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WEKKLT KSTAi:USHi;l 1C.
DAILY LSTAI.LISUI.D 1S.
i VOL. 1,1 1 XO.
JLVDIAXAPOLIS. " SATURDAY MOKXIXG, FEBRUARY 1. 1902 TEX PAGES,
PRICE 2 CENTS EVERYWHERE.
SHOT BY OFFICERS
cnwAiii) riddle dyi.g and johx
Itinni.K IIAI1L.V WOl UED.
3furderers "Who Escaped from the AI
lKlirny County Jnil Over
(okfo and Captured.
MBS. SOFFEL WAS WITH THEM
AM) Sil II AVAS TU 12 FIRST TO FALL.
wiu:x tub fighting reg.w.
2Vor Lylne In a llnnpital trlth a Hal
let Wound In Her Ilrenst, but
Probably Will Ilecover.
DESPERATE FIGHT ON ROAD
FUGITIVES AXD PIRSIERS WERE
DOTH IX SLHIGHS.
All Well Armed, but the Aim of the
5Iurderer AV'n- I'onr-Kdward
riTTSBURG, Jan. SI. Edward Riddle in
Jail dying. John Diddle, riddled with buck
ehot and in a prccariou3 condition, and
Mrs. Peter K. Soffel lying in the hospital
with a bullet wound In the breast Is
the sequel of the sensational escape of the
Biddle brothers from the Allegheny county
Jail, aided by Mrs. Soffel. the wife of thV
Jail warden, on Thursday morning. It was
reported that Mrs. Söffe 1 had shot herself,
tut In a statement to-night she said her
wound was Indicted by her captors.
The story of the close of the Biddle; trag
edy, which came at 5:45 o'clock this after
noon, as told In dispatches from Butler,
Fa., is a. thrilling one. The scene was a
snow-covered road two miles cast of Pros
pect, Butler county, near Mount Chestnut,
and the exact place was at McClure's barn,
xvhere two double-team sleighs, filled with
eight officers, three of them Pittsburg de
tective John Roach, Albert Swinehart
and Charles MeGovern met the two Bid
dies In a one-horse sleigh, stolen at Perrys
vllle, and at once opened fire on the trio.
The Biddies returned the fire after jumping
out of the sleigh. Edward Biddle was
hot Im the left arm. In the breast a.id in
one leg. John Biddle was riddled with
buckshot in the breast and head.
The Pittsburg ofücors were met at Butler
this afternoon by Deputy Sheriffs Balney
and lloon and Officers Prank Ilolllday and
Aaron Thompson, the latter under com
mand of Chief of Follce Robert Ray, of
Butler. The officers were certain that they
were on th ' right trail. It was only a ques
tion of time when they would catch up
to the escaping condemned murderers and
their guilty companion.
The Elddles and Mrs. Soffel ate dinner at
J. J. Stephens's at Mount Chestnut, Ave
miles east of Butler. They had made a de
tour of the town of Butler, and after going
several miles east turned north and then
vest. The Pittsburg officers, only a few
miles in the rear, took the wrons road for
about eight miles, but when they found
their mistake they made up for lost time
by telephoning and telegraphing ahead for
fresh horses. They reached Mount Chest
rut not less than half an hour after the
Biddies and Mrs. Soffel. At this point Wil
liam Watson, storekeeper, had fresh horses
awaiting them, and the chase for life began
The two sleighs with the eight officers
aboard started westward and met the Bid
dies and Mrs. Soffel at McClure's barn, two
miles from Mount Chestnut, the Biddies
having learned that they were almost over
taken, and, taking what they considered
the only chance they had. drove eastward
and met their doom.
The Pittsburg and other olüccrs were
armed with Winchester rifles and revolvers
cf large caliber. They shot to kill and their
aim was perfect. The Biddies tried to kill
to the last of their string, but not one of
the eight officers has a wound as a result of
When the detectives got within about six
ty yards of the fugitives they opened fire.
The Biddies promptly answered with shct
pun and revolvers. When Edward Bid
die fell and Mrs. Soffel realized she
v about to be captured. It Is alleged, she
bullet into her breast, but this, as
v she denies. An examination
' i -VH that she will recover,
L i!. : -.'."""ted by her corset
,- c lupar :
t 1 . tie breast
.I K ! will
...' !.-. U .-.nr.
r t r.
numerous, fall.- . a ' is
The escape of th . . : . .jt' , :.s.
The Biddies have demon: r.-t : - :
occasions that they are goow ; -i.
and why they should have failed to :o
fcring down their men is a mystery.
After the Biddies fell to the snow-covered
ground the officers picked up the apparent
ly lifeless bodies of airs. Soffel and the Bid
dies and came back to Butler, bringing the I
stolen sleigh, patched-up harn-;." r- !
worn-out horses that th t" tn-d :
( trenuoi:l." V ; -. ? , r ; . -
- ' . ,
f. -! i ' t .. Ht.
; L Jan. 31. Mrt. Soffel made a
Statement after her capture in which she
eald he became involved In the affair
through her sympathy for Ed Riddle. She
and she now realized hr mistake and
nished she was dead. She said she did
pot shtot herself, but was the first one
p,t by the detectives. Ths o;Ilccrs say
the woman was armed, but do nut think
she fired any shots.
Dr.. J. E. Ayres, who examined the Bid
dies and Mr.-!. Soffel as soon as the pris
oners were taken into the county Jail, made
the following statt ment to-night: "Th??
wounds of all three prisoners are exceed
ingly grave and may result fatally before
another twenty-four hours. The bullet
which struck Mrs. Sofft 1, and which ap
pears to have been self-inflicted, entered
her left breast, going through the nipple
and passing back fibout six Inches through
her chest. It lodged under the skin of
the back almost opposite Its point of en
trance. From my examination of Mrs.
Soffel's wound I think she may live, but
her exposure to the cold and the excitement
and nervous shock of this affair may so
complicate matters that her breast wound
may prove fatal. The bullet undoubtedly
glanced from her breast bone. Her
chances for recovery are favorable, but as
i said the attendant circumstances are
likely to produce unfavorable symptoms be
"As to Edward Biddle, I think his wounds
are the worst of any of the three. He was
shot through the breast twice and was
also shot In the mouth. His arn Is broken,
but whether by a shot or by his fall from
the sleigh has not been determined. Ed
ward Biddy's left lung is full of blood, his
breathing is greatly Impaired and I doubt
If he can live long. The wounds of John
Biddle are numerous. He has six gunshot
woundi in his abdomen and five in the
right arm. Stray pieces of shot also hit
him in the face, but none of John Riddle's
wounds are of themselves necessarily fatal.
The chief danger in his case Is from blood
poisoning, which is not unlikely."
told ii v Tin: detectives.
Story of the ShootliiR of the Murderer-
Edward Riddle's Statement.
PITTSBURG, Jan. 21. The story of the
fight, as told by one of the detectives. Is as
follows: 'The Biddies were sitting on the
right side of the cutter. Mrs. Soffel was on
the left side.
" 'Hold up your hands and surrender!'
cried Detective MeGovern.
"Edward Biddle jumped up from his seat
and, raising a shotgun, fired It at MeGov
ern. He aimed badly and the shot scattered
on the road alongside MeGovern. Detect
ives MeGovern and Roach discharged their
Winchesters at Edward Biddle. Both shots
took effect. Jack Biddle raised from the
seat and discharged his revolver at the
three officers. Detective Swinehart steadied
himself and fired his forty-five Colt revolver
at Jack. The ball took effect in Jack's arm.
Then the detectives opened fire on the boys
in rapid succession. The shots knocked
them out of the sleigh. Edward fell sprawl
ing on the snow and Jack fell on top of
him. Their firearms fell alongsld of them.
The Biddies' horse then became frightened
and ran away across a field. It was at this
time that Mrs. Soffel was seen to collapse
in the sleigh. The detectives approached
the wounded men, and Detective Swinehart
was rushing In on them when Detectlvo Me
Govern called to him to stay back, that the
Biddies were only feigning. Detective
Roach saw Edward Biddle reach in" his
coat pocket as if for a revolver, and the
detective shot him again. Then Detective
MeGovern ran up within five feet of the
boys and emptied his Winchester Into them.
The Biddies then yielded. Dc'eeCtes, Roach
and MeGovern then handcuffed their hand
and feet and they were taken to Butler.
Mrs. Soffel, who had fallen from the sleigh
when the horse ran away, was picked up
and placed In the detectives large sleigh
with her companions and taken to the hos
pital at Butler."
At the jail to-night Edward Biddle called
for a priest and made the following state
ment: "I have been accused of a great
many serious crimes. I admit that I could
have committed many, the opportunities
for them presenting themselves. I want to
(CONTInTTeTJON PAGE 6, COL. 5.)
HOPES FOR CONVICTION
cuiiax prosecutor thinks he has
made a stroxg case.
Claims to Have Established the Gnilt
of Neely, Hathhone. Reeves
and Ttto Clerks.
HAVANA, Jan. CI. Representatives of
lighterage and steamboat companies were
summoned by the government to-day to
testify at the hyaring of the Cuban postal
frauds in ordef to show that no bill was
contracted for lighterage, as set down in
C. F. W. Neely'8 miscellaneous account,
and for which there were no vouchers. Sev
eral of these witnesses testified that they
had done no business with the post office.
Mr. Wllmot, private secretary to Estes
G. Rathbone, who accompanied the latter
on his trip around the island of Cuba and
to the United States, testified that, so far
as he could remember, none of Rathbone's
or Mrs. Ratbone's private bills contracted
on these trips was paid from the postal
funds. Mr. Wllmot said it was his custom
to pay all of Rathbone's bills while on
these trips from money furnished by the
department, and that on the return of the
party the private bills were separated from
the official ones, and he was reimbursed In
their amount by Rathbone. The witness
said he had refused to sign a certain state
ment at the request of inspector Gregory,
thinking this statement did net represent
his version of the case. lie said he ap
pealed the matter tc Postmaster Harrison,
who sustained him.
The prosecution hope? to conclude its
case in a few days, alth ugh many wit
nesses have yet to testify. It claims to
have established beyond a. doubt the guilt
of the defendants F. Xeely, Kstes
G. Rathbone, W. If. Reeves and two Cuban
stamp clerks named Moya and Mascara
and that the defense has failed to estab
lish a parallel between the unauthorized
purchases of carriages, furniture, etc.. and
hese effects when purchased by the au
thority of the military governor or his
chief of staff, as was set forth in the testimony-
of Col. George 11. Rurton. the in
spector jer.ral of the department. The
quests of unauthorized expenditures will
eviden ! . be a bone of contention in the
RAT POISON IN COFFEE.
Uevenice of n Th el ve-Year-Old Girl
That font One Idfe.
SPRINGFIELD. O.. Jan. 31.-IonIa Tur
ner, aged twelve, and her thirteen-year-old
-?hoolmate. May Holland, were arrested to
r ght charged with the murder of the flrst
.u med's mother, Mrs. George Turner, a few
os ago. by putting rat poison In the
tf-.ily coffee pot. In a confession to-day
the girl Ionia said she put the poison in the
coffee pot In a fit of temper U-rause her
two brothers vere contautlv telling U ir
mother torlos about her which tho nrl
say discouraged her -o that life at home
iv as unbearable. All the family partook of
the poisoned drink, and only the prompt
woric of physicians saved the father and
brothers of Ionia. The girl expressed con
trition for the act. but after the crime be
came known the other members of the fam
ily made her leave home.
IJIPOUT.WT 2CUTIVE ORDETt IS-
5- ellE PRESIDENT.
No reron5 Craploy of the Govern-
He Permitted to In
AIMED AT ARMY OFFICERS
NAVAL. OFFICERS, POSTOFFICE EM
PLOYES AND nOUTE AGENTS.
Members of the Jndiclarr Also AI
lesed to Have Attempted to lu
ll ue nee Congressmen.
ATTITUDE OF MR. FAIRBANKS
HE OPPOSES INCREASE IN SALARIES
War Revenue Tax Repeal Rill to He
Pushed Payne's Cuban Itec
Special to the Indianapolis Journal.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31. Senator Fair
banks spoke out very Strongly to-day
against consideration of any measure look
ing to the Increase in the salaries of sen
ators arrd representatives. The matter
came up for debate In connection with an
amendment to the bill of Senator Hoar to
Increase the salaries of federal judges.
Senator Fairbanks said he was familiar
with the hard work done by judges of the
Fedeial Court and thought it only fair that
their compensation be Increased. He said
the United States reached out for the
strongest men that could be found for the
judiciary, and it was only fair that the gov
ernment should give proper compensation
for services rendered.
There Is a disposition among the know
ing ones to regard the vigorous executive
letter of the President to-day, relating to
government employes seeking raise in pay
(printed elsewhere), as an intimation to
high officers of the government to cease
trying to influence Congress. It is known
that some of the judicial officers have writ
ten to congressional friends, asking them to
give consideration to Mr. Hoar's bill. Un
der the practices this is not improper, but
it Is known that the President has no
friendly regard for such Intercession. The
order of the President is especially aimed
at army and navy officers, who seek to
use rontrressmeu to obtain special assign
ments and details. This has grown to be
something of a nuisance to the legislators
as well as to the heads of executive de
partments. The President goes back to
simple army regulations for an inspiration
for his vigorous letter of to-day. That is
to say, each officer must make his requests
of his immediate superior and let them
take the regular official channel.
Representative Watson is confident the
committee on postofflces and post roads
will report his bill creating the office of
fifth assistant rostmaster general. The
main object of the measure Is to create a
special department for the handling of the
rural free delivery and the city carrier
systems. It is expected that if the bill
passes Mr. Machen, now general superin
tendent of carriers, will be given the p'ace.
He has had more to do with building up
the rural free delivery business than any
other one man. Mr. Watson hopes to have
a report In a few weeks.
The Senate committee on public buildings
and grounds to-day authorized Senator
Fairbanks to make a favorable report cn
his bill providing for the erection of a new
department building In Washington on the
site of the old Corcoran art gallery at the
corner of Seventeenth street and Pennsyl
vania avenue. The bill provides that the
building shall be devoted to the use of the
State Department and the Department of
Justice and that space shall be allotted in
the building to the clerical force under
the Immediate control of the President
and which now finds working space in the
White House. No appropriation is made,
but authority is given to acquire the site
and erect the building. The supervising
architect estimates that a suitable building
can be put up for $7,inO,LK).
The Treasury Club, an organization of
officials of the Treasury Department, gave
a farewell dl nner to-night at the Shoreham
Hotel to Lyman J. Gage, the retiring secre
tary. Covers were laid for sixty-five, the
guets Including Hon. Leslie M. Shaw, who
succeeds Mr. Gage, former Assistant Secre
taries Vanderlip and Howell and Admiral
Farquhar. Speeches were made by Gov
ernor Shaw, Secretary Gage and Assistant
Secretaries Alles, Taylor and Spalding.
The controller of the currency to-day ap
proved the Fletcher National Bank, of In
dianapolis, as a reserve agent for the First
National Bank, of Martinsville. Ind.
EMPLOYES AVA II NED.
If They Try to Influence Legislation
They Will He Dismissed.
Associited Pres Dispatch.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31.-The only busi
ness matter of Interest under discussion at
the Cabinet meeting to-day was the Cuban
reciprocity question now before Congress.
The President is very much In earnest in
his advocacy of a reduction In the duty
on Cuban sugar. Secretary Root also Is a
strong advocate of a reduction of about
23 per cent. It Is believed this proposition
meets with tho general approval of the
members of tfw Cabinet.
The President has issued the following
executive order: "All officers and employes
of the United States, of either description
serving in. or under "any of the executive
departments, and whether t-o serving in or
out ot Washington, are herebv forbidden
either directly or indirectly, individually
or through associations, to solicit an in
crease of pay. or to Influence or to attempt
to influence in their own interest any legis
lation whatever, either before Congress ör
its committee., or in any way. save through
the heads of the departments in or under
v hleh they serve, on penalty of dismissal
from the government sen Ice."
It is understood this executive order Is the
result of complaints made by members of
Ccnirrcs that postofflce employes, and par
ticularly route agents and general delivery
letter carritrs. In thir districts are making
every possible effort to secure legislation
by Congress favorable to their interests.
;tul in some instances threats had been
made that unless their representatives In
Congress favored such legislation they
would not be re-elected. The President V.-
tully determined that this thing shall cease,
and It Is said that ai.y person who violate
the order will be summarily dismissed from
the government's Fervice.
Thlb was Secretary Gage's last Cabinet
meeting, ana the President and the secre
tary's associate members Individually ex
pressed to him their most sincere regret at
the severance of relations which always
have been of the closest possible character.
The President said that he particularly re
gretted the necessity to say good-bye. At
the close of the meeting the secretary re
ceived a hearty handshake from each of the
members present, and In return for their
good wishes, expressed the hore that tim
would deal gently with them, and that thej
would all be blessed with health and happiness.
WAR REVENUE REPEAL RILL.
It Will De Reported Ilnck on Monday
Statement by Mr. Payne.
WASHINGTON, Jan. Sl.-The bill reduc
ing war revenue taxes $77.000,000 has been
completed by Chairman Payne, of the ways
and means committee. It was Introduced
in the House to-day and referred to the
committee. It will be reported back to
the House on Monday, and it Is the purpose
of Mr. Payne to begin consideration of the
measure immediately following consider
ation of the anti-oleomargarine bill. The
reduction bill is rather lengthy, as several
schedules have to be readjusted. All rates,
however, are brought back to those exist
ing before the Spanish war, except on
mixed flour. The repeal section Is brief and
restores the old rates. In some cases, as
that of cigars, tobacco, beer, etc., the
changes have been made Fince tie original
war taxes were imposed, so that a simple
repeal of existing law would not restore
the old rates. Special sections cover these
Chairman Payne, of the House ways and
means committee, to-day authorized the
"A report Is being Industriously circu
lated to the effect that the ways and means
committee, by taking action on the bill re
ducing war taxes, has indirectly sought to
dispose of the subject of Cuban reciprocity.
Nothing could be further from the facts,
and the erroneous report appears. to be the
result of a mixture of self-interest and un
warranted speculation. The fact Is that
the ways and means committee has taken
no vote on the subject of Cuban reciproc
ity, nor has there been any such confer
ence or exchange of views among the mem
bers, or the Republicans of the committee,
as would warrant any conclusion that there
was no purpose to deal with the subject of
Cuban reciprocity. The bill to reduce war
revenue taxes was taken up because it was
the sentiment of the committee thatthebur
dens resting upon our own people should be
lightened before we turned our attention to
(CONTINUED 0N I 'AGE 6, COL. 4.) '
ZIONISTS IN TROUBLE
RECEIVER FOR JOHN ALEXANDER
" DOWIE'S LACE INDUSTRIES.
"Elijah II" Held by Judge Tnley to
Have Exerted I'ndne Influence
on Samuel Stevenson.
$100,000 IS DUE THE LATTER
RUT THE 9.10.000 GIVEN DOWIE'S SIS
TER CANNOT BE It E PAID.
Case Described na a Cnrlon Mixture
of Itellgion and nnnlness
That Needs More Light.
CHICAGO, Jan. 31. Judge Tuley to-day
ordered a receivership for the Zlon lace in
dustries and on Monday will enter a decree
appointing Elmer Washburn receiver under
a bond of $700,000.
The court, in a lengthy decision of tho
case, which was instituted by Samuel Stev
enson, a brother-in-law of John Alexander
Dowle, declared that Dowle's church, the
Christian Catholic Church, was a curious
mixture of religion and business. He held
that Stevenson had, by unlue Influence ex
erted by Dowle as head of the church, been
led to turn over to Dowle practically every
thing he had in the world, and held that
Stevenson had Invested at least $100,00-) with
Dowle, or in the lace industries, which, he
said, were practically the same thing.
The court directed that Attorney Reeves
file an amended bill In order that the stock
holders of the lace industries may be made
parties to the suit. The decision being
against the corporation, It Is necessary that
the stockholders be present In court before
a decree can be entered. The position of
the stockholders, the court said, "was not
plain. The evidence showed that they had
paid over $400,000 for stock, but that the
transaction was of such a character that
Dowle alone seemed to hold everything of
Undue influence was the chief topic dis
cussed by the judge in his decision. Dowle,
he said, was unquestionably the superior of
Stevenson, both in intellect and business
ability. Dowie, he declared, was a religious
zealot; Stevenson a follower. Stevenson,
like others In "Zion," followed Dowle blind
ly. They believed him to be the agent of
the Almighty on earth, destined to build up
cities of Zion in every country in the world.
None was more influenced by the teachings
of the "reincarnated Elijah" than Steven
son. It was the province of the court, he
said, to protect the weak against the
strong. It was not clear Just to what ex
tent Stevenson had suffered monetary loss
owing to the peculiar agreements between
stockholders' in the lace Industries and
Dowie. It was clear, however, that Stev
enson was entitled to $10.rO. and also clear
that the $0,000 which Stevenson had turned
over to his wife (now dead), which the lat
ter had turned over to Dcwie, could not be
"The case needs more light." said the
court. "I have studied over it night and
day for a month, yet on many points I am
in the dark. There should be a further
An amended bill and an amended answer
will be filed by the parties to the suit on
Monday when the decree appointing a re
ceiver will be entered. Till then, by stipu
lation, Dowie is prevented from disposing
of any more preferred stock. Dowie will
pray an appeal, and Judge Tuley Intimated
that it would b granted, owing to the pe
culiar points of law Involved and the pres
ence In the case of factors on which no law
seemed to bear.
In discussing the bond for the receiver
Attorney Paekard. acting for Dowie. de
clared that if the receiver was for all of
Dowie's property he should require a bond
of Jlo.Ofio.oo. The court explained that only
the lace industries were at present In
volved, and STo-ico was agreed on.
"Dr." Dowie io5itlvely refused to F.iy
anything about his plan.. In view of Judge
Tuley's decision, and Instructed his lawyers
to say nothing for publication.
SNEER COSTS TV0 LIVES.
Sensational Double Trnsreily In the
streets of Huston.
BOSTON. Jan. 31. Sneered at by George
McGibbon, whom hs had met in the bar
room of the Shakspeare Inn for the first
time to-day. John Ronnette shot and killed
him and then killed himself. Ronnette,
noticing that his ale glass had not been
properly rinsed, spoke to the bartender
about it. McGibbon sneered at this, and
v. ords and blows followed. The quarrel 1
continued to the sidewalk, where Ronnette
drew a revolver and i-hot McGibbon In tho
fate, killing him Instantly. Ronnette ran
around the corner, where, facing a crowd of
pursuer?, he shot himself in the right tem
ple and fell dead. Roth were worklngmen
of good reputation.
E TAFT HEAR!
HE REVIEWS THE SITUATION IN THE
Tells Senators Grent Progress Has
Ilcen Made Toward PaciOentlon
of the Archipelago
FILIPINOS ARE HOSPITABLE
THEV ALWAYS 3IEAN WHAT THEY
SAY, JUDGE TAFT ASSERTS.
Tour of the Provinces Described and
Conditions ns Pound by the
LITTLE DONE WITH THE M0R0S
NO EFFORT TO EXTEND CIVIL GOV
ERNMENT TO TIIE3I.
Saltan of Jolo Always In Trouble
Peculiar Conditions in the
Island of Negros.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31. The Investiga
tion into the conditions in the Philippine
archipelago apropos of the effort to secure
legislation for the government of those
islands was begun by the Senate committee
on the Philippines to-day. W. H. Taft, the
civil Governor of the archipelago, was the
first witness called. There was a full at
tendance of members of the committee, and
Senator Lodge explained that the commit
tee desired not only the fullest information
concerning the islands, but any advice that
Governor Taft might offer concerning the
questions at Issue.
Governor Taft began by saying he had
gone to the Philippines in the spring of
lOoö and had visited almost all the provinces
during the past year. He said that in all
the Filipino or Christian provinces there
is a form of civil government. There are
thirty-four of these provinces. Thdse are
now being brought over by the prospect
of trade. Going back to the beginning of
the commission's tour of the islands. Gov
ernor Taft said it had only been under
taken after the re-election of President Mc
Kinley, when the time seemed ripe for the
establishment of local government in the
Islands. Describing this tour, he said the
course was to present to the dignitaries of
the various places visited an explanation of
the provincial and municipal acts. "We had
some oratory," he said, "and from the rear
platform of the tr&Jny-Ait generally from
the windows of the car."
Governor Taft then gave In detail the
proceedings of the meetings at the various
places visited, saying that some seventeen
capitals of the provinces were visited on the
first tour. At each place the delegates of
the people were met, the prescribed special
act was passed and a Governor appointed,
who was authorized to organize municipali
ties. These provincial governments con
sist, he explained, of a Governor, a secre
tary, a superintendent, a treasurer and a
prosecuting attorney. In all cases where
the selection could be made without arous
ing jealousies natives had been chosen. All
these appointments are temporary, and
next month their successors will be elected.
When the factions were too strong Ameri
cans were placed at the head of each pro
vincial government. In all cases the treas
urer and superintendent were Americans.
The commission had first given its atten
tion to the northern provinces, and in April
started south on a trip of fifty-four days.
They had been received most cordially
everywhere. This remark led the witness
into a few discursive remarks on the sub
ject of Filipino hospitality. "The Span
iard," he said, "will always tell you that
his house is yours, but he does not always
mean that you should take him at his
word, but the Filipino will tell you the
same thing, and he always means what he
says. He will turn hi?, family out and in
stall you in his habitation."
Speaking of the Island of Negros, he said
It wai peculiar in its topograf hy, and that
orevious to the coming of the commission
there was difficulty in the matter of gov
ernment. There were so many officers in
the government that, of the $200,00( (Mex
ican), only about $10,000 remained for other
expenses than th2 payment of salaries.
Governor Tnft said the commission had had
an interesting experience in trying to re
organize the province of Antique, but that
the people resisted vigorously. He men
tioned that at San Jose, the capital, they
displayed a model of liberty enlightening
the world which was twenty feet high and
had been dragged seven miles over a rough
road. On this monument there were statues
of Washington and McKinley. Governor
Taft said it had been found impossible to
put Filipinos over the Moros. They are
sunject to tneir aaios, or cniers, and refuse
to recognize the authority of a Filipino.
There were, he said, two Sultans, one in
Mindanao and the other in the Jolo group,
but the Sultans do not always control their
datos. The Sultan of Mindanao is, he said,
very poor, but the sovereign of the Jolos is
a thrifty man, who Is constantly trying to
increase his Income and constantly getting
Into a row about It.
The Jolo Sultan had. Governor Taft said,
refused to recognize Spain's claim to any
property on the islands except the customs
houses, and there is considerable question
as to the ownership in many Ipstances.
This complication existed not only betwe-en
the Sultan and the United States, but be
tween the Sultan and his subjects.
In reply to Senator Hale, Governor Taft
said that no effort had been made to ex
tend the civil government of the United
States to the Moro provinces beyond mak
ing a few suggestions bearing on the rev
enue laws. "Nothing has been done in that
direction." he said. "Everything Is going
on just as It was. and th islands are under
the control of the War Department so far
as the United States is concerned."
Asked if the Moros were generally peace
ful, the witness replied that they wore
so except in individual instances. 'There
1?." he said, "no war. nor even insurrec
tion in the Xloro provinces, but there are
occasional reports of the murder of Amer
ican soldiers." He had no knowledge of
the reported flfihts in Mindanao. On Its
tour the commission had been attended
only by a corporal's guard on the steamer,
but there was a garrison of United States
troop? at every capital visited.
Governor Taft referred to the Federal
party in the islands, and said he had ben
glen a petition from this party to be pre
sented to Congress, but had not yet de
cided how to present It. The committee
adjourned to meet at 11 a. m. to-morrow.
Governor Taft said as he left the commit
tee room that he desired to return to
Manila by May 1.
Philippine Clears Coining.
SAN FRANCISCO. Jan. Si. Private ad
vices from Manila, received in this city,
ttate that over two million cigars are on
tho way from the Philippines to this coun
try. It Is thought that before the end of
February, or by the middle of March at the
latest, there will be ten times that number
cr nMgm-d to American tobacconists from
the came quarter of the world. The letter
says tho different factories in the islands
are working night and day. There seems to
be a fear in the islands that the present
revenue law would be revoked, and that
manufacturers of tho Manila article nre
determined to take every advantage of the
CHARGED "WITH BRIBERY.
iwo Jiore Arrests in l onneeiion nnu
tue t. Louis nu..ini.
ST. LOUIS. Mo.. Jan. CI. Hary A. Faulk-
ner, member of the House of Delegates
from the Twenty-third ward, and Julius
Lehmann, former memlxr of tho House.
were arrested this afternoon on bnch J
warrants Issued by Judge Wood, at the
order of the grand jury, which is invest!-
gating the charges of alleged corruption in
the municipal assembly.
The two nun arrested are charged with
bribery in connection with the Miburban
street-railway franchises. It was reported
another bench warrant had been isued late
this afternoon, but this could not be vcri-
The January grand jury will adjourn to
morrow. Its report is awaited with intense
interest. Circuit Attorney Joseph l'olk is
authority for the statement, that the next
grand jury will take up the bribery investi
gation where this or.e leaves off. and will go
into every detail of the alleged corruption
in the municipality and elsewhere In con
nection with street-railway and other legis
lation. TO ADJUST LABOR TROUBLES.
Industrial Commission of the Civic
Federation to IHsciimb Plan.
NEW YORK. Jan. 31. Ralph M. Kasly,
secretary of the Industrial commission of
the Civic Federation, recently formed, an
nounces to-day that a meeting of the com
mission will be held on Feb. 19 In this city
to discuss the best method of reaching the
various sections of the country. The
teamsters' ntrlke In Roston will bring to a
head the plans so far under advisement.
On this subject Mr. Easly s?id: "The plan
as irnrr.aturt ly prepared is as follows:
"We will be forced to appoint auxiliary
arbitration committees in all of the large
labor centers. It will be necessary to form
these commissions of representative labor
men and employers of those districts. If
there were a representative auxiliary com
mittee in Roston it could take this matter
up immediately and work under tho ad
visement of the national commission. One
can see at a glance the national scope that
the Industrial committee will take on when
this plan has ben adopted. Then labor
differences can be taken up and scttltd
FROZEN IN THE PASSES.
Details of the Loss of Orer Two Hun
dred Japanese Soldiers.
YOKOHAMA, Jan. 31. Details of the loss
of about 200 Japanese soldiers who were
frozen to death have been received here.
It :"-ems that a command of 210 men, prac
t . ig winter marching, were caught in a
blizzard on the northern end of the island
of Hondo and lost their road. The snow
in the mountain passes was twenty feet
deep. In" their efforts to warm themselves
the detachment burned their haversacks
and rifle butts, but many of them were
frozen to death. The seventy-one survivors
then camped and In fmall parties en
deavored to reach the village. Only one
corporal, however, succeeded In .escaping
from the mountains and he was picked rp
by a relief party. It is feared that all the
other members of the expedition arc dead.
BANK CASHIER ALARMED.
Depositors Called for n Rope and I-e
Jumped on n Train.
BELLWOOD. Neb.. Jan. 31. Dick Gould,
assistant cashier of the Platte Valley State
Bank, was placed under arrest this after
noon. He was taken to David City rn the
evening freight train. On his way to the
depot he was followed by a largo crowd of
the depositors of the bank. He bore up
bravely until be reached the depot plat
form, when some one in the crowd e'aild
for a rope, when he jumped on to the train
with all possible speed. The crowd pushed
its way into the train and it was with
difficulty the angry men were driven back.
The streets of Bellwood are still crowded
and all kinds of threatening language Is
being indulged in against the Gould broth
ers. It is thought further arrests will
GUESTS OF NASHVILLE
AD3URAL AND MRS. SCHLEY AT THE
Received Tritli Cheers from n Multi
tude and the Roaring: of Cannon
Fired from Capitol Hill.
NASHVILLE, Tenn.. Jan. 31. Admiral
and Mrs. Schley are the guests of Nashville
to-night, and the city Is in holiday attire in
their honor. The train bearing them from
Louisville was met at Rowling Green, Ky
to-day by a committee of Nashville's citi
zens. Both the admiral and his wife ap
peared in the best cf health and spirits, and
expressed themselves as highly delighted
with their stay in Louisville.
Nashville was reached promptly on
schedule time, S:50 o'clock this evening.
The decorated Union station was packed
to suffocation with a mass of cheering
humanity as the train rolled in. The
crowds had been warned of its approach by
the roar of the admiral's salute from Cap
itol Hill and the scre-ech of whistles from
every quarter. Bands In the station added
to the noise, and when the distinguished
visitors stepped from the car the roar was
deafening. Knight Templars in full uni
form were there to bid their brother knight
welcome, and, together with the committee
from the Retail Merchants' Association, es
corted Admiral and Mrs. Schley to a car
riage drawn by four white horses, the start
bein,? made for the Duncan Hotel, where
the visitors will stop while in Nashville,
with but little delay. The streets were lined
with enthusiastic throngs. anJ at tho hotel
a large crowd was assembled. Acknowledg
ing shouts of welcome with bows and smiles
the visitors proceeded into the hotel and
to their rooms, where they will spend a
quiet evening preparatory to a busy day to
morrow. Along the route from Louisville It was the
same at every station, crowds and clntrs
and Hags. Th admiral had a pleasant
word for all. but no speeches were indulged
In. To-night the weather Is mild and pleas
ant, and indieatlons are that conditions to
morrow will bo propitious.
Departure from Louisville.
LOUISVILLE, Ky.. Jan. 31.-The visit of
Admiral and Mrs. Schley in this city came
to an end at 3 o'clock this afternoon, when
they left in the private car of President
Milton H. Smith, of the Louisville & Nash
ville Railroad, for Nashville. The car was
attached to the Florida limited and Theo
dore Cooley. a member o the Naslnille re
ception committee, accompanied the de
In spite of the fact that every effort had
been exerted to make the admiral's oe
parture as quiet as possible, a crowd of
people were at the station to cheer him as
he hoarded the train. As the train pulled
out of the depot the crowd gave three
cheers and the admiral stood on the rear
platform arid waved his handkerchief. Ad
miral Schley's last day at Loulsx ille w as in
marked contrast to the two that had pre
ceded It, arid he and Mrs. Sihley. wt .irhd
by the constant strain to which they had
been subjected, npt-nt the da v quietly at the
home of their host. Marlon E. Talör, pres
ident of the Board of Trade, where they
received a few callers daring the morning.
j MINERS AND OPERATORS nEGIN
j THEIR JOINT CONFERENCE.
! Employers In Portion of Opposing All
tin Concrxluni Tlmt the
ARBITRATION GETS BLACK EYE
NO CHANCE FOR RESOLUTION CREAT
ING HOARD OF REFEREES.
G. W. Traer, Chairman of the Meet
ing, Says Capital and Labor
Should Not Re Identical.
CONTEST OVER THE SCALE
USUAL STRUGGLE AFTER APPOINT
MENT OF COMMITTEE.
Operators Say 3Ilners Demands Are
Absurd, mid Miners Say
It's Not So."
The coal operators and miners of In
diana, Illinois, Ohio and Pennsylvania are
now engaged in an effort by arbitration
to settle on a satisfactory scale of wages
and conditions. No session was held yes
terday mornlr.fr on account of the hall not
being cleared of the tables left from the
banquet the night before, in the after
noon the miners submitted their scale, cm
bodying the concessions asked of their
employers. The preliminary hp.irrlng over
the ea!c places the operators in the posi
tion of being opposed to making any con
cession, and the miners of insisting that
everything they ask be granted.
President John Mitchell, of the United
Mine Workers, called the convention to
order at 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon. Thj
committee on rules and order recommend
ed the same rules that governed last
year's conference and named G. W. Traer,
an Illinois operator, as chairman; W. IJ.
Wilson, secretary-treasurer of the Unltod
Mine Workers, secretary, and S. L.
Scrocgs, representing the operators, as
sistant secretary. On motion of F. L. Rob
bins, the report was adopted and with a
short and well-worded Fpeech Mr. Traer
took the chair. He said: "It has been said
that the interests of capital and labor are
identical. I do not concur in that belief.
In my opinion labor and capital are and
should be allies. A. lbs not for their per
sonal profit alone, but who have separate
ani distinct interests yet have the one
greut purpose, that of industrial peace."
The appointment of the scale committee
was the next order of business and the fol
lowing operators and miners were named
by their respective districts:
Pennsylvania Operators. Principals: F.
L. Robbing, George W. Schuede'.burg, O. A.
Blackburn, W. R. Rogers; alternates, Gev.
Magoon, John Blythe, James Shields.
Walter Calverly. Miners Principals: Pat
Dolan. John McGinty. Ed Soppitt. William
Dodds; alternates, Uriah Relllnham, Geo.
Dagger, FranK McKenna, M. Charlton.
Ohio Operators. Principals: J. H. Win
der. Thomas Johnson, 11. L. Chapman, C.
E. Maurer; alternates. Walter J. Mullens,
J. M. Roan. T. J. Morgan. J. J. Robv.
Miners-Principals: T. L. Lewis, W. H.
Hasklns, D. II. Sullivan. Gee.rge W. Sav
age; alternates. Robert Legg. Michael Col
lins. e)liver Channel!, Alexander Smith.
Indiana Bituminous Operators. Princi
pals: Walter Bogl, Hugh Shirkle; alter
nates. Job Freeman. E. M. Pierce. Miners
Principals: W. D. Van Horn. J. C. Heenan;
alternates, J. M. Boyle, W. H. Webster.
Indiana Block Coal Operators. Princi
pals: James II. McClellen. William Rlsher;
alternates, William Zeller, W. E. Eppert.
Miners Principals: William Wilson. Harry
Wripht; alternates, S. S. Lynch, John
Illinois Operators Principals: H. N. Tav
lor. W. W. Keefer. George T. Cutts. F. S.
Pea body; alternates, E. T. Rent. F. W.
Luklns, A. J. Mooreshead, C. E. Hull.
Miners-Principals: W. R. rtussell. T. J.
Reynolds, W. D. Ryan. J. B. Wilson; alter
nates, J. P. Reese. H. C. Ferrj', William
Heft I. W. T. Moni.
On motion of H. N. Taylor, an operator,
the national officers of the United Mine
Workers were made ex ottlclo members of
the committee. W. D. Ryan, of the Illinois
miners, moved to extend the same courtesy
to the operators. Mr. Robbins took the
lb.or before the motion was put. He said
the operators hfd no ofTleers, but that last
year the commissioners of the operators
were placed on the committee to represent
them. Ho said this method did not give the
operators proper representation, and that
hereafter the Pennsylvania operators will
object to any one being placed on the com
mittee to represent the operators but the
A. Cunningham, of Cincinnati, moved
that no scalf should b adopted unlets it Is
signed by all of the members of the com
mittee. The motion carried.
George W. Maxwell, chairman of the ex
ecutive committee of the National Irriga
tion Congress, was allowed the floor to
make an address on the reclamation of th
arid land? of the West by irrigation. He
Miid industrial peace cannot continue unless
there Is work given to the toilers, and that
the present "unparalleled prosperity." al
luded to by Mr. Traer in his opening ad
dress, cannot continue unless there are
means provided to regulate supply and de
mand. He spoke at length against capital
ists being allowed to purchase great tracts
of land in the West and keep them for
ranch purioses. and said that the govern
ment f-hould Irrlpate the lands to make
homes for the we;rklr.g elapses.
FOR A BOARD OF REFEREES.
O. L. Garrison, president of the Illinois
Operators' Association, asked to introduce
a resolution. The permission was granted,
and Herman Just!, commls.ioncr for the
Illinois coal Operator, presented it. The
"Whereas, The Amerban people are deep-
ly concerned and profoundly interested In
the wise and correct solution of the labor
problem, and arc vitally interested in feeing
a problem materially arTectlr:; all clasre
in our country settled by peaceable, rea
sonable and wise1 methods, ani not by force
or threats of force, hy imposing hardships
or threatening to impose hardships upon
tho masses of the people; and.
"Whereas. Thoughtful ar.il observing peo
ple everywhere are watching with pro
found Interest and deep solicitude the Joint
movement of coal mine operators and coal
miners in the central coal-mlrdrg States
othr enal-minlr.g States of the
Union, and hae shown In many waxs and
on many occasions a elesire for a clear and
explicit definition of, the Joint movement
inaugurated by the coal miners and coal
inin- operators. nnl now In vogue In many
of the coal-productng State; and.
"Whe reas. . Such a definition seems nec
essary to create a fair and bealtbv public
sentiment as a basis for a Just public opin
ion, there fore, be it
"Resolved. That the coal rnlntrs and coal
mine op rators in Julnt convention assem
ble d h r by dec lare:
"First That this Joint movement Is
founded and that it I to reut upon . orrect
busne?s Idea?, -omj'tltlve tualitv, r.J
up.'m well-reoognlzed principles of jujtlcc.
St cond That, recognizing the contract
relations existing between employe a?:cl
employe, wc believe Mrikes and lockout.
dl?ut9 and friction can be generally
avoided by meeting la Joint convention