cars. Spring
lambs, fair to fancy, J5.10S5.60; handy wethers,
EAST BUFFALO. Aug. 10. Cattle Receipts, S
cars. Veals, $5.257.
Hojrs Receipts, 20 cars. Best heavy, $5.170
6.20; pigs, $3.3303.80.
Sheep and Lambs Receipts, 12 cars. Bulk
best Iambs, $5. 405. t0.
CINCINNATI, Aug. 10. Hogs active at $436.
Cattle steady at J3.tf5.25.
Sheep steady at $1.503.40; lambs strong at
FOR THE WORN-OUT PREACHER.
He Is Advised to Bay a Farm and
Live on It.
New York Independent.
A pastor, forty-four years of age, writes
that he is facing the probable need of re
tirement within a few years. He "lacks the
nerve force" for moving a body of people
who must go habitually with all their cares
to a pastor. He is led to follow the sug
gestion of the Independent, and try to get
a footing in the country. He believes that
with tho sentiment of independence con
nected with such a home, he could do much
better intellectual work; and probably have
more moral fiber for obeying his convictions
of duty. He has not money "to buy a
farm," as he expresses it, but must content
himself wrIth "from ten to thirty acres."
This he may set down as a Providence.
From ten acres to twenty are quite enough
for any minister to undertake to bring into
subjection. As a rule, we may set It down
that five acres will be quite enough to ex
periment with. Bring these to their best
cultivation, and they will make larger re
turns than fifty acres under average tillage
and as for the exercise, they will prob
ably furnish sufficient. What is wanted
more than cash is experience. Experience
is t!e total of the conclusions of the work
of y. ars including mistakes. To succeed
on the land needs first of all the teachable
spirit; and as some one says, "teachable
hands." No one will succeed unless he Is
willing to work, and work in the dirt. In
fact, it may be as well to understand that
there must be a sort of enthusiasm for dirt
a sympathy for mother earth, and what
she can do for us and with us. A good
farmer may also be a good literary man;
but he will do most of his writing with a
hoe. On the whole, this preacher does well
to anticipate retirement from present occu-
fation; even if he can do fairly good work
n the pulpit for many years yet. Why not
combine the two occupations? Why should
not every preacher in these days do, as
our earlier pastors did, plant orchards and
cultivate gardens? It was stipulated with
a pastor in the early part of the nineteenth
century that he should have a good garden
plot and "a corn lot." Nearly all our pro
fessional men with the training that they
have ought to succeed in small farming or
horticulture or at least in some branch of
this sort of work. The land is peculiarly
welcome to a man whose life has had a
flavor of dependence on other people's wills
and whims. When a man can put his foot
on his own property he gains a sense of in
dependence, especially if he can say to him
self that he can dig a good living out of
the soil. Buy a few acres; within ten miles,
if possible, of a good market; and then be
gin your experience. Do not plant too free
ly of any one crop; but more or less of all
kinds of friuts and vegetables. Let the ex
periment expand with experience, and the
plantings increase according to the market
secured. But do not go near the soil unless
you can be as proud of your cabbages as
was the Emperor Diocletian.
Fuuston and the Press.
A newspaper dispatch from North Caro
lina reported the other day that Funston's
great-grandmother was a niece of Daniel
Boone, and a cousin of Lewis and Clark,
the explorers. If that is true It helps to
account for some of the restlessness in his
Kipling's latest story is the story of the
education of a boss scout, and in the last
instalment of it one of tha little scout's
teachers says: "From time to time God
causes men to be born who have a lust to
go abroad at the risk of their lives and to
discover news to-day it may be far-off
things, to-morrow of some hidden moun
tain, and the next day of some near-by
men who have done a foolishness against
the state. These souls are very few." Ther
is a great deal about Funston's record to
make it seem likely that he is one of these
few. At any rate he is interesting, and he
did a very useful and important service in
catching Aguinaldo. though Agulnaldo's
bolt was pretty well shot before he was
caught. A great deal of nonsense will be
written about Funston, and we must not
think the worse of him for it, for he cannot
A Victim of Charity.
A New York plumber was the victim of a
startling error the othT day. Having been
injured in the left side, he applied to a
crarity hospital and was toM that an oper
ation was Imperativ. He was placed
under the influence of an anesthetic, and
his side was opened and rewed up aqain.
When the bondages wer removed h found
that the right (or. rather, thr wrong) si1e
had been opened instead of the left. The
surgeons were dismayed, and offered to cut
into him on the left side; but he decimal.
The plumber brought suit against the hos
pital uthorlties for $25,j, but the court
has decided that a claim on account of neg
ligence or inefficiency cannot hold against
a charity hopltal. This ruling might prove
to be a grent hardhlx to th poor who are
compelled to go to ?uch institution for
surgical treatment. If the plumber did not
pay for the treatment he is not entitled to
sympathy, s-lnce he confessed to an income
of $ö.OW a year. The abuse of th free d
penscries and clinics of New York by well-to-do
persons has become a scandal, even
a multi-millionaire having been accused of
getting medical treatment fr.
Fletcher National Bank
Confident of its resources and its ability to handle
business intelligently and economically, invites new
accounts, assuring the most liberal terms consistent
with good banking.
WEEK OF ACTIVE TRADE
BETTER WEATHER CO.MHTIO
GIVE STRENGTH TO THE MARKET.
Break in Linseed OH the Only Marked
Price Change-Grain Demand
Ahead of Snpplr
All things considered the wholesale
houses have little cause for complaint as
regards the volume of business in the week
ended Aug. 10. Cooler weather enabled the
wholesale merchants and commission
houses to do business more comfortably.
The dry goods houses made large ship
ments, a large percentage of which, how
ever, were to fill orders for fall and winter
goods given in July. In prices there were
no material changes. The druggists report
trade good. The break in the linseed-oil
market of 3 cents a gallon on Friday was
rather looked for, as linseed oil had reached
the highest market price since the civil
v.-ar. Growing demand, the shortage in
Russia and an undercrop in this country
wäs responsible for the move. It now sells
at 7879c. In recent year3, as a rule, It has
ranged about 60 to 62c, which is considered
a good price. There is little prospect, how
ever, for marked declines for several
months, as another crop must be harvested
and passed through the mills before that
can come. Wholesale grocers had a fairly
busy week. In sugars no changes have been
made in quotations for a few days and the
cotfee situation Is practically unchanged.
There is a continued strong teeling in rice
and syrup, prices holding very steady.
Pickles have been advancing at a rapid
rate of late, the increase in price being al
most 100 per cent. Quotations on canned
goods are strong with uncertain crop pros
pects still confronting packers. It is be
lieved that the corn pack will be fully as
large as usual, the greatest shortage be
ing in peas and tomatoes. Dried fruits are
selling well, with quotations firm at figures
now ruling. On Commission row business
has been active, but the supply of fruits
ana vegetables of choice quality has been
light. Receipts of Irish potatoes are light
and prices are well held. The opinion pre
vails that prices have been pushed to
abnormal limits. Small berries are about
off the market. Tropical fruits are moving
slower. Lemon demand is quiet and prices
have dropped back to a lower level, unless
it be on very choice stock. Pear3, plums
and apples are in liberal supply and prices
are easier than in the earlier part of the
week. Butter, eggs and cheese are firm at
quotations. Higher prices are looked for
on cheese within the next few days, and
choice butter, as well, has an advancing
tendency. The arrivals of chickens, the past
week, have been more liberal. A decline of
the market seemingly increased shipments
and this has started the consuming trade to
a quicker buying. Hides show no improve
ment, but leather is active and prices show
a hardening tendency. Business is improv
ing somewhat with the wholesale confec
tioners. The iron and hardware houses are
celling many goods, which is attributed to
the fear the traae has that prices will be
advanced on nails and many other llnesof
iron and steel articles, as a result of the
strike. Provisions are moving briskly in a
domestic way. The flour market is quite
active, with local mills running to their full
The local grain market is quite active.
Receipts, however, do not reach expecta
tions, conditions considered, as not in years
have as high prices prevailed for corn and
oats as at the present time. Wheat, as well,
is in active request, millers taking all
arrivals where the grade is such as to ad
mit of their using it. Track bids Satur
day, as reported by the secretary of the
Board of Trade, ruled as follows:
Wheat No. 2 red, 69VaC track; No. 2 red, 690
on milliner freight: No. 8 red, tWQtlhc track.
Corn No. 1 white. Mhic No. 2 white. S3Vic;
No. 3 white. 59c; No. 4 white, &5457V4c; No. 2
white mixed, 67c; No. 3 white mixed. 57c; No. 4
white mixed. ß3ä?55c; No. 2 yellow, 57ic; No. 3
jellow, 57Uc; No. 4 yellow, lZlA8öLVc; No. 2
mixed. 57c; No. 3 mixed, 67c; No. 4 mixed, IZlt
55c: ear, ZZc.
Oats-No. 2 white, 3"Uc; No. 3 whit, J64e;
No. 2 mixed. 36c; No. 3 mixed. 35c.
Hay No. 1 timothy, S12.2512.75; No. 3 tim
Inspections Wheat: No. 2 red. S cars; No. 3
red, 2; No. 4 red. 1; rejected, 3; total, 15 cars.
Corn: No. 3 white, 5 cars; No. 3 white mixed,
3; No. 3 j-ellow, 3; No. 4 mixed, 1; no established
grade, 1; total, 13 cars. Oats: No. 2 white, 1
car; No. 2 mixed, 3; rejected, 2; total, S cars.
Rye straw, 1 car.
Wheat. Corn. Oats.
July, 1501 527,2:9 36.259
July, 1900 457.500 634,90 45.000
July, 1839 831,750 710.500 63.000
June, 1901 92.950 439,500 33.750
Corn 7a 69c.
Oats 3C(S2Sc per bu.
Hay Timothy, choice, $12gl4: mixed. HOflll;
clover. $7ö8 per ton; new hay, $10fcll per ton.
Sheaf Oat? $8.509 per ton.
Straw JIS per ton, according to quality.
Poultry and Other Produce.
(Prices paid by shippers.)
Turkey hens. 6c per lb; toms. 4c; hns. THc;
cocks, 4c; young- chicken?, 8V2C: ducks, 6c.
Cheee New York full cream, 13c; domestic
Swiss, 17c; brick, 14c; limburger. 13c.
Butter Choice roll, lie per lb; poor. No. 2,
Eggs Sc per dozen.
Beeswax S0o for yellow, 25c for dark.
Wool Merchantable medium. 16c; burry and
unmerchantable. 2fc5e less; coarse trades, 14c;
fine merino. 10'ql2c; tub washed. 24'iJ27c.
Feathers Prime geese, 30c rer lb; prima duck,
20c per lb.
HIDES, TALLOW, KTC.
Green-salted Hides No. 1. SVic; No. 2, T'.ie;
No. 1 calf. 9l-c; No. 2 calf, be.
Grease White, 4c: yellow, 3'ic; brown, 2io.
Tallow No. L 4'Tc; No. 2. 4c.
THE JOBBING TRADE.
(The quotations triven below are th telling
prices of the wholesale dealers.)
Candies and Natu.
Candies Stick, 7c per lb; common mixed, 7c;
a-rocers mixed. ir; Panner twist stick. s;
Banner cram mlxM, lllc: old-time mix1. R
Nuts Soft-fhHled almonds. Ifc2c; Unelish
walnuts. Wilie; Praril nuts. 10c; filberts, l!sc;
peanut?, roas'.d, 7z V; mixed nuts, 12c.
Corn. K.ViJt.2r. Pcachej Kastor n standard.
3-lb, $2'52.2--: 3-lb tonnd. f l.Si2: faUfornt
standard. J2. 10-fi 2. 40 : California sennds. 1.k?j2.
Miscellaneous-Warkberrles, 2-Ib. VQ9h:; rasp
berries. 3-U 1 1.25i 1.30; pinappls. standard.
2-lb. f l-ftl; choice. $2'u2.M; cov oysters.
1-ln. full weicht. .Vut; lUht, CV; string
ban.. 3-lb. fl'nI.lO; Lima bans. I1.2C"rl.23: peas,
marrowfats. P5c5$l; early June. l.l0frl.l5; lob
sters. J1.S:'12: red chrrW. S0-"ni; strawberries
8j90c; salmon, 1-lb. 9.VrJ2; 3-lb tomato, 1.
Coal and Coke.
Anthracite. J C. A- o. Kanawha. $3 M
rittr':ri?. $; Winifred. f; Kavnrnd. 4- Jack-f-n.
If; Islanl City !um?. $:.5o; jump cr.fc. 9c
per bu. t2.25 pr 2. bu: enishM roke. ic per bu
$2..V pr 2S hu; Klonnbur-. 14.50 per tr.n; f.-.n-riellsville
cok . IS per ten; foundrv vke 2 Vt
per 2'. bu. $:.. per ton: Krazil block. peV tön
KinokelesK -oal. t' per ton; soft nut -oal. 25c ton
ls; coal dem trM In ha-, 25c ton additional.
AWkI. $2. ..:. 2.70; asafoetida. 4V; a bun. 2'-'a
4c; camphor. fis70c: mchtneal. :'!; chloro
form. Wj-; copperas, brls. h ; cream tartar,
pure. SKar;-; lndl .vfiM:; licorice. C'aUt...
genuine. 3.fi4IV: magnela. carb.. 2-ox.. 2fy&22c
morphine r. 4. -V.. pr nz , . . rw niad,,r;
141; o!l. oaetor, per gal. f .2S; oil. ber
gamot. per lb. 3- nplun.. t3.75ffJ.Sö; julnine. P.
At W.. per 02. 3Jtft; hi I am copaiba. X5'ibr;
oap. castlle. Fr . 135 lfic; noda. bicarb.. SVtfr;
salts, Kpsom. l'stMc sulphur flour, 2ff; salt
peter. bVfU4c: turpmine. 4-fjl5c; glycerine. 17 J
!?T,,MtViliMtVrium- 32 ''02.; bromida pot
alum. &5&0c: chlarata cotaah. l2I22a t3
5. J. FLETCHER, President
CHAS. LATHAM. Cashier.
S. A. MORRISON, Assistant Cashier.
S. A. FLETCHER, Assistant Cashier
12c; cinchnnidu. 4 '';; rarl--K a
cocaine, mur., ö.TS.
Elffuhe.l Sheet ir.r. An !r. t a ,n T. 7
ley. N. 6-'. 'abot. Co; i; ;t. ;
txrland. To; Pwight .r -h r. : r- .
Im. TV; r.irwclf. f.
Width. 5'sc: ;nt i:ii-
3IÜ1. 7V-; He;.. T'.r;
IViihiVli- 7.1. .- P.tr. 11 1 u.
I'M. 2"-c; Androscoggin, i'-i.' I. '. A:. '.-.
brown Sheetincs Atlantic A. f.,- w--r.vut
C. 4V-: link's !lt,d. .,
.Vjo ; Constitution. 4"-in-h. ..' a. -
c; Dwigrht's tar. c; ;rat Vuuk i: -Falls
J. 5c; Hill Kino. To; Ir Him U'
pcrell H, ."'rc: Pepper-!1. l -4. l.; Ar. r
9-4. 17c; An lrusc c'in. I'M. ;r.-.
Prints Alln dress stj !. .V; Alln i n. 4 .r.
Allen' robes, i'c: Ar..on an ir. i:
nol i lon cloth. H. 7-o; Arno:.: l !.- ' -,.
Cochtco fancy, .c: Ifm.l'.Jon r-nv y, :
mac pinks and purpl-s, .'';c; P.i .r;,
Mmpsun s mournmcs. 4V: :r. ;
6olids. 5'c; Simpson's oil rinit-h. c; A
ihirtin. S':c; black white. 4V': k'Ta.. .
Kid-rlr.lsh Cambrics LMw ard.. r. t v,
3;c; Slater, 3c: t're e. 3 ' '
Tickings Amoskeap AC A. I've- Co.. r , r:r
12V; Cordis m UV; Cordis T. 1!' . .
A CK. 11V: Hamlit.ii awning, v" K.
fancy, 17c; lenx fancy. IV; M-thu. u A A
Oakland AK. 6c; Portsmouth, IP-r; sus- u
r.a. 12V; Shetucket SV. Cc; S'.icturktt V
fewift Hiver. 5lsc
' . ;
Ginghams Amufkeng stabs. 5'.c; A:vk-ar
dress, 7c; Hats, 5V: Lancaster, .'V: Lar.vr
dress. 7c: Patos. 5'4c: Fall -iu Nord. S.
Grain Uacs An.fskeag. Jli.5:; AnuTiCin, $;;.c
Harmony, 15.50; Stark. $16.
Coffee Goöd. 10 12c: prime. i:,;U; stn r
prime, 14'it16c; fancy green and y ü u-, P
Java. 2S';i32c. lioasted 11 C,o e. r.rr-r t Jaa
S2V"--c: lioldon Itio. 24c; Pouibon S.i:.m
Gilded Santos, 21c; prime Sar.t s. 2 P.i :, ti
coffee City prices: Arlosa. bV2".c; Lin,
Jersey, 10.23c: Caracas. V.Zbc: Dutch .lavj i;.;
12c; Pillworth'a. l'V25c; Mail Pouch. ?::,; a
blended Java, 10.25c: Jav-O-Can. ll. ti" f:i..
tlon top tins In basket); Hüte (carter.), b".
Good Luck. 15.50e; Gwxi Luck case?. $7 v.
Sugar City prices: LMrr.inoes. 6 C7v:; cut J.f,
6.27c; powdered, 5.87c; XXXX powdr .. . ;
standard granulated. &.7c; fine grs-.ulate.i. ; 7.
extra nn pranulated. ,.77c: praruUtel. ;.-!iJ
bag?, 52c; granulated, 2-lb bagi. .i:c; cnj.
6C2c: mold A. 6.12c: confectioners' A. ;.-.. 1
Columbia A. 5.S2c; 2 Windsor A. 1. 27c: 3 Km.
wbod A. 5.27c; 4 Phoenix A, 5.22c: 6 Kn.; -:rc K,
5.17c; 6 Ideal Golden Ex. C. 5.(7c: 7 Wln-Ucr I t.
C. 4.97c; 8 Hldgewood L'x. C. 4 b7c; 9 yellj u
C. 4.&2o; 10 yellow Ex. C. 4.77c; 11 yellow. 4 7:-,
12 yellow, 4.72c; 1? yellow, 4.C2c; 14 yellow, 4.e:o;
15 yellow, 4.6ic: 15 yellow. 4 i2c.
Salt In car lots, Sl.20trl.25; small lets. J! Zi
Flour Straight grades, M'di.Zb: patent. ?4 :;. 1
4.50; spring wheat, first grade. M.Jj'u 4.50; s
grade. $3.75.4; bakery. li.nZ.f. 1
Spices Pepper. 17'ilSc; allspice. i:,iisc; i-.t, s
Ya 18c; cassia, 155; nutmegr. tVftt.:.o per j
Beans lrime marrow, bu. 2.5.Si2.65: do a !
or navy, bu. $2.25'i2.3.; do red kidney. i, t
2.S5. Lima beans, lb, 7tt7V; German Utr. j
Molasses and Syrups New Orleans mola ss '
fair to prime, 2SSc; choice, 3&4öc; syrups. 2: j 1
Rice Louisiana. 4HS6V: Carolina, S'iSSV. ?
Shot $1.4 1.M per bag fcr drop.
Lead 6V,'j;7c for pressed bars. ,
Wood Dishes No. 1, per l.CwO. S232.R0; No. 1.
J2.r.0&2,75; No. S, S2.503; No. 5, 13 a 3.25.
Twine Hemp, 12i?li.c per lb; wool. syi'W; f.ax, s
20030c; paper, 25c; Jute, 12tfl.r.c; cotton. p,:2V. t
Wood en ware No. 1 tubs. Iw"; No 2 tub,
$3.50-56; No. 3 tubs. 2-hooi pail. '
2-hoop pails. S1.4JÖ1-50; double wa.hb..trÜ9. : .J
02.75; common warhboards, $1.501.75; cloil.ii
pin. 6065c per box.
Iron and Steel.
Bar Iron. 2.50c: horsesho bar. Z"Z7Zc: r.x'.l
rod, ?c; plow slabs. 4.50c; American cast stfti, ;
9011c; tlr steel. S'j2Vc; spring steel, 4x'u5c.
Oak sole. 3335: hemlock sMe. 2?33ic: har
ness, 33g2c; skirting. 26ßWc; single rtrap. 4i
45c; city kip. 6ö'öSc; French kip. :4iiSl.2";
city calfskin, t0c'if$l.l0; Trench calfskin. S1.2.J
Kails and Horseshoes.
Steel cut nails. SI f5; wir nails, from sWa,
J2.C5 rates; from mill. S2.65 rates. Hersejhoei,
per keg. $4; mul shoes, per keg. J1..V ; h ,r?
nails. J4S5 per box. Barb wir, galvacizej,
2.25; pal&tad, 13.19.
oils, winter strained, in bris. fcüüDc Pr gal;
half brls, 3o per gal extra.
Produce, Fruits and Vegetables.
Pineapples $231.25 per do.
Cabbage Horn grown, per brl. i:;2.:;.
Bananas Per bunch. No. L SL7552; Nj 2, $1.21
Oranges Se-31!ngt, St.
Lemons Messina. S0 to box, cfco!:. $: Wj
fancy. $$; California. Si.
New Potatoes 11.23 per b'X
Onions 75c per bu.
Honey Whlta, ISc par lb; dark. ITe,
Cocoanut &0o dox; per ba, $3.50,
Cucumbers 20S40C per Co.
Tomatoes $1 per crafe of 4 baaketsf car ba tot
borne grown, 13.
Home-grown Beans $2.25 per bu.
Cauliflower $1.50 per doi.
New Apples 20Ö 25c per peck bor; hora grown,
tlfybOc per bu for good stock.
Indiana Peaches 0o$ $1.25; Georgia, $1.75 rt
Cantaloupes 301j75o per basket: brl, SI.J5.
Blackberries Horn grown, $13L&0 per crate.
Pears -$1 pr bu.
Sweet Potatoes Virginia.'. $150 per t:I.
Asparagus Home grown. 15'j203 ;er
Bed Plums 24-quart crate, SI'S 1.25.
Watermelons $20330 per 100.
peaches Elberta, U ü-basket erat; 4 bittet
Hams Sugar cured. H to 20 lbi average. 13'-tl
15 lbs average, 1213Vc; 12 lbs average, 1J
Lard Kettlo rendered. 10c; pure lrd. 11V.
Bacon Clear sides, 50 to 60 lbs average, i
20 to 40 lbs average, 10c; 20 to 2) lb rie.
11c; clear bellies, 25 to CO lbs average, l -V. 'I
to 22 lbs average. 11c; 14 to 16 lbs avr rag. UV;
clear backs, 2u to 30 lbs average. b'V; :! to if
ibs average. 10V; to 9 lbs average. Hi. is
dry salt V less.
Shoulders li to 2) lh$ average, 3c 15 11 av
erage, 9V; W to 12 lbs average, J'.jo.
Clover, choic, prime, $676.7; Knghb. cV. '-e,
$!'g$.50; alslke. choice, $7a; alfal.'a. rh 'A
H'il.öO; crimson or scarlet clover, ' .
othy. 4". lbs. prim, S2.3OVi2.40; stri. t;y r' ' e
blueeras?. 24 lbs, $25t2.50; Oerman mll'ft. 7 -;
Western German rr.tlW. 7i$0c; cwr.'Z rv.'V.
$2.2072.25; choice. $2.15'j 2.2; fancy Kr.'u.iy, 14
lbs, $1.20; extra clean. 6-13 77c; orchr1 rr, x
tra. $1.5'al.75; red tor, choice, Vfli.::; Ta
glish. 651 70c
Tho Ideal Ser-riee. Should Ifa-e lbs
Best of Etery Form of the Art.
L. C. Elson, in International Mcnthl:.
The question what tb ideal nv;:'J
church fcrviccj should 1- is not to bo i1
Rwpred oft hand, but surely tome r-j :.' rl
Ruidanco may 1 j;athrcd from th hi-f"
ical facta already cited. In th first r
the musical church f-rvi-c of tV !'u?"r
should frre itself lrom all fetter-, of rr-sj'
udico and admit every form of r'.".i--al
art that has ben ti.-od successfully by sy
denomination whatever. Th r.y c.v r
fhould not be i-uffrr-d to a m-?'r
crtf-d, nor the rrrhtra, to rru'"
most entirely a Catholic Institution. fT
as th. church service Is concern d. A
electric system of church music h'j'.l y
evolved in which every edement ab-vc !'
scribal mipht be free to enrer in. ac,rHi:C
to tho exigencies f the omvm. and l'1
lied only by the size of th oiirv. "f f
c-nerepHtlon or of lt tur. N.t nr -t'lv. tl
athol1c m:t, a hoc. cmjl.1 rv t e
into thi Protectant Chun h. for It '
losely to its ovi ritual; but c. il.dn of
Its chief number.? 011M be cm:M".v"1 '
Kiven a tfood Kn?lih par.ip'ira-".
mighty choral sl,..uld l asidM'Ji-Iy
vated. If every service contained at 1
one broad chorur of th dignified chira
of s;t. Anus," It would a gooi eorr
live for much of the .Uncling; mu.-U" 1
obtains in the I'pited Stnte-s. Hut in th
iratter of choral work tb orpanbt u,rJ.,
le an important factor for j;o.-d or for VL
The choral should b "jclvcn out" uoa thi
orK.in a trlrl faster than it is Inter. Vi r
Ito sung;, for otv congregation b Ohrts
tendom saRs a little from the gien :err.ro.
The organist ph-uld rrnke h shgbt hoit
or fennata, uihui th lat not of
phrase, for in a largo cor.grestion tJ
atra grlers need to b brought nomt U CX23
-3 nc Lhrzza
Linseed, raw. "Sc per gal. linseed oil, bollel,
79c par gal; coal oil, leiral test. Väl4V; bn.k.
4750e; best straits, 5&c; Labrador. (.; Wt