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THE . T?:.DIAXAPOLTS JOURNAL, SUNDAY, AUGUST 11. 1901.
THE POISON OF INSECTS
Tin: iv:;i:tt or had jiksilts
;iu:atly i:.;(ii;itvi un.
J3r. Howard, Chief Intoiimloi;t
tin' H'i rtment of Agriculture,
Talk on the "Mihjcct.
, (. r f ir.r-ct r'd.-or.: is very gcn
v .v : .- tini.tt.-d in thn j opular mind.
- v. i' ;iir.y.z e i t j-'-upl.?, us well
.. u: i I i .'. th re xi.-t su
.:('.. s r-:arIir.? rfretly harmless
r :;.irr:il . tho eommnn elr.i ;;on
ii'i Liri::!1. Ii etile.-?, nre lVarol
:. r.ly by lhih-di-yi-eakinpr races
n in thi.s country think that
cnikvs ir.s-ects will scv; up their
he ci-niinnn tomato v.orm, c.r tu
(r;r., a irricfly harmless insect, is
"( u tu ho fatally loL-unov.s by many
tie r-i:nnio:i Fiijw r.tJtlon about
is t"t.ii!y unf.Mip.i'.-d, while tho
::t surpi-.)!:- anl centineeh-s are
ratti!. The effects of intense,
r, following a hy.-ical Injury cf
Icaat nature, are- under-
i . i. - f
nio. lit al irfff.--kai. llnoe it
:.'t t understand cms. s til 5 ere
Y i . -
- jm .-trati a a:ul .vn death foilow
l::.' cr a LIlo from a comrarativcly
. . i:. t.
(us tlr'.i'I- rr1 contagious, nntl p3y-
i ; Ms will a Irak that the tarenii.-rn, cr
l 'i i:.ta! i ir uzy of routh Kuroi', ascribed
v. the bite of the tarantula, which haj been
yf .ite.l at lor.;: intervals within tho list
;cw -x r.turie-s, was largely a dread, or r an-1-
cm knüc. Kntomolos.i.ta hr.ow tliat there
la nothir. in the j-oL on of the tarantula
to j. r. 'ha-, e the symptoms eI?sc.Tilv.l, such
the pruloactd dances, endinpr in coma.
'i-raHf.l kissir.tr bus epidemic of two
y..ars i.''o was probably in a minimized
l- r:a inilut need by one of thcs-o psycholosi
The truly poisonous insects, that is, in
F..ts which pw-Ftcs poi-un t;hinds and 0-c-reto
poi.-i-a w ith their biti s or s tings, be-:ur.-r.
in the main, to two chutes. Either
11. y bting for protection, as with the bee.,
iMta'u; ants and crrtain v.asp:-, or they u:-o
th puis.iii to assist in tho capture of their
prtv, as with the cipher wa.ps, certain
lr .'iact ous bugs and all spiders.
The mosquito belongs to a third cass,
nrul the pur).-e of tho poison winch it in-j-cts
is not fully undcrstooih It may r n-
. r the blood of its victim more digestible
and hss liable to coagulation, or it may
have some other unexplained use.
of Tin: poisons.
Insect poisons, as a rule, were undoubted
ly developed for use against other insects.
Therefore, they are small in quantity, and,
peneraliy speaking, are serious in their
effects only upon other insects. The ex
act nature of Ihn poison is not well un
derstood. In some instances It Is a com
bination of alkaii and an acid which bo
come effective only when they are com
bined. In ants, wasps and bees it consists
of formic acid and a whitish, fatty, bitter
r idu- in the secretion of the glands, lha
corroding, formic acid is the essential part
of the poison.
Cases are on record of the death of hu
man beings as the result of the inaction of
p.nson with the stinKs or bees and wasps,
us well as with the bites of spiders, fcucn
lasts, however, are rare. A number of
ia.ms are on record of death from a, multi
tude or bee stings. I know of one case,
well authenticated, of the death of a mid-ile-agetl
woman trrm a. single b.-e stin?.
The phvsical cor oiiion of the patient un
ooubtedlv had much to do with the fatal
rtsult. which was probably due partly to
r.ervous shock and possibly to the fact
that the poison was injected dlnetly into a
lare ein and was thus carried immediate
ly to the h irt.
Another case of similar nature came un
der the observation of Dr. William Frew,
.f Imgland, in 1'. The patient, a young
la.lv of twenty-three, was stung on the
neck, just behind the angle of the jaw, by
a wasp, the sting of which was extracted
bv a servant. A di lution of arsenic was ap
plied and. as the patient b it ill, Phe was
assisted to bed. She complained immediate-
tv.-linr of choking and of
p.iin in the abdomen. The reek swelled
rapidly and the pains in the abdomen be
rame agonizing. Two teaspoonsful of
brandv were administered, out iero-e anj -thing
"further could be done the patient b--ti.rne
lnsenrdble and breathed her last, Hi
lfen mimites after the sting.
Dr. Frew saw the body about two hours
Rftr death and found the neck and lower
prt of the body much swollen. 1 he
tongue was swollen to such an extent that
it rilled the .mouth. The young lady was
.f a nervous, excitable temperament and
had shown symptoms of weak action or
the hart. From both father and mother
sh; hail inherited gouty tendencies and the
in. t her was remarkably susceptible to the
action of certain meditints.
i;fit:ct of hki: stincs.
The stings f bees and waps have very
tlilTerent elects on different pec pie, and
without doubt persons who habitually han
dle bees become immune to their poisons.
That this immunity is produced by inocula
tion cannot be doubted, but there must be
an almost continuous reiuoeulation. A man
may hae kept bees for a series of years
und have become in a measure immune to
th!r sting. He may discontinue the in
t'i'trv for a vear or so and upon resuming
it ho "will rir.'l he is affeettd by bee stings
s at iirt. It i a curious fact that some
portions of the body may become immune
and others not. , ,
Herbert If. Dmitri, who is a professional
collator of inserts, catches b- es an.l wasps
In hu net and rcinov. s th m with hio tnumfc
arid for. linger. In his case th forennger
Is tum: fo often that It has beeom
tf'peroughlv inoculate!, and stints upon tins
jitlr produce no effect, but if he is stung
rn'th'- back of the re-k or in some other
lit of the body the sensation is as painful
us it is with another person.
uthntie eases of hath from spider
bit- are rare, although eases reported in
the newspapers are of almost weekly ;oc
ourrt r.ee. I 1 ave investigated more tnan
ii hundred such r ports in th l"nitel States
la the past t n y.ars. In many cases the
r --ported fact.- were entirely erroneous; in
t!.e majority of cases no spider was seen
!o i: lliet lie- l it.-; there were almost no
as. s in which the spider was seen to bile
.and was saved to. examination.
.:ne ars ai;o :i laby shtjeng in a
era lie in a Connecticut town was bitten
vp.ei the lip bv a sphb-r known as latro
ibetus maetar.s ar:d ih d as a re sult ofjho
bite. A laboring man in South Carolina
t! t!ie , . ir'v r.inrtb. s Jicl itlnr as a result
"freT-'i tli bite of a r-pid.-r of th sam
hi. vi. - or as a r stilt t the large loses cu
1 -kv who 2: Wt 1 e av. n to mm a a
M ,) . Tho latter explanation is tiie more
1 ilt'i on'-.
i'lii- l.o .rode etus is not one of our large
:,!,iv, It is iili.-tt idn.g M.o.!; In enl.-r ami
iiitlo lai-'t r than a I true p. a. It is usually
: tin: lai'l.r s; de with a red spot.
; llie m.'t d.ü'u neis s; i! r wl.itli e-
but its far.
w k that eanvd pt n.
i i.;' ii o body that ;-.r
- .; Ir bv banco it l ite
the s..i:i m
a I'.irU'.'j'.ii ly
.-lv.- tiiin-skinnn! to-tne: f t
1 i( 4 V
is espot i ill v wtll Tro id d with b'oed
til.- resells are likely to b" painful
: Si 11
nl r eom's indt-r old
r.;bai ii and i
s o ca-neu'lly found
e;th.e.s-s. It :
"rMv " and xt
rath r ci'innnai in th
-als in smalt numbers
:h astwar 1 to A, w I.ng.ar.d.
i;lTi:S eF i? PI DEHS.
!ne n unable to a'.tker.tlcnte a
.1 i.i-t.i-ae of death from tho bite of the
:e spid.rs kr.tiwn as tarantulas, altliough
umstautiaily reported c.u-es are fro
nt in the newspapers. Thee stories
ailv t-.ll how the tarantulas have been
hz. potted with bananas tr .tln-r troph-al
frail. A go d example :ipp-ared in a daily
r:"-r pd.U.-hed in a large A-terri eity
two aars aeo. The scare headlines read:
in two weeks three men have died from
the biv.s ..f taratitnh-s and another had to
f.ae ,d arm ; m'.ub.ted. All Were Siehians
Hid j i v ' I their d alh w.mnds hi the
t.-a::d:.s, r..oms ot fruit hoe -. s.' 4 he ex
Ft h.ta'iiths are i-iveii. 1 had the mathf
j-xn .ned with cr:t ear." by a seh-ntlür-Irbn.i
n -idnt in that eity. and he loiind
.rtrr thoruuth e::ar")lnathri that there ,t.s
ro truth whatever ia the newspaper state
. Manv of the true I z3 give severe punc
ture with their beaks. Home .f thr-in ln
fert a sheht amount of poison, but the in
rummalory effects whl-h occasionally fol-
low the bite of most of them are due to
the fact that their beaks have previously
been inserted into some dead or decaying
anlm.il matter so that the germs of putre
faction are thus carried into the human
blood. This is the explanation of the com
paratively few authentic cases of severe
swelling following the Lite or the so-called
The lare aquatic bug which of recent
yars his become Known as the dectrlc
li.sht bug has a sharp beak and may inllict
a severe wouml when incautiously handlecL
Serious results, however, are not known
to follow. The large, ungainly, predacious
bug known as th wheel bug may give
a serious wound under similar condi
tions, and Clover man vcars ago reported
a serious swelling of his hand and a sur se
quent slouching off of the skin and suptr
lidal tissues of the ball of Iiis thumb as
a result from the bite of this insect.
There is a little croup of cut-rpil!ars
armed with sharp hairs v.hbh will pierce
the skin and produce sometimes an in
t'i! irritation, much like that which 13
produce.! by th nettle. The common
est of thes.j caterpillars are tlie so-called
saddle-back catcrplilats and the caterpil
lar of the Io or earn emp rur mnth. '1 he
irritation produced by the.se creatures is
s-omt times as .-evore as tho severest cases
of poisoning from ncltlo.
?;ti x g i x r cat i: rtr i llars.
I have seen the hand of a young woman
swollen to twie its normal size, cauring
great p;?in, in consequence of being slung.
The president of a Haptist college in the
West wroto last year that one of these
caterpillars accidentally touched his wrist
and for eight hours tho pain was excru
ciating and could not be allayed by any
treatment. It could be fUt for twenty
The caterpillar of the so-called brown
tailed moth, a recent importation from
Jh-trope, which exists in numbers about
-I: )st :i, has this peculiar quality, and tne
laborers en-ae-d by the Gypsy Moth Com
mission were frequently stung by tin se
cat .epillnrs during tho summer of lvj,
with punful effects. Then, again, the
so-called blister beetles, f which there
are many species In this country, are ocea
elonally the cause of a blistering poison.
H'h a one of these insects alights on tho
l ack of one's neck the lirst Impulse is to
brt-'.-h .t off and it frequently fets crushed,
in whb-h case the blistering eaiect of its
juit os is very marked.
There is little dan-rer from centinedes
an.l scorpions in this country, even in the
Southern States. Notwithstanding an al
most universal belief to tho contrary, a
scor: ion s tsting is no more dangerous than
that of a honey bee, and often the effect
is no v.orso than that of the prick of a pin.
lo,vn in Mexico, however, and especially in
the State of Durar.go. there is a scorpion
generally known as the Durango scorpln,
which is much feared. The stories about
even this creature", however, are generally
exaggerated, ami Dr. Kdward Palmer,
who ha? lived in that State. sa3 that ho
lias known but one death to result from the
sting of this creature, and that was of a
young woman who was in very bad health
at the time.
In the same way stories about centipedes
are also exaggerated. We have no danger
ous species in the United States. The
tropical centipedes bite with their maxiili
pe.ls and possess poisonous glands. The
oli stories that they exude poison from the
tips of their sharp claws and leave a trail
line tire when they walk over the skin of
a human being are entirely false. Their
bite is poisonous, but the result is not ser
ious. In Central America and among the Mexi
cans in Texas. New .Mexico, Arizona and
Southern California, many harmless in
sects aro generally considered poisonous.
This is due- to a special cause. It arises
from the fact that the blood of these people
is so vitiated by unclean diseases that an
Insiniticant bite or scratch is apt to bring
on blood poisoning, followed by serious re
sults. IS ATHLETIC THAIXIXG USEFUL?
A Question Itniscel by tbo Recent
Nobody seems to have considered the
signllicance of the wrestling match be
tween Nouroulah, the big, fat Turk, and
Torn Jenkins, of Cleveland, pronounced by
all competent authorities "the finest speci
men of physical perfection ever turned
out by athletic training."
The Turk, as he appeared in the. ring,
looked like a mountain of llesh. lie was
"hog fat," as the reporters said. His
enormous abdomen hung about him In
huge folds. He was soft all over, ap
parently unwieldy and slow as a horse
car. It was perfectly evident that he
had not "trained" at all, as our experts
understand tho term and they are the
"smartest" in the world; they say so
themselves. On the contrary, it was well
known that he ate and drank glutton
ously, smoked cigarettes from early morn
till dewy eve, and generally neglected every
custom anl injunction recognized in the
athletic schools of America ahd England.
Jenkins, on the other hand, was a miracle
of muscular development. Lithe as a tiger,
carrying not an ounce of superfluous llesh,
a vision of symmetry and strength, ho
stepped upon the platform the very apo
theosis of the Anglo-Saxon philosophy. And
yet the great, lumpy, lumbering, unweildy
Nouroulah picked up the Cleveland wonder
as if he were a pretty kitten and did with
him as he pleased. Jenkins was for him a
mere helpless plaything, a puppet to be
tossed about and caught and tossed again,
like some imponderable handball. Of
course, the Turk was much taller, and
ho weighed perhaps 150 pounds more
than his antagonist, but, according to
our complacent and srlf-sufTicIent convic
tions, this extra weight was wholly detri
mental. Nouroulah was simply carry
ing about with him . 10 J poumis of more
or less Injurious fat an equipment that
injured and embarrassed him while all
his habits and indulgences were so many
violations of tho most sacred laws of ath
lut how are our wiseacres to explain
away the result? Tom Jenkins, who had
already vanquished Koebcr, and was re
ga.rdei by all the scientists as a muscular
prenomenon, proved the very easiest of
victims in the hands of tho "hog-fat"
Turkish cigarette-smoking and lazy glut
ton. More than that, it became evident
that tho latter was as quick as a cat
and had wind enough for a whole year's
continuous campaign in Kansas. He was
no more tired alter seiuelchlncr Jenkins
than if he had been swinging in a ham
mot k. lie could havf done the samo
trick every hour until breakfast time,
and even after that would have absorhe!
his Chateaubriand. bonlelaise, his six
egs, his half gallon of coffee and his
three loaves cf bread with something bor
dering on languor.
Is our athletic system all right? "We
should really like to know. The late
Surgeon Genera! William A. Hammond,
1. S. A. (retired), always Insisted that
muscular training was at the expense e'f
vitality, and that any man past forty-five
who deliberately "took exercise" was a
icoh We wonder whether ho could have
It Just Struck Her.
Detroit Free Press.
Though It happened in one of Detroit's
swell hotels, neither of the principals be
longs here. He had just seated himself at
the dinner table, when she anil another lady
came in wi:h the usual iloiirish of hand-
boaie and well-dressed women.
Ho turned a shai.e or two p.ibT. After
conning hv r me nu she looked ccrors th j
table and h r fat e to,k on a puzzle! cx-p.es-kn.
When their eyes met during t ire
mc-.il each pretended to he studying thi
tabhc!uth cr the opposite wall. He left
lirst and she watched through the loors.
"Amie." she said to her companion. "I
tertainiy know that man, but I can't for
the. life of me place him. I think he knew
me. too, but I couldn't bow to him unless I
weio Mire, could IV You know that 1 never
He wandered into the parlor later while
the women were there, looked ;t little toe
here for con.utr:iali;y an.l got away as
soo-i as he could. She again gave out the
. i. m iction that she knew him and won
uered where it was and who he could he.
"Never mind," said tho companion, "he's
nothing to us. Forget him."
"o foolish, it Isn't that, but you know
how it is wnea your memory betrays y.u
end I elon't wv.nt him to think me rule.
P.ut hubby will here to-n!aht ar.d I'll
have him find out nil about it."
Half an hour later she :not:ierJ a
scream ami nuhed implorlnrly at thy oth-r
woman. "For heaven' sake! An!f, don't
von say a word to my hu'aby about that
fellow. It Just carao to me."
Mio was my first husbar.d In Chicago."
Ditooncci (ln?c Device.
Nenv York Time 3.
State Ade, who
deaf, han a uniaue device for ap-
r-riskig him of the intrusion or a visitor.
He has a teapot slung over the bnck of his
rnair bv a string, the end cf which is ti?d
to the; doorknob. When a visitor enters.
the door, swinging open, raises the teapot
to a level with the assistant secretary's
head. As the visitor advances, the door.
closing, lets the teapot swir.tf down till it
tomhes the Hoar with a craidi. The visitor
usually gives a leap of surprise and fear.
nod the assistant secretary or state, an
priced bv the crash, looks up with a glad
smile, extends his hand, and says to the
What can I do for ycu?'
BEAUTIFUL INDIAN GIRLS i
rot M AMOXG TUG
2Jor. of Them, Ilnnrvtcr, Have More
"White Tlinn ltcel lllood Tribal
I.avr (iovemluir Marriage.
Cleveland Flaln Dealer.
u rule one lluJi that "the beautiful
Indian maidens" are confined to the pages
of romance. Generally speaking, the young
tquawd in the Indian tribes cf the West
uro uncouth in appearance, awkward in
form and ungainly in their movements. It
is seldom, except after contact with the
whites and association with them for many
years, that they acquire grace of movement
and symmetry of form.
Among the civilized tribes of Minnesota
at Leach lake and White Earth especially
there are many beautiful Indian girls.
They dress fashionably and seme cf them
exhibit excellent taste, although the ma
jority are perhaps a little too fond of
gaudy colors. There are also seme very
pretty Indian girls in the Indian Territory,
but their loveliness comes because of the
Intermingling of white and red blood, tho
opportunities of ca'ueati n and their asso
ciation with white pcopie. There are lew
of these beauties In the Indian Territory.
Many of them are cll to do in the wt rld's
goods, ar .intellir;. nt ami accomplishe-d and
sought ait.-r for marriage by young i.k:i
who could easily seeure brides in the Fast
equally us intelligent, lieii ami faiily
lb'ferrir.g to this clars of young Tndian
women a writer says the girls u' the In
dian Territory are, to all intents nnd pur
poses, on the same plane with the white
women of education and refinement, except
that some strain of the wild Indian blood
runs in their veins and gives them a tinge
e.f rich color, a brighter eye, a mote lisscme
grace than their white si.-ters possess.
Reckoned in fractions of blood lheso In
dian beauties are more Caucasian than
aboriginal American. All of them, however,
are Indians, politically and social!; th y
hold tirraly to their merabe rship in the
tribes. Many of them are erne quarter e.r
one-eighth or oven cne-sixu e ntli or om -thirty-second
Indian, but the red strain is
the stronger and shows, if not in some lin
gtring richness of color or in the molding
of thei face", still in tin indefinable fascina
tion and grace, the heritage of a forest
people. Among them one may lind perfee-t
blendes, with the Indian strain still salient
and palpable. And although they have sue
cumbeil to the corset of an alleged civiliza
tion, in almost all cases they have their
less trammeled ancestresses to thank for
the blessing eif well-nigh perfect ligures.
And one other of woman's best gifts they
possess, clear and low voices, with not a
trace of the guttural intonation which is
common to all original Indian tongues. So
rarely is it that one of them mat t ies an
Indian that such an event iä commented
upon in the Territory as a remarkable
ItESTJLT OF INTERMARRIAGE.
Intermarriages with whites in the Chero
kee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Semi
nole tribes has flourished to such an extent
within the last quarter century that the
full-blood element is now on the verge of
extinction. The old men of the tribes are
becoming alarmetl and have passel laws
against intermarriage, some of which are
very severe almost prohibitive, In fact.
The Chlckasaws are the strictest regard
ing intermarriage. A law recently plat d
on their statute books requires any whito
many applying for a license to marry a
Chickasaw girl, first, to produce evidence
that he has resided in the Chickasaw na
tion two years; next, to furnish credentials
as to his rood character, and, third, to pay
$1,) lor the marriage license. This must
be elone if the ceremony is performed ac
cording to the Chickasaw laws and the girl
is weddcei according to the custom of her
people. Of course, the girl litis and some
times takes the privilege of eloping at tho
cost of losing her right in th tribal lands
and money and of disgrae-ing hertelf in the
eyes of her relatives. Her "healright is
something worth considering. A "right" in
the Chickasaw nation is valued at from
$5,0X3 to Slu.oeO, and in the Cherokee. Creek
and Choctaw nations is valued at from
jr.tt) to SS.WO. The intermarriage laws of
all the four rations named are about tho
same, excepting that of the Chickasaw na
tion, charging H, for a license while the
others only ask 510.
There is good reason for these laws.
Many fortune hunters, attracted by the
wealth of the Indian maidens, have in th"
past married into the tribes and gained
control of large tracts of land, fostered
outlaws and raised bad families. There
were few happy marriages, and not until
the wise men of the tribes met and passed
an act making every white man show his
credentials before a license was issued.
was there a betterment of these conditions.
The character of each applicant was care
fully examined before he was admitted.
For several years thereafter respectable and
Industrious whlto men married into theso
tribes and their children married whites.
It was so on down the lino until to-tiav
the eighth, the sixteenth and thirty-second
part Indian predominates. Of pure bloods
there will be none within a few vears.
Still the open door marriage policy, while
it admitted no bad characters, was fraught
with many evils. rihe women possesscel a
desire to marry white men, hence it was
easy sailing for fortune hunters. This class
of men fenced in large tracts of the publie
domain, or land belonging to the redskins
In common. us'd the land for cattle ranches
and converted the minerals into e-ash.
Many men became millionaires at the ex
pense of the tribes. They were known as
"galvanized Indians" or "squaw men."
A PARTIAL REMEDY.
Five years ago the evil was partly rem
edied by tho tribal councils disfranchising1
all "squaw men" who thereafter married
Into the tribes. This checked tho influx
of money seekers for a time, and then it
became ns bad as ever. Early this year
the Chlckasaws took another hitch In the
intermarriage situation by raising the li
censes to Sl.vuO each.
The average Indian girl of to-day I pos
sessed of an excellent education. The fed
eral government spends nearly $1"o.ij an
nually in educating the youth of the five
The Indian maiden who has the reputa
tion of being the belle of the Territory is
Miss Tookah Turner, wh ote Jr.dhm name ia
Pretty Whirling Water. She has not ordv
beauty, but possesses the accomplishment's
of the hnished product ef a fnshiuriablo
school. She will cnu in fer a 1 .rge dice
öl me I'juuat1 ol nei laiaei, . e . Jturn'-r,
of Muskogee, a millionaire cattle man. Miss
Turner is a Cherokee. A net he Chcrokc"
belle i-? Mrs. Rachel Davis Prady. ed tr.o
C.eorgia Cherokee branch. She came to the
Territory only ten ers ago, but she be
longs there by ancestry, .u .-;.. js of the
famous Ross family. head f winch.
Joshua Ross, was ono f the most ir.telh
gent and progn-a.dvo Indiu.s of his time.
The Ross family m said to be the rieh .-t
Indian family in the country, their holding
aggregating millions. Another of the Ros".;
family who is notable for beauiv is Mii
Of the Cherokee beanies the voting
granddaughter of Pleasant Cot ter, the pres
ent chief, is an example. Me is an ht'ircss
to consider able wealth bhbs what lv r
tribal right ami land iuhv; Ua are will uiyo
her. Mis Leota Crabtre-. Chitto Mt'hko
i:- the Indian nomene hi tu re r p.r-r trir
is another pretty Indian girl. Thou;h she
is tribady a Chickasaw, she lr-is ";.-. k
bloo.l in h"r vein.-?, beirjr a ernr. U!a;i r't.t- r
cf Isparhecher, called the grand ed.i'nrtn
cf the Creeks, who has for ve.irs b.-n
chief of the Creek council and till oi
ef the KOt lnfluentbil mernb. rs of tV
tribo. All o this family hav b n uotid
for prowess in war. wisdom in counci' nnd
böAUty of person. Miss Crobtr-Is hig'ilv
cultivated. She shews ..-s trace rt'h'V
aberisinal blood thp.n almost any of her
The Indian rrlrl of tlds typ, when rho
visiting the East, where everyone n, c? the
opinion that there are no Irdians but tho-o
who wear blankets and live la t n. s. j;3
sensitive about her blood. A cultured mm
bcr of the Cherokee tribe not long ao ex
pressed herself in this way:
"I am not f. shamed of my blood. b"
when I am surrounded by these who I
knon do not understand that I am an In-
Glan 1 lie ex ii.-nu.if :n race. it Oüv
leads to notoriety pml half the p
I meet would not bed eve that 1 was of
Indian extraction if I were to tell
History of American Journalism.
The librarian of Congrc -udll finn pub
lish a book complied by Ralph M. McKen
zie, of the periodical department, contain
ing a brief history of American journalism.
The newspapers .Tea ted are arrnnged by
ptates. ar.el include those long since dead
as well os the newest of the living. In
.every instance the name of the rounder is
given and such other facts cs will answer
the questions which naturally suggest
themselves concerning a newspaper's his
tory. The entire work, it is estimated, will
Mil more than 2.(:) pages of rrint. It has
taken about three years to prepare, and
another six months will probably be con
sumed In putting it through the press.
The compilation was a huge task, involv
ing a se-areh through state histories, county
histeri. s. biographies, gazetteers, dirxc
torhs. ccraslcr.nl address?, pamphlets cf
all sorts and the. tiles of newspaier3 from
the earliest American hite down to the
present limo. Mr. McKenzie will Intro
due e th2 book with a chapter discussing
American journalism and periodical liter
ature in a general way.
PKESSUEE OF MODERN LIFE.
A SLcptlc "Who Insists Hint It Is No
Greater than In Former Times.
I like to airociate with business people;
their poi.3 is delightful. They would have
von think they are abnormally busy at any
nral every hour of the
,7 , , . .
that their life
is one oi incessant toil, and that their cnor
mojs Libers can only be adequately met by
a corresponding amount of outward and
vlslblo movement. In reality they are des
perately glad to seo you down at the ofhec;
it relieves tha tedium of dom nothing much
in an et. tittle way. Of course the moment
you ap: ear they will rush oC to another de
part ne at on a matter involving life or
ueath. Hut. attf"r preliminary theatricals,
tlo-y positively delight in davrdiing about
With tha chance visitor. The "quick lunch"
and "merlness men's lunch" are nothing
l-s, than deep deception-. They were insti
tuted i-ol- iy with an eyo to cTect. The
b;-;i:'.e.-'s man's lunch is a cemf crtal.le, leis-tn-.j-
n:: !, with coffee and cigars at tho
end "of it. Eut it is the custom of th
bu!ne-.5 man when lunching with an un
initiated friend to dupe him into the belief
ed the modern nerve-racking theory. To
thii end he will make frequent notes and
calculations during the meal, call loudly
and impatiently tar the waiter and givo
tiler oatwnrd ovider.ee that tha world ii
e. iniv.g to an end. When half-way through
the : ea-.t your business friend will tako
east Ids watch, look you deliberately in th:
!cc" and say that he ha- an appointment
with "a man" ;it half past one. Yoet are
in;;n!t.:!y giieved at this, of course; and,
holding out a hand, you bid him a sad gcod
bv. Again he looks you deliberately in the
f:co and guesses that, after all. perhaps
he vhl not s;ej the man that day. This
paves tho war tor an Idle hour, .and is
k.-ov.m -..a the "great lunch bluff."
Jt ia amusing, too, to notieo th conceits
within concvlu. Ea :h locality is Ürruly
eonviuecd that its system is ths most
ncr; c-ratal and tha most trying among tho
mnuy making up the total of "modern life."
cn world oanital says of itself: "Just
at us! I.'on't we work, vviien we do
t.Ol.i. UUU L ,u II liitu muiu .
And don' t
we r,.r.:'l our social system will break up
tho '.lirongCit cof.stitui.iou ia v.o time! Just
look at us; watch! Are we not gay old
tiog! "War th-re ever anything: like it'"
This trait is conspicuous in tlm -vcrtiing
of the eecond example heading theso com
ments. It is implied that conditions pe
culiar solely to New York work the jsup
1.0 ej havoc on nerves. Oulte possibly tha
writer would refer to Enlaud'e capital as
"Slcenv Oid London." a terra, or im eculva
Wit, so common on this side of the Atlan
tic. Pat when tto cros eve" to tnar non
d n we sh.d! hud ths .Londoner srane. in
self-satisfaction. It Is hid firm belief that
no one can do a thing more expeditiously
than a Londoner. He may refer to thosa
"Yankee chaos" and their methods, but in
a tone implying that for real, modern, klll-
mt -quick life a London se ason la tha one
and only specific. Paris, Perlin, Vienna
eae h in a like manner pride themselves or.
a- life system warranted to twist up nerves
of cast steel.
It is extraordinary, this fond deluj-lon
Conditions ar altered, areas enlarged: but
fundamentally and relatively, there has
bten no change, if ased to state in exact
ly what particular modern life bo racks our
nervous organization, most or us would ni
hard put lor a sensible answer. Where,
in the end, is this nervous drive ve aro so
nersiitently canting about? What Is all
thid talk of stress and strain and strife?
It is a delusion of thö age pure imagina
tion. "We are liko so many littla children
in tho nursery; we cloak ourselves in these
pleasing, pretty tlisguises, and we "play at
being" poor, hard overworzeei mortals.
It is a platitude that in looking lack
along life's road, only the pleasing features
remain clear in th picture üiaco'urovts
fade, they are lost in retrospection. This
fact greatly adds to the illusion. o men
tion. oei ha ds. the railroad as an lnstaneo
or tho nervous age, an'd contrast it with tho
lumbering stase-coaches they used in tho
slow, uncultured old days. Stage-coaches
have a pictures.iue sound about them, no
doubt; but personally i cannot seo that it
is more trying to travel In a panor railroad
ear than to have a hard outside seat em a
coach, the latter drawn over rough roads
on a stormy night. If this sounds some
what unconvincing, it is so because tho
mind cannot rid itself of association.
Things of the past have a comfortable,
easy aspect from our viewpoint, merely
because we have not experienced their dls
comforts. A heavy rainstorm, for in
stance, has the llavor romantic, almost
cosy and pleasant, in an historical novel.
Put bring that pelting rain right down
to the present day and hour, and if there is
anv business oubloors. the romance be
conies "beastly weather." Ami talking of
novels, it is instructive occasionally to
read the book reviews. We live in an ago
of rapid transit, say these portentous
chronicles ia effect. The modern novelist
must catch his public on the hop, and to
this entl turns out his three or four novels
a year without a murmur. The olel days
when renters thought they were doing re
markably well in publishing at two-year
Intervals are past. They have given place
to the hurried, nervous whirl of the
twentieth century. Oh, indeed! Kow about
Palzac, for Instance? Twelve hours work
was Ralzac's regular allowance, and he
often worked eighteen. Ho would go to
beet at 6 in the evening, rise at midnight
and continue writing from then till noon.
During one of these r.ight sittings ho wrote
eighty printed page? of fiction. Oa another
occasion he penned l. rwa wonis o" rartori
cal biography in one s'ngle night! Byron's
thousand-line paem, "The i-dego of Cor
lath." writtHn a
a f Ingle fitting, Is an-
other i:i?tnnc-j of the .slow,
methods of the ps;
It would be of llttl hü fo analyze sep
arately each phasa of the all'vrd "nervous
drive." and by comparison to show that it
Is naziexisaent. The v.holo theory will not
bear examination. It ir, not a theory; it
is a delusion. It i-; something alluded to in
vague and shadowy terms. We are sup
posed, in some peculiar, indefinite way, to
he Mdi;ig a more cond-nscd life than was
lived in times past. An.', thre is implied in
the supposition v. superiority attaching to
i:v for so living. In some un. leaned way,
we think ourselve0 clever, end refer to "the
p.'.m" with a sneer. Their efforts were well-
meankig, h' doubt, but . IZxcusfc our
in conclusion. I clami mot emphatically
that in essentials and at bottom modern
lit".- is cm lent life, and that all this stupid
balhrd.uii cf har.i-prcssed, uerve-cri ven
e;;iste:v e i r.othiajr lr? than a great de
lusive flattery. Ar.d tYittery u not a good
thin? for any on". Let ua have cn end to
tlii- fol-u-ie d. th?n, and look matters
sota' rely in th fac- and meet Jl: on the
e 'nftssed even terms iae has given, gives,
and is tilvay rein;: to give u.v-from cold
creation to the crack jf doom!
Ill TCHEItS AM) CO.WJ31PTIOX.
Cln "Which, for Some Itenson,
Never Contracts t!t Disease.
New York Mall and Express.
"Lbiif hers never die of consumption."
Th. big man with his sleeves rolled up
wielding the eleiur at the bWk said this
as in threw a beefsteak 0:1 the se-ale.
It ..u::dcd more like a trade superrtltion
th. tu a fact, but so far as diligent inquiry
has been able to discover it is true, ai
thoni r.at generally known outside of the
n.e.'t eh'i g era ft.
Pub -hers are no lrprer lived than men Jri
otu. r walks oi life. '1 hey are subject to all
the. e iher ills that human llesh is heir to,
but e v.aiptio'i they do not have. So far
as a r. pjvter wa. a Lie to learn, not a sin
rle case is on ree-.rd of a butcher in this
citv t :oi: üliete! w ith the incurable wat
h:.T ef :ae hangs wh: -h claims its hundreds
of' tin ufands cf victims annually.
The fact is well known iim.mg butchers
and has teen often tho subject of their
comment, a Ith ouch p.oi.e cf thtru can give
a r. ison for it.
"X,.," r..ld a man r.ho has swunjr sides
and rounds in Washington market for the
last twenty years. "I havu had rheumatism
.n d typhoid f-ver ana lots of other things,
but nothing has ever bri out of gear with
my lungs, and the sarr.e is true of every
other batcher in this town. 1 know nearly
all of them, and I n-vrr heard of one of
th, r:-. having consumption. They don't
or take any especially good
c a re 1 1
f th'-! ielvc.-, either.
1 uon t know
s it is, because
houivi oe so. un:e
the continual inhalhnr of an atmosphere of
frt'h m--.it ! streng: a? nlr.
"1 h ive- cd ten tho-
whn hearing of
omsumptivi'S going to ColoraeJo and Egypt,
that 1 know of a cllmato marer home that
would eio the. business just us well. If
they would tny in this stall for a while
and swing meat thy would get well quit
as tpan -hi" as they would on th top of
Pike s l eak."
PETER JACKSON, PUGILIST
CAREER OF THE LATE FAMOUS COL
ORED 1ICAVV "WIIKHIT.
Hin Health Shattered by l'nd Living
mid He Died of Consumption
Lour Bout with Corbctt.
George Siler, in Chicago Tribune.
Peter Jackson, known to tho English-
speaking world as the best colored heavy
weight pugilist that ever donned a glove,
has fallen a victim to that incurable dis
ease, consumption, in his adopteel home,
Australia. Peter's fatal illness dates back
nearly two years, or a few months before
he returned to this country from England.
His death was anticipated by h:3 world ef
friends, therefore, and caused no shock.
even though late reports from Australia
tated he might live several months.
Jackson in his prime was as fine a speci
men of manhood as was ever created. Near
ly six feet one inch in height, massive
shoulders, finely developed chest, clean cut
but not bulky limbs, Peter was a picture
when stripped for acticn. Fast living, ir
regular hours and intemperate habits, with
tho hard knocks received while following
his profession, laid the foundation of a mal
ady that led to consumption and death.
Jackson, although a wreck of his former
self, fell sick while attempting to roach the
Klondike and was advised by friends and
his physician to keep away from the Klon
dike if he wanted to linger among those
who would see that he did net want for
anything. He was then sent to Australia,
his adopted home.
Peter, it has always been claimed, was
born near Porto Iiico. West Indies, but a
man who traveled to England with him in
isfcy says he was born in Jacksonville, Fla.
However that may be, Peter lirst became
favorably known to American ring follow
ers when he fought Pill Farnan in Austra
lia in ISl. He was then reported as being
a wonderfully clever and hard-hitting
boxer. His defeat of Tom Lees for the
championship of Australia in lj brought
him more prominently to the rront. Peter
rested on the laurels won lrom Le s until
April, 1, when he arrived in ian Fiancis
c ami immediately became a factor in
His lirst public appearance in this coun
try was with Con Iteardon in a, friend.'.,
bout. George Godfrey,, of Boston, was at
that time considered the bosn colored heavy
weight lighter in America, so a match was
arranged, a H.OuO purse offered by tne Cali
fornia A. C, for which the men uattletl on
Aug. '2i, Ihs, Jackson winning in nineteen
rounds. Tho pugilistic bee was buzzing in
"Pig Joe" McAuliffe's ear about this time,
and as Joe allowed he could beat the Aus
tralian black the California A. C. hung up
to give Joe a chance to make his word
McAullffe stood about six feet four inches.
He was long on he ight but short on science,
so Peter trimmed him In twenty-four
rounds. Jackson then took Patsy Cardiff
into camp in ten rounds, after which he
wended Iiis way eastward, meeting ail
He reached Chicago in July, 1SS3, and on
the 11th of that month knocked out Sailor
Prown in four rounds. Mike Lynch, Tom
Lees, Paddy Prennan, "Ginger" McCor
mick and Jack Fallon were his next vic
tims. On Aug. 21, ISM), he sailed for Eng
land, and, meeting Tom Lees again, they
engaged in another off-hand scrap. On
Oct. 5 to 13 he met and defeated Alf Mitch
ell. Jack Partridge, Jem Young, Jack
Watts, Caddy Meddings, Alf Ball and Jack
"Parson" Charles E. Davles, who accom
panied, or, rather, managed Peter on this
trip, then matched him to tight Jem Smith,
supposed to be the best man in Enclan.l.
The contest took place under the auspices
of the Pelican Club, London, Jackson win
ning in two rounds. Jackson and his party
returned to America shortly after that
fight, and on Jan. 27, boxed three
friendly rounds with Jack Ashton.
Two months later Peter scored another
victory over Jack Fallon, this time knock
ing him out In the second round. His next
opponent was Gus Lambert, the wrestling
pugilist. Peter agreed to lay Gus low in
four rounds, but Gus wrestled out the limit.
Dick Keating was Jackson's next victim
place, Louisville; length of contest, one
round. Then came Peter's tight with "Den
ver Ed" Smith at Battery D. Jackson was
sick at the time and was compelle! to ask
for a postponement, which Hilly Muldoon,
Smith's manager, at first refused. Mat
ters, however, were satisfactorily arranged
and the contest took place on May 13, Jack
son winning in the fifth round.
"On to California," was the watchword
with Jackson after trimming Smth. and at
Marysville, on July 23, he defeated Tom
Johnson. Three days later the colored
champion boarded a steamer for Australia,
and -on Oct. 21 met Joe Goddard in Mel
bourne. Jackson agreed to stop Joe in seven
rounds, but Goddard was there at the end,
ready to continue. Befereo Miller declared
the bout a draw.
Jackson returned to America, and on May
2L lfcld. fought his memorable- battle with
Jim Corbett. The contest was for a purse of
$10,(jöü, and took place at the California
Athletic Club. The men fought and loafed
around the ring for sixty-one rounds, when
the referee, seeing no finish in sight, de
clared it no contest. The fighters received
$2,öo0 each, the balance of the purse being
withheld by the club. It was claimed for
Jackson that he was in no condition to en
gage in battle, having sprained his ankle
by being thrown from a road wagon several
days before the contest.
'J he contest and Its result caused a furore
in tportlng circles ami bomed Corbctt to
the ekies. Jackscn's failure to beat Cor
bett. despite his condition, was not fa
vorably commented upon by sporting men.
Jackson's next public appearance was on
Feb. 12, bsa', when he knocked out AI Fish,
better known as Jack King, and Jack
Dalton. Fi?h or King w?s jolted Into sub
mission in two rounds and Dalton took the
count in three.
On Feb. 21 Peter sailed for England, and
on May CO defeated Frank Slavin at the
National Sporting Club in ten rounds in
one of the most, desperate and bloodiest
battles that ever took placo at that swell
English club. Peter, uj-on his return to
this country, went to California and later
toured the country under Davies's man
agement as Undo Tom in "Uncle Tom's
In lbHi ho and Jim Corbett met In the
Press Club in Chicago and signed articles
to right for the heavyweight champion
ship. "Parson" Davles, L. M. Houseman.
Eddy Toy anel the writer were witnesses to
the codicil, and e verything looked rosy to
fight, until Corbett stated the contest must
tako placo south of Mason and LMxon's
line. Peter said his color would not permit
him to tight across the line, so the match
That ended Peter's pugilistic career. He
went to England, was wined and dined,
lie returned a wreck of his former self
and was easily defeated by Jeffries in three
DUST FLOATS IX SEA Allt.
Old Mariner Sees o Benson "Why It
Should Puxzle Scientists.
New Orleans Times-Democrat.
"Somttinae ago I read a short sketch In
ono of the leading magazine of the coun
try which dealt with one of the mysteries
of the sea," said an old mariner, "and
after I hud finished it 1 was as much i-r-plexed
as ever. The writer was dealing with
thj accumulation of dust on vessels in mid
ocean. Put few persons have been able to
understand this curious phenomenon, sn l
there are really many persons who refuse
to believe that dust accumulates on ves
sels while they aro at sea. It is a, fact,
iicve rilie less, and it has caused a deal of
wonderment among the old mariners. The
problem has be n pretty generally given
up as one unsolvabie. Selentirte men have
theorized about it. and I observe that the
theories of the dust coming from hr.--t one
place ar.d then another have all met the
same fate, and have finally bem reasoned
out cf existence. There eioes not seem to
be anything particularly strange about the
firct that eiust Is found on the high seas.
And if dust may b found on thes broad
bodies of water, 1 can see no reason v.hy
it should not settle on the various craft
that ply these waters. Pir.e particles of
dust and other solid subsdunces are un
questionably found in the mists of the sea.
'ihe atme.sphere ef the sea is unquestion
ably laden with particles of considerable
specific gravity, if this were not true, a
part of the theory of the evolutionist with
reference to the distribution of plant life by
hiuh winds would fall and Darwin an.l his
collaborators would be left with a part of
their theory considerably weakened. Put
how is it that these dusty porticles are
squeezed, as it were, out of the w-t mists
or the sea? What causes these particles to
settlo on the ships that ply the ocean?
"These questions present no difficult prob
lem from my way of looking at the mutter.
In the first place, these dusty particles
found in the atmosihere at sea have a
greater specific gravity than other atomic
Of every description
$1.10 to $25
30c to S3
L. E. MORRISON.
things about the nd arc only kept afloat
in tho air because of the strength and ac
tivity -of the sea winds. Now, any resis
tance eiffrretl to the r"gular e-urs" and t ven
flow of tho currents in the air would tend
to givo these dust particles a downward
shove, if I may say it, because they are
heavier than the air in which they lloat.
Ibis is exactly wh.it the vessel eloes. P.ut
P. eioes more than this, r.nd brings another
force into play which tends to lraw the
eiust particles toward the vessel. Th move
ment of the ship bnnss an attractive force,
a centripetal force, if j-ou please, into
play, and this fact tends to gather in the
pnrtich'S that are clready .strussling to
itiaka their way towarel the center of the
etat!., tio le"re we have two things, two
lore -s worUrg apparently In perfect har
mony, and each having the same tendency
so far as the dust particles r.ro conccrneel.
1 believe this is the way it all happens, nnd
while making no pretensions to scientific
knowledge, the theory seems to me to be
well p.rottnded in reason. It may sound a
trirlc curious to talk about squeezing dust
cut of waiter, but this is exactly what hap
pens, ami the squeezing is simply the work
of natural forces."
PASSING OF THE HABITANT.
Changed Appearance of the Conntry
Along: the Lower St. Lawrence.
Quebec Leiter in Nov York Post.
Among Canada's 1,500,000 of French-speaking
people there is still a fair percentage
left to represent the old habitant type. Put
here, as elsewhere, "tho old order
cli angcth," and one of the most Interesting
and picturesque races of the Western con
tinent wdll soon belong to the things of the
past. The leaven of modernization is al
ready actively at work. The river and lake
steamers have supplanted the voyageur,
and a railway could not be run in eastern
Canada which would not bisect a few thou
sand habitant farms.
It Is twenty-five years since my last visit
to Quebec. Unless I be obliged to come, I
hope it may be twenty-five more before I
come again. Such a statement may puzzle
some of those thousands of tourists who
mark their days in Quebec with lare red
letters. Tor myself, I should change tho
name of the city to Ichabod, for surely Its
glory is depaited. It has been modernized
to death. 1 visited the city with delightful
memories of its attractiveness. To-day the
place might be almost anywhere. Its an
tiquity is hidden by a forest ot poles and
supports for a tangle of overhead wires for
all the different purposes to which elec
trical wires are now applied. The old gates
are gone, though one or two have been re
placed by new structures whose bridges are
effectively and harmoniously decorated
with the omnipresent wdres and crowned
with poles and arc lamps. Preakneck stairs,
and their kindred, have given place to mod
ern stairways, and an edevator runs from
the lower city, near the market, up the face
of the cliff to the terrace above. 1 prefer
the memory of Quebec as it was when 1 last
saw it. The caieche Is still here, but it is
too distinctively the vehicle of the tourist,
whose trade alone has insured its continu
ance up to the present time. It is even now
out of harmony with its surroundings.
The appearance of the country through
out the eastern townships, as the southern
shore of the lower St. Lawrence river coun
try is called, is not materially altered. Tho
change there is rather with the people.
There are the same endless miles of rail
fences bordering farms whoso length is
measured in miles, and whose width is
counted by feet. Until ono realizes the
origin of and the reason for the remark
able shape of these tracts they are both
ridiculous and puzzling. Put there is ample
cause and reason for the arrangement.
In the old days of French possession and
control of this vast area crown grants were
issued to favored subjects. At that time the
great river was the principal, almost the
only, highway. The northern shore is wiid
and mounainous, the land of the Lauren
tian hills. The southern shore, being far
more favorable for occupation and cultiva
tion, was the customary site of these
grants. The grantees subdivided their tracts
for rent, and later for sale, to their tenants,
so that each might have an ample area of
arable land, pasture and forest land, and,
in addition, fishing rights in the river. In
the early days these subdivisions were wont
to be made of about 7s5 feet frontage by
7,t50 feet in depth, running inland. Further
division has followed, in later days, usually
by halving or quartering tho farm alomj
the line of its length Inland. Thus many
farms of to-day have a river frontage of
some 2uu feet and an inland run of about
one and one-third mile.
Later on, an alleged highway, following
tho general course of the river, opened the
country to the southward, and the same
system was followed along Its route. This
may be given as the original cause of the
long and narrow farm of the habitant. The
reason of it lies In the fact that. In a
country of long winters and deep snows, it
is far easier to keep open one long straight
stru t than it is to break roads in all direc
tions to farm houses scattered over an im
mense area. It is also far more conducive
to general sociability. The result is that
from Quebec, almost from Montreal, east
ward along the river and the road, tho land
scape shows almost continuous dotted lines,
the tlots being the little bouses of the
habitants bordering on road and river.
The voyageur and the carter have gone
the way of the ol.l American stage-driver.
The young people of the region have gone,
by thousands, to find employment In the
mills ot .N. w England. Otht rs are cm
ployed by tke transportation lines and the
industries which have followed those lines
into the country of the habitant. Tho main
tenance of the picturesque life of these his
toric people th-pended upon their isolation,
ami the iselatim exists no longer. The old
feudal system, with its established rights
and customs, was superseded In li01. With
the reli-dous life of the region,
tho laws of the land have had lesa
to do, and change In that impor
tant department cf habitant II 1 e is
less noticeable than in other lines. Except
that, in the main, a ready and willing alle
giance is re ndend to their spiritual leaders,
one miht say that they were priest-rid It n
as badly as ever were the Filipinos. Put
tho priesthood is generally respected and
lovel. and many of its members are from
among the people themselves. Churches
are built by a tax levied upon the real es
tate of all liornau Catholics In Its vicinity,
and these taxes, are collectable by law,
like the taxes of the government. Wayside
shrines are numerous, and a system which
wouid lind much of keen opposition in most
lands meets little here save support and
The r..tah?e change In the life of these
people; follows the lin of the inevitable in
buence of t luser contact with a larger and
more crarctie world. The old life was that
of all isolated pastoral i-eopie who want
cut as plm .- rs. catrying with them more of
good race stock than of worldly poods. The
shriek of the locomotive whistle sound the
death warrant of all such lite. The end may
come by gradual decay through modifica
tion of old customs and the adoption of
new, but. with the advent of thtf railroad
and the telegraph, the et. 1 is only a ques
tion of time. The old well-sweep of the
habitant is pivint? way to the jiump, anel in
time the pump will be superseded by the
gravity pressure and the faucet. There is
much f beauty ia the simplicity of the e.ld
habitant life, but tne world of to-day has
no use for ornaments of that kind. The
forests aro good for timber, and wood-pulp
and matches. The fields are wanted fer
hay and oats, and for butter and cheese.
Put the! richest contribution which the
Canadian habitant brings to the new world
into which he must new come is his wealth
of story and legend of history nnd narra
tive. In that line, he hxs no rival on this
side the Atlantic.
Wo in an Observing Faculty.
New York Journal.
Yourg women, through lor.? eenturlei,
have been compelled to appear indifferent
and guileless, while really observing things
closely for their or.n information ar.d pro
tection, and thu th'.'y have developed a
seeing faculty almost equal to that of A
horse, which baa Its eye on the sides of
its head and can look forwards, sideways
Our own make,
$2.50 to $30
50c to $25
. J. GAUSCrOIIL.
Washington St. I
UNION STATION BARBER SHOP
; ... &
Til's only barber shop In the State corduct?4
Strictly Scientific Sanitary Principles.
We u?e the very host goods that money rai
buy. Eve ry tel ued by tho barber, and all
towels and linen are
nceordlncto plan nvommended by state Hoard
of Health, before indm;. Each customer 1
served with an entirely clean, fresh rator, lather
e up ar.d brush, hair brub and comb, nnd clean
towels, which have nil been subjected to ur
fiT E K I L 1 Z I N ( i PI Ü C Ess.
Try our face massage for the removal of tan,
frec kle", "blackhead," etc. Ojn 11 nicht.
J. II. WKLLn, Eni n station ParUr Shop.
To Harvest the Immense Wheat
Crop of Western Canada.
YERY HIGHEST WAGES PAID
Two to Three Months Work.
160-ACRE FARMS IN
Personally conducted excursions will
leave IndhuiapollH every Monday and 1 ri
elay afternoon during August, tor particu
lars br to route, rates, etc, apply personally
or by letter to
EE. TT. HOLMES
Canadian Government Agent
Room 6, Bis: 4 Bulletin?,
Indianapolis - - Indiana
To those who wish to look over the
Free Homestead Lands
OF WESTERN CANADA
these excursions afford a great opportunity
to ee the wonderful production of the soil.
175) Indianaoolio x7
Our trade mark. Shun Imitators.
Enter Day or Night Schools
Ü. rnn when Block.
FhorthanJ in half th time rulred by tho).
old methods. Special rat now. Writ to-day.
GIRLS' CLASSICAL SCHOOL
Twentieth Year. Opens Sept. 18, 1901.
Prepares for all Colleges aJmlttlcf Women.
Tweutytwo instructor, hpechtl Courses
Music, Art, 1'lijslcal Laboratory, Gjmna
alum. Kindergarten. Household Sctenca
Ilandaome Accommodations for Boarding Puplla
bend fot catalogue.
633 N. Pennsylvania, Indianapolis. Xnd. j
THEODORE L. SEWALL, Founder. J
MAV fItICllIT SLWALL, Principal.
FREPONIA ALLEX, Awoclate Principal. ;
CULVER, IND. (Lake Maxinknckee.)
A limited number of vacancies to b fllled fn this
well-known iimtilution before feptmber llti. Lr.'l.
Application bhould be rnad at once. Enrollment
for the punt eeMon. 28J cadet. Kor iriformstiof
addreKa CULVEU illLITAllV At'ADKMY, Cul
KIMBALL HALL.! t
i Ulf S4
CSAMATIC AIT in the Wett. Fifty e-j.lnent InMrart-.-rt
Terueri' tralrin J-pt. Many 're Ad vantage,
fpei! rt- to tJent'l pn01 ef ltrir-t ntne t .i
term t-ejltJ Sei;.mtr V IX t t'atalem BtttU.1 fr.
JOHN J. iUTT'1AriT. Dtrri.r,
COLLEGE of LAW
Fall Term Begins Sept. 24.
Professionally tr.iine.l t.-nche rs. ThreehruirV
dally nvitations. Graduate and undergradu
Special Tractlce Course for Attorney"
and other cleslrint ilv:ineed Kt jdles. Faculty
trviilbencl hv adding three university tenet.
ei. .Wenige three- ear rourc complete d la
two year of rlne maths each.
Expenses Iteducert 33 1-3 Ter Cent.
Call or w rite for catalogue and full information.
-3 -t-l Wlioii I ttillclltic
JOHN W. KLItN. LI.. M, President.
F. M. INOLKlt. LL. M., Vieo President
V. Z. W 1 1,1. Y. A. U LL. Dtau.
K. J. MhhlJ, rri et a ry .
Washington and Pennsylvania St a.
THE LALCiL-ST TiHmK OF
.... IN INDIANA ....
The licit AiltertUcroent.
We keen a ceneral Una of tlnt-cla. -Tha-tnond
Nvntche and Jewelry, aIo rejalriuf
and Optical work.
J. P. MULL ALLY, Jeweler
28 nonument Place.
Sunday Jcurnil, bj Ihil, $2 Per Ycir.