Newspaper Page Text
TIIK INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1901,
Til E DAILY J O URXAL
THURSDAY. OCTOIil-R 31. WH.
Telephone Call (Old and Neir.)
r.vtlr.rn Otr.cc I KUtorlat lloom....Hn
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
V.y CArUUEIl-INUIANArOLI anl sur.rRDS.
IAi;y, t-ur.-i.iy lr.clu.i- !. l- c-ni rr montn.
Daily! without San-iay, ) rents r raunte
Sun Uy. w.thout dally. $-.) p-r year.
b:ng:e co;4es: Daiiy. - cr.ts; i-uniay. 5 cents.
BY AGENTS ELSCWHLRU.
Daily. r?r wek. 1') cents,
latiy. bun lay Included, i ?r week, 13 cents.
bunUay, j.er Jssu. i cent3.
EY MAIL. PREPAID:
Dally edition, one year
Daily and Sunday, r-r year
feuaday only, ono year
BEDL'CED ft AT KS TO CL.UD3.
On cor?. t-ne year CO cents
Fltt cent rir month for j-eriods leas than a
year. No subscription taktn tor less than tbrea
REDUCED RATES TO CLUES.
Subscribe with any of our numerous agents or
send sutscrif llun to the
JOURNAL NEWSPAPER. COMPANY,
TerRors enln? the Journal through th mal'.s
ir. the United States fhould jut on a'i eight-rae
or a twelve-pag paper a l-cr.t stamp; on a
sixteen, twer.ty or twerity-four patfe paper a
2-cent stanp. Foreign puatae is usually double
tii r-se rates.
Ail communications Intended for publication In
thu paper mu3t, in order to receive attention.
c accompanied Ly the nan. and address of tha
Rejected manucrlrts will not be returned un
less postace Is lr.clo.sed lor that purpose.
Entered as second-class matter at Indianapolis,
THE INDIANAPOLIS JOURNAL
Can be found at the following places:
NJlW YORU A:or House.
CHICAGO Palmor House. P. O. News Co.. 217
Darborn street. Auditorium Annex Hotel.
CINCINNATI J. II. Hawley & Co.. Ii Ina
LOUIdVILLE-C. T. Peering, northwest corner
of Third and Jefferson streets, and LouUvllia
Bock Co.. ZA Fourth avenue.
fcT. LOUIS Union News Company, Union Depot.
WASHINGTON. D. C R!?ff House. Etbitt
House. Fairfax Hotel. Wiliard Hctel.
Tow that Arizona has Inhabitants,
a gain of ICO per cent, sine IS, it has
fair ground to ask to bo admitted to the
Union, but Oklahoma has a better claim.
Without questioning tho honesty or good
Intentions of State Supervisor Leach It is
evident that his efforts to enforce tho nat
ural gas waste law have been very Inef
fective. The victory of tho whites over the negroes
in the recent "race war" in Louisiana is
somewhat dwarfed by tho fact that the
nine negroes killed included three women
and one child.
The temporary settlement of tho inter
urban contract question will do very well
as a modus vivendi until better and per
manent arrangements can bo made, and
this duiy should not bo lost sight of.
There Is nothing funnier in comic opera
than the proclamation of the Filipino in
surgent, Malvar, appointing himself captain
general and reorganizing the Filipino army
under two lieutenant generals and four gen
erals of division.
The Democratic candidate for Governor
In Iowa 1.3 a sound-money advocate, but
the party platform is of the Bryan build.
so Mr. Bryan is making a few speeches in
the State in spite of the vigorous protest
of the Democratic candidate for Governor.
It la significant that the Homo Market
Club of New England, which has stood for
high tariff and ultra protection, has asked
Congress to ascertain tho effect of the
pending treaties upon homo industries now
successfully established, to the end that
they may be modified and ratified.
It has come to light that three of Mayor
Tom Johnson's appointees in tho Cleveland
city government are Anarchists of a vicious
type, and th proceedings of an Anarchist
meeting contain a letter from Johnson
promising to address them. Ho is a good
man to lead a Democratic reform move
ment. One of those disagreeable persons who
recalls events of the Ions ago announces
that the wlfo of Richard M. Johnson, who
was Vice President when Mr. Van Euren
was President, was a colored woman. In
the event ot Mr. Van Buren'3 death she
would have been mistress of the White
A cartoon in one of tho Journal's ex
changes represents a court and Jury sitting
on the rear plaform of a train which 13
running at full speed straight towards the
Kentucky penitentiary. The . cartoon is
labeled, "Railroading Caleb Powers to tho
Penitentiary." It Is an historical object
The action of the Cabinet In continuing
the reduction of tho army in tho Philippines
goes to show that its mo3t reliable Infor
matlon does not sustain tho reports of
newspapers that a hostile feeling pervades
the archipelago which Is certain to break
out Li Insurrection if a largo army Is not
present to suppress it.
e,,, i.,ai .t iuw lactones
should bo allowed to pollute our running
t r n m i fnr rvii" i- if : --
4i iWQ j,llv-
liege they may leave the Stato does not
i"UMn n i o iu mult innn. i no
State can better afTord to lose a few fac
tories th an have its streams converted
into channels of filth and disease. But no
body need fear that tho factories will
rne American wool-growers are consid
ering the feasibility of asking Congress to
pass a bill which will require all alleged
woolen goods containing shoddy to be so
tagged when offered fr sale. A free-trade
liaycr eujs uiai v o win nave siioauy so
.hM 41.. . A ...111 1 1
long as there is a duty on wool and on
wcolen goods. As a matter of fact, the
shoddy woolens were never more common
than when England and Germany furnished
us so much low-priced woolen goods under
the Gorman-Wilson tariff.
The London Express recently published
a statement shewing the amount and char
acter of tho ship subsidies paid by five gov
ernments. In this list France led, paying
i.iw.'w annuany on tne construction of
hips, whilo no other nation pays a penny
under this head. For the navigation of
hips France pays $-'.4 :,) annually, while
Germany pays $'.UT.r" and Great Britain
jrSJ.O") to encourage Wet Indian and Ca
nadian trades. Th statistics show that
nu un hü tuniijiaii'in oy tne govern
ment. S3.4 .,-) a yc.ir, tin: nit reliant ma
rine of France In i!h linir.g.
There is reason to believe that the pro-
ro-ed treaty between the United States and
Gr-at Britain relating to the Isthmian canal
-inireiy ju.'uciory to ttiH ('nun-
try, us It will give this government the
right to fortify the canal in the event of
war. More than this, the provisions of the
proposed treaty are a practical recognition
of the Monroe doctrine by Great Britain so
far as it applies to the isthmus. Such an
admission by Great Britain is Important
just now, when Gorman newspapers are
railing against the Monroe doctrine. It
should be remembered, however, that a
British minister, before the Monroe doctrine
A-as announced, suggested it to this govern
ment because, at that time, such a declara
tion would have been advantageous to
Tili: II HAT AMERICAN POWERS.
Hon. Charles P. Bryan, of Illinois, who is
now home on leave of absence, says that
Brazil is entirely friendly to the United
States, and that the better elas3 of her peo
ple hope to see closer relations between the
two countries. Brazil U a large buyer of
American products. Including flour, mining
machinery, furniture, hats, shoes, china,
etc., and in return tho United States is the
great market for Brazilian coffee. The
steady friendship and growing trade rela
tions between the two countries is a good
assurance for the maintenance of peace
among the American states. Brazil oc
cupies substantially the same relation to
the southern part of the continent that the
United States does In the northern, one be
ing the great republic of the north and the
other of the south. It is calculated to give
one an enlarged Idea of the extent of the
southern part of the continent to hear from
Mr. Bryan that "We. in Brazil, know noth
ing about the trouble between eneuela
and Colombia, those countries are so far
away from ua." It may surprise many per
sons to learn that Brazil is almost as large
as the United States and Territories, its
total area being 3,209,87s square miles,
against our 3.616.4S4. Including Alaska and
the Indian Territory. Yet Brazil has a
population of only about lS.OOO.OCtf, against
our 76,0S7,G5T. With her vast resources and
present sparse population it is evident that
Brazil has a great future. Her government
is modeled closely after that of the United
States and is stable, liberal and progres
sive. Referring to tne ran-.mencan in
ference now sitting at Mexico City, Mr.
The aim of Brazil is to co-operate with
the United States in the promotion of pence
throughout the western hemisphere, me
appropriation of Brazil. Slo'J.ouo. was tne
largest offered by any country party to the
conference. The commissioner wnicn
Brazil has accredited to the conference are
able and prominent men. Brazil, I think,
gave evidence of its sincerity by efforts to
do all in its power to further tne objects
of the meeting.
European papers have tried to defeat the
object of the conference by representing it
as a scheme of the United States to extend
Its domination in American affairs. A suffi
cient reply to this misrepresentation is that
the f" ree great republics of America, and
by far the three greatest powers repre
sented at the conference the United States,
Mexico and Brazil are entirely friendly
and In perfect harmony in their govern
mental policies. As long as the three great
American republics continue to understand
one another and co-operate for the peace
and welfare of all American states, with
out distrust or Jealousy of the others on
the part of either, it matters little what
construction the European press puts upon
their act3 and motives.
A QUESTION THAT WILL SETTLE
Recent events have given fresh impetus
to the discussion of the race and color
question. The country has become so ac
customed to the frequent lynching ef
negroes In the South and the occasional
local outbreaks of what Is called "a race
war," but which is generally notning more
than a local affray between a few indi
viduals on both sides, that It does not re
gard them very seriously tho lynchings.
Indeed, are not regarded nearly as seriously
as they should be, for they indicate a con
dition of lawlessness which, If not remedied,
augurs badly for the future. But these
features of the situation have ceased to
attract much attention. Recent discussion
has been started in the South by the Book
er Washington incident, and here at home
by the demand of a number of white work
men In one of our industrial establishments
that all of the colored laborers be dis
charged under penalty of a general strike
by the white men. This Is an unusual thing
to happen in a Northern State, and will
doubtless be cited by the Southern papers
as evidence that the race question is as
live in the North as it is in the South.
They will be greatly mistaken, however, if
they think the question cuts any figure
in the North or that It is not constantly
growing more and more insignificant.
The two phases of the question now un
der discussion arc entirely different, one
involving what the Southern people call
"social equality" and tho other 'the right
of the negro to have a white man's chance
I in the way of getting employment and earn
ing wages. For tho first it may be re
I marked that from a racial point of view
I there is no such thing as social equality
I and never can be. It is wholly a personal
matter depending on the antecedents, the
education, the training and the views of
individuals. For many years past there
has been throughout the North a class of
whitrt nn nf
i - -
i.n - . .
ignore the color lino by meeting educated
negroes on terms of social equality. Just
as is done in all parts of Europe. It must
be added, however, tha-. the number of such
persons in the North is as yt very small,
much the greater number not having yet
outgrown the prejudice inherited from
slavery times. There is this difference,
though, between the North and the South:
that the Northern people respect a per
son who has the courage of his convictions
In the matter, while the Southern people
despise him. Northern people regard it as
a purely personal matter which is nobody's
business outside of the immediate parties,
and which does not involve consequences
of any importance to the public, while the
Southern people construe it as an insult
to white people everywhere and the be
ginning of social equality. The latter is a
very foolish view. The time will not come
in hundreds of years. If ever, that a general
condition of social equality will exist be-
tween the races in this country, but the
number of independent and courageous
white people willing to ignore the color
line and treat individual negroes on their
merits will increase from year to year, as
will also the number of educated and culti
vated negroes individually entitled to such
The other pi uise of the question is much
the more Important of the two. Social
equality is a bugbear, but the right of the
negro to take employment and earn wages
wherever he can is too plain to bo omp.
tl'nrl. An aristocracy or labor would be
I as odious as any other kind of urhim ri-
- v - -vav i.
Our whole political and social system is
based on the right cf every man. Irre
spective of nationality or color, to work
for a living, and for white men, simply
because they are a majority, to attempt
to draw the line against negroes is un
speakably cowardly and mean. To say that
white men and colored men cannot work
together harmoniously is absurd. The
trouble is not with races but with Indi
viduals. There are vicious and quarrel
some white men as well as vicious and
quarrelsome black men, and when they
come together there will be trouble; but
the thing to do is to weed out the bad men.
A white man who Is not willing to give an
honest negro a white man's chance to earn
a living is too mean to bo an American
The question In all its phases is one that
will settle itself. It may take a long time,
but it will do so. Already it has made
great progress towards settlement. Forty
years ago there was not a colored police
man or fireman in the United States; now
they are found in every Northern city cf
any size, and the two races work together
In perfect harmony. We have colored pos
tal clerks, colored letter carriers and col
ored men In every branch of the public
service. They mind their business and
there is no friction between the races.
Since the abolition of slavery as great
progress has been made on this question
in the South as in the North, and the
progress Is steady from year to year. The
question will solve Itself by the survival
of the fittest In the triumph of reason, Jus
tice and common sense over unreasoning
prejudice. A hundred years hence intelli
gent people in the South will wonder-that
their ancestors could ever have made such
a foolish hullaballoo over a white Presi
dent entertaining a colored citizen, and
many white men will be found working for
colored employers side by side with other
colored men as peaceably as if the condition
had always existed.
Til LH RECIPROCITY.
The men who have expected to see the
Republican party go to pieces over differ
ences of opinion regarding reciprocity seem
to be doomed to disappointment. The party
in Congress, while its individuals may
have differences of opinion as to what
should be done, seems to be convinced that
steps must be taken to carry out the ideas
last expressed by the lamented McKinley.
The Senate may not ratify the Kasson
treaties as they stand, but the Republicans
in that body will see that any American
industry which is well established is not
A new Interpretation of reciprocity Is
that it means a free exchange of the
products of two countries. That is the
free trade idea, but true reciprocity is not
free trade. When the last Democratic
Congress undertook to pass a revenue tariff
on the basis of free trade, the reciprocal
agreements which the Harrison adminis
tration had made with Germany, France,
Brazil, Cuba through Spain, and other
countries were swept away without the
courtesy to these governments of a formal
notice of abrogation. This was done be
cause reciprocity is an extension of the
protection principle. Where there Is any
thing like free trade, reciprocity treaties
are not thought of because they are not
necessary. No one has ever (suggested
reciprocity with Great Britain other than
for her provinces like Canada, which has a
When a reciprocal treaty is made It must
be negotiated upon the theory that the
United States shall get a full equivalent for
whatever favors It extends to the other
party to tho contract. Canada, which
cannot negotiate a reciprocal treaty of it
self, asks that Great Britain shall Insist
upon an agreement by which the United
States will give much and receive nothing
in return, since England will not relin
quish the 25 per cent, advantage which
British products entering Canada have over
ours. On the other hand, we have a few
artificial Industries which we can afford to
trade with countries in which such in
dustries arc natural. That is true recipro
Those who are discussing tne trado con
cessions which should be made to Cuba ex
press the opinion that the sugar, tobacco
and other products of that island should be
admitted at 0 per cent, of the present duties-,
and that a corresponding reduction
should be made in American staples in the
Cuban tariff. It is said the sugar interest
will oppose even that concession, but there
is reason to believe that a large portion of
the American people have como to the
conclusion that they cannot wait longer on
an industry which, after fifteen years' trial.
does not produce more than 10 per cent, of
the sugar that the country consumes.
The meeting of the Society of the Army
of the Tennessee in this city Nov. 13 and
14 will be one of the events of the season.
This is the eldest of the army societies,
having been organized in North Carolina
soon after the surrender of Johnston in
Maj 1S65. It has held a meeting every
year since. Twenty-three years ago the
annual meeting was held in this city and
was a notable event. Gen. Granville M
Dodge, of New York, the president of the
.- . i i . i i : 3 j. - 1 .
tlon, will be present
The army legislation of the last Congress
which provides that when vacancies occur
in the staff departments they shall be filled,
not by permanent appointments, but by de
tails of line officers for periods of four
years, should in time counteract the in
fluence of the staff corps of which General
Miles complains. This plan was given the
force of law in order to break up the
tenacious military clique in Washington by
compelling a constant interchange between
the staff and the line.
The police authorities are to be cordially
commended for their determination to do
all they can to break up the evil practice of
carrying concealed weapons. If the police
go as far as they can under the law to ex
amine thore w hom they suspect of the law
less practice, and a large number of per
sons are arrested and punished, hundreds
will cease to go about prepared to shoot
on the slightest provocation. Public opin
ion should sustain this purpose of the police
authorities by creating a positive sentiment
against such a relic of barbarism.
It is said that a German scientist has
given another proof of the painstaking
nature of his race in demonstrating with
perfect accuracy the time that is occupied
by a wink. The demonstration may be
correct in theory, but It cannot have much
practical value in measuring the different
kinds of winks. One does not need to be
a German scientist to knew that the wink
given by a man who tellf a nh story 1
not half as long as one thrtt accompanies
an order for a glass of soda to a druggist
In a prohibition town. There are winks
Couldn't Keep It.
"I suppose," began the Crafty Lobbyist, "that
you. like other f täte. men, have your price."
"Nope," answered the Intelligent Legislator.
"I had mine, but I have spent it."
An Important Question.
"I'd ive my life to call you 'wife! "
The maiden, long inured
To caution, murmured: "Is the life
Of which you speak Insured?"
A Gentle Hint.
"Do you always preach without notes'
quired the new vestryman.
Tes," replied the old minister.
"Don't you think you might do better if you
preached with notes?"
"Undoubtedly I would if they were five or
Must Follow the Rule.
The soft-voiced Salvation Army girl with the
bur.dla of War Cries under her arm stopped at
the entrance of the apartment house.
"I have come," she said, "to brinj the good
"Take it around to the rear door," arrogantly
interrupted the janitor.
Made for Each Other.
Edith I hear that you and Fred are quite in
terested In one another.
Bertha Don't you tell a soul, Edith, but really
I believe Fred and I were made for each other
TVe have played golf together three times, and
we never have quarreled except two or three
times when Fred was clearly in the wrong
Why She Got It.
A j-oung woman went into a Chicago book
store the other day and gently said to the clerk:
"Have you the Fast Set?"
"The Fast Set?" he repeated. "No, I don't
believe I ever heard of it. Do you know what
"Vell." she replied, coloring a little, "not
exactly, but a young lady friend 0 mine said
It was real good. It's queer you haven't it.
She Eaid she got hers here. It's a magazine.
you know, and"
"Oh." he exclaimed; "here's what you want
'The Smart Set.' "
The teacher in the Sunday school
Had found a pleasing task
In getting answers from the tots
To questions she might ask;
Till finally she had to stop.
Hecaufe, despite hT ealls,
No one could tell why Samson took
The gatcB from Gaza's walls.
She waited long; then Just before
She told them why, a kid
Held up his hand and said he guessed
He knew why Samson did.
"Well, tell the class." the teacher sail
To little Thomas Green,
And Tommy answered, quick and clear,
"Because 'twas Halloween."
INDIANA EDITORIAL NOTES.
Th Democrats of Indiana will hold their
50-cent powwow at Franklin on the night
cf Nov. 5. The attorney general ot the
State should be notified of this threatened
waste of gas. Columbus Republican.
The attention of the managers of the
Doxey Hotel, at Anderson, is respectfully
cited to the fact that Booker T. Wash
ington recently dined with tho President
of the United States. New Castle Courier.
Vigo cotinty is to make an investment of
J1S.0OO in voting machines. With the Aus
tralian system and the voting machine in
use an American citizen ought to be able
to vote as he pleases and feel assured that
his ballot would be counted as he cast it.
Terre Haute Tribune.
In a few years the city that is without
interurban railroads will be but the grave
yard of business. Fort Wayne does not
want to branch out in the cemetery line
and will have interurban railroads. They
are coming and the people will not permit
them to be kept out. r ort Wayne Sen
tinel. The Judge and Jury trying Caleb Powers
In Kentucky were able to land their vic
tim in the penitentiary for life. No greater
offense against justice was ever perpetrated
in this country. And yet there are citizens
in this State wrho demand that Governor
Durbin shall relinquish other victims to the
wrath of the Kentucky vendetta. Hunting
The county of Vigo appropriated money
to buy thirty voting machines for use in
the next election. That is the proper thing.
and it would be fortunate if every countv
in the State would do likewise. The voting
machine Is the means to secure purity of
the ballot and will prove a great aid in
eliminating the purchasable vote. Mar
Democratic newspapers are now advocat
ing "Democratic love feasts." The political
love feast is a Republican invention and
has been used to a good purpose bv the
G. O. P. Hence, in compliance with its
usual custom of adopting planks from Re
publican platforms some years after their
efheacy is proved, the Democratic party
now very naturally wants to adopt the
love feast. fehclbyville Republican.
RETAIL LIQUOR TRAFFIC.
Effortn to ReNtrnln It in England and
the United Mate.
To the Editor cf the Indisr.apolis Journal:
Your excellent London correspondent
tells us what trouble our English cousins
are having with the saloon problem. To
fully appreciate the situation one must re
member that they, our cousins, are just
about fifty years behind us in the temper
ance work. Fifty years ago, when practic
ally all our churches were total abstain
ers, everybody, from the Bishop of Canter
bury to the circuit riders, drank freely,
and even at the late Ecumenical Methodist
Council some British Methodists offered
wine to their guests. But, notwithstanding
these remnants of former generations, the
saloon is recognized as an evil, and your
correspondent tells us how the latest device
to diminish these evils is a failure. It looks
plausible enough, but it doe3 not work
worth a cent so far as ameliorating evils
is concerned. In a nutshell, it proposes a
benevolent association which is to keep
saloons of a high grade, and. after setting
aside 1) per cent, of the profits for interest
and repairs, to distribute the balance of
the profits to benevolence. We beat that.
We secure our dividend in advance and let
the salooniJt take what is left. We call
our scheme a license fee, but it all goes to
benevolence, as It were. But the result is
the same there and here crime and misery
are not diminished by the respectability of
these higher-toned saloons.
In London, as in Indianapolis, there are
restrictive laws which, if enforced, would
reduce the evils of the saloon to a probable
minimum, but in London, as in Indianapo
lis, they are enforced only spasmodically.
and then only against the defenseless class,
while ir London, as in Indianapolis, the
well-to-do go scot free. I have faith to be
Heve that the present city, county and
State authorities, except the grand Jury,
?re doing and will do all they can to en
force tho restrictions of the present laws.
and future grand juries will be less likely
to Ignore plain cases of lawbreaking.
whether they relate to liquor selling or
larceny. A grand jury or a grand juror
who would deliberately ignore a plain case
of larceny would soon find his level in
social as well a in political life.
The substantial remedy against the ra
lcon evil Is not in the stringency of the
law, but in the enforcement of the law,
and the enforcement of any law Is inevita
bly affected by the public opinion behind
it. In the State of Maine, while the pro
hibitory law is as well enforced to-day. and
always hns been, as any other restrictive
or prohibitory law. yet from the first there
are lccalitU in which it never has been
enforced and probably never can be, be
cause a majority of the people do not want
it to be; it would Interfere with their hab
its. The plain duty of temperance men In
these localities Is to educate the people to
abhor saloons by becoming total abstain
ers. By the same token, that Is the para
mount duty of the temperance people of
incuanapoiis. Few are aware of the preva
lence of rum drinking even by many who
are high in church circles, where, if any
where, abstinence might be looked for. lis
prevalence is only partlv indicated by the
fact that all the political and social clubs
keep bars, over which intoxicants are sold
daily, Sundays as weil as Mondays, and
all without the formalities of a license, and
yet there is no notice taken of this viola
tion of law by the class of men who com
pose these clubs. It is like the violation
of the gambling laws, which are violated
by all euchre parties. No wonder the
poorer people rebel against such an ad
ministration of the laws as touches them
and lets these escape. To add to the diffi
culty of enforcing so much of the liquor
laws as relates to selling on Sunday, there
is connected with the act the averment
that it is a desecration of the Sabbath.
giving color to the allegation that It is an
attempt to make men religious by law.
Some day this will be changed, just as the
corresponding restriction upon working on
Sunday will be changed, and both will
stand upon the police right of the State
to enact laws for the public health and
tne public morals and public po icy, witn
out regard to religion. Everybody knows
how much better the laws against open
saloons are enforced on election days than
the Sunday law. This is the rationale of
the fact. U. L. SEE.
Indianapolis. Oct. 29.
Beware of Subsidy Bill.
To the Editor of the Indianapolis Journal:
The full to overflowing treasury will offer
both excuse and temptation for Congress to
indulge in lavish expenditure, of public
money this winter, and greatly stimulate
those who have cherished designs for en
riching themselves at the expense of the
taxpayers. It is the one danger that lies in
the path of the great party that now con
trols the government. That party has the
lull confidence of the people and stands as
near right on the great economic questions
or tne day as the wisdom of man can de
vise. But its splendid career will surely be
arrested if such a measure as the ship-
subsidy bill shall be got through Congress
at the approaching session. All the argu
ments in favor of this most questionable
proceeding were presented In the debate
last winter before the Senate, and the re
sult was a public sentiment in the great
Middle West stronger than ever in opposi
tion to this proposed raid on the treasury
r.nder the guise of Increasing our merchant
marine. A desire to gain an opening to the
national treasury is the ruling spirit of the
gentlemen behind this scheme rather than
the patriotic purpose of increasing our
ocean-carrying trade. A more hold attack
was never made upon the treasury since
the organization of the government, and
the Republican party could do nothing in
Congress so much calculated to relegate
itself to the rear as to become responsible
for its success. The commendable thing to
do is to reduce taxation lighten the burden
of the people and not -follow nece ssary war
expenditures with inexcusable peace ex
travagance. It is a wise thing to contract
the sail a little in a too prosperous pale. If
the government will attend strictly to its
own business the people will do the rest. 1
J. H. CLAY POOL
Indianapolis, Oct. 29.
Political Scandal in (iothnm.
New York Tribune.
There is a book store in Fifth avenue.
near Twenty-third street, which makes a
specialty of religious books. It is a quiet,
conservative house which has never in
dulged in garish bindings or in two hun
dred thousand editions, confining itself to
satisfying the aesthetic and literary needs
of the confirmed bibliophile. And yet, de
spite its tradition, this same house has
contributed to the scandal of the present
campaign. A few weeks ago the firm started
out an edition of illustrated charts for
Sunday-school work, each page having
some text engraved on it. Every morning
it was the duty of the office boy to turn
over a page on the sample chart in the
lront window and show a fresh text.
One morning last week the attention of
the head of the firm was called to the
curious crowd constantly congregating in
lront ot the store window, it was not the
sort of crowd that ordinarily pauses be
fore the window of a store which makes
sacred books its specialty. Nor was the
general demeanor of the crowd in keeping
with the window's exhibit. People stared In
the window, laughed immoderately, nudged
each other and went their way, still laugh
ing. Repeated visits to the window failed
to disclose any cause for the apparent !
At length an old customer strode irately
into the store.
"Look here," said he to the surprised pro
prietor, "ibis thing won't go?"
"What thing won t go?" asked the as
" hy Tammany has got Carnceie. but I'll
be hanged if they can claim the Almighty."
What do you mean; was the puzzled
" hat do I mean?' was the indignant
rejoinder. "I'll show you what I mean." and
leading him to the window, he pointed to
the new chart, on tho face of which was
Mr. Cortelyou worked his way to his pres
ent high position through sheer ability and
determination. He is still a young man.
under forty years of age, and his success
may be regarded as an indication of a still
more progressive and brilliant career in the
future. He began as a stenographer, and.
as a court reporter, was considered one of
the most rapid and accurate in the country.
In he oecame private secretary to the
fourth assistant postmaster genoral. To
ward the close of the Cleveland administra
tion he was transferred to the White
House. He was for several months a
stenographer to the President, and was
then appointed executive clerk, which posi
tion ne neid until tne beginning of Mr. lie
Kinley's second term, when he was made
hile in Washington Mr. Cortelyou im
proved his spare time in the study of law,
and in liJ5 was graduated from the George
town University Iaw School. The follow
ing year he took a post-graduate course in
the Columbian University.
The President' Turkey.
Ladies' Home Journal.
Following the precedent of almost thirty
Thanksgiving days, Horace Voso, of West
erly, R. I., will send the prize turkey of all
his flocks to grace the new President's din
ner table on Nov. 2S. When Mr. Vose be
gan the custom of sending a turkey to the
President he had no motive other than the
desire to send a Thanksgiving bird to the
man who writes the Thanksgiving procla
mations. The pioneer turkey went to Pres
ident Grant in 1873. It weighed thirty-six
pounds and elicited the first of the courte
ous notes that have been coming eve- since
in acknowledgment from the executive
mansion. Mr. Vose has been dubbed "the
turkey king." All through the summer and
fall he makes occasional visits to the farm
in the vicinity, keeping a watchful eye on
the many flocks and eagerly scanning the
strutting companies for the coming cham
pion, the distinguished member of all the
feathery tribes that Is to rise eventually to
the dignity of a place on the White House
Indiana's Co-Operative Railroad.
Nebraska State Journal.
An Indiana railroad, the "Southeastern."
running from Muncle to Brazil, being un
able to pay its workmen, the officers have
turned the road over to the employes, who
have organized a co-operative association
to run it for their mutual benefit. Accord
ing to the terms of the agreement, the road
will be managed by the workmen until its
profits have been sufficient to pay the back
wages in full. Then they are to turn it
back to th owners. The old officers, per
haps, expect to learn enough about rm
nlr.g railroads by watching the boys while
they are putting things down to a bn.-iness
basis so that when they take it back thev
can make it pay txpenses. This Is the first
time n co-operative railroad was ever in
operation, and the experiment will be
watched with great interest.
Admiral Schley na a Widien.
Admiral Schley, as a witness In bis own
behalf, is a model for the study of ail
other sailormen who may rind themselves
in like case and for the landlubbers, too.
He Is as good natured as though nothing
had happened to ruüle him. He is as cooi
Mb in October morning. His. memory Is
in fine working crder. He tells his story
in a simple, straightforward way lhat is
very effective. A mighty interesting storv
it U, too, even If the events with which it
deals did occur three years ago.
THE CRITIC CRITICISED
PENSION' RPR H AU REVIEWS CAPTAIN
RA SSI EL It'S ADD It ESS.
Statements of Ex-Commaiuler-in-Chief
of Ci. A. R. at Cleveland Corn,
pared with Official Records.
The fact that many copies of the ad
dress of Captain Leo Rassieur, late
commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of
the Republic, which was criticised as a
most remarkable utterance when delivered
in September in Cleveland, have been sent
out. has led one of the men assailed to
review some of Its statements. The Ras
sieur address assailed Congress, the secre
tary of the interior and the commissioner
of pensions with a bitterness out of keep
ing with the report of the head of a pa
triotic body. Some of the statements ap
pear to show an ignorance of the laws,
and others seem to be perversions when
tried by the records of the Tension Bureau.
Of the first class is the assault upon the
Pension Bureau because it has not ap
pealed cases to the Court of Claims. Cap
tain Rassieur says there has been no de
cision denying the right of the secretary of
the interior to refer such cases to that
court. If he had been as fair on this mat
ter as he was zealous to find an opportunity
to find fault, he would have discovered
that an act of March 3, 1SS7, declares that
the Court of Claims "shall have jurisdic
tion over all claims founded upon the Con
stitution or any law of Congress except for
In his attack upon the Pension Bureau
the ex-commander-in-chief cites a case as
a sample of the harshness of the bureau
in executing the pension law, declaring
that there are thousands of similar cases.
The case he cites is that of William
Häuser, of the Thirtieth Missouri Volun
teers, the regiment in which Captain Ras
sieur served. In his address, the then
"He (Hauser) was sober and steady In
his conduct as civilian just as he had been
as a soldier. In 1KH he felt unable to con
tinue the labor that he had been doing,
and hence applied for a pension under the
act of June Tt, 18'Jo, and was directed to
report for examination to one of the boards
of surgeons in St. Louiä. He was thorough
ly examined June 30, 18i7. The report of
the surgeons, as far as it found him dis
abled, reads as follows: 'Pulse rate, tS:
respiration, 19; temperature, J8.6; weight,
1S3 pounds. Rheumatic crepitation in shoul
ders, hips and knees, worse in iert eiae.
No other objective symptoms: rate, six
eighteenths. For disability of left leg.
eczema on one leg, an additional rate of
three-eighteenths was given."
So much of the report of the surgeons
Captain Rassieur gives, but he omits the
following portion of it as it appears on the
records: "Heart and lungs, normal; short
ness of breath and dizziness In head, no ob
jective symptoms, reflexes normal, no
ataxia no rate. No evidence of disease of
kidneys, bladder, etc., no rate."
It will be seen that the portion of the
report of the surgeons which the late
commander-in-chief omitted in his pres
entation of the case had a very Important
bearing upon it, consequently it was dis
allowed on the ground that no ratable dis
ability was shown under the law and rul
ings as they then stood, which forbid the
grouping of several disabilities, but for
which the act of May, r.nj. provides.
Another remarkable feature in Captain
Rassieur's presentation is that he causes
it to be understood that Hauser did not
apply until lti, when the records of the
bureau show that he first made applica
tion Sept. "12, 1MV, when the surgeons found
no cause for grr.nting a pension. The late
commander-in-chief could not have been
unmindful of this fact, since his name ap
pears on the application of September, 18'0,
as an identifying witness.
A new claim was filed Oct. 12, 1$:$, and
an examination was made Oct. 6, IS?:). Cap
tain Rassieur gives the result of tho exam
ination by the surgeons at length, and de
clares that on this second report "the
claim was rejected for the same reason
stated before." The official papers in the
Pension Bureau, however, show that the
surgeons reported a ratable disability.
Jan. 17. IM, the clr.imant was called upon
for evidence to show the existence of the
disability at the elate of filing the claim.
Oct. 17, llMO, some months later, the af
fidavit of Dr. Black was filed showing the
claimant's total incapacity to earn support
by manual labor from the date of the
filing of the claim, and the claim was al
lowed Feb. 6. 11 1, at the maximum rate
of $12 a month, commencing Oct. 12, 1S08,
and ending with his death, Jan. 24. 1M0,
payable to bis widow, who was granted a
pension of $S per month, beginning Feb. 5,
WHAT THE RECORDS SHOW.
The records show that the statement of
the late commander-in-chief that the claim
of Oct. 12, 1S9S, was rejected on the exam
ination is entirely erroneous; no such ac
tion was ever taken. His further state
ment that the claimant requested another
examination before a board In East St.
Louis and the request was granted is
shown to be erroneous, since the bureau
was entirely satisfied with the examination
of Oct. C, 1vj9, and only waited the affidavit
of a physician covering the time between
the date of the application and of the ex
amination. The commissioner of pensions, who is as
sailed in Captain Rassieur's presentation
of the case, has given out the facts as
found In the records, and adds the follow
ing summary of the facts and the late
commander-in-chic f's statement:
"The record shows that the commander-
in-chief willfully suppressed the fact that
Hauser had tiled a claim in 1S:. and that
a thorough medical examination in
showed him a perfect specimen of physical
manhood. He knew that Hauser had filed a
claim in 1S'. because he was one of his
identifying witnesses on his application.
"The record also shows that when he at
tempted to quote the report of the surgeons,
made In 1 fiT. he suppressed the material
statements in said report showing no dis
ability from causes alleged in the claim
"The record also shows a gross misstate
ment of fact when he said the claim was
again rejected on the report of Oct. i. 1.
and that the claimant 'requested that an
examination be made by a third board,
which met in East St. Louis, and the re
e.uest bring granted, he appeared before
that board, and on trie results oi meir
examination, which I have not been able
to obtain, a pension of 12 was granted,
etc' The above statement Is erroneous in
every part, and has no foundation or ex
cuse for any part of it."
CroKer am n Prophet.
L. J. Lang, in Lewie's Monthly.
So skillful and accurate is the work of his
expert deputies that Mr. Croker's election
forecasts since he assumed the leadership
have been marve iously correct. In l2, for
Instance, he predicted that Grovcr Cleve
land's plurality for President in New York
county would be at least 7t'.1". It was
70. The same year he prophesied that
Thomas F. Gilroy would defeat Edward
Einstein fur mayor by 7."..o"). Gilroy's plu
ralitv was 7r..r.v7. In 1V'7 Croker's procr.os
tuatlon was that Robert A. Van Wyck
world run first, Sth Low se orid. Bcnja
n.i.i F. Traey third and Henry eJer-:e
l'ourth in the mayoralty race. The candi
dates finished in the order named, ('n-ker
sai l also that Van Wyck would poll so,mi
mure votes thin Low. Van Wyck plural
itv over Iv was '7.
Mr. Croker modestly disclaims credit for
his accuracy. He explains that it is all
due to the pe rfect sjsiem Tammany hns of
securing ine'lvidual reports h to how this
or that person will vote. Whenever Mr,
Croker has kclind to li. lieve tb- rf pori"
of his district leaders h- 1: is e:rd hit:,-self.
NOT A PARTY QUESTION.
Annexation of ( ula Too Complicated
for I'nrtiniiii Alitrinwent.
Mr. Carmack. Tennessee's r.rw senator,
who is looked upon in Washington m a
coming national leader cf his party, is
quoted as saying that the Democrats of tha
South will make a tight for the annexation
of Cuba, and that Republicans will oppos.
it because they cannot ignore the claims if
the sugar and tobacco trusts. This may be
Mr. Carmack's view of the case., and it may
be that some other Southern honators agree
with his opinion that, disregarding the
Louisiana sugar planters, the interests of
the South would be served by annexation.
But the gentleman from Tennessee is very
far from a thorough understanding c-f the
situation, if he imagines that anything like
a solid South can be brought to the support
of the proposition. Moreover, he is mis
taken if he thinks annexation is likely to
become a party question.
He is unquestionably right in his conclu
sion that the sugar and tobacco interests
will oppose anything that would bring Cu
ba's products into this country duty-free,
but he falls to take into account the geo
graphical extent of the sugar industry in
this country, and he also overlooks some
other matters that will have a determining
innuence en representatives and senators
from various States. The beet sugar men.
or most of them at least, are firmly con
vinced that annexation would be detrimen
tal, if not fatal, to their interests, and the
members of Congress from the beet sugar
districts are sure to oppose it. But the
American tobacco growers are, though not
logically, in the same position. Louisiana's
cane sugar interests are certain to be bit
terly opposed to the removal of tariff bar
riers. Florida's tobacco and tropical fruit
Interests must necessarily occupy the same
position. Senator Bally, of Texas, has de
clared that cither one of two reasons would
be sufficient to make him unalterably ex
posed to annexation. His first reason H
that the country already has race problems
enough, without inviting more, and his sec
ond is that annexation would mean in
creased and avoidable competition for the
sugar ami fruit growers of the South. Ken
tucky, Virginia, the Carolinas and other
States where the tobacco crop is an im
portant product, are not likely to form part
of that South which, in Mr. Carmack's
view, is to demand annexation. On the
other hand, those Northern States whieh
are consumers and not producers of e ither
sugar or tobacco, are more than likely to
demand, with some eagerness, any action
which promises to abolish the tariffs, and
are quite capable of exerting such pressure
as would compel their Republican represen
tatives to accept the Carmack view of the
desirability of annexation.
It is tolerably clear, then, that Mr. Car
mack does not speak for a solid South, and
it is equally clear that the Republican
party, having some beet sugar States, some
tobacco States and several in wnicn neither
is an important industry, can hardly be
held together on such an issue. In short, it
is impossible to believe that the annexation
of Cuba, which, except for race feeling,
presents none but economic problems, can
become either a party or a sectional Issue.
TO PROMOTE CROWNINSHIELD.
Ylfforons Proteat Against Secretary
Lome's Presumed Plan.
It is easy to believe that th President
and the secretary are anxious to have at
the head of the bureau of navigation a
clean and upright gentleman, a gallant
and accomplished officer, like Henry C.
Taylor. That would be a combination of
professional ability and personal honor
which the bureau sadly needs at Its head
and has needed for many years. Admiral
Taylor stands in the front rank of varied
and profound attainment and experience.
If Secretary Long wished for such a man
as his lieutenant five years ago, how much
more should he desire him to-day, now that
time and circumstance have so illustrated
But cannot tho government secure Ad
miral Taylor for the bureau of navigation
at some price less extravagant and scan
dalous than the promotion and reward of
Crowninshieid? Surely the government can
put an end to rottenness and demoraliza
tion in the; department without this notable
encouragement of their source. Because
Crowninshie id now stands convicted of un
fitness, of ignoble mlssue of authority, of
assent to, if not procurement of. conspiracy
and persecution, must the President shower
him with favor and indulgence before pro
ceeding to a correction of the infamy?
Command of tho European squadron is in
times of peace the most desirable, the mnt
luxurious, the most charming billet in the
gift of the government. It means ease, en
joyment, every circumstance of pleasure,
the very minimum of labor and responsi
bility. It an honorable distinction usually
Awarded in recognition and required of
faithful, brilliant service. And this to
By all means replace 1dm In tho bureau
of navigation. By all means substitute
Admiral Taylor, under whose auspices the
navy will regain its lost morale and re
ooverr the thrice forfeited respect of the
American people. But this proposed le
ward, this projected exaltation of Crown,
inshleld surely, the department must b
mad to think of it! Admiral Taylor will
achieve a transformation, no doubt. He
will et up new and noble standards). He
will disinfect dark corners and deodorize
and ventilate the whole establishment.
But all this can b accomplished without
canonizing Crowninshieid. and so it should
be settled. Indeed, we might safely say
that not onlv wisdom and propriety, but
common prudence also, point to another
and a very different course. In our opin
ion, nothing can prevent a congressional
investigation of the conduct of the Navy
Department during the past three or four
years. The revelations of the Schley in
quiry have been such as to justify Con
gress in refusing to make appropriations
for its maintenance under existing au
spices. But even though we be mistaken
in this even should the President succeed
in placating the suspicion and discontent
that now prevail the first Indication of &
purpose to reward anl at the Fame time
to withdraw from public observation the
head and front of all the scandalous of
fending would provoke a popular outburst
of denunciation beyond the power of the
government to ignore.
Quos Dens vult perdere, prius elementat.
Has the Navy Department offered itself
as a fresh illustration of this ancient aph
orism? GRIGSBY, ROUGH RIDER.
He Was the OrlgJnntor of the Cowboy
Col. M. Grigsby, of Sioux Falls, S. D
was a guest at the Hotel Davidson yester
day. Colonel Grigsby was the man who
originated the cowboy regiments of Rough
Riders for the Spanish-American war. "I
was at outs with the Governor of South
Dakota at the time," snid the colonel, "and
could not get into the service. It was then
I conceived the idea of organizing three
regiments of cowboys without reference t
state boundary lines. I went down to
Washington, drafted the bill and succeeded
in passing it through Congress, and this
gave President Roo: ev.lt his opportunity
to get into the service. He probably would
not have gone into the war if it bad not
been for the organization of these p.urh
riders. I was appointed colonel of one- of
those regiments and went into e-.imp at
Chickamacga to drill. We xpcted to go
to Havana, and la anticipation of ih.i
movement (n-ii'-rul Brook, :laeed rne in
command e.f all the talry. However,
Roosevelt spoil, d our calt ulati a.s by giv
ing the Spaniards sieb a thorooth licksn.f
at Santiago that we did not get a chance
to get nut of the- country.
"I am g i:-.g down to Washington and
shall probably call on President i;w. revolt,
and it is pretty ertain that 1 am the only
man from South Dakota that will do si
who d s Jnt want s.t:u thi :ig. I managed
hi campaign in South l'akota la .t vear.
1 am an old Wisconsin man. was grad-i.ttel
from the Plattevilie Normal School with
Willi mi A. Walker and Charles F. Esta
brook. ef this iiy. as cbtsmates. and dur
ing the war of the tebeliiori I was a rne tu
ber of the Second Wic.-nin Caxalry."
Colonel e;rin-dv might have added that
he is the author of "A Smoked Yank."
more than 2.. ceqdea ef which are in the
school libraries of Wisconsin. It 1 the
story ef the author's life In the Union army
und as a prisoner at Andersonvilla.