THK INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, FRIDAY, AUGUST 30, lOOl.
THE DAILY JOURNAL
FRIDAY, AUGUST So, 1001.
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Both telephones 22.
Commissioner Magulre Is discreet In hold
Inf his present position, as there Is no
probability that ho will bo elected to an
other. Every fee or fine imposed by either coun
ty or city court should be- collected, and the
officer failing to do his duty In this matter
ihould suffer the penalty of tho law.
- Now that tho Schley court of Inquiry Is
goon to meet, why cannot the champions of
both sides In the controversy erase arguing
In the papers until they hear the evidence?
New York papers which dcploro tho dis
honest of veterans gecklng larger pensions
are furious because the baggage of tourists
returning from Europe Is r.carthed moat
furious when such people ure caught as
smugglers and perjurors.
As the result of personal efforts by an
Illinois .congressman the National Guard
of that State gets Just twice as 11 ? a Uro
of the national appropriation this year ns It
iMil 1 ji vf.ir Ik nniluulv htrtUlm- ah) fur
tho Indiana National Guard?
. Mf. Taggar'.'s friend nro justified in
claiming the nomination of Magulre an a
IerMotial victory for tho retiring mayor.
It la notice that, though out of office, ho
will keep his hand on tho machine and
continue to assert his hossni.
When people dot I art tli.tt tho shrinkage
In tho corn crop will not go beyond IW.OOO,
W0 or 3i),U00,art bushels hs compared with
the crop of m. they go mm far to tho other
extreme? ns: they did three Aceks ugo, when
they wcT lontlJrnt there would not be a
quarter of an average yield.
It Is Ju?t stich talk as that of Mr. Fitz
gerald, nt a bapquet Wednesday night,
deprecating the taxing of Catholics for
the support of public schools, that arouses
prejudice against tho Christian nods that
are thus arrayed against the common
vchool. No property will ever be ex mptod
from tho school tax, and tho sooner this
fact Is understood tho better it will 1h for
The rnout unfeeling thing that organized
labor has done this season Is the action of
the Chicago unions declaring that no poll,
tlclan lhall ho asked to speak on Iahnr
day. The action of the labor organizations
of New York Btato In re-fusing to permit a
saloon keeper to be their official head Is
another evidence that unions are getting
weary of being: used to promote other in
terests than their own.
Tho conviction by an Alabama Jury of
a white man for participation In tho lynch
ing; of a negro, tlnding him guilty of mur
der In tho first degree and sentencing him
to Imprisonment for life, is qulto a re
markable event. It is the first CHse of the
kind In tho South, and has scarcely a
parallel anywhere. Following soon after
the action of two or three Southern tin riffs
In holding; mobs at bay it shows a healthy
growth of public sentiment against lynch
The declaration of the chairmen of the
committees of both parties that beer will
not be purchased or used during the cam
paign Is most gratifying, not that beer
drinklng is a crime, but it is putting the
important matter of a municipal election
upon a most degrading level when men are
induced to attend meetings by the prom
ise of free beer. It Is a decided victory for
better methods to have both chairmen de
clare against it. Ilefore the Republican
primaries Chairman Logsdon declared that
no beer should bo used under tho auspices
of the Republican city committee.
A colored officeholder In "Washington has
rtarted a movement to present a testi
monial to the London hotel manager who
recently refused, to bar American negroes
upon the demand of some of his white pa
trons, and has headed the list with a con
tribution of 110. It was Hyron who wrote
''I awoke one morning and found myself
famous.' The London hotel keeper may
have the same experience. There was noth
ing? sentimental or heroic in his refusal to
bar well-educated and wll-behaved Amer
ican negroes from his hotel who came there
with plenty of money to pay their bills. It
was simply a matter of business with him
and a refusal to reoojcnl a distinction that
doee not prevail anywhere outsido of the
United State. It would be a mistake to
magnify what was a commonplace business
act from a British point of view into one of
The Republican state convention of Ne
braska, which met in Lincoln on Wedne.
day, had to deal with a strange case In
ths parole of Joseph fc Hartley by Gov-
ernor Savage. Hartley was formerly state
treasurer, and was convicted of embezzle
ment and sentenced to tho penitentiary, his
shortage amounting to over JjoO.O. The
Governor recently paroled him for sixty
days, with the understanding, as he fay?,
that Hartley was to reimburse the State
and render an accounting of the embezzled
funds. When his action was criticised the
Governor issued a statement explaining It
and also appeared before the convention
to defend It. Ills statement was frank and
reasonable. Ho gave at considerable length
his reasons for granting a parole to Hartley,
faying that ho alone was responsible, and
if he had erred the fault must rest with
him and not with the Republican party.
After hearing the Governor's statement
tho convention, by a vote of !nS to ICS,
adopted the following:
The Republicans of Nebraska disclaim for
the party any sympathy with custodians of
public money found guilty of the betrayal
of sacred trusts.
Without impugning the motives of the
Governor in any way, we deprecate any ex
ercise of executive clemency tending to
create the false impression that the Re
publican party is disposed to condone the
unlawful embezzlement of public funds un-d'--r
any circumstances, and we request tho
Immediate recall of the parole granted to
Jcseph S. Hartley by the Governor.
This was safe ground to take, and the
Governor complied with the request by
sending the defaulting state treasurer back
to the penitentiary that night. Nobody
questions the Governor's motives, but he
made a serious mistake.
Tili: Fl'Tllli: OP OHUANI.ED LAHOR.
If the present strike results In the de
feat of the strikers, ns from present ap
pearances it Is likely to. It becomes an in
teresting question as to what effect It will
have on the Amalgamated Association and
on organized labor In general. That It will
be a severe blow to both is certain, but the
question is how severe and how lasting
the consequences will bo. Among the
earliest results will be the retirement of
Mr. Shaffer from the presidency of the
association. One ill advised and disastrous
Etrlkc ending In failure Is as much as tho
association can stand from any president.
If the present strike falls Mr. Shaffer will
sharo' the fate of Martin Irons.' Denis
Kearney and other discredited labor lead
ers of the past.
The effect of the failure of tho strike on
the Amalgamated Assoeiatlon and on labor
unions In general will depend largely on
the way they tako it and on tho policy
they pursue' in the immediate future. The
first effect will be to greatly weaken their
organization and reduce their membership.
It Is not as strong or numerous now as it
was a year ago, and not nearly hm strong
or numerous as It was In either pf the
years from lVi to ivc. Official figures pub
lished. In the Journal a few days ago
showed that the present membership of tl:o
Amalgamated Association is only 13,S'j;i.
as against WXj In 2l.u:M lu l.Vjl and
Ifi.om as far bark as 1SS2. After the Home
stead strike the membership decreasd
steadily for several ear an1 did not show
any material Incresse till last year, when
it was still about T.otx) is than In 1S!0.
The failure of the prevent strike will set
It back nt. least ten years. Another sig
nificant fact is that the membership of the
association Is small compared with tho
number of steel workers who are elUlblo
to membership. In other word., tho non
union workmen vastly outnumber the
union men, Including even skilled workers.
This shows that for some reason or other
the number of workmen who would rather
bo out of the union than In It Is very large
and steadily increasing. In Ids last an
nual report Hresldent Shaffer deprecated
the fact that "thousands prefer to Im
classed as black nhecp rather than Join
our ranks aid Improve their condition'
Is It not possible that these thousands of
skilled workmen who are thus stigmatized
as "black nheep" prefer to stand on their
Individual merits and take their chances of
netting steady employment ami earning
good wages rather than sink their Indi
viduality In an organization tho practical
effect of which Is to establish a dead lre
of mediocrity and suhjtct all Its members
to a tyranny which the wise ones anion?
them Und Intolerable?
There must bo something radio illy wrong
In an organization which his lost strength
steadily during a serP- of years and which
embraces in Its membership o lunall a
part of those who nr.- eligible to heroine
members. There must be Mme reason why
tens of thousands of skilled workmen pre
fer, as Mr. Shaffer says, "to bo classed
as black sheep" rather than share in the
benetlts. real or Imaginary, of the union.
It behooves Intolllg nt workmen who be
lieve in organized labor to ask themselves
candidly If It has not been carried too far
on the lines of dictating to employers and
of restricting the itersonal liberty of its
members. The Journal believes In organ
ised labor, but not In organized tyranny.
The vpltlt of personal liberty Is too strong
lu this country to bo hold down by any
organization under any pretext. Follow
ing are extracts from the constitution of
the Amalgamated Association:
Members of this association shall at
the direction of the president of tho' na
tional lodge, refuse to work In anv mill
or factory where the manager, superin
tendent, foreman or puddle Imus u de
riving a direct benefit from the furnace
rolls, etc.. in addition to his position as
above, for which he receives a regular
Should any member of this association
undertake to Instruct an unskilled work
man in any of the trades represented In
this association It shall be the duty of the
mill committee to notify him that this as
sociation cannot tole-ate flieh proceedings
and should he persist in doing so charges
shall be preferred against him and he .hall
be expelled or suspended, as tho lodge may
determine. " 3
Such provisions as these are equally un
friendly to the employer and to ambitious
workmen who would like to stand on their
individual merits. Their tendency is to re
Strict production, as has bcn done by the
labor unions In England, thereby cripp:ing
tho manufacturing energies of the coun
try. They are conceived In a spirit of
tyranny that would paralyze labor as we'd
as capital. The present strike will not
have been in vain If Its failure hall demon
strate the necessity of organizing labor on
new and broader linos.
IMIMMtTAM K OI' tforTII AMMHH
Germany, It is announced, Is troubled over
the Monroe doctrine, because it wishes to
have coaling stations In South American
countries, which would involve Herman con
trol of limited portions of territory lu the
vicinity. Germany desires coaling stations
In South America because Its merchants
are grasping the trade of that import int
region, actually wresting It from tho Hrlt-l-h
and keeplrg out Americms. hecaiixe the
German is a more skillful and patient
manipulator of trade and the people with
whom he trades. Herman agents can speak
the language of South American countries.
They make frteod with the people and
try to m ike goods to suit them. The Eng
lish and Americans do none- of theyt things.
Few of their salesmen can speak Spanish,
but use interpreters. American goods are
as good, and probably better, than those
Germans sell, judging from the cheaper
goods of German make sold In this coun
try. German ships go up the rivers farther
than Uritish, and German influence reaches
more people. For these reasons Germans
desire coaling stations for ships engaged
in trade, and for worships so large and
numerous as to give the impression that
Germany is the greatest nation in the
Doubtless manufacturers and merchants
in the United States are making an effort
to secure this South and Central American
trade. The Harrison administration took
the Initiative In this matter by making
reciprocal treaties, by holding the Tan
Amerlcan Congress, and by encouraging
the carriage of malls In American ships. So
far as legislation could do it, the 'Congress
which came in with Mr. Cleveland undid
this good beginning. The trade of South
America is naturally ours because the
United States takes the larger part of its
products and sells It less than Germany or
Great Hrltaln. Taking one year with an
other, we purchase, twice as much in value
of South American countries as we sell
them. At a timo when Europe is troubled
with our invasion of Its markets, why Is
not more attention given to the growing
trade of South America? Instead of a sub
sidy for ships to carry our goods to Eu
rope, when there are already enough for
the business, why not encourage lines ex
clusively for South American ports and
th South American rivers to the Interior
of the country? Such lines could bo subsi
dized on the ground that they would bring
the people to the nouth of us Into closer
relations, build up a valuable trade. North
Americanize a large population in South
America, and lead these countries to see
the Importance of the Monroe doctrine to
them. Such an influence in the south,
through commercial relations, would dis
sipate any danger that may arise from the
prominence of foreign Interests a'nd their
desire to control South American terri
tory. If we can capture European trade,
why not the trade of South America?
About a year ago tho Chicago School
Hoard adopted a rule requiring applicants
for appointment as teachers In the public
schools to papa a physical examination.
Enforcement of tho tulc for a year has re
sulted so satisfactorily that it will be con
tinued. A woman doctor, who was chiefly
Instrumental In having the rule adopted,
It shows that In one short year the effect
of the plan has been to arouse the young
women to the necessity of care for their
health. Knowing that this examination
was coming, these girls have taken care of
themselves. They have had soup for lunch
Instead of a few cookies. They have not
dieted, as they used to, on slate pencils and
No doubt a sound body Is as necessary
in the hard work of teaching as a sound
mind. The Journal Is not aware that the
slate pencil and pickle diet prevails to any
extent among Indianapolis school teachers,
but there could be no objection to a prac
tical regulation tending to establish a
higher standard of health.
FROM HITHER AND YON.
I.oto'n Vision I'erverted.
Professor Pa bin y- Ali. well. love I blind.
Mls Penelope Hi, no, professor, love Isn't
blind It is cnwii. yrd; it m s a lot of thing It
doesn't see. .ind It doesn't see a lt of things It
owr.ht lo S'
A I'lelirlnn I'liwlliue.
"I thought u sitld eh moved la th' best
"Well, doesn't 1k?"
"lUnlly. I stiw lor lact nicht iLilnj; in tho
na ny-no-ii'und," ,
A II la prop.
Ml' Inrixti i v What whee . luellol lit
tle tliliiK that baby of Mis. rurfpruud' Is, to be
Mr. !la'r o-intemitt uously ) Ye; and to ler
In r UU you'd Hunk hc had u ptoKny.
Kariner Kl IckHenry writes fur iimh. money;
says h" wants to take feiidn' lesson.
, Mis. Krlrk Well, for goodness sake, send it
to him IlliHm! It's the fust .useful thing he's
wanted to ftU'ly s.tice he went to coleae. When
ln enines home ye kin Je' set him to work
puttln' a ii"v feme in front o the hoti.ic.
.1 (Ii DefeiiKC.
The shades of Isaac Wntts and John Wesley
were tilkln? toRriher with some earnestness on
th banks of the t t y x .
"That ChlcHKO professor enys. John, thet you
wrote nothing but doggerel. " smiled Isaac.
'Wlu cares what he seys." protested John.
"Pli you ccr see any of my poetry in the mag
a lines ?"
Crushed by the retort, Isaac ceased his gibing.
HIGH AERIAL GLOBE.
St, Louie Fair Scheme ( Ontdo the
Ulnel Toner nndUerrls Wheel.
ST. LOUIS. Aug. 21). One of the primary
attractions of the St. Eouis world's fair
will bo a marvelous aerial gkibc-, 700 feet
high from stone huso to roof. Reside it, Vlf
present plans are carried out, he Eiffel
tower and the Ferris wheel are crude en
gineering feats. Tho big globe will be con
structed by a company headed by C. F.
nianke, with a capital of $!,&, 000. At the
height of llo feet will be a spacious roof
pardon about l.OiiO feet in circumference.
Thl space will contain two restaurants
ami two theaters. At an altitude of 295
feet will bu located a huge coliseum, with
walks around the globe, giving a complete
view of tho grounds. Uelow will be seen
two regular circus rings and a race trACk.
Underneath the scats wi!l be a menagerie,
viewed from the circular walk. The grand
music hall will bo lit) feet up. with numer
ous novel musical attractions. At 4& feet
will be an aerial ialm garden. A complete
view of the grounds may be had from
there. Six hundred feet up will be the ob
servatlnn lower, where tue Weather Ru
reau and searchlight display will be lo
cated. Above this will be a wheelhouse for
sixteen huge elevators, capable of carrying
isty .ersons each, which will carry the
crowd through the big sphere.
Step Taken to Federate All Anxtl.
Inry Church Organic tlone.
NEW YORK. Aug. Zt.-Illshop McFaul,
of New Jersey, opened the convention of
Roman Catholic societies which was
called to meet at Long Ilraneh to-day to
effort a federation of the societies through
out the United States.
A temporary organization was effected
plans were offered for a constitution and
torm of organization and officers and com
mittees wuc appointed to hold office un
til a permanent organization Is effected
The meeting was well attended by dele
gates fron most of the Eastern and Middle
States, representing organizations having
a membership of over io.im. It was de
cided to hold the convention for perma
nent organization in Cincinnati Dec. R
After the election of the following otTU-ers
the convention adjourned: President. Henry
Y- Vll?- Kr,.: K' '' v!fe President. Thomas
Htzgerald. New ork: secretary, John
J. O Rourke. Philadelphia; treasurer. M. 1.
.Mooney, Cleveland. O; spiritual director.
Rt. Rev. A. H. McFaul. Trenton. Executive
Hoard T. J. Coyle. Pennsylvania: E. I).
Reardon, Indiana: J. C. MeOulre, New
York: L. J. Kauffman. New York. Ad
visory Hoard-Rev. Dr. Wnll, New York;
Father McGillindy. Worcester. Mass : P.
H. Mc?ulre. Pittsburg; J. E. Clinton. Tren
ton; Thomas I. McKenns. Long llranch,
N. J.; Father YY. 1. Cunt well, Long
Hranch. N. J.
TURKEY WILL SETTLE
I'HOIlAItLY WIM. um: fham i: FILL
SATISFACTION IIEFOHE LOJ.
Ambassador t'onntana Hack In Paris,
himI Confident the .Sultan Will
Soon Iny the Claims.
FRANCE HAS TRUMP CARD LEFT
SI AY LET TMIKIS1I PLOTTERS HAVE
FREE IIEIX IX PAUIS.
M. Ceorf?o Dorya Condemned to Death
Clash Iletween Spaniards nnd
llrltlsli Over a Torpedo.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Aug. 23.-The Turk
ish Ministry discussed the French claims
on Tuesday. It Is believed' that full satis
faction will be given to France.
PARIS, Aug. 29. M. Constans, the French
ambassador to Turkey, arrived In I'arU
to-day from Constantinople and had a con
ference with the foreign minister, M. Del
casse. In an interview afterward, M. Con
stans said he would not return to Con
stantinople until the dispute was settled.
M. Delcasse, at to-day's conference, con
firmed the statement that he (M. Constans)
had acted In perfect accord with the views
of the government. The ambassador did
not think the Sultan would hold out very
long, while as to the possibility of war be
tween France and Turkey, M. Constans
said, was quite out of the question.
The Echo de Paris says It learns that if
the Sultan docs not satisfy the French de
mands within twenty-four hours, surveil
lance of the Young Turkish party In France
will no longer be enforced.
M. Georgos Porys, son of the late Frlnee
of Samos, a former minster of the Sultan
of Turkey, and formerly tlovcrnor of Crete,
has been condemned to death by the Sul
tan's courts at the direction of Abdul
Hamid II. This action was taken in Con
stantinople because of the publication of
Dorys's book, "The Private Life of the
Sultan." The book so angered Turkey's
ruler that ho exerted his inlluenco in diplo
matic channels to have it suppressed in all
European countries. Ills efforts succeeded
In Sweden, but the popular outcry against
action in Pari was to atrong that the
government declined to exert itself. M.
Dorys secretly left Constantinople some
time ago. and is now a resident of Paris,
where he has identlllcd himself with tho
Young Turkish party.
CHOPS SCORCH El) II V HEAT.
(looniy Prospect for Many Iluenlniis
Stnrvntloii Almost Certain.
Correspondence of the Associated Press.
ST. PETERSnURd, Aug. 15,-Thc day on
which the llrst fruits of the hnrvests were
blessed In the churches, which was cele
brated throughout Russia this week, must
have been a day of mourning in many of
the provinces. Even vegetables. Including
potatoes, have been largely burned up by
the scorching heat In some districts. Tho
approaching winter will bo one of the
gloomiest Russia has ever seen. Tho gov
ernment already lias begun preparations
for tho feeding of the population In dis
tricts where starvation Is threatening. Hy
i law adopted some time ago the district
asseinbllos are relieved from all responsi
bility In tho matter, tho famine relief funds
being now turned over to the central gov
ernment, agents of the ministry of the In
terior aro engaged in buying up grain,
though the Russian press is forbidden to
mention tho matter. Tho precise object of
this prohibition is dltilcult to divine. It
cannot bo possible that tho government
thinks the grain speculators can bo taken
unawares, and the secrecy with which the
prices und localities of purchases arc In
vented can hardly be conducive to econ
omy. It Is not true that further restrictions of
the number of Jewish students which may
be admitted to Russian universities are in
contemplation. It has been erroneously
stated tl at they will hereafter bo limited
to a per cent, of the attendance, except at
the University of Moscow, where they
would no longer bo admitted at all.
O. A. Hakluml. director of tho Poulkoy
observatory, who has Just returned here
from Spitzbergen, reports that the longi
tudinal measurements which are to afford
material lor more approximate calculations
as to the form nnd size of the earth, wcro
begun at a. m. on Juno 17. The meas
urements were mado by mean of metal
wires, ninety-five meters long, which were
nrepareil under the direction of tho Italian
Physiclsh Ouillauma. and aro proof against
temperature influences. The measurement
was made in 2l'J sections, the wire being
loaded at each end w Ith 'Pi.OJO kilogrammes
of weight. Tho work was continued until
3 a. m. of June 20, the distance being meas
ured also In the opposite direction. The dif
ference of the two measurements In a dis
tance of 6.22a meters was found to lie 15.4
millimeters, or lss than one 4on,000th part
of the whole. The accuracy Is therefore
regarded as greater than would be abso
lutely essential. The remeasurements were
concluded on June 2f, ,nnd tho astronomical
observations on the following two days.
WANT I'll TO KEEP THE TORPEDO.
Spnnlah Carbineer Attempted to Re
tain llrlHuli DereJIct.
MADRID. Aug. 21. While the Rrltlsh
fleet in Spanish waters was maneuvering
to-day a torpedo, which had been launched,
stranded on the shore In front of La
Linea. A party of men-of-warsmen were
sent to recover It, hut were prevented from
doing so by a detachment of Spanish carbi
neers. The landing party was strongly re
inforced from the fleet, overawed the car
bineers and took the torpedo.
French Array Maneuvers.
PARIS, Aug. 20. The western army
maneuvers opened to-day with an attempt
to land an expedition at La Rochelle In
the presence of General Andre, the min
ister of war. Three transports, heavily
laden with troops and escorted by twenty
Ironclads, belonging to the northern and
Mediterranean squadrons, appeared before
the port this morning. The warships re
duced the forts to silence.
The United States training ship Hartford
arrived at Ia Rochelle yesterday to wit
ness the oieratlo?is and wan the object of
considerable curiosity. General Andre, who
reached La Rochelle this morning. Immedi
ately visited th Hartford and was shown
over the vessel.
flaldirln Party Safe nt Camp Zleajer.
CHRISTIANIA, Norway, Aug. 20.-The
steamer FrlthJoff arrived at Hammerfest
to-day, and reports that she successfully
landed the Raldwin-Zlegler Arctic expedi
tion at Camp ZleRlcr, in latitude MO:24 north
and longitude tä.Wl east, on Alger Islands.
All the members of the expedition were in
good health and the dogs and ponies were
In excellent condition after thtlr month's
voyage. The Frithjoff left Camp Zlegler
Aug. 2X The weather Conditions were fa
vorable for an advance of the expedition.
Mr. Haldv.in Intended to start northward
Aug. 2t, by what is called the Interchannel
route, across Markham sound, and be
tween Austria sound and the Rrltlsh chan
nel. tar Will Dlaonaa the llo'er War.
LONDON. Auk. 20.-A dispatch to the
Standard, from Hrussels. says that the
visit of Dr. Leyds to Paris Is directly con
nected with Mr. Kruger's desire to meet
the Czar. The Dally Mail Asserts that at
the meeting which will take place on Sept.
10. between the Kaiser and the Czar, the
circumstances of the Doer war will be
Italy II M Submarine Hont.
ROME. Aug. 23 The trials of the r.ew
submarine war vessel Delft no. ciTled nut
bv the Ministry of Marine, have been nnst
satisfactory. It is provided with a clepto
scope. invented by the Italian engineers
Russo and Laurent!.
(e rin a ii Mountain Climber Killed.
LONDON, Aug. 2!.-Accordlng to a dis
patch to the Dally Express, from Geneva,
a German named Hinschler, while climb
ing the Oberbauen. in the Alps, fell over a'
precipice and was killed. His body was ter
Will Italy Ilomhnrd Our Ports f
ROME, Aug. 29 The Patria says that
American courts will give no satisfaction
for the lynching of Italians and urges the
government to take other measures against
the United States.
Another MeetlnK of Munufaeturera
Capital to He S.0,hmmnm.
CHICAGO. Aug. 21). Nearly thirty plow
manufacturers of the United States were
in session here to-day discussing plans for
a consolidation of all the plow Interests In
the country. After the meeting it was an
nounced that the proposed consolidation
was practiealy a sure thing from present
prospects and that about $."Of(M.000 would
bo represented in the organization when it
should be completed. The New Y'ork Guar
antee and Trust Company has made a
proposition to tho plow manufacturers to
engineer the deal. The recent rise of 10
per cent, in the price of plows and the pro
posed consolidation is the result, the plow
manufacturers say. of an Increase in price
of every kind of material and a ruinous
credit system that has prevailed for years.
OPENING FOR YOUNG MEN
CONGRESSMAN 111 LL SAYS IT CAX HE
FOUND IX THE PHILIPPINES.
He Knovva n Place That Affords n
letter Opportunity for Energy nnd
Commercial Enterprise. '
SAN FRANCISCO. Cal., Aug. .-Congressman
Hull, of Iowa, chairman of the
House committee on military affairs, who
has arrived here on the transport Han
cock from a Ave months' tour of China,
Japan and 'the Philippines, Is deeply Im
pressed with the possibilities of the new
American possessions in the Orient. lie
nays: "If I were a young man 1 don't know
where I should rather go than to the Phil
ippines. For a man of brains and industry
the islands open a yast prospect in almost
every line of business for one who has the
grit to go there and stick to it. The min
eral, agricultural and timber resources of
these Islands constitute a field for com
mercial enterprise that is practically unlim
ited. Of course, the present conditions of
brigandage make it exceedingly unsafe for
people to settle In the Islands away from
the protection of tho military posts, but
the people, or the great majority, desire
peace and safety, and nre doing all they
can to help the troops attain this end.
"Of course, it is impossible to make an
Anglo-Saxon out of an Oriental. There
fore the Filipino probably never will be an
American citizen in the broad sense that it
Is understood by all that that term con
veys to the man born In the United Stales
of white parents. Rut as soon us ho gets
a sutllclent education and becomes a little
more Impregnated with our ideas and loses
some of the Ideas acquired by a three hun
dred years' association with the Spaniard,
tho Filipino will bo a citizen in spirit, pa
triotism. Industry and education, and will
be worthy of participating to the fullest ex
tent in all tho benefits of the government.
Of course, we shall have to govern them
with firmness ns well as with kindness. 1
think 4',0u) soldiers is about the risht num
ber to keep there for some years to come."
1'oMtofllceM In the Philippines.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 2D.-The division of
Insular nffalrs oi the War Department to
day made public the annual report of Mr.
C. M. Cotterman, director general of posts
In the Philippine Islands. While the gross
receipts from the postal service during the
last fiscal year showed art Increase over
tho preceding year, the expenses wcro In
creased to ii considerably Krenter extent
than the receipts. This apparent deficiency
is explained by a statement that consid
erable amounts had to be expended during
the past year for mail transportation
through foreign countries, the debt having
lapped over from the preceding year. The
number of regular postofhecs in the archi
pelago was increased from nineteen to
twenty-three. Mr. Cotterman urges the
application of United States postae rates
to tho Islands. Do comments on the ir
regularity of Interisland mail transporta
tion und recommends that authority be
given to advertlso for bids for a regular
service to all important points In the
islands and that steamers awarded con
tracts bo required by law to run on a set
Rolled from Poop Deck While Aaleep.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 29,-The Navy De
partment to-day received a cablegram from
Captain Craig, of the Albany, dated at
Aden, announcing v!iat Frank Sehlis and
Timothy McCarthy, while sleeping on the
poop deck of the Albany last Sunday night,
slid overboard timing im exceptionally
heavy roll of the vessel. Captain Craig's
cablegram said he remained in the locality
where the accident occurred all Sunday
night and after daylight Monday, but the
men were not again seen and their bodies
could not be recovered. On Monday George
Perkins went overboard and wmh drowned.
His body was recovered and will lie buried
ashore at Aden. The records of the Navy
Department in regard to these three men
show: Frank Schllz. landsman, residence
Chicago. Timothy McCarthy, coal passer,
residence New York. George Perkins, lands
man, residence New York.
Governor Tuft Plenaed.
MANILA, Aug. 23. Civil Governor Taft
returned here to-day from the north. He
is pleased with the condition of the parts
of the country visited. During his trip he
established civil governments at La Union,
Ilocos (north and south). Abra, Cagayan.
Isabela. Zambales and Roeot. lie Intends
to amalgamate the provincial governments,
abolishing the cumbersome governmental
machinery of the smaller provinces.
The Solace Arrives from Manila.
SAN FRANCISCO Aug. 29,-Thc naval
hospital ship Solace arrived to-day from
Manila via Guam and Honolulu. The ves
sel brought a number of passengers, among
them the wives and children of the naval
ofllcers. The Solace Is to bo laid up for
repairs nt Mare Island.
Teerhers' to Sail on the Sheridan.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 20.-The transport
Sheridan will leave San Francisco next
Saturday with a number of teachers for
Philippine schools, and the transport Sum
ner will follow on the 12th with another
large delegation of teachers lor the same
General Grant Returning.
SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 2-Iirlgadler
General Fred D. Grant arrived here to
day, en route to the Philippines, öfter a
three months' leave of absence. He will
sail on the transport Sheridan next Sat
urday. Ex-Corn Kins" to Resume.
CHICAGO. Aug. .-Incorporation papers
for a grain company, headed by George H.
Phillip, whose concern recentlv suspended
business, have been sent to the secretary
of state at Springfield. The name of the
new corporation will be the George 11.
Phillips Grain Company. It win be capi
talized at t'xW.AiK). of which the crr'dltors of
Phillips's defunct company will hold $JOfi,.
ooo. Mr. Phillips expects to begin business
within two weeks.
Dreaded Arrest nnd Shot Illmaelf.
DAYTON. O.. Aug. 2n.-RenJamln F.
Sheehan. a deputy constable, fired two bul
lets from a 3S-callhr revolver into his
left breast, at Lakevlew Clubhouse, this
morning, and died three-quarter of an
hour later at the hospital. A note left to
his wife Indicated that he dreaded arrest
and exposure. It Is stated that he forged
m rheck tor k smnll sum.
FEV REBELS ARE LEFT
(it EllltlLLAS" DESTROYED 11V THE
Situation Reviewed by ft Correspond.
eut. Whi Soya the Country la n
Seeth I nu: Caldron of I nreat.
ARMED MEN ON EVERY ROAD
W OMEN MOt ItNINfi THEIR DEAD AND
HAIDES CRYING FOR FOOD.
Ilrother Pitted ARalnat II rot her nnd
Friend Against Friend Venesue
lan Itebela MaklnK Progress.
NEW YORK. Aug. 2D The Associated
Press has received the following dispatch,
dated Bogota. Aug. 24, from a Colombian
official of high rank: "General Pedro D.
Osplno, acting minister of war, who has
prepared an excellent and extensive plan
or campaign, confirms the reports that
within the last fifteen days ho has de
stroyed nearly all of the Colombian guer
rillas. "The government of Colombia has main
tained strict neutrality regarding Equndor
and Venezuela, notwithstanding the fact
that the governments of the said countries
have upheld and effectively aided the rebels
of Colombia, thus prolonging the revolution
in this country.
"Recently the revolutionary forces of Co
lombia have met on the frontier of Vene
zuela to organize new Invasions of Co
lombia, using the munitions of war ac
cumulated by the government of Venezuela
on her frontiers. A party of Venezuelans
surrounded near Cucuta, are about to re
turn to their country. They ore commanded
by Rangel Garbiras.
"The position taken by the government of
Colombia is one of peace and neutrality.
These are fundamental canons in her for
eign policy. The frontiers of Colombia are
sufllclently defended. Colombia feels cer
tain that she can maintain her rights and
repel whatever foreign invasions may of
fer." WASHINGTON, Aug. Sc. Mall Informa
tion rcelved at the Colombian legation here
continues encouraging according to tho of
ficials there and encouraagen th'ni to hope
that peaceful conditions will obtain. In
formation received nt the legation by way
of Port of Spain. Trinidad, is to the effect
that Dr. Garbiras. the Venezuelan revolu
tionists, who was reported defeated by tho
forces of that government, continues lu
arms against the authorities and Is a
source of considerable trouble to the of
ficials of Venezuela.
AN IN HAPPY LAND.
Colombia Pictured na Seething: with
Revolution nnd Misery.
NEW YORK. Aug. 20.-A dispatch to the
Herald from Colombia says: "Plots and
counter plots till the air. There Is war
here of the most hideous kind and strife
that tears the country asunder, In which
brother Is pitted against brother, friend
against friend and neighbor against neigh
bor. Fertile fields have been devastated.
Once thriving towns have been decimated
In population and villages have been wiped
out of existence. Rands of armed men oc
cupy every highway and traffic is practi
cally at a standstill, while frantic women
mourn their dead and hungry babes clam
or for food. The entire republic 1 a seeth
ing caldron of unrest. So crltlcnl Is the sit
uation that even the officials of the gov
ernment, who wish to re-establish public
confidence, admit that the crisis must be
reached within a few clays, as matters
cannot long continue as they are. Great
battles must soon lie fought, and upon the
results willdepend, not alone the suprem
acy of the clashing partlos In Colombia,
but also, ierhups, the integrity of the- ter
ritory of three neighboring republics
Venezuela, Ecuador ami Nicaragua. Feel
ing runs high along the borders, and h
general war may be precipitated nt any
moment by any trivial Incident. The revo
lution has resolved Itself, after lasting
nearly two years. Into an international
struggle between the Liberals and the Con
Hervatlves of lour sisters, allied In their
history, contiguous in territory, kindred by
climate, by race and by tongue."
V E N i: TELA THREAT E NED,
Inauruenta Already In Poeaeaalon of
n Horderlniid Province.
COLON, Colombia. Aug. 2. Dr. Luis
Carlos Rico, Colombian minister to Vene
zuela, before his departure for Rogota, of
ficially assured Senor Vclez, tlovcrnor of
Cartngenn. that ho was going to inform
his government with reference to the situa
tion between Venezuela Hnd Colombia. He
expressed the opinion that peace will be
preserved hy nnd between both nations
and that the existing difficulties would be
Tho Colombian ofTlclal newspaper lu Car
lagona declares that the entire province of
Pachlra. Venezuela, touching Colombia
south of Maracalbo. Is In the power of the
Venezuelan- Insurgent leader. General Han
gel Garbiras. It asserts also that the Co
lombian general. General Valencia, until re
cently Colombian minister of war. Is now
on tho frontier with no less than lO.oou Co
lobian troops disposed lu the province of
hantander ami maintaining the sovereignty
of Colombia there.
Rebels Still Near the Cities.
KINGSTON, Jamaica. Aug. 2.. The Rrlt
lsh steamer Costa Rlcan, which has ar
rived here from Colon, Colombia, brought
advices of continued rebel activity in the
vicinity of Colon and Panama. The gov
ernment was making renewed efforts to
dislodge the rebels from a strong position.
Tho rebels, in forte, were attacking Ruena
Ventura, on the bay of Choco, Monday,
and a large government force had toen
dispatched there from Panama. The cen
sorship in Colombia Is most stringent.
A Ihn ii nt SavnniHn.
COLON. Aug. 20. Passengers arriving by
the French steamship Versailles say that
General Alban Is at Savanllla, ami that he
had returned from Santa Maria and Rio
Hacha on the Colombian warshin General
Pinzon. leaving affairs in that section in
a satisfactory condition.
The lonn nt Aenpuleo.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 29-The battleship
Iowa arrived to-day at Acapulco, on her
way to Panama, to Join the Ranger in look
ing after American interests on the Isth
mus. PANIC ON A STEAMER.
City of Clifton r-unli Eljchty Passen.
gera AhourO. hut None Loat.
ST. LOUIS, Aug. 2U.-The steamer City
of Clifton, owned hy the St. Louis and
Tennessee River Packet Company, sank at
Seventy-six landing, about fifteen miles
above (Irani! Tower, 111. Sh was bound for
St. Louis and her cargo consisted mostly
of lumber. Her rigors, who were
transferred, arrived here safely on the
steamer Chester. They say there were
more than eighty travelers on board when
'.he steamer struck a hidden snag In mid
stream and went down. No lives were loat
and no one was Injured. The accident, how
ever, threw the passengers Into a panic
and several women fainted. Hfore they
had time to realize what had happeneef,
the steamboat listed heavily to starboard
and began to settle. Within three minutes
of the time of striking the obstruction the
City of Clifton was resting on the bottom
of the river in eight or nine feet of waur.
Cupt. R. W. McCoy, master of the boat.
''' all the passengers to the upper
deck as soon as he struck, the lower dtk
being covered with water. There they
stayed for four fours, until taken off by
the steamer City of Chester. The Clifton
was nearly new. having been built h year
ago at a cost of ITO.imi.
" Dr. Louis Rassleur. of the City 1!osp';.l,
St. Loi.i, who was among the passengers,
said: "The current at that iM.int is strong,
and if the water had been twice aa deep
there N no eloubt that some lives would
have bteq lost. There were many women
and children aboard. After the boat sank
and we were assured by Captain MeCov
that we were In t o danger. Dr. Hill and I
had our hands full reviving the frightened
women. Several of them went Into hvster
Ics. A young woman from Qulncy. named
Stein, leaped on the railing and was about
to Jump overboard, when a negro deck
hand caught her."
VILLAGE WELLS RUN DRY.
OH Drlllera Strike a Rig Cave and the
Wntrr Passes Into It.
DALTON. O.. Aug. 29. An Immens
cavity in the earth, 250 feet below the sur
face, was struck to-day by oil drillers at
this place, and Into thfs has poured the
water supply of the village. Wells at sur
rounding farms have also been drained.
Drillers say the only hone of regaining th
water supply is the joshlblllty of striking,
a subterranean lake below the cavity.
SECRETARY OF WAR ILL
.MR. ROOT TROl RLED WITH A I1E
CmilENCE OF FORMER AILSIEXT.
Now at Ills Summer Home on Long
IslandGeneral CHlleaple Deal-
nated Acting Secretary
WASHINGTON. Aug. 2?. Secretary Root
left Washington to-day for his summer
home at Southampton, Ing Island. He Is
suffering from a recurrence, in mild form,
of the trouble which affected him last
General Gillespie has been designated act
ing secretary by the President under an act
of Lv2 which authorizes the head of a
bureau to be acting secretary. A year ago
the President issued an executive order
designating General Miles to be setlng
secretary In the buresu of the secretary
during his absence and assistant secretary,
and In the absence of General Miles then
Ge-ncral Corbln was to act. It so happens
that all persons directly nameel to perform
the duties of secretary are absent and
General Gillespie therefore was selected.
Wants Rrother'M Stayer Puniahed.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 2".. Antonio KourL
a Haitian merchant, claiming to have been
naturalized here, called at the State De
partment to-day, In company with N. A.
Shlbley, a Haiti. in attorney, to Induce the
department to take steps to secure Justice
for the murder of ids brother, llabld Knu
rl, al.-o a natural. zed American citizen and
.i merchant of Port u Prince and New
York. It was stated that the murderer of
Koiri. one Nicola NaClr. was likely to es.
capo trial entirely, and. even If brought to
trial, he was likely to be acquitted, owing
to the disappearance of witnesses. The
Time was committed last October, when
Nadir was arrested. He has been In con
llne'tnont since, but has been allowed a
measure of liberty at times, which the
e-ontplalnauts allege is beyond the limits
of propriety and safety. The case was
made1 the basis of a number ef affidavits,
which Acting Solicitor Van Dyne will take
under consideration, and it Is probable that
he will communicate with United States
Minister Powell and cause him to do what
is necessary to prevent a miscarriage of
Mulea Popular In South Africa.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 2D.-T! e State Do.
partment Is in receipt of another interest
ing report from Mr. Stowe, who recently
resigned his post as Uulted Slates consul
general at Cape Town, dated July Ifi, which
calls attention to the demand for horses
Hiid mules, nnd especially American ani
mals, in South Africa. The size and
strength of American horses and mules, he
says, has made them most opuhir in th
Transvaal, not only in the army, but with
the farmers. Animals brought from other
countries, Mr. Stowe says, stand the climate)
well, but they are not big and strong enough
for farm and city use. The velOs of South
Africa are dotted with the carcasses of
horses that have died of t-tarvation, sick
iicks and fatigue, and. notwithstanding the
great number Imported Into Cape Colony,
there will bo need for many more by the
time hostilities have ecased.
Reindeer from Siberia.
WASHINGTON. Aug.29.-The secretary
of tho treasury received from Lieutenant
Rertholf, of the revenue cutter service, a
report of purchases of reindeer made In
Siberia for shipment to Alaska during the
prsent summer. He says he has secured
4.7) young does and fifty bucks, all of the
largo Tunguse breed. and that he thinks a
contract can bo made for l.fioo reindeer for
next summer. The eleer were all bought in
the vicinity of Orla and they were to be
shipped from that place to Port Clarence.
The distance Is 2."0 miles. IJeutenant Rert
holf expressed some doubt as to the success
of the experiment. The deer purchased coat
13 roubles per head in Orla, but the addi
tional expense of keening, shipping, etc..
brings the total cost of the animals landed
In Alaska to about $30 each.
No Duplicate Tax on flanks.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 29. The controller
of the currency has rendered a decision re
garding the question of a duplicate tax on
bank dividends. In this case a certain bank
owned stock In and received dividends from
several other banks. This bank htd paid
the tax on the dividends declared by them,
and the question involved la whether the
original batik should be required to pay a
tax on that part of Its income which it re
ceived In dividends from the other banks.
The controller holds that It was not the in
tention of Congress to assess a duplicate)
tax upon tho name identical Income or
More Femnlea Than Male.
WASHINGTON. Aug. .-According to a
bulletin Issued by the Census Rurcau to
day there are slightly more females than
males in the Stute of New York. The per
centage is y).Z females to 4' 7 males. Oat
of a total population of 7.2eS.fc:'4 there are
3.eni.7s0 males and 3.6T.4.114 females. Of the
total population of the State l.pnn.425. or
2U per cent., are foreign born and 112.013,
or 1.5 pr cent., colored. Of the colored
people W.2H2 are negroes. 7.170 Chinese, 334
Japanese and 5.2T.7 Indians. New York city
has 1.067.M0 native males and 1.CW.402 na
Xatlonnl Capital Note.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 2.-The Interior
Department has been advised of the com
pletion of the government sale of town
lots In the town of Hobart, In the newly,
ceded part of Oklahoma. The aggregate
amount paid for all the lots sold was about
The Navy Department has awarded te
Private C. Donan. of the marine corps, a
life-saving medal for the rescue from
drowning of Private V. H. Gibson, also a
marine, at Olongapo. p. .. n June last.
Capt. George p. Hearn. Ninth Infantry,
has been ordered before retiring hoard tn
this city. For about two years past Cap
tain Hearn has been detailed as chief of
forestry in the Philippines, and bar made
several interesting and Important reports
to the War Department, lie Is suffering
from a disability that disqualifies him for
military duty, but he may be placed In the
charge of the forestry division as a retired
ar my efhcr.
In ordering the three squadrons of the
Fourth Cavalry to Fort Riley. Fort I-av-onworth
and Jefferson barracks. Secretary
Hoot is carrying out the design he fortnej
on his Western trip of re-establishing the
military nchools. The rquadron of the
Fourth Cavalry at Fort Riley, together
with the troops already stationed at the
place, will form the nucleus of the school,
to be begun some time this autumn.
Counsel for the Robert Mitchell Furni
ture Company, of Cincinnati, which w
awarded a fctt.ft) furniture contract by tha
State e)f Montana, which later ignored It
treatise it is not a union establishment
have applied to the Supreme Court er
Montana for a writ ef mandamus to.comptl
the State Furnishing Roaid to sign a coa-
tract. The court Issued an alternators
writ of mandate, returnable Oct. I.
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