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THK INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, FRIDAY, AUGUST 30, lOOl.
THE DAILY JOURNAL FRIDAY, AUGUST So, 1001. Telephone Call (Old and N'er.) f!uinea Office.. ..U-'tM I Editorial rtfoma....Kf1 terms of sinscniPTiox. By CARniER-IXDXANAI'OLIS and SUUURDS. Tallr, Fun.Iay Included. SO cer.ts ?r month. Dally, without Sunday, 41 cent per month. (Sunday, without tlally. 12.40 per year. Sind copies: Dally, 2 cents; Sunday, I cents. BT AGENTS EVERYWHERE: Dally, rer week. 11 rent. Dally. Sunday Included. per week. JS cents. Sunday, per Issue, 6 cent. BT MAIL PREPAID: Dally edition, one year J" 00 Dally and Huiiay. per year 7 00 Kunday only, one year 2.00 REDUCED RATES TO CLUES. Weekly Trillion. One copy, one year W ents Five cent per month for periods less than a year. No subscription taken for less than three months. REDUCED RATE3 TO CLUBS. Subscribe with any of our numerous agents or end subscription to the . JOURNAL NKWSPAPKR COMPANY, Indianapolis, Ind. 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Subscribers leaving the city for a period dur ing the summer can have the Dally and Sunday Journal mailed to any address In the United States or Canada without extra charge. The address will be changed aa often as desired. Both telephones 22. Commissioner Magulre Is discreet In hold Inf his present position, as there Is no probability that ho will bo elected to an other. Every fee or fine imposed by either coun ty or city court should be- collected, and the officer failing to do his duty In this matter ihould suffer the penalty of tho law. - Now that tho Schley court of Inquiry Is goon to meet, why cannot the champions of both sides In the controversy erase arguing In the papers until they hear the evidence? New York papers which dcploro tho dis honest of veterans gecklng larger pensions are furious because the baggage of tourists returning from Europe Is r.carthed moat furious when such people ure caught as smugglers and perjurors. As the result of personal efforts by an Illinois .congressman the National Guard of that State gets Just twice as 11 ? a Uro of the national appropriation this year ns It iMil 1 ji vf.ir Ik nniluulv htrtUlm- ah) fur tho Indiana National Guard? . . Mf. Taggar'.'s friend nro justified in claiming the nomination of Magulre an a IerMotial victory for tho retiring mayor. It la notice that, though out of office, ho will keep his hand on tho machine and continue to assert his hossni. When people dot I art tli.tt tho shrinkage In tho corn crop will not go beyond IW.OOO, W0 or 3i),U00,art bushels hs compared with the crop of m. they go mm far to tho other extreme? ns: they did three Aceks ugo, when they wcT lontlJrnt there would not be a quarter of an average yield. aBBBBBaMsaaBaaHamaananaManaMaBBBaBeBMaBMBsMBMBa It Is Ju?t stich talk as that of Mr. Fitz gerald, nt a bapquet Wednesday night, deprecating the taxing of Catholics for the support of public schools, that arouses prejudice against tho Christian nods that are thus arrayed against the common vchool. No property will ever be ex mptod from tho school tax, and tho sooner this fact Is understood tho better it will 1h for all concerned. The rnout unfeeling thing that organized labor has done this season Is the action of the Chicago unions declaring that no poll, tlclan lhall ho asked to speak on Iahnr day. The action of the labor organizations of New York Btato In re-fusing to permit a saloon keeper to be their official head Is another evidence that unions are getting weary of being: used to promote other in terests than their own. Tho conviction by an Alabama Jury of a white man for participation In tho lynch ing; of a negro, tlnding him guilty of mur der In tho first degree and sentencing him to Imprisonment for life, is qulto a re markable event. It is the first CHse of the kind In tho South, and has scarcely a parallel anywhere. Following soon after the action of two or three Southern tin riffs In holding; mobs at bay it shows a healthy growth of public sentiment against lynch In E. The declaration of the chairmen of the committees of both parties that beer will not be purchased or used during the cam paign Is most gratifying, not that beer drinklng is a crime, but it is putting the important matter of a municipal election upon a most degrading level when men are induced to attend meetings by the prom ise of free beer. It Is a decided victory for better methods to have both chairmen de clare against it. Ilefore the Republican primaries Chairman Logsdon declared that no beer should bo used under tho auspices of the Republican city committee. A colored officeholder In "Washington has rtarted a movement to present a testi monial to the London hotel manager who recently refused, to bar American negroes upon the demand of some of his white pa trons, and has headed the list with a con tribution of 110. It was Hyron who wrote ''I awoke one morning and found myself famous.' The London hotel keeper may have the same experience. There was noth ing? sentimental or heroic in his refusal to bar well-educated and wll-behaved Amer ican negroes from his hotel who came there with plenty of money to pay their bills. It was simply a matter of business with him and a refusal to reoojcnl a distinction that doee not prevail anywhere outsido of the United State. It would be a mistake to magnify what was a commonplace business act from a British point of view into one of moral heroism. The Republican state convention of Ne braska, which met in Lincoln on Wedne. day, had to deal with a strange case In ths parole of Joseph fc Hartley by Gov- ernor Savage. Hartley was formerly state treasurer, and was convicted of embezzle ment and sentenced to tho penitentiary, his shortage amounting to over JjoO.O. The Governor recently paroled him for sixty days, with the understanding, as he fay?, that Hartley was to reimburse the State and render an accounting of the embezzled funds. When his action was criticised the Governor issued a statement explaining It and also appeared before the convention to defend It. Ills statement was frank and reasonable. Ho gave at considerable length his reasons for granting a parole to Hartley, faying that ho alone was responsible, and if he had erred the fault must rest with him and not with the Republican party. After hearing the Governor's statement tho convention, by a vote of !nS to ICS, adopted the following: The Republicans of Nebraska disclaim for the party any sympathy with custodians of public money found guilty of the betrayal of sacred trusts. Without impugning the motives of the Governor in any way, we deprecate any ex ercise of executive clemency tending to create the false impression that the Re publican party is disposed to condone the unlawful embezzlement of public funds un-d'--r any circumstances, and we request tho Immediate recall of the parole granted to Jcseph S. Hartley by the Governor. This was safe ground to take, and the Governor complied with the request by sending the defaulting state treasurer back to the penitentiary that night. Nobody questions the Governor's motives, but he made a serious mistake. Tili: Fl'Tllli: OP OHUANI.ED LAHOR. If the present strike results In the de feat of the strikers, ns from present ap pearances it Is likely to. It becomes an in teresting question as to what effect It will have on the Amalgamated Association and on organized labor In general. That It will be a severe blow to both is certain, but the question is how severe and how lasting the consequences will bo. Among the earliest results will be the retirement of Mr. Shaffer from the presidency of the association. One ill advised and disastrous Etrlkc ending In failure Is as much as tho association can stand from any president. If the present strike falls Mr. Shaffer will sharo' the fate of Martin Irons.' Denis Kearney and other discredited labor lead ers of the past. The effect of the failure of tho strike on the Amalgamated Assoeiatlon and on labor unions In general will depend largely on the way they tako it and on tho policy they pursue' in the immediate future. The first effect will be to greatly weaken their organization and reduce their membership. It Is not as strong or numerous now as it was a year ago, and not nearly hm strong or numerous as It was In either pf the years from lVi to ivc. Official figures pub lished. In the Journal a few days ago showed that the present membership of tl:o Amalgamated Association is only 13,S'j;i. as against WXj In 2l.u:M lu l.Vjl and Ifi.om as far bark as 1SS2. After the Home stead strike the membership decreasd steadily for several ear an1 did not show any material Incresse till last year, when it was still about T.otx) is than In 1S!0. The failure of the prevent strike will set It back nt. least ten years. Another sig nificant fact is that the membership of the association Is small compared with tho number of steel workers who are elUlblo to membership. In other word., tho non union workmen vastly outnumber the union men, Including even skilled workers. This shows that for some reason or other the number of workmen who would rather bo out of the union than In It Is very large and steadily increasing. In Ids last an nual report Hresldent Shaffer deprecated the fact that "thousands prefer to Im classed as black nhecp rather than Join our ranks aid Improve their condition' Is It not possible that these thousands of skilled workmen who are thus stigmatized as "black nheep" prefer to stand on their Individual merits and take their chances of netting steady employment ami earning good wages rather than sink their Indi viduality In an organization tho practical effect of which Is to establish a dead lre of mediocrity and suhjtct all Its members to a tyranny which the wise ones anion? them Und Intolerable? There must bo something radio illy wrong In an organization which his lost strength steadily during a serP- of years and which embraces in Its membership o lunall a part of those who nr.- eligible to heroine members. There must be Mme reason why tens of thousands of skilled workmen pre fer, as Mr. Shaffer says, "to bo classed as black sheep" rather than share in the benetlts. real or Imaginary, of the union. It behooves Intolllg nt workmen who be lieve in organized labor to ask themselves candidly If It has not been carried too far on the lines of dictating to employers and of restricting the itersonal liberty of its members. The Journal believes In organ ised labor, but not In organized tyranny. The vpltlt of personal liberty Is too strong lu this country to bo hold down by any organization under any pretext. Follow ing are extracts from the constitution of the Amalgamated Association: Members of this association shall at the direction of the president of tho' na tional lodge, refuse to work In anv mill or factory where the manager, superin tendent, foreman or puddle Imus u de riving a direct benefit from the furnace rolls, etc.. in addition to his position as above, for which he receives a regular salary. " Should any member of this association undertake to Instruct an unskilled work man in any of the trades represented In this association It shall be the duty of the mill committee to notify him that this as sociation cannot tole-ate flieh proceedings and should he persist in doing so charges shall be preferred against him and he .hall be expelled or suspended, as tho lodge may determine. " 3 Such provisions as these are equally un friendly to the employer and to ambitious workmen who would like to stand on their individual merits. Their tendency is to re Strict production, as has bcn done by the labor unions In England, thereby cripp:ing tho manufacturing energies of the coun try. They are conceived In a spirit of tyranny that would paralyze labor as we'd as capital. The present strike will not have been in vain If Its failure hall demon strate the necessity of organizing labor on new and broader linos. IMIMMtTAM K OI' tforTII AMMHH thaiu:. Germany, It is announced, Is troubled over the Monroe doctrine, because it wishes to have coaling stations In South American countries, which would involve Herman con trol of limited portions of territory lu the vicinity. Germany desires coaling stations In South America because Its merchants are grasping the trade of that import int region, actually wresting It from tho Hrlt-l-h and keeplrg out Americms. hecaiixe the German is a more skillful and patient manipulator of trade and the people with whom he trades. Herman agents can speak the language of South American countries. They make frteod with the people and try to m ike goods to suit them. The Eng lish and Americans do none- of theyt things. Few of their salesmen can speak Spanish, but use interpreters. American goods are as good, and probably better, than those Germans sell, judging from the cheaper goods of German make sold In this coun try. German ships go up the rivers farther than Uritish, and German influence reaches more people. For these reasons Germans desire coaling stations for ships engaged in trade, and for worships so large and numerous as to give the impression that Germany is the greatest nation in the world. Doubtless manufacturers and merchants in the United States are making an effort to secure this South and Central American trade. The Harrison administration took the Initiative In this matter by making reciprocal treaties, by holding the Tan Amerlcan Congress, and by encouraging the carriage of malls In American ships. So far as legislation could do it, the 'Congress which came in with Mr. Cleveland undid this good beginning. The trade of South America is naturally ours because the United States takes the larger part of its products and sells It less than Germany or Great Hrltaln. Taking one year with an other, we purchase, twice as much in value of South American countries as we sell them. At a timo when Europe is troubled with our invasion of Its markets, why Is not more attention given to the growing trade of South America? Instead of a sub sidy for ships to carry our goods to Eu rope, when there are already enough for the business, why not encourage lines ex clusively for South American ports and th South American rivers to the Interior of the country? Such lines could bo subsi dized on the ground that they would bring the people to the nouth of us Into closer relations, build up a valuable trade. North Americanize a large population in South America, and lead these countries to see the Importance of the Monroe doctrine to them. Such an influence in the south, through commercial relations, would dis sipate any danger that may arise from the prominence of foreign Interests a'nd their desire to control South American terri tory. If we can capture European trade, why not the trade of South America? About a year ago tho Chicago School Hoard adopted a rule requiring applicants for appointment as teachers In the public schools to papa a physical examination. Enforcement of tho tulc for a year has re sulted so satisfactorily that it will be con tinued. A woman doctor, who was chiefly Instrumental In having the rule adopted, says: It shows that In one short year the effect of the plan has been to arouse the young women to the necessity of care for their health. Knowing that this examination was coming, these girls have taken care of themselves. They have had soup for lunch Instead of a few cookies. They have not dieted, as they used to, on slate pencils and pickles. No doubt a sound body Is as necessary in the hard work of teaching as a sound mind. The Journal Is not aware that the slate pencil and pickle diet prevails to any extent among Indianapolis school teachers, but there could be no objection to a prac tical regulation tending to establish a higher standard of health. FROM HITHER AND YON. I.oto'n Vision I'erverted. Life. Professor Pa bin y- Ali. well. love I blind. Mls Penelope Hi, no, professor, love Isn't blind It is cnwii. yrd; it m s a lot of thing It doesn't see. .ind It doesn't see a lt of things It owr.ht lo S' A I'lelirlnn I'liwlliue. Philadelphia llilllelln. "I thought u sitld eh moved la th' best elides." "Well, doesn't 1k?" "lUnlly. I stiw lor lact nicht iLilnj; in tho na ny-no-ii'und," , A II la prop. lerlir's WceH. Ml' Inrixti i v What whee . luellol lit tle tliliiK that baby of Mis. rurfpruud' Is, to be sure! Mr. !la'r o-intemitt uously ) Ye; and to ler In r UU you'd Hunk hc had u ptoKny. Un (iurdel Jlliljie. Kariner Kl IckHenry writes fur iimh. money; says h" wants to take feiidn' lesson. , Mis. Krlrk Well, for goodness sake, send it to him IlliHm! It's the fust .useful thing he's wanted to ftU'ly s.tice he went to coleae. When ln enines home ye kin Je' set him to work puttln' a ii"v feme in front o the hoti.ic. .1 (Ii DefeiiKC. e ilaltluiote AmcrliMii. The shades of Isaac Wntts and John Wesley were tilkln? toRriher with some earnestness on th banks of the t t y x . "That ChlcHKO professor enys. John, thet you wrote nothing but doggerel. " smiled Isaac. 'Wlu cares what he seys." protested John. "Pli you ccr see any of my poetry in the mag a lines ?" Crushed by the retort, Isaac ceased his gibing. HIGH AERIAL GLOBE. St, Louie Fair Scheme ( Ontdo the Ulnel Toner nndUerrls Wheel. ST. LOUIS. Aug. 21). One of the primary attractions of the St. Eouis world's fair will bo a marvelous aerial gkibc-, 700 feet high from stone huso to roof. Reside it, Vlf present plans are carried out, he Eiffel tower and the Ferris wheel are crude en gineering feats. Tho big globe will be con structed by a company headed by C. F. nianke, with a capital of $!,&, 000. At the height of llo feet will be a spacious roof pardon about l.OiiO feet in circumference. Thl space will contain two restaurants ami two theaters. At an altitude of 295 feet will bu located a huge coliseum, with walks around the globe, giving a complete view of tho grounds. Uelow will be seen two regular circus rings and a race trACk. Underneath the scats wi!l be a menagerie, viewed from the circular walk. The grand music hall will bo lit) feet up. with numer ous novel musical attractions. At 4& feet will be an aerial ialm garden. A complete view of the grounds may be had from there. Six hundred feet up will be the ob servatlnn lower, where tue Weather Ru reau and searchlight display will be lo cated. Above this will be a wheelhouse for sixteen huge elevators, capable of carrying isty .ersons each, which will carry the crowd through the big sphere. CATHOLIC SOCIETIES. Step Taken to Federate All Anxtl. Inry Church Organic tlone. NEW YORK. Aug. Zt.-Illshop McFaul, of New Jersey, opened the convention of Roman Catholic societies which was called to meet at Long Ilraneh to-day to effort a federation of the societies through out the United States. A temporary organization was effected plans were offered for a constitution and torm of organization and officers and com mittees wuc appointed to hold office un til a permanent organization Is effected The meeting was well attended by dele gates fron most of the Eastern and Middle States, representing organizations having a membership of over io.im. It was de cided to hold the convention for perma nent organization in Cincinnati Dec. R After the election of the following otTU-ers the convention adjourned: President. Henry Y- Vll?- Kr,.: K' '' v!fe President. Thomas Htzgerald. New ork: secretary, John J. O Rourke. Philadelphia; treasurer. M. 1. .Mooney, Cleveland. O; spiritual director. Rt. Rev. A. H. McFaul. Trenton. Executive Hoard T. J. Coyle. Pennsylvania: E. I). Reardon, Indiana: J. C. MeOulre, New York: L. J. Kauffman. New York. Ad visory Hoard-Rev. Dr. Wnll, New York; Father McGillindy. Worcester. Mass : P. H. Mc?ulre. Pittsburg; J. E. Clinton. Tren ton; Thomas I. McKenns. Long llranch, N. J.; Father YY. 1. Cunt well, Long Hranch. N. J. TURKEY WILL SETTLE I'HOIlAItLY WIM. um: fham i: FILL SATISFACTION IIEFOHE LOJ. Ambassador t'onntana Hack In Paris, himI Confident the .Sultan Will Soon Iny the Claims. FRANCE HAS TRUMP CARD LEFT SI AY LET TMIKIS1I PLOTTERS HAVE FREE IIEIX IX PAUIS. M. Ceorf?o Dorya Condemned to Death Clash Iletween Spaniards nnd llrltlsli Over a Torpedo. CONSTANTINOPLE, Aug. 23.-The Turk ish Ministry discussed the French claims on Tuesday. It Is believed' that full satis faction will be given to France. PARIS, Aug. 29. M. Constans, the French ambassador to Turkey, arrived In I'arU to-day from Constantinople and had a con ference with the foreign minister, M. Del casse. In an interview afterward, M. Con stans said he would not return to Con stantinople until the dispute was settled. M. Delcasse, at to-day's conference, con firmed the statement that he (M. Constans) had acted In perfect accord with the views of the government. The ambassador did not think the Sultan would hold out very long, while as to the possibility of war be tween France and Turkey, M. Constans said, was quite out of the question. The Echo de Paris says It learns that if the Sultan docs not satisfy the French de mands within twenty-four hours, surveil lance of the Young Turkish party In France will no longer be enforced. M. Georgos Porys, son of the late Frlnee of Samos, a former minster of the Sultan of Turkey, and formerly tlovcrnor of Crete, has been condemned to death by the Sul tan's courts at the direction of Abdul Hamid II. This action was taken in Con stantinople because of the publication of Dorys's book, "The Private Life of the Sultan." The book so angered Turkey's ruler that ho exerted his inlluenco in diplo matic channels to have it suppressed in all European countries. Ills efforts succeeded In Sweden, but the popular outcry against action in Pari was to atrong that the government declined to exert itself. M. Dorys secretly left Constantinople some time ago. and is now a resident of Paris, where he has identlllcd himself with tho Young Turkish party. CHOPS SCORCH El) II V HEAT. (looniy Prospect for Many Iluenlniis Stnrvntloii Almost Certain. Correspondence of the Associated Press. ST. PETERSnURd, Aug. 15,-Thc day on which the llrst fruits of the hnrvests were blessed In the churches, which was cele brated throughout Russia this week, must have been a day of mourning in many of the provinces. Even vegetables. Including potatoes, have been largely burned up by the scorching heat In some districts. Tho approaching winter will bo one of the gloomiest Russia has ever seen. Tho gov ernment already lias begun preparations for tho feeding of the population In dis tricts where starvation Is threatening. Hy i law adopted some time ago the district asseinbllos are relieved from all responsi bility In tho matter, tho famine relief funds being now turned over to the central gov ernment, agents of the ministry of the In terior aro engaged in buying up grain, though the Russian press is forbidden to mention tho matter. Tho precise object of this prohibition is dltilcult to divine. It cannot bo possible that tho government thinks the grain speculators can bo taken unawares, and the secrecy with which the prices und localities of purchases arc In vented can hardly be conducive to econ omy. It Is not true that further restrictions of the number of Jewish students which may be admitted to Russian universities are in contemplation. It has been erroneously stated tl at they will hereafter bo limited to a per cent, of the attendance, except at the University of Moscow, where they would no longer bo admitted at all. O. A. Hakluml. director of tho Poulkoy observatory, who has Just returned here from Spitzbergen, reports that the longi tudinal measurements which are to afford material lor more approximate calculations as to the form nnd size of the earth, wcro begun at a. m. on Juno 17. The meas urements were mado by mean of metal wires, ninety-five meters long, which were nrepareil under the direction of tho Italian Physiclsh Ouillauma. and aro proof against temperature influences. The measurement was made in 2l'J sections, the wire being loaded at each end w Ith 'Pi.OJO kilogrammes of weight. Tho work was continued until 3 a. m. of June 20, the distance being meas ured also In the opposite direction. The dif ference of the two measurements In a dis tance of 6.22a meters was found to lie 15.4 millimeters, or lss than one 4on,000th part of the whole. The accuracy Is therefore regarded as greater than would be abso lutely essential. The remeasurements were concluded on June 2f, ,nnd tho astronomical observations on the following two days. WANT I'll TO KEEP THE TORPEDO. Spnnlah Carbineer Attempted to Re tain llrlHuli DereJIct. MADRID. Aug. 21. While the Rrltlsh fleet in Spanish waters was maneuvering to-day a torpedo, which had been launched, stranded on the shore In front of La Linea. A party of men-of-warsmen were sent to recover It, hut were prevented from doing so by a detachment of Spanish carbi neers. The landing party was strongly re inforced from the fleet, overawed the car bineers and took the torpedo. French Array Maneuvers. PARIS, Aug. 20. The western army maneuvers opened to-day with an attempt to land an expedition at La Rochelle In the presence of General Andre, the min ister of war. Three transports, heavily laden with troops and escorted by twenty Ironclads, belonging to the northern and Mediterranean squadrons, appeared before the port this morning. The warships re duced the forts to silence. The United States training ship Hartford arrived at Ia Rochelle yesterday to wit ness the oieratlo?is and wan the object of considerable curiosity. General Andre, who reached La Rochelle this morning. Immedi ately visited th Hartford and was shown over the vessel. flaldirln Party Safe nt Camp Zleajer. CHRISTIANIA, Norway, Aug. 20.-The steamer FrlthJoff arrived at Hammerfest to-day, and reports that she successfully landed the Raldwin-Zlegler Arctic expedi tion at Camp ZleRlcr, in latitude MO:24 north and longitude tä.Wl east, on Alger Islands. All the members of the expedition were in good health and the dogs and ponies were In excellent condition after thtlr month's voyage. The Frithjoff left Camp Zlegler Aug. 2X The weather Conditions were fa vorable for an advance of the expedition. Mr. Haldv.in Intended to start northward Aug. 2t, by what is called the Interchannel route, across Markham sound, and be tween Austria sound and the Rrltlsh chan nel. tar Will Dlaonaa the llo'er War. LONDON. Auk. 20.-A dispatch to the Standard, from Hrussels. says that the visit of Dr. Leyds to Paris Is directly con nected with Mr. Kruger's desire to meet the Czar. The Dally Mail Asserts that at the meeting which will take place on Sept. 10. between the Kaiser and the Czar, the circumstances of the Doer war will be gravely discussed. Italy II M Submarine Hont. ROME. Aug. 23 The trials of the r.ew submarine war vessel Delft no. ciTled nut bv the Ministry of Marine, have been nnst satisfactory. It is provided with a clepto scope. invented by the Italian engineers Russo and Laurent!. (e rin a ii Mountain Climber Killed. LONDON, Aug. 2!.-Accordlng to a dis patch to the Dally Express, from Geneva, a German named Hinschler, while climb ing the Oberbauen. in the Alps, fell over a' precipice and was killed. His body was ter ribly mutilated. Will Italy Ilomhnrd Our Ports f ROME, Aug. 29 The Patria says that American courts will give no satisfaction for the lynching of Italians and urges the government to take other measures against the United States. PLOW COMBINATION. Another MeetlnK of Munufaeturera Capital to He S.0,hmmnm. CHICAGO. Aug. 21). Nearly thirty plow manufacturers of the United States were in session here to-day discussing plans for a consolidation of all the plow Interests In the country. After the meeting it was an nounced that the proposed consolidation was practiealy a sure thing from present prospects and that about $."Of(M.000 would bo represented in the organization when it should be completed. The New Y'ork Guar antee and Trust Company has made a proposition to tho plow manufacturers to engineer the deal. The recent rise of 10 per cent, in the price of plows and the pro posed consolidation is the result, the plow manufacturers say. of an Increase in price of every kind of material and a ruinous credit system that has prevailed for years. OPENING FOR YOUNG MEN CONGRESSMAN 111 LL SAYS IT CAX HE FOUND IX THE PHILIPPINES. He Knovva n Place That Affords n letter Opportunity for Energy nnd Commercial Enterprise. ' SAN FRANCISCO. Cal., Aug. .-Congressman Hull, of Iowa, chairman of the House committee on military affairs, who has arrived here on the transport Han cock from a Ave months' tour of China, Japan and 'the Philippines, Is deeply Im pressed with the possibilities of the new American possessions in the Orient. lie nays: "If I were a young man 1 don't know where I should rather go than to the Phil ippines. For a man of brains and industry the islands open a yast prospect in almost every line of business for one who has the grit to go there and stick to it. The min eral, agricultural and timber resources of these Islands constitute a field for com mercial enterprise that is practically unlim ited. Of course, the present conditions of brigandage make it exceedingly unsafe for people to settle In the Islands away from the protection of tho military posts, but the people, or the great majority, desire peace and safety, and nre doing all they can to help the troops attain this end. "Of course, it is impossible to make an Anglo-Saxon out of an Oriental. There fore the Filipino probably never will be an American citizen in the broad sense that it Is understood by all that that term con veys to the man born In the United Stales of white parents. Rut as soon us ho gets a sutllclent education and becomes a little more Impregnated with our ideas and loses some of the Ideas acquired by a three hun dred years' association with the Spaniard, tho Filipino will bo a citizen in spirit, pa triotism. Industry and education, and will be worthy of participating to the fullest ex tent in all tho benefits of the government. Of course, we shall have to govern them with firmness ns well as with kindness. 1 think 4',0u) soldiers is about the risht num ber to keep there for some years to come." 1'oMtofllceM In the Philippines. WASHINGTON, Aug. 2D.-The division of Insular nffalrs oi the War Department to day made public the annual report of Mr. C. M. Cotterman, director general of posts In the Philippine Islands. While the gross receipts from the postal service during the last fiscal year showed art Increase over tho preceding year, the expenses wcro In creased to ii considerably Krenter extent than the receipts. This apparent deficiency is explained by a statement that consid erable amounts had to be expended during the past year for mail transportation through foreign countries, the debt having lapped over from the preceding year. The number of regular postofhecs in the archi pelago was increased from nineteen to twenty-three. Mr. Cotterman urges the application of United States postae rates to tho Islands. Do comments on the ir regularity of Interisland mail transporta tion und recommends that authority be given to advertlso for bids for a regular service to all important points In the islands and that steamers awarded con tracts bo required by law to run on a set schedule. Rolled from Poop Deck While Aaleep. WASHINGTON. Aug. 29,-The Navy De partment to-day received a cablegram from Captain Craig, of the Albany, dated at Aden, announcing v!iat Frank Sehlis and Timothy McCarthy, while sleeping on the poop deck of the Albany last Sunday night, slid overboard timing im exceptionally heavy roll of the vessel. Captain Craig's cablegram said he remained in the locality where the accident occurred all Sunday night and after daylight Monday, but the men were not again seen and their bodies could not be recovered. On Monday George Perkins went overboard and wmh drowned. His body was recovered and will lie buried ashore at Aden. The records of the Navy Department in regard to these three men show: Frank Schllz. landsman, residence Chicago. Timothy McCarthy, coal passer, residence New York. George Perkins, lands man, residence New York. Governor Tuft Plenaed. MANILA, Aug. 23. Civil Governor Taft returned here to-day from the north. He is pleased with the condition of the parts of the country visited. During his trip he established civil governments at La Union, Ilocos (north and south). Abra, Cagayan. Isabela. Zambales and Roeot. lie Intends to amalgamate the provincial governments, abolishing the cumbersome governmental machinery of the smaller provinces. The Solace Arrives from Manila. SAN FRANCISCO Aug. 29,-Thc naval hospital ship Solace arrived to-day from Manila via Guam and Honolulu. The ves sel brought a number of passengers, among them the wives and children of the naval ofllcers. The Solace Is to bo laid up for repairs nt Mare Island. Teerhers' to Sail on the Sheridan. WASHINGTON, Aug. 20.-The transport Sheridan will leave San Francisco next Saturday with a number of teachers for Philippine schools, and the transport Sum ner will follow on the 12th with another large delegation of teachers lor the same destination. General Grant Returning. SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 2-Iirlgadler General Fred D. Grant arrived here to day, en route to the Philippines, öfter a three months' leave of absence. He will sail on the transport Sheridan next Sat urday. Ex-Corn Kins" to Resume. CHICAGO. Aug. .-Incorporation papers for a grain company, headed by George H. Phillip, whose concern recentlv suspended business, have been sent to the secretary of state at Springfield. The name of the new corporation will be the George 11. Phillips Grain Company. It win be capi talized at t'xW.AiK). of which the crr'dltors of Phillips's defunct company will hold $JOfi,. ooo. Mr. Phillips expects to begin business within two weeks. Dreaded Arrest nnd Shot Illmaelf. DAYTON. O.. Aug. 2n.-RenJamln F. Sheehan. a deputy constable, fired two bul lets from a 3S-callhr revolver into his left breast, at Lakevlew Clubhouse, this morning, and died three-quarter of an hour later at the hospital. A note left to his wife Indicated that he dreaded arrest and exposure. It Is stated that he forged m rheck tor k smnll sum. FEV REBELS ARE LEFT (it EllltlLLAS" DESTROYED 11V THE COLOMIHAX GOVERNMENT. Situation Reviewed by ft Correspond. eut. Whi Soya the Country la n Seeth I nu: Caldron of I nreat. ARMED MEN ON EVERY ROAD W OMEN MOt ItNINfi THEIR DEAD AND HAIDES CRYING FOR FOOD. Ilrother Pitted ARalnat II rot her nnd Friend Against Friend Venesue lan Itebela MaklnK Progress. NEW YORK. Aug. 2D The Associated Press has received the following dispatch, dated Bogota. Aug. 24, from a Colombian official of high rank: "General Pedro D. Osplno, acting minister of war, who has prepared an excellent and extensive plan or campaign, confirms the reports that within the last fifteen days ho has de stroyed nearly all of the Colombian guer rillas. "The government of Colombia has main tained strict neutrality regarding Equndor and Venezuela, notwithstanding the fact that the governments of the said countries have upheld and effectively aided the rebels of Colombia, thus prolonging the revolution in this country. "Recently the revolutionary forces of Co lombia have met on the frontier of Vene zuela to organize new Invasions of Co lombia, using the munitions of war ac cumulated by the government of Venezuela on her frontiers. A party of Venezuelans surrounded near Cucuta, are about to re turn to their country. They ore commanded by Rangel Garbiras. "The position taken by the government of Colombia is one of peace and neutrality. These are fundamental canons in her for eign policy. The frontiers of Colombia are sufllclently defended. Colombia feels cer tain that she can maintain her rights and repel whatever foreign invasions may of fer." WASHINGTON, Aug. Sc. Mall Informa tion rcelved at the Colombian legation here continues encouraging according to tho of ficials there and encouraagen th'ni to hope that peaceful conditions will obtain. In formation received nt the legation by way of Port of Spain. Trinidad, is to the effect that Dr. Garbiras. the Venezuelan revolu tionists, who was reported defeated by tho forces of that government, continues lu arms against the authorities and Is a source of considerable trouble to the of ficials of Venezuela. AN IN HAPPY LAND. Colombia Pictured na Seething: with Revolution nnd Misery. NEW YORK. Aug. 20.-A dispatch to the Herald from Colombia says: "Plots and counter plots till the air. There Is war here of the most hideous kind and strife that tears the country asunder, In which brother Is pitted against brother, friend against friend and neighbor against neigh bor. Fertile fields have been devastated. Once thriving towns have been decimated In population and villages have been wiped out of existence. Rands of armed men oc cupy every highway and traffic is practi cally at a standstill, while frantic women mourn their dead and hungry babes clam or for food. The entire republic 1 a seeth ing caldron of unrest. So crltlcnl Is the sit uation that even the officials of the gov ernment, who wish to re-establish public confidence, admit that the crisis must be reached within a few clays, as matters cannot long continue as they are. Great battles must soon lie fought, and upon the results willdepend, not alone the suprem acy of the clashing partlos In Colombia, but also, ierhups, the integrity of the- ter ritory of three neighboring republics Venezuela, Ecuador ami Nicaragua. Feel ing runs high along the borders, and h general war may be precipitated nt any moment by any trivial Incident. The revo lution has resolved Itself, after lasting nearly two years. Into an international struggle between the Liberals and the Con Hervatlves of lour sisters, allied In their history, contiguous in territory, kindred by climate, by race and by tongue." - e- V E N i: TELA THREAT E NED, Inauruenta Already In Poeaeaalon of n Horderlniid Province. COLON, Colombia. Aug. 2. Dr. Luis Carlos Rico, Colombian minister to Vene zuela, before his departure for Rogota, of ficially assured Senor Vclez, tlovcrnor of Cartngenn. that ho was going to inform his government with reference to the situa tion between Venezuela Hnd Colombia. He expressed the opinion that peace will be preserved hy nnd between both nations and that the existing difficulties would be o ercome. Tho Colombian ofTlclal newspaper lu Car lagona declares that the entire province of Pachlra. Venezuela, touching Colombia south of Maracalbo. Is In the power of the Venezuelan- Insurgent leader. General Han gel Garbiras. It asserts also that the Co lombian general. General Valencia, until re cently Colombian minister of war. Is now on tho frontier with no less than lO.oou Co lobian troops disposed lu the province of hantander ami maintaining the sovereignty of Colombia there. Rebels Still Near the Cities. KINGSTON, Jamaica. Aug. 2.. The Rrlt lsh steamer Costa Rlcan, which has ar rived here from Colon, Colombia, brought advices of continued rebel activity in the vicinity of Colon and Panama. The gov ernment was making renewed efforts to dislodge the rebels from a strong position. Tho rebels, in forte, were attacking Ruena Ventura, on the bay of Choco, Monday, and a large government force had toen dispatched there from Panama. The cen sorship in Colombia Is most stringent. A Ihn ii nt SavnniHn. COLON. Aug. 20. Passengers arriving by the French steamship Versailles say that General Alban Is at Savanllla, ami that he had returned from Santa Maria and Rio Hacha on the Colombian warshin General Pinzon. leaving affairs in that section in a satisfactory condition. The lonn nt Aenpuleo. WASHINGTON. Aug. 29-The battleship Iowa arrived to-day at Acapulco, on her way to Panama, to Join the Ranger in look ing after American interests on the Isth mus. PANIC ON A STEAMER. City of Clifton r-unli Eljchty Passen. gera AhourO. hut None Loat. ST. LOUIS, Aug. 2U.-The steamer City of Clifton, owned hy the St. Louis and Tennessee River Packet Company, sank at Seventy-six landing, about fifteen miles above (Irani! Tower, 111. Sh was bound for St. Louis and her cargo consisted mostly of lumber. Her rigors, who were transferred, arrived here safely on the steamer Chester. They say there were more than eighty travelers on board when '.he steamer struck a hidden snag In mid stream and went down. No lives were loat and no one was Injured. The accident, how ever, threw the passengers Into a panic and several women fainted. Hfore they had time to realize what had happeneef, the steamboat listed heavily to starboard and began to settle. Within three minutes of the time of striking the obstruction the City of Clifton was resting on the bottom of the river in eight or nine feet of waur. Cupt. R. W. McCoy, master of the boat. ''' all the passengers to the upper deck as soon as he struck, the lower dtk being covered with water. There they stayed for four fours, until taken off by the steamer City of Chester. The Clifton was nearly new. having been built h year ago at a cost of ITO.imi. " Dr. Louis Rassleur. of the City 1!osp';.l, St. Loi.i, who was among the passengers, said: "The current at that iM.int is strong, and if the water had been twice aa deep there N no eloubt that some lives would have bteq lost. There were many women and children aboard. After the boat sank and we were assured by Captain MeCov that we were In t o danger. Dr. Hill and I had our hands full reviving the frightened women. Several of them went Into hvster Ics. A young woman from Qulncy. named Stein, leaped on the railing and was about to Jump overboard, when a negro deck hand caught her." VILLAGE WELLS RUN DRY. OH Drlllera Strike a Rig Cave and the Wntrr Passes Into It. DALTON. O.. Aug. 29. An Immens cavity in the earth, 250 feet below the sur face, was struck to-day by oil drillers at this place, and Into thfs has poured the water supply of the village. Wells at sur rounding farms have also been drained. Drillers say the only hone of regaining th water supply is the joshlblllty of striking, a subterranean lake below the cavity. SECRETARY OF WAR ILL .MR. ROOT TROl RLED WITH A I1E CmilENCE OF FORMER AILSIEXT. Now at Ills Summer Home on Long IslandGeneral CHlleaple Deal- nated Acting Secretary WASHINGTON. Aug. 2?. Secretary Root left Washington to-day for his summer home at Southampton, Ing Island. He Is suffering from a recurrence, in mild form, of the trouble which affected him last spring. General Gillespie has been designated act ing secretary by the President under an act of Lv2 which authorizes the head of a bureau to be acting secretary. A year ago the President issued an executive order designating General Miles to be setlng secretary In the buresu of the secretary during his absence and assistant secretary, and In the absence of General Miles then Ge-ncral Corbln was to act. It so happens that all persons directly nameel to perform the duties of secretary are absent and General Gillespie therefore was selected. Wants Rrother'M Stayer Puniahed. WASHINGTON. Aug. 2".. Antonio KourL a Haitian merchant, claiming to have been naturalized here, called at the State De partment to-day, In company with N. A. Shlbley, a Haiti. in attorney, to Induce the department to take steps to secure Justice for the murder of ids brother, llabld Knu rl, al.-o a natural. zed American citizen and .i merchant of Port u Prince and New York. It was stated that the murderer of Koiri. one Nicola NaClr. was likely to es. capo trial entirely, and. even If brought to trial, he was likely to be acquitted, owing to the disappearance of witnesses. The Time was committed last October, when Nadir was arrested. He has been In con llne'tnont since, but has been allowed a measure of liberty at times, which the e-ontplalnauts allege is beyond the limits of propriety and safety. The case was made1 the basis of a number ef affidavits, which Acting Solicitor Van Dyne will take under consideration, and it Is probable that he will communicate with United States Minister Powell and cause him to do what is necessary to prevent a miscarriage of Justice. Mulea Popular In South Africa. WASHINGTON, Aug. 2D.-T! e State Do. partment Is in receipt of another interest ing report from Mr. Stowe, who recently resigned his post as Uulted Slates consul general at Cape Town, dated July Ifi, which calls attention to the demand for horses Hiid mules, nnd especially American ani mals, in South Africa. The size and strength of American horses and mules, he says, has made them most opuhir in th Transvaal, not only in the army, but with the farmers. Animals brought from other countries, Mr. Stowe says, stand the climate) well, but they are not big and strong enough for farm and city use. The velOs of South Africa are dotted with the carcasses of horses that have died of t-tarvation, sick iicks and fatigue, and. notwithstanding the great number Imported Into Cape Colony, there will bo need for many more by the time hostilities have ecased. Reindeer from Siberia. WASHINGTON. Aug.29.-The secretary of tho treasury received from Lieutenant Rertholf, of the revenue cutter service, a report of purchases of reindeer made In Siberia for shipment to Alaska during the prsent summer. He says he has secured 4.7) young does and fifty bucks, all of the largo Tunguse breed. and that he thinks a contract can bo made for l.fioo reindeer for next summer. The eleer were all bought in the vicinity of Orla and they were to be shipped from that place to Port Clarence. The distance Is 2."0 miles. IJeutenant Rert holf expressed some doubt as to the success of the experiment. The deer purchased coat 13 roubles per head in Orla, but the addi tional expense of keening, shipping, etc.. brings the total cost of the animals landed In Alaska to about $30 each. No Duplicate Tax on flanks. WASHINGTON. Aug. 29. The controller of the currency has rendered a decision re garding the question of a duplicate tax on bank dividends. In this case a certain bank owned stock In and received dividends from several other banks. This bank htd paid the tax on the dividends declared by them, and the question involved la whether the original batik should be required to pay a tax on that part of Its income which it re ceived In dividends from the other banks. The controller holds that It was not the in tention of Congress to assess a duplicate) tax upon tho name identical Income or profits. More Femnlea Than Male. WASHINGTON. Aug. .-According to a bulletin Issued by the Census Rurcau to day there are slightly more females than males in the Stute of New York. The per centage is y).Z females to 4' 7 males. Oat of a total population of 7.2eS.fc:'4 there are 3.eni.7s0 males and 3.6T.4.114 females. Of the total population of the State l.pnn.425. or 2U per cent., are foreign born and 112.013, or 1.5 pr cent., colored. Of the colored people W.2H2 are negroes. 7.170 Chinese, 334 Japanese and 5.2T.7 Indians. New York city has 1.067.M0 native males and 1.CW.402 na tive females. Xatlonnl Capital Note. WASHINGTON. Aug. 2.-The Interior Department has been advised of the com pletion of the government sale of town lots In the town of Hobart, In the newly, ceded part of Oklahoma. The aggregate amount paid for all the lots sold was about Jl.fff". The Navy Department has awarded te Private C. Donan. of the marine corps, a life-saving medal for the rescue from drowning of Private V. H. Gibson, also a marine, at Olongapo. p. .. n June last. Capt. George p. Hearn. Ninth Infantry, has been ordered before retiring hoard tn this city. For about two years past Cap tain Hearn has been detailed as chief of forestry in the Philippines, and bar made several interesting and Important reports to the War Department, lie Is suffering from a disability that disqualifies him for military duty, but he may be placed In the charge of the forestry division as a retired ar my efhcr. In ordering the three squadrons of the Fourth Cavalry to Fort Riley. Fort I-av-onworth and Jefferson barracks. Secretary Hoot is carrying out the design he fortnej on his Western trip of re-establishing the military nchools. The rquadron of the Fourth Cavalry at Fort Riley, together with the troops already stationed at the place, will form the nucleus of the school, to be begun some time this autumn. Counsel for the Robert Mitchell Furni ture Company, of Cincinnati, which w awarded a fctt.ft) furniture contract by tha State e)f Montana, which later ignored It treatise it is not a union establishment have applied to the Supreme Court er Montana for a writ ef mandamus to.comptl the State Furnishing Roaid to sign a coa- tract. The court Issued an alternators writ of mandate, returnable Oct. I. t